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Guide to the James Buchanan Duke Papers, 1777-1990 and undated

Abstract

James B. Duke (1856-1925) was a tobacco manufacturer, industrialist, and philanthropist, of Durham, N.C., and New York City.

Collection includes: correspondence; business, legal, and financial papers; estate and inheritance records; printed materials; miscellaneous materials; architectural drawings and blueprints; and pictures chiefly relating to the businesses, enterprises and philanthropy of James Buchanan Duke in North Carolina, South Carolina, New York, and New Jersey. About one-half of the collection documents the administration of his estate. Subject areas represented include: American Tobacco Company; business; finance; tobacco industry, marketing and taxation; hydroelectric power; textile mills; charitable works; architecture; interior decoration; genealogy of branches of the Duke family; inheritance and succession; and legal procedure for wills, inheritance and business.

Descriptive Summary

Title
James Buchanan Duke papers, 1777-1990 and undated
Creator
Duke, James Buchanan, 1856-1925
Extent
33 Linear Feet, ca. 24,000 Items
Repository
Duke University. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library Durham, North Carolina 27708-0185
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the library's online catalog.
Language
English.

Collection Overview

The papers of James Buchanan Duke span the years 1777 to 1990, although the bulk of the material dates from the 1890s to the mid-1930s. They consist of correspondence; business, legal, and financial papers; printed materials; and visual materials. The collection documents James B. Duke's business and financial investments, and some aspects of his philanthropy. About one half of the collection documents the administration of the Estate of James B. Duke, Deceased, including legal proceedings stemming from claims made against the estate. Subject areas represented in the collection include: business and finance; philanthropy; genealogy on branches of the Duke family; inheritance; legal procedure; architecture and interior decoration; and, to a lesser degree, family life.

Although the Correspondence Series primarily relates to business topics, personal letters are scattered throughout. Financial transactions, such as exchanges of stocks and cash, which often occurred between members of the Duke family, are recorded in both the Correspondence and Financial Papers Series. Aspects of both familial and business relationships between brothers, James B. and Benjamin Newton Duke, and their father, Washington Duke, are documented through their correspondence. James B. Duke often received requests from individuals, many of them strangers, for financial aid and other forms of assistance or favors, such as making investments and employment. Written exchanges also document various aspects of the Duke tobacco businesses, the professional relationships of James B. and Benjamin N. Duke with other members of the business community, and personal and business financial transactions. Correspondents include Lida Duke Angier (Mrs. J.C. Angier), Richard B. Arrington, W.T. Blackwell, Betty Roney Daily (Mrs. John C. Daily), Benjamin Newton Duke, Washington Duke, George Watts Hill, Maude D. Karnes, William R. Perkins, and Alexander H. Sands.

James Buchanan Duke was known for his business acumen, especially in national and international tobacco industries and hydroelectric power. The Business Papers Series furnishes partial documentation for some of his businesses. The most complete records are for Duke Farms Company in Somerville, N.J. (apparently a holding company). The Duke Farms Company's records include documentation for Piedmont Electro-Chemical Company, Southern Power Company, Orlando Water Power Company, and other Duke-owned businesses. Mr. Duke made substantial investments in textile mills and corporations, such as the Aluminum Company of America. Records of his investments, including extensive stocks and bonds transactions, are in the Business and Financial Papers Series.Acquisition of exclusive rights to a cigarette manufacturing machine produced by the Bonsack Machine Company, which allowed for very rapid processing of cigarettes, enabled the Duke companies to move into the forefront of the cigarette industry. Extensive correspondence documents the negotiations between James B. Duke, President of The American Tobacco Company, and D.B. Strouse and P.A. Krise, of the Bonsack Machine Company. It is filed in the Business Papers Series under both the Bonsack Machine Company and the W. Duke, Sons and Company and occurs in The American Tobacco Company letterbook. After the dissolution of The American Tobacco Company in 1911, Mr. Duke focused his attention more on the hydroelectric power industry than on tobacco. Histories of some of James B. Duke's businesses and investments, especially hydroelectric power, are in the Miscellaneous Series. Many of Mr. Duke's business investments and other enterprises were continued after his death by his executors until the estate was liquidated.

The philanthropic work of James B. Duke included contributions to Duke University (Trinity College) and other educational institutions, a fund for "worn-out" Methodist preachers, an endowment for Lincoln Hospital (designated for use only by a black institution), funds for building churches, and other charitable causes. Representatives of educational institutions and churches wrote to request various types of financial support from Mr. Duke, including endowments and one-time donations. Avenues for contributions to most of these institutions and charities were later consolidated under the auspices of the The Duke Endowment. Information about Mr. Duke's philanthropic activities is documented in the Correspondence, Financial, and Legal Papers Series

Mr. Duke owned homes and estates in New York, N.Y., Somerville, N.J., Charlotte, N.C., and Newport, R.I. The houses contained many works of art and antiques, and the grounds of the Somerville estate, Duke Farms, were renowned for their statuary and landscaping. Records for architecture, decoration and renovation, deeds and property transfers, and maintenance of Mr. Duke's properties are found throughout the collection. Volumes in the Financial Papers Series have entries for household and estate expenditures. Considerable information for the Duke Farms estate in Somerville, N.J., is in the Correspondence and Business Papers Series. Other information about various homes and properties, including architectural plans by Horace Trumbauer, is in the Pictures and Miscellaneous Series. Detailed inventories of properties, including furnishings, are in the Petitions on First and Final Accountings filed in the Estate, Legal Papers Subseries.

The Last Will and Testament of James B. Duke and its Codicil included provisions for trusts including The Doris Duke Trust, The Duke Endowment, and for individuals, such as Nanaline H. Duke and Doris Duke. Item VI of the Will of James B. Duke provided for the distribution of two million dollars to living descendants of the brothers and/or sisters of James B. Duke's father, Washington Duke, and his mother, Artelia Roney Duke. The executors of the estate, Nanaline H. Duke, William R. Perkins, and George G. Allen conducted a prolonged investigation to determine who were legitimate heirs under Item VI of the will. Earlier, in 1924, Benjamin N. Duke had begun to try to identify individuals who were related to him through his father and mother. After James B. Duke's death, Benjamin N. Duke's earlier communications with "Duke" family members were closely scrutinized, especially his correspondence with Edna L. Vaughan of Warrensburg, Mo. Some of these letters were later used as legal evidence when James B. Duke's will was disputed. Genealogical information related to inheritance under James B. Duke's will is scattered throughout the Correspondence Series, especially in the years 1924 and 1925. The Estate Series also contains extensive correspondence and other documents that contain genealogical information about various Duke families. A significant portion of the series documents the settlement of Item VI of Mr. Duke's will.

The Estate, Correspondence Subseries includes inquiries to the executors and to Benjamin Newton Duke from individuals or their attorneys who thought that they were related to James B. Duke and wanted to file a claim for the inheritance under Item VI. The executors responded to most initial inquiries from claimants in November 1925 with a form letter which required them to submit affidavits stating their relationship to James B. Duke. Usually three affidavits were submitted: one by the claimant and two from individuals who stated their knowledge of the claimant and the alleged relationship to James B. Duke. To gather more information, in January 1927 the executors sent claimants a questionnaire about detailed genealogical history. Most affidavits and questionnaires are in the Estate, Legal Papers Subseries, but some are scattered in the Estate, Correspondence Subseries which also has information about evidence used in the court hearings.

Two sets of claims posed particular problems for the executors and are extensively documented in the Estate, Correspondence and Legal Papers Subseries. These claims, one from the Vaughan family and another group claim from individuals associated with Elizabeth Duke of Marshall and Wichita Falls, Tex., were the subject of extensive correspondence. They were researched in great detail by Charles Caldwell, a lawyer, and brought to the courts in New Jersey for final determination. Elizabeth Duke claimed a relationship through Thomas Duke; the Vaughan family claimed theirs through Polly (Mary) Duke Vaughan. Caldwell was engaged by the executors in May 1927 to conduct detailed research into these claims. The investigation generated extensive, detailed documentary genealogical information regarding not only the families of Washington Duke and Artelia Roney Duke but also about other families that claimed a Duke family connection. Charles Caldwell conducted research in archives and interviewed claimants in Louisiana, Texas, Georgia, Missouri, and North Carolina. While his research primarily documents individuals whose claims were spurious, the information collected by Caldwell also describes, to a more limited extent, the claims of legitimate heirs. The executors published a book, Determination by the Executors of James B. Duke, Deceased . . . (1927), with appended schedules of allowed and rejected claims, that discusses the settlement of the will.

Lida Duke Angier (Mrs. J. C. Angier) and Betty Roney Daily (Mrs. John C. Daily), James B. Duke's cousins, worked with the executors to find information that would determine legitimate heirs. Letters they wrote reveal knowledge of the families of James B. Duke and Benjamin N. Duke. Benjamin N. Duke's written responses to the executors' requests for his knowledge of the relationships put forth by claimants are dispersed in the correspondence. Other correspondents include attorneys, archivists, genealogists, historians, and handwriting and other document experts who were employed by the executors or who responded to their requests for information. Experts also submitted reports of their findings. Individuals represented in the Estate Series include George G. Allen, Charles Caldwell, Clarence E. Case, Elizabeth Duke, Nanaline H. Duke, William P. Few, Forrest Hyde, C.E. Mapes, William R. Perkins, Alexander H. Sands, James E. Stagg, and Eugene L. Vaughan.

The Estate, Financial Papers Subseries documents distributions made under most provisions of the will and expenses incurred by the estate in administering the will, including those from legal research and fees. Records for the distribution under Item VI of the will are useful for information about individuals who were determined to be legal heirs.

Other collections in the Rubenstein Library that document James Buchanan Duke's life include the Washington Duke Papers, the Benjamin Newton Duke Papers, and the Semans Family Papers. Related collections include the William Robertson Perkins Papers and the Aluminum Company of Canada, Ltd., Papers. For information on The Duke Endowment, see the Archives of The Duke Endowment. For further information on the contributions of the Duke family to Duke University, contact the staff of the Duke University Archives.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. There may be a 48-hour delay in obtaining these materials.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in the papers of James Buchanan Duke have not been transferred to Duke University. For further information, see the section on copyright in the Regulations and Procedures of the Special Collections Department.

Contents of the Collection

Primarily letters and telegrams received and sent by James B. Duke or his agents, with letters received by Benjamin N. Duke scattered throughout the loose correspondence. Since the series includes several letterbooks, the correspondence was not divided between personal and business subjects. Richard B. Arrington, a secretary and agent for Benjamin N. Duke and James B. Duke, is the principal correspondent on behalf of James B. Duke in the letterbook dated from August 1, 1900 to January 30, 1906. Alexander H. Sands, another secretary and agent for Benjamin N. Duke and James B. Duke, is the principal correspondent on behalf of James B. Duke in the letterbook dated from February 20, 1920 to January 17, 1923. Arranged chronologically, with loose correspondence first.

Photocopying of the letterbooks is not permitted.

1880-1925, Oct., 1942, undated
(11 folders)
Box 1
1900, Aug. 1-1908, Nov. 19 (2 vols.)
Box 2
1908, Nov. 18-1911, Dec. 18 (2 vols.)
Box 3
1920, Feb. 20-1923, Jan. 17 (1 vol.)
Box 4

Includes correspondence; minutes of corporations; financial records including ledger books, journals, cashbooks, voucher records, vouchers and cancelled checks; stock certificates; contracts; maps of power transmission lines; and financial worksheets. Enterprises documented include The American Tobacco Company; British-American Tobacco Company, Ltd.; Buchanan Investment Corporation; Duke Farms Company; Orlando Water Power Corporation; Southern Investment Company of Canada; Southern Investment Company of Delaware; Southern Investment Company of New Jersey; Southern Power Company; Quebec Development Company; and W. Duke, Sons and Company. For W. Duke, Sons and Company material dated after its merger with The American Tobacco Company, see The American Tobacco Company. The Bonsack Machine Company correspondence is filed under the company's name as well as interfiled with the W. Duke, Sons and Company correspondence. See also oversize materials. Arranged by name of the business and type of material, then chronologically.

Accounts (miscellaneous), 1922, 1927
Box 5
Correspondence, Letterbook, 1894, July 31-1904, Oct. 10
Box 5
Financial, 1891, 1895, 1902-1909, 1911
Box 5
Stocks, bonds, script, 1890-1913
Box 5
Bylaws, ca. 1890
Box 5
Corporate mergers, 1904; leases, 1890
Box 5
Testimony between John R. Miller, Complainant and The American Tobacco Co., 1895, Jan. 2
Box 5
U.S. vs. American Tobacco Co., subpoena, 1908, Mar. 11
Box 5
U.S. vs. American Tobacco Co. et al., Testimony by J.B. Duke, 1908 (pp. 3276-3514)
(4 folders)
Box 5
Anderson Traction Company, 1909
Box 5
Letters received from D.B. Strouse and P.A. Krise, 1885, Oct. 15-1889, Dec. 27 [formerly Letterbook Nos. 1-3]
Box 6
1890
Box 6
British-American Tobacco Co., 1902-1932, undated
Box 6
Certificate of Dissolution, 1929, Mar. 27-1933, Feb. 3
Box 6
1924-1929, 1941
Box 6
Ledger, 1924-1929
Box 6
Journal, 1924, Sept.-1929, Apr.
Box 7
Cashbook, 1924, Nov.-1929, Mar.
Box 7
Vouchers, 1924-1929
Box 7
Stocks, 1924-1929
Box 7
Trial Balances, 1925, Oct.-1929
Box 7
Check stubs nos. 1-27, 1924-1929; cancelled checks, 1924-1929
Box 7
Correspondence, 1917-1930
Box 7
Certificate of Incorporation, 1922, Dec. 5 (copy)
Box 7
Certificate of Dissolution, 1927, Oct. 4
Box 7
1922-1931, 1941 (vol.)
Box 7
Ledger, 1922-1931
Box 8
Journal, 1922, Dec.-1931, Jan.
Box 8
Cashbook, 1922, Dec.-1931, Jan.
Box 9
Vouchers, 1922-1925, June (8 folders)
Box 9
Vouchers, 1925, July-1931 (7 folders)
Box 10
Cancelled checks, 1922-1930 (3 folders)
Box 10
Accounts, 1906-1929
Box 10
Appraisal of real and personal property, 1925, Dec. 15; Recast balance sheet...as of 1925, Oct. 10
Box 10
Assignments, 1916-1927 (Southern Investment Co. of Canada to Orlando Water Power Corp., 1916; Frank C. Schmitz to Orlando Water Power Corp., 1920; Orlando Water Power to Duke Farms, 1922; Duke Farms to Southern Power Co., 1927)
Box 10
Financial Statements: Worksheets, 1916-1925
Box 10
Bill of Sale: Duke Farms Co. to Doris Duke, 1927
Box 10
Federal Income Tax, 1918-1930 (5 folders)
Box 11
Loan with National City Bank, New York, 1923-1925
Box 11
Staffing levels, 1917-1927
Box 11
Financial statements, 1916-1922
Box 11
Austrian, 1917-1925
Box 11
Brazilian, 1915-1925
Box 11
Canadian, 1918-1921
Box 11
English, 1912-1925
Box 11
French, 1912-1925
Box 11
German, 1916-1925
Box 11
Hungarian, 1916-1925
Box 11
Italian, 1913-1923
Box 11
Norwegian, 1916-1926
Box 11
Spanish, 1914-1926
Box 11
Swedish, 1916-1925
Box 11
Swiss, 1917-1925
Box 11
Southern Investment Company of Canada, 1913, 1916
Box 11
Southern Investment Company of Delaware and New Jersey, 1912-1922
Box 11
Southern Power Company: American Trust Company, 1914-1922; Transmission Lines in Canada, 1922, undated
Box 11
1914-1924
Box 11
Agreements involving Price Brothers and Company, Ltd.,and Orlando Water Power Corp., 1914-1920
Box 11
Quebec Development Company: George D. Haskell vs. Aluminum Company of America et al., 1929
Box 12
Textile Mills, 1892-1935
Box 12
Union Cotton Bagging Corporation, 1912-1923
Box 12
1885, 1889
Box 12
Correspondence: Bonsack Machine Company, 1884-1889
(2 folders)
Box 12

Property deeds and transactions, wills, indentures, and records for the divorce of James B. Duke from Lillian N. Duke (1906) form the bulk of this series. In 1925 Lillian N. Duke appealed the divorce and the case was heard by the New York Supreme Court. The series includes copies of records from the original divorce case as well as records from the appeal in 1925. Arranged by subject, then chronologically.

Agreements, court records, indentures, 1897-1925
Box 12
Deeds and land plats, 1878-1924
Box 12
Appraisals/Inventories, 1918, 1925-1926, undated
Box 12
Somerville, N.J., deed, 1916
Box 12
East 85th St., New York, N.Y., 1906-1912
Box 12
1 East 78th Street, New York, N.Y., 1913
Box 12
1009 Fifth Ave., New York, N.Y., 1901-1919, undated
Box 12
Charlotte, N.C., 1917-1925
Box 12
Durham, N.C., 1878-1907
Box 12
Estate of Elizabeth L. Roney, 1882-1884, undated
Box 13
On Petition for Divorce, Final Decree, 1906, May 7
Box 13
Correspondence, 1925-1926
Box 13
Published, 1925
Box 13
1925
Box 13
Exhibits, 1905-1906, 1925
Box 13
Memorandum, 1907, 1925, undated
Box 13
Research, 1925
Box 13
Miscellaneous, 1925, undated
Box 13
Indenture and Deed of Trust establishing The Doris Duke Trust, 1924, Dec. 11; additions, 1925, Oct. 23
Box 13
Last Will and Testament and Codicil of James B. Duke, 1924-1925
Box 13

Includes ledger books, journals, cashbooks, voucher records, deposit slips, cancelled checks, stock certificates, account balance worksheets, and expense records for payroll and other costs in the Duke households and offices, including The Duke Endowment. Some miscellaneous business records are scattered throughout. There are orders, invoices and receipts for jewelry, travel, club memberships, automobiles, and other expenses. See also oversize materials. Arranged in descending order according to the hierarchy of the bookkeeping system, followed by miscellaneous financial records and subject folders.

Ledger No. 1, 1890-1901
Box 13
No. 2, 1902-1912
Box 14
No. 3, 1913-1914
Box 14
No. 4, 1915-1920
Box 14
Ledger No. 5, 1920-1925
Box 15
No. 1, 1890, Dec.-1905
Box 15
No. 2, 1906, Jan.-1912
Box 15
No. 3, 1912, Dec.-1914
Box 16
No. 4, 1915, Jan.-1919
Box 16
No. 5, 1920, Jan.-1925, Oct.
Box 16
No. 1, 1890, Dec.-1901, Nov.
Box 17
No. 2, 1902, Jan.-1912, Apr.
Box 17
No. 3, 1912, May-1914, Dec.
Box 17
No. 4, 1915, Jan.-1918, July
Box 18
No. 5, 1918, Aug.-1922, Apr.
Box 18
No. 6, 1922, May-1925, Oct.
Box 18
No. 1, 1914, May-Dec.
Box 18
No. 2, 1915, Jan.-1917, June
Box 18
No. 3, 1917, June-1919, Jan.
Box 18
No. 4, 1919, Feb.-1921, Apr.
Box 18
No. 5, 1921, May-1923, May
Box 18
No. 6, 1923, June-1925, Feb.
Box 18
No. 7, 1925, Mar.-Oct.
Box 18
Bankers Trust Co., 1916, Mar. 30-1925, July 10 (2 folders)
Box 19
Farmers' Loan and Trust Co., 1894, Oct. 15-1909, Aug. 9 (4 folders)
Box 19
Farmers' Loan and Trust Co., 1909, Sept. 2-1924, May 8 (2 folders)
Box 20
Morgan Guaranty Trust Co. of New York, 1912, Jan. 19-1925, June 29 (3 folders)
Box 20
National Bank of Commerce, 1914, Feb. 25-1925, June 9
Box 20
National City Bank of New York, 1922, Jan. 7-1925, Sept. 2
Box 20
Passbooks, 1907-1919
Box 20
Deposit Slip Registers, 1918, July-1922, June (2 vols.)
Box 21
Payroll and other expenses, 1917-1928 (2 vols.) (Includes Estate of James B. Duke and The Duke Endowment)
Box 22
Employee Certificates of Residency, N.Y. State Income Tax, 1921-1927
Box 23
Federal Income Tax, 1920-1925 (6 folders)
Box 23
State Income Taxes, 1922-1926
Box 23
Miscellaneous receipts, etc., 1878-1908 (7 folders)
Box 23
Miscellaneous receipts, etc., 1909-1925, undated
(6 folders)
Box 24
Miscellaneous financial statements of James B. Duke, 1913-1925, undated
Box 24
Trial Balances, 1898-1900
Box 24
Loans and stocks, 1902-1912
Box 24
Passbook, 1912-1919
Box 24
Deeds, 1874, 1919, 1925, 1928
Box 24
1921-1932, undated
(3 folders)
Box 24
German-American National Bank of New Orleans, 1920-1933
Box 24
Lincoln Hospital: Endowment, 1905
Box 24

Divided into four subseries: Correspondence, Legal Papers, Financial Papers, and Printed Materials, all pertaining to the administration of the estate of James B. Duke.

Chiefly correspondence received and sent by the executors, claimants, attorneys, witnesses, and Benjamin N. Duke. Includes correspondence; some affidavits and other legal documents; and reports. Charles Caldwell's materials filed in the series include correspondence and activity and expense reports. Arranged chronologically.

1925, Oct.-Nov. 30 (3 folders)
Box 24
1925, Dec.-1926, Apr. (8 folders)
Box 25
1926, May-Dec. (8 folders)
Box 26
1927, Jan.-July (7 folders)
Box 27
1927, Aug.-Dec. 12 (7 folders)
Box 28
1928, Jan.-Nov. (8 folders)
Box 29
1930-1931, undated
Box 29

Includes records collected and notes and reports of findings made by Charles Caldwell during the pre-trial period of discovery; notes and legal research by executors and attorneys; reports and correspondence from private investigators and handwriting and other experts, affidavits, completed questionnaires, and related correspondence submitted by claimants; court records including evidence; records for the distribution of the monies under Item VI of the will; and other legal records. See also oversize materials.

Cancelled notes transferred in settlement, 1927, Feb.
Box 30
Notes on Vaughan claim, Polly (Mary) Duke Vaughan kinship, ca. 1927
Box 30
(Texas), ca. 1927, June
Box 30
(Ga.) (includes affidavits), 1927, June-July
Box 30
Wills and inventories, 1788-1905 (1927), 1927
Box 30
Court records, 1852-1853 (1927)
Box 30
Records and taxables with notations, 1753-1856 (1927)
Box 30
Court records: Taylor Duke, 1799-1818 (1927)
Box 30
Marriage records and notes: Duke, Stagg, Vaughan, 1783-1927
Box 30
Military service: Records and notes: Tillett Harris et. al., 1784 (1927), 1908-1927
Box 30
Land and property deeds and transfers, 1777-1880 (1927), 1927
Box 30
Census returns with correspondence, 1800-1870 (1927), 1927-1928 (2 folders)
Box 30
Census returns, 1800-1870 (1927)
Box 31
Census returns: Marked as Ex. A-V, 1810-1870 (1927)
Box 31
Census returns: Notes, ca. 1927-1928
Box 31
Correspondence and reports from expert witnesses, 1928, Jan.-Feb.
Box 31
Report from National Coloniana Society on the descendents of J.B. Duke and disputed claims, 1927, Apr.
Box 31
Notes: Washington Duke, 1927
Box 31
Copy of Determination by the Executors. . . used by Charles Caldwell, 1927
Box 31
Duke family history, undated
Box 31
Daily Activity Statements, 1927, May 9-Sept. 13
Box 31
Reports, 1927-1928
Box 31
Notes, 1927, June-Nov. (5 folders)
Box 31
Notes, 1927, Dec.-1928, May, undated
(5 folders)
Box 32
Expenses and receipts, 1926, July-1928, Mar.,undated
Box 32
Notes about Elizabeth Duke's activities, correspondence, and evidence; used to prepare for direct/cross-examination, 1928, Jan.-May, undated
(3 folders)
Box 32
Notes regarding exhibits, evidence, expert witnesses, and Elizabeth Duke, 1928, Jan. 18-Apr. 26,undated
Box 32
Notes to prepare for trial on March 24 and 25, 1928
Box 32
Notes by Charles Caldwell regarding exhibits and evidence for trial, 1927, Aug. 22-1928, Apr. 28
Box 32
Notes for and correspondence to Senator Case, pertaining to evidence and trial, 1928, Apr. 21
Box 32
Notes about Elizabeth Duke used to prepare for trial, 1928
Box 32
Reports of private investigator on Elizabeth Duke and others, 1927, Nov. 29-Dec. 17
Box 32
Notes on witnesses, 1928, Mar., undated
Box 32
Pretrial conference between lawyers for Estate / Elizabeth Duke, 1927, Nov. 25 (transcript)
Box 32
Notes on testimonies and affidavits of Dr. Henry M. Dukeand others, 1928, Jan. 20
Box 32
Notes on testimonies and affadavits of John T. and Frances E. Eady, 1928, Jan. 23-24
Box 32
Notes on testimonies, 1928, Jan. 23-31 (2 folders)
Box 32
Notes on testimony and affidavits of Hattie Gaffield, 1928, Jan. 26
Box 32
Notes on transcript of testimony, pp. 569-1120, 1928, Jan. 25-31
Box 32
Notes from testimonies, 1928, Mar. 15-16; notes in preparation for Mar. 16
Box 32
Notes from testimony with Charles Caldwell's notes made during trial, 1928, Mar. 19-22
Box 33
Notes from testimony by W. R. Perkins, including notes on evidence, 1928, Mar. 22-26
Box 33
Pre-trial records: Interrogatories, 1928, Apr.
Box 33
Notes on testimonies of George G. Allen, August Harkhorn, Stewart L. Hawkins, C.E. Mapes, 1928, May 21
Box 33
Notes on testimonies, undated
Box 33
Names of claimants presenting claims through E. Duke, 1927
Box 33
Charles Duke kinship (Ga.), 1928
Box 33
David Duke kinship (Ga. and Miss.), 1926-1928
Box 33
David and Thomas Duke kinship and affiliation with Primitive Baptist Church, affidavits, 1927
Box 33
David Duke kinship, 1927
Box 33
Robert Duke kinship, 1926
Box 33
affidavits, 1926-1928 (6 folders)
Box 33
(Primitive Baptist), affidavits and evidence, 1927
Box 33
(Primitive Baptist), affidavits and interviews, 1927
Box 33
Misc. affidavits, 1926-1928
Box 33
Affidavits relating to her evidence, 1927-1928
Box 33
List of descendants, undated
Box 33
Executor's questionnaires and affidavits (disallowed claims), 1925-1927 (2 folders)
Box 33
Statement by Eugene Lee Vaughan, 1926, June 22
Box 33
Statement of evidence submitted by E.L. Vaughan, 1926, Oct. 18
Box 33
Evidence submitted by E.L. Vaughan, 1926
Box 33
Statement on behalf of E.L. Vaughan, setting forth the grounds of his claim, with affidavits, 1927, Apr. 18 (2 folders)
Box 34
Recapitulation of the facts on which E.L. Vaughan bases his claim, 1927, May 5
Box 34
Notes about claims and evidence, undated
Box 34
Affidavits, A-W, 1925-1927, undated
(3 folders)
Box 34
Tillett Harris's affidavits, records of questioning, pension records, 1927, undated
Box 34
Last will and testament of James Vaughan ( 1788, Oct. 26), undated
Box 34
Legal research: Precedents, ca. 1927
Box 34
On Petition for Decree of Distribution of $2 million under Item VI of [ J.B. Duke's] Will, Decree of Distribution, 1927, Nov.
Box 34
On Petition for Decree: Order of Adjournment, 1927, Nov. 25
Box 34
On Petition of Edward Lee Vaughan for reopening case, etc.; Order, 1928, Jan. 6
Box 34
On Petition for Decree: Order, 1928, Jan. 6
Box 34
On Petition of Decree of Distribution: Order, 1928, May 21
Box 34
Transcript of Trial: On Petition for Decree, 1928, Jan. 6-20 (3 folders)
Box 34
Transcript of Trial: On Petition for Decree: 1928, Jan. 23-31; Mar. 15-16 (2 vols., 3 folders)
Box 35
Transcript of Trial: On Petition for Decree, 1928, Mar. 16-26 (7 folders, 1 vol.)
Box 36
Index to evidence, 1928
Box 37
P. 1-2, undated
Box 37
P. 3, 6-40, 1926-1928,undated
Box 37
P. 41-60, 1866-1928,undated
Box 37
P. 61-81, 1801-1928
Box 37
P. 82-91, 95-96, 1861-1928,undated
Box 37
P. 98, 1894-1928
Box 37
P. 100, undated
Box 37
P. 102-123, 1861-1928,undated
Box 37
P. 130-140, 1861-1928,undated
Box 37
P. 141-159, 161, 1866-1928,undated
Box 37
P. 126-129, 1928
Box 38
P. 160, pp. 1-38, 1928 (3 folders)
Box 38
Evidence: pages from church books (photographs and photostats), 1928
Box 38
E.D. 1-5, 1928
Box 38
E.D. 6, 7, 20, 26, 1928
Box 38
E.D. 13-14, 18-19, 21-23, 1928
Box 38
Determination by the Executors of James B. Duke, Deceased, of Those Entitled to Participate in the Distribution Made Under Item VI. . ., 1927
Box 39
Final awards, ca. 1926-1928
Box 39
Schedule of Disallowed Claims, ca. 1927-1928
Box 39
List of affidavits received by Executors, undated
Box 39
(Executors' questionnaires), 1927
Box 39
James A. Duke, Martha Angeline Duke Moore (affidavits), 1926
Box 39
Lida Duke Angier, Pattie Duke Moore (affidavits), 1926-1928
Box 39
Nannie Duke Wyant, Maude Duke Karnes Stuart (affidavits), 1926-1927
Box 39
John T. Duke, Lillie I. Duke (affidavits), 1926
Box 39
Andrew J. Duke, Charles Washington Duke, Eliza Annie Duke (Evans),
Box 39
Robert A. Duke (questionnaires and affidavits), 1926-1928
Box 39
(Executors' questionnaires), 1927
Box 39
James McCadden Duke, William Kirkland Duke, Price (Luena Duke Price) (affidavits), 1926-1927
Box 39
Holloway, Patterson, Lyon (affidavits), 1925-1928
Box 39
Riggs, Amelia Frances Duke, 1925-1927
Box 40
Stagg, Mary Duke, 1926-1928
Box 40
(Executors' questionnaires), 1927
Box 40
(affidavits), 1925-1928 (2 folders)
Box 40
Roney, Amos K. (Executors' questionnaires, affidavits), 1926-1927
Box 40
(Executors' questionnaires), 1927
Box 40
(affidavits), 1925-1926 (2 folders)
Box 40
Roney, Calvin Newton Duke (Executors' questionnaires, affidavits), 1925-1927
Box 40
(Executors' questionnaires), 1927
Box 40
(affidavits), 1925-1926 (2 folders)
Box 40
Roney, John T. (Executors' questionnaires, affidavits), 1926-1927
Box 40
Clinton, Mary, 1926-1927
Box 41
Duke, Alfred Lee, 1925-1927
Box 41
Duke, Clevarious, 1926-1927
Box 41
Duke, Daniel ( Va.), 1926-1927
Box 41
Duke, David Washington, 1927
Box 41
Duke, Edmund, 1926-1927
Box 41
Duke, Francis Kirkland, 1927
Box 41
Duke, James, ( Sarah E. Duke Osborn), 1926-1927
Box 41
Duke, James, ( Va. and W. Va.), 1926-1927
Box 41
Duke, James ( W. Va.), 1927
Box 41
Duke, James P. ( La. and Ala.), 1926-1927
Box 41
Walter Lewis Duke (problem of), 1929
Box 41
Grief Duke (problem of), includes Duke, Latta, Garrard, Proctor (questionnaires and affidavits), 1925-1927
Box 41
Duke, Joseph, 1926-1927
Box 41
Duke, Llewellyn/Robert, 1925-1927
Box 41
Duke, Mary Elizabeth, 1926-1927
Box 41
Duke, Polly, 1927
Box 41
Duke, Reany (Reny), 1927-1928
Box 41
Duke, Robert, 1926-1927
Box 41
Duke, Samuel ( N.C.), 1925, undated
Box 41
Duke, Tyre or Noah, 1925-1927
Box 41
Duke, William ( Indiana), 1927
Box 41
Duke, William ( Durell Mangum), 1927
Box 41
Duke, William ( Va. and Ohio), 1898-1927
(2 folders)
Box 41
Duke, William ( Va. and Tenn.), 1856-1927 (2 folders)
Box 41
Duke, William, 1925-1927
Box 41
Duke, William J., 1926-1927
Box 42
Duke, William Edmund, 1927
Box 42
Duke, William J., 1926-1927
Box 42
Duke, William J. ( N.C.), 1926-1927
Box 42
Duke, William J. (Polly Duke Hardin), 1926-1927
Box 42
Duke, William J. ( Warren County, N.C.), 1926-1927
Box 42
Duke William Joseph, 1927
Box 42
Jacobs, Malinda Duke, 1926-1927
Box 42
Roney, 1925-1927 (2 folders)
Box 42
Roney (Trollinger), 1926-1927 (2 folders)
Box 42
Claims: Miscellaneous (Executors' questionnaires and affidavits), 1872-1927
Box 42
Angier, John, 1926
Box 42
Clute, Grover V., 1928
Box 42
Clute, John H., 1928
Box 42
Fonville, Gabriel L., 1928
Box 42
Garrison, Barbara, 1927-1928
Box 42
Jones, Sallie Colbino, 1927-1928
Box 42
Lyon, W.F., 1927
Box 42
Moore, Martha Ann, 1927-1928
Box 42
Park, Marlowe Roney, 1927
Box 42
Riggs, Frances, 1926-1928
Box 42
Stagg, William L., 1927-1928
Box 42
Wood, Joseph M., 1926-1928
Box 42
Item VI Beneficiaries: Attachment by the Court of share for Mrs. W.H. (Roxie) Foushee ( Wilkinson v. Foushee), 1928-1929
Box 42
Barton, Essie Lee and Jessie May, 1923-1927
Box 42
Bowden, Alice M., 1927-1928
Box 42
Dailey, John Calvin and Lucille Park, 1927
Box 42
Davis, Henry W., Stanley W., and Montrose J., 1927-1928
Box 42
Duke, Charles W., 1927-1928
Box 42
Fonville, Ralph W. and Raymond E., 1927-1928
Box 42
Holloway, Clarence R., Hallie, Reba, and J. Earl, 1927-1928
Box 42
Patterson, Victor Hugo, Maurine, and Elbert Earle, 1927-1928
Box 42
Price, William N., 1927-1928
Box 43
Roney, Mildred, 1927-1928
Box 43
Rowland, Mary Florence and Annie Elizabeth, 1924-1928
Box 43
Wilson, Walter A. and Doris A., 1927-1928
Box 43
Receipts for Legacy and Refunding Bonds, 1926-1934 (4 folders)
Box 43
Receipts for Covering Specific Bequests (A-P), 1927-1929
(8 folders)
Box 43
Receipts covering specific bequests (R-Z), 1927-1929
(3 folders)
Box 44
Order Allowing Final Account, 1934, June 15; Petition on Final Accounting with schedules, 1934, Apr. 26
Box 44
Petition on First Accounting with schedules, 1926, Dec. 31
Box 44

Includes final accounting work papers for the estate, a ledger book, journal, cashbooks, trial balances, analysis of income, statements of income, voucher records, vouchers and receipts, and income tax returns. Inventories of Mr. Duke's personal properties are filed under Receipts for Legacy and Refunding Bonds, 1926. Receipts for specific bequests are filed alphabetically by recipient name. Arranged with the estate's final accounting work papers first (related to Order Allowing Final Account); followed by volumes and records in descending order according to the hierarchy of the bookkeeping system, miscellaneous bookkeeping records, subject files, and banking records. Vouchers and receipts are arranged into categories (schedules of accounting) ascribed by the executors.

Final Accounting work papers, 1925-1934
Box 44
Final Accounting work papers, 1934-1937
Box 45
Statements of Distribution of the Estate, 1926-1934
Box 45
Ledger, 1925-1934
Box 45
Journal, 1925, Oct. 11-1934, June
Box 45
Cashbook, 1925, Oct. 16-1932, Sept. 30
Box 45
Cashbook, 1932, Oct. 1-1934, June 18
Box 46
No. 1, 1925, Oct.-1930, Apr.
Box 46
No. 2, 1930, May-1934, June
Box 46
Trial Balances, 1925-1934 (10 folders)
Box 46
Analyses of Income, 1925-1928
Box 46
Statements of Income, 1929, June-Dec.
Box 46
Bonds owned by J.B. Duke on 1925, Oct. 10
Box 46
Stocks and bonds, 1925-1933
Box 46
Inventory of office furniture at 535 Fifth Ave., New York City, ca. 1934
Box 46
National Bank of Commerce, 1925, Oct. 11-1913, Sept. 28
Box 47
The National City Bank of New York, 1925, Oct. 11-1928, Feb. 1
Box 47
National Bank of Commerce, N.Y., 1925-1928, Sept. 13
Box 47
The National City Bank of N.Y., 1925-1928, Sept. 13
Box 47
Vouchers and receipts, Administration expenses, 1926, Dec.-1928, Mar. (10 folders)
Box 47
Vouchers and receipts, Administration expenses, 1928, Apr.-1930, May (15 folders)
Box 48
Vouchers and receipts, Administration expenses, 1930, June-1933, June (15 folders)
Box 49
Administration expenses, 1933, July-1934, June (5 folders)
Box 50
Bonds/securities delivered to trustees of The Duke Endowment, Trust for Doris Duke, and others, 1928-1933
Box 50
Investments and exchanges, 1926-1931
Box 50
Property sold, 1927-1931
Box 50
Expenses paid from income, 1927-1933
Box 50
Collection charges, 1926-1934
(5 folders)
Box 50
Taxes, 1927-1934
Box 50
Debts of decedent, 1927
Box 50
Inheritance taxes, 1926-1933
Box 51
Executors' fees, 1927-1929
Box 51
Liquidation of accounts payable, 1926-1931
Box 51
Residuary bequests, 1927-1934
Box 51
Distribution of income, 1927-1934
Box 51
Miscellaneous, 1927-1931
Box 51
Bankers Trust Company, Farmers' Loan and Trust Company, Guaranty Trust Company of New York, National Bank of Commerce in New York, 1926
Box 51
Bankers Trust Company, 1927
Box 51
Farmers Loan and Trust Co., 1927
Box 51
Guaranty Trust Company of New York, 1927
Box 51
National City Bank of New York, 1927
Box 51
National Bank of Commerce in New York, 1927
Box 51
Bankers Trust Co., 1928
Box 51
Farmers Loan and Trust Co., 1928
Box 51
Guaranty Trust Company of New York, 1928
Box 51
National Bank of Commerce in New York, 1928
Box 51
National City Bank of New York, 1928
Box 51
Guaranty Trust Company of New York, 1929
Box 51
National Bank of Commerce in New York (Bank of Commerce in New York), 1929
Box 51
Guaranty Trust Company of New York, 1930
Box 51
Guaranty Trust Company of New York, 1931-1934, Apr. (4 folders)
Box 52
Passbooks: Central Union Trust Company, 1926-1930; Guaranty Trust Company of New York, 1927-1928
Box 52
Bankers Trust Company, 1925, Nov. 5-1928, Oct. 4
Box 52
The Farmers' Loan and Trust Company, 1925, Oct. 11-1928, Sept. 13
Box 52
Guaranty Trust Company of New York, 1925, Oct. 11-1934, June 18 (2 folders)
Box 52
Bankers Trust Co., 1925-1928
Box 52
Farmers' Loan and Trust, 1925-1928, Sept. 13
Box 52
Guaranty Trust Company of New York, 1925-1928
(3 folders)
Box 52
Cancelled checks: Guaranty Trust Company of New York, 1929-1934,
(2 folders)
Box 53
Legal and other fees paid, 1928
Box 53
Federal Income Tax, 1925-1934
(10 folders)
Box 53
Federal Estate Tax, 1931
Box 53
State and local taxes, 1925-1934
Box 53

Includes publications used by the executors to substantiate their legal case.

Handbook of County Records (N.C.), 1924
Box 53
Handwriting Expert Testimony, undated
Box 53
Confederate Homes and Pensions (public law), undated
Box 53
Eleventh Biennial Report of the N.C. Historical Commission, 1924-1926
Box 53

Includes printed material; clippings; a scrapbook of business (especially hydroelectric power), philanthropic and family subjects; a list of charitable contributions; a birth certificate; a history of the Inman family; a genealogical chart; biographical information; memorials; resolutions; blueprints of land plats and buildings; and architectural drawings. There are three subseries: General, Clippings, and Printed Materials. See also oversize materials. Arranged by subseries, then alphabetically by subject, title, or author's name (when known).

Biography: Nanaline H. Duke, ca. 1970s; family history, Inman family, undated
Box 53
Birth certificate, Doris Duke, 1912
Box 53
Charitable contributions, 1890-1925
Box 53
Passports: James B., Nanaline, and Doris Duke, 1923
Box 53
Proof for commemorative plate: Signing The Duke Endowment, undated
Box 53
Scrapbook: Business, philanthropic, family, undated
Box 54
Tailoring dimensions, James B. Duke, ca. 1909-1923, undated
Box 54
Doris Duke, 1937, 1964-1990
Box 54
Item VI of J.B. Duke's will, 1927-1928
Box 54
House and estates: New York and North Carolina, 1913-1978
Box 54
House and estate: Somerville, New Jersey, 1903-1987
Box 54
Miscellaneous, 1898-1986, undated
Box 54
Advertisements [?], Spanish newspapers, 1919
Box 54
Biographical statements about James B. Duke, 1952-1982, undated
Box 54
Biography of Eugene Healan Thomason, with biographical note on J.B. Duke, undated
Box 54
The Duke Endowment, Death of James B. Duke, 1925
Box 54
Furman University, James B. Duke, 1926
Box 54
Johnson C. Smith, 89th Anniversary, 1956
Box 54
Memorial service for James B. Duke, 1925
Box 54
by The Duke Endowment, 1919
Box 54
by Duke Power Co., 1929
Box 54
Resolution: Death of James B. Duke, by Piedmont and Northern Railway Co., 1926
Box 54
The American Tobacco Story, 1962
Box 54
In A Carolina Forest, [Duke University] Time, 1931, Apr. 27
Box 54
In Memoriam, James B. Duke, Alumni Register of Duke University, 1925, Nov.
Box 54
Saguenay River Developments, 1921, undated
Box 54
The New Empire of the Saguenay, 1926
Box 54
Saguenay River Trip, 1923
Box 54
Allen, George G., Address Commemorating the Ninth Anniversary of The Duke Endowment, 1933
Box 55
Cash, W.J., Buck Duke's University, in The American Mercury, 1933, Sept.
Box 55
Durden, Robert F., Troubled Legacy: James B. Duke's Bequest to His Cousins (reprint), 1973
Box 55
Fox, John W., Outline of Development of Duke Power Company, 1952
Box 55
Hunt, Roy A, The Aluminum Pioneers, 1951
Box 55
Rickey, James W., Hydro Power for the Production of Aluminum, 1936
Box 55
Teague, Katherine, A Twentieth Century King Midas ? James B. Duke, undated
Box 55
Towe, Kenneth C., Remarks Before the N.Y. Society of Security Analysts, 1955; William Brown Bell, [American Cyanamid Co.], 1953
Box 55
Watson, E.A. and L. McW., Lynchburg Tobacco Imprints, in The Iron Worker, 1950-1951
Box 55

Subjects include family, friends, and colleagues of James Buchanan Dukeand buildings, homes, and estates. The motion picture film was copied from a silent movie on cellulose nitrate film. An album is first, followed by loose pictures, and then motion pictures. Negatives from the album have been separated from prints to allow for improved housing and preservation, and are not available for general reference use. Loose pictures are arranged alphabetically by name of person or by subject.

Duke family and inter-related family members; properties, 1910-1925, 1950 (2 folders)
Box 56
Duke, Benjamin N. and Sarah P., 1910s
Box 56
Duke, James B., 1925
Box 56
Duke, James B. and Benjamin N. with others, 1925
Box 56
Duke Farms, Somerville, N.J., 1920s
Box 56
Fairview, home of Washington Duke, ca. 1910-1925
Box 56
Daily, Betty Roney (Mrs. John C.), undated
Box 56
Duke, Benjamin N., undated
Box 56
Duke, Benjamin N. and Sarah P., undated
Box 56
Duke, Benjamin N. and Sarah P. with family, 1890s-1910s
Box 56
Duke, Doris christening a ship (SS James B. Duke?), 1944
Box 56
1870s, ca. 1920s, undated
(3 folders)
Box 56
Painting by John DaCosta, undated
Box 56
Engraving, ca. 1905
Box 56
Duke, James B. and Benjamin N., undated
Box 56
Duke, James B., Benjamin N. and Washington; Erwin, NC, 1902-1903
Box 56
Duke, James B. with B. N. Dukeand G. W. Watts, undated
Box 56
Duke, James B. and Benjamin N. with others, undated
Box 56
Duke, James B. and Doris, 1919
Box 56
Duke, James Buchanan, and Dula, Caleb C.,undated
Box 56
Duke, James B. with family and friends [at Myers Park?], undated
Box 56
Duke, James B., fishing trip, undated
Box 56
Duke, James B., funeral, 1925 (2 folders)
Box 56
Duke, Nanaline H., 1915
Box 56
Duke, Sarah P., undated
Box 56
Duke, Washington, undated
Box 56
Few, William P.; Few, Mary R.with Frank Rounds, 1960s
Box 56
Inman, Walker P., undated
Box 56
Perkins, William R., 1933; Pickens, Marshall I., undated
Box 56
Roney, Amos Kendall, undated; Roney, Artelia, undated
Box 56
Sands, Alexander H., undated
Box 56
Spence, Hersey Everett and Bessy W. with Frank Rounds, 1960s
Box 56
Duke family and inter-related family members,
Box 56-A
Duke family and inter-related family members,
Box 56-A
Duke, Benjamin N. and Sarah P.,
Box 56-A
Duke, James B.,
Box 56-A
Duke, James B. and Benjamin N. with others,
Box 56-A
Duke Farms, Somerville, NJ,
Box 56-A
"Fairview," home of Washington Duke,
Box 56-A
Duke family and inter-related family members,
Box 56-B
Duke family and inter-related family members,
Box 56-B
Duke, Benjamin N. and Sarah P.,
Box 56-B
Duke, James B.,
Box 56-B
Duke, James B. and Benjamin N. with others,
Box 56-B
Duke Farms, Somerville, NJ,
Box 56-B
"Fairview," home of Washington Duke,
Box 56-B
Copy negative of portrait of J.B. and B.N. Duke
Box 56-B
Duke, James B. and Benjamin N.
Box 56-B
Duke, James B., Benjamin N., and Washington, Erwin, NC,
Box 56-B
Duke, James Buchanan and Dula, Caleb C.
Box 56-B
Duke, Benjamin N.
Box 56-B
Duke, James B. and Benjamin with others
Box 56-B
Duke, Benjamin N. and Sarah P.
Box 56-B
Duke Homestead and buildings, undated
Box 57
Postcards, 1909, undated
Box 57
Identified areas, undated
(3 folders)
Box 57
Architectural drawing by Horace Trumbauer, ca. 1911
Box 57
Southern Power Co., laying cornerstone, Catawba River, S.C., 1905
Box 57
5 photographic postcards of scenes of Alma, Isle Malique and Mixer house fire, 1924, undated
Box 57
23 photographic postcards of scenes from the construction of Isle Malign Station, undated
Box 57
3 photos of Isle Malign on Saguenay River, undated
Box 57
2 photos of staff of Quebec Development Company - identified individuals: D.F. Noyes, S.W. Myatt, Frank Harrison, undated
Box 57
10 photographs of construction of Isle Malign Station in Paper Manufactures' Souvenir, 1924
Box 57
1 photographic map of Saguenay River in Programme of Summer Meeting for Saguenay Branch of the Engineering Institute of Canada, 1924, June 6.
Box 57
negative, undated
Box 58
print, undated
Box 58
Maps of transmission system, 1922, undated
Box 59
Financial statements: Worksheets, 1916-1922; Patents: Italian, 1913-1920; Plan (blueprint) showing transmission line, undated
Box 59
Accounts, 1922-1922; financial statements, 1916-1925; income taxes, 1918-1919
Oversize Folder 1
Financial statements: worksheets, 1912-1922
Oversize Folder 2
Miscellaneous financial statements of James B. Duke, 1913-1925, undated
Box 59
Discovery: Duke family history, undated
Box 59
Charts showing kinship to John Roney and Taylor Duke, undated; proof for cast of commemorative plate, undated; Clippings, 1907
Box 59
Diploma from Eastman National Business College 1875, September 8
Oversize Folder 6
Melon house (proposed), Duke Farms Co., Somerville, N.J., 1917, Aug.; Conservatory of Music, Durham, N.C., land plat, 1913; Main Street Methodist Episcopal Church, Durham, N.C., land plats, 1913; First Methodist Episcopal Church, Somerville, N.J., floor plans, 1923
Box 59
Land plats for Myers Park, Charlotte, N.C., 1919; Blueprints for laundry in residence, Myers Park, 1922
Oversize Folder 3
Architectural plans by Horace Trumbauer for 78th St., New York, N.Y., residence, 1909
Oversize Folder 4
Angier B. Duke, ca. 1923
Box 59
James B. Duke, undated
Box 59
Washington Duke, undated
Box 59
Duke Chapel Methodist Episcopal Church, South, ( Horace Trumbauer drawings) Bragtown, N.C., undated; Duke Homestead, undated; Duke's first factory (barn), undated; Duke'smixture factory, undated
Box 59
Benjamin N. Duke, undated
Box 59
Staff and owners of British-American Tobacco Co. on the SS James B. Duke, undated
Oversize Folder 5

Historical Note

DateEvent(s)
1856, Dec. 23Born, Orange County, N.C.
1870sAttended Eastman Business College, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.
1878Full partner in newly incorporated W. Duke, Sons and Company
ca. 1883President, W. Duke, Sons and Company
1884Moved to New York, N.Y. Negotiated contract with Bonsack Machine Company for use of cigarette manufacturing machine
1890Organized The American Tobacco Company
1902, Sept. 27Signed agreement with British tobacco manufacturers to form British-American Tobacco Company
1904, Sept.Married Lillian McCreedy (divorced 1906)
1905Established Southern Power Company with Benjamin N. Duke and George W. Watts
1907, July 23Married Nanaline Holt Inman
1911, MayDissolution of the American Tobacco Company ordered by the United States Supreme Court
1912, Nov. 22Daughter, Doris Duke, born
ca. 1915Purchased hydroelectric power resources on Saguenay River, Quebec, Canada
1915-1919Began plans for a philanthropic trust to serve educational and other institutions in North Carolina and South Carolina
1917Duke Farms Company, Somerville, N.J., incorporated
ca. 1923Duke-Price Power Company established
1924, Dec. 11Signed indentures establishing The Duke Endowment and The Doris Duke Trust
1925, Oct. 10Died, New York, N.Y.
1928, May 21Final determination by State of New Jersey Court in the Matter of the Estate of James B. Duke, Deceased
1930Remains removed to the Memorial Chapel of Duke University Chapel
1934, June 18Estate of James B. Duke liquidated
1961Widow, Nanaline H. Duke, died

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], James Buchanan Duke Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University

Provenance

The James Buchanan Duke Papers were transferred to the Special Collections Department from various sources beginning in 1957 and continuing through 1990. Funds from The Duke Endowment supported the reprocessing of this collection from 1991 to 1992.

Processing Information

Processed by Donna Longo DiMichele

Completed April 2, 1992

To allow for improved housing and preservation, negatives in Pictures Series were separated and re-housed by Elizabeth Terry, and finding aid adjusted, June 2007.

Encoded by Robin LaPasha and Stephen Douglas Miller

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.