Radclyffe Hall's The Well of Loneliness (1928) is
considered the classic lesbian novel and a precursor to
the pulps. Two of Gale Wilhelm's novels, Torchlight to
Valhalla and We Too Are Drifting, are considered
classics of lesbian literature.
Early (non-pulp) novels with appreciable lesbian content
- Baker, Dorothy. Cassandra at the Wedding. (1962) 813.4
- Baker, Dorothy. Trio. (1943) 813.52 B167 T834
- Bowen, Elizabeth. The Hotel. (1928) 828.91 W913H.
- Bowen, Elizabeth. The Little Girls. (1963) 823.91
- Radclyffe Hall. The Well of Loneliness. (1928) E
- Wilhelm, Gale. Torchlight to Valhalla. (1938, 1939,
1985) E #13099.
- Wilhelm, Gale. We Too Are Drifting. (1938, 1935, 1958,
1984) E #17066, E 12mo #5361, E #13098.
For an introduction to the historical context and critical
interpretation of lesbian pulp fiction, you may wish to consult
these secondary sources, available in Perkins Library stacks:
- Susanna Benns. "Sappho in Soft Cover: Notes on Lesbian Pulp."
In Fireworks: The Best of Fireweed. Ed. Makeda Silvera.
(Perkins 810.809287 F523 1986)
- J. D'Emilio. Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities: The
Making of a Homosexual Minority in the United States,
1940-1970. (Perkins 306.7660973 D381 S518 1983)
- Jeannette H. Foster. Sex Variant Women in Literature: A
History and Quantitative Survey. (First Edition, 1956, Perkins
- Barbara Grier. Lesbian in Literature. (Perkins
016.8088 G848 L623 1981) Features many photos of lesbian authors
from every era.
- Diane Hamer. "'I Am a Woman': Ann Bannon and the Writing of
Lesbian Identity in the 1950s." Lesbian and Gay Writing: An
Anthology of Critical Essays. Ed. Mark Lilly. (Perkins
820.9353 L623 1990)
- Joan Nestle. "Butch-Femme Relationships: Sexual Courage in the
1950s." In Nestle's A Restricted Country. (Perkins
306.7663092 N468 R436 1987)
- Jean Radford. "An Inverted Romance: The Well of Loneliness and
Sexual Ideology." In Radford's (ed) The Progress of Romance:
The Politics of Popular Fiction. (Perkins 823.08509 P963
- Lee Server. Over My Dead Body: The Sensational Age of the
American Paperback, 1945-1955. (Perkins 070.5730973 S491 O96
- Dawn B. Sova. Passion and Penance: The Lesbian in Pulp
Fiction. (On order for Perkins as of 12/99.)
- Jeff Weinstein, "In Praise of Pulp: Bannon's Lusty Lesbians,"
Voice Literary Supplement, no. 20 (Oct. 1983), pp. 8-9
(Perkins Microfilm S119)
- Roberta Yusba. "Odd Girls and Strange Sisters. Lesbian Pulp
Novels of the '50s," Out/Look, Spring 1991, pp. 34-37.
(Perkins Periodicals O94S)
- Jaye Zimet. Strange Sisters. The Art of Lesbian Pulp
Fiction, 1949-1969. (Perkins 741.64 Z71, S897, 1999)