Menu

Guide to the Wyatt T. Dixon Papers, 1850s-1987

Collection Overview

The Wyatt T. Dixon Papers span the 1850s to 1987, although the bulk of the material dates from 1918 to the 1960s. The collection consists of diaries, photographs, photomechanical prints, postcards, clippings, correspondence, speeches, scrapbooks, printed materials, forms, military records, leaflets, and maps. The Pictures Series comprises the largest portion of the collection. The collection documents the activities of the United States Army, American Expeditionary Forces, 30th Division, 113th Field Artillery Unit, Battery C, from 1917 to 1919; Durham, North Carolina; and Dixon's career as a journalist.

The World War I Series chronicles the activities of the American Expeditionary Forces, 113th Field Artillery Unit, Battery C, which consisted primarily of men from Durham, N.C. Dixon's diaries chronicle the unit's movements and activities in the United States and Europe including England, France, Belgium, and Luxembourg. Battery C was involved in the Saint Michiel offensive and the Meuse-Argonne Campaign. The diaries describe camp life in the United States and Europe, including daily routines; camp conditions; outbreaks of measles and other medical situations; and the soldiers' personal recreational activities. The journey by ship to Europe is also described in detail, including the sale of food to the soldiers and the conditions on board. Civilian responses to the soldiers as they visited or traveled through towns and cities in America, France, Belgium, and Luxembourg are noted throughout the diaries. Dixon mentions a unit of African-American soldiers was at Mont Dore, France. There are some snapshot photographs of Battery C which Dixon probably created with his Kodak camera and some formal panoramic photographs of the entire unit. Letters written by Dixon and his family while he was in the Army are in the Writings Series.

The Writings Series contains some personal correspondence and a diary, but the bulk of the series documents Dixon's career as a writer for newspapers published by the Durham Herald Company in Durham, N.C. In his column "How Times Do Change," Dixon described life in Durham and the surrounding area and the manner in which cityscapes and social life had changed over the past decades. The bulk of the pictures in the Pictures Series document Durham, N.C., and appear to have been collected by Dixon to illustrate his articles.

The Pictures Series consists primarily of photographs and documents social life and cityscapes in Durham, N.C. Pictures include buildings such as banks, businesses, cemeteries, churches, court houses, dams and power plants, hospitals, hotels and inns, plantations (abandoned), post offices, schools, and tobacco warehouses and factories. There are street scenes and aerial views. Pictures of people include portraits and candid scenes of groups engaged in social activities. There are pictures of events such as holiday celebrations and parades. Transportation, including trolleys, buses, fire fighting equipment and train depots, is documented.

The Durham Printed Materials Series and the Miscellaneous Series include information about the City of Durham and Durham County, genealogical information about Dixon's family, and the minutes book of a social club for young men.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Wyatt T. Dixon papers 1850s-1987
Creator
Dixon, Wyatt T.
Extent
3.6 Linear Feet, 2700 Items
Repository
Duke University. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library Durham, North Carolina 27708-0185
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the library's online catalog.
Language
English.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research/restricted.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in the Wyatt T. Dixon Papers have not been transferred to Duke University. For further information, see the section on copyright in the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Includes correspondence, a diary/autograph book, clippings, a scrapbook, printed material, notes, and manuscripts. The first part of the series contains personal correspondence and miscellaneous publications. The "How Times Do Change" Subseries contains copies of Dixon's articles by that title and drafts and notes for articles, as well as a volume of reproductions of the articles. The subseries is arranged with the published volume first, followed by miscellaneous articles in chronological order, and finally drafts and notes for articles arrranged by subject.

Correspondence, 1918-1985, undated
(4 folders)
Box 1
Diary/Notebook, 1915, Oct.-1917, Feb.
Box 1
Mangum, Willie P.: Biographical sketch, undated
Box 1
Municipal Progress Under Manager Government II. Durham Gets More and Better Service. In National Municipal Review, 14(8), 1925
Box 1
Newspaper articles, 1935, Aug.-1952, Apr.
Box 1
Clippings scrapbook (re: Durham, N.C.), 1920s-1930s, undated
Box 1
Published volume (article reprints), 1987
Box 1
Newspaper articles, 1933, Sept.-1983, Mar., undated
Box 2
Buildings, 1942-1982, undated
Box 2
Churches, 1949, undated
Box 2
Fire department and fires, 1974-1980, undated
Box 2
Government, city positions, directories, Durham overviews, 1946, undated
Box 2
Hotels, 1983, undated
Box 2
Military, 1934-1945, undated
Box 2
Newspapers, 1933, undated
Box 2
People, 1933-1978, undated
Box 2
Streets, transportation, utilities, 1963-1984, undated
Box 2
Theaters, undated
Box 2
Tobacco, undated
Box 2
Trinity College/Duke University, 1962-1980, undated
Box 2
Miscellaneous, 1936-1984, undated
(2 folders)
Box 2

Includes diaries, manuscripts, letters, printed material, a service record, photographs, negatives, a passenger list, and clippings. See also oversize. Arranged with the diaries first, followed by a history of the unit, records from reunions, and pictures at the end.

Diary fragment, 1917, July?
Box 3
Diary, 1917, Aug. 30-1918, July 14
(2 folders)
Box 3
Diary, 1918, Mar. 9-1919, Mar. 20
(2 folders)
Box 3
Diary transcription, 1917, Sept. 16-1919, Mar. 21
Box 3
History of 113th Field Artillery, Battery C, ca. 1918
Box 3
Printed material, ca. 1917
Box 3
Record Books: insurance, memos, and correspondence, 1918
Box 3
Reunions, 113th Field Artillery Unit, Battery C, 1969-1980, undated
(2 folders)
Box 3
Service record: Sims, Willie H., 1917
Box 4
Pictures: World War I: 113th Field Artillery, 1918, undated
Box 4
Negatives: World War I: 113th Field Artillery, ca. 1918
Box 4

Includes primarily printed material including advertisements, brochures, leaflets, directories, clippings, reports and house organs. See also oversize.

Businesses, 1884-1961, undated
Box 4
Camp Butner, 1971, undated; Brooklyn Tabernacle Sunday School, 1892
Box 4
City and county public Works, government and public services, 1873-1925, undated
(2 folders)
Box 4
Herald-Sun house organs, 1944-1975, undated
Box 4
Maps: City of Durham, 1881-1981; Durham County, undated
Box 4
Organizations/Social clubs, 1913-1974
Box 4
Promotional, 1913-1981, undated
Box 4
Schools, 1881-1926
Box 4
Trinity College, 1889, undated
Box 4

Includes correspondence, clippings, notes, a sermon, lists, treasury forms, a social club's minutes record book, poems, leaflets, and speeches.

Miscellaneous: 1863-1980, undated
Box 5
Biographical and genealogical information, 1936-1986, n.d
Box 5
Communist Party in North Carolina, 1950, July-ca. 1952
Box 5
Durham city and county, 1869-1974
Box 5
Speeches, 1963, undated
Box 5
Top-Notch Club: Minute Book, 1913, Feb. 25-1914, May 7
Box 5
Clippings: By authors other than Dixon or unsigned, 1924, Jan.-1986, Jan.
Box 5

Includes photographs, copy prints, photomechanical prints, negatives, and postcards. See also oversize. Arranged by subject: People: Identified, arranged alphabetically by surname of principle individual in the photograph, and then People: Unidentified; followed by Groups: Identified, arranged alphabetically, and then Groups: Unidentified; Places: Identified, arranged alphabetically, and then Places: Unidentified; Miscellaneous; Postcards, arranged by location; and Negatives.

Identified: A-W, 1890s-1970s, undated
(4 folders)
Box 5
Unidentified, 1953, undated
Box 6
County and city officials, governors, judges, mayors, 1922-1953, n.d
Box 6
Dixon, Wyatt T. with others, 1976, undated
Box 6
Durham Morning Herald staff, 1920, undated
Box 6
Empty Stocking Club, 1927-1952, undated
Box 6
Firemen, policemen, and street car operators, music groups, ca. 1885-1900, undated
Box 6
Military and veterans, 1921-1971, undated
Box 6
Schools and orphanages, 1895-1926, undated
Box 6
Spanish-American war soldiers in camps in Kentucky and Georgia, 1898
Box 6
Trinity College and Duke University, 1925, undated
Box 6
Miscellaneous, 1911-1953, undated
Box 6
Unidentified, 1957, undated
Box 6
Aerial views of Durham, 1938-1960, undated
Box 6
Banks, 1878-1973, undated
Box 7
Bennett Place, 1964, undated
Box 7
Identified: 1882-1969, undated
(2 folders)
Box 7
Unidentified, undated
Box 7
General, undated
Box 7
Interiors, 1904, undated
Box 7
Camp Butner, 1945, undated
Box 7
Cemeteries and burials, 1934-1954, undated
Box 7
Chapel Hill and Hillsborough, 1930, undated
Box 7
Churches, ca. 1850(?)-1976, undated
Box 7
Courthouses, ca. 1887(?)-1963, undated
Box 7
Dams, power plants, 1899-1925, n.d
Box 7
Ft. Macon, 1935, undated
Box 7
Homes: Identified, 1883-1965
(2 folders)
Box 7
Hospitals, ca. 1976(?), undated
Box 8
Hotels and inns, 1891-1975, undated
Box 8
Plantations: Fairntosh, undated, Stagville, undated
Box 8
Post offices, ca. 1906(?)-1961, undated
Box 8
Schools, 1882-1992, undated
Box 8
Identified, 1895-1976, undated
(2 folders)
Box 8
Unidentified, 1927-1963, undated
Box 8
Tobacco warehouses, factories, barns, and stores, ca. 1870-1970, undated
Box 8
Trinity College, ca. 1892(?)-1960, undated
(2 folders)
Box 8
Trinity Methodist Church, 1860-1923
Box 8
YMCA, 1956, undated
Box 8
Christmas/holiday, 1937-1967, undated
Box 8
Hurricane Hazel, 1956
Box 8
Parades, including military, 1895-1945, undated
Box 8
Transportation, including depots and fire fighting equipment, ca. 1888- ca. 1968(?), undated
Box 9
Cook tent at Div. Hospital, Lexington, Ky., undated
Box 9
Durham, N.C., 1907-1967, undated
(2 folders)
Box 9
Chapel Hill and Hillsborough, N.C., undated
Box 9
Europe, undated
Box 9
Identified: C-D, M, undated
Box 9
Identified, undated
Box 9
Unidentified, undated
Box 9
Military and veterans, undated
Box 9
Banks, undated
Box 9
Buildings: Identified: schools, library, bank, Masonic Temple, unidentified, undated
Box 9
Businesses (various), undated
Box 9
Churches, 1878, undated
Box 9
Homes identified, undated
Box 9
Hospitals, hotels, and inns, 1961, undated
Box 9
Plantations: Fairntosh, undated, Stagville, undated
Box 9
Tobacco warehouses and stores, undated
Box 9
Miscellaneous: Transportation, undated
Box 9
Postcards: Durham, undated
Box 9
113th Field Artillery Unit, Batteries A-E, Headquarters Co., Supply Co., Officers, Field Artillery Unit, 1919, March 20
Box 10
113th Field Artillery Unit, Battery C, Camp Sevier, S.C., 1918, Feb.
Box 10
Unidentified soldiers, undated
Oversize Folder 1
113th Field Artillery Unit, Battery C, passenger list for returning members, 1919, Feb. 28
Oversize Folder Folder 1
City and county public works, government and public services, 1911; Promotional, 1905
Box 10
Maps: City of Durham, 1891; Durham property owned by B. L. Duke, 1901; railway routes in Va. and N.C., undated
Oversize Folder Folder 1
Identified: Government officials, 1948-; Durham Sun staff, n.d
Box 10
Identified, 1885, 1916, undated; unidentified, undated
Box 10
Buildings: Identified, undated; unidentified, undated
Box 10
Streets unidentified, ca. 1930-1961
Box 10
Miscellaneous: Parades, military, undated
Box 10

Historical Note

DateEvent(s)
1894, Oct. 27Born, Durham, N.C.
1917, July 25Called into service for the United States Army, 30th Division, 113th Field Artillery, Battery C, Durham, N.C. Dixon made Company Clerk.
1917, Sept. 16113th Field Artillery, Battery C, moved to Camp Sevier, S.C.
1918, May 19113th Field Artillery, Battery C, moved to Camp Mills, Long Island, N.Y.
1918, May 27113th Field Artillery, Battery C, departed for France on the [Armagh ?]
1918, June 7113th Field Artillery, Battery C, landed in Liverpool, England; departed England on the Prince George
1918, June 13113th Field Artillery, Battery C, arrived in La Havre, France
1918, Sept. 12113th Field Artillery, Battery C, participated in the St. Michiel offensive
1918, Sept. 26113th Field Artillery, Battery C, participated in the Meuse-Argonne campaign
1919, Jan. 14113th Field Artillery, Battery C turned in their horses and supplies
1919, March 19113th Field Artillery, Battery C, returned to United States, landed at Newport News, Va.
1919, June 1-1962Writer and photographer for the Durham Morning Herald and The Durham Sun newspapers, Durham Herald Co., Durham, N.C.
1933-1986Wrote weekly columns, Along the Battlefront about World War I and How Times Do Change about Durham, N.C., for The Durham Sun
1962Retired from The Durham Sun, but continued to write "How Times Do Change" until 1986
1986, Jan. 1Died, Durham, N.C.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Wyatt T. Dixon Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Wyatt T. Dixon Papers were donated to the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library in 1981 and 1986.

Processing Information

Processed by Donna Longo DiMichele

Completed June 17, 1994

Encoded by Robin LaPasha

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.