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Guide to the Griffith J. Davis photographs and films, 1947-1991 and undated

Summary

Photojournalist, diplomat, and film maker from Atlanta, Georgia. Collection dates from 1949-1991 and comprises films, photographs, nitrate negatives, contact prints and related materials assembled by African American photojournalist Griff Davis, relating to Davis's trips to Liberia; prominent African American writers, poets, or artists such as Langston Hughes, Hale Woodruff, and Charles Alston; and the Palmer Memorial Institute, a private junior and senior high school for African Americans in Sedalia, N.C. The audiovisual components include home movies and nine color and black-and-white 16mm films dating from the fifties, taken in Liberia by Davis during part of William V.S. Tubman's presidency. Films depict a wide range of subjects, including the country's people, industry, leaders, and rural life. Other Griff Davis images in the collection are found in an album entitled "Progress in Liberia, November 1949 - February 1950," containing twenty large black-and-white gelatin silver prints with typed captions; the album was assembled to promote a partnership between the government of Liberia and Liberia Mining Company. Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

Collection Details

Collection Number
RL.00292
Title
Griffith J. Davis photographs and films
Date
1947-1991 and undated
Creator
Davis, Griffith J.
Extent
6 Linear Feet, 476 items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Material in English

Collection Overview

The Griffith J. Davis Photographs and Films collection dates from 1949-1991 and comprises films, photographs, nitrate negatives, contact prints, and related materials relating to Davis's trips to Liberia; prominent African American writers, poets, or artists such as Langston Hughes, Hale Woodruff, and Charles Alston; and the Palmer Memorial Institute, a private junior and senior high school for African Americans in Sedalia, N.C.

Photographic materials include two sheets of photographic contact prints taken by Davis when he visited Methodist missionaries Mr. and Mrs. George Way Harley in Ganta, Liberia. Subjects include African masks and the Ganta Mission. A letter written by Davis describes his visit with the Harleys. Other Griff Davis images in the collection are found in an album entitled "Progress in Liberia, November 1949 - February 1950," containing a map of Liberia and twenty large black-and-white gelatin silver prints with typed captions. Subjects feature Liberian landscapes, construction projects, bridges, railroads, and port scenes, with some images featuring native Liberian workers. The album was assembled to promote the partnership with the Liberian government and the Liberia Mining Company; in the first image, President Tubman is signing a contract with mining officials. There are also nitrate negatives in the collection that are closed to public use.

The audiovisual components include seven color and black-and-white films across ten reels, taken in Liberia by Davis in the 1950s during William V.S. Tubman's presidency. Davis was asked by Tubman to take films of Liberia in 1952. In 1956 and 1957 he made films while stationed in Liberia with the United States technical assistance mission and the Liberian Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. Films depict a wide range of subjects, activities and events, including the country's people, industry, leaders, and rural life. Titles include Pepper Bird Land (1952), Liberia 1956 Presidential Inauguration of William V. S. Tubman & William R. Tolbert, President and the Press Exhibit (1956), Gold Coast Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah Visits Liberia (1953), Progress Through Cooperation (1957), home movie Coketails for Dorothy, Monrovia Children's Birthday Party (1956), and Night Village Dancing in Liberia (1956).

Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

More Biographical / Historical Info

Using These Materials

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 2 full business days in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access to the Collection

Collection is open to research use.

Original audiovisual materials are closed to use; viewing copies are available. Nitrate negatives can only be consulted with permission of the Curator of the Archive of Documentary Arts.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use & Permissions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

More copyright and citation information

How to Cite

[Identification of item], Griffith J. Davis Photographs and Films, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University

Contents of the Collection

1. Photographs, 1947-1991 and undated

6 boxes, 3 reels

This material has been given basic processing and includes both the original collection and an addition from 2003. Materials have been reboxed but may not have not been described or arranged beyond their original condition.

Conditions Governing Access note

[Original audiovisual materials are closed to use. Viewing copies are available. Nitrate negatives can only be consulted with permission of the Curator of Documentary Arts.]

Correspondence, contact sheets, and photographic prints
Box 1
Copy negatives.
Box 2
Nitrate negatives

Nitrate negatives are restricted

Box 3
Photo album, "Progress in Liberia, Nov. 1949-Feb. 1950"
(20 black and white prints, approx. 10.75" x 12.75")
Box 6

2. Films, 1952-1957 and undated

Original 16mm prints in the Griffith Davis collection are closed to use, and have not been digitized. To request access to the electronic user copy made from the VHS tapes, select "Electronic Record" for that title.

Pepperbird Land, color, sound, 1952
(23 minutes)
Original 16mm print
Box 7
Film-reel RL00292-F16-0001
Betacam SP transfer
Box 7
Video-cassette RL00292-BCAM-0001
Original VHS viewing copy
Box 4
Video-cassette RL00292-VHS-0001
Electronic Record (Use Copy) : RL00292-VHS-0001.mp4

Request This Record

Title: RL00292-VHS-0001

Description:

Gold Coast prime minister Kwame Nkrumah visits Liberia, black and white, sound, 1953
(7 minutes)
Original 16mm print
Box 7
Film-reel RL00292-F16-0002
Original VHS viewing copy
Box 4
Video-cassette RL00292-VHS-0003
Electronic Record (Use Copy) : RL00292-VHS-0003.mp4

Request This Record

Title: RL00292-VHS-0003

Description:

Coketails for Dorothy - Monrovia's Children's Birthday Party, unedited, black and white, silent, September 1, 1956
(25 minutes)
Original 16mm print, part one
Box 7
Film-reel RL00292-F16-0003
Original 16mm print, part two
Box 7
Film-reel RL00292-F16-0004
Original VHS viewing copy
Box 4
Video-cassette RL00292-VHS-0002
Electronic Record (Use Copy) : RL00292-VHS-0002.mp4

Request This Record

Title: RL00292-VHS-0002

Description:

Liberia - 1956 Presidential inauguration of William V.S. Tubman and William R. Tolbert, black and white, sound, 1956
(58 minutes)
Original 16mm print
Film-reel Film master: Reel 2
Film-reel RL00292-F16-0005
Digibeta transfer
Box 7
Video-cassette RL00292-DBCAM-0001
Original VHS viewing copy
Box 4
Video-cassette RL00292-VHS-0003
Electronic Record (Use Copy) : RL00292-VHS-0003.mp4

Request This Record

Title: RL00292-VHS-0003

Description:

The President and the Press Exhibition on the 10th Anniversary of the Liberian Age Newspaper, black and white, silent,  May 1956
(11 minutes)
Original 16mm print
Box 7
Film-reel RL00292-F16-0006
Original VHS viewing copy
Box 4
Video-cassette RL00292-VHS-0003
Electronic Record (Use Copy) : RL00292-VHS-0003.mp4

Request This Record

Title: RL00292-VHS-0003

Description:

Night Village Dancing in Liberia - unedited, black and white, silent, 1956
(35 minutes)
Original 16mm print, part one
Box 7
Film-reel RL00292-F16-0007
Original 16mm print, part two
Box 7
Film-reel RL00292-F16-0008
Original VHS viewing copy
Box 4
Video-cassette RL00292-VHS-0002
Electronic Record (Use Copy) : RL00292-VHS-0002.mp4

Request This Record

Title: RL00292-VHS-0002

Description:

Progress Through Cooperation - color, sound, 1957
(63 minutes)
Original 16mm print, part one
Film-reel Film master: Reel 1
Film-reel RL00292-F16-0009
Original 16mm print, part two
Film-reel Film master: Reel 1
Film-reel RL00292-F16-0010
Original VHS viewing copy
Box 4
Video-cassette RL00292-VHS-0001
Electronic Record (Use Copy) : RL00292-VHS-0001.mp4

Request This Record

Title: RL00292-VHS-0001

Description:

 

Historical Note

Griffith Davis was born on the campus of Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia April 18, 1923. He was introduced to photography during high school. After serving in WWII, Davis returned to Atlanta where his photojournalism career flourished as he worked while at Morehouse College for the Atlanta Daily World, Time, and Ebony, who authorized him to do a photojournalism spread on his sister's high school, the Palmer Memorial Institute, a private boarding school in North Carolina. Davis' journalistic career introduced him to many political and cultural players of the time, including Langston Hughes, who was one of his earliest mentors. Davis received his M.A. in journalism from Columbia in 1949, the only black student in the program. As a journalist for the Black Star photo agency, New York Times, Ebony, and many other publications, Davis traveled in the United States, Africa, and Europe during the forties and fifties. In 1952 the Republic of Liberia sponsored Davis' one-man show "Liberia, 1952," at the American Museum of Natural History, and the years that followed he produced three documentary films including one narrated by the then unknown actor Sidney Poitier. In 1952 he also joined the Foreign Service, spending most of his time advancing Truman's Point 4 program for foreign aid (later USAID), chiefly in Liberia. He also served in Tunisia and Nigeria, and retired in 1985. In 1993, Morehouse College awarded Davis the Bennie Trailblazer Award, named for his former mentor and president of Morehouse, Benjamin Mays, for personal and professional achievements.


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Provenance

The Griffith J. Davis Photographs and Films were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as gifts and a purchase from 1999 to 2011.

Processing Information

Processed by Meghan Lyon, February 2009

Encoded by Meghan Lyon, February 2009

Addition 2011-0104 processed and finding aid updated by Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, December 2011

Materials may not have been ordered and described beyond their original condition.

Accessions from 1999, 2003-0247, and 2011-0104 are represented in this finding aid.