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Guide to the Samuel Bourne Photographs, circa 1863-circa 1875

Abstract

Collection consists of albumen photographs taken from about 1863-1875 while British-born photographer Samuel Bourne traveled to India, Nepal, the Tibet region, and Burma. Of the 375 prints in the collection, 200 are mounted in three large commercial photograph albums published by the commercial firm Bourne & Shepherd, while the remaining 175 are matted prints taken by Bourne. Most are large-format, with a few of cartes-de-visite size. The images were secured using the wet-collodion plate method, often under extreme conditions. The bulk of the images consists of landscapes, but there are also many architectural studies, including many photos of Hindu temples and civic buildings; there are also many fine portraits of varied groups and classes of individuals, male and female, and rural village scenes, as well as images of Bombay and Calcutta during the colonial period. Captions and negative numbers without brackets were supplied by the photographer or his studio; captions and identification numbers in brackets have been supplied by the dealer or library staff. Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Samuel Bourne photographs
Creator
Bourne, Samuel, 1834-1912
Extent
9.5 linear feet, 375 items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Language
Material in English

Collection Overview

Collection consists of albumen photographs taken from about 1863 to 1875 while British-born photographer Samuel Bourne traveled to India, Nepal, the Tibet region, and Burma. Of the 375 prints in the collection, 200 are mounted in three large commercial photograph albums published by the commercial firm Bourne & Shepherd, while the remaining 175 are loose matted prints taken by Bourne. Some of the images in the collection may also be the work of a later studio, Shepherd and Robertson, formed by Bourne's colleague Charles Shepherd. Most are large-format, with a few of cartes-de-visite size. The images were secured using the wet-collodion plate method, often under extreme conditions. The bulk of the images consists of landscapes, but there are also many architectural studies, including many photos of Hindu temples and civic buildings; there are also many fine portraits of varied groups and classes of individuals, male and female, and rural village scenes, as well as images of Bombay and Calcutta (Kolkata) during the colonial period.

The three large brown leather and gilt albums in this collection hold 200 mounted albumen photographs taken by Bourne, his partner Charles Shepherd, and Bourne & Shepherd photographer Collin Murray, in India, Nepal, the Tibet region, and Burma roughly between 1863 and 1875. The volumes are titled Northern India; Western, Eastern, and Southern India; and Farther India. Of the 200 images, 191 are large-format (9x11.75") albumens, mounted one per page, while nine are cartes-de-visites mounted on a single page. Most are captioned and signed.

While the majority of the images in the collection are landscapes and architectural views, there are also a good number of interesting portraits and ethnographic studies. The landscapes and architectural views portray rivers, mountains, valleys, plant specimens, bridges, temples, tea plantations, forts, and city buildings; included are the Taj Mahal and views of buildings titled "European Bombay." There are Bombay street scenes, views of villages, and portraits of dancers and musicians, business owners, villagers (including group portraits of Tibetan, Bhootea, and Toda villagers), family portraits, and group portraits of high-ranking men, sometimes with a small boy included. There is a portrait of a group of hermaphrodites, and images of groups described in the captions as "thugs" and "thieves" as well. According to researchers, most of the portraits and ethnographic images included here are the work of Charles Shepherd.

Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Bourne and Shepherd India Photograph Albums Series, circa 1863-circa 1875

3 boxes, 3 vols.

Large commercially produced large leather-bound photograph albums embellished with gilt. Captions and negative numbers without brackets were supplied by the photographer or his studio; captions and identification numbers in brackets have been supplied by the dealer or library staff. There are also some unnumbered prints. Arranged within the albums in non-specific original order. One Calcutta image, #1748, shows Bourne's wife.

Photograph Album 1: Farther India

Captions and negative numbers without brackets were supplied by the photographer or his studio; captions and identification numbers in brackets have been supplied by the dealer or library staff. Arranged within the albums in non-specific original order.

Burmah; Salween River, near Rope Station
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image [2388]
Burmah; Salween River, near Minsay
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 1
Image [2377]
Darjeeling; Cane Bridge over the Runjeet River below Darjeeling
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image 1879
Darjeeling; Picturesque Bridge over the Rungnoo below Ging
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image 1900
Darjeeling; Bridge over the Rungnoo near its junction with the Runjeet
(11" x 9.5")
Box 1
Image 1880
Pagan; Sagain from the river side
(12" x 7.5")
Box 1
Image [2345]
Mandalay; The King of Burmah's Barge
(12" x 7.5")
Box 1
Image [2354]
Rangoon; A view of the Shwedagon Pagoda
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
Rangoon; Shwedagon from Northern Entrance
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image [2321]
Rangoon; The Canopy in front of the entrance to Shwedagon
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image [2322]
Rangoon; Another view of Shwedagon
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image [2323]
Pagan; A gilded Pagoda
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image [2343]
Pagan; Canopy in front of previous pagoda
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 1
Image [2344]
Mandalay; A large monastery
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 1
Image [2355]
Mengoon; The Great Bell
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image [2350]
Moulmein; View from the Great Pagoda
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image [2364]
Burmah; Elephants Moving Timber
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image [2363]
Moulmein; Buddhist Cave
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 1
Image [2371]
Nepaul, Katmandoo; Temples in Front of Palace with Colossal Image of Kalla Bhyrab.
(12" x 7.5")
Box 1
Image [2460]
Nepaul, Katmandoo; Hanuman gate of Durban and Image of Hanuman
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 1
Image [2462]
Nepaul, Patan; Palace and Temples and Monolith of builder
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 1
Image [2467]
Nepaul, Patan; Temple of Radha Krishna
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 1
Image [2469]
Nepaul, Patan; Pashapati, the Holiest Temple of Nepaul, and Burning Ghat
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 1
Image [2471]
Nepaul, Patan; The Temple of Bodnath
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 1
Image [2473]
Nepaul, Bhatgaon; The Durban Temple and Monolith
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 1
Image [2474]
Nepaul, Bhatgaon; Brazen Gateway of Durban
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image [2476]
[Image of a temple with people in front]
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
[Corner of a temple with small garden]
(11.5" x 8.5")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
[Columns at a building's entrance]
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
[Group of small prints mounted on one page, each measuring 3.5" x 2.5"]
(9 items)

Images include group portraits of entertainers (sword swallowers, musicians, dancers) as well as portraits of individuals, a large religious statue, and individuals washing clothes by a river

Box 1
Image Unnumbered
[Group portrait of various Indian officials]
(9.5" x 8")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
[Group portrait of various Indian and European officials]
(10.5" x 8")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
[Group portrait of various Indian leaders with a hookah]
(10.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
[Group portrait of various Indian officials]
(11" x 8.5")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
[Group portrait of various Indian officials]
(11.5" x 7.5")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
[Group portrait of various Indian officials in front of a building]
(11.5" x 8.5")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
A Group of H. E. the Viceroy's Elephants with their State Trappings
(11" x 8.5")
Box 1
Image 1132
Lahore; Sir Robert Montgomery's Camel Carriages, Government House
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image 426
Simla; Group of Thugs
(11" x 8.5")
Box 1
Image 128
Chamba; A Group of Guddies [Thuggees?]
(11" x 9")
Box 1
Image 554
Srinuggur; A Group of Kashmir Females
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image 809
[Image of a group of men and women sifting wheat]
(11" x 8.5")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
A Nautch at Shalimar
(11" x 9")
Box 1
Image [606]
[Group portrait of three female nautch dancers]
(11" x 8.5")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
[Photograph of religious image depicting the interaction of a deity with individuals]
(9.5' x 8")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
Famine Refugees
(9" x 7")
Box 1
Image Unnumbered
Peshawur; Group of Afredees from the Khyber Pass
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image 1387
Peshawur; Group of Natives from near Khyber Pass
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image 1388
Peshawur; Group of Pathans from the Peshawur Valley
(11" x 9")
Box 1
Image 1389
Darjeeling; Group of Bhooteas
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image 1905
Darjeeling; Group of Bhooteas
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image 1904
The Neilgherries; Toda Mund, Village and Todas
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image 2020
Pagan; Burmese Box-makers
(11.5" x 9")
Box 1
Image [2342]
Burmese Musicians
(11" x 8")
Box 1
Image [2362]
Hairy Family of Mandalay
(9.5" x 7")
Box 1
Image [2361]
Darjeeling; Lepcha woman of Sikkim
(11" x 8.5")
Box 1
Image 1908
Darjeeling; Lepcha man of Sikkim
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 1
Image 1907

Photograph Album 2: Northern India

Captions and negative numbers without brackets were supplied by the photographer or his studio; captions and identification numbers in brackets have been supplied by the dealer or library staff. Arranged within the albums in non-specific original order.

Agra; The Taj, from the corner of the Quadrangle
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1080
Agra; Gateway of Taj
(11.5" x 8.5")
Box 2
Image Unnumbered
Agra; The Taj and Garden, from the Entrance Gate
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1075
Agra; The Taj, from the River
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1078
Agra; The Screen enclosing the Sarcophagi in the Interior of the Taj
(11" x 8")
Box 2
Image 1231
Agra; The Fort, Delhi Gate
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1219
Agra; The Fort,the Palace of Akbar with the Taj in the Distance
(12" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1221
Agra; Quadrangle of the Motee Musjid (Pearl Mosque)
(12" x 7.5")
Box 2
Image 1227
Agra; Interior of the Motee Musjid, Showing the Centre Aisle
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1230
Agra; The Fort, Interior of the Zenana Showing the Mosaic Work, Another View
(12" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1225
Delhi; The Palace, the Motee Musjid (Pearl Mosque)
(11" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1351
Agra; The Mausoleum of Prince Etmad-Dowlah, from the Gate
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1232
Agra; The Mausoleum of Prince Etmad-Dowlah, the Marble Cupola
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1234
Futtypore Sikri; The Great Gate distant View from the Southeast
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1264
Futtypore Sikri; The Great Gate, from the Village
(11" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1263
Futtypore Sikri; Interior of the Great Quadrangle, showing Sheik Selim Chisti's Tomb
(12.5" x 7")
Box 2
Image 1261
Futtypore Sikri; The Marble tomb of Sheik Selim Chisti
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1265
Futtypore Sikri; Two of the Marbled Screens in the tomb of Sheik Selim Chisti
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1266
Futtypore Sikri; The Mosque on the Western side of the Quadrangle
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1267
Futtypore Sikri; View of the Ruins from the top of the Dewan-i-Kass
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1272
Futtypore Sikri; Carved Pillars in the Panch Mehal
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1275
Futtypore Sikri; The Elephant Tower, seen Through the Elephant Gate, near view
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1278
Secundra; The Entrance Gate from the Garden
(12" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1247
Secundra; The Garden and Mausoleum from the Entrance Gate
(12.5" 7.5")
Box 2
Image 1248
Secundra; The Mausoleum of Akbar, from an Angle of the First Terrace
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1251
Secundra; The Mausoleum of Akbar, the Upper Marble Sarcophagus
(11.5" x 8.5")
Box 2
Image 1252
Secundra; The Mausoleum of Akbar, from an Angle of the First Terrace
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1256
Deig; Interior of the Nundh Bhowun
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1318
Bindrabund; Group of modern Temples, Built by Seth Luchnee Chund
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 2
Image 1307
Goverdhun; Palace and tank, Built by Rajah Bulman Singh, of Bhurtpore
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1311
Goverdhun; Upper Portion of the Palace, Showing Beautiful Stone Carving
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1312
Deig; General View from the Fort
(12.5" x 7")
Box 2
Image 1314
Deig; The Gopal Bhowun (Palace) and Tank
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1316
Deig; The Gopal Bhowun (Palace) from the Garden
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1317
The Chandni-Chouk, Principal Street in Delhi
(12" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1356
Delhi; The Palace, Lahore Gate
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1349
Delhi; The Palace, Interior of the Dewan-i-Kass
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1350
Delhi; The Jumma Musjid, from the North
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1354
Delhi; The Jumma Musjid, from the Northeast
(12" x 8.5")
Box 2
Image 1353
Delhi; The Jumma Musjid, the Mosque and Quadrangle
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1355
Futtypore Sikri; Interior of the Great Quadrangle, Showing the Inner Side of the Great Gate
(12" x 7.5")
Box 2
Image 1262
Secundra; Extensive View from the top of the Entrance Gate, Imparting a good idea of the 'Plains of India'
(12" x 7.5")
Box 2
Image 1249
View from the top of Humaioon's Tomb, Showing the Ruins and Tombs of old Delhi
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1363
Delhi; The Tomb of Mirza Jehangir, This is a Piece of Beautiful Marble carving
(12" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1365
Delhi; The Mausoleum of Sufter Jung
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1368
Delhi; The Mausoleum of the Emperor Humaioon
(12" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1362
Delhi; The "Lat," or Stone Pillar Faised by Feroze Shah
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1359
Delhi; The Kila Kona Mosque, Afghan Period
(12" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1361
Delhi; The Tomb of Nizam-ood-deen
(11.5" x 8.5")
Box 2
Image 1364
Delhi; Interior of the Chousut Kamba, or 64-pillared Hall
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1366
Delhi; The Kutub Minar and Surrounding Ruins, from the East
(11" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1369
Delhi; The Kutub Minar, Showing the Carving on the First Gallery
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1371
Delhi; The Kashmir Gate
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1357
Delhi; Ala-ood-deen's Gateway
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1380
Agra; Carved Stone Pillars in the Old Palace of Jehangir
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1226
Benares; Geometrical Figures Carved on Ancient Bhuddist Tower at Sarnath
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1183
Delhi; North Entrance or Doorway of Ala-ood-deen's Tomb
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 1381
Delhi; Tomb of Shums-ood-deen Altomsh, Builder of the Kutub Minar
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1379
Delhi; The Kutub Minar, Interior View of the Eastern Colonnade
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 2
Image 1374
Lahore; Jahangir's Tomb, in the Shadra Gardens
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 424
[Lahore; Samadhi of Emperor Ranjit Singh]
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 417
Lahore; View from Palace in the Fort
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 416
Amritsar; The Babtul Temple, Flying Foxes in Tree
(11.5" x 9")
Box 2
Image 410
Amritsar; The Golden Temple
(11.5" x 8")
Box 2
Image 407

Photograph Album 3: Western, Eastern, and South India

Captions and negative numbers without brackets were supplied by the photographer or his studio; captions and identification numbers in brackets have been supplied by the dealer or library staff. There are also some unnumbered prints. Arranged within the albums in non-specific original order.

Darjeeling; Group of Tree Ferns at Lebong
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image 1889
Darjeeling; A Pleasant Walk Near Tukvar
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image 1897
Calcutta; Gothic Ruin, with Creepers, in Barrackpore Park
(11" x 9")
Box 3
Image 1750
Calcutta; Banian Tree in Barrackpore Park, Interior View (with Mrs. Bourne)
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1748
Bombay; Bora Bazaar Street
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 3
Image [2179]
European Bombay
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
European Bombay
(12" x 8.5")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
European Bombay
(12" x 7")
Box 3
Image [2243]
Bombay; General view of the Great Cave of Elephanta, from the entrance
(11" x 9")
Box 3
Image [2190]
[Elephanta Cave; Head Representing Brahma, Vishnu and Siva]
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image 2194
Elora; Exterior of the Jugnath Subha (or Court of the Juggernauth)
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image [1943]
Elora; Interior of the Indur Subha, with figure of Indrani
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image [1942]
[Ajunta; The Entrance to Cave No. 19]
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
Ajunta; Interior of Cave No. 9
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image [1930]
Cave Temple at Karli
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
Darjeeling; General View from Observatory Hill, Looking South
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 3
Image 1871
Reversing Station; Bhor Ghat Railway
(12.5" 7.5")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
Madura; Palace
(11" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
Madura; Palace
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
Madura; Palace
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
[Panoramic view of a city, possibly Madura]
(11.5" x 8.5")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
Madura; Nayak's Choultrie
(11" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Exterior of a colonnaded side of a temple]
(10.5" x 8")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Interior columns of a temple]
(11" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Image of a temple in the distance, a man sitting in the foreground]
(11" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Image of the front of a temple from an angle]
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Image of multiple temples in the distance across a small body of water]
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Image of the front of a temple]
(11" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Image of multiple temples taken from an elevated viewpoint]
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
Madura; Raft Temple
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
[View of city walls and surrounding moat, probably Tanjore]
(11" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
Tanjore; Great Pagoda
(11" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
Tanjore; Temple of Subramanya
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
Tanjore; The Great Pagoda and Stone Bull from near the Entrance to the quadrangle
(10.5" x 8")
Box 3
Image [2045]
Tanjore; View Showing the old Moat with Outer Goparum of the Pagoda
(11" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image [2044]
Trichinopoly
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
Trichinopoly; The Great Stone Gateway at the Entrance of the Seringham Pagodas
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image [2059]
Trichinopoly; General View of the Seringham Pagodas from the top of the Gateway
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image 2060
Mahavellipore; Raths
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
Calcutta; General View
(12" x 7.5")
Box 3
Image [2481]
Benares; General View From the Opposite Bank of the Ganges
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 3
Image 1165
Benares; The Great Mosque of Arungzebe, and Adjoining Ghats
(12" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1168
Benares; Raja Jey Singh's Observatory, and Dasaswa Medh Ghat
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1171
Delhi; The Observatory of Rajah Jey Singh
(12" x 9")
Box 3
Image 1367
Benares; Beseshor Nath, or Golden Temple
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1172
Benares; "Gyan Bapee," or Well of Knowledge
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1173
Benares; Sumeree Temple at Ramnuggur, Showing Carvings on the Lower Portion
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1176
Benares; Sumeree Temple at Ramnuggur, from the tank
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1174
Cawnpore; Suttee Chowra Ghat, the Scene of the Massacre
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 3
Image 1208
Cawnpore; The Memorial Well, with the Cawnpore Church in the Distance
(12" x 7.5")
Box 3
Image 1203
Cawnpore; The Memorial Well, from the South, Embracing the large Elephant Creeper
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 3
Image 1204
Cawnpore; The Memorial Well, Seen Through Trees from the South
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image 1205
Cawnpore; The Memorial Well from the Inside
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1207
Lucknow; The Residency, from the North West
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1065
Lucknow; Bailey Guard, Residency etc., General View
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1025
Lucknow; Bird's-eye View of the Kaiser Bagh
(12" x 9")
Box 3
Image [1013]
Lucknow; General View from Fort
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image 1053
Lucknow; Chutter Munzil, etc. general view
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image [1018]
Lucknow; Chutter Munzil, near view
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image 1019
Lucknow; View in the Kaiser Bagh
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image 1037
Lucknow; Vinery and Buildings in the Kaiser Bagh
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image 1038
Lucknow; The Mermaid Gate, Kaiser Bagh
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1041
Lucknow; Gateway of the Hooseinabad Bazaar
(10.5" x 8")
Box 3
Image Unnumbered
Lucknow; East Gate of the Kaiser Bagh, from the garden
(11.5" x 9")
Box 3
Image 1042
Lucknow; The Roumi Darwaza in the Fort
(12" x 9")
Box 3
Image 1048
Lucknow; Great Emambara and Mosque
(12" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1052
Lucknow; View from the Terrace of the Hooseinabad Emambara
(12" x 9")
Box 3
Image 1051
Lucknow; Buildings in the Garden of the Hooseinabad Emambara
(12" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1050
Lucknow; The Gate and Garden of the Hooseinabad Emambara
(12" x 9.5")
Box 3
Image 1068
Lucknow; La Martiniere, from the Garden
(12" x 9")
Box 3
Image 1047

Photographic Prints Series, 1863-1885

10 boxes, 175 albumen prints

Chiefly landscape and architectural studies taken in India during the 1860s and 1870s while Samuel Bourne traveled there on three separate occasions, and printed between 1863 and 1885. Prints produced in later years by the Bourne & Shepherd studio display white negative numbers and titles. Locations include Agra, Benares, Bhurtpore, Calcutta, Darjeeling, Delhi, Gwalior, Kashmir, Lucknow, Lake Manusbul (Kashmir), Mussoorie, the Neilgherries, Ootacamund, and Simla. Captions are retained with their original spelling. The prints are housed in 16x20 mats. Arranged in print number order, which is generally chronological, following Bourne's trips to the various regions. Numbers in brackets were assigned by the dealer. There are also a few unnumbered prints.

Simla; Looking Towards Jakko
(10.5" x 8.5")
Box 4
Image 33
Simla; Jakko, South Side
(11" x 9")
Box 4
Image 47
The Sutlej; Junction of the Buspa
(9.5" x 8.5")
Box 4
Image 181
View in the Wanga Valley
(11" x 9")
Box 4
Image 261
Sir Hugh Rose's Bungalow, Mahasoo
(11" x 9")
Box 4
Image 301
Dhurmsala; The Church Through the Trees
(4" x 3.5")
Box 4
Image 457
Kangra; The Village of Negrota
(7.5" x 4")
Box 4
Image 479
Government Tea Plantation, Holta
(7.5" x 4")
Box 4
Image 481
Dhurmsala; From the Barracks
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 4
Image 523
View on the Kholee at Rhotee
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 4
Image 533
Chamba Valley
(11.5" x 9")
Box 4
Image 552
Poplar Avenue at Islamabad
(4" x 4")
Box 4
Image 637
Srinuggur; View down the Jhelum from the Island
(4" x 3.5")
Box 4
Image 644
View from Kishtwar
(7.5" x 4")
Box 4
Image 697
Panorama of Islamabad from Hill Above, part 1
(7.5" x 4")
Box 4
Image 718
View on the Kashmir Road, Near Budrawar
(11" x 8.5")
Box 4
Image 774
Twig Jhula bridge on the Chenab, Near Kishtowar
(11" x 9")
Box 4
Image 776
Srinuggur; View down the River, from the 3rd Bridge
(11" x 9")
Box 4
Image 795
Srinuggur; Poplar Avenue from the Middle
(11.5" x 8.5")
Box 5
Image 801A
Srinuggur; Avenue by the Dhul Canal
(11.5" x 9")
Box 5
Image 828
Srinuggur; Foliage on the Dhul Canal
(7.5" x 4")
Box 5
Image 842
Srinuggur; Chunar Bagh Reach, on the Dhul Canal
(7.5" x 4")
Box 5
Image 844
Cascades on the Scinde River
(4" x 3.5")
Box 5
Image 899
Lake Manusbul; Evening
(7.5" x 4")
Box 5
Image 943
Lake Manusbul; View from Hill Above Encamping Ground
(7" x 4")
Box 5
Image 946
Murree; View from Pindee Point
(7.5" x 4")
Box 5
Image 963
Murree; The East End, from the Hill above the Church
(7.5" x 4")
Box 5
Image 968
Manusbul; From head of Lake
(11" x 9.5")
Box 5
Image 970
Lake Manusbul; From Encamping Ground
(11.5" x 9")
Box 5
Image 971
The Scinde Valley; A View near Gugangair
(11" x 9.5")
Box 5
Image 977
Glaciers near Sonamurg
(11.5" x 9")
Box 5
Image 984
A View in the Scinde Valley
(11.5" x 9")
Box 5
Image 985
Sunset on Lake Manusbul
(11" x 8")
Box 5
Image 993
Lucknow; Bailey Guard Gate
(11.5" x 8")
Box 5
Image 1027
Lucknow; The Kaiser Bagh
(11.5" x 9")
Box 5
Image 1036
Lucknow; View from the Terrace of the Hooseinabad Emambara
(7.5" x 4")
Box 5
Image 1056
Lucknow; Chutter Munzil, from the South
(7.5" x 4")
Box 6
Image 1063
Agra; The Taj from the South
(11.5" x 9")
Box 6
Image 1079
Agra; Christ Church from the East
(4" x 3.5")
Box 6
Image 1098
Mairwaries (Cloth-Merchants)
(9" x 7.5")
Box 6
Image 1105
Mohamedans
(9" x 7")
Box 6
Image 1109
Groups of Bankers
(9.5" x 7.5")
Box 6
Image 1110
Jat Sirdars (Bhurtpore)
(9" x 7.5")
Box 6
Image 1118
A Thibetan Lama from Lassa
(8.5" x 7.5")
Box 6
Image 1132A
A Group of Thibetans
(9.5" x 7")
Box 6
Image 1132B
Bolundshohur; Mrs. Lowe's House
(11" x 8.5")
Box 6
Image 1145B
Benares; The River and Bridge of Boats, from the Mosque
(12" x 7.5")
Box 6
Image 1167
Benares; The Burning Ghat
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 6
Image 1169
Benares; Gosain Temple
(11" x 9")
Box 6
Image [1173A]
Benares; Ancient Bhuddist Tower at Sarnath
(11" x 9.5")
Box 6
Image 1181
Agra; The Fort, The Palace of Akbar (marble)
(11" x 9")
Box 6
Image 1220
Agra; The Fort, Exterior of the Zenana
(11" x 8")
Box 6
Image 1223
Agra; The Front of the Motee Musjid
(11" x 9")
Box 6
Image 1228
Futtypore Sikri; The Palace of Beerbul
(11" x 8.5")
Box 6
Image 1269
Futtypore Sikri; Remarkable Pillar in the Centre of the Diwan-i-Kass, or Hall of Audience
(11" x 9")
Box 7
Image 1271
Futtypore Sikri; The Panch Mehal, (Five Palaces)
(11" x 9")
Box 7
Image 1274
Bhurtpore; General View from an Elevation in the Fort
(11.5" x 8")
Box 7
Image 1298
Bindrabund; Ancient Hindoo Temple
(11" x 9")
Box 7
Image 1305
Gwalior; The Fort, The Palace and Principal Entrance
(11.5" x 9")
Box 7
Image 1326
Gwalior; Ancient Brahminical Temple in the Fort, the Interior
(11" x 9.5")
Box 7
Image 1331
Gwalior; Building in the Lushhkur
(11" x 8")
Box 7
Image [1334D]
Delhi; View of the City, from the Jumma Musjid Looking South
(11" x 9.5")
Box 7
Image 1346
Delhi; The Church
(11.5" x 7.5")
Box 7
Image 1358
The Purana Kila, old Fort of Delhi
(11" x 8.5")
Box 7
Image 1360
Delhi; Colonnade of Hindoo Pillars at the Kutub Minar, East side
(10.5" x 9.5")
Box 7
Image 1373
Narkunda; Village and Dak Bungalow
(11" x 9")

Number was later changed to 2409 by the studio.

Box 7
Image 1426
Bridge Across the Sutlej on the Kulu Road
(11.5" x 9")
Box 7
Image 1427
Panoramic View of Mussoorie and Landour, From Waverley Hill, With Part of the Snowy Range
(12" x 7")
Box 7
Image 1576
Mussoorie; View from above the Library, Showing the Church, "Camel's Back," etc
(12" x 7.5")
Box 7
Image 1577
Mussoorie; View from the Camel's Back, Looking Towards Landour, showing the Club
(12" x 7.5")
Box 7
Image 1581
Mussoorie; A Peep of Landour from "Woodville."
(12" x 7.5")
Box 7
Image 1585
The Batta Waterfall, Below Mussoorie
(11.5" x 8")
Box 7
Image 1592
Nynee Tal; General View From Near the Bazaar
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 8
Image 1621
Nynee Tal; The Church and Surrounding Foliage
(11" x 9")
Box 8
Image 1632
Nynee Tal; View from the Western Side, Looking Towards the North End of the Lake
(11" x 9")
Box 8
Image 1640
Nynee Tal; Artist's "Bit" (Trees Overhanging the Lake at the South end)
(11" x 9.5")
Box 8
Image 1645
Calcutta; Lord Hardinge's Statue and the Ochterlony Monument
(11" x 9")
Box 8
Image 1698
Calcutta; Statue of Sir William Cavendish Bentinck, in front of the Town Hall
(11.5" x 7.5")
Box 8
Image 1699
Calcutta; The Town Hall
(11" x 9")
Box 8
Image 1700
Calcutta; The Cathedral, from the Eastern Gate
(11" x 8.5")
Box 8
Image 1702
Calcutta; Government House, with the Garden
(12" x 10")
Box 8
Image 1706
Calcutta; The Cathedral and Bishop's Palace
(12" x 7")
Box 8
Image 1708
Calcutta; Panoramic View from Chowringhee Road
(12" x 7")
Box 8
Image 1709
Panoramic View of Calcutta, from the Ochterlony Monument, P.VI
(12" x 7")
Box 8
Image 1720
Calcutta; Rustic Scenes and Rural Life in Bengal
(11" x 9")
Box 8
Image 1731
Calcutta; Government House Walk, Barrackpore Park
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 8
Image 1744
Calcutta; Government House, Barrackpore, from the South
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 8
Image 1746
Delhi; The Railway Bridge over the Jumna
(12" x 7")
Box 8
Image 1754
Simla in Winter; View from the Bowlee near "Glenarm."
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 8
Image 1772
Simla; Chota Simla, from Jakko
(8" x 11")
Box 8
Image 1789
Simla; A Walk Through the Trees, Jakko
(11" x 9")
Box 9
Image 1792
Simla; General View from Jakko
(10" x 9")
Box 9
Image 1793
Simla; Pic-nic Amongst the Trees at Annandale
(11" x 9")
Box 9
Image 1797
Simla; The Race-Course at Annandale
(11" x 9")
Box 9
Image 1798
Simla; The Mall, near Woodville
(11" x 9")
Box 9
Image 1799
Simla; The Mall Below "Benmore."
(11" x 9")
Box 9
Image 1800
Simla; The Mall, A "Bit" near "Benmore."
(11" x 9")
Box 9
Image 1801
Simla; Boileaugunge from "Bentinck Castle."
(12" x 7")
Box 9
Image 1809
General View of Simla from "Gorton Castle."
(11" x 9")
Box 9
Image 1812
Simla; A Shady Ride Round Jakko
(11" x 9")
Box 9
Image 1815
Simla; Sylvan Scene North of Jakko
(11" x 9")
Box 9
Image 1817
Simla; Annandale
(12" x 7")
Box 9
Image 1838
Simla; The Snowy Range from Jakko
(12" x 7")
Box 9
Image [1838A]
Umballa; St. Paul's Church from the South-West
(11" x 9")
Box 9
Image 1858
Darjeeling; Cane Bridge over the Teesta River Leading into Bhootan
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 9
Image 1876
Darjeeling; View from Lebong Looking Towards the Snowy Range
(11" x 9.5")
Box 9
Image 1888
Darjeeling; Forest Scene near Tukvar
(11.5" x 9")
Box 9
Image 1899
Ajunta; View of the Verandah of Cave No. 1, Looking North
(11" x 9")
Box 9
Image 1936
Ootacamund; Panoramic View From a Spur of Dodabet, part 1
(13" x 8")
Box 10
Image 1954
Ootacamund; East end of Ootacamund from Elk Hill
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1956
Ootacamund; East end of Ootacamund from Elk Hill Lodge
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1957
Ootacamund; General View from Elk Hill
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1958
Ootacamund; General View from Club Hill South-West
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1961
Ootacamund; General View looking East from above Sylk's Hotel
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1964
Ootacamund; General View from near Sheddon Hall, Looking Towards Elk Hill, slightly different
(13" x 8")
Box 10
Image 1969
Ootacamund; General View from near Sheddon Hall, Looking Towards Dodabet
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1970
Ootacamund; General View from Hill above Bellevue, Looking South
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1971
Ootacamund; The Lake and Downs from Elk Hill, Stormy Weather
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1976
Ootacamund; View Across the Lake from New Church
(13" x 8")
Box 10
Image 1982
Ootacamund; View Across the Lower Lake, Showing Baikie, etc.
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1983
Ootacamund; View From Above Bombay House, Looking Towards Church and Club
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1984
Ootacamund; View From Stonehouse, Looking Towards the Bank
(13" x 8")
Box 10
Image 1985
Ootacamund; View From "Lambsknowe" Showing Stonehouse
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1986
Ootacamund; The Botanical Gardens From Near "Lambsknowe."
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1987
Ootacamund; View from the Botanical Gardens, Fine Study of Trees
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1993
Ootacamund; The Botanical Gardens, Australian Trees in Foreground
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 1995
Ootacamund; View From the Grounds of Stonehouse, Small Lake in Foreground
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 2001
Ootacamund; The Band-stand, and Ornamental Water in the Botanical Gardens
(12" x 10")
Box 10
Image 2003
Ootacamund; View from the Gardens above the Band-stand
(11.5" x 9")
Box 11
Image 2004
Ootacamund; Mountain Gorge and Sholas (Wooded Ravines) Near Avalanche
(12" x 10")
Box 11
Image 2006
The Neilgherries; Waterfall on the River Below the Croormund Bungalow
(11" x 9")
Box 11
Image 2018
The Neilgherries; The Avalanche Valley from near the Bungalow, Looking up
(12.5" x 7.5")
Box 11
Image 2021
The Neilgherries; View from Avalanche, Looking East
(12" x 7")
Box 11
Image 2023
The Neilgherries; Rapids on the Pykara, Above the Falls
(12.5" x 7.5")

[Mistakenly listed on original studio negative list as 2038.]

Box 11
Image 2037
Tanjore; Carved Stone Temple near the Pagodas
(11" x 9")
Box 11
Image 2049
Ahmedabad; Ranee Seeprika Musjid
(11" x 9")
Box 11
Image [2223]
Ahmedabad; Huthi Singh's Tomb
(11" x 8.5")
Box 11
Image [2235]
Jeypore; Palace of the Winds
(11.5" x 8.5")
Box 11
Image [2312C]
Principal Street in Jeypore
(10.5" x 8")
Box 11
Image [2312D]
Umbere; View of the Old Palace from the Palace
(12" x 7.5")
Box 11
Image [2314]
Delhi; Diwan Khana Hall of Audience
(11.5" x 9")
Box 11
Image [2316]
Agra; Jehangir's Palace
(11" x 9")
Box 11
Image [2317]
Himalayan Village
(12" x 7.5")
Box 11
Image [2402]
Birdseye View from the Forts at Alwar
(11" x 8.5")
Box 11
Image [2453]
Ambere; Moti Dangri Palace
(11.5" x 7.5")
Box 11
Image [2457]
Katmandoo Temples in Front of Palace with Kalla Bhyrat
(12" x 7")
Box 11
Image [2460]
Madura; The South Gopuram from the Golden Lily Tank
(11" x 9")
Box 11
Image [2814]
Black Hole of Calcutta
(11.5" x 9")
Box 11
Image [Unnumbered]
Simla; View of Squire's Hall and Summer Hill from the Observatory
(11.5" x 9.5")
Box 11
Image [Unnumbered; 1835 or 1836?]
Agra; The Mausoleum of Prince Etmad-Dowlah
(14" x 11")
Box 12
Image 389
Srinuggur; A Bridge on the Marqual Canal
(11" x 8")
Box 12
Image 815
Agra; The Gate of the Taj
(11" x 10")
Box 12
Image 1074
Hermaphrodites
(8.5" x 7")
Box 12
Image 1115
Lodas (Cultivators)
(8" x 6")
Box 12
Image 1119
Banya's Shop
(9" x 7.5")
Box 12
Image 1121
Sansies (A Tribe of Thieves and Shoplifters) Delhi District
(8" x 6.5")
Box 12
Image 1122
An Indian Carriage and Pair
(9" x 7")
Box 12
Image 1128
Sanawur; Girls at Play in Front of School
(11.5" x 9")
Box 12
Image 1141
Benares; "Vishnu Pud" and other Temples near the Burning Ghat
(11.5" x 9")
Box 12
Image 1170
Secundra; The Mausoleum of Akbar
(11.5" x 8.5")
Box 12
Image 1250
Gwalior; The Happy Valley, Bhuddist Figures cut in the rock
(11.5" x 9")
Box 12
Image 1328
Gwalior; Smaller Brahminical Temple in the Fort
(11" x 9")
Box 12
Image 1333
Delhi; View of the City, from the Jumma Musjid, showing the Ridge
(11" x 8.5")
Box 13
Image 1345
Delhi; The Palace, from the South West
(11" x 8.5")
Box 13
Image 1348
Delhi; The Mausoleum of Sufter Jung
(11.5" x 8")
Box 13
Image 1368
Jhula Bridge across the Spiti River, between Dunkar and Mani
(11" x 9")
Box 13
Image 1466
The Village of Sungla, on the Buspa
(11" x 9")
Box 13
Image 1511
Mussoorie; The Castle from Woodville
(11" x 9")
Box 13
Image 1590
Jubbulpore; The Monkey Leap, at the Marble Rocks (Shepherd)
(11" x 9")
Box 13
Image 1689
Panoramic View of Calcutta, from the Ochterlony Monument, P.III
(12" x 7")
Box 13
Image 1717
Panoramic View of Calcutta, from the Ochterlony Monument, P.IV
(12" x 7.5")
Box 13
Image 1718
Panoramic View of Calcutta, from the Ochterlony Monument, P.V
(12" x 7.5")
Box 13
Image 1719
Calcutta; Rustic Scenes and Rural Life in Bengal
(11" x 8")
Box 13
Image 1730
Calcutta; Rustic Scenes and Rural Life in Bengal
(11.5" x 9")
Box 13
Image 1732
Calcutta; Rustic Scenes and Rural Life in Bengal
(11" x 9")
Box 13
Image 1735

Historical Note

Samuel Bourne (1834-1912) was born in Shropshire, England, and began taking photographs around 1855. He joined the photography firm Howard & Shepherd around 1864, which eventually became Bourne & Shepherd and had offices in Calcutta, Simla, and Bombay. Some of the images in the collection may also be the work of a later studio, Shepherd and Robertson, formed by Bourne's colleague Charles Shepherd. Bourne sailed for India in 1863, the first of three lengthy trips he took between 1863 and 1869. During these trips he photographed in all regions in India, Nepal, the Tibet Region, and Burma. One of his trips was devoted to finding and photographing the source of the Ganges in the Himalayas. In 1870 Bourne returned permanently to England; Charles Shepherd also left India in 1878. Following Bourne's departure from the firm, Colin Murray was hired as chief photographer and then became manager of the firm. Reportedly, it is likely that some of the unsigned Indian images and most of the Burmese images included in this collection are his work. Back in England, Bourne became a businessman and magistrate. He died in 1912. Colin Murray died in Calcutta in 1884. The firm Bourne & Shepherd is still in business as of 2012, and is one of the oldest photography firms in continuous operation. The over 2,000 glass plate negatives Bourne left with Shepherd were destroyed in a fire in 1991.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Samuel Bourne photographs, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Samuel Bourne photographs were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a purchase in April and June 2012.

Processing Information

Processed by Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, Matthew Warren, October 2012

Encoded by Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, Matthew Warren, November 2012

Accession(s) described in this finding aid: 2012-0059, -0117, and -0118.