Guide to the Benjamin Newton Duke Papers, 1834-1941, bulk 1890-1929.
Benjamin Newton Duke (1855-1929) was a tobacco manufacturer, industrialist, and philanthropist of Durham, NC and New York, NY and a trustee and major benefactor of Trinity College (later Duke University). He was the son of Washington Duke, older brother of James B. Duke, husband of Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, and father of Angier Buchanan Duke and Mary Duke Biddle. The materials in this collection document the business, financial, philanthropic, and personal interests of Benjamin N. Duke and his family, especially Duke's involvement in the tobacco, textiles, banking, and hydroelectric industries in North Carolina and New York and the Duke family's financial support of a variety of institutions, including educational institutions for African-Americans and women, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South and individual churches, orphanages, hospitals, and community organizations.
- Collection Number
- Benjamin Newton Duke papers
- Duke, Benjamin N. (Benjamin Newton), 1855-1929
- 89.0 linear feet
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
- Materials in English
- Correspondence, Bulk, 1893-1923
- Financial, 1876-1878, 1884-1936, and undated
- Business, 1880, 1890-1919, and undated
- Legal, 1834-1928 and undated
- Personal, 1877-1937 and undated
- Pictures, circa 1877-1929, 1969, and undated
- Duke Farm, University Station, NC, 1891-1919
- Richard B. Arrington, 1905-1914
- Alexander H. Sands, Jr., 1910-1918
The papers of Benjamin Newton Duke have been collected from various sources over time and span the years 1834 to 1941, although the bulk of the material dates from 1890 to 1929. The materials in the collection document the business, financial, philanthropic, and personal interests of Benjamin N. Duke and his family in Durham, NC and New York, NY, especially Duke's involvement in the tobacco, textiles, banking, and hydroelectric industries and the Duke family's financial support of a variety of institutions, including educational institutions for African-Americans and women, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and individual churches, orphanages, hospitals, and community organizations. Types of material in the collection include correspondence, financial statements and ledgers, bills and receipts, architectural blueprints and drawings, land plats, deeds, photographs, photograph albums, scrapbooks, and a diary.
Family members represented include Sarah P. Duke, Angier Buchanan Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, Washington Duke, James B. Duke, Brodie L. Duke, Lida Duke Angier, and Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr. Other individuals represented include Julian S. Carr, William A. Erwin, John C. Kilgo, William P. Few, Daniel Lindsay Russell, James E. Shepard, and George W. Watts.
The Richard B. Arrington series and Alexander H. Sands, Jr. series document the personal and financial interests of Benjamin N. Duke’s private secretaries in New York, NY.
The collection is organized into nine series: Correspondence, Financial, Business, Legal, Personal, Pictures, Duke Farm (University Station, NC), Richard B. Arrington, and Alexander H. Sands, Jr.
Collection is open for research.
Includes fragile letterbooks and other volumes that require consultation with staff regarding safe handling.
Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.
All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.
Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.
The copyright interests in these papers have not been transferred to Duke University. The Benjamin Newton Duke papers were processed with support from The Duke Endowment.
The letters, memoranda, telegrams, invoices, receipts, printed reports and other items comprising this series document the financial, philanthropic, and personal interests of Benjamin N. Duke and his family. Duke family members represented in the series include Sarah P. Duke, Washington Duke, Angier B. Duke, Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle), Lida Duke Angier, Brodie L. Duke, James B. Duke, and Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr. Other correspondents include John C. Angier, John S. Bassett, Warren A. Candler, Julian S. Carr, John F. Crowell, J. B. Cobb, Warren C. Coleman, Caesar Cone, William A. Erwin, William P. Few, Robert L. Flowers, C. P. H. Gilbert, Jonathan R. Hawkins, L. L. Hobbs, Charles C. Hook, N. M. Jurney, J. C. Kilgo, W. S. Lee, John Merrick, Solomon Pool, Jeter C. Pritchard, Daniel Lindsay Russell, Thomas Settle, James E. Shepard, James H. Southgate, Andrew P. Tyer, and George W. Watts. Many of the letters were addressed to or written by Benjamin N. Duke's financial agents and secretaries in Durham, NC and New York, NY, including James E. Stagg, Richard B. Arrington, Elizabeth A. Childs, and Alexander H. Sands, Jr.
The series provides a particularly rich history of Benjamin Duke's relationship with Trinity College, documenting his role on the Board of Trustees, Executive Committee, and Building Committee as well as his financial support during and after the institution’s relocation to Durham from Randolph County. There are letters to and from trustees, faculty, students, and representatives of the Methodist Church regarding the administration and financial support of the college; letters from students or their parents requesting financial assistance to attend the college; exchanges with architects and contractors regarding the design and construction of campus buildings; applications to teach for the college; and correspondence with faculty related to non-college topics, such as loans, investments, property transactions, and personal matters.
The series also documents Benjamin Duke and his family’s other philanthropic activities, including their support of educational institutions for African-Americans and women, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South and individual churches, and social welfare agencies and community organizations, including orphanages and hospitals. Individual institutions represented include Elon College, Greensboro Female College, Granbery College, Guilford College, Kittrell College, Lincoln Memorial University, Louisburg Female College, the National Religious Training School and Chautauqua for the Colored Race, the New Bern Industrial and Collegiate Institute, the North Carolina College for Negroes (later North Carolina Central University), Rutherford College, Southern Conservatory of Music, Trinity College, the Bingham School, and Durham Graded Schools; Main Street Methodist Church, Duke Memorial Methodist Church, Trinity Methodist Church, and West Durham Methodist Church; North Carolina Children's Home, Oxford Orphan Asylum, Lincoln Hospital, Watts Hospital, the YMCA and YWCA of Durham, NC, and the Salvation Army.
Major industries represented in the series include tobacco, cotton and textiles, hydroelectric power, banking, mining, railroads, and real estate. Much of the business-related correspondence concerns financial matters such as notices of dividend payments and requests for stockholder subscriptions. Individual companies include the American Tobacco Company, W. Duke, Sons & Company, Asheville Cotton Mills, Cannon Manufacturing Company, Coleman Manufacturing Company, Commonwealth Cotton Manufacturing Company, Durham Cotton Manufacturing Company, Erwin Cotton Mills, Leaksville Cotton Mills, Locke Cotton Mills, Odell Manufacturing Company, Proximity Manufacturing Company, Kerr Bag Manufacturing Company, Roxboro Cotton Mills, Spray Water and Power Company, Durham Electric Lighting Company, Southern Power Company, Fidelity Bank of Durham, Citizen’s National Bank of Durham, Durham and Southern Railway, Cape Fear and Northern Railway, Cary Lumber Company, Alaska Power and Dredging Company, Jim Butler Tonopah Mining Company, Seward Dredging Company, Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company, Durham Realty Corporation, Trinity Land Company, and the National Drama Corporation.
Correspondence related to the tobacco industry includes letters from executives and directors of the American Tobacco Company and its subsidiaries, including W. Duke, Sons & Company. Also included are letters from department and branch managers, legal counsel, leaf brokers and dealers, investors, merchants and salespeople, and individuals seeking employment. There is extensive correspondence between 1892 and 1902 regarding the state of the tobacco markets in North Carolina and Virginia, as well as purchases of tobacco, cutters, wrappers, and other supplies. Correspondence related to official American Tobacco Company business consists mainly of arrangements for meetings of the Board of Directors and details of investments made on behalf of the company and its executives. Also included are general updates from W. W. Fuller on legal suits faced by the company and arrangements for the conversion of American Tobacco Company stock after the dissolution of the trust.
Letters related to the textiles and hydroelectric power industries include extensive correspondence with William A. Erwin regarding the establishment, funding, operations, and expansion of the Erwin Cotton Mills. Also present are letters related to the surveying of water power sites in North Carolina and South Carolina and purchases of properties and water rights prior to the establishment of the Southern Power Company.
Correspondence is arranged in two subseries according to format: Letters and Letterbooks.
Primarily inbound correspondence addressed to Benjamin N. Duke. After 1905, there is an increased volume of outgoing correspondence written by Duke's secretaries, much of which duplicates the correspondence found in the Letterbook subseries.
Includes letter from Benjamin N. Duke to a New Garden School classmate and letters from George F. Wardle, agent for W. Duke, Sons & Company
Includes correspondence with George S. Prichard regarding details of their tobacco purchasing agreement; letter from Brodie L. Duke about his visit to England; letter from Julian S. Carr letter discussing a proposal for an industrial school for girls in Durham; a letter from John Pope with a list of tobacco buyers and salaries for various markets of the American Tobacco Company 1891
Includes correspondence and statement regarding dispute between Julian S. Carr and B.N. Duke over claims made about the American Tobacco Company; statement comparing cigarette sales for branches of the American Tobacco Company from April 1891 to April 1892.
Includes letters related to the death of Mary E. Lyon (Mary Duke Lyon) and the design and construction of the Duke family mausoleum
Includes correspondence related to the "New Jersey suit" and labor and cigarette legislation
Includes correspondence with Thomas Settle regarding cigarette and antitrust legislation and the need for a new public building in Durham; letters from W. T. Blackwell seeking financial assistance and investment advice
Includes James E. Shepard proposal for building an African-American teaching college in Durham; letters from Daniel Lindsay Russell and others regarding 1896 Republican campaigns and the Fusion movement in North Carolina; letters related to Washington Duke's endowment of Trinity College
Includes correspondence related to the funding and construction of the [Mary E. Duke Lyon] Memorial Hall at Guilford College
Includes letters from Governor Daniel Lindsay Russell about the Fusion movement, 1898 election campaigns and results, and personal and political troubles following the November 1898 Wilmington race riots. Also includes an August 1898 letter from Bishop W. A. Candler requesting aid for missionary work in Cuba.
Includes letters regarding fundraising for the Braxton Craven Memorial Hall at Trinity College (January), the rebuilding of the Durham Colored Graded School after a fire (January, February), and construction of a Methodist church in Havana, Cuba. Also includes a letter from Julian S. Carr regarding the need for new management at the Durham Electric Lighting Company and correspondence related to the debt of Daniel Lindsay Russell.
Includes correspondence related to the Southern Conservatory of Music (Durham, NC) building addition and the purchase of timber land in Florida.
Includes letters related to construction of B.N. Duke's stables (Durham, NC) and J. C. Kilgo residence; dedication of the Southern Conservatory of Music; Catawba River water power; Erwin Cotton Mills expansion; and state and national Republican campaigns. Also includes a letter from J.S. Trice regarding the Soudan Mission in Sierra Leone (March 1900).
Includes correspondence related to the Gattis vs. Kilgo trial and appeal; Cooleemee Cotton Mills; Coleman Manufacturing Company; Lincoln Hospital endowment; Furches and Douglas impeachment trials (North Carolina legislature); Guilford Battleground Commission; and the purchase of a house on 5th Ave. in New York, NY. Also includes letters (December, January) from Moses H. Cone regarding the sale of his finishing works and from W. S. Lee (April) describing work at the Colégio Americano Granbery
Includes letters regarding the Duke family's relocation to New York, the construction of the Trinity College library, and the Gattis vs. Kilgo case. Also includes correspondence from W. A. Erwin regarding expenses from water power surveys in North Carolina and from Caesar Cone relating his interest in establishing a cotton mill in South Carolina.
Includes correspondence related to water power surveys in North Carolina and South Carolina and a January 1902 letter from James B. Duke to B.N. Duke regarding his trip to Russia.
Includes letters related to the Erwin Mill No. 2 site in Harnett County, NC; NC and SC water power surveys; and an April 1902 letter from Minnie Duke about Brodie L. Duke.
Includes letters related to the funding needs of Watts Hospital and Kittrell College; letters from W. A. Erwin about the new Erwin Cotton Mills sites in Cooleemee, NC and Harnett County, NC; letters from William A. Blair, Lindsay Patterson, and Jeter C. Pritchard on 1902 political campaigns; and letters related to Benjamin N. Duke's purchase of property on 5th Avenue and 76th Street, New York, NY
B. F. Taylor to B. N. Duke: land plat for property at 5th Avenue and East 76th Street, New York, NY (Frank E. Forbes, surveyor)
Letters from Jonathan C. Kilgo and Greensboro Female College Alumnae Association members regarding the school's funding crisis and possible closure; correspondence with J. B. Cobb and A. B. Carrington related to American Tobacco Company's southern tobacco markets, including sales statements for the 1902 tobacco crop
Mary Davis Allen to B.N. Duke: ground plan for Louisburg Female College pantry
Includes letters from Walter H. Page and Trinity College trustees regarding the John S. Bassett affair; correspondence related to the Coleman Manufacturing Company, the smallpox outbreak in Durham, Brodie L. Duke's divorce and child custody case, and fundraising for Kittrell College.
Includes letters related to Brodie L. Duke's divorce and child custody case, letters from J. M. Currin regarding tobacco operations in Australia, and a letter from George W. Watts about the establishment of the Durham Loan & Trust
Includes letters from Walter H. Page and Trinity College trustees regarding the John S. Bassett affair
Smith-Courtney to J. E. Stagg: floor plan for proposed addition to Washington Duke's residence, Durham, NC
Includes correspondence related to the chartering of Citizen's National Bank of Durham and the illness and death of Washington Duke
Includes proposal to enlarge the Southern Conservatory of Music (Durham, NC)
Includes correspondence related to Angier B. Duke's accident at Carteret Lodge; letter from Conde Nast describing an investment opportunity in the Home Pattern Company; letter from Bishop W. A. Candler regarding mission in Cuba
Includes correspondence regarding the sale of the Coleman Manufacturing Company property (Concord, NC) and funding for a "Duke Memorial Hall" at Kittrell College
Includes correspondence related to pledges to Durham YMCA building
Rosa Parrish to Sarah P. Duke, sent from Japan
Fragile—please ask for staff assistance in handling this item.
Includes letters from Charles C. Hook regarding construction plans for Duke's new Durham home (Four Acres); correspondence related to the dedication of the Washington Duke statue at Trinity College
Includes letters related to the debt of Daniel Lindsay Russell and the purchase of Odell Manufacturing Company property and founding of Locke Cotton Mills.
H. Buckenham to B. N. Duke: blueprint proposal for new athletic grounds at Trinity College
Includes correspondence and plans related to the relocation of "The Terrace" (former Duke residence, Durham, NC)
N. Underwood to B. N. Duke: plans for new porch for relocated Durham, NC house ("The Terrace"); C. P. H. Gilbert to B. N. Duke: land plat of B. N. Duke property at 5th Avenue and E. 89th Street, New York, NY
Includes correspondence related to the purchase of the Odell mill property in Concord, NC and the establishment of Locke Cotton Mills
Includes a letter from the Tuskeegee Institute, signed by Booker T. Washington, soliciting donations to support students
Includes correspondence with John Merrick, James E. Shepard and others related to contributions by James B. Duke and Benjamin N. Duke to Lincoln Hospital and the National Religious Training School and Chautauqua for the Colored Race; letters regarding the Main Building (Washington Duke Building) fire at Trinity College; letters and statements related to the Trinity College building fund and campus construction
Includes correspondence with Caesar Cone and others regarding Cone's buyout of Asheville Cotton Mills stock and ensuing dispute with B. Frank Mebane; letters and invoices related to Duke family portraits by Joaquin Sorolla; letters and statements related to the Trinity College building fund and campus construction
Includes correspondence about the death and estate of John C. Angier and letters regarding the heating system for Lincoln Hospital; correspondence related to the Trinity College building fund and construction of new dormitories
Includes correspondence with C. W. Toms and W. W. Flowers related to the construction of Memorial Methodist Church (Durham, NC); letters from James A. Thomas regarding the conversion of his American Tobacco Company securities, with some observations on events in China
Includes correspondence related to the construction of Memorial Methodist Church (Durham, NC) and the Administration Building and new dormitory at Trinity College
Includes correspondence with William P. Few regarding the naming of new Trinity College dormitories after Thomas Jarvis and Charles Aycock
Includes letter from W. A. Erwin discussing proposed legislation of the Child Labor Committee
Hornor & Company to B. N. Duke: map of Long Island Sound, New York (Pell & Chambers, Real Estate)
W. S. Lee to B. N. Duke: blueprint land plats of Charlotte and Dilworth, NC and the A.C. Springs & Company property, Charlotte, NC
D. M. Barringer to B. N. Duke: curves of pig iron production for the world and the United States (from Manufacturers Record); Texas Iron Association iron ore deposits diagram; blueprint map showing districts with iron ore deposits in Cass County, Texas
Includes correspondence related to a contribution by James B. Duke and Benjamin N. Duke to the endowment of Trinity College.
Includes correspondence (4/1914) with John C. Kilgo and others regarding the official relationship of Trinity College with the Methodist Church.
Includes correspondence regarding the Trinity Land Company's sale of timber rights in Carteret County, NC; letter from James E. Shepard (10/1914) seeking assistance with the debt of the National Training School; letter (11/1914) from Laura Drake Gill regarding a proposal for the establishment of a coordinate college for women at Trinity College.
Includes letter from Julian S. Carr regarding the North Carolina Children's Home (12/1914); letter from James E. Shepard seeking assistance with the debt of the National Training School (2/1915)
Includes letters related to travel arrangements for Angier B. Duke and Cordelia Biddle Duke (4/1915), and Mary Duke Biddle and Anthony J. Duke Biddle, Jr. (5/1915) after the couples' weddings; letters (6/1915) from James E. Shepard regarding mortgage payments for the National Training School; and letters (7/1915) regarding Lincoln Hospital Nurses' Home and Kittrell College.
Includes letters from W. R. Perkins and P. D. Gold regarding The National Drama Corporation and Thomas Dixon, Jr.'s film "The Fall of a Nation"; correspondence from Jonathan R. Hawkins regarding funding for Kittrell College and the African Methodist Episcopal Church; letters regarding the construction of the stone wall around Trinity College.
Includes correspondence related to the National Drama Corporation and "The Fall of a Nation," letters from J. C. Thorn regarding the Durham Realty Corporation, a letter from James H. Southgate discussing land in Orange County, NC, and a letter from John Merrick discussing property for a new Lincoln Hospital site.
Includes several letters from Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr. to B. N. Duke, some of which express Biddle's opinions on the League of Nations, and a typescript copy of a personal letter from James B. Duke to B. N. Duke (February 1919).
Undated letters for which a concise date range has not been determined.
Letters arranged alphabetically by correspondent last name
Includes correspondence between Duke and William P. Few regarding the construction of Southgate Residence Hall and Alumni Memorial Gymnasium at Trinity College
Includes correspondence related to Duke's health and financial contributions to various institutions, including Buies Creek Academy (later Campbell University), Duke's Chapel (Braggtown, Durham, NC), Kittrell College, Limestone College, Lincoln Hospital Nurses' Home, Lincoln Memorial University, North Carolina College for Negroes, Wofford College, and the YWCA (Durham, NC). Also includes Duke's letter of resignation (1/10/1927) as president of the Erwin Cotton Mills and endorsement of William A. Erwin as his replacement.
Includes a typescript notice of funeral for Benjamin N. Duke, arrangements for train chartered to bring mourners to Durham from New York, contributions to Lincoln Memorial University in Duke's memory by Sarah P. Duke and Mary Duke Biddle, and copy of a memorial resolution from the Board of Trustees of Elon College
Chiefly letters soliciting funds from North Carolina institutions that Benjamin N. Duke supported during his lifetime, including Kittrell College, the North Carolina College for Negroes, Lincoln Hospital, and West Durham Methodist Church. Also includes letter from Ora J. Swing to Doris Duke Cromwell, describing the friendship of her mother Kate Reynolds with Benjamin and Mary Duke at New Garden School in 1871-1872. Swing enclosed a letter written by Benjamin to Kate dated June 24, 1872, the original of which is filed chronologically in the Correspondence series, folder "1872, 1877, 1879"
Disbound volume of typescript copies of condolences sent to Benjamin and Sarah Duke on the death of Angier B. Duke. Includes alphabetical index of correspondents.
The fragile letterbooks consist of bound carbon-copies of outgoing correspondence as well as scattered financial statements. Most letterbooks include alphabetical indexes of correspondents. Letters from Duke's Durham and New York offices are bound separately, with some overlap in time periods covered.
There are also occasional outgoing letters from Angier B. Duke and Washington Duke, with the latter correspondence mainly concerning responses to requests for financial assistance.
The letterbooks are arranged chronologically for each office of origin, with Durham office letterbooks listed first.
Fragile—please ask for staff assistance in handling these items.
Materials in this series reflect the personal, business and philanthropic interests of Benjamin Newton Duke. Types of records include bills, charitable contributions, check stubs, invoices, statements of accounts, tax statements, receipts, stock transactions, trial balances, household and petty cash accounts, brokerage account statements and correspondence, and materials related to the Southern Investment Company of Canada. The series also includes scattered statements and correspondence related to the finances of James B. Duke.
Financial ledgers and official bookkeeping responsibilities were transferred from Duke's Durham office to his New York office in May, 1901.
Materials are arranged into three subseries: General, Banking, and Investments.
Materials related to the general financial transactions of Benjamin N. Duke and his family. The bills, invoices, receipts, and invoice books at the beginning of the subseries are primarily related to household and personal expenditures in Durham, NC and New York, NY. Also represented are transactions involving domestic and international travel for personal and business purposes; medical expenses; automobile purchases and maintenance; art and personal photograph purchases; loans to and from B.N. Duke, including repayments and interest payments; construction of and improvements to residences in Durham and New York; construction of and improvements to Trinity College buildings and grounds; agricultural and construction supplies for Duke's farm in Orange County, NC; and financial contributions to Trinity College and other philanthropic interests of the Duke family.
Includes list of total charitable contributions from 1892 through 1928, arranged by category of institution: schools, churches, hospitals, orphanages and miscellaneous; list of annual charitable contributions for the years 1925-1928, arranged alphabetically by institution name; and undated list of dividends for investments made on behalf of North Carolina institutions, acquaintances and family members
Materials related to Benjamin N. Duke's effort in the mid-1920s to identify and provide financial gifts to relatives on the Duke and Roney sides of the family. Includes tables of disbursments made to family members and correspondence with Alexander H. Sands, Jr. related to the project. As the family research was later used to settle claims against the James B. Duke estate, related correspondence can found in the James Buchanan Duke Papers: Correspondence and Estate Series.
Includes casualty insurance policy for the Fidelity Bank of Durham, NC (1893-1894), an automobile insurance policy for Angier B. Duke, and policies on a residence in Plainfield, NJ.
Building Committee minutes, bylaws, and correspondence related to the construction of the new church (completed 1887). Also includes two June 1888 letters between Julian S. Carr and Benjamin N. Duke regarding subscriptions from the Trinity Methodist Church congregation and a 1911 condensed financial statement.
Includes statements of accounts with Benjamin N. Duke and condensed cash statements for the company's New York office
Report of receipts and disbursements for academic building, administrative building, and East Dormitory in March 1911
Contains deposit slips, check stubs, and other banking records for the accounts of Benjamin N. Duke and his family.
Account statements, correspondence, ledgers, stock certificates, and other materials documenting the financial investments of Benjamin N. Duke and family. Includes monthly financial statements from the numerous New York brokerage firms that Duke engaged to manage his investments, including Dominick and Dickerman, Moore and Schley, Halsted and Harrison, Newberger, Henderson and Loeb, and Daniel O'Dell and Company. To a lesser extent, includes statements for investments made through Duke's brokerage accounts by family, friends, and business associates.
Brokerage account correspondence includes discussion of stock market trends and the financial impact of world events such as the Spanish American War and World War I. Also included are letters from Joseph Catlin, who negotiated stock sales on behalf of the Riverside Cotton Mills. Southern Investment Company of Canada materials include correspondence related to the incorporation of the company and activities in the Saguenay River area of Quebec.
Outgoing brokerage account and other financial correspondence is located in the Correspondence Series letterbooks.
Statements of rental receipts for account of B. N. Duke, income statements, and other accounting materials related to the management of Duke's rental properties in New York. Properties include Marc Antony Apartments, Prince Humbert Apartments, The Paterno, and 200 West 58th Street apartments.
Statement for each tenant of Marc Antony Apartments, New York, NY, showing rents and utilities paid for each month
Includes investments of Benjamin N. Duke.
Alphabetical by stock name.
Includes investments of Angier B.Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, Sarah P. Duke, Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr., and Cordelia Biddle Duke.
Alphabetical by stock name.
Account sheets for James B. Duke and Southern Investment Company
The bulk of the Business Series consists of published and unpublished periodic financial reports from businesses in which Benjamin N. Duke had a financial interest, as well as investment prospectuses and circulars. A limited number of corporate records, such as acts of incorporation, bylaws and meeting minutes, also appear and are noted in the contents list. Industries represented include banking, cotton and textiles, railroads, power and utilities, and tobacco.
The materials are arranged alphabetically by industry, with miscellaneous businesses listed alphabetically by name at the end of the series.
Blueprint map of North Carolina and South Carolina, labeled "Lookout Shoals", undated; Map of Charlotte and Dilworth, NC, with detailed property map of A. C. Springs and Company, Charlotte, NC (future site of Southern Power Company, later Duke Energy), circa 1913
A majority of the documents in this series pertain to property transactions of Benjamin Newton Duke and other individuals in Orange County, NC and Durham, NC. Other papers include architectural contracts, plans and specifications, trust indentures, a legal brief, and copies of the wills of Benjamin N. Duke and Washington Duke, and materials related to the execution of the estates of Angier B. Duke and Benjamin N. Duke.
Materials related to properties owned by Benjamin Duke appear first and are arranged alphabetically by type of document. The rest of the series is arranged alphabetically by major individual or entity involved.
Written specifications for stable by H. J. Blauvelt, architect; construction agreement between I. G. Lawrence and Benjamin N. Duke
Includes abstract of title and notes of attornies W. W. Fuller and Cobb & Merrimon
Chiefly deeds for property eventually purchased by Benjamin N. Duke. Includes contract for lease of building and 1892 trust agreement among Duke family members for use and maintenance of mausoleum in Durham (now Maplewood) Cemetery.
Deeds related to Duke's property transactions in Orange County and Durham County, North Carolina. Includes deeds made out jointly to B.N. Duke and Brodie L. Duke.
Includes copy of Complaint and Summons, Richard H. Wright against James B. Duke, Benjamin N. Duke, Brodie L. Duke, George W. Watts (New York Supreme Court)
Includes appraisal of real and personal property at 2 East 89th Street, 1009 5th Avenue, and 535 5th Avenue in New York, NY; power of attorney from Sarah P. Duke to Mary Duke Biddle; and memorandum written by Anthony J. Drexel Biddle III
Beneficiaries include Albert Armstrong (coachman), Caroline Barnes (servant), Joseph Bynum (butler), Frank Davis (yardman), and Addie Evans (cook)
Agreement for water pipeline placement near University, NC; Electric light pole placement in Durham, NC.
Material related to the personal interests of Benjamin N. Duke and his immediate family. Includes Sarah P. Duke's diary (1927-1929) and recipes; genealogical material; material pertaining to funerals, memorials, and tributes to Benjamin N. Duke, Sarah P. Duke, James B. Duke, and Angier B. Duke, including a scrapbook with condolences sent to the Duke family on the death of Benjamin N. Duke. Also contains printed materials, including a bible, cookbook, poetry volumes, and pamphlets and resolutions related to Benjamin N. Duke's philanthropic activities.
Arranged alphabetically by subject or type of material.
Includes report of Virginia Delta Chapter (University of Virginia) to Plato T. Durham, Provincial Chief, and approved applications by students for membership in the Beta Xi (College of Charleston, SC), Alpha Delta (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), and Xi (Trinity College) chapters of the fraternity.
Clippings of articles related to the Duke family and their acquaintences as well as domestic advice columns and articles about Trinity College. Includes wedding and anniversary announcements for Benjamin N. Duke and Sarah P. Duke, a wedding announcement for Brodie L. Duke, and obituaries for Mary E. Lyon and George Washington Duke.
Includes Plato Tracy Durham poem dedicated to A. B. Duke and excerpts from letters written to B. N. Duke in reaction to the poem
Includes a church service program, lists of pallbearers and other funeral service participants, and a list of individuals who sent condolences to the family.
Includes program of exercises, prayer by Dr. M. Bradshaw, address by university president W. P. Few, resolution of the faculty, and 5 photographs from the funeral procession of B.N. Duke
Telegrams and letters of condolence to family members, calling cards, and clippings on the death and legacy of Benjamin Newton Duke.
Impressions and programs for twenty plays attended by Mary L. Duke with family and friends. Information included for each play according to the form provided by the scrapbook publisher, with varying levels of completeness. Form includes fields for theater name, companions, seats, impressions of the play, criticism of the performance, and criticism of individual actors.
"A Line A Day" notebook with very brief notes about activities, visitors, travel plans, weather, health of family members and friends, and other aspects of daily life.
Copies of eulogy delivered by Dr. Ralph W. Sockman; typed and written lists of individuals who sent sympathy notes and flowers
A Morning Prayer and Other Beautiful Prayers by Robert Louis Stevenson, Dodge Publishing Company, New York, circa 1907. Inscription by Kilgo dated Christmas 1907.
Pamphlets, circulars, and other materials related to the social, religious, philanthropic and political interests of the Duke family. Types of institutions represented include hospitals, orphanages, nurseries, and other social welfare agencies; colleges and universities; and social clubs
Volume 1 contains correspondence; volume 2 contains Trinity College photographs
Bound albums, disbound albums, photographs, and one mirror with attached photographs. Photographs of individuals and groups include Benjamin N. Duke, Sarah P. Duke, Angier B. Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, and extended family and acquaintances. Series also contains photographs of buildings and places connected with the Duke family and its philanthropic efforts, including the Benjamin N. Duke and Sarah P. Duke family residence at Four Acres, Durham, NC, and structures and property connected to Trinity College.
Series begins with bound photograph albums, followed by images of people, and ending with places and buildings. Materials arranged alphabetically within each category.
Cabinet cards, mainly of individuals, with an index of known and probable photograph subjects. Includes pictures of Woodward W. Duke (son of Brodie L. Duke), Angier Buchanan Duke, Sarah P. Duke, James Buchanan Duke, Sally Angier Duke, Lillie Irene Duke, James Edward Stagg, Benjamin Newton Duke, Mary E. (Duke) Lyon, Robert E. Lyon, Arthur H. Merritt, Malbourn Addison Angier, John Cicero Angier, Mary Angier Stokes, Inez Duke Angier (Stokes), Washington Duke (circa 1870s), Brodie L. Duke, and several other unidentified individuals, many of them infants and young children.
Cabinet cards, mainly of individuals, with an index of known and probable photograph subjects. Includes pictures of Bishop Charles Betts Galloway, Reverend William S. Black, Grover Cleveland, Frances Folsom Cleveland, Lida Duke Angier, Samuel Jones Angier, H. J. Bass (tobacconist), Benjamin Newton Duke, James Buchanan Duke, Angier Buchanan Duke, Mary E. (Duke) Lyon, Malbourn Addison Angier, Mary Lillian Duke (Biddle), Maude Duke (Karnes), and several unidentified individuals.
Loose photographs removed from album and stored in separate folder
Cabinet card prints by Anderson's of New York, NY
Possibly a wedding or anniversary portrait
Fragile--please ask for staff assistance in handling this item.
Photograph of Benjamin N. Duke, Sarah P. Duke, James B. Duke, Angier B. Duke, Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle), and unidentified woman in front of house
Taken at Point Lookout and Sunset Rock. See Correspondence Series: J. J. Ingalls to B. N. Duke, November 9, 1892
Photographs of procession from Duke Memorial Church and spectators along Chapel Hill Street, Durham, North Carolina, students and faculty honoring Duke at Duke University (East Campus), Duke mausoleum in Maplewood Cemetery; Program of exercises, including text of Address by President W. P. Few, Resolutions of the Faculty, Duke University, and prayer by Dr. M. Bradshaw.
Individuals pictured include Benjamin N. Duke, Sarah P. Duke, Anthony Drexel Biddle Sr., and various unidentified adults and children. According to note accompanying photograph, picture was taken inside house at 2 E. 82nd Street, New York, NY.
Procession of cars along Chapel Hill Street, with onlookers lining both sides of street.
Includes one photograph of Sarah P. Duke in coach with children Angier B. Duke and Mary L. Duke (Mary Duke Biddle), circa 1888-1890
Possibly a wedding or anniversary portrait
Fragile--please ask for staff assistance in handling this item.
Portraits of Sarah P. Duke in formal gowns, with original photograph mats (some detached). Includes 2 full-length photographs possibly taken for the fifteenth wedding anniversary of Benjamin N. Duke and Sarah P. Duke (1892); a portrait by the Halladay Studio, Durham, NC (1906), and an undated portrait by the Lafayette studio in London (circa 1910s).
Children are likely those of Mary Washington Lyon Stagg and James Edward Stagg.
Individuals pictured include James Buchanan Duke, Benjamin Newton Duke, Mary Duke Biddle, Robert Lee Flowers, and Lily Parrish Flowers. Notes on back of photographs were written by Dr. Lenox Baker (son-in-law of R. and L. Flowers).
Cut-out images of Washington Duke, Brodie L. Duke, James B. Duke, Benjamin N. Duke, and Mary E. Duke (Mary Duke Lyon) under glass layer of framed mirror. Photographs circa 1870s.
Fragile--please ask for staff assistance in handling this item.
Reuben Oscar Everett and others outside White House, Washington, DC; James Acero Angier, circa 1880s; James Haywood Southgate, circa 1890s, and other unidentified persons
Lockwood was a Physics and Biology professor who experimented with photography. Includes photograph of Moses Hester church [Berea Christian] and house; "trick" photographs include "Frog Pond," Professor Jerome Dowd playing chess with himself, and four views of Mary Lillian Duke (Mary Duke Biddle)
House located on N. Buchanan Blvd., first occupied by Professor J. S. Bassett and later by Frank C. Brown
Photos of partially built structure (designed by the firm of Horace Trumbauer), some with construction workers in the foreground.
Prints related to the construction of Duke University West Campus sent by Frank C. Brown to B.N. Duke, with accompanying letter. Includes photographs of site of "new buildings" (West Campus?) and site of new highway through Duke University property
Photographs of excavation, grading, and tree removal related to construction of new East Campus buildings. Individuals pictured include Robert L. Flowers and Frank C. Brown, laborers and various onlookers. Also pictured are the original library and Alspaugh residence hall, which were relocated to Kittrell College, North Carolina.
Includes views of "The Terrace" (former B.N. Duke residence relocated for the construction of Four Acres), Southgate Jones House, and other buildings, workers and equipment
Materials in the Duke Farm series include correspondence, financial documents, a hand-colored land plat, and photographs related to the farm that Benjamin N. Duke owned in Orange County, NC. Letters are mainly between the successive farm superintendents employed by Duke, including J.T. Hogan, I. A. Hogan, and Weldon Riley, and J. E. Stagg and E. A. Childs, Duke's financial agents in Durham, NC. Other correspondents include equipment and agricultural suppliers and contractors.
Topics include requests for money and instructions on farm management; the purchase of implements, machinery and livestock; the construction of barns and other farm improvements; and requests for farm products to be delivered to Duke's Durham house and other locations. There is also scattered correspondence related to the finances and health of the Hogan family.
The Richard B. Arrington Papers Series is composed of the personal papers of Benjamin Newton Duke's personal secretary and business agent, who worked in the New York office. This series is comprised of letters, letterbook, accounts, check stubs, and receipts. Correspondence covers two periods: 1903-1907 and 1911-1914. From 1903 to 1907 the major focus is building and furnishing a house on Ridgeview Road in White Plains, N.Y. From 1911 the emphasis is on Mr. Arrington's business interests, including stock transactions and insurance. Since Richard Arrington died April 17, 1913, the remainder of the correspondence (1913-1914) concerns his estate. His wife, Ethel Lewis Arrington, carried on much of the estate's business. The accounts, check stubs and receipts pertain to Mr. Arrington's general business activities; the major focus is on stock transactions especially of the Piedmont Syndicate. Much of his business parallels his work for Benjamin Newton Duke.
The correspondence is arranged chronologically, followed by the letterbook and finanical papers.
Materials in this series document the personal and financial interests of Alexander H. Sands, Jr., a secretary and business agent for Benjamin N. Duke in New York, NY. The series includes letters, letterbooks, account book, check registers, check stubs, a daybook, ledger and receipts. The correspondence, 1910-1918, primarily concerns Mr. Sands's family matters and personal business interests. He also supported both his parents, Mary Harvey Sands and Tucker K. Sands. The remaindr of Alexander H. Sands's papers detail stock transactions and other business activities, including those of the Southern Audit Company of New York, Inc., of which Sands was a partner.
The correspondence is arranged chronologically, followed by the letterbooks and finanical papers.
|1855, April 27||Born to Washington and Artelia Roney Duke in Orange County, NC|
|1858||Mother, Artelia Roney Duke, died of typhoid|
|1871||Enrolled in New Garden School (later Guilford College), near Greensboro, NC|
|1874||Father moved family to Durham proper|
|1877, February 21||Married Sarah Pearson Angier|
|1878||W. Duke, Sons and Company established|
|188?, October 3||Birth of son George Washington Duke. Died at age 2 or 3|
|1884, December 8||Birth of son Angier Buchanan Duke|
|1887, November 16||Birth of daughter Mary Lillian Duke (Mary Duke Biddle)|
|1889||Elected to the Board of Trustees of Trinity College|
|1890-1907, May||Director, American Tobacco Company|
|1891?-1901, May||Member of the Board of Directors of the Oxford Orphan Asylum (Oxford, NC)|
|1892||Erwin Cotton Mills established|
|1893, April 6||Death of sister Mary E. Lyon (Mary Duke Lyon)|
|1893-1922||President, The Fidelity Bank of Durham, NC|
|1898||Delegate, General Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Baltimore, Md.|
|1901||Purchases first home in New York, NY. Family divides time between New York and Durham|
|1899?-1906||President, Cape Fear and Northern Railway|
|1902-1904||Treasurer, American Tobacco Company|
|1905, June 22||Southern Power Company established by Benjamin N. and James B. Duke, (later Duke Power Company)|
|1905, May 8||Death of Washington Duke|
|1906-1928||President, Durham and Southern Railway|
|1908-1910||Construction of Four Acres house, Durham, NC|
|1913, April||Death of Richard B. Arrington|
|1915||Angier B. Duke marries Cordelia Biddle; Mary L. Duke marries Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr.|
|1923, Sept. 3||Death of Angier B. Duke|
|1925, Oct. 10||Death of James B. Duke|
|1929, Jan. 8||Death of Benjamin N. Duke in New York City. Buried in family mausoleum at Maplewood Cemetery, Durham, NC|
|1936||Remains of Benjamin N. Duke, James B. Duke, and Washington Duke removed to the Memorial Chapel of Duke University Chapel|
|1936, Sept. 3||Death of Sarah P. Duke|
Benjamin Newton Duke (1855-1929) was a tobacco manufacturer, industrialist, and philanthropist of Durham, NC and New York, NY and a trustee and major benefactor of Trinity College (later Duke University). He was the son of Washington Duke, older brother of James B. Duke, husband of Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, and father of Angier Buchanan Duke and Mary Duke Biddle.
Benjamin Newton Duke held a leadership position in several North Carolina and New York businesses, including the American Tobacco Company, W. Duke, Sons & Company, Erwin Cotton Mills, Fidelity Bank of Durham, Citizens' National Bank of Durham, Trinity Land Company, Durham Realty Corporation, Durham and Southern Railway Company, and Southern Power Company. Along with James B. Duke and their partner, George Washington Watts, Benjamin Duke held substantial investments in a variety of enterprises throughout the United States.
Duke was also the primary agent for the Duke family's philanthropic activities from the late 1880s until his death.
- American Tobacco Company
- Arrington, Richard B., d. 1913
- Biddle, Anthony Joseph Drexel, 1896-1961
- Biddle, Mary Duke, 1887-1960
- Banks and banking -- North Carolina
- Businessmen -- North Carolina -- Durham
- Capitalists and financiers -- United States
- Duke family
- Duke University
- Duke, Angier Buchanan, 1884-1923
- Duke, Benjamin N. (Benjamin Newton), 1855-1929
- Duke, James Buchanan, 1856-1925
- Duke, Sarah Pearson Angier, 1856-1936
- Duke, Washington, 1820-1905
- Durham (N.C.) -- History
- Erwin Cotton Mills
- Electric utilities -- North Carolina
- Governors -- North Carolina -- Election
- Industries -- North Carolina
- Methodist Episcopal Church, South
- Orphanages -- North Carolina
- Philanthropists -- North Carolina
- Railroads -- North Carolina
- Sands, Alexander H., 1891-1960
- Trinity College (Durham, N.C.)
- Textile industry -- North Carolina
- Tobacco industry -- North Carolina
- Universities and colleges -- North Carolina
- W. Duke, Sons & Co.
- Water-power -- North Carolina
- Water-power -- South Carolina
- Women's colleges -- North Carolina
Board of Trustees Records, 1860-ongoing (Duke University Archives/David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)
Duke Family papers, 1885-1992 (bulk 1892-1927) (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)
James Buchanan Duke Papers (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)
Washington Duke Papers (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)
Erwin Cotton Mills Records (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)
William Preston Few Records and Papers (Duke University Archives/David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)
Robert Lee Flowers Records (Duke University Archives/David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)
John C. Kilgo Records and Papers, 1888-1970 (bulk 1894-1920)
W. Duke, Sons & Co. Advertising Materials, 1880-1910 (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)
Semans Family Papers, 1878-2008 and undated (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)
[Identification of item], Benjamin Newton Duke Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
The papers of Benjamin Newton Duke have been received from a variety of sources over an extended period of time. While acquisition information about the bulk of the collection is unrecorded, it is believed that it was given by his daughter, Mary Duke Biddle. Additions to the collection were made by Mary Duke Biddle, 1939; Alexander H. Sands, Jr., 1940- 1941, 1953; R.D. Graham, 1950; Mrs. Lucy Cole Durham, 1951; Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans, 1961-1972; Bud Alexander, 1970; Duke University Archives, 1980; and Julia Wightman, 1990.
Processed by Madeleine Bagwell Perez
Completed June 30, 1991
Encoded by Rachel Pottinger
Processing Note: In 1991 the Benjamin Newton Duke Papers were reprocessed through the support of The Duke Endowment. At that time the collection was arranged by distinct series and the papers reboxed and refoldered. While much of the Correspondence and Financial Papers Series follow their original order, some rearrangement has been done throughout the collection.
Volumes, once shelved separately, have been integrated into the collection. Examples include: letterbooks, check stubs, stock ledgers, oversized memorials, etc.
During the reprocessing, duplicate printed material was removed. Additionally, three hymn books, once belonging to Benjamin and Sarah Duke, have been transferred to the Rare Book Collection. These hymnals are for the worship services of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and date from 1878 and 1889.
Reprocessed by Mary Mellon, March 2015.