History & Context
The Office of Price Administration (OPA) expanded to include regulation of production and commodity distribution in 1942, when United States officially entered the Second World War. Initially the agency anticipated shortages of essential war materials such as rubber, gasoline, sugar and manufacturing capacity. Rationing grew to include food and fuel. Most commodities where removed from rationing by the end of 1945. The exception was sugar, which continued to be rationed into 1947.
- December 27, 1941
- Tire rationing begins, per Ration Order #1.
- January 1, 1942
- Automobile rationing begins, per Ration Order #2.
- March 13, 1942
- Used typewriter rationing begins, per Ration Order #4. It is replaced by Ration Order #4A on December 28, 1942.
- April 21, 1942
- Sugar rationing begins, per Ration Order #3.
- May 11, 1942
- Gasoline rationing begins, per Ration Order #5.
- May 15, 1942
- Bicycle rationing begins, per Ration Order #7.
- September, 29 1942
- Footware (rubber) rationing begins, per Ration Order #6.
- October 22, 1942
- Fuel oil rationing begins, per Ration Order #11.
- December 19, 1942
- Heating stove rationing begins, per Ration Order #9.
Using weather and temperature data, OPA established thermal zones to account for the regional needs for heat, and therefore fuel, along the Eastern seaboard of the United States. Zones, therefore, were established along climatological rather than geographic lines.
Table 1. Zone A
|New Hampshire||all counties|
|North Dakota||all counties|
|South Dakota||all counties|
|Upper New York||Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Hamilton, Herkimer, Jefferson, Lewis, Montgomery, Oneida, Otsego, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Warren, Washington|
|Iowa||Allamakee, Cerro Gordo, Chickasaw, Clay, Dickinson, Emmet, Floyd, Hancock, Howard, Kossuth, Lyon, Mitchell, O'Brien, Osceola, Palo Alto, Sioux, Winnebago, Winneshiek, Worth|
Table 2. Zone B
|Rhode Island||all counties|
|New Jersey||all counties|
|New York||Albany, Alleghany, Bronx, Broome, Cattaraugus, Cayuga, Chautauqua, Chemung, Chenango, Columbia, Cortland, Delaware, Dutchess, Erie, Genesee, Greene, Kings, Livingston, Madison, Monroe, Nassau, New York, Niagara, Onondaga, Ontario, Orange, Orleans, Oswego, Putnam, Queens, Rensselaer, Richmond, Rockland, Schenectady, Schoharie, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Suffolk, Sullivan, Tioga, Tompkins, Ulster, Wayne, Westchester, Wyoming, Yates|
|Ohio||Allen, Ashland, Ashtabula, Auglaize, Belmont, Carroll, Champaign, Clark, Clinton, Columbiana, Coshocton, Crawford, Cuyahoga, Darke, Defiance, Delaware, Erie, Fairfield, Fayette, Franklin, Fulton, Geauga, Greene, Guernsey, Hancock, Hardin, Harrison, Henry, Hocking, Holmes, Huron, Jefferson, Knox, Lake, Licking, Logan, Lorain, Lucas, Madison, Mahoning, Marion, Medina, Mercer, Miami, Montgomery, Morgan, Morrow, Muskingum, Noble, Ottawa, Paulding, Perry, Pickaway, Portage, Prebble, Putnam, Richland, Sandusky, Seneca, Shelby, Stark, Summit, Trumbull, Tuscarawas, Union, Van Wert, Wayne, Williams, Wood, Wyandot|
|Indiana||Adams, Allen, Benton, Blackford, Boone, Carroll, Cass, Clinton, De Kalb, Delaware, Elkhart, Fayette, Fountain, Fulton, Grant, Hamilton, Hancock, Hendricks, Henry, Howard, Huntington, Jasper, Jay, Kosciusko, Lagrange, lake, La Porte, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Miami, Montgomery, Newton, Noble, Parke, Porter, Pulaski, Putnam, Randolph, Rush, St. Joseph, Starke, Steuben, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Union, Vermillion, Wabash, Warren, Wayne, Wells, White, Witley|
|Illinois||Adams, Boone, Brown, Bureau, Carroll, Cass, Champaign, Christian, Coles, Cook, De Kalb, De Witt, Douglas, Du Page, Edgar, Ford, Fulton, Grundy, Hancock, Henderson, Henry, Iroquois, Jo Daviess, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, Knox, Lake, La Salle, Lee, Livingston, Logan, Mcdonough, McHenry, McLean, Macon, Marshall, Mason, Menard, Mercer, Morgan, Moultrie, Ogle, Peoria, Piatt, Pike, Putnam, Rock Island, Sangamon, Schuyler, Scott, Shelby, Stark, Stephenson, Tazewell, Vermilion, Warren, Whiteside, Will, Winnebago, Woodford|
|Iowa||Adair, Adams, Appanoose, Audubon, Benton, Black Hawk, Boone, Bremer, Buchanan, Buena Vista, Butler, Calhoun, Carroll, Cass, Cedar, Cherokee, Clarke, Clayton, Clinton, Crawford, Dallas, Davis, Decatur, Delaware, Des Moines, Dubuque, Fayette, Franklin, Fremont, Greene, Grundy, Guthrie, Hamilton, Hardin, Harrison, Henry, Humboldt, Ida, Iowa, Jakcson, Jasper, Jefferson, Johnson, Jones, Keokuk, Lee, Linn, Louisa, Lucas, Madison, Mahaska, Marion, Marshall, Mills, Monona, Monroe, Montgomery, Muscatine, Pag, Plymouth, Pocahontas, Polk, Pottawattamie, Poweshiek, Ringgold, Sac, Scott, Shelby, Story, Tama, Taylor, Union, Van Buren, Wapello, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Webster, Woodbury, Wright|
|Missouri||Adair, Andrew, Atchison, Buchanan, Caldwell, Chriton, Clark, Clinton, Daviess, De Kalb, Bentry, Grundy, Harrison, Holt, Knox, Lewis, Linn, Livingston, Macon, Marion, Mercer, Monroe, Nodaway, Pike, Putnam, Ralls, Randolph, Schuyler, Scotland, Shelby, Sullivan, Worth|
|Kansas||Atchison, Brown, Cheyenne, Clay, Cloud, Dectur, Doniphan, Ellis, Gove, Graham, Greeley, Jackson, Jewell, Lane, Logan, Marshall, Mitchell, Nemaha, Norton, Osborne, Phillips, Pottawatomie, Rawlins, Republic, Riley, Rooks, Scott, Shawnee, Sheridan, Sherman, Smith, Thomas, Trego, Wabaunsee, Wallace, Washington, Wichita|
Table 3. Zone C
|District of Columbia||-|
|West Virginia||all counties|
|Ohio||Adams, Athens, Brown, Butler, Clermont, Gallia, Hamilton, Highland, Jackson, Lawrence, Meigs, Monroe, Pike, Ross, Scioto, Vinton, Warren, Washington|
|Indiana||Bartholomew, Brown, Clark, Clay, Crawford, Daviess, Dearborn, Decatur, Dubois, Floyd, Franklin, Gibson, Greene, Harrison, Jackson, Jefferson, Jennings, Johnson, Knox, Lawrence, Martin, Monroe, Morgan, Ohio, Orange, Owen, Perry, Pike, Posey, Ripley, Scott, Shelby, Spencer, Sullivan, Swotzer;amd, Vanderburgh, Vigo, Warrick, Washington|
|Illinois||Alexander, Bond, Calhoun, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Crawford, Cumberland, Edwards, Effingham, Fayette, Franklin, Gallatin, Greene, Hamilton, Hardin, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Jersey, Johnson, Lawrence, Macoupin, Madison, Marion, Massac, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Pope, Pulaski, Randolph, Richland,St. Clair, Saline, Union, Wabash, Washington, Wayne, White, Williamson|
|Missouri||Audrain, Barry, Barton, Bates, Banton, Bollinger, Boone, Butler, Callaway, Camden, Cape Girardeau, Carroll, Carter, Cass, Cedar, Christian, Clay, Cole, Cooper, Crawford, Dade, Dallas, Dent, Douglas, Dunklin, Franklin, Gasconade, Greene, Henry, Hickory, Howard, Howell, Iron, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Johnson, Laclede, Lafayette, Lawrence, Lincoln, McDonald, Madison, Maries, Miller, Mississippi, Moniteau, Montgomery, Morgan, New Madrid, Newton, Oregon, Osage, Ozark, Pemiscot, Perry, Pettis, Phelps, Platte, Polk, Pulaski, Ray, Reynolds, Ripley, St. Charles, St. Clair, St. Francois, St. Louis, St. Louis City, Ste. Genevieve, Saline, Scott, Shannon, Stoddard, Stone, Taney, Texas, Vernon, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Webster, Wright|
|Kansas||Allen, Anderson, Barber, Barton, Bourbon, Butler, Chase, Chautauqua, Cherokee, Clark, Coffee, Comanche, Cowley, Crawford, Dickinson, Douglas, Edwards, Elk, Ellsworth, Finney, Ford, Franklin, Geary, Grant, Gray, Greenwood, Hamilton, Harper, Harvey, Haskell, Hodgeman, Jefferson, Johnson, Kearny, Kingman, Kiowa, Labette, Leavenworth, Lincoln, Linn, Lyon, McPherson, Marion, Meade, Miami, Montgomery, Morris, Morton, Neosho, Ness, Osage, Ottawa, Pawnee, Pratt, Reno, Rice, Rush, Russell, Saline, Sedgwick, Seward, Stafford, Stanton, Stevens, Sumner, Wilson, Woodson, Wyandotte|
Table 4. Zone D
|North Carolina||all counties|
|South Carolina||all counties|