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Guide to the Benjamin Newton Duke Papers, 1834-1969, bulk 1890-1929.

Abstract

Benjamin Newton Duke (1855-1929) was a tobacco manufacturer, industrialist, and philanthropist of Durham, NC and New York, NY and a trustee and major benefactor of Trinity College (later Duke University). He was the son of Washington Duke, older brother of James B. Duke, husband of Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, and father of Angier Buchanan Duke and Mary Duke Biddle. The materials in this collection document the business, financial, philanthropic, and personal interests of Benjamin N. Duke and his family, especially Duke's involvement in the tobacco, textiles, banking, and hydroelectric industries in North Carolina and New York and the Duke family's financial support of a variety of institutions, including educational institutions for African-Americans and women, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South and individual churches, orphanages, hospitals, and community organizations.

Descriptive Summary

Collection Number
RL.00328
Title
Benjamin Newton Duke papers
Date
1834-1941, 1969 and undated
Creator
Duke, Benjamin N. (Benjamin Newton), 1855-1929
Extent
101.0 linear feet
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Materials in English

Collection Overview

The papers of Benjamin Newton Duke have been collected from various sources over time and span the years 1834 to 1941, although the bulk of the material dates from 1890 to 1929. The materials in the collection document the business, financial, philanthropic, and personal interests of Benjamin N. Duke and his family in Durham, NC and New York, NY, especially Duke's involvement in the tobacco, textiles, banking, and hydroelectric industries and the Duke family's financial support of a variety of institutions, including educational institutions for African-Americans and women, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and individual churches, orphanages, hospitals, and community organizations. Types of material in the collection include correspondence, financial statements and ledgers, bills and receipts, architectural blueprints and drawings, land plats, deeds, photographs, photograph albums, scrapbooks, and a diary.

Family members represented include Sarah P. Duke, Angier Buchanan Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, Washington Duke, James B. Duke, Brodie L. Duke, Lida Duke Angier, and Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr. Other individuals represented include Julian S. Carr, William A. Erwin, John C. Kilgo, William P. Few, Daniel Lindsay Russell, James E. Shepard, and George W. Watts.

The Richard B. Arrington series and Alexander H. Sands, Jr. series document the personal and financial interests of Benjamin N. Duke’s private secretaries in New York, NY.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into nine series: Correspondence, Financial, Business, Legal, Personal, Pictures, Duke Farm (University Station, NC), Richard B. Arrington, and Alexander H. Sands, Jr.

Restrictions on Access & Use

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Access

Collection is open for research.

Includes fragile letterbooks and other volumes that require consultation with staff regarding safe handling.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

1. Correspondence, Bulk, 1893-1923

37.5 linear feet

The letters, memoranda, telegrams, invoices, receipts, printed reports and other items comprising this series document the financial, philanthropic, and personal interests of Benjamin N. Duke and his family. Duke family members represented in the series include Sarah P. Duke, Washington Duke, Angier B. Duke, Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle), Lida Duke Angier, Brodie L. Duke, James B. Duke, and Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr. Other correspondents include John C. Angier, John S. Bassett, Warren A. Candler, Julian S. Carr, John F. Crowell, J. B. Cobb, Warren C. Coleman, Caesar Cone, William A. Erwin, William P. Few, Robert L. Flowers, C. P. H. Gilbert, Jonathan R. Hawkins, L. L. Hobbs, Charles C. Hook, N. M. Jurney, J. C. Kilgo, W. S. Lee, John Merrick, Solomon Pool, Jeter C. Pritchard, Daniel Lindsay Russell, Thomas Settle, James E. Shepard, James H. Southgate, Andrew P. Tyer, and George W. Watts. Many of the letters were addressed to or written by Benjamin N. Duke's financial agents and secretaries in Durham, NC and New York, NY, including James E. Stagg, Richard B. Arrington, Elizabeth A. Childs, and Alexander H. Sands, Jr.

The series provides a particularly rich history of Benjamin Duke's relationship with Trinity College, documenting his role on the Board of Trustees, Executive Committee, and Building Committee as well as his financial support during and after the institution’s relocation to Durham from Randolph County. There are letters to and from trustees, faculty, students, and representatives of the Methodist Church regarding the administration and financial support of the college; letters from students or their parents requesting financial assistance to attend the college; exchanges with architects and contractors regarding the design and construction of campus buildings; applications to teach for the college; and correspondence with faculty related to non-college topics, such as loans, investments, property transactions, and personal matters.

The series also documents Benjamin Duke and his family’s other philanthropic activities, including their support of educational institutions for African-Americans and women, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South and individual churches, and social welfare agencies and community organizations, including orphanages and hospitals. Individual institutions represented include Elon College, Greensboro Female College, Granbery College, Guilford College, Kittrell College, Lincoln Memorial University, Louisburg Female College, the National Religious Training School and Chautauqua for the Colored Race, the New Bern Industrial and Collegiate Institute, the North Carolina College for Negroes (later North Carolina Central University), Rutherford College, Southern Conservatory of Music, Trinity College, the Bingham School, and Durham Graded Schools; Main Street Methodist Church, Duke Memorial Methodist Church, Trinity Methodist Church, and West Durham Methodist Church; North Carolina Children's Home, Oxford Orphan Asylum, Lincoln Hospital, Watts Hospital, the YMCA and YWCA of Durham, NC, and the Salvation Army.

Major industries represented in the series include tobacco, cotton and textiles, hydroelectric power, banking, mining, railroads, and real estate. Much of the business-related correspondence concerns financial matters such as notices of dividend payments and requests for stockholder subscriptions. Individual companies include the American Tobacco Company, W. Duke, Sons & Company, Asheville Cotton Mills, Cannon Manufacturing Company, Coleman Manufacturing Company, Commonwealth Cotton Manufacturing Company, Durham Cotton Manufacturing Company, Erwin Cotton Mills, Leaksville Cotton Mills, Locke Cotton Mills, Odell Manufacturing Company, Proximity Manufacturing Company, Kerr Bag Manufacturing Company, Roxboro Cotton Mills, Spray Water and Power Company, Durham Electric Lighting Company, Southern Power Company, Fidelity Bank of Durham, Citizen’s National Bank of Durham, Durham and Southern Railway, Cape Fear and Northern Railway, Cary Lumber Company, Alaska Power and Dredging Company, Jim Butler Tonopah Mining Company, Seward Dredging Company, Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company, Durham Realty Corporation, Trinity Land Company, and the National Drama Corporation.

Correspondence related to the tobacco industry includes letters from executives and directors of the American Tobacco Company and its subsidiaries, including W. Duke, Sons & Company. Also included are letters from department and branch managers, legal counsel, leaf brokers and dealers, investors, merchants and salespeople, and individuals seeking employment. There is extensive correspondence between 1892 and 1902 regarding the state of the tobacco markets in North Carolina and Virginia, as well as purchases of tobacco, cutters, wrappers, and other supplies. Correspondence related to official American Tobacco Company business consists mainly of arrangements for meetings of the Board of Directors and details of investments made on behalf of the company and its executives. Also included are general updates from W. W. Fuller on legal suits faced by the company and arrangements for the conversion of American Tobacco Company stock after the dissolution of the trust.

Letters related to the textiles and hydroelectric power industries include extensive correspondence with William A. Erwin regarding the establishment, funding, operations, and expansion of the Erwin Cotton Mills. Also present are letters related to the surveying of water power sites in North Carolina and South Carolina and purchases of properties and water rights prior to the establishment of the Southern Power Company.

The Correspondence series is arranged in two subseries according to format: Letters and Letterbooks.

Letters, 1872-1941

The Letters subseries contains primarily inbound correspondence addressed to Benjamin N. Duke. After 1905, there is an increased volume of copies of outgoing correspondence written by Duke's secretaries, much of which duplicates the correspondence found in the Letterbook subseries.

The letters are arranged chronologically.

1872, 1877, 1879
(1.0 folder)

Includes a letter from Benjamin N. Duke to a New Garden School classmate and letters from George F. Wardle (agent for W. Duke, Sons & Company).

Box 1
1880, 1883, 1885, 1886, 1889
(1.0 folder)
Box 1
1890 March-December and undated
(1.0 folder)
Box 1
1891
(13.0 folders)

Includes correspondence with George S. Prichard regarding details of their tobacco purchasing agreement; a letter from Brodie L. Duke about his visit to England; a letter from Julian S. Carr discussing a proposal for an industrial school for girls in Durham; a letter from John Pope with a list of tobacco buyers and salaries for various markets of the American Tobacco Company for the year 1891.

Box 1
1892
(15.0 folders)

Includes correspondence and statement regarding a dispute between Julian S. Carr and B.N. Duke over claims made about the American Tobacco Company; and a statement comparing cigarette sales for branches of the American Tobacco Company from April 1891 to April 1892.

Box 2
1893 January-September
(16.0 folders)

Includes letters related to the death of Mary E. Lyon (Mary Duke Lyon) and the design and construction of the Duke family mausoleum.

Box 3
1893 October-1894 July
(19.0 folders)
Box 4
1894 August-1895 March
(16.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the "New Jersey suit" and labor and cigarette legislation.

Box 5
1895 April-November
(16.0 folders)
Box 6
1895 December-1896 May
(16.0 folders)

Includes correspondence with Thomas Settle regarding cigarette and antitrust legislation and the need for a new public building in Durham; and letters from W. T. Blackwell seeking financial assistance and investment advice.

Box 7
1896 June-December
(15.0 folders)

Includes James E. Shepard's proposal for building an African-American teaching college in Durham; letters from Daniel Lindsay Russell and others regarding 1896 Republican campaigns and the Fusion movement in North Carolina; and letters related to Washington Duke's endowment of Trinity College.

Box 8
1897 January-September
(18.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the funding and construction of the [Mary E. Duke Lyon] Memorial Hall at Guilford College.

Box 9
1897 October-1898 May
(15.0 folders)
Box 10
1898 June-December
(14.0 folders)

Includes letters from Governor Daniel Lindsay Russell about the Fusion movement, the 1898 election campaigns of North Carolina and their results, and personal and political troubles following the November 1898 Wilmington race riots; and a letter from Bishop W. A. Candler requesting aid for missionary work in Cuba (1898 August).

Box 11
1899 January-July
(15.0 folders)

Includes letters regarding fundraising for the Braxton Craven Memorial Hall at Trinity College (1899 January); the rebuilding of the Durham Colored Graded School after a fire (1899 January-February); the construction of a Methodist church in Havana, Cuba; a letter from Julian S. Carr regarding the need for new management at the Durham Electric Lighting Company; and correspondence related to the debt of Daniel Lindsay Russell.

Box 12
1899 August-December
(12.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the Southern Conservatory of Music (Durham, NC) building addition and the purchase of timber land in Florida.

Box 13
1899 September 14
(oversize watercolor and pencil sketches)

Chas. C. Hook to J. E. Stagg, sketches of Southern Conservatory of Music addition.

Box 123
Folder 3
circa 1890s
(1.0 folder)
Box 13
1900 January
(3.0 folders)
Box 13
1900 February-October
(17.0 folders)

Includes letters related to construction of B.N. Duke's stables (Durham, NC) and J. C. Kilgo residence; dedication of the Southern Conservatory of Music; Catawba River water power; Erwin Cotton Mills expansion; and state and national Republican campaigns; and a letter from J.S. Trice regarding the Soudan Mission in Sierra Leone (1900 March).

Box 14
1900 November-1901 April
(15.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the Gattis vs. Kilgo trial and appeal; Cooleemee Cotton Mills; Coleman Manufacturing Company; the endowment of Lincoln Hospital (Durham, NC); the Furches and Douglas impeachment trials (North Carolina legislature); the Guilford Battleground Commission; and the purchase of a house on 5th Ave. in New York, NY. Also includes letters (1900 December-1901 January) from Moses H. Cone regarding the sale of his finishing works; and a letter from W. B. Lee (1901 April) describing work at the Colégio Americano Granbery.

Box 15
1901 May-October
(14.0 folders)

Includes letters regarding the Duke family's relocation to New York; the construction of the Trinity College library; the Gattis vs. Kilgo case; correspondence from W. A. Erwin regarding expenses from water power surveys in North Carolina; and a letter from Caesar Cone relating his interest in establishing a cotton mill in South Carolina.

Box 16
1901 November-1902 March
(17.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to water power surveys in North Carolina and South Carolina and a letter from James B. Duke to B.N. Duke regarding his trip to Russia (1902 January).

Box 17
1902 April-August
(16.0 folders)

Includes letters related to the Erwin Mill No. 2 site in Harnett County, NC; NC and SC water power surveys; and a letter from Minnie Duke concerning her husband Brodie L. Duke (1902 April).

Box 18
1902 September-December
(12.0 folders)

Includes letters related to the funding needs of Watts Hospital and Kittrell College; letters from W. A. Erwin about the new Erwin Cotton Mills sites in Cooleemee, NC and Harnett County, NC; letters from William A. Blair, Lindsay Patterson, and Jeter C. Pritchard on 1902 political campaigns; and letters related to Benjamin N. Duke's purchase of property on 5th Avenue and 76th Street, New York, NY.

Box 19
1902 September 23
(oversize)

B. F. Taylor to B. N. Duke: land plat for property at 5th Avenue and East 76th Street, New York, NY (Frank E. Forbes, surveyor).

Box 123
Folder 4
1903 January-April
(12.0 folders)
Box 20
1903 May-September
(15.0 folders)

Includes letters from Jonathan C. Kilgo and Greensboro Female College Alumnae Association members regarding the school's funding crisis and possible closure; and correspondence with J. B. Cobb and A. B. Carrington related to American Tobacco Company's southern tobacco markets, including sales statements for the 1902 tobacco crop.

Box 21
1903 July 31
(oversize)

Mary Davis Allen to B.N. Duke: ground plan for Louisburg Female College pantry.

Box 123
Folder 4
1903 October-1904 March
(16.0 folders)

Includes letters from Walter H. Page and Trinity College trustees regarding the John S. Bassett affair; correspondence related to the Coleman Manufacturing Company; the smallpox outbreak in Durham; Brodie L. Duke's divorce and child custody case; and fundraising for Kittrell College.

Box 22
1904 April-September
(16.0 folders)

Includes letters related to Brodie L. Duke's divorce and child custody case; letters from J. M. Currin regarding tobacco operations in Australia; and a letter from George W. Watts about the establishment of the Durham Loan & Trust Company.

Box 23
1904 October-1905 March
(15.0 folders)

Includes letters from Walter H. Page and Trinity College trustees regarding the John S. Bassett affair.

Box 24
1904 November 12
(oversize)

Smith-Courtney to J. E. Stagg: floor plan for proposed addition to Washington Duke's residence, Durham, NC.

Box 123
Folder 4
1905 April-August
(13.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the chartering of Citizen's National Bank of Durham and the illness and death of Washington Duke.

Box 25
1905 September-December
(13.0 folders)

Includes proposal to enlarge the Southern Conservatory of Music (Durham, NC).

Box 26
1906 January
(6.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to Angier B. Duke's accident at Carteret Lodge; letter from Condé Nast describing an investment opportunity in the Home Pattern Company; and a letter from Bishop W. A. Candler regarding mission in Cuba.

Box 27
1906 February-April
(11.0 folders)

Includes correspondence regarding the sale of the Coleman Manufacturing Company property (Concord, NC) and funding for a "Duke Memorial Hall" at Kittrell College.

Box 27
1906 May-October
(18.0 folders)
Box 28
1906 November-1907 March
(17.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to pledges to the Durham, NC, YMCA building.

Box 29
1907 April-September
(17.0 folders)
Box 30
1907 October-1908 February
(17.0 folders)
Box 31
[1907 or 1909]
(scroll)

Rosa Parrish to Sarah P. Duke, sent from Japan.

Conditions Governing Access note

Fragile—please ask for staff assistance in handling this item.

Box 63
1908 March-June
(14.0 folders)

Includes letters from Charles C. Hook regarding construction plans for Duke's new Durham home (Four Acres) and correspondence related to the dedication of the Washington Duke statue at Trinity College.

Box 32
1908 July-1908 October
(14.0 folders)
Box 33
1908 November-1909 February
(14.0 folders)

Includes letters related to the debt of Daniel Lindsay Russell, and letters concerning the purchase of the Odell Manufacturing Company property and founding of Locke Cotton Mills in Concord, NC.

Box 34
1909 March-July
(17.0 folders)
Box 35
1909 August-October
(11.0 folders)
Box 36
1909 October 4
(oversize blueprints)

H. Buckenham to B. N. Duke: blueprint proposal for new athletic grounds at Trinity College.

Box 123
Folder 5
1909 November
(5.0 folders)

Includes correspondence and plans related to the relocation of "The Terrace" (former Duke residence, Durham, NC).

Box 36
1909 November
(oversize)

N. Underwood to B. N. Duke: plans for new porch for relocated Durham, NC house ("The Terrace"); C. P. H. Gilbert to B. N. Duke: land plat of B. N. Duke property at 5th Avenue and E. 89th Street, New York, NY.

Box 123
Folder 6
1909 December-1910 March
(17.0 folders)
Box 37
1910 April-1910 June
(12.0 folders)
Box 38
1910 July-September
(15.0 folders)
Box 39
1910 October-December
(17.0 folders)

Includes a letter from the Tuskeegee Institute, signed by Booker T. Washington, soliciting donations to support students.

Box 40
circa 1908-1910
(1.0 folder)
Box 40
1911 January-March
(16.0 folders)

Includes correspondence with John Merrick, James E. Shepard and others related to contributions by James B. Duke and Benjamin N. Duke to Lincoln Hospital and the National Religious Training School and Chautauqua for the Colored Race; letters regarding the Main Building (Washington Duke Building) fire at Trinity College; and letters and statements related to the Trinity College building fund and campus construction.

Box 41
1911 April-June
(14.0 folders)

Includes correspondence with Caesar Cone and others regarding Cone's buyout of Asheville Cotton Mills stock and ensuing dispute with B. Frank Mebane (1911 April-June); letters and invoices related to Duke family portraits by Joaquin Sorolla (1911 June); and letters and statements related to the Trinity College building fund and campus construction.

Box 42
1911 July-November
(14.0 folders)

Includes correspondence about the death and estate of John C. Angier; letters regarding the heating system for Lincoln Hospital (Durham, NC); and correspondence related to the Trinity College building fund and construction of new dormitories.

Box 43
1911 December-1912 January
(12.0 folders)

Includes correspondence with C. W. Toms and W. W. Flowers related to the construction of Memorial Methodist Church (Durham, NC); and letters from James A. Thomas regarding the conversion of his American Tobacco Company securities, with some observations on events in China.

Box 44
1912 February-April
(14.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the construction of Memorial Methodist Church (Durham, NC) and the Administration Building and new dormitory at Trinity College.

Box 45
1912 May-July
(12.0 folders)
Box 46
1912 August
(4.0 folders)

Includes correspondence with William P. Few regarding the naming of new Trinity College dormitories after Thomas Jarvis and Charles Aycock.

Box 47
1912 September-November
(11.0 folders)
Box 47
1912 December-1913 January
(9.0 folders)

Includes letter from W. A. Erwin discussing proposed legislation of the Child Labor Committee.

Box 48
1913 January 15
(oversize)

Hornor & Company to B. N. Duke: map of Long Island Sound, New York (Pell & Chambers, Real Estate).

Box 161
Folder 1
1913 February
(4.0 folders)
Box 48
1913 March
(5.0 folders)
Box 49
1913 March 29
(2.0 items, oversize blueprints)

W. S. Lee to B. N. Duke: land plats of Charlotte and Dilworth, NC and the A.C. Springs & Company property, Charlotte, NC.

Box 161
Folder 1
1913 April
(5.0 folders)
Box 49
1913 May
(5.0 folders)
Box 50
1913 May 5
(3.0 items, oversize)

D. M. Barringer to B. N. Duke: curves of pig iron production for the world and the United States (from Manufacturers Record); Texas Iron Association iron ore deposits diagram; blueprint map showing districts with iron ore deposits in Cass County, Texas

Box 161
Folder 1
1913 June
(4.0 folders)
Box 50
1913 July
(4.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to a contribution by James B. Duke and Benjamin N. Duke to the endowment of Trinity College.

Box 50
1913 August-October
(13.0 folders)
Box 51
1913 November-1914 January
(13.0 folders)
Box 52
1914 February-April
(14.0 folders)

Includes correspondence with John C. Kilgo and others regarding the official relationship of Trinity College with the Methodist Church (1914 April).

Box 53
1914 May-July
(13.0 folders)
Box 54
1914 August-November
(14.0 folders)

Includes correspondence regarding the Trinity Land Company's sale of timber rights in Carteret County, NC; letter from James E. Shepard seeking assistance with the debt of the National Training School (1914 October); and a letter from Laura Drake Gill regarding a proposal for the establishment of a coordinate college for women at Trinity College (1914 November).

Box 55
1914 December-1915 March
(15.0 folders)

Includes letter from Julian S. Carr regarding the North Carolina Children's Home (1914 December); and a letter from James E. Shepard seeking assistance with the debt of the National Training School (1915 February).

Box 56
1915 April-July
(12.0 folders)

Includes letters related to travel arrangements for Angier B. Duke and Cordelia Biddle Duke (1915 April), and Mary Duke Biddle and Anthony J. Duke Biddle, Jr. (1915 May) after the couples' weddings; letters from James E. Shepard regarding mortgage payments for the National Training School (1915 June); and letters regarding the Lincoln Hospital Nurses' Home and Kittrell College (1915 July).

Box 57
1915 August-December and circa 1915
(14.0 folders)

Includes letters from W. R. Perkins and P. D. Gold regarding The National Drama Corporation and Thomas Dixon, Jr.'s film "The Fall of a Nation"; correspondence from Jonathan R. Hawkins regarding funding for Kittrell College and the African Methodist Episcopal Church; and letters regarding the construction of the stone wall around Trinity College.

Box 58
1916 January-1918 May
(16.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the National Drama Corporation and "The Fall of a Nation"; letters from J. C. Thorn regarding the Durham Realty Corporation; a letter from James H. Southgate discussing land in Orange County, NC; and a letter from John Merrick discussing property for a new Lincoln Hospital site.

Box 59
1918 June-1919 December
(6.0 folders)

Includes several letters from Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr. to B. N. Duke, some of which express Biddle's opinions on the League of Nations (1918 May, 1918 December-1919 February); and a typescript copy of a personal letter from James B. Duke to B. N. Duke (February 1919).

Box 60
circa 1890s-1910s
(2.0 folders)
Box 60
1920 January-1923 April
(7.0 folders)

Includes correspondence between Duke and William P. Few regarding the construction of Southgate Residence Hall and Alumni Memorial Gymnasium at Trinity College.

Box 60
1923 May-1928 April
(13.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to Duke's health and financial contributions to various institutions, including Buies Creek Academy (later Campbell University), Duke's Chapel (Braggtown, Durham, NC), Kittrell College, Limestone College, Lincoln Hospital Nurses' Home, Lincoln Memorial University, North Carolina College for Negroes, Wofford College, and the YWCA (Durham, NC). Also includes Duke's letter of resignation as president of the Erwin Cotton Mills and endorsement of William A. Erwin as his replacement (1927 January 10).

Box 61
1929 and circa 1920s
(1.0 folder)

Includes a typescript notice of funeral for Benjamin N. Duke, arrangements for train chartered to bring mourners to Durham from New York, contributions to Lincoln Memorial University in Duke's memory by Sarah P. Duke and Mary Duke Biddle, and copy of a memorial resolution from the Board of Trustees of Elon College.

Box 62
1932-1934, 1936-1941
(2.0 folders)

Letters dated 1932 and later are primarily solicitatons made by North Carolina institutions that Benjamin N. Duke supported during his lifetime, including Kittrell College, the North Carolina College for Negroes, Lincoln Hospital, and West Durham Methodist Church. Also included is a letter from Ora J. Swing to Doris Duke Cromwell, describing the friendship of Kate Reynolds, Swing's mother, with Benjamin and Mary Duke at New Garden School in 1871-1872. Swing enclosed a letter written by Benjamin to Kate dated June 24, 1872, the original of which is filed chronologically in the Correspondence series, folder "1872, 1877, 1879."

Box 62
Condolences, Angier B. Duke, 1923-1924
(2.0 folders)

These folders contain a disbound volume of typescript copies of condolences sent to Benjamin and Sarah Duke on the death of Angier B. Duke. An alphabetical index of correspondents is included.

Box 62

Letterbooks, 1892-1923

The fragile letterbooks consist of bound carbon-copies of outgoing correspondence as well as scattered financial statements. Most letterbooks include alphabetical indexes of correspondents. Letters from Duke's Durham and New York offices are bound separately, with some overlap in time periods covered. As correspondents directed letters to city in which Duke was thought to presently inhabit, correspondence issued by either office of origin was not limited to topics particular to that location.

There are also occasional outgoing letters from Angier B. Duke and Washington Duke, with the latter correspondence mainly concerning responses to requests for financial assistance.

The letterbooks are arranged chronologically for each office of origin, with Durham office letterbooks listed first.

Conditions Governing Access note

Fragile—please ask for staff assistance in handling these items.

1892 April 7-1893 February 22 (Durham office)
Box LB-1
1893 February 25-December 30 (Durham office)
Box LB-1
1894 January 1-August 29 (Durham office)
Box LB-1
1894 August 29-1895 April 8 (Durham office)
Box LB-2
1895 April 8-November 11 (Durham office)
Box LB-2
1895 November 11-1896 May 11 (Durham office)
Box LB-3
1896 May 11-December 7 (Durham office)
Box LB-3
1896 December 9-1897 May 7 (Durham office)
Box LB-3
1897 May 8-1898 May 14 (Durham office)
Box LB-4
1898 May 16-1899 August 9 (Durham office)
Box LB-4
1899 August 14-1901 March 18 (Durham office)
Box LB-4
1901 March 19-1903 April 4 (Durham office)
Box LB-5
1903 April 9-1906 October 15 (Durham office)
Box LB-5
1906 December 1-1910 May 6 (Durham office)
Box LB-5
1910 May 9-1911 March 16 (Durham office)
Box LB-6
1911 March 17-1913 September 19 (Durham office)
Box LB-13
1913 September 23-1917 February 28 (Durham office)
Box LB-13
1917 March 1-1923 April 21 (Durham office)
Box LB-13
1909 November 27-1910 September 7 (New York office)
Box LB-6
1910 September 7-1911 May 17 (New York office)
Box LB-6
1911 May 18-1912 January 23 (New York office)
Box LB-7
1912 January 23-July 15 (New York office)
Box LB-7
1912 July 16-1913 February 20 (New York office)
Box LB-8
1913 February 20-1913 September 20 (New York office)
Box LB-8
1913 September 17-1914 June 24 (New York office)
Box LB-9
1914 June 25-1915 April 8 (New York office)
Box LB-9
1915 April 12-1916 January 8 (New York office)
Box LB-10
1916 January 11-1916 September 18 (New York office)
Box LB-10
1916 September 18-1917 April 2 (New York office)
Box LB-11
1917 April 2-1917 September 11 (New York office)
Box LB-11
1917 September 12-1918 April 25 (New York office)
Box LB-12

2. Financial, 1876-1878, 1884-1936, and undated

34.5 linear feet

The materials in the Financial series reflect the personal, business and philanthropic interests of Benjamin Newton Duke. Types of records present include bills, charitable contributions, check stubs, invoices, statements of accounts, tax statements, receipts, stock transactions, trial balances, household and petty cash accounts, brokerage account statements and correspondence. Materials related to the finances of James B. Duke include financial statements and correspondence of the Southern Investment Company of Canada and scattered, miscellaneous statements.

B. N. Duke's financial ledgers and official bookkeeping responsibilities were transferred from his Durham office to his New York office in May 1901.

The materials in this series are arranged into three subseries: General, Banking, and Investments.

General, 1876-1878, 1884-1936, and undated

The General subseries contains materials related to the general financial transactions of Benjamin N. Duke and his family. The bills, invoices, receipts, and invoice books at the beginning of the subseries are primarily related to household and personal expenditures in Durham, NC and New York, NY. Also represented in the General subseries are transactions involving domestic and international travel for personal and business purposes; medical expenses; automobile purchases and maintenance; art and personal photograph purchases; loans to and from B.N. Duke, including repayments and interest payments; construction of and improvements to residences in Durham and New York; construction of and improvements to Trinity College buildings and grounds; agricultural and construction supplies for Duke's farm in Orange County, NC; and financial contributions to Trinity College and other philanthropic interests of the Duke family.

Bills, invoices, receipts, 1884-1899
(14.0 folders)
Box 64
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1900-1901 April 15
(13.0 folders)
Box 65
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1901 April 16-1902 April
(14.0 folders)
Box 66
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1902 May-1903 December
(18.0 folders)
Box 67
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1904 January-1905 December
(21.0 folders)
Box 68
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1906 January-1907 July
(19.0 folders)
Box 69
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1907 August-1908 September
(14.0 folders)
Box 70
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1908 October-1909 July
(17.0 folders)
Box 71
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1909 August-1910 April
(14.0 folders)
Box 72
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1910 May-1910 December
(15.0 folders)
Box 73
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1911 January-August
(15.0 folders)
Box 74
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1911 September-1912 March
(13.0 folders)
Box 75
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1912 April-October
(13.0 folders)
Box 76
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1912 November-1913 April
(12.0 folders)
Box 77
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1913 May-September
(13.0 folders)
Box 78
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1913 October-1914 April
(14.0 folders)
Box 79
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1914 May-November
(14.0 folders)
Box 80
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1914 December-1916 May
(17.0 folders)
Box 81
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1916 June-1918 August
(15.0 folders)
Box 82
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1918 September-1923 December, and undated
(14.0 folders)
Box 83
Invoices, 1906 March-April
(oversize)

Commissary charges, Pullman Car Company (1906); Rolls Royce automobile order form (Angier B. Duke) (1912).

Box 123
Folder 7
Invoice book, 1892-1893
(3.0 folders)
Box 84
Invoice book, 1893-1898, vol. 1 (includes index), 1893-1898
(7.0 folders, disbound volume)
Box 85
Invoice book, 1893-1898, vol. 2, 1893-1898
(7.0 folders, disbound volume)
Box 86
Cashbook No. 3, 1915 January - 1917 November
Volume 1
Cashbook No. 4, 1917 December - 1922 November
Volume 2
Cashbook No. 5, 1922 December - 1928 July
Volume 3
Cashbook No. 6, 1928 August - 1929 January
Volume 4
Cashbook, Estate of Angier B. Duke, deceased, 1923-1926
Volume 5
Journal No. 1 ("Real Estate"), 1913 December - 1915 May
Volume 6
Journal No. 2 ("New York"), 1905 December-1914 December
Volume 7
Journal No. 4, 1919 July-1924 August
Volume 8
Journal No. 5, 1924 September-1929 January
Volume 9
Private ledger [Ledger No. 1], 1892 March - 1901 July
Volume 10
Ledger No. 4, 1915 January - 1922 December
Volume 11
Ledger No. 5, 1923 January - 1926 November
Volume 12
Ledger, special account no. 2 (Sarah P. Duke), 1926 February-1937 December
Volume 13
Account book: Brodie L. Duke tobacco purchases, 1876 October-1878 January
Box 87
Folder 1
Bethany Sunday School: treasurer's (B. N. Duke) report and account, 1893-1894
Box 87
Folder 2
Cash statements: Benjamin N. Duke and family, 1917 January-May
Box 87
Folder 3
Charitable contributions: 1892-1928, circa 1928
(typescript lists)

The list of total charitable contributions from 1892 through 1928 is arranged by category of institution: schools, churches, hospitals, orphanages and miscellaneous. The list of annual charitable contributions for the years 1925-1928 is arranged alphabetically by institution name. Also included is a list of dividends for investments made on behalf of North Carolina institutions, acquaintances and family members.

Box 87
Folder 4
[Duke] Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Durham, NC: financial statements and statistical report, 1911, 1913
Box 87
Folder 5
Gifts to Roney-Duke relatives, 1925-1927

These materials are related to Benjamin N. Duke's effort in the mid-1920s to identify and provide financial gifts to relatives on the Duke and Roney sides of the family. They include tables of disbursments made to family members and correspondence with Alexander H. Sands, Jr. related to the project. As the family research was later used to settle claims against the James B. Duke estate, related correspondence can found in the James Buchanan Duke Papers: Correspondence and Estate series.

Box 87
Folder 6
Insurance policies, 1912-1914, 1924
Box 87
Folder 7
Insurance policies, 1893, 1913-1914
(oversize)

Entities covered by these policies include Benjamin N. Duke, Angier B. Duke, and the Fidelity Bank of Durham.

Box 123
Folder 8
Interest statements, 1900
Box 87
Folder 8
Inventories: New York house: furniture and equipment; garage supplies and livery, 1907
Box 87
Folder 9
Inventories: New York office furniture and fixtures, 1901-1909, 1911
Box 87
Folder 10
Inventory and expenses: Berkshire County, MA property, 1911-1912
Box 87
Folder 11
Louisburg Female College: report to North Carolina Conference, 1902 December 1
Box 87
Folder 12
Main Street Methodist Episcopal Church (Durham, NC), 1885-1886, 1888, 1900, 1911

The church documents include Building Committee minutes, bylaws, and correspondence related to the construction of the new church (completed 1887) and a 1911 condensed financial statement. The correspondence includes two June 1888 letters between Julian S. Carr and Benjamin N. Duke regarding subscriptions from the Trinity Methodist Church congregation.

Box 87
Folder 13
North Carolina Children's Home Society: financial reports, 1906-1907, 1910, 1912, 1914
Box 87
Folder 14
Order book (automobile supplies), 1912 May-1913 April
Box 87
Folder 15
Oxford Orphan Asylum: report to the Grand Lodge of NC, [1901]
Box 87
Folder 16
Southern Power Company: financial report and statements, 1907, 1910-1913

The financial statements include statements of accounts with Benjamin N. Duke and condensed cash statements for the company's New York office.

Box 87
Folder 17
Statements: Durham, NC monthly expenditures (J. E. Stagg, agent), 1902-1907
Box 87
Folder 18
Statements: Durham, NC monthly expenditures (J. E. Stagg, agent), 1902
Box 87
Folder 19
Statements: Durham, NC monthly expenditures (J. E. Stagg, agent), 1903
Box 87
Folder 20
Statements: Durham, NC monthly expenditures (J. E. Stagg, agent), 1904
Box 87
Folder 21
Statements: Durham, NC monthly expenditures (J. E. Stagg, agent), 1905
Box 87
Folder 22
Statements: Durham, NC monthly expenditures (J. E. Stagg, agent), 1906
Box 87
Folder 23
Statements: Durham, NC monthly expenditures (J. E. Stagg, agent), 1907
Box 87
Folder 24
Statements: Durham, NC monthly expenditures (E. A. Childs, agent), 1908-1924
(17.0 folders)
Box 88
Statements: New York, NY monthly expenditures (R. B. Arrington, agent), 1906
Box 89
Folder 1
Statements: New York, NY monthly expenditures (R. B. Arrington, agent), 1907
Box 89
Folder 2
Statements: New York, NY monthly expenditures (R. B. Arrington, agent), 1908
Box 89
Folder 3
Statements: New York, NY monthly expenditures (R. B. Arrington, agent), 1909
Box 89
Folder 4
Statements: New York, NY monthly expenditures (A. H. Sands, Jr., agent), 1913 November-1914 February
Box 89
Folder 5
Statements: New York, NY monthly expenditures (A. H. Sands, Jr., agent), 1915 January-June
Box 89
Folder 6
Statements: Assets and Liabilities, Benjamin N. Duke, circa 1913
Box 89
Folder 7
Statements: Benjamin N. Duke in account with others, 1905-1906, 1909, 1914
Box 89
Folder 8
Statements: others in account with Benjamin N. Duke, 1893, 1905, 1907, 1909-1917
Box 89
Folder 9
Statements: James B. Duke, miscellaneous, 1913-1914
Box 89
Folder 10
Statements: Nanaline H. Duke, miscellaneous, 1913 and undated
Box 89
Folder 11
Statements: miscellaneous financial worksheets, 1913-1914
Box 89
Folder 12
Taxes: American Cotton Manufacturing Co., 1902-1905
Box 89
Folder 13
Taxes: real estate and personal property, Durham and Orange County, NC: Benjamin N. Duke, 1914-1926
Box 89
Folder 14
Taxes: real estate and personal property, Durham County, NC: James B. Duke, 1914-1918
Box 89
Folder 15
Tithe accounts, Benjamin N. Duke and Washington Duke, 1897
Box 89
Folder 16
Trial balances: Angier B. Duke, 1914 December-1915 May
Box 89
Folder 17
Trial balances: Benjamin N. Duke, 1912-1914
Box 89
Folder 18
Trial balances: James B. Duke, 1912
Box 89
Folder 19
Trial balances: James B. Duke, 1913
Box 90
Folder 1
Trial balances: James B. Duke, 1914
Box 90
Folder 2
Trinity College: statement of building fund, 1911 April 1

The statement details the receipts and disbursements for academic building, administrative building, and East Dormitory in March 1911.

Box 90
Folder 3
W. Duke, Sons and Company cashbook, 1891; Trial balances: Washington Duke and Benjamin N. Duke, 1893-1897
(1.0 volume)
Box 90
Folder 4

Banking, 1891-1924

The Banking subseries contains deposit slips, check stubs, and other banking records for the accounts of Benjamin N. Duke and his family.

Bank accounts: deposits, notices, statements, 1891-1892, 1896
(1.0 folder)
Box 91
Bank accounts: deposits, notices, statements, 1901 May-1908 December
(10.0 folders)
Box 91
Bank accounts: deposits, notices, statements, 1909-1912
(13.0 folders)
Box 92
Bank accounts: deposits, notices, statements, 1913-1915
(11.0 folders)
Box 93
Bank accounts: deposits, notices, statements, 1916-1924 March, and undated
(11.0 folders)
Box 94
Bank accounts: Union Exchange National Bank (New York agent account), 1912 May-1913 November
Box 94
Bank accounts: Guaranty Trust Company of New York (Sarah P. Duke account), 1916-1922
Box 94
Voucher records: Farmers' Loan and Trust Company, 1901 June-1907 March
Box 94
Check registers: New York agent's account, 1917-1918
(2.0 volumes)
Box 95
Check stubs: Biddle, Anthony J. Drexel, Jr., 1919
(1.0 volume)
Box 96
Check stubs: Biddle, Mary Duke, 1915-1918
(1.0 volume)
Box 96
Check stubs: Duke, Angier B., 1914-1917
(4.0 volumes)
Box 96
Check stubs: Duke, Angier B., 1917-1918
(4.0 volumes)
Box 97
Check stubs: Duke, Benjamin N., 1896 September-1901 August
Box 94
Check stubs: Duke, Benjamin N., 1901-1918
(4.0 volumes)
Box 98
Check stubs: New York agent's account, 1913-1915
(4.0 volumes)
Box 99
Check stubs: New York agent's account, 1914-1916
(4.0 volumes)
Box 100
Check stubs: New York agent's account, 1917
(1.0 volume)
Box 101
Deposit slip register: J. B. Duke and B.N. Duke, 1915-1918
Box 102

Investments, 1891-1923

The Investments subseries contains account statements, correspondence, ledgers, stock certificates, and other materials documenting the financial investments of Benjamin N. Duke and family. It includes monthly financial statements from the numerous New York brokerage firms that Duke engaged to manage his investments, including Dominick and Dickerman, Moore and Schley, Halsted and Harrison, Newberger, Henderson and Loeb, and Daniel O'Dell and Company. To a lesser extent, the subseries includes statements for investments made through Duke's brokerage accounts by family, friends, and business associates.

The brokerage account correspondence includes discussion of stock market trends and the financial impact of world events, such as the Spanish American War and World War I. Also included are letters from Joseph Catlin, who negotiated stock sales on behalf of the Riverside Cotton Mills. Southern Investment Company of Canada materials include correspondence related to the incorporation of the company and activities in the Saguenay River area of Quebec.

Outgoing brokerage account and other financial correspondence is located in the Correspondence series, Letterbooks subseries.

Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1891-1897 May
(14.0 folders)
Box 103
Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1897 June-1900 July
(14.0 folders)
Box 104
Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1900 August-1903 February
(13.0 folders)
Box 105
Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1903 March-1906 April
(14.0 folders)
Box 106
Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1905 June 27
(oversize)

Dominick to B. N. Duke: Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway prospectus.

Box 161
Folder 5
Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1906 May-1910
(14.0 folders)
Box 107
Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1911-1914
(14.0 folders)
Box 108
Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1915-1918 January, 1923, and undated
(13.0 folders)
Box 109
Brokerage accounts: Moore & Schley code books #2, #3, 1906
(2.0 volumes)
Box 110
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1896-1900
(14.0 folders)
Box 111
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1901 January-1905 February
(15.0 folders)
Box 112
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1905 March-1906 December
(14.0 folders)
Box 113
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1907 January-1910 January
(14.0 folders)
Box 114
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1910 February-1911 September
(12.0 folders)
Box 115
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1911 October-1912 August
(12.0 folders)
Box 116
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1912 September-1913 June
(12.0 folders)
Box 117
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1913 July-1914 December
(18.0 folders)
Box 118
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1913
(3.0 folders, oversize, 1 of 3)
Box 121
Folder 1
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1913
(oversize, 2 of 3)
Box 121
Folder 2
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1913
(oversize, 3 of 3)
Box 121
Folder 3
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1914
(oversize, 1 of 4)
Box 121
Folder 4
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1914
(oversize, 2 of 4)
Box 121
Folder 5
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1914
(oversize, 3 of 4)
Box 121
Folder 6
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1914
(oversize, 4 of 4)
Box 121
Folder 7
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1915 January-1916 January
(13.0 folders)
Box 119
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1916 February-1918 and undated
(16.0 folders)
Box 120
Real estate: account statements [unidentified rental property], 1914 May-1915 April
(oversize)
Box 123
Folder 9
Real estate: Durham Realty Corporation: account statements, 1913 July-1915 and undated
(2.0 folders)

These documents include statements of rental receipts for account of B. N. Duke, income statements, and other accounting materials related to the management of Duke's rental properties in New York. The properties represented include Marc Antony Apartments, Prince Humbert Apartments, The Paterno, and 200 West 58th Street apartments.

Box 124
Real estate: Durham Realty Corporation: rent statements, 1913 July-December

Statements are included for each tenant of Marc Antony Apartments, New York, NY, showing rents and utilities paid for each month.

Box 124
Real estate: Florida: attorney fees and tax receipts, 1888-1902
Box 124
Real estate, miscellaneous statements, 1911-1915 and undated
Box 124
Receipts, American Tobacco Company stock: James B. Duke, trustee, to Mary E. Lyon, Brodie L. Duke, Benjamin N. Duke, Washington Duke, and George W. Watts, 1896
Box 124
Record of stock dividends: volume 1, 1892-1918
(1 of 3)
Box 121
Folder 8
Record of stock dividends: volume 1, 1892-1918
(2 of 3)
Box 121
Folder 9
Record of stock dividends: volume 1, 1892-1918
(3 of 3)
Box 121
Folder 10
Record of stock dividends: volume 2
(4.0 folders)

Includes the investments of Angier B.Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, Sarah P. Duke, Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr., and Cordelia Biddle Duke.

Box 122
Record of stock dividends: volume 3
Box 122
Southern Investment Company of Canada, 1913 January-1914 April
(10.0 folders)
Box 124
Southern Investment Company of Canada, 1914 May-1915 August
(16.0 folders)
Box 125
Southern Investment Company of Canada, 1915 September-1916 March and undated
(4.0 folders)
Box 126
Southern Investment Company of Delaware, 1913-1914
Box 126
Southern Investment Company of Delaware, 1915-1916
Box 126
Southern Investment Company of New Jersey, 1912
Box 126
Southern Investment Company of New Jersey, 1913-1915
Box 126
Stock journal, 1899-1901
Box 127
Stock ledger, 1899-1901
Box 128
Stock certificates, 1887-1917
Box 126
Stock transactions (by broker), 1902, 1913-1915, and undated
Box 126
Stock transactions (by broker), 1914 and undated
(oversize)
Box 123
Folder 10
Stock transactions (by stock), 1908-1914
(1 of 2)
Box 126
Stock transactions (by stock), 1908-1914
(2 of 2)
Box 126
Stock transactions (by stock), 1917-1919 and undated
Box 126
Stock transactions (by stock), 1914-1915
(oversize)

Account sheets for James B. Duke and Southern Investment Company [of Canada?]

Box 161
Folder 6
Stock transactions: William H. Butler account, tobacco stemmer stock purchase, circa 1913
Box 126

3. Legal, 1834-1928 and undated

1.0 linear feet

A majority of the documents in the Legal series pertain to property transactions of Benjamin Newton Duke and other individuals in Orange County, NC and Durham, NC. Property deeds dating from 1838 show changes in ownership of land that Duke eventually purchased. Other papers include architectural contracts, plans and specifications, trust indentures, a legal brief, copies of the wills of Benjamin N. Duke and Washington Duke, and materials related to the execution of the estates of Angier B. Duke and Benjamin N. Duke.

Materials related to properties owned by Benjamin Duke appear first and are grouped according to geographic location. The rest of the series is arranged alphabetically by major individual or entity involved.

Deed: Asheville, NC, 1890

Includes an abstract of title and notes of attornies W. W. Fuller and Cobb & Merrimon.

Box 134
Folder 1
Deeds: Durham, NC, 1874-1879
Box 134
Folder 2
Deeds: Durham, NC, 1880-1884
Box 134
Folder 3
Deeds: Durham, NC, 1889-1890
Box 134
Folder 4
Deeds: Durham, NC, 1891-1893

Includes an 1892 trust agreement among Duke family members for the use and maintenance of the mausoleum in Durham (now Maplewood) Cemetery.

Box 134
Folder 5
Deeds: Durham, NC, 1894-1899
Box 134
Folder 6
Deeds: Durham, NC, 1900
Box 134
Folder 7
Deeds: Durham, NC, 1902-1905, 1907
Box 134
Folder 8
Deeds: Durham, NC, 1914
Box 134
Folder 9
Deeds: Orange County, NC, 1834, 1835, 1845, 1850, 1860, 1864
Box 134
Folder 10
Deeds: Orange County, NC, 1871-1877
Box 134
Folder 11
Deeds: Orange County, NC, 1880-1885
Box 134
Folder 12
Deeds: Orange County, NC, 1886-1893
Box 134
Folder 13
Deeds: Orange County, NC, 1894-1899
Box 134
Folder 14
Deeds: Orange County, NC, 1900-1902
Box 134
Folder 15
Deeds: Orange County, NC, 1904-1905
Box 134
Folder 16
Deeds: Orange County, NC, 1906-1909
Box 134
Folder 17
Deeds: Orange County, NC, 1910-1912
Box 134
Folder 18
Deeds: Orange County, NC, 1916, 1918
Box 134
Folder 19
Deeds: Raleigh, NC, 1891, 1897
Box 134
Folder 20
Dallas Cable Railway: agreement, 1891
Box 135
Folder 1
Doris Duke Trust: Indenture and deed of trust, with additions, circa 1925
Box 135
Folder 2
Duke, Angier B.: estate (distribution), 1926
Box 135
Folder 3
Duke, Benjamin N.: agreement and specifications for construction of stable, Durham, NC (H. Blauvelt, architect), 1901
Box 135
Folder 4
Duke, Benjamin N.: agreements and land plat related to property at E. 76th Street and 5th Avenue, New York, NY, 1902, 1906
Box 135
Folder 5
Duke, Benjamin N.: agreements related to Chapel Hill Street residence ("The Terrace"), Durham, NC, 1887, 1893, 1909
Box 135
Folder 6
Duke, Benjamin N.: architectural plans for stables, Durham, NC (H. Blauvelt, architect), 1901
(oversize blueprints, 1 of 2)
Box 161
Folder 3
Duke, Benjamin N.: architectural plans for stables, Durham, NC (H. Blauvelt, architect), 1901
(oversize blueprints, 2 of 2)
Box 161
Folder 4
Duke, Benjamin N.: land plat of property conveyed by R. P. Strahorn, located near University Station (Orange County, NC), 1907
(oversize blueprint)
Box 123
Folder 16
Duke, Benjamin N.: land plat of Orange County, NC, property, drafted by N. A. Ramsey, circa 1897
(oversize)
Box 123
Folder 11
Duke, Benjamin N.: land plats of property at 89th St. and 5th Ave., New York, NY, undated
Box 135
Folder 7
Duke, Benjamin N.: property leases, 1908, 1912, 1913
Box 135
Folder 8
Duke, Benjamin N.: trust agreement with George G. Allen, Robert L. Flowers, and Alex. H. Sands, Jr. for various institutions of higher education and the Angier B. Duke Memorial, Inc., 1926
Box 135
Folder 9
Duke, Benjamin N.: will and estate, 1926-1930

The estate documents include an appraisal of real and personal property at 2 East 89th Street, 1009 5th Avenue, and 535 5th Avenue in New York, NY; a power of attorney from Sarah P. Duke to Mary Duke Biddle; and a memorandum written by Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr.

Box 135
Folder 10
Duke, Benjamin N. and George W. Watts: agreements with Southern Railway Company, 1900, 1902
Box 135
Folder 11
Duke, Benjamin N. and George W. Watts: deeds and receipts for tobacco purchase from Edmunds, Bass & Co., 1894
Box 135
Folder 12
Duke, Benjamin N. and others: agreements and contracts, miscellaneous, 1891, 1895-1901, 1905-1906
Box 135
Folder 13
Duke, Benjamin N. and others: agreements and contracts, miscellaneous, 1908-1914 and undated
Box 135
Folder 14
Duke, Benjamin N. and others: complaints, petitions, and summonses, 1891, 1903, 1907-1911

Legal documents include a printed copy of "Complaint and Summons, Richard H. Wright against James B. Duke, Benjamin N. Duke, Brodie L. Duke, George W. Watts" (New York Supreme Court).

Box 135
Folder 15
Duke, Benjamin N. and others: land plats, Durham, NC, 1897, 1912, undated
Box 135
Folder 16
Duke, Washington: agreement with Van Gunden Granite and Marble Works for construction of Duke family mausoleum, Durham, NC, 1893
Box 135
Folder 17
Duke, Washington: instruments of gift to Benjamin N. Duke and Mary W. Stagg (Mamie L. Stagg), 1900 December 11
Box 135
Folder 18
Duke, Washington: trust agreements with Fidelity Bank for domestic workers, 1904 October 10

Beneficiaries of this agreement include Albert Armstrong (coachman), Caroline Barnes (servant), Joseph Bynum (butler), Frank Davis (yardman), and Addie Evans (cook).

Box 135
Folder 19
Duke, Washington: trust agreements with Fidelity Bank for Annie Duke and Robert Duke, 1904 October 10
Box 135
Folder 20
Duke, Washington: trust agreements with Fidelity Bank for George L. Lyon and Buchanan Lyon, 1900 December 11
Box 135
Folder 21
Duke, Washington: will, 1905
(typescript copy)
Box 135
Folder 22
Fidelity Bank, Durham, NC: schedule bond and continuation certificates, 1894-1905
Box 135
Folder 23
Guanajuato River Mining Company: agreements, 1903
Box 135
Folder 24
Kimball Town Company (Kimball, TN): deeds and complaint, 1890
Box 135
Folder 25
National Drama Corporation: property lease, 1915 October 29
Box 135
Folder 26
Southern Conservatory of Music: architectural blueprints of proposed addition, circa 1899
(oversize)
Oversize-folder 3
Southern Conservatory of Music: specifications for heating and lighting, 1899 and undated
Box 135
Folder 27
Trinity College: specifications and land plat for construction of stone wall around campus, 1916
Box 135
Folder 28
[West Durham] Methodist Church: architectural specifications for addition, 1897
Box 135
Folder 29
Worth, W. H. and others: surety bond, 1897, 1901
Box 135
Folder 30

4. Business, 1880, 1890-1919, and undated

2.5 linear feet

The bulk of the Business series consists of published and unpublished periodic financial reports from businesses in which Benjamin N. Duke had a financial interest, as well as investment prospectuses and circulars. A limited number of corporate records, such as acts of incorporation, bylaws and meeting minutes, also appear and are noted in the contents list. The industries represented include banking, cotton and textiles, railroads, power and utilities, and tobacco.

The materials are arranged alphabetically by industry, with miscellaneous businesses listed alphabetically by name at the end of the series.

Banks and trusts: American Trust Company, 1907-1914
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Bank of Harnett, Duke [Erwin], NC, 1906-1915
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Canal Bank & Trust Company, New Orleans, 1914-1916
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Chatham and Phenix National Bank of New York, 1911-1914
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Citizens National Bank of Durham, NC, 1905-1911
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Fidelity Bank of Durham, NC, 1905-1919
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Fidelity Bank of Durham, NC: plaque, 1922
Box 129
Banks and trusts: First National Bank of Winston, NC: balance sheet, 1893 July 5
(oversize)
Box 123
Folder 15
Banks and trusts: German-American National Bank of New Orleans, 1911-1913
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Guaranty Trust Company of New York, 1910-1915
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Hanover National Bank of New York, 1912-1914
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Mellon National Bank, 1913-1914
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Morton Trust Company, 1900-1910
Box 129
Banks and trusts: National Bank of Commerce in New York, 1912-1916
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Second National Bank, City of New York, 1908-1915
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Second National Bank of Somerville, New Jersey, 1912-1915
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Union Exchange Bank, 1903-1914
Box 129
Banks and trusts: miscellaneous, 1900, 1906-1915, and undated
(2.0 folders)
Box 129
Cotton and textiles: Asheville Cotton Mills, 1895-1896, 1898, 1902
Box 129
Cotton and textiles: Cannon Manufacturing Company, 1896, 1898-1912
Box 129
Cotton and textiles: Commonwealth Cotton Manufacturing Company, 1898-1905
Box 129
Cotton and textiles: Cooleemee Cotton Mills, 1901, 1905
Box 129
Cotton and textiles: Durham Cotton Manufacturing Company, 1894, 1896-1901, 1906
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Lily Mills, 1902
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Little River Manufacturing Company, 1908-1914
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Mayo Mills, 1897-1898, 1903, 1910
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Nantucket Mills, 1901-1904
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Pearl Cotton Mills, 1898, 1900-1902
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Proximity Manufacturing Company, 1901-1907
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Riverside Cotton Mills, Danville, VA, 1892, 1894, 1898-1899
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Rocky Mount Mills, 1895-1898
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Spray Cotton Mills, 1911, 1915
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: miscellaneous, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1907-1915 and undated
(2.0 folders)
Box 130
Insurance: Dixie Fire Insurance Company, 1907-1916
Box 130
Insurance: miscellaneous, 1906, 1908, 1914-1915 and undated
Box 130
Mining and foundries: American Type Founders Company, 1898, 1903-1904, 1907-1914
Box 130
Mining and foundries: Jim Butler Tonopah Mining Company, 1902?, 1904-1915
Box 130
Mining and foundries: Republic Iron and Steel Company, 1899, 1903-1904, 1909, 1913
Box 130
Mining and foundries: miscellaneous, 1902-1915, and undated
Box 130
Power and utilities: Asheville Ice and Coal Co., 1895, 1898-1899
Box 130
Power and utilities: Asheville Ice and Coal Co.: act to incorporate, 1891 May 2
Box 130
Power and utilities: Carolina Power and Light Co., 1916
Box 130
Power and utilities: Circle Power Company: check stubs, stock certificates, 1908, 1910
Box 130
Power and utilities: Georgia Railway and Power Company, 1914-1915
Box 130
Power and utilities: Great Falls Power Company, 1910-1913
Box 130
Power and utilities: Southern Power Company, 1909-1914
Box 130
Power and utilities: Project plans for Pigeon River Power Plant, NC, 1923
(oversize)
Box 161
Folder 7
Power and utilities: map of hydroelectric power [transmission lines?], North Carolina and South Carolina, circa 1900-1910s
(oversize blueprint)

The map is labeled in pencil on back: "Lookout Shoals."

Box 161
Folder 2
Power and utilities: miscellaneous, 1893-1896, 1911-1915
Box 130
Railroads: Durham and Southern Railway Company: Durham Station freight business statements, 1907 April-August
Box 130
Railroads: Durham and Southern Railway Company: monthly earnings and expenditures statements, 1906 September-1907 February
Box 130
Railroads: Durham and Southern Railway Company: weekly estimated earnings reports, 1908-1910
(3.0 folders)
Box 130
Railroads: Durham and Southern Railway Company: weekly estimated earnings reports, 1911-1916
(5.0 folders)
Box 131
Railroads: Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Company, 1911-1916
Box 131
Railroads: Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway Company, 1905-1914 and undated
Box 131
Railroads: Seaboard Air Line Railway, 1906, 1909, 1912, 1915
Box 131
Railroads: Seaboard Air Line Railway: banquet program (B.N. Duke presentation copy), 1900
Box 131
Railroads: Southern Pacific Company, 1909-1914
Box 131
Railroads: Southern Railway Company, 1906, 1909, 1915
Box 131
Railroads: miscellaneous, 1904-1916
(3.0 folders)
Box 131
Real estate: miscellaneous, 1901-1903, 1907, 1912-1915
(2.0 folders)
Box 131
Tobacco: American Snuff Company, 1904-1915
Box 132
Tobacco: American Tobacco Company, 1890, 1903-1915
Box 132
Tobacco: American Tobacco Company, Code No. 6 (codebook), 1902
Box 132
Tobacco: American Tobacco Company: formulas for tobacco and cigarette flavorings, 1896, August
Box 132
Tobacco: British-American Tobacco Company, 1912-1915
Box 132
Tobacco: George W. Helme Company, 1911-1915
Box 132
Tobacco: Liggett and Meyers Tobacco Company, 1911-1915, 1918
Box 132
Tobacco: P. Lorillard Company, 1911-1914
Box 132
Tobacco: Porto Rican American Tobacco Company, 1912-1914
Box 132
Tobacco: R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, 1912-1915
Box 132
Tobacco: miscellaneous, 1880, 1901, 1903, 1912-1915, 1918, and undated
(2.0 folders)
Box 132
Alaska Dredging and Power Company: minute book, 1907-1908
Box 132
Alaska Dredging and Power Company: meeting proxy, 1907 November
Box 132
Alaska Dredging and Power Company: stock certificates book, 1907
Box 132
Cary Lumber Company, 1898, 1904-1905, 1909, and undated
Box 133
Durham Buggy Company, 1908, 1913
Box 133
Durham [W. T. Carrington] Lumber Company, 1908, 1912, 1914
Box 133
Fort Smith Wholesale Grocery Co., 1902-1903, 1907-1909
Box 133
Lincoln Lithia Water Co., 1899-1905, 1907
Box 133
Manufacturers' Record Publishing Co., 1906-1909, 1912
Box 133
Seward Dredging Company, 1912
Box 133
Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Company: certificate of incorporation, by-laws, minutes, 1905
(1.0 volume)
Box 133
Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Company: certificates of incorporation (2 versions), 1905
Box 133
Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Company: contracts and agreements, 1905-1907
Box 133
Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Company: stock certificate books, 1905
Box 133
Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Company: stock certificates, 1905
Box 133
Southern Car Company, 1912, 1915
Box 133
Southern Finishing and Warehouse Company, 1895
Box 133
Standard Pure Food Stores, Inc., 1914
Box 133
Unites States Rubber Co., 1913-1914
Box 133
Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company, 1900-1915
Box 133
Wayne Hardwood Company, 1913
Box 133
Miscellaneous circulars, reports, prospectuses, 1895, 1898, 1903-1915, and undated
Box 133

5. Personal, 1877-1937 and undated

8.5 linear feet

This series contains material related to the personal interests of Benjamin N. Duke and his immediate family. It includes Sarah P. Duke's diary (1927-1929) and recipes; genealogical material; honorary degree certificates; a B. N. Duke suit pattern; a scrapbook of the condolences sent to the Duke family upon the death of B. N. Duke; and other material pertaining to funerals, memorials, and tributes to B. N. Duke, Sarah P. Duke, James B. Duke, and Angier B. Duke. The series also contains printed materials, including a bible, cookbook, poetry volumes, and pamphlets and resolutions related to Benjamin N. Duke's philanthropic activities.

The Personal series is arranged alphabetically by subject or type of material.

Alpha Tau Omega fraternity: report and student forms, 1903-1904

Includes report of Virginia Delta Chapter (University of Virginia) to Plato T. Durham, Provincial Chief, and approved applications by students for membership in the Beta Xi (College of Charleston, SC), Alpha Delta (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), and Xi (Trinity College) chapters of the fraternity.

Box 136
Folder 1
Bible, circa 1870s? and accompanying letter, C.L. Mitchell to R.L. Flowers, 1925
Box 136
Folder 2
Clippings, 1892-1904, 1908
Box 136
Folder 3
Clippings, 1911-1914
Box 136
Folder 4
Clippings, 1919-1935
Box 136
Folder 5
Clippings, 1936

Obituaries for Sarah P. Duke.

Box 136
Folder 6
Clippings, undated
Box 136
Folder 7
Clippings scrapbook, 1877, 1890-1902, and undated

Clippings of articles related to the Duke family and their acquaintences as well as domestic advice columns and articles about Trinity College. Includes wedding and anniversary announcements for Benjamin N. Duke and Sarah P. Duke, a wedding announcement for Brodie L. Duke, and obituaries for Mary E. Lyon and George Washington Duke.

Box 140
Duke, Angier B.: memorials, 1923-1924
Box 136
Folder 8
Duke, Angier B.: memorials: Plato T. Durham poem and reactions, 1923-1924

Includes Plato Tracy Durham poem dedicated to A. B. Duke and excerpts from letters written to B. N. Duke in reaction to the poem.

Box 136
Folder 9
Duke, Benjamin N.: clothing pattern (suit), undated
(oversize)
Box 123
Folder 12
Duke, Benjamin N.: funeral, 1929 January 10

Includes a church service program, lists of pallbearers and other funeral service participants, and a list of individuals who sent condolences to the family.

Box 136
Folder 10
Duke, Benjamin N.: honorary degrees, 1926-1927
(oversize)

Honorary degrees awarded to Benjamin N. Duke by Oglethorpe University and Lincoln Memorial University.

Box 123
Folder 13
Duke, Benjamin N.: memorial album, 1929
(oversize)

Telegrams and letters of condolence to family members, calling cards, and clippings on the death and legacy of Benjamin Newton Duke.

Box 141
Duke, Benjamin N.: memorial resolution by The Duke Endowment (bound presentation copy), 1929
Box 136
Folder 11
Duke, Benjamin N.: memorial service, Duke University, 1929 January 24
(disbound album)

Includes program of exercises, prayer by Dr. M. Bradshaw, address by university president W. P. Few, resolution of the faculty, and 5 photographs from the funeral procession of B.N. Duke.

Box 137
Folder 1
Duke, Benjamin N.: poetry volume with inscription to B.N. Duke from Jonathan C. Kilgo, 1907

A Morning Prayer and Other Beautiful Prayers by Robert Louis Stevenson, Dodge Publishing Company, New York, circa 1907. The inscription by Kilgo is dated Christmas 1907.

Box 137
Folder 2
Duke, James B.: memorial resolution by the Piedmont and Northern Railway Company (bound presentation copy), 1926
Box 137
Folder 3
Duke, Mary L. (Mary Duke Biddle): diploma, Trinity Park High School, 1903 June 6
(oversize)
Box 161
Folder 8
Duke, Mary L. (Mary Duke Biddle): Theatre record and scrapbook, 1898-1899

Impressions of and programs for twenty plays attended by Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle) with family and friends. Duke recorded information for each play according to the forms provided by the scrapbook publisher, with varying levels of completeness. The forms include fields for theater name, companions, seats, impressions of the play, criticism of the performance, and criticism of individual actors.

Box 139
Duke, Sarah P.: diary, 1927 January 1-1929 January 5
(1.0 volume)

Sarah P. Duke's diary is "A Line A Day" notebook with very brief notes about activities, visitors, travel plans, weather, health of family members and friends, and other aspects of daily life.

Box 137
Folder 4
Duke, Sarah P.: funeral, 1936

Copies of eulogy delivered by Dr. Ralph W. Sockman; typed and written lists of individuals who sent sympathy notes and flowers.

Box 137
Folder 5
Duke, Sarah P.: recipes, circa 1880s-1930s and undated
Box 137
Folder 6
Duke, Sarah P.: recipes and cookbook, 1887

1887 edition of "Whitehead's family recipes." There are handwritten recipes inscribed at the front and back of the volume, presumably by Sarah P. Duke.

Box 137
Folder 7
Genealogical information: Duke family, 1916-1937 and undated
Box 138
Folder 1
Lincoln Memorial University: Duke Hall of Citizenship dedication, 1927-1928
Box 138
Folder 2
Poetry, miscellanous, undated
Box 138
Folder 3
Printed material, circa 1880s, 1889, 1897-1908

Pamphlets, circulars, and other materials related to the social, religious, philanthropic and political interests of the Duke family.

Box 138
Folder 4
Printed material, 1909-1913

Pamphlets, circulars, and other materials related to the social, religious, philanthropic and political interests of the Duke family.

Box 138
Folder 5
Printed material, 1914-1915

Pamphlets, circulars, and other materials related to the social, religious, philanthropic and political interests of the Duke family.

Box 138
Folder 6
Printed material, 1914-1929 and undated

Pamphlets, circulars, and other materials related to the social, religious, philanthropic and political interests of the Duke family.

Box 138
Folder 7
Printed material: The Orphan's Friend and Masonic Journal (Oxford, NC), 1902 June 27
(oversize)
Box 123
Folder 14
Resolution of appreciation: guests at Carteret Lodge to Mr. and Mrs. B.N. Duke, 1903 January 1
(oversize)
Oversize-folder 2
Resolution of thanks: Grand [Masonic] Lodge of North Carolina to Benjamin Newton Duke for service to Oxford Orphan Asylum, circa 1901
Box 123
Folder 13
Tributes: Benjamin N. Duke, 1923, 1928-1929
Box 138
Folder 8
Tributes: Benjamin N. Duke: Chanticleer v. 2, 1913
(1.0 volume)
Box 138
Folder 9
Tributes: Benjamin Newton Duke on his birthday April 27, 1923, by Trinity College, vol. 1, 1923

Vol. 1 contains a table of contents and congratulatory letters from Duke's friends and acquaintances.

Volume 45
Tributes: Benjamin Newton Duke on his birthday April 27, 1923, by Trinity College, vol. 2, 1923

Vol. 2 contains photographs of the Trinity College campus.

Volume 46

6. Pictures, circa 1877-1929, 1969, and undated

5.8 linear feet

The Pictures series contains bound and disbound albums, photographs, and one mirror with attached photographs. Photographs of individuals and groups include Benjamin N. Duke, Sarah P. Duke, Angier B. Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, members of the extended family, and acquaintances. The series also contains photographs of buildings and places connected with the Duke family and its philanthropic efforts, including the Benjamin N. Duke and Sarah P. Duke family residence at Four Acres, Durham, NC, and structures and property connected to Trinity College.

The series begins with bound photograph albums, followed by images of people, and ends with images of places and buildings. The materials arranged alphabetically within each category.

Album I, circa 1870s-1890s

Album I includes cabinet cards, mainly of individuals, with an index of known and probable photograph subjects. Individuals represented in the album include Woodward W. Duke (son of Brodie L. Duke), Angier Buchanan Duke, Sarah P. Duke, James Buchanan Duke, Sally Angier Duke, Lillie Irene Duke, James Edward Stagg, Benjamin Newton Duke, Mary E. (Duke) Lyon, Robert E. Lyon, Arthur H. Merritt, Malbourn Addison Angier, John Cicero Angier, Mary Angier Stokes, Inez Duke Angier (Stokes), Washington Duke (circa 1870s), Brodie L. Duke, and several other unidentified individuals, many of them infants and young children.

Box 142
Album II, circa 1870s-1890s

Album II contains cabinet cards, mainly of individuals, with an index of known and probable photograph subjects. Individuals represented include Bishop Charles Betts Galloway, Reverend William S. Black, Grover Cleveland, Frances Folsom Cleveland, Lida Duke Angier, Samuel Jones Angier, H. J. Bass (tobacconist), Benjamin Newton Duke, James Buchanan Duke, Angier Buchanan Duke, Mary E. (Duke) Lyon, Malbourn Addison Angier, Mary Lillian Duke (Biddle), Maude Duke (Karnes), and several unidentified individuals.

Loose photographs were removed from the album and placed in a separate folder.

Box 143
Album II: Loose photographs removed from album II
(4.0 items)
Box 145
Folder 1
[Album III], circa 1890s-1920s

This album includes pictures of Cordelia Drexel Biddle Duke and her children, Angier Biddle Duke and Anthony Drexel Duke, and various unidentified individuals.

Box 144
Duke, Angier Buchanan, circa 1890s-1915
(4.0 items)
Box 145
Folder 2
Duke, Benjamin N., circa 1870s-1880s
(2.0 items)

Cabinet card prints by Anderson's of New York, NY.

Box 145
Folder 3
Duke, Benjamin N., circa 1890s-1910s
(5.0 items)
Box 145
Folder 4
Duke, Benjamin N., circa 1920s
(8.0 items)
Box 145
Folder 5
Duke, Benjamin N.: oval print, circa 1877-1897
(Print attached to fragile, convex glass.)

Possibly a wedding or anniversary portrait.

Conditions Governing Access note

Fragile--please ask for staff assistance in handling this item.

Box 147
Duke, Benjamin N. and family, circa 1890s
(1.0 item)

Group photograph of Benjamin N. Duke, Sarah P. Duke, James B. Duke, Angier B. Duke, Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle), and unidentified woman in front of a house.

Box 145
Folder 6
Duke, Benjamin N. and Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle), circa 1890s
(1.0 item)
Box 145
Folder 7
Duke, Benjamin N. and others: Boardwalk, Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1924
(7.0 items)

Individuals pictured include James Buchanan Duke, Benjamin Newton Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, Robert Lee Flowers, and Lily Parrish Flowers. The notes on back of photographs were written by Dr. Lenox Baker (son-in-law of R. and L. Flowers).

Box 145
Folder 8
Duke, Benjamin N. and others, Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, 1892
(3.0 items)

These photographs were taken at Point Lookout and Sunset Rock. See Correspondence series: J. J. Ingalls to B. N. Duke, November 9, 1892.

Box 145
Folder 9
Duke, Benjamin N. and Sarah P. Duke, St. Petersburg, Florida, 1914
(1.0 item)
Box 145
Folder 10
Duke, Benjamin N.: funeral, Durham, NC: photographs and program of exercises, 1929 January

The photographs depict the funeral procession from Duke Memorial Church and its spectators along Chapel Hill Street, Durham, North Carolina; students and faculty honoring Duke at Duke University (East Campus); and the Duke family mausoleum in Maplewood Cemetery. The program of exercises includes the address by President W. P. Few, resolutions of the faculty of Duke University, and a prayer by Dr. M. Bradshaw.

Box 145
Folder 11
Duke, Cordelia Biddle and children (Angier Biddle Duke and Anthony Drexel Duke), with Mary Duke Biddle, circa 1920
(3.0 items)
Box 145
Folder 12
Duke family birthday party, New York, NY, circa 1916
(2.0 items)

Individuals pictured include Benjamin N. Duke, Sarah P. Duke, Anthony Drexel Biddle, and various unidentified adults and children. According to note accompanying photograph, the picture was taken inside the house at 2 E. 82nd Street, New York, NY.

Box 145
Folder 13
Duke, James B.: funeral procession, Durham, NC, 1925; print of Underwood and Underwood portrait, circa 1920s
(2.0 items)
Box 145
Folder 14
Duke, Mary L. (Mary Duke Biddle), circa 1896-1907
(3.0 items)
Box 145
Folder 15
Duke, Sarah P., circa 1870s-1920s
(9.0 items)

Includes a photograph of Sarah P. Duke in a coach with children Angier B. Duke and Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle), circa 1888-1890.

Box 145
Folder 16
Duke, Sarah P.: oval print, circa 1877-1897
(Print attached to fragile, convex glass.)

Possibly a wedding or anniversary portrait.

Conditions Governing Access note

Fragile--please ask for staff assistance in handling this item.

Box 147
Duke, Sarah P., 1892?
(2.0 items, oversize)

Full-length photographs, possibly taken for the fifteenth wedding anniversary of Benjamin N. Duke and Sarah P. Duke (1892).

Box 123
Folder 1
Duke, Sarah P., 1906, circa 1910s
(2.0 items, oversize)

Portrait by the Halladay Studio, Durham, NC (1906), and an undated portrait by the Lafayette studio in London.

Box 123
Folder 2
Duke, Washington and family: mirror with photographs, undated
(fragile)

Cut-out images of Washington Duke, Brodie L. Duke, James B. Duke, Benjamin N. Duke, and Mary E. Duke (Mary Duke Lyon) under glass layer of framed mirror. Photographs circa 1870s.

Conditions Governing Access note

Fragile--please ask for staff assistance in handling this item.

Box 147
Duke, Washington with great-grandchildren, circa 1900
(oversize)

The children pictured are likely those of Mary Washington Lyon Stagg and James Edward Stagg.

Box 148
Folder 1
People, miscellaneous or unidentified, circa 1880s-1890s and undated
(6.0 items)

Individuals represented include Reuben Oscar Everett and others outside the White House, Washington, DC; James Acero Angier, circa 1880s; James Haywood Southgate, circa 1890s; and other unidentified persons.

Box 145
Folder 17
Photographs by Professor Marquis H. Lockwood (Trinity College)
(4.0 items)

Lockwood was a Physics and Biology professor who experimented with photography. His "trick" photographs include "Frog Pond," Professor Jerome Dowd playing chess with himself, and a composite of four views of Mary Lillian Duke (Mary Duke Biddle). Also included is a photograph of the Moses Hester church [Berea Christian Church] and house in Durham, NC.

Box 145
Folder 18
Portraits (photographs of) by Sir Joshua Reynolds
(2.0 items)
Box 145
Folder 19
Artelia Roney Duke birthplace; Stonewall Springs and Boyd's Creek, Alamance County, NC, circa 1920s
(2.0 items)
Box 145
Folder 20
Bassett-Brown House, Trinity College, Durham, NC, circa 1912
(1.0 item)

The house, located on N. Buchanan Blvd., was first occupied by Professor J. S. Bassett and later by Frank C. Brown

Box 145
Folder 21
Carriage house and stable (engraving), H. J. Blauvelt, Architect, for B.N. Duke, Durham, NC, circa 1901
(4.0 items)
Box 145
Folder 22
Duke's Chapel construction, Braggtown, Durham, NC, 1926 November
(8.0 items)

The photographs depict the partially-built structure of the church (designed by the firm of Horace Trumbauer) and construction workers in the foreground.

Box 145
Folder 23
Duke Quarry near Hillsborough, North Carolina; Duke Forest, Durham, NC; New Hope River [New Hope Creek], Durham and Orange Counties, NC, circa 1926
(15.0 items)

These prints related to the construction of Duke University West Campus were sent by Frank C. Brown to Benjamin N. Duke, with an accompanying letter. They include photographs of the site for the "new buildings" (Duke University West Campus?) and the site of new highway through Duke University property.

Box 145
Folder 24
Duke University: East Campus construction, circa 1925
(6.0 items)

These photographs depict the excavation, grading, and tree removal related to construction of new East Campus buildings. Individuals pictured include Robert L. Flowers and Frank C. Brown, laborers and various onlookers. Also pictured are the original library and Alspaugh residence hall, which were relocated to Kittrell College, North Carolina.

Box 145
Folder 25
Fairview (home of Washington Duke), Durham, NC, circa 1890s
(2.0 items)
Box 145
Folder 26
Four Acres, Durham, NC: exteriors, after 1910
(9.0 items)
Box 145
Folder 27
Four Acres, Durham, NC: exteriors, after 1910
(5.0 items, copy negatives)
Box 145
Folder 28
Four Acres, Durham, NC: exteriors, circa 1910
(disbound album, 1 of 2)
Box 148
Folder 2
Four Acres, Durham, NC: exteriors, circa 1910
(disbound album, 2 of 2)
Box 148
Folder 3
Four Acres, Durham, NC: interiors, circa 1910
(disbound album, 1 of 2)
Box 148
Folder 4
Four Acres, Durham, NC: interiors, circa 1910
(disbound album, 2 of 2)
Box 148
Folder 5
Irvington-on-the-Hudson estate (Linden Court), Tarrytown, NY, undated
(4.0 items)
Box 146
Folder 1
Kittrell College: B.N. Duke Library, 1969 September
(2.0 items, color 35 mm slides)
Box 146
Folder 2
Limestone College, Gaffney, SC, 1926
(3.0 items)

These photographs depict a parade celebrating Benjamin N. Duke's endowment gift to the college.

Box 146
Folder 3
["Sarmiento," Mary Duke Biddle house in Florida?], undated
(1.0 item)
Box 146
Folder 4
Trollinger Family Cemetery (Haw River Methodist Church), Alamance County, NC (burial place of Artelia Roney Duke), circa 1924-1929
(3.0 items)
Box 146
Folder 5
Underpass, Chapel Hill Street, Durham, NC: Construction, 1926 June
(8.0 items)

These photographs include views of "The Terrace" (the former Duke residence that was relocated for the construction of Four Acres), the Southgate Jones House, and other buildings, workers and equipment.

Box 146
Folder 6
University United Methodist Church, Chapel Hill, NC, after 1924
(3.0 items)
Box 146
Folder 7
YWCA building, intersection of Gregson Street and Chapel Hill Street, Durham, NC, 1927
(5.0 items)
Box 146
Folder 8

7. Duke Farm, University Station, NC, 1891-1919

2.3 linear feet

Materials in the Duke Farm series include correspondence, financial documents, a hand-colored land plat, and photographs related to the farm that Benjamin N. Duke owned in Orange County, NC. The letters are mainly between the successive farm superintendents employed by Duke, including J.T. Hogan, I. A. Hogan, and Weldon Riley, and J. E. Stagg and E. A. Childs, Duke's financial agents in Durham, NC. Other correspondents include equipment and agricultural suppliers and contractors.

Topics represented in the series include requests for money and instructions on farm management; the purchase of implements, machinery and livestock; the construction of barns and other farm improvements; and requests for farm products to be delivered to Duke's Durham house and other locations. There is also scattered correspondence related to the finances and health of the Hogan family.

Correspondence, 1891-1909
(15.0 folders)
Box 149
Correspondence, 1910-1916, 1918-1919
(9.0 folders)
Box 150
Construction payrolls and invoices, 1894-1895
(2.0 folders)
Box 150
Hogan residence specifications, undated
Box 150
Account book: farm expenditures, 1897-1909
(1.0 volume)
Box 150
Monthly expenditure statements, 1901 July-1910
(2.0 folders)
Box 150
Monthly expenditure statements, 1911-1917
(7.0 folders)
Box 151
Land plat: B.N. Duke Farm, Orange County, NC, 1897?
(oversize)
Oversize-folder 1
Photographs, 1910-1919 and undated
Box 152

8. Richard B. Arrington, 1905-1914

2.0 linear feet

The Richard B. Arrington series is composed of the personal papers of Benjamin Newton Duke's personal secretary and business agent, who worked in the New York office. This series includes letters, letterbook, accounts, check stubs, and receipts. The correspondence covers two periods: 1903-1907 and 1911-1914. From 1903 to 1907 the major focus is building and furnishing a house on Ridgeview Road in White Plains, N.Y. From 1911 the emphasis is on Arrington's business interests, including stock transactions and insurance. Since Arrington died April 17, 1913, the remainder of the correspondence (1913-1914) concerns his estate. His wife, Ethel Lewis Arrington, carried on much of the estate's business. The accounts, check stubs and receipts pertain to Arrington's general business activities; the major focus is on stock transactions especially of the Piedmont Syndicate. Much of his business parallels his work for Benjamin Newton Duke.

The correspondence is arranged chronologically, followed by the letterbook and finanical papers.

Correspondence, 1905 November 9-1914 April
(11.0 folders)
Box 153
Letterbook, 1903 December 16-1906 August 3
Box 154
Financial accounts, 1907-1913
(2.0 linear feet)
Box 155
Check stubs, 1913 March-April
Box 155
Receipts, 1905-1913
(2.0 folders)
Box 155

9. Alexander H. Sands, Jr., 1910-1918

3.5 linear feet

The materials in this series document the personal and financial interests of Alexander H. Sands, Jr., a secretary and business agent for Benjamin N. Duke in New York, NY. The series includes letters, letterbooks, account book, check registers, check stubs, a daybook, ledger and receipts. The correspondence, 1910-1918, primarily concerns Sands's family matters and personal business interests. He also supported both his parents, Mary Harvey Sands and Tucker K. Sands. The remainder of Sands's papers details stock transactions and other business activities, including those of the Southern Audit Company of New York, Inc., of which Sands was a partner.

The correspondence is arranged chronologically, followed by the letterbooks and finanical papers.

Correspondence, 1910 April-1914 April
Box 155
Correspondence, 1914 May-1915
Box 156
Letterbook, 1910 August 19-1915 September 14
Box 157
Letterbook, 1915 September 23-1918 June 11
Box 158
Financial accounts: Southern Audit Co. of New York, Inc., 1914-1915
Box 156
Check registers, 1912-1913
Box 156
Check stubs, 1910 April-1914 June
(3.0 folders)
Box 156
Check stubs, 1914 November-1915 May
(1.0 volume)
Box 159
Check stubs: special account, 1915-1916
(2.0 volumes)
Box 159
Check stubs: Reyhing & Co., 1914
Box 160
Daybook, 1914-1915
Box 160
Ledger, 1914-1915
Box 160
Receipts, 1913-1915
(4.0 folders)
Box 160

Historical Note

Date Event(s)
1855, April 27 Born to Washington and Artelia Roney Duke in Orange County, NC
1858 Death of mother Artelia Roney Duke and half-brother Sidney Taylor Duke, both from typhoid fever
1871 Enrolled in New Garden School (later Guilford College), near Greensboro, NC
1874 Father moves family to Durham proper
1877, February 21 Marries Sarah Pearson Angier
1878 W. Duke, Sons and Company established
1882 or 1883?, October 3 Birth of son George Washington Duke
1884, December 8 Birth of son Angier Buchanan Duke
1885, September? Death of son George Washington Duke at age 2 or 3.
1887, November 16 Birth of daughter Mary Lillian Duke (Mary Duke Biddle)
1889 Election to the Board of Trustees of Trinity College
1890 Becomes a director of the American Tobacco Company
1891? Becomes a director of the Oxford Orphan Asylum (Oxford, NC)
1892 Erwin Cotton Mills established, with Benjamin N. Duke as president. William A. Erwin manages the operation of the mills.
1893, April 6 Death of sister Mary E. Lyon (Mary Duke Lyon)
1893-1922 Becomes president of The Fidelity Bank of Durham, NC
1898 Delegate, General Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Baltimore, Md.
1901 Purchases first home in New York, NY. Family divides time between New York and Durham
Resigns from the board of directors of the Oxford Orphan Asylum
1899? Becomes president of the Cape Fear and Northern Railway
1904 Resigns as treasurer of the American Tobacco Company
1902 Becomes treasurer of the American Tobacco Company
1905, June Southern Power Company (later Duke Power Company) established by Benjamin N. and James B. Duke
Angier B. Duke graduates from Trinity College, Durham, NC
1905, May 8 Death of Washington Duke
1906 Becomes president of the Durham and Southern Railway
1907, June Mary L. Duke graduates from Trinity College, Durham, NC
1907, May Resigns as a director of the American Tobacco Company
1908-1910 Construction of Four Acres house, Durham, NC
1913, April Death of Richard B. Arrington
1922 Resigns from presidency of The Fidelity Bank of Durham, NC
1915 Angier B. Duke marries Cordelia Biddle; Mary L. Duke marries Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr.
1923, September 3 Death of Angier B. Duke
1925, October 10 Death of James B. Duke
1927 Resigns from presidency of Erwin Cotton Mills
Resigns from presidency of Durham and Southern Railway
1929, January 8 Death of Benjamin N. Duke in New York City. Buried in family mausoleum at Maplewood Cemetery, Durham, NC
1936 Remains of Benjamin N. Duke, James B. Duke, and Washington Duke removed to the Memorial Chapel of Duke University Chapel
1936, September 3 Death of Sarah P. Duke

Benjamin Newton Duke (1855-1929) was a tobacco manufacturer, industrialist, and philanthropist of Durham, NC and New York, NY and a trustee and major benefactor of Trinity College (later Duke University). He was the son of Washington Duke, older brother of James B. Duke, husband of Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, and father of Angier Buchanan Duke and Mary Duke Biddle.

Benjamin Newton Duke held a leadership position in several North Carolina and New York businesses, including the American Tobacco Company, W. Duke, Sons & Company, Erwin Cotton Mills, Fidelity Bank of Durham, Citizens' National Bank of Durham, Trinity Land Company, Durham Realty Corporation, Durham and Southern Railway Company, and Southern Power Company. Along with James B. Duke and their partner, George Washington Watts, Benjamin Duke held substantial investments in a variety of enterprises throughout the United States.

Duke was also the primary agent for the Duke family's philanthropic activities from the late 1880s until his death.

Subject Headings

Related Material

Board of Trustees Records, 1860-ongoing, Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Duke Family papers, 1885-1992 (bulk 1892-1927), David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

James Buchanan Duke Papers, 1777-1999 and undated, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Washington Duke Papers, 1764-1987, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Erwin Cotton Mills Records, 1832-1976, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

William Preston Few Records and Papers, 1814-1971 and undated (bulk 1911-1940), Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Robert Lee Flowers Records, 1891-1968, Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

John C. Kilgo Records and Papers, 1888-1970 (bulk 1894-1920), Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

W. Duke, Sons & Co. Advertising Materials, 1880-1910, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Semans Family Papers, 1878-2008 and undated, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Benjamin Newton Duke Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The papers of Benjamin Newton Duke have been received from a variety of sources over an extended period of time. While acquisition information about the bulk of the collection is unrecorded, it is believed that it was given by his daughter, Mary Duke Biddle. Additions to the collection were made by Mary Duke Biddle, 1939; Alexander H. Sands, Jr., 1940- 1941, 1953; R.D. Graham, 1950; Mrs. Lucy Cole Durham, 1951; Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans, 1961-1972; Bud Alexander, 1970; Duke University Archives, 1980; and Julia Wightman, 1990.

Sponsor

The Benjamin Newton Duke papers were processed with support from The Duke Endowment.

Processing Information

Processed by Madeleine Bagwell Perez

Completed June 30, 1991

Encoded by Rachel Pottinger

Processing Note: In 1991 the Benjamin Newton Duke Papers were reprocessed through the support of The Duke Endowment. At that time the collection was arranged by distinct series and the papers reboxed and refoldered. While much of the Correspondence and Financial Papers Series follow their original order, some rearrangement has been done throughout the collection.

Volumes, once shelved separately, have been integrated into the collection. Examples include: letterbooks, check stubs, stock ledgers, oversized memorials, etc.

During the reprocessing, duplicate printed material was removed. Additionally, three hymn books, once belonging to Benjamin and Sarah Duke, have been transferred to the Rare Book Collection. These hymnals are for the worship services of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and date from 1878 and 1889.

Reprocessed by Mary Mellon, March 2015.