Menu

Guide to the Benjamin Newton Duke Papers, 1834-1984, bulk 1884-1929.

Abstract

Benjamin Newton Duke (1855-1929) was the primary philanthropist in the Duke family and the eldest of Washington Duke's sons. He held a leadership role in several of the family companies, and was instrumental in founding Duke University.

Descriptive Summary

Title
The Benjamin Newton Duke papers 1834-1984 bulk 1884-1929.
Creator
Duke, Benjamin Newton
Extent
69 Linear Feet, Approximately 50,850 Items
Repository
Duke University. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library Durham, North Carolina 27708-0185
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the library's online catalog.
Language
English.

Collection Overview

The papers of Benjamin Newton Duke span the years 1834 to 1984, though the bulk of the papers date from 1884 to 1929. The collection is arranged into seven series: Correspondence; Financial Papers; Legal Papers; Pictures; Richard B. Arrington Papers; Alexander H. Sands, Jr., Papers; and Miscellaneous Papers. The collection reflects the financial, philanthropic, and social interests of Benjamin Newton Duke and his family. Its primary focus is the family's business dealings including their involvement in the development and growth of tobacco manufacturing, textiles, and hydroelectric power in the southern United States. Philanthropic interests are well represented throughout the collection and include education, social welfare, the Methodist Church (South) as well as individuals. Personal and family relationships, though less well-documented, are primarily related to social activities revolving around their homes in Durham, N.C., New York City, and winter trips to Florida. Besides Benjamin Newton Duke, other family members represented in this collection include: James Buchanan Duke, Washington Duke, Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, Angier Buchanan Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, and other Duke, Angier, Biddle, Roney, and Lyons relatives.

The majority of the letters in the Correspondence Series are concerned with business and philanthropic interests. The day-to-day affairs of Mr. Duke and his family were handled through personal secretaries or agents in either the New York or Durham, N.C., business offices, and much of the correspondence reflects this. Over the years these agents included: Richard B. Arrington, Miss E. A. Childs, Alexander H. Sands, Jr., and J.E. Stagg.

Mr. Duke's business interests centered on tobacco manufacturing, banking, textiles, mining, transportation, and hydroelectric power in North Carolina and throughout the United States. His primary business partners were Washington Duke (his father), James Buchanan Duke (his brother), George Washington Watts and William A. Erwin. The major companies represented in the Correspondence Series include: W. Duke, Sons and Company; Allen and Company; American Tobacco Company; British-American Tobacco Company; Liggett and Meyers Tobacco Company; R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company; Citizens National Bank of Durham, N.C.; Bank of Harnett, N.C.; The Fidelity Bank of Durham, N.C.; Guaranty Trust Company of New York; Erwin Cotton Mills; Cannon Manufacturing Company; Mayo Mills; Odell Manufacturing Company; Southern Cotton Oil Company; Durham Fertilizer Company; Jim Butler Tonopah Mining Company; Republic Iron and Steel Company; Seaboard Air Line Railway; Dallas Cable Railroad; Kansas City, Mexico & Orient Railway Company; Durham and Southern Railway Company; Georgia Railway and Power Company; Durham Electric Lighting Company; Spray Water and Power Company; and Southern Power Company (later Duke Power Company). Other investments included real estate, spring and mineral water companies, and the motion picture industry. The latter is represented by letters and minutes (1915) of The National Drama Corporation (founded by Thomas Dixon) to produce a movie entitled Fall of a Nation, a sequel to Birth of a Nation.

Mr. Duke's philanthropic interests were equally as numerous as his business interests. The Correspondence Series reflects his generosity to both black and white institutions and individuals. Major support was given to schools, churches and social welfare agencies. Among those supported were Trinity College (later Duke University), Greensboro Female College, Louisburg Female College, Kittrell College, Elon College, Lincoln Memorial University, North Carolina College for Negroes, The Bingham School,Trinity Church, Main Street Church,West Durham Methodist Church, National Religious Training School and Chatauqua for the Colored Race, Oxford Orphan Asylum, the Salvation Army, the Durham Y.M.C.A. and Y.W.C.A., and Lincoln Hospital.

Personal letters in the Correspondence Series reflect the activities and interests of a socially prominent family during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Also shown is Mr. Duke's support of various relatives over the years. Family members represented include: Benjamin Newton Duke,James Buchanan Duke, Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, Angier Buchanan Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, and Anthony J. Drexel Biddle. Additional letters are from members of the Duke, Angier,Biddle, Roney and Lyons families, as well as a variety of friends, acquaintances and strangers seeking his financial assistance. Among the personal correspondence is a response concerning the Julian Shakespeare Carr/Daniel Lindsey Russell gubernatorial campaign (1896) and a series of letters from son-in-law Anthony J. Drexel Biddle (over Christmas/New Years 1918-1919) concerning demobilization and the League of Nations.

The Financial Papers Series complements information found in the Correspondence Series and pertains to the purchase and sale of stock, household expenses, farm expenditures, bills, Mr. Duke's contributions and gifts, transactions for the purchase and repair of automobiles, and the building and furnishing of Duke homes in New York and North Carolina. This series is also an excellent source for examples of 19th-century advertising artwork. Secretary/agents managed the personal expenses and investment portfolios of Benjamin Newton Duke, Sarah Pearson Angier Duke,Angier Buchanan Duke, and Mary Duke Biddlein addition to Mr. Duke's business and philanthropic affairs as reflected in this series. Household expenses for the Duke homes in New York City and Four Acresin Durham, N.C., as well as upkeep of the Duke Farmin Orange County, N.C., were handled through these agents. Stock transactions were handled through a number of brokers, including: Daniel O'Dell & Company, Dominick & Dominick, Halstead & Hagemeyer, and Moore & Schley.

Topical files in the Financial Papers Series concern stock transactions, personal family accounts and charitable contributions. Early minute books and stock certificates for the Alaska Dredging and Power Company and the Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Company, and the stocks, bonds, and dividend records for the Southern Investment Company of Canada, Ltd., are included in this series. To a lesser degree, the Financial Papers Series deals with business affairs of Washington Duke. A cashbook for W. Duke, Sons and Company (1891) also includes trial balances for both Washington Duke (1893-1897) and Benjamin Duke (1893-1897). Brodie L. Duke's involvement with W. Duke, Sons and Company is shown in an account book pertaining to tobacco purchases (1876-1878) and also in the Correspondence Series (1890s). The interrelationship of the business dealings of Benjamin and James Duke can be found throughout the collection.

Property transactions in Orange County and Durham, N.C.,are found in the Legal Papers Series. Beginning in 1834 the records include deeds and plats and contain the names of early families in Durham. Other records in this series include charters for various businesses; papers regarding the Kimball Town Company, a milltown in Marion County, Tenn. (1890); a legal brief concerning a lawsuit brought by Richard Wrightin 1891; and a copy of Washington Duke's will (1905).

Albums, in the Pictures Series, contain primarily cabinet cards inserted in Victorian binders. Most of these photographs date from the late 1800s and are of Duke family members, including Angier and Lyon relatives. Other persons included are Bishop Charles Betts Galloway, Reverend William S. Black, Arthur H. Merritt, and President and Mrs. Grover Cleveland. In addition to the albums in this series, there are individual photographs of Mary Duke Biddle, Angier Buchanan Duke, Benjamin Newton Duke, Cordelia Biddle Duke, Sarah Pearson Angier Duke and Washington Duke dating from the 1880s to 1920s. Group pictures taken on the boardwalk (1924) in Atlantic City, N.J., also include James Buchanan Duke, Robert Lee Flowers and Lily Parrish Flowers. Other photographs are of Professor Dowd, John Acero Angier, James Haywood Southgate, and Reuben Oscar Everett. Photographs also represent buildings and property. There is a large group of photographs of the Duke Farm in Orange County, N.C., ca. 1910-1919. (See also information folder with inventory.) Benjamin Newton Duke's Durham home "Four Acres" is represented by two sets of exterior and interior photographs, ca. 1910 and 1961.

The Richard B. Arrington Papers Series is composed of the personal papers of Benjamin Newton Duke's personal secretary and business agent, who worked in the New York office. This series is comprised of letters, letterbook, accounts, check stubs, and receipts. Correspondence covers two periods: 1903-1907 and 1911-1914. From 1903to 1907 the major focus is building and furnishing a house on Ridgeview Road in White Plains, N.Y. From 1911 the emphasis is on Mr. Arrington's business interests, including stock transactions and insurance. Since Richard Arrington died April 17, 1913, the remainder of the correspondence (1913-1914) concerns his estate. His wife, Ethel Lewis Arrington,carried on much of his personal business during this period. The accounts, check stubs and receipts pertain to Mr. Arrington's general business activities; the major focus is on stock transactions especially of the Piedmont Syndicate. Much of his business parallels his work for Benjamin Newton Duke.

The Alexander H. Sands, Jr., Papers Series contains personal papers belonging to another of Benjamin Newton Duke's secretary/agents in his New Yorkoffice. The series includes letters, letterbooks, account book, check registers, check stubs, a daybook, ledger and receipts. The correspondence, 1910-1918, primarily concerns Mr. Sands's family matters and personal business interests. He also supported both his parents, Mary Harvey Sands and Tucker K. Sands. Alexander H. Sands's business papers, like those of Richard Arrington, often parallel his work for Benjamin Newton Duke. In addition to detailing stock transactions and other business, these records include an account book of the Southern Audit Company of New York, Inc., for 1914-1915,of which Sands was a partner.

Of primary interest in the Miscellaneous Series is a diary, 1927-1929, of Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, including entries for Benjamin Newton Duke's lengthy illness and death. A folder on family genealogy includes notes on the baptisms of Benjamin and Sarah Duke'schildren. Other files pertain to the funerals of Benjamin Newtonand Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, memorials for Angier Buchanan Duke and James Buchanan Duke,and tributes to Benjamin Newton Duke made during his lifetime and after his death. The bulk of the Miscellaneous Series includes information on many of the businesses in which Mr. Duke had an interest. Examples include The American Tobacco Company; Dixie Fire Insurance Company;Great Falls Power Company; Jim Butler Tonopah Mining Company; Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway Company;and Seaboard Air Line Railway. General files will be found on banking, churches, cotton mills, mining, public utilities, and social welfare agencies. All of these businesses are well represented in both the Correspondence and the Financial Papers Series.

Related collections in the Rubenstein Library are the James Buchanan Duke Papers, the Washington Duke Papers, and the Semans Family Papers. In addition to correspondence, these collections contain many photographs of Duke family members. The Duke University Archives is another source of information on the relationship of the Duke family to Duke University.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in these papers have not been transferred to Duke University. The Benjamin Newton Duke papers were processed with support from The Duke Endowment.

Contents of the Collection

Letters, letterbooks, receipts, bills, memoranda, telegrams, minutes, and printed reports related to the financial, philanthropic, and personal interests of Benjamin Newton Duke. Correspondence is arranged in two categories: letters and letterbooks. These are filed chronologically with letterbooks following letters. The fragile letterbooks (1892-1923) consist of bound carbon-copies of outgoing correspondence.

1872-1891
(16 folders)
Box 1
1892
(14 folders)
Box 2
1893, Jan.-Sept.
(14 folders)
Box 3
1893, Oct.-1894, July
(13 folders)
Box 4
1894, Aug.-1895, Mar.
(16 folders)
Box 5
1895, Apr.-Nov.
(16 folders)
Box 6
1895, Dec.-1896, May
(16 folders)
Box 7
1896, June-Dec.
(16 folders)
Box 8
1897, Jan.-Sept.
(19 folders)
Box 9
1897, Oct.-1898, May
(15 folders)
Box 10
1898, June-Dec.
(17 folders)
Box 11
1899, Jan.-July
(15 folders)
Box 12
1899, Aug.-1900, Jan.
(15 folders)
Box 13
1900, Feb.-Oct.
(17 folders)
Box 14
1900, Nov.-1901, Apr.
(15 folders)
Box 15
1901, May-Oct.
(14 folders)
Box 16
1901, Nov.-1902, Mar.
(17 folders)
Box 17
1902, Apr.-Aug.
(16 folders)
Box 18
1902, Sept.-1902, Dec. 20
(12 folders)
Box 19
1903, Jan.-Apr.
(12 folders)
Box 20
1903, May-Sept.
(15 folders)
Box 21
1903, Oct.-1904, Mar.
(16 folders)
Box 22
1904, Apr.-Sept.
(16 folders)
Box 23
1904, Oct.-1905, Mar.
(15 folders)
Box 24
1905, Apr.-Aug.
(13 folders)
Box 25
1905, Sept.-Dec. and undated
Box 26
1906, Jan.-Apr.
(17 folders)
Box 27
1906, May-Oct.
(18 folders)
Box 28
1906, Nov.-1907, Mar.
(17 folders)
Box 29
1907, Apr.-Sept.
(17 folders)
Box 30
1907, Oct.-1908, Feb.
(17 folders)
Box 31
1908, Mar.-June
(14 folders)
Box 32
1908, July-1908, Oct.
(14 folders)
Box 33
1908, Nov.-1909, Feb.
(14 folders)
Box 34
1909, Mar.-July
(17 folders)
Box 35
1909, Aug.-Nov.
(16 folders)
Box 36
1909, Dec.-1910, Mar.
(17 folders)
Box 37
1910, Apr.-1910, June
(12 folders)
Box 38
1910, July-Sept.
(15 folders)
Box 39
1910, Oct.-Dec. and undated
(18 folders)
Box 40
1911, Jan.-Mar.
(16 folders)
Box 41
1911, Apr.-June
(14 folders)
Box 42
1911, July-Nov.
(14 folders)
Box 43
1911, Dec.-1912, Jan.
(12 folders)
Box 44
1912, Feb.-Apr.
(14 folders)
Box 45
1912, May-July
(12 folders)
Box 46
1912, Aug.-Nov.
(15 folders)
Box 47
1912, Dec.-1913, Feb.
(13 folders)
Box 48
1913, Mar.-Apr.
(10 folders)
Box 49
1913, May-July
(15 folders)
Box 50
1913, Aug.-Oct.
(14 folders)
Box 51
1913, Nov.-1914, Jan.
(13 folders)
Box 52
1914, Feb.-Apr.
(14 folders)
Box 53
1914, May-July
(14 folders)
Box 54
1914, Aug.-Oct.
(13 folders)
Box 55
1914, Nov.-1915, Jan.
(14 folders)
Box 56
1915, Feb.-Apr.
(12 folders)
Box 57
1915, May-Aug.
(13 folders)
Box 58
1915, Sept.-Dec. and undated
(15 folders)
Box 59
1916, Jan.-May
(21 folders)
Box 60
1918, June-1923, Dec.
(20 folders)
Box 61
1924, Jan.-1928, Dec.
(13 folders)
Box 62
1929-1941, undated
(6 folders)
Box 63
Condolences, 1923-1924: Angier B. Duke, A-Z
(2 folders)
Box 63
1892, Apr. 7-1894, Aug. 29 (3 vols.)
Box 64
1894, Aug. 29-1895, Nov. 11 (2 vols.)
Box 65
1895, Nov. 11-1897, May 7 (3 vols.)
Box 66
1897, May 8-1901, Mar. 18 (3 vols.)
Box 67
1901, Mar. 19-1910, May 6 (3 vols.)
Box 68
1910, May 9-1911, May 17 (3 vols.)
Box 69
1911, May 18-1912, July 15 (2 vols.)
Box 70
1912, July 16-1913, Sept. 20 (2 vols.)
Box 71
1913, Sept. 17-1915, Apr. 8 (2 vols.)
Box 72
1915, Apr. 12-1916, Sept. 18 (2 vols.)
Box 73
916, Sept. 18-1917, Sept. 11 (2 vols.)
Box 74
1917, Sept. 12-1918, Apr. 25 (1 vol.)
Box 75
1911, Mar. 17-1923, Apr. 21 (3 vols.)
Box 76

Reflects the scope of the personal, business and philanthropic interests of Benjamin Newton Duke. Types of records from Mr. Duke's Durham and New York offices include bills, charitable contributions, check stubs, invoices, statements of accounts, tax statements, minutes, receipts, stock transactions, trial balances, household and petty cash accounts. Bills and receipts are arranged chronologically at the beginning of the series. The remaining papers are arranged alphabetically by topic or type of record.

1884-1899, Aug.
(17 folders)
Box 77
1899, Sept.-1900, Aug.
(13 folders)
Box 78
1900, Sept.-1901, May
(16 folders)
Box 79
1901, June-1902, Mar.
(17 folders)
Box 80
1902, Apr.-1902, Nov.
(16 folders)
Box 81
1902, Dec.-1904, Apr.
(17 folders)
Box 82
1904, May-1905, Sept.
(15 folders)
Box 83
1905, Oct.-1906, July
(14 folders)
Box 84
1906, Aug.-1907, May
(14 folders)
Box 85
1907, June -1908, Apr.
(12 folders)
Box 86
1908, May-Dec.
(15 folders)
Box 87
1909, Jan.-July
(13 folders)
Box 88
1909, Aug.-1910, Jan.
(14 folders)
Box 89
1910, Feb.-June
(10 folders)
Box 90
1910, July-Nov.
(10 folders)
Box 91
1910, Dec.-1911, Apr.
(13 folders)
Box 92
1911, May-Oct.
(12 folders)
Box 93
1911, Nov.-1912, Feb.
(10 folders)
Box 94
1912, Mar.-June
(8 folders)
Box 95
1912, July-Oct.
(8 folders)
Box 96
1912, Nov.-1913, Feb.
(10 folders)
Box 97
1913, Mar.-May
(8 folders)
Box 98
1913, June-Aug.
(9 folders)
Box 99
1913, Sept.-Nov.
(9 folders)
Box 100
1913, Dec.-1914, Mar.
(11 folders)
Box 101
1914, Apr.-June
(9 folders)
Box 102
1914, July-Oct.
(9 folders)
Box 103
1914, Nov.-1915, Feb.
(10 folders)
Box 104
1915, Mar.-July
(10 folders)
Box 105
1915, Aug.-1916, Jan.
(12 folders)
Box 106
1916, Feb.-Dec.
(12 folders)
Box 107
1917, Jan.-Dec.
(13 folders)
Box 108
1918, Jan.-1919, Dec.
(12 folders)
Box 109
1920, Jan.-1924, undated
(13 folders)
Box 110
William H. Butler-- Tobacco Stemmer Stock,ca. 1913
Box 111
Alfred de Cordova & Co., ca. 1898-1911
Box 111
Daniel O'Dell & Co., 1912-1913
Box 111
The Farmers' Loan & Trust Co., 1891-1892
Box 111
Fellowes, Davis & Co., 1898-1899
Box 111
Halsted & Harrison, 1907-1917
Box 111
Moore & Schley, 1912-1913
Box 111
Newburger, Henderson & Loeb, 1908, 1913
Box 111
Raymond, Pynchon & Co., 1913, Feb.-June
Box 111
Brodie L. Duke--Tobacco Purchases, 1876, Oct.-1878, Jan.
Box 111
Banks and Trust Companies., 1913
Box 111
Southern Power Co., 1913
Box 111
Benjamin Newton Duke, 1916-1917
Box 111
The Fidelity Bank, 1916-1922, undated
(3 folders)
Box 111
Guaranty Trust Co. of New York, 1916-1922
Box 111
Assets/Liabilities: Benjamin N. Duke, ca. 1913
Box 112
James B. Duke: Southern Power Co., 1913, June-Sept.
Box 112
Benjamin N. Duke and family, 1917, Jan.-May
Box 112
Charitable Contributions: 1892-1928, undated (typescript lists)
Box 112
Gifts to family members: (Roney-Duke families), 1925-1927
Box 112
Insurance policies, 1913-1914

Additional oversize materials in Box 149.

Box 112
Rents: Marc Anthony Apartments, 1913, July-Dec.
Box 112
Stock certificates, 1887-1917
Box 112

Oversize materials in Box 149.

1913,1914, undated (by broker)

Oversize materials in Box 149.

Box 112
1909-1919, undated (by stock)
(2 folders)
Box 112
Tax Statements, 1914-1926
Box 112
Angier B. Duke, 1915
Box 112
Benjamin Newton Duke, 1912-1914 (see also Box 113, W. Duke, Sons & Co. Cashbook)
Box 112
James B. Duke, 1912-1914
(3 folders)
Box 112
Miscellaneous, 1914
Box 112
Minute book, 1907-1908
Box 113
Stock certificates book, 1907
Box 113
Duke Farm, Orange Co., N.C., Expenditures, 1897-1909
Box 113
Minutes, by-laws, incorporation, 1905
Box 113
Common stock, 1905, Preferred stock, 1905-1906
Box 113
W. Duke, Sons & Co. Cashbook, 1891
Box 113
A.J.D. Biddle, Jr., 1919 (1 vol.)
Box 114
Mary Duke Biddle, 1915-1918 (1 vol.)
Box 114
Angier B. Duke, 1914-1917 (4 vols.)
Box 114
Check Stubs: Angier B. Duke, 1917-1918 (4 vols.)
Box 115
Check Stubs: Benjamin N. Duke, 1901-1918 (4 vols.)
Box 116
Deposit slips, 1915-1918
Box 117
Invoice book (disbound), 1892-1893
Box 118
Invoice book (disbound), 1893-1898
Box 119
Invoice book (disbound), 1893-1898
Box 120
Stock journal, 1899-1901
Box 121
Stock ledger, 1899-1901
Box 122

Majority pertain to property transactions of various people, including Benjamin Newton Duke, in Orange County and Durham, N.C. Other papers include charters for businesses, insurance policies, a legal brief, and a copy of Washington Duke's will. Arranged alphabetically.

Agreements: Southern Railway Co.--water pipeline, electric lights for B.N. Duke, 1900, 1902
Box 123
Asheville Ice and Coal Co., Act to Incorporate, 1891, May 2
Box 123
Complaint: Richard H. Wright against J.B. Duke, B.N. Duke, B.L. Duke, G.W. Hill, 1891 (summons)
Box 123
H.J. Blauvent, Architect, and B.N. Duke, 1901
Box 123
Conservatory of Music: specifications for heating, 1899 (see also OC:II:4)
Box 123
Methodist Church, Durham, N.C.,undated
Box 123
Deeds, 1834-1918, undated
(16 folders)
Box 123
Land plats, 1884-1912, undated (see also OC:II:4)
Box 123
Doris Duke Trust: Indenture and deed of trust, 1924;additions, 1925
Box 124
Estate: Angier B. Duke, 1926 (distribution)
Box 124
Fidelity and Deposit Co. of Maryland: bond, 1894-1905
Box 124
Stock transactions, 1896-1900
Box 124
Annie and Robert Duke, 1904, Oct. 10
Box 124
Family servants, 1904, Oct. 10
Box 124
Trust Indenture: Benjamin N. Duke to Allen, Flowers, Sands, 1926
Box 124
Will: Washington Duke, 1905 (transcript copy)
Box 124
Will/Estate: Benjamin N. Duke, 1926-1930
Box 124

Photographs and blueprints. Photographs include family albums, a series of views of the Duke Farm in Orange County and Four Acres in Durham, and individuals. Blueprints include the Pigeon River Power Plant Project, Duke Farm stables, and an addition to the Southern Conservatory of Music. Arranged by category: albums, people, and buildings.

Albums, ca. 1870s-1900s (1 vol.)
Box 125
Albums, ca. 1870s-1900s (1 vol.)
Box 126
Duke farm, Orange County, N.C., 1910-1919, 1985, undated
Box 127
Biddle, Mary Duke, ca. 1897-1910
Box 128
Duke, Angier Buchanan, ca. 1890s-1915
Box 128
ca. 1880s-1920s
Box 128
With wife, Sarah, St. Petersburg, Fla., 1914
Box 128
Birthday party, ca. 1916
Box 128
Funeral, 1929
Box 128
With others, Lookout Mountain, Tenn., 1892
Box 128
Duke, Cordelia Biddle with children: Angier Biddleand Anthony Drexel Duke and Mary Duke Biddle, ca. 1920
Box 128
Duke, Sarah Pearson Angier, ca. 1870s-1920s (see also OC:II:4)
Box 128
Duke, Washington with great-grandchildren, ca. 1900
Box 128
Atlantic City--Boardwalk, 1924 (includes B.N. Duke, J.B. Duke, M.D. Biddle, Lily Parrish Flowers, Robert Lee Flowers)
Box 128
Miscellaneous, ca. 1890s-1896 (includes Prof. Doud, J.B. Duke, John Acero Angier, James Haywood Southgate, Reuben Oscar Everett)
Box 128
Unidentified, undated
Box 128
Portraits (photographs of) Lady Georgiana North, Lady Mary Reynolds, undated
Box 128
Buildings (including houses), ca. 1896, ca. 1912, undated
Box 128
Carriage House/Stable: H.J. Blauvelt, architect for B.N. Duke, ca. 1910-1920s
Box 128
Church(es) and cemetery, 1986, undated (includes Moses Hester'sChurch)
Box 128
Duke University, East Campus, construction, ca. 1925
Box 128
Duke's Chapel, construction, 1926
Box 128
Fairview, Durham, N.C., ca. 1890s
Box 128
Four Acres (exteriors), ca. 1910
(4 folders)
Box 128
Prior to demolition, 1961
Box 129
Exteriors, including gardens, undated
Box 129
Irvington-on-the-Hudson, Tarrytown, N.Y.,undated
Box 129
Kittrell College: B.N. Duke Library, 1969 (color slides)
Box 129
Limestone College, Gaffney, S.C., 1926
Box 129
New Hope Creek: Duke Quarry (near Hillsborough), ca. 1926
Box 129
Roney family: Birthplace of Artelia (Roney) Duke,including Boyd's Creek and Stonewall Spring,ca. 1920s
Box 129
Underpass, Chapel Hill St., Durham, N.C., construction, 1926, June
Box 129
Y.W.C.A., Durham, N.C., 1927
Box 129
Mirror with photographs attached ( Washington Duke and his children, Mary
Box 130
Duke Lyon, Brodie L. Duke, James B. Duke, Benjamin Newton Duke),undated
Box 130
Photograph: B.N. Duke, Sarah Duke,undated
Box 130

Relates to personal and financial interests of Arrington, secretary and business agent for Benjamin Newton Duke. Much of the correspondence, including enclosed bills and receipts, relates to the construction of his home in White Plains, N.Y. Business papers concern his stock dealings and after his death, his estate. The correspondence is arranged chronologically, followed by the letterbook. Papers related to financial interests are arranged alphabetically.

Correspondence, 1905, Nov. 9-1914, Apr.
(11 folders)
Box 131
Letterbook, 1903, Dec. 16-1906, Aug. 3
Box 132
Accounts, 1907-1913
Box 132
Check stubs, 1913, Mar.-Apr.
Box 132
Receipts, 1905-1913
(2 folders)
Box 132

A secretary/business agent for Benjamin Newton Duke, these papers relate to Mr. Sands's personal and financial interests. Much of the correspondence is concerned with his business interests and the support of his wife and his parents. Business papers include check registers, check stubs, and receipts. Correspondence is arranged chronologically, followed by the letterbook. Business records are arranged alphabetically.

Correspondence, 1910, Apr.-1915
Box 133
Letterbooks, 1910-1918 (2 vols.)
Box 134
Accounts: Southern Audit Co. of New York, Inc., 1914-1915
Box 135
Check registers: 1912-1918
Box 135
Financial Papers: Check stubs, 1910, Apr.-1915
Box 136
Check stubs, 1915-1917 (5 vols.)
Box 137
Reyhing & Co., 1914
Box 137
Daybook, 1914-1915
Box 138
Ledger, 1914-1915
Box 138
Receipts, 1913-1915
(4 folders)
Box 138

Includes Sarah Pearson Angier Duke's diary (1927-1929); clippings; genealogical material; material pertaining to funerals, memorials, and tributes; printed material; scrapbook; recipes; and tobacco/cigarette flavorings. Arranged alphabetically by subject or type of material. Printed material is arranged alphabetically by company name and relates to business and philanthropic interests throughout the United States.

Alpha Tau Omega Fraternity, 1904 (Pledge class?)
Box 139
Bible: New Testament, undated: C.L. Mitchell to R.L. Flowers, 1925
Box 139
Clippings, 1890-1984, undated
(4 folders)
Box 139
Clothing pattern: See OC:II:4 Miscellaneous
Box 139
Diary, 1927-1929 (Sarah Pearson Angier Duke)
Box 139
See: OC:II:4 Miscellaneous
Box 139
Benjamin N. Duke, 1929
(3 folders)
Box 139
Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, 1936
Box 139
Genealogical information: Duke family, 1916-1937,undated
Box 139
Angier B. Duke, 1923-1924 (includes Plato Tracy Durham Poem)
Box 140
James Buchanan Duke, 1926
(2 folders)
Box 140
Poetry (Misc.), undated includes prayer, 1907 ( John C. Kilgo to B.N. Duke)
Box 140
American Cigar Co., 1913-1914
Box 140
American Machine and Foundry Co., 1912-1913
Box 140
American Snuff Co., 1905-1915
Box 140
1890-1915
Box 140
Code book, #6 ( 1902)
Box 140
American Trust Co., 1907-1914
Box 140
American Type Founders Co, 1898-1914
Box 140
Bank of Harnett, Duke, N.C., 1906-1915
Box 141
Banking, 1906-1915, undated
Box 141
British-American Tobacco Co., Ltd., 1912-1915
Box 141
Canal Bank & Trust Co., New Orleans, 1914-1916
Box 141
The Chatham and Phenix National Bank of N.Y., 1911-1914
Box 141
Churches, 1887-1977
Box 141
The Citizens National Bank of Durham, N.C., 1905-1911
Box 141
Colleges, Schools, Universities, 1901-1940
(2 folders)
Box 141
Consolidated Tobacco Co., 1903
Box 141
Cotton Mills, 1894-1914
Box 141
Dixie Fire Insurance Co., 1907-1916
Box 141
1905-1919
Box 141
Plaque, 1922
Box 141
George W. Helme Co., 1911-1915
Box 141
Georgia Railway and Power Co., 1914-1915
Box 141
German-American National Bank of New Orleans, 1911-1913
Box 141
Great Falls Power Co., 1911-1913
Box 141
Guaranty Trust Co. of N.Y., 1910-1915
Box 141
The Hanover National Bank of N.Y.C., 1912-1914
Box 141
Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Co., 1911-1916
Box 141
Canada, Ltd., 1914-1915
Box 142
Great Britain and Ireland, 1914
Box 142
Insurance, 1906-1915, undated
Box 142
Jim Butler Tonopah Mining Co., 1904-1915
Box 142
Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway Co., 1905-1914,undated
Box 142
Liggett and Meyers Tobacco Co., 1911-1918
Box 142
Lincoln Memorial University, 1927-1939 (see also oversize material)
Box 142
MacAndrews and Forbes Co., 1912-1914
Box 142
Masonic journal, 1902, 1936-1939
Box 142
Mellon National Bank, 1913-1914
Box 142
Mining, 1902-1915
Box 142
Miscellaneous businesses, 1901-1915, undated
Box 142
Moore & Schley: Code Books #2, #3, 1906
Box 142
Morton Trust Co., 1900-1910
Box 142
National Bank of Commerce in New York, 1912-1916
Box 142
North Carolina Society of New York, 1913-1915
Box 142
Odell Manufacturing Co., Concord, N.C., 1908, undated
Box 142
P. Lorillard Co., 1911-1914
Box 143
Peace Congress, 1908, undated
Box 143
Porto Rican American Tobacco Co., 1912-1915
Box 143
Public Utilities, 1911-1916
Box 143
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., 1912-1915
Box 143
Railroads, 1904-1915
(2 folders)
Box 143
Real Estate, 1901-1915
Box 143
Republic Iron and Steel Co., 1899-1913
Box 143
Seaboard Air Line Railway, 1900-1915
Box 143
City of N.Y., 1908-1915
Box 143
Somerville, N.J., 1912-1915
Box 143
Social Welfare agencies, 1904-1923, undated
Box 143
The Southern Cotton Oil Co., 1907-1908
Box 143
Southern Pacific Co., 1909-1914
Box 143
Southern Power Co., 1909-1914
Box 143
Southern Railway Co., 1906-1915
Box 143
Tobacco, 1880-1912, undated
Box 143
Union Exchange Bank, 1903-1914
Box 143
Virginia-Carolina Chemical Co., 1900-1915
Box 143
Weyman-Bruton Co., 1912-1918
Box 143
Chronological file, 1880-1964, undated
Box 143
Recipes: Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, ca. 1880s-1930s
Box 144
Scrapbook: Theater record, 1898-1899 ( Mary Lillian Duke)
Box 144
Tobacco/Cigarette flavorings, 1896
Box 144
Chanticleer, 1913 (vol. 2)
Box 144
Audiotape (reel-to-reel master)
Box 144
Photographs
Box 144
Printed material
Box 144
Tributes: A Celebration of the Life of B.N. Duke, 1979 (2 presentation sets)
Box 145

Oversize materials in Box 149 and in OC:II:4.

Angier B. Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, Sarah Pearson Duke, Anthony J.D. Biddle, Jr.
Box 149
Benjamin N. Duke
Box 149
Southern Investment Co. of Canada, Ltd.
Box 149
Clippings, 1902, undated (scrapbook)
Box 149
Funeral: In Memoriam, 1929 (condolences, clippings, telegrams, etc. on the death of Benjamin Newton Duke)
Box 149
Vol. 1: Correspondence;
Box 149
Vol. 2: Trinity College photographs.
Box 149
Plats (removed from correspondence), 1902-1905, 1907, 1909, 1912-1913
Box 149
Account [unidentified rental property], 1914-1915
Box 149
Blueprint map of North Carolina/South Carolina, undated (unidentified, may be of power plant sites)
Box 149
Balance at close of business July 5, 1893
Box 149
Grassmere, March-April 1906
Box 149
Duke, Sarah Pearson Angier, ca. 1890s, 1906 (oval portraits)
Box 149
Duke Farms, Orange Co., N.C., (Plat), undated. Hand-drawn.
Oversize Folder 1
Duke Farms, Stables, Orange Co., N.C., and New York, N.Y. (2 folders) 1901
Box 149
Pigeon River Power Plant: Project Plans, 1923
Box 149
Southern Conservatory of Music (addition), undated
Oversize Folder 3
Clothing pattern, Benjamin Newton Duke, undated
Box 149
Diploma: Trinity Park High School, June 6, 1903 (Mary Duke Biddle)
Box 149
Lincoln Memorial University: Honorary degree to Benjamin Newton Duke, undated
Box 149
Oglethorpe University: Honorary degree to Benjamin Newton Duke, May 30, 1926
Box 149
Resolution of Thanks: Oxford Orphan Asylum to Benjamin Newton Duke, undated
Box 149
Resolution of Appreciation to Mr. and Mrs. B.N. Duke from guests at Cateret Lodge, Jan. 1, 1903
Oversize Folder 2

Historical Note

DateEvent(s)
1855, Apr. 27Born to Washington and Artelia Roney Duke; Orange Co., N.C.
1856Brother, James Buchanan Duke, born
1858Mother, Artelia Roney Duke, died of typhoid
1871Enrolled New Garden School (later Guilford College), near Greensboro, N.C.
1874Father moved family to Durham proper
1877, Feb. 21Married Sarah Pearson Angier
1878Duke, Sons and Company established
188?, Oct. 3Son, George Washington Duke, born. Died at age 2 or 3
1884, Dec. 8Son, Angier Buchanan Duke, born
1887, Nov. 16daughter, Mary Lillian Duke, born
1889Elected member Board of Trustees, Trinity College
1890-?Director, American Tobacco Company
1891Brought William A. Erwinto Durham. Established Erwin Mills
1893-1922President, The Fidelity Bank of Durham, N.C.
1898Delegate, General Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Baltimore, Md.
1905, June 22Southern Power Company established by Benjamin N. and James B. Duke, (later Duke Power Company)
1905, May 8Father, Washington Duke, died
1923, Sept. 3Son, Angier Buchanan Duke, died
1925, Oct. 10Brother, James Buchanan Duke, died
1929, Jan. 8Died New York City. Buried in family mausoleum at Maplewood Cemetery, Durham, N.C.
1936Remains removed to the Memorial Chapel of Duke University Chapel along with those of father, Washington Duke, and brother, James Buchanan Duke
1936, Sept. 3Wife, Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, died

Benjamin Newton Duke took a leading role in the development of the tobacco, textile and hydroelectric power industries in North Carolina. He served as president of Citizens National Bank in Durham, N.C., and of the Southern Railway Company. Along with his brother, James Buchanan Duke, and their partner, George Washington Watts, Benjamin Duke held substantial investments in a variety of enterprises throughout the United States.

Benjamin Duke took a primary role in conducting the Duke family's philanthropies from the late 1880s until his death. Between 1892 and 1927 it is estimated he contributed to over 400 organizations or institutions, including churches, hospitals, orphanages, schools and universities. This does not take into account assistance given to relatives and other individuals.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Benjamin Newton Duke Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The papers of Benjamin Newton Duke, tobacco manufacturer, industrialist and philanthropist, have been received from a variety of sources over an extended period of time. While acquisition information about the bulk of the collection is unrecorded, it is believed that it was given by his daughter, Mary Duke Biddle. Additions to the collection were made by Mary Duke Biddle, 1939; Alexander H. Sands, Jr., 1940- 1941, 1953; R.D. Graham, 1950; Mrs. Lucy Cole Durham, 1951; Mrs. James H. Semans (Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans), 1961-1972; Bud Alexander, 1970; Duke University Archives, 1980; and Julia Wightman, 1990.

Processing Information

Processed by Madeleine Bagwell Perez

Completed June 30, 1991

Encoded by Rachel Pottinger

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.

Processing Note: In 1991 the Benjamin Newton Duke Papers were reprocessed through the support of The Duke Endowment. At that time the collection was arranged by distinct series and the papers reboxed and refoldered. While much of the Correspondence and Financial Papers Series follow their original order, some rearrangement has been done throughout the collection.

Volumes, once shelved separately, have been integrated into the collection. Examples include: letterbooks, check stubs, stock ledgers, oversized memorials, etc.

During the reprocessing, duplicate printed material was removed. Additionally, three hymn books, once belonging to Benjamin and Sarah Duke, have been transferred to the Rare Book Collection. These hymnals are for the worship services of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and date from 1878 and 1889.