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Guide to the James Braxton Craven Papers, 1961-1977

Abstract

North Carolina lawyer and federal judge. The legal and judicial papers of U.S. Circuit Court Judge James Braxton Craven span the years 1961-1977. Files of correspondence, memoranda, and legal motions and orders concern a multitude of cases in which Craven was involved. Cases include civil suits; criminal cases, including many prisoners' petitions for Writs of Habeas Corpus, particularly since Gideon v. Wainwright; and appeals from administrative boards and commissions, including the FCC, SEC, NLRB, and others. After 1970, Craven served on "three-judge" district court sessions, special courts which usually relate to civil suits raising questions of governmental policy and of constitutional law, and the files document these as well. There are also files dating from 1964-1973 which concern school integration cases. The correspondence between judges is particularly significant, revealing the intersection of personal belief and the carrying out of judicial processes in the lower and higher courts. The collection also includes a précis outlining the legal philosophy and the highlights of Craven's career, but contains very little personal material.

Descriptive Summary

Collection Number
RL.00266
Title
James Braxton Craven papers
Date
1961-1977
Creator
Craven, James Braxton
Extent
224 Linear Feet, 168,210 Items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Material in English

Collection Overview

The legal and judicial papers of U.S. Circuit Court Judge James Braxton Craven span the years 1961-1977. Files of correspondence, memoranda, and legal motions and orders concern a multitude of cases in which Craven was involved. Cases include civil suits; criminal cases, including many prisoners' petitions for Writs of Habeas Corpus, particularly since Gideon v. Wainwright; and appeals from administrative boards and commissions, including the FCC, SEC, NLRB, and others. After 1970, Craven served on "three-judge" district court sessions, special courts which usually relate to civil suits raising questions of governmental policy and of constitutional law, and the files document these as well. There are also files dating from 1964-1973 which concern school integration cases. The correspondence between judges is particularly significant, revealing the intersection of personal belief and the carrying out of judicial processes in the lower and higher courts. The collection also includes a précis outlining the legal philosophy and the highlights of Craven's career, but contains very little personal material. Arrangement is in one large alphabetical file, prefaced by a file of biographical information.

Restrictions on Access & Use

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warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

1. Alphabetical Series, 1961-1977

267 boxes

The bulk of the series is taken up by many boxes of files from U.S. Court of Appeals cases. Each box contains approximately .5 linear feet of material. Other smaller sections contain files on U.S. District Court cases, files on the Criminal Justice and the Federal Magistrates acts, correspondence between judges, school civil rights cases, administrative files, and judicial conferences.

Biographical information; inventory of collection
Box 1
Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts: Reports, 1970-1976
Box 1
Appellate Judges Seminar and Planning Committee, 1974-1976
Box 2
Appellate Justice Noational Conference, San Diego, Ca., 1975
Box 3
Clare Plan (re: standards for admission to practice in the federal courts), 1975-1977
Box 4
Correspondence: "Crackpot Letters," 1962-1977
Box 4
Correspondence with eleven judges, 1961-1977
Box 5
Criminal Justice Act, 1964-1966
Box 6
Federal Magistrates Act, 1969-1970
Box 6
School Civil Rights Cases, 1964-1973
Box 7
Cases, 1968-1977

Cases 8790 to 15713 date from 1968 to 1970. Cases 71-1001 to 77-1631 date from 1971 to 1977.

Legal cases, 8790-10357
Box 8
Legal cases, 10358-10552
Box 9
Legal cases, 10554-10640
Box 10
Legal cases, 10641-10755
Box 11
Legal cases, 10756-10822
Box 12
Legal cases, 10823-10974
Box 13
Legal cases, 10975-11029
Box 14
Legal cases, 11030-11099
Box 15
Legal cases, 11100-11192
Box 16
Legal cases, 11193-11300
Box 17
Legal cases, 11302-11399
Box 18
Legal cases, 11404-11516
Box 19
Legal cases, 11517-11569
Box 20
Legal cases, 11570-11649
Box 21
Legal cases, 11650-11748
Box 22
Legal cases, 11750-11899
Box 23
Legal cases, 11900-12018
Box 24
Legal cases, 12019-12099
Box 25
Legal cases, 12101-12237
Box 26
Legal cases, 12240-12344
Box 27
Legal cases, 12351-12440
Box 28
Legal cases, 12441-12497
Box 29
Legal cases, 12500-12596
Box 30
Legal cases, 12600-12679
Box 31
Legal cases, 12680-12748
Box 32
Legal cases, 12752-12828
Box 33
Legal cases, 12830-12874
Box 34
Legal cases, 12875-12938
Box 35
Legal cases, 12940-13039
Box 36
Legal cases, 13040-13148
Box 37
Legal cases, 13149-13246
Box 38
Legal cases, 13247-13290
Box 39
Legal cases, 13291-13349
Box 40
Legal cases, 13350-13424
Box 41
Legal cases, 13425-13517
Box 42
Legal cases, 13518-13599
Box 43
Legal cases, 13600-13719
Box 44
Legal cases, 13720-13807
Box 45
Legal cases, 13808-13903
Box 46
Legal cases, 13904-13949
Box 47
Legal cases, 13950-14028
Box 48
Legal cases, 14029-14099
Box 49
Legal cases, 14100-14209
Box 50
Legal cases, 14210-14298
Box 51
Legal cases, 14299-14399
Box 52
Legal cases, 14400-14502
Box 53
Legal cases, 14503-14561
Box 54
Legal cases, 14562-14629
Box 55
Legal cases, 14630-14764
Box 56
Legal cases, 14765-14836
Box 57
Legal cases, 14837-14927
Box 58
Legal cases, 14928-14968
Box 59
Legal cases, 14969-15040
Box 60
Legal cases, 15041-15089
Box 61
Legal cases, 15090-15169
Box 62
Legal cases, 15170-15237
Box 63
Legal cases, 15238-15289
Box 64
Legal cases, 15290-15383
Box 65
Legal cases, 15384-15713
Box 66
Legal cases, 71-1001 - 71-1082
Box 67
Legal cases, 71-1083 - 71-1155
Box 68
Legal cases, 71-1156 - 71-1269
Box 69
Legal cases, 71-1270 - 71-1358
Box 70
Legal cases, 71-1359 - 71-1411
Box 71
Legal cases, 71-1412 - 71-1506
Box 72
Legal cases, 71-1507 - 71-1572
Box 73
Legal cases, 71-1573 - 71-1629
Box 74
Legal cases, 71-1630 - 71-1716
Box 75
Legal cases, 71-1717 - 71-71-1774
Box 76
Legal cases, 71-1775 - 71-1861
Box 77
Legal cases, 71-1862 - 71-1925
Box 78
Legal cases, 71-1926 - 71-1999
Box 79
Legal cases, 71-2000 - 71-2100
Box 80
Legal cases, 71-2101 - 71-2177
Box 81
Legal cases, 71-2178 - 71-2219
Box 82
Legal cases, 72-1001 - 72-1055
Box 83
Legal cases, 72-1056 - 72-1074
Box 84
Legal cases, 72-1075 - 72-1182
Box 85
Legal cases, 72-1183 - 72-1238
Box 86
Legal cases, 72-1239 - 72-1266
Box 87
Legal cases, 72-1267 - 72-1314
Box 88
Legal cases, 72-1315 - 72-1396
Box 89
Legal cases, 72-1397 - 72-1470
Box 90
Legal cases, 72-1471 - 72-1544
Box 91
Legal cases, 72-1545 - 72-1613
Box 92
Legal cases, 72-1614 - 72-1692
Box 93
Legal cases, 72-1693 - 72-1739
Box 94
Legal cases, 72-1740 - 72-1819
Box 95
Legal cases, 72-1820 - 72-1897
Box 96
Legal cases, 72-1898 - 72-1999
Box 97
Legal cases, 72-2000 - 72-2067
Box 98
Legal cases, 72-2068 - 72-2216
Box 99
legal cases, 72-2217 - 72-2321
Box 100
Legal cases, 72-2322 - 72-2368
Box 101
Legal cases, 72-2369 - 72-2428
Box 102
Legal cases, 72-2429 - 72-2469
Box 103
Legal cases, 72-2470 - 72-2519
Box 104
Legal cases, 73-1001 - 73-1027
Box 105
Legal cases, 73-1028 - 73-1062
Box 106
Legal cases, 73-1063 - 73-1142
Box 107
Legal cases, 73-1143 - 73-1186
Box 108
Legal cases, 73-1187 - 73-1233
Box 109
Legal cases, 73-1234 - 73-1282
Box 110
Legal cases, 73-1283 - 73-1366
Box 111
Legal cases, 73-1367 - 73-1476
Box 112
Legal cases, 73-1477 - 73-1521
Box 113
Legal cases, 73-1522 - 73-1587
Box 114
Legal cases, 73-1588 - 73-1633
Box 115
Legal cases, 73-1634 - 73-1699
Box 116
Legal cases, 73-1652 - 73-1833
Box 117
Box 118
Legal cases, 73-1700 - 73-1751
Box 119
Legal cases, 73-1752 - 73-1812
Box 120
Legal cases, 73-1813 - 73-1852
Box 121
Legal cases, 73-1853 - 73-1899
Box 122
Legal cases, 73-1900 - 73-1939
Box 123
Legal cases, 73-1940 - 73-1997
Box 124
Legal cases, 73-1998 - 73-2059
Box 125
Legal cases, 73-2060 - 73-2118
Box 126
Legal cases, 73-2119 - 73-2211
Box 127
Legal cases, 73-2212 - 73-2270
Box 128
Legal cases, 73-2271 - 73-2321
Box 129
Legal cases, 73-2322 - 73-2353
Box 130
Legal cases, 73-2354 - 73-2396
Box 131
Legal cases, 73-2397 - 73-2451
Box 132
Legal cases, 73-2452 - 73-2499
Box 133
Legal cases, 73-2500 - 73-2518
Box 134
Legal cases, 73-2519 - 73-2526
Box 135
Legal cases, 74-1003 - 74-1059
Box 136
Legal cases, 74-1060 - 74-1124
Box 137
Legal cases, 74-1125 - 74-1193
Box 138
Legal cases, 74-1194 - 74-1225
Box 139
Legal cases, 74-1226 - 74-1259
Box 140
Legal cases, 74-1260 - 74-1336
Box 141
Legal cases, 74-1337 - 74-1374
Box 142
Legal cases, 74-1375 - 74-1426
Box 143
Legal cases, 74-1427 - 74-1479
Box 144
Legal cases, 74-1480 - 74-1547
Box 145
Legal cases, 74-1548 - 74-1605
Box 146
Legal cases, 74-1606 - 74-1655
Box 147
Legal cases, 74-1656 - 74-1689
Box 148
Legal cases, 74-1690 - 74-1739
Box 149
Legal cases, 74-1740 - 74-1800
Box 150
Legal cases, 74-1801 - 74-1851
Box 151
Legal cases, 74-1852 - 74-1911
Box 152
Legal cases, 74-1912 - 74-1979
Box 153
Legal cases, 74-1980 - 74-2039
Box 154
Legal cases, 74-2040 - 74-2094
Box 155
Legal cases, 74-2095 - 74-2121
Box 156
Legal cases, 74-2122 - 74-2174
Box 157
Legal cases, 74-2175 - 74-2230
Box 158
Legal cases, 74-2231 - 74-2261
Box 159
Legal cases, 74-2262 - 74-2304
Box 160
Legal cases, 74-2305 - 74-2354
Box 161
Legal cases, 74-2355 - 74-2399
Box 162
Legal cases, 75-1001 - 75-1050
Box 163
Legal cases, 75-1051 (-1075, -1088, -1196, and related cases)
Box 164
Legal cases, 75-1052 - 75-1079
Box 165
Legal cases, 75-1080 - 75-1114
Box 166
Legal cases, 75-1115 - 75-1159
Box 167
Legal cases, 75-1160 - 75-1217
Box 168
Legal cases, 75-1218 - 75-1243
Box 169
Legal cases, 75-1244 - 75-1281
Box 170
Legal cases, 75-1282 - 75-1302
Box 171
Legal cases, 75-1303 - 75-1343
Box 172
Legal cases, 75-1344 - 75-1400
Box 173
Legal cases, 75-1401 - 75-1444
Box 174
Legal cases, 75-1445 - 75-1496
Box 175
Legal cases, 75-1497 - 75-1514
Box 176
Legal cases, 75-1515 - 75-1572
Box 177
Legal cases, 75-1573 - 75-1612
Box 178
Legal cases, 75-1613 - 75-1649
Box 179
Legal cases, 75-1650 - 75-1699
Box 180
Legal cases, 75-1700 - 75-1760
Box 181
Legal cases, 75-1761 - 75-1801
Box 182
Legal cases, 75-1802 - 75-1845
Box 183
Legal cases, 75-1846 - 75-1869
Box 184
Legal cases, 75-1870/71 only
Box 185
Legal cases, 75-1872 - 75-1910
Box 186
Legal cases, 75-1911 - 75-1954
Box 187
Legal cases, 75-1955 - 75-2011
Box 188
Legal cases, 75-2012 - 75-2044
Box 189
Legal cases, 75-2045 - 75-2099
Box 190
Legal cases, 75-2100 - 75-2140
Box 191
Legal cases, 75-2141 - 75-2182
Box 192
Legal cases, 75-2183 - 75-2239
Box 193
Legal cases, 75-2240 - 75-2279
Box 194
Legal cases, 75-2280 - 75-2314
Box 195
Legal cases, 75-2315 - 75-2341
Box 196
Legal cases, 75-2342 - 75-2383
Box 197
Legal cases, 76-1001 - 76-1059
Box 198
Legal cases, 76-1060 - 76-1070 (and 76-1168)
Box 199
Legal cases, 76-1071 - 76-1107
Box 200
Legal cases, 76-1108 - 76-1153
Box 201
Legal cases, 76-1154 - 76-1189
Box 202
Legal cases, 76-1190 - 76-1239
Box 203
Legal cases, 76-1240 - 76-1294
Box 204
Legal cases, 76-1295 - 76-1349
Box 205
Legal cases, 76-1350 - 76-1410
Box 206
Legal cases, 76-1411 - 76-1482
Box 207
Legal cases, 76-1483 - 76-1490
Box 208
Legal cases, 76-1493 - 76-1494
Box 209
Legal cases, 76-1495 - 76-1517
Box 210
Legal cases, 76-1518 - 76-1539
Box 211
Legal cases, 76-1540- 76-1609
Box 212
Legal cases, 76-1610 - 76-1694
Box 213
Legal cases, 76-1695 - 76-1753
Box 214
Legal cases, 76-1754 - 76-1801
Box 215
Legal cases, 76-1802 - 76-1899
Box 216
Legal cases, 76-1900 - 76-1999
Box 217
Legal cases, 76-2000 - 76-2109
Box 218
Legal cases, 76-2110 - 76-2237
Box 219
Legal cases, 76-2238 - 76-2463
Box 220
Legal cases, 77-1001 - 77-1206
Box 221
Legal cases, 77-1207 - 77-1681
Box 222
Misc. 500 - 989, 1968 Mar. 28-1973 Apr.
Box 223-226
Misc. 72-8002 - 72-8040, 1972 Sept.-1972 Dec.
Box 227
Misc. 73-8003 - 73-8165, 1973 Mar.-1974 Jan.
Box 228
Misc. 74-8002 - 74-8127, 1974 June-1975 Mar.
Box 229-231
Misc. 75-8000 - 75-8447, 1975 May-1976 Aug.
Box 232-235
Misc. 76-8007 - 76-8423, 1975 Dec.-1977 Apr.
Box 236-238
Misc. 77-8008 - 77-8080, 1977 Jan.-1977 May
Box 239
Unnumbered cases, 1966-1977
Box 240
Circuit Executive, 1974-1977
Box 241-243
Clerk's Office, 1974-1977
Box 244-245
Court Administration,
Agenda and Minutes of Meetings, Judicial Council, 1968-1977
Box 246
Judicial Council Matters, 1974-1977
Box 247-249
Court Calendars and Case Notes, 1972-1977
Box 250-251
Judicial Conferences, 1970-1977
Box 252
Paper Shuffling File, 1968
Box 253
Rules, 1966-1975
Box 253
Cases:
Maryland, 1973-1975
Box 254
N.C. Western District, 1964-1967
Prisoners, Habeas Corpus Cases, 1961-1966 and 1970-1971
Box 254
N.C. Wilmington District, 1966-1977
Box 255
Pennsylvania, 1975
Box 255
Three-Judge, 1965 and 1970-1977
Box 256-267

Historical Note

Chronology

Date Event(s)
1918 April 3 James Braxton Craven born in Lenoir County, N.C., son of a Methodist minister
1939 A.B., Duke University
1942 LL.B., Harvard University
1942-1946 Served in U.S. Navy
1946 Admitted to North Carolina Bar
Solicitor of the Burke County Criminal Court
1948-1952 Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Western District of North Carolina
1956 Appointed North Carolina Superior Judge
1959-1960 Vice President of the North Carolina Bar Association
1961 Appointed Chief Judge of the U.S. District Court for the Western District in North Carolina
1963 Elected a member of the Institute of Judicial Administration
1966-1977 U.S. Circuit Judge, Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals
1967 Visiting professor in constitutional law at the University of North Carolina Law School
1968 Visiting professor in federal courts at the University of Texas Law School
1970 Visiting professor in constitutional law at the University of North Carolina Law School
1972-1973 Duke University Board of Trustees member
1977 May 3 Death of James Braxton Craven at age 59

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], James Braxton Craven Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University

Provenance

The James Braxton Craven Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a purchase in 1978.

Processing Information

Processed and catalogued by Rubenstein Library staff, 1981.

Encoded by Ted Holt and Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, March 2008.

Accession 1-12-1978 is described in this finding aid.