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Guide to the Wallace Fowlie Papers, 1908-1998 and undated

Abstract

Writer, critic, translator, and faculty member at Duke University specializing in modern French literature. The Wallace Fowlie Papers span the years 1908 to 1998 and consist mainly of correspondence sent to Fowlie, but also texts from Fowlie's personal library, publications on French literature authored by Fowlie, typescript and handwritten drafts by Fowlie, amd clippings pertaining to Fowlie's career. A significant portion of the correspondence comprises exchanges between Fowlie and Thomas and Kit Foster. These letters mainly address personal and family matters (health issues, vacations and meeting with mutual friends), but also cover projects Fowlie was working on, teaching positions accepted and rejected and class progress, and other matters of professional relevance. There is also a folder of correspondence with Fowlie, almost entirely in French, that was maintained by John M. Dunaway, a Romance Languages professor at Mercer College in Georgia. It includes a few color photographs. Other smaller amounts of correspondence come from Robert Heslen, a former student of Fowlie, and well-known writers/artists including René Char, Jean Cocteau, André Gide, Alexis Léger (Saint-Jean Perse), Marianne Moore, Anaïs Nin, and others, discussing literary matters and their writings and careers. A folder of general correspondence contains single letters from a variety of colleagues and friends. Selections from Fowlie's library are sorted into works and translations by Fowlie, and works he used privately or for his own research.

Descriptive Summary

Collection Number
RL.00411
Title
Wallace Fowlie papers
Date
1939-1998 and undated
Creator
Fowlie, Wallace, 1908-1998
Extent
5 Linear Feet, 500 Items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Material in English and French

Collection Overview

The Wallace Fowlie Papers span the years 1911 to 1998 and consist mainly of correspondence sent to Fowlie, but also texts from Fowlie's personal library, publications on French literature authored by Fowlie, typescript and handwritten drafts by Fowlie, amd clippings pertaining to Fowlie's career. A significant portion of the correspondence comprises exchanges between Fowlie and Thomas and Kit Foster. These letters mainly address personal and family matters (health issues, vacations and meeting with mutual friends), but also cover projects Fowlie was working on, teaching positions accepted and rejected and class progress, and other matters of professional relevance. There is also a folder of correspondence with Fowlie, almost entirely in French, that was maintained by John M. Dunaway, a Romance Languages professor at Mercer College in Georgia. It includes a few color photographs. Other smaller amounts of correspondence come from Robert Heslen, a former student of Fowlie, and well-known writers/artists including René Char, Jean Cocteau, André Gide, Alexis Léger (Saint-Jean Perse), Marianne Moore, Anaïs Nin, and others, discussing literary matters and their writings and careers. A folder of general correspondence contains single letters from a variety of colleagues and friends. Selections from Fowlie's library are sorted into works and translations by Fowlie, and works he used privately or for his own research.

Restrictions on Access & Use

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warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

1. Correspondence, 1939-1998 and undated

2 boxes

Chiefly consists of exchanges between Wallace Fowlie and well-known writers and friends. With the exception of the Foster and Heslen correspondence, which contains letters from Fowlie, the bulk of the items are from correspondents writing to Fowlie. Substantial groups of correpondence from individuals have been foldered separately. Smaller amounts of one to four letters are housed in General Correspondence; correspondents include Alain Bosquet, Kenneth Burke, René Char, Edouard Dermit (the adopted son of Jean Cocteau), André Gide, Marianne Moore, Jean Renard, and others. Arranged in chronological order within folders, with the exception of General Correspondence, which is alphabetical by last name.

Cocteau, Jean, 1951-1963
Box 1
Dunaway, John M., 1965-1998 and undated
(2 folders)
Box 1
Foster, Thomas and Kit, 1945-1996 and undated
(8 folders)
Box 1
Heslen, Robert, 1947-1957 and undated
Box 1
Léger, Alexis, 1951-1965 and undated
Box 2
Nin, Anaïs, 1945-1966 and undated
Box 2
General correspondence, 1939-1970 and undated
Box 2
General correspondence, 1968, 1991, 1993 and undated
Box 5
France, Erik, 1988-1993 and undated

Also includes two books by Wallace (Rimbaud and Jim Morrison; Dante Today) with inscription to Erik France, dated August 1994 and March 1994.

Box 5
Printed material

Contains various printed materials, including clippings, a publisher's catalog, writers' conference program, newsletter, project description, and a bibliography that was associated with correspondence to and from Thomas and Kit Foster. The clippings consist of newspaper and newsletter articles about Fowlie, some in interview format, that address his past and contemporary perspectives on literature and academia.

Box 2
Printed material

Contains various printed materials, including an issue of The New Yorker (July 27, 1998), a part of a book sleeve from a book by Iris Murdoch, several newspaper articles, obituaries, and book reviews on Murdoch as well as a book review by Murdoch from The New York Review (March 1993), an article on Saint Miller's correspondence with Wallace Fowlie, an article on Marcel Proust, one on Jim Morrison and The Doors, and the article "Why Our Politics Needs More Poets" by Erica Jong

Box 5

3. Writings, 1949-1977 and undated

7 folders

Consists of a small assortment of drafts and published versions of literary and biographical writings of Wallace Fowlie.

Journal of Rehearsals (typed draft with corrections), 1977
(5 folders)
Box 2
Literary essays by Fowlie separated from R. Heslen correspondence, 1950, 1952
Box 2
Literary essays and a translation by Fowlie separated from Thomas and Kit Foster correspondence, 1949, 1952, 1955, and undated
Box 2
Notebooks, undated

Consists of two spiral-bound notebooks containing Fowlie's hand-written drafts of literary essays.

Box 2

4. Books from Fowlie's personal library, 1911-1997

This series includes books from Wallace Fowlie’s private library as well as some books Fowlie gave to others as gifts. Fowlie's own scholarship is represented in the first subseries, which contains works written or edited by Fowlie as well as a number of his translations of French-language literature (e.g. works on Arthur Rimbaud, Paul Claudel, Baudelaire) as well as a reading of Dante’s Inferno. The second subseries contains Fowlie's personal copies of French (e.g. Marcel Proust, Georges Simenon), Italian (e.g. Dante), American (e.g. Thomas Wolfe, Edmund Fuller, T. S. Eliot), English (Shakespeare), and Irish (Iris Murdoch, James Joyce) literature in French and English as well as scholarship on French- and English-language literature by various authors. Many of the books include inscriptions and notes by Fowlie as well as laid-in letters, postcards, book reviews, clipped magazine, and newspaper articles.

Rimbaud e Jim Morrison. Il poeta come ribelle. Traduzione di Elena Rossi (Milan: Il Saggiatore), 1997
Box 3
Paul Claudel. Studies in Modern European Literature and Thought (London: Bowes Bowes), 1957
Box 3
The French Critic 1549-1967 (Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press; London-Amsterdam: Feffer Simons, Inc.), 1968
Box 3
Rimbaud. A Critical Study (Chicago London: The University of Chicago Press), 1966
Box 3
Rimbaud. Complete Works, Selected Letters (French-English). Introduction, Prose Translations and Notes by Wallace Fowlie (Chicago London: The University of Chicago Press), 1966
Box 3
A Reading of Dante's Inferno (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press), 1981
Box 3
Age of Surrealism (New York: The Swallow Press and William Morrow and Co., Inc.), 1950
Box 3
Five Classic French Plays. Editted and Translated by Wallace Fowlie (Mineola, New York: Dover Publications, Inc.), 1962
Box 3
Modern French Poets. Selections with Translations. A Dual-Language Boook. Edited by Wallace Fowlie (New York: Dover Publications, Inc.), 1955
Box 3
Baudelaire, Charles. Flowers of Evel and Other Works. Les Fleurs du mal et oeuvres choisies. A Dual-Language Book. Selections from Baudelaire's poetry, critical writings, journals, and letters, in the original French and a new English translation. Edited and translated by Wallace Fowlie (New York: Dover Publications, Inc.), 1963-1964
Box 3
French Stories. Contes Francais. A Dual-Language Book. Ten short stories by Voltaire, Balzac, Gide, Camus and others in the original French and a new English translation. Edited by Wallace Fowlie (New York: Dover Publications, Inc.), 1960/1988
Box 3
St.-John Perse. Seamarks. Bilingual Edition. Harper Torchbooks/The Bollingen Library. Translation by Wallace Fowlie (New York: Harper Brothers), 1958/1961
Box 3
Baudelaire, Charles. Selected Poems from "Flowers of Evil." Selected ans Translated by Wallace Fowlie. Dover Thrift Editions (New York: Dover Publications, Inc.), 1963-1964/1991-1992
Box 3
Proust, Marcel. Remembrance of Things Past. The definitive French Pleiade edition translated by C. K. Scott Moncrieff and Terence Kilmartin (New York: Vintage Books), 1981-1982
(3 Volumes)
Box 3
Le Monde de Proust. Photographies de Paul Nadar (Paris: Editions CNMHS), 1991
Box 3
Simenon, Georges. La Premiere Enquete de Maigret (1913) (Paris: Presses da la Cite), 1990
Box 3
Simenon, Georges. Maigret et le Marchand de vin (Pairs: Presses de la Cite), 1971
Box 3
Simenon, Georges. Maigret et l'Homme tout seul (Paris: Presses de la Cite), 1972
Box 3
Simenon, Georges. Maigret voyage (Paris: Presses de la Cite), 1957
Box 3
Simenon, Georges. La Maison du canal (Paris: Presses de la Cite), 1976
Box 3
Maritain, Raissa. Les Grandes Amities. Souvernirs (New York, N. Y.: Editions de la Maison Francaise, Inc.), 1940-1941
Box 3
Anonymous, Henriette Psichari. 18 octobre 1965 (no place of publication and publisher), no publication date
Box 3
Anonymous, Henriette Psichari (no place of publication and publisher), 1973
Box 3
Psichari, Henriette. La Priere sur l'acropole et ses mysteres (Paris: Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), 1956
Box 3
Gadoffre, Gilbert. Ronsard par lui-meme. "Ecrivains de toujours" aux editions du seuil (no place of publication: Collections Microcosme), 1960
Box 3
Millan, Gordon. A Throw of the Dice. The Life of Stephane Mallarme (New York: Farrar Straus Giroux), 1994
Box 3
Peyre, Henri. French Novelists of Today (New York: Oxford University Press), 1955/1967
Box 4
Knapp, Bettina L. Jean Cocteau. Updated Edition. Twayne's World Authors Series. French Literature (Boston: Twayne Publishers), 1989
Box 4
Peters, Arthur King. Jean Cocteau and His World. An Illustrated Biography (New York-Paris: The Vendome Press), 1986
Box 4
Murdoch, Iris. The Nice and the Good (New York: Penguin Books), 1978
Box 4
Murdoch, Iris. The Flight From the Enchanter. A Story of Love and Power (New York: Penguin Books), 1962
Box 4
Murdoch, Iris. The Good Apprentice (New York: Penguin Books), 1987
Box 4
Murdoch, Iris. An Accidental Man (New York: Viking Press), 1971
Box 4
Joyce, James. A Portrait of the Artist As a Young Man. The Modern Library of the World's Best Books (New York: Random House), 1928
Box 4
Joyce, James. Ulysses. The Modern Library of the World's Best Books (New York: Random House), 1961
Box 4
The Complete Works of William Shakespeare. Edited by William George Clark and William Aldis Wright (New York: Cumberland Publishing Company), 1911
Box 4
Fuller, Edmund. Brothers Divided (New York-Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc.), 1951
Box 4
Fuller, Edmund. A Star Pointed North (New York and London: Harper Brothers Publishers), 1946
Box 4
Fuller, Edmund. The Corridor (New York: Random House), 1963
Box 4
Warren, Austin. Becoming What One Is (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press), 1995
Box 4
Wolfe, Thomas. The Hills Beyond (Chicago: Elephant Paperbacks), 1991
Box 4
Eliot, T. S. Collected Poems 1909-1935 (New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company), 1936
Box 4
Bloom, Allan. Giants and Dwarfs. Essays: 1960-1990 (Advance Uncorrected Reader's Proof from Simon and Schuster, New York), 1990
Box 5
Townsend, Davis. Weary Feet, Rested Souls. A Guided History of the Civil Rights Movement (New York: W. W. Norton Company, Inc.), 1998
Box 5
The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri. Inferno. A Verse Translation by Allen Mandelbaum (New York-Toronto-London-Sydney-Auckland: Bantam Books), 1980
Box 5
Alighieri, Dante. Inferno. Translated into English verse, with notes and an introduction by Elio Zappulla (New York: Pantheon Books), 1998
Box 5
The Dore Illustrations for Dante's Divine Comedy. 136 Plates by Gustave Dore (New York: Dover Publications, Inc.), 1976
Box 5
Cervigni, Dino S. Dante's Lucifer: The Denial of the Word (excerpt from "Lectura Dantis. A forum for Dante research and interpretation), 1988, Fall
Box 5
Bonechi, Edoardo. Florence. A Complete Guide For Visiting the City (Florence: Bonechi Edizioni "Il Turismo"), 1972
Box 5
Les Geants de la litterature mondiale. Dante Alighieri (Paris: Periodique Match), 1970
Box 5
Teaching material

Includes lecture notes on "T. S. Eliot: An Introduction to His Career and Achievements" and on Rimbaud and Morrison; lecture announcements for "Collecting Drawings of Cocteau, Picasso, Matisse, and Henry Miller" and "Jim Morrison and Rimbaud. The Rebel as Artist;" and a syllabus for a course on Proust syllabus.

Box 5
Photographs

Contains four photographs of Fowlie and others.

Box 5
One cassette tape labeled "Les Fleurs Du Mal, a ballet by ML Pinsky. Dedicated to Wallace Fowlie, 1994.", 1994
Box 5
Audio-cassette RL-00411-CS-0001

Historical Note

Missing Title

Date Event(s)
1908, Nov. 8 Wallace Fowlie born in Brookline, Massachussetts
1936 Received Doctorate from Harvard University
1943 Publication of Clowns and Angels: Studies in French Literature
1946 Rimbaud, the Myth of Childhood published
1951 Pantomime: A Journal of Rehearsals published
1953 Publication of Rimbaud's Illuminations
1964 Fowlie appointed to faculty at Duke University
1965 Publication of André Gide: His Life and Art
1966 Publication of Rimbaud (Complete Works) and Jean Cocteau: The History of a Poet's Age
1951 Duke Press published A Journal of Rehearsals, a revision and updating of the earlier 1951 autobiography, Pantomime: A Journal of Rehearsals
1983 Aubade: A Teacher's Notebook published
1984-1985 Phi Beta Kappa Visiting Scholar at nine universities and colleges
1987 Sites: A Third Memoir published
1990 Memory: A Fourth Memoir published
1990 Worked as consultant on Oliver Stone's film The Doors
1994 Publication of Rimbaud and Jim Morrison: The Rebel as Poet
1998, August 16 Died in Durham, North Carolina

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Wallace Fowlie Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University

Provenance

The Wallace Fowlie Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift from 1981-2007, 2011, and 2015.

Includes Accessions: 2015-0128, 2015-0132

Processing Information

Processed by Aaron Thornburg, September 2008

Encoded by Aaron Thornburg, September 2008

Accessions from 1981 and 1982, and accessions 1999-0477, 2007-0045, 2011-0160 were merged into one collection, described in this finding aid.

Updated to include 2011-0160 by Alice Poffinberger, March 2014.

Updated to include 2015-0128 and 2015-0132 by Meghan Lyon and Sandra Niethardt, October 2015.