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Guide to the Raja Deen Dayal photographs, circa 1870s-1905

Abstract

Indian-born professional photographer active in the last half of the 19th century; died in 1905.

Collection of 51 large albumen and gelatin silver photographs mounted on mat board, taken by professional photographer Raja Deen Dayal, which offer insights into the culture, history, and environment of India in the last decades of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. The prints range in size from 5x8" to 9x11", and document the 1903 visit of Duke and Duchess of Connaught, which includes marshalling of troops and parades, various archaeological sites, monuments, and natural vistas. Images are arranged by print number, some of which are original and some assigned by the dealer (in brackets). Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Deen Dayal, Raja, 1844-1905.
Title
Raja Deen Dayal photographs circa 1870s-1905
Language of Material
English
Extent
3.0 Linear Feet, 51 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

Collection of 51 large albumen and gelatin silver photographs mounted on mat board, taken by professional photographer Raja Deen Dayal, which offer insights into the culture, history, and environment of India in the last decades of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. The prints range in size from 5x8" to 9x11", and document the 1903 visit of Duke and Duchess of Connaught, which includes marshalling of troops and parades; various archaeological sites (Delhi, Pesawar, Kashmir, Sriniggur); monuments; and natural vistas. Images are arranged by print number, some of which are original and some assigned by the dealer (in brackets).

Of the 51 photographs, 17 portray the visit of the Duke and Duchess of Connaught's visit to Gwalior State in 1903. These gelatin silver photographs were previously housed in an album; now they are singly mounted on mat board and measure from 5"x8" to 12"x8". Several of the images capture the marshalling of troops and a military review, others the elaborate furnishings of the Duke and Duchess' living quarters, others still, opulently adorned elephants. Some retain the original captions.

The remaining 34 photographs document various archaeological and natural sites in India. Of special interest are the Jama Masjid, the Qutub Minar, and the tomb of Nizam-ud-Din. Deen Dayal also captured images of places such as the Pir Panjal mountain route into Kashmir and the glaciers above Gulmarg, Kashmir. The prints also portray the Lidder Valley, Kashmir, River Ghelum and various forts. There are also a few street scenes in Delhi and various architectural details of the Jain Temple in Chittore Fort and the Taj Mahal. Two of the photographs are gelatin silver prints and the remainder are albumen. The prints all measure 9"x11".

Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Comprised of 17 silver gelatin prints, originally housed in a photo album. Original titles and spellings have been retained. Dimensions vary and are noted. Print numbers in brackets have been supplied by the dealer; there is also one unnumbered print.

Infantry marching past the Duke and Duchess of Connaught on visit to Gwalior State
(7x11")
Box 1 Image [18742]
Gwalior, sappers marching past the Duke of Connaught
(7x11")
Box 1 Image [18743]
Gwalior lancers, visit of Duke and Duchess of Connaught on visit to Gwalior State
(5x11")
Box 1 Image [18744]
Gwalior, Imperial Service troops march past
(7x11")
Box 1 Image [18741a]
Gwalior, Cavalry band marching past the Duke and Duchess of Connaught
(7x11")
Box 1 Image [18747]
Gwalior Cadet Corps
(5x8")
Box 1 Image [18765]
Do. Do. (Gwalior, bedroom in Shikar camp)
(7x10")
Box 1 Image [18735]
Shikar camp
(7x12")
Box 1 Image [18732]
The Dabar Hall
(7x11")
Box 1 Image [18728]
Shikari Elephants (with photocopy of photo album title page on backside of mat)
(6x8")
Box 1 Image [18770]
Arrival at fort, entering main gate at fort [mounted on single album page]
(5x8", 5x7")
Box 1 Image [18798, 18794]
H. R. H. the Duchess of Connaught at the review
(4x6")
Box 1 Image [18834]
Presentation of medals
(5x8")
Box 1 Image [18774]
H. R. H. in conversation with Maharaja
(5x8")
Box 1 Image [18754]
Saluting
(5x8")
Box 1 Image [18761]
Signalling
(4x6")
Box 1 Image [18783]
The Maharaja of Gwalior addressing the Duke of Connaught
(5x8")
Box 1 Image [Unnumbered]

Unless otherwise noted, prints in this series measure 9x11". Original titles and spellings have been retained. Two prints are gelatin silver, and the remainder are albumen prints. Arranged in print number order following the photographer's original negative numbers.

Retinue, Kota State elephant
(8x11")
Box 2 Image 499
The Kutub Minar, Delhi
(8x11")
Box 2 Image [Unnumbered]
Delhi, the Jmma Musjid
Box 2 Image 118
Delhi, the Jmma Musjid
Box 2 Image 121
Delhi, hall of audience
Box 2 Image 129
Delhi, Cashmere Gate
Box 2 Image 134
Delhi, Mutiny Memorial
Box 2 Image 135
Delhi, Indrapat, Purana Kilah, the ancient Indra Prastha
Box 2 Image 136
Delhi, the Jumma Musjid
Box 2 Image 139
Delhi, Tomb of Nizan-ood-Deen
Box 2 Image 143
Delhi, Kutub Minar
Box 2 Image 146
Delhi, Jantar Mantar, Maharajah Jai Singh's observatory
Box 2 Image 151
Delhi, Kutub Minar
Box 2 Image 153
Delhi, Old Fort
Box 2 Image 160
Agra Fort, Zenana Mosque
Box 2 Image 170
Edwardes Gate, Pesawar City
Box 2 Image 587
River Jhelum and Fort, Sriniggur
Box 2 Image 636
Dhal Canal, Takht-i-Suliman, Sriniggur
Box 2 Image 652
Chini Bagh, Kasmnir (near Kashgar)
Box 3 Image 656
Encamping ground, Sonamarg, Kashmir
Box 3 Image 732
Lidder Valley, Kashmir
Box 3 Image 735
Lidder Valley, Kashmir
Box 3 Image 784
Kutub Minar, Delhi
Box 3 Image 824
Delhi Fort, the Khas Mahal
Box 3 Image 835
Delhi, doorway
Box 3 Image 836
Delhi, Diwan-i-Khas, hall of audience
Box 3 Image 846
Delhi, doorway to tombs, Cherny Brandy Ring
Box 3 Image 869
Sikander Lodi's tomb, Delphi
Box 3 Image 878
Delhi street scene
Box 3 Image 883
Encamping ground, Gulmarg, Kashmir
Box 3 Image 1014
Glaciers above Gulmarg, Kashmir
Box 3 Image 1020
Pir Panjal route into Kashmir
Box 3 Image 1081
Ceiling of the Jain Temple, Chittore Fort
Box 3 Image 1118
Agra, screen enclosing the sarcophagi in Taj Mahal
Box 3 Image 3413

Historical Note

Raja Deen Dayal (1844-1905) was born in Sardhana, Uttar Pradesh, to a family of jewellers. In his early career, he trained as an engineer, but while working as a draughtsman he was introduced to photography. In the mid-1870s, he started taking photographs professionally. His reputation grew quickly. At 30 years of age, he won the patronage of Maharaja Tukoji Rao II of Indore. He then photographed the Prince of Wales' visit in 1875. Meanwhile he also traveled extensively to document India's natural vistas and monuments. In 1885, he became the court photographer to the sixth Nizam of Hyderabad, Mahbub Ali Khan, Asif Jah VI, and was also appointed to the Viceroy of India. He was bequeathed with the title "Raja" and Queen Victoria honored him with a Royal Warrant. He also set up studios in Mumbai, Hyderbad and Indore. At his death in 1905, he was a leading photographer in India, known especially for his unique visual perspectives not only on the court, but also on India's monuments, natural vistas, and archaeological sites.

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • Samuel Bourne Photographs, circa 1863-1875 [British-born photographer active in India] (Rubenstein Library, Duke University)
  • R. B. Holmes Photographs, 1910-1919 [images include areas of India and Pakistan] (Rubenstein Library, Duke University)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Raja Deen Dayal photographs, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Raja Deen Dayal photographs were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a purchase in 2012.

Processing Information

Processed by Joanne Fairhurst and Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, October 2012.

Encoded by Joanne Fairhurst and Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, Matthew Warren, November 2012.

Accession(s) described in this finding aid: 2012-0119.

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.