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Guide to the Gillingham-Stith family papers, 1836-1932

Abstract

Mine owners and speculators residing in Cid and Thomasville (Davidson County), North Carolina.

Collection consist chiefly of correspondence, along with wills, deeds, and other personal, business, and legal papers of Mrs. Alberta Stith Jones Gillingham and of her brother, Fred H. Stith, mining speculator, of Cid and Thomasville (Davidson County), North Carolina. Most of the papers are Mrs. Gillingham's and center around the operation of gold, silver, copper, sulphur, and zinc mines in the Cid district of Davidson County, North Carolina, and the complications caused in family relationships because of contested inheritances and property rights. Alberta Gillingham was also a music composer, writer, and teacher; one of her compositions, "General Harrison's inaugural quick-step," was transferred to the post-bellum sheet music collection. Includes materials concerning Furnifold Simmon's campaign for U.S. Senate in 1930, letters from Stith's children in Trinity College (now Duke University), and correspondence between Mrs. Gillingham and William H. Bailey, a lawyer of Charlotte, North Carolina.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Gillingham-Stith family.
Title
Gillingham-Stith family papers 1836-1932
Language of Material
English
Extent
4.5 Linear Feet, Approx. 4,074 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

Collection consist chiefly of correspondence, along with wills, deeds, and other personal, business, and legal papers of Mrs. Alberta Stith Jones Gillingham and of her brother, Fred H. Stith, mining speculator, of Cid and Thomasville (Davidson County), North Carolina. Most of the papers are Mrs. Gillingham's and center around the operation of gold, silver, copper, sulphur, and zinc mines in the Cid district of Davidson County, North Carolina, and the complications caused in family relationships because of contested inheritances and property rights. Alberta Gillingham was also a music composer, writer, and teacher; one of her compositions, "General Harrison's inaugural quick-step," was transferred to the post-bellum sheet music collection. Includes materials concerning Furnifold Simmon's campaign for U.S. Senate in 1930, letters from Stith's children in Trinity College (now Duke University), and correspondence between Mrs. Gillingham and William H. Bailey, a lawyer of Charlotte, North Carolina.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Letters, 1846-1883
(3 folders)
Box 1
Letters, 1884-1886
(2 folders)
Box 2
Letters, 1887-1889
(2 folders)
Box 3
Letters, 1890-1898
(2 folders)
Box 4
Letters, 1899-1909
(2 folders)
Box 5
Letters, 1910-1924
(3 folders)
Box 6
Letters, 1925-1932
(3 folders)
Box 7
Letters, undated
(3 folders)
Box 8
Bills and receipts, 1849-1931
(3 folders)
Box 9
A.B. Stith receipt book, 1836-1866
Box 9
Ward Gold Mine Company minute book, 1854-1869
Box 9

Historical Note

Alberta Bassett (Stith Jones Gillingham was the daughter of Dr. Nicholas Long Bolling Stith, who graduated in medicine from the University of Pennsylvania in 1829 and who lived in Halifax County and then in Raleigh. He had at least two other children, Anna Guion and Fred H. Stith. Dr. Stith and his brother, A.B. Stith, bought 1000 shares of stock in the Ward gold mine in 1854, one of the largest mines in the Cid mining district of Davidson County, N.C. Mrs. Gillingham inherited at least part of the properties which she came to hold in the Cid mining district. It appears from the papers that her mining interests included gold, silver, copper, sulphur, and zinc. One of the mines she came to own was the Ward mine. Her first marriage in 1881 was to J. Howard Jones, also a mine owner, who died in 1884. She also became involved with a lawyer from Charlotte, William H. Bailey. She married her second husband, Captain H.R. Gillingham, in 1905. By then, Alberta and her brother and sister had become estranged, and a long legal battle ensued during the late 19th and early 20th centuries over the ownership of the mines.

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • Music score book (F:6424), Anna P. Stith, Thomasville (Davidson County), N.C., undated (Rubenstein Library, Duke University)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Gillingham-Stith family Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Gillingham-Stith family papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift from 1935 to 1960.

Processing Information

Processed by Rubenstein Library staff

Encoded by Matthew Warren and Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, March 2014

Accession(s) described in this finding aid: 48-667 and later accessions.

The papers of Alberta B. (Stith) Jones Gillingham were incorporated in 1968 with the Fred H. Stith and Alberta B. (Stith) Jones collection.

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.