Menu

Guide to the Wallace Fowlie Papers, 1939-1998 and undated

Abstract

Writer, critic, translator, and faculty member at Duke University specializing in modern French literature.

The Wallace Fowlie Papers span the years 1936 to 1998 and consist mainly of correspondence sent to Fowlie, but also publications on French literature authored by Fowlie, typescript and handwritten drafts by Fowlie, amd clippings pertaining to Fowlie's career. A significant portion of the correspondence comprises exchanges between Fowlie and Thomas and Kit Foster. These letters mainly address personal and family matters (health issues, vacations and meeting with mutual friends), but also cover projects Fowlie was working on, teaching positions accepted and rejected and class progress, and other matters of professional relevance. There is also a folder of correspondence with Fowlie, almost entirely in French, that was maintained by John M. Dunaway, a Romance Languages professor at Mercer College in Georgia. It includes a few color photographs. Other smaller amounts of correspondence come from Robert Heslen, a former student of Fowlie, and well-known writers/artists including René Char, Jean Cocteau, André Gide, Alexis Léger (Saint-Jean Perse), Marianne Moore, Anaïs Nin, and others, discussing literary matters and their writings and careers. A folder of general correspondence contains single letters from a variety of colleagues and friends.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Fowlie, Wallace, 1908-1998
Title
Wallace Fowlie papers, 1939-1998 and undated
Language of Material
English, French
Extent
1.0 Linear Feet, 400 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

The Wallace Fowlie Papers span the years 1936 to 1998 and consist mainly of correspondence sent to Fowlie, but also publications authored by Fowlie, typescript and handwritten drafts by Fowlie, newspaper and newsletter article clippings pertaining to Fowlie, and other assorted printed material. A significant portion of the correspondence comprises exchanges with Fowlie and Thomas and Kit Foster, close friends of Fowlie. These letters mainly address personal and family matters (health issues, vacations and meetings with mutual friends), but also cover projects Fowlie was working on, teaching positions accepted and rejected, and class progress, and other matters of professional relevance. There is also a folder of correspondence with Fowlie, almost entirely in French, that was maintained by John M. Dunaway, a Romance Languages professor at Mercer College in Georgia. It includes a few color photographs. Other smaller amounts of correspondence, much of which is in French, come from Robert Heslen, a former student of Fowlie, and well-known writers, artists, and poets including René Char, Jean Cocteau, André Gide, Alexis Léger (Saint-Jean Perse), Marianne Moore, Anaïs Nin, and others, discussing French literature, their writings and careers, and Fowlie's writings. A folder of general correspondence contains single letters from a variety of colleagues and friends.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Chiefly consists of exchanges between Wallace Fowlie and well-known writers and friends. With the exception of the Foster and Heslen correspondence, which contains letters from Fowlie, the bulk of the items are from correspondents writing to Fowlie. Substantial groups of correpondence from individuals have been foldered separately. Smaller amounts of one to four letters are housed in General Correspondence; correspondents include Alain Bosquet, Kenneth Burke, René Char, Edouard Dermit (the adopted son of Jean Cocteau), André Gide, Marianne Moore, Jean Renard, and others. Arranged in chronological order within folders, with the exception of General Correspondence, which is alphabetical by last name.

Cocteau, Jean, 1951-1963
Box 1
Dunaway, John M., 1965-1998 and undated
(2 folders)
Box 1
Foster, Thomas and Kit, 1945-1996 and undated
(8 folders)
Box 1
Heslen, Robert, 1947-1957 and undated
Box 1
Léger, Alexis, 1951-1965 and undated
Box 2
Nin, Anaïs, 1945-1966 and undated
Box 2
General correspondence, 1939-1970 and undated
Box 2
Printed material

Contains various printed materials, including clippings, a publisher's catalog, writers' conference program, newsletter, project description, and a bibliography that was associated with correspondence to and from Thomas and Kit Foster. The clippings consist of newspaper and newsletter articles about Fowlie, some in interview format, that address his past and contemporary perspectives on literature and academia.

Box 2

Consists of a small assortment of drafts and published versions of literary and biographical writings of Wallace Fowlie.

Journal of Rehearsals (typed draft with corrections), 1977
(5 folders)
Box 2
Literary essays by Fowlie separated from R. Heslen correspondence, 1950, 1952
Box 2
Literary essays and a translation by Fowlie separated from Thomas and Kit Foster correspondence, 1949, 1952, 1955, and undated
Box 2
Notebooks, undated

Consists of two spiral-bound notebooks containing Fowlie's hand-written drafts of literary essays.

Box 2

Historical Note

DateEvent(s)
1908, Nov. 8Wallace Fowlie born in Brookline, Massachussetts
1936Received Doctorate from Harvard University
1943Publication of Clowns and Angels: Studies in French Literature
1946Rimbaud, the Myth of Childhood published
1951Pantomime: A Journal of Rehearsals published
1953Publication of Rimbaud's Illuminations
1964Fowlie appointed to faculty at Duke University
1965Publication of André Gide: His Life and Art
1966Publication of Rimbaud (Complete Works) and Jean Cocteau: The History of a Poet's Age
1951Duke Press published A Journal of Rehearsals, a revision and updating of the earlier 1951 autobiography, Pantomime: A Journal of Rehearsals
1983Aubade: A Teacher's Notebook published
1984-1985Phi Beta Kappa Visiting Scholar at nine universities and colleges
1987Sites: A Third Memoir published
1990Memory: A Fourth Memoir published
1990Worked as consultant on Oliver Stone's film The Doors
1994Publication of Rimbaud and Jim Morrison: The Rebel as Poet
1998, August 16Died in Durham, North Carolina

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Wallace Fowlie Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University

Provenance

The Wallace Fowlie Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift from 1981-2007, 2011.

Processing Information

Processed by Aaron Thornburg, September 2008

Encoded by Aaron Thornburg, September 2008

Accessions from 1981 and 1982, and accessions 1999-0477, 2007-0045, 2011-0160 were merged into one collection, described in this finding aid.

Updated to include 2011-0160 by Alice Poffinberger, March 2014.

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.