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Guide to the Clarence Louis Frank Gohdes Papers, 1811-1990s and undated (bulk 1905-1981)

Collection Overview

The Clarence Louis Frank Gohdes Papers date from 1811 to the 1990s, with the bulk of the collection dating from 1905 to 1981. The collection consists of research materials, correspondence, writings, clippings and other printed materials, and a few photographs, mainly from the latter half of Gohdes's career. The earliest date (1811) refers to reproductions of original materials used in his research. Correspondence with other American Literature teachers and authors, combined with other materials relating to Gohdes's institutional and organizational affiliations, in particular with Duke University, the Modern Language Association (MLA), and American Literature, comprise the most substantive aspects of this collection. They provide insight into the bureaucratic and institutional exigencies of American literary scholarship in the mid-twentieth century. Major authors and scholars of the time wrote to Gohdes, and include Alexander Blackburn, Oscar Cargill, Lewis Chase, Robert Elias, Norman Foerster, Arthur Rubin, Arthur Quinn, and Upton Sinclair. Original manuscripts by Gohdes, inscribed reprints of writings by his colleagues, and materials relating to many major British and American literary figures, make up the rest of the collection. There is substantial material on Edgar Allen Poe. The collection also includes papers documenting his research and writing for his last book project, a cultural and horticultural history of the scuppernong grape entitled Scuppernong, North Carolina's Grape and Its Wines. The Gohdes Papers are divided into seven series: Biographical Data, Correspondence, Author Files, Subject Files, Writings and Speeches, Scuppernong, and Clippings.

The Biographical Data Series briefly sketches the major events of Gohdes's life. It consists of only a few items, including a one-page sketch by Gohdes of his career's highlights, and photocopies of Gohdes's obituaries. Further biographical information, especially pertaining to Gohdes's academic life, can be culled from materials in the Correspondence Series.

The Correspondence Series contains letters exchanged with university administrators, publishers, colleagues, librarians, and literary figures. The series is divided into four subseries, American Literature, Lewis Chase, Duke University, and General. The bulk of the correspondence concerns professional and academic affairs, such as appointments, editorships, research and reviews, and publishing. Included are exchanges between Gohdes and Duke University administrators about English Department and American Literature affairs, as well as between Gohdes and contemporary literary critics about the study of American literature. There are also several documents that illuminate Gohdes's political affiliations and social concerns.

Materials on approximately fifty authors, largely major British and American writers, are in the Author Files Series and were originally gathered by Gohdes and his colleague, Lewis Chase. The folders contain a variety of information on the represented authors, in an equally varied mix of formats: clippings, notes, lectures, student papers, photographs, and reproductions or photocopies of original writing.

Included in the Subject Files Seriesare materials relating to several projects and interests which engaged Gohdes during his career. These include: bibliographies, poetry, travel narratives and the American West, and the United Nations' Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)/American Literature Section's Best American Books List. The bibliographies collected in this series reflect Gohdes's interest in this genre, as he participated in and edited many such projects throughout his career.

The Writings and Speeches Series contains manuscript and printed materials in two subseries: Writings by Gohdes and Writings by Others. The Writings by Gohdes Subseries includes manuscripts of short stories, poetry, and academic essays, as well as notes and notecards. The manuscripts also contain folders pertaining to unfinished projects and writings. The Writings by Gohdes Subseries also contains several folders of printed materials, consisting of reprints and reproductions of as well as advertising and promotional materials for Gohdes's published writings. This subseries consists almost entirely of reprints that are inscribed to Gohdes by the authors.

Materials relating to the writing and research of Gohdes's last published book, Scuppernong, North Carolina's Grape and Its Wines, are in the Scuppernong Series. Three subseries make up this series: Correspondence, Research and Notes, and Publication Materials. Correspondence plus photocopied articles and essays about the grape and agricultural production form the bulk of the series. Also included are Gohdes's many notes and notecards, as well as reviews and materials relating to the book's publication.

The Clippings Series contains the few clippings that are not housed in the Author Files Series. These clippings mostly consist of articles relating to literary figures.

Related collections in the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library include the records of American Literature and the Modern Language Association's American Literature Section, as well as the papers of many of Gohdes's colleagues, such as Jay B. Hubbell and Arlin Turner.

Processing Note:

Roman numerals have been appended to certain folders, such as the Contemporary Poetry Selections, to indicate when Gohdes's original folders had the same title for distinct groups of materials, and to maintain such original distinctions.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Clarence Louis Frank Gohdes papers 1811-1990s and undated, bulk 1905-1981
Creator
Gohdes, Clarence, 1901
Extent
6.2 Linear Feet, 4650 Items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Language
English.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is restricted.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

In addition, all or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. There may be a 48-hour delay in obtaining these materials.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Contains a brief document resembling a curriculum vita, and clippings of obituaries. Further details of Gohdes's career can be found in the Correspondence and Writings and Speeches series. In particular, the American Literature and Duke University correspondence files provide information about Gohdes's professional life.

Biographical Sketch, after 1959
Box 1
Obituaries, 1997
Box 1

Chiefly concerns professional and academic interests. The series is divided into four sections: American Literature, Lewis Chase, Duke University, and General.

The American Literature correspondence mainly addresses administrative issues and editorial appointments. In particular, the letters represent discussions among Gohdes, Duke administrators, the American Literature editorial board, and representatives of the American Literature Section (ALS) of the Modern Language Association over a 1966-1968 reworking of the contractual agreement between Duke and the ALS.

The Lewis Chase correspondence contains letters exchanged between him and libraries and colleagues. All letters concern Chase's research on Edgar Allen Poe.

Duke University Correspondence contains letters about Gohdes's discussions with the University and its English department over hiring, tenure, and his professorship. Included is a series of letters between Arlin Turner, Gohdes, and the administration that concerns a disagreement over the editorship of American Literature. The group also contains one letter from Lyne S. Few, son of William Preston Few, that recounts his memories of Duke faculty and his father's role at Duke. It was written in response to reading Gohdes's booklet, Pioneers in English at Trinity and Duke.

The General Correspondence includes letters from colleagues and peers, contemporary authors, and publishers and librarians. The main topics of discussion are professional, such as job appointments and recommendations, research and reviews, and publishing. The files include letters exchanged with some of the major scholars and authors of the day: Alexander Blackburn, Walter Blair, Van Wyck Brooks, Oscar Cargill, Robert Elias, Norman Foerster, Ima Honaker Herron, James Meriwether, Perry Miller, William Mulder, Arthur Quinn, Louis Rubin, Arthur M. Schlesinger (single item), Upton Sinclair, Henry Nash Smith, Robert Spiller, George R. Stewart, and George F. Whicher. Substantial correspondence exists between Gohdes and Thomas O. Mabbott, Henry A. Pochmann, and James Woodress. Other items of interest include a letter from Martha Baird (Mrs. Eli Siegel) to Gohdes which includes a copy of a letter from William Carlos Williams, letters exchanged with Clayton L. Eichelberger concerning the establishment of American Literary Realism (journal), and invitations to Richard Nixon's 1971 and Ronald Reagan's 1985 inaugurations. Gohdes saved several form letters from major intellectual and political leaders: Albert Einstein; Archibald MacLeish; Richard M. Nixon; Pearl S. Buck; Jacques Cousteau; and Nancy Reagan (letter contains autograph). Arranged chronologically by date within each section.

American Literature, 1928-1968, bulk 1966-1967
Box 1
Chase, Lewis, 1931-1938 and undated
Box 1
Duke University, 1938-1989
Box 1
General, 1926-1985 and undated, bulk 1964-1967
(7 folders)
Box 1

Consists of clippings, student papers, and notes. Some author files contain only printed materials or other non-original materials. Some, however, contain original notes, lectures, or early twentieth-century student papers. Lectures, usually by Lewis Chase, provide insight into turn-of-the-century literary perspectives on major authors from Poe to Shakespeare. The student papers suggest the scope and range of literary training and pedagogy at this moment in history.

This series contains a large amount of material belonging to Dr. Lewis Chase (1873-1937). It seems that many unattributed items and folders came from Chase, including all student papers. The files which contain material compiled or created by Gohdes include those on Anderson, Dickinson, Dreiser, Eliot, Emerson, Faulkner, Fitzgerald, Frost, Garland, Holmes, Howells, James, Lanier, Longfellow, O'Neill, Ransom, Twain, and Updike. In particular, the Emerson "Notes" and Longfellow folders include substantial original materials by Gohdes. The rest of the folders seem to be heavily weighted to Chase materials, with only some of Gohdes's resources added. Most of the British authors are from Chase, whereas Gohdes is responsible for the American author materials.

Several of the author files contain photocopies of selections or excerpts from the author's writing, for example, most of the Twain and all of the Sidgwick folders. "Mark Twain's Funniest" folders seem to have been one of Gohdes's projects.

Within each folder, arranged alphabetically by author, items are arranged chronologically. Author names have been standardized on folder titles.

Press release, 1954
Box 2
Clippings, 1945-1946 and undated
Box 2
Mary Stuart Clipping, 1923
Box 2
Press release, circa 1944
Box 2
Phonograph recording of Eliot reading selections of his poems, 1950

[Removed to Oversize Box 1. Technical Services must reformat this recording before use.]

Box 2
Clippings and printed materials, 1903-1941 and undated
Box 2
Notes, undated
(2 folders)
Box 2
Clippings, 1950-1956 and undated
Box 2
Notes and lectures, 1958 and undated
Box 2
Clipping, 1956
Box 2
Printed materials, 1945
Box 2
Thesis abstract, 1943
Box 2
Engraving, undated
Box 2
Criticism: printed materials, 1944-1958
Box 2
Notes, undated
Box 2
Notes, undated
Box 2
Research and essays, 1931-1942 and undated
Box 2
Longfellow in England [Notes], undated
(2 folders)
Box 2
Notes and clippings, 1963 and undated
Box 2
Clippings and criticism, 1946-1960 and undated
Box 2
Poeiana
(3 folders)
Box 2
Baxter, W. E., "Stoke Newington and English Literature," 1914
Box 2
Chase, Lewis, "Poe's 'Ulalume': Two Interpretations," undated
Box 2
Cox, Fay, " Graham's Magazine and Edgar Allen Poe," 1930
Box 2
Dowler, C. X., "Notes on Parodies of Poe's The Raven," undated
Box 2
Krutch, Joseph Wood, 1926-1932 and undated
Box 2
Mabbott, T. O., 1926
Box 2
Waldron, M. P., "The Boyhood of Edgar Allen Poe," undated
Box 2
Borough of Stoke Newington Public Library Annual Report, 1913-1914
Box 2
Clarence Bringham and Lewis Chase correspondence, 1932-1934 and undated
Box 2
Clippings, 1915-1943
Box 2
Memorabilia, undated
Box 2
Poe, 1941 clippings, 1941-1943
Box 2
Poe shrine, 1921-1934
Box 2
Poe Society, 1929-1935
Box 2
Poe's wife, clippings, 1928 and undated
Box 3
"The Raven" clippings, 1924-1931
Box 3
Notes and text, undated
Box 3
Criticism: printed materials, 1963
Box 3
Chase, Lewis on "The Battle of Flodder," 1925
Box 3
Lectures on "Fortunes of Nigle," undated
Box 3
Notes, undated
Box 3
"Scott as a Poet," undated
Box 3
Student papers, 1908 and undated
(2 folders)
Box 3
Clippings, 1906-1937
Box 3
Lewis Chase's notes, undated
Box 3
Clippings, 1904-1905
Box 3
General, 1935 and undated
Box 3
Student papers, undated
Box 3
As You Like It - Lewis Chase's notes, 1903 and undated
Box 3
Hamlet - Notes and clippings, 1937-1940 and undated
Box 3
King John - Notes, undated
Box 3
Macbeth - Notes, undated
Box 3
Othello, Lewis Chase's notes, undated
Box 3
The Tempest, Chase's notes, undated
Box 3
Twelfth Night, Chase's notes, undated
Box 3
Acting of Shakespeare, 1911 and undated
Box 3
Criticism: printed materials, 1916-1935 and undated
Box 3
Clippings, 1911-1941 and undated
Box 3
Folger Library, 1931-1936 and undated
Box 3
General, undated
Box 3
History of Shakespeare criticism - notes, undated
Box 3
Lectures, 1903 Dec.
Box 3
Shakespeare Association, 1927
Box 3
Shakespeare in France, 1909
Box 3
Shakespearean Myth, 1912
Box 4
Stratford: photographs of players and photographs from Lewis Chase, undated
Box 4
Syllabus and exams, 1903 and undated
Box 4
Criticism and notes, undated
Box 4
Clippings, 1910-1939
Box 4
Student papers, undated
Box 4
Criticism and clippings, 1926-1939
Box 4
Clippings and notes, 1927-1940 and undated
Box 4
Student paper, 1902
Box 4
"Dedication to M." [photocopies], undated
Box 4
"Form Fours" [photocopies], undated
Box 4
"His Hirsute Suit" [photocopies], undated
Box 4
"MacBeth and the Three Caskets" [photocopies], undated
Box 4
"Publisher's Dedication" [photocopies], undated
Box 4
Clippings, 1929-1939 and undated
Box 4
Clippings, 1922-1925
Box 4
Bibliography and student papers, undated
Box 4
Notes, lectures, and clippings, 1905 and undated
Box 4
Notes, lectures, and clippings, 1905-1941 and undated
Box 4
Clippings, 1906-1936 and undated
Box 4
Criticism, 1917
Box 4
Lectures and notes, 1899 and undated
Box 4
Student paper, 1907
Box 4
Clippings, 1934-1940
Box 4
Lewis Chase's lectures [and notes], 1899 and undated
Box 4
Student paper, 1928
Box 4
Thackeray Centenary, 1911 and undated
Box 4
Clippings, 1927-1940 and undated
Box 4
Clippings, 1905-1932 and undated
Box 4
The Innocents Abroad, undated
Box 5
Mark Twain's Funniest, undated
(6 folders)
Box 5
Roughing It, undated
Box 5
Sketches New and Old, undated
Box 5
Stories and excerpts, undated
Box 5
70th Birthday Souvenir Supplements, 1905

[Removed to Oversize Box 1]

Box 5
National Book Award Speech, 1964
Box 5
Clippings, 1924-1940
Box 5
Clippings, 1926-1928
Box 5
Criticism, undated
Box 5
Tristan and Isolde - reprint, undated
Box 5
Lewis Chase's notes, undated
Box 5
Notes, essays, and articles, 1955 and undated
Box 5
Clipping, 1927
Box 5
Clippings, 1921-1941 and undated
Box 5
Notes, essays, and correspondence, 1936 and undated
Box 6
General, 1908-1926 and undated
(3 folders)
Box 6
Lewis Chase's clippings, 1902-1934 and undated
Box 6
Chase's notes and lectures, 1900 and undated
Box 6
"Resolution and Independence," undated
Box 6
Student papers, 1907 and undated
Box 6
Wordsworth in India, 1935 and undated
Box 6
Notes and clippings, 1922-1940 and undated
Box 6

Organized into groupings reflecting Gohdes's interests and projects: bibliographies, poetry, travel narratives of the American West, and UNESCO's best books list.

The bibliographic materials contain issues of the Bulletin of Bibliography and bibliographic information that Gohdes requested, such as library holdings in literature in various areas, including Cleveland, St. Louis, and Balboa Heights (Canal Zone).

The poetry files contain copies and mimeographs of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century poetry. "Contemporary Poetry," "Modern Poetry" and "Poetry" all contain early twentieth century materials. The first folder, "Criticism and Reviews," contains reprints of essays and articles by various authors. The only original writing can be found in the second folder, "Introductory Lecture, University of Wisconsin," which Lewis Chase may have written.

The "Travel Narratives and the West" folders contain photocopies and reproductions of nineteenth-century accounts of travel through the western United States, with some notes by Gohdes.

Inspired by the UNESCO translation project, Gohdes initiated a survey of leading American literature critics and scholars in 1949 to determine the best twenty American books. Gohdes and his fellow committee members, Jay B. Hubbell and Lewis Leary, successfully polled approximately twenty-five people. Those polled include many major critics of the day: Ralph Rusk, Walter Blair, Henry Canby, Mark Van Doren, Fred Lewis Pattee, F. O. Matthiessen, Van Wyck Brooks, Clarence Gohdes, Jay B. Hubbell, Charles Anderson, and Henry Nash Smith. Files includes correspondence from these critics discussing and listing their choices for the best twenty American books. The survey seems to have been passed on to UNESCO, and was used for publicity for the American Literature Section of the Modern Language Association by submitting the final tallied poll to newspapers and journals. Arranged alphabetically.

General, 1940-1956
Box 6
Regional, 1963
Box 6
Criticism and reviews, 1915-1924 and undated
Box 7
Introductory lecture, University of Wisconsin, [Lewis Chase?], 1917 and undated
Box 7
Possible publishers for contemporary poetry, 1917 and undated
Box 7
Student notes and papers, 1928 and undated
Box 7
A student's anthology, undated
Box 7
Selections, undated
(7 folders)
Box 7
Modern poetry, undated
(2 folders)
Box 7
Poetry, 1924 and undated
(2 folders)
Box 7
Correspondence, 1965-1969
Box 7
General, 1968 and undated
Box 7
Travel narratives and the West, 1857-1956 and undated
(1-3 of 4 folders)
Box 7
Travel narratives and the West, undated
(4 of 4 folders)
Box 8
Organizational correspondence, 1948-1949 and undated
Box 8
Survey results, 1949 and undated
Box 8
Vernon Parrington Syllabi, 1923

Obtained from a former student of Parrington, one of the most influential critics and historians of American literature.

Box 8

Consists of two subseries: Writings by Gohdes and Writings by Others.

Consists chiefly of unpublished stories and memoirs as well as published writings. Also included are several academic pieces (other academic writing, such as lectures, can also be found in the Author Files Series). The manuscripts include work Gohdes did on an anthology, "True Stories about Indians from St. Nicholas Magazine and The Youth's Companion." Materials related to this project include original introductory material written by Gohdes as well as marked-up pages from the two magazines indicating which stories he hoped to include.

Notes and notecards pertain to Gohdes's more formal projects, while others provide insight into his many different interests. For example, a datebook contains "Some notes on big trees," which concern early literary references to large trees in the United States. Included is a notebook containing Gohdes's research on American humor. There are notes for a proposed project, "A Series on American Argument for Peace," containing very rough bibliographic notes on possible entries.

The Printed Materials consist of reprints of published articles by Gohdes, and include pamphlets and circulars that advertised the many series and books that Gohdes edited, introduced, or authored.

Arranged alphabetically by title within each section.

"American Geography and American Literature," 1960 and undated
Box 8
"Centennial of Leaves of Grass," 1955
Box 8
"The Christmas Cherry Tree," undated
Box 8
"An Elementary Interview: A Satiric Farce in One Act," undated
Box 8
"A Glossary of Selected Critical Terms," circa 1953
Box 8
"Jay B. Hubbell," 1977
Box 8
Notes and notecards, undated
(5 folders)
Box 8
"On Hearing Bad News in the Perkins Library," 1992
Box 8
"Our Robert Frost Indian: A Tale Partially True," 1987
Box 8
Story selections, undated

[Removed to Oversize Box 1]

Box 8
Introduction and prefatory materials, undated
Box 8
"The Way It Was," undated
Box 8
A-L, 1930-1967 and undated
Box 8
M-Z, 1936-1987 and undated
Box 8

Chiefly contains articles and reprints that were sent and inscribed to Gohdes by his students and colleagues. The only manuscript materials are poems by Gohdes's one-time student, Kiffen Hayes. Several other pieces, not inscribed, comprise the rest of the subseries, including Norton's Literary Almanac for 1852 Containing Important Literary Information. The incomplete inventory of printed materials in the Gohdes Papers, created by a Duke University archivist, gives bibliographic information for many of the items. After the inventory, folders are arranged alphabetically by author.

Inventory of printed material, 1990s
Box 9
Adams, Raymond, 1932
Box 9
Author unknown, 1958 (1942)
Box 9
Baum, Paul, 1931
Box 9
Bestor, Jr., Arthur E., 1948
Box 9
Camus, Albert, 1957
Box 9
Clark, Harry Hayden, 1953-1955
Box 9
Damon, Ethel M., 1935
Box 9
Day, Cyrus, 1958
Box 9
Eltron, William, circa 1949
Box 9
Frenz, Horst, 1945
Box 9
Goldwater, Walter, 1963
Box 9
Hayes, Kiffen, 1971 and undated
Box 9
Herron, Ima Honaker, 1987
Box 9
Hubbell, Jay B., 1922
Box 9
Jones, Jr., Arthur E., 1950
Box 9
Liljegren, S. B., undated
Box 9
Mabbott, Maureen Cobb, 1981
Box 9
Meriwether, James B., 1963-1964
Box 9
Norton's Literary Almanac, 1851
Box 9
Pizer, Donald, 1965
Box 9
Schneidau, Herbert N., 1968
Box 9
Thompson, Lawrance, 1938
Box 9
Wellek, René, 1961
Box 9
White, William, 1961
Box 9
Wood, Gordon R., 1961
Box 9

Gohdes, an avid gardener throughout his life, wrote a definitive historical and cultural study of the scuppernong, a white grape of the American South. The series contains Gohdes's extensive research and writing materials pertaining to this book, The Scuppernong, North Carolina's Grape and its Wines.These materials are divided into three subseries: Correspondence, Research and Notes, and Publication Materials.

Within folders, items are arranged chronologically by date.

Contains Gohdes's queries for information on the scuppernong and agricultural production in North Carolina and the United States. Many letters exchanged with North Carolina vineyards and various organizations possessing information about viticulture or the scuppernong comprise the majority of the correspondence folders.

1979 Jan.-1980 Apr.
Box 9
1980 May-1983 July and undated
Box 9

Gives insight into the extent of Gohdes's preparation for Scuppernong. The "Articles and Essays" folder contains many photocopies of essays including a fair amount of material on Secondo Guasti, a Californian wine-grower, and on Garrett and Company, an American winery. The "Printed Materials" folders consist mainly of brochures and pamphlets relating to the agriculture and science of grape production in the American South, many of which were published by government- or university-sponsored organizations. Also part of the subseries are several folders of notes, mainly on index cards, as well as folders on the two Garrett brothers (owners of a North Carolina winery), and Duplin Wine Cellars, another local vineyard.

Articles and essays, 1811-1983 and undated [earliest dates are photocopies of originals]
(1 of 2 folders)
Box 9
Articles and essays, 1811-1981 and undated [earliest dates are photocopies of originals]
(2 of 2 folders)
Box 10
Duplin Wine Cellars, 1977-1984 and undated
Box 10
Fred Garrett, 1934-1983 and undated
Box 10
Paul Garrett, 1977-1979 and undated
Box 10
Notes, undated
(3 folders)
Box 10
Printed materials, 1901-1983 and undated
(2 folders)
Box 10

Includes several reviews and clippings following the book's publication, as well as materials from the publisher, Duke University Press. In the Press folder can be found an "Author's Questionnaire" filled out by Gohdes.

Duke University Press, 1981-1982
Box 10
Reviews and clippings, 1980-1982
Box 10

Clippings not originally filed in the Author Files Series have been included in the Clippings Series. It contains clippings on Omar Khayyam, The Thoreau Society, Upton Sinclair, an editorial on Sinclair Lewis's death, the history of American Literature, Celestine Gohdes's orchids, and Mary Clair Sinclair. Items are arranged chronologically by date.

Circa 1922-1970 and undated
Box 10
Phonograph recording of Eliot reading selections of his poems, 1950
70th Birthday Souvenir Supplements, 1905
Story selections, undated

Historical Note

DateEvent(s)
1901, July 2Born, San Antonio, Tex.
1921A.B., Capital University, Columbus, Ohio
1922A.M., Ohio State University
1926-1927Assistant Professor of English, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Tex.
1928M.A., Harvard University
1929-1930Instructor in English, New York University
1930-1938Assistant and Associate Professor of English, Duke University
1931Ph.D., Columbia University
Published The Periodicals of American Transcendentalism
1932-1954Managing Editor, American Literature (journal)
1932Published Uncollected Lectures of Ralph Waldo Emerson: Reports on American Life and Natural Religion (editor)
Visiting lecturer, Columbia University
1938Married Celestine Marie Beamer
1938-1961Professor of English, Duke University
1944Published American Literature in Nineteenth-Century England
1949Published Faint Clews and Indirections: Manuscripts of Walt Whitman and His Family (co-editor)
1951Published Literature of the American People (contributor)
1954-1969Editor-in-chief, American Literature (journal)
1955Published America's Literature (co-editor)
1959Published Bibliographical Guide to the Study of the Literature of the U.S.A.
Served as Chairman, Modern Language Association, American Literature Group
1961-1971James B. Duke Professor of American Literature, Duke University
1962Guggenheim Fellow
1967Published Essays on American Literature in Honor of Jay B. Hubbell (editor)
Published Hunting in the Old South (editor)
Published Literature and Theater of the States and Regions of the U.S.A.: A Historical Bibliography
1971Retired from Duke University
1982Published Scuppernong, North Carolina's Grape and Its Wines
1988Published Pioneers in English at Trinity and Duke
1997Died, Durham, N.C.

Clarence Louis Frank Gohdes began his post-undergraduate studies at Harvard, where he turned his attention from Latin to American literature under the tutelage of Bliss Perry, J. L. Lowes, G. L. Kittredge, and Kenneth B. Murdock. At Columbia, Gohdes wrote his dissertation under Ralph L. Rusk.

Gohdes earned his scholarly reputation through his work in American literature. He published two texts, one on Ralph Waldo Emerson and the other on Walt Whitman, that contributed to American literary scholarship through his original research and archival work. Gohdes also influenced the formation of American literary studies through his long-standing position as Managing Editor (under Jay B. Hubbell, founding editor) and then Editor-in-Chief of American Literature, the discipline's foundational academic journal. Similarly, Gohdes's A Bibliographical Guide to the Study of the Literature of the U.S.A., which went through five editions, played a key role in documenting and making accessible American literary criticism. Gohdes's career achievements attest to his role in extending the work of scholars of American literature.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Clarence Louis Frank Gohdes Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Clarence Louis Frank Gohdes Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift from Clarence Louis Frank Gohdes in 1983, with additional materials received through 2000.

Processing Information

Processed by Lauren Coats

Completed August 2, 2003

Encoded by Lauren Coats and Paula Jeannet Mangiafico

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.