Duke University

Duke University

When a tiny schoolhouse in Randolph County, North Carolina opened in 1838, it launched an educational institution that grew to become today's Duke University. This timeline traces the history of the institution as it transformed from Brown's Schoolhouse to Duke University, and moved from Randolph County to Durham. Each day, Duke students, faculty, staff, and alumni make history in their own way and continue to write the story of Duke. The events showcased here represent just some of the most important events in Duke's history.

Timeline created by Maureen McCormick Harlow, 175th Anniversary Intern, and the Duke University Archives.

Administrative History

1838
Brantley York becomes principal of Brown's Schoolhouse, a private subscription school in Randolph County.
Brantley York, principal of Brown's Schoolhouse.


1839
The Union Institute Society is organized.
The original building in Randolph County

Brown's Schoolhouse is formally organized by the Union Institute Society, a group of Methodists and Quakers under the leadership of Reverend York.


1841 Jan 12
North Carolina charters the Union Institute Academy.
 


1842 Feb 14
Braxton Craven arrives at the Union Institute.
Braxton Craven

Braxton Craven was made a teacher at Union Institute, and then principal of the school. He would serve as the institution's leader until his death in 1882.


1846
The Columbian Literary Society is founded.
The Columbia Society, 1910

The Columbian Literary Society remained a staple of student life for decades. It encouraged discussion and debate on scholarly, literary, and modern political topics.


1851 Jan 28
The Union Institute becomes Normal College.
 

The school is re-chartered by the Legislature of North Carolina as Normal College, and its graduates are licensed to teach in the public schools of the state. The following year, the state authorizes Normal College to grant degrees, and the first are awarded in 1853.


1853 Jun 01
Normal College awards its first B.A. degrees.
1856 Normal College commencement invitation


1858 Jun 22
The Alumni Association is organized with 41 alumni of record.
Trinity College Alumni Association Constitution


1859 Feb 18
Normal College becomes Trinity College.
Trinity College seal

The institution's name is changed to Trinity College upon affiliation with the Methodist Church. The motto "Eruditio et Religio," meaning "Knowledge and Religion," is adopted.


1865 Apr 01 – 1866 Jan 01
Trinity closes due to war.
The Trinity Guard in formation in 1861

For the only time in its history, the Board of Trustees votes to suspend all activities. They took this extraordinary action due to the Civil War and resulting decreasing enrollment.


1871
Chi Phi is organized, the school's first purely social student organization.
 

Chi Phi is organized with assistance of the Alumni Association as the first student social organization. Alpha Tau Omega follows in 1872 and Kappa Sigma in 1873.


1878 Jun 01
The Giles sisters receive degrees.
Theresa Giles

Mary, Persis, and Theresa Giles become the first women to receive degrees.


1881
Charlie Soong enrolls at Trinity.
Charlie Soong

Yao-ju ("Charlie") Soong from Weichau, China enrolls, becoming the school's first international student.


1882
Braxton Craven dies.
 

Braxton Craven had been a key figure Trinity College (and its predecessors) since he arrived in 1842. At some point, he taught nearly every class offered, and served as president.


1882 – 1884
Marquis Lafayette Wood becomes president.
Marquis Lafayette Wood

Marquis Lafayette Wood serves as president, the only president of Trinity or Duke who was also an alumnus.


1887 Apr 05
John Franklin Crowell is elected president.
John Franklin Crowell, 1897

Crowell (1857-1931) was an economist, football fan, and Yale graduate.


1887
The Trinity Archive publishes its first issue.
The Archive editorial staff, 1896

The publication is now the oldest collegiate literary magazine in the country.


1888 Nov 29
Trinity defeats UNC in football.
 

On Thanksgiving Day, Trinity defeats the University of North Carolina 16-0 in one of the first modern football games played in the South.


1889
Blue is accepted as Trinity's school color.
 

A college cheer, beginning "Rah! Rah! Rah! For the deep dark blue!" is printed in April's Trinity Archive. This is the earliest evidence of the adoption of a school color. Oral tradition suggests that the color chosen was Yale Blue in honor of President Crowell, a Yale graduate. However, Yale did not adopt blue as its official color until 1894.


1891 Jan 21
The state re-charters Trinity in order to allow its relocation to Durham.
The Class of 1891, the last class to graduate from Trinity College in Randolph County.

By this time, there was a major effort to move the college to a larger city in North Carolina in the interest of attracting more students and faculty.


1891
A new charter demands that one-third of the Board of Trustees be alumni.
 


1892 Aug 03
The Board of Trustees votes to admit women to classes.
Class of 1892

Women are admitted only as day students and cannot board at Trinity.


1892
Trinity College moves to Durham.
An early photograph of Trinity College in Durham.  The campus was still under construction, and the gates had not been finished.

Trinity College relocates to Durham after Washington Duke and Julian S. Carr persuade the Board of Trustees to move the college to their progressive "New South" city. Duke contributes $85,000 for buildings and endowment and Carr donates the site, which is now East Campus.


1894
John C. Kilgo is elected president.
President John C. Kilgo and his dog

Kilgo was a graduate of Wofford College and a bishop in the Methodist Episcopal Church South.


1895
Kilgo bans football.
Trinity College football team before the sport was banned

President Kilgo justifies his decision, saying that it is too dangerous for college students to play.


1896 Jun 01
Trinity's first Native American graduate receives his degree.
Joseph Maytubby

The graduate, Joseph S. Maytubby, was originally from Indian Territory (now Oklahoma).


1896 Oct 13
Booker T. Washington speaks on campus.
Booker T. Washington

The renowned African-American leader later noted in his autobiography that Trinity College was the first white institution of higher education in the South to invite him to speak.


1896
Washington Duke donates $100,000 to Trinity's endowment.
Washington Duke

He supplements this initial donation by the same amount in 1899 and 1900. As a condition of giving, Duke asked that women be admitted and treated equally at Trinity. A women-only dormitory was promptly built.


1898
Trinity Park School opens in Durham.
Students in the Trinity Park School dormitory

Trinity Park School is opened with the aim of educating young people in Durham in order to prepare them for the rigors of college. In 1922, the school shut down due to declining enrollment and a robust public school system.


1901 Oct 03
Founders' Day is celebrated.
 

Then called Benefactor's Day, the annual celebration was established to honor Washington Duke. The tradition continues today.


1903 Feb 28
Trinity receives a new charter and bylaws.
 

Much of the charter and bylaws still remain intact. When Duke University was created in 1924, the only change that was made was to replace "Trinity College" with "Duke University." The first article in the 1903 bylaws, "The Aims of Trinity [later Duke] University," is reproduced on the plaque in the middle of the main quad on West.


1903 Dec 01 – 1903 Dec 02
The "Bassett Affair" erupts.
Professor John Spencer Bassett.

After an all-night debate that began on December first, the Trinity College Board of Trustees refused to accept John Spencer Bassett's resignation, and on December 2 issued a statement in support of academic freedom. Bassett had recently published a controversial article and was under pressure from some factions on campus.


1904
The School of Law is permanently established.
Law School faculty and students, circa 1925

After intermittent periods of law instruction in the 19th century, a School of Law is established.


1905 Oct 19
President Theodore Roosevelt speaks on campus.
President Roosevelt speaking at Trinity

U.S. President Teddy Roosevelt visited Trinity College and spoke in praise of the school for its stand on academic freedom in the 1903 Bassett Affair.


1905 Dec 19
The first issue of the Chronicle is published.
The Chronicle staff, circa 1908-1911

Volume 1, number 1 of the student newspaper, the Chronicle, is issued on December 19.


1906 Mar 02
Trinity's first basketball game.
1905-1906 basketball team

Trinity plays its first intercollegiate basketball game, losing to Wake Forest 24-10.


1907 Apr 22
President Theodore Roosevelt receives members of the baseball team at the White House.
 

The group was in Washington as part of its annual Spring tour, a series of six away games.


1910 Feb 01
Trinity beats Furman by either 84 or 85-5 in basketball.
 

In an early instance of a blowout, the Trinity basketball team defeated the Furman team by the score of 84 (or 85; sources differ) to 5. A home game with Wake Forest that year had to be canceled because the Trinity team wouldn't agree to play according to Wake's rules. Obviously, this was before the NCAA was established.


1910 Nov 09
William Preston Few is inaugurated as President.
Procession at President Few's inauguration

The event was one of the most elaborate ceremonies ever held at Duke, with representatives in attendance from colleges and universities all over the United States.


1911 Jan 04
Old Main burns down.
The Washington Duke Building (

The Washington Duke building, known as "Old Main," burns, becoming the only campus building ever lost to fire.


1912
The Chanticleer, Duke's yearbook, is first published.
Title page of the first edition of The Chanticleer, Duke's yearbook


1912
The Trinity College Alumnae Association is organized.
 


1913
The Order of the Red Friars is founded.
Red Friars initiation ceremony, 1950s

The Order of the Red Friars is (arguably) Duke's best-known honorary society for men.


1917
Charles R. Bagley (T '14) becomes Trinity's first Rhodes Scholar.
Charles Bagley


1918
Football is reinstated following a 23-year ban.
Enthusiastic students attend a pep rally in their pajamas during the 1938 football season.  This pep rally came 19 years after foorball was reinstated.

On October 1, 1920, intercollegiate play resumes. Trinity beat Guilford decisively, 20-6 in their first game since 1896.


1919
Phi Beta Kappa is chartered at Trinity.
1920 Phi Beta Kappa installation ceremony

The first installation of new members takes place in 1920.


1922 Oct 04
The term "Blue Devils" is first used when referring to athletic teams.
Les Diables Bleus

Chronicle editors begin using the nickname "Blue Devils" for the athletic teams. "Les Diables Blues" was the nom de guerre of a regiment of French alpine troops widely known for their exploits in World War I.


1924 Mar 01
Alice Mary Baldwin becomes Dean of Women at Trinity College.
Dean Alice Mary Baldwin

Alice Mary Baldwin took up her role as Dean of Women at Trinity College, becoming the senior female administrator and the first woman to hold a faculty appointment here. As Dean of Women, and later, Dean of the Woman's College of Duke University, Baldwin would guide generations of women students until her retirement in 1947.


1924 Nov 11
First homecoming celebration held.
1930 Homecoming celebrations

Homecoming has been a staple at Trinity and Duke ever since. It remains a major draw for students and alumni alike.


1924 Dec 11
Trinity college becomes Duke University.
 

Duke University is founded, named in honor of Washington Duke and his family. On December 11, James B. Duke signs the indenture of trust establishing The Duke Endowment, a family philanthropic foundation that supports education, religion, and health care in the Carolinas. Each fall, Founders' Day commemorates the event. Trinity College would become the name of the new university's undergraduate college for men.


1925 – 1927
East Campus undergoes renovations.
East Campus groundbreaking ceremony, 1925

Original campus is rebuilt with the addition of eleven red brick Georgian-style buildings.


1925 Oct 25
James B. Duke dies.
James Buchanan Duke

James B. Duke, the founder of the Duke Endowment, died on October 25, 1925. His establishment of the Duke Endowment transformed Trinity College into Duke University, a world-class university in Durham.


1926
Academic schools expand.
School of Religion opening, November 9, 1926.

The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and the School of Religion (now the Divinity School) are founded.


1927 – 1930
Construction on West Campus gets underway.
A partially-constructed building on West Campus

A Gothic campus of native Hillsborough stone is built one mile west of the original campus to house the undergraduate college for men (Trinity College) and the professional schools.


1928
Duke awards its first Ph.D. degrees.
1929 Ph.D. class.  Rose Davis, center.

The following year, Rose M. Davis becomes the first woman to receive a Duke Ph.D. (She earned her doctorate in chemistry.)


1928 Jun 05
The West Campus cornerstone is set by Doris Duke, only child of James B. Duke.
Doris Duke setting the corner stone on West Campus.

The stone was moved across the quad to the General Library tower shortly after, as it had been cut too large for the West Campus Union space.


1929 Jan 04
Benjamin Newton Duke dies.
Benjamin Newton Duke

"Mr. Ben" had been a trustee of Trinity since 1889, and was responsible for managing the Duke family's philanthropic activities.


1929 Oct 05
The Blue Devil mascot makes its first appearance.
The Blue Devil mascot at the homecoming game in 1935.  Wallace Wade Stadium is in the background.

The Blue Devil mascot made its first appearance at the Duke-Pittsburgh game. This date also marks first use of a West Campus facility: the new football stadium (now Wallace Wade Stadium). Students were bussed over from what is now East Campus. Pittsburgh beat Duke, 52 to 7.


1930 Oct 22
The Duke Chapel cornerstone is set.
Duke Chapel cornerstone setting ceremony

Representative university publications, photographs, and other records were placed in a copper strongbox fitted into the cornerstone.


1930
The Woman's College opens on East Campus.
Woman's College (now East Campus)

Meanwhile, Trinity College and the School of Medicine and Hospital open on West Campus.


1931 Jan 02
The School of Nursing is founded.
The first class of nurses, 1931

The School of Nursing opened on January 2, 1931 with a class of 24 undergraduates.


1932
Duke Chapel is first used for commencement.
Chapel construction during the 1931 commencement (held in Page Auditorium)

The interior of the chapel was largely incomplete, and there were very few windows at the time of commencement. It would not be completely finished and consecrated until 1935.


1937
Richard Nixon graduates.
President Richard Nixon's law school class.  Nixon is in the top row, at the far right.

Perhaps Duke's most famous alumnus, President Richard Nixon received his juris doctorate.


1938
School of Forestry opens.
Forestry class, 1950s


1938
"Iron Dukes" football team finishes its regular season.
The Iron Dukes, 1938

The "Iron Dukes" completes the 1938 regular season undefeated, untied, and unscored-on.


1938 Nov 01
Duke admitted to the Association of American Universities.
 

Its admission into this prestigious organization of research universities helped to cement Duke's place among the top tier of America's research universities.


1938
The College of Engineering is organized.
Engineering students, 1938

The school is established out of the long-standing engineering curriculum in the science departments.


1939 Apr 21
Sarah P. Duke Gardens is dedicated.
Sarah P. Duke Gardens dedication

The Gardens are a tribute to Sarah Person Duke, Benjamin Duke's wife, from her daughter, Mary Duke Biddle.


1939 Apr 21 – 1939 Apr 23
Duke celebrates 100 years of education.
Speakers' dais at the 1939 centennial celebration

Duke University celebrates the centennial of its founding as an educational institution. Delegates from nearly four hundred colleges and scholarly societies attended. Speakers included the Presidents of Princeton and Brown Universities. The highlight of the celebration was an address by Eduard Benes, the exiled president of Czechoslovakia, who spoke about European politics on the very eve of World War II.


1940
Duke Indoor Stadium opens.
Duke Indoor Stadium was later re-dedicated as Cameron Indoor Stadium in honor of longtime coach Eddie Cameron.  The dedication ceremony is pictured here.

At the time, it is the largest basketball arena south of Philadelphia. It is rededicated as "Cameron Indoor Stadium" (named in honor of longtime basketball coach and athletic director Eddie Cameron) on January 22, 1972.


1941
Robert Lee Flowers is elected president.
Duke President Robert Lee Flowers

Flowers, who had previously been a professor of electrical engineering and mathematics, served Duke for over 60 years. He also held the positions of Treasurer, Vice-President, and Chancellor before becoming President.


1942 Jan 01
The Rose Bowl is moved to Duke Stadium, the only time it has been played outside of Pasadena.
Telegram from a local boy offering to serve as a water boy or stretcher bearer for the Duke football team at the Rose Bowl

Due to wartime fears, the Rose Bowl game is at first canceled, but then is rescheduled and played in Duke Stadium on New Year's Day. Durham is the only city other than Pasadena to have hosted the Rose Bowl.


1947
The Duke University Loyalty Fund (now the Annual Fund) is established.
Loyalty Fund donation, 1949

The Duke University Loyalty Fund (annual giving) is established by the Duke Alumni office. Today it is called the Annual Fund, with more than 37,000 participating alumni.


1949
A. Hollis Edens becomes president.
President A. Hollis Edens participates in a snowball fight with students while he is president.


1949 Oct 17
"Shoe Leather Day" at Duke
Students protesting the fare increase (to five cents) wear signs proclaiming

Students declare "Shoe Leather Day" at Duke in protest of a raise of the campus bus fare. Students walked and carpooled between the campuses for two weeks during the boycott.


1952
The University Council is established.
 

Formal faculty participation in university governance begins with the establishment of the University Council, a high-level advisory committee.


1952 Feb 01
Senator Joseph McCarthy threatens legal action against Duke.
 

Senator Joseph McCarthy threatened legal action against the University if it did not suppress a faculty member's study of his Senate hearings about communists in the U.S. State Department. The study, "McCarthy versus the State Department," was conducted by Dr. Hornell Hart, of the Sociology Department, and was critical of McCarthy's methods. Duke maintained its traditional support for academic freedom. President Edens replied to the threat that, "It is axiomatic in the University circles that a professor has the right to pursue research investigations of his choice."


1953
The James B. Duke professorships are established.
Doris Duke at an event in the Rare Book Room in 1949

The James B. Duke professorships are inaugurated with the announcement of thirteen initial appointments funded by the Duke Endowment.


1954 Feb 24
The new administration building is named for George G. Allen.
George G. Allen, an associate of James B. Duke's, chats with President Edens at the Allen Building dedication ceremony.

Allen had been a close associate of James B. Duke and member of the Board of Trustees.


1954 Apr 01
William J. Griffith (T '50) is named director of the student union.
 

Over the next four decades Bill Griffith (known as "VPG" after being named Vice President for Student Affairs) would be one of the University's most dedicated staff, and a friend and mentor to generations of Duke students.


1954 Oct 15
Hurricane Hazel hits Durham.
Post-Hurricane Hazel clean-up

The storm uproots over 100 trees and causes massive damage across campus. As a result, homecoming is cancelled at the last minute.


1955
Flowers Building is dedicated for use by the Student Union.
 

The renovated and renamed Flowers Building (formerly the adminstration building) is dedicated for use by the student-led organization responsible for planning and carrying out a variety of campus-wide cultural activities.


1956 May 01
David Sime becomes "the world's fastest human."

Over a period of two weeks, Dave Sime (AB, '58, MD, '62), "the world's fastest human" twice equalled and twice broke world records in three track events. At one time in his career, he held nine world track records.


1957
The term "Duke University Medical Center" is first used.
 

The term "Duke University Medical Center" is first used to designate the combined facilities for medical and nursing instruction, treatment, and research.


1960 Feb 16
President Edens offers his resignation.
Senior officers of the University in the 1950s, including President Edens and Dr. Gross.

The following month, the Trustees removed Prof. Paul M. Gross from his position as the university's chief academic officer. The "Gross-Edens Affair" was a major administrative crisis that made public different groups' competing visions for the future of the university.


1960
Dr. Julian Deryl Hart is elected president.
President J. Deryl Hart

A noted surgeon, Dr. Hart retired from his position at the Duke University Medical Center to become president pro tem of the University.


1961 Mar 08
Duke desegregates.
Resolution passed by the Board of Trustees desegregatomg Duke

The admissions policy is amended to affirm equality of opportunity regardless of race, creed, or national origin. This was accomplished in a two-step process with graduate and professional schools first and the undergraduate colleges following in 1962.


1962
Duke's faculty legislature is formed.
 

The group, called the Academic Council, forms partially in response to the resignation of President Edens and the Gross-Edens Affair.


1962 Nov 01
The Duke Symposium draws Allen Dulles as keynote speaker.
 

A student-run symposium on national defense policy drew former CIA head Allen Dulles to Duke as the keynote speaker. The Duke Symposium series ran for eleven years and was ranked among most topical and significant public affairs programs in American universities.


1963
Douglas M. Knight is elected president.
President Douglas Maitland Knight

His tenure as president sees major changes on campus, including physical and academic expansion and increased student activism.


1963 Sep 01
The first five African-American undergraduates enroll.
The first three African-American graduates in 1967.  Five students enrolled, but only three graduated from Duke.

Wilhelmina Reuben-Cooke, Mary Mitchell Harris, Cassandra Smith Rush, Gene Kendall and Nathaniel White Jr. formally desegregated Duke's undergraduate classes.


1964 Nov 13
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. speaks in Page Auditorium.
Martin Luther King, Jr. speaking in Page Auditorium.

His speech addresses the progress of the civil rights movement. The event is standing room only, and the overflow crowd hears the speech on loudspeakers placed outside the auditorium.


1966
The Duke Primate Center is founded.
Dr. John Buettner-Janusch and lemur

Dr. John Buettner-Janusch moved his colony of 90 prosimian primates to Duke from Yale when he took a post at Duke. The Duke Lemur Center, as it was renamed in 2006, is the world's largest sanctuary for prosimian primates.


1967 Nov 13
Allen Building Study-In occurs.

Thirty-five students from Duke's Afro-American Society held a sit-in in the Allen Building appealing President Knight to ban the use of segregated facilities by University organizations.


1968 Apr 05
The Duke Vigil begins.
Silent Vigil

After the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., students first marched to University House, where Dr. Knight lived, and presented him with a list of demanded policy changes. When Dr. Knight refused the demands, about 200 students remained in the public part of the house for two days. The protest moved to the quad in front of Duke Chapel, where, for four days, over 1500 students stood silently on the quad in support of higher wages for Dining Services and Housekeeping employees.


1969 Feb 13
The Allen Building Takeover occurs.
Though the students occupying the building left peacefully, police dispersed protesters outside using tear gas.

Students from Duke's Afro-American Society occupy the Registrar's Central Records Office to call attention to their unmet demands.


1969
The School of Business Administration is founded.
The groundbreaking ceremony for the Fuqua School of Business Administration.

The School of Business Administration (now The Fuqua School of Business), the last of the schools requested by James B. Duke, is established.


1969
The Museum of Art opens.

Planning for a campus museum dates back to 1892, when the Trinity College Historical Society was founded. The Museum of Art is now called the Nasher Museum of Art.


1969
William R. Perkins Library opens.
Perkins Library Reference Desk

Perkins, now the main library on West Campus, boasted over five times as much space as its predecessor.


1970 Apr 02
Former North Carolina governor Terry Sanford's first day as Duke President.
President Terry Sanford and his dog, Zoomy

Sanford had originally intended to start on April 1, but then said he didn't want to start on April Fool's Day.


1971
The Institute of Policy Sciences and Public Affairs is established.
 

The Institute is later renamed in honor of Terry Sanford and is now the Sanford School of Public Policy.


1971
The women's athletics program begins.
1974 field hockey

Women's athletics had long been a tradition on campus, with extensive physical education and team sports. However, in 1971, the University formalized the program, in advance of Title IX, and teams formally began intercollegiate competition.


1972
The Woman's College and Trinity College merge.
 

The merger of the Woman's College and Trinity College forms the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences.


1974 Mar 01
The U.S.S. Monitor, a Civil War vessel, is discovered by Duke researchers.
 

Researchers affiliated with the Duke Marine Lab announced their discovery of the wreckage of the Civil War ironclad U.S.S. Monitor, off North Carolina's Outer Banks. The wreckage site was discovered the previous August, and the ship's identity confirmed after several months of study.


1974
The Mary Duke Biddle Music Building is dedicated.
Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans chats with Terry Sanford at the dedication ceremony.

The building continues to serve as the primary educational facility for music students on campus. It also houses the Music Library.


1981
Former President Nixon considers Duke as the site for his president library.
Students and faculty protests

The announcement was met with considerable protest from faculty, students, and the community. Eventually, President Nixon decided not to pursue the Duke option. His presidential library is co-located in College Park, Maryland and near his birthplace in Yorba Linda, California.


1981
Duke Hospital North is dedicated.
Duke Hospital North, 1981

Duke North, still the current primary location of Duke University Medical Center, was a state-of-the-art facility that allowed for extensive and important research almost immediately.


1982
Bryan Center is dedicated.

The Joseph M. and Kathleen Price Bryan Center continutes to be a major gathering point on West Campus.


1983
The Women's Studies Program is established.
 

Jean O'Barr is appointed the first director of the interdisciplinary program.


1983
The Mary Lou Williams Center for Black Culture is dedicated.
Jazz musician Mary Lou Williams

The mission of the Center is to "promote racial understanding, build community, and foster an appreciation for and increase knowledge of Black people, Black history, Black culture, and the vast contributions of people of the African Diaspora."


1984 Jan 17
"Uncle Terry" writes his "Avuncular Letter."
The (in)famous Avuncular Letter

Duke President ("Uncle Terry") Sanford writes to the Cameron Crazies calling for an end to obscene chants and vulgar behavior at basketball games: "I hate for us to have the reputation of being stupid."


1984
Nancy Hogshead wins four Olympic medals.
Nancy Hogshead, Duke's most decorated Olympian.

Alumna Nancy Hogshead wins one silver and three gold medals in the Olympics. She had previously trained for the 1980s Olympics and was ready to compete before the United States boycotted the games, held in the USSR.


1985
Duke conducts human AZT trials.
 

In the midst of the unmitigated, emerging AIDS crisis, Duke University Medical Center was one of the first two hospitals to conduct human clinical trials on AZT, a groundbreaking drug to improve the quality of life for AIDS patients.


1985
Dr. H. Keith H. Brodie is inaugurated as president.
President H. Keith H. Brodie and students

Brodie, a psychiatrist, was formerly the James B. Duke Professor of Psychiatry and Law.


1986 Mar 01
The beginning of Krzyzewskiville.
The first Krzyzewskiville tents

Rather than wait in line for hours before the Duke-UNC basketball game for tickets, several students from Mirecourt (a selective living group on campus) pitch tents outside the stadium. By game time, there were 75 tents set up outside.


1986 May 03
The Board of Trustees votes to divest stock in companies doing business in South Africa.
Students protesting the South African Apartheid meet with President Terry Sanford outside the Chapel.

This particular gesture of disapproval was common among American colleges and universities during Apartheid, and put financial pressure on companies across the world.


1986 Dec 13
Men's Soccer team wins the NCAA National Championship.
Men's Soccer team, 1986

The team defeats Akron and wins Duke's first NCAA National Championship for any sport.


1991 Apr 01
Men's Basketball team wins its first NCAA National Championship.
Men's Basketball team, 1991

The men's basketball team had previously advanced to the NCAA Final Four eight times.


1992 Apr 06
Men's Basketball team wins second NCAA National Championship.
Senator (and former Duke President) Terry Sanford's bracket for the 1992 NCAA Tournament.

In so doing, they become the first team in 19 years to repeat.


1993
Nannerl O. Keohane becomes president.
President Nan Keohane

Keohane is the institution's 13th leader and first female president.


1994
The Levine Science Research Center opens.
The Levine Science Research Center

The largest building in the university's history hosts interdisciplinary research.


1995
Freshmen move to East Campus.
Freshmen arrive at the train station in 1937.  Sicne 1995, all freshmen have lived on East Campus.

This was the first major residential change to go into effect in 20 years. Living groups in the dorms are named Randolph, in honor of Trinity's birthplace, Randolph County, and Blackwell, after Blackwell Park, the old Durham fairground that Julian S. Carr donated as the site for the college's new home.


1995
The School of the Environment becomes the Nicholas School.
A forestry class in the 1960s.  The Nicholas School has its roots in the School of Forestry and the Marine Laboratory in Beaufort.

The School of the Environment is renamed the Nicholas School of the Environment in recognition of a $20 million gift by Peter M. Nicholas, Class of 1964. This gift, the largest exclusively for endowment in our history, supports a school with an emphasis on interdisciplinary teaching and research. The School had its origins in the former School of Forestry and the Duke Marine Lab.


1996
The Brodie Recreational Center opens.
 

The University begins a major project to upgrade recreational facilities; the Keith and Brenda Brodie Recreational Center is opened on East Campus, and planning begins for a similar center on West.


1999
Duke celebrates its 75th anniversary.
Benjamin Newton Duke statue

The University celebrates its 75th anniversary and also that of the Duke Endowment. Founders' Weekend in October sees the dedications of the Wilson Recreation Center on West Campus and a statue of Ben Duke on East.


1999
The Women's Golf team wins National Championship.
 

The team has been a powerhouse in recent years, going on to win National Championship titles in 2002, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2014.


2000
Board of Trustees approves a new master plan.
 

The plan includes construction of a new dormitory complex to link Edens Quad with the main West Campus residence halls.


2002
President Nan Keohane launches the Duke Women's Initiative.
 

The initiative examines the experiences and needs of women at Duke and seeks to develop strategies to address the challenges faced by both women and men.


2004 Jul 01
Richard H. Brodhead takes office as Duke's 14th president.
President Richard H. Broadhead


2004
The first Baldwin Scholars are selected.
 

The program is created to inspire and support undergraduate women in the classroom and in campus leadership roles.


2005
The Nasher Museum of Art opens.
 

Previously named the Duke Museum of Art, the museum is re-dedicated in a new location after a major donation from the Nasher family.


2005
New buildings open on West Campus.
 

Bostock Library, the Westbrook Building, and Goodson Chapel open, the first additions to the main quad on West Campus since the Allen Building.


2006
Duke Lacrosse Scandal erupts.
 

False accusations of rape are made against three members of the men's lacrosse team. The scandal puts Duke at the center of an intense national debate about race, gender, and legal issues. The charges were dismissed and the students exonerated in 2007.


2007
DukeEngage launches.
 

The program encourages undergraduates to examine and tackle societal problems both domestically and internationally. It provides select undergraduates with full funding to pursue a summer of service either in the United States or abroad. As of 2010, more than 1,000 Duke students had volunteered through the program.


2009
Sanford Institute becomes the Sanford School of Public Policy.
 

It is Duke's tenth and newest school.


2010 Apr 10
Duke Men's Basketball team wins National Championship.
 


2010 Jul 01 – 2017 Jun 30
Duke Forward campaign takes off.
 

The largest capital campaign in the university's history, the seven-year drive aims to raise $3.25 billion.


2011
Duke Endowment gives $80 million for renovations.
 

The gift--the largest in Duke history--goes toward renovations of the West Union Building, and Page and Baldwin Auditoriums.


2012 Oct 11
Robert Lefkowitz wins Nobel Prize.
 

Dr. Lefkowitz, the James B. Duke Professor of Medicine and Professor of Biochemistry and Chemistry, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry along with Brian Kobilka for his work with G protein-coupled receptors.


2013 Jan 02
Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans Health Education Center opens.
Students use the similation labs in the Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans Health Education Center.

The first new home for medical education at Duke since 1930, the Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans Health Education Center is a state-of-the-art facility that includes simulation labs, study and social areas, and an auditorium.


2013 May 13
Men's Lacrosse wins National Championship.
Players celebrate after winning the 2013 NCAA Men's Lacrosse National Championship.

The team had made the Final Four each year since 2007, and won the National Championship in 2010. They win the National Championship for a second year on May 25, 2014.