Menu

Guide to the Arthur F. Burns Papers, 1911-2005 and undated, bulk 1940-1987

Abstract

Austrian-born economist, policy maker, and diplomat; chair of U.S. Federal Reserve Board from 1970-1978 and economic advisor for six U.S. presidencies.

The Arthur Frank Burns Papers cover the years 1911 through 2005. The bulk of the material was created between 1940 and 1987 and pertains to Burns's career as an economic advisor, particularly to Republican administrations, as the chair of the Federal Reserve, and as ambassador to Germany. The collection is arranged into seven series: Correspondence, Honors and Awards, Journals, Personal Papers, Photographs, Print Materials, and Research and Teaching. Topics of interest in this collection include but are not limited to: the United States economic system and fiscal policies; the Federal Reserve Board and related committees; recessions, unemployment, and inflation; the world economy and finance; the U.S. presidency during the time period; the Nixon presidency in particular, including the Watergate affair; presidential campaigns and elections; and U.S. diplomacy. There is a limited amount of research and teaching material, chiefly from the 1920s-1930s. The most significant component of the collection is the correspondence between Arthur Burns and Presidents Eisenhower, Nixon, Kennedy, Ford, Carter, Reagan, and George H. W. Bush, as well as substantive exchanges with economists Milton Friedman and Wesley Clair Mitchell. There are a few letters in German, French, and Russian.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Burns, Arthur F., 1904-1987.
Title
Arthur F. Burns papers, 1911-2005 and undated, bulk 1940-1987
Language of Material
English
Extent
18.5 Linear Feet, Approx. 2,675 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

The Arthur Frank Burns Papers cover the years 1911 through 2005. The bulk of the material was created from 1940 to 1987 and pertains to Burns's career as an economic advisor, particularly to Republican administrations, as the chair of the Federal Reserve, and as ambassador to Germany. The collection is arranged into seven series: Correspondence, Honors and Awards, Journals, Personal Papers, Photographs, Print Materials, and Research and Teaching. There are also oversize materials housed at the end of the collection. Topics of interest in this collection include but are not limited to: the United States economic system and fiscal policies; the Federal Reserve Board and related committees; recessions, unemployment, and inflation; the world economy and finance; the U.S. presidency during the time period; the Nixon presidency in particular, including the Watergate affair; presidential campaigns and elections; and diplomacy. There is a small amount of research and teaching material, chiefly from the 1920s-1930s. The most significant component of the collection is the correspondence between Arthur Burns and Presidents Eisenhower, Nixon, Kennedy, Ford, Carter, Reagan, and George H. W. Bush, as well as substantial exchanges with economists Milton Friedman and Wesley Clair Mitchell.

The most substantial and notable papers are found in the Correspondence Series, which contains letters and memoranda written from 1911-1997 both to and from Burns and/or his wife, Helen. The series is organized into three subseries, Correspondence by Individual, Correspondence by Topic, and Correspondence to Mrs. Helen Burns. The majority of the exchanges in the first subseries are letters written to or by presidents or vice presidents (Dwight Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Richard Nixon, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Spiro Agnew, Hubert Humphrey, and Nelson Rockefeller). Burns's correspondence with presidents Eisenhower and Nixon is particularly extensive and reveals the making of crucial policy decisions. Also included is Burns's correspondence with economists Wesley Clair Mitchell, Milton Friedman, and George Stigler. This subseries is organized alphabetically by correspondent and then chronologically.

The Correspondence by Topic subseries contains letters and attachments primarily related to Burns's work in academia, politics, and the private sector. Finally, the Correspondence to Mrs. Helen Burns subseries contains letters written by prominent figures such as Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, and Mamie Eisenhower to Burns's wife, Helen, both during his life and after his death.

High-value correspondence, including originals signed by presidents and some other notable correspondents, are separately stored and restricted to use except under direct staff supervision. Photocopies of these original manuscripts have been made for researcher use. Other letters signed by mechanical means have not been photocopied, but they are filed with the photocopies of original letters. Many of the autographed original letters were scanned and migrated to a library server; to request access to these electronic copies, please contact a reference archivist in the Rubenstein Library before coming to use this collection.

The other series house papers and memorabilia documenting Burns' career, including photocopies of two handwritten journals (1969-1974) kept by Burns during the Nixon Administration; several folders of early research and teaching materials; honors and awards received by Burns; personal correspondence, clippings, and other materials; lectures, speeches, and articles from Burns's career as economist and ambassador; photographs of Burns, his wife Helen, and political figures and celebrities attending events; publicity items such as news clippings, interviews, and articles about Burns; and program materials for the Arthur F. Burns Fellowship, an exchange program for German and U.S. media professionals. Further description available at the series level in this collection guide.

The great majority of the Burns papers are in English, but there are roughly ten items in German and a few items in French and Russian (Cyrillic script).

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research. However, originals of high-value correspondence are restricted except for use under direct staff supervision. Patrons should use either CD-ROM surrogates or photocopies of originals.

Classified materials have been removed for review by the Federal Information Security Oversity Office (ISOO) and are not accessible until that review is completed.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. Consequently, there may be a 24-hour delay in obtaining these materials.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Organized into three subseries. The Correspondence by Individual Subseries contains correspondence and memoranda between Burns and presidents, vice-presidents, politicians, and prominent economists. The Correspondence by Topic subseries contains letters and attachments primarily related to Burns' work in academia, politics, and the private sector. Finally, the Correspondence to Mrs. Helen Burns subseries contains letters written by figures such as Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, and Mamie Eisenhower to Burns's wife, Helen, both during his life and after his death. High-value correspondence is also represented by digital surrogates that are available for use.

Although high-value correspondence can be accessed in several formats, the papers housed in boxes 1-3 are the only complete record of exchanges. These boxes contain photocopies of high-value correspondence along with their original attachments, originals of other correspondence (including originals signed by mechanical means), and original onion-skin copies of Burns's out-going correspondence. Originals of high-value correspondence, without the corresponding attachments, are housed separately in box 16 and are closed to use. Most of the letters from notable correspondents including U.S. presidents have also been scanned and migrated to a library server, but not all of the correspondence and attachments are represented. To request access to electronic copies, please contact a reference archivist in the Rubenstein Library before coming to use this collection.

[Note: Classified materials have been removed for review by the Federal Information Security Oversity Office (ISOO) and are not accessible until that review is completed.]

Organized alphabetically by correspondent and then chronologically, the bulk of this subseries documents Burns's work with several presidential administrations. Correspondents include Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Richard Nixon, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Spiro Agnew, Nelson Rockefeller, and Hubert Humphrey. The subseries also includes correspondence with his mentor, Wesley Clair Mitchell, and with his students, economists Milton Friedman and George Stigler. Burns's correspondence with presidents Eisenhower and Nixon constitute the most significant part of the subseries. These exchanges cover domestic economic matters such as recession, monetary and fiscal policies to regulate inflation and unemployment; international political and economic matters; and domestic political issues such as elections and party politics.

[Classified materials removed for review by Information Security Oversity Office (ISOO).]

Abramovitz's correspondence to Burns discusses the editing of Abramovitz's monograph, his impressions of Washington, and the work of the War Planning Board.

1942 Apr. 5
Box 1
Undated
Box 1

Agnew's correspondence to Burns consists of routine notes expressing thanks for Burns's support and for having sent materials.

1972 Aug. 11
Box 1
1972 Dec. 13
Box 1
1973 Oct. 25
Box 1

Baker's correspondence to Burns consists of routine notes expressing thanks for Burns's support and advice.

1981 Sept. 29
Box 1
1985 Feb. 20
Box 1

Bush's correspondence to Burns consists of routine notes expressing thanks for Burns's support and for having sent materials. Barbara Bush's handwritten well wishes are affixed to one note.

1979 Sept. 10
Box 1
1980 June 23
Box 1
1980 Aug. 4
Box 1
1980 Nov. 5

Re: Congratulations from Burns to Bush upon becoming Vice President-elect.

Box 1
1980 Nov. 15
Box 1
1981 Feb. 3
Box 1
1981 May 5
Box 1
1982 Feb. 6
Box 1
1983 Mar. 2
Box 1
1983 June 30
Box 1
1983 July 30
Box 1
1987 June 22
Box 1

Burns continued to be the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve Board during the first year of the Carter administration. This correspondence documents Dr. Burns's work with the new administration especially on the matter of tax reform, along with budgetary issues and policies regarding OPEC. Burns presented his resignation to Jimmy Carter in January 1978. Included in the collection is a January 13, 1978 letter in which Carter accepts Burns's and expresses his appreciation of Burns's leadership of the Federal Reserve over the past eight years. The letters after January 1978 address non-economic issues such as Burns's receipt of the America's Democratic Legacy Award of the Anti-Defamation League and Carter's appreciation of Burns's support for his efforts in human rights. Two letters from Rosalynn Carter are also included.

1976 Nov. 8
Box 1
1976 Nov. 26
Box 1
1977 Apr. 12
Box 1
1977 May 22
Box 1
1977 Sept. 20
Box 1
1977 Oct. 19
Box 1
1977 Dec. 12

From Rosalynn Carter to Burns.

Box 1
1977 Dec. 28
Box 1
1977 Dec. 28

From Rosalynn Carter to Burns.

Box 1
1978 Jan. 13

Re: Burns's resignation as Chairman.

Box 1
1978 Feb. 2

Executive order appointing Burns Acting Chairman.

Box 1
1978 Feb. 6
Box 1
1978 May 18
Box 1
1981 Mar. 3
Box 1
1982 Oct. 29
Box 1
1976 Sept. 24

News clipping from The New York Times re: Role of Federal Reserve in Carter-Ford debate.

Box 1
1976 Nov. 3
Box 1
1976 Nov. 12
Box 1
1976 Nov. 23
Box 1
1977 Feb. 1

Memo re: Carter.

Box 1
1977 Feb. 4

Attached: Statement to House Banking Committee.

Box 1
1977 Feb. 23
Box 1
1977 Feb. 28
Box 1
1977 Mar. 2
Box 1
1977 Mar. 8

Memo re: conversation with Carter and Mondale regarding disagreement about state of the economy and press coverage of Burns's comments during Congressional hearings.

Box 1
1977 Mar. 23
Box 1
1977 Mar. 24
Box 1
1977 Mar. 31

Attached: Memo on proposal to reduce inflation.

Box 1
1977 Apr. 12
Box 1
1977 Apr. 14

Memo re: Carter attaching clipping.

Box 1
1977 Apr. 15

President's statement on inflation.

Box 1
1977 May 13
Box 1
1977 May 15
Box 1
1977 May 25
Box 1
1977 June 14

Attached: Memo on conversation with Vladimir Alkhimov, 1977 June 9.

Box 1
1977 June 22
Box 1
1977 July 27

Stephen S. Gardner to Burns. Attached: 3 items. Carter memo re: Civil Rights Act, 1977 July 20. Carter memo re: handicapped people, 1977 July 21. Memo from Gardner, 1977 July 26.

Box 1
1977 July 28
Box 1
1977 Aug. 12
Box 1
1977 Sept. 13
Box 1
1977 Sept. 19
Box 1
1977 Oct. 17
Box 1
1977 Oct. 25
Box 1
1977 Nov. 2
Box 1
1977 Nov. 28
Box 1
1977 Nov. 28
Box 1
1978 Jan. 12

Re: Burns's resignation as Chairman.

Box 1
1978 Mar.

President's remarks at swearing in of G. William Miller as Chairman of the Federal Reserve.

Box 1

Burns acted as the Chairman of the Council of Advisors to the President (1953-1956), Chairman of the Cabinet Committee on Small Business (1956), and a member of U.S. Advisory Council on Social Security Financing (1957-1958) during the Eisenhower Administration. He played an especially crucial role in steering the implementation of anti-recession policies. Even after he resigned from the Council of Economic Advisors, he continued to counsel the president on economic matters.

Topics in the correspondence include economic issues such as how to combat recession/depression and inflation, unemployment, budget planning, taxes, government expenditure, monetary policy, value of the dollar, and gold reserves. The letters also address U.S. domestic politics and international relations, such as the situation in Vietnam and Cuba and the Mutual Security Program. Burns's correspondence with Eisenhower continued after his term as the President ended in 1961; the topic of the correspondence shifts to personal notes and exchanges on general economic models and policies, evaluation of the Eisenhower period economic policies and assessment, and expresses criticism of economic, political and foreign policies of the administrations of the time.

[Classified materials removed for review by Information Security Oversity Office (ISOO).]

1953 Apr. 1

Burns's appointment letter as Economic Advisor to the President.

Box 1
1953 July 15
Box 1
1953 Aug. 8

Order appointing Burns.

Box 1
1953 Aug. 24

Attached: Letter from Burns to Eisenhower, 1953 Aug. 27.

Box 1
1953 Nov. 3
Box 1
1953 Dec. 30
Box 1
Undated

Charges Union Leaders Plot to Run Nation with handwritten note signed D addressing it to Burns.

Box 1
1954 Jan. 15
Box 1
1954 Jan. 23

Memorandum for Dr. Burns. D.D. Eisenhower submits a copy of the report regarding the overall foreign economic policy of the country and expresses his concerns about the pace of Executive Departments and Agencies in proceeding with the plan in the report.

Box 1
1954 Feb. 1

Attached: 3 items. Memorandum signed by Eisenhower for Burns marked SECRET, 1954 Feb. 1, regarding the measures that the government decided to employ to fight recession and prevent serious deflation and the role Burns is expected to play. Letter from Burns to Eisenhower, 1954 Feb. 8. Letter from True D. Morse to Burns, 1954 Feb. 1, regarding agricultural sector related public projects to be implemented.

Box 1
1954 Feb. 24
Box 1
1954 Apr. 19

Attached: Letter from Burns to Eisenhower, 1954 Apr. 16.

Box 1
1954 Apr. 26
Box 1
1954 Oct. 23
Box 1
1954 Dec. 22
Box 1
1954 Dec. 22

Attached: 2 items. Letter from Eisenhower to Ruth Caroll, 1954 Dec. 17. Letter from Ruth Caroll to Eisenhower, undated.

Box 1
1954 Dec. 29
Box 1
1955 Jan. 14
Box 1
1955 Apr. 22
Box 1
1955 Aug. 22
Box 1
1955 Sept. 9
Box 1
1955 Oct. 19

From Eisenhower's assistant to Burns.

Box 1
1955 Dec. 29
Box 1
1956 Mar. 10
Box 1
1956 Apr. 18
Box 1
1956 Apr. 24

From Secretary of the Treasury George M. Humphrey re: automobile industry.

Box 1
1956 Apr. 25
Box 1
1956 May 28
Box 1
1956 May 31
Box 1
1956 June 1

Attached: Letter from Edgar Newton Eisenhower to Dwight Eisenhower, 1956 May 29, regarding the issues of budget and tax reform. Contains 2 copies of attached letter.

Box 1
1956 June 4
Box 1
1956 June 15
Box 1
1956 July 14

Re: The steel strike.

Box 1
1956 Aug. 9
Box 1
1956 Aug. 17

Re: Burns's meeting with Bill Martins and success in getting unanimous support for the Small Business Report.

Box 1
1956 Aug. 18

Re: Economic tables created by Burns.

Box 1
1956 Oct. 22
Box 1
1956 Nov. 10
Box 1
1956 Nov. 12

Re: Burns's resignation from public service.

Box 1
1956 Nov. 28

Re: Burns's note on the chairmanship of the Cabinet Committee on Small Business and Dr. Saulnier's appointment as the chairman.

Box 1
1956 Dec. 5
Box 1
1956 Dec. 31
Box 1
1957 Jan. 2
Box 1
1957 Jan. 3

Re: Tax deductions.

Box 1
1957 Mar. 28

Re: Burns's statement on lowering government expenditures.

Box 1
1957 Apr. 24
Box 1
1957 May 2

From Bernard M. Shanley.

Box 1
1957 May 16
Box 1
1957 June 1

Re: Political support for the budget.

Box 1
1957 June 15

Re: A misunderstanding between Eisenhower and Burns.

Box 1
1957 June 24

Re: Fighting inflation.

Box 1
1957 Oct. 12

Re: Burns's note on stock market activities.

Box 1
1957 Nov. 4
Box 1
1957 Nov. 16
Box 1
1957 Nov. 30
Box 1
1957 Dec. 4
Box 1
1958 Jan. 4

Re: Difficulties encountered by the members of the American Economic Association in inviting two Russians to present papers at the association's convention.

Box 1
1958 Jan. 10

Re: Political support for the budget.

Box 1
1958 Jan. 21

From Sherman Adams.

Box 1
1958 Jan. 28

From Robert Cutler. Attached: Memo regarding Mar. 3 meeting.

Box 1
1958 Feb. 3
Box 1
1958 Feb. 7
Box 1
1958 Feb. 12
Box 1
1958 Feb. 24 [Personal]

Re: Request that Burns write a letter to Time Magazine against the opposition's critiques regarding the recession.

Box 1
1958 Mar. 4
Box 1
1958 Mar. 12 [Personal]
Box 1
1958 Mar. 20 [Personal]

Re: Opinions and expectations regarding the recession.

Box 1
1958 Mar. 24

Re: Tax deduction.

Box 1
1958 Apr. 2

Re: Burns's suggestions on a plan required for stimulating economic recovery.

Box 1
1958 Apr. 23
Box 1
1958 Apr. 25
Box 1
1958 Apr. 28
Box 1
1958 May 7 [Personal]

Re: Tax reduction.

Box 1
1958 May 8

From Sherman Adams.

Box 1
1958 May 15 [Personal]
Box 1
1958 June 6

Re: Political support for tax reform.

Box 1
1958 June 18
Box 1
1958 June 19

From Assistant to the President.

Box 1
1958 Aug. 23

Re: Gratitude for Burns's support for the Department of Defense Reorganization Plan. .

Box 1
1958 Sept. 29

Re: Economic matters in the election campaign and governmental expenditures. Attached: Letter from Ezra Benson to Eisenhower, 1958 Sept. 26, regarding inflationary tendencies and budget deficit. Contains 2 copies of attached letter.

Box 1
1958 Sept. 30

From Eisenhower's assistant to Burns regarding disagreement between Burns and Eisenhower on economic matters.

Box 1
1958 Oct. 7

Eisenhower's comments on non-cooperation of unions.

Box 1
1958 Oct. 27
Box 1
1958 Nov. 3
Box 1
1958 Nov. 12
Box 1
1958 Nov. 21

From Gabriel Hague.

Box 1
1958 Nov. 24
Box 1
1958 Nov. 25
Box 1
1958 Dec. 18

Re: Burns' suggestions on the budget and encouraging individual initiatives.

Box 1
1959 Feb. 23
Box 1
1959 Mar. 11

Re: National Unemployment Insurance and state relations with the federal government.

Box 1
1959 Apr. 23
Box 1
1959 Oct. 29

Re: Burns' conversation with a Russian economist about the United States' transition to a lower level of defense spending.

Box 1
1959 June 19

From Robert E. Merriam.

Box 1
1959 Dec. 29
Box 1
1960 Mar. 17

Re: 1960 election.

Box 1
1960 Apr. 2
Box 1
1960 May 16

From Eisenhower's Deputy Assistant Bryce N. Harlow to Burns. Attached: Message dictated by Eisenhower to his Deputy Assistant and sent without signature to Burns because of urgency, 1960 May 14. Eisenhower states concerns about how a possible hindrance regarding the budget allowed to the "Mutual Security Program" would threaten defense alliance structures such as NATO and SEASO.

Box 1
1960 May 23
Box 1
1960 June 8
Box 1
1960 June 9
Box 1
1960 Aug. 1
Box 1
1960 Sept. 6
Box 1
1960 Nov. 5
Box 1
1960 Dec. 26
Box 1
1961 May 11

Re: Gold reserve policy and the Cuban fiasco.

Box 1
1961 May 26
Box 1
1961 June 7
Box 1
1961 June 14
Box 1
1961 June 14

Re: Mrs. Luce's public letter about the Cuban failure.

Box 1
1961 June 23
Box 1
1961 July 15
Box 1
1961 Aug. 11

From Eisenhower's secretary, Ann Whitman, to Burns. Attached: 2 items. Letter from Eisenhower to Felix Edgar Wormser, 1961 Aug. 10. Letter from Wormser to Eisenhower, 1961 Aug. 8, regarding the gold crisis.

Box 1
1961 Aug. 15
Box 1
1961 Aug. 28

From Eisenhower's secretary, Ann Whitman, to Burns.

Box 1
1961 Sept. 18

Re: Burns' letter to Mr. Nehru.

Box 1
1961 Oct. 21

Re: Republican Party's financial troubles.

Box 1
1961 Nov. 1
Box 1
1961 Dec. 15
Box 1
1962 Jan. 30

Re: Organizing shadow cabinet in every state controlled by Democrats.

Box 1
1962 Feb. 4

Attached: 4 items. Cover note from Eisenhower's secretary, Ann Whitman, to Burns. Letter from Eisenhower to Burns, undated. Letter from Eisenhower to Andrew Baldwin. Letter from Baldwin to Eisenhower, 1962 Dec. 30, regarding plan to stabilize American industry.

Box 1
1962 Apr. 12
Box 1
1962 Apr. 20
Box 1
1962 June 30
Box 1
1962 July 11
Box 1
1962 July 16
Box 1
1962 Nov. 30

Re: The first volume of Eisenhower's memoirs.

Box 1
1963 Jan. 24
Box 1
1963 Feb. 8
Box 1
1963 Feb. 17
Box 1
1963 Mar. 30
Box 1
1963 Apr. 17
Box 1
1963 Apr. 25
Box 1
1963 Dec. 27

Re: Eisenhower's donation of his personal papers to the Eisenhower Library at Abilene and his request to Burns to donate his related personal papers to the same institution.

Box 1
1964 Jan. 17

Re: Burns' decision to donate some of his personal papers to the Eisenhower Library at Abilene.

Box 1
1964 Mar. 6
Box 1
1964 Apr. 23
Box 1
1964 May 15
Box 1
1964 July 29
Box 1
1964 Aug. 21

Attached: 2 items. Excerpt from Jacques Rueff's book The Age of Inflation. Bulletin #503, Dollar Erosion by M. Polyi. Contains copies of both items.

Box 1
1964 Aug. 28
Box 1
1964 Oct. 30
Box 1
1964 Nov. 30
Box 1
1964 Dec. 15
Box 1
1965 Feb. 12

Attached: 2 items. Letter from Eisenhower to Walter Spahr, 1965 Feb. 12. Letter from Rusty Brown to Burns, 1965 Feb. 12.

Box 1
1965 Mar. 13
Box 1
1965 Mar. 25
Box 1
1965 Apr. 9
Box 1
1965 Apr. 27
Box 1
1965 May 6
Box 1
1965 May 12

Re: Eisenhower's view that historians would have a more favorable view on the economy policies of the 1950s than the 1960s.

Box 1
1965 Oct. 5

Attached: Paper presentation by unidentified author, undated, regarding the problems of development in developing countries.

Box 1
1965 Oct. 25
Box 1
1965 Oct. 30
Box 1
1965 Nov. 21
Box 1
1965 Dec. 30
Box 1
1966 Jan. 18
Box 1
1966 Jan. 25
Box 1
1966 Feb. 22
Box 1
1966 Feb. 23
Box 1
1966 Mar. 12
Box 1
1966 Apr. 25
Box 1
1966 June 22

Re: Vietnam.

Box 1
1966 Aug. 10
Box 1
1966 Sept. 21

Attached: Article by W. L. White, Why We Must Stop Inflation, undated.

Box 1
1966 Dec. 5

Attached: 4 items. News clippings, De Gaulle's Red Face, Philadelphia Inquirer, 1966 Dec. 5; Amisted Dam-a Reminder, Philadelphia Inquirer, 1966 Dec. 5; Unbridled Insurrection at Berkeley, Philadelphia Inquirer, 1966 Dec. 5.

Box 1
1966 Dec. 8

Attached: Article by R. C. McCormic, Pill Drill, undated.

Box 1
1966 Dec. 9

Re: The Vietnam War and population growth.

Box 1
1966 Dec. 14

Telegram.

Box 1
1967 Jan. 23
Box 1
1967 Apr. 25
Box 1
1967 May 22
Box 1
1967 May 31
Box 1
1967 Sept. 21
Box 1
1967 Nov. 24

Re: Eisenhower's comments on Burns' attached speech draft. Attached: Draft of Burns' speech, The Defense Sector: An Evaluation of its Economic and Social Impact, with handwritten notes and comments by Eisenhower, 1967 Nov. 17.

Box 1
1967 Dec. 7

From Brigadier General Robert L. Schulz, Executive Assistant to Eisenhower, to Burns.

Box 1
1968 Jan. 23
Box 1
1968 Feb. 8

Attached: 3 items. Letter from Eisenhower to Maurice Feldman, 1968 Feb. 8. Letter from Feldman to Eisenhower, 1968 Jan. 29. News clipping: Eisenhower's Views on Travel Curbs, 1968 Jan. 28

Box 1
1968 Apr. 24
Box 1
1968 May 8

Telegram.

Box 1
1968 Oct. 17

Telegram.

Box 1
1954 Jan. 13
Box 1
1954 Feb. 1
Box 1
1954 Feb. 5
Box 1
1954 Feb. 8
Box 1
1954 Mar. 9

Re: Unemployment figures.

Box 1
1954 Mar. 23
Box 1
1954 Apr. 16
Box 1
1954 Apr. 29
Box 1
1954 May 26
Box 1
1954 July 19

To Sherman Adams.

Box 1
1954 Aug. 16

Re: 1955 budget.

Box 1
1954 Aug. 17

To Sherman Adams. Re: Kuykendall letter, private investment in power.

Box 1
1954 Aug. 18
Box 1
1954 Oct. 19
Box 1
1954 Nov. 22
Box 1
1954 Dec. 24

Re: Increase in minimum wage.

Box 1
1954 Dec. 28
Box 1
1955 Jan. 11
Box 1
1955 Jan. 21

Re: Report of Cabinet Commission on Energy Supplies and Resource Policy.

Box 1
1955 Apr. 25
Box 1
1955 Apr. 26
Box 1
1955 May 24

To Sherman Adams. Re: Aircraft industry decline.

Box 1
1955 Aug. 18

Re: August budget message. Attached: Historical table of political control.

Box 1
1955 Sept. 30

To Major General Howard McSnyder.

Box 1

Mamie Eisenhower's correspondence with Burns consists of notes of greeting, thanks, and condolence.

1955 Sept. 28
Box 1
1966 July 6
Box 1
1971 Dec. 15
Box 1
1969 Apr. 1

Re: Eisenhower's death.

Box 1

Burns continued to be the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve Board during the Ford Administration. Ford's correspondence to Burns primarily consists of routine notes of appreciation for Burns's work, for having sent materials, for his comments on economic matters, and for his donation to the Ford Library. Also included are invitations, congratulations, and notes of regret. Burns's side of the correspondence expresses ideas regarding economic matters such as the ongoing recession, Federal Reserve policies, and the Financial Reform Act.

[Classified materials removed for review by Information Security Oversity Office (ISOO).]

1974 Aug. 9

Memo to agencies.

Box 1
1975 July 21
Box 1
1976 Feb. 2
Box 1
1976 Sept. 9
Box 1
1976 Sept. 23
Box 1
1977 Jan. 31
Box 1
1977 Feb. 9
Box 1
1977 Jun 17
Box 1
1978 June 7
Box 1
1978 July 11
Box 1
1979 Jan. 2
Box 1
1979 May 23
Box 1
1980 Feb. 27
Box 1
1981 May 22

Attached: Letter from Ford to Charles Percy in support of nomination of Burns as ambassador to Germany, 1981 May 22.

Box 1
1981 July 7
Box 1
1982 Aug. 26
Box 1
1984 July 20
Box 1
1985 Feb. 5
Box 1
1986 July 7
Box 1
1987 Mar. 26
Box 1
1987 Apr. 30
Box 1
1987 May 21

Attached: Guest list for Gerald R. Ford Foundation's annual meeting in Washington, D.C. on June 10, 1987

Box 1

[Classified materials removed for review by Information Security Oversity Office (ISOO).]

1974 Aug. 12

To Herbert Stein. Attached: Memo for President re: Economic agenda.

Box 2
1974 Aug. 22
Box 2
1974 Aug. 27

Memo re: Expanded public service program.

Box 2
1974 Sept. 25
Box 2
1974 Oct. 8

Address of President to Joint Session of Congress.

Box 2
1974 Oct. 10
Box 2
1974 Oct. 16
Box 2
1974 Nov. 27
Box 2
1974 Dec. 6
Box 2
1975 Jan. 30
Box 2
1975 Feb. 7
Box 2
1975 Mar. 2
Box 2
1975 Mar. 19
Box 2
1975 Mar. 28
Box 2
1975 Mar. 28
Box 2
1975 Apr. 16

Attached: CV of Philip C. Jackson Jr.

Box 2
1975 May 1
Box 2
1975 May 7
Box 2
1975 June 3

Confidential memo.

[Classified materials removed for review by Information Security Oversity Office (ISOO).]

Box 2
1975 July 14
Box 2
1975 July 25
Box 2
1975 July 30
Box 2
1975 Aug. 28
Box 2
1975 Sept. 19
Box 2
1975 Sept. 26
Box 2
1975 Oct. 8
Box 2
1975 Oct. 21
Box 2
1975 Oct. 24
Box 2
1975 Nov. 5
Box 2
1975 Nov. 13
Box 2
1975 Dec. 12
Box 2
1976 Jan. 21
Box 2
1976 Jan. 26
Box 2
1976 Feb. 4
Box 2
1976 Feb. 21
Box 2
1976 Mar. 18
Box 2
1976 Mar. 22
Box 2
1976 Apr. 9
Box 2
1976 May 3
Box 2
1976 July 28
Box 2
1976 Sept. 28

Attached: Letter from Ford to Burns, 1976 Sept. 23.

Box 2
1976 Nov. 12
Box 2
1976 Nov. 19
Box 2
1977 Jan. 17

Attached: News clipping.

Box 2
1977 Jan. 24
Box 2
1977 May 27
Box 2
1977 June 8
Box 2
1977 Nov. 16
Box 2
1982 Sept. 28
Box 2

Contains correspondence with renowned economist Milton Friedman that addresses theoretical debates, reactions to other economists' publications, academic posts and publishing, politics, personal matters, and critique and evaluation of each other's work.

1940 Sept. 22
Box 2
1940 Nov. 17
Box 2
1941 Mar. 2
Box 2
1941 May 29
Box 2
1941 Oct. 30

From Frank Knight to Friedman with Friedman's handwritten note to Burns.

Box 2
1942 Jan. 10
Box 2
1942 July 21
Box 2
1942 Sept. 23
Box 2
1945 Oct. 30
Box 2
1945 Dec. 19
Box 2
1946 Feb. 10
Box 2
1946 Feb. 21
Box 2
1946 Mar. 3
Box 2
1946 May 7
Box 2
1946 Aug. 15
Box 2
1948 Aug. 23

From Murray N. Rothbard to Burns with Friedman's handwritten note to Burns. Attached: Professor Nagel's reply to institutionalist criticism of economic theory.

Box 2
1949 Apr. 12
Box 2
1951 Feb. 1
Box 2
1951 Oct. 26
Box 2
1954 Oct. 9
Box 2
1958 Nov. 4
Box 2
1959 Feb. 19

Attached: 1959 Feb. 19 Friedman letter to Al.

Box 2
1963 July 3
Box 2
1969 Jan. 29

From Friedman to William McChesney Martin with Friedman's handwritten note to Burns.

Box 2
Undated, Sunday [c. 1963]
Box 2
Undated, Thursday [c. 1937-1940]
Box 2
Undated, Thursday
Box 2
Undated, Friday
Box 2
1954 Oct. 15
Box 2
1955 Feb. 25
Box 2
1955 Apr. 26
Box 2
1955 May 27
Box 2
1955 Sept. 29
Box 2
Undated
Box 2

Haig's correspondence to Burns consists of routine notes expressing thanks for Burns's support and for having sent materials.

1981 Sept. 30
Box 2
1982 Mar. 8
Box 2
1982 Nov. 1
Box 2
1982 Dec. 30
Box 2
1983 Mar. 28
Box 2
1983 Nov. 22
Box 2
1984 Jan. 20
Box 2

Humphrey's letters to Burns are notes of thanks for condolences after electoral defeat and for attending a reception.

1972 July 26
Box 2
1977 Jan. 23
Box 2

In the letters, the President expresses his gratitude for Burns' advice regarding economic issues and for backing the administration's policies in Vietnam. Mr. Burns' activities as a Member of the President's Advisory Committee on Labor-Management Policy and his resignation from the committee in April 1966 are also addressed in the correspondence.

1963 Dec. 2
Box 2
1964 Sept. 7
Box 2
1965 Apr. 1
Box 2
1966 Apr. 21

Re: Burns' resignation from the President's Advisory Committee on Labor Management Policy.

Box 2
1966 Dec. 7

.

Box 2
1964 Aug. 25
Box 2

Kennedy's correspondence to Burns consists of routine notes of thanks for sending information on economic problems and for serving on the Labor-Management Committee.

1961 Mar. 7

Telegram.

Box 2
1961 June 23
Box 2
1961 June 29
Box 2
1963 Feb. 7
Box 2

Kissenger's correspondence to Burns consists of routine notes expressing thanks for Burns's support and for having sent materials.

1982 Sept. 21
Box 2
1984 Jan. 9
Box 2
1986 May 30
Box 2
1986 Aug. 14
Box 2

Kohl's correspondence to Burns is entirely in German.

1982 Dec. 17
Box 2
1982 Dec. 20

Re: Letter from Burns to Kohl

Box 2
1982 Dec. 28
Box 2
1983 Mar. 16
Box 2
1983 Dec. 13
Box 2
1984 May 7
Box 2
1986 Jan. 31
Box 2
1987 Jan. 21
Box 2

Kollek's correspondence to Burns concerns Burns' potential visit to Jerusalem and his help with rampant inflation in Israel.

1985 June 24
Box 2
19485 July 29

Re: Letter from Burns' secretary to Kollek.

Box 2
1985 Aug. 9

Re: Letter from Burns to Kollek.

Box 2
1985 Aug. 28
Box 2

Kuznet's correspondence to Burns discusses the work of Frank Knight and Albert Wohlstetter on the War Production Board. Topics covered include the analysis of World War I output, the analysis of business cycles, and work on national income problems.

1942 July 21
Box 2
1942 Aug. 13
Box 2
1943 Oct. 30
Box 2
1945 June 4
Box 2

McFarlane's correspondence to Burns consists of routine notes expressing thanks and a reserved optimism concerning the European economy.

1985 June 28
Box 2
1986 Aug. 7
Box 2
1987 Mar. 11
Box 2

McFarlane's correspondence to Burns consists of routine notes expressing thanks for sending materials.

1981 Dec. 21
Box 2
1982 Dec. 3
Box 2
1983 Feb. 17
Box 2
1984 May 23
Box 2

Contains correspondence with Mitchell, an American economist famous for his empirical work on business cycles and for leading the NBER in its first decades, and his wife, Lucy Sprague Mitchell. Great attention is paid by Burns and Mitchell to revising each other's drafts and economic theories. Also included are articles by Mitchell, his obituary, eulogies, and correspondence regarding the dedication of a collection in his honor. Other letters authored by Mitchell can be found in the academic career and National Bureau of Economic Research folders - both in the Correspondence by Topic Subseries.

1911 Oct. 18

Autobiographical letter

Box 2
1914 Nov.

Reprint of Mitchell's essay Human Behavior and Economics: A Survey of Recent Literature from The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. XXIX

Box 2
1920 June 3
Box 2
1929 June 5
Box 2
1929 June 24
Box 2
1929 July 22
Box 2
1929 Aug. 19
Box 2
1929 Dec. 19
Box 2
1942 July 15
Box 2
1942 Aug. 20
Box 2
1945 Aug. 27

Discussion of Milton Friedman's theories

Box 2
1946

Mitchell's hand-edited copy of the Preface to Measuring Business Cycles, in which Burns and Mitchell propose a statistic-based definition of business cycles

Box 2
1948

Biographical memoir about Mitchell written by Burns in the Year Book of the American Philosophical Society, p. 280-285

Box 2
1948

Eulogy of Mitchell by Burns

Box 2
1948

Mitchell's obituary

Box 2
1948 Nov. 8

Lucy Sprague Mitchell to Burns

Box 2
1949 Feb. 22

Lucy Sprague Mitchell to Burns

Box 2
1957 Feb. 22

Lucy Sprague Mitchell to Burns

Box 2
1958 Oct. 28

Lucy Sprague Mitchell to Burns

Box 2
1962 Nov. 9

Booklet from the dedication of the Wesley Clair Mitchell Collection in the Bank Street College of Education library

Box 2
1963 Nov. 8

John H. Niemeyer to Burns concerning the dedication of the Wesley Clair Mitchell Collection

Box 2

Arthur Burns was the economic advisor to Nixon's 1968 presidential campaign and acted as Counselor to the President (1969) for a year after the election. He was appointed Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve in February 1970. The Nixon-Burns correspondence sheds light on the controversial years of Nixon's presidency and illustrates disagreements within the government regarding monetary policy, Burns' resistance to the politicization of the Federal Reserve, and his complaints about the White House staff. Burns' personal journals, also part of this collection, provide important and complimentary insights to the issues addressed in the Burns-Nixon correspondence.

[Classified materials removed for review by Information Security Oversity Office (ISOO).]

1957 Jan. 14
Box 2
1958 June 17

Re: Anti-Recession plan. Attached: 2 items. Letters from J. T. Moll to Nixon, 1958 May 15 and 1958 Apr. 2, both with carbon copies.

Box 2
1958 Sept. 10
Box 2
1958 Oct. 25
Box 2
1958 Dec. 15
Box 2
1959 Oct. 28
Box 2
1960 Apr. 18
Box 2
1960 Apr. 26
Box 2
1960 June 3

Telegram.

Box 2
1960 June 8
Box 2
1960 Aug. 15
Box 2
1960 Aug. 19
Box 2
1960 Aug. 22
Box 2
1960 Sept. 9
Box 2
1960 Sept. 25
Box 2
1961 Jan. 19
Box 2
1961 Apr. 28
Box 2
1961 June 7

Re: Burns's critique of the administration's economic policies

Box 2
1961 June 8
Box 2
1961 June 30
Box 2
1961 Aug. 21

Re: Nixon's decision about whether or not to run for governor of California.

Box 2
1961 Sept. 11
Box 2
1961 Nov. 8
Box 2
1962 Jan. 19
Box 2
1962 Aug. 27
Box 2
1963 Feb. 28
Box 2
1963 May 14
Box 2
1967 Dec. 5
Box 2
1968 Aug. 29
Box 2
1968 Dec. 2

Re: Nixon's request for Burns to make recommendations about individuals to be recruited by the new administration.

Box 2
1969 Apr. 27
Box 2
1969 May 7

From Burns to Nixon expressing concern about the "official family" (some members of Staff and the Cabinet) and how harmful their leaking of stories to the media is to the Nixon administration. First page has Nixon's handwritten response at top.

Box 2
1969 Sept. 9

From Pat Nixon to Burns.

Box 2
1969 Nov. 15

Telegram to Thomas M. Macioce. Re: Presentation of Alexander Hamilton Medal to Burns.

Box 2
1969 Nov. 20
Box 2
1970 Jan. 22
Box 2
1970 Feb. 18
Box 2
1970 Apr. 23
Box 2
1970 May 19
Box 2
1970 Aug. 19
Box 2
1970 Sept. 23

Attached: News clipping, The New York Times, 1970 Sept. 22.

Box 2
1970 Nov. 29
Box 2
1970 Nov. 29

From Nixon to Pepperdine College, honoring Burns.

Box 2
1970 Dec. 5
Box 2
1971 Nov. 2

[SECRET] Memorandum for Connally, Burns, Shultz, McCracken, Peterson, and Flanigan. Nixon underlines that he does not want anymore speculation and leaks to public regarding important economic matters from the White House Staff

Box 2
1971 Nov. 4

[EYES ONLY] Nixon's concerns about the political implications of the tight monetary policy of the FED. Nixon calls on Burns to review this policy

Box 2
1972 Jan. 28

[EYES ONLY] Nixon's admonishing message concerning Burns's/FED's promise about the money supply. The letter has a handwritten note by Burns.

Box 2
1972 May 4

Re: Burns's support concerning measures against North Vietnamese invasion of South Vietnam.

Box 2
1972 June 8

Re: Nixon's visit to Moscow and enduring peace between USA and USSR

Box 2
1972 June 27

Telegram.

Box 2
1972 June 30

Re: Burns's memorandum on price policy.

Box 2
1972 Sept 6
Box 2
1972 Sept. 21
Box 2
1972 Sept. 22

Re: Latin American affairs.

Box 2
1972 Nov. 27

Re: Election victory.

Box 2
1972 Dec. 15
Box 2
1973 Jan. 5
Box 2
1973 Feb. 14

Re: Phase III of the Economic Stabilization Program and the Nixon Administration's determination to enforce the program and relevant price and wage control measures

Box 2
1973 June 4
Box 2
1973 June 13
Box 2
1973 July 23
Box 2
1973 Aug. 9
Box 2
1973 Aug. 23
Box 2
1973 Sept. 12
Box 2
1973 Sept. 18
Box 2
1973 Oct. 25
Box 2
1973 Dec. 12
Box 2
1974 Feb. 13
Box 2
1974 Mar. 19
Box 2
1974 Apr. 11
Box 2
1974 May 31

Re: Economic Stabilization Program.

Box 2
1974 June 3
Box 2
1974 June 9

Re: Burns's visit to USSR.

Box 2
1974 Dec. 27
Box 2
1975 Aug. 4
Box 2
1977 Jan. 19
Box 2
1980 July 7
Box 2
1981 Dec. 28
Box 2
1982 July 21
Box 2
1983 July 11

Nixon to Helmut Kohl

Box 2
1983 Sept. 9
Box 2
1983 July 22
Box 2
1983 Oct. 10
Box 2
1984 Apr. 24
Box 2
1984 May 4

Nixon's secretary to Burns

Box 2
1985 May 29
Box 2
1985 July 24
Box 2
1986 Feb. 14
Box 2
1986 June 23
Box 2

The correspondence from Arthur Frank Burns to Nixon covers the period during which Dr. Burns acted as the Chairman of the Federal Reserve and is comprised of letters and memoranda sent to the president. Major issues addressed in the correspondence are economic measures to be taken in order to fight inflation and recession, the monetary policy that the Federal Reserve should pursue in accordance with the Economic Stabilization Act, the issue of wage and price controls, the gold crisis, the value of the dollar, and policies that the administration should implement concerning the international monetary situation.

The letters provide important insights into the disagreements between the Nixon Administration and Chairman Burns with regards to the issues of money supply, the extent and strictness of wage and price controls, and international monetary policy. The letters also address political matters such as Burns' opinions about domestic politics, his complaints about some White House staff, and the Watergate Scandal. International economic and political matters such as the Vietnam War, the policy of d├ętente with the Soviet Union, and US relations with Latin American countries are also mentioned in the correspondence. Burns's handwritten journals, 1969-1974, found in the Journals Series in this collection, compliment this set of correspondence.

1955 June 29
Box 2
1970 Feb. 2
Box 2
1970 Feb. 2
Box 2
1970 Feb. 6
Box 2
1970 Feb. 11
Box 2
1970 Feb. 19

Attached: How the Federal Reserve System Affects the Money Supply.

Box 2
1970 Mar. 9
Box 2
1970 Mar. 17
Box 2
1970 Apr. 8
Box 2
1970 Apr. 24
Box 2
1970 May 15
Box 2
1970 May 17
Box 2
1970 June 23
Box 2
1970 June 23
Box 2
1970 July 1
Box 2
1970 July 3
Box 2
1970 July 24
Box 2
1970 July 24
Box 2
1970 July 31

Attached: Report, Import Shares in Nonfood Goods and the Cut-Back in Defense Expenditures, prepared by Clayton Gehman, 1970 July 22.

Box 2
1970 Aug. 28
Box 2
1970 Sept. 16

Re: Refusal to join Nixon for his visit to Heath in London

Box 2
1970 Oct. 15

Re: The tragic impact of "irresponsible trade unions" on the construction industry in Kansas City.

Box 2
1970 Dec. 5
Box 2
1970 Dec. 9

Attached: News clipping about the Fed's anti-inflation measures and Burns' comments on Nixon's statement reassuring "adequate money supply" in the market.

Box 2
1970 Dec. 21
Box 2
1971 Jan. 16
Box 2
1971 Jan. 18

Attached: Memorandum from Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner of Labor Statistics regarding estimated impact of labor compensation increase on unemployment, 1971 Jan. 15.

Box 2
1971 Feb. 10

Re: Secretary of Treasury, John Connally.

Box 2
1971 Feb. 18
Box 2
1971 Feb. 20

Re: Rowen Bart's story about his testimony in The Washington Post. Burns also complains about "well-meaning" but "ill-advised" public talks by White House officials whose statements are presented as indications of a conflict around the monetary policy between Burns and Nixon.

Box 2
1971 Feb. 26

Re: Suspension of the David-Bacon Act.

Box 2
1971 Mar. 10
Box 2
1971 May 19

[STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL] Burns's comments on the ongoing international crisis, suggesting that if the US has to suspend gold sales and purchases, it make it appear as if the US government was forced to do so by other governments' actions; otherwise, he argues, the US would have a weaker bargaining position in post-suspension negotiations. He also advises the government to "pay out gold and other reserves in substantial amounts," before a suspension.

Box 2
1971 May 19
Box 2
1971 May 28
Box 2
1972 June 10
Box 2
1971 June 22

Re: Opinion that the fiscal and monetary policies of the government were not as effective as expected.

Box 2
1971 June 30
Box 2
1971 July 22

Re: China-US relations.

Box 2
1971 July 22
Box 2
1971 Aug. 4

Re: Suggestion that the differences between us on matters of economic policy are really minor..

Box 2
1971 Aug. 5
Box 2
1971 Sept. 8
Box 2
1971 Sept. 10

Burns's notes on meeting with the President and labor groups.

Box 2
1971 Sept. 21

Memorandum for the President, in which Burns details his suggestions to Nixon regarding international economic matters. Attached: Letter from Alexander P. Butterfield to Burns, 1971 Sept. 23.

Box 2
1971 Sept. 23

Outline of Phase II strategy of economic stabilization program, and 90-day freeze of wages and prices.

Box 2
1971 Oct. 7

Burns's notes on inflation speech.

Box 2
1971 Oct. 8

Attached: Biographical summary of Carl J. Thomsen.

Box 2
1971 Oct. 14

[Personal and Confidential] Burns's report to the President concerning his impressions of the IMF meeting.

Box 2
1971 Oct. 22
Box 2
1971 Nov. 1
Box 2
1971 Nov. 5

Burns's notes on meeting with the president.

Box 2
1971 Nov. 8
Box 2
1971 Nov. 13

Re: Burns's meeting with leaders of the New York financial community concerning the weakness of the stock market.

Box 2
1971 Nov. 16
Box 2
1971 Nov. 17
Box 2
1971 Nov. 18
Box 2
1971 Nov. 22
Box 2
1971 Nov. 24

Re: Nixon's inquiry about the money supply.

Box 2
1971 Dec. 6

Attached: Resolution adopted at Executive Session of the Conference of Chairmen and Deputy Chairmen of the Federal Reserve Banks, 1971 Dec. 2.

Box 2
1971 Dec. 15
Box 2
1971 Dec. 21

Re: The figures on defense employment.

Box 2
1971 Dec. 22

Burns's notes on meeting with the president.

Box 2
1972 Feb. 3

Re: Nixon's concerns about the monetary policy. Burns assures him that the policy will promote economic expansion. Burns also states his doubts about estimated figures in the budget.

Box 3
1972 Feb. 4
Box 3
1972 Feb. 9
Box 3
1972 Feb. 25
Box 3
1972 Apr. 17

Re: Burns's support of the President's decision to bomb North Vietnam

Box 3
1972 May 13
Box 3
1972 June 5
Box 3
1972 June 22

Re: Burns's evaluation of the Democrats' success in the recent polls and his suggestion to Nixon about what needs to be done.

Box 3
1972 June 24

Attached: Memorandum on Price Policy, 1972 June 24.

Box 3
1972 July 8
Box 3
1972 July 12

Re: Burns's recent trip to Peru, Argentina, Brazil, and Venezuela. Burns addresses the economic and political situation in each country and comments on their economic and political relations with the US.

Box 3
1972 July 27
Box 3
1972 Sept. 9
Box 3
1972 Sept. 14

Re: Senate's failure to adopt the expenditure ceiling and its likely negative financial and monetary impacts.

Box 3
1972 Oct. 18
Box 3
1972 Nov. 13
Box 3
1972 Nov. 28
Box 3
1972 Dec. 4

Re: Achievements of the Committee on Interest and Dividends

Box 3
1972 Dec. 7
Box 3
1972 Dec. 28

Re: Concerns about the inflationary pressures in the next year

Box 3
1973 Jan. 24

Re: Nixon's achievement of enduring peace in Vietnam. Also points to the rebellious mood of Congress about excessive executive powers. Burns suggests that Nixon meet with prominent Congressmen and Senators more frequently.

Box 3
1973 Jan. 29

Re: Concerns regarding the Phase III of economic stabilization program. Attached: Report from the Division of Research and Statistic to Burns, Prospects for Inflation Under Phase III; a Preliminary Analysis, 1973 Jan. 23.

Box 3
1973 Feb. 1
Box 3
1973 Feb. 8
Box 3
1973 Feb. 20
Box 3
1973 Mar. 6
Box 3
1973 Mar. 8
Box 3
1973 Mar. 30
Box 3
1973 Apr. 2
Box 3
1973 Apr. 13

Re: 45-day freeze of a broad range of prices.

Box 3
1973 Apr. 30

Re: Support for Nixon regarding the Watergate incident.

Box 3
1973 May 3

Re: Discontent of the Vice President.

Box 3
1973 May 7
Box 3
1973 June 1

Re: Suggestions concerning fiscal, wage, and price policies

Box 3
1973 June 5
Box 3
1973 June 9

Re: Restrictive fiscal devices to fight inflation.

Box 3
1973 June 27
Box 3
1973 July 16
Box 3
1973 Aug. 3
Box 3
1973 Aug. 13

Re: Nixon's tone in his upcoming talk regarding Watergate and expression of doubt if his or any suggestions could work at the moment.

Box 3
1973 Sept. 10
Box 3
1973 Sept. 12
Box 3
1973 Oct. 16
Box 3
1973 Dec. 5
Box 3
1973 Dec. 6

Re: Gratitude to Nixon for appointing Burns Alternate Governor of the Monetary Fund.

Box 3
1974 Feb. 21
Box 3
1974 Feb. 27
Box 3
1974 Mar. 29

Re: Burns's visit to Russia.

Box 3
1974 Apr. 4
Box 3
1974 May 1

Attached: 3 items. 2 copies of Burns's report to Nixon, Assistance to the Housing Industry, 1974 Apr. 30. Burns's report to Nixon, Public Service Employment Programs, 1974 May 1.

Box 3
1974 May 2

Statement by the President regarding combating inflation and price controls.

Box 3
1974 May 20

Re: Burns's visit to Russia.

Box 3
1974 May 28
Box 3
1974 June 28

Re: Short-term deposits.

Box 3
1974 Aug. 7
Box 3
1974 Aug. 13

Re: Nixon's address and farewell meeting.

Box 3
1974 Nov. 5
Box 3
1983 Nov. 3
Box 3
1985 June 24
Box 3

Burns was U.S. Ambassador to Germany in the first Reagan administration; accordingly, some letters concern German-American relations. Most, however, are routine expressions of thanks or congratulations from President Reagan. Also included are briefly stated pieces of economic advice from Burns to Reagan.

Reagan's correspondence to Burns begins around the 1980 presidential election and accordingly includes many notes of thanks for support and economic advice during the campaign. Also included are Reagan's authorization of Burns as ambassador to Germany and notes on the federal deficit. Birthday wishes and congratulations upon receiving Jospeh Prize for Human Rights are also included.

1980 July 30
Box 3
1980 Sept. 19
Box 3
1980 Sept. 22
Box 3
1981 Feb. 6
Box 3
1981 Feb. 14
Box 3
1981 Mar. 13
Box 3
1982 Jan. 4
Box 3
1982 Jan. 12
Box 3
1982 Jan. 29
Box 3
1982 Apr. 19
Box 3
1982 June 1
Box 3
1983 Apr. 21
Box 3
1984 Feb. 22
Box 3
1984 Apr. 27
Box 3
1984 Dec. 4
Box 3
1985 Mar. 26
Box 3
1986 June 23
Box 3
1986 July 18
Box 3
1987 May 8
Box 3

Burns's correspondence to Reagan consists mostly of congratulations and thanks. Of note, however, is Burns's 4-page confidential memo on the escalating tensions between the U.S. and the Federal Republic of Germany.

[Classified materials removed for review by Information Security Oversity Office (ISOO).]

1980 July 21

Re: Notice of policy statement to be issued by Burns's Committee to Fight Inflation

Box 3
1980 July 21

Re: Note of congratualtions upon Reagan's acceptance of the Republican nomination

Box 3
1980 Sept. 11
Box 3
1980 Nov. 5
Box 3
1981 Feb. 10
Box 3
1981 Aug. 31

Confidential: Discussion of the "accumulating tensions" between the U.S. and the FRG

Box 3
1984 May 8
Box 3
1985 Apr. 16
Box 3
1985 May 10
Box 3

Regan's letters to Burns are routine notes of thanks for support.

1985 Apr. 4
Box 3
1987 Mar. 10
Box 3

Rockefeller's letters to Burns are routine notes of thanks for friendship and sending materials.

1964 Jan. 11
Box 3
1967 Dec. 13
Box 3
1977 Feb. 24
Box 3

Schmidt's letters to Burns are routine notes of thanks and support for cordial German-American relations.

1982 Jan. 8

Written in German.

Box 3
1982 Mar. 5
Box 3
1982 Oct. 6
Box 3
1983 July 17
Box 3
1983 Sept. 8
Box 3
1983 Oct. 16
Box 3
1984 Jan.

Written in German.

Box 3
1985 Jan. 17

Written in German.

Box 3

Schultz's letters to Burns are routine notes of thanks for friendship and sending materials.

1982 May 18
Box 3
1982 Nov. 8
Box 3
1982 Dec. 8
Box 3
1983 Nov. 24
Box 3
1984 Apr. 18
Box 3
1985 May 6
Box 3
1985 June 10
Box 3
1985 Aug. 7
Box 3
1985 Oct. 28
Box 3
1986 June 17
Box 3
George Stigler, undated

Stigler's letters to Burns discuss academic posts, other economists, Milton Friedman, and personal matters.

(3 letters)
Box 3

Thatcher's letters to Burns are routine notes of thanks for friendship and sending materials.

1985 Feb. 27
Box 3
1985 May 21
Box 3
undated
Box 3

Weinberger's letters to Burns discuss the exports of military and electronic goods to the Soviet bloc and Reagan's Strategic Defensive Initiative. Also included are notes of thanks for sending materials and for successfully intervening with German-American trade relations.

1981 Dec. 21
Box 3
1982 Jan. 18
Box 3
1982 July 6
Box 3
1983 Apr. 18
Box 3
1983 Nov. 23
Box 3
1984 May 14
Box 3
1985 Jan. 11
Box 3

Correspondents include Bob Dole, Warren Berger, and Barbara Walters.

1940 Jan. 28

From Dan Creamer.

Box 3
1943 May 24

From Eduardo Hornedo.

Box 3
1956 Nov. 26

From Jacob K. Javits.

Box 3
1975 Sept. 25

From Elizabeth MacDonald Manning. Attached memorandum: Proposal for the Establishment of a Consultative Body in the Communications Area.

Box 3
1976 Sept. 21

From Bob Dole regarding his nomination as the presidential candidate.

Box 3
1977 Apr. 2

From David Eisenhower.

Box 3
1978 May 12

From Bert Lance.

Box 3
1980 Mar. 16

From Warren Berger.

Box 3
1981 Sept. 28

From Frederick J. Kroesen, Jr. to Burns.

Box 3
1981 Dec. 4

From Sam Nunn. Attached article: Arms Control: What We Should Do

Box 3
1982 Jan. 19

From Pjotr Abrassimow to Burns. Written in German

Box 3
1982 Apr. 21

From Charles W. Colson to Burns.

Box 3
1982 Apr. 21

From Theodore Hesburgh to Burns.

Box 3
1982 June 16

From Jeanne J. Kirkpatrick to Burns.

Box 3
1983 Feb. 24

From Walter J. Stoessel, Jr. to Burns.

Box 3
1983 Apr. 7

From Barbara Walters to Burns.

Box 3
1983 Oct. 25

From Karl Carstens to Burns. Written in German.

Box 3
1983 Nov. 23

From Malcolm Baldridge to Burns.

Box 3
1983

Writer unknown. Written in Russian

Box 3
1984 July 8

From Berndt von Staden to Burns.

Box 3
1984 Nov. 3

From Otto Graf Lambsdorff to Burns.

Box 3
1985 Apr. 12

From John J. McCloy to Burns.

Box 3
1985 May 28

From Kenneth W. Dam to Burns.

Box 3
1985 July 12

From Jacob K. Javits to Burns. Attached article: Senate Resolutions 197: Resolution to agree to cooperate with the Jacob K. Javits Senate Fellowship Program

Box 3
1986 July 2

From Raymond Barre to Burns.

Box 3
1986 Aug. 8

From Richard V. Allen to Burns.

Box 3
1986 Aug. 26

From Charles McC. Mathias, Jr. to Burns.

Box 3
1986 Sept. 9

From Samuel R. Pierce, Jr. to Burns.

Box 3
1987 Jan. 12

From Gunther van Well to Burns.

Box 3
1987 Mar. 13

From Howard H. Baker, Jr. to Burns.

Box 3
Undated

From Raymond Barre, President of France. Attached: English translation letter

Box 3
1955 July 18

To Reuven Shiloah in the Israeli Embassy.

Box 3
1976 May 4

To Elliot Nathan Stone.

Box 3
1985 Apr. 16

To Jack Velcoff. Attached: Letter from Jack Velcoff to Burns, 1985 Mar 12

Box 3
1985 Oct. 31

To Doug Coe. Attached: Letter from Coe to Burns, 1985 Dec. 9.

Box 3

Mostly dating from Burns' early career as an economist, this subseries contains Burns' correspondence with other economists, university administrators, the Republican Party, and private sector businesses. Arranged alphabetically by topic and then chronologically within.

Academic career, 1928-1956, bulk 1928-1930

Contains correspondence related to Burns' early publications, application for a post at the University of Chicago, and the possibilities of posts at Harvard and Stanford Universities. Also included are letters of recommendation written for Burns by Wesley Clair Mitchell, Frank A. Ross, and Edwin Seligman. Correspondents include F.W. Taussig, J. van Walre de Burdes, Jacob Viner, Durand Spring, Norman Lombard, W.H. Spencer, Herbert Moore, E.S. Shaw, Frank Knight, and Theodore Schultz.

Box 3
Columbia University, 1926-1974, bulk 1941-1948

Contains correspondence and other documents related to Burns' post at Columbia University, including appointment letters, salary information, and leaves of absence.

Box 3
Council of Economic Advisers, 1954-1956

Contains correspondence related to Burns' post in the Eisenhower administration. Topics include legislative proposals, economic reports, employment, taxation, and the National Highway Program. Correspondents include Sinclair Weeks, Henry O. Talle, Percival F. Brundage, Moses Abramovitz, Rowland Hughes, Bryce Harlow, Maxwell Rabbs, and Douglas R. Stringfellow.

Box 3
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1930-1962 and undated

Contains correspondence about the appointment and work of Burns and other economists at the National Bureau of Economic Research. Also included are letters of recommendation written for Burns. Correspondents include Edwin F. Gay, Wesley C. Mitchell, William J. Carsous, Maurice W. Lee, Solomon Fabricant, Moses Abramovitz, and Simon Kuznets.

(2 folders)
Box 3
New York Herald Tribune, 1930

Contains correspondence regarding columns written by Burns on various economic topics. Also includes notes, drafts, and clippings of columns. One heavily-edited draft of a column on business forecasts has been removed to Oversize Box 14.

[1 item removed to Oversize Box 14]

Box 3
Private sector, 1942-1981

Contains correspondence regarding Burns' work in the private sector with companies such as Standard Oil, Salomon Brothers, Smith Barney, Calvin Bullock, IBM, Federated Department Stores, and Morgan Guaranty Trust. Correspondents include A.L. Williams, Henry Kaufman, Frank G. Zarb, and Fred Lazarus Jr.

Box 3
Republican Party, 1955-1964

Contains correspondence between Burns and the Republican National Committee regarding contributions and strategy. Also included is correspondence and clippings about Jewish support for calendar reform. Correspondents include Charles P. Taft, Val J. Washington, and Chauncey Robbins.

Box 3
Rutgers University, 1927-1944, bulk 1941-1944

Contains correspondence and other documents related to Burns' post at Rutgers University, including appointment letters, salary information, and leaves of absence.

Box 3

Contains letters written to Burns' wife, Helen, both before and after his death. Letters of condolence and remembrance predominate. Correspondents include Mamie Eisenhower, Richard and Pat Nixon, Barbara Bush, Ronald Regan, and Gerald and Betty Ford.

Mamie Doud Eisenhower, 1970 May 25
Box 3
Pat Nixon, 1976 Jan. 8
Box 3
Richard Nixon, 1976 Aug. 13
Box 3
Hannelore Kohl (German), 1983 July 13
Box 3
Gerald Ford 1985 June 21
Box 3
Ronald Reagan, 1987 July 2

Attached: Public statement by Reagan re: Burns' death, 1987 June 26.

Box 3
Hannelore Kohl, 1987 Dec. 16
Box 3
Telegram from Betty and Gerald Ford, 1990 Apr. 16
Box 3
Sam Nunn, 1990 Dec. 27

Attached: News clipping.

Box 3
Richard Nixon, 1993 Jan. 19
Box 3
Pete V. Domenici, Richard C. Halverson, Mark Hatfield, Sam Nunn, Lloyd Ogilvie, and Doug Coe, 1995 May 3
Box 3
Trent Lott, 1997 May 30
Box 3
Gerald R. Ford, May 2
Box 3
Barbara Bush, undated
Box 3

This box contains originals of high-value correspondence without the corresponding attachments or Burns's side of exchanges. Use copies of the letters contained in this box along with their original attachments are located in boxes 1-3.

Moses Abramovitz
(2 items)
Box 15
Spiro Agnew
(3 items)
Box 15
George H.W. Bush
(9 items)
Box 15
Jimmy Carter
(12 items)
Box 15
Dwight David Eisenhower
(161 items)
Box 15
Gerald Ford
(21 items)
Box 15
Milton Friedman
(29 items)
Box 15
Lyndon Baines Johnson
(5 items)
Box 15
John Fitzgerald Kennedy
(3 items)
Box 15
Henry Kissinger
(4 items)
Box 15
Helmut Kohl
(7 items)
Box 15
Simon Kuznets
(4 items)
Box 15
Wesley Clair Mitchell
(8 items)
Box 15
Richard Milhous Nixon
(67 items)
Box 15
Ronald Wilson Reagan
(15 item)
Box 15
Helmut Schmidt
(8 items)
Box 15
George Stigler
(3 items)
Box 15
Margaret Thatcher
(3 items)
Box 15
Letters to Mrs. Helen Burns
(4 items)
Box 15
Honors and Awards: Nixon's message to the Tax Foundation's 32nd annual dinner
(1 item)
Box 15

The series contains Burns' honorary doctoral degrees, awards, and memorials from various national and international organizations.

Doctor of Science, Lake Forest College, 1978 June 3
Box 4
Doctor of Law, University of Vermont, 1979 May 18
Box 4
Doctor of Law, University of Vermont, 1979 May 18
Box 4
Doctor of Humane Letters, University of Dubuque, 1984 Sept.
Box 4
Doctor of Law, Brandeis University, 1983 Nov. 13

[Item removed to Oversize Box 14]

Box 4
Distinguished Fellow, The American Economic Association, 1965
Box 4
The Order of Civil Merit Mugunghwa Medal, Awarded by Park Chung Hee, President of Republic of Korea, 1970 June 26
Box 4
Charles Waldo Haskin Award, New York University College of Business Administration, 1983 Nov. 14. Attached: four copies of invitation for dinner in Burns' Honor.
Box 4
Commencement Program, Columbia University, 1970 June 2
(2 copies)
Box 4
Jefferson Award for Greatest Public Service Performed by an Elected or Appointed Official, American Institute for Public Service, 1976
Box 4
Arthur F. Burns' remarks at the Honors Convocation upon Conferral of the Doctor of Public Service Degree, University of Pittsburgh, 1987 Mar. 18
Box 4
Copy of Nixon's message to the Tax Foundation's 32nd annual dinner and presentation of Award for Distinguished Public Service to Dr. Arthur Burns, 1969 Dec. 2

[Original removed to Box 3]

Box 4
Convocations, commencements and other social gatherings, 1973-2000
(7 items)
Box 4
Medal, Republic of France, undated
Box 5
Medal, Center for the Study of the Presidency, 1985 June 13
Box 5
Paperweight, Calvin Bullock Forum, undated
Box 5
Sterling Silver Box, from His Admirers at the Calvin Bullock Forum
Box 5
America's Democratic Legacy Award, The Anti-Defamation League, 1978 Feb. 2
Box 5
Certificate from Federal Republic of Germany, 1978

[Item removed to Oversize Box 14.]

Box 5
Key to Seoul, undated
Box 5
George Washington Award, The American Hungarian Foundation, 1976 Dec. 6
Box 5
Two medals awarded to Burns by the Prime Minister of Japan, 1978 Apr. 20

Images from the award ceremony are in the Photographs Series.

Box 5
Key to Kansas City, Missouri, undated
Box 5
Sash, undated
Box 5
The Anti-Defamation League, 1978 Feb. 2
Box 5
Letter opener, Charles Waldo Haskin Award, New York University College of Business Administration, 1983 Nov. 14
Box 5
Letter opener, Tax Foundation Award for Distinguished Public Service, 1969 Dec. 2
Box 5
Invest-in-America National Council American Eagle Award, 1978
Box 5
Medal awarded to Burns by the President of Federal Germany, Helmut Schmidt, 1978 June 6

[Item removed to Oversize Box 12.]

Box 5

Contains photocopies of two notebooks handwritten by Arthur Burns between January 20, 1969 and July 25, 1974, when Burns was acting as the Chairman of the Federal Reserve during the Nixon Administration. The journals are comprised of 235 pages, are chronologically ordered in seven folders, and are accompanied by transcripts. They provide invaluable insights into the economic concerns and policies of the period as well as the personal and professional relations among Burns and the White House staff, Cabinet members, and the President. Burns describes at length his interactions with and personal opinions about prominent political figures of the time such as Richard M. Nixon, John Connally, H. Robert Haldeman, John D. Ehrlichman, John N. Mitchell, Spiro Agnew, Henry Kissinger, Daniel Patrick Moynihan, and George Shultz, among many others. The journals record Burns' changing opinions about President Nixon, including disagreements between Burns and the White House concerning issues such as monetary policy and wage and price controls, the Federal Reserve, and relations with international economic partners. Burns' writings also provide important insights into his and others' opinions regarding Watergate and the White House's response to it. Other topics include employment and presidential appointments. There are also entries that discuss the all-volunteer army, busing, community action programs, congressional testimony, energy, food stamps, the Headstart Program, housing, Job Corps, mass transit, malnutrition, model cities program, oil imports, revenue sharing, urban policy, welfare reform, and the Soviet immigration of Jews. There are often long time lapses between consecutive entries; however, Burns addresses the major developments during the time he did not write.

The journals in this collection are photocopied from originals housed at the Ford Library. Since Burns' handwriting is difficult to read, Ford Library staff created transcripts which were then edited by Arthur F. Burns' former secretary, Gail Veenstra. Each photocopied page is accompanied by a transcript. Some words still remain illegible and are identified with brackets; any additional editing by Duke Library Staff is in pencil.

Photocopies of journals, accompanied by transcripts
(7 folders)
Box 6

Contains materials related to Burns' memorial service as well as personal correspondence, clippings, and other materials from his life, such as various versions of his CV, checks written to his father in the 1930s, a 1940 deposition regarding his legal name, and a two-dollar bill signed by Secretary of the Treasury William E. Simon. Also included is an audio recording of his memorial service in 1987. In original order as received.

Memorial and remembrances, 1987-2003 and undated
Box 6
Cassette recording of Burns' memorial service and remarks by Ronald Reagan, 1987
Box 6
Other personal papers, 1926-1987 and undated
(2 folders)
Box 6

Comprised of 1092 black-and-white and color photographs, chiefly of Mr. and Mrs. Burns. The photographs come in various sizes and vary from snapshots to professional portraits; many are mounted in souvenir photograph albums. They show Mr. and Mrs. Burns at social and political occasions such as service ceremonies, lectures, meeting with the U.S. and foreign political figures, and other social gatherings. There are also images taken during trips to international locations.

Photographs, 1958-1999 and undated

[Some materials removed to Oversize Box 14]

Box 6-8
Five photograph albums, color and black-and-white, 1978 (2), 1982, 1985 (2)
Box 8

Composed of three subseries for writings, publicity, and materials related to the Arthur F. Burns Fellowship. The Writings Subseries is organized chronologically and includes lectures, public statements and addresses, reprints of articles, and bound volumes containing speeches he made as ambassador to Germany. The Publicity Subseries contains news clippings and articles, interviews, commentaries, and pieces published after his death. The Arthur F. Burns Fellowship (AFB) is an exchange program for German and U.S. media professionals; folders in this subseries are organized by topic and then chronologically.

The Geometric Mean of Percentages. Journal of the American Statistical Association. (Sept. 1929).
Box 9
Stock Market Cycle Research. Twentieth Century Fund Inc.: Boston (1930).
Box 9
The Business Future of America, US News & World Report, May 6, 1955.
Box 9
Some Lessons of the Recent Recession. (Typed address, Tenth Anniversary Meeting of the Joint Council on Economic Education, the Sheraton-Park Hotel, Washington, D.C, Nov. 19, 1958).
Box 9
Progress Towards Economic Stability. The American Economic Review. Vol. 50, no. 1 (Mar. 1960).
Box 9
The Basis for Lasting Prosperity. (Burns' speech delivered at Pepperdine College Los Angeles, CA, December 7, 1970). Vital Speeches. 37(6) pp. 162-166 (January 1, 1971).
Box 9
A Selected Bibliography. (Typed list of Books, Articles and Interviews by Burns). Research Library Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (July 1974).
Box 9
Meet the Press. Interview moderated by Lawrence E. Spivak. Merkle Press Inc. Vol. 19, no. 21 (May 25, 1975).
Box 9
The Future of the Free Enterprise System. (Reprint of award acceptance paper, Southwestern University, Memphis, Tennessee, Sept. 21, 1978). Oct. 1978. Memphis: P.K. Seidman Foundation.
Box 9
The Dollar and the International Monetary System. (Reprint of keynote address, the David Horowitz Lecture, Van Veer Institute Jerusalem, Israel, Nov. 7, 1978). Dec. 1978. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.
Box 9
The Condition of the American Economy. The Francis Boyer Lectures on Public Policy. 1979. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.
Box 9
Inflation Must Be Stopped. (Reprint of keynote address, Chapman College, Orange, California, May 25, 1979). June 1979. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.
Box 9
The Perils of Inflation. (Reprint of statement to Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, Mar. 14, 1980). Mar. 1980. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.
Box 9
How Inflation Influences Our Lives. (Reprint of keynote address, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York, May 18, 1980). June 1980. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.
Box 9
Our Inflation in Historical Perspective. (Reprint of lecture, the Business Seminar Series of the University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, Oct. 14, 1980). Nov. 1980. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.
Box 9
The Threat of Inflation. In Hearings before the Committee on the Budget., pp. 20-73. U.S. (Jan. 21, 1981). Government Printing Office: Washington.
Box 9
The Reagan Economic Program. (Reprint of lecture, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, North Carolina, Mar. 31, 1981). Apr. 1981. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.
Box 9
Regaining a Stable Price Level. (Reprint of keynote address, Xavier University, Cincinnati, Ohio, May 7, 1981). Aug. 1981. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.
Box 9
The American Trade Deficit in Perspective. Foreign Affairs. No. 62502. Summer 1984.
Box 9
The Economic Sluggishness of Western Europe. (Reprint of the Dunlap Distinguished American Lecture, University of Dubuque, Dubuque, Iowa, Sept. 5, 1984). 1984. Dubuque: University of Dubuque.
Box 9
The Anguish of Central Banking. Federal Reserve Bulletin. 73(5) pp. 687-698 (September 1987).
Box 9
Speeches as Ambassador to Germany, 1981-1985
(1-9 of 10 folders)
Box 9
Speeches as Ambassador to Germany, 1981-1985
(10 of 10 folders)
Box 10
Council of American Ambassadors directory, 1987
Box 10

Contains news clippings and articles related to Burns' career. Included are interviews, commentaries, and memorial articles and obituaries following his death. There are a few articles in German. In original order as received

Clippings, 1974-2004
(5 folders)

[Some materials removed to Oversize Box 14.]

Box 10

Organized by year, these materials provide general information about the program goals along with specific details about where each fellow was accommodated the previous year, and their reports and articles published in the course of their fellowship terms. Three issues of the Arthur F. Burns International Program newsletters are also included.

News clippings, 1993-1999
(5 folders)
Box 10
Arthur F. Burns Fellowship Program Newsletter, 1994-2005
Box 10
News clippings about AFB Fellowship, 1998
Box 10
Annual Fellowship Program spiral-bound notebooks, 1993-1998 (no 1999)
(1-9 of 11 notebooks)
Box 10
Annual Fellowship Program Notebooks, 2000-2001
(10-11 of 11 notebooks)
Box 11

Contains undated syllabi and exam questions from economics courses taught by Burns and materials related to Burns' research on certification and labelling standards in the late 1920s. These materials include notes, correspondence responding to Burns' requests for materials, Department of Commerce publications, news clippings, book reviews, and academic articles. In original order as received.

Exams and syllabi, undated
Box 11
Research, 1927-1930
(2 folders)
Box 11
Medal awarded to Burns by the President of Federal Germany, Helmut Schmidt, 1978 June 6
Box 12
Photo album, 1978
Box 12

Use copies of the communications contained in this box are located in Box 1 for researcher use.

Executive Order signed by Eisenhower, 1953 Aug. 8
Box 13
Executive Order signed by Carter, 1978 Feb. 2
Box 13
Framed Executive Order signed by Nixon with attached gift pen, 1970 Jan. 31
Box 13
Telegram from Nixon, 1969 Nov. 15
Box 14
New York Herald Tribune article draft, 1930
Box 14
Oversized photographs
(7 prints)
Box 14
Clippings
(2 items)
Box 14
Certificate from Federal Republic of Germany, 1978 June 6
Box 14
Doctor of Law, Brandeis University, 1983 Nov. 13
Box 14
Diplomas from Univ. of Pittsburgh (1987), Univ. of Maryland (1984), and the Legion of Honor, France (1976)
Ovsz. Folder 1
Black-and-white 3/4 sepia-toned photographic portrait of Arthur Burns with pipe, circa 1940s
Box 14
Black-and-white panoramic photo of testimonial dinner in honor of Simon Kuznets on the occasion of his 60th birthday, Burns seated at long table on right, Hotel Biltmore, April 28, 1961
Box 14
Black-and-white photograph of approx. 40 individuals (White House Cabinet and advisors?) seated at table, with Nixon on right, and Burns in immediate foreground on left, 1969 Apr. 14
Box 14
Black-and-white photograph of Burns with Nixon in White House room with unidentified man in foreground, all seated, 1970 Dec. 15
Box 14
Black-and-white photograph of Burns with Nixon, wife Helen, and a Chief Justice (?) at ceremony related to Burns' appointment to Chair of the Federal Reserve Board, 1970 Jan. 30
Box 14
"Washington Pays Tribute to Arthur Burns, 1904-1987," 1987 (large photocopy of clipping)
Box 14

Historical Note

Arthur Frank Burns, renowned economist, policy maker and diplomat, was born into an Austro-Hungarian Jewish family in Stanislau, Galicia (now part of Ukraine) in 1904. His family immigrated to the United States in 1914 and settled in New Jersey. In 1925 Burns received A.B. and A.M. degrees in economics from Columbia University. He worked under renowned economist Wesley Clair Mitchell and received his Ph.D. in economics from Columbia in 1934. Between 1926 and 1944 he taught at Columbia and Rutgers. He was named full professor at Rutgers University in 1943. Burns's economic thought was inspired by Keynes, yet he believed that the Keynesian model was simplistic and totalistic as, according to Burns, each industry had its own cycle, hence government intervention should be taken selectively and upon detailed statistical analysis. Burns joined the National Bureau of Economics as Research Associate in 1930; in later years he served as the Director of Research (1945-1953), President (1957-1967), and Chairman (1967-1968) of this institution.

Burns's political involvement with the Republican Party began with his support for Eisenhower in the 1952 election. Burns acted as the Chairman of the Council of Advisors to the President (1953-1956), Chairman of the Cabinet Committee on Small Business (1956), and as member of U.S. Advisory Council on Social Security Financing (1957-1958).

Burns was also an economic advisor to Nixon's 1968 presidential campaign and acted as the White House economic advisor from 1969-1970. He was appointed Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve on Jan. 31, 1970, and held the position until March 1978. Meanwhile, he also served as the Head of the Committee on Interest and Dividends (1971-1974), a committee founded as part of Nixon's Economic Stabilization Program; as the U.S. Alternate Governor to the International Monetary Fund (1973-1978); and as a member of Emergency Loan Guarantee Board (1971-1978). The Nixon administration took over an economy in crisis, and Burns proposed a recovery program, which in the early days seemed to be effective. This period and Burns's reactions to its crises are well-documented in the correspondence and personal journals found in this collection. Between 1977-1981 and 1985-1987, Burns served as a distinguished scholar at the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy, where he taught and wrote. In 1981, Ronald Reagan appointed him U.S. Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany, a position he held until May 16, 1985. Burns passed away on June 26, 1987 in Baltimore, Maryland. Burns's theories have inspired many economists, including his renowned student Milton Friedman.

Selected Publications:

DateEvent(s)
1934Production Trends in the United States Since 1870. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research
1946Measuring Business Cycles. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research, with Wesley Mitchell
1952Wesley Clair Mitchell: the Economic Scientist. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research
1957Prosperity without Inflation. Buffalo: Smith, Keynes & Marshall
Frontiers of Economic Knowledge. Princeton: University of Princeton Press
1967Full Employment: Guideposts and Economic Stability. Washington D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, with Paul Samuelson
1969Business Cycle in a Changing World. New York: Columbia University Press
1978Reflections of an Economic Policy Maker: Speeches and Congressional Statements, 1969-1978. Washington D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • Arthur F. Burns Papers (Gerald R. Ford Library)
  • Economists' Papers Project (Collection of notable economists' papers includes many individuals who served U.S. presidential administrations in various capacities.) (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Arthur F. Burns Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University

Provenance

The Arthur F. Burns Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift from 2006-2012.

Processing Information

Processed by Yektan Turkyilmaz, December 2009, and Elizabeth Shesko, December 2010

Encoded by Yektan Turkyilmaz and Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, December 2009, and Elizabeth Shesko, December 2010

2011 addition interfiled by Alice Poffinberger. 2012 addition processed and encoded by Levi Crews; finding aid updates and edits by Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, October 2013.

Accessions 2006-0050, 2007-0027, 2007-0144, 2008-0013, 2008-0031, 2009-0004, 2009-0171, 2010-0210, 2011-0116, and 2012-0261 were merged into one collection, described in this finding aid.

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.