Aowa, “?Sin contar con la huéspeda, este cuarto no se alquila?” (?Other than the guest, this room is not for rent.?), La Madeja June 27, 1874
At the height of the Second Carlist War (1872-76), in which the pretender to the Spanish throne Don Carlos, Duc de Montemolin, fought the forces of the military dictator Marshal Serrano, Germany was rumored to be reviving its own claims to the Spanish throne. The cartoon shows Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern, who had been offered the crown in 1868 following the revolution that overthrew Queen Isabella II (an event recorded in the paintings on the back wall). He is accompanied by German Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck, who had backed the earlier, unsuccessful initiative. Now, Spain, presented as the owner of the rented room, turns him away in favor of the current resident-a female personification of the Republic who observes negotiations from behind the curtain.