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Guide to the Benjamin Newton Duke Papers, 1834-1941, bulk 1890-1929.

Abstract

Benjamin Newton Duke (1855-1929) was a tobacco manufacturer, industrialist, and philanthropist of Durham, NC and New York, NY and a trustee and major benefactor of Trinity College (later Duke University). He was the son of Washington Duke, older brother of James B. Duke, husband of Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, and father of Angier Buchanan Duke and Mary Duke Biddle. The materials in this collection document the business, financial, philanthropic, and personal interests of Benjamin N. Duke and his family, especially Duke's involvement in the tobacco, textiles, banking, and hydroelectric industries in North Carolina and New York and the Duke family's financial support of a variety of institutions, including educational institutions for African-Americans and women, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South and individual churches, orphanages, hospitals, and community organizations.

Descriptive Summary

Collection Number
RL.00328
Title
Benjamin Newton Duke papers
Date
1834-1969
Creator
Duke, Benjamin N. (Benjamin Newton), 1855-1929
Extent
89.0 linear feet
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Materials in English

Collection Overview

The papers of Benjamin Newton Duke have been collected from various sources over time and span the years 1834 to 1941, although the bulk of the material dates from 1890 to 1929. The materials in the collection document the business, financial, philanthropic, and personal interests of Benjamin N. Duke and his family in Durham, NC and New York, NY, especially Duke's involvement in the tobacco, textiles, banking, and hydroelectric industries and the Duke family's financial support of a variety of institutions, including educational institutions for African-Americans and women, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and individual churches, orphanages, hospitals, and community organizations. Types of material in the collection include correspondence, financial statements and ledgers, bills and receipts, architectural blueprints and drawings, land plats, deeds, photographs, photograph albums, scrapbooks, and a diary.

Family members represented include Sarah P. Duke, Angier Buchanan Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, Washington Duke, James B. Duke, Brodie L. Duke, Lida Duke Angier, and Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr. Other individuals represented include Julian S. Carr, William A. Erwin, John C. Kilgo, William P. Few, Daniel Lindsay Russell, James E. Shepard, and George W. Watts.

The Richard B. Arrington series and Alexander H. Sands, Jr. series document the personal and financial interests of Benjamin N. Duke’s private secretaries in New York, NY.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into nine series: Correspondence, Financial, Business, Legal, Personal, Pictures, Duke Farm (University Station, NC), Richard B. Arrington, and Alexander H. Sands, Jr.

Restrictions on Access & Use

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Access

Collection is open for research.

Includes fragile letterbooks and other volumes that require consultation with staff regarding safe handling.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in these papers have not been transferred to Duke University. The Benjamin Newton Duke papers were processed with support from The Duke Endowment.

Contents of the Collection

1. Correspondence, Bulk, 1893-1923

The letters, memoranda, telegrams, invoices, receipts, printed reports and other items comprising this series document the financial, philanthropic, and personal interests of Benjamin N. Duke and his family. Duke family members represented in the series include Sarah P. Duke, Washington Duke, Angier B. Duke, Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle), Lida Duke Angier, Brodie L. Duke, James B. Duke, and Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr. Other correspondents include John C. Angier, John S. Bassett, Warren A. Candler, Julian S. Carr, John F. Crowell, J. B. Cobb, Warren C. Coleman, Caesar Cone, William A. Erwin, William P. Few, Robert L. Flowers, C. P. H. Gilbert, Jonathan R. Hawkins, L. L. Hobbs, Charles C. Hook, N. M. Jurney, J. C. Kilgo, W. S. Lee, John Merrick, Solomon Pool, Jeter C. Pritchard, Daniel Lindsay Russell, Thomas Settle, James E. Shepard, James H. Southgate, Andrew P. Tyer, and George W. Watts. Many of the letters were addressed to or written by Benjamin N. Duke's financial agents and secretaries in Durham, NC and New York, NY, including James E. Stagg, Richard B. Arrington, Elizabeth A. Childs, and Alexander H. Sands, Jr.

The series provides a particularly rich history of Benjamin Duke's relationship with Trinity College, documenting his role on the Board of Trustees, Executive Committee, and Building Committee as well as his financial support during and after the institution’s relocation to Durham from Randolph County. There are letters to and from trustees, faculty, students, and representatives of the Methodist Church regarding the administration and financial support of the college; letters from students or their parents requesting financial assistance to attend the college; exchanges with architects and contractors regarding the design and construction of campus buildings; applications to teach for the college; and correspondence with faculty related to non-college topics, such as loans, investments, property transactions, and personal matters.

The series also documents Benjamin Duke and his family’s other philanthropic activities, including their support of educational institutions for African-Americans and women, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South and individual churches, and social welfare agencies and community organizations, including orphanages and hospitals. Individual institutions represented include Elon College, Greensboro Female College, Granbery College, Guilford College, Kittrell College, Lincoln Memorial University, Louisburg Female College, the National Religious Training School and Chautauqua for the Colored Race, the New Bern Industrial and Collegiate Institute, the North Carolina College for Negroes (later North Carolina Central University), Rutherford College, Southern Conservatory of Music, Trinity College, the Bingham School, and Durham Graded Schools; Main Street Methodist Church, Duke Memorial Methodist Church, Trinity Methodist Church, and West Durham Methodist Church; North Carolina Children's Home, Oxford Orphan Asylum, Lincoln Hospital, Watts Hospital, the YMCA and YWCA of Durham, NC, and the Salvation Army.

Major industries represented in the series include tobacco, cotton and textiles, hydroelectric power, banking, mining, railroads, and real estate. Much of the business-related correspondence concerns financial matters such as notices of dividend payments and requests for stockholder subscriptions. Individual companies include the American Tobacco Company, W. Duke, Sons & Company, Asheville Cotton Mills, Cannon Manufacturing Company, Coleman Manufacturing Company, Commonwealth Cotton Manufacturing Company, Durham Cotton Manufacturing Company, Erwin Cotton Mills, Leaksville Cotton Mills, Locke Cotton Mills, Odell Manufacturing Company, Proximity Manufacturing Company, Kerr Bag Manufacturing Company, Roxboro Cotton Mills, Spray Water and Power Company, Durham Electric Lighting Company, Southern Power Company, Fidelity Bank of Durham, Citizen’s National Bank of Durham, Durham and Southern Railway, Cape Fear and Northern Railway, Cary Lumber Company, Alaska Power and Dredging Company, Jim Butler Tonopah Mining Company, Seward Dredging Company, Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company, Durham Realty Corporation, Trinity Land Company, and the National Drama Corporation.

Correspondence related to the tobacco industry includes letters from executives and directors of the American Tobacco Company and its subsidiaries, including W. Duke, Sons & Company. Also included are letters from department and branch managers, legal counsel, leaf brokers and dealers, investors, merchants and salespeople, and individuals seeking employment. There is extensive correspondence between 1892 and 1902 regarding the state of the tobacco markets in North Carolina and Virginia, as well as purchases of tobacco, cutters, wrappers, and other supplies. Correspondence related to official American Tobacco Company business consists mainly of arrangements for meetings of the Board of Directors and details of investments made on behalf of the company and its executives. Also included are general updates from W. W. Fuller on legal suits faced by the company and arrangements for the conversion of American Tobacco Company stock after the dissolution of the trust.

Letters related to the textiles and hydroelectric power industries include extensive correspondence with William A. Erwin regarding the establishment, funding, operations, and expansion of the Erwin Cotton Mills. Also present are letters related to the surveying of water power sites in North Carolina and South Carolina and purchases of properties and water rights prior to the establishment of the Southern Power Company.

Correspondence is arranged in two subseries according to format: Letters and Letterbooks.

Letters, 1872-1941

Primarily inbound correspondence addressed to Benjamin N. Duke. After 1905, there is an increased volume of outgoing correspondence written by Duke's secretaries, much of which duplicates the correspondence found in the Letterbook subseries.

Arranged chronologically.

1872, 1877, 1879
(7.0 items)

Includes letter from Benjamin N. Duke to a New Garden School classmate and letters from George F. Wardle, agent for W. Duke, Sons & Company

Box 1
1880, 1883, 1885, 1886, 1889
(6.0 items)
Box 1
1890, March-December and undated
(16.0 items)
Box 1
1891
(13.0 folders)

Includes correspondence with George S. Prichard regarding details of their tobacco purchasing agreement; letter from Brodie L. Duke about his visit to England; letter from Julian S. Carr letter discussing a proposal for an industrial school for girls in Durham; a letter from John Pope with a list of tobacco buyers and salaries for various markets of the American Tobacco Company 1891

Box 1
1892
(15.0 folders)

Includes correspondence and statement regarding dispute between Julian S. Carr and B.N. Duke over claims made about the American Tobacco Company; statement comparing cigarette sales for branches of the American Tobacco Company from April 1891 to April 1892.

Box 2
1893, January-September
(16.0 folders)

Includes letters related to the death of Mary E. Lyon (Mary Duke Lyon) and the design and construction of the Duke family mausoleum

Box 3
1893, October-1894, July
(19.0 folders)
Box 4
1894, August-1895, March
(16.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the "New Jersey suit" and labor and cigarette legislation

Box 5
1895, April-November
(16.0 folders)
Box 6
1895, December-1896, May
(16.0 folders)

Includes correspondence with Thomas Settle regarding cigarette and antitrust legislation and the need for a new public building in Durham; letters from W. T. Blackwell seeking financial assistance and investment advice

Box 7
1896, June-December
(15.0 folders)

Includes James E. Shepard proposal for building an African-American teaching college in Durham; letters from Daniel Lindsay Russell and others regarding 1896 Republican campaigns and the Fusion movement in North Carolina; letters related to Washington Duke's endowment of Trinity College

Box 8
1897, January-September
(18.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the funding and construction of the [Mary E. Duke Lyon] Memorial Hall at Guilford College

Box 9
1897, October-1898, May
(15.0 folders)
Box 10
1898, June-December
(14.0 folders)

Includes letters from Governor Daniel Lindsay Russell about the Fusion movement, 1898 election campaigns and results, and personal and political troubles following the November 1898 Wilmington race riots. Also includes an August 1898 letter from Bishop W. A. Candler requesting aid for missionary work in Cuba.

Box 11
1899, January-July
(15.0 folders)

Includes letters regarding fundraising for the Braxton Craven Memorial Hall at Trinity College (January), the rebuilding of the Durham Colored Graded School after a fire (January, February), and construction of a Methodist church in Havana, Cuba. Also includes a letter from Julian S. Carr regarding the need for new management at the Durham Electric Lighting Company and correspondence related to the debt of Daniel Lindsay Russell.

Box 12
1899, August-December
(12.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the Southern Conservatory of Music (Durham, NC) building addition and the purchase of timber land in Florida.

Box 13
circa 1890s
(1.0 folder)
Box 13
1900, January
(3.0 folders)
Box 13
1900, February-October
(17.0 folders)

Includes letters related to construction of B.N. Duke's stables (Durham, NC) and J. C. Kilgo residence; dedication of the Southern Conservatory of Music; Catawba River water power; Erwin Cotton Mills expansion; and state and national Republican campaigns. Also includes a letter from J.S. Trice regarding the Soudan Mission in Sierra Leone (March 1900).

Box 14
1900, November-1901, April
(15.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the Gattis vs. Kilgo trial and appeal; Cooleemee Cotton Mills; Coleman Manufacturing Company; Lincoln Hospital endowment; Furches and Douglas impeachment trials (North Carolina legislature); Guilford Battleground Commission; and the purchase of a house on 5th Ave. in New York, NY. Also includes letters (December, January) from Moses H. Cone regarding the sale of his finishing works and from W. S. Lee (April) describing work at the Colégio Americano Granbery

Box 15
1901, May-October
(14.0 folders)

Includes letters regarding the Duke family's relocation to New York, the construction of the Trinity College library, and the Gattis vs. Kilgo case. Also includes correspondence from W. A. Erwin regarding expenses from water power surveys in North Carolina and from Caesar Cone relating his interest in establishing a cotton mill in South Carolina.

Box 16
1901, November-1902, March
(17.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to water power surveys in North Carolina and South Carolina and a January 1902 letter from James B. Duke to B.N. Duke regarding his trip to Russia.

Box 17
1902, April-August
(16.0 folders)

Includes letters related to the Erwin Mill No. 2 site in Harnett County, NC; NC and SC water power surveys; and an April 1902 letter from Minnie Duke about Brodie L. Duke.

Box 18
1902, September-December
(12.0 folders)

Includes letters related to the funding needs of Watts Hospital and Kittrell College; letters from W. A. Erwin about the new Erwin Cotton Mills sites in Cooleemee, NC and Harnett County, NC; letters from William A. Blair, Lindsay Patterson, and Jeter C. Pritchard on 1902 political campaigns; and letters related to Benjamin N. Duke's purchase of property on 5th Avenue and 76th Street, New York, NY

Box 19
1902, September 23 (oversize)

B. F. Taylor to B. N. Duke: land plat for property at 5th Avenue and East 76th Street, New York, NY (Frank E. Forbes, surveyor)

Box 123
1903, January-April
(12.0 folders)
Box 20
1903, May-September
(15.0 folders)

Letters from Jonathan C. Kilgo and Greensboro Female College Alumnae Association members regarding the school's funding crisis and possible closure; correspondence with J. B. Cobb and A. B. Carrington related to American Tobacco Company's southern tobacco markets, including sales statements for the 1902 tobacco crop

Box 21
1903, July 31 (oversize)

Mary Davis Allen to B.N. Duke: ground plan for Louisburg Female College pantry

Box 123
1903, October-1904, March
(16.0 folders)

Includes letters from Walter H. Page and Trinity College trustees regarding the John S. Bassett affair; correspondence related to the Coleman Manufacturing Company, the smallpox outbreak in Durham, Brodie L. Duke's divorce and child custody case, and fundraising for Kittrell College.

Box 22
1904, April-September
(16.0 folders)

Includes letters related to Brodie L. Duke's divorce and child custody case, letters from J. M. Currin regarding tobacco operations in Australia, and a letter from George W. Watts about the establishment of the Durham Loan & Trust

Box 23
1904, October-1905, March
(15.0 folders)

Includes letters from Walter H. Page and Trinity College trustees regarding the John S. Bassett affair

Box 24
1904, November 12 (oversize)

Smith-Courtney to J. E. Stagg: floor plan for proposed addition to Washington Duke's residence, Durham, NC

Box 123
1905, April-August
(13.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the chartering of Citizen's National Bank of Durham and the illness and death of Washington Duke

Box 25
1905, September-December
(13.0 folders)

Includes proposal to enlarge the Southern Conservatory of Music (Durham, NC)

Box 26
1906, January
(6.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to Angier B. Duke's accident at Carteret Lodge; letter from Conde Nast describing an investment opportunity in the Home Pattern Company; letter from Bishop W. A. Candler regarding mission in Cuba

Box 27
1906, February-April
(11.0 folders)

Includes correspondence regarding the sale of the Coleman Manufacturing Company property (Concord, NC) and funding for a "Duke Memorial Hall" at Kittrell College

Box 27
1906, May-October
(18.0 folders)
Box 28
1906, November-1907, March
(17.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to pledges to Durham YMCA building

Box 29
1907, April-September
(17.0 folders)
Box 30
1907, October-1908, February
(17.0 folders)
Box 31
[1907 or 1909]
(Scroll (fragile))

Rosa Parrish to Sarah P. Duke, sent from Japan

Conditions Governing Access note

Fragile—please ask for staff assistance in handling this item.

Box 63
1908, March-June
(14.0 folders)

Includes letters from Charles C. Hook regarding construction plans for Duke's new Durham home (Four Acres); correspondence related to the dedication of the Washington Duke statue at Trinity College

Box 32
1908, July-1908, October
(14.0 folders)
Box 33
1908, November-1909, February
(14.0 folders)

Includes letters related to the debt of Daniel Lindsay Russell and the purchase of Odell Manufacturing Company property and founding of Locke Cotton Mills.

Box 34
1909, March-July
(17.0 folders)
Box 35
1909, August-October
(11.0 folders)
Box 36
1909, October 4 (oversize)

H. Buckenham to B. N. Duke: blueprint proposal for new athletic grounds at Trinity College

Box 123
1909, November
(5.0 folders)

Includes correspondence and plans related to the relocation of "The Terrace" (former Duke residence, Durham, NC)

Box 36
1909, November (oversize)

N. Underwood to B. N. Duke: plans for new porch for relocated Durham, NC house ("The Terrace"); C. P. H. Gilbert to B. N. Duke: land plat of B. N. Duke property at 5th Avenue and E. 89th Street, New York, NY

Box 123
1909, December-1910, March
(17.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the purchase of the Odell mill property in Concord, NC and the establishment of Locke Cotton Mills

Box 37
1910, April-1910, June
(12.0 folders)
Box 38
1910, July-September
(15.0 folders)
Box 39
1910, October-December
(17.0 folders)

Includes a letter from the Tuskeegee Institute, signed by Booker T. Washington, soliciting donations to support students

Box 40
circa 1908-1910
(1.0 )
Box 40
1911, January-March
(16.0 folders)

Includes correspondence with John Merrick, James E. Shepard and others related to contributions by James B. Duke and Benjamin N. Duke to Lincoln Hospital and the National Religious Training School and Chautauqua for the Colored Race; letters regarding the Main Building (Washington Duke Building) fire at Trinity College; letters and statements related to the Trinity College building fund and campus construction

Box 41
1911, April-June
(14.0 folders)

Includes correspondence with Caesar Cone and others regarding Cone's buyout of Asheville Cotton Mills stock and ensuing dispute with B. Frank Mebane; letters and invoices related to Duke family portraits by Joaquin Sorolla; letters and statements related to the Trinity College building fund and campus construction

Box 42
1911, July-November

Includes correspondence about the death and estate of John C. Angier and letters regarding the heating system for Lincoln Hospital; correspondence related to the Trinity College building fund and construction of new dormitories

Box 43
1911, December-1912, January
(12.0 folders)

Includes correspondence with C. W. Toms and W. W. Flowers related to the construction of Memorial Methodist Church (Durham, NC); letters from James A. Thomas regarding the conversion of his American Tobacco Company securities, with some observations on events in China

Box 44
1912, February-April
(14.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the construction of Memorial Methodist Church (Durham, NC) and the Administration Building and new dormitory at Trinity College

Box 45
1912, May-July
(12.0 folders)
Box 46
1912, August
(4.0 folders)

Includes correspondence with William P. Few regarding the naming of new Trinity College dormitories after Thomas Jarvis and Charles Aycock

Box 47
1912, September-November
(11.0 folders)
Box 47
1912, December-1913, January
(9.0 folders)

Includes letter from W. A. Erwin discussing proposed legislation of the Child Labor Committee

Box 48
1913, January 15 (oversize)

Hornor & Company to B. N. Duke: map of Long Island Sound, New York (Pell & Chambers, Real Estate)

Box 161
1913, February
(4.0 folders)
Box 48
1913, March
(5.0 folders)
Box 49
1913, March 29 (oversize)
(2.0 items)

W. S. Lee to B. N. Duke: blueprint land plats of Charlotte and Dilworth, NC and the A.C. Springs & Company property, Charlotte, NC

Box 161
1913, April
(5.0 folders)
Box 49
1913, May
(5.0 folders)
Box 50
1913, May 5 (oversize)
(3.0 items)

D. M. Barringer to B. N. Duke: curves of pig iron production for the world and the United States (from Manufacturers Record); Texas Iron Association iron ore deposits diagram; blueprint map showing districts with iron ore deposits in Cass County, Texas

Box 161
1913, June
(4.0 folders)
Box 50
1913, July
(4.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to a contribution by James B. Duke and Benjamin N. Duke to the endowment of Trinity College.

Box 50
1913, August-October
(13.0 folders)
Box 51
1913, November-1914, January
(13.0 folders)
Box 52
1914, February-April
(14.0 folders)

Includes correspondence (4/1914) with John C. Kilgo and others regarding the official relationship of Trinity College with the Methodist Church.

Box 53
1914, May-July
(13.0 folders)
Box 54
1914, August-November
(14.0 folders)

Includes correspondence regarding the Trinity Land Company's sale of timber rights in Carteret County, NC; letter from James E. Shepard (10/1914) seeking assistance with the debt of the National Training School; letter (11/1914) from Laura Drake Gill regarding a proposal for the establishment of a coordinate college for women at Trinity College.

Box 55
1914, December-1915, March
(15.0 folders)

Includes letter from Julian S. Carr regarding the North Carolina Children's Home (12/1914); letter from James E. Shepard seeking assistance with the debt of the National Training School (2/1915)

Box 56
1915, April-July
(12.0 folders)

Includes letters related to travel arrangements for Angier B. Duke and Cordelia Biddle Duke (4/1915), and Mary Duke Biddle and Anthony J. Duke Biddle, Jr. (5/1915) after the couples' weddings; letters (6/1915) from James E. Shepard regarding mortgage payments for the National Training School; and letters (7/1915) regarding Lincoln Hospital Nurses' Home and Kittrell College.

Box 57
1915, August-December and circa 1915
(14.0 folders)

Includes letters from W. R. Perkins and P. D. Gold regarding The National Drama Corporation and Thomas Dixon, Jr.'s film "The Fall of a Nation"; correspondence from Jonathan R. Hawkins regarding funding for Kittrell College and the African Methodist Episcopal Church; letters regarding the construction of the stone wall around Trinity College.

Box 58
1916, January-1918, May
(16.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to the National Drama Corporation and "The Fall of a Nation," letters from J. C. Thorn regarding the Durham Realty Corporation, a letter from James H. Southgate discussing land in Orange County, NC, and a letter from John Merrick discussing property for a new Lincoln Hospital site.

Box 59
1918, June-1919, December
(6.0 folders)

Includes several letters from Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr. to B. N. Duke, some of which express Biddle's opinions on the League of Nations, and a typescript copy of a personal letter from James B. Duke to B. N. Duke (February 1919).

Box 60
circa 1890s-1910s
(2.0 folders)

Undated letters for which a concise date range has not been determined.

Letters arranged alphabetically by correspondent last name

Box 60
1920, January-1923, April
(7.0 folders)

Includes correspondence between Duke and William P. Few regarding the construction of Southgate Residence Hall and Alumni Memorial Gymnasium at Trinity College

Box 60
1923, May-1928, April
(13.0 folders)

Includes correspondence related to Duke's health and financial contributions to various institutions, including Buies Creek Academy (later Campbell University), Duke's Chapel (Braggtown, Durham, NC), Kittrell College, Limestone College, Lincoln Hospital Nurses' Home, Lincoln Memorial University, North Carolina College for Negroes, Wofford College, and the YWCA (Durham, NC). Also includes Duke's letter of resignation (1/10/1927) as president of the Erwin Cotton Mills and endorsement of William A. Erwin as his replacement.

Box 61
1929 and circa 1920s
(13.0 items)

Includes a typescript notice of funeral for Benjamin N. Duke, arrangements for train chartered to bring mourners to Durham from New York, contributions to Lincoln Memorial University in Duke's memory by Sarah P. Duke and Mary Duke Biddle, and copy of a memorial resolution from the Board of Trustees of Elon College

Box 62
1932-1934, 1936-1941
(2.0 folders)

Chiefly letters soliciting funds from North Carolina institutions that Benjamin N. Duke supported during his lifetime, including Kittrell College, the North Carolina College for Negroes, Lincoln Hospital, and West Durham Methodist Church. Also includes letter from Ora J. Swing to Doris Duke Cromwell, describing the friendship of her mother Kate Reynolds with Benjamin and Mary Duke at New Garden School in 1871-1872. Swing enclosed a letter written by Benjamin to Kate dated June 24, 1872, the original of which is filed chronologically in the Correspondence series, folder "1872, 1877, 1879"

Box 62
Condolences, Angier B. Duke, 1923-1924
(2.0 folders)

Disbound volume of typescript copies of condolences sent to Benjamin and Sarah Duke on the death of Angier B. Duke. Includes alphabetical index of correspondents.

Box 62

Letterbooks, 1892-1923

The fragile letterbooks consist of bound carbon-copies of outgoing correspondence as well as scattered financial statements. Most letterbooks include alphabetical indexes of correspondents. Letters from Duke's Durham and New York offices are bound separately, with some overlap in time periods covered.

There are also occasional outgoing letters from Angier B. Duke and Washington Duke, with the latter correspondence mainly concerning responses to requests for financial assistance.

The letterbooks are arranged chronologically for each office of origin, with Durham office letterbooks listed first.

Conditions Governing Access note

Fragile—please ask for staff assistance in handling these items.

1892, Apr. 7-1893, February 22 (Durham office)
Box LB-1
1893, February 25-December 30 (Durham office)
Box LB-1
1894, January 1-August 29 (Durham office)
Box LB-1
1894, August 29-1895, April 8 (Durham office)
Box LB-2
1895, April 8-November 11 (Durham office)
Box LB-2
1895, November 11-1896, May 11 (Durham office)
Box LB-3
1896, May 11-December 7 (Durham office)
Box LB-3
1896, December 9-1897, May 7 (Durham office)
Box LB-3
1897, May 8-1898, May 14 (Durham office)
Box LB-4
1898, May 16-1899, August 9 (Durham office)
Box LB-4
1899, August 14-1901, March 18 (Durham office)
Box LB-4
1901, March 19-1903, April 4 (Durham office)
Box LB-5
1903, April 9-1906, October 15 (Durham office)
Box LB-5
1906, December 1-1910, May 6 (Durham office)
Box LB-5
1910, May 9-1911, March 16 (Durham office)
Box LB-6
1911, March 17-1913, September 19 (Durham office)
Box LB-13
1913, September 23-1917, February 28 (Durham office)
Box LB-13
1917, March 1-1923, April 21 (Durham office)
Box LB-13
1909, November 27-1910, September 7 (New York office)
Box LB-6
1910, September 7-1911, May 17 (New York office)
Box LB-6
1911, May 18-1912, January 23 (New York office)
Box LB-7
1912, January 23-July 15 (New York office)
Box LB-7
1912, July 16-1913, February 20 (New York office)
Box LB-8
1913, February 20-1913, September 20 (New York office)
Box LB-8
1913, September 17-1914, June 24 (New York office)
Box LB-9
1914, June 25-1915, April 8 (New York office)
Box LB-9
1915, April 12-1916, January 8 (New York office)
Box LB-10
1916, January 11-1916, September 18 (New York office)
Box LB-10
1916, September 18-1917, April 2 (New York office)
Box LB-11
1917, April 2-1917, September 11 (New York office)
Box LB-11
1917, September 12-1918, April 25 (New York office)
Box LB-12

2. Financial, 1876-1878, 1884-1936, and undated

Materials in this series reflect the personal, business and philanthropic interests of Benjamin Newton Duke. Types of records include bills, charitable contributions, check stubs, invoices, statements of accounts, tax statements, receipts, stock transactions, trial balances, household and petty cash accounts, brokerage account statements and correspondence, and materials related to the Southern Investment Company of Canada. The series also includes scattered statements and correspondence related to the finances of James B. Duke.

Financial ledgers and official bookkeeping responsibilities were transferred from Duke's Durham office to his New York office in May, 1901.

Materials are arranged into three subseries: General, Banking, and Investments.

General, 1876-1878, 1884-1936, and undated

Materials related to the general financial transactions of Benjamin N. Duke and his family. The bills, invoices, receipts, and invoice books at the beginning of the subseries are primarily related to household and personal expenditures in Durham, NC and New York, NY. Also represented are transactions involving domestic and international travel for personal and business purposes; medical expenses; automobile purchases and maintenance; art and personal photograph purchases; loans to and from B.N. Duke, including repayments and interest payments; construction of and improvements to residences in Durham and New York; construction of and improvements to Trinity College buildings and grounds; agricultural and construction supplies for Duke's farm in Orange County, NC; and financial contributions to Trinity College and other philanthropic interests of the Duke family.

Bills, invoices, receipts, 1884-1899
(14.0 folders)
Box 64
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1900-1901, April 15
(13.0 folders)
Box 65
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1901, April 16-1902, April
(14.0 folders)
Box 66
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1902, May-1903, December
(18.0 folders)
Box 67
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1904, January-1905, December
(21.0 folders)
Box 68
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1906, January-1907, July
(19.0 folders)
Box 69
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1907, August-1908, September
(14.0 folders)
Box 70
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1908, October-1909, July
(17.0 folders)
Box 71
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1909, Aug.-1910, Apr.
(14.0 folders)
Box 72
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1910, May-1910, Dec.
(15.0 folders)
Box 73
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1911, January-August
(15.0 folders)
Box 74
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1911, September-1912, March
(13.0 folders)
Box 75
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1912, April-October
(13.0 folders)
Box 76
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1912, November-1913, April
(12.0 folders)
Box 77
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1913, May-September
(13.0 folders)
Box 78
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1913, October-1914, April
(14.0 folders)
Box 79
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1914, May-November
(14.0 folders)
Box 80
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1914, December-1916, May
(17.0 folders)
Box 81
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1916, June-1918, August
(15.0 folders)
Box 82
Bills, invoices, receipts, 1918, September-1923, December, undated
(14.0 folders)
Box 83
Invoices (oversize): Commissary charges, Pullman Car Company, 1906, March-April
Box 123
Invoices (oversize): Rolls Royce automobile order form (Angier B. Duke), 1912, September
Box 123
Invoice book, 1892-1893
(3.0 folders)
Box 84
Invoice book (disbound) with index, 1893-1898
(7.0 folders)
Box 85
Invoice book (disbound), 1893-1898
(7.0 folders)
Box 86
Cashbook No. 3, 1915, January - 1917, November
Volume 1
Cashbook No. 4, 1917, December - 1922, November
Volume 2
Cashbook No. 5, 1922, December - 1928, July
Volume 3
Cashbook No. 6, 1928, August - 1929, January
Volume 4
Cashbook, Estate of Angier B. Duke, deceased, 1923-1926
Volume 5
Journal No. 1 ("Real Estate"), 1913, December - 1915, May
Volume 6
Journal No. 2 ("New York"), 1905, December-1914, December
Volume 7
Journal No. 4, 1919, July-1924, August
Volume 8
Journal No. 5, 1924, September-1929, January
Volume 9
Private Ledger [Ledger No. 1], 1892, March - 1901, July
Volume 10
Ledger No. 4, 1915, January - 1922, December
Volume 11
Ledger No. 5, 1923, January - 1926, November
Volume 12
Ledger, Special Account no. 2 (Sarah P. Duke), 1926, February-1937, December
Volume 13
Account book: Brodie L. Duke tobacco purchases, 1876, October-1878, January
(1.0 volume)
Box 87
Bethany Sunday School: Treasurer's (B. N. Duke) report and account, 1893-1894
Box 87
Cash statements: Benjamin N. Duke and family, 1917, January-May
Box 87
Charitable Contributions: 1892-1928 (typescript lists), circa 1928

Includes list of total charitable contributions from 1892 through 1928, arranged by category of institution: schools, churches, hospitals, orphanages and miscellaneous; list of annual charitable contributions for the years 1925-1928, arranged alphabetically by institution name; and undated list of dividends for investments made on behalf of North Carolina institutions, acquaintances and family members

Box 87
[Duke] Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Durham, NC: financial statements and statistical report, 1911, 1913
Box 87
Gifts to Roney-Duke relatives, 1925-1927

Materials related to Benjamin N. Duke's effort in the mid-1920s to identify and provide financial gifts to relatives on the Duke and Roney sides of the family. Includes tables of disbursments made to family members and correspondence with Alexander H. Sands, Jr. related to the project. As the family research was later used to settle claims against the James B. Duke estate, related correspondence can found in the James Buchanan Duke Papers: Correspondence and Estate Series.

Box 87
Insurance policies, 1912-1914, 1924

Additional oversize materials in Box 149.

Box 87
Insurance policies (oversize), 1893, 1913-1914

Includes casualty insurance policy for the Fidelity Bank of Durham, NC (1893-1894), an automobile insurance policy for Angier B. Duke, and policies on a residence in Plainfield, NJ.

Box 123
Interest statements, 1900
Box 87
Inventories: New York house: furniture and equipment; garage supplies and livery, 1907
Box 87
Inventories: New York office furniture and fixtures, 1901-1909, 1911
Box 87
Inventory and expenses: Berkshire County, MA property, 1911-1912
Box 87
Louisburg Female College: report to North Carolina Conference, 1902, December 1
Box 87
Main Street Methodist Episcopal Church (Durham, NC), 1885-1886, 1888, 1900

Building Committee minutes, bylaws, and correspondence related to the construction of the new church (completed 1887). Also includes two June 1888 letters between Julian S. Carr and Benjamin N. Duke regarding subscriptions from the Trinity Methodist Church congregation and a 1911 condensed financial statement.

Box 87
North Carolina Children's Home Society: financial reports, 1906-1907, 1910, 1912, 1914
Box 87
Order book (automobile supplies), 1912, May-1913, April
Box 87
Oxford Orphan Asylum: report to the Grand Lodge of NC, [1901]
Box 87
Southern Power Company: financial report and statements, 1907, 1910-1913

Includes statements of accounts with Benjamin N. Duke and condensed cash statements for the company's New York office

Box 87
Statements: Durham, NC monthly expenditures (J. E. Stagg, agent), 1902-1907
(9.0 folders)
Box 87
Statements: Durham, NC monthly expenditures (E. A. Childs, agent), 1908-1924
(17.0 folders)
Box 88
Statements: New York, NY monthly expenditures (R. B. Arrington, agent), 1906-1909
(4.0 folders)
Box 89
Statements: New York, NY monthly expenditures (A. H. Sands, Jr., agent), 1913, November-1914, February
Box 89
Statements: New York, NY monthly expenditures (A. H. Sands, Jr., agent), 1915, January-June
Box 89
Statements: Assets and Liabilities, Benjamin N. Duke, circa 1913
Box 89
Statements: Benjamin N. Duke in account with others, 1905-1906, 1909, 1914
Box 89
Statements: Others in account with Benjamin N. Duke, 1893, 1905, 1907, 1909-1917
Box 89
Statements: James B. Duke, miscellaneous
Box 89
Statements: Nanaline H. Duke, miscellaneous, 1913 and undated
Box 89
Miscellaneous financial worksheets, 1913-1914
Box 89
Taxes: American Cotton Manufacturing Co. (New Jersey), 1902-1905
Box 89
Taxes: Real estate and personal property, Durham and Orange County, NC: Benjamin N. Duke, 1914-1926
Box 89
Taxes: Real estate and personal property, Durham County, NC: James B. Duke, 1914-1918
Box 89
Tithe accounts, Benjamin N. Duke and Washington Duke, 1897
Box 89
Trial balances: Angier B. Duke, 1914, December-1915, May
Box 89
Trial balances: Benjamin N. Duke, 1912-1914
Box 89
Trial balances: James B. Duke, 1912-1914
Box 90
Trinity College: statement of building fund, 1911, April 1

Report of receipts and disbursements for academic building, administrative building, and East Dormitory in March 1911

Box 90
W. Duke, Sons and Company cashbook, 1891; Trial balances: Washington Duke and Benjamin N. Duke, 1893-1897
(1.0 volume)
Box 90

Banking, 1891-1924

Contains deposit slips, check stubs, and other banking records for the accounts of Benjamin N. Duke and his family.

Bank accounts: deposits, notices, statements, 1891-1892, 1896
(1.0 folder)
Box 91
Bank accounts: deposits, notices, statements, 1901, May-1908, Dec.
(10.0 folders)
Box 91
Bank accounts: deposits, notices, statements, 1909-1912
(13.0 folders)
Box 92
Bank accounts: deposits, notices, statements, 1913-1915
(11.0 folders)
Box 93
Bank accounts: deposits, notices, statements, 1916-1924, Mar., undated
(11.0 folders)
Box 94
Bank accounts: Union Exchange National Bank (New York agent account), 1912, May-1913, Nov.
Box 94
Bank accounts: Guaranty Trust Company of New York (Sarah P. Duke account), 1916-1922
Box 94
Voucher records: Farmers' Loan and Trust Company, 1901, Jun.-1907, Mar.
Box 94
Check registers: New York agent's account, 1917-1918
(2.0 volumes)
Box 95
Check stubs: Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr., 1919
(1.0 volume)
Box 96
Check stubs: Mary Duke Biddle, 1915-1918
(1.0 volume)
Box 96
Check stubs: Angier B. Duke, 1914-1917
(4.0 volumes)
Box 96
Check stubs: Angier B. Duke, 1917-1918
(4.0 volumes)
Box 97
Check stubs: Benjamin N. Duke, 1896, Sept.-1901, Aug.
(1.0 folder)
Box F-29
Check stubs: Benjamin N. Duke, 1901-1918
(4.0 volumes)
Box 98
Check stubs: New York agent's account, 1913-1915
(4.0 volumes)
Box 99
Check stubs: New York agent's account, 1914-1916
(4.0 volumes)
Box 100
Check stubs: New York agent's account, 1917
(1.0 volume)
Box 101
Deposit slip register (J.B. Duke and B.N. Duke), 1915-1918
(1.0 volume)
Box 102

Investments, 1891-1923

Account statements, correspondence, ledgers, stock certificates, and other materials documenting the financial investments of Benjamin N. Duke and family. Includes monthly financial statements from the numerous New York brokerage firms that Duke engaged to manage his investments, including Dominick and Dickerman, Moore and Schley, Halsted and Harrison, Newberger, Henderson and Loeb, and Daniel O'Dell and Company. To a lesser extent, includes statements for investments made through Duke's brokerage accounts by family, friends, and business associates.

Brokerage account correspondence includes discussion of stock market trends and the financial impact of world events such as the Spanish American War and World War I. Also included are letters from Joseph Catlin, who negotiated stock sales on behalf of the Riverside Cotton Mills. Southern Investment Company of Canada materials include correspondence related to the incorporation of the company and activities in the Saguenay River area of Quebec.

Outgoing brokerage account and other financial correspondence is located in the Correspondence Series letterbooks.

Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1891-1897, May
(14.0 folders)
Box 103
Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1897, June-1900, July
(14.0 folders)
Box 104
Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1900, August-1903, February
(13.0 folders)
Box 105
Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1903, March-1906, April
(14.0 folders)
Box 106
Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1906, May-1910
(14.0 folders)
Box 107
Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1911-1914
(14.0 folders)
Box 108
Brokerage accounts: correspondence, 1915-1918, January, 1923, and undated
(13.0 folders)
Box 109
Brokerage accounts: Moore & Schley Code Books #2, #3, 1906
(2.0 volumes)
Box 110
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1896-1900
(14.0 folders)
Box 111
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1901, January-1905, February
(15.0 folders)
Box 112
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1905, March-1906, December
(14.0 folders)
Box 113
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1907, January-1910, January
(14.0 folders)
Box 114
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1910, February-1911, September
(12.0 folders)
Box 115
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1911, October-1912, August
(12.0 folders)
Box 116
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1912, September-1913, June
(12.0 folders)
Box 117
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1913, July-1914, December
(18.0 folders)
Box 118
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1915, January-1916, January
(13.0 folders)
Box 119
Brokerage accounts: statements, 1916, February-1918 and undated
(16.0 folders)
Box 120
Brokerage accounts: statements (oversize): Newberger, Henderson & Loeb, 1913-1914
Box 121
Real estate: Account statements [unidentified rental property] (oversize), 1914, May-1915, April
Box 123
Real estate: Durham Realty Corporation: account statements, 1913, July-1915 and undated
(2.0 folders)

Statements of rental receipts for account of B. N. Duke, income statements, and other accounting materials related to the management of Duke's rental properties in New York. Properties include Marc Antony Apartments, Prince Humbert Apartments, The Paterno, and 200 West 58th Street apartments.

Box 124
Real estate: Durham Realty Corporation: rent statements, 1913, July-December

Statement for each tenant of Marc Antony Apartments, New York, NY, showing rents and utilities paid for each month

Box 124
Real estate: Florida: attorney fees and tax receipts, 1888-1902
Box 124
Real estate, miscellaneous statements, 1911-1915 and undated
Box 124
Receipts, American Tobacco Company stock: James B. Duke, trustee, to Mary E. Lyon, Brodie L. Duke, Benjamin N. Duke, Washington Duke, and George W. Watts, 1896
Box 124
Record of stock dividends: volume 1
(3.0 folders)

Includes investments of Benjamin N. Duke.

Alphabetical by stock name.

Box 121
Record of stock dividends: volume 2
(4.0 folders)

Includes investments of Angier B.Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, Sarah P. Duke, Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr., and Cordelia Biddle Duke.

Alphabetical by stock name.

Box 122
Record of stock dividends: volume 3

Alphabetical by stock name

Box 122
Southern Investment Company of Canada, 1913, January-1914, April
(11.0 folders)
Box 124
Southern Investment Company of Canada, 1914, May-1915, August
(16.0 folders)
Box 125
Southern Investment Company of Canada, 1915, September-1916, March and undated
(4.0 folders)
Box 126
Southern Investment Company of Canada: Stocks, Bonds and Dividends Record, 1913-1915
Box 161
Southern Investment Company of Delaware, 1913-1916
(2.0 folders)
Box 126
Southern Investment Company of New Jersey, 1912-1915
(2.0 folders)
Box 126
Stock journal, 1899-1901
Box 127
Stock ledger, 1899-1901
Box 128
Stock certificates, 1887-1917
Box 126
Stock transactions (by broker), 1913, 1914, and undated
Box 126
Stock transactions (by broker) (oversize), 1914 and undated
Box 123
Stock transactions (by stock), 1909-1919 and undated
(2.0 folders)
Box 126
Stock transactions (by stock) (oversize), 1914-1915

Account sheets for James B. Duke and Southern Investment Company

Box 161
Stock transactions: William H. Butler account, Tobacco Stemmer Stock purchase, circa 1913
Box 126

3. Business, 1880, 1890-1919, and undated

The bulk of the Business Series consists of published and unpublished periodic financial reports from businesses in which Benjamin N. Duke had a financial interest, as well as investment prospectuses and circulars. A limited number of corporate records, such as acts of incorporation, bylaws and meeting minutes, also appear and are noted in the contents list. Industries represented include banking, cotton and textiles, railroads, power and utilities, and tobacco.

The materials are arranged alphabetically by industry, with miscellaneous businesses listed alphabetically by name at the end of the series.

Banks and trusts: American Trust Company, 1907-1914
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Bank of Harnett, Duke [Erwin], NC, 1906-1915
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Canal Bank & Trust Company, New Orleans, 1914-1916
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Chatham and Phenix National Bank of New York, 1911-1914
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Citizens National Bank of Durham, NC, 1905-1911
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Fidelity Bank of Durham, NC, 1905-1919
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Fidelity Bank of Durham, NC: Plaque, 1922
Box 129
Banks and trusts (oversize): First National Bank of Winston, NC: balance sheet, 1893, July 5
Box 123
Banks and trusts: German-American National Bank of New Orleans, 1911-1913
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Guaranty Trust Company of New York, 1910-1915
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Hanover National Bank of New York, 1912-1914
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Mellon National Bank, 1913-1914
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Morton Trust Company, 1900-1910
Box 129
Banks and trusts: National Bank of Commerce in New York, 1912-1916
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Second National Bank, City of New York, 1908-1915
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Second National Bank of Somerville, New Jersey, 1912-1915
Box 129
Banks and trusts: Union Exchange Bank, 1903-1914
Box 129
Banks and trusts: miscellaneous, 1900, 1906-1915 and undated
(2.0 folders)
Box 129
Cotton and textiles: Asheville Cotton Mills, 1895-1896, 1898, 1902
Box 129
Cotton and textiles: Cannon Manufacturing Company, 1896, 1898-1912
Box 129
Cotton and textiles: Commonwealth Cotton Manufacturing Company, 1898-1905
Box 129
Cotton and textiles: Cooleemee Cotton Mills, 1901, 1905
Box 129
Cotton and textiles: Durham Cotton Manufacturing Company, 1894, 1896-1901, 1906
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Lily Mills, 1902
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Little River Manufacturing Company, 1908-1914
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Mayo Mills, 1897-1898, 1903, 1910
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Nantucket Mills, 1901-1904
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Pearl Cotton Mills, 1898, 1900-1902
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Proximity Manufacturing Company, 1901-1907
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Riverside Cotton Mills, Danville, VA, 1892, 1894, 1898-1899
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Rocky Mount Mills, 1895-1898
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: Spray Cotton Mills, 1911, 1915
Box 130
Cotton and textiles: miscellaneous, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1907-1915 and undated
(2.0 folders)
Box 130
Insurance: Dixie Fire Insurance Company, 1907-1916
Box 130
Insurance: miscellaneous, 1906, 1908, 1914-1915 and undated
Box 130
Mining and foundries: American Type Founders Company, 1898, 1903-1904, 1907-1914
Box 130
Mining and foundries: Jim Butler Tonopah Mining Company, 1902?, 1904-1915
Box 130
Mining and foundries: Republic Iron and Steel Company, 1899, 1903-1904, 1909, 1913
Box 130
Mining and foundries: miscellaneous, 1902-1915 and undated
Box 130
Power and utilities: Asheville Ice and Coal Co., 1895, 1898-1899
Box 130
Power and utilities: Asheville Ice and Coal Co.: Act to Incorporate, 1891, May 2
Box 130
Power and utilities: Carolina Power and Light Co., 1916
Box 130
Power and utilities: Circle Power Company: check stubs, stock certificates, 1908, 1910
Box 130
Power and utilities: Georgia Railway and Power Company, 1914-1915
Box 130
Power and utilities: Great Falls Power Company, 1910-1913
Box 130
Power and utilities: Southern Power Company, 1909-1914
Box 130
Power and utilities (oversize): Project plans for Pigeon River Power Plant, NC, 1923
Box 123
Power and utilities (oversize): Blueprint map of hydroelectric power [transmission lines?], North Carolina and South Carolina, circa 1900-1910s

Blueprint map of North Carolina and South Carolina, labeled "Lookout Shoals", undated; Map of Charlotte and Dilworth, NC, with detailed property map of A. C. Springs and Company, Charlotte, NC (future site of Southern Power Company, later Duke Energy), circa 1913

Box 161
Power and utilities: miscellaneous, 1893-1896, 1911-1915
Box 130
Railroads: Durham and Southern Railway Company: Durham Station freight business statements, 1907, April-August
Box 130
Railroads: Durham and Southern Railway Company: monthly earnings and expenditures statements, 1906, September-1907, February
Box 130
Railroads: Durham and Southern Railway Company: weekly estimated earnings reports, 1908-1910
(3.0 folders)
Box 130
Railroads: Durham and Southern Railway Company: weekly estimated earnings reports, 1911-1916
(5.0 folders)
Box 131
Railroads: Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Company, 1911-1916
Box 131
Railroads: Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway Company, 1905-1914 and undated
Box 131
Railroads: Seaboard Air Line Railway, 1906, 1909, 1912, 1915
Box 131
Railroads: Seaboard Air Line Railway: Banquet program (B.N. Duke presentation copy), 1900
Box 131
Railroads: Southern Pacific Company, 1909-1914
Box 131
Railroads: Southern Railway Company, 1906, 1909, 1915
Box 131
Railroads: miscellaneous, 1904-1916
(3.0 folders)
Box 131
Real estate: miscellaneous, 1901-1903, 1907, 1912-1915
(2.0 folders)
Box 131
Tobacco: American Snuff Company, 1904-1915
Box 132
Tobacco: American Tobacco Company, 1890, 1903-1915
Box 132
Tobacco: American Tobacco Company, Code No. 6 (codebook), 1902
Box 132
Tobacco: American Tobacco Company: Formulas for tobacco and cigarette flavorings, 1896, August
Box 132
Tobacco: British-American Tobacco Company, 1912-1915
Box 132
Tobacco: George W. Helme Company, 1911-1915
Box 132
Tobacco: Liggett and Meyers Tobacco Company, 1911-1915, 1918
Box 132
Tobacco: P. Lorillard Company, 1911-1914
Box 132
Tobacco: Porto Rican American Tobacco Company, 1912-1914
Box 132
Tobacco: R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, 1912-1915
Box 132
Tobacco: miscellaneous, 1880, 1901, 1903, 1912-1915, 1918 and undated
(2.0 folders)
Box 132
Alaska Dredging and Power Company: minute book, 1907-1908
Box 132
Alaska Dredging and Power Company: meeting proxy, 1907, November
Box 132
Alaska Dredging and Power Company: stock certificates book, 1907
Box 132
Cary Lumber Company, 1898, 1904-1905, 1909 and undated
Box 133
Durham Buggy Company, 1908, 1913
Box 133
Durham [W. T. Carrington] Lumber Company, 1908, 1912, 1914
Box 133
Fort Smith Wholesale Grocery Co., 1902-1903, 1907-1909
Box 133
Lincoln Lithia Water Co., 1899-1905, 1907
Box 133
Manufacturers' Record Publishing Co., 1906-1909, 1912
Box 133
Seward Dredging Company, 1912
Box 133
Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Company: certificate of incorporation, by-laws, minutes, 1905
(1.0 volume)
Box 133
Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Company: certificates of incorporation (2 versions), 1905
Box 133
Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Company: contracts and agreements, 1905-1907
Box 133
Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Company: stock certificate books, 1905
Box 133
Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Company: stock certificates, 1905
Box 133
Southern Car Company, 1912, 1915
Box 133
Southern Finishing and Warehouse Company, 1895
Box 133
Standard Pure Food Stores, Inc., 1914
Box 133
Unites States Rubber Co., 1913-1914
Box 133
Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company, 1900-1915
Box 133
Wayne Hardwood Company, 1913
Box 133
Miscellaneous circulars, reports, prospectuses, 1895, 1898, 1903-1915 and undated
Box 133

4. Legal, 1834-1928 and undated

A majority of the documents in this series pertain to property transactions of Benjamin Newton Duke and other individuals in Orange County, NC and Durham, NC. Other papers include architectural contracts, plans and specifications, trust indentures, a legal brief, and copies of the wills of Benjamin N. Duke and Washington Duke, and materials related to the execution of the estates of Angier B. Duke and Benjamin N. Duke.

Materials related to properties owned by Benjamin Duke appear first and are arranged alphabetically by type of document. The rest of the series is arranged alphabetically by major individual or entity involved.

Agreements: Chapel Hill Street residence ("The Terrace"), Durham, NC, 1887, 1893, 1909
(2.0 items)
Box 134
Agreement: Duke family mausoleum construction, Durham, NC (Van Gunden Granite and Marble Works of Philadelphia, PA), 1893
Box 134
Agreements and land plat: purchase and sale of house at E. 76th Street and 5th Avenue, New York, NY, 1902, 1906
Box 134
Architectural specifications and contract: Construction of stable for B. N. Duke, Durham, NC, 1901

Written specifications for stable by H. J. Blauvelt, architect; construction agreement between I. G. Lawrence and Benjamin N. Duke

Box 134
Blueprints (oversize): Stables, Durham, NC (H. Blauvelt, architect), 1901
(2.0 folders)
Box 161
Deed: Asheville, NC, 1890

Includes abstract of title and notes of attornies W. W. Fuller and Cobb & Merrimon

Box 134
Deeds: Durham, NC, 1874-1884, 1889-1907, 1914
(8.0 folders)

Chiefly deeds for property eventually purchased by Benjamin N. Duke. Includes contract for lease of building and 1892 trust agreement among Duke family members for use and maintenance of mausoleum in Durham (now Maplewood) Cemetery.

Box 134
Deeds: Orange County, NC, 1834, 1835, 1845, 1850, 1860, 1864
Box 134
Deeds: Orange County, NC, 1871-1909
(7.0 folders)
Box 134
Deeds: Orange County, NC, 1910-1912, 1916, 1918
(2.0 folders)

Deeds related to Duke's property transactions in Orange County and Durham County, North Carolina. Includes deeds made out jointly to B.N. Duke and Brodie L. Duke.

Box 135
Deeds: Raleigh, NC, 1891
Box 135
Deeds and receipts: B. N. Duke and G. W. Watts tobacco purchase from Edmunds, Bass & Co., 1894
(2.0 items)
Box 135
Land plats: B. N. Duke property, 89th St. and 5th Ave., New York, NY, undated
Box 135
Land plats: Durham, NC, 1897, 1912, undated
Box 135
Land plat (oversize): Orange County, NC: land conveyed by R. P. Strahorn to B.N. Duke, located near University Station, 1907
Box 123
Land plat (oversize): Orange County, NC: Property, B.N. Duke, circa 1897
Box 123
Property leases, 1908, 1912, 1913
Box 135
Agreements and contracts: miscellaneous, 1891, 1895-1901, 1905-1906, 1908-1914
(2.0 folders)
Box 135
Complaints, petitions, and summons, 1891, 1903, 1907-1911

Includes copy of Complaint and Summons, Richard H. Wright against James B. Duke, Benjamin N. Duke, Brodie L. Duke, George W. Watts (New York Supreme Court)

Box 135
Dallas Cable Railway: agreement, 1891
Box 135
Angier B. Duke: estate (distribution), 1926
Box 135
Benjamin N. Duke: trust agreement with George G. Allen, Robert L. Flowers, and Alex. H. Sands, Jr. for various institutions of higher education and the Angier B. Duke Memorial, Inc., 1926
Box 135
Benjamin N. Duke: will and estate, 1926-1930

Includes appraisal of real and personal property at 2 East 89th Street, 1009 5th Avenue, and 535 5th Avenue in New York, NY; power of attorney from Sarah P. Duke to Mary Duke Biddle; and memorandum written by Anthony J. Drexel Biddle III

Box 135
Washington Duke: instruments of gift to Benjamin N. Duke and Mary W. Stagg (Mamie L. Stagg), 1900, December 11
Box 135
Washington Duke: trust agreements with Fidelity Bank for domestic workers, 1904, October 10

Beneficiaries include Albert Armstrong (coachman), Caroline Barnes (servant), Joseph Bynum (butler), Frank Davis (yardman), and Addie Evans (cook)

Box 135
Washington Duke: trust agreements with Fidelity Bank for Annie Duke and Robert Duke, 1904, October 10
Box 135
Washington Duke: trust agreements with Fidelity Bank for George L. Lyon and Buchanan Lyon, 1900, December 11
Box 135
Washington Duke: will (typescript copy), 1905
Box 135
Doris Duke Trust: Indenture and deed of trust and additions, 1924-1925
Box 135
Fidelity Bank, Durham, NC: schedule bond and continuation certificates, 1894-1905
Box 135
Guanajuato River Mining Company: agreements, 1903
Box 135
Kimball Town Company (Kimball, TN): deeds and complaint, 1890
Box 135
Southern Conservatory of Music (oversize): architectural blueprints of proposed addition, circa 1899
Oversize-folder 3
Southern Conservatory of Music (oversize): watercolor drawing of proposed addition, circa 1889
Box 123
Southern Conservatory of Music: specifications for heating and lighting, 1899 and undated
Box 135
Southern Railway Company: agreements, 1900, 1902

Agreement for water pipeline placement near University, NC; Electric light pole placement in Durham, NC.

Box 135
Trinity College: specifications and land plat for construction of stone wall around campus, 1916
Box 135
[West Durham] Methodist Church: architectural specifications for addition, 1897
Box 135
W. H. Worth and others: surety bond, 1897, 1901
Box 135

5. Personal, 1877-1937 and undated

Material related to the personal interests of Benjamin N. Duke and his immediate family. Includes Sarah P. Duke's diary (1927-1929) and recipes; genealogical material; material pertaining to funerals, memorials, and tributes to Benjamin N. Duke, Sarah P. Duke, James B. Duke, and Angier B. Duke, including a scrapbook with condolences sent to the Duke family on the death of Benjamin N. Duke. Also contains printed materials, including a bible, cookbook, poetry volumes, and pamphlets and resolutions related to Benjamin N. Duke's philanthropic activities.

Arranged alphabetically by subject or type of material.

Alpha Tau Omega Fraternity: report and student forms, 1903-1904

Includes report of Virginia Delta Chapter (University of Virginia) to Plato T. Durham, Provincial Chief, and approved applications by students for membership in the Beta Xi (College of Charleston, SC), Alpha Delta (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), and Xi (Trinity College) chapters of the fraternity.

Box 136
Bible, circa 1870s? and accompanying letter, C.L. Mitchell to R.L. Flowers, 1925
Box 136
Clippings, 1890-1904, 1908, 1911-1914, 1919-1936
(4.0 folders, 4 folders)
Box 136
Clippings scrapbook (oversize), 1877, 1890-1902, and undated

Clippings of articles related to the Duke family and their acquaintences as well as domestic advice columns and articles about Trinity College. Includes wedding and anniversary announcements for Benjamin N. Duke and Sarah P. Duke, a wedding announcement for Brodie L. Duke, and obituaries for Mary E. Lyon and George Washington Duke.

Box 140
Angier B. Duke: Memorials, 1923-1924
(2.0 folders)

Includes Plato Tracy Durham poem dedicated to A. B. Duke and excerpts from letters written to B. N. Duke in reaction to the poem

Box 136
Benjamin N. Duke: Clothing pattern (suit) (oversize), undated
Box 123
Benjamin N. Duke: Funeral, 1929, January 10

Includes a church service program, lists of pallbearers and other funeral service participants, and a list of individuals who sent condolences to the family.

Box 136
Benjamin N. Duke: Memorial resolution by The Duke Endowment (bound presentation copy), 1929
(1.0 volume)
Box 136
Benjamin N. Duke: Memorial service, Duke University (disbound album), 1929, January 24

Includes program of exercises, prayer by Dr. M. Bradshaw, address by university president W. P. Few, resolution of the faculty, and 5 photographs from the funeral procession of B.N. Duke

Box 137
Benjamin N. Duke: Memorial album (oversize), 1929
(1.0 volume)

Telegrams and letters of condolence to family members, calling cards, and clippings on the death and legacy of Benjamin Newton Duke.

Box 141
James B. Duke: Memorial resolution by the Piedmont and Northern Railway Company (bound presentation copy), 1926
(2 folders)
Box 137
Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle): Diploma, Trinity Park High School (oversize), 1903, June 6
Box 161
Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle): Theatre record and scrapbook, 1898-1899

Impressions and programs for twenty plays attended by Mary L. Duke with family and friends. Information included for each play according to the form provided by the scrapbook publisher, with varying levels of completeness. Form includes fields for theater name, companions, seats, impressions of the play, criticism of the performance, and criticism of individual actors.

Box 139
Sarah P. Duke: Diary, 1927, January 1-1929, January 5
(1.0 volume)

"A Line A Day" notebook with very brief notes about activities, visitors, travel plans, weather, health of family members and friends, and other aspects of daily life.

Box 137
Sarah P. Duke: Funeral, 1936

Copies of eulogy delivered by Dr. Ralph W. Sockman; typed and written lists of individuals who sent sympathy notes and flowers

Box 137
Sarah P. Duke: Recipes, circa 1880s-1930s and undated
Box 137
Sarah P. Duke: Recipes (cookbook, 1887, with inscribed recipes), 1887
Box 137
Genealogical information: Duke family, 1916-1937 and undated
Box 138
Honorary degree: Oglethorpe University to Benjamin Newton Duke (oversize), 1926, May 30
Box 123
Honorary degree: Lincoln Memorial University to Benjamin Newton Duke (oversize), 1927
Box 123
Lincoln Memorial University: Duke Hall of Citizenship dedication, 1927-1928
Box 138
Poetry, miscellanous, undated
Box 138
Poetry: Robert Louis Stevenson, "Morning Prayer..." (published volume), with dedication to B.N. Duke from Jonathan C. Kilgo, 1907

A Morning Prayer and Other Beautiful Prayers by Robert Louis Stevenson, Dodge Publishing Company, New York, circa 1907. Inscription by Kilgo dated Christmas 1907.

Box 138
Printed material, circa 1880s, 1889, 1897-1913
(2.0 folders)

Pamphlets, circulars, and other materials related to the social, religious, philanthropic and political interests of the Duke family. Types of institutions represented include hospitals, orphanages, nurseries, and other social welfare agencies; colleges and universities; and social clubs

Box 138
Printed material, 1914-1929, undated
(2.0 folders)
Box 138
Printed material (oversize): The Orphan's Friend and Masonic Journal (Oxford, NC), 1902, June 27
Box 123
Resolution of appreciation: Guests at Carteret Lodge to Mr. and Mrs. B.N. Duke (oversize), 1903, January 1
Oversize-folder 2
Resolution of thanks: Grand [Masonic] Lodge of North Carolina to Benjamin Newton Duke for service to Oxford Orphan Asylum, circa 1901
Box 123
Tributes: Benjamin Newton Duke, 1923, 1928-1929
Box 138
Tributes: Benjamin N. Duke: Chanticleer [Trinity College yearbook], 1913 (vol. 2), 1913
(1.0 volume)
Box 138
Tributes: Benjamin Newton Duke on his birthday April 27, 1923, by Trinity College, 1923
(2.0 volumes)

Volume 1 contains correspondence; volume 2 contains Trinity College photographs

Volume Tribute v. 1
Tributes: Benjamin Newton Duke on his birthday April 27, 1923, by Trinity College, vol. 2 (photographs of Trinity College), 1923
Volume Tribute v. 2

6. Pictures, circa 1877-1929, 1969, and undated

Bound albums, disbound albums, photographs, and one mirror with attached photographs. Photographs of individuals and groups include Benjamin N. Duke, Sarah P. Duke, Angier B. Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, and extended family and acquaintances. Series also contains photographs of buildings and places connected with the Duke family and its philanthropic efforts, including the Benjamin N. Duke and Sarah P. Duke family residence at Four Acres, Durham, NC, and structures and property connected to Trinity College.

Series begins with bound photograph albums, followed by images of people, and ending with places and buildings. Materials arranged alphabetically within each category.

Album I, circa 1870s-1890s
(1.0 volume)

Cabinet cards, mainly of individuals, with an index of known and probable photograph subjects. Includes pictures of Woodward W. Duke (son of Brodie L. Duke), Angier Buchanan Duke, Sarah P. Duke, James Buchanan Duke, Sally Angier Duke, Lillie Irene Duke, James Edward Stagg, Benjamin Newton Duke, Mary E. (Duke) Lyon, Robert E. Lyon, Arthur H. Merritt, Malbourn Addison Angier, John Cicero Angier, Mary Angier Stokes, Inez Duke Angier (Stokes), Washington Duke (circa 1870s), Brodie L. Duke, and several other unidentified individuals, many of them infants and young children.

Box 142
Album II
(1.0 volume)

Cabinet cards, mainly of individuals, with an index of known and probable photograph subjects. Includes pictures of Bishop Charles Betts Galloway, Reverend William S. Black, Grover Cleveland, Frances Folsom Cleveland, Lida Duke Angier, Samuel Jones Angier, H. J. Bass (tobacconist), Benjamin Newton Duke, James Buchanan Duke, Angier Buchanan Duke, Mary E. (Duke) Lyon, Malbourn Addison Angier, Mary Lillian Duke (Biddle), Maude Duke (Karnes), and several unidentified individuals.

Loose photographs removed from album and stored in separate folder

Box 143
Album II: Loose photographs removed from album
(4.0 photographs)
Box 145
Angier Buchanan Duke, circa 1890s-1915
(4.0 photographs)
Box 145
Benjamin N. Duke, circa 1870s-1880s
(2.0 photographs)

Cabinet card prints by Anderson's of New York, NY

Box 145
Benjamin N. Duke, circa 1890s-1910s
(5.0 photographs)
Box 145
Benjamin N. Duke, circa 1920s
Box 145
Benjamin N. Duke: oval print (fragile), circa 1877-1897
(1.0 photograph)

Possibly a wedding or anniversary portrait

Conditions Governing Access note

Fragile--please ask for staff assistance in handling this item.

Box 147
Benjamin N. Duke and family, circa 1890s
(1.0 photograph)

Photograph of Benjamin N. Duke, Sarah P. Duke, James B. Duke, Angier B. Duke, Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle), and unidentified woman in front of house

Box 145
Benjamin N. Duke and Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle), circa 1890s
(1.0 photograph)
Box 145
Benjamin N. Duke and others, Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, 1892

Taken at Point Lookout and Sunset Rock. See Correspondence Series: J. J. Ingalls to B. N. Duke, November 9, 1892

Box 145
Benjamin N. Duke and Sarah P. Duke, St. Petersburg, Florida, 1914
Box 145
Benjamin N. Duke funeral, Durham, NC, 1929

Photographs of procession from Duke Memorial Church and spectators along Chapel Hill Street, Durham, North Carolina, students and faculty honoring Duke at Duke University (East Campus), Duke mausoleum in Maplewood Cemetery; Program of exercises, including text of Address by President W. P. Few, Resolutions of the Faculty, Duke University, and prayer by Dr. M. Bradshaw.

Box 145
Cordelia Biddle Duke and children (Angier Biddle Duke and Anthony Drexel Duke) with Mary Duke Biddle, circa 1920
Box 145
Duke family birthday party, New York, NY, circa 1916

Individuals pictured include Benjamin N. Duke, Sarah P. Duke, Anthony Drexel Biddle Sr., and various unidentified adults and children. According to note accompanying photograph, picture was taken inside house at 2 E. 82nd Street, New York, NY.

Box 145
James B. Duke: funeral procession, Durham, NC, 1925; print of Underwood and Underwood portrait, circa 1920s
(1.0 photograph)

Procession of cars along Chapel Hill Street, with onlookers lining both sides of street.

Box 145
Mary Lillian Duke (Mary Duke Biddle), circa 1896-1907
(3.0 photographs)
Box 145
Sarah P. Duke, circa 1870s-1920s
(9.0 photographs)

Includes one photograph of Sarah P. Duke in coach with children Angier B. Duke and Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle), circa 1888-1890

Box 145
Sarah P. Duke: oval print (fragile), circa 1877-1897
(1.0 photograph)

Possibly a wedding or anniversary portrait

Conditions Governing Access note

Fragile--please ask for staff assistance in handling this item.

Box 147
Sarah P. Duke (oversize), circa 1890s, 1906, circa 1910s
(4.0 photographs)

Portraits of Sarah P. Duke in formal gowns, with original photograph mats (some detached). Includes 2 full-length photographs possibly taken for the fifteenth wedding anniversary of Benjamin N. Duke and Sarah P. Duke (1892); a portrait by the Halladay Studio, Durham, NC (1906), and an undated portrait by the Lafayette studio in London (circa 1910s).

Box 123
Washington Duke with great-grandchildren (oversize), circa 1900

Children are likely those of Mary Washington Lyon Stagg and James Edward Stagg.

Box 148
Boardwalk, Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1924

Individuals pictured include James Buchanan Duke, Benjamin Newton Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, Robert Lee Flowers, and Lily Parrish Flowers. Notes on back of photographs were written by Dr. Lenox Baker (son-in-law of R. and L. Flowers).

Box 145
Mirror with photographs of Washington Duke family (fragile), undated
(1.0 item)

Cut-out images of Washington Duke, Brodie L. Duke, James B. Duke, Benjamin N. Duke, and Mary E. Duke (Mary Duke Lyon) under glass layer of framed mirror. Photographs circa 1870s.

Conditions Governing Access note

Fragile--please ask for staff assistance in handling this item.

Box 147
People, miscellaneous or unidentified, circa 1880s-1890s and undated
(6.0 photographs)

Reuben Oscar Everett and others outside White House, Washington, DC; James Acero Angier, circa 1880s; James Haywood Southgate, circa 1890s, and other unidentified persons

Box 145
Photographs by Professor Marquis H. Lockwood (Trinity College)

Lockwood was a Physics and Biology professor who experimented with photography. Includes photograph of Moses Hester church [Berea Christian] and house; "trick" photographs include "Frog Pond," Professor Jerome Dowd playing chess with himself, and four views of Mary Lillian Duke (Mary Duke Biddle)

Box 145
Portraits (photographs of) by Sir Joshua Reynolds
Box 145
Artelia Roney Duke birthplace; Stonewall Springs and Boyd's Creek, Alamance County, NC, circa 1920s
(2.0 photographs)
Box 145
Bassett-Brown House, Trinity College, Durham, NC, circa 1912
(1.0 photograph)

House located on N. Buchanan Blvd., first occupied by Professor J. S. Bassett and later by Frank C. Brown

Box 145
Carriage house and stable (sketch), H. J. Blauvelt, Architect, for B.N. Duke, Durham, NC, circa 1910s-1920s
Box 145
Duke's Chapel construction, Braggtown, Durham, NC, 1926, November

Photos of partially built structure (designed by the firm of Horace Trumbauer), some with construction workers in the foreground.

Box 145
Duke Quarry near Hillsborough, North Carolina; Duke Forest, Durham, NC; New Hope River [New Hope Creek], Durham and Orange Counties, NC, circa 1926

Prints related to the construction of Duke University West Campus sent by Frank C. Brown to B.N. Duke, with accompanying letter. Includes photographs of site of "new buildings" (West Campus?) and site of new highway through Duke University property

Box 145
Duke University: East Campus construction, circa 1925

Photographs of excavation, grading, and tree removal related to construction of new East Campus buildings. Individuals pictured include Robert L. Flowers and Frank C. Brown, laborers and various onlookers. Also pictured are the original library and Alspaugh residence hall, which were relocated to Kittrell College, North Carolina.

Box 145
Fairview (home of Washington Duke), Durham, NC, circa 1890s
(2.0 photographs)
Box 145
Four Acres, Durham, NC: exteriors, undated
Box 145
Four Acres, Durham, NC: exteriors (copy negatives), undated
Box 145
Four Acres, Durham, NC (disbound album): exteriors (oversize), circa 1910
(2.0 folders)
Box 148
Four Acres, Durham, NC (disbound album): interiors (oversize), circa 1910
(2.0 folders)
Box 148
Irvington-on-the-Hudson estate (Linden Court), Tarrytown, NY, undated
Box 146
Kittrell College: B.N. Duke Library (color slides), 1969
Box 146
Limestone College, Gaffney, SC, 1926

Parade celebrating endowment gift to the college

Box 146
["Sarmiento," Mary Duke Biddle house in Florida?], undated
Box 146
Trollinger Family Cemetery (Haw River Methodist Church), Alamance County, NC (burial place of Artelia Roney Duke), circa 1924-1929
Box 146
Underpass, Chapel Hill Street, Durham, NC: Construction, 1926, June

Includes views of "The Terrace" (former B.N. Duke residence relocated for the construction of Four Acres), Southgate Jones House, and other buildings, workers and equipment

Box 146
University United Methodist Church, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, after 1924
(3.0 photographs)
Box 146
YWCA building, intersection of Gregson Street and Chapel Hill Street, Durham, NC, 1927
(5.0 photographs)
Box 146

7. Duke Farm, University Station, NC, 1891-1919

Materials in the Duke Farm series include correspondence, financial documents, a hand-colored land plat, and photographs related to the farm that Benjamin N. Duke owned in Orange County, NC. Letters are mainly between the successive farm superintendents employed by Duke, including J.T. Hogan, I. A. Hogan, and Weldon Riley, and J. E. Stagg and E. A. Childs, Duke's financial agents in Durham, NC. Other correspondents include equipment and agricultural suppliers and contractors.

Topics include requests for money and instructions on farm management; the purchase of implements, machinery and livestock; the construction of barns and other farm improvements; and requests for farm products to be delivered to Duke's Durham house and other locations. There is also scattered correspondence related to the finances and health of the Hogan family.

Correspondence, 1891-1909
(15.0 folders)
Box 149
Correspondence, 1910-1916, 1918-1919
(9.0 folders)
Box 150
Construction payrolls and invoices, 1894-1895
(2.0 folders)
Box 150
Hogan residence specifications, undated
Box 150
Account book: farm expenditures, 1897-1909
(1.0 volume)
Box 150
Monthly expenditure statements, 1901, July-1910
(2.0 folders)
Box 150
Monthly expenditure statements, 1911-1917
(7.0 folders)
Box 151
Land plat (oversize): B.N. Duke Farm, Orange County, NC, undated
Oversize-folder 1
Photographs, 1910-1919, undated
Box 152

8. Richard B. Arrington, 1905-1914

The Richard B. Arrington Papers Series is composed of the personal papers of Benjamin Newton Duke's personal secretary and business agent, who worked in the New York office. This series is comprised of letters, letterbook, accounts, check stubs, and receipts. Correspondence covers two periods: 1903-1907 and 1911-1914. From 1903 to 1907 the major focus is building and furnishing a house on Ridgeview Road in White Plains, N.Y. From 1911 the emphasis is on Mr. Arrington's business interests, including stock transactions and insurance. Since Richard Arrington died April 17, 1913, the remainder of the correspondence (1913-1914) concerns his estate. His wife, Ethel Lewis Arrington, carried on much of the estate's business. The accounts, check stubs and receipts pertain to Mr. Arrington's general business activities; the major focus is on stock transactions especially of the Piedmont Syndicate. Much of his business parallels his work for Benjamin Newton Duke.

The correspondence is arranged chronologically, followed by the letterbook and finanical papers.

Correspondence, 1905, November 9-1914, April
(11.0 folders)
Box 153
Letterbook, 1903, December 16-1906, August 3
Box 154
Financial accounts, 1907-1913
Box 155
Check stubs, 1913, March-April
Box 155
Receipts, 1905-1913
(2.0 folders)
Box 155

9. Alexander H. Sands, Jr., 1910-1918

Materials in this series document the personal and financial interests of Alexander H. Sands, Jr., a secretary and business agent for Benjamin N. Duke in New York, NY. The series includes letters, letterbooks, account book, check registers, check stubs, a daybook, ledger and receipts. The correspondence, 1910-1918, primarily concerns Mr. Sands's family matters and personal business interests. He also supported both his parents, Mary Harvey Sands and Tucker K. Sands. The remaindr of Alexander H. Sands's papers detail stock transactions and other business activities, including those of the Southern Audit Company of New York, Inc., of which Sands was a partner.

The correspondence is arranged chronologically, followed by the letterbooks and finanical papers.

Correspondence, 1910, April-1914, April
Box 155
Correspondence, 1914, May-1915
Box 156
Letterbook, 1910, August 19-1915, September 14
Box 157
Letterbook, 1915, September 23-1918, June 11
Box 158
Financial accounts: Southern Audit Co. of New York, Inc., 1914-1915
Box 156
Check registers, 1912-1913
Box 156
Check stubs, 1910, April-1914, June
(3.0 folders)
Box 156
Check stubs, 1914, November-1915, May
(1.0 volume)
Box 159
Check stubs: special account, 1915-1916
(2.0 volumes)
Box 159
Check stubs: Reyhing & Co., 1914
Box 160
Daybook, 1914-1915
Box 160
Ledger, 1914-1915
Box 160
Receipts, 1913-1915, 1913-1915
(4.0 folders)
Box 160

Historical Note

Date Event(s)
1855, April 27 Born to Washington and Artelia Roney Duke in Orange County, NC
1858 Mother, Artelia Roney Duke, died of typhoid
1871 Enrolled in New Garden School (later Guilford College), near Greensboro, NC
1874 Father moved family to Durham proper
1877, February 21 Married Sarah Pearson Angier
1878 W. Duke, Sons and Company established
188?, October 3 Birth of son George Washington Duke. Died at age 2 or 3
1884, December 8 Birth of son Angier Buchanan Duke
1887, November 16 Birth of daughter Mary Lillian Duke (Mary Duke Biddle)
1889 Elected to the Board of Trustees of Trinity College
1890-1907, May Director, American Tobacco Company
1891?-1901, May Member of the Board of Directors of the Oxford Orphan Asylum (Oxford, NC)
1892 Erwin Cotton Mills established
1893, April 6 Death of sister Mary E. Lyon (Mary Duke Lyon)
1893-1922 President, The Fidelity Bank of Durham, NC
1898 Delegate, General Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Baltimore, Md.
1901 Purchases first home in New York, NY. Family divides time between New York and Durham
1899?-1906 President, Cape Fear and Northern Railway
1902-1904 Treasurer, American Tobacco Company
1905, June 22 Southern Power Company established by Benjamin N. and James B. Duke, (later Duke Power Company)
1905, May 8 Death of Washington Duke
1906-1928 President, Durham and Southern Railway
1908-1910 Construction of Four Acres house, Durham, NC
1913, April Death of Richard B. Arrington
1915 Angier B. Duke marries Cordelia Biddle; Mary L. Duke marries Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr.
1923, Sept. 3 Death of Angier B. Duke
1925, Oct. 10 Death of James B. Duke
1929, Jan. 8 Death of Benjamin N. Duke in New York City. Buried in family mausoleum at Maplewood Cemetery, Durham, NC
1936 Remains of Benjamin N. Duke, James B. Duke, and Washington Duke removed to the Memorial Chapel of Duke University Chapel
1936, Sept. 3 Death of Sarah P. Duke

Benjamin Newton Duke (1855-1929) was a tobacco manufacturer, industrialist, and philanthropist of Durham, NC and New York, NY and a trustee and major benefactor of Trinity College (later Duke University). He was the son of Washington Duke, older brother of James B. Duke, husband of Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, and father of Angier Buchanan Duke and Mary Duke Biddle.

Benjamin Newton Duke held a leadership position in several North Carolina and New York businesses, including the American Tobacco Company, W. Duke, Sons & Company, Erwin Cotton Mills, Fidelity Bank of Durham, Citizens' National Bank of Durham, Trinity Land Company, Durham Realty Corporation, Durham and Southern Railway Company, and Southern Power Company. Along with James B. Duke and their partner, George Washington Watts, Benjamin Duke held substantial investments in a variety of enterprises throughout the United States.

Duke was also the primary agent for the Duke family's philanthropic activities from the late 1880s until his death.

Subject Headings

Related Material

Board of Trustees Records, 1860-ongoing (Duke University Archives/David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

Duke Family papers, 1885-1992 (bulk 1892-1927) (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

James Buchanan Duke Papers (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

Washington Duke Papers (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

Erwin Cotton Mills Records (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

William Preston Few Records and Papers (Duke University Archives/David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

Robert Lee Flowers Records (Duke University Archives/David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

John C. Kilgo Records and Papers, 1888-1970 (bulk 1894-1920)

W. Duke, Sons & Co. Advertising Materials, 1880-1910 (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

Semans Family Papers, 1878-2008 and undated (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Benjamin Newton Duke Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The papers of Benjamin Newton Duke have been received from a variety of sources over an extended period of time. While acquisition information about the bulk of the collection is unrecorded, it is believed that it was given by his daughter, Mary Duke Biddle. Additions to the collection were made by Mary Duke Biddle, 1939; Alexander H. Sands, Jr., 1940- 1941, 1953; R.D. Graham, 1950; Mrs. Lucy Cole Durham, 1951; Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans, 1961-1972; Bud Alexander, 1970; Duke University Archives, 1980; and Julia Wightman, 1990.

Processing Information

Processed by Madeleine Bagwell Perez

Completed June 30, 1991

Encoded by Rachel Pottinger

Processing Note: In 1991 the Benjamin Newton Duke Papers were reprocessed through the support of The Duke Endowment. At that time the collection was arranged by distinct series and the papers reboxed and refoldered. While much of the Correspondence and Financial Papers Series follow their original order, some rearrangement has been done throughout the collection.

Volumes, once shelved separately, have been integrated into the collection. Examples include: letterbooks, check stubs, stock ledgers, oversized memorials, etc.

During the reprocessing, duplicate printed material was removed. Additionally, three hymn books, once belonging to Benjamin and Sarah Duke, have been transferred to the Rare Book Collection. These hymnals are for the worship services of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and date from 1878 and 1889.

Reprocessed by Mary Mellon, March 2015.