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Guide to the Lionel Barrow Papers, 1940-2008

Summary

Dean of Howard University School of Communications, 1975-1985; founder of the Minorities and Communications Division of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. Collection includes materials from Lionel Barrow's advertising career, his teaching and tenure at Howard University, and his involvement in the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC). The earliest materials include student work from Barrow's youth and his studies at Morehouse College, as well as materials from his service in the 24th Infantry Regiment during the Korean War. Another significant portion of the collection is Barrow's newspaper clippings and subject files, dating largely from the 1960s-2000s. His research on an unfinished book about the Freedom's Journal is also a large component of the collection. Also included are numerous photographs, some dating as early as the 1950s, but the bulk of which date 1982-2000s. These include family vacations and events, as well as professional events with AEJMC, the National Association of Black Journalists, and other conferences and organizations. Another notable component of the collection is the section of materials from Barrow's mother, Wilhelmina Barrow, who served as an American Red Cross Girl in Europe during World War II and the post-war period. Acquired as part of the John Hope Franklin Research Center for African and African American History and Culture.

Collection Details

Collection Number
RL.00084
Title
Lionel Barrow papers
Date
1940-2008
Creator
Barrow, Lionel C., 1926-2009
Extent
38.1 Linear Feet
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Collection Overview

The collection includes materials from Barrow's advertising career, his teaching and tenure at Howard University, and his involvement in the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC). AEJMC materials include a series of folders from a diversity survey in 2004; files from the founding and the operations of the Minorities and Communications Division; and programs and reports from AEJMC activities, especially in the 1970s and 1980s. Materials also reflect Barrow's involvement in the Council for Opportunities in Education, in particular his promotion of the TRIO program, offering funding and education opportunities for underprivileged youth.

A small part of the collection is Barrow's educational materials, dated 1940s-1970s, including reports and essays from his years at Morehouse College as well as his Ph.D. proposals and notes from the University of Wisconsin.

Also included are materials from his service in the 24th Infantry Regiment during the Korean War. The Korean War material, dated 1950-1951, includes press releases, written by Barrow, regarding various battles and army movements. Also included is correspondence to his mother, Wilhelmina Barrow, discussing his activities, as well as his struggles with payment and segregation in the U.S. Army.

Another significant portion of the collection is Barrow's newspaper clippings, dating largely from the 1960s-2000s, covering racial integration and the Civil Rights movement in Washington D.C., issues in journalism, and diversity and the condition of black Americans. These clippings have been loosely arranged by Barrow according to the date, the person's name, or the subject.

There are also numerous folders with clippings and research from Barrow's unfinished book on the history of the Freedom's Journal, the first African-American owned and operated newspaper in the United States. Subjects include slavery, education, conditions in different states, and other information about American life in the 1820s.

Also included are numerous photographs, some dating as early as the 1950s, but the bulk of which date from 1982 to the 2000s. The majority of the photographs are snapshots, many featuring the Barrow family and its activities. There are also snapshots of professional events with AEJMC, the National Association of Black Journalists, and other conferences and organizations. The photographs have not been arranged, but arrived well-labeled by Barrow, frequently with dates and captions for each image.

The collection also includes materials from Wilhelmina Barrow, Lionel's mother, relating to her service in the American Red Cross during World War II and in the post-war period. Wilhelmina's materials include ARC training and recruitment documents, her transport papers, newspapers and other publications geared toward servicemen and women, reports from Red Cross Clubs, suggested itineraries for traveling Europe while on leave, and souvenirs from her trips to Italy, France, and Belgium. Also included in this section are reports and clippings about the National Council of Negro Women; Barrow was a member for some time during the 1950s and 1960s. Some of these materials relate to segregation and discrimination.

Acquired as part of the John Hope Franklin Research Center for African and African American History and Culture.

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[Identification of item], Lionel Barrow Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University

Contents of the Collection

African Americans in broadcasting/films
(1 box)

Includes Barrow's subject and clippings files on Black broadcasting, as well as files for various films with African American protagonists.

Box 1
Freedom's Journal research
(1 box)

Includes research, photocopies, and notes by Barrow created in preparation for his unpublished book on Freedom's Journal. Topics include 19th century African American education, the slave trade, literacy, and legal policy.

Box 2
Freedom's Journal research
(1 box)

Includes research, photocopies, and notes by Barrow created in preparation for his unpublished book on Freedom's Journal. Topics include minorities in journalism, chapter drafts, and various notes about the newspaper.

Box 3
Name Files
(1 box)

Barrow's clippings and name files for African American historical figures, celebrities, journalists, and activists.

Box 4
Assorted Subject Files
(1 box)

Contains Barrow's subject files on various topics relating to African American history and culture, such as Black women (including actresses and other celebrities), Black artists/filmmakers, and other topics relating to African American popular culture.

Box 5
Freedom's Journal research
(1 box)

Includes research, photocopies, and notes by Barrow created in preparation for his unpublished book on Freedom's Journal. Box contains chapter drafts/notes, analysis, and miscellaneous files related to research for the project.

Box 6
Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court decision
(0.5 box)

Barrow's clippings and research files created in the 1990s as he wrote an article analyzing media coverage of the Brown vs. Board of Education desegregation case in 1954. Includes files about various newspapers in Atlanta.

Box 10
Statistical Research Files
(0.5 box)

Barrow's subject files on statistical research concepts and best practices.

Box 10
Journalism/Journalist ethics files
(1 box)

Barrow's clippings and subject files about the journalism profession, particularly journalism ethics and minorities in journalism.

Box 7
Assorted Subject Files
(1 box)

Contains Barrow's unsorted subject and clippings files on a wide range of topics, including education, women's rights, racism, Washington DC history, healthcare and addiction issues, and advertising. Includes a file with several issues of Race Relations Reporter (1973-1974).

Box 8
Assorted Subject Files
(0.75 box)

Contains Barrow's unsorted subject and clippings files on topics such as minority employment, minorities in media/communications, population statistics, African American community businesses, and economics. Includes incomplete issues of The Star newspaper (1949-1950).

Box 13
Advertising Subject Files
(1 box)

Barrow's clippings and subject files about media and advertising, particularly for minority communities. Includes files about the power of Black consumers, racism in advertising, and other topics related to African Americans in media.

Box 9
Teaching/Courses, 1980s-1990s
(1 box)

Assorted files related to courses, subjects, and lectures prepared by Barrow, largely from the 1980s and 1990s, relating to his role as Howard University professor and dean. Includes files on courses and other topics in broadcasting, advertising, minorities in journalism, statistics, mass media, racism in language, and other issues.

Box 11
Teaching/Courses, 1980s-1990s
(0.5 box)

Assorted files related to courses, subjects, and lectures prepared by Barrow, largely from the 1980s and 1990s, relating to his role as Howard University professor and dean. Includes files on courses and other topics in broadcasting, advertising, minorities in media, racism, and the media's impact on the African American community.

Box 12
Barrow's college/graduate studies, 1940s-1960s
(0.5 box)

Student work and course files from Barrow's education at Morehouse College and the University of Wisconsin. Includes some files from the preparation of his dissertation.

Box 12
Foote, Cone, and Belding Advertising: Report: Is there a Black Market? Are Special Market Efforts Needed to Reach It?, 1976
(1 folder)
Box 13
Foote, Cone, and Belding Advertising reports and speeches, 1966-1967
(1 folder)

Prepared by Barrow while he served as Associate Research Director.

Box 13
Foote, Cone, and Belding recruiting, 1968-1971
(2 folders)
Box 13
Foote, Cone, and Belding appraisal of minority recruitment program, 1969
(1 folder)
Box 13
Burrell Ad Agency and Foote, Cone, and Belding, 1982
(1 folder)
Box 13
Barrow Information Group materials, 1987-1990s
(0.5 box)

Client/potential client files : largely consists of Barrow's files tracking his cold contacts for various universities and colleges, seeking work for the Barrow Information Group research consultancy that he founded; also includes some articles and freelance work, including a book review by Barrow for The Black Press.

Box 17
Allied Lodge No. 1170, 1984
Box 12
American Association of Advertising Agencies, 1969-2004
Box 12
American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, 1989 and undated
Box 12
American Association for Public Opinion Research, 1974
Box 12
American Overseas Association, 1954
Box 12
American Sociological Society, 1950-1955
Box 12
Association of Black Colleges and J and MC Programs, undated
Box 12
America's Black Forum, 1978
Box 12
Athlete Career Connection (Arthur Ashe), 1991
Box 12
Accrediting Council on Education in JMC
Box 12
American Council on Education, 2004
Box 12
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Summer Program, 1970s
Box 12
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Convention, 1997-2000
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): TWELVE CSM News letter, 1992-2005
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Communication T, 2002-2005
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): The Founding of Division, 1970-1971
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Alumni, 1972-1987
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Paper on minority division, 1980-1985
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Journalism Leadership Institute for Diversity (JLID), 1988-1989, 1999-2001
(2 folders)
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Affirmative action, 2000-2001
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Minority women article correspondence, 2000s
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Speech, 1992
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Dreyfuss Affair commentary, 1976
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): FCC, 2001
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Resolution, 2001
(2 folders)
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): conference analysis, 1967-1990
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Miscellaneous papers and clippings, 1975-2001
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Reorganization, 1978-1979
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Ad Hoc Committee on Minority Education, 1968-1971
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Minorities into the mainstream, 1985
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Minorities and communication division's conference plans, 1977
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Contacts to make, 1998-2001
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Task Force on Diversity, 2005
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Convention in Ottawa, 1975
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Correspondence, 1968-1970
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Minorities in Media, 1974-1975

Annual reports, newsletter, and misc

Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): AEJMC standing committee reports, 2000-2001
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Newsletters, 1974-2002
(2 folders)
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Becker diversity study, 2001
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): History division, 1999-2002
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Public relation division, 1990, 2001
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Liason, 1998-2001
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Endowment committee, 1965-1971
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Advertising Division, 1968-2000
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Communication Theory and Methodology Division (CT, 1969-1995, 2000-2001
(4 folders)

Annual reports, scholarship correspondence, donations, travel grants

Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Diversity studies and reports, 1969-1990
Box 14
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Meetings, conventions, and conferences, 1969-1982
(4 folders)

Annual reports, correspondence, convention reports

Box 14
Minorities and Communication Division (MAC): Heads, 1970-2002
Box 14
Minorities and Communication Division (MAC): Correspondence, reports, evaluations, 1970-2002
(4 folders)
Box 15
Minorities and Communication Division (MAC): Newsletter, 1971-2006
(2 folders)
Box 15
Minorities and Communication Division (MAC): Beginning, 2007
Box 15
Minorities and Communication Division (MAC): Accomplishments, 1968-2000
Box 15
Minorities and Communication Division (MAC): Membership, 1971-1989, 2001
(2 folders)
Box 15
Minorities and Communication Division (MAC): Annual reports, 1971-2001
(4 folders)

Annual reports and mid-year reports

Box 15
Minorities and Communication Division (MAC): Diversity studies and reports, 1969-2002
Box 15
Minorities and Communication Division (MAC): Things to do, undated
Box 15
American Indian Graduate Center, 2004
Box 15
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. (APA), 1998-1999
Box 15
Asian and Pacific Islander American Scholarship Fund (APIASF), 2004
Box 15
Advertising Research Foundation, 1983
Box 15
Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH): Tampa Bay Chapter, 2007-2008
(5 folders)

Historical memories, speeches, convention plans

Box 15
Association of Schools of Journalism and Mass Communication (ASJMC), 2004
Box 15
ASPIRA, Inc. : The fifth annual youth leadership convocation, 2004
Box 15
Afro-Urban Institution, Inc., 1970s
Box 15
Association for Women in Communications, 2004
Box 15
Black Business Council, 1987
Box 15
California Chicano News Media Association (CCNMA), 2004
Box 15
Capital Press Club conference re: Black Communicators, 1970
Box 15
Chela Education Financing, 2004
Box 15
Crazy Hourse Memorial Foundation, 2004

Awards

Box 15
Corportation for National Community Service, 2004

Scholarships

Box 15
Council for Opportunity in Education (COE): TRIO, 1999-2008
(9 folders)
Box 15
Council for Opportunity in Education (COE): TRIO, 1999-2008
(5 folders)

Magazines, memorandum, booklets, website information

Box 16
Consortium for a Strong Minority Presence, 2004
Box 16
Obama Election: Democratic Party Envolvement, 2007-2008
(9 folders)

Clippings, Compaign materials, donation, committee plans

Box 16
Dow Jones Newspaper Fund, 2002-2004
Box 16
FCC Material, 1979-1980
Box 16
Freedom Forum, 2004-2005
Box 16
Gates Millennium Scholars, 2004
Box 16
Hispanic College Fund, Inc., 2004
Box 16
Hispanic Scholarship Fund, 2004
Box 16
Kaiser Family Foundation, 2004
Box 16
Knight Foundation, 2002-2004
Box 16
LAGRANT Foundation, 2004
Box 16
Lumina Foundation for Education, 2002-2004
Box 16
LIN Television: Scholarship, 2004
Box 16
Motion Picture Association of America, Inc., 1957-1993
Box 16
Minority Media Means Money (4M) Conference, 1971
(2 folders)
Box 16
Newspaper Association of America, 2003-2004
(2 folders)
Box 16
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP): Act-50, 1994
Box 16
NBA Broadcast Scholarship, 2003
Box 16
National Association of Black Journalists (NABJ), 1987-1992, 2004, 2005-2007
(3 folders)
Box 16
National Association of Hispanic Journalists (NAHJ), 2004
Box 16
National Black Media Coalition, 1982
Box 16
Native American Journalists Association (NAJA), 2004
Box 16
National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH), 2004
Box 16
National Newspaper Publishers Association, 2004
Box 16
National Press Club: NPC Scholarship, 2004
Box 16
National Science Foundation (NSF), 2003-2004
Box 16
Organization of Chinese Americans (OCA), 2004
Box 16
Poynter Institute, 2004
Box 16
PRB Summit, 1971
Box 16
Public Relations Society of America, 2004
Box 16
University of the Virgin Islands, 2004
Box 16
Radio-Television News Directors Association Foundation (RTNDA), 2004
Box 16
University of Southern California: Financial Aid, 2004
Box 16
Scripps Howard Foundation, 2004
Box 16
St. Louis Post-Dispatch Meeting, 1975-1976
Box 16
Sallie Mae Fund, 2004
Box 16
Southern Newspaper Publishers Association Foundation (SNPA), 2004
Box 16
Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ), 2004
Box 16
Minorities in the Newspaper Business, 1987-1990
Box 16
Unity Democrat (newspaper), 1962
Box 16
Wilmington 10 Defense Committee, 1976
Box 16
Calendars, 1994-2000
Box 18
Miscellaneous personal correspondence, 1970s-1990s
(3 folders)
Box 18
Stamp collecting materials, undated
Box 18
Awards and certificates, 1944-1997

Includes 2 plaques.

Box 18
Morehouse College papers, clippings, 1947-1949
(2 folders)
Box 18
U.S. National Student Association, 1949
Box 18
"Famous Folks" photograph albums, undated
(4 albums)
Box 18
"Les Girls" photograph albums, undated
(4 albums)
Box 18
Correspondence, press releases etc., re: Barrow's Army enlistment/reporting for service/service in Korea: 1950 July/Aug.-1951, 1950 July-1951
(5 folders)
Box 19
Photographs and captions from Barrow's service in the Korean War, 1950-1951
Box 19
Barrow's correspondence to Wilhelmina Barrow from Korea, 1950-1951

Includes annotated copy of Congressional Record, 1951 Oct. 10.

Box 19
Snapshots, 1951, 1953, 1976, 1981-1983
(1 box)
Box 20
Snapshots, 1983-1985
(1 box)
Box 21
Snapshots, 1985-1988
(1 box)
Box 22
Snapshots, 1988-1992, 1995
(0.5 box)
Box 23
Snapshots, 2005
Box 23
Snapshots, undated
(3 folders)
Box 23
France snapshots, undated
Box 23
WABJ conference photographs, 1984
Box 23
NABJ conference photographs, 1983-1984
Box 23
Photographs (large), 1946, 1989, 2008, undated
Box 23
Miscellaneous photograph albums, undated
Box 23
ID card album, undated
Box 23
Snapshots, unsorted, 1980s
Box 25
Snapshots and snapshot albums, unsorted, 1980s
Box 26
Snapshot albums, unsorted, 1980s
Box 27
Chairborne Infantry essays, by Barrow, 1951

re: 24th Infantry in Korea

Box 19
Is there a future for Blacks in Business Communications?, 1977
(2 folders)
Box 19
untitled chapter draft: "Relative Potency - Theory", undated
Box 19
Toward a Code of Ethics in the Newsroom drafts, etc., 1977-1981
Box 19
Preparing for the Search, 1984
Box 19
The Minorities and Communication Division: The Beginning, 1980
Box 19
Eliminating Racism in Religious Communications, 1980
Box 19
Women Wear Clothing, Why?, undated
Box 19
Oakland Terrace School: What Martin Luther King Means to Me, 1990
Box 19
The We Nobody Knows: Minority Children and Television position paper, 1974
Box 19
A Dream Deferred: testimony for the Black Congressional Caucus, 1972
(2 folders)
Box 19
Untitled Butler University speech re: Dream Deferred to high school students, 1989
Box 19
The Morehouse Man: A Myth or Legend in his Time, 1978
Box 19
Alexander Hamilton High School, Brooklyn: high school commencement address, 1968
Box 19
New Uses of Covariance Analysis, 1967

Published in Journal of Advertising Research.

Box 19
A Minority View of the Media, 1982
Box 19
The Community News: History and Purpose, 1983
Box 19
Communication in the 80s: Change or More of the Same, 1983
Box 19
Black Regiment's Flag Raised After 44 Years, 1995
Box 19
The Negro Consumer: The Fast Reappearing Indian, 1963
Box 19
Bruce Westley: The Behavioral Sciences and Communication Education, 1985
Box 19
27 audiocassettes in 2 boxes
Box 19
2 VHS tapes from COE
Box 19
Red Cross publications and booklets, 1940s
Box 28
Magazines: Overseas Woman, 1945
Box 28
Program reports-Army Rest Centers, 1946
Box 28
Wilhelmina Barrows official documents, 1945-1947
Box 28
Club training-reference materials, 1945-1947
Box 28
Post-war transport newspapers, The Crow's Nest, 1946
Box 28
Returning soldier information, 1945-1946
Box 28
At Your Service publications, 1946
Box 28
Yank and other army-related publications, 1945-1946
Box 28
Airline pamphlets and souvenirs, 1940s
Box 28
Italy guides and postcards, 1940s
(3 folders)
Box 28
France guides and postcards, 1940s
(2 folders)
Box 28
French speaking guides, 1940s
Box 28
Other guides and postcards, 1940s
Box 28
Newspaper clippings, 1940s
Box 28
Wilhelmina Barrow UN publications and other materials, 1950s-1960s
Box 28
Clippings, international news and United Nations coverage, 1940s-1960s
Box 28
National Council of Negro Women materials, 1950s-1960s
Box 29
NCNW Resolutions, booklets, 1953-1954
Box 29
NCNW Report, 1953-1957
Box 29
NCNW newspaper clippings, 1954
Box 29
Morehouse College mailings, 1960s
Box 29
Correspondence, 1940s-1970s
(3 folders)
Box 29
Wilhelmina Barrow's printed materials, 1950s-1960s

Books for Graduate Nurses, 1950; Paris Travel Guide; My Appeal to the British, Mahatma Gandhi; Directory of Members of the American Sociological Society, 1956; American Overseas Association, 1964; Post-War Plan, Rutherford Wright

Box 29
 

Historical Note

Lionel C. Barrow, Jr., was born in New York in 1926 to Lionel C. and Wilhelmina Barrow. He attended Morehouse College and graduated with Martin Luther King in 1948. He also served in the U.S. Army from 1945 to 1947, and from 1950 to 1953.

Barrow attended the School of Journalism at the University of Wisconsin, earning his master's degree in 1958 and a doctorate in mass communication in 1960. Subsequently, he worked in advertising as a researcher, and in 1968 became vice president and associate director of research at the Foote, Cone and Belding agency in New York. Barrow became the dean of Howard University's School of Communications in 1975, where he worked until 1985. He married his wife, Frederica, in 1992; the couple eventually settled in Florida.

Along with his academic interests, Barrow was an active member of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, and was a principle force in helping the organization begin to promote diversity in the field. He founded the Ad Hoc Committee on Minority Education in 1968, and expanded to also form the Minorities and Communication Division in 1970. An AEJMC scholarship was created in his honor to assist women and minorities in their graduate journalism education.

Barrow was also active in politics, fundraising and campaigning for Democratic candidates as early as the 1960s and as recently as the Barack Obama presidential campaign in 2008. He died shortly after Obama's inauguration in January 2009.


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Provenance

The Lionel Barrow Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift in 2010.

Processing Information

Accessioned by Meghan Lyon, 2010

Processed by Dan Chen, Sandra Niethardt, and Meghan Lyon, 2016

Accession(s) described in this finding aid: 2010-0031, 2010-0079, 2010-0144