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Guide to the Samuel Bourne photographs, circa 1863-circa 1875

Abstract

Professional American-born photographer active in Southeast Asia in the 19th century; co-founder of India-based commercial photography studio Bourne & Shepherd.

Collection of albumen photographs taken from about 1863-1875 while photographer Samuel Bourne traveled to India, Nepal, the Tibet region, and Burma. Of the 375 prints in the collection, 200 are mounted in three large commercial photograph albums published by the commercial firm Bourne & Shepherd, while the remaining 175 are matted prints taken by Bourne. Most are large-format, with a few of cartes-de-visite size. The images were secured using the wet-collodion plate method, often under extreme conditions. The bulk of the images consists of landscapes, but there are also many architectural studies, including many photos of Hindu temples and civic buildings; there are also many fine portraits of varied groups and classes of individuals, male and female, and rural village scenes, as well as images of Bombay and Calcutta during the colonial period. Captions and negative numbers without brackets were supplied by the photographer or his studio; captions and identification numbers in brackets have been supplied by the dealer or library staff. Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Bourne, Samuel, 1834-1912.
Title
Samuel Bourne photographs circa 1863-1875
Language of Material
English
Extent
9.5 Linear Feet, 375 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

Large collection of albumen photographs taken from about 1863 to 1875 while photographer Samuel Bourne traveled to India, Nepal, the Tibet region, and Burma. Of the 375 prints in the collection, 200 are mounted in three large commercial photograph albums published by the commercial firm Bourne & Shepherd, while the remaining 175 are loose matted prints taken by Bourne. Some of the images in the collection may also be the work of a later studio, Shepherd and Robertson, formed by Bourne's colleague Charles Shepherd. Most are large-format, with a few of cartes-de-visite size. The images were secured using the wet-collodion plate method, often under extreme conditions. The bulk of the images consists of landscapes, but there are also many architectural studies, including many photos of Hindu temples and civic buildings; there are also many fine portraits of varied groups and classes of individuals, male and female, and rural village scenes, as well as images of Bombay and Calcutta (Kolkata) during the colonial period.

The three large brown leather and gilt albums in this collection hold 200 mounted albumen photographs taken by Bourne, his partner Charles Shepherd, and Bourne & Shepherd photographer Collin Murray, in India, Nepal, the Tibet region, and Burma roughly between 1863 and 1875. The volumes are titled "Northern India" ; "Western, Eastern, and Southern India" ; and "Farther India." Of the 200 images, 191 are large-format (9x11.75") albumens, mounted one per page, while nine are cartes-de-visites mounted on a single page. Most are captioned and signed.

While the majority of the images in the collection are landscapes and architectural views, there are also a good number of interesting portraits and ethnographic studies. The landscapes and architectural views portray rivers, mountains, valleys, plant specimens, bridges, temples, tea plantations, forts, and city buildings; included are the Taj Mahal and views of buildings titled "European Bombay." There are Bombay street scenes, views of villages, and portraits of dancers and musicians, business owners, villagers (including group portraits of Tibetan, Bhootea, and Toda villagers), family portraits, and group portraits of high-ranking men, sometimes with a small boy included. There is a portrait of a group of hermaphrodites, and images of groups described in the captions as "thugs" and "thieves" as well. According to researchers, most of the portraits and ethnographic images included here are the work of Charles Shepherd.

Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Large commercially produced large leather-bound photograph albums embellished with gilt. Captions and negative numbers without brackets were supplied by the photographer or his studio; captions and identification numbers in brackets have been supplied by the dealer or library staff. There are also some unnumbered prints. Arranged within the albums in non-specific original order. One Calcutta image, #1748, shows Bourne's wife.

Captions and negative numbers without brackets were supplied by the photographer or his studio; captions and identification numbers in brackets have been supplied by the dealer or library staff. Arranged within the albums in non-specific original order.

Burmah; Salween River, near Rope Station
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image [2388]
Burmah; Salween River, near Minsay
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 1 Image [2377]
Darjeeling; Cane Bridge over the Runjeet River below Darjeeling
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image 1879
Darjeeling; Picturesque Bridge over the Rungnoo below Ging
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image 1900
Darjeeling; Bridge over the Rungnoo near its junction with the Runjeet
11" x 9.5"
Box 1 Image 1880
Pagan; Sagain from the river side
12" x 7.5"
Box 1 Image [2345]
Mandalay; The King of Burmah's Barge
12" x 7.5"
Box 1 Image [2354]
Rangoon; A view of the Shwedagon Pagoda
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
Rangoon; Shwedagon from Northern Entrance
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image [2321]
Rangoon; The Canopy in front of the entrance to Shwedagon
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image [2322]
Rangoon; Another view of Shwedagon
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image [2323]
Pagan; A gilded Pagoda
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image [2343]
Pagan; Canopy in front of previous pagoda
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 1 Image [2344]
Mandalay; A large monastery
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 1 Image [2355]
Mengoon; The Great Bell
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image [2350]
Moulmein; View from the Great Pagoda
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image [2364]
Burmah; Elephants Moving Timber
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image [2363]
Moulmein; Buddhist Cave
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 1 Image [2371]
Nepaul, Katmandoo; Temples in Front of Palace with Colossal Image of Kalla Bhyrab.
12" x 7.5"
Box 1 Image [2460]
Nepaul, Katmandoo; Hanuman gate of Durban and Image of Hanuman
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 1 Image [2462]
Nepaul, Patan; Palace and Temples and Monolith of builder
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 1 Image [2467]
Nepaul, Patan; Temple of Radha Krishna
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 1 Image [2469]
Nepaul, Patan; Pashapati, the Holiest Temple of Nepaul, and Burning Ghat
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 1 Image [2471]
Nepaul, Patan; The Temple of Bodnath
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 1 Image [2473]
Nepaul, Bhatgaon; The Durban Temple and Monolith
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 1 Image [2474]
Nepaul, Bhatgaon; Brazen Gateway of Durban
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image [2476]
[Image of a temple with people in front]
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
[Corner of a temple with small garden]
11.5" x 8.5"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
[Columns at a building's entrance]
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
[Group of small prints mounted on one page, each measuring 3.5" x 2.5"]

Images include group portraits of entertainers (sword swallowers, musicians, dancers) as well as portraits of individuals, a large religious statue, and individuals washing clothes by a river

(9 items)
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
[Group portrait of various Indian officials]
9.5" x 8"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
[Group portrait of various Indian and European officials]
10.5" x 8"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
[Group portrait of various Indian leaders with a hookah]
10.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
[Group portrait of various Indian officials]
11" x 8.5"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
[Group portrait of various Indian officials]
11.5" x 7.5"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
[Group portrait of various Indian officials in front of a building]
11.5" x 8.5"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
A Group of H. E. the Viceroy's Elephants with their State Trappings
11" x 8.5"
Box 1 Image 1132
Lahore; Sir Robert Montgomery's Camel Carriages, Government House
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image 426
Simla; Group of Thugs
11" x 8.5"
Box 1 Image 128
Chamba; A Group of Guddies [Thuggees?]
11" x 9"
Box 1 Image 554
Srinuggur; A Group of Kashmir Females
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image 809
[Image of a group of men and women sifting wheat]
11" x 8.5"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
A Nautch at Shalimar
11" x 9"
Box 1 Image [606]
[Group portrait of three female nautch dancers]
11" x 8.5"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
[Photograph of religious image depicting the interaction of a deity with individuals]
9.5' x 8"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
Famine Refugees
9" x 7"
Box 1 Image Unnumbered
Peshawur; Group of Afredees from the Khyber Pass
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image 1387
Peshawur; Group of Natives from near Khyber Pass
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image 1388
Peshawur; Group of Pathans from the Peshawur Valley
11" x 9"
Box 1 Image 1389
Darjeeling; Group of Bhooteas
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image 1905
Darjeeling; Group of Bhooteas
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image 1904
The Neilgherries; Toda Mund, Village and Todas
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image 2020
Pagan; Burmese Box-makers
11.5" x 9"
Box 1 Image [2342]
Burmese Musicians
11" x 8"
Box 1 Image [2362]
Hairy Family of Mandalay
9.5" x 7"
Box 1 Image [2361]
Darjeeling; Lepcha woman of Sikkim
11" x 8.5"
Box 1 Image 1908
Darjeeling; Lepcha man of Sikkim
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 1 Image 1907

Captions and negative numbers without brackets were supplied by the photographer or his studio; captions and identification numbers in brackets have been supplied by the dealer or library staff. Arranged within the albums in non-specific original order.

Agra; The Taj, from the corner of the Quadrangle
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1080
Agra; Gateway of Taj
11.5" x 8.5"
Box 2 Image Unnumbered
Agra; The Taj and Garden, from the Entrance Gate
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1075
Agra; The Taj, from the River
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1078
Agra; The Screen enclosing the Sarcophagi in the Interior of the Taj
11" x 8"
Box 2 Image 1231
Agra; The Fort, Delhi Gate
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1219
Agra; The Fort,the Palace of Akbar with the Taj in the Distance
12" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1221
Agra; Quadrangle of the Motee Musjid (Pearl Mosque)
12" x 7.5"
Box 2 Image 1227
Agra; Interior of the Motee Musjid, Showing the Centre Aisle
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1230
Agra; The Fort, Interior of the Zenana Showing the Mosaic Work, Another View
12" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1225
Delhi; The Palace, the Motee Musjid (Pearl Mosque)
11" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1351
Agra; The Mausoleum of Prince Etmad-Dowlah, from the Gate
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1232
Agra; The Mausoleum of Prince Etmad-Dowlah, the Marble Cupola
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1234
Futtypore Sikri; The Great Gate distant View from the Southeast
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1264
Futtypore Sikri; The Great Gate, from the Village
11" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1263
Futtypore Sikri; Interior of the Great Quadrangle, showing Sheik Selim Chisti's Tomb
12.5" x 7"
Box 2 Image 1261
Futtypore Sikri; The Marble tomb of Sheik Selim Chisti
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1265
Futtypore Sikri; Two of the Marbled Screens in the tomb of Sheik Selim Chisti
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1266
Futtypore Sikri; The Mosque on the Western side of the Quadrangle
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1267
Futtypore Sikri; View of the Ruins from the top of the Dewan-i-Kass
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1272
Futtypore Sikri; Carved Pillars in the Panch Mehal
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1275
Futtypore Sikri; The Elephant Tower, seen Through the Elephant Gate, near view
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1278
Secundra; The Entrance Gate from the Garden
12" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1247
Secundra; The Garden and Mausoleum from the Entrance Gate
12.5" 7.5"
Box 2 Image 1248
Secundra; The Mausoleum of Akbar, from an Angle of the First Terrace
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1251
Secundra; The Mausoleum of Akbar, the Upper Marble Sarcophagus
11.5" x 8.5"
Box 2 Image 1252
Secundra; The Mausoleum of Akbar, from an Angle of the First Terrace
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1256
Deig; Interior of the Nundh Bhowun
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1318
Bindrabund; Group of modern Temples, Built by Seth Luchnee Chund
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 2 Image 1307
Goverdhun; Palace and tank, Built by Rajah Bulman Singh, of Bhurtpore
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1311
Goverdhun; Upper Portion of the Palace, Showing Beautiful Stone Carving
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1312
Deig; General View from the Fort
12.5" x 7"
Box 2 Image 1314
Deig; The Gopal Bhowun (Palace) and Tank
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1316
Deig; The Gopal Bhowun (Palace) from the Garden
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1317
The Chandni-Chouk, Principal Street in Delhi
12" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1356
Delhi; The Palace, Lahore Gate
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1349
Delhi; The Palace, Interior of the Dewan-i-Kass
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1350
Delhi; The Jumma Musjid, from the North
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1354
Delhi; The Jumma Musjid, from the Northeast
12" x 8.5"
Box 2 Image 1353
Delhi; The Jumma Musjid, the Mosque and Quadrangle
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1355
Futtypore Sikri; Interior of the Great Quadrangle, Showing the Inner Side of the Great Gate
12" x 7.5"
Box 2 Image 1262
Secundra; Extensive View from the top of the Entrance Gate, Imparting a good idea of the 'Plains of India'
12" x 7.5"
Box 2 Image 1249
View from the top of Humaioon's Tomb, Showing the Ruins and Tombs of old Delhi
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1363
Delhi; The Tomb of Mirza Jehangir, This is a Piece of Beautiful Marble carving
12" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1365
Delhi; The Mausoleum of Sufter Jung
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1368
Delhi; The Mausoleum of the Emperor Humaioon
12" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1362
Delhi; The "Lat," or Stone Pillar Faised by Feroze Shah
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1359
Delhi; The Kila Kona Mosque, Afghan Period
12" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1361
Delhi; The Tomb of Nizam-ood-deen
11.5" x 8.5"
Box 2 Image 1364
Delhi; Interior of the Chousut Kamba, or 64-pillared Hall
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1366
Delhi; The Kutub Minar and Surrounding Ruins, from the East
11" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1369
Delhi; The Kutub Minar, Showing the Carving on the First Gallery
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1371
Delhi; The Kashmir Gate
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1357
Delhi; Ala-ood-deen's Gateway
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1380
Agra; Carved Stone Pillars in the Old Palace of Jehangir
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1226
Benares; Geometrical Figures Carved on Ancient Bhuddist Tower at Sarnath
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1183
Delhi; North Entrance or Doorway of Ala-ood-deen's Tomb
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 1381
Delhi; Tomb of Shums-ood-deen Altomsh, Builder of the Kutub Minar
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1379
Delhi; The Kutub Minar, Interior View of the Eastern Colonnade
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 2 Image 1374
Lahore; Jahangir's Tomb, in the Shadra Gardens
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 424
[Lahore; Samadhi of Emperor Ranjit Singh]
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 417
Lahore; View from Palace in the Fort
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 416
Amritsar; The Babtul Temple, Flying Foxes in Tree
11.5" x 9"
Box 2 Image 410
Amritsar; The Golden Temple
11.5" x 8"
Box 2 Image 407

Captions and negative numbers without brackets were supplied by the photographer or his studio; captions and identification numbers in brackets have been supplied by the dealer or library staff. There are also some unnumbered prints. Arranged within the albums in non-specific original order.

Darjeeling; Group of Tree Ferns at Lebong
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image 1889
Darjeeling; A Pleasant Walk Near Tukvar
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image 1897
Calcutta; Gothic Ruin, with Creepers, in Barrackpore Park
11" x 9"
Box 3 Image 1750
Calcutta; Banian Tree in Barrackpore Park, Interior View (with Mrs. Bourne)
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1748
Bombay; Bora Bazaar Street
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 3 Image [2179]
European Bombay
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
European Bombay
12" x 8.5"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
European Bombay
12" x 7"
Box 3 Image [2243]
Bombay; General view of the Great Cave of Elephanta, from the entrance
11" x 9"
Box 3 Image [2190]
[Elephanta Cave; Head Representing Brahma, Vishnu and Siva]
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image 2194
Elora; Exterior of the Jugnath Subha (or Court of the Juggernauth)
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image [1943]
Elora; Interior of the Indur Subha, with figure of Indrani
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image [1942]
[Ajunta; The Entrance to Cave No. 19]
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
Ajunta; Interior of Cave No. 9
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image [1930]
Cave Temple at Karli
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
Darjeeling; General View from Observatory Hill, Looking South
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 3 Image 1871
Reversing Station; Bhor Ghat Railway
12.5" 7.5"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
Madura; Palace
11" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
Madura; Palace
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
Madura; Palace
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
[Panoramic view of a city, possibly Madura]
11.5" x 8.5"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
Madura; Nayak's Choultrie
11" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Exterior of a colonnaded side of a temple]
10.5" x 8"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Interior columns of a temple]
11" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Image of a temple in the distance, a man sitting in the foreground]
11" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Image of the front of a temple from an angle]
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Image of multiple temples in the distance across a small body of water]
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Image of the front of a temple]
11" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
[Madura; Image of multiple temples taken from an elevated viewpoint]
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
Madura; Raft Temple
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
[View of city walls and surrounding moat, probably Tanjore]
11" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
Tanjore; Great Pagoda
11" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
Tanjore; Temple of Subramanya
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
Tanjore; The Great Pagoda and Stone Bull from near the Entrance to the quadrangle
10.5" x 8"
Box 3 Image [2045]
Tanjore; View Showing the old Moat with Outer Goparum of the Pagoda
11" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image [2044]
Trichinopoly
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
Trichinopoly; The Great Stone Gateway at the Entrance of the Seringham Pagodas
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image [2059]
Trichinopoly; General View of the Seringham Pagodas from the top of the Gateway
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image 2060
Mahavellipore; Raths
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
Calcutta; General View
12" x 7.5"
Box 3 Image [2481]
Benares; General View From the Opposite Bank of the Ganges
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 3 Image 1165
Benares; The Great Mosque of Arungzebe, and Adjoining Ghats
12" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1168
Benares; Raja Jey Singh's Observatory, and Dasaswa Medh Ghat
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1171
Delhi; The Observatory of Rajah Jey Singh
12" x 9"
Box 3 Image 1367
Benares; Beseshor Nath, or Golden Temple
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1172
Benares; "Gyan Bapee," or Well of Knowledge
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1173
Benares; Sumeree Temple at Ramnuggur, Showing Carvings on the Lower Portion
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1176
Benares; Sumeree Temple at Ramnuggur, from the tank
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1174
Cawnpore; Suttee Chowra Ghat, the Scene of the Massacre
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 3 Image 1208
Cawnpore; The Memorial Well, with the Cawnpore Church in the Distance
12" x 7.5"
Box 3 Image 1203
Cawnpore; The Memorial Well, from the South, Embracing the large Elephant Creeper
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 3 Image 1204
Cawnpore; The Memorial Well, Seen Through Trees from the South
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image 1205
Cawnpore; The Memorial Well from the Inside
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1207
Lucknow; The Residency, from the North West
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1065
Lucknow; Bailey Guard, Residency etc., General View
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1025
Lucknow; Bird's-eye View of the Kaiser Bagh
12" x 9"
Box 3 Image [1013]
Lucknow; General View from Fort
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image 1053
Lucknow; Chutter Munzil, etc. general view
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image [1018]
Lucknow; Chutter Munzil, near view
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image 1019
Lucknow; View in the Kaiser Bagh
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image 1037
Lucknow; Vinery and Buildings in the Kaiser Bagh
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image 1038
Lucknow; The Mermaid Gate, Kaiser Bagh
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1041
Lucknow; Gateway of the Hooseinabad Bazaar
10.5" x 8"
Box 3 Image Unnumbered
Lucknow; East Gate of the Kaiser Bagh, from the garden
11.5" x 9"
Box 3 Image 1042
Lucknow; The Roumi Darwaza in the Fort
12" x 9"
Box 3 Image 1048
Lucknow; Great Emambara and Mosque
12" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1052
Lucknow; View from the Terrace of the Hooseinabad Emambara
12" x 9"
Box 3 Image 1051
Lucknow; Buildings in the Garden of the Hooseinabad Emambara
12" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1050
Lucknow; The Gate and Garden of the Hooseinabad Emambara
12" x 9.5"
Box 3 Image 1068
Lucknow; La Martiniere, from the Garden
12" x 9"
Box 3 Image 1047

Photographic Prints Series, 1863-1885

(10 boxes, 175 albumen prints)

Chiefly landscape and architectural studies taken in India during the 1860s and 1870s while Samuel Bourne traveled there on three separate occasions, and printed between 1863 and 1885. Prints produced in later years by the Bourne & Shepherd studio display white negative numbers and titles. Locations include Agra, Benares, Bhurtpore, Calcutta, Darjeeling, Delhi, Gwalior, Kashmir, Lucknow, Lake Manusbul (Kashmir), Mussoorie, the Neilgherries, Ootacamund, and Simla. Captions are retained with their original spelling. The prints are housed in 16x20 mats. Arranged in print number order, which is generally chronological, following Bourne's trips to the various regions. Numbers in brackets were assigned by the dealer. There are also a few unnumbered prints.

Simla; Looking Towards Jakko
10.5" x 8.5"
Box 4 Image 33
Simla; Jakko, South Side
11" x 9"
Box 4 Image 47
The Sutlej; Junction of the Buspa
9.5" x 8.5"
Box 4 Image 181
View in the Wanga Valley
11" x 9"
Box 4 Image 261
Sir Hugh Rose's Bungalow, Mahasoo
11" x 9"
Box 4 Image 301
Dhurmsala; The Church Through the Trees
4" x 3.5"
Box 4 Image 457
Kangra; The Village of Negrota
7.5" x 4"
Box 4 Image 479
Government Tea Plantation, Holta
7.5" x 4"
Box 4 Image 481
Dhurmsala; From the Barracks
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 4 Image 523
View on the Kholee at Rhotee
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 4 Image 533
Chamba Valley
11.5" x 9"
Box 4 Image 552
Poplar Avenue at Islamabad
4" x 4"
Box 4 Image 637
Srinuggur; View down the Jhelum from the Island
4" x 3.5"
Box 4 Image 644
View from Kishtwar
7.5" x 4"
Box 4 Image 697
Panorama of Islamabad from Hill Above, part 1
7.5" x 4"
Box 4 Image 718
View on the Kashmir Road, Near Budrawar
11" x 8.5"
Box 4 Image 774
Twig Jhula bridge on the Chenab, Near Kishtowar
11" x 9"
Box 4 Image 776
Srinuggur; View down the River, from the 3rd Bridge
11" x 9"
Box 4 Image 795
Srinuggur; Poplar Avenue from the Middle
11.5" x 8.5"
Box 5 Image 801A
Srinuggur; Avenue by the Dhul Canal
11.5" x 9"
Box 5 Image 828
Srinuggur; Foliage on the Dhul Canal
7.5" x 4"
Box 5 Image 842
Srinuggur; Chunar Bagh Reach, on the Dhul Canal
7.5" x 4"
Box 5 Image 844
Cascades on the Scinde River
4" x 3.5"
Box 5 Image 899
Lake Manusbul; Evening
7.5" x 4"
Box 5 Image 943
Lake Manusbul; View from Hill Above Encamping Ground
7" x 4"
Box 5 Image 946
Murree; View from Pindee Point
7.5" x 4"
Box 5 Image 963
Murree; The East End, from the Hill above the Church
7.5" x 4"
Box 5 Image 968
Manusbul; From head of Lake
11" x 9.5"
Box 5 Image 970
Lake Manusbul; From Encamping Ground
11.5" x 9"
Box 5 Image 971
The Scinde Valley; A View near Gugangair
11" x 9.5"
Box 5 Image 977
Glaciers near Sonamurg
11.5" x 9"
Box 5 Image 984
A View in the Scinde Valley
11.5" x 9"
Box 5 Image 985
Sunset on Lake Manusbul
11" x 8"
Box 5 Image 993
Lucknow; Bailey Guard Gate
11.5" x 8"
Box 5 Image 1027
Lucknow; The Kaiser Bagh
11.5" x 9"
Box 5 Image 1036
Lucknow; View from the Terrace of the Hooseinabad Emambara
7.5" x 4"
Box 5 Image 1056
Lucknow; Chutter Munzil, from the South
7.5" x 4"
Box 6 Image 1063
Agra; The Taj from the South
11.5" x 9"
Box 6 Image 1079
Agra; Christ Church from the East
4" x 3.5"
Box 6 Image 1098
Mairwaries (Cloth-Merchants)
9" x 7.5"
Box 6 Image 1105
Mohamedans
9" x 7"
Box 6 Image 1109
Groups of Bankers
9.5" x 7.5"
Box 6 Image 1110
Jat Sirdars (Bhurtpore)
9" x 7.5"
Box 6 Image 1118
A Thibetan Lama from Lassa
8.5" x 7.5"
Box 6 Image 1132A
A Group of Thibetans
9.5" x 7"
Box 6 Image 1132B
Bolundshohur; Mrs. Lowe's House
11" x 8.5"
Box 6 Image 1145B
Benares; The River and Bridge of Boats, from the Mosque
12" x 7.5"
Box 6 Image 1167
Benares; The Burning Ghat
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 6 Image 1169
Benares; Gosain Temple
11" x 9"
Box 6 Image [1173A]
Benares; Ancient Bhuddist Tower at Sarnath
11" x 9.5"
Box 6 Image 1181
Agra; The Fort, The Palace of Akbar (marble)
11" x 9"
Box 6 Image 1220
Agra; The Fort, Exterior of the Zenana
11" x 8"
Box 6 Image 1223
Agra; The Front of the Motee Musjid
11" x 9"
Box 6 Image 1228
Futtypore Sikri; The Palace of Beerbul
11" x 8.5"
Box 6 Image 1269
Futtypore Sikri; Remarkable Pillar in the Centre of the Diwan-i-Kass, or Hall of Audience
11" x 9"
Box 7 Image 1271
Futtypore Sikri; The Panch Mehal, (Five Palaces)
11" x 9"
Box 7 Image 1274
Bhurtpore; General View from an Elevation in the Fort
11.5" x 8"
Box 7 Image 1298
Bindrabund; Ancient Hindoo Temple
11" x 9"
Box 7 Image 1305
Gwalior; The Fort, The Palace and Principal Entrance
11.5" x 9"
Box 7 Image 1326
Gwalior; Ancient Brahminical Temple in the Fort, the Interior
11" x 9.5"
Box 7 Image 1331
Gwalior; Building in the Lushhkur
11" x 8"
Box 7 Image [1334D]
Delhi; View of the City, from the Jumma Musjid Looking South
11" x 9.5"
Box 7 Image 1346
Delhi; The Church
11.5" x 7.5"
Box 7 Image 1358
The Purana Kila, old Fort of Delhi
11" x 8.5"
Box 7 Image 1360
Delhi; Colonnade of Hindoo Pillars at the Kutub Minar, East side
10.5" x 9.5"
Box 7 Image 1373
Narkunda; Village and Dak Bungalow

Number was later changed to 2409 by the studio.

11" x 9"
Box 7 Image 1426
Bridge Across the Sutlej on the Kulu Road
11.5" x 9"
Box 7 Image 1427
Panoramic View of Mussoorie and Landour, From Waverley Hill, With Part of the Snowy Range
12" x 7"
Box 7 Image 1576
Mussoorie; View from above the Library, Showing the Church, "Camel's Back," etc
12" x 7.5"
Box 7 Image 1577
Mussoorie; View from the Camel's Back, Looking Towards Landour, showing the Club
12" x 7.5"
Box 7 Image 1581
Mussoorie; A Peep of Landour from "Woodville."
12" x 7.5"
Box 7 Image 1585
The Batta Waterfall, Below Mussoorie
11.5" x 8"
Box 7 Image 1592
Nynee Tal; General View From Near the Bazaar
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 8 Image 1621
Nynee Tal; The Church and Surrounding Foliage
11" x 9"
Box 8 Image 1632
Nynee Tal; View from the Western Side, Looking Towards the North End of the Lake
11" x 9"
Box 8 Image 1640
Nynee Tal; Artist's "Bit" (Trees Overhanging the Lake at the South end)
11" x 9.5"
Box 8 Image 1645
Calcutta; Lord Hardinge's Statue and the Ochterlony Monument
11" x 9"
Box 8 Image 1698
Calcutta; Statue of Sir William Cavendish Bentinck, in front of the Town Hall
11.5" x 7.5"
Box 8 Image 1699
Calcutta; The Town Hall
11" x 9"
Box 8 Image 1700
Calcutta; The Cathedral, from the Eastern Gate
11" x 8.5"
Box 8 Image 1702
Calcutta; Government House, with the Garden
12" x 10"
Box 8 Image 1706
Calcutta; The Cathedral and Bishop's Palace
12" x 7"
Box 8 Image 1708
Calcutta; Panoramic View from Chowringhee Road
12" x 7"
Box 8 Image 1709
Panoramic View of Calcutta, from the Ochterlony Monument, P.VI
12" x 7"
Box 8 Image 1720
Calcutta; Rustic Scenes and Rural Life in Bengal
11" x 9"
Box 8 Image 1731
Calcutta; Government House Walk, Barrackpore Park
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 8 Image 1744
Calcutta; Government House, Barrackpore, from the South
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 8 Image 1746
Delhi; The Railway Bridge over the Jumna
12" x 7"
Box 8 Image 1754
Simla in Winter; View from the Bowlee near "Glenarm."
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 8 Image 1772
Simla; Chota Simla, from Jakko
8" x 11"
Box 8 Image 1789
Simla; A Walk Through the Trees, Jakko
11" x 9"
Box 9 Image 1792
Simla; General View from Jakko
10" x 9"
Box 9 Image 1793
Simla; Pic-nic Amongst the Trees at Annandale
11" x 9"
Box 9 Image 1797
Simla; The Race-Course at Annandale
11" x 9"
Box 9 Image 1798
Simla; The Mall, near Woodville
11" x 9"
Box 9 Image 1799
Simla; The Mall Below "Benmore."
11" x 9"
Box 9 Image 1800
Simla; The Mall, A "Bit" near "Benmore."
11" x 9"
Box 9 Image 1801
Simla; Boileaugunge from "Bentinck Castle."
12" x 7"
Box 9 Image 1809
General View of Simla from "Gorton Castle."
11" x 9"
Box 9 Image 1812
Simla; A Shady Ride Round Jakko
11" x 9"
Box 9 Image 1815
Simla; Sylvan Scene North of Jakko
11" x 9"
Box 9 Image 1817
Simla; Annandale
12" x 7"
Box 9 Image 1838
Simla; The Snowy Range from Jakko
12" x 7"
Box 9 Image [1838A]
Umballa; St. Paul's Church from the South-West
11" x 9"
Box 9 Image 1858
Darjeeling; Cane Bridge over the Teesta River Leading into Bhootan
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 9 Image 1876
Darjeeling; View from Lebong Looking Towards the Snowy Range
11" x 9.5"
Box 9 Image 1888
Darjeeling; Forest Scene near Tukvar
11.5" x 9"
Box 9 Image 1899
Ajunta; View of the Verandah of Cave No. 1, Looking North
11" x 9"
Box 9 Image 1936
Ootacamund; Panoramic View From a Spur of Dodabet, part 1
13" x 8"
Box 10 Image 1954
Ootacamund; East end of Ootacamund from Elk Hill
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1956
Ootacamund; East end of Ootacamund from Elk Hill Lodge
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1957
Ootacamund; General View from Elk Hill
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1958
Ootacamund; General View from Club Hill South-West
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1961
Ootacamund; General View looking East from above Sylk's Hotel
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1964
Ootacamund; General View from near Sheddon Hall, Looking Towards Elk Hill, slightly different
13" x 8"
Box 10 Image 1969
Ootacamund; General View from near Sheddon Hall, Looking Towards Dodabet
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1970
Ootacamund; General View from Hill above Bellevue, Looking South
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1971
Ootacamund; The Lake and Downs from Elk Hill, Stormy Weather
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1976
Ootacamund; View Across the Lake from New Church
13" x 8"
Box 10 Image 1982
Ootacamund; View Across the Lower Lake, Showing Baikie, etc.
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1983
Ootacamund; View From Above Bombay House, Looking Towards Church and Club
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1984
Ootacamund; View From Stonehouse, Looking Towards the Bank
13" x 8"
Box 10 Image 1985
Ootacamund; View From "Lambsknowe" Showing Stonehouse
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1986
Ootacamund; The Botanical Gardens From Near "Lambsknowe."
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1987
Ootacamund; View from the Botanical Gardens, Fine Study of Trees
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1993
Ootacamund; The Botanical Gardens, Australian Trees in Foreground
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 1995
Ootacamund; View From the Grounds of Stonehouse, Small Lake in Foreground
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 2001
Ootacamund; The Band-stand, and Ornamental Water in the Botanical Gardens
12" x 10"
Box 10 Image 2003
Ootacamund; View from the Gardens above the Band-stand
11.5" x 9"
Box 11 Image 2004
Ootacamund; Mountain Gorge and Sholas (Wooded Ravines) Near Avalanche
12" x 10"
Box 11 Image 2006
The Neilgherries; Waterfall on the River Below the Croormund Bungalow
11" x 9"
Box 11 Image 2018
The Neilgherries; The Avalanche Valley from near the Bungalow, Looking up
12.5" x 7.5"
Box 11 Image 2021
The Neilgherries; View from Avalanche, Looking East
12" x 7"
Box 11 Image 2023
The Neilgherries; Rapids on the Pykara, Above the Falls

[Mistakenly listed on original studio negative list as 2038.]

12.5" x 7.5"
Box 11 Image 2037
Tanjore; Carved Stone Temple near the Pagodas
11" x 9"
Box 11 Image 2049
Ahmedabad; Ranee Seeprika Musjid
11" x 9"
Box 11 Image [2223]
Ahmedabad; Huthi Singh's Tomb
11" x 8.5"
Box 11 Image [2235]
Jeypore; Palace of the Winds
11.5" x 8.5"
Box 11 Image [2312C]
Principal Street in Jeypore
10.5" x 8"
Box 11 Image [2312D]
Umbere; View of the Old Palace from the Palace
12" x 7.5"
Box 11 Image [2314]
Delhi; Diwan Khana Hall of Audience
11.5" x 9"
Box 11 Image [2316]
Agra; Jehangir's Palace
11" x 9"
Box 11 Image [2317]
Himalayan Village
12" x 7.5"
Box 11 Image [2402]
Birdseye View from the Forts at Alwar
11" x 8.5"
Box 11 Image [2453]
Ambere; Moti Dangri Palace
11.5" x 7.5"
Box 11 Image [2457]
Katmandoo Temples in Front of Palace with Kalla Bhyrat
12" x 7"
Box 11 Image [2460]
Madura; The South Gopuram from the Golden Lily Tank
11" x 9"
Box 11 Image [2814]
Black Hole of Calcutta
11.5" x 9"
Box 11 Image [Unnumbered]
Simla; View of Squire's Hall and Summer Hill from the Observatory
11.5" x 9.5"
Box 11 Image [Unnumbered; 1835 or 1836?]
Agra; The Mausoleum of Prince Etmad-Dowlah
14" x 11"
Box 12 Image 389
Srinuggur; A Bridge on the Marqual Canal
11" x 8"
Box 12 Image 815
Agra; The Gate of the Taj
11" x 10"
Box 12 Image 1074
Hermaphrodites
8.5" x 7"
Box 12 Image 1115
Lodas (Cultivators)
8" x 6"
Box 12 Image 1119
Banya's Shop
9" x 7.5"
Box 12 Image 1121
Sansies (A Tribe of Thieves and Shoplifters) Delhi District
8" x 6.5"
Box 12 Image 1122
An Indian Carriage and Pair
9" x 7"
Box 12 Image 1128
Sanawur; Girls at Play in Front of School
11.5" x 9"
Box 12 Image 1141
Benares; "Vishnu Pud" and other Temples near the Burning Ghat
11.5" x 9"
Box 12 Image 1170
Secundra; The Mausoleum of Akbar
11.5" x 8.5"
Box 12 Image 1250
Gwalior; The Happy Valley, Bhuddist Figures cut in the rock
11.5" x 9"
Box 12 Image 1328
Gwalior; Smaller Brahminical Temple in the Fort
11" x 9"
Box 12 Image 1333
Delhi; View of the City, from the Jumma Musjid, showing the Ridge
11" x 8.5"
Box 13 Image 1345
Delhi; The Palace, from the South West
11" x 8.5"
Box 13 Image 1348
Delhi; The Mausoleum of Sufter Jung
11.5" x 8"
Box 13 Image 1368
Jhula Bridge across the Spiti River, between Dunkar and Mani
11" x 9"
Box 13 Image 1466
The Village of Sungla, on the Buspa
11" x 9"
Box 13 Image 1511
Mussoorie; The Castle from Woodville
11" x 9"
Box 13 Image 1590
Jubbulpore; The Monkey Leap, at the Marble Rocks (Shepherd)
11" x 9"
Box 13 Image 1689
Panoramic View of Calcutta, from the Ochterlony Monument, P.III
12" x 7"
Box 13 Image 1717
Panoramic View of Calcutta, from the Ochterlony Monument, P.IV
12" x 7.5"
Box 13 Image 1718
Panoramic View of Calcutta, from the Ochterlony Monument, P.V
12" x 7.5"
Box 13 Image 1719
Calcutta; Rustic Scenes and Rural Life in Bengal
11" x 8"
Box 13 Image 1730
Calcutta; Rustic Scenes and Rural Life in Bengal
11.5" x 9"
Box 13 Image 1732
Calcutta; Rustic Scenes and Rural Life in Bengal
11" x 9"
Box 13 Image 1735

Historical Note

Samuel Bourne (1834-1912) was born in Shropshire, England, and began taking photographs around 1855. He joined the photography firm Howard & Shepherd around 1864, which eventually became Bourne & Shepherd and had offices in Calcutta, Simla, and Bombay. Some of the images in the collection may also be the work of a later studio, Shepherd and Robertson, formed by Bourne's colleague Charles Shepherd. Bourne sailed for India in 1863, the first of three lengthy trips he took between 1863 and 1869. During these trips he photographed in all regions in India, Nepal, the Tibet Region, and Burma. One of his trips was devoted to finding and photographing the source of the Ganges in the Himalayas. In 1870 Bourne returned permanently to England; Charles Shepherd also left India in 1878. Following Bourne's departure from the firm, Colin Murray was hired as chief photographer and then became manager of the firm. Reportedly, it is likely that some of the unsigned Indian images and most of the Burmese images included in this collection are his work. Back in England, Bourne became a businessman and magistrate. He died in 1912. Colin Murray died in Calcutta in 1884. The firm Bourne & Shepherd is still in business as of 2012, and is one of the oldest photography firms in continuous operation. The over 2,000 glass plate negatives Bourne left with Shepherd were destroyed in a fire in 1991.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Samuel Bourne photographs, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Samuel Bourne photographs were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a purchase in April and June 2012.

Processing Information

Processed by Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, Matthew Warren, October 2012

Encoded by Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, Matthew Warren, November 2012

Accession(s) described in this finding aid: 2012-0059, -0117, and -0118.

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.