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Guide to the Cataloged Collections in the Manuscript Department of the William R. Perkins Library, Duke University

Abstract

The Guide to the Cataloged Collections... contains information on 5991 archival collections acquired up to 1980 by the Manuscript Department of the William R. Perkins Library, now the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Duke University. Archival collections described in The Guide consist of materials formed around a person, family, organization, or subject. They may contain a wide variety of items such as manuscripts, diaries, correspondence, legal papers, memorabilia, photographs, films, tapes, computer files, maps, drawings, pamphlets, and other forms of material. The Guide to the Cataloged Collections in the Manuscript Department of the William R. Perkins Library, Duke University does not contain complete information on the holdings of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library. Additional access to the Library's holdings may be found in the the Library's Finding Aids, the Duke University Libraries Online Catalog, or by contacting the Library.

Descriptive Summary

Collection Number
RL.00487
Title
Guide to the Cataloged Collections in the Manuscript Department of the William R. Perkins Library, Duke University
Date
1980
Creator
Duke University. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Extent
1 Linear Feet
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Material in English and other languages.

Collection Overview

Archival collections described in The Guide consist of materials formed around a person, family, organization, or subject. They may contain a wide variety of items such as manuscripts, diaries, correspondence, legal papers, memorabilia, photographs, films, tapes, computer files, maps, drawings, pamphlets, and other forms of material. The Guide to the Cataloged Collections in the Manuscript Department of the William R. Perkins Library, Duke University does not contain complete information on the holdings of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library. Additional access to the Library's holdings may be found in the the Library's Finding Aids, the Duke University Libraries Online Catalog, or by contacting the Library.

Restrictions on Access & Use

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Many of these collections are open for research. Some collection-specific restrictions may apply.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of these collections may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in these collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

WILLIAM B. ABBOTT PAPERS, 1862-1864.
(10 items.)

Papers of a well-to-do farmer including several documents relating to the evaluation of damage done to his property by C.S.A. troops in 1862 and receipts for hay purchased by the C.S.A. in August, 1864.

ABBOTT & COMPANY PAPERS, 1856-1871.
(66 items.)

Miscellaneous letters concerning scales sold by Abbott & Company.

ERNEST L. ABEL PAPERS, (1925-1928) 1952.
(550 items and 8 vols.)

Correspondence and printed material of Ernest L. Abel, postal union organizer and official. Correspondence deals with organizing efforts and charters, finances and the per capita tax, disaster relief for Post Office employees by the Red Cross after a hurricane, conventions, and legislation. Printed material consists of programs for various Florida postal organizations' conventions, 1927-1947, including the Florida State Convention of the National Association of Letter Carriers and National Federation of Post Office Clerks, the Florida Postal Groups, the Joint Convention of Florida Postal Organizations, the Florida Federation of Post Office Clerks, and the Florida State Convention of the National Federation of Post Office Clerks.

LASCELLES ABERCROMBIE PAPERS.
(1 item.)

Letter to “Ivy” from Abercrombie (1881-1938), English poet and critic, concerning injuries Abercrombie received in an accident. Transcribed from his Emblems of Love (1912).

JAMES ABERCROMBY, FIRST BARON DUNFERMLINE, PAPERS, 1840-1851.
(20 items.)

Letters to James Loch, member of Parliament, including comments on political affairs in Britain and Ireland, with references to the Corn Laws, landlord-tenant relationships, the political activities of Robert Peel, Trinity v. Baliol, effects of universal suffrage in America, ecclesiastical affairs in Scotland, the Poor Laws, Lord Carlisle's health, Lord John Russell's Reform Bill, Daniel O'Connell, currency and banking regulations, the conditions of labor, the report of the Railroad Commission of the Board of Trade, and reminiscences of William Pitt.

THOMAS E. ABERNATHY PAPERS, 1800-1857.
(8 items.)

Miscellaneous bills, receipts, and business letters, including mention of cotton prices in Tennessee, 1847, and charges for dental treatment, 1853 and 1855.

DANIEL ABERNETHY PAPERS, 1862-1865.
(19 items.)

Letters of Daniel Abernethy, a Confederate soldier, to his wife and father, containing gossip and comments on desertion and scarcity of food, and references, in 1864, to the probability of overtures of peace to the North by North Carolina.

M.A. ABERNETHY LEDGER, 1886-1903.
(1 vol.; 435 pp.)

General mercantile accounts.

[ABERNETHY AND COMPANY?] LEDGER, 1866-1879.
(1 vol.; 183 pp.)

Mercantile accounts.

ABERNETHY LIBRARY OF AMERICAN LITERATURE PAPERS, 1836-1898.
(63 items.)

Typed copies of letters of Thomas Willis White, Paul Hamilton Hayne, Lafcadio Hearn, DuBose Heyward, Richard Malcolm Johnston, John Pendleton Kennedy, William Gilmore Simms, and Alice French (pseud. Octave Thanet). The originals are the property of the Abernethy Library of Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont. The White letters contain occasional references to Edgar Allan Poe [partially published: Arthur Hobson Quinn, Edgar Allan Poe: A Critical Biography (New York, 1941)]. The Hayne letters are addressed to Julia Caroline (Ripley) Dorr and contain comments on her poetry and on contemporary writers. Hearn's letters were written from Japan to his publishers. The letters of Simms and Alice French contain literary comment, but those of Heyward, Johnston, and Kennedy are largely notes of thanks or requests for addresses.

W. ABNEY LEDGER, 1861-1863.
(1 vol.; 27 pp.)

Mercantile accounts.

JAMES ABSTON DAYBOOK, 1823.
(1 vol.)

Fragmentary mercantile accounts; only a few of the entries contain detailed statements.

HENRY J. ACKER PAPERS, 1864.
(3 items.)

A printed pamphlet entitled Gulf Spy, which includes a fanciful story of spying on Confederate fortifications at Mobile, Alabama, and an essay about the presidential election of 1864; the manuscript from which the pamphlet was printed; and a photocopy from the National Archives of Acker's service record with the 23rd Wisconsin Infantry.

SIR THOMAS DYKE ACLAND, ELEVENTH BARONET, PAPERS, 1859-1898.
(61 items.)

Chiefly letters to Acland from his son, Sir Arthur Herbert Dyke Acland, 13th Baronet, discussing education, labor, agriculture, the cooperationists, and other political and governmental affairs. There are frequent references to the personal and political life of Acland's elder son, Sir Charles Thomas Dyke Acland, 12th Baronet. Several letters, 1869-1870, relate to Arthur Acland's student days at Christ Church College, Oxford.

JAMES MAKITTRICK ADAIR PAPERS, 1797.
(1 item.)

Letter to Richard and William Lee about Adair's financial affairs, the war, economic conditions, the government, and the public spirit in Scotland.

SIR ROBERT ADAIR PAPERS, 1785-1830.
(3 items.)

Letter, 1785, seeking information on William Pitt's legislative proposals for Irish commerce; and letters, 1830, seeking appointment to the embassy at Vienna and discussing Adair's embassy there in 1806-1808.

WILLIAM H.P. ADAIR PAPERS, 1836-1858.
(11 vols.)

Chiefly tavern accounts relating to the sale of liquor; also mercantile accounts, 1 vol., 1836, and the journal of a tailor shop, 1 vol., 1852.

WILLIAM P. ADAIR PAPERS, 1860-1862.
(5 items.)

Letters from Confederate Army camps in Barnesville, Georgia, and Cumberland Gap, Tennessee.

ALFRED ADAMS PAPERS, 1862-1864.
(5 items.)

Photocopies of Civil War letters from Adams' son, G.F. Adams, and B.C. McBride, both members of the 1st North Carolina Cavalry stationed near Richmond. Topics include McBride's recovery from a head wound in Winder Hospital, scouting on the Potomac, camp life, and the scarcity of food and clothing.

CRAWFORD C. ADAMS PAPERS, 1867-1885.
(15 items and 3 vols.)

Clippings relating to Adams' career as U.S. deputy marshal in Louisville, Kentucky, and in administrative and special agent positions with the Departments of the Interior and the Treasury, and as a member of various fraternal organizations. The cases he investigated included pension frauds, smuggling, and timber frauds in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. There are also poems; copies of letters describing a tour of Britain and Europe in 1875 and commenting on labor reform in England, politics in Virginia and Kentucky, the Ku Klux Klan, and anti-Catholic sentiment; and a volume of pen and ink drawings.

HENRY L. ADAMS PAPERS, 1842.
(6 items.)

Affidavits concerning damage done to the brig Frothingham on a voyage from Wilmington to Martinique and the loss of the cargo of lumber and naval stores.

HERBERT BAXTER ADAMS PAPERS, (1891-1902) 1913.
(52 items.)

Photostatic copies of letters of Herbert B. Adams (1850-1901), historian and one of the organizers of the American Historical Association in 1884, consisting chiefly of communications from Stephen Beauregard Weeks and John Spencer Bassett concerning the organization of the History Department at Trinity College, Durham, North Carolina, the quarrel between Weeks and John Franklin Crowell, president of Trinity College, the Trinity College Historical Society, the advanced study of William Kenneth Boyd, and current political problems in North Carolina. Included also are a few letters from W.T. Laprade to Professor John Martin Vincent concerning a graduate thesis in history. The originals are in the Adams correspondence at Johns Hopkins University.

JOHN P. ADAMS PAPERS, 1846, 1851.
(2 items.)

Letters concerning a Baltimore and Florida railroad and the export of coffee from Caracas, Venezuela.

MARGARET CRAWFORD ADAMS PAPERS, 1901.
(1 item.)

A letter from Charles Henry Simonton, formerly a captain of the Washington Artillery of Charleston, South Carolina, describing the firing of the first shot at Fort Sumter.

OLIVER C. ADAMS PAPERS, 1839-1896.
(22 items.)

Miscellaneous letters including descriptions of settlement and crops in Perry County, Illinois, 1844; mining in Sierra County, California, 1856; tobacco planting in Connecticut, 1863; and several letters of Union soldiers describing camp life in Greenfield, Massachusetts, and Banks's campaign to open the Mississippi in 1863.

SARAH (EVE) ADAMS DIARY, 1813-1814.
(1 vol.; 52 pp.)

Relates to the Eve family and includes many references to Christ Presbyterian Church, Augusta, Georgia. Accompanied by an identification list of persons mentioned in the will of Oswell Eve, father of Sarah (Eve) Adams.

STERLING ADAMS LEDGER, 1852-1871.
(1 vol.; 130 pp.)

Merchant and planter.

THOMAS ADAMS ACCOUNT BOOKS, 1768-1808.
(2 vols.)

Accounts, chiefly of tobacco to be sold for Virginia planters and goods to be purchased in London, of Thomas Adams, a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses and of the Continental Congress and a tobacco factor and merchant, showing prices, shipping charges, and a record of the sale of Adams's estate. One item among a number of commissions to be executed in London was for Thomas Jefferson.

THOMAS ADAMS PAPERS, 1814-1818.
(4 items.)

Letters by members of the Adams family discussing personal and business matters; camp life, diseases, substitutions and discharges during the War of 1812; alleged crimes by Negroes; and the purchase of slaves.

W.G. ADAMS ACCOUNT BOOK, 1851-1863.
(1 vol.)

A physician's record of services rendered and fees received.

WADE HILL ADAMS PAPERS, 1901-1922.
(6 items.)

Included is a letter, 1901, of John C Kilgo, president of Trinity College, discussing his legal affairs; and a letter of Mrs. Joseph E. Cockrell to her daughter, Mrs. Jane (Cockrell) Adams, commenting on the 19th general conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South; J.C. Kilgo's illness; and the selection of a new president for Southern Methodist University.

WILLIAM ADAMS PAPERS, 1832-1887.
(74 items.)

Business papers, probably of a smallscale planter, including promissory notes, tax and other receipts, bills, and one letter from the commission firm of William R. Pugh of Richmond, Virginia, concerning tobacco prices.

WILLIAM C. ADAMS DIARY, 1829-1830, 1857-1863.
(1 vol.; 360 pp.)

The journal of a prosperous Virginia planter, describing wheat production, use of guano and plaster, osage orange trees, the sickness and death of his wife, and activities of his children, including the illness of Harriet Adams, evidently tuberculosis; the education of William Poultney Adams, his experiences in the Confederate Army, wedding, and activities in the slave patrol. There are many references to personal finances, slaves, travel by carriage, arrival and departure of packet boats, cases tried as justice of the peace, secession, rumors of military activities , and Methodist and other church services. There is a lengthy account of a trip with Harriet to a general conference of the Methodist Church at Nashville, Tennessee, and return through Chicago, Niagara, Albany, New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C. There are references to hiring of Adams' slaves and inventories of his property for taxation.

ADAMS FAMILY PAPERS, 1785-1914.
(9 items.)

Miscellaneous items associated with the family, including a letter of John Adams to John Jay reporting his reception at the Court of St. James; land grants and other papers signed by John Quincy Adams; and letters to Charles Francis Adams, Jr., signed by James Calloway, Thomas Leonard Livermore, and William Henry Schofield.

ADAMS AND SMITH ACCOUNT BOOK, 1860-1862.
(1 vol.; 34 pp.)

Records purchases of cloth and sales of salt.

CHARLES BOWYER ADDERLEY, FIRST BARON NORTON, PAPERS, 1876.
(1 item.)

Letter from William Schaw Lindsay explaining a series of articles which culminated in publication of Manning the Royal Navy and Mercantile Marine (1877).

JOHN ADGER PAPERS, 1839, 1852.
(2 items.)

Letters concerning renewals of subscriptions to the Presbyterian of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

APPHIA C. ADKINS PAPERS, 1847-1849.
(3 items.)

Family correspondence.

GEORGE HAWARD ADSHEAD PAPERS, 1880-1900.
(13 items.)

Included are letters from William Gee describing censorship of the press in Russia; Frederick Armitage relating to his travels in Naples, Egypt, and Greece; Arthur Patchett Martin commenting on his writings; and Isabella Petrie-Mills concerning her biography of her husband, John Mills, From Tinder-Box to the "Larger" Light. There is also a manuscript by Richard Wright Procter, The Manchester Ophelia, that was published in his The Memorials of Bygone Manchester.

ADVERTISING COLLECTION, 19th-20th Centuries.
(4,500 items and 2 vols.)

Printed booklets, leaflets, broadsides and trade cards relating to the promotion and sale of various products and services, chiefly in the United States. The United States section of this collection is arranged by subject; foreign material is arranged by countries.

AFRICA PAPERS, 1781-1958.
(16 items.)

Several items relate to church affairs, including letters of Samuel A. Crowther describing Christian missions in southern Nigeria and the havoc caused by slave traders, 1852; John Wilson mentioning disorders in South Africa; Joseph Williams describing missionary work in southern Tanganylka, 1882; Zakaria Kizito Kisingiri describing his mother's funeral in Uganda, 1912; John William Colenso, Bishop of Natal, noting the uncertainty of his career, 1864; and T. Durant Philip on missionary work in Cape Colony, 1849. There is a picture of Paulus Moort, rector of Trinity Episcopal Church in Monrovia, Liberia. Other material includes a letter of N. Aboarius about a plot against the Mahdi of Sudan, 1885; the complaint of a minor official in Cairo against British inactivity in the Sudan, 1889, and two items pertaining to the visit of George V to Port Said, 1911. There is a small volume of economic statistics on the Cape Colony, 1781-1803, 38 pp.; a letter of Arthur D. Cushing describing looting during the Boer War, 1901; engravings of two maps showing the course of the Nile and Niger rivers, 1821; and the typescript of an article by Cyril Sofer on race in South Africa, 1958.

JOHN AGG PAPERS, 1797-1846.
(209 items and 1 vol.)

Papers of an English-born writer and Washington political reporter containing legal papers of family members; early romantic prose writings, a short play, and verse; a description of Washington, D.C., in fictional format, 1836; clippings of Agg's political satire from the Washington Republican, a fragment of his history of the United States Congress published in 1837; biographical data on political leaders; clippings from the United States Gazette, December, 1828-December, 1829, and January-March, 1841, containing Agg's day-by-day accounts of events in Congress and Washington; his reports on Congress for the New York Commercial Advertiser, and a portrait of Alexander Hamilton, ca. 1797, by an Irish artist.

FRANCES (WALKER) YATES AGLIONBY PAPERS, 1821-1933.
(1,013 items.)

Family letters kept by Frances Aglionby until 1902 and thereafter by her daughter Jeannette. Included is a genealogy of the Aglionby and Yates family. Early letters describe travel and various localities in Virginia and West Virginia; the Virginia Female Institute at Staunton, crops, slaves, neighbors and relatives. Family letters between England and America after 1854 emphasize crops, dogs, cattle, poultry, politics, Charles Yates's inheritance and his adoption of the Aglionby name, London society and manners, the court of Napoleon III, Virginia politics, travels in England and Ireland, English country life, British and European politics, English opinion on slavery and abolition, Civil War hardships, aid for Confederate prisoners, the effect of the war on English cotton mill workers, imprisonment of Charles Yates Aglionby and John Yates Beall and the execution of the latter, hard ships during Reconstruction, and the importation of Irish labor. The letters from 1867 to 1933 of Frank K. Yates Aglionby, eldest son of Charles and Frances, start with his transatlantic voyage and describe English manners, customs, and politics; life at Oxford University and as a clergyman in the Church of England; the Oxford Movement in the church; travels in England, Ireland, and Europe with frequent mention of the condition of the poor; English missionary work in Africa; news coverage of the Franco-Prussian War; revivals and evangelism; friendship with William Cabell Rives III; the Alabama claims English opinion of American politics; British Imperialism; and transatlantic steamship travel. Letters of Jeanette Aglionby describe travel to Philadelphia and Mount Desert, Maine, in 1881 and to London and Europe in 1890, including comments on English choirs and sermons. There are also clippings dealing with Church of England procedures and family events, and pictures of family members.

WILLIAM G. AGNEW AND J.S. AGNEW PAPERS, 1861-1864.
(62 items.)

Letters of two Confederate soldiers, probably brothers, to their relatives in Georgia. Letters of William Agnew, who served in the first battle of Bull Run and in the Peninsula campaign, deal with military affairs, sickness, camp conditions, rumors, former neighbors in the army, and requests for food and clothing. J.S. Agnew's letters, written from Chickamauga, Tennessee, and Camp Foster, Georgia, are concerned with personal and military matters.

EGLANTINE AGOURS PAPERS, 1856-1889.
(22 items.)

Letters written to Eglantine Agours (or Agurs) by her relatives in Tennessee, Texas, and South Carolina, containing chiefly family news, but with some reference to secession, civilian and military life in the South, conscription, the battle of Shiloh, the 12th Regiment of Tennessee Volunteers, and Reconstruction in South Carolina.

OSCAR AICHEL PAPERS, 1861-1863.
(6 items.)

Wartime letters written in German script. Aichel apparently was a grocer.

HENRY HINCHLIFF AINLEY PAPERS, [1904?].
(1 item.)

Letter from Robert South, dramatist, to Ainley, British actor-manager, regarding a work by South.

ALABAMA. DALLAS COUNTY. CHANCERY COURT DOCKET, 1856-1863.
(1 vol.)

ALABAMA. DALLAS COUNTY. CHANCERY COURT DOCKET

JAMES LUSK ALCORN PAPERS, 1871.
(1 item.)

Letter ordering volumes from a bookseller.

WILLIAM ALDERMAN PAPERS, 1853-1864.
(5 items.)

Three legal documents relating to the purchase of slaves; receipt for taxes paid the Confederate States Tax Office; letter from William Vink of Ellicott City, Maryland, describing his plans for the manufacture of paper from palmetto wood.

ADAM LEOPOLD ALEXANDER PAPERS, 1785 (1803-1889) 1909.
(361 items.)

Family correspondence of Adam Leopold Alexander (1803-1882), planter and businessman with interests in banking, railroads, and mercantile firms. Included are letters from Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut; the University of Virginia, Charlottesville; schools of Washington, Georgia; New England secondary schools, 1830-1840, 1850; letters concerning Civil War and Reconstruction; and miscellaneous deeds and other papers.

BETTIE ALEXANDER PAPERS, 1860-1863.
(9 items.)

Personal letters from Bettie Alexander, apparently a schoolgirl, to her sister in Fincastle, Virginia. Frequent mention is made of sick, wounded, or killed Confederate soldiers, runaway Negroes, and Federal troops.

EDWARD PORTER ALEXANDER PAPERS, 1863-1905.
(4 items.)

Letter inquiring about Confederate losses in Virginia; list of the artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia; letter declining to attend a reunion of Confederate veterans, 1905.

ETHEL ALEXANDER PAPERS, 1962.
(2 items.)

Letter from Alexander T. Case discussing the production of his play, A Soldier and Mr. Lincoln, and enclosing a copy of an unused prologue.

HENRY M. ALEXANDER SCRAPBOOK, 1857-1860.
(1 vol.; 180 pp.)

List of bondholders, correspondence, reports of earnings, clippings, notes, and other documents concerning the financial affairs of the Steubenville and Indiana Rail Road.

JAMES H. ALEXANDER DIARY, 1862.
(1 vol.; 51 pp.)

Diary kept while James H. Alexander was in a Confederate camp near Centreville. It contains intimate details of life in the Confederate Army, including a description of the company dispute with Colonel William Nelson Pendleton about building a church and attending services, and references to Northern newspapers.

MILLER ALEXANDER PAPERS, 1850-1900.
(211 items.)

Letters of 1850-1860 are to Reuben Alexander of Marrow Bone, Cumber County, Kentucky, and are largely from H. Craft, land agent, relating to land sales in Mississippi. Letters after 1864 are personal and family correspondence of Miller Alexander, a tobacco buyer and general merchant, who may have been the son of Reuben. The letters concern tobacco culture and marketing in Kentucky and Missouri, and also mention the state of education in Missouri; religious conditions, frequently using Biblical language even in discussing commercial affairs; travels in Arkansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Idaho, Mississippi, Texas, Ohio, Utah, and Washington Territory, with reference to the economy and religion. There are frequent references to national politics and political leaders and to race relations.

ROBERT P. ALEXANDER NOTES, 1856-1857.
(1 vol.)

Robert P. Alexander's notes on physiology and surgery taken from lectures delivered by Dr. James Lawrence Cabell at the University of Virginia.

S. CALDWELL ALEXANDER PAPERS, 1850.
(1 vol.)

Essays, generally short expositions of traditional theological and philosophical positions, written by Alexander as a student at the Columbia Theological Seminary, a Presbyterian institution in Columbia, South Carolina.

ALEXANDER AND O'NEILL PAPERS, 1867.
(21 items and 1 vol.)

Alexander and O'Neill was a firm dealing in wholesale and retail hay, grain, etc., in Charleston. The owners were H.F. Alexander and J.J.A. O'Neill. The ledger contains accounts for April to August, 1867. It was later used as a scrapbook for recipes. There is also a business card of Alexander and O'Neill and a number of handwritten recipes.

ALEXANDER FAMILY PAPERS, 1778-1810.
(7 items.)

Land deeds.

ALEXANDER FAMILY PAPERS, 1795-1870.
(36 items.)

Mostly legal documents signed by Robert, John, John D., and William K. Alexander as clerks of the Campbell County, Virginia, Superior Court. Subjects include land claims, deeds, the settlement of estates, and other legal affairs, and bills and receipts for court costs.

GEORGE BENTON ALFORD PAPERS, 1847-1925.
(24 items.)

Business and personal letters, bills and receipts of the president of the Holly Springs Land and Improvement Company; papers about North Carolina Baptist ministers; ordination certificate, 1847, for the Rev. Johnson Olive, probably the father-in-law of George Benton Alford; and his certificate of membership, 1884, in the North Carolina Baptist Ministers' Life Assn. There is also material on Alford's son, Green Haywood Alford.

WILLIAM ROUNSEVILLE ALGER PAPERS, 1847.
(1 item.)

Note by Alger, clergyman and author, to a Mr. Winsor.

JEAN-ADOLPHE ALHAIZA PAPERS, 1870-1916.
(287 items.)

Papers of a French socialist editor, author, and associate of Charles Fourier. Included is the manuscript, 1150 pp., of Dictionnaire de Sociolocie Phalansterienne: Gulde des Oeuvres Completes de Charles Fourier, by Edouard Silberling (Paris: 1911). There is also a biographical and bibliographical file of French and foreign socialists, which serves as a partial author index for the periodicals La Phalange and La Reforme Industrielle. Among the more important French associationists listed are Victor Prosper Considerant, Alexandre-François Baudet-Dulary, Cesar Daly, François Marie Charles Fourier, Mme. Gatti de Gammond, Marc-Amedee Gramier, Victor-Antoine Hennequin, Just Muiron, Charles Pellarin, Hippolyte Renaud, Mme. Clarisse Vigoureux, and Edouard Silberlinq. The Germans, F.L. Goertner and C.F. Grieb, are noted as involved in an associative colony : Texas in the 1830's. Great Britain is represented by Hughes Doherty. Americans include Albert Brisbane, Horace Greeley, and Parke Godwin.

C. TACITUS ALLEN MEMOIRS, 1893-1919.
(1 vol.; 169 pp.)

Reminiscences of Allen's Civil War experiences, first in the 20th Regiment, Virginia Volunteers, including an account of the battle of Rich Mountain; the subsequent retreat; disbandment of Allen's unit and organization of Co. F. 2nd Regiment, Virginia Artillery; defense of Richmond; loss of Fort Harrison and battle of Sayler's Creek; and Allen's capture and imprisonment in the Old Capitol Prison in Washington and later on Johnson's Island, Lake Erie. Included is a roster of the officers and men serving in Allen's company and a 1893 Memorial Day address on The Confederate Soldier in History. Glued inside the back cover is a 1919 poem on the United Daughters of the Confederacy.

CHARLES HARRIS ALLEN PAPERS, 1893-1902.
(7 items.)

Six letters, 1893-1902, from Lord Cromer review the work of the Home for Freed Women Slaves in Cairo, Egypt, the progress of the campaign against slavery in the Sudan, and Allen's career as secretary of the British and Foreigh Anti-Slavery Society. One letter from Lord Curzon, 1897, criticizes statements by Allen and Joseph A. Pease concerning the government's policy about slavery on Zanzibar.

DAVID B. ALLEN PAPERS, 1844-1847.
(2 items.)

A legal paper concerns a court judgment against Allen and others, 1844, and a letter concerns legal and financial affairs, 1847.

DWIGHT ALLEN PAPERS, 1863.
(2 items.)

Letters of a Union soldier discussing camp life, discipline, casualties, Confederate and Union generals, and statements by Confederate deserters concerning demoralization in the Army of Tennessee.

ETHAN ALPHONSO ALLEN LETTER BOOK, 1818-1835.
(1 vol.)

Copies of letters of Ethan A. Allen (1789-1855), son of Ethan Allen of Revolutionary War fame, graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York, and captain in the U.S. Army. Generally routine in nature, the letters are largely concerned with recruiting service for the 2nd Battalion of Artillery in Virginia and Maryland, reports to auditors and other officials of the U.S. Treasury Department, and efforts to obtain his portion of military bounty land due his father. Included also are copies of letters received by Allen; a description of the fort at Craney Island, Norfolk County, Virginia, in 1820; a letter to President James Monroe protesting the omission of his name from the rolls of the U.S. Army; a draft of Allen's will; and business correspondence with the firm of Aldis and Davis.

JAMES ALLEN DAYBOOKS, 1838-1843.
(4 vols.)

Record of sales of general merchandice.

JAMES LANE ALLEN PAPERS, 1889-1911.
(56 items.)

Ten letters and a telegram from Allen to Joseph Marshall Stoddard, editor of Lippincott's Magazine, concerning Allen's Kentucky writings and their publication; a letter from Allen to Charles Burr Todd regarding a proposed Society of American Authors; clippings concerning Allen, printed copies of some of his writings, and articles on the country about which he wrote; and letters, chiefly 1888-1889, to Richard Watson Gilder and Robert Underwood Johnson, editors of The Century, about Allen's writings for that magazine. Topics include Allen's plans to collect his articles in book form, 1888; an outline for a historical novel of Kentucky life, 1889; plans for lectures on the literature of the New South, 1890; and the effect on Allen's work of his poor eyesight, caused by typhoid fever, 1889.

JAMES WALKINSHAW ALLEN NOTEBOOK, 1848-1864.
(1 vol.)

Notebook of James W. Allen (d. 1862), a student at Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, and later colonel in the 2nd Virginia Infantry, C.S.A., containing collections of poems and quotations. Included also is a comment on the life and death of J.W. Allen, signed by J.N. Allen.

JOHN ALLEN PAPERS, 1814-1881.
(24 items.)

Business and personal correspondence, including letters from Chapman Johnson and Richard L.T. Beale concerning land purchases and the settlement of a court case. One letter from Polly Allen Caldwell describes winter in New Orleans, 1837, and Revolutionary War pension claims. A letter of 1845 provides a description of Memphis, Tennessee.

JOHN ALLEN PAPERS, 1853-1884.
(1 vol.)

Account book, 1853-1884, including copies of letters by Allen, early 1880s, and miscellaneous notes, among them militia records, 1860-1861.

JOHN ALLEN PAPERS, 1864 (1870-1879) 1885.
(39 items.)

Personal and business letters of John Allen, Confederate soldier, teacher, and civil engineer. The collection relates chiefly to the Civil War, teaching, college life, and financial difficulties during Reconstruction. Included also are a report card of James Parker, of the Oxford (N.C.) High School, giving a description of the courses offered; and four letters from relatives and friends in Texas and Missouri.

OSCAR H. ALLEN PAPERS, 1898-1899.
(3 items.)

Letters from Allen in Army camps at Jacksonville, Florida, and Havana, Cuba, to Florence Lytle of Jacksonville, commenting on life in the 3rd Nebraska Infantry and on the death of a friend, Jonas H. Lien, 1st South Dakota Infantry, killed in the Philippines.

R. ALFRED ALLEN PAPERS, 1864-1866.
(1 vol.)

Diary of Allen's service as hospital steward with the 22nd New York Cavalry, 1864-1865, with brief entries describing the battle of the Wilderness, Jubal Early's Valley campaign, and the siege of Petersburg; personal financial accounts; and weekly reports on the regimental sick. There is also reference to Allen's postwar return to Ohio.

RICHARD ALLEN DAYBOOK AND ACCOUNT BOOK, 1839-1874.
(2 vols.)

Records of a small country merchant.

W.A. ALLEN LEDGERS, 1872-1879.
(2 vols.)

Records of sales of general merchandise.

WELD NOBLE ALLEN PAPERS, 1852-1873.
(25 items.)

Documents relating to Allen's naval career, including his appointment to Annapolis, orders to him as commander of the sloop of war Oneida in the West Indies, 1863, and with the Western Gulf Blockading Squadron in command of the Oneida and later the gunboat New London, 1863-1864, Allen's report of the capture of the schooner Raton del Nilo; orders to serve on naval general courts-martial on the Portsmouth, 1863, in Boston, 1869, and in New York, 1872; and an account of Allen's command of a shore detachment in the attack on Fort Fisher at the mouth of the Cape Fear River, North Carolina, during which he was wounded, December, 1864-January, 1865.

WILLIAM C. ALLEN PAPERS, 1857-1866.
(7 items.)

Included is Allen's will dividing his eight slaves between his wife and nephew. Most of the other items refer to John Allen of Edgefield District, South Carolina, revealing his exemption from conscription because of physical disability in 1863; wartime scarcity; and high prices. A letter, 1866, of H. Allen, a sharecropper tenant in Holly Springs, Mississippi, deals with his family's losses during a typhoid epidemic in the preceding year.

ALLEN-ANGIER FAMILY PAPERS, 1843-1971.
(1,749 items and 8 vols.)

Papers kept by Zalene Allen Angler include correspondence, 1936-1969, largely letters from her brother George Venable Allen (1903-1970), diplomat, official of the Tobacco Institute, and trustee of Duke University. Allen's letters describe his diplomatic career and personal matters, including foreign relations and social life in Greece, Egypt, and Iran in the 1930s and 1940s; the royal family of Iran; the Potsdam Conference; and customs of Saudi Arabia. Letters of the 1950s mention celebrities Allen met, such as Yehudi Menuhin and Aristotle Onassis; and relations of the U.S. with India and of Russia with Yugo slavia. Letters of Allen's wife Katherine Martin Allen reflect diplomatic social life. Clippings relate to Allen's career as diplomat and as director of the United States Infor mation Agency, to his family, and to his death. Miscellaneous papers include invi tations; White House dinner menus; press releases; a report, February 9, 1932, on Japanese-Chinese relations; articles by Allen; and other printed materials. There are photographs of Allen and many acquaintances, including Marshall Tito, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Amjad All, Abba Eban, Wellington Koo, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John Foster Dulles, and William Fulbright. Papers, 1945-1970, kept by George and Katherine Allen include letters from Eisenhower and Dulles about Allen's shift from the State Department to the USIA; a report on the political situation in Iran, January 21, 1948; correspondence on Egyptian-U.S. relations in the 1950s and the Henry A. Byroade scandal, the Cold War, the cigarette smoking and health controversy, and on Allen's speeches. Enclosed with a letter from Allen of May 10, 1970, is a petition against slavery by the Baptist Church of Augusta, Maine, dated August 17, 1843. There are files of speeches and related correspondence on Russia, propaganda, the space race, foreign policy, peace, the tobacco industry, India, Iran, UNESCO, and other topics. There is material on the Dulles and Eisenhower oral history projects and on various honors and awards received by Allen. Two scrapbooks contain clippings about Allen's career and family photographs. There is also a photocopy of his book-length manuscript reminiscence of experiences as Ambassador to Iran in the 1940s and 1950s; a letter from Josephus Daniels, 1940, commenting on Allen's review of Daniels' book, Tar Heel Editor; and a tape recording of Allen's address, 1967, to the Tobaccoland Kiwanis Club on the United States in the world.

SAMUEL AUSTIN ALLIBONE PAPERS, 1856.
(1 item.)

Letter from Allibone, lexicographer and librarian, to an unidentified manuscript dealer concerning the purchase of a manuscript Bible, Biblia Latina.

ELIZABETH BEATTY (JOHNSTON) ALLISON PAPERS, 1866-1969.
(16 items.)

Letters written by Harriet N. (Espey) Vance, wife of Zebulon Baird Vance, and others of her family to Mrs. Allison. The correspondence deals with family and personal affairs and has little information about Vance's public life. A letter by Marianna Long, Vance's great granddaughter, identifies members of her family and comments on the disposition of other papers left at the Vance estate.

MARTIN O. ALLISON AND JOHN ALLISON PAPERS, 1777-1846.
(8 items.)

Letters from Francis Armstrong, Florida, New York L?]; John Barbour, Wilkes, Ohio; David and Ann Armstrong, Milton, New York [?]; and others concerning such topics as securing a minister for Florida, crops, hard times, Locofocos, migration to Texas, price of wheat in New York State, and other matters.

WILLIAM H. ALLISON PAPERS, 1851-1860.
(8 items.)

Chiefly letters to William H. Allison from his mother, written while he was a student at Richmond.

JOSEPH ALLRED PAPERS, 1819-1864.
(37 items.)

Business and personal correspondence of Joseph Allred; land deed of Mahlon Allred; list of subscribers for building a church at New Union [?].

BENJAMIN ALLSTON PAPERS, 1856-1878.
(13 items.)

Military and personal correspondence of Benjamin Allston (1833-1900), Confederate officer and Protestant Episcopal minister, and some executive correspondence of Robert Francis Withers Allston (1801-1864), including three letters relative to an engineering project in progress on the Savannah River in 1858. Included also are several letters to "Ben" Allston from another minister, W.B.W. Howe, all mentioning the desirability of reserving a portion of church auditoriums for Negro worshipers, and personal letters from feminine correspondents.

PHILLIP ALLWOOD COMMONPLACE AND LETTER BOOK, 1793-1804.
(1 vol.; 504 pp.)

Records of many literary and scientific matters investigated by Allwood, an English clergyman educated at Cambridge University. Several letters related to the review in the British Critic of his Literary Antiquities of Greece (London: 1799).

LEONARD ALMAN PAPERS, 1862-1864.
(18 items.)

Letters to Alman's wife, Caroline, written by Alman's comrades, chiefly Dan. P. Boger, describing experiences with the 7th North Carolina Volunteers and imprisonment, probably at Camp Lookout, Maryland. There are accounts of several battles in Virginia, including a skirmish at Orange Court House, 1862.

JOHN ALMON PAPERS, 1769 (1771-1772).
(48 items.)

Almon (1735-1805) was a bookseller and political pamphleteer. The collection includes letters from John Calaraft (1726-1772) and drafts of notes for Almon's replies. The principal topics include the politics of the Ring's ministers and their opposition, and the politics of contending factions in the city of London. Frequently mentioned are Almon's trial, 1770, for publishing Junius' Letter to the King; the Portsmouth fire, 1771; revenues in Ireland and England; the health of the Princess of Wales; continental diplomacy and military affairs, especially as regards the fates of Poland and Turkey and the prospects of war; the stock market decline; and Spanish activity in the West Indies. Persons mentioned prominently include John Burgoyne, Edmund Burke, Lord Chatham, Jeremiah Dyson, the Duke of Grafton, John Home, Henry Luttrell, Lord Mansfield, William Nash, Lord North, Lord Rockingham, John Sawhridge, Lord Shelburne, Lord Temple, Lord Townshend, and John Wilkes.

A.D. ALMOND PAPERS, 1865-1866.
(5 items.)

Merchants' bills to A.D. Almond and A.T. Almond.

J.W. ALSTON PAPERS, 1918.
(1 item.)

Army orders.

WILLIAM ALSTON PAPERS, 1861-1885.
(3 items.)

One letter describing a Civil War camp, and two accounts from William Alston's store.

ALUMINUM COMPANY OF CANADA, LIMITED, PAPERS, 1915-1968.
(4 items and 3 vols.)

Four published brochures and two albums of photographs with a forward and summary of company history by T.L. Brock. The albums concern James Buchanan Duke's visits to the Saguenay region of Canada, 1915, and to Quebec, 1925. The collection concerns Duke's role in the development of the hydroelectric resources of the Lake St. John and Saguenay River system of central Quebec, his formation of the Quebec Development Company, and agree ment with Arthur Vining Davis to form the Aluminum Company of Canada, Ltd.

JOHN AMBLER PAPERS, 1788-1864.
(26 items.)

Personal and business correspondence of Ambler (1762-1836), a planter. Two letters from William Tucker of Amherst County, Virginia, concern agriculture; one from Robert Ambler to Beverly Ambler relates to army life during the Civil War; and one from Chapman Johnson to Ambler concerns the Norton estate, to which Mrs. Ambler was one of the heirs. There are also business and other personal items including the draft of a play and an essay on the importance of study.

PHILIP ST. GEORGE AMBLER PAPERS, 1856-1879.
(6 items.)

Correspondents include Conway Robinson, Robert C. Stanard, and John Ambler.

AMBLER-BROWN FAMILY PAPERS, 1780-1865.
(4 items.)

Typescripts of documents largely relating to the genealogy of several related families of Westmoreland and Fauquier counties, Virginia, and Jefferson County, West Virginia; the early history of Richmond, Williamsburg, Yorktown, and Alexandria, Virginia and Washington, D.C.; and sidelights on outstanding figures of the Revolution and the early Republic. The diary of Lucy Johnson Ambler of Fauquier County, 1862-1863, 17 pp., comments on major Civil War battles, civilian morale and hardships, and depredations by Union troops. Copies of family letters, 1780-1823, largely between Betsy (Ambler) Garrington, Ann (Ambler) Fisher, Mildred (Smith) Dudley, and Frances Cairnes, refer to Virginia events and the history of the Ambler, Jacquelin, Marshall, Burwell, and Washington families; social life and religion of the Revolutionary War era; hardships caused by British military activities in the Virginia Tidewater, the impact of French troops on social life, the parentage of Lewis Warrington, the Mount Vernon household of George and Martha Washington, and the early city of Washington. There are also several memoirs of the marriage of John Marshall and Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall. A memoir of Governor Thomas Brown of Florida, "Account of the Lineage of the Brown Family," 1865, 170 pp., beginning with the emigration from England of Edwin (or Edward) Brown in 1608, describes the social life, customs, and politics of Virginia up to the Civil War. There are references to the Templemen, Washington, Collins and related families, tobacco planting, the Revolutionary War, the invention of post office boxes, education, gambling, economic effects of the War of 1812, Virginia militia during that war, transat lantic travel in 1820, and settlement in Jefferson, Westmoreland, Berkeley, and Fauquier counties, Charles Town and Harpers Ferry. A photocopy of a letter by Elizabeth (Brown) Douglas of Key West, Florida, ca. 1850, describes the captured slave ship Mohawk and conditions on board.

AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY PAPERS, 1851.
(2 items.)

Power of attorney from John S. Chambliss to Captain David Bone of Natchez relating to his claim for services rendered the society; and supporting affidavit of J.E. Calhoun of Claiborne County.

AMERICAN FEDERATION OF HOSIERY WORKERS PAPERS, 1941.
(2 vols.)

Mimeographed briefs pertaining to wages. One was prepared by the American Federation of Hosiery Workers (Independent) and presented to the Hosiery Industry Committee under the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act. The other brief was presented to the Seamless Hosiery Industry Committee by the National Association of Hosiery Manufacturers, Inc.

AMERICAN LITERATURE PAPERS, 1927-1966.
(3,494 items.)

Records of American Literature, a quarterly journal of literary history, criticism, and bibliography published since 1929 by Duke University Press with the cooperation of the American Literature Group of the Modern Language Association. Included are minutes of the group, 1931-1937, 1941, 1944; reports of standing committees, 1941-1942, 1945-1947, 1950; reports of literary meetings of the group, 1930-1941; the charter for American Literature; annual reports of the journal, 1929-1930, 1933, 1935-1947; correspondence, 1926-1954, of chairmen of the editorial board Jay Broadus Hubbell, Clarence Gohdes, and Arlin Turner chiefly with editors, advisers, and reviewers. Topics include organization, planning, and operation of the journal; editorial policies; nomination of editors and members of the advisory editorial board; subscriptions; reviews and reviewers; other editorial matters; program planning for annual meetings of the group; special project plans; bibliographies; committee reports. The major portion of the collection consists of correspondence with Roy Prentice Baster, 1931-1953, 42 items; Walter Blair, 1929-1966, 94 items; Edward Scullery Bradley, 1926-1965, 243 items; William Braswell, 1929-1966, 61 items; William B. Cairnes, 1928-1932, 99 items; Killis Campbell, 1927-1936, 109 items Oscar Cargill, 1933-1964, 36 items; Harry Hayden Clark, 1927-1957, 140 items; Oral Sumner Coad, 1929-1954, 41 items; Harold Milton Ellis, 1928-1943, 45 items; Norman Foerster, 1927-1953, 118 items; James David Hart, 1942-1954, 38 items; Emory Holloway, 1930-1952, 73 items; Howard Mumford Jones, 1928-1954, 108 items; Ernest Erwin Leisy, 1927-1955, 184 items; Thomas Ollive Mabbott 1928-1964, 146 items; Tremaine McDowell, 1928-1955, 100 items; Kenneth Ballard Murdock, 1927-1956, 279 items; Gregory Lansing Paine, 1928-1950, 150 items; Fred Lewis Pattee, 1928-1948, 102 items; Henry August Pochmann, 1929-1954, 62 items; Ralph Leslie Rusk, 232 items; Robert Ernest Spiller, 1927-1952, 302 items; Arlin Turner, 1935-1951, 26 items; Warren Austin, 1930-1951, 73 items; and Stanley Thomas Williams, 1927-1954, 252 items.

AMERICAN WRITERS PAPERS, 1814-1969.
(167 items and 1 vol.)

Miscellaneous letters of American authors, editors, and other literary figures, primarily relating to literary topics. There are also a few drafts, poems, and other manuscripts, and clippings. Writers include Charles Francis Adams, Jr., W. Hervey Allen, Jr., J.D. Anders, Susan B. Anthony, Irving Addison Bacheller, J.H.A. Bone, Mary Louise Booth, Arthur Brisbane, S.P. Brockwell, William Crary Brownell, William Cullen Bryant, Frances (Hodgson) Burnett, H. Witter Bynner, Henry Colburn, F. Marion Crawford, John Ross Dix, Mortimer Drummond, Augustine Joseph Hickey Duganne, James Thomas Fields, Francis Fontaine, Mary Wilkins Freeman, Hamlin Garland, Caroline Gilman, Edward Everett Hale, James Hale, John Judson Hamilton, William Harden, Robert Lewis Harrison, Gerhart Hauptman, Julian Hawthorne, George W. Humphreys, Alexander Johnston, Mary Johnston, George Kennan, B.A. Konkle, H.E. Krehbiel, William John Lawrence, Henry Charles Lea, Anna Leonowens, Henry Cabot Lodge, Samuel Longfellow, Abbott Lawrence Lowell, Hamilton Wright Mabie, Mary McCarthy, William McFee, John Bach McMaster, Robert Whitehead McNeely, Margaret (Mitchell) Marsh, James Brander Matthews, Henry Louis Mencken, Richard Kendall Munkittrick, Charles E. Norton, Fitz-James O'Brien, John Williamson Palmer, Bliss Perry, William Lyon Phelps, Parker Pillsbury, Josiah Quincy, Allen Raymond, Louis Rhead, Dominique Rouquette, Charles Monroe Sheldon, Robert E. Sherwood, William Lukens Shoemaker, Katherine Drayton Mayrant Simons, Francis Hopkinson Smith, Arthur Stedman, George Sumner, John Reuben Thompson, Frederick Tuckerman, Henry T. Tuckerman, Louis Untermeyer, Gertrude de Vingut, Carolyn Wells, John H. White, Ella (Wheeler) Wilcox, and others. The anonymous manuscript volume, unbound, discusses various versions and editions of Shakespeare's Hamlet, as well as editors, critics, and plagiarists.

ELECTA E. (RAY) AMES AND FORDYCE W. AMES PAPERS, 1849-1931.
(246 items.)

Largely letters from the Ames's son, Frank, and from Electa Ames's sister, Jane C. (Ray) Warren, and Jane's husband, Jared W. Warren. The Warrens, of Rutherford County, Tennessee, discuss schools and teaching there, and in one letter of August 27, 1863, describe the treatment of slaves, Civil War conditions in Tennessee, and a battle which took place on or near their property. Two letters are from Electa Ames's brother, J. M. Ray, a Union soldier.

FISHER AMES PAPERS, 1790, 1801.
(2 items.)

A letter, 1790, from Federalist leader Ames to U.S. Judge John Lowell of Massachusetts concerns legislation to prevent frauds in the payment of North Carolina veterans of the Revolutionary War, and reviews the character of John Jay. A letter, 1801, to Benjamin Bourne evaluates an unidentified applicant for an editorial position with a Federalist paper.

JAMES TYLER AMES PAPERS, 1865.
(2 items.)

Letters, November 2 and 18, 1865, from W.M. Mitchell in Milledgeville and in Dougherty County, Georgia, seeking to interest Ames, a munitions manufacturer, in investments in cotton plantation land.

JESSIE (DANIEL) AMES PAPERS, 1902-1946.
(1 item.)

Photocopy of a history, or possibly preparatory notes for a work on the founding of the Woman's Division of the Commission on Interracial Cooperation in 1920 and a brief summary of its activities up to 1940. Included is a narrative, minutes, speeches, and reports. Jessie Ames, general field secretary of the commission, added marginal comments in 1946.

JACOB AMICK AND [JOHN AMICK?] PAPERS, 1813-1873.
(2 vols.)

A tenor book and account book, 1813-1854, 73 pp., contains rules of harmony, notes for sacrea songs, and a few farming accounts; accompanied by a ledger, 1854-1867, 66 pp.

AMNESTY OATHS OF EX-CONFEDERATES, 1862-1867.
(18 items.)

AMNESTY OATHS OF EX-CONFEDERATES

RICHARD AMOS PAPERS, 1850 (1858-1869) 1893.
(108 items.)

Family letters, most of which were written before the Civil War from Shelby County, Indiana, where one of the Amos brothers had settled.

KARL JOACHIM ANDERSEN PAPERS, 1882-1899.
(46 items.)

Letters, in the English, French, and German languages, from conductors and musicians in Western Europe, Russia, and America, to Andersen, a Danish flautist. Correspondents include Paul Taffanel, 1883-1895, 11 items; G. Dumon, 1888, 2 items; Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Barge, 1882-1888, 8 items; W. Bukovsky, 1894, 1 item, Albert Fransella, 1890-1896, 3 items; Moritz Furstenau, 1883-1888, 4 items; R. Kukula, 1887-1890, 6 items Oskar Kohler, 1889, 2 items; Wilhelm Popp, 1887, 1 item; Robert E. Steel, 1899, 1 item; Richard Unger, 1891, 1 item, Theodor Winkler, 1883-1896, 3 items; F. Waterstraat, 1882-1888, 3 items.

ADEN ANDERSON PAPERS, 1842-1854.
(5 items.)

Land deeds.

ALBERT ANDERSON PAPERS, 1909.
(6 items.)

Business letters to James M. Templeton, Jr.

CHARLES M. ANDERSON PAPERS, 1852-1893.
(1 item and 1 vol.)

A tailor's account book, probably kept by Anderson, with entries to 1873 (largely 1852-1858); also a receipt, 1893.

EDWARD C. ANDERSON PAPERS, 1861-1863.
(7 items.)

Two letters of Anderson, Confederate agent in France and England, to his family concern Union arms purchases and European support for the South; one letter, 1862, describes the plight of a Northerner in Savannah and economic conditions in that city.

EDWIN ALEXANDER ANDERSON, JR., PAPERS, 1915-1918.
(13 items and 1 vol.)

Papers relating to Anderson's duty at the Naval War College, 1915-1916, include material on the logistics and battle tactics of submarine warfare. Relating to his service as commander of the American Patrol detachment in the Caribbean, 1917-1918, is the typescript of a war diary describing fleet operations, political affairs in Guatemala and Honduras, and the relations between the two countries.

FRANCIS THOMAS ANDERSON PAPERS, 1828 (1850-1858) 1915.
(443 items.)

This collection concerns also the activities of Joseph Reid Anderson (1813-1892). Included are business papers pertaining to mining operations and Francis Thomas Anderson's Cloverdale Furnace, a part of the Tredegar Iron Works; miscellaneous letters and papers concerning the sale of slaves, collection of debts, rental of property, teaching, and school tuition. Included also are a charge for the ministry of A.B. McCorkle; two summonses; and a printed plea, March 4, 1846, addressed to Anderson, seeking funds to help the widow and children of John Hampden Pleasants, "recently killed in a duel."

GEORGE ANDERSON PAPERS, 1870-1885.
(24 items.)

Letters addressed to Anderson, a British politician, relating to such topics as army reform, 1870; Gladstone's refusal to go to Glasgow, 1871; burials legislation, 1878; Gladstone's political plans, farmers and prices, and the Scottish Church, 1879; Mecca and Portugal, 1881-1883; government expenses, 1883; and electoral procedure, 1884.

JAMES ANDERSON PAPERS, 1782.
(1 item.)

Anderson's refutation of the charge that he had plagiarized Josiah Tucker's Cui Bono, July 4, 1782.

JAMES A. ANDERSON PAPERS, 1935.
(1 item. (22 pp.)

Mimeographed copy of a speech by James A. Anderson before the Tuscaloosa Kiwanis Club on Union General James H. Wilson's raid into central Alabama, 1865.

RICHARD HERON ANDERSON PAPERS, 1864.
(1 item.)

Manuscript extract from Confederate General Anderson's account of the operations of the I Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia after Longstreet was disabled until Spotsylvania Court House.

V.V. ANDERSON PAPERS, 1820 (1847-1890) 1921.
(873 items and 8 vols.)

Personal, business, and political correspondence, accounts, legal papers, diaries, and bills and receipts of members of the Anderson family of Davie County. Records of C.J. Anderson, storekeeper and census enumerator for western North Carolina, 1880 and 1890 censuses, include instructions on liquor manufacturing and marketing and on the counting of persons. Records of Charles Anderson, justice of the peace of Davie County, include material on court cases, estate settlements, and state and local politics, 1872-1891. There are deeds and contracts relating to land acquisition by the family; teaching certificates and teachers' records; and letters relating to religion, camp meetings, temperance, slave purchases, and the treatment of slaves. Civil War letters of A.A. Anderson and A.J. Anderson relate to service in Ewell's division and describe training camps, clothing, equipment, discipline, sickness, minor engagements in Virginia, the effects of conscription, and hospital conditions. There are materials on civilian commodity prices, the collection of back pay of deceased soldiers, and poems about the war. Postwar letters relate to farming, livestock diseases, bee keeping, and tobacco. There are some postmaster's records from Calahaln, 1889-1899. Printed materials include local newspapers, forms, political broadsides, and agricultural pamphlets. The volumes include a brief pocket diary, 1913; a teacher's roll, 1891-1892; a ledger of Anderson and Brothers, 1868 (1868-1870) 1877 a ledger of C. and G.J. Anderson and Company, 1854-1858; and an account book of C. Anderson and Brother, 1858-1861.

Z.W. ANDERSON BAND BOOK, 1865.
(1 vol.; 108 pp.)

A hand-written book of tunes used in the Confederate Army. Anderson served with the 37th Georgia Regiment. Included are notes on the surrender of Joseph E. Johnston's army.

ANDREAS MICHAEL ANDREADES PAPERS, 1933.
(1 item.)

Letter relating to Andreades' presentation to a professor Scott of a copy of his book, Philippe Snowden: L'homme et sa politique financière (Paris: 1930).

BENJAMIN ANDREW PAPERS, 1783, 1786.
(2 items.)

Promissory note to James Dunwody, and a petition from John McLean to the Chief Justice of Georgia for the collection of a debt.

BENJAMIN WHITFIELD ANDREWS PAPERS, 1848-1885.
(5 items.)

Business and personal letters; subjects include mining in Arkansas, 1857, and commodity prices, South Carolina, 1885.

CHARLES H. ANDREWS PAPERS, 1846 (1874-1882) 1885.
(75 items.)

Letters of Andrews and his wife to their son, Louis H., 16 items, describe the life of small farmers raising cotton, cane, and other crops. Letters, 30 items, from Confederate veterans provide information for Andrew's projected history of the 3rd Georgia Regiment. Among the correspondents are John F. Jones, Reuben B. Nisbet, Joseph E. Johnston, and Jubal A. Early. Miscellaneous material, 29 items, includes letters from John McIntosh Kell, Adjutant General of Georgia, to C.H. Andrews and Son regarding insurance on the insane asylum at Milledgeville; and an incomplete manuscript history of the 3rd Regiment by J.W. Lindsey and Andrews.

CHARLES WESLEY ANDREWS PAPERS, 1808-1901.
(3,643 items and 1 vol.)

Family and other letters and documents relating to the Page, Meade, Lee, and Custis families of Virginia; the Robinson and Mines families of Maryland; and the Andrews family of New England; their movement westward from the tidewater following the Revolution; social life; the War of 1812; the treatment of slaves; manumission and colonization; plantation houses; doctrine of the Protestant Episcopal Church; travel in Europe, the Near East, and Africa; business activities and travel in the Middle West; and the Civil War. There are many letters by Ann Randolph (Meade) Page, her daughter Sarah Walker (Page) Andrews; Sarah's husband Charles Wesley Andrews, Matthew and Ann Randolph (Meade) Page; Mary (Randolph) Meade; Anna (Robinson) Andrews; and their relatives. There are also letters, 1839-1840, from Liberia by Robert M. and John M. Page, former slaves.

Letters of Bishop William Meade relate to the revival of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Virginia after 1815. The influence of the Oxford Movement in the U.S. and the resulting church division is shown in correspondence of C.W. Andrews from 1845 to his death in 1875. There are many letters and papers on religious matters by Andrews's parishioners while he was pastor at Shepherdstown, West Virginia. Much material, especially correspondence with Charles Pettit McIlvaine, relates to the effect of the Civil War on the church. Other prominent clergymen included in the collection are William Sparrow, James May, and John Seeley Stone. There are account books for religious tracts, the Evangelical Knowledge Society, and the Episcopal Church at Shepherdstown. A series of travel letters, 1841-1842, from C.W. Andrews to his wife and to the editors of the Episcopal Recorder (Philadelphia), review the state of religion in England, France, Italy, Greece, Egypt, Syria, and Africa, describing Bechuanas and Kaffirs in South Africa and missionary work in Sierra Leone. Included are details of buildings, monuments, antiquities, and scenery.

There are letters, 1851-1890, relating to the flour milling business of James Yeatman and George Robinson in Saint Louis, Missouri, letters from Matthew Page Andrews I describing his travels on the midwestern prairies in the 1850s, Indians, the Kansas constitutional struggle, land speculation and settlement. His love letters to Anna Robinson, later his wife, comment on his legal education and career.

M.P. Andrews's letters also describe secessionist sentiment, employment in the C.S.A. treasury, events in Richmond during the Civil War, and experiences in the 3rd Virginia Regiment in 1864-1865. His correspondence and that of C.W. Andrews and Charles McIlvaine describe the Civil War along the Potomac, the battles of Manassas and Antietam, details of military activity, office seekers in Richmond, newspaper reporting of the war, prices and shortages, censorship, treatment of Confederate wounded, and life under Federal occupation. Postwar family letters include many from C.W. Andrews II and Matthew Page Andrews II containing descriptions of school life and Virginia colleges during the 1880s.

Also in the collection are vestry minutes of the Zion Protestant Episcopal Church of Charles Town, West Virginia, 1816-1820, legal documents; passports; poems; sermons; C.W. Andrews's diary at Middlebury College, Vermont, 1826; clippings; account books; personal journals, diaries, and notebooks of family members, particularly of C.W. Andrews; scrapbooks; a register of the African Missionary Society, 1820; a subscription book, 1830, concerning the outfitting of freed slaves sent to Liberia; the Civil War diary, 1864-1865, of M.P. Andrews I; and a commonplace book of Mary Meade, 1832-1833. There is a key to families and places.

EVERETT C. ANDREWS PAPERS, 1859-1888.
(18 items.)

Business papers; military orders; pension papers.

GEORGE ANDREWS PAPERS, 1802.
(1 item.)

Letter to George Andrews from [William?] Andrews describing his experiences moving to the Mississippi territory and local economic conditions in Natchez, Mississippi.

JAMES O. ANDREWS PAPERS, 1859-1861.
(8 items.)

Personal and business letters addressed to William Harris of Williamston, North Carolina.

WILLIAM B.G. ANDREWS PAPERS, 1862 (1863-1865) 1870.
(27 items.)

Personal letters from a Confederate soldier to his father, Thomas A. Andrews, and a poem by Ellen Easley. Topics include the death of a female slave; religion and preaching; marriages; commodity prices in Virginia; casualties; prisoners; the sieges of Suffolk, 1863, and Petersburg, 1865; the battles of Nashville, 1864, Gordonsville, 1864, and Sayler's Creek, 1865; Confederate government; sickness; conscription; election of officers in the 10th Battalion of Virginia Heavy Artillery; Confederate and Union generals; rumors about the Confederate peace commissioners, 1865; and rumors about Lee's call for the use of Negro troops.

LIDA (DUKE) ANGIER PAPERS, 1948.
(1 item.)

A biographical sketch of Mrs. Angier by her daughter, Carlotta Gilmore (Angler) Satterfield, discussing the family, the Duke Memorial Church, and philanthropy.

MALBOURNE A. ANGIER PAPERS, 1895-1899.
(3 vols.)

Malbourne A. Angier was a grocer and local political officeholder who served as mayor of Durham and county commissioner. He was the father-in-law of Benjamin N. Duke. This collection comprises two ledgers and a daybook of the M.A. Angier Co., a grocery business principally owned by Benjamin N. Duke. Other owners included Angier, James T. Stagg, Thomas J. Walker, and W.T. O'Brien.

GEORGE ANGLE PAPERS, 1862-1872.
(81 items.)

Letters of an officer of the 90th Regiment of Ohio Infantry Volunteers, 1862-1863, discussing the Civil War in Kentucky and Tennessee, camp life, casualties, furloughs, health, hospitals, pickets, supplies, and the capture by Confederates of a train near Nashville. There are also letters by Angle's wife, Sarah, and daughter, Ella.

FLORENCE WINTER ANKENEY PAPERS, 1897-1927.
(132 items and 3 vols.)

Miscellaneous correspondence, business, and legal papers, and patent medicine advertisements. Three ledgers, 1841-1893, contain accounts of a general store started by Samuel and Henry Troup and continued by John C. Ankeney.

GABRIELE D'ANNUNZIO PAPERS, 1930.
(1 item.)

Photocopy of a report on Lt. Romano Manzutto written by d'Annunzio while he was general of the Division of Aeronautics.

ANONYMOUS ACCOUNT BOOKS, 1793-1884.
(19 vols.)

Merchants' account books or unidentified account books from Augusta, Georgia, April 1796; Elkhorn, Pennsylvania, 1818-1871; Woodville, [Virginia?], 1819-1821; New Market, Virginia, 1823; [Lincoln County, Georgia?], 1831-1839 Davidson County, North Carolina, 1835-1839, Newton, North Carolina, 1866-1880; [Panola, Mississippi?], 1883-1884; and Virginia, 1838-1839. Physicians' account books from South Carolina, 1824-1831, and [Davidson County, North Carolina?], 1835-1839. Tobacco factor's account book from Virginia, 1821-1823.

ANONYMOUS ALBUM, 1871.
(1 vol.)

Photographs of European scenes, prominent Europeans, and works of art.

ANONYMOUS ALBUMS. n.d.
(2 vols.)

Photographs taken along the Columbia and Kettle rivers.

ANONYMOUS BOOK OF POETRY. n.d.
(1 vol.)

ANONYMOUS BOOK OF POETRY

ANONYMOUS COMMONPLACE BOOK, ca. 1830.
(1 vol.)

Poems and clippings of a religious character.

ANONYMOUS DAYBOOK, 1769-1770.
(1 vol.; 176 pp.)

This daybook contains the records of what appears to have been a general store which operated either in the town of Louisa or in surrounding Louisa County, Virginia. The book contains the names of many of the inhabitants of the county and lists purchases, specifying quantities and prices. The last twenty-four pages of the daybook were used as a scrapbook, probably by Henrietta B. Hill, in the 1830s.

ANONYMOUS DAYBOOK, 1789-1790.
(1 vol.; 500 pp.)

Shipments of tobacco are recorded from warehouses at Dumfries, Aquia, Boydshole, Colchester, Machodoc, and Quantico; the largest accounts are for the firm of Smith, Huie, Alexander and Company whose trade ineluded consignments to Rotterdam in the Netherlands. A large general account for Timothy Brundige, merchant of Dumfries, is dated September 25, 1789. James Reid's accounts are also prominent, especially relative to the ship Molly.

ANONYMOUS DAYBOOK, 1828-1833.
(1 vol.; 68 pp.)

A merchant's record of customers, commodities, and commodity prices.

ANONYMOUS DAYBOOK AND LEDGER, 1851-1855.
(2 vols.)

Records of a tannery or other dealer in hides and leather. Among the accounts are those of William S. Downs of Port Republic, Virginia.

ANONYMOUS DAYBOOKS, 1881-1901, 1920-1924.
(10 vols.)

Largely merchants' records.

ANONYMOUS DAYBOOKS, 1792 (1820-1860) 1873.
(11 vols.)

Records of businesses in Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, and Massachusetts.

ANONYMOUS DIARY, 1865-1868.
(1 vol.; 296 pp.)

The diary concerns family matters, public celebrations, and a storm in August, 1867, which is further described by a clipping from the Baltimore Sun.

ANONYMOUS DIARY, 1831.
(1 vol.; 61 pp.)

The author of this diary records the events occurring August 20, 1831, the first day of a trip from Boston to Albany, New York. He describes a journey from Boston to Providence by stagecoach and then into Long Island Sound on a steamboat. He reports the conversations of three South Carolinians traveling with him on such subjects as the tariff, nullification, secession, slavery, salaries for clergymen, and prostitution. He describes Providence and Newport, Rhode Island, and gives a detailed account of the accommodations of his ship, the Boston. Anecdotes about Washington Allston, the painter, and Thomas Cooper, the educator, are also recorded.

ANONYMOUS DIARY, 1838.
(1 vol.; 50 pp.)

Account of a trip by steamboat from Natchez to Houston, Texas.

ANONYMOUS DIARY, 1843-1844.
(1 vol.)

This diary of a twenty-seven-year-old schoolteacher from New England, probably Atkinson, New Hampshire, records experiences and impressions in Accomac County, Virginia. Most of the entries concern his observations of the South and Southerners, and his opinions on such subjects as slavery, religion, and politics. He describes a meeting with Congressman Henry Alexander Wise. This volume was formerly cataloged as the diary of A. T. Allen.

ANONYMOUS DIARY, 1854-1855.
(1 vol.; 164 pp.)

Diary of a young Englishman's experiences on British transport ships carrying men and equipment to the Crimean War. Vessels included were the Palmerston, the Pyrenees, and the Mary Ann. Ports visited were Malta, Constantinople, Varna, Eupatoria, Sevastopol, Balaklava, and Genoa. There is comment on naval and military activities, two ship lists, and a number of colored drawings of ships, military personnel, and others.

ANONYMOUS DIARY, 1861-1863.
(1 vol.; 62 pp.)

Diary of a Virginia woman which is concerned with local events of the Civil War. There is frequent mention of the activities of Confederate General Thomas Jonathan Jackson, whose troops often passed through the town going between Richmond and Charlottesville, and reflections on civilian life and economic conditions in the Confederacy.

ANONYMOUS DIARY, 1861-[1865?].
(2 vols.)

In 1861 the author of this diary traveled from Virginia to Texas to Tennessee, commenting at some length on people and places, and particularly on secessionist sentiment. The second volume contains Confederate Army memoranda centering around the 7th Virginia Regiment, Cavalry. Among the many places described in some detail are Charlottesville, Virginia; Holly Springs, Mississippi; New Orleans, Louisiana; Paris, Texas; and Grand Junction, Tennessee. There is a detailed description of the steamboat trip from New Orleans to Shreveport, and mention of Francis H. Hill, formerly of Virginia.

ANONYMOUS DIARY, 1868.
(1 vol.)

This diary appears to have been kept by a woman who was a member of a large farm family. The brief entries are concerned with the details of farm life, such as baking, washing, cleaning house, visiting neighbors, going to church, and attending funerals and baptismal ceremonies.

ANONYMOUS DIARY, 1878.
(1 vol.)

This diary covers the period from April 6, 1878, to November 9, 1878, and describes the pilgrimage of an American lady to the museums and royal palaces of Europe. She toured through England, France, Germany, Sweden, Norway, and Russia. Among many other things, she reports on seeing Henry Irving in a play in London, visiting the Exposition Universelle in Paris, and meeting General and Mrs. Ulysses Simpson Grant in Norway.

ANONYMOUS DIARY, 1820.
(1 vol.)

A travel journal by a Savannah physician on a trip from Savannah to Greenville, South Carolina, containing road directions and comments on accommodations prices, and social customs. The journal also contains accounts of patients.

ANONYMOUS HOUSEWIFE'S SCRAPBOOK AND DAYBOOK, ca. 1877 and 1839-1840.
(1 vol.; 172 pp.)

ANONYMOUS HOUSEWIFE'S SCRAPBOOK AND DAYBOOK

ANONYMOUS JOURNAL, 1849-1850.
(1 vol.; 110 pp.)

Accounts for a general store which traded with the operators of the Columbia iron furnace and with the owners of other furnaces in the area.

ANONYMOUS JOURNAL, 1853-1854.
(1 vol.; 396 pp.)

Records of a general merchant.

ANONYMOUS JOURNAL, 1861-1865.
(3 items.)

A journal kept by one of the officers of the steamer George Leary from April, 1864, to January, 1865. The journal describes transporting troops, wounded, and prisoners primarily between Fortress Monroe, Virginia, and the James River; contrabands to Philadelphia, New York, and Boston; and Confederate prisoners to Hilton Head, South -Carolina, to be exchanged for Union prisoners. Accompanying the journal is a picture of Captain Robert B. Benson and a bill, 1861, for Benson's share of the insurance on the ship Sultana and her cargo.

ANONYMOUS LEDGER, 1861-1866.
(1 vol.)

The record book of C. L. Ewing as superintendent of the Southern Railway Company, 1899-1901, is incorporated into this ledger.

ANONYMOUS LEDGER, 1767-1776.
(1 vol.; 482 pp.)

Merchant's record book with accounts for many local people. The ledger shows trade with Philadephia in pitch, tar, turpentine, staves, grain, and other foodstuffs.

ANONYMOUS LEDGER, 1794-1800.
(105 ff. (unbound)

Merchant's ledger listing a wide range of manufactured and agricultural commodities with their prices. One of the larger accounts is for Exum Newby.

ANONMYOUS LEDGER, 1806-1816.
(193 ff.)

Account book of a tavern keeper. The ledger records taxes, investments in bank stock, and numerous references to stagecoach operations and tavern expenses.

ANONYMOUS LEDGER, 1831-1838.
(141 pp.)

Apparently the account book of a physician, itemizing visits, medicines, and prices.

ANONYMOUS LEDGER AND SCRAPBOOK, 1848-1864, 1885-1896.
(521 pp.)

Ledger of a physician giving accounts for services and medicines. It was later used as a scrapbook for clippings on Confederate history and personalities and topics of interest to women.

ANONYMOUS LEDGERS, 1817-1869, 1878-1931.
(22 vols.)

Merchants' records, personal accounts, and unidentified.

ANONYMOUS LEGAL NOTEBOOK, [before 1865].
(93 pp.)

ANONYMOUS LEGAL NOTEBOOK

ANONYMOUS LEGAL NOTEBOOK. n.d.
(60 pp.)

Legal notes based on decisions made in North Carolina cases.

ANONYMOUS LOGBOOK, 1767-1768.
(1 vol.)

This logbook records four commercial voyages among the English colonies in North American and the West Indies and also to England, involving the ships Joannah and Grizzel, with detailed references to cargo, destination, and customers, especially in connection with a voyage to North Carolina.

ANONYMOUS MEDICAL NOTEBOOK, 1834-1836.
(1 vol.)

Student notebook on lectures given by John Patten Emmet at the University of Virginia and lectures given by George Bacon Wood at the University of Pennsylvania, all of which were concerned with pharmacy.

ANONYMOUS MEDICAL NOTEBOOK, 1850-1851.
(1 vol.; 173 pp.)

Describes diseases and prescriptions and contains notes evidently on the lectures of Drs. Wilhelm Rapp (1794-1868) and Maximilian Adolph Langenbeck (1818-1877).

ANONYMOUS MERCHANT'S ACCOUNT, 1765.
(1 item.)

One sheet listing credit customers including Jacob Hite, Thomas Monroe, and George Washington.

ANONYMOUS NOTEBOOK, 1799-1895.
(1 vol.)

One section of this volume records the sale of goods salvaged from the wrecked ship Culloden. The other section contains the records of the Sissiboo Baptist Church and a note on Negro Baptists in Nova Scotia.

ANONYMOUS NOVEL, 18th century.
(1 item and 1 vol.)

Copy of a novel (280 pp.) by a woman, possibly from Hampshire.

ANONYMOUS NOVEL: A LITTLE PICTURE. n.d.
(6 vols.)

A sentimental novel with the setting in France and Germany during and after the Franco-Prussian War. The plot concerns romance between individuals of enemy nations.

ANONYMOUS PAPERS, 17th century.
(1 vol.)

Volume of sermons of an unidentified clergyman, presumably an Anglican.

ANONYMOUS PHOTOGRAPH ALBUM, early 1900s.
(1 vol.)

Photographs from travel on the ocean and in Virginia; North Carolina; Washington, D.C.; and Niagara Falls, New York.

ANONYMOUS PHYSICIANS' BOOK OF TREATMENTS AND REMEDIES, 1630.
(1 vol.; 660 pp.)

ANONYMOUS PHYSICIANS' BOOK OF TREATMENTS AND REMEDIES

ANONYMOUS POEM: EDWIN AND LAURA. post-1825
(4 vols.)

Rough draft and revised copy of a narrative poem, Edwin and Laura, evidently written by a Virginian after 1825. There are descriptions of places in Virginia and critical observations on local customs. Topics include therapeutic springs in the western part of the state; popular writers and magazines; and the University of Virginia, its expensive operation, its faculty, and the hiring of foreigners for the faculty. A supplement describes mercenary Richmond merchants and lazy members of the legislature. Included also is a poem on drinking.

ANONYMOUS SCRAPBOOK, 1864-1890.
(14 items and 1 vol.)

Clippings, for the most part on economic and political subjects, concerned with both state and national affairs.

ANONYMOUS SCRAPBOOK AND LADY'S LEDGER, 1868-1872, 1836-1840.
(1 vol.; 570 pp.)

Scrapbook of newspaper clippings.

ANONYMOUS SCRAPBOOK, 1898.
(1 vol.; 308 pp.)

Clippings and pictures about several Massachusetts regiments which served in Cuba in the Spanish-American War. Primary focus is on the 2nd Massachusetts Regiment.

ANONYMOUS SONGBOOK, 1861-1862.
(1 vol.)

Confederate songs.

ANONYMOUS TOBACCO BOOK, 1823.
(1 vol.)

ANONYMOUS TOBACCO BOOK

ANONYMOUS. ZANGA'S LINES FROM THE REVENGE. n.d.
(26 pp.)

The lines of the revengeful Moor, Zanga, from Edward Young's tragedy, The Revenge(1721), with cues from the roles of other characters.

CHARLES V. ANSON PAPERS, 1886.
(1 item.)

Invitation from Sultan Abdallah of the Comoro Islands to Commander Charles V. Anson to discuss a treaty for the abolition of slavery in the islands.

THOMAS ANSON, FIRST VISCOUNT ANSON PAPERS, 1773-1799.
(47 items.)

Forty-seven bills and receipts of Thomas Anson, First Viscount Anson (1767-1818), Sir George Anson (1769-1849), and their father, George Anson (d. 1789).

ANSON COUNTY, N.C., TAX LISTS, 1903-1906.
(4 vols.)

Volumes list taxpayers alphabetically, with Negro and white accounts differentiated, amounts owed and amounts paid recorded, and county, state, school, and road taxes entered in separate columns.

ANSON COUNTY, N.C., PUBLIC SCHOOL COMMITTEE, DISTRICT NO. 23 FOR WHITE RACE REGISTER, 1896-1897.
(1 vol.)

Register of public school.

KENT APPERSON DAYBOOKS, 1819-1860.
(2 vols.)

Accounts of the sale of general merchandise.

RICHARD APPERSON PAPERS [ca. 1800].
(2 items.)

Papers of Richard Apperson, a Revolutionary soldier, concerning a duel with a Dr. Holmes.

DILMUS J. APPLEBERRY PAPERS, 1810 (1850-1896) 1901.
(1,750 items.)

Business, family, and legal correspondence of a plantation owner, largely composed of accounts, bills, invoices, indentures, and land surveys. Letters, some of a business nature, comprise about 5 percent of the collection. Correspondents whose names appear most often are Pettit and Leake, a legal firm of Goochland Court House. Atlantic and Virginia Fertilizing Company of Richmond, Virginia; and Dilmus Appleberry's nephew, Thomas A. Bledsoe.

NATHAN APPLETON PAPERS, 1850-1899.
(143 items.)

Correspondence of a businessman allied to the publishing firm of Appleton and Co. His interests included politics, international commerce and banking, foreign affairs, art and artists, humanitarian movements, and the Grand Army of the Republic. There are several letters concerning the difficulties of organizing Civil War troops and the experiences of Northern soldiers in the South. Appleton's continuing interest in international fairs and expositions is shown in a number of letters, including his correspondence on the Paris Exposition, for which he served as commissioner. Appleton received letters in the 1870s from Anson Burlingame, Charles B. Norton, and Francis W. Rice, among others, on the prospects for a Central American interoceanic canal, and there are many letters on various international business affairs from people such as Henry S. Gillig, Charles Bowles, and Charles B. Norton. Appleton's long-term interest in the Grand Army of the Republic is reflected in his correspondence with John Palmer, a commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, and a number of prominent generals.

PRASCA ARBORE & CO., 1759-1760.
(9 items.)

These documents, written in French, concern the voyage of the brigantine Les Bons Amis, which was stopped by both English and French corsairs as it returned with a cargo of sugar from Saint Domingue to Cadiz. The papers include a list of the cargo brought from Europe and a report on the voyage written by the captain.

LESLIE O. ARBOUIN PAPERS, 1899.
(1 item.)

Photocopy of a diary kept while on a river boat trip up the Magdalena River in Colombia. Contains detailed descriptions of the people, towns, and wildlife Arbouin encountered.

CHARLES ARBUTHNOT PAPERS, 1804-1807.
(5 items.)

Letters from Arbuthnot to the Foreign Office written while Arbuthnot was ambassador extraordinary at Constantinople. In the letters he discussed the financial arrangements and burdens of his embassy.

JOSEPH ARCH PAPERS, 1873, 1883.
(2 items.)

A facsimile letter from Arch appealing on behalf of the National Agricultural Union and a letter stating Arch's opinion on financial compensation for members of the House of Commons.

ARCHBISHOP OF TRIER CANONICAL AND CIVIL LAW BOOK, 1700s.
(1 (171 pp.)

ARCHBISHOP OF TRIER CANONICAL AND CIVIL LAW BOOK

JOHN ARCHDALE PAPERS, 1694-1705.
(77 items.)

Photostatic copies of original papers in the British Museum, pertaining to the Province of Carolina, most of which fall within the administration, 1694-1696, of Governor John Archdale (1642-1717), and include many of his letters. The collection concerns the enticing of German colonists into the province; the establishment of the Church of England; dissension in the Caro linas; living conditions in the colonies; religious dissension in regard to qualifi cations for office-holding and representation in the assembly; freedom of religion; rights and privileges of aliens; mistreatment of the Indians; and sales of land. Included are a speech by Governor John Archdale to the assembly and various commissions; a descrip tion of North Carolina and St. Augustine, Florida; a marriage license for a member of the Archdale family; petitions in behalf of the French settlers; patent grants; maps of the Charleston, South Carolina, settlement and of the eastern North Carolina seaboard and a copy of Culpeper's draft of the Ashley River.

FLETCHER HARRIS ARCHER PAPERS AND NOTEBOOKS, 1804 (1847-1885) 1900.
(984 items and 15 vols.)

Correspondence of Fletcher H. Archer (b. ca. 1817), lawyer and soldier, including letters written from Mexico during the Mexican War; Civil War papers concerning Archer's service in the 5th Virginia Infantry Brigade, among which are letters, morning reports, subsistence returns, diaries, and scrapbooks of Archer's poems; letters covering economic and legal phrases or Reconstruction; account books of Archer's legal business; sermons, three account books and various legal and financial papers of his father, Allin LeRoy Archer (b. 1783), a Methodist minister.

WILLIAM M. ARCHER PAPERS, 1861-1862.
(9 items.)

Letters and papers relating to Confederate army life in Alabama and Virginia. Units mentioned specifically are the 2nd Regiment of Alabama Volunteers and the 13th Regiment of Alabama Volunteers.

WILLIAM SEGAR ARCHER LETTERS, 1823-1847.
(4 items.)

Letters of a lawyer, U.S. representative, and U.S. senator. One item comments on the political situation in 1846 and criticizes Polk's administration.

J. W. AREHEART PAPERS, 1862, 1865.
(2 items.)

Letter and a schedule dealing with the value of Confederate and state currency in 1862 and 1865.

WILLIAM H. AREHART DIARIES, 1863-1865.
(3 vols.)

Civil War diary of William Arehart, Confederate soldier of Company H. 12th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry, describing his war activities and camp life.

ARITHMETICS, 1761-1853.
(27 vols.)

Numerous volumes kept by pupils, according to general practice, containing rules and illustrative examples of various arithmetical processes, extending in general from simple addition to arithmetical progressions. The twenty-six arithmetics, as follows, were sometimes part of a collection but more often are separate items. David Barger, 1841, Botetourt County, Virginia; Nelson Bost, 1850, Olive Branch, North Carolina; Ann Eliza Brown, n.d., n.p.; George Pinckney Clay, 1853 Catawba County, North Carolina; William Cowan, 1795, n.p.; Alexander Cuningham, n.d., Petersburg, Virginia; Michael Doub, 1809, Stokes County, North Carolina; William Ellett, 1761, North Carolina; John Ferguson, 1805, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina; H. O. Flagg, n.d., n.p.; Laurence Hatcher, 1835, n.p.; Silas Henton, 1812, n.p.; P. D. Holland, 1815-1819, Franklin County, Virginia; Mark R. Laffoon, 1808, Surry County, North Carolina; Thomas Latta, 1807, n.p.; William Law, 1807, Darlington, South Carolina; Miles S. Lowrance 1845, Taylorsville, North Carolina; John Matlock, 1837, Caswell County, North Carolina; Hartwell Motley, 1837, n.p.; Allen W. Pegram, 1834, 1841, Guilford County, North Carolina, 2 vols.; James Reeves, 1828, n.p.; Abraham Rickerson, 1803 [Georgia?]; Samuel V. Smaw, n.d., Washington, North Carolina; John Spinks, 1832, n.p.; Ann Stevens, n.d., n.p.; John Teague, 1832, Davidson County, North Carolina, Samuel Vines, 1829, Washington, North Carolina; and Squire Meadows, 1827-1828, Person County, North Carolina.

J. C. ARMENTROUT LEDGER, 1881-1923.
(1 vol.; 115 pp.)

Mercantile accounts.

THOMAS ARMENTROUT LEDGER, 1829-1859.
(1 vol.; 178 pp.)

Miller's account.

JOSEPH S. ARMFIELD PAPERS, 1883-1886.
(3 items.)

Letters to a gunsmith relating to family affairs and an order for making a gun.

WALKER KEITH ARMISTEAD PAPERS, 1824-1827.
(1 vol.)

Letter book containing the incoming and outgoing correspondence of the commanding colonel of the 3rd Regiment of Artillery, United States Army. The letters deal mainly with routine military matters such as courtsmartial, supplies, recruitment, and reports. Among the correspondents are Samuel Cooper, John Adams Dix, Thomas Sidney Jesup, and Roger Jones.

JOHN ARMSTRONG PAPERS, 1827-1880.
(26 items.)

Legal papers concerned with the settlement of estates and debts. Includes a letter, 1848, from General C. P. Markle stating that his father would not consider becoming a candidate for governor and a letter, 1842, concerning the settlement of George Remaly's estate.

THOMAS R. ARMSTRONG LETTERS. 1813-1833.
(6 items.)

Letters concerning land claims, speculations, and litigation in Tennessee; and a benefit lottery for Oxford (N.C.) Academy.

WILLIAM G. ARMSTRONG PAPERS, 1848-1882.
(292 items.)

Letters of a merchant whose business consisted largely of the sale of shingles and lumber. Letters are also concerned with borrowing money from the Bank of the Cape Fear. Some family letters are included, and there is a land deed from Thomas Armstrong to Bennett Armstrong of Tyrrell County.

VIRGINIA H. ARNETT PAPERS, 1863.
(3 items.)

Letters from two Confederate soldiers, Robert T. Cullars and George W. Normans, describing campaigning in Virginia, particularly under General George B. Hood.

SIR EDWIN ARNOLD PAPERS, 1870-1903.
(136 items.)

Correspondence of a British poet and journalist, for the most part of a very general nature but indicative of his associations and acquaintances. The correspondence includes a series of letters, 1895-1901, from Takaaki Kato, the Japanese ambassador in London; Sir George Birdwood's recommendation for the European colonization of Northern Burma, 1886; U.S. Ambassador Thomas F. Bayard's comments on Anglo-American relations, 1896; H. Dharmapala's letter, 1896, about the restoration of Buddh Gaya; Joseph Chamberlain's response to the government's critics during the Boer War, 1900; John Mason Cook's reaction to his first trip to Japan, 1893; and various inquiries and responses to articles Arnold had done for the Daily Telegraph.

JOHN ARNOLD PAPERS, 1851-1894.
(300 items and 14 vols.)

Correspondence, financial records, and account books, generally written in German, of a general goods merchant, including prices for many commodities, principally alcoholic beverages and foodstuffs. With these papers is a diary of a train trip from Texas to Nashville, Tennessee, which appears to be connected with a Whitsett family. There is also an undated map of the route in Atascosa County of the Chicago, St. Louis, and Texas Air Line Railroad.

RICHARD ARNOLD PAPERS, 1859 (1861-1865) 1867.
(140 items.)

Business papers of Richard Arnold, who operated a blacksmith shop. The numerous itemized accounts reveal the trend of prices during the Civil War period. Statements of fees show that Arnold's children attended Miss Edmond's School in Charleston and Spartanburg Female College, both in South Carolina.

RICHARD DENNIS ARNOLD PAPERS, 1832-1875.
(27 items and 4 vols.)

Papers of a physician, including a diary, scrapbook, receipt book, and account book. The papers are almost entirely business and professional correspondence. Filed with the papers is Arnold's diary for the years 1832-1838, which reflects his experience as a young physician in Savannah, and describes various aspects of the city's social life. The diary contains a lengthy account of a duel and describes a visit by General Winfield Scott. The indexed scrapbook is made up almost entirely of newspaper clippings on a variety of subjects such as local and national politics, railroads and taxation, health and medicine, opera and drama, and Civil War subjects. The receipt book shows both household and medical expenditures for 1848-1859, and the account book contains the records of estates for which Arnold was an administrator.

SALLIE E. (UMSTOTT) ARNOLD PAPERS, 1864-1871.
(21 items.)

This collection is comprised, for the most part, of letters written to Sallie Arnold between 1864 and 1866 by Union soldiers and friends. The correspondence is personal, but there is a description of a train trip from McConnellsburg, Pennsylvania, to Peoria City, Illinois, in 1866, and a description of a Dunkard camp meeting, also in 1866.

ARNOLD AND COOLEY LEDGER, 1854-1855.
(1 vol.; 651 pp.)

Merchant's account book.

ANDREW ARTHUR PAPERS, 1904-1951.
(13 items and 6 vols.)

The individual items in this collection concern Arthur's family and farm. The volumes are financial records and membership lists of St. Paul's African Methodist Episcopal Church, 4 vols., and minute books of a lodge and a benevolence society, 2 vols.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR PAPERS, 1913-1962.
(1,516 items and 301 vols.)

Papers of Chester A. Arthur, sign painter and labor union official of Virginia, include information on labor legislation; wages; strikes; employment; labor newspapers; the American Federation of Labor; the Brotherhood of Painters, Decorators, and Paperhangers of America the Sign and Pictorial Painters Local Union, especially during the period 1943-1953 when Arthur served as financial secretary. the poll tax; and Virginia gubernatorial, local, and presidential elections of 1945, 1947, and 1952. Correspondents include William Green, Harry F. Byrd, and William Z. Foster. In addition to correspondence, there is a substantial volume of labor publications.

KARL EVERETT ASHBURN PAPERS, 1948-1965.
(24 items.)

This collection consists of invitations for political functions, two letters, Christmas greeting cards, a 1965 Baylor University commencement program, and newspaper clippings relating to President John F. Kennedy's visit to Texas in 1963 and his assassination.

TURNER W. ASHBY PAPERS, 1869.
(2 items.)

Business letters dealing with Ashby's bankruptcy.

SAMUEL A. COURT ASHE PAPERS, 1856 (1858-1888) 1950.
(96 items.)

Letters from Alfred Thayer Mahan (1840-1914), naval officer and historian, to Samuel A'Court Ashe (1840-1938), Confederate veteran, author, and editor. The earlier letters portray the developing characters of the young men, both educated at the U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, and the writers comment on naval affairs. Included also are photographs of both as young men. [Partially published Rosa Pendleton Chiles (ed.), Letters of Alfred Thayer Mahan to Samuel A' Court Ashe, 1858-59 (Duke University Library Bulletin, No. 4, Durham, N.C., 1931).] In addition, the collection contains a biographical sketch of Mahan prepared by Ashe in 1930 and several letters concerning the Samuel A. Ashe Chapter of the Children of the Confederacy, Wadesboro, North Carolina.

RICHARD ASHHURST PAPERS, 1827-1857.
(11 items.)

Correspondence of a wholesale merchant, relating to orders, collection of debts, and sales.

ANTHONY ASHLEY-COOPER, SEVENTH EARL OF SHAFTESBURY, PAPERS, 1822-1882.
(31 items.)

Personal and business letters of Lord Shaftesbury, including four items pertaining to his father, Cropley Ashley-Cooper, Sixth Earl of Shaftesbury. The collection also contains a letter from the Reverend James Loutit to Henry Austin Bruce, Home Secretary, about the economic plight of the population of the Shetland Islands.

CHARLES ASHLIN PAPERS, 1848-1852.
(8 items.)

Letters of a physician describing a trip from Richmond to Columbus in 1848 and discussing Locofocoism in Columbus, cholera epidemics, and family affairs.

GEORGE ASHMAN PAPERS, 1781-1784.
(11 items.)

Business letters of a Revolutionary lieutenant of militia dealing with the problems of raising troops, securing money for their payment, and obtaining adequate military equipment and food supplies.

JOHN W. ASHMEAD PAPERS, 1854.
(3 items.)

Three letters from William Meade Addison, United States district attorney for Maryland, to Ashmead, United States district attorney for Pennsylvania, claiming jurisdiction in the case of the mutiny on the Garmany.

HERBERT HENRY ASQUITH, FIRST EARL OF OXFORD AND ASQUITH, PAPERS, 1912-1939.
(16 items.)

Largely political correspondence including letters from King George V on Britain's policy toward the First Balkan War, 1912; Winston Churchill's resignation from the War Council, 1915; Lord Askwith on the coal strike of 1921; Herbert Gladstone commenting on Asquith's speech on W. E. Gladstone and discussing the future of the Liberal Party, 1922; Lady Frances Balfour speculating about the election of 1922; Ramsay Macdonald on unpreparedness and the worries of his situation, 1935; Austen Chamberlain reacting to the government's handling of the Hoare-Laval Pact, 1935; King George VI praising Neville Chamberlain and expressing doubt that the war would come, 1938; and the Archbishop of Canterbury on Franklin D. Roosevelt's peace appeal to Hitler and Mussolini, 1939.

WILLIAM S. ATKINS ACCOUNT BOOK 1852-1865.
(1 vol.)

Account book of a Mississippi wagoner.

ALEXANDER S. ATKINSON PAPERS, 1789-1909.
(27 items.)

Papers representing three generations of the Atkinson family, including correspondence of Dr. Burwell Atkinson, cotton planter, giving details of cotton marketing and prices, 1831-1842; of Alexander S. Atkinson, dealing with his law practice and the execution of claims, 1843-1845; and of Judge Samuel C. Atkinson, 1909.

ATLANTA AND RICHMOND AIR LINE RAILWAY COMPANY LETTER BOOK, 1871-1872.
(1 vol.; 232 pp.)

Business letters to A. S. Buford (1826-1911), president of the Atlanta and Richmond Air Line Railway Company, generally from the secretary of the company, Larkin Smith, and the banking firm of Lancaster Brown & Co., New York. Smith wrote of notes due, stock sold, and curatives for Buford's perennial invalidism. Letters of Lancaster Brown & Co. were usually concerned with notes.

ATLANTIC AND NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD RECORDS, 1884-1931.
(2 vols.)

Minute book of the board of directors, 1884-1931, and a stock transfer book, 1897-1922.

ATLANTIC AND WESTERN RAILWAY COMPANY PAPERS, 1905-1968.
(41,600 items and 214 vols.)

Office files, comprising the bulk of the collection, provide information on the economic life of the area served by the Atlantic and Western between Sanford and Lillington in Lee and Harnett counties, particularly on the production of lumber and agricultural goods, and show the effect of World Wars I and II on the operation of the road, especially in the negotiations with the U.S. Railroad Administration, 1918-1928. There are correspondence, printed material, advertisements, and pictures of railway equipment, supplies, and rolling stock, including many drawings and specifications for locomotives, both steam and diesel, and for gasoline-powered railroad motor cars used after 1917. The Edwards Railway Motor Car Company of Sanford is frequently mentioned. A large amount of material concerns the Association of American Railroads; the American Short Line Railroad Association, including an incomplete series of its Weekly Information Bulletin, 1933-1952; the North Carolina Railroad Association; the Southern Short Line Railroad Conference; the Eastern North Carolina Traffic Club; the Short Line Railroad Association of North Carolina. and the North Carolina Short Line Railroad Association. There are also minutes, 2 vols., for the meetings of the board of directors and the stockholders, 1912-1944, 1961, 1965-1966; financial records including ledgers, cashbooks, and journals, annual reports, 1914, 1916-1921, 1925, 1927-1928; reports to the Interstate Commerce Commission, 1913-1926, 1928-1956; and reports to the North Carolina Utilities Commission, 1934-1953, 1956-1959.

MARTHA ATWATER PAPERS, 1879-1883.
(10 items.)

Personal correspondence of Martha with nieces and nephews.

W. AND G. T. AUGUSTIN DAYBOOK AND LEDGER, 1841-1845.
(2 vols.)

Accounts of a general mercantile firm.

JAMES M. AUGUSTUS PAPERS, 1864, 1875.
(2 items.)

Personal letters from son to mother.

ALBERTA AULICK PAPERS, 1834-1887.
(24 items.)

Letters, for the most part from brother to sister, dealing with family matters. Two letters, 1834 and 1859, were written by an uncle, John H. Aulick, an officer in the U.S. Navy; one deals with appointments to the United States Naval Academy in 1834.

ELLEN AUMACK PAPERS, 1864-1865.
(9 items.)

This collection consists primarily of letters from a soldier in the 2nd Iowa Regiment concerning his service in Tennessee and in Sherman's campaign in North Carolina. Places mentioned include Goldsboro and Raleigh, North Carolina.

KIN AUSFLUG NACH NORDDEUTSCHLAND UND IN DIE NORDSEE IM JAHRE 1842, 1842.
(1 vol.; 251 pp.)

Translation of title: A trip to North Germany and in the North Sea, 1842.

BENJAMIN AUSTIN AND HENRY REID PAPERS, 1756 (1790-1820) 1879.
(625 items.)

Correspondence and other papers of Austin and Reid, justices of the peace and farmers, consisting of legal papers, court records, tax lists, militia rosters, election lists and returns. There are personal letters from relatives in Georgia, Kentucky, and Indiana. Topics include blacksmithing, farming, abolitionist sentiment in Indiana, and Burke County politics.

LORING AUSTIN PAPERS, 1818-1819.
(21 items.)

Official and personal correspondence of the superintendent of the recruiting service of the United States Army, 8th Regiment. Included are weekly reports on enlistments, desertions, supplies, and bounties from a recruiter in Providence, Rhode Island, and letters concerning appropriations, the appointment of Dr. Thaddeus Hubbard, and relations with fellow officers.

JOSEPH B. AUSTIN PAPERS, 1858.
(1 item.)

A facsimile business letter extolling farm land in Illinois being offered for sale by the Illinois Central Railroad Company.

ISAAC THOMAS AVERY, SR., PAPERS, 1899.
(1 item.)

Letter to Avery from James Marion Baker, then serving as assistant librarian of the United States Senate.

TRUEMAN G. AVERY PAPERS, 1868.
(5 items and 1 vol.)

Diary of a trip made by Avery and his wife by steamboat, railroad, and stagecoach from New Orleans to Washington, D.C. He describes the cities of Mobile, Montgomery, Macon, Savannah, Jacksonville (Fla.), Charleston, Wilmington, Richmond, and Washington, among others. Avery had political conversations with Mayor Gustavus Horton of Mobile and Governor Robert M. Patton of Alabama; attended church services of Negro Methodists in Mobile and Charleston; and saw Negroes in the Catholic cathedral at Mobile.

ERNEST AXON PAPERS, 1939.
(1 item.)

Letter from the assistant curator of the Carmarthenshire Antiquarian Society concerning George Eyre Evans and the rarity of complete sets of Antiquarian Notes.

H. G. AYER DIARY, 1862.
(1 vol.; 160 pp.)

Diary of a trooper in the 1st New Hampshire Regiment, Cavalry, describing life in camp and service in the field. Ayer was stationed at Pawtucket, Rhode Island; near Washington, D.C.; and at various places in Virginia. There is a brief mention of the battle of Shiloh and the death of General Albert S. Johnston and comments on the battle of Cedar Mountain, the second battle of Manassas, and the battle of Fredericksburg.

PATRICK HENRY AYLETT PAPERS, 1851-1914.
(22 items.)

This is a collection of legal papers, letters, and manuscript articles, primarily built around the lives and careers of Aylett and his son-in-law, William Lawrence Royall, and focusing on the Civil War. Several items concern the capture of Royall by Union troops in March, 1865.

ALBERT AYLOR PAPERS, 1840 (1871-1916) 1933.
(176 items and 4 vols.)

Personal and business correspondence and papers of the Aylor family. The first part of the collection, 1840 to 1882, contains material on the manufacture of chairs and accounts of land sales and transfers in Virginia, and includes references to the religious revival in Virginia in 1840 and the depression of 1875. Papers for 1893-1933 are for the most part personal and contain many photographs. There are several pictures of roads and bridges in Virginia, including two showing Robinson's River in the flood of 1912. Among the volumes is a catalog for Wilson College, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, for 1903-1904.

ROMEYN BECK AYRES PAPERS, 1864-1912.
(4 items.)

Miscellaneous letters, one from Ayres to General George Gordon Meade acknowledging his appointment as a major general and three to Mrs. Ayres from John M. Schofield and Daniel E. Sickles.

THOMAS W. BABB PAPERS, 1890.
(13 items and 1 vol.)

Accusations and evidence against Thomas W. Babb, Baptist minister, charging him with misconduct and misappropriation of funds. Mentioned in the correspondence are Columbus Durham, D. E. Riddick, and R. T. Vann.

ORVILLE ELIAS BABCOCK PAPERS, 1871.
(2 items.)

Letter from Babcock, U.S. Army officer, aide-de-camp and private secretary to U.S. Grant, to H. A. Spaulding concerning personal business matters. Letter from Joseph Hayne Rainey to Babcock concerning a list of men attending a convention in South Carolina.

NATHAN LYNN BACHMAN SCRAPBOOKS, 1933-1934.
(2 vols.)

NATHAN LYNN BACHMAN SCRAPBOOKS

JOHN BACKHOUSE PAPERS, 1740-1956.
(4,473 items and 7 vols.)

Business and personal correspondence of the Backhouse family, principally, of John Backhouse (1784-1845), merchant and British Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Material for the 18th century and as late as the 1840s reflects the family's mercantile operations, including efforts to collect pre-Revolutionary debts in America. There is considerable correspondence during the first decade of the 1800s from Backhouse's associ ates in mercantile firms at Amsterdam and Hamburg. A series of 128 letters, 1805-1842, from Jacques Augustin Galiffe, historian and genealogist of Geneva, Switzerland, includes vivid descriptions of Italy and its cultural life. Relating to George Canning are per sonal, political, and administrative papers, 1812-1827, which document Canning's relation ship with Backhouse, the authorship of a pamphlet published against Canning in 1818, his appointment and resignation as Governor General of India, the extent of his patronage in that office and at the Board of Control for India, problems with his son (William, Pitt Canning), and other matters. There is a detailed commentary by Backhouse upon the formation of the cabinet in 1827. Family correspondence, which dominates the papers after the 1820s, contains numerous references to the Foreign Office and occasion ally to relations with particular countries, notably Circassia, France, Greece, Russia, Turkey, and the United States. Letters and diaries of Backhouse's son, George, and his wife include references to the slave trade and describe their life at Havana while he was commissary judge there. There are numerous letters from Backhouse's son, John, from Canton and Amoy, China, while he served at the consulate (ca. 1843-1855), and papers of the Jeudwines and the Sheppards. Topics include art, literature, music, and education. There are clippings, drawings, photographs, engravings, autographs, invitations, calling cards, wax seals, valentines, and genealogical materials. In the collection is a more extensive description, a selective list of correspondents and an index of persons, places and subjects.

ELECTUS BACKUS PAPERS, 1860.
(1 item.)

Letter recording the activities of Electus Backus, Sr., in the War of 1812.

A. S. BACON PAPERS, 1864-1898.
(8 items.)

Business letters and papers.

AUGUSTUS OCTAVIUS BACON PAPERS, 1886-1914.
(5 items.)

Letters of Bacon, U.S. Senator from Georgia. One deals with Georgia politics in 1886. There is printed material on the funeral service for Bacon in 1914 in the U.S. Senate Chamber.

HERBERT T. BACON PAPERS, 1820 (1824-1846) 1859.
(10 items.)

Correspondence of Herbert T. Bacon, of his family, and of the Gregory family, concerning amusements and courtships. One letter, May 14, 1846, analyzes the progress of the Mexican War.

GEORGE EDMUND BADGER PAPERS, 1799-1861.
(23 items and 2 vols.)

Personal and business letters from George E. Badger (1795-1866), U.S. Senator, 1846-1855, and Secretary of the Navy, 1841. Most letters are to Thomas Mandeville Carlisle concerning family and business matters, especially a disagreement between the Postmaster General and the railroads. A letter to R. B. Temple refers to Zachary Taylor's election. One commonplace book by Badger contains miscellaneous material, legal notes, a 1785 address by Joseph Brown Ladd, and several brief essays. It mentions New Bern Academy. A commonplace book of Frances L. Badger includes original poems by her, and copies of two sermons.

WILLIAM BADHAM, JR., PAPERS, 1817 (1962-1870) 1897.
(799 items and 12 vols.)

Principally family and business correspondence and papers of William Badham, Jr. (b. 1835), North Carolina lawyer, merchant, and Confederate soldier, and a few political letters to William Badham, Sr., from Thomas Bragg, M. E. Manly, John W. Moore, Kenneth Rayner, George Reade, and others. The Civil War letters, written from near Petersburg, Virginia, and Smith Island, at the mouth of the Cape Fear River in North Carolina, contain price quotations on blockade goods, descriptions of army life on Smith Island, and comments on peace advocates in the Confederacy. Much of the correspondence consists of love letters from Badham to his wife, Louisa (Jones) Badham. Also included are miscellaneous papers, probably connected with Badham's legal practice; the business papers of his father-in-law, John M. Jones; and several letters from J. C. Badham, representative from Chowan County in the North Carolina House of Commons in 1854, 1856, and 1858, referring to political maneuverings in the Assembly. Twelve volumes contain Badham's dry goods accounts, ca. 1859-1876; a teacher's register kept by Louisa Badham; and accounts of a sale of the furniture of John Jones.

ARTHUR PENDLETON BAGBY PAPERS, 1842.
(1 item.)

Letter from Benjamin Fitzpatrick to Bagby, U. S. Senator from Alabama, requesting a naval appointment for a friend.

BENNETTE M. BAGBY PAPERS, 1830 (1860-1894) 1920.
(910 items.)

Correspondence of the Bagby and Flippin families, planters, soldiers, and educators, especially the papers of Bennette M. Bagby, and family letters of his second wife, Louisa B. (Flippin) Bagby. Letters from Bagby's sons and nieces of his second wife are numerous. The letters deal chiefly with the period of secession, Civil War, and Reconstruction, revealing the economic plight of the South; hardships from disease, especially the yellow fever epidemic in Louisiana; camp life; educational conditions; and the attempts of the South at readjustment after the Civil War. Many of the family letters are written from Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Texas, and various parts of Virginia. Included are college letters from Randolph-Macon College, Boydton, Virginia, and let*ers which discuss the systems of education in Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, and Virginia, and describe the hardships of the public schoolteacher.

GEORGE WILLIAM BAGBY PAPERS, 1861-1863.
(3 items.)

A letter from R. B. Rhett, Jr., expressing hope that Bagby will reestablish his connection with the Mercury, and attacking the military policy of Jefferson Davis; a letter from an unidentified friend in Lynchburg, Virginia, dealing with personal and local matters and a letter from Edward S. Joynes concerning the circulation of a brief biography of Dr. Harrison, a University of Virginia professor.

JOHN BAGFORD PAPERS, 1708.
(1 item.)

Letter from Thomas Hearne, historical antiquary, to Bagford, British book and pamphlet collector, concerning their mutual library interests.

TILMON F. BAGGARLY PAPERS, 1860-1879.
(125 items.)

Chiefly correspondence between Baggarly, farmer, mechanic, and Confederate soldier, and his wife, Nancy. Baggarly's letters discuss the war, camp life, diseases, and deserters. Nancy's letters reflect the hardships faced by soldiers' wives.

NICHOLAS BAGGS PAPERS, 1917-1918.
(3 items.)

A letter from Baggs to Henry Pickney McCain, Adjutant General of the United States; McCain's reply; and a letter from John McElroy, editor of the National Tribune, to Baggs, concerning Civil War statistics.

DOCTON WARREN BAGLEY DIARY, 1856-1864.
(1 vol.; 358 pp.)

Diary, 1861-1864, of D. W. Bagley (1801-1878), treasurer of the Martin County Volunteer Company of the Confederate Army, giving detailed accounts of military events in eastern North Carolina and the activities of the company. One section contains clippings related to the Civil War. Also included are thirty-seven pages of records, 1856-1860, of the Roanoke Steamboat Company.

EDWARD F. BAGLEY PAPERS, 1861.
(2 items.)

Two letters from Edward F. Bagley (d. 1861), Confederate major general, to his sister on his resignation from the U.S. Army and on conditions at Fort Pulaski, Georgia.

JOSEPH E. BAILEY PAPERS, 1876-1905.
(35 items.)

Family correspondence of a planter in the vicinity of Whitakers who lived for a while in Texas. Topics include personal matters and farm management.

JOSIAH WILLIAM BAILEY PAPERS, 1833 (1930-1946) 1967.
(circa 422,400 items and 10 vols.)

The papers of Josiah W. Bailey (1873-1946), editor, attorney, and U.S. Senator, 1930-1946, consist largely of correspondence and supporting printed material, although there are also financial records, clippings, volumes, broadsides, pictures, and memorabilia. They depict Bailey's family, personal, religious, and professional life, and reflect his wide range of interests in state and national issues. The Personal Series includes family and personal correspondence and memorabilia; information relating to the Baptist Church in North Carolina, Baptist publications, especially the Biblical Recorder, and church-affiliated institutions such as Wake Forest, Mars Hill College, and Chowan College; manuscript notes, drafts and corrections, typescripts, and printed copies of Bailey's writings, addresses, statements; financial papers; and invitations and engagements. The Legal Series, ca. 1900-1940, consists of correspondence relating to Bailey's practice and the legal profession, and a sample of case files from Bailey's law office. The Pre-Senatorial Series is generally devoted to issues concerning North Carolina, especially agriculture, politics, economic conditions, election reform, railroads and ports, roads, temperance, the development of public education, racial issues, and woman suffrage. There is considerable information on Bailey's 1924 gubernatorial campaign, the presidential campaign of l9Z8, the 1930 Senate race, and the Democratic Party. In the Senatorial Series, 1931-1946, material pertaining to national affairs predominates, although Bailey's strong interest in North Carolina remains evident. The series consists of correspondence from constituents ranging from semi-literate farmers to heads of industry, letters to and from public officials; notes of Bailey's speeches and copies of statements; and related printed material. Topics include agriculture, trade and commerce, foreign policy, the Depression, economic concerns, judicial affairs, labor and management, military affairs, national defense, North Carolina and national politics, opposition to the New Deal, the Democratic Party, prohibition, and relief. Volumes include financial records; the yearbooks of several Raleigh women's clubs; marriage booklet of Christopher Thomas Bailey, Jr., Bailey's brother, and Mary Himbish; list of wedding gifts, probably of Josiah and Edith (Pou) Bailey; and a book of embroidery patterns, 1860. An inventory describes the collection in detail.

LETITIA M. BAILEY AUTOGRAPH ALBUM, 1860-1862.
(1 vol.; 125 pp.)

Autograph album of Letitia M. Bailey.

THEODORUS BAILEY PAPERS, 1869.
(1 item.)

Letter from Bailey, Rear Admiral, to his nephew, T. Bailey Myers, about Admiral Farragut's retraction of his criticism of Bailey's leadership in the battle of Mobile in 1864.

WILLIAM HENRY BAILEY, SR., PAPERS, 1843-1901.
(24 items.)

Miscellaneous papers of Bailey (1831-1909), lawyer and author. The bulk of the papers concerns legal problems in connection with silver mines near Lexington, N.C., owned by Fred H. Stith. Included are Stith's descriptions of his holdings, especially the Bonanza Silver Mine. Several letters comment upon the ability of various North Carolina lawyers. One item consists of a list of home remedies. Correspondents include Bailey, Kemp Plummer Battle, Johnson D. McCall, and Levi M. Scott.

CHARLES WALLACE ALEXANDER NAPIER ROSS COCHRANE-BAILLIE, SECOND BARON LAMINGTON, PAPERS, 1903-1908.
(52 items and 3 vols.)

Papers of Lord Lamington, relating to his governorship of Bombay, India. Letters and administrative notes concern budget surpluses and recommendations for local use; development of a program for inoculation against the plague; administrative and diplomatic matters in India; the system of presidency governments versus centralization; and relations between Hindus and Muslims, Europeans and Indians. Correspondents include George Nathaniel Curzon, First Marquis Curzon of Kedleston; Gilbert John ElliotMurray-Kynynmound, Fourth Earl of Minto; Sir Shahu Chhatrapati, Maharaja of Kolhapur; Horatio Herbert Kitchener, First Earl Kitchener of Khartoum; and John Morley, Viscount Morley of Blackburn. Volumes consist of two letter books with a separate index. The first contains 165 regular and detailed dispatches from the governor to the secretary of state for India and seventy-two dispatches to the viceroy of India. The second includes twenty-two letters from other prominent persons. The handwritten indexes refer to various persons and topics as administration, agriculture, the army, commerce, the courts, education, public finance, industry, journalism, public health, social life and customs, the British protectorate of Aden, and transportation, especially railroads.

WILLIAM T. BAIN PAPERS, 1850-1865.
(89 items.)

Principally the family letters of William Bain, his wife, and children to his daughter, Mollie (Bain) Bitting of Germantown, North Carolina, concerning Bain's Masonic interests, difficulties with his unruly slaves, "Black Republicanism" of the North, a speech made in Raleigh by Stephen A. Douglas in 1860, hopes for a strong Confederacy, and meetings of the legislature. Also included are a letter from a friend of Mrs. Bitting in Petersburg, Virginia, describing the new public buildings there, and a letter to Lewis Bitting from a friend in Georgia telling of his drugstore business.

SIR EDWARD BAINES PAPERS, 1832-1880.
(29 items.)

Political correspondence of Baines (1800-1890), journalist, economist, and member of the House of Commons, 1859-1874. Letters from Thomas Babington Macaulay concern Macaulay's political career, Belgian independence from the Netherlands, the ministry's legislative plans concerning the East India Company and the abolition of slavery, and other political matters. Letters from William Ewart Gladstone discuss his proposed national budget in 1860 calling for a reduction of duties on various commodities, measures to change the franchise laws; and other political topics. Other letters refer to Baines' defeat in 1874, Gladstone's victory in 1880, the granting of a knighthood to Baines, and political concerns of the Liberals.

CHAMBERS BAIRD, SR., AND CHAMBERS BAIRD, JR., PAPERS, 1817-1933.
(2,255 items.)

Papers of Chambers Baird, Sr. (b. 1811), lawyer, politician, and paymaster in the U. S. Army, 1863-1866, and Chambers Baird, Jr. (b. 1860), lawyer and politician, consist of correspondence, 1821-1933; legal papers, 1817-1920; financial records, 1841-1919; and some printed material. Most of the correspondence before 1885 pertains to the elder Baird and his law practice; his duties as paymaster; and cases concerning soldiers' bounties, claims, and pensions. Early correspondence is routine and refers to collecting debts, land sales in Ohio and elsewhere, financial matters, the insurance business, and plans for the construction of a railroad in southern Ohio. Civil War papers concern the Union Party and the recruitment of troops. Letters about soldiers' claims begin in April, 1863, and comprise the bulk of the correspondence during 1866-1885. Correspondence of 1886-1933 is chiefly that of Chambers Baird, Jr., concerning his business and legal affairs, travels, and literary interests. There is correspondence (1895-1903) with Nelson W. Evans, a Portsmouth, Ohio, attorney and amateur historian.

Legal papers include deeds, wills, promissory notes, and documents relative to civil suits, largely from Brown County, Ohio; material relating to soldiers' discharges, claims, and bounties, 1863-1880; courtsmartial records, 1863; and paymaster's records, 1863-1866. The financial papers consist of some of Baird's accounts, records of transportation furnished to soldiers, and distribution rolls showing Baird's disbursement of funds. Printed material concerns soldiers' bounties and pension claims.

ROBERT BAIRD PAPERS, 1832 (1856-1871) 1873.
(1,425 items.)

Business papers of Robert Baird and his partner, Peter Small, concerning an iron foundry for the production of water wheels, circular saws, spindles, castings, gate fixtures, etc. Papers reflect the changes in foundry operations under James D. Craig, who managed the business from Baird's death (ca. 1866) until taken over by Baird's son, James S. Baird, 1872.

DANIEL BAKER PAPERS, 1839-1858.
(18 items.)

Business letters of Daniel Baker, a journeyman carpenter, commenting on labor conditions in the 1850s; and family letters from relatives in Kentucky, Missouri, and Ohio.

ELEANOR J. W. BAKER PAPERS, 1848-1895.
(1 item and 1 vol.)

Letter, 30 pp., of Eleanor Baker (d. 1891), written to Anna Gurney (1797-1857), English scholar and author, describing travels in the South in 1848. Beginning at Baltimore, Maryland, she traveled to Washington, D.C.; Alexandria, Fredericksburg, and Richmond, Virginia; Wilmington, North Carolina; Charleston, South Carolina; Savannah, Macon, Barnesville, and Columbus, Georgia; Montgomery and Mobile, Alabama; and New Orleans, Louisiana. Included are descriptions of the various cities visited; speeches by Henry Clay and Daniel Webster; travel by railroad, steamboat, and stagecoach; slavery and abolitionism; cotton and rice plantations; and attitudes of Southerners toward the North. The volume, Address at the Funeral of Mrs. Eleanor J. W. Baker of Dorchester, by Rev. Theodore T. Munger, 1895 (Boston: 1895), 19 pp., also included eulogies by others.

HENRY BAKER PAPERS, 1862.
(5 items.)

Letters from Henry Baker, private in Longstreet's Corps of the Confederate Army, to his wife. The letters are concerned chiefl with inquiries about home conditions.

HENRY DUNSTER BAKER PAPERS, 1794-1953.
(272 items and 8 vols.)

Papers of Henry D. Baker (1873-1939), U.S. consular official and newspaper editor and publisher, contain correspondence, clippings, genealogy, printed material, pictures, and volumes. The bulk of the papers before 1900 refer to the Griffiths, Speir, Willis and Austin families of England and Australia, related through Baker's wife, Gwyneth Griffiths. They concern family matters, and the service of Charles Ralph Griffiths (1790-1850) as British vice consul and consul at Buenos Aires, 1823-1846. Material after 1900 relates to the consular career of Henry Baker in Tasmania, 1907-1911, Bombay, 1913-1914, and Trinidad, 1916-1927; Baker's service as commercial attache at Petrograd, Russia; and his opposition to trade with Russia, 1930-1931. Tasmanian Scrapbook, 1907-1911, includes clippings, photographs, and pictures relating to Tasmania, Australia, New Zealand, and the islands of the Bass Straits. Scrapbook, 1911-1933, contains pamphlets, articles, speeches, pictures, clippings and letters concerning relations with Russia during World War I and in 1930-1931, and Baker's activities in the United States, Trinidad, Tasmania, India, and New Zealand. There are also printed copies of books by Baker and by Charles H. Baker; family photographs and copies of portraits, especially from the Griffiths family; photographs of Trinidad and Baker's trip to Persia, 1916; and photographs of "Erryd," Victorian home of the Griffiths in Wales. Printed material consists of speeches, articles and pamphlets by and about Baker. The clippings, 1910-1951, include articles by and about Baker and items about the countries in which he served. An extensive genealogical folder contains information about the Baker and Dunster families of America and the Griffiths, Speir, Willis, Hart, and Blondeau families of England and Australia.

ISAAC BAKER PAPERS, 1848-1858.
(28 items.)

Papers of Isaac Baker, Lutheran minister, consist of his correspondence with Mary C. Dosh of Strasburg, Virginia; Dosh family correspondence; quarterly reports of Angerona Seminary, including curriculum; and some legal papers.

JAMES H. BAKER PAPERS, 1863-1865.
(30 items.)

Letters from James H. Baker (d. 1865), Confederate soldier, describing his experiences in active service at Weldon, North Carolina, in 1864, and his stay in the General Hospital in Richmond, Virginia, which he entered October, 1864.

JOHN BAKER PAPERS, 1761-1785.
(5 items.)

Legal documents consisting of a land survey, land grants, a legal case, a power of attorney, and a certificate of citizenship for Thomas Graves of Georgia.

[JOHN BAKER?] ACCOUNT BOOK, 1821-1849.
(1 vol.; 179 pp.)

Plantation accounts.

N. C. BAKER AND H. C. BAKER PAPERS, 1822, 1900.
(2 items.)

Memorandum book, 1822, of N. C. Baker describing his travels to Philadelphia, New York and New Haven. Discussed are religious concerns, shipping, hunting, an election, a circus, tomatoes, books and a fire. A letter by H. C. Baker, 1900, mentions works on the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.

THOMAS J. BAKER PAPERS, 1861-1892.
(362 items.)

Business and personal correspondence, personal bills and receipts of Thomas J. Baker, boat captain on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.

HAROLD LYMAN BALDWIN PAPERS, 1913-1966.
(26 items.)

Personal correspondence of Harold L. Baldwin, brother of Alice Mary Baldwin, first dean of the Woman's College of Duke University. Included are letters from poet Marianne Moore, commenting on Baldwin's poetry. Also included are seven photographs of Baldwin family members.

ARTHUR JAMES BALFOUR, FIRST EARL OF BALFOUR, PAPERS, 1882-1908.
(2 items and 1 vol.)

A letter from Lord Balfour (1848-1930), Prime Minister of England, 1902-1905, to George Wyndham, Chief Secretary for Ireland, discussing political matters; and a letter by Balfour, published in the Conserva-tive and Unionist, noting the meeting of the National Union and stressing unity. An album, 1882-1893, contains routine letters from Aretas Akers-Douglas' Joseph Chamberlain, the Duke of Argyll, Lord Salisbury, the Duke of Devonshire, Balfour, Hugh Arnold-Forster, Alfred Lyttelton, Sir William H. Dyke, Lord Randolph Churchill, Lord Ritchie, and William E. Gladstone. There-is some mention of Irish affairs.

JOHN BALL, SR., AND JOHN BALL, JR., PAPERS AND ACCOUNT BOOKS, 1773 (1803-1833) 1892.
(3,211 items and 26 vols.)

Personal and business correspondence, papers, and account books of John Ball, Sr. (1760-1817), wealthy rice planter of Charleston, South Carolina, and of his son, John Ball, Jr. (1782-1834). The business papers of the collection are chiefly concerned with the rice industry in the Charleston area, 1791-1833, and include receipts, bills, accounts, lists of slaves, descriptions of rice crops, and purchase of horses; and numerous letters from John Slater, a London commission merchant. Included also are accounts kept by John Ball, Jr., as guardian of his half brothers and sisters and administrator of his father's estate. The bulk of the letters after 1826 are from the younger children of John Ball, Sr., and Martha Caroline (Swinton) Ball (later the wife of Louis Augustin Thomas Taveau): Alwyn, Hugh Swinton, and Elias Octavus. Many of the letters were written from Partridge's Military Academy of Norwich, Vermont, and Middletown, Connecticut, and reflect the attitudes of the younger moneyed class of the early nineteenth century. Among the correspondents are John Ewing Calhoun, William Drayton, Alexander Garden, Francis Huger, and the Laurens, Rutledge, Taveau, and other South Carolina families.

JOHN BALL MANUSCRIPT, 1909.
(1 vol.; 98 pp.)

Typed copy of Chronicles of Comingtee Plantation.

KEATING SIMONS BALL PLANTATION BOOK, 1850-1859, 1866.
(1 vol.)

Comingtee Plantation accounts of Keating S. Ball, a rice planter, giving lists of food and supplies furnished the slaves; and, for 1866, articles of agreement with various freedmen.

MOLLIE BALL AUTOGRAPH ALBUM, 1854.
(1 vol.; 50 pp.)

Album of poems and prose from Mollie Ball's friends; one reference to Hanover Academy, Hanover County, Virginia, indicates that she was a student there.

THOMAS C. BALL PAPERS, 1882 (1884-1906) 1920.
(47 items.)

Correspondence of Thomas C. Ball, a merchant of Richmond and Stanford, chiefly from relatives in Missouri and Texas, describing social life and customs.

WILLIAM WATTS BALL PAPERS, 1805-1952.
(28,214 items and 133 vols.)

Personal, financial, and professional correspondence of W. W. Ball (1868-1952), newspaper editor. A substantial portion of the papers consists of family correspondence containing information on school and college life; Hollywood in the 1930s and 1940s; social life and customs in Laurens, Charleston, and Columbia, South Carolina; and England, the Italian battlefront, and a journey across the Atlantic during World War II. Ball's financial papers, scattered throughout the collection, generally relate to real estate investments, stock holdings in textile mills, and the depression as it affected his financial situation. A major part of the correspondence pertains to state and national politics. Letters discuss Tillmanism and Bleasism; the state primary system and election reform; state and national elections; opposition to the New Deal and the formation of the Southern Democratic Party; and other local, state, and national issues. Material on race relations begins as early as 1916, but is particularly abundant from the 1930s on. Involved with the issue of states' rights versus federal control, the "Negro problem" includes the anti-lynching movement, enfranchisement and control of the Negro vote, racial unrest, segregation, and other matters. The papers reveal Ball's interest in education, especially the development of schools of journalism, the expansion of the statesupported college system, the University of South Carolina, and the South Carolina School for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind. Other papers relate to Ball's editorship of various newspapers, principally The State and the News and Courier, and to his publishing efforts. There is also material on the textile industry in South Carolina, labor unrest and unionization, prohibition, woman suffrage, the depression, World Wars I and II, recollections by Ball and others of social life, customs and politics during the 1870s through the 1890s, the economic and industrial development of South Carolina, genealogy of the Watts and Ball families, and drafts and copies of speeches and editorials. Correspondents include editors, publishers, educators, politicians, financiers, and industrialists, principally from South Carolina, although some national figures are found. There are photographs, 1890-1940, of Ball and his associates. Volumes include family account books, 1911-1942, a memorandum book, 1901- scrapbooks, 1893-1951; a digest of the military service of Frank Parker, 1894-1945; and Ball's diary, 1916-1952.

BALLARD'S VALLEY PLANTATION PAPERS, 1766 (1786-1848) 1873.
(235 items and 9 vols.)

Financial papers and account books of Ballard's Valley Plantation, detailing the number and condition of slaves or apprentices and stock, purchases of goods, accounts payable, size of crops, and sales of sugar, rum, and cattle. Letters after 1837 also discuss crop conditions, the repeal of the Corn Laws, trouble with the freed Negroes in 1838, and the importation of Chinese labor in 1846.

SARAH E. R. BALLOWE ALBUM AND NOTEBOOK, 1848-1874.
(2 vols.)

Autograph album, 1848-1854, containing poetry and prose from friends, and a chemistry notebook, 1874; included also are poems and copies of letters, 1851.

JAMES M. BALTHROPE PAPERS, 1854-1865.
(11 items.)

Personal letters of James Balthrope, a teacher, to William Engle describing life in northern Missouri.

IRA LEO BAMBERGER PAPERS, 1884.
(3 items.)

Letters from George Becker and C. M. Evarts concerning legal cases.

GEORGE BANCROFT PAPERS, 1845-1885.
(22 items.)

Typed transcripts of fifteen letters to David L. Swain, president of the University of North Carolina, relating to the history of the state. The originals are at the University of North Carolina. Topics include the Regulators, Loyalists, Mecklenburg Declaration, Governors William Tryon and Alexander Martin, and Hermon Husband and Edmund Fanning. Original items include a letter to C. C. Jones on the employment of women and children in Germany and a note, 1885, of thanks for Jones's article on Richard H. Wilde; a letter from H. C. Van Schaack regarding the publication of his pamphlet on Henry Cruger; and notes relating to appointments by Bancroft as Secretary of the Navy, and to payment from publishers.

BANDINEL FAMILY PAPERS, (1763-1906) 1940.
(403 items and 6 vols.)

Records of a family formerly resident on Jersey in the Channel Islands. Most of the manuscripts during 1763-1815 concern Rev. Robert Hunter, an Anglican clergyman, and his family. Among topics discussed are the University of Glasgow, Hunter's students, the Church of England, and the Church of Scotland. Writers include John and William Anderson describing British activity in India; William Hunter and other former students; and Alexander Kennedy, an army surgeon at Hyderabad. Correspondence of Hunter's son-in-law, James Bandinel (1783-1848), contains personal letters to his wife and material relating to his work as a clerk in the Foreign Office, including the suppression of the slave trade and other African affairs, such as the explorations of John Davidson. Among topics occasionally mentioned are the daughter of the Earl and Countess of Rosebery; Queen Caroline, wife of George II; the Thames Tunnel; the life of Bandinel's son at Wadham College, Oxford; and social life on Lord Nugent's estate. There is a volume containing poems and Bandinel's translation of Spanish ballads by the Marques de Santillana; and genealogical information about the Hunter family. Papers of Bandinel's son, the Rev. James Bandinel (1814-1893), relate largely to his clerical career, the Oxford Movement, his writings, and include correspondence with William Palmer, Henry E. Napier, Alfred R. Symonds, A. P. Stanley, and Rev. Robert Montgomery. There is a volume with a sermon and some poetry. Papers of Rev. Bandinel's son, James Julius Frederick Bandinel (b. 1815), include scattered items relating to service as a consular official at Newahwang, Manchuria, and pertain to the Sino-Japanese War, the Boxer Rebellion, and the Russo-Japanese War. The collection also includes materials of the related Le Mesurier family of Guernsey in the Channel Islands, including a diary, 1794, of Thomas Le Mesurier recording travels in Germany, Denmark, and Sweden; and scattered Le Mesurier letters of the early 19th century.

BANK OF BERKELEY IN VIRGINIA DAYBOOK, 1857-1858.
(1 vol.; 446 pp.)

BANK OF BERKELEY IN VIRGINIA DAYBOOK

BANK OF BLACKSBURG DAYBOOK, 1892.
(1 vol.; 150 pp.)

BANK OF BLACKSBURG DAYBOOK

BANK OF CAPE FEAR RECORDS, 1835-1870.
(71 vols.)

Balances from deposit ledger, 1836 1842; bill book, 1846-1855; collection book, 1855-1859. collection tickler, 1849-1855; daybook, i843-1850; deposit book, 1849-1856; deposit ledgers, 1842-1854; discount ledgers, 1836-1862; general ledgers, 1836-1859; letter books, 1836-1870; minutes of board of directors, 1835-1857; offering books, 1836 1860; state of the bank, 1836-1868; and tellers' books, 1836-1860.

BANK OF CASWELL PAPERS, 1905-1912.
(4 vols.)

Daily balance book, 1910-1912; Register of drafts drawn on National Park Bank of New York, 1905-1907; letterpress books, 1907-1908, 1911-1912.

BANK OF THE STATE OF GEORGIA PAPERS, 1817-1869.
(404 items.)

Deeds, indentures, and other legal and business papers, including powers of attorney from leading men and business firms of Georgia, references to transfers of the bank's stock, and land records. Some papers contain comments on the Panic of 1837 and the importance of cotton in restoring the Southern economy.

BANK OF THE VALLEY LEDGERS, 1852-1860.
(2 vols.)

BANK OF THE VALLEY LEDGERS

JOHN BANKS PAPERS, 1784.
(1 item.)

Letter from Henry Bromfield, Jr., of London commenting on the heavy demands from America for British goods.

NATHANIEL PRENTICE BANKS PAPERS, 1850-1880.
(109 items.)

The bulk of this collection, 90 items, concerns Banks's military career as commander of the Department of Annapolis during 1861. Topics include secessionist sentiment in Maryland, the arrest of political prisoners, Union leadership in Washington, and the status of Roman Catholics; and Banks's subsequent operations in the Shenandoah Valley. These papers appear to be a portion of the files captured by General Thomas Jonathan Jackson near Winchester, Virginia, in May, 1862, and are thus related to the selection of letters printed in Secret Correspondence Illustrating the Conditions of Affairs in Maryland, published by Southern sympathizers at Baltimore, 1863. A photocopy of this pamphlet is included with the collection. The collection also contains scattered items relating to Banks's political career; his operations on the Mississippi, 1863; the exchange of prisoners; and his postwar publications. Among the correspondents are Montgomery Blair, Benjamin F. Butler, Charles Carroll Fulton, and George Brinton McClellan.

JOSEPH BANNER PAPERS, 1832-1843.
(4 items.)

Letters concerning the postal service. Joseph Banner carried the mail from Germanton to Salem. Included is one letter from Augustine H. Shepard, a member of Congress from North Carolina.

WILLIAM H. BANTA DIARY, 1862.
(1 vol.; 76 pp.)

Diary of William H. Banta, a Federal soldier who served in the campaign in eastern North Carolina; mention is made of Norfolk, Virginia, and the Virginia.

BAPTIST FEMALE COLLEGE PAPERS, 1881-1888.
(3 items and 1 vol.)

Includes a ledger with student's accounts.

BAPTIST (PRIMITIVE) MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS, 1909.
(5 items.)

Letters relating to doctrine and religious experiences; writers are J. C. Denton, S. Hassell, E. R. Robinson, Henry B. Tucker, and K. L. Hardee.

BAPTISTS. NORTH CAROLINA. ROBESON UNION CONSTITUTION AND MINUTES, 1884-1891.
(1 vol.; 112 pp.)

BAPTISTS. NORTH CAROLINA. ROBESON UNION CONSTITUTION AND MINUTES

BAPTISTS. NORTH CAROLINA. STATE CONVENTION REGISTER OF ASSOCIATIONS, 1868.
(1 vol.; 28 pp.)

List of churches and ministers of the following associations: Central, Raleigh, Tar River, Rocky River, Pamlico, Yadkin, Flat River, Brown Creek, Cedar Creek, Beulah, Cape Fear, and Eastern.

FRANÇOIS BARBÉ-MARBOIS, MARQUIS DE BARBÉ-MARBOIS, PAPERS, 1786.
(1 item.)

Letter, June 29, 1786, possibly to the Chevalier de Brun, written from Port-au-Prince, Saint Domingue (now Haiti), where BarbeMarbois served as intendant, concerning contraband and commercial relations between the French West Indies and the United States.

JAMES BARBOUR PAPERS, 1812-1855.
(9 items.)

Papers of a governor of Virginia, U.S. Senator, and U.S. Secretary of War, including references to Indian affairs, the Richmond fire in 1811, a proposed canal between the Potomac and Rappahannock rivers, commissions of 1812-1815, and pension payments in 1827.

JOHN N. BARBOUR PAPERS, 1832-1881.
(62 items.)

Letters and documents dealing with the activities of the partnership of Barbour and his cousin, John W. Sullivan. Most of the documents of 1832-1834 and a few later items relate to trade and finance. Places mentioned include Maine; Massachusetts; New Hampshire; Dubuque, Iowa; Italy; and South America. There is material concerning the ships and their captains, the cargoes, prices, insurance, rates of exchange, quality of goods, and economic conditions affecting commerce. W. S. Fitzwilliam is mentioned as the agent between Sullivan and Barbour and the branches of Cower and Co. in London, Trieste, and Genoa. Products shipped include cotton, wool, hides, rags, fruits, fish, oil, coffee, sugar, shellac, gum, honey, nuts, silk, indigo, rice, wheat, Indian corn, rye, oats, beans, barley, steel, wax, camels hair, ginger, hemp, senna, Persian berries, cocoa, dyes, brimstone, and wood. Beginning in 1837 most of the papers concerned copper claims in the Lake Superior region. There is some mention of Sullivan's interest in the American Land Company, Alabama Land Company, and Mississippi Land Company. Participating in the copper claims were Sullivan's brother-in-law, John Adams Dix of New York; Benjamin Franklin Butler; Thomas Perkins; and other prominent political leaders and public officials. There is also reference to the estate of Seth Adams, 1880-1881. Principal correspondents in the collection are Isaac Adams, John N. Bolles, Henry Leavitt Ellsworth, W. S. Fitawilliam, S. W. Higgins, Bela Hubbard, John M. Stockton, and John W. Sullivan.

SAMUEL M. BARCLAY PAPERS, 1824-1851.

Largely papers of the law firm of Murdock and Barclay, ca. 1831-1840, with several references to Pennsylvania and national politics.

GRAHAM ARTHUR BARDEN PAPERS, 1933 (1935-1960).
(264,615 items.)

The collection consists largely of the office files of a U.S. Representative from eastern North Carolina. There is a small amount of material during 1933-1934 relating to garden's work in the state general assembly and his first Congressional campaign, but his Congressional files, 1935-1960, are comprehensive and contain correspondence, public statements, drafts of speeches, legal briefs, and reports, including printed bills and documents relating to the collection, often with garden's marginal comments and corrections. There is also printed material in information files and clippings and photographs of Seymour Johnson Air Force Base and of Goldsboro, North Carolina. The collection pertains heavily to garden's work on behalf of projects affecting his district and to his work as member and chairman of the House Committee on Education and Labor. Major issues include federal aid to education, labor-management relations, labor standards, and minimum wage legislation. Among correspondents are other committee members, legislators, government officials, educators, labor leaders, businessmen, and prominent North Carolinians. Constituent mail concerns projects, employment prospects, veterans' benefits, and other issues immediately affecting garden's largely rural district, such as agriculture, fishing, lumbering, preliminary processing of tobacco, and furniture manufacturing. There are records concerning the establishment of several military installations, including Seymour Johnson Air Force Base and Camp Lejeune Marine Base. An inventory of the collection is available in the library.

THOMAS GEORGE BARING, FIRST EARL OF NORTHBROOK, PAPERS, 1870-1904.
(29 items.)

Included is correspondence relating to Baring's direction of the Admiralty Office as First Lord, 1880-1885, largely concerning personnel and administrative organization. Among writers are William Gladstone; Stephen Edward Spring-Rice; William Codrington; Edward Seymour, Twelfth Duke of Somerset; and Thomas Brassey. Letters relating to British politics about 1900 include several from Sir Edward Grey giving opinions of leading politicians and one from Sayaji Rao Gaekwar III, Maharaja of Baroda. There are also extracts from letters, 1879-1880, of Sir Neville Bowles Chamberlain, Commander-inChief of the Madras Army, criticizing British policies that led to the Second Afghan War and commenting on finances in India. There is correspondence relating to the Royal Geographical Society, 1879-1880, and some L miscellaneous letters.

JOHN E. BARKER PAPERS, ca. 1852-1873.
(5 items.)

Personal letters.

SAMUEL BARKER PAPERS, 1848-1876.
(23 items.)

Family correspondence between settlers in Indiana and relatives in Randolph County, North Carolina, describing crops, opportunities in the West, commodity prices, and personal matters. Some items mention the Woody family which moved from Guilford County, North Carolina, to Boone County, Indiana. Also included are papers relating to the James Sluder family of Ashe County, North Carolina, and La Grange, Randolph County. Among the writers is Levi Cox of Randolph County.

SIMEON BARKER PAPERS, 1882-1883.
(9 items.)

Personal and business letters. Topics include the illness of Barker's wife; New Garden Academy, New Garden, North Carolina; and a publication of the Society of Friends.

PETER BARKSDALE PAPERS, 1783-1895.
(448 items.)

Letters, 1780s-1790s, of William and Randolph Barksdale, merchants of Petersburg, Virginia, and Peter Barksdale, farmer of Halifax County, Virginia, concern the purchase of slaves and other commerce in Petersburg, and tobacco culture in Halifax County. Later correspondence is of Cornelia (Barksdale) Wimbish and her husband, John W. Quarles, merchant of Jackson and Memphis, Tennessee; of Edward Barksdale while at the University of Virginia and Jefferson Medical College; and of other members of the family. Topics include the hiring out of slaves; travel by stage and steamboat; the stabbing of Senator Ephriam Hubbard Foster of Tennessee, 1841; cholera in New Orleans and Memphis, 1849; yellow fever in Norfolk and Richmond, 1850; student life at the University of Virginia; the Sons of Temperance; local politics in Virginia and Tennessee; collection of debts; the Dan River Baptist Association, 1846; tailoring; commissions for Elisha Barksdale in the Virginia State Cavalry, 1819 and 1829; and the schooling of the Barksdale children.

BARKSDALE-HANNAH FAMILY PAPERS, 1811-1870.
(30 items.)

Letters of the children of Grief Barksdale (1774-1850), merchant and planter of Rough Creek, Charlotte County, Virginia, including Charlotte (1813-1886), Claiborne (1820-1883), Nancy (1829-1904), and Susan (1832-1863); and business and personal correspondence of Charlotte's husband, Samuel Hannah (1796-1859), of Charleston, Kanawha County; Charlotte County; and Lynchburg. Topics include business conditions and interests, especially relating to tobacco; slave hiring in Richmond, 1827; schooling of the Barksdale children; and conditions in Arkansas, 1870. Two letters from Hannah's agent in Liverpool, England, 1828-1829, concern British import duties.

SIR GEORGE HILARO BARLOW, FIRST BARONET, PAPERS, 1802-1847.
(52 items.)

Memoranda, correspondence, and copies of correspondence, largely relating to Barlow's petition for a peerage and documenting his service as a British administrator in India. Topics include the establishment of a legal code for Bengal, the conclusion of the Mahratta War in 1805, the Madras Army mutiny of 1809, and Barlow's struggles with his opponents on the East India Company's Court of Governors, which led to his recall in 1812. There is also correspondence, 1844-1845, provoked by the publication of Edward Thornton's History of the British Empire in India. Several miscellaneous manuscripts concern British politics, in part on the Isle of Wight.

JOHN BARNARD PAPERS, 1862-1863.
(2 items.)

Letters from a private in the Union Army concerning sickness among troops near Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 1862, and giving a graphic description of the Battle of Port Hudson, Louisiana, 1863.

JOHN GROSS BARNARD PAPERS, 1864-1865.
(2 items.)

Manuscript copy of documents exchanged between Barnard, chief engineer on Grant's staff, and Major General Burnside, July 3August 6, 1864, relative to mining operations under the Confederate defenses at Petersburg, Virginia, and the battle of the Crater on July 30; and an extract from a letter by Barnard to his wife, April 2, 1865, reporting on the last days of the siege of Petersburg.

GEORGE BARNBY COMMONPLACE BOOK, 1746.
(1 vol.; 48 pp.)

Transcriptions of songs prevalent in the 1740s.

JOHN W. BARNES PAPERS, 1862-1863.
(10 items.)

Letters from John W. Barnes, a private in the Confederate Army, concerning defense of Vicksburg in 1863, camp life, rations, crops, and the shooting of deserters.

RICHARD BARNES PAPERS, 1752 (1758-1787) 1796.
(29 items.)

Legal depositions in the case of Jonathan Beckwith and Younger Helsick v. John Alexander and Gerald Hoose over the estate of Richard Barnes, their father-inlaw.

WILLIAM SPEIGHT BARNES PAPERS, 1924-1971.
(3 items.)

A telegram from Barnes, president of the men's association at Trinity College, to James B. Duke expressing gratification for Duke's endowment and pledging their support to the development of the university.

GODFREY BARNSLEY PAPERS, 1824 (1840-1861) 1873.
(3,667 items and 1 vol.)

Letters to Godfrey Barnsley (1805-1872), Savannah agent for general import and export brokers of Liverpool, England, from his children; correspondence among the children; detailed lists comprised of accounts with physicians, invoices, prices of building materials for "Woodlands" (Barnsley's estate), records of sales and imports of cotton, bills, and receipts. There are letters from three of the Barnsley sons who attended the preparatory school of Charles Green at Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts; and letters from Barnsley's three daughters at Montpelier Female Institute, near Macon, Georgia. Much of the material concerns Harold Barnsley, who traveled over New England and other northern sections of the United States, in China, and on the seas; references to the Civil War, in which several of the sons served, and to depredations suffered by the family. Beginning in 1867 there are several letters from two of Barnsley's sons, George, a physician, and Lucien, both of whom went to South America with an emigrant group under the leadership of one McMullen. They shortly severed connections with this group, however. George followed his profession, while Lucien engaged in a number of enterprises, operating in turn a rice mill, apothecary's shop, brick manufactory, and gold mine. Most of this work was at Iguape, Sao Paulo Province, and near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The letters contain descriptions of the natives, the countryside, and political, social and economic conditions of the country. The collection also contains a ledger, 1828-1844. Throughout much of the papers there are references to spiritualism, seances, and mediums.

L. A. BARR DAYBOOK, 1855-1858.
(1 vol.)

Daybook of a farmer at "Piedmont" or "Piedmonte," apparently in Frederick Coun There are explanatory comments on farm operations and accounts with laborers.

JAMES F. BARRETT PAPERS, 1942-1943.
(48 items.)

Correspondence and printed material of James F. Barrett, staff assistant on the War Savings Staff, Atlanta, Georgia, principally concerning the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America (AFL) and the furniture industry of North Carolina, but also including letters relating to labor support for the War Bond Campaign and the Payroll Deduction Plan, reports and other material relating to the National War Labor Board cases involving the Carpenters and Joiners and various furniture companies, and two addresses by Joe Boyd, representative of the Carpenters and Joiners.

SIR ROBERT BARRIE PAPERS, 1765-1953.
(733 items and 2 vols.)

The papers relate to Admiral Barrie's career in the Vancouver expedition, 1791-1795; the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars; the War of 1812; and his service as naval commissioner in Canada, 1819-1834. Included is a small group of material relating to the 31st Regiment of Foot in Florida and Britain during the 1760s and 1770s when the Admiral's father, Dr. Robert Barrie, was surgeon's mate. A selective subject index is filed with the collection.

N. A. BARRIER PAPERS, 1861-1864.
(4 items.)

Civil War letters of Confederate soldiers, including a brief description of the Battle of Drewry's Bluff.

W. A. BARRIER ACCOUNT BOOKS, 1860-1862, 1887, 1893-1897.
(3 vols.)

W. A. BARRIER ACCOUNT BOOKS

GEORGE WILLIAM BARRINGTON, SEVENTH VISCOUNT BARRINGTON, PAPERS, 1619 (1822-1901).
(464 items.)

Correspondence of the 1820s-1850s cen ters upon Henry Frederick Francis Adair Barrington (1808-1882), uncle of the Seventh Viscount. Letters of 1829 concern the death of George, Fifth Viscount Barrington, in Italy. There are reports, 1839-1840, by Henry Barrington on political and economic conditions in Greece and on antiquities there. Correspondence for the 1840s and 1850s records the political and economic life of Cape Colony. Correspondence, memoranda, miscellaneous documents, notes, clippings of George William, Seventh Viscount Barrington (1824-1886), from the 1860s to the 1880s concern a wide range of political and foreign affairs topics, such as parliamentary reform, elections, the House of Lords, and relations with Russia and Turkey. Letters, 1900-1901, from Barrington's grandson, Lawrence William Palk, Third Baron Haldon, relate his ex perience with the Imperial Yeomanry during the Boer War. There are four portraits of members of the Palk family and eight of Disraeli, whom the Seventh Viscount served as secretary. Included with the collection is a selective index of persons and topics.

SHUTE BARRINGTON PAPERS, 1803-1818.
(5 items.)

Letters of Shute Barrington, Bishop of Durham, to Thomas Layton and Richard Burn, concerning appointments and routine ecclesiastical business.

SAMUEL BARRON II PAPERS, 1836.
(1 item.)

A routine business letter of Barron, U.S. naval officer.

JAMES H. BARROW PAPERS, 1864.
(3 items.)

Letters from James E. Barrow, private in the 61st Virginia Regiment, C.S.A., chiefly concerning his illness and convalescence in the Chimborazo Hospital, Richmond, Virginia.

MIDDLETON POPE BARROW PAPERS, 1877, 1887.
(2 items.)

Correspondence of Middleton P. Barrow (1839-1903), staff officer to Howell Cobb during the Civil War. Later a lawyer, he completed the term of Benjamin Harvey Hill in the U.S. Senate. One letter concerns the interests of a divorced woman with certain investments; the other, the Richmond and Danville Railroad.

WILLIAM TAYLOR BARRY PAPERS, 1829, 1830.
(2 items.)

Correspondence of William T. Barry (1785-1835), lawyer and postmaster general, 1829-1835. The letters concern Commodore David Porter and changes in the form of the new postal guide.

ELLEN BARTLETT PAPERS, 1856-1888.
(519 items.)

Letters to Bartlett concerning the schools and colleges of Connecticut and Illinois, the education of women, teachers and their salaries, and social life and customs.

SIR ELLIS ASHMEAD BARTLETT PAPERS, 1891.
(1 item.)

A letter of solicitation for England, Conservative weekly penny newspaper published by Bartlett.

HARRIET F. BARTLETT PAPERS, 1899.
(4 items.)

Letters from Mrs. Bartlett concerning the estrangement between herself and her husband, her objections to a divorce, and personal financial matters.

LEVI BARTLETT PAPERS, (1809-1824) 1853.
(35 items.)

Correspondence of a physician and local politician containing information on the American Antiquarian Society, local academies, politics, medicine, phrenology, and business affairs. There are also drafts of several letters on theology to the editor of the Universalist Magazine. One of the correspondents was Josiah Butler, U.S. congressman from New Hampshire, 1817-1823.

CLARISSA MARLOWE BARTON PAPERS, 1868-1883.
(5 items and 1 vol.)

The pocket diary, September-December, 1869, of European travels of Clara Barton, nurse and founder of the American Red Cross, referring principally to Geneva, Switzerland, and Corsica, and to prices and living conditions there. There are references to Clarence Horton Upton, U.S. consul in Geneva; Sir Edwin Arnold, editor of the London Daily Telegraph ; and to Thomasina M. A. E. Campbell, author. Also included are two calling cards of Miss Barton, clippings, and a letter to H. W. Clark, 1868, referring to her lecture schedule.

GERTRUDE WILLIAMSON (BAKER) BARTON PAPERS, 1878-1921.
(129 items.)

Mrs. Barton's letters concern local and state work for the Protestant Episcopal Church. Letters from her husband, Robert Thomas Barton, Sr. (1842-1917) refer to his career as a Virginia lawyer as well as to personal matters; his letters of 1916 mention the service of R. T. Barton, Jr., in the National Guard on the Mexican border. Other writers include Mason Gaither Ambler on political and financial affairs in West Virginia; Robert Nicholson Scott Baker on life in the U.S. Naval Academy and in the navy; Bishop Robert Atkinson Gibson on missionary work; and Marie Elizabeth (Jeffries) Hobart on the performance of one of her plays.

JESSIE BARTON AND JOHN R. MULVANY PAPERS, 1805-1903.
(65 items and 1 vol.)

Largely letters concerning politics and legislative processes in Pennsylvania, the extent of Southern support for Calhoun's doctrines, Ohio Democratic politics, the Bank of the United States, campaigns during the Mexican War, and life in California during the gold rush. Authors include A. R. McIlvain, John C. Calhoun, Benjamin Tappan, Duff Green, R. H. Miller, William P. Simpson, and P. H. Mulvany. There are also clippings, land records, and other materials.

SAMUEL R. BARTON PAPERS, 1841-1924.
(69 items.)

Records concerning Stephen Barton's business at Bartonsville, North Carolina, manufacturing and selling plough handles and other lumber products, and Barton's legal problems, his trade between the lines during the Civil War, and his arrest and imprisonment at Norfolk, Virginia, by Union troops. Included is a narrative written to O. L. Mann giving an account of Barton's experiences. Papers after 1865 concern the attempt of Samuel R. Barton, son and heir of Stephen Barton, to recover damages for the burning of his father's property by the 3rd New York Cavalry in April, 1865; the part played by Clara Barton in securing the release from prison of her brother, Stephen; and the trial of Union officers responsible for Stephen's arrest. Correspondents include E. Benton Fremont, Orrin L. Mann, John R. Kirby, Franklin W. Kilpatrick, Ellen Spencer Mussey, and Horace T. Sanders.

SETH MAXWELL BARTON PAPERS, 1862.
(5 items.)

Orders given under command of Confederate general Barton, 1862, to Col. C. J. Philips of the 52nd Georgia Regiment. Topics include depredations on private property and straggling; guards and pickets; personnel matters.

WILLIAM BASDEN PAPERS, 1764 (1787-1829) 1859.
(6 items.)

Papers concerning transfer of land by the Basden family and the renting of turpentine forest land; and the will of Erasmus H. Coston.

WILLIAM MALONE BASKERVILL PAPERS, 1886-1901.
(38 items.)

Letters to William M. Baskervill (1850-1899), author and professor of English at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, from Albert Hansen, Joel Chandler Harris, Clifford Anderson Lanier, Mary (Day) Lanier, and Thomas Nelson Page, in answer to his request for material on their lives and works for his current writings, and concerning invitations to speak on various occasions.

JOHN W. BASKERVILLE LEDGER, 1830-1837.
(1 vol.)

Accounts of a merchant.

WILLIAM BASKERVILLE PAPERS, 1799-1884.
(101 items.)

Correspondence and papers of William Baskerville, a planter. The earlier letters discuss crops and the curing of tobacco; many of the letters for 1802-1804 concern the education of his son, Charles, and of John R. Lucas, a student at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland. Among the items of interest are: letters from Lucas recounting Great Britain's preparation for war during the Napoleonic period; brief allusion to Colonel William Byrd's "Westover"; fluctuations of wheat prices; effect of approaching Civil War on price levels; Confederate action near Romney, Virginia, under General T. J. Jackson's command; and lists of commodity prices .

FREDERICK THOMAS BASON PAPERS, 1928-1957.
(53 items.)

Correspondence, largely with British literary figures, of a London author and bookseller. Among writers are Leonard Russell, Michael Sadleir, John Betjeman, John Connell, Stephen Graham, Francis Brett Young, Marie Adelaide (Belloc) Lowndes, Walter John De La Mare, John Cowper Powys, and Naomi Jacob. A complete list of writers is filed with the collection.

VICTOR H. BASSETT PAPERS, 1789 (1915-1938).
(762 items.)

Papers collected by a physician and librarian of the Georgia Medical Society relating to public health in Georgia, Georgia physicians, midwives, smallpox inoculation, University of Pennsylvania medical instruction in the early 19th Century, Federal Emergency Relief Administration employment for nurses, and Works Progress Administration malaria control projects. Included are letters, reports, extracts, articles, charts, lists, genealogical data on the McAllister and White families of Pennsylvania and the Le Conte and Habersham families of Georgia, and a journal of J. J. Waring and Joseph Fred. Waring in London, Dublin, and Paris, 1853-1855. Writers of correspondence include William Gibbons, Horace Senter, David Ramsey, John C. Warren, John Le Conte, and T. F. Abercrombie.

SIR EDWARD BATES, FIRST BARONET, PAPERS, 1875.
(1 item.)

Letter from Sir Stafford Northcote, supporting Bates against criticism by Samuel Plimsoll.

HERBERT ERNEST BATES PAPERS, 1930-1968.
(6 items.)

Letters from Bates (1905-1974) discussing literary matters.

JOHN A. BATES PAPERS, 1896.
(1 item.)

Reminiscences of a soldier in the 2nd Massachusetts Infantry and the 3rd Massachusetts Cavalry regiments during the Civil War. Bate's observations relate to the year 1864 and describe a smallpox epidemic in New Orleans; Washington, D.C., and the Shenandoah Valley, including the battle of Winchester.

THOMAS BATES PAPERS, 1811-1820.
(95 items.)

Largely business and personal letters of a dealer in coffee, tea, and chocolate, with information on commodity prices and finance in England in 1819; the War of 1812; Unitarian religion; anti-Catholic prejudice; William Marriott's appointment to Columbia College, N.Y.; the bones of Thomas Paine brought to England by William Cobbett; and the publication of Paine's works in England in 1819. Correspondents include B. Wright, -J. De Camp, and David Kidd.

HENRY BATHURST PAPERS, 1822, 1823.
(2 items.)

A letter to George Glover, Archdeacon of Sudbury, from the Bishop of Norwich commenting on the prospects of legislation concerning the Catholic question; and a personal letter concerning family matters.

GEORGE MAGRUDER BATTEY PAPERS, 1940.
(4 items.)

Genealogical materials concerning the Battey family and a letter of Robert Battey of Rome, Georgia.

LOUIS NARCISSE BAUDRY DES LOZIERES PAPERS, (1770-1825) 1876.
(91 items.)

Diplomas and certificates relating to the education, career, and memberships of this French lawyer, soldier, traveler, and writer; passports; residence papers; certificates of citizenship; military records; and other legal documents and honors.

BAUGH & SONS COMPANY PAPERS 1905-1932.
(101 items.)

Photographs and advertisements for a producer and distributor of phosphate fertilizer and agricultural chemicals based in Philadelphia and in Norfolk, Virginia, and connected with the Baugh Chemical Co. in Baltimore and Ohio. Topics include offices, factories, products, personnel, and crops. Farm scenes are from New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and North Carolina.

JOHN BAUSERMAN ACCOUNTS, 1838-1841.
(6 vols.)

Daybooks and ledger.

THOMAS BAXTER PAPERS, 1825-1871.
(106 items and 1 vol.)

Business and family letters of a commission merchant and businessman, con taining information on an uncooperative slave; secession in Virginia; the response to secession in Connecticut; civilian life during the Civil War; descriptions of Confederate fortifications at Norfolk, Vir ginia, 1861, and Winton, North Carolina, 1862; comment on traitors in northeastern North Carolina; use of buildings in Greensboro, North Carolina for hospitals, 1864; war con ditions in Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana; Radical Republicans during Reconstruction; freedmen; and the Virginia Military Institute. Clippings, 14 items, are of sayings and couplets, many of them by Samuel H. Marks of Petersburg. There is a commonplace book, 1820s-1830s, and a letter from George Wythe Randolph.

FRANCES COURTENAY BAYLOR PAPERS, 1898.
(1 item.)

Letter to Joseph Marshall Stoddart concerning literary matters.

ELBERT W. BAYNES PAPERS, 1834 (1843-1864) 1879.
(75 items.)

Business correspondence of a tannery including notes from patrons sending for tanning the skins of cattle, horses, and occasionally of dogs and cats; information on prices for the hiring of slaves, for cotton, and general merchandise; on Baynes's debts and other legal problems. and on conditions during Reconstruction. Postwar letters include a young girl's impressions of Houston, Texas. Correspondents include Isaac A. Hibler, Richard R. Roby, and Baynes's daughter, Tucker.

SELINA E. BAYNES AUTOGRAPH ALBUM, 1858-1879.
(1 vol.; 36 pp.)

Typical album kept by a young girl.

HARVEY R. BEACH PAPERS, 1861-1869.
(8 items.)

Personal and business correspondence of Harvey R. and Henry Beach, carriage manu facturers, concerning the collection of claims at New Orleans, Louisiana; conditions of the carriage business; and settlement of an estate.

EDWARD BEALE DIARY, 1817-1818.
(1 vol.)

Personal diary of Edward Beale, apparently an American in England for study or treatment for lameness under one Dr. Taylor. The diary, in code, is chiefly concerned with Beale and Honor Green's questionable romance, with occasional references to his man, Horace, and the treatment of Negroes in Charleston [S.C.?].

JAMES BEALE PAPERS, 1864-1865.
(5 items.)

Receints for moods Purchased by a physician.

RICHARD LEE TURBERVILLE BEALE PAPERS, 1848-1862.
(3 items.)

Letters from Richard L. T. Beale (1819-1893), a Virginia lawyer and congressman, one, 1848, asking for a congressional report, and the other, 1862, to his wife, describing his experiences in the Confederate Army.

JOSEPH S. BEALL PAPERS, 1861-1863.
(3 items.)

Letters from Federal soldiers to Joseph S. Beall, asking him to persuade citi zens to supply revolvers to volunteers, commenting on the Kingston Company stationed in Virginia, and describing the Banks Expedition at Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

THOMAS BEALL ACCOUNT BOOK, 1784-1793.
(1 vol.)

Accounts of a general merchant in Georgetown.

UPTON BEALL PAPERS, 1809-1810.
(4 items.)

Letters concerning a lawsuit in which Francis Scott Key was counsel for John Norwood and the importation and purchase of salt by the firm of Stewart and Beall.

GEORGE W. BEAMAN PAPERS, 1863-1865.
(5 items.)

Official papers of George W. Beaman, a native of Vermont, while assistant paymaster on the S.S. Union, a store ship stationed off Key West, Florida.

BEAR CREEK PRIMITIVE BAPTIST CHURCH RECORDS, 1858-1917.
(Lenoir County,)

Church minutes for 1858-1917 and lists of members for 1858-1904.

ALONZO G. BEARDSLEY PAPERS, 1787 (1861-1863) 1897.
(1,596 items and 1 vol.)

This collection, largely the correspondence of the law firm of Theodore Medad Pomeroy, William Allen, and Alonzo G. Beardsley, also contains the papers of several combinations of lawyers who preceded this firm. The early papers, beginning about 1800, center on John Porter, judge, state senator, and law partner of New York Governor Enos Thompson Throop. In about 1840 the Porter letters merge into those of William Allen, and for the next fifteen years the correspondence reflects Allen's legal practice and depicts life in Auburn, New York. The letters of Alonzo Beardsley begin about 1842, but it is not until 1855 that he and Allen become partners. During the 1850s the papers also include the letters of Samuel Blatchford, a New York City attorney. For the most part, papers during 1840-1860 concern business and legal practice in New York state and throughout the northeastern United States. For the Civil War period there are the 1860s papers of Theodore M. Pomeroy from Cayuga County, New York, a U.S. representative. Topics include appointments and promotions; aid to wounded soldiers; defenses on the Great Lakes; the organization of the 5th, 111th, and 138th New York regiments; the Conscription Act of 1863 and its enforcement; and civilian morale and the activities of Southern sympathizers, especially in 1863. Pomeroy's correspondence also concerns patronage, party organization and rivalry, and service to constituents. From 1865 to 1870 there is much family correspondence, particularly letters to Nellie Bisby of Attica, New York. Between 1865 and 1868 many papers appear from Dodge and Stevenson Manufacturing Company, makers of reapers and mowers. After 1870 letters of Alonzo Beardsley relate to miscellaneous subjects, such as gold mining in North Carolina and Alabama, 1872; the Oswego Starch Company; and N. M. Osborne & Company, makers of harvesting machines. Numerous legal papers and documents reflect all phases of the Osborne firm's work. There is a large amount of related printed matter. The collection also included genealogical material on the Van Dorn, Peterson, and Quick families of New York.

ELIE BEATTY PAPERS, 1826-1851.
(42 items.)

Business correspondence of a bank cashier.

G. H. BEATTY PAPERS, 1861-1862.
(8 items.)

Letters from a Confederate soldier to his mother and to another member of his family, and a list of articles owned by the Lisbon Ladies Aid Society; accounts of company movements and army life at Forts Caswell and Fisher, North Carolina, as well as the area around Gordonsville, Virginia.

ELIZABETH H. BEAUCHAMP PAPERS, 1844 (1863-1869) 1919.
(34 items.)

Business and personal correspondence of Elizabeth H. Beauchamp, widow of John Beauchamp, concerning land owned by her and by her son, Joel. Included also are love letters from Washington Green.

SIR FRANCIS BEAUFORT PAPERS, 1796-1802.
(1 vol.)

Account book listing the personal and professional expenses and items of income of Lt. Beatty aboard H.M.S. Phaeton. Beatty's share of the prize money from captured ships is included.

BEAUFORT COLLEGE TRUSTEES JOURNAL, 1795-1868.
(1 item and 1 vol.)

Typed copy of the minutes of the proceedings of the college trustees. Some questions confronting them were the handling of legacies, changes in buildings, replacing members of the faculty, and student discipline. Among the trustees were Edward Barnwell, John Barnwell, John Bull, John Alexander Cuthbert, Henry Middleton Fuller, William J. Grayson, Henry Holcombe, and John Allen Stuart, short biographies of whom are filed with the journal. There is also a letter of 1816, from Joseph Emerson Worcester, who was a candidate for a teaching position at the college.

BEAUFORT COUNTY, N.C., SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 65 REGISTER, 1887-1895.
(1 vol.; 64 pp.)

BEAUFORT COUNTY, N.C., SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 65 REGISTER

PIERRE GUSTAVE TOUTANT BEAUREGARD PAPERS, 1844-1893.
(475 items.)

Letters and papers of P. G. T. Beauregard (1818-1893), Confederate brigadier general, president of the New Orleans, Jackson and Mississippi Railway, and adjutant general of Louisiana. The collection includes an 1847 memorandum on the fortification of Jalapa, Mexico; Special Order No. 14 from General Robert Patterson, May 3, 1847, transferring Lt. Beauregard from the volunteers to the United States Engineers; a letter to Jefferson Davis from Beauregard offering his services to the Confederacy; letters to Jefferson Davis and Samuel Cooper immediately after the first battle of Manassas in 1861; telegrams, 1861-1862, from Generals Robert S. Ripley, Sterling Martin Wood, Sterling Price, and James E. Slaughter on troop movements and supplies in Mississippi; a letter from Beauregard to Thomas Jordan on Robert E. Lee's 1862 campaign against McClellan on the Peninsula; a list of telegrams sent and received in February and April, 1862, concerning Fort Pillow; a report from Albert S. Johnston to Judah Benjamin on the military situation in the West in February 1862, after the fall of Fort Henry; shorthand notes of a conference in 1863 with Jefferson Davis, Joseph E. Johnston, and G. W. Smith to plan Johnston's Vicksburg campaign; a letter in 1864 from Daniel H. Hill warning Beauregard of Grant's threat to Petersburg, Virginia; a series of telegrams from General William J. Hardee concerned with operations in South Carolina and Georgia in 1865; and telegrams from 1865 on the movement of troops and supplies in Georgia and Alabama. The papers for the years after the Civil War deal with such subjects as Louisiana politics, railroad building in Louisiana and Mexico, various business ventures, and questions about the war, particularly Beauregard's part in it. They include a letter in 1866 from Beauregard to Robert E. Lee on Reconstruction; a letter from Beauregard to Frederick A. Porcher in 1876 concerning some documents discovered in Salisbury, North Carolina, which Beauregard identified as pertaining to the defense of Charleston, South Carolina; and a letter to Isham G. Harris in 1880 on the Shiloh campaign. There is a clipping describing Beauregard's funeral in 1893.

BEAVER CREEK AND BLUFF COTTON MILLS RECORDS, 1878-1908.
(3 vols.)

Stock ledgers, journal, and other records of a cotton mill.

JESSE BECK PAPERS, 1790-1844.
(90 items.)

This collection consists, for the most part, of personal and family correspondence, legal papers, bills, receipts, and other business papers. Many records relate to transactions in land and slaves and accounts with local merchants.

JOHN CREPPS WICKLIFFE BECKHAM PAPERS. 1904.
(1 item.)

Letter from Beckham, governor of Kentucky, to a county chairman of the Democratic party recommending two Negro campaign workers.

WILLIAM M. BECKHAM ACCOUNT BOOK, 1836-1867.
(1 vol.; 144 pp.)

Mercantile and farm accounts.

SIR GEORGE BECKWITH PAPERS, 1809-1819.
(5 items.)

Letters dealing with Beckwith's conquest of Martinique in 1809. Also, one letter in 1819 explaining the changes in army policy necessitating Beckwith's retirement as commander in Ireland.

JOHN BECKWITH PAPERS, 1810-1882.
(51 items.)

Business correspondence of John Beckwith (1785-1870), a physician, concerning antidyspeptic and antibilious pills, which he made and advertised by testimonials from many prominent men, especially from North Carolina. The set contains a few personal letters, including one from Mrs. George Edmund Badger. Correspondents are chiefly from North Carolina. Included also are receipts and bills.

JOHN WATRUS BECKWITH PAPERS, 1877.
(1 item.)

Letter from the Episcopal Bishop of Georgia concerning stock in the Georgia Central Railroad.

WILLIAM F. BEDELL PAPERS, 1863-1876.
(11 items.)

Correspondence of a soldier in the Union Army commenting on camp life in Virginia and Kentucky and describing Chicago, Illinois, in 1864.

BEDINGER-DANDRIDGE FAMILY PAPERS, 1763-1957.
(12,997 items and 191 vols.)

The correspondence and papers of five generations of families from Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, and New York. The primary portion of the collection is made up of the personal and family papers of Caroline Danske (Bedinger) Dandridge (1854-1914), a writer and horticulturalist. From 1866 to her marriage in 1877, Danske Dandridge's correspondence is concerned with social life in Virginia and Washington, D.C., and with family matters. Her literary correspondence begins in the early 1880s and continues until the year of her death. Correspondents include John Esten Cooke, Edmund C. Stedman, Oliver Wendell Holmes, John Greenleaf Whittier, and Thomas W. Higginson. There are sustained exchanges of letters with William Hayes Ward, editor of The Brooklyn Independent which published much of her work; with the poet Lizette Woodworth Reese of Baltimore; and Margaretta Lippincott. Material on gardening begins to appear in the papers for the 1890s and includes a large number of letters and eleven notebooks. Danske Dandridge's family correspondence continues with her sister, Mrs. J. F. B. (Mary Bedinger) Mitchell, and her brother, Henry Bedinger IV, as well as with her numerous cousins. The correspondence of Adam Stephen Dandridge (1844-1924) reflects his career in the West Virginia House of Representatives and his business as a seller of farm machinery. Correspondence and papers of Serena Katherine (Violet) Dandridge, daughter of Danske and Adam Stephen Dandridge, bear on her career as an illustrator for the zoologist, Hubert Lyman Clark, and reflect her interest in woman suffrage and the Swedenborgian Church. There are also twelve volumes of her writings in manuscript. The correspondence and papers of Danske Dandridge's father, Henry Bedinger III, include letters on literary subjects from Thomas Willis White, Philip Pendleton Cooke, and Nathaniel Beverley Tucker; papers from his years as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1845-1849; records of his service, 1853-1858, first as consul and then as minister of the United States in Denmark and in particular his negotiation of a treaty with Denmark in 1857; and his notebooks containing poems and comments on social life in Virginia. Letters of Caroline B. (Lawrence) Bedinger, mother of Danske Dandridge, to her husband's family in the South and her relatives in New York, concern her experience as a young woman in Washington, D.C., and Virginia; her stay in Copenhagen; the Civil War experiences of her husband's family and her own; family life; and the education of her children. The collection contains a large number of transcripts made by Danske Dandridge from originals in the possession of various branches of her family, including the Swearingens, Shepherds, Morgans, Rutherfords, Worthingtons, Washingtons, Kings, Brownes, and Lawrences for the period from the American Revolution to the Civil War. There are also copies of letters and documents from the Lyman C. Draper manuscripts at the University of Wisconsin. Essentially, they are the papers of three brothers, George Michael Bedinger (1756-1843), Henry Bedinger II (1753-1843), and Daniel Bedinger (1761-1818), and their descendents and connections. Among the many subjects discussed are Indian warfare and conditions on the Virginia frontier; descriptions of the events of the Revolution; trading in salt and fur; experiences of Americans held prisoner by the British during the Revolution; flour milling in the Potomac valley; trade and transport of farm commodities; travel on the Mississippi to New Orleans, 1811-1812; James Rumsey and the development of the steamboat; the settling of Kentucky and Ohio; descriptions of Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, and Baltimore at various times from 1800-1860; antebellum social life, South and North; and extensive comments on politics through 1860, particularly on the opposition to Federalism and the early Democratic-Republican Party.

ALFONSO DE LA CUEVA, MARQUÉS DE BEDMAR PAPERS, 1620.
(1 vol.)

Book entitled "Relatione della Republica di Venetia fatta alla Maesta del Re Cattolico Filippo III di Spagna per il suo Ambasciatore Don Alonso dalla Cueva Residente ordinario in Venetia l'anno 1620." It is a political, economic, topographical, military, and social account of the Venetian state attributed to Bedmar, who was Spanish ambassador to Venice during 1607-ca. 1618.

CATHARINE ESTHER BEECHER PAPERS, 1856.
(1 item.)

Letter from a Mrs. Brainerd describing a trip to the western United States.

HENRY WARD BEECHER PAPERS, 1878.
(4 items.)

Miscellaneous items concerning Beecher.

JAMES CHAPLIN BEECHER PAPERS, 1865-1866.
(2 items and 1 vol.)

One volume consisting of a journal of Beecher's activities in Charleston, South Carolina, overseeing the transition of the freedmen from slave to wage earner, and a memorandum book containing summaries of complaints brought to him by the freedmen. Also, two letters stating his general view of how freedmen should be treated.

P. T. BEEMAN PAPERS, 1845-1879.
(8 vols.)

Business records, some of which belonged to a physician.

THOMAS STIRLING BEGBIE PAPERS, 1863-1871.
(7 items.)

Description of the organization and activities of the Albion Trading Company, a group of blockade runners in the American Civil War. Ships mentioned include the Lady Stirling, the Talisman, the Calypso, and the Hope.

CATHERINE P. (WILMER) BEIDELMAN PAPERS, 1830 (1862-1874) 1905.
(30 items.)

Personal correspondence of the Beidelman and Wilmer families. The letters concern the marriage of Mary Wilmer to the Reverend John Nicholson of Rahway, New Jersey; John Wilmer's voyage around Cape Horn to Chile during the 1830's; the marriage of Catherine P. Wilmer to David Beidelman, the Civil War experiences of Wilmer and Daniel Beidelman, Jr., members of the 19th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers; and the destitution of the people of southern Maryland and northern Virginia during the Civil War.

GRANVILLE W. BELCHER PAPERS, 1861-1865.
(11 items.)

Personal letters which reflect events in the Civil War such as the second battle of Manassas and the battle of Gettysburg.

JAMES BELCHER PAPERS, 1782.
(2 items.)

Documents concerning the reimbursement of James Belcher, a Loyalist, for losses sustained when the British evacuated Savannah. Included also is one document signed by General Anthony Wayne.

WILLIAM W. BELCHER PAPERS, 1857-1859.
(9 items.)

Miscellaneous business and legal papers.

WILLIAM WORTH BELKNAP, 1852-1875.
(34 items.)

Correspondence of William W. Belknap (1829-1890), Iowa legislator, Federal officer in the Civil War, and secretary of war under President Grant, concerning contested elections; the Ku Klux Klan; appointments to the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York; political appointments; stationing troops in Alabama in 1872; President Grant's desire to hold an election in Georgia in 1870; and settlement of war claims against the Navy, 1875.

ABRAHAM BELL & SONS PAPERS, 1834-1854.
(239 items.)

Business correspondence including letters concerning the importation of Irish linens through a firm headed by James C. Bell.

ALFRED W. BELL PAPERS, 1848 (1862-1864) 1896.
(285 items.)

Personal correspondence of a mountain family, interesting for information on social and economic conditions in the extreme western section of North Carolina during the Civil War period. The personal letters of Alfred W. Bell, who organized a troop of Confederate volunteers in 1861 with himself as captain, relate his war experiences. The postwar letters show his endeavor to re-establish himself in the dental profession.

E. J. BELL INVENTORY, 1868.
(1 vol.)

Inventory of the estate of a merchant in bankruptcy by D. W. McKinney, U.S. marshal.

EBENEZER BELL PAPERS, 1833-1857.
(23 items.)

Family correspondence of a group of small farmers in eastern North Carolina with comments on crops.

J. J. BELL DIARY, 1861.
(1 vol.; 62 pp.)

Diary of J. J. Bell, 8th Regiment, North Carolina State Troops, a Confederate soldier, describing life at Camp Macon, North Carolina.

JAMES MARTIN BELL PAPERS, 1768-1870.
(13,557 items and 47 vols.)

Correspondence, business papers, and legal papers of a lawyer, ironmaster, banker, and politician. Papers on the iron industry, 1830-1870, deal with financing, acquisition of raw materials, labor, processing, and distribution. Bell opened his first bank in 1848, and his correspondence and financial papers reveal day-to-day banking practice; the strains on the national financial system in the antebellum period and the attempts of bankers to achieve some degree of stability; the dynamics of banking expansion; the creation of a national bank in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, under the Currency Act of 1863, and the promotion of the United States government's 5-20 loan in central Pennsylvania in 1863. An extensive correspondence on local, state, and national politics includes material on the Anti-Masonic Party in the 1830s; the Whig Party, 1830-1840; the Republican Party in the 1850s; Pennsylvania's Buckshot War, 1838-1839; the debate in 1840 over the resumption of specie payment in Pennsylvania; the maneuvering behind the creation of Blair County, Pennsylvania, from Huntingdon County in 1846; and the political climate of Pennsylvania in the secession crisis. Legal papers reflect Bell's expertise in Pennsylvania land law, and include mortgages, court judgements, and records of the collection of notes and the administration of estates and wills. Letters from Dewitt Clinton concern the Juniata River Canal; lengthy correspondence with J. Edgar Thompson relates to the Pennsylvania Railroad; and other letters deal with the sale of the Main Line of the Pennsylvania State Improvements System. There is material on the Pennsylvania state school system; the development of telegraph service; and addictive use of laudanum; mobilization for the Civil War, the effect of the war on the banking and business system of the North; and local reaction to Confederate operations in Pennsylvania. Printed matter deals with such subjects as temperance, road and bridge building, abolitionism, schools, public works, and politics. The volumes include account books of iron companies, notebooks, bank books, household accounts, and a journal kept by Bell when he was a member of the Pennsylvania Senate Committee on Internal Improvements, 1839.

MADISON BELL PAPERS, 1877.
(2 items.)

Letters of a Georgia Republican requesting an appointment as U.S. marshal.

MAJOR BELL PAPERS, 1853-1864.
(11 items.)

Business letters with information on the prices of goods; and letters from Christian Bell, a student at Chowan Female College at Murfreesboro, North Carolina, commenting on student interests, college life, and a Negro insurrection of 1854.

THOMAS A. BELL PAPERS, 1861-1863.
(4 items.)

Personal letters, almost illiterate, from Thomas A. Bell, a Confederate soldier, to his sister, Fannie.

HENRY (HEINRICH HAUER) BELLAMANN PAPERS, 1915-1931.
(22 items and 2 vols.)

This collection contains material on the development of Bellamann's interest in Dante and includes his translation of a portion of the Divine Comedy.

WILLIAM BELLAMY PAPERS, 1815 (1843-1869) 1888.
(100 items.)

Family and business correspondence and papers of William Bellamy, evidently a planter, and Joseph Bellamy, a lawyer, including land-sale contracts, Methodist Conference resolutions concerning separation from Northern Methodists in 1844, receipts for professional fees, legal papers, records of prices of farm produce, and a few Civil War letters.

WILLIAM BELLAMY JOURNAL, 1870-1876.
(1 vol.; 179 pp.)

The journal of a sea captain and farmer which records routine activities and transactions relating to the farm. The first half of this volume is the journal and letter book of Edwin Fairfield Forbes and is entered under his name.

JOHN BELLE PAPERS, 1793.
(1 item.)

A sight draft signed by a member of the Quartermaster Department, United States Army.

HENRY WHITNEY BELLOWS, 1844.
(1 item.)

Letter from Dexter Clapp commenting on the Unitarian Church in the South.

J. T. BELLUNE DIARY, 1861-1862.
(1 vol.; 110 pp.)

Farm diary giving weather conditions, amounts of wood sold, and comments on planting.

WILLIAM CHRISTIE BENET PAPERS, 1923.
(2 items.)

Letters concerning the drafting in 1894 of a memorial to be presented to Congress by South Carolina, protesting the extension of the power of the Federal courts.

PARK BENJAMIN PAPERS, 1838.
(1 item.)

Letter to music critic John Sullivan Dwight.

EDWARD BENNER PAPERS, 1870.
(3 items.)

Business letters, mostly concerned with the Jefferson Insurance Company.

BENNET ORDER BOOK, 1861.
(1 vol.)

Special and general orders concerning troops guarding the Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad.

BRYANT BENNETT PAPERS, 1767 (1840-1875) 1902.
(775 items and 5 vols.)

Correspondence and papers of Bryant Bennett, merchant and planter, and of his family. Included are mercantile accounts of the firms of Bennett and Hyman in Williamston and of Bennett and Price in Hamilton (both places in Martin County), school letters from a normal school in Oxford, North Carolina, deeds, promissory notes, receipts for land sold for taxes, plantation account books containing household and farm accounts, lists of slaves and supplies issued to them, business records dealing with the marketing of cotton at Norfolk, Virginia, agricultural treatises by one S. W. Outterbridge of Martin County, and letters to Bennett after he had moved to Plymouth, North Carolina, in 1869.

FRANCES N. BENNETT PAPERS, 1857-1858.
(21 items.)

Personal letters describing social life, amusements, and religious affairs in the country.

JAMES GORDON BENNETT PAPERS, 1861-1862.
(1 vol.)

Logbook of the United States revenue cutter Henrietta, operating off the eastern coast of the United States.

R. NELSON BENNETT PAPERS, 1874-1879.
(7 items.)

Personal letters.

CHARLES BENNITT PAPERS, 1872-1904.
(23 items.)

Personal letters dealing with family matters. Additional Bennitt papers are on microfilm at Duke University.

JAMES BENNITT PAPERS, 1820-1962.
(153 items and 6 vols.)

Personal, business, and legal papers of a farmer, including the muster roll for a company of the Hillsborough regiment of militia (1845-1860); also material concerning the restoration of the Bennitt house, where General William T. Sherman received the surrender of General Joseph E. Johnston in 1865.

EDWARD FREDERICK BENSON PAPERS, 1920.
(1 item.)

Letter from Alfred Charles William Hamsworth, First Viscount Northcliffe, stating that his newspapers would support a movement for the restoration of Rheims Cathedral.

GODFREY RATHBONE BENSON, FIRST BARON CHARNWOOD, PAPERS, 1906.
(1 item.)

Letter from Herbert Asquith.

BENSON FAMILY PAPERS, 1810-1813.
(9 items.)

Letters from Thomas Benson of Kentucky and Ohio to his mother, sister Catherine, and brother John in Philadelphia. Included is a description of the siege of Fort Meigs on the Maumee River in Ohio during the War of 1812.

BENSON-THOMPSON FAMILY PAPERS, 1803 (1820-1860) 1936.
(856 items and 8 vols.)

Personal correspondence and business papers of the Benson, Thompson, and Moore families who migrated from Greenville County and Spartanburg County, South Carolina, to Alabama. Correspondence between the groups in South Carolina and Alabama is concerned for the most part with family matters. However, political events are occasionally discussed, and a number of letters, 1836-1840, deal with the Alabama militia. The collection includes letters reflecting conditions in Alabama during the Civil War; several items on medical education at the University of Louisiana (Tulane University), 1866-1868; and records of the Marion (Alabama) Grange, No. 95, 1873-1876.

SIR SAMUEL BENTHAM PAPERS, 1799.
(1 item.)

Letter from Earl Spencer, First Lord of the Admiralty, on naval matters.

WILLIAM CAVENDISH BENTINCK PAPERS, 1808 (1814-1833) 1848.
(29 items.)

Mostly business and personal letters to Lieutenant Colonel Kenah; six items are by Lord William George Frederick Cavendish Bentinck.

WILLIAM HENRY CAVENDISH-BENTINCK, THIRD DUKE OF PORTLAND, PAPERS, 1783-1808.
(15 items.)

Miscellaneous letters, for the most part concerned with domestic politics and foreign affairs.

B. G. BENTLEY PAPERS, 1830-1836.
(6 items.)

Personal correspondence of B. G. Bentley, a merchant recently from Scotland, with Catherine Thompson, a widow in Scotland.

EDMUND CLERIHEW BENTLEY PAPERS, 1897-1920s.
(5 items.)

Four letters from John Buchan, First Baron Tweedsmuir, concern student life at Oxford. There is also a partial letter by Bentley concerning his writing.

WILLIAM BENTLEY PAPERS, ca. 1804.
(1 item.)

An undated fragmentary letter from Benjamin Crowninshield III, a student in the College of William and Mary.

HORACE BENTON PAPERS, 1849-1864.
(14 items.)

Personal letters dealing with religious and family matters.

LORD CHARLES WILLIAM DE LA POER BERESFORD, FIRST BARON BERESFORD, PAPERS, 1879-1918.
(40 items.)

Correspondence of a British naval officer and politician concerning navy administrationj strength and mobilization policy, maneuvers, personnel reform, technology, Beresford's commands, elections and politics, British leadership, and the prospects of the Empire. Writers include naval officers, political leaders, and royal personages, such as John A. Fisher; Kaiser Wilhelm II; Herbert Bismarck; Lord Wolseley; Louis Mountbatten; Lord Goschen; George, Prince of Wales; Carl Meyer; and Sir George Stuart White.

WILLIAM BERESFORD PAPERS, 1844-1882.
(182 items.)

Letters to Beresford, British politician, mostly concerning politics, relating to his brief term as Secretary at War, 1852, and to a legal case against him, 1853-1854.

CARTER BURWELL BERKELEY PAPERS, 1801 (1813-1816) 1856.
(6 items.)

Business correspondence of Carter B. Berkeley, Virginia politician, concerning tobacco shipments and finances, and brief comments on the War of 1812.

SIR GEORGE HENRY FREDERICK BERKELEY PAPERS, 1849-1850.
(3 items.)

Letters to Berkeley, British commander-in-chief at Madras, probably from General Sir George Brown, concerning military activity and personnel.

WILLIAM N. BERKELEY PAPERS, 1771 (1795-1810) 1878.
(35 items.)

Letters chiefly to William N. Berkeley from N. Atkinson, the overseer of Berkeley's "Goose Pond" plantation, describing in detail crops, marketing of livestock, and weather conditions. There are also an account of tobacco sent by Robert Beverly to England in 1771, physician's accounts for 1791-1799, and two poems by Edmund Berkeley.

MARGARETTA C. (VAN METRE) BERLIN PAPERS, 1819-1868.
(29 items.)

Letters chiefly relating to family matters; writers include Mary (Van Metre) Tharp of Ohio and George W. Berlin of White Post.

JOEL A. BERLY ACCOUNT BOOKS, 1856-1888.
(13 vols.)

Accounts, 12 vols., and a formula book.

[E. L. BERNARD?] ACCOUNTS, 1815-1857
(5 vols.)

Records in the French language of a New Orleans commission merchant.

GEORGE S. BERNARD PAPERS, 1816-1912.
(34 items and 3 vols.)

Papers related to the Civil War interests of a Confederate veteran, writer, and lawyer. One letter and three postcards are responses to Bernard's inquiries concerning persons who served in the conflict. Scrapbooks and loose clippings concern the Ashley family, William M. Tweed, local matters in Petersburg, and war subjects, especially as related to Bernard's service in the 12th Virginia Infantry. There are excerpts from a diary of Bernard's war experience of 1862 with added comments. Battles described include Seven Pines, Malvern Hill, Second Manassas, Crampton's Gap, Chancellorsville, Sewell's Point, French's Field, and Frazier's Farm. A copy of Bernard's book, War Talks of Confederate Veterans, is included with the collection. There are also two pictures-the gunboat Mendota at Deep Bottom, James River; and the Chesterfield Bridge over the North Anna River.

THOMAS J. BERREY PAPERS, 1885-1916.
(230 items and 9 vols.)

Correspondence from insurance companies which Berrey served as agent relates to insurance on buildings and livestock. Letters from Henry Marvin Wharton concern the affairs of Luray College and the Whosoever Farm, 1895-1898 and 1900. Letters from William Coleman Bitting refer to his Baptist church in New York City and to politics. Papers relating to the Page Courier of which Berrey was an editor concern advertising policy and a controversy between coeditor Andrew Broaddus and S. J. Richey over the bankrupt Valley Land and Improvement Company headed by D. F. Kagey. Miscellaneous correspondence, financial papers, and ledgers also concern the Courier. There is a minute book, 1899-1901, of the Philalethian Literary Society of Luray College; a record book, 1889-1891, on scholarship and deportment at Luray Female Institute; and a grade book, 1890-1900, for students at Luray College.

JOHN BERRIDGE PAPERS, 1773.
(1 item.)

A letter from Berridge, an Anglican divine, to his cousin, a Mrs. Leach, commenting on his health, family matters, and his religious views.

JOHN MACPHERSON BERRIEN, SR., PAPERS, 1820-1852
(9 items.)

Letters by Berrien, U. S. senator and politician, containing some comment on national politics.

CHARLES BERRY PAPERS, 1842-1867.
(13 items.)

Largely letters from Berry, while a Confederate soldier, to his family. There are also family letters, 1842, from Eliza M. Griggs of Charles Town, West Virginia, probably the mother of Charles Berry.

JOHN BERRY PAPERS, 1755-1885.
(41 items and 1 vol.)

Papers of a North Carolina builder and architect, including records relating to land and letters containing references to the Civil War, its effect on the cattle industry of Texas, and information on the genealogy of the Vincent family of Lamar, Texas, and of the Berry family.

JOHN BERRY AND THOMAS L. BERRY PAPERS, 1833-1838.
(5 items.)

Bills of lading for shipments of fire brick to John W. Willis, Richmond, Virginia.

WILLIAM BERRY DAYBOOK, 1836-1858.
(1 vol.; 339 pp.)

WILLIAM BERRY DAYBOOK

HENRY BESANCON DIARY, 1862-1864.
(3 vols.)

Diary of a musician assigned to the 104th Regiment of New York Volunteers relating movements of his unit in Virginia and refer ring to service as a nurse in divisional hospitals. Included is a list of expenditures giving wartime prices.

GEORGE BESORE PAPERS, 1822-1866.
(105 items.)

Bills, receipts, orders, invoices, license, promissory notes, and business letters of a general merchant.

B. W. BEST PAPERS, 1865.
(1 item.)

Pardon issued by Andrew Johnson.

MARY MATILDA BETHAM PAPERS, 1840.
(2 items.)

Biographical and genealogical notes concerning Mary Betham's father, William Betham (1749-1839), English clergyman and antiquarian.

RICHARD BETHELL, FIRST BARON WESTBURY, PAPERS, 1853-1894.
(43 items.)

Letters of Bethell and his family, including Bethell's explanation to his children of his resignation as Lord Chancellor of Great Britain, 1865; letters from political figures, including Ulrich John de Burgh, First Marquis of Clanricarde, and Henry George Grey, Third Earl Grey, concerning disestablishment of the Church of Ireland, 1869; letters on various parliamentary topics of the 1870s, including legislation regarding copyright, legal procedures, and foreign affairs; and two letters of John Griffiths, Keeper of the Archives at Oxford, concerning a bust and tablet memorializing Bethell. There are also letters to Eleanor Margaret (Tennant) Bethell, Baroness Westbury, from the English authors, Lady Elizabeth (Rigby) Eastlake, and Frances Minto (Dickinson) Elliott.

R. H. BEVANDAG PAPERS, 1917.
(1 item.)

Letter from H. E. Counsell, Oxford, England, concerning the effect of World War I on Oxford, the losses at the Somme, and prospects of peace.

JAMES T. BEVELY PAPERS, 1861-1862.
(4 items.)

Letters of a Confederate soldier describing enlistments and army life.

HENRY BEVERIGE DIARY, 1864.
(l vol.; 100 pp.)

Diary of a hospital steward in the 25th Virginia Regiment, C.S.A., describing camp life, executions of deserters, and duties of an army surgeon.

ROBERT BEVERLEY PAPERS, 1815.
(l item.)

Letter from Lucy (Beverley) Randolph mentioning financial misfortunes.

RICHARD BIBB PAPERS, 1803.
(1 item.)

A letter, apparently from James Madison, Union Courthouse, South Carolina, commenting on the conditions of his employment by the clerk of the district court, the unhealthful conditions in Charleston each summer, and commodity and land prices.

THOMAS BIBB PAPERS, 1823-1892.
(180 items.)

Papers of the governor of Alabama consisting of mortgages on land and slaves near Thibodeaux, deeds to lots in New Orleans, receipts, notes, lists of slaves, other land papers relating to holdings in Louisiana and Arkansas, and the management of Bibb's estate after his death.

BIBB COUNTY ACADEMY PAPERS, 1838-1859.
(9 items.)

Financial reports of the trustees of this public school, including a proposal to abandon the female academy as economically unwise and concentrate on support of a college.

ALEXANDER BIDDLE PAPERS, 1776-1911.
(574 items.)

Largely papers of various members of the Biddle family, including letters, bills, receipts, invoices, estate inventories, and land grants. Topics include merchandise imported from Liverpool, Birmingham, and Sheffield; charges for brokerage, drayage, insurance, and commissions, St. John's School, Sing Sing, New York; land in Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, and Pennsylvania; and charities. Biddles represented in the collection include A. W., Alexander, Annie, Arthur, Charles, Clement, Jr., E. R., George W., J. Wilmer, James W., Julia W., L. A., Lynford, Marion, Mary D., Mary L. C., Sarah, Thomas, Thomas A., and W. R. There are also papers of John Horn, Jr., the estate of Ralph Peters, Mark Willcox, and Henry J. Williams.

ANTHONY JOSEPH DREXEL BIDDLE, JR., CHECK STUBS, 1919.
(1 vol.; 4 pp.)

ANTHONY JOSEPH DREXEL BIDDLE, JR., CHECK STUBS

JAMES WILLIAMS BIDDLE LEDGER, 1869-1871.
(1 vol.; 236 pp.)

General mercantile accounts.

MARY (DUKE) BIDDLE CHECK STUBS, 1915-1918.
(1 vol.; 313 pp.)

MARY (DUKE) BIDDLE CHECK STUBS

SAMUEL SIMPSON BIDDLE PAPERS, 1764-1895.
(3,586 items and 11 vols.)

Business and personal correspondence of four generations of members of the Simpson and Biddle families, principally those of John Simpson (1728-1788), locally a prominent Revolutionary figure, his son Samuel, and his great-grandson Samuel Simpson Biddle (1811-1872), both families being prominent in local affairs. The early letters, including several from John Simpson's brother in Boston, are largely concerned with business, including deeds, Simpson's property in Boston, and shipment of goods. One letter, in 1790, indicates that Simpson was associated in business with Dr. Hugh Williamson in Fayetteville, North Carolina. Other correspondence is concerned with probable purchase of land from John Haywood; one contract, 1810, with a tenant on Simpson's land; agricultural and business interests of Samuel Simpson Biddle in the 1840's and 1850's; the education of Samuel Simpson Biddle at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; and the education of several of his children at various schools in North Carolina, including Wake Forest College, Louisburg Academy, Chowan Female College, Oxford Female College, and a school at Warrenton.

William P. Biddle, father of Samuel Simpson Biddle, was a Baptist minister, who associated with his father-in-law in farming and business. Many letters of other ministers are included, with considerable information on activities of the Baptist Church in the area of Fort Barnwell and New Bern. There are also minutes of Neuse (Baptist) Association, November 4, 1843, and of a conference meeting of the Baptist Church of Christ at Harriett's Chapel, September, 1853.

A large proportion of the letters refer to the Civil War, S. S. Biddle, Jr., and James W. Biddle having enlisted in the Confederate Army in 1861. These letters contain descriptions of campaigns, troop movements, camp life, and epidemics among soldiers and civilians. References are also made to naval conflicts along the coast, Federal prisoners, execution of deserters and of Southern traitors, fortifications at James Island, South Carolina, various generals, including P. G. T. Beauregard and Wade Hampton, and the confiscation of Southern property by Federal forces. There are also comments on the comparative merits of Z. B. Vance and W. W. Holden as governors.

There are many notes, deeds, and wills, and numerous letters from two of Samuel Biddle's daughters, Mary and Rosa, and from a son, B. F. Biddle, at Wake Forest College, and lists of names and valuations of slaves left by Samuel Simpson and William P. Biddle to their children. There are eleven account books, five small stud books, and a large number of bills and receipts concerned with the mercantile and farming interests of the Simpsons and Biddles. Among the correspondents are John D. Bellamy, William Gaston, John Haywood, Thomas Meredith, and John Stanly.

SIR GEORGE BIDDLECOMBE MEMOIR, 1823-1872.
(1 vol.; 368 pp.)

An account of Biddlecombe's experiences as a British naval officer, including a visit to the grave of Napoleon Bonaparte on St. Helena in 1824, participation in the Burmese War, 1825; the activities of Dona Apolinaria, a spy for Simon Bolivar; Biddlecombe's naval surveys in various parts of the world; the Crimean War; meetings with royalty; and his being knighted by Queen Victoria.

ASA BIGGS PAPERS, 1827-1886.
(161 items and 1 vol.)

Pre-Civil War letters refer to a mercantile firm in which the Biggs family had an interest. Two letters are from Cushing Biggs Hassell. Wartime correspondence in cludes letters, concentrated in 1864-1865, of two sons, Henry A. and William Biggs, de scribing service in the 17th North Carolina Regiment and Manley's Battery near Petersburg and Wilmington. There is no material in this collection concerning Biggs's political career. His letters to his wife are personal in nature. There is a brief diary begun by Biggs's daughter, possibly Della, in 1855 during a visit to Washington, which largely records household duties and financial accounts.

ANNIE CECELIA (BULMER) BILL PAPERS, 1924-1943.
(8 items.)

Personal letters, some relating to Christian Science.

J. T. BILLENSTEIN MEMOIR. 1862-1863
(1 vol.; 228 pp.)

Narrative, written in the form of a journal, of the service of the U.S.S. Brooklyn, 1862-1863, in operations against New Orleans. Includes transcripts of official correspondence and orders.

DAVID BILLMYER PAPERS, 1832-1906.
(998 items.)

Family letters and papers largely relating to personal matters. Included are letters of the related Shepherd family. Letters of Henry E. Unseld describe New Orleans during 1854-1855, with reference to theatre, social life, the Irish uprising, Know-Nothings, and yellow fever epidemics; experiences in the Nicaraguan War of 1856; and travels in Warrensburg, Missouri, and in Illinois, 1858-1859. Letters of David Billmyer, member of the House of Delegates, 1867-1868, discuss the permanent location of the state capital and his businesses--a dry goods store in Shepherdstown and a grain boat on the Potomac River. Letters from William H. and Sallie Billmyer concern West Virginia Agricultural College, Morgantown, and Hagerstown Female Seminary, Hagerstown, Maryland, 1868-1869. Several letters from relatives recount military events in Virginia, 1861. There are many references to religion and temperance.

EDWARD F. BIRCKHEAD PAPERS, 1842-1895.
(237 items.)

Papers of a physician and farmer; included are references to prices and shipment of corn, meal, plaster, wheat, flour, and tobacco; and bills for medical services. Letters from James S. Hamm describe social life and customs of Gainesville, Alabama, during the 1840s and comment on the murder of Dr. Sidney S. Perry by Col. John A. Winston. One letter of 1850 from Philadelphia describes medical study, abolitionist sentiment, and a Jenny Lind concert. There are accounts of a committee to dispense aid to indigent families of soldiers during the Civil War; letters from Birckhead's daughter Millie concerning schooling at the Piedmont Female Academy; and accounts of the estates of Nehemiah Birckhead and William P. Wilkerson.

BIRMINGHAM POLITICAL UNION PAPERS, 1831.
(1 item.)

Draft committee report on organization of the Union.

JAMES BISLAND PAPERS, 1822-1835.
(15 items.)

Deeds for slaves purchased from Peter and William Bisland.

EDWARD BISHOP PAPERS, 1864.
(1 item.)

Letter of a Confederate recruit stationed at Griffin, Georgia, describing camp life.

G. EDWARD BISHOP PAPERS, 1861.
(2 items.)

Letter, accompanied by a map of northern Virginia, by a musician in the 4th Rhode Island Volunteer Regiment describing the movement to Washington, D.C., and conditions in camp there; and a letter describing the capture of Fort Macon, North Carolina, and conditions around Beaufort.

SARAH E. BISHOP PAPERS, 1871-1878.
(2 items.)

Family letters.

WILLIAM T. BISHOP PAPERS, 1818-1863.
(72 items.)

Family and business letters, largely to Bishop or his father, Charles Bishop of Manchester, Pennsylvania; and letters from Slater T. Walker to William Bishop's wife, Caroline (Walker) Bishop. Letters of the 1830s when William and Caroline Bishop lived in Louisville, Kentucky, and Manchester, Pennsylvania, concern the sale of a slave, illness, cholera, and business affairs. Papers of the 1840s relate to Walker's dry goods business in Hummelstown, to Bishop's court contest with the Savings Bank of Baltimore, and to the Sons of Temperance, which Bishop apparently served as a lecturer. Letters of the later 1840s concern his employment as a justice of the peace and debt collector and conflicts over the Walker family property. Among the correspondents are Carrie Bishop, John C. Bucher, Henry A. Muhlenberg, and J. W. Oliver.

LEONARD BISSELL PAPERS, 1842.
(2 items.)

Letters from cotton factors of Augusta, Georgia, describing the cotton market, prices, and futures.

TITUS RUSSELL LETTERS, 1854-1865.
(15 items.)

Letters, largely from Titus Bissell to his mother, discussing family affairs; two items describe the siege of Charleston during the Civil War and the part played by Titus's sons Tite and Neddy.

ROBERT BISSET PAPERS, 1769-1799.
(6 items.)

Correspondence of a British army officer concerning military affairs. Places mentioned include St. Augustine, Florida, 1769. Persons include Sir William Fawcett, William Pitt, and the Duke of York.

B. LEWIS BITTING PAPERS, (1858-1864) 1886.
(19 items.)

Family correspondence largely concerning gossip, but mentioning the progress of the Civil War and an organization known as the "Heroes of America," July 17, 1864, and material from 1877-1878 on the sale of manufactured tobacco in South Carolina.

JOHN DANIEL BIVENS PAPERS, 1817 (1840-1925) 1939.
(1,584 items and 26 vols.)

Mercantile accounts and family and business correspondence of John D. Bivens (1863-1921), merchant, trial justice in Collins Township, county commissioner, state legislator, and presidential elector. The collection consists chiefly of family correspondence and legal papers, revealing many facts concerning political problems and methods in South Carolina, 1885-1915, and account books of a country merchant dealing in cotton. Included are letters concerning Bivens's attending Sheridan Classical School in Orangeburg, South Carolina; cards from Coleman L. Blease, governor of South Carolina; letters concerning Bivens's son, John Lucas Bivens, who attended Clemson College, South Carolina; account books of D. T. Bivens of Ridgeville, South Carolina; school trustees' record, Delman's School House, Collins Township; household accounts; farm accounts; and a criminal trial docket, 1909-1922, of George W. Elsey, a justice of the peace preceding Bivens.

HARRIET MATILDA BLACK PAPERS, 1860 (1862-1864) 1889.
(78 items.)

Letters to Harriet Matilda Black from her brothers and cousins in the Confederate Army. There are references to the "Beef Club," evidently a co-operative food venture among the soldiers, and the canal built for the siege of Vicksburg.

HARVEY BLACK LEDGERS, 1865-1893.
(2 vols.)

Physician's accounts.

FRANCIS BLACKBURNE PAPERS, 1849.
(1 item.)

Letter from Edward B. Sugden commenting on his recent book, politics and judiciary in Ireland and England, and poor relief.

VALENTINE BLACKER LETTER BOOK, 1798-1813.
(1 vol.; 349 pp.)

Letters of an officer of the Madras Army in the service of the East India Company; also included are a few letters from his uncle, General Sir Barry Close. Topics include the India careers of Blacker and Close, military campaigns and expeditions, and observations on the countryside and the life and customs of southern India. Filed with the letter book is a descriptive calendar.

CHARLES MINOR BLACKFORD, SR., AND THOMAS JELLIS KIRKPATRICK PAPERS, 1848-1870.
(8 items.)

Miscellaneous material concerning a law firm.

JOHN STUART BLACKIE PAPERS, 1892.
(1 item.)

Letter from the Earl of Fife expressing his opinion about the undesirability of large landed estates.

HOMER BLACKMON PAPERS, 1862-1864.
(4 items.)

Letters from J. A. Dunn, overseer of Blackmon's plantation near Point Jefferson, about the building of a cotton gin, illness among the slaves, Civil War refugee life at Walnut Hill, Arkansas, and the behavior of slaves under French occupation.

R. BLACKNALL AND SON PRESCRIPTION BOOK, 1901-1903.
(1 vol.)

Druggist's prescription book.

J. WILLIAM BLACKSHEAR PAPERS, 1846-1865.
(50 items.)

Chiefly war letters of J. William Blackshear, Confederate soldier, fiance and ultimately the husband of Marian Baber, who was the daughter of Ambrose Baber; and of George D. Smith, Confederate soldier and cousin of the Babers. The letters include descriptions of the fall of Port Royal, South Carolina, 1861, and graphic descriptions of army life and activities on St. Simon's Island, Georgia. Other correspondents wrote of efforts of "Yankees" in 1865 to get teachers for Negro schools in Savannah, impressions of Texas, high cost of living, styles in women's clothes, poor mail service, and depredations of Sherman's soldiers.

EDWARD L. BLACKWELL PAPERS, 1869-1879.
(2 vols.)

Records of a general merchant at Fairfield, with detailed entries of transactions. Payments by customers are identified by cash, goods, labor, and other services. Negro customers are identified in both ledgers; the smaller volume, 1869-1871, was kept entirely for Negro customers. It also contains the accounts, 1873-1879, of Jones Spencer, administrator of Blackwell's estate. Included is an account of sales of the perishable property of the estate, June 2, 1873, which amounts to a partial inventory of the store.

ELIZABETH BLACKWELL PAPERS, 1838, 1847.
(2 items.)

A personal letter from Elizabeth Blackwell's daughter, Betsy, and her sonin-law, J. H. (Edmunds?); and a letter concerning interest on a loan.

WILLIAM THOMAS BLACKWELL PAPERS, 1883-1889.
(93 items and 30 vols.)

Business records of a tobacco manufacturer, tobacco merchant, and banker, including the records of the Bank of Durham. Correspondents include N. A. Ramsey reporting on mica-bearing lands of the University of North Carolina in the western part of the state and V. Ballard regarding accounts due the Bank of Durham.

DAVID K. BLACKWOOD PAPERS, 1851 (1852-1856) 1881.
(16 items.)

Personal correspondence of David K. Blackwood with his brothers, J., James J., and M. J. Blackwood.

FREDERICK TEMPLE HAMILTON-TEMPLEBLACKWOOD, FIRST MARQUIS OF DUFFERIN AND AVA, PAPERS, 1870 (1886-1888) 1895.
(35 items.)

Letters relating to Lord Dufferin's term as governor-general of India, chiefly addressed to Dufferin's advisor, Sir Andrew Richard Scoble, and concerning appointments to office and requests for advice. Included is a pamphlet giving Dufferin's reply, 1877, to charges against his appointment of Sir Charles Umpherston Aitchison to his council. There is also comment by Dufferin, 1872, on John Bright's clauses added to the Irish Land Act, permitting government loans to support tenant purchases of lands. There are a few letters by Lady Dufferin and by Sir Henry Blackwood, First Baronet.

SIR HENRY BLACKWOOD, FIRST BARONET, PAPERS, 1810-1827.
(3 items.)

Letters, 1827, to an attorney, Julius Hutchinson, concerning the collection of debts from a Mr. De Bruyn; and a letter of commendation, 1810, from Admiral Sir Charles Cotton.

BLADEN COUNTY, N.C., ENTRY TAKER'S BOOK, 1778-1796.
(1 vol.; 600 pp.)

Contemporary copy of an entry taker's book of land grants describing location of each tract.

CYNTHIA BLAIR AND MILDRED BLAIR PAPERS, (1852-1859) 1892.
(79 items.)

Correspondence of two young girls with relatives and friends in Randolph County and the surrounding area, with references to the social life of the pre-war period. A few letters from the spring of 1861 show the anticipation of the outbreak of hostilities. Correspondents include Nancy and Elizabeth Royall, R. R. Tomlinson, Elizabeth and William S. McGee, E. I. Julian, A. H. Ardella, Delphina Brown, Alson Kine, Betty Elder, Mary M. Miller (a cousin in Iowa), and Rachael Mendenhall.

FRANCIS PRESTON BLAIR PAPERS, 1831-1867.
(35 items.)

Letters addressed to Blair, relating to Democratic politics, especially to the extent of support for Andrew Jackson, and to Blair's private business affairs. Writers include Benjamin F. Linton, W. H. Hardwick, R. C. Hancock, George C. Skipworth, J. W. McKee, Cassius M. Clay, Francis Scott Key, George Mifflin Dallas.

W. A. BLAIR PAPERS, 1835-1842.
(10 items.)

Personal letters concerning W. A. Blair's changes of fortune as he moved from Portsmouth, Virginia, to Peoria and thence to St. Louis, Missouri.

RALPH ROYD BLAKELY PAPERS, 1918-1957.
(304 items.)

Papers relating to Blakely's efforts to qualify for disability compensation based on illness suffered as a soldier in World War I; and correspondence relating to political patronage and the Republican Party in South Carolina. Included are materials related to the efforts of J. Yandell Blakely to be appointed a U.S. district attorney in South Carolina, and R. R. Blakely's efforts to become postmaster. There is also material relating to several minor offices in the state party held by J. Y. and R. R. Blakely. Included are printed materials circulated by Republicans in opposition to policies of the Democratic administration.

N. L. BLAKEMORE PAPERS, 1849-1869.
(4 items.)

Letters of N. L. Blakemore, connected with the Shenandoah Iron Works, concerning business conditions and prices.

ANGUS R. BLAKEY PAPERS, 1820 (1840-1865) 1888.
(653 items.)

Personal and business papers of a Virginia attorney, including some papers of his various partners, Francis H. Hill, Oscar Reierson, William Oswald Fry, and James Blakey. Topics frequently discussed include temperance; purchases and prices of slaves; politics, political leaders, events, and appointments to office; Revolutionary War pensions and bounty lands; the Mexican War; insurance; legal affairs; the secessionist spirit in Virginia; the state secession convention and Blakey's role as a delegate; preparations in the South for military activity; religion; land; hiring out of slaves and their use in the iron and coal industries of Virginia during the war; commodity prices and speculation in the Confederacy; avoidance of conscription; salt mining and trade; the encouragement of white immigration to Virginia after the war; the faculty of the University of Virginia and other colleges; Blakey's participation in the management of the Insurance Company of America; and conventions of former Confederates. Among the writers of letters are A. D. Almond, Joseph Reid Anderson and Co., James Barbour, John Brown Barbour, John Strode Barbour, Sr., T. C. Blakey, William Brown, James Lawrence Cabell, Francis Edward Garland Carr, Edward N. Covell, Nathan P. Dodge, William L. Early, Joseph T. Field, G. D. Gray, John Thomas Harris, D. J. Hartsook, William Wirt Henry, Samuel H. Jeter, James Lawson Kemper, J. L. Kent, Margaret F. C. Lewis, Richard McIlwaine, Jeremiah Morton, T. M. Niven, S. H. Parrott, William H. Richardson, John Rutherfoord, W. P. Strother, John W. Taylor, Robert H. Turner, Charles Scott Venable, James W. Walker, H. N. Wallace, Henry Alexander Wise.

AUSTIN BLALOCK PAPERS, 1863-1864.
(3 items.)

Letters of a private in the 35th North Carolina Regiment describing camp life near Richmond, Virginia, and in Martin County, North Carolina.

TILMON BLALOCK PAPERS, 1825-1861.
(33 items.)

Papers of Tilmon Blalock, a farmer, lieutenant colonel in the North Carolina Militia, and captain in the Mexican War. The papers consist of military reports, records of army supplies received, applications for pensions, and Blalock's will.

LOUIS BLANC PAPERS, 1850.
(1 item.)

Manuscript of an article, "La Situation," by Blanc, French socialist and politician, attacking the restrictive French election law of 1850 and apparently intended for publication in Le Nouveau Monde, but suppressed by intimidation of the printer.

CHARLES W. BLANCHARD PAPERS, 1930.
(1 item.)

Correspondence with J. M. Templeton relating to the founding of the Cary School.

EDWARD LITT LAMAN BLANCHARD PAPERS, 1886.
(l item.)

Letter to H. Plowman, June 9, 1886.

WILLIAM BLANDING JOURNAL, 1828.
(2 items and 1 vol.)

Journal of a trip to Asheville, North Carolina, with descriptions of gold mines in North and South Carolina; comments on politics in the U.S. and South Carolina; and two hand drawn maps of iron works at Catawba Springs, North Carolina and Chesterfield, South Carolina.

ELIZABETH J. (HOLMES) BLANKS PAPERS, 1832-1888.
(112 items and 1 vol.)

Family and business correspondence of the Blanks family, planters and lawyers, who moved from North Carolina to Mississippi, and, failing in business undertakings there, returned to North Carolina. The letters concern settlement of the estate of one of the Blanks and give information on prices and general economic conditions, on the history of the Holmes and Blanks families, and on the activities of William Blanks, Jr., who joined the New York firm of J. T. Murray & Company in 1866. Many of the letters, written by the women of the family, are filled with personal affairs, religious discussions, prophecy, and stories of hardships and anxiety attending the Civil War. A notebook contains information on the McLaurin and MacMurphy families.

JAMES BLANTON PAPERS, 1808-1897.
(859 items.)

Largely bills and receipts relating to Blanton's ante-bellum tobacco commission business, Farmville, Virginia, and some records of farming and carriage manufacturing in Cumberland County. A letter, 1848, from Blanton's son, Philip Southall Blanton, describes his studies at Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, including the theft of the body of a Negro woman, found to have been buried alive. There are also papers of Walker B. Blanton, principally drafts of articles concerning the Patrons of Husbandry, and of James M. Blanton, Virginia state commissioner of agriculture in the 1880s. A few letters of Confederate soldiers in the 18th Virginia Regiment of Volunteers in North Carolina and Virginia mention smallpox in camp near Tarboro, North Carolina, 1864, and comment on morale near the end of the war.

JAMES L. B. BLA WELT PAPERS, 1862-1867.
(5 items.)

Personal correspondence of James L. B. Blauvelt, an officer in the U.S. Navy, concerning Civil War activities around Pensacola Bay, Florida; Mobile Bay, Alabama; and Vicksburg, Mississippi.

F. A. BLECKLEY PAPERS, (1862-1865) 1880.
(44 items.)

Personal letters from F. A. Bleckley, a private in the Confederate Army, and from his brother, William L. Bleckley. One letter, January 23, 1865, concerns a proposed armistice.

SYLVESTER BLECKLEY PAPERS, 1875, 1881.
(2 items.)

Personal letters from Sylvester Bleckley, a general merchant, to his uncle, Charles Bleckley, in Catawba County, Noith Carolina.

JOHN BLIGH, FOURTH EARL OF DARNLEY, PAPERS, 1738-1858.
(99 items.)

Letters and printed material of Thigh and members of his family. Topics include the Act of Union; political activities of Daniel O'Connell and Catholic emancipation; elections to the House of Commons, Irish elections and criticism of the government's Irish policy; English politics and appointments to the ministry; trade with Russia, Sweden, and Denmark in iron; rises in the price of coal; rises in the price of food; and genealogy. Writers of letters include members of the royalty, the peerage, and political leaders. Letters, 1830, of Prince Leopold (later King of Belgium) discuss his refusal to accept the crown of Greece. There is a 1796 account of naval engagements with the French off the Irish coast.

CHARLES GEORGE BLOMFIELD PAPERS, 1854-1865.
(2 items and 2 vols.)

Papers of a British officer in the Madras Army and superintendent of police in Malabar, 1857-1867. Included is a record book of the Malabar Police Corps containing a brief historical account, 1854-1860, up to the incorporation into the Mofussel Police. Also in the collection are Blomfield's official diaries, 1864 and July-December, 1865, with details of crime, investigations, and judicial proceedings, and marginal comments by the inspector general, Lewis Hankin.

CHARLES JAMES BLOMFIELD PAPERS, 1835-1861.
(13 items.)

Chiefly miscellaneous letters addressed to Blomfield, Bishop of London, and to his wife, Dorothy Kent Blomfield. Writers include Sir Robert Peel and other prominent persons; among topics mentioned are relief of the destitute, ecclesiastical matters, and appointments.

AMELIA (JENKS) BLOOMER PAPERS, 1895.
(1 item.)

Clipping of an article that appeared in a Columbus, Ohio, newspaper shortly after Mrs. Bloomer's death. It gives a brief account of this woman best known for the mode of dress which she adopted and to which her name has been given.

H. P. BLOUNT PAPERS, 1881-1919.
(42 items.)

Personal letters, including a description, 1881, of living conditions and child labor in Atlanta, Mrs. Blount's singing abilities, Blount's election to the Georgia Historical Society, and the admission of his daughter to the Athens State Normal College, 1908.

JOHN GRAY BLOUNT PAPERS, 1780-1826.
(27 items.)

Business letters to Blount, merchant, shipper, planter, and politician. Topics include proceedings of the state legislature, the building of a courthouse in Beaufort County, appointments of two magistrates, Blount's business, and land deeds and inden tures.

WILLIE BLOUNT PAPERS, 1809, 1810.
(2 items.)

Letters from Willie Blount (1768-1835), Tennessee legislator and governor, dealing with the removal of Indians from Tennessee.

BLOUNT FAMILY GENEALOGY. n.d.
(1 item.)

Photocopy of the family tree of the descendants of Robert Taft of Scotland (fl. 1202).

MARY A. BLUDWORTH PAPERS, 1862-1913.
(37 items.)

Family letters dealing with social life and customs in South Carolina; the temperance movement; Civil War battles including the Peninsular Campaign and Chancellorsville; the Rollins family; and a Confederate veterans' organization called the Immortal 600.

EDMUND BLUM PAPERS, 1841-1876.
(13 items and 2 vols.)

Business correspondence of Blum, a coppersmith employed by John D. Brown of Salisbury, North Carolina. Included is Blum's report as secretary-treasurer of Shady Mount Sunday School, giving a brief history of the school; a letter of 1838 from John C. Blum; and daybooks, 1844-1852, 1857-1864.

ELIZABETH F. BLYTH PAPERS, 1819-1834.
(23 items.)

Letters from commission merchants handling the sale of rice.

JAMES LOCKE BOARDMAN PAPERS, 1844 (1858-1874) 1881.
(25 items.)

Letters of James L. Boardman, 5th Alabama Regiment, C.S.A., of his brother, Henry Boardman, 62nd Alabama Regiment, C.S.A., and their father, Volney Boardman (b. 1810). The father's letters concern the education of his daughter, Margaret. The sons' letters describe camp life, supplies, campaigns, the Harper's Ferry and Winchester Railroad, and the Ku Klux Klan.

JOHN B. BOBBITT PAPERS, 1886-1888.
(36 items.)

Papers of John B. Bobbitt, Methodist minister, concerning the collection of pledges for the Trinity College Endowment Fund, and the publication of The Methodist Advance and The Christian Educator and Trinity Endowment.

JOHN A. BOGART PAPERS, 1838.
(1 item.)

Routine letter from Mahlon Dickerson (1770-1853), U.S. senator from New Jersey, to Bogart, collector of the customs in New York.

WILLIAM ROBERTSON BOGGS PAPERS, 1855-1857.
(7 items.)

Papers of William R. Boggs, officer in the armies of the U.S.A. and the C.S.A., include family letters, two calling cards, an invitation, and a note on the death of William R. Boggs, Jr.

THADDEUS S. BOINEST PAPERS, 1849-1871.
(26 items.)

Business correspondence of Thaddeus S. Boinest, Lutheran minister and president of the Immigration Society of Newberry, South Carolina, chiefly on matters connected with the Immigration Society.

WILLIAM P. BOISSEAU PAPERS, 1866-1871.
(11 items.)

Personal letters from William P. Boisseau to his father with occasional references to crops and the weather.

EDWARD WILLIAM BOK PAPERS, 1894-1923.
(4 items.)

Papers of Edward W. Bok (1863-1930), author and editor, include three letters from cartoonist William Allen Rogers concerning drawings he had made for Bok's use, and a letter of thanks to Samuel Griffin Wingfield for his comments on Bok's books.

GEORGE HENRY BOKER PAPERS, 1859-1869.
(7 items.)

Letters from George H. Boker (1823-1890), writer and diplomat, to Charles Warren Stoddard, criticizing Stoddard's poetical works. [Published: Jay B. Hubbell, "George Henry Boker, Paul Hamilton Hayne, and Charles Warren Stoddard: Some Unpublished Letters," American Literature, V (May, 1933), 146-165.]

JOHN A. BOLIN PAPERS, 1862-1864.
(5 items.)

Letters of John A. Bolin, 17th Regiment, Alabama Volunteers, C.S.A., to his wife, Mary J. Bolin, describing camp life and military activities.

JOSEPH CLAUDE MARIE BOLLERY PAPERS, 1928-1945.
(7 items.)

Letters of Bollery (b. 1890), editor of Cahiers Leon Bloy, to Guido Colucci concerning calligraphy done by Colucci and watercolor illustrations done by his brother, Gio Colucci, for La Boue from Bloy's Sueur de Sang; and a copy of the minutes of the meeting establishing the Amis de Leon Bloy.

A. J. BOILING PAPERS, 1849-1889.
(15 items and 1 vol.)

The volume contains a ledger, 1870-1889, 251 pp., for Bolling's general store in northwestern Guilford County. Many pages are missing from the ledger; the first 94 pages are the ledger, 1849-1852, of Samuel Dwiggins from his general store near Guilford, in westcentral Guilford County. Loose items include envelopes and invoices, some of them from J. L. King, manufacturer of plug, twist, and navy tobacco at Greensboro, North Carolina.

RICHARD M. BOILING PAPERS, 1843-1909.
(18 items.)

Chiefly the business papers of Captain Richard M. Bolling, Engineer in Charge of Survey of the Seaboard Airline Railway Company. Included are three postcards and some genealogical information.

WILLIAM BOILING PAPERS, 1724 (1776-1859) 1883.
(877 items.)

The papers and correspondence of William Bolling (1789-1849), planter, cavalry commander in the War of 1812, sheriff, and descendant of Pocahontas, include information concerning Bolling's farming operations; prices of wheat and tobacco; flour milling industry in Richmond; slaves; the Randolph, Robertson, and Meade families and their plantations; David Meade's removal to Kentucky in 1796; Albemarle Agricultural Society; William Bolling's services in the War of 1812 in the vicinity of Norfolk, Virginia; John Braidwood, an Englishman who taught deaf-mutes; Bremo Seminary (Fluvanna County, Virginia); University of Virginia, Charlottesville, including description of Thomas Jefferson; Oxford Iron Works in Campbell County, Virginia; and travel to Rome and Switzerland. Among the correspondents are Mary Bolling, Thomas Bolling, John Braidwood, John Hartwell Cocke, David Meade, Anne (Meade) Randolph, David Meade Randolph, Richard Randolph, Bolling Robertson, and John Robertson. [One letter of David Meade is published. See Bayrd Still (ed.), "The Westward Migration of a Planter Pioneer in 1796," William and Mary College Quarterly, 2d Ser., XXI, 318-343.]

JOHN BOLTON PAPERS, 1836.
(1 item.)

Routine business letter, with copy of another enclosed, from Baring Brothers and Company, London, to John Bolton, agent for the Planters Bank in New York.

FERDINAND F. BOLTZ PAPERS, 1864-1865.
(1 vol.)

Combination daybook, memorandum book and diary of Boltz, 88th Regiment, Indiana Volunteers, containing brief accounts of his regiment; Sherman's march through Georgia; the siege of Savannah; and the march through the Carolinas ending at Richmond, Virginia.

EDWARD EARLE BOMAR PAPERS, 1757 (1880-1938) 1942.
(556 items and 18 vols.)

Personal and professional papers of E. E. Bomar (b. 1861), Baptist minister, and his father, John E. Bomar (1827-1899), lawyer and politician. The correspondence of John Bomar includes family letters; papers dealing with legal cases; letters discussing politics, including a letter from Daniel W. Wallace, U.S. representative from South Carolina (1848-1853), commenting on the political issue of slavery and predicting the Civil War; and material relating to Bomar's service as trustee of Limestone College, Converse College, the Kennedy Free Library, Spartanburg Female Seminary, and Spartanburg Male Academy. The major portion of the E. E. Bomar correspondence consists of family letters which discuss family matters, the life and growth of missions in Japan, 1938, and political events in Manila, 1931-1935. Other papers concern the work of the Foreign Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, 1900-1906; leading Baptists and religious figures, including a discussion of a revival in Charleston led by Dwight L. Moody; and the pastorates of the churches he served. Miscellaneous papers and volumes include notebooks on law and seminary lectures, memorandum books, ca. 1878-1882, sermon notes, various church calendars and histories, clippings on religious matters, bills and receipts, and genealogical information.

BOMPIANI PAPERS, 1844.
(1 item.)

Letter from Professor Bompiani to an English nobleman attempting to identify a figure depicted in the tiling of the latter's dining room.

OCTAVIUS BOND PAPERS, 1797-1811.
(28 items.)

Papers of a British army officer, 4th Regiment, Native Infantry, include Bond's appointments and commissions from cadet to captain, copies of letters concerning claims of his regiment against the East India Company for prize money from the Mysore War, and a log recording voyages to India, 1797, and from India to England, 1810.

THOMAS M. BONDURANT PAPERS, 1834 (1856-1891).
(18 items.)

Business and political correspondence of Thomas M. Bondurant, Virginia politician, containing comments on the Liverpool tobacco market and the Jacksonian financial policy.

MILLEDGE LUKE BONHAM PAPERS, 1861-1864.
(10 items.)

Papers of Milledge L. Bonham (1813-1890), governor of South Carolina (1863-1865), including letters from William Johnston, president of the Charlotte and South Carolina Railroad, which concern the shipment of cotton to Wilmington, North Carolina, for running the blockade; receipts for expenditures from the contingent fund; a note on balloon experiments conducted for the Union Army; letters discussing army regulations, the first battle of Manassas, and the site of a projected military-prison; and a petition from citizens of the Marlborough District objecting to an Executive Council order to obstruct the Pee Dee River and calling all white males into active military service.

ELI WHITNEY BONNEY PAPERS, 1805-1914.
(596 items.)

Personal and business papers of E. W. Bonney (1810-1868), merchant. Prior to 1830, the papers are of the Lee family, related through Bonney's wife, Rebecca (Lee) Bonney (1811-1877). Lee records consist of the correspondence of Francis S. Lee with Charleston cotton factors and with friends at the Virginia Springs; and deeds and estate papers. Other ante-bellum materials include mercantile records; letters from Northern friends commenting on the Smithson funds, Daniel Webster, slavery and secession; letters from sons at academies near Asheville, North Carolina, and Winnsboro and Columbia, South Carolina, describing discipline, curriculum, and student life; and a diary remarking on religious, social and mercantile affairs. Civil War letters, chiefly from sons Usher Parsons and Charles Levett Bonney, describe secession; the war in Virginia, Florida, and Mississippi, especially the siege of Pensacola, First Manassas, the Seven Days Battles, and the siege of Petersburg; and life in Richmond. Correspondence after the war reveals efforts of the family to reestablish themselves; and discusses confiscation of cotton and other property, the credit system, prices, politics, Negroes, and Reconstruction in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Texas.

LETTIE BONNIFIELD PAPERS, 1861-1885.
(17 items.)

Letters of Sergeant Andrew Donaldson Stewart, 25th Regiment, Ohio Volunteers, to Lettie Bonnifield describing the movement of his own and other Union regiments, predominately in northern Virginia.

JOHN BONSACK PAPERS, 1786 (1816-1908) 1929.
(2,000 items and 34 vols.)

Personal and business correspondence, and accounts and genealogical records of the Bonsack and Plaine families, connected by marriage. Included are school and college letters from Emory and Henry College, Virginia, 1851; Calvert College, New Windsor, Maryland, 1851-1852; State Normal School, Millersville, Pennsylvania, 1881; Roanoke College, Salem, Virginia, 1882; and Eastman Business College, Poughkeepsie, New York, 1883. Included also are letters concerning woolen factories in Good Intent, Virginia, 1862, and at Bonsack, Virginia, during the 1880s; references to David H. Plaine's work as a churchman, teacher, and a politician in and around Roanoke, Virginia; accounts of Jacob Bonsack (1819-1889), as a merchant in Good Intent, Virginia; and accounts of Harry E. Plaine as a hardware dealer in Broken Bow, Nebraska, during the 1880s. About fifty letters, 1786-1851, are written in German to two John Bonsacks, father (1760-1795) and son (1781-1859), Included are several religious tracts, memorandum books, study notes, and short diaries. The diaries contain accounts of a trip in 1856 from Randolph County, Virginia, to Madison, Wisconsin; travels in the vicinity of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and a record kept by D. H. Plaine in 1857.

GEORGE BOOKER PAPERS, 1850-1862.
(43 items.)

Letters to George Booker (1816 [?] - 1878) from M. R. H. Garnett, R. M. T. Hunter, and Henry A. Wise, relating principally to politics. Included are discussions of Garnett's race for a seat in the House of Representatives, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the 1856 presidential election, abolitionism, states' rights, and secession.

ROBERT BOOLE PAPERS, 1675.
(1 item.)

Indenture between Robert Boole and John Champlin, merchants of Bideford.

HIRAM CASSEL BOONE PAPERS, 1820-1832.
(4 items.)

Letters from Congressmen Jonathan Jennings, Ratliff Boon, and John Tipton to H. C. Boone (b. 1789) concerning Boone's claim against the government, and one letter referring to Boone's wedding.

TURIN BRADFORD BOONE DIARIES, 1911-1912.
(2 vols.)

Typewritten diaries of Boone, member of the staff of Morgan Shuster, Treasurer General of Persia, titled "Persian Diary, 1911-1912" and "Around the World." The second, in part an abridgement of the first, describes a trip in the Eastern Mediterranean and Europe. He discusses Persian finances and foreign policy, politics, religions, art and architecture, and places he visited. Persons mentioned include Sherwood Eddy and Mohamet V (1844-1918), Sultan of Turkey.

CHARLES H. BOOTH PAPERS, 1852-1886.
(12 items.)

Personal and business letters of a real estate and insurance agent, mentioning travel in Europe and discussing railroads.

EDWIN T. BOOTON PAPERS, 1828-1907.
(1,286 items and 17 vols.)

Business and legal papers of E. T. Booton, attorney, mayor and county judge, concerning his early journalistic efforts as Page County's reporter for the Richmond newspapers; local and state politics; the Baptist Church and the Y.M.C.A. in Luray; his duties as mayor of Luray and his appointment as county judge; business and industrial expansion in Luray; and the development of Luray College, and the Whosoever Farm and Orphanage. Legal papers concern the collection of debts or rent and the settlement of estates. Volumes include letterpress books, notebooks, and the account books of W. E. Lauck, J. E. Shenk, and his father, John G. Booton, pertaining to his medical practice.

ANSON BORCHART PAPERS, 1864-1879.
(436 items.)

Chiefly bills and receipts of a bakery. Included are several deeds.

MARTIN BORCKHOLDER ACCOUNTS AND ARITHMETIC BOOK, 1798-1832.
(1 vol.; 78 pp.)

Records of contributions for a church building in Rockingham County, and a student's copy of an arithmetic book.

BORLAND FAMILY PAPERS, 1806-1867.
(8 items.)

Papers of three generations of the Borland family, Thomas, Euclid, and Euclid, Jr. Included are documents pertaining to payment of a matron at the hospital at Fort Johnson; letters from Euclid Borland, a doctor in the U. S. Navy, discussing his service on the John Adams, cholera, Italy and Marseilles; an account of the record of Euclid, Jr. in the 6th Virginia Infantry Regiment, C. S. A., and the passport of Euclid, Jr.

GEORGE HENRY BORROW MANUSCRIPT, [ca. 1856].
(1 item.)

Cancelled passage of The Romany Rye.

JACKSON L. BOST PAPERS, 1849 (1855-1866) 1905.
(564 items and 2 vols.)

Personal and business papers of Jackson L. Bost (b. 1832), physician and major in the Confederate Army. Included are family letters; several letters concerning his war activities; bills and receipts; account books of his medical practice containing a record of visits and fees; and a ciphering book of Nelson Bost.

THE BOSTON VIGILANCE COMMITTEE ACCOUNT BOOK, 1850-1861.
(1 vol.; 83 pp.)

Treasurer's account book.

ALEXANDER ROBINSON BOTELER PAPERS, 1776 (1836-1889) 1898.
(1,682 items and 4 vols.)

Correspondence of Alexander R. Boteler's father, Dr. Henry Boteler, for 1776-1837. family letters of Alexander R. Boteler (i815-1892), Virginia political leader, congressman, and Civil War soldier, with sidelights on his career at Princeton College, Princeton, New Jersey, his courtship of Helen Macomb Stockton, whom he later married, his altercations with Charles J. Faulkner, and "Yankee" depredations at his home, "Fountain Rock," during the Civil War; political correspondence, 1855-1870, relating to the election of 1860 and the Constitutional Union Party; letters concerning Boteler's travels about the country in 1882-1884 while a member of the U.S. tariff commission; correspondence concerning claims of James Rumsey as inventor of the first steamboat; and legal and personal papers of Helen (Stockton) Boteler's father, Ebenezer S. Stockton, and grandfather, Robert Stockton. Volumes include Boteler's diary, 1845, relative to his farming activities; a scrapbook on the election of 1848; a scrapbook containing clippings, letters, and pictures devoted principally to the activities and interests of Boteler; and a scrapbook containing clippings, letters, and pictures concerning the Pendleton, Digges, and Pope families, especially the life of Dudley Digges Pendleton who married Helen Stockton Boteler. Among the correspondents are A. R. Boteler, Lewis Cass, Samuel Cooper, John B. Floyd, S. B. French, Wade Hampton, T. J. Jackson, Andrew Johnson, R. E. Lee, John Letcher, W. P. Miles, John Page, Thomas N. Page, Rembrandt Peale, W. N. Pendleton, W. C. Rives, Alexander Robinson, W. H. Seward, J. E. B. Stuart, Jacob Thompson, J. R. Thompson, Dabney C. Wirt.

JAMES BOTTELEY AND CHARLES HART PAPERS, 1865-1950.
(1 vol.; 73 pp.)

Autograph book containing the signatures of prominent English Methodists, and letters from notable Englishmen including Charles Darwin, Thomas Huxley, John Tyndall, and Robert William Dale.

GORDON BOTTOMLEY PAPERS, 1936.
(1 item.)

Letter from Bottomley describing a journey he and his wife took, and discussing his book, The Acts of Saint Peter, a Cathedral Festival Play.

LAWSON BOTTS PAPERS, 1861-1862.
(2 items.)

A letter from Lt. Col. Lawson Botts, 2nd Virginia Infantry, C.S.A., mentioning troop movements in Virginia and the destruction of "Dam No. 5" near Winchester; and a letter containing family news from a female member of the Botts family.

WILLIAM C. BOUCK PAPERS, 1842-1845.
(6 items.)

Letters to William C. Bouck, governor of New York, 1842-1844, requesting appointments to collectorships on the Erie Canal.

JEAN BOULIGNY PAPERS, 1700s.
(1 vol.)

Photostatic copy of "Plan pare el establisimiento general en Espana del comercio active," in which Bouligny discusses the importance of commerce to Spain and proposes the establishment of Consulados or courts of commerce to encourage and regulate trade and settle disputes. Included is a detailed plan for the functioning and placement of the Consulados. Original held in the Archivo Historico Nacional.

RICHARD SOUTHWELL BOURKE, SIXTH EARL OF MAYO, PAPERS, 1869.
(1 item.)

Statement by Lord Bourke (1822-1872), Viceroy and Governor General in India, 1869-1872, concerning his policy toward Afghanistan.

SYLVANUS BOURNE PAPERS, 1799-1815.
(12 items.)

Letters of Sylvanus Bourne, U.S. consul to the Netherlands, concerning salaries and consular responsibilities, diplomatic affairs in Europe, American commercial relations with combatant countries, a case before the state supreme court of Pennsylvania, and the availability of rooms for rent in the District of Columbia.

JOHN MALACHI BOWDEN PAPERS, 1861-1865.
(1 item.)

Typescript (23 pp.) of Bowden's "Some of my Experiences as a Confederate soldier, in the Camp and on the battlefield, in the Army of Northern Virginia," describing his service in the 2nd Georgia Regiment until his capture, his prison experiences at Point Lookout, Maryland, and his return home.

NATHANIEL FLEMING BOWE PAPERS, 1836-1875.
(115 items.)

Chiefly family letters of Bowe, his children, and their cousins. Also included are letters from Confederate soldiers, business papers relative to the sale of cotton and the purchase of slaves, and documents concerning the protection of Bowe's property at the end of the Civil War and amnesty oaths taken by Bowe and his son-inlaw, J. Boyd.

MORTON BOWEN PAPERS, 1853.
(1 item.)

Document appointing Thomas W. Graves of Caswell County, North Carolina, as attorney.

REUBEN DEAN BOWEN PAPERS, 1857-1938.
(26,672 items and 11 vols.)

Chiefly the business papers of R. D. Bowen (1859-1939), consisting of correspondence, clippings, pamphlets, and printed material and volumes. A major portion of the collection concerns agriculture, especially cotton; Bowen's efforts to increase the uses for cotton; cotton storage; railroad freight rates; taxation of cotton and woolen mills; shipment of cotton to Europe during World War I; the Agricultural Adjustment Act; price fixing of farm products; and the problems of the farmers. Many of the papers are related to national and local agricultural organizations, including the Farmers' Educational and Co-operative Union of America, Alabama Cotton Growers Association, South Texas Cotton Growers Association, National Grange, Farm Bureau, Farmers' Union Texas Grain Dealers Association, Milk Producers Association, National Cooperative Milk Producers' Federation, and National Boll Weevil Control Association. Letters also deal with World War I, United States involvement, and post-war policies toward Germany; prohibition; anti-trust legislation; the Ku Klux Klan; food and drug legislation; labor unrest and unionization and politics, especially Warren Harding, Senators E. D. Smith and Ben Tillman, and the 1930 senatorial campaign in Louisiana. Volumes include account books, 1923, bankbooks, 1915-1929, the baby book of Bowen's daughter Adelaide Marie (b. 1896), and Adelaide's diaries, 1918-1921.

WILLIAM HORTON BOWER PAPERS, 1870-1888.
(260 items.)

The papers of William H. Bower, lawyer and U.S. congressman from North Carolina, 1893-1895, relate chiefly to personal and family matters, with some references to North Carolina politics and education. Also included are several letters from people who had migrated to Texas, California, and Oregon, and a broadside, "Davenport Female College Must Be Rebuilt."

GEORGE BOWERS PAPERS, 1822-1865.
(99 items.)

Receipts, bills, indentures, promissory notes and summonses of a schoolteacher.

GEORGE MEADE BOWERS ALBUMS AND SCRAPBOOK, 1898-1917.
(3 vols.)

Volumes of George M. Bowers (1863-1925), U.S. congressman from West Virginia, 1916-1923. Included are a scrapbook, 1898-1914; an album, 1916, containing congratulatory telegrams sent upon Bowers' election to Congress; and an album, ca. 1917, containing photographs of a Congressional Party in Hawaii.

ROBERT BOWIE PAPERS, 1811-1812.
(4 items.)

The papers of Robert Bowie (1750-1818), governor of Maryland, consist of three recommendations for appointments and a commisslon.

EDGAR ALFRED BOWRING JOURNAL, 1841-1842, 1844-1850, 1852-1857.
(14 vols.)

Journal of Edgar A. Bowring (1826-1911), civil servant with the Board of Trade. Detailed accounts include comments on Parliamentary sessions with discussions of the business conducted and analyses of votes taken; his work with the Board of Trade, containing information on Lords Clarendon and Granville; cabinet and Privy Council meetings; the Anti-Corn Law League; the work of Prince Albert and the Royal Commission concerning the Exhibition of 1851; the Crimean War, the activities and letters of his family, especially his father, Sir John Bowring, governor of Hong Kong; China policy; articles he wrote anonymously or under a false name defending the Royal Commission and his father's China policy; the Irish situation; daily weather observations; social and cultural events; and a yearly accounting of his personal expenses.

SIR JOHN BOWRING PAPERS, 1833 (1849-1859) 1904.
(65 items.)

Principally family correspondence of Sir John Bowring (1792-1872), diplomat in China, governor of Hong Kong, and member of Parliament. Letters, primarily concerning Sir John's career in China, discuss British policy, commercial treaty negotiations at the Taku Forts, war at Canton in 1857, the customs duties dispute at Shanghai, the government of Hong Kong, and missionaries. Also included are references to the Portuguese colony of Macao, Sir John's travels to Java, prominent Englishmen in the Orient, contemporary politics in England, and reflections on his earlier political career.

CALVERT BOWYER PAPERS, 1738.
(1 item.)

A lease of property by Bowver to John Wright.

ALFRED BOYD PAPERS, 1831-1865.
(10 items.)

Miscellaneous letters and papers including the registration certificate of a free mulatto girl of Northumberland County, Virginia.

ALSTON BOYD PAPERS, 1825-1836.
(5 items and 2 vols.)

Ledger, 1829-1831, of a general merchant, itemizing goods and prices, and a letter book, 1825-1832, relating to the purchase of merchandise for the store and the sale of local cotton.

ARCHIBALD H. BOYD PAPERS, 1841 (1848-1869) 1897.
(46 items.)

Business correspondence of Archibald H. Boyd and of his son, James E. Boyd. Included are the letters of a slave trader, Samuel R. Browning, reporting on the health of the slaves, the condition of the market, and his transactions; Civil War letters from James E. Boyd describing living conditions and military activities in the area around Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia; and letters of James Boyd concerning state politics, his position as U.S. Attorney for the Western District, and his stockholdings in the Marine and River Phosphate Company of Charleston, South Carolina, and the Merchants and Manufacturers Association of Greensboro, North Carolina.

HOGMIRE L. BOYD MEMORANDUM BOOK, 1834-1855.
(1 vol.; 98 pp.)

HOGMIRE L. BOYD MEMORANDUM BOOK

JOHN BOYD PAPERS, 1783-1794.
(61 items.)

Business letters dealing with the settlement of bonds and debts; pages from a journal, 1783; miscellaneous poems, some of which were written by John Boyd, a Richmond broker; pages from a journal containing accounts of the settlement of the estate of Robert Boyd, 1786; and an inventory.

JOSEPH FULTON BOYD PAPERS, 1861-1869.
(12,356 items and 16 vols.)

Quartermaster Corps records of the Army of the Ohio, especially the 2nd division and the 23rd Corps. Included are records of supplies, containing lists of tools, food prices, and supplies captured from the Confederates; and monthly and quarterly reports, 1861-1863. Forage records consist of vouchers, receipts, requisitions, reports and monthly statements. Financial papers concern payments to military personnel. Records of transportation include receipts, requisitions, and vouchers for horses, wagons, services, and equipment; and reports, among them a list, 1864, of the number of men, officers, and horses in the Army of the Ohio. Steamship papers, 1865, record transportation of men, horses, and equipment, and the condition of lighthouses. There are individual and consolidated reports on civilian labor. Other papers relate to the secret service, 1861-1865. Personnel papers contain battlefield orders, 1864-1865, orders for the Freedmen's Bureau, court-martial reports, and reports of the army, 1864-1865. Papers of the U.S. Military Railroad in North Carolina, comprise reports on men and equipment carried, accidents and thefts, and property sales; and correspondence concerning friction between military and railroad officials, problems with the Negro troops, and the shipment of cotton and resin. Reports on civilian purchases cover all supplies other than forage and horses. There are also extra duty reports; strength reports, chiefly those of the 11th Maine, 52nd Pennsylvania, 47th, 56th and 100th New York, and 104th Pennsylvania Volunteers; routine correspondence, primarily letters which accompanied reports; miscellaneous papers, generally concerned with Negroes, the conversion of schools into hospitals, and other concerns of the quartermaster; and general orders and circulars. Volumes include account books, 1861-1864; forage records, 1861-1862; military telegrams, 1864-1866; and an abstract and letter book, 1861-1869.

R. F. BOYD & COMPANY PAPERS, 1886-1895.
(1 vol.)

Purchase book of company selling boots, shoes, trunks, etc. -

ROBERT BOYD PAPERS, 1861-1871.
(86 items.)

Letters from Robert Boyd's sons, Andrew, Daniel, John T., R. P., and William, and his son-in-law, Fenton Hall, all in the Confederate Army. Topics include camp life, hardships of war, discipline, the heavy toll of measles and pneumonia, and life as a prisoner of war.

WIER BOYD PAPERS, 1856 (1861-1862) 1886.
(67 items.)

Correspondence of Wier Boyd, legislator and colonel in the Confederate Army, 52nd Regiment, Georgia Volunteers. Subjects include army life, the appointment of officers, family matters, agricultural conditions, a tax to provide funds for the families of soldiers, the educational system, and smallpox.

WILLIAM E. BOYD PAPERS, 1854.
(14 items.)

Papers relating to a dispute between William E. Boyd and Thomas J. Mackey, the latter having been accused of swindling several firms in or near Cambridge, Massachusetts. Included are three letters of C. C. Jones, Jr., relative to Mackey's activities.

WILLIAM KENT BOYLE PAPERS, 1861-1889.
(478 items.)

Principally the sermons of a Methodist minister, written mainly in the 1870s, with some exegetical notes attached. Included also are some legal and financial papers, correspondence, and book reviews and testimonial letters concerning a new hymnbook.

ELIZA HALL (BALL) GORDON BOYLES PAPERS, 1823-1881.
(173 items.)

Letters to Eliza H. Gordon Boyles from her brothers, George H. and Robert H. Ball; from her son, John R. Boyles, concerning the Mexican War, his journey to California, and gold mining and life in California; from her son, George B. Boyles, relating to the study of law and life in the Confederate Army; and from other Confederate soldiers, concerning politics and political figures, camp life, and military activities. Also included are references to cholera epidemics and education.

MARY ANN BOYLES PAPERS, 1861-1918.
(90 items.)

Civil War letters of the eight Boyles brothers, six of whom died from undernourishment, exposure, and wounds, concerning war conditions, camp life in North Carolina and Virginia, lack of clothes, execution of deserters, the food supply at home; and photograph of Mary Ann Boyles in 1918.

BOYTE FAMILY PAPERS, 1962-1967.
(108 items.)

Papers of Harry Chatten Boyte and his wife, Sara Margaret Evans, while undergraduates at Duke University, relating to their activities. Papers concern the Vietnamese conflict, resistance to conscription, race relations, union organization of textile workers and the non-academic employees of Duke University, the presidential election of 1964, the Students for a Democratic Society, and the Southern Student Organizing Committee.

J. E. BRADBURN PAPERS, 1861-1862.
(2 items.)

Letters to Confederate soldiers concerning food prices, speculation in cotton and horses, and politics.

SAMUEL BRADBURY PAPERS, 1863-1865.
(16 items.)

Chiefly letters from Andrew Jackson Crossley, who served with the U.S. Engineers of the Army of the Potomac, describing the work of the engineers, military activities, camp life, and Negro troops.

THOMAS BRADFORD PAPERS, 1789-1901.
(212 items.)

Papers of Thomas Bradford (1745-1838), a printer, concern county prisons in Pennsylvania and a program of religious instruction for inmates; cholera epidemics in Philadelphia and elsewhere; slaughter and devastation from the Napoleonic Wars, and Andrew Jackson's administration. Also included are the papers of Thomas R. Peters, paymaster of the 1st Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War of 1812. Among the correspondents are Caleb Cushing, Peter Hagner, and William B. Sprague.

AMY MORRIS BRADLEY PAPERS, 1806-1921.
(138 items and 14 vols.)

Correspondence, clippings, and financial papers of Amy Morris Bradley (1823-1904), educator. Letters in the 1850s concern her stay in Costa Rica, and William Walker and the Filibuster War in Nicaragua. Civil War letters reflect Bradley's duties as a nurse. Other letters deal with her educational work in establishing free schools for poor white children, the advanced classes later becoming the Tileston Normal School. Volumes include diaries and letter books, ca. 1844-1871, containing letters to relatives and friends, poetry, and entries about her daily life; a record book, 1862-1865, of her work with the U.S. Sanitary Commission; account books, 1866-1895, for the Wilmington Mission and Tileston Normal School; a record book and scrapbook, 1882-1891, for the Tileston School; and a record book of the Soldiers' Memorial Society and the American Unitarian Association, 1867.

[ELISHA BRADLEY?] DIARY, 1818-1822.
(1 vol.)

Description of a journey by steamboat and sailing vessel from Augusta, Georgia, to New York, including miscellaneous accounts.

GEORGE Y. BRADLEY LETTERS, 1845-1868.
(6 items.)

Correspondence of George Y. Bradley, merchant, concerning the poverty and unsettled conditions during 1867-1868, and difficulties with Negro servants in 1868.

JONAS A. BRADSHAW PAPERS, 1855-1864.
(60 items.)

Family correspondence of Jonas A. Bradshaw, a private in the Confederate service, touching upon campaigns, camp life, and war weariness, but limited mainly to reports on his health and his desire to be at home.

JAMES BRADY PAPERS, 1850-1865.
(6 items.)

Papers of James Brady, a soldier in the Confederate Army, concerning the estate of John A. Craven, of which he was executor in 1850; and his services in the Civil War.

MARY BRADY PAPERS, 1848-1869.
(6 items.)

Letters to Mary Brady from her sons who had migrated to or traveled in Louisiana, Texas, and Mexico. Two letters fall in the Confederate period.

BRAXTON BRAGG PAPERS, 1847-1869.
(43 items.)

Correspondence of Braxton Bragg (1817-1876), Confederate general, chiefly concerning military affairs. Correspondents include Jefferson Davis, Patrick Cleburne, Samuel Cooper, and James A. Seddon.

THOMAS BRAGG PAPERS, 1842-1871.
(44 items.)

Political and legal correspondence of Thomas Bragg (1810-1872), North Carolina lawyer, governor, and attorney general of the Confederate States of America. Much of the material concerns the controversy over the sale of property belonging to the Portsmouth and Roanoke Railroad Company.

WILLIAM BRAGG PAPERS, 1765-1781.
(8 items and 2 vols.)

Papers and a letter book of William Bragg, a merchant, concern trade with Indians and hunters for deerskins and the shipping of skins and tobacco to England. A diary records sermons, religious commentaries, and hymns.

ROBERT BRAGGE PAPERS, 1770s.
(1 vol.)

Manuscript entitled "Doctor Robert Bragge and his Lady, their Journey to Bath, perform' d in the year 1770," published as The Journey of Dr. Robert Bongout and his Lady to Bath performed in the year 177-, a satire in verse on Dr. Robert Bragge, with c portrait (London: J. Dodsley, 1778). Included as a frontispiece for the manuscript, dated 1886, is a drawing of Dr. Bragge by E. Evans.

THOMAS E. BRAMLETTE PAPERS, 1863.
(1 item.)

Thanksgiving Proclamation of Bramlette, governor of Kentucky, on October 17, 1863.

Edward B. Branch Papers, 1861-1862.
(1 vol.)

Letterpress book of Edward Branch concerns his business career as an insurance agent and his connections with S. G. Branch and Brother; and his service in the Quartermaster Corps of the Confederate Army. The latter papers, November, 1861-March, 1862, relate principally to the shipment of supplies for the Southern troops, and are for the most Dart routine.

JOHN P. BRANCH ACCOUNT BOOK, 1848.
(1 vol.)

Wood and drayage accounts.

MARY COOK BRANCH DIARY, 1886.
(1 vol.; 8 pp.)

Personal diary, including comments on sermons and a trip to Williamsburg, Virginia.

BRANCH FAMILY PAPERS, 1778-1889.
(801 items and 13 vols.)

The papers of John Branch (1782-1863), governor of North Carolina, U.S. senator, and secretary of the navy, and of his nephews, Joseph Branch, lawyer, and Lawrence O' Bryan Branch (1820-1863), lawyer and brigadier general in the Confederate Army, concern political appointments in 1829-1830; land speculation, chiefly in Leon County, Florida; the legal practices of Joseph and Lawrence O' Bryan Branch in Florida and North Carolina; and Whig politics and Union sentiment in North Carolina. Volumes include a scrapbook and daybook, a letter book, two notebooks on public questions, and a list of political constituents supporting Lawrence O' Bryan Branch; account books of his wife, Nancy (Blount) Branch; and details of the affairs of Governor Branch in his last years.

G. M. BRAUNE NOTEBOOKS, 1892.
(3 vols.)

Three student mathematics notebooks, written in German.

WILLIAM MUGGINS BRAWLEY PAPERS, 1893.
(5 items.)

A letter to Brawley, U.S. representative, from J. Henry Toole, a Negro of Rock Hill, South Carolina, seeking a position. There are three letters of recommendation. There are also papers concerning the claim of Charles P. Petit for an increase in pension.

CARTER BRAXTON PAPERS, 1821-1890.
(41 items and 2 vols.)

Accounts of a Virginia planter.

JOHN CABELL BRECKINRIDGE PAPERS, 1860-1871.
(7 items.)

Letters and a telegram to John C. Breckinridge (1821-1875), vice president of the United States, 1857-1861, and a major general in the Confederate Army, from A. Dudley Mann, William P. Johnston, William Emmett Simms and others, concerning the presidential elections of 1860 and 1864, and military affairs.

SAMUEL LIVINGSTON BREESE PAPERS, 1823-1878.
(5 items and 4 vols.)

Papers of Samuel L. Breese, a commander in the U.S. Navy, include drafts of letters written by Breese, a journal, two letter books, and an order book. The journal contains accounts of a cruise in the Mediterranean on the U.S.S. Lexington, 1827-1828, including descriptions of foreign and commercial relations with Greece and Turkey, a cruise in the western Mediterranean on the U.S.S. Cumberland and the U.S.S. Columbia, 1843-1845, including a description of the bombardment of Tangiers; and a cruise in the Gulf of Mexico on the U.S.S. Albany, 1846-1847, including a detailed account of naval operations in the Mexican War. The letter books, 1837-1853 and 1855-1858, discuss routine naval matters; the activities of the various ships commanded by Breese, especially in Vera Cruz, the fishing grounds off Newfoundland and Labrador, the Mediterranean, the Great Lakes, and during the Mexican War; and Breese's activities as military governor of Tuspan. The order book, 1875-1878, contains night orders issued by Breese aboard the U.S.S. Ossipee.

GEORGE WILLIAM BRENT PAPERS, 1862-1881.
(138 items.)

Military dispatches, official correspondence, and reports of George W. Brent, colonel in the Confederate Army, and assistant adjutant general of the Military District of the West. The papers concern the affairs of the Georgia Railroad and the disorganization in Mississippi during the last months of the Confederacy. Included are detailed accounts of subsistence stores, railroad equipment, troop movement, ordnance depots, and supplies after Sherman's march. A letter from Leonidas Polk explains why he disobeyed orders. Other correspondents include Simon B. Buckner, John F. Branch, Howell Cobb, B. D. Fry, Duff C. Green, E. H. Harris, and J. R. Waddy.

RICHARD BRENT PAPERS, 1769-1802.
(3 items.)

Legal documents of Richard Brent (1757-1814), Virginia politician, including a statement concerning a roadway survey, 1775; and a letter requesting proof of citizenship for a man impressed on a British warship, 1802.

HULDAH ANNIE (FAIN) BRIANT PAPERS, 1846 (1861-1865) 1888.
(118 items.)

Legal correspondence of Ebenezer Fain and war correspondence of his daughter, Huldah A. (Fain) Briant, chiefly from M. C. Briant, whom she married in 1864. Included also are letters from other members of the family. The letters contain accounts of the Battle of Manassas, 1861; enthusiasm for the Confederacy in Texas; impressment of a local Jew's merchandise for the army by women; and refugee families from Georgia.

JOSEPH BRICKELL PAPERS, 1810-1829.
(5 items.)

Inventory and sales accounts of a merchant.

JOHN LUTHER BRIDGERS, JR., PAPERS, 1860 (1873-1877) 1894.
(727 items and 4 vols.)

Papers of John L. Bridgers, Jr. (b. 1850), attorney. Letters from his half brother, Robert R. Bridgers (1819-1888), concern family matters; cotton prices and the cotton market; Peruvian guano and other fertilizers; subscriptions to the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, of which R. R. Bridgers was president; request of O. C. Marsh of the Yale College Museum for fossils from the marl beds of North Carolina; the estate of Henry T. Clark, R. R. Bridgers' father-in-law; the incarceration of Preston L. Bridgers, son of R. R. Bridgers, and T. W. Strange at Waynesville, North Carolina, for the alleged murder of one Murray; and a lawsuit between R. R. Bridgers and John R. McDaniel. Other papers consist of bills of lading for cotton sold by New York factors, and bills for guano. Volumes include a journal and expense accounts, 1867-1894; a letter book, 1876-1877; and letterpress copybooks, 1873-1875. The journal, 1867-1868, was kept while John Bridgers was at military school in Lexington, Virginia.

CHARLES E. BRIDGES PAPERS, 1862-1868.
(96 items.)

Business and personal correspondence of Charles E. Bridges pertains to family matters; employment at John D. Gray's rolling mills, an iron-producing concern in Montgomery, and the difficulties in obtaining coke; post-war hardships faced by Bridges' mother, sister, and brother in Georgia; fear of uprisings and violence by freedmen; rental of the stores and warehouses owned by Bridges' sister, Ann Stephenson; and Bridges' employment with Howard Tully and Company, cotton factors and commission merchants.

ROBERT BRIDGES PAPERS, 1868-1928.
(100 items.)

Business and family papers, including receipts; correspondence of Bridges' children, mentioning Mary Baldwin College, Hampden-Sydney College, Saddlers, Bryan & Stratten Business School, St. Hildas' Hall, and Princeton; and letters concerning a patient.

A BRIEF NARRATION OF THE PRESENT ESTATE OF THE BILBAO TRADE ETC., [1650?].
(34 pp.)

Manuscript, original or copy, of a published work concerning the decline of English trade with Bilbao, Spain, since 1640, and remedies to restore a flourishing trade. It consists of two parts linked by a petition from thirty-four Bilbao traders to the Council of Trade.

ALPHEUS BRIGGS PAPERS, 1698-1930.
(1 item.)

Typescript of "A history of North Carolina yearly meeting (from the beginning until 1930) and education in North Carolina yearly meeting," by Briggs. It concerns the Society of Friends.

CLAY STONE BRIGGS PAPERS, 1919.
(32 items.)

Papers of Clay Stone Briggs (1876-1933), U.S. representative from Texas, 1919-1933, concerning his first year in office. Material pertains to problems following World War I, the national banking system, the national budget, and Democratic politics in 1918. Correspondents include J. S. Williams, R. S. Brookings, Homer Cummings, Julius Barnes, Tom Connally, H. J. Drane, and S. O. Bland.

GEORGE BRIGGS PAPERS, 1837-1908.
(164 items.)

Family letters of George Briggs, farmer and Confederate soldier, concerning family matters; prices of farm products and slaves in North Carolina, Alabama, Kentucky, and Texas; the hardships of a soldier in the Civil War, including a description of a hospital scene; social and religious activities, 1870-1900; and the experiences of John Buggs, a nephew of George, and a Baptist minister.

JAMES WILSON BRIGHT PAPERS, 1894 (1897-1905) 1920.
(42 items.)

Letters to James W. Bright (1852-1926), philologist and professor at the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, from friends and colleagues, concerning literary and other professional matters. Among the correspondents are Joseph Carhart, Alexander Green, R. H. Hudnal, C. N. Lagley, Lord Northbrook, John Phelps, Charles H. Ross, W. H. Schofieldl Edward S. Sheldon, Reed Smith, and Robert Stein.

JOHN BRIGHT PAPERS, 1840-1888.
(44 items.)

Papers of John Bright (1811-1889), British statesman, concern the Corn Laws, free trade, Home Rule in Ireland, the Liberal Party, the Crimean War, suffrage and the use of the ballot, land reform in Ireland, capital punishment, and several routine matters.

RICHARD BRIGHT PAPERS, 1820.
(1 item.)

Letter from Richard Hart Davis, M. P. for Bristol, to Richard Bright (1745-1840), merchant, explaining his refusal to present to Queen Caroline an address from a meeting of which Bright was chairman.

KENNETH MILLIKAN BRIM STAMP BOOK, 1861-1864.
(1 vol.)

Postage stamps, covers, engraved stationery with patriotic designs, homemade envelopes, all relating to the postal service of the Confederacy, 1861-1864.

HERMAN BRIMMER PAPERS, 1786.
(1 item.)

Business letter from John B. Lohier to Herman grimmer, merchant, mentioning mercantile affairs, commodity prices, and business in Washington, North Carolina.

WILLIAM BRISBANE RECEIPT BOOK, 1790-1838.
(1 vol.)

Receipt book containing mainly small routine business receipts, with occasional references to slaves and the settlement of an estate.

THOMAS D. BRISLEY PAPERS, 1863.
(31 items.)

The letters of Private Thomas D. Brisley of the 6th Maine Volunteers principally concerning crop conditions at home, with some references to his military activities and the reorganization of the Union Army.

BRITISH-AMERICAN TOBACCO COMPANY, LTD., PAPERS, 1842-1929.
(5 items and 367 vols.)

Records of the British-American Tobacco Company and its subsidiaries, David Dunlop, T.C. Williams Company, Cameron & Cameron, Export Leaf Tobacco Company, Bland Tobacco Company, and William Cameron & Brother. Included are records of the Petersburg branch of British-American and a combined accounting of British-American, T.C. Williams and David Dunlop. There are records of production and sales, cost sheets, payroll and time records, shipping books, storage records, stock books, and weekly and monthly reports. For David Dunlop and Cameron & Cameron there are records dating prior to their mergers with British-American in 1903.

David Dunlop records, beginning in 1824, are ledgers, journals, letter books, payroll records, bills of f exchange, and invoice and shipping books. Six of these volumes are available only on microfilm. Records of Cameron & Cameron, 1892-1904, include letterpress books, inventories, sales books, and trial balances. An extensive guide is with the collection.

BRITISH MUSEUM ADDITIONAL MANUSCRIPT 14,538, ca. 10th century.
(1 item.)

Photocopy of folios from "Treatise Against Heresies, and Other Theological Works" containing an early Syriac manuscript of the Odes and Psalms of Solomon.

JAMES G. BROACH PAPERS, 1861-1863.
(5 items.)

Civil War correspondence, containing a request for money for a furlough and references to conditions of crops at home.

WILLIAM GILLES BROADFOOT PAPERS, 1943-1944.
(18 items.)

Correspondence relating to organization of a shipping company at Morehead City and Wilmington and contracts with the War Shipping Administration.

WILLIAM L. BROADDUS PAPERS, 1850-1899.
(277 items.)

Chiefly letters from Broaddus, a Union officer during the Civil War, to his wife, Martha. The few antebellum items relate to activities in Macomb, especially the administration of the estate of Thomas D. Hayden. Wartime letters average two or three a week, and describe Broaddus' activities with the 16th Regiment of Illinois Infantry in camps in Illinois and Missouri and campaigns at Island No. 10 and Corinth; and, later with the 78th Regiment of Illinois Infantry Volunteers in Kentucky and Tennessee. There are frequent comments on such topics as evaluations of other officers and generals; the Knights of the Golden Circle; and the hanging of Confederate spies. Places mentioned include Franklin, Shelbyville, and Chattanooga, Tennessee. There are letters from Col. Carter Van Vleck and Lt. W. D. Ruddle and resolutions adopted by officers of the 78th concerning Broaddus' death at the battle of Chickamauga. Postwar letters concern Mrs. BroadJus' pension.

A. BROCKENBROUGH AND FLOYD W. WILLIAMS PAPERS, 1850 (1870-1900).
(circa 250 items.)

Letters, bills, and receipts largely concerning the Chesapeake Agricultural Fair Association, truck farming on the Eastern Shore, and the estate of Floyd W. Williams. Brockenbrough was executor of Williams' estate.

JOHN C. BRODNAX PAPERS, 1830 (1856-1919) 1929.
(1,389 items.)

Family correspondence of three generations centering chiefly around John G. Brodnax (1829-1907), Confederate surgeon and practicing physician. Letters from 1857 to 1867, generally from Lynchburg, Virginia, refer to the sale of slaves and, during the war years, are concerned with the question of fleeing or remaining to face the advancing Federals. Included also are Brodnax's appointment as assistant surgeon general of the North Carolina Hospital at Petersburg, Virginia, and his oath of allegiance to the United States. Other items pertaining to Dr. Brodnax are letters to his wife, beginning in 1881, while she visited her relatives in summer; a speech against railroad taxation in 1879; a group of petitions in 1877 requesting that Brodnax be made superintendent of the North Carolina State Insane Asylum; and an undated article on optical surgery. Included also is genealogical material as well as other materials connected with the activities of Brodnax's wife in the Daughters of the American Revolution and the United Daughters of the Confederacy.

A number of letters were written from schools and colleges attended by members of the family, including Salem Female Academy, Salem, North Carolina, and St. Mary's College, Raleigh, North Carolina, during 1912; N. I. Smith's School in Leaksville during 1879 and 1880; gingham School in Orange County during 1883; gingham School in Asheville, and Old Point Comfort College, Virginia, after 1909.

Included also are letters from Mrs. Barr, an aunt of Mrs. Brodnax, and her children from 1877 to 1884 while traveling in Europe and studying music in Germany. There are letters from Mary (Brodnax) Glenn and her family while in Mexico, where her husband worked for a railroad company, a mining firm, and as secretary to the American consul general; letters of this period are filled with references to conditions in Mexico, especially concerning political upheavals around 1910. Included also are papers relative to the settlement of the estate of John Brodnax, Jr., after 1909, and a group of sermons delivered by James Kerr Burch, a Presbyterian minister and father-in-law of Dr. John G. Brodnax.

SAMUEL HOUSTON BRODNAX PAPERS, 1862 (1870-1932).
(918 items.)

Letters, 35 items, between Joel Brodnax and his father, Samuel (1810-1880), concern business, farming, and the employment of freedmen in Georgia; three items refer to a battle in Florida in 1864 and comment on Confederate currency; two letters mention state politics. The collection largely relates to Samuel H. Brodnax, brother of Joel, a cotton farmer and banker in central Georgia. Topics include the schooling of his children at Middle Georgia Military and Agricultural College, North Georgia Agricultural School, and the University of Georgia; the school board at Walnut Grove. Brodnax's term in the Georgia legislature; Freemasonry. and genealogy. The political correspondence, 1890-1891, relates to Brodnax's candidacy for the legislature, patronage, and requests for endorsement of other political candidates. There are allusions to temperance and Negro voting.

WILLIAM ST. JOHN FREMANTLE BRODRICK, FIRST EARL of MIDLETON, PAPERS, 1890-1933.
(1 item and 1 vol.)

A volume of letters, 1890-1933, addressed to Lord Midleton, British statesman, and to Lady Midleton, probably compiled for their autograph value, but containing comment on military and political affairs, foreign relations, and colonial policy, with frequent mention of affairs in Egypt and India. Writers include Arthur William Patrick Albert, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn; Herbert Henry Asquith, First Earl of Oxford and Asquith; Arthur Balfour; Sir Redvers Henry Buller; Sir William Francis Butler; George, Duke of Cambridge; Sir Henry CampbellBannerman; Randall Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury; Joseph Chamberlain; Austen Chamberlain; Sir Evelyn Baring, Earl of Cromer; George Nathaniel Curzon, Marquis Curzon of Kedleston; Lord Grey of Fallodon; Horatio Herbert Kitchener, First Earl of Kitchener; Sir Frank Lascelles; John Morley, Viscount Morley of Blackburn; Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of Rosebery; and Garnet Joseph Wolseley.

WILLIAM BROGDEN PAPERS, 1832 (1861-1865) 1868.
(174 items.)

Civil War letters of Arthur and Harry Brogden to their parents and sisters give an account of Confederate operations in Missis sippi and Tennessee and imprisonment at Fort Delaware. Arthur Brogden, chief surgeon in William H. Jackson's calvary division, describes Hood's Tennessee campaign in Novem ber and December, 1864. There is also ante bellum family correspondence and poetry; material on the related Lemmon family of Baltimore; and Arthur Brogden's notebook, 1859, of remedies and drugs.

WILLIAM BROGDEN, JR., ACCOUNTS, 1768-1824.
(5 vols.)

Accounts of the estate of Rev. William Brogden; mercantile accounts; accounts of Capt. Judson Coolidge; references to a branch store at Pigg's Point.

CHARLTON P. BROOKE DIARY, 1886-1887.
(1 vol.)

A student's diary, containing several pages of autographs, lists of school faculty and officers, items concerning life at the gingham School, and comments on the "poor whites" of the region.

ROBERT BROOKE PAPERS, 1795, 1796.
(2 items.)

A land grant, 1795, and a letter, 1796, to Robert Brooke (1751-1799), governor of Virginia, from Governor John H. Stone of Maryland, proposing an interchange of copies of laws among all the states of the Union.

STEPHENS BROOKE PAPERS, 1784-1794.
(5 items.)

Business letters concerning notes of indebtedness.

IVESON L. BROOKES PAPERS, 1784-1888.
(709 items and 11 vols.)

Correspondence of a Baptist preacher and landholder in South Carolina and Georgia and his family and descendants. Topics include the management of cotton plantations; tariff and the nullification controversy; transportation conditions; banking; missionary work among slaves; student life in Washington, D.C., and a student's view of ante-bellum politics; diseases, health, and remedies; Baptist doctrine and doctrinal disputes; religious revivals; the impact of the Civil War on civilian life; the work of aid societies; destruction of Rome, Georgia, by Union troops; and wartime economic problems; mining near Potosi, Missouri; race relations in marriage and religion; politics in South Carolina in 1877, Columban College in Washington, D.C.; Brookes' family genealogy; and his sermon notes.

ABBIE M. BROOKS DIARY, 1872-1876.
(1 vol.; 280 pp.)

Diary of a semi-invalid, concerning travel in Florida, boarding in Georgia, and everyday happenings in a small Georgia town.

EDWARD J. BROOKS PAPERS, 1866-1886.
(8 items.)

Legal documents of Edward J. Brooks, justice of the peace and school committeeman, including his commission in the militia, his oath of office, and complaints. Included also is a long letter from John C. Scarborough, superintendent of North Carolina schools.

FRANCIS BROOKS PAPERS, 1773 (1833-1835) 1839.
(22 items.)

Letters to Francis Brooks from friends and relatives in Tennessee, Indiana, and Georgia, concerning farm produce prices and family and personal matters.

THOMAS COOKE BROOKS PAPERS, 1877.
(2 vols.)

Notes on lectures in chemistry courses at the University of North Carolina.

ULYSSES R. BROOKS PAPERS, 1861 (1902-1908) 1911.
(86 items.)

Approximately one half of the collection consists of Civil War letters, some written by Ulysses R. Brooks (1846-1917), Confederate soldier, lawyer, and newspaper columnist; and others to him from W. T. Brooker, M. C. Butler, J. W. DuBose, and Richard I. Morris, all Confederate veterans. Butler's letters contain Civil War reminiscences used by Brooks in his articles, many of which also appear in the collection as clippings.

BENJAMIN W. BROOKSHIRE AND M. BENSON LASSITER PAPERS, 1852 (1860-1890) 1931.
(644 items and 7 vols.)

Correspondence and other personal, business, and land papers of a physician of Gray's Cross Roads in Randolph County and of Pekin and Mt. Gilead in Montgomery County. There is some information on lands in Indian Territory during the 1890s and farm life in North Carolina during the early 1900s. The volumes include ledgers and other accounts, and a prescription book, which also contains a list of voters in Cheek's Creek Township, 1890. A few letters to Brookshire's son, Charles E. Brookshire, refer to education at the gingham School in Orange County and Oakdale Academy in Oakdale, North Carolina, in the 1880s.

JOSEPH BROTHERTON PAPERS, 1838, 1846.
(2 items.)

Letter from John Benjamin Smith, 1838, concerning Thomas Clarkson and taxes; and a letter from Elkanah Armitage, 1846, concerning repeal of the corn laws.

WILLIAM H. BROTHERTON PAPERS, 1803 (1861-1870) 1910.
(137 items.)

Correspondence of William H. and James Brotherton, during and immediately after the Civil War. About sixty of the letters are from William H. Brotherton, a private in the Confederate Army, and were written from the vicinity of Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Orange Court House, Virginia; they concern camp life and field activities during the Civil War, desertions from the Confederate ranks, and prisoners. The remainder of the letters are from James Brotherton, who had moved from North Carolina to East Tennessee, and concern distilling whiskey and brandy, and Ku Klux Klan activities near Lynchburg, Tennessee, in 1868. There are also miscellaneous indentures and other business papers.

HENRY PETER BROUGHAM, FIRST BARON BROUGHAM AND VAUX, PAPERS, 1799-1957.
(38 items.)

Personal letters and political correspondence of Brougham, British statesman, chiefly comment on legislation and governmental policies. Included is Robert Southey's opinion, 1831, on governmental encouragement of literary work, and comments by Lord Clarendon on domestic and foreign affairs, 1846-1855, and on Irish policy.

A. BROUSEAU & CO. PAPERS, 1864-1866.
(22 items.)

Bills and receipts of a carpet firm; and an insurance policy covering merchandise, sugar, and molasses in warehouses.

ALFRED BROWER PAPERS, (1840-1842) 1863.
(4 items.)

Papers concerning the sale and transfer of slaves between Thomas Goldston, Sarah (Goldston) grower, Alfred grower, and Frances Myrick.

ADAM K. BROWN PAPERS, 1862-1865.
(11 items.)

Letters from Adam K. Brown, a corporal in Company I, 80th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, U.S. Army, to his parents, describing camp life in the Federal Army and captured Confederate soldiers in five different Southern states.

ALEXANDER BROWN PAPERS, 1814 (1861-1863) 1878. 70 items.

Largely personal and family correspon dence, including some material referring to business affairs, crops, weather, typhoid fever, yellow fever, smallpox, prices, salt distribution during the Civil War, politics and newspapers, military events, care of wounded Confederates, Richmond life in war time, army life, religion, local and family gossip.

ANN ELIZA BROWN MANUSCRIPT, [early 1800s?].
(1 vol.)

Manuscript of an arithmetic.

AUGUST W. BROWN PAPERS, 1849-1850.
(3 items.)

Personal letters to Brown's brother.

BEDFORD BROWN PAPERS, 1830-1906.
(67 items.)

Political letters from Francis P. Blair, Sr., John Henry Boner, L. I. Brown, James Buchanan, James Fenimore Cooper, George W. Dallas, Weldon N. Edwards, Martin Van Buren, Aaron Ward, Philo White, and Levi Woodbury. Topics include national political issues and politicians from the Jackson era through Reconstruction, Pennsylvania politics during the 1830s-1850s, and North Carolina politics during the 1870s. Also in the collection are Bedford Brown's pardon signed by Andrew Johnson, and miscellaneous personal and family documents.

BETTIE R. BROWN PAPERS, 1863.
(2 items.)

Letters from Bettie R. Brown to a friend in the Confederate Army; one letter describes an elaborate wedding in wartime Charleston, South Carolina.

CHARLES BROWN PAPERS, 1803-1874.
(22 items.)

Subjects include business and personal affairs; "Traveller's Rest," Buckingham County, Virginia; vaccinations; Freemasonry; Confederate cavalry operations in 1863 and depredations committed by troops.

CHARLES H. BROWN PAPERS, 1863-1876.
(24 items.)

Business papers, chiefly bills and receipts, and Charles H. Brown's discharge from the U.S. Army.

CHARLES S. BROWN PAPERS, 1864-1865.
(30 items.)

Letters of a clerk in the 21st Michigan Volunteer Infantry describing the march from Chattanooga, Tennessee, by Dalton, Atlanta, Milledgeville, and Augusta to Savannah, Georgia, in 1864, and across South Carolina to Raleigh, North Carolina; camp life; chaplains; foraging; the burning of Atlanta; destruction of property; the hanging of a Confederate; the battle of Bentonville, North Carolina; the reaction in Sherman's Army to the news of Lee's surrender and the death of Lincoln.

CHARLES W. BROWN PAPERS, 1912.
(5 items.)

One letter from Thomas McAdory Owen soliciting Brown's support for the candidacy of Oscar W. Underwood for the presidential nomination of the Democratic Party, and four publications of the Underwood National Campaign Committee.

FRANK CLYDE BROWN PAPERS, 1912-1974.
(circa 54,000 items, 230 records, 60 wax cylinders, and circa 50 aluminum discs.)

Records collected by Brown as secretary of the North Carolina Folklore Society, 1913-1943, largely relating to folklore in the state but containing a small amount of material from other parts of the U.S. and Canada. There are indexed correspondence; fragmentary transcripts; photographs; the draft of a talk; a typed bibliography of folklore; a handwritten index to the Journal of American Folklore, 1880-1916; field notes relating to the recordings; a biographical sketch; 24 boxes of transcripts ranging from pencilled notes on scrap paper to typescripts, including a few drawings, photographs, and samples of quilting and lace; and 35 boxes of articles, student papers, and printed items.

Papers of the general editors who succeeded Brown, Newman Ivey White and Paull Franklin Baum, contain drafts of portions of the published work; progress reports to the society; published reviews; memoranda concerning the participation of Duke University and Duke University Press; general correspondence; papers relating to foundation grants, publication, and the employment of clerical staff; correspondence between editors and associate editors; and typescripts prepared for publication. Papers of the several associate editors include typescripts and drafts relating to particular types of material, such as ballads, songs, games, rhymes, riddles, legends, proverbs, and folk speech. Records of Charles Bond include his preliminary analysis of the collection done in 1970-1971; a tabulation of unpublished items; correspondence with the Archive of Folksong of the Library of Congress; notes on the contents of the collection; and tape copies of recordings of previously unpublished material. Also in the collection are the original wax cylinders and aluminum discs, and 78 rpm records made from these by the Library of Congress Archive of Folksong. Much of the material was published as The Frank C. Brown Collection of North Carolina Folklore, 7 vols.. 1952-1964.

GEORGE HUBBARD BROWN PAPERS, 1757 (1850-1878) 1933.
(815 items and 2 vols.)

Indentures, deeds, wills, receipts, and other papers, including a few letters relating to Brown's law practice; a bankbook of Alex C. Stanly of New Bern; and a memoran dum book. Correspondents include John H. Small.

GEORGE M. BROWN PAPERS, 1829 (1834-1881).
(191 items.)

Correspondence of George M. Brown, country doctor and farmer, concerning development of Mexico, Florida, Texas, and California; John Brown's raid, 1859; effects of Civil War on noncombatants; commodity prices during and after the Civil War; Reconstruction; and his views on slavery, Negroes in politics, "Yankees," the Virginia debt, temperance in drink, and treatment of tuberculosis.

GEORGE W. BROWN PAPERS, 1869-1871.
(4 items.)

Letters from Arthur I. Boreman (1823-1896), governor of West Virginia and U.S. senator, to George W. Brown, who was a U.S. revenue collector, regarding appointment of Brown's subordinates.

GEORGE WILLIAM BROWN PAPERS, 1874.
(1 item.)

Letter of introduction to John B. Brewer, Rockville, Maryland.

J. R. BROWN PAPERS, 1864-1865.
(4 items.)

Letters from J. R. Brown, private in the Confederate Army, concerning current rumors as to the end of the war, desertions to the Union forces, and the limited rations in 1865.

JOHN A. BROWN PAPERS, 1864.
(39 items.)

Business correspondence of the Yorkville agent for the Bank of Chester (Chester, South Carolina).

JOHN R. BROWN PAPERS, 1854 (1856-1861) 1905.
(212 items and 21 vols.)

Mercantile records of Brown's firm, earlier known as Fowler and Clements, which purchased merchandise in Petersburg and Baltimore; account books, daybooks, and ledgers; and register of public school district no. 11 of Johnston County, 1901-1905.

JOHN W. BROWN PAPERS, 1822, 1836.
(2 items.)

Letters to William Forster, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania, 1822,-discussing farmland management; and letter to Andrew L. Buchanan, also of Mifflin County, 1836. Brown was a U.S. representative from Pennsylvania in the 1820s and a resident of North Carolina after 1827.

JOSEPH EMERSON BROWN PAPERS, 1859-1889.
(35 items.)

Letters of Joseph E. Brown (1821-1894), governor of Georgia and U.S. senator, dealing with the disposal of the stores received from the Augusta Arsenal, 1861, and with the defeat of the Federal forces near Cedar Keys, Florida, 1865. Letter of T. R. R. Cobb recommending an appointee for attorney general of Georgia; letter of an English adventurer in the Confederate Army regarding politics in Georgia; letter of C. G. Memminger regarding finances of the Confederacy; letter of J. H. Reagan regarding exemption of a postmaster in Georgia; a long letter complaining of horse stealing by Wheeler's cavalry and General Joseph Wheeler's answer to the charge; letters from-1860-1861 concerning arms for the Columbus Guards, training of artillerymen, extradition of a criminal from South Carolina, the state secession convention, and raising the Georgia militia; a letter of 1862 regarding conscription; and a letter, 1865, to Brown proposing the use of slaves as soldiers. Other letters are from Brown in later life.

MARY BROWN PAPERS, 1862-1865.
(16 items.)

Letters from William Henry Brown, a Union soldier with the Army of the Potomac, describing life at the Odd Fellows Hall Hospital, Washington, D.C.; temperance meetings there; the U.S. Army General Hospital in Baltimore; service on the U.S.S. Union at Key West, Florida; and a storm experienced by the U.S.S. Memphis. Subjects mentioned include the 61st Regiment of New York Infantry Volunteers, camp life and casualties and Confederate prisoners.

NEILL BROWN PAPERS, 1792 (1811-1867).
(45 items.)

Correspondence of Neill Brown, a North Carolina Presbyterian minister, commenting on the heavy emigration from the state in the first part of the nineteenth century and the early settlement of Tennessee; correspondence of Hugh and Duncan Brown and John Gillespie, Neill Brown's son-inlaw; and a paper, apparently written by a slave to Brown, reproaching him for turning his back on the Negroes and preaching to the whites.

OBADIAH BROWN PAPERS, 1799-1899.
(78 items.)

Miscellaneous letters and business papers, including several letters from Union soldiers stationed near Poolesville, Maryland, 1863.

THOMAS W. BROWN, JR., PAPERS, 1862.
(7 items.)

Letters from an officer of Company A (German Volunteers), 18th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry (State Troops), describing life in Union prisons at Fort Columbus, Governor's Island, New York, and at Johnson's Island, Sandusky, Ohio, and expressing hope for a prisoner exchange.

WILLIAM BROWN LEDGER, 1776-1791.
(1 vol.; 26 ff.)

Accounts for a tavern, ferry, and port charges, at Bath, 1776-1791; and farm accounts of the Thomas D. and Samuel V. Smaw family near Washington, North Carolina, 1820s1840s. Tavern accounts include those of Thomas Respass, Sr., and Thomas Respass, Jr.

WILLIAM GARROTT BROWN PAPERS, 1891-1927.
(1,011 items and 2 vols.)

Personal and professional correspondence and literary notes of William Garrott Brown (1868-1913), historian and essayist. Included also are letters to John Spencer Bassett giving biographical information on Brown; Brown's diploma from Harvard; and a copy of his will. The letters center around Brown's literary work and friends; the efforts of so-called Southern liberals to make the Republican party respectable in the South; the attempts of liberals of the nation to halt the imperialistic policies of Theodore Roosevelt by supporting Woodrow Wilson; and maneuvering behind the passing of the Aldrich monetary bill, which formed the basis of the Federal Reserve System. Included are many letters from editors of Harper's Weekly and the Youth's Companion. Among the correspondents are: Charles Francis Adams, Edwin A. Alderman, Frederic Bancroft, J. S. Bassett, Gamaliel Bradford, William Garrott Brown (including some copies), W. L. Courtney (of the English Fortnightly Review), William A. Dunning, William Preston Few, W. W. Finley, Walter L. Fleming, Richard W. Gilder, Carter Glass, Edmund W. Gosse, Gilliam Grissom, Norman Hapgood, T. P. Harrison, Harper and Brothers, A. B. Hart, Hamilton Holt, A. E. Holton, E. M. House, D. F. Houston, J. F. Jameson, J. N. Lamed, Henry Cabot Lodge, Hamilton W. Mabie, S. W. McCall, A. C. McLaughlin, Shailer Mathews, John M. Morehead, John T. Morgan, David A. Munro, S. N. D. North, Charles E. Norton, Walter Hines Page, Bliss Perry, Herbert Putnam, James Ford Rhodes, Theodore Roosevelt, D. C. Roper, H. E. Scudder, Ellery Sedgwick, Thomas Settle, James T. Shotwell, H. L. Stimson, Moorfield Storey, F. W. Taussig, William R. Thayer, Frank B. Tracy, Oscar W. Underwood, Booker T. Washington, and Woodrow Wilson (copies). Additional papers include copies of Brown's letters collected by Bruce Clayton while writing his dissertation. They are in part reproduced from the Charles William Eliot Papers, Harvard University Library, and relate to Brown's career, the Harvard Guide to American History, Southern feelings toward Harvard and Massachusetts, and race relations. Other Brown letters reproduced by Clayton from the Edward Mandell House Papers, Yale University Library, concern Woodrow Wilson's presidential campaign, 1912.

WILLIAM R. BROWN PAPERS, 1857-1884.
(3 items.)

Letters concerning shares of stock which William R. Brown held in the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, 1857, and a letter of sympathy after he had lost his property, 1884.

WILLIAM WASHINGTON BROWN PAPERS, 1861-1863.
(17 items.)

Letters from William W. Brown, a Confederate volunteer from Georgia, written from a camp in Virginia to his mother, Vashti Brown, concerning army life and personal matters.

BROWN AND IVES PAPERS, 1803.
(1 item.)

Letter to D. & I. (or J.) Moses of Boston concerning land scrip in Georgia and Mississippi.

BROWN FAMILY PAPERS, 1862.
(5 items.)

Letters of Jesse, Austin, and Bardin Brown, Confederate soldiers, to their family, revealing low morale among Southern troops.

G. L. P. BROWNE PAPERS, 1854-1855.
(2 items.)

Personal letters from G. L. P. Browne, a Methodist minister, to Thomas G. Lowe, also a Methodist minister of Halifax County.

THOMAS BROWNE PAPERS, 1751.
(1 vol.)

Survey of the estate of John Bouverie (d. 1750) with descriptions of land, buildings, timber, and other features of each farm, town house, and shop; names and rental status of tenants; and observations on economic conditions. Browne (1708?-1780) was a British heraldic official and land surveyor.

AMOS G. BROWNING PAPERS, 1860-1913.
(21 items and 1 vol.)

Clippings, some bound in a scrapbook, largely concerning the opening phase of the Civil War, including accounts of the first battle of Bull Run and Democratic views of the Lincoln administration. These clippings were taken from newspapers published in Ohio, Kentucky, and Missouri.

HUGH CONWAY BROWNING PAPERS, 1767-1968. 1
(77 items.)

Records of related Orange County families, with genealogies of the Browning and Few families and copies of letters of the Holden and Lockhart families. Included are Civil War letters written by Levi Young Lockhart and his brothers to their mother, Emeline (Dortch) Lockhart, and their sister, Eleanor Anne Lockhart, while serving in the 27th North Carolina Infantry and the 19th North Carolina Regiment (2nd Cavalry). Their letters dwell on food, clothing, sickness, casualties, and troop movements, particularly fighting in Virginia near the end of the war. Many letters are from Kinston following the Union capture of New Bern, North Carolina, in 1862. There is also correspondence, 1964-1968, between John A. Holden of La Place, Louisiana, and Browning concerning the Holden genealogy, including the parentage and activities of North Carolina Governor William Woods Holden and a number of the Holden family wills.

ORVILLE HICKMAN BROWNING PAPERS, 1866, 1869.
(2 items.)

Letters relating to Browning's term as U.S. secretary of the interior. One item from Joseph H. Bradley, Sr., is a recommendation for Henry A. Klopfer; the second, from Browning to M. D. Phillips, mentions the Illinois Agricultural Society as a source of information on the resources of that state.

WILLIAM GANNAWAY BROWNLOW PAPERS, 1862-1866.
(4 items.)

Two letters concern arrangements for lectures in the North while Brownlow was a fugitive from Tennessee during the early years of the Civil War. Two letters were written as Reconstruction governor of Tennessee, 1865-1866; one of them, to chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Salmon Portland Chase, comments on the prospects of the 14th Amendment.

RICHARD BROWNRIGG LEDGER, 1757-1759.
(1 vol.; 360 pp.)

Merchant's ledger including itemized accounts for barter.

[OZE REED BROYLES ?] PAPERS, 1794-1873.
(23 items.)

Included are a dissenting church certificate issued in County Antrim, Ireland, 1794, to Neal and Mary Gageby; land deeds and indentures from Washington County, Tennessee, and Anderson District, South Carolina, containing the names of such early residents as Montgomery, Henly, Johnston, Williams, Palmer, Livingston, Reese, Harris, Earle, and Lawrence; letter of Governor Joseph E. Brown of Georgia to Broyles, 1863, reviewing Confederate economic problems, conscription, provisioning of troops, and aid to soldiers' families; addresses by Broyles on the Second Bank of the United States, the Sub-Treasury Bill, slavery, the Wilmot Proviso, agriculture and railroad construction; and a document concerning the financial affairs of Broyles and Thomas McCartha, 1846.

BENJAMIN BRUBAKER PAPERS, 1844-1861.
(3 items.)

A family letter of 1844, and two documents of the Confederate government appropriating property of Jacob Brubaker, a resident of Indiana.

MATTHEW JOSEPH BROCCOLI PAPERS, 1972-1973.
(43 items.)

The papers of Matthew Bruccoli (b. 1937), professor of English at the University of South Carolina, comprise manuscript copies of contributions to The Chief Glory of Every PeoPle, and correspondence between Bruccoli and the contributors. The contributions include chapters by James Grossman on James Fenimore Cooper, Marston LaFrance on Stephen Crane, Sidney Hook on John Dewey, Eleanor Tilton on Ralph Waldo Emerson, Arlin Turner on Nathaniel Hawthorne, Clayton Eichelberger on William Dean Howells, William Hedges on Washington Irving, Jay Leyda on Herman Melville, Thomas McHaney on William Gilmore Simms, Joel Porte on Henry David Thoreau, James Cox on Mark Twain, and James Miller on Walt Whitman.

CHARLES KEY BRUCE PAPERS, 1839-1847.
(22 items.)

Correspondence of a Baltimore and Ohio Railroad civil engineer, dealing with the construction of the railroad between Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, and Cumberland, Maryland.

PHILIP ALEXANDER BRUCE PAPERS, 1894.
(3 items.)

Papers of Philip Alexander Bruce (1856-1933), author and editor of the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, relating to a critical review of Barons of the Potomack and Rappahannock by Moncure Daniel Conway (1832-1907) which appeared in the magazine. Included are a letter from Conway replying in detail to the review; a clipping of the letter published in the Richmond Times; and a draft of Bruce's response, addressed to the editor of the Richmond Times.

HENRY M. BRUNS COMMONPLACE BOOK, 1853-1888.
(1 vol.; 271 pp.)

Quotations and other information of interest to Bruns, with citations to sources. Included are a report by Mayor William A. Courtenay on the funds of the College of Charleston, 1881, and lists of aged residents of Charleston in 1887 and 1888 with birth dates and notations concerning deaths.

BRUNSWICK LAND COMPANY ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT, 1836.
(1 vol.; 18 pp.)

Articles of agreement for selling, trading, and speculating in lands in Texas, signed by James H. Gholson, Thomas S. Gholson, John D. Kirby, William Kirby, Henry Lewis, R. Kidder Meade, A. T. B. Merritt, and William H. E. Merritt.

BRUNSWICK AND WESTERN RAILROAD COMPANY REPORTS, 1888-1894.
(135 vols.)

Incomplete annual, semiannual, quarterly, and monthly financial reports showing earnings of a line absorbed in 1901 by the Savannah and Western Railroad and later by the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad.

MARY E. BRUSH PAPERS, 1841-1844.
(9 items.)

Letters to Mary Brush's sister and cousin describing family affairs, Methodist meetings, the Huntington temperance society, and Fourth of July celebrations.

JAMES L. BRYAN ACCOUNT BOOK, 1856-1857.
(1 vol.; 10 pp.)

Records of the settlement of Bryan's estate.

MATTHEW BRYAN PAPERS, 1847-1852.
(23 items.)

Business letter to Bryan, relating to the manufacturing and sale of plows, shoes, and iron in Virginia.

WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN PAPERS, 1903.
(1 item.)

Letter to Susan L. Avery thanking her for some articles she had sent The Commoner.

BRYAN FAMILY PAPERS, 1717-1956.
(2,942 items and 39 vols.)

This collection consists of the papers of John Herritage Bryan (1798-1870); of the family of James West Bryan (1805-1864); and of related families of Virginia and North Carolina. Papers contain letters from James West Bryan relating to family, business, and political topics, including evaluations of public support for John Herritage Bryan as U.S. Representative from North Carolina, 1825-1829; William Biddle Shepard giving opinions of Andrew Jackson, comments on the Webster-Hayne debate, and seeking advice on Shepard's gubernatorial candidacy, 1850; William Alexander Graham describing the abolitionists and the compromises of the Fillmore administration. There are also letters of Henry Ravenscroft Bryan, the son of John Herritage Bryan, concerning family and routine business, Post-Civil War politics in North Carolina, criticism of the military government, and two letters, 1873, from his brother J. H. Bryan, discussing conditions in Brazil. John Herritage Bryan's legal papers largely relate-to land in Craven County, Wake County, and Raleigh, and to the purchase and sale of slaves; there are also wills, pardons signed by Andrew Johnson, contracts with former slaves relating to sharecropping, and material concerning the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad. Miscellaneous papers include speeches, documents, bills and receipts, writings of Henry Ravenscroft Bryan, a paper describing a geological field trip under the direction of Elisha Mitchell of the University of North Carolina, 1855, and two sketches of the life of John Herritage Bryan by a son, William S. Bryan.

Papers of the family of James West Bryan contain material relating to the Washingtons of Kinston, North Carolina, the Shepards of Beaufort and New Bern, and the Donnells of New Bern and Raleigh. Included are letters of Richard Dobbs Spaight II, describing social life of New Bern and economic growth following steamboat connections with Norfolk; letters concerning state government in North Carolina, 1828-1837, reflecting the role of the Whig Party, the Reform convention of 1835, and the organization of a new general assembly; descriptions of office seeking in Washington, D.C., the purchase of merchandise in New York and business conditions there, and the panic of 1837. Papers of the Donnell family contain letters from John Robert Donnell to his daughter Mary (Donnell) Shepard relating to New Orleans investments of the 1850s; overseer's reports on a plantation at Lake Comfort, Hyde County, North Carolina, 1862-1864; and letters describing the life of refugees fleeing Union occupation of the North Carolina coast. Papers of James Augustus Bryan (1839-1923), James West Bryan's son, contain material on the collection of money for a Raleigh monument to Lawrence O' Bryan Branch, 1863; correspondence with Mary (Shepard) Bryan; correspondence with New York and Baltimore firms concerning the lumber business of the Tuscarora Steam and Grist Mills, Craven County, from the 1860s and 1870s; and correspondence concerning banking interests in New Bern. There are also deeds, indentures, and other documents for land along the Neuse and Trent Rivers in Craven County, 1717-1876; household and business receipts; shipping papers for lumber, accounts of lumber sales, other receipts, and bankbooks for the Tuscarora and the Lake Mills; shipment papers for freight on the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad; and financial papers of the Donnell family in Hyde County, North Carolina after 1855 and Englewood, New Jersey, after 1868. A diary kept after 1834 by George T. Olmsted describes the social life of Princeton, New Jersey, but relates largely to the operation of the Delaware and Raritan Canal, and includes frequent references to Robert Field Stockton. There is a cookbook started for Annis (Boudinot) Stockton on the occasion of her marriage, 1762, to Richard Stockton, and added to by subsequent generations until late in the 19th century. The volume also includes a section on household remedies. Some of the earlier recipes were published in Eliza Leslie, Seventy-Five Receipts (Philadelphia: 1828).

Additional papers largely concern land transactions and genealogy of the Bryan and Donnell heirs of Richard Dobbs Spaight (1758-1802) and include a few personal papers of family members in Virginia and North Carolina. There is also a series of financial, legal, and miscellaneous items including genealogies of the Bryan and Washington families and records of Charles S. Bryan and his relatives.

A table of families is at the beginning of the collection.

JOHN EMORY BRYANT PAPERS, 1851-1907.
(1,818 items and 40 vols.)

Correspondence, published writings, and other papers relating to Bryant's Civil War service with the 8th Maine Volunteers, his activities as agent of the Freedmen's Bureau, leader of the Negro Republicans in Georgia, and his interest in temperance and the Methodist Church. Miscellaneous legal and financial papers and account books relate to his business ventures. His journal kept in youth, 3 vols., incomplete, gives glimpses of life in Maine and at Maine Wesleyan Seminary in Kent's Hill. The journal, 2 vols., 1866, 1876, kept by his wife, Emma, includes a description of the personnel of the Freedmen's Bureau in Augusta, Georgia. An autobiographical sketch by Bryant's daughter, Alice (Bryant) Seller, gives much information on the life of her parents. Several letter books relate to Reconstruction Georgia. Correspondence, 1 vol., 1876-1878, of Bryant and Volney Spalding includes material on the elections of 1876; Bryant's fight with the Savannah collector of revenue, James Atkins; the founding of the Georgia Republican; and the 1877 state constitution. A letter book 1888-1890 relates to Bryant's business ventures in New York. The letter book and scrapbook, 1875-1879, of William Anderson Pledger, Negro editor of Georgia, includes autobiographical notes. Three Confederate Army letter books include official correspondence of the headquarters of Gen. Raleigh Edward Colston's brigade at Fort Bartow, Georgia, 1864; official correspondence, 1863-1864, of Camp Cooper, Macon, Georgia, and Camp Randolph, Decatur, Georgia, both centers for the instruction of conscripts; and correspondence, 1863-1864, of the commandant of conscription at Macon and Griffith, Georgia. Bryant and Christopher C. Richardson, an officer of the 12th Marine Volunteers, used these captured volumes for their own records, including lists of Confederates taking amnesty oaths; memoranda of their postwar law partnership in Augusta; minutes of the Republican Club in Augusta, 1868; Bryant's letters, 1865, for the Freedmen's Bureau at Augusta; letters of Gen. Rufus Saxton, commander of the Freedmen's Bureau, 1865, and clippings from the Loyal Georgian, 1866. Other scrapbooks include letters and papers of Bryant's service with the 8th Maine Volunteers in South Carolina, 1 vol., 1861-1864; clippings of Georgia newspapers illustrating Reconstruction life, especially Negro life, 3 vols., 1868-1894; and material after 1887, 8 vols., concerning Emma Bryant and Alice (Bryant) Seller; Grant Memorial University, Athens, Tennessee; temperance; and the position of women. Account books, 1873-1899, reflect Bryant's business ventures and include a register, 1873-1875, of the staff of the Savannah Customs House with their contributions to the Republican Party. There are also loose clippings, including many on the work of the Methodist Church in education in the South after 1876. Also included in the collection are photocopies of related broadsides and pamphlets. Major correspondents include Henry McNeal Turner.

SAMUEL S. BRYANT SCRAPBOOK, 1832-1836.
(1 vol.)

A collection of sentimental and religious poems, many of which were written by Samuel Bryant, a Methodist minister.

WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT PAPERS, 1839-1895.
(34 items.)

Miscellaneous letters by Bryant, largely concerning literary matters, travel, and personal affairs; signed and dated copies of several of his poems; and a letter from Johannes Adam Oertel regarding illustrations to accompany one poem.

SAMUEL BRYARLY PAPERS, 1787-1884.
(662 items and 4 vols.)

Family correspondence of the Bryarly brothers, Virginia planters, relating to agricultural conditions in Virginia and to general conditions in Mississippi, Ohio, and Tennessee, where several of the Bryarly sons had moved. Material for 1850-1860 consists of claims and promissory notes dealing with settlement of Samuel Bryarly's (d. 1850) accounts; material for 1860-1884 consists of personal letters, bills, and summonses of Richard Bryarly. Included also for 1813-1863 are plantation account books, and a scrapbook, of Richard and Rowland Bryarly.

JAMES BRYCE, VISCOUNT BRYCE, PAPERS, 1886-1900.
(4 items.)

Miscellaneous letters from Bryce commenting on the Irish Home Rule Bill, 1886; the defeat of Harry Smith, Liberal M.P. from Falkirk, 1895; the extreme High Church faction of the Church of England, 1899; and the efforts of Ernest Parke to publish an inexpensive edition of Shakespeare.

JAMES BRYDGES, THIRD DUKE OF CHANDOS, PAPERS, 1759.
(1 item.)

Letter discussing an election contest in Hampshire where Henry Bilson-Legge opposed Sir Simeon Stuart, Third Baronet.

JOSEPH RALEIGH BRYSON PAPERS, 1946.
(3 items.)

Correspondence between Bryson, U.S. representative from South Carolina, and St. George Leakin Sioussat of the Library of Congress, analyzing an undated note by Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer (1803-1873), which is apparently an order for tobacco.

PETER BUCHAN PAPERS, 1835.
(1 item.)

Letter to Messrs. Roake and Varty, London booksellers, concerning possible publication of a book by Buchan on British politics and a collection of Scottish ballads.

CLAUDIUS BUCHANAN PAPERS, 1807.
(1 item.)

Letter to a Rev. Dr. Kohlhof from Buchanan, a chaplain in Bengal, concerning the translation of the New Testament into the Malayalam language.

HUGH BUCHANAN PAPERS, 1835 (1850-1860) 1861.
(24 items.)

Business papers, usually letters requesting legal aid from Hugh Buchanan (1823-1890), lawyer, member of the Georgia legislature, 1855, 1857, and member of U.S. Congress, 1881-1885; and two personal letters from members of the family.

JAMES BUCHANAN PAPERS, 1838-1860.
(12 items.)

Largely letters from various political leaders urging the appointment of constituents to office while Buchanan was president; and one land grant signed by Buchanan.

JOHN BUCHANAN PAPERS, 1826-1827.
(3 items.)

Report of John Buchanan's son, Thomas, a student at Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and an estimate of a year's expense at the college; notification that Dickinson College would confer on Buchanan the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws, and a letter concerning the transfer of his son to a school in Georgetown.

THOMAS E. BUCHANAN PAPERS, 1711 (1833-1858) 1952.
(648 items.)

Largely family correspondence of John Buchanan, Thomas E. Buchanan, Nancy Buchanan, Phillip Dandridge, S.P. Dandridge, Sarah Dandridge, Dabney Carr Harrison, Peyton Harrison, Nannie D. Thomas, and other members of the Thomas family. Also, cancelled checks, wills, deeds, and a scrapbook of the Buchanan, Dandridge, and Thomas families. Subjects of the letters include plantation life and management in Virginia and Maryland; slavery and slave insurrections; schools and colleges and school and college life in Virginia, New Jersey, and Massachusetts; social life and customs in Maryland and Virginia; the Presbyterian church in Virginia; the Whig party in Massachusetts; and opposition to secession in Virginia. Among correspondents are Charles E. Dudley, Charles J. Faulkner, Sr., Robert M. T. Hunter, William Lucas, Isaac McKim, Henry Taylor, Henry St. George Tucker, and Beverley Tucker.

DANIEL BUCK PAPERS, 1849-1900.
(385 items.)

Business papers of a cabinetmaker and lumber dealer including correspondence, deeds, bills, receipts, and promissory notes.

SAMUEL D. BUCK PAPERS, ca. 1890.
(1 item.)

Reminiscences of Buck's Civil War career as an officer in the 13th Virginia Volunteer Infantry, 1861-1865, describing campaigns under Jackson and Early, with details of troop movements, the conduct of generals, battles, and camp life.

JOHN BUCKHOUT PAPERS, 1853-1858.
(3 items.)

Records of business transactions between the Buckhout and Hatfield families, including receipts and a promissory note.

WILLIAM BUCKLAND PAPERS, 1840, 1848.
(2 items.)

Letter, 1840, of Sir Richard Owen, concerning Buckland's work as a geologist; and a letter from Joseph Phillimore, 1848, written to Buckland as dean of Westminister, asking if records revealed whether Joh~ Baron Hervey, and his brother Henry had been students at Westminister School in the 1700s.

E. G. BUCKLES DIARY, 1866-1867.
(2 vols.)

Diary of a physician describing his family, patients, medicine, road conditions, and Negroes. Meetings of Negro radicals are mentioned.

EDWIN G. BUCKLES COMMONPLACE BOOK, 1841-1848.
(1 vol.; 111 pp.)

EDWIN G. BUCKLES COMMONPLACE BOOK

JOSEPH BUCKMINISTER RECEIPT, 1782.
(1 item.)

Receipt signed by Buckminister (1751-1812).

SIMON BOLIVAR BUCKNER PAPERS, 1863-1914.
(6 items.)

Miscellaneous letters, chiefly personal, of the Confederate lieutenant general and 1896 National Democratic candidate for vice president. One item, 1863, deals with intelligence of Union troop movements in Kentucky.

DAVID BUEL PAPERS, 1811-1814.
(19 items.)

Letters of courtship to Harriet Hillhouse of Montville, Connecticut, with comments on health, religion, the War of 1812, and on William Samuel Johnson, member of the U.S. Constitutional convention.

JOHN BUFORD PAPERS, 1804 (1854-1857) 1898.
(604 items.)

Family and business letters, bills, receipts, and other papers mentioning commodity prices in Virginia; clothes; hiring of slaves; procuring labor, especially slaves, supplies, and legislative appropriations for railroad construction in Virginia; feeding of railroad construction workers; state politics; health; land in Virginia and in Missouri; ties for railroad construction; and naval stores in North Carolina.

CATHERINE JANE (McGEACHY) BUIE PAPERS, 1819 (1861-1865) 1899.
(636 items.)

Personal correspondence of a North Carolina family, giving a Confederate private soldier's view of the Civil War, descriptions of the march through Pennsylvania, 1863, and the battle of Fort Fisher, North Carolina, 1865. Letters of women of the family reveal hardships from scarcity of small necessities during the war and fear of freed Negroes. Included are letters from friends and relatives at Trinity and Davidson colleges in North Carolina and Wofford College, Spartanburg, South Carolina, commenting upon student interests and reactions to political trends; sidelights on a small school in Bladen County, where Catherine McGeachy taught during the Civil War; and letters concerning Reconstruction. Catherine McGeachy, who married Duncan A. Buie in 1866, was later postmistress at Buie (Robeson County), North Carolina.

JOHN BUIE PAPERS, 1853 (1861-1864).
(24 items.)

Letters of John Buie, a Confederate soldier, to his father, John C. Buie, of Moore County, North Carolina, including comment on campaigns in Mississippi and Tennessee, and Bragg's raid into Kentucky, 1862.

MARY ANN S. M. BUIE LETTERS, 1842-1871.
(26 items.)

Family letters, with comment on the prices at which slaves were sold and hired, 1849; numerous references to deaths of Confederate soldiers; and comment on Reconstruction.

HENRY BUIST PAPERS, 1868, 1871.
(2 items.)

Buist's appointment, signed by Governor Robert Kingston Scott, 1869, to a commercial convention in Memphis; and a letter, 1871, to Gen. Rush C. Hawkins concerning a lawsuit arising out of Civil War blockade running.

WILLIAM BULL PAPERS, 1770, 1774.
(2 items.)

Petition of James Coachman to be appointed guardian of a mulatto child, who was given her freedom by the will of Jonathan Drake, and a proclamation of Bull as lieutenant governor and commander in chief of South Carolina.

ARCHIBALD BULLOCH PAPERS, 1776-1829.
(7 items.)

Letters and commissions, 3 items, 1776-1777, signed by Archibald Bulloch, governor of Georgia; and three business letters, ca. 1811, of Archibald S. Bulloch, collector of the Port of Savannah.

BARSHA BULLOCK PAPERS, 1840-1888.
(96 items.)

Family letters chiefly relating to personal subjects. There are a few references to the Civil War in North Carolina and Virginia, and to Thomas D. Bullock, 5th Regiment of North Carolina Infantry Volunteers.

JOHN BULLOCK PAPERS, 1784-1920.

Papers of several generations of a family of southern Virginia and central North Carolina, including correspondence of John and William H. Bullock, a second John Bullock and his wife, Susan M. (Cobb) Bullock, their daughter-in-law, Judith (Watkins) Bullock, and her daughter Rebecca (Bullock) Fuller and other children and grandchildren. The names of related families appear frequently, such as Goode, Farrar, Taylor, Boyd, Hamilton, and Pearson. There are also many letters to Sallie (Tarry) Harrison. Topics include farming; silkworm culture, 1839; University of North Carolina faculty and student disputes, 1858; secessionist sentiment in Granville County; Walter Bullock's Civil War service in North Carolina and Virginia; the Presbyterian and Episcopal churches; the Spanish-American War; and genealogy. The diaries of Susan M. (Cobb) Bullock include one small volume recording her visit to the mountains of Tennessee and North Carolina, 1848, and a daily journal, 1869-1871, kept in one of her husband's account books.

WILLIAM HENRY LYTTON EARLE BULWER, BARON DALLING AND BULWER, PAPERS, 1850-1853.
(23 items.)

Personal and diplomatic correspondence of Sir Henry Lytton Bulwer (1801-1872), author and British minister to the United States, containing comments on the political situation in the United States during debates on the Compromise of 1850, the presidential election of 1852, slavery, and the colonization of Negroes.

JABEZ BUNTING PAPERS, 1836.
(1 item.)

A letter to Bunting, Methodist minister, from George Grey, under secretary for the colonies, concerning the use by the Wesleyan Missionary Society of a parliamentary grant for the establishment of Negro schools in the British West Indies, and noting the views of Lord Glenelg, Colonial Secretary.

ELIZABETH BUNTYN PAPERS, 1862-1865.
(43 items.)

Letters from Morgan and Frank Buntyn and J. M. Matthews, soldiers in the Confederate Army. One item, 1864, relates to the surrender of Savannah.

STEPHEN GANO BURBRIDGE PAPERS, 1863-1864.
(1,365 items.)

Military telegrams which passed through the office of Major General S. G. Burbridge, U.S. Army, concerning troop movements, the civil administration of Kentucky, Morgan's raid into Kentucky, and other facets of military life; and a map shqwing the location of the 10th Division, 13th Artillery Corps at the siege of Vicksburg.

USHER LLOYD BURDICK PAPERS, 1937.
(7 items.)

Correspondence of Usher L. Burdick (b. 1879), governor of North Dakota and member of U.S. Congress, concerning the origin and nature of a two-dollar note issued by the Bank of Mecklenburg, Charlotte, North Carolina, in 1874.

HIRAM BURGESS ACCOUNT BOOK, 1853-1874.
(1 vol.; 84 pp.)

Accounts of a distiller and farmer relating to sales of whiskey and to work by agricultural laborers.

MARTHA J. (TRIST) BURKE PAPERS, 1887.
(1 item.)

Letter from Martha J. Burke to Jesse C. Green describing the manuscripts she is sending him. The manuscripts are letters and copies of letters from Thomas Jefferson and James Madison to members of her family.

THOMAS BURKE PAPERS, 1776, 1782.
(2 items.)

A letter from Thomas Burke (ca. 1747-1783) to Richard Henry Lee concerning the movement of Virginia Tories, and a letter from Burke, probably to Edmund Pendleton, complaining of the neglect he has suffered at the hands of the governor of North Carolina.

THOMAS T. BURKE PAPERS, 1863-1917.
(17 items.)

Personal correspondence of the Burke family, and the Collins and Freeman families of Ross County, Ohio. The letters contain information on smallpox in Chatham County, commodity prices in Chatham and Ross counties, and the life of a Confederate soldier at Charleston, South Carolina.

H. L. BURKETT PAPERS AND DIARY, 1862-1872.
(8 items.)

Papers and diary of H. L. Burkett, planter and slaveholder. The diary covers 1862 and contains comments on the weather, crops, Union forces, Confederate forces, military operations near the Tennessee River, and personal affairs. Included also is a broadside, 1872, announcing that Burkett would speak on Waynesboro "fifty years ago."

LINGURN SKIDMORE BURKHEAD SERMON BOOK, 1852-1865.
(1 vol.)

Copies of sermons of Lingurn S. Burkhead (1824-1887), a Methodist minister of Plymouth and Wilmington, North Carolina.

ANSON BURLINGAME PAPERS, 1859.
(1 item.)

Letter to Anson Burlingame (1820-1870), diplomat and congressman, from Hardie Hogan Helper, brother of Hinton Rowan Helper, concerning his financial problems and his imprisonment resulting from his distribution of his brother's work on slavery.

SIR RICHARD BURN PAPERS, 1926-1935.
(4 items.)

Papers of Burn (1871-1947) of the Indian Civil Service, concerning the Tenancy Acts and the Congress Party. Correspondents include Gokul Chand and Sir Sita Ram.

ANNIE BURNMAN AUTOGRAPH ALBUM, 1871-1872.
(1 vol.; 35 pp.)

Autograph album of a student in the State Female College, Memphis, Tennessee.

AUGUSTA A. BURNHAM AND ELETHINE BURNHAM PAPERS, 1841-1854.
(34 items.)

Family correspondence containing information on Lowell Institute, the mills, and rural life in New Hampshire.

H. B. BURNHAM DOCKET BOOKS AND INDEX, 1864-1870.
(2 vols.)

Docket book rendered almost illegible by its use as a scrapbook, and an index to a letter book, both apparently kept by the U.S. Military Police.

ARCHIBALD W. BURNS JOURNAL, 1846-1847.
(1 vol.; 30 pp.)

Journal describing visit of Archibald W. Burns to Mexico during the Mexican War. References are made to Major General Winfield Scott, General Zachary Taylor, army headquarters at Camargo, and the battle at Monterey.

WILLIAM HENRY BURR PAPERS, 1897.
(1 item.)

Letter from William Henry Burr, American author, to James B. Elliott discussing Thomas Paine.

GEORGE BURRINGTON PAPERS, 1723-1732.
(4 items.)

Papers of George Burrington (ca. 1680-1759), colonial governor of North Carolina, include two sets of instructions from the Lords Proprietors concerning enforcement of the laws relating to trade and navigation, and two letters from Burrington discussing the political situation in North Carolina, public sentiment regarding quit-rents and the acquisition of land, and his friends on the Board of Trade.

BENJAMIN BURROUGHS PAPERS, 1809-1847.
(9 items.)

Letters and papers of Benjamin Burroughs, a Georgia planter, concerning the sale of horses, furniture, tools, livestock, and slaves; and improvements at Cold Spring Plantation. Included also is a letter, 1847, from Theodore S. Pay in Berlin, commenting on his travels in Europe.

DAVID BURROUGHS PAPERS, 1814-1818.
(5 items.)

Business papers concerning bonds for debts, apprenticeship papers, and a land deed.

JOHN BURROUGHS PAPERS. n.d.
(4 items.)

Papers of John Burroughs (1837-1921), naturalist and author, include an autograph copy of notes for "The Friendly Rocks"; a letter to Mary Hoyt Freligh concerning his friend William Vanamee; the poem, "Waiting"; and a photograph of Burroughs.

JOHN BURROUGHS ACCOUNT BOOK, 1855-1885.
(1 vol.)

Accounts of the estates of six persons for whom John Burroughs appears to have been administrator.

RICHARD D. BURROUGHS PAPERS, 1807-1889.
(2,144 items.)

Personal and business papers of Richard D. Burroughs, tavern keeper and planter, and of his son, John William Burroughs, planter. The bulk of the collection consists of personal, household, and agricultural accounts, statements and letters from commission merchants in Baltimore and Georgetown, especially Thompson and Spalding. Other papers concern Richard Burroughs' administration of the estate of his aunt, Judith Davis; John's education in Georgetown College, Georgetown, D.C., and the College of St. James, Hagerstown, Md., 1843-1848; and Richard's stay at the springs in Virginia for his health, 1850s.

VALERIA G. BURROUGHS ALBUM AND COMMONPLACE BOOKS, 1830-1872.
(3 vols.)

An album containing copies of poems; a commonplace book, 1831-1841, with poems, religious comments and references to family deaths; and a commonplace book, 1844-1872, including the minutes, correspondence and the constitution of the Female Seamen's Friend Society of Savannah, Gal, 1844-1861, and household accounts, lists, and recipes, 1866-1872.

WILLIAM BERRIEN BURROUGHS PAPERS, 1872-1938.
(440 items.)

Papers of William B. Burroughs, genealogist, local historian and rice planter, comprise letters, receipts, bills, accounts, and clippings, including information on early Georgia history, and the Berrien, Burroughs, Stewart, and Milledge families of Georgia.

ELIZABETH BURROW PAPERS, 1842-1928.
(38 items and 1 vol.)

Miscellaneous papers of Elizabeth Burrow include letters from her husband, Henry Burrow, during the Civil War, an advertising booklet published by the Ford Motor Company, 1912, obituaries of several Thomasville citizens, and a copy of The Chairmaker, June, 1924.

H. LANSING BURROWS COMMONPLACE BOOK, 1856-1865.
(1 vol.; 99 pp.)

Manuscript copies of the Weekly Herald of Richmond, edited by H. Lansing Burrows, 1856-1857. Superimposed upon many pages are clippings about Richmond, 1863-1865.

JAMES A. BURROWS PAPERS, 1861-1869.
(40 items.)

Personal letters from James A. Burrows, a Confederate soldier, to his brother, Frank Burrows.

ARMISTEAD BURT PAPERS, 1759-1933.
(5,675 items.)

Political and legal correspondence of Armistead Burt (1802-1883), South Carolina planter and member of U.S. Congress. The political correspondence deals largely with the policies of John C. Calhoun and the question of secession. After 1860 the material relates chiefly to Burt's law practice, especially to the management of estates of Confederate soldiers, and the Calhoun estate. Other matters referred to include the political corruption and economic conditions in postwar South Carolina. Among the correspondents are Armistead Burt, Pierce M. Butler, Henry Toole Clark, Thomas Green Clemson, T. L. Deveaux, James H. Hammond, A. P. Hayne, Reverdy Johnson, Hugh S. Legare, Augustus B. Longstreet, W. N. Meriwether, James L. Petigru, Francis W. Pickens, Robert Barnwell Rhett, Richard Rush, Waddy Thompson, and Louis T. Wigfall.

A. M. BURTON JOURNALS, 1815-1842.
(4 vols.)

Journals and daybooks of a general merchant and postmaster.

COLUMBIA Y. BURTON PAPERS, 1864-1865.
(6 items.)

Letters to his cousin, James T. Bland, a prisoner of war in Elmira, New York.

JAMES H. BURTON PAPERS, 1872-1894.
(6 items and 1 vol.)

Letterpress book and letters of James H. Burton, engineer, inventor, and farmer, dealing with business matters. Much of the early correspondence concerns Burton's attempts to secure remuneration from either the British or American governments, or from private manufacturers in both countries, for their use of his process of manufacturing steel gun barrels. Included are references to labor conditions in England and the business affairs of various English and American armament companies--Remington & Sons, the Winchester Repeating Arms Company, Greenwood & Batley, National Arms & Ammunition, and the Providence Tool Company. The bulk of the material after 1873 deals with Burton's farm business including orders for supplies, receipts, sales of stock and produce, and sales and purchases of land in Virginia, West Virginia, and Georgia.

ROBERT BURTON PAPERS, (1771-1838) 1925.
(102 items and 1 vol.)

Business papers and records of Robert Burton (1747-1825), Revolutionary soldier and lawyer, and his son, Horace A. Burton. Robert Burton was apparently also a wholesale commission merchant having connections with leaders of the Transylvania Land Company. The account book contains records of patrons, among whom were Leonard Henley Bullock, Hutchins Burton, John Burton, Charles Rust Eaton, Benjamin Hawkins, Richard and Samuel Henderson, Thomas Lanier, Archibald Leonard, General Stephen Moore, the Reverend Henry Patillo, Bromfield Ridley, and Judge John Williams.

Among the papers are references to the Transylvania Land Company; letters of Robert Houston and John Rhea of Knoxville, Tennessee, regarding the purchase of land from Richard Henderson's estate; and copies of court records of Madison County, Kentucky, regarding Henderson's property there. After 1830 the collection centers around business and personal correspondence of Horace A. Burton, son of Robert Burton, including a number of papers concerning John and William Ragland and their heirs. Several letters, after 1880, are concerned with genealogy. Among the correspondents are William A. Graham, T. T. Hicks, Frank Nash, John Rhea, and Lewis Williams.

ROBERT OSWALD BURTON PAPERS, 1861-1864.
(9 items.)

Letters to Rev. R. O. Burton (1811-1891), a Methodist minister, relating to church affairs, business matters, the Civil War, and the education of his son, Andrew Joyner Burton (b. 1848), at Belmont, North Carolina, and at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Included is an itemized account of Andrew's expenses at the University, 1863.

JOSHUA BURTZ PAPERS, 1844-1866.
(3 items.)

Business papers of planter Joshua Burtz, including an agreement with freedman William Parks for land and supplies furnished to Parks as a tenant farmer.

LEWIS BURWELL PAPERS, 1802-1891.
(8 items.)

Family correspondence.

LUCY (COLE) BURWELL PAPERS, 1751-1905.
(1,077 items and 2 vols.)

Family and personal correspondence of Lucy (Cole) Burwell reflecting the social life of an agrarian family for four generations, and including letters of Henry, Lewis A., Lucy, Mary, Spotswood, and William Burwell; and two autograph letters of W. F. Tillett an account book for the mercantile business of Lewis A. Burwell, 1807-1808, Mecklenburg County, Virginia, and for the mercantile firm of White and Burwell' 1866-1868.

WILLIAM M. BURWELL PAPERS, 1864.
(2 items.)

Brief and nearly illegible notes concerning a knitting machine.

WILLIAM H. BUSBEY PAPERS, 1861-1864.
(15 items.)

Personal letters of William He Busbey, a soldier in the 1st Regiment, Kentucky Volunteers, U.S.A., concerning politics in Ohio, including the gubernatorial race in 1863 of Clement Vallandigham against John Brough; the Freemasons; crime in Ohio; the life of a soldier; and military activities in Tennessee.

BUSIC'S STORE DAYBOOK, 1854-1855.
(1 vol.; 579 pp.)

Accounts of a General mercantile business.

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN BUTLER PAPERS, 1864-1893.
(4 items.)

Papers of Benjamin F. Butler (1818-1893), Massachusetts legislator, Federal general, U.S. congressman, and governor of Massachusetts, pertain largely to his financial affairs. Several letters refer to the dismissal of an officer. Included are references to organized labor, the eight-hour law, and Butler's attitude toward the Negro.

CHARLES BUTLER PAPERS, 1767 (1815-1845) 1885.
(81 items.)

Tax receipts, indentures and land grants of the Butler family.

EDWARD GEORGE WASHINGTON BUTLER PAPERS, 1821-1888.
(140 items.)

Correspondence of E. G. W. Butler (1800-1888), planter and U.S. Army officer, dealing with military affairs, the Mexican War, the Civil War, slavery, Lincoln's election, politics and government, railroads, Southern social life and customs, Reconstruction, and contemporary European affairs. Among the correspondents are Caroline (Deslonde) Beauregard, Braxton Bragg, James Buchanan, Jefferson Davis, Alexander Duncan, Edmund P. Gaines, Andrew Jackson, J. E. Johnston, Mary Ann Randolph (Custis) Lee, Robert E. Lee, Eleanor Parke (Custis) Lewis, Leonidas Polk, John Slidell, and Martin Van Buren.

ISAAC BUTLER AND LELAND W. BUTLER PAPERS, 1818 (1830-1886) 1916.
(1,631 items.)

Personal and business correspondence and business papers of the Butler family, Virginia planters and teachers. The early letters are from Isaac Butler's stepchildren, most of them being from James Childs and Emily (Childs) Ballard of Jackson County, Florida. Another section of material relates to the settlement of the estate of Isaac Butler (died at Loda, Illinois, 1857), for which Leland W. Butler was executor. The remainder consists of a long correspondence between Isaac's oldest son, Thomas, and his uncle, Leland, up to 1883; and family letters from relatives in Illinois, New York, and Ohio, describing social and economic conditions.

LOUISA BUTLER PAPERS, 1847 (1861-1865) 1874.
(32 items.)

Family correspondence of the Butler family consisting of three brothers, all in the Confederate Army, and of two sisters. The letters reflect Civil War conditions, poverty of Reconstruction days and conditions around Palatka, Florida, where Dr. R. S. Butler settled after the war.

MARVIN BENJAMIN BUTLER PAPERS, 1861-1864.
(21 items.)

Personal correspondence between Marvin B. Butler, soldier in the 44th Indiana Infantry Volunteers and state legislator, and his future wife, Harriet M. Fuller, concerning camp life; military activities, especially the battle of Stone's River, Buell's pursuit of Bragg in 1862, and the Vicksburg campaign; his illness and subsequent discharge; and life on the home front.

NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER PAPERS, 1905.
(1 item.)

Letter from Nicholas Murray Butler (1862-1947), president of Columbia University, 1901-1945, to Sadler (perhaps Sir Michael Ernest Sadler, British educator) discussing his conversations with Kaiser Wilhelm II.

PIERCE BUTLER PAPERS, 1791-1814.
(4 items.)

Three letters of Pierce Butler (1744-1822), U.S. congressman, concerning legal matters and the payment of a mortgage; and a bill of exchange signed over to him in 1791.

ROBERT BUTLER LEDGER, 1832-1851.
(1 vol.; 200 pp.)

Personal accounts of Robert Butler, apparently a physician, including rental accounts.

WILLIAM BUTLER PAPERS, 1750, 1756.
(2 items.)

A land grant, and a plat for 200 acres of pine land.

ALBERT I. BUTNER PAPERS, 1820 (1870-1896) 1907.
(66 items.)

Personal and business papers of Albert I. Butner, superintendent of schools in Forsyth County, consist of personal letters, including one of 1855 describing a balloon ascension at Salem, North Carolina; correspondence relating to education in North Carolina and school affairs in Forsyth County; rough minutes of the Forsyth County Board of Education, 1890-1895; and a temporary school register for Bethania Public School, 1904-1905. Correspondents include John Franklin Heitman and J. W. Giles.

ELIZA BUTTON PAPERS, 1864-1865.
(13 items.)

Letters from Myron Adams, Jr., member of the U.S. Signal Corps, to Eliza concerning religion, education, and his plans to study law, with scattered references to military activities.

SIR THOMAS FOWELL BUXTON, FIRST BARONET, PAPERS, 1826.
(1 item.)

Letter from William Wilberforce to Sir Thomas Powell Buxton, First Baronet (1786-1845), concerning Lord Grenville's suggestions for the abolition of slavery in the colonies, and personal matters.

GEORGE STEVENS BYNG, SECOND EARL OF STRAFFORD, PAPERS, 1837, 1847.
(2 items.)

Broadside copy of a letter from Lord Strafford (1806-1886), member of Parliament, to Thomas Arber supporting the parliamentary candidacy of George DeLacy Evans and John Temple Leader; and a letter from Lord Hardinge, governor general of India, concerning the size of the Indian army and the use of corporal punishment.

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN BYNUM PAPERS, 1806-1909.
(299 items and 2 vols.)

Business and personal correspondence of the Bynum family includes letters between Hampton Bynum and John M. De Saussure concerning the claim of Bynum against an estate of which De Saussure was administrator, and several deeds of Bynum; reports and communications from schools attended by the Bynums, including Winston Male Academy, Kernersville Academy, gingham School and Trinity College; letters from tenant farmers; letters from William Preston Bynum (b. 1861), and from R. Bynum who practiced law in Waxahachie, Texas, during the late 1870s; and letters from B. F. Bynum, Jr., to his father concerning the sale of plug tobacco in South Carolina and Georgia, 1871-1878, including references to prices, brokers' fees, evasions of revenue tax, and the difficulties of selling manufactured tobacco. Volumes include a commonplace book, 1874-1884, of W. P. Bynum containing diary entries for 1884, reminiscences, and lectures and comments on philosophical, scientific, and religious topics; and a scrapbook, 1875-1909, of W. P. Bynum II, containing clippings, addresses, and a biographical sketch of W. P. Bynum.

HARRY FLOOD BYRD PAPERS, 1928.
(3 items.)

Letter from Harry F. Byrd (1887-1966), governor of Virginia and U. S. senator, to Charles T. Lassiter, and Lassiter's reply, concerning the proposed amendments to the Virginia constitution and methods of publicizing them; and an invitation to a farewell dinner for Commander Richard Evelyn Byrd.

WILLIAM BYRD PAPERS, 1717-1757.
(3 items.)

Typed copies of correspondence and papers, 1720-1757, of William Byrd of Westover (1674-1744), colonial Virginia statesman, including notes, deeds, land grants, petitions, and other business papers from originals in the Brock collection, Huntington Library, San Marino, California (17 typescript pages); a photostat (162 pages) of his Secret History of the Dividing Line, 1728; and a letter from Byrd in London, 1717/1718, giving an account of his activities, particularly in regard to the Courts of Oyer and Terminer while agent for the Virginia Council of State.

WILLIAM BYRNES DIARY, 1863.
(1 vol.)

Diary of Lieutenant-William Byrnes, 95th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, which describes campaigns at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Rappahannock Station, as well as various picket actions and skirmishes. He discusses camp life, casualties, deserters, discipline, foraging, and prisoners, and mentions U.S. Generals Joseph J. Bartlett, George G. Meade, John Sedgwick, and Horatio G. Wright.

GEORGE GORDON NOEL-BYRON, SIXTH BARON BYRON, PAPERS, 1816-1817.
(1 item.)

Manuscript copy of a poem written by Lord Byron (1788-1824) to Thomas Moore which differs slightly from the version published in The Works of Lord Byron.

CHARLES H. CABANISS PAPERS, 1802 (1830-1877).
(78 items.)

Family and business correspondence of Charles H. Cabaniss as sheriff of Halifax County and as a tobacco dealer; of William Cabaniss and other members of the Cabaniss family; and of Philip Howerton (b. 1800), deputy sheriff under Cabaniss.

ELBRIDGE G. CABANISS PAPERS, 1872-1903.
(85 items.)

Business and family correspondence of Elbridge G. Cabaniss, particularly with his brother H. H. Cabaniss, manager of the Atlanta Journal, and J. W. Cabaniss, a Macon banker, centering on Georgia in the 1870s. Included are receipts of the American Legion of Honor.

CABELL FAMILY PAPERS, 1755-1909.
(91 items and 5 vols.)

Miscellaneous papers of the descendants of Nicholas Cabell of "Liberty Hall," Nelson County, Virginia. Included are land grants. financial and legal papers of George Cabell Jr., son of Nicholas; official papers of William H. Cabell (1772-1853), governor of Virginia, also a son of Nicholas; bills and receipts; letter of 1848 from Carter P. Johnson to James Lawrence Cabell (1813-1889), surgeon, and son of George, Jr., concerning education in Virginia; letters of William Daniel Cabell with copies of letters from Robert E. Lee, concerning Norwood High School and the erection of a chapel in honor of Lee; letters of Henry Coalter Cabell !1820-1889), son of William H., and his son, James Alston Cabell, pertaining to the administration of the estate of Jane (Alston) Cabell, Henry's wife; and letters of Brigadier General William Lewis Cabell (1827-1911), C.S.A., and Lieutenant General, Trans-Mississippi Department, United Confederate Veterans, concerning the growth of the department, his years as department commander, 1890-1907, and several veterans' reunions. Volumes include the chemistry notebook,~1883-1884, of Julian Mayo Cabell (b. 1860), son of Henry, while at the University of Virginia; and the records, 1861-1865, of a general hospital in Charlottesville, Virginia, directed by James Lawrence Cabell, including accounts, a list of patients, an invoice of medicines, and a letterpress book.

ELEAZAR CABLE PAPERS, 1866-1872.
(4 items.)

Two letters from Timothy Murphy concerning family matters, crops, the building of a road, and the Freehold Railroad; a letter from John Coffing pertaining to a lawsuit against the Housatonic Railroad; and a tax notice.

GEORGE WASHINGTON CABLE PAPERS, 1879-1922.
(57 items.)

Papers of a George Washington Cable (1844-1925), novelist, relate chiefly to personal and routine matters. Included are several letters to Robert Underwood Johnson containing references to Cable's literary career; an engraving by Timothy Cole of the painting of Cable by Abbott Handerson Thayer, with Cable's signature attached; and an incomplete manuscript of a story.

ARTEMUS S. CADDELL PAPERS, 1838-1864.
(84 items.)

Personal correspondence of A. S. Caddell, teacher and private in the 26th North Carolina Regiment, C.S.A., containing information on family, social, and religious life during the war, and desertion and draft evasion. Included are Caddell's contracts with the Moore County common schools, 1855-1862.

THOMAS CADELL, SR., AND THOMAS CADELL, JR., PAPERS, 1775-1832.
(87 items.)

Business and financial papers of Thomas Cadell, Sr. (1742-1802), and Thomas Cadell, Jr. (1773-1836), booksellers and publishers. The bulk of the correspondence pertains to Cadell's publication of the History and Antiquities of the Tower of London, by John Whitcomb Bayley (London: 18i2 and 1821). Among other publications discussed are Joseph Warton's edition of The Works of Alexander Pope (London: 1797) and two works by Thomas Somerville, History of Great Britain During the Reign of Queen Anne (London: 1798) and Observations on a Passage in the Preface to Mr. Fox's Historical Work, Relative to the Character of Dr. Somerville as an Historian [1808?]. Included are correspondence with A. Strahan concerning Somerville's works and requests from Quintin Craufurd about certain publications.

CHARLES R. CADMAN PAPERS, 1918.
(8 items.)

Family correspondence of Charles R. Cadman, U.S. Navy, describing life at Great Lakes Naval Station, his transfer to Philadelphia, and opinion on the duration of the war.

JOHN CADWALADER PAPERS, 1771, 1785.
(2 items.)

Will of General John Cadwalader (1742-1786), and a bill for taxes due from the estate.

EMMA L. CAIN PAPERS, 1861-1869.
(63 items.)

Personal letters from Confederate soldiers in camps in Virginia and North Carolina, and from schoolmates.

PATRICK H. CAIN PAPERS, 1783-1940.
(2,903 items and 1 vol.)

Personal, legal, business, and financial papers of the Cain family. Included are letters describing life and social customs in Georgia, 1824-1827; school life at girls' academies, 1843-1856, at Normal College (later Trinity College), 1855-1856, at a seminary, 1869, and at the University of North Carolina, 1871-1880; western migration and western lands; business methods; prices of products and services, the value of slaves, and wages and tenancy of freedmen; the life of Confederate soldiers, including accounts of military activities, especially First Manassas and Gettysburg, and comments on conditions in the army and on officers, Jefferson Davis, and Abraham Lincoln. Legal papers consist of land grants, deeds, mortgages, arrests and summonses for debts, promissory notes, and material relating to the administration of various estates. There are broadsides concerning Jonathan Worth and W. W. Holden. Financial records consist of tax receipts; accounts, 1889-1895, kept in advertising booklets; and a ledger containing patient accounts, 1906-1925, belonging to Dr. John M. Cain. Correspondents include George Burgess Anderson, Francis Asbury, Samuel Ashe, Kemp P. Battle, John Joseph Bruner, D. R. Bruton, Lyman Copeland Draper, David Moffatt Furches, Will H. Hayes, William Hill, Hamilton C. Jones, Leonidas Polk, Zebulon Vance, and Jonathan Worth.

JOHN S. CAIRNS PAPERS, 1896.
(1 item.)

A list of birds observed in western North Carolina by Cairns.

WILLIAM CALDER PAPERS, 1861-1865.
(2 items and 2 vols.)

Diaries of William Calder, Confederate soldier, concerning Hillsborough Academy, secession in Hillsboro and Raleigh, training at Garyeburg, North Carolina, and Richmond, Virginia, and the final campaign against Sherman's army in North Carolina; and papers dealing with a leave of absence for William's brother, Robert.

DAVID FRANK CALDWELL PAPERS, 1851-1897.
(22 items.)

Letters from prominent North Carolina officials concerning internal affairs. A letter of 1864 reports on the trials of deserters and the shortage of rations.

ELIZA F. CALDWELL PAPERS, 1860-1874.
(20 items.)

Personal letters of Eliza F. Caldwell from family and friends in Mississippi. Several letters during the Civil War describe prison conditions at Johnson's Island, Ohio. Letters in 1866 discuss social and economic conditions in Mississippi, and continuing secessionist influence as well as the possibility of renewed conflict with Union sympathizers.

JOHN CALDWELL PAPERS, 1857-1870.
(6 items.)

Letters to John Caldwell, a music teacher, concerning prospective students; letters from the Gaddy family in Arkansas describing crops, economic conditions, railroad construction, and religious activities; and letters from an itinerant minister on the Arkansas-Louisiana-Texas border concerning frontier conditions and religious matters.

TOD ROBINSON CALDWELL PAPERS, 1839-1874.
(177 items.)

Family, business, and political correspondence of Tod R. Caldwell (1818-1874), lieutenant governor, 1868-1871, and governor of North Carolina, 1871-1874, including material on Reconstruction in the state.

W. S. CALDWELL PAPERS, 1864.
(2 items.)

Petitions of W. S. Caldwell, a merchant, concerning the revocation of his business license by officials of the Federal Army.

CATHERINE ANN CALHOUN PAPERS, 1847-1854.
(4 items.)

Family letters to Catherine A. Calhoun, including references to horse-powered cotton gins in Louisiana, 1847, and farm prices, 1851.

[JAMES EDWARD CALHOUN?] LOGBOOK, 1817-1829.
(1 vol.; 248 pp.)

Logbook covering the cruises of the U.S.S. Congress in the West Indies and South America, 1817, and in South America, 1817-1818; the U.S.S. Constitution from the United States to Gibraltar, 1824; the U.S.S. Actress from Gibraltar to the United States, 1824-1825; the U.S.S. Macedonian in South America, 1826-1827; and the U.S.S. Boston in South America, 1827-1829. Included are reports on the weather, location and course, and descriptions of places visited.

JOHN CALDWELL CALHOUN PAPERS, 1765-1902.
(382 items.)

The papers of the Calhoun family, comprised of family letters and documents. Letters discuss business, personal and family affairs; social life and customs; national and state politics; Indian affairs; slavery; and the government and constitution of the Confederate States of America. Documents, mainly 1771-1875, include bills, receipts, wills, estate papers, summonses, plantation accounts, and legal papers. Also the papers of John C. Calhoun (1782-1850), dealing with personal, family, business, and political affairs. Letters concern family matters; national and state politics; the Nullification Crisis; the presidential campaigns of 1840, 1844, and 1848; abolitionism and slavery; states' rights; major political figures; the Mexican War; tariffs; the Second Bank of the United States; railroads; agriculture; and Calhoun's service as Secretary of War, including material on Florida, the Creek and Cherokee Indians, and the Army.

WILLIAM LOWNDES CALHOUN PAPERS, 1892-1901.
(8 items.)

Letters of William L. Calhoun (1837-1908), public official and lieutenant colonel of the Fourth Battalion, Georgia Volunteers, include letters from John McIntosh Fell, adjutant general of Georgia, concerning routine battalion matters; and letters from Stephen D. Lee to Calhoun concerning their mutual involvement with the Confederate Veterans Association and the Confederate Soldiers' Home at Atlanta.

WILLIAM PATRICK CALHOUN PAPERS, (1903), 1912.
(16 items.)

Letters of William Patrick Calhoun (b. 1851), attorney and nephew of John C. Calhoun, chiefly concern the controversy as to whether the last Confederate Cabinet meeting was held in Abbeville, South Carolina, or Washington, Georgia. Principal political figures are discussed. Also a letter of 1912 pertaining to the gubernatorial election in South Carolina.

CALHOUN DEBATING SOCIETY MINUTES, 1857-1858.
(1 vol.; 40 pp.)

Constitution, bylaws, list of members, and minutes, including debates on historical and political questions.

NICHOLAS CALLAN SCRAPBOOK AND DIARY, 1860-1868.
(2 vols.)

The diary of Nicholas Callan, apparently a lawyer, covers the period 1860, 1867-1868, and concerns his law practice, state of the weather, politics, the unsettled condition of the country both before and after the Civil War, religion, and various government issues.

The scrapbook contains various newspaper clippings concerning current political issues, especially the inauguration of President Ulysses S. Grant, 1869. The scrapbook, made from a book of records of the militia of the District of Columbia, contains a few readable pages of these militia records.

ELIZA CALLAWAY PAPERS, 1819-1825.
(4 items.)

Bills and receipts of Eliza Callaway.

PHILIP POWELL CALVERT PAPERS, 1911-1933.
(78 items.)

Letters to Philip P. Calvert, editor of the Entomological News, concerning articles for that journal, editorial policy, nomenclature in entomology, rules and suggestions for contributions to the journal, and the character of Fordyce Grinnell, Jr.

SAMUEL CALVIN PAPERS, 1792 (1838-1883) 1929.
(2,757 items and 4 vols.)

Personal, business, political, and legal papers of Samuel Calvin (1811-1890), lawyer and U.S. congressman, 1849-1851. Included are letters concerning local and state Whig politics, especially, 1846-1851; letters, reports and maps dealing with the Rico Reduction and Mining Company of Rico, Colorado; correspondence relating to national politics, especially the tariff and currency questions, slavery, and the Compromise of 1850; letters and notices regarding transportation in Pennsylvania by railroad, canals and roads; letters from Iowa concerning westward expansion, roads to the West and land prices; business correspondence, 1856, and two ledgers and a daybook, 1849-1857, of the Alleghany Forge and the Rebecca Furnace Company of Hollidayaburg; letters discussing real estate in Washington, D.C.; a ledger, 1835-1840, and a daybook, 1840-1845, of the Brookland Furnace, McVeytown, Pennsylvania; bills and receipts; and legal documents. Miscellaneous items include a detailed letter describing a cholera epidemic in Philadelphia, 1793; single issues of several newspapers; political circulars; and the constitution and minutes of the Old Warrior and Clay Club of Hollidaysburg, 1844.

CHURCHILL CALDON CAMBRELENG PAPERS, 1832, 1835.
(2 items.)

Letter from Joel Roberts Poinsett to Churchill C. Cambreleng, U.S. congressman and chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, concerning financial matters; and a letter from William C. Rives discussing the French Claims Controversy as expressed in Andrew Jackson's annual message to Congress.

GIDEON D. CAMDEN PAPERS, 1834-1888.
(37 items.)

Business, personal, and legal papers of Judge Gideon D. Camden, including a letter of 1887 describing the Loomis National Library Association.

WILLIAM S. CAMDEN PAPERS, 1861-1863.
(4 items.)

Personal letters of Camden, probably a Confederate soldier.

CAMDEN AND CHARLESTON STEAMBOAT COMPANY DAYBOOK, 1836-1889.
(1 vol.; 276 pp.)

Financial accounts of a steamboat company.

KATE CAMENGA PAPERS, 1862-1865.
(25 items.)

Letters to Kate Camenga from a soldier in the 7th New York Battery, 10th Corps, U.S.A., concerning military activities around Richmond, 1864-1865, and from Diedrich F. Camenga at the U.S. Army General Hospital at Point Lookout, Maryland, describing the food, Negro soldiers, weather, nuns as nurses, and the search for John Wilkes Booth.

C. W. CAMMACK PAPERS, 1854-1890.
(3 items.)

A letter from W. S. Slaughter; a biographical sketch of Robert Cammack, farmer, and a soldier in the War of 1812, and father of C. W. Cammack; and an obituary of Robert Cammack.

SAMUEL CAMP PAPERS, 1861-1894.
(78 items.)

Business papers of Samuel Camp, physician during the Civil War, concerning recruitment, purchases of substitutes, physical examinations, and medical prescriptions.

ANNA B. CAMPBELL PAPERS, 1815 (1861-1865).
(50 items.)

Principally the letters of Private Henry L. Campbell, 2nd Regiment, U.S. Sharpshooters, to his mother, Anna B. Campbell, concerning his activities.

CHARLES CAMPBELL PAPERS, 1617-1895.
(1,313 items and 5 vols.)

Copies of historical documents and letters, and personal papers of Charles Campbell (1807-1876), historian, editor, and antiquarian. Included are original letters from St. George Tucker, Lewis Cass, Pierre Soule, Edward Everett, Beverley Randolph, Andrew Jackson, Robert Beverley, and others, as well as copies of letters from Richard Henry Lee, Arthur Lee, Theodorick Bland, Jr., Captain John Smith, John Randolph of Roanoke, John Adams, Powhatan Ellis, Patrick Henry, John Jay, and others. The papers also contain rough drafts and preliminary notes for Campbell's publications, a number of manuscript poems, and a transcription of the minute book of the city council of Richmond, Virginia, 1782-1795. The volumes contain personal accounts, records of Anderson Academy, Petersburg, Virginia, of which Campbell was principal, and historical notes.

SIR COLIN CAMPBELL, FIRST BARON CLYDE, PAPERS, 1818.
(1 item.)

Letter from Sir Colin Campbell, First Baron Clyde (1792-1863), field marshal, to John McLean concerning the end of a tour of duty with the 60th Royal Americans; the unit's commander, John Forster Fitzgerald; and personal matters.

DANIEL K. CAMPBELL PAPERS, 1858-1865.
(13 items.)

Personal letters to Daniel K. Campbell, a soldier stationed at Camp Leventhrop, Halifax County, North Carolina, and at various places in Virginia.

DAVID A. CAMPBELL PAPERS, 1851.
(1 item.)

Letter from David A. Campbell to his son, accused of murder in Alabama, concerning the crime, and criticizing Judge Benjamin Estil of the fifteenth judicial district of Virginia.

LORD FREDERICK CAMPBELL PAPERS, 1772.
(1 item.)

Personal letter from Sir Robert Murray Keith, army officer and diplomat, to Lord Frederick Campbell (1729-1816), member of Parliament and Lord Clerk Register of Scotland.

GEORGE DOUGLAS CAMPBELL, EIGHTH DUKE OF ARGYLL, PAPERS, ca. 1863-1874.
(7 items.)

Letters of George, Eighth Duke of Argyll (1823-1900), British statesman, concerning the drafting of a code of laws for India, the use of a narrow gauge railroad system in India, Indian revenue, AngloAmerican and Anglo-Confederate relations, and charges against Britain relating to the Confederate raiders Alabama and Florida. Correspondents include John Romilly, Robert Francis Fairlie, Sir Charles E. Trevelyan, and Charles Sumner.

SIR HUGH PURVES-HUME-CAMPBELL, SEVENTH BARONET, PAPERS, 1839-1884.
(59 items.)

Letters written to Sir Hugh Hume Campbell (b. 1812) and his second wife, Juliana Rebecca (Fuller) Hume Campbell, are mainly replies to social invitations. Several letters concern Lady Campbell's book, Prayer, published in 1884. Correspondents include literary figures and titled persons of society.

JAMES LYLE CAMPBELL PAPERS, 1781-1920.
(788 items.)

Correspondence and legal and business papers of the Campbell and related Lyle, McKeowen, Henshaw, Burns, and Tabb families, centering around the career of James Lyle Campbell (ca. 1810-1875), farmer and attorney, but also covering that of his father, James Campbell, and of his son, James W. Campbell, (ca. 1840-ca. 1910). The bulk of the collection consists of legal papers, receipts, bills, land deeds and indentures, wills, estate and executors' papers, and court orders and opinions. Family correspondence comments on life in Berkeley County, Virginia; farming in Virginia and Missouri; commodity prices and cattle in Missouri; Kansas and the "border ruffians"; railroads; politics, especially the Know-Nothing Party; and Confederate sentiment.

JAMES MACNABB CAMPBELL PAPERS, 1892. 1 item.
(Bombay, India.)

Letter from James MacNabb Campbell, Indian official and compiler of the Bombay Gazetteer, discussing the Scythian invasions and rule of India in the second to the fifth centuries, A.D.

JOHN CAMPBELL PAPERS, 1795-1814.
(11 items.)

Letters to John Campbell (1766-1840), Scottish philanthropist, concerning arrangements for taking a group of African children from Sierra Leone to Britain for education; missionaries; Campbell's religious work and the support of the Cameronian Presbyterians; and family affairs of Thomas Babington. Correspondents include William Wilberforce, Zachary Macaulay, Thomas Babington, Charles Grant, and Henry Thornton.

SIR JOHN NICHOLL ROBERT CAMPBELL, SECOND BARONET, PAPERS, 1814 (1824-1839) 1841.
(260 items.)

Papers of Sir John Nicholl Robert Campbell (1799-1870), army officer and diplomat in the East India Company, concerning Campbell's service as second assistant and as envoy to Persia. Correspondence, memoranda, and documents detail the problems of divided authority among the British Foreign Office, the East India Company, and the Supreme Government in India; efforts to stabilize the Persian government and to minimize Russian influence; diplomatic relations with Persia under envoys Sir Henry Willock, Sir John Macdonald Kinneir, Sir John Campbell, Sir Henry Ellis, and Sir John McNeill; the conflict between Willock and Campbell to succeed Kinneir; British military aid to the Shah of Persia; charges brought against Sir John's official conduct; and relations between Persia and Turkey. Correspondents include Abbas Mirza; James Brant; William Blunt; Lord William Cavendish Bentinck; Sir Henry Ellis; Francis Farrant; Sir Robert Grant; Edward Law, First Earl of Ellenborough; Sir John Macdonald Kinneir; Sir John Malcolm; Sir John McNeill; George Swinton; George Willock; Sir Henry Willock; W. H. Wyburd; and William Harry Vane, First Duke of Cleveland.

ROBERT CAMPBELL ACCOUNT BOOK, 1779-1781.
(1 vol.; 200 pp.)

Financial records of a British officer during the American Revolution.

THOMAS CAMPBELL PAPERS, 1824-1826.
(26 items.)

Papers of Thomas Campbell, a merchant, principally relating to the indebtedness of the firm of I. and F. Gorin. The papers concern the collection of debts, the purchase and shipment of supplies, and a creditor firm, John Gill, Jr., & Co. Also, a partnership agreement between Campbell, and Joseph P. Brown and John M. Shirley, concerning the operation of a store in Russellville, Kentucky.

ZOÉ JANE CAMPBELL PAPERS, 1855-1898.
(152 items.)

Principally family letters to Zoe Jane Campbell during the Civil War concerning Confederate Army matters such as troop movements, immorality among the soldiers, complaints against officers, soldiers' pay, and health conditions. There is considerable information on the U.S. military prisons at Elmira, New York, and at Belleville, Louisiana. Also included is material on social life and customs in New York and Washington, D.C., and on the internal disorders in northern Mexico in the late 1859s.

CAMPBELL FAMILY PAPERS, 1731-1969.
(8,334 items and 37 vols.)

Family, business, and political correspondence of David Campbell (1779-1859), governor of Virginia, 1837-1840, lieutenant colonel in the War of 1812, major general in the state militia west of Blue Ridge mountains; and of William Bowen Campbell (1807-1867), governor of Tennessee, 1847-1848, and member of U.S. Congress, 1837-1843, 1865-1866; and of their families, friends, and political associates.

David Campbell (1779-1859), a deist and devotee to the reforms of the American Revolution, left a set of remarkable papers concerned with many activities, including education, politics, wars, religion, household economy, methods of travel, slavery, secession, commission business, settlement of the old Southwest, legal practice, and general mercantile pursuits. Included also are many letters concerned with the War of 1812, in which he served as major and lieutenant colonel of infantry, with information bearing on quarrels among officers, inefficiency of military organization, courts-martial, lack of patriotism, and promotion of officers over their seniors.

From 1814 until 1837, while David Campbell was political leader of western Virginia, his papers reflect his career, throwing light on state politics, state militia, affairs of the office of clerk of court, which position he held, many intimate details of the Virginia Assembly, in which he served, 1820-1824, and accounts of various journeys made to Philadelphia when buying goods for his mercantile establishment in Abingdon. Campbell's papers for 1837-1840 contain material on the common schools, the panic of 1837, establishment of the Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, and the state asylum for the deaf, dumb, and blind. After 1840 his papers refer to his activities as school commissioner, as trustee of an academy and of Emory and Henry College, Washington County, Virginia, as justice of the peace, and as a planter.

In letters to his wife, his nieces, and his nephews are many references to Thomas Mann Randolph, Winfield Scott, the bank and sub-treasury of the Jackson-Van Buren era, disapproval of emotion in religion, concern for the plight of the free Negro, and interest in historical works and literature. Included also are accounts of various Revolutionary battles in which his forebears took part, of the early history of the Abingdon vicinity, and of religious denominations.

Letters, 1785-1811, to David Campbell include those of his uncle, Arthur Campbell (1742-1811), famous Indian fighter and Revolutionary patriot, containing treatises on democratic government; comments on thought of French philosophers of the eighteenth century; reminiscences of the Revolution; and comments on European affairs, especially the rise of despotism under Napoleon. Other letters to David Campbell include many from William C. Rives during the most active period of Campbell's leadership in Virginia politics. Letters to Maria Hamilton (Campbell) Campbell (1783-1859), wife of Governor David Campbell, from her father, Judge David Campbell (1753-1832), contain information on the early settlement of eastern Tennessee, government and politics of the young state, and information on Archibald Roane, his brother-in-law and an early governor of Tennessee.

Letters of John Campbell (1789-186?), member of the executive council of the governor of Virginia, member of the state constitutional convention of Alabama, 1819, treasurer of the United States, and brother of Governor David Campbell, contain information on student life at Princeton College, Princeton, New Jersey, prominent men and events in Richmond, 1810-1817 and 1819-1829, War of 1812, John Taylor of Caroline, Virginia penitentiary, Spencer Roane, states' rights, Lafayette's visit, Jacksonian campaign of 1824-1828, Virginia constitutional convention of 1829, Richmond Theatre fire of 1811, Andrew Jackson as president, Peggy O'Neale affair, storage of specie in 1837, rise of the Whig party, Washington gossip, and Washington bureaucracy. In the letters of Arthur Campbell (1791-1868), brother of Governor David Campbell and government clerk in Washington, 1831-1851, are accounts of mercantile pursuits in Tennessee; Andrew Jackson; Thomas Ritchie; and Washington gossip.

Letters of James Campbell (1794-1848), lawyer and member of Tennessee legislature, contain accounts of his college life and studies at Greenville, Tennessee, law practice in Tennessee, settlement of Alabama, Tennessee legislation, literary and historical works, the theater in Nashville, and dramatic literature of his day.

Letters and papers of Governor William Bowen Campbell, nephew of Governor David Campbell, contain accounts of his legal training in the law school of Henry St. George Tucker at Winchester, Virginia; law practice in Tennessee; services as circuit judge; activities in Creek and Seminole wars, 1836; smallscale farming operations; mercantile establishment in Carthage, Tennessee; firm of Perklns, Campbell, and Company, commission merchants in New Orleans; banking business as president of the Bank of Middle Tennessee at Lebanon; Mexican War; activities of the Whig party in Tennessee; career as governor; plans to prevent secession; bitter local fighting of the Civil War; and his career as a Unionist during and after the war, including his disappointment in methods of Reconstruction by Congress while he was a member of that body in 1865-1866.

Of the many letters by women, those of Virginia Tabitha Jane (Campbell) Shelton, niece and adopted daughter of Governor David Campbell, contain valuable information on social events in Richmond while her uncle was governor; household economy; dress; slavery; methods of travel; literary works; conditions of Union University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, Brownsville Female Academy, Brownsville, Tennessee, and West Tennessee College, Jacksonville, Tennessee, where her husband, William Shelton, taught; political campaigns; slavery; and a variety of items important in the social history of the period. Included in the collection also are the letters of Adine Turner, remarkable for their literary excellence and sparkling wit. Numerous letters from relatives in Arkansas reveal much information connected with the early history of that state. Letters of the McClung family of East Tennessee contain information on the settlement, growth, and Civil War in that area.

Also included are papers for several related families, including the Owens, Montgomerys, Kelleys, and Newnans. Papers, 1811-1831, concern the estate of Hugh Montgomery, and a Moravian tract on that land. Letters in the 1830s include several from Daniel Newnan, U.S. congressman from Georgia, dealing with Andrew Jackson, Sam Houston, and political corruption. Letters of the Owen family, originally of North Carolina, deal with Daniel Grant, a Methodist minister of Georgia, 1788-1796, his opposition to the Baptists, and the disturbance of his conscience by the question of owning slaves; the Great Revival of 1800 as described by Thomas Owen; and medical education in Philadelphia of John Owen, 1810-1812, and of his sons, Benjamin Rush Owen (1813-1849) and John Owen (1825-1889). Papers of David C. Kelley include letters concerning his education in medical school at the University of Nashville, 1850s, and his service as missionary in China, along with his wife, Amanda (Harris) Kelley, 1855; several writings by him, including "A New Philosophical Discovery"; legal papers; and family correspondence with his second wife, Mary Owen (Campbell) Kelley, 1870s and 1880s, and his son, David C. Kelley, Jr., 1890s and early twentieth century.

Genealogical material includes two notebook tablets containing copies of North Carolina and Tennessee wills, deeds, marriage records, and other documents pertaining to the Wherry, Bowen, Montgomery, Newnan, Campbell, and Kelley families. There are religious writings, poetry, leaflets, booklets, and clippings. Volumes are chiefly account books of Governor William B. Campbell. Also included are a daily journal kept by David Campbell while governor of Virginia, a volume containing copies of his wife's letters to him, 1812-1825, a short diary kept by William B. Campbell during the Mexican War, a diary of John D. Owen, and a photograph album containing pictures of members of the Campbell, Kelley, Pilcher, Owen, and Lambuth families.

Among the correspondents are Joseph Anderson, William S. Archer, Alexander Barry, Thomas Barrow, John Bell, William Blount, Willie Blount, O. H. Browning, William G. Brownlow, B. F. Butler, Joseph C. Cabell, A. Campbell, David Campbell, William B. Campbell, William P. A. Campbell, Newton Cannon, Mathew Carey, George Christian, Henry Clay, Thomas Claiborne, I. A. Coles, Edmund Cooper, J. J. Crittenden, Claude Crozet, Jefferson Davis, L. C. Draper, J. H. Eaton, Benjamin Estill, Emerson Etheridge, M. Fillmore, S. M. Fite, William H. Foote, E. H. Foster, Joseph Gales, Horatio Gates, M. P. Gentry, William A. Graham, Felix Grundy, A. P. Hayne, G. F. Holmes, George W. Hopkins, Andrew Jackson, Cave Johnson, Charles C. Johnston, William B. Lewis, L. McLane, Bishop James Madison, A. J. Marchbanks, P. Mayo, R. J. Meigs, William Munford, P. N. Nicholas, A. O. P. Nicholson, Thomas Parker, John M. Patton, Balie Peyton, Timothy Pickering, Franklin Pierce, J. R. Poinsett, James Knox Polk, William C. Preston, J. A. Quitman, J. G. M. Ramsey, T. J. Randolph, T. M. Randolph, William C. Rives, Thomas Ritchie, A. Roane, Wyndham Robertson, Theodore Roosevelt, Edmund Ruffin, Benjamin Rush, John Rutherfoord, Winfield Scott, Alexander Smith, William B. Sprague, A. Stevenson, Jordan Stokes, W. B. Stokes, A. H. H. Stuart, Johnston Taylor, Zachary Taylor, Waddy Thompson, H. St. G. Tucker, Martin Van Buren, J. W. C. Watson, Daniel Webster, Gideon Welles, H. L. White, J. S. Yerger, and F. K. Zollicoffer.

JOSÉ DEL CAMPILLO Y COSÍO PAPERS, 1731-1743.
(2 vols.)

Bound, handwritten manuscript of Nuevo sistema de Govierno Económico pare America .. . , written in 1743 but not published until 1789; and a letter book containing the correspondence of Jose del Campillo with Don José Patiño, Spanish Prime Minister, and with the Duque de Montemar, General of the Italian Expedition, concerning the Spanish military expeditions in Italy in the early 1730s.

WILLIAM BEALL CANDLER ACCOUNT BOOK, 1878.
(1 vol.)

Account book of a general merchant.

CANE CREEK FACTORY MINUTE BOOK, 1837-1857.
(1 vol.)

Records of a cotton mill.

DUNCAN S. CANNADY PAPERS, 1845-1865.
(9 items and 1 vol.)

Business papers of D. S. Cannady, general merchant and cotton factor.

CHARLES JOHN CANNING, EARL CANNING PAPERS, 1842-1862.
(4 items.)

A manuscript minute entitled "Services of Civil Officers and others during the Mutiny and Rebellion" concerns the mutiny of the Bengal Army in 1857-1858. Miscellaneous letters including two written while Canning was under secretary of state for foreign affairs (1841-1846).

GEORGE CANNING PAPERS, 1797-1827.
(17 items.)

Miscellaneous items concerning Canning's official and personal business, including a letter to Lord Bexley, April 11, 1827, pertaining to Canning's formation of a government and an unsigned memorandum of July 23, 1797, recording a consultation with Canning about British attempts to negotiate an end to the French war.

JAMES CANNON, JR., PAPERS, 1869-1955.
(12,046 items and 10 vols.)

Methodist clergyman, journalist, and leader in the prohibition movement. Diaries, correspondence, reports, minutes, journals, articles, legal papers, pamphlets, obituaries, and other papers. Main interest centers in the material reflecting Cannon's part in the presidential campaign of 1928; the coverage is mainly for 1921-1937. Much material relates to Cannon's activities in the Anti-saloon League of America, the Anti-Saloon League of Virginia, the Board of Temperance and Social Service of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, the World League Against Alcoholism, the General Conference and the Virginia quarterly conferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Methodist missionary enterprises, and world conferences of temperance groups. Other papers pertain to his leadership in the effort to unify the northern and southern branches of the Methodist Church, the Senate investigation of his expenditures in the anti-Smith campaign of 1928, his participation in a lawsuit against RandolphMacon College, and his leadership in establishing the Lake Junaluska (N.C.) assembly grounds of the Methodist Church. Lesser groups of earlier papers relate to the founding and operation of Blackstone College for Girls, which Cannon headed (1894-1918) and his editorial work with the Baltimore and Richmond Christian Advocate and its predecessor, the Southern Methodist Recorder. Correspondents include Harry F. Byrd, Carter Glass, Josephus Daniels, Cordell Hull, Herbert Hoover, Frank Knox, William G. McAdoo, H. L. Mencken, Collins Denny, Gerald P. Nye, Warren A. Candler, Charles Evans Hughes, John R. Mott, Edwin D. Mouzon, Claude A. Swanson, Woodrow Wilson, Charles C. Carlin, Charles Curtis, Walter F. George, Andrew Mellon, Robert F. Wagner, William Hodges Mann, and G. W. Ochs-Oakes.

CANTERBURY CLUB MINUTES, 1896-1898.
(1 vol.)

Minute book of a literary club of Durham with a record of programs.

JOHN CANTEY PAPERS, 1848-1863.
(11 items.)

Personal and business correspondence of John Cantey, Confederate soldier. One letter from John Cantey to J. L. Manning concerns bank notes and endorsements; another letter, 1860, describes the spirit of the people and business conditions in Memphis, Tennessee, at the outbreak of the Civil War; and the remaining letters are to his wife and concern plantation affairs, runaway slaves, troop movements, procuring and making salt, and scarcity of food during the Civil War.

HENRY CAPEN PAPERS, 1856-1924.
(273 items.)

Letters to friends and relatives advising on financial conditions, particularly in 1873 and 1876, and specific advice on mortgages, loans, stock purchases, and leases. There are numerous references to religious matters and several financial pledges to the New School Presbyterian Church.

ELLISON CAPERS PAPERS, 1860 (1861-1865) 1906.
(167 items.)

Letters and papers of a Confederate general who became a clergyman in the Protestant Episcopal Church and, eventually, Episcopal Bishop of South Carolina. The collection consists, for the most part, of Civil War letters from Capers to his wife dealing with war and religion, including descriptions of the events leading up to the surrender of Fort Sumter in Charleston, 1860-1861; the defense of Charleston in 1863; the Chattanooga campaign, September 1863; and the Atlanta campaign of 1864. Several postwar letters deal with the Atlanta and Chattanooga campaigns and there are scattered references to Capers' career in the church. A few maps or sketches of troop movements accompany the letters and there is a brief diary for August-December, 1861.

HARRIETTE CAPERTON PAPERS, 1856-1865.
(1 vol.)

Autograph album of a student at Virginia Female Institute in Staunton, Virginia.

CAPITOLI DELLA COMPAGNIA DELL ALMA CROCK DI LUCCA, 1591.
(1 vol.; 75 pp.)

Rules of the company of the Almighty Cross of Lucca, an organization of artisans under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Church.

EDWARD CARDWELL, FIRST VISCOUNT CARDWELL, PAPERS. 1854, 1871.
(2 items.)

Miscellaneous political correspondence.

SIR BENJAMIN HALLOWELL CAREW PAPERS, 1794-1831.
(55 items.)

Miscellaneous aspects of Carew's career in the Royal navy, primarily during his service in the wars with France, 1794-1814, and his time as commander-in-chief on the Irish coast, 1816-1818.

SIR REGINALD POLE-CAREW PAPERS, 1895-1898.
(22 items.)

Letters to a British army officer from prominent contemporary figures including Sir Frederick Sleigh Roberts, First Earl Roberts; Sir George Stuart White; and Sir John James Hood Gordon. Correspondence concerns Indian military and political affairs for the most part, particularly campaigns on the northwest frontier and the application of Pole-Carew for military office in India.

HENRY CHARLES CAREY PAPERS, 1860-1874.
(4 items.)

Miscellaneous letters concerned, for the most part, with Carey's writings and speeches.

MATHEW CAREY PAPERS, 1802.
(1 item.)

Letter from Joseph Priestley concerning two works that he was submitting for publication.

JAMES MANDEVILLE CARLISLE PAPERS, 1836-1872.
(66 items.)

Private and legal correspondence of James M. Carlisle (1814-1877), a prominent Washington lawyer and counsel for Jefferson Davis, referring to land claims in Mexico and the claims of war-impoverished Southerners.

THOMAS CARLYLE PAPERS, 1809-1927.
(92 items.)

Miscellaneous correspondence, papers, and clippings. Literary correspondence includes expressions of opinion about a number of authors and books; Carlyle's opinion on the formation of an authors' society; letters to his secretary, Henry Larkin, about details of editing; discussion of drama; and letters concerned with the publication of his work and the work of others. There are also a number of personal letters from Carlyle or his wife; fragments of Carlyle's notes and manuscripts for History of Friedrich II of Prussia Called Frederick the Great and Critical and Miscellaneous Essays; and a volume of clippings on Carlyle's life and work compiled by his biographer, David Alec Wilson.

MARGARET CAROLINE (STOCKTON) CARMICHAEL PAPERS, 1859-1871.
(130 items.)

The bulk of the collection consists of letters to Margaret Stockton from William W. Carmichael of Abilene, Kansas, before their marriage in May, 1870. Included also are six Civil War letters, and letters from school friends whom Margaret Stockton knew at Concord Female College, Statesville, North Carolina.

THOMAS PETTERS CARNES PAPERS, 1794-1795.
(4 items.)

Personal correspondence of Thomas P. Carnes (1762-1820), lawyer, legislator, judge, and member of U.S. Congress, 1793-1795. The letters, written by Carnes while attending Congress, include comments on the affairs of the nation, Barbary pirates, John Jay's mission to London, and the attempt of the United States to maintain prestige among European powers.

CAROLINA MILITARY INSTITUTE PAPERS, 1875-1876.
(1 vol.; 90 pp.)

Minutes of the Cadet Polytechnic Society.

SIR JOSEPH PHILIPPE RENE ADOLPHE CARON PAPERS, 1892-1893.
(196 items.)

Clippings, mostly editorials, concerning charges that Caron had used government funds to support Conservative Party candidates in the elections of 1887.

CAROTHERS COAL COMPANY PAPERS, 1936-1941.
(81 items and 4 vols.)

Bills and receipts of the Carothers Coal Company and other firms, including the Katzenburg Coal Company. The collection also includes two daybooks and two ledgers.

JULIAN SHAKESPEARE CARR PAPERS, 1885-1976.
(12 items and 1 vol.)

Two routine letters of a tobacco and textile manufacturer and civic leader. The collection also contains clippings and photographs pertaining to the Carr family and homes; a farm journal (1910-1911) with directives from Carr to his manager, B. S. Skinner; and samples of chewing and twist tobacco and handmade cigarettes produced in the 1880s at Blackwell's Durham Tobacco Company.

MARIA (GRAHAM) CARR PAPERS, 1892.
(1 item.)

Manuscript copy of "My Recollections of Rocktown now known as Harrisonburg from 1817-1820" includes comments on celebrations, religious activities, schools, and anecdotes about local residents.

MARY M. CARR DIARY, 1860-1865.
(1 vol.; 154 pp.)

Concerned with day-to-day life on a cotton plantation and the relationship of the Carrs with their neighbors and friends.

OBED WILLIAM CARR PAPERS, 1855-1885.
(22 items.)

Papers relating to the leave of absence of Obed W. Carr (b. 1833) from Trinity College, where he was professor of Greek, for Confederate service, and his resignation from the army because of ill health. Two items concern the financial affairs of Trinity College. Included also is a typewritten copy of Carr's journal, with scattered entries covering 1855-1878, although the greater part relates to the Civil War.

VIRGINIA (SPENCER) CARR PAPERS, 1867-1977.
(4,000 items.)

Correspondence, notes, clippings, and other materials gathered by Professor Carr during her research for and the writing of her biography of Carson McCullers, The Lonely Hunter (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1975). The collection contains four groups of papers. Alphabetical files, 1867-1976, 10 boxes, consist of correspondence of Virginia Carr with McCullers' literary, musical, and theatrical colleagues and friends, both famous and ordinary. These letters also reflect the relations between Carr and the McCullers family and the executors of Carson McCullers' estate, and with the publishers of the biography. Persons represented include Elizabeth Ames, W. H. Auden, Leonard Bernstein, Paul Bowles, John Ciardi, David Diamond, Granville Hicks, John Huston, Jordan Massee, Louis Untermeyer, Eudora Welty, Tennessee Williams, and many others. Truman Caapote is mentioned frequently

Research material files, 1907-1976, 3 boxes, arranged alphabetically, include clippings, articles, reviews, copies of correspondence, and notes on McCullers' life and career, with copies of some letters from the alphabetical or family files. There is also a detailed chronology of McCullers' life; genealogical data about the McCullers, Smith, Waters, and Gachet families; interview notes; acknowledgments-for assistance during research and writing; and letters received in response to the book.

The McCullers family correspondence files, 1933-1967, 1 box, contain copies of letters by Carson (Smith) McCullers, her husband James Reeves McCullers, and her mother Marguerite (Waters) Smith; most of the items are from Carson to David Leo Diamond, 1940s, and to John Huston, 1966-1967.

The draft files, 1969-1975, 2 boxes, contain a copy of Virginia Carr's doctoral dissertation on McCullers (Florida State University, 1969); notes for the dissertation; galley and foundry proofs for The Lonely Hunter ; and portions of the manuscript for the book, edited with marginalia by David Diamond, Leo Lerman, Eleanor (Clark) Warren, and others.

SNOAD B. CARRAWAY PAPERS, 1857-1864.
(8 items.)

Business letters of Snoad B. Carraway, Lenoir County planter, pertaining to the sale of cotton on the New York market, and his will.

JOHN WARREN CARRIGAN PAPERS, 1817-1901.
(318 items and 2 vols.)

Family correspondence covering rather completely the lives of the eleven children (Andrew Noel, Catherine, Cornelia, John Warren, Margaret Rebecca, Martha Matilda, Mary, Nancy Elizabeth, Samuel K., Sarah, ana William Adams) of James Carrigan (1788-1843), planter, showing especially the struggles and achievements of the seven children by his first wife who were orphaned by his death. The letters were written from Alabama, Arkansas, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Texas, from members of the family variously engaged in farming, medicine, textile work (cotton mills), mercantile business, and teaching. Included also are a few letters from Andrew Noel Carrigan, dealing with his service in the Confederate Army, and a daybook of Samuel K. Carrigan and a ledger of William Adams Carrigan.

ISAAC HOWELL CARRINGTON PAPERS, 1842-1945.
(1,537 items.)

Correspondence and papers of a lawyer and Confederate officer. Letters include Carrington's personal and official correspondence while he was serving as provost marshal of Richmond, Virginia, from 1863-1865, and refer to problems of supply and discipline, camp life, reports of troop movements and engagements, routine orders, and Confederate and Virginia politics. The papers also relate to Carrington's law practice with Robert Ould from 1865 to 1881 and contain the autograph collection of his son, Seddon Carrington, and his daughter, Mary Coles Carrington.

WILLIAM A. CARRINGTON PAPERS, 1863-1864.
(14 items.)

Correspondence and papers of William A. Carrington, a physician and medical director (with the Army of Northern Virginia?), dealing with transfers of medical officers, complaints and comments on existing arrangements, contracts with physicians, and other matters concerning medicine and surgery during the Civil War.

WILLIAM FONTAINE CARRINGTON PAPERS, 1809 (1862-1867).
(19 items.)

Letters of William F. Carrington, U.S. and later Confederate Navy surgeon, containing opinions on secession in Virginia, and an inventory of medicine on board the Confederate States ram Baltic.

JEAN DE CARRO PAPERS, 1805-1841.
(1 item.)

Letter pertaining to the introduction of vaccination into Ceylon.

CHARLES CARROLL PAPERS, 1847.
(2 items.)

Letters concerning livestock, written by Charles Carroll (1801-1862), agriculturist of Maryland, to Colonel Josiah Ware, of Jefferson County, West Virginia.

THOMAS CARROLL AND [M. I.?] MONTGOMERY ACCOUNT BOOK AND INVENTORY, 1847-1859.
(2 vols.)

Business records of Ridgeway merchants.

SAMUEL T. CARROW PAPERS, 1866-1877.
(2 vols.)

A ledger, 1866-1869, contains accounts of Carrow's store at Washington, North Carolina, which apparently ceased operation about 1868. Payments are recorded by cash, goods, and labor. A ledger, 1868-1877, primarily relates to Carrow's sizeable farm, but also includes entries for his employment as sheriff, 1868-1871, accounts for overseers of roads, 1868-1869, and taxes collected, 1870. The farm accounts reveal labor performed in exchange for merchandise, including work done by tenants. There are also charges for use of Carrow's cotton gin and press.

ALEXANDER CARSON PAPERS, 1760-1858.
(5 items.)

Grant for land on the Eno River in 1760 signed by Lord Granville, and land deeds in Orange and Alexander counties.

JAMES H. CARSON ORDER BOOK, 1861.
(1 vol.; 166 pp.)

Orders pertaining chiefly to routine matters issued by Brigadier General James H. Carson to the 16th Brigade, Virginia Militia, from July to September, 1861.

WILLIAM H. CARSTARPHEN LEDGERS, 1875-1884.
(3 vols.)

Merchant's record books.

JEDEDIAH CARTER PAPERS, 1863-1864.
(10 items.)

Personal letters from "Jed" Carter, Confederate soldier, stationed at Charles City Court House, Virginia, to his wife, Susan; one letter, 1864, from his mother, reports that he is a captive at Fort Norfolk, Virginia.

MILTON CARTER PAPERS, 1860-1864.
(5 items.)

Family correspondence of Milton Carter, private in the Confederate Army, stationed near Dalton, Georgia.

ROBERT CARTER PAPERS, 1772-1794.
(2 items and 18 vols.)

Letter books and memorandum books of Robert Carter (1728-1804), Virginia planter and iron manufacturer, concerning colonial plantation life, slavery, manumission, the iron industry, religious theory, tobacco cultivation in Virginia, etc. Included in the material are copies of letters from Robert Carter to Charles Carroll, Benjamin Day, William Ebzer, Thomas Fairfax, William Grayson, Patrick Henry, Ludwell Lee, Richard Lee, Peyton Randolph, George Tuberville, John Tuberville, and George Wythe; and letters to Carter from Alexander Campbell, Christopher Collins, Thomas Jones, Richard Lee, George Newman, John Overall, and Simon Triplett. Typewritten copies are included with the original manuscripts.

ROBERT WORMELEY CARTER PAPERS, 1813-1850.
(16 items.)

Miscellaneous correspondence of a planter.

VALLIE BURGESS CARTER PAPERS, 1852-1944.
(300 items and 2 vols.)

Family correspondence, papers, and two ledgers (1852-1860, 1861-1884) of James P. Carter, a physician.

WILLIAM CARTER PAPERS, 1840-1886.
(438 items.)

This collection is made up for the most part of routine legal correspondence and papers from the 1840s. There are occasional references to Ohio politics.

WILLIAM S. CARTER PAPERS, 1830-1922.
(571 items and 7 vols.)

Business letters, legal documents, bills, receipts, and account books of a farmer and businessman.

JOHN CARTWRIGHT PAPERS, 1796-1824.
(14 items.)

Letters from Cartwright and members of his family on the agitation for parliamentary reform, the relationship between parliamentary reform and a potential French invasion (1796), and routine business and personal matters.

ELI WASHINGTON CARUTHERS PAPERS, 1821-1862.
(252 items.)

Sermons of Eli W. Caruthers (1793-1865), a Presbyterian minister; and an unpublished antislavery manuscript, American Slavery and the Immediate Duty of the Slaveholders, written by Caruthers at the request of his friends.

WILLIAM ALEXANDER CARUTHERS PAPERS, 1808-1935.
(38 items.)

Photocopies of miscellaneous personal and literary correspondence and clippings.

GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER PAPERS, 1928.
(1 item.)

Letter from Carver discussing two students and religion.

ALICE CARY PAPERS, 1870.
(2 items.)

A small picture and a four-line poem.

MONIMIA FAIRFAX CARY PAPERS, 1861.
(1 item.)

Letter inquiring about the need for nurses in the hospital at Richmond, Virginia.

[CARY CREDIT UNION BANK?] RECORDS, 1914-1915.
(1 vol.; 135 pp.)

Mutilated volume containing savings accounts of members.

SAMUEL F. CASE PAPERS, 1861-1865.
(29 items.)

Personal and financial correspondence of Case and his wife. Most of the letters came to Case as president and cashier of the Citizen's National Bank of Fulton; however, they reflect many of the events of the Civil War and contain information on the 110th, 147th, and 184th New York Regiments.

M. B. CASEY PAPERS, 1846-1884.
(8 items.)

Family correspondence of M. B. Casey, a farmer.

SILAS CASEY PAPERS, 1862.
(4 items.)

Routine orders and instructions relating to Casey's Division, U.S. Army.

LEWIS CASS PAPERS, 1823-1858.
(7 items.)

Miscellaneous letters and papers including a request for information on the Sioux Indians; payments to be made to the Cherokee Indians, 1832; and a letter from James Buchanan concerning the ratification of a treaty with Peru, 1858.

PAUL CASSARD NOTEBOOK, 1914.
(1 vol.; 95 pp.)

PAUL CASSARD NOTEBOOK

MARTIN CASWELL PAPERS, 1765-1775.
(6 items.)

Court summonses and warrants for arrest signed by Martin Caswell as clerk of the Dobbs County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions.

RICHARD CASWELL PAPERS, 1777-1790.
(16 items.)

Letters and papers concerned with military affairs, the militia, Loyalists, legislative business, and Indian affairs.

JOHN H. CATHCART PAPERS, 1865-1869.
(1 vol.)

Journal of a substantial general merchant.

CATHOLIC CHURCH PAPERS, 1653.
(1 item.)

Latin manuscript giving the views of Dr. Hennebes on the idea of grace during the Jansenist controversy.

CATHOLIC CHURCH OF THE HOLY TRINITY OF AUGUSTA (GA.) MINUTES AND ACCOUNTS, 1835-1848.
(1 vol.; 82 pp.)

Minutes of meetings of the congregation relative to rebuilding the church; and operating expense accounts, 1838-1848.

CATHOLIC CHURCH. CONGREGAZIONE DELL' IMMUNITÀ ECCLESIASTICA PAPERS, 19th century.
(1 vol.)

Scrapbook containing manuscripts, printed pamphlets, and circulars relating to the history and functions of the Sagra Congregazione Dell' Immunità Ecclesiastica.

G. WASHINGTON CATLETT PAPERS, 1835-1868.
(4 items.)

Miscellaneous personal letters and one bill.

HENRY CATLIN PAPERS, 1861-1868.
(86 items.)

Letters of a soldier in the 19th Connecticut Regiment, for the most part concerned with weather conditions, health, camp life, the draft, and enlistment.

CARRIE (LANE) CHAPMAN CATT PAPERS, 1928.
(1 item.)

Letter stating that Mrs. Catt will not be able to address the senior class of the North Carolina College for Women (now the University of North Carolina at Greensboro).

JAMES H. CAUSTEN SCRAPBOOK, 1816-1870.
(1 vol.; 552 pp.)

This collection relates to the lifelong work of James H. Causten representing American citizens who sought compensation for losses of ships and cargoes to France in the 1790s. The volume contains circular letters to the claimants, 1822-1870, the texts of bills in Congress, 1829-1863, and various petitions, memorials, and pamphlets relating to the claims.

SPENCER COMPTON CAVENDISH, EIGHTH DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE, PAPERS, 1874.
(1 item.)

Facsimile letter to Charles Gilpin explaining plans to establish a West End Liberal Club.

WILLIAM CAVENDISH, FIFTH DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE, PAPERS. n.d.
(6 items.)

Letter, engraving, poems, and a design of a portion of a residence for Georgiana (Spencer) Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, and for Elizabeth (Hervey) Foster Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, the first and second wives respectively of William Cavendish, Fifth Duke of Devonshire.

MADISON JULIUS CAWEIN PAPERS, 1892-1914.
(5 items.)

Miscellaneous letters and two clippings of The Sun from 1910 carrying poems by Cawein and others.

CAZENOVE AND COMPANY PAPERS, 1860-1868.
(3 items and 1 vol.)

Letterpress book of commission merchants, a list of the firm's debtors in October, 1865, and a form letter sent to them.

JUAN MARIA CEBALLOS PAPERS, 1854-1857.
(184 items.)

Letters in English and Spanish concerned with the business of an import-export house including orders, acknowledgements of orders, and receipt of shipments from New York, Boston, London, Paris, Buenos Aires, Havana, and Tampico.

HUGH RICHARD HEATHCOTE CECIL, FIRST BARON QUICKSWOOD, PAPERS, 1902.
(1 item.)

Letter written by Cecil concerning the Education Act of 1902.

CENTRAL RAILROAD AND BANKING COMPANY OF GEORGIA PAPERS, 1866-1894.
(7 vols.)

This collection consists of six volumes of banking ledgers, 1866, 1869, 1874, 1879, 1887, and 1870-1894, and one volume of railroad records showing agents' accounts in Georgia and Alabama, 1891.

MANUEL CEVALLOS ESCALERA PAPERS, 1820-1833.
(40 items.)

Original documents and copies relating to the military career of a lieutenant colonel of militia and subdelegate of the province of Canta.

CEYLON PAPERS, 1946.
(1 vol.)

Scrapbook of clippings from a special issue of The Times of Ceylon marking the centenary of the newspaper and the sesquicentennial of British rule on the island. Deals with the history of Ceylon and the island's agricultural, commercial, and economic conditions.

GEORGE ALBERT CHACE PAPERS, 1862-1890.
(7 items and 1 vol.)

Letters of a soldier in the 3rd Massachusetts Volunteer Militia describing eight months of service in North Carolina in 1862-1863. A diary covers approximately the same period.

MARY JANE (COOK) CHADICK DIARY, 1862-1865.
(1 vol.)

Typed copy of diary of Mary Chadick, wife of William Davidson Chadick, describing Federal raids on and occupation of Huntsville; and commenting on local people and trouble with slaves occasioned by the presence of Federal troops.

DAVID CHADWICK PAPERS, 1859.
(1 item.)

Letter from Robert Lowe responding to Chadwick's pamphlet Parliamentary Representation.

WASHINGTON SANDFORD CHAFFIN PAPERS, 1841-1916.
(108 items and 23 vols.)

Personal correspondence, sermon notes, diaries, and bills of Washington S. Chaffin (1815-1895), a North Carolina Methodist minister and circuit rider; and a letter from Chaffin's son, Robert, concerning his entrance into the Confederate Army, in addition to several to his mother, including one which gives a detailed description of Jacksonville, Florida, in 1900. The collection includes information on Reconstruction, the Freedmen's Bureau in Robeson County, "Yankee" depredations in Lumberton and Fayetteville, and the behavior of the newly freed Negroes, as well as religious introspection and notes on various Methodist conferences and an unsigned will. The diaries cover the years 1845-1887.

ALEXANDER CHALMERS PAPERS, 1826.
(1 item.)

Letter from Michael Bland commenting on a book by Nicholas Carlisle entitled Collections for a History of the... Family of Bland(1826).

JOHN ARMSTRONG CHALONER PAPERS, 1862-1932.
(6,472 items and 1 vol.)

Business and personal correspondence, legal briefs, literary manuscripts, and miscellaneous papers of John Armstrong Chaloner or Chanter (1862-1935), eccentric millionaire and great-grandson of John Jacob Astor. The letters, about half the collection, are concerned with attempts to have himself declared sane after a brief internment in Bloomingdale Asylum at White Plains, New York, by his family because of his excessive interest in spiritualism; efforts to obtain possession of his estate; verdicts from psychologists concerning his mental condition; the fostering of motion pictures for rural areas; the circulation of some of his poems on European politics prior to 1914; and congratulations to Chaloner on obtaining a favorable verdict regarding his sanity in the U.S. Supreme Court. His literary manuscripts are generally confined to treatises on the lunacy laws of various states. The briefs and legal notes are concerned with trials and appeals against the state of New York, and against the Washington Post for slander. Included also are canceled checks; telegrams; invitations and clippings, the latter largely confined to the career of his divorced wife, Amelie Rives (1863-1945), who later married Prince Pierre Troubetzkoy, and to the comment caused by the popular phrase coined by Chaloner: "Who's looney now?" Among the correspondents are Philip Alexander Bruce, Richard Evelyn Byrd, J. H. Choate, Walter Duranty, A. C. Gordon, Joseph Jastrow, Claude Kitchin, Lee Slater Overman, and W. L. Phelps.

DANIEL HENRY CHAMBERLAIN PAPERS, 1874-1877.
(3 items.)

Letters to Charles Nordhoff on politics, a political appointment, and personal matters.

G. HOPE (SUMMERELL) CHAMBERLAIN PAPERS, 1821-1946.
(3,397 items and 21 vols.)

Correspondence and papers of an author, artist, house counselor, and civic worker. The letters from 1921-1946 concern family matters for the most part but also reflect Chamberlain's career as an author of local history and her work at Duke University as the house counselor of Pegram House. Scattered older letters include a letter from Herbert J. Hagermand of the American Embassy at Saint Petersburg, 1889; letters on the Russo-Japanese War, 1905; and letters from John Spencer Bassett 1903. The other items in the collection include genealogical material on the Chamberlains; material on the Caraleigh Phosphate and Fertilizer Works; clippings of articles about Chamberlain and her books; drafts of some of her writings; copy of a journal of a trip to Europe in 1792-1793; diary of Chamberlain's trip to Europe in 1929; and personal diaries, 1923 - April, 1926, and 1943.

JOSHUA LAWRENCE CHAMBERLAIN PAPERS, 1905.
(1 item.)

Letter from Adelbert Ames concerning proposed legislation in Congress relating to Civil War veterans.

WILLIAM CHAMBERLAYNE GENERAL ORDER BOOK, 1814.
(1 vol.; 125 pp.)

Military orders issued to the brigade of General William Chamberlayne (1764-1836), Revolutionary soldier, member of Virginia House of Delegates, brigadier general in the Virginia militia, and sportsman, from Camp Fairfield, near Richmond, Virginia, during the War of 1812.

ALFRED OTIS CHAMBERLIN PAPERS, 1862-1865.
(111 items.)

Letters from a soldier in the 23rd Massachusetts Regiment. For the most part the correspondence is personal, occasionally describing camp life or events in the war. Chamberlin spent most of his time in eastern North Carolina but he was in Virginia for the winter of 1863-1864.

A. T. CHAMBERS PAPERS, 1860.
(1 item.)

Letter concerning transfer of land.

BENMAMIN W. CHAMBERS ACCOUNT BOOKS, 1846-1855.
(8 vols.)

General accounts of Benjamin W. Chambers, a cotton factor of Camden.

HENRY ALEXANDER CHAMBERS PAPERS, 1863-1865.
(27 items.)

Personal letters to Chambers and Laura Lenoir describing life in North Carolina during the Civil War.

JAMES S. CHAMBERS PAPERS, 1796 (1833-1850) 1918.
(55 items.)

Family correspondence of a minister dealing with health, economic conditions, social matters, and, especially, religion and church life.

JENNIE CHAMBERS PAPERS, 1838-1936.
(1,818 items and 8 vols.)

Letters and papers of the Chambers family and the Castle family. The bulk of the collection deals with the Chambers and pertains, in general, to the social life of the period from the viewpoint of a moderately well-to-do small town family. Includes letters from Union soldiers who boarded with the Chambers during the Civil War. There is a commonplace book, 1873, and daybooks, 1880-1886, 1888.

SIDNEY C. CHAMBERS PAPERS, 1924.
(13 items.)

Letters of S. C. Chambers (b. 1878), Durham city attorney, pertaining to the elimination of the grade crossing on Chapel Hill Street, Durham, North Carolina.

CHAMBERS-MACDONALD FAMILY PAPERS, 1827-1842.
(7 items.)

Letters of several civil and military officials in India primarily concerned with family matters and military duties. One letter deals with missionary work.

CHAMBERSBURG AND BEDFORD TURNPIKE COMPANY PAPERS, 1835.
(4 items.)

Legal papers of the company.

SYDNEY S. CHAMPION PAPERS, 1838-1907.
(108 items.)

Typescript copies of letters between Champion and his wife, Matilda Montgomery Champion, for the most part dealing with the Civil War. Champion's letters describe service with the 28th Mississippi Cavalry in the defense of Vicksburg, 1862-1863, and campaigns in Georgia and under John Bell Hood in Tennessee, 1864-1865.

GEORGE CHAMPLIN AND CHRISTOPHER CHAMPLIN PAPERS, 1775.
(1 item.)

A report to merchants in the slave trade on the market at Grenada, Windward Islands.

I. EDGAR CHANCELLOR PAPERS, 1878-1882.
(6 items.)

Correspondence concerning the settlement of a debt and the payment of a premium to the Globe Mutual Life Insurance Company.

RANSOM A. [CHANCY?] PAPERS, 1746-1957.
(122 items.)

Miscellaneous items pertaining to a land dispute. Includes deeds and indentures concerning the land in question and copies of the testimony given in the trial that resulted from the dispute.

DANIEL CHANDLER PAPERS, 1827-1854.
(2 items.)

Letters of a lawyer. Includes a lengthy letter on legal training.

WILLIAM ELLERY CHANNING PAPERS, 1835-1846.
(4 items.)

A letter concerning money for a charitable purpose, and sermon notes of William Ellery Channing (1780-1842), Unitarian minister. One of the sermons points out some of the evils attending slavery.

EDWIN HUBBELL CHAPIN PAPERS, 1845, 1854.
(2 items.)

Correspondence of Edwin H. Chapin (1814-1880), orator, author, and minister, concerning acceptance of a pastorale of a church in New York City, and a promise to give a lecture. He was a Universalist minister in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1845.

JOSEPH CHAPLIN AND JOSEPH C. HAYS PAPERS, 1741-1891.
(460 items.)

Bills, contracts, court decrees, promissory notes, business letters, deeds of Washington County, and other legal and business papers.

ELIZABETH A. CHAPMAN PAPERS, 1848.
(1 item.)

Letter from a sister describing an epidemic in Natchez, Mississippi.

JOHN CHAPMAN PAPERS, 1851-1867.
(14 items.)

Correspondence with Edward Lombe concerned with the beginning of Chapman's career as editor of the Westminster Review. The letters deal with Lombe's ideas on reform and various publishing projects in which he was interested as well as the editorship of the journal. Additional letters deal with articles for the Westminster Review and the Crimean War.

THOMAS CHAPMAN PAPERS, 1819-1851.
(5 items.)

One personal letter and legal papers including several indentures.

THOMAS CHAPMAN PAPERS, 1852 (1855-1860) 1870.
(52 items.)

Personal letters concerned with clerking in Midway, travelling in the early 1850s, teaching in Tennessee, and life under Reconstruction.

WILLIAM CHAPMAN ACCOUNT BOOKS, 1800-1821.
(3 vols.)

Records of a country merchant.

FRED DAVIS CHAPPELL PAPERS, 1954-1969.
(257 items and 26 vols.)

Correspondence concerning the publication of Chappell's writings and his work on the faculty of the English Department of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. The collection also contains drafts of Chappell's prose and poetry, for the most part kept in notebooks.

LEROY CHAPPELL PAPERS, 1853-1867.
(15 items.)

Personal and professional correspondence of a physician.

CHARLESTON COTTON EXCHANGE PAPERS, 1880-1952.
(718 items and 11 vols.)

The papers of the Exchange include minutes of meetings of the Board of Directors in 1884; financial statements, 1896-1898, 1929-1930; letter of invitation to prospective members, 1910; and groups of reports on the cotton market at Charleston, 1936-1944, 1948-1950. The volumes contain statistics on the shipping of cotton and other goods at Charleston, 1880-1905; cotton receipts at ports in the United States, 1899-1906; price quotations from several markets in naval stores, 1881-1886; and the finances of the Exchange, 1888-1938.

CHARLESTON DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION PAPERS, 1860.
(172 items.)

Includes minutes; resolutions; committee reports; ballots; letters by the delegations from Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Florida, South Carolina, and Texas upon their withdrawal from the convention; a letter from the Massachusetts delegation protesting the exclusion of Benjamin F. Hallett; and newspaper clippings.

CHARLESTON, S.C., DISTRICT COURT RECORD, 1816-1823.
(1 vol.)

Record of cases tried in the Charleston District Court.

CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA., WOOLEN MILLS SAMPLE BOOK. n.d.
(1 vol.; 17 pp.)

This volume contains samples of woolen cloth and illustrations of the military uniforms manufactured from that cloth by Brown and Co. of Philadelphia.

ROBERT MILLEGE CHARLTON PAPERS, 1844-1851.
(3 items and 1 vol.)

Scrapbook containing Charlton's poems, a sermon in his handwriting, and letters discussing the sermon.

HARVEY CHASE AND OLIVER CHASE PAPERS, (1825-1835) 1857.
(264 items.)

Business papers of the Troy Cotton and Wool Manufactory at Fall River, concerning the sale of cotton.

SAMUEL CHASE PAPERS, 1838.
(1 item.)

Letter concerning the contributions of the Diocese of Illinois to the funds of the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

SAMUEL CHASE PAPERS, 1787-1816.
(16 items.)

Miscellaneous letters, bills, and legal papers of Chase and his son, Samuel Chase, Jr.

SETH CHASE PAPERS, 1840.
(2 items.)

Letters from family members in the west.

CHATHAM COUNTY, GA., RECORDS, 1875-1883.
(1 vol.; 287 pp.)

Records of county commissioners, including amounts paid for various expenses.

CHATHAM TOWN COMPANY MINUTES, 1819-1823.
(1 vol.)

Records of land sales, building, and general improvements of the Chatham Town Company (Chatham Town later became Cheraw, S. C. ) .

GENES V. CHAVERS DAYBOOK, 1855-1863.
(1 vol.; 220 pp.)

Records of a blacksmith.

JAMES A. CHEATHAM AND R. J. MOORE PAPERS, 1803-1867.
(1,628 items.)

Itemized accounts of purchases made by James A. Cheatham and R. J. Moore, general merchants; and promissory notes and business letters, showing trend of prices in the 1880s and during the first two years of the Civil War.

RICHARD CHEATHAM PAPERS, 1874-1875.
(1 vol.)

Notebook for the course in political economy taught by Noah Knowles Davis at the University of Virginia. Includes a roster of the class.

JOHN CHEESBOROUGH PAPERS, 1804 (1866-1910) 1914.
(105 items.)

Correspondence concerned, for the most part, with a dispute over the title to several islands in the Florida Keys. There are also items dealing with Cheesborough's land in Tennessee; court cases in Laurens District, South Carolina, 1804-1807; Cheesborough's career as a teacher in the Philippine Islands; Edmund R. Cheesborough and the operation of the commission form of government in Galveston, Texas; and the establishing of a United States Government weather station in 1872 on the summit of Mount Mitchell, North Carolina.

JOHN CHEESMENT-SEVERN PAPERS, 1818.
(1 item.)

Letter from Lord Stanhope discussing relations with France, Louis XVIII, and the reasons why Allied troops should not be withdrawn.

WILLIAM D. CHEEVER PAPERS, 1813-1864.
(103 items.)

This collection contains mainly abstracts of provisions, receipts, and other papers relating to supplies for the United States Army and the New York State Militia during the War of 1812. One item, February 1, 1864, concerns Colonel Henry A. V. Post of the 2nd Regiment of New York Sharpshooters (Infantry Volunteers).

GISBOURN J. CHERRY PAPERS, 1838-1839.
(3 vols.)

Books of advanced mathematical problems, many of which relate to surveying and are in the categories of plane and solid geometry.

LUNSFORD R. CHERRY PAPERS, 1836-1865.
(25 items.)

Family correspondence between relatives in North Carolina and Texas, 1839-1845. Also letters from a soldier in the 15th Regiment of North Carolina State Troops dealing with conditions in North Carolina and Virginia and the battles of Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, and Fort Sumter.

ROBERT GREGG CHERRY PAPERS, 1914-1946.
(7 items.)

Miscellaneous correspondence and papers, for the most part related to Cherry's political career. Includes a lengthy mimeographed copy of a manuscript describing a woman's experiences with psychic visions.

CHESAPEAKE AND DELAWARE CANAL COMPANY MEMORANDUM BOOK, 1827-1828.
(1 vol.; 81 pp.)

Volume containing mostly records of payments for excavations of earth.

CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO CANAL COMPANY PAPERS, 1891-1923.
(102 items and 7 vols.)

Papers include business correspondence; records of daily business at Williamsport, Maryland; and daily reports of boats and cargoes clearing Williamsport from March 30 to April 28, 1911. Volumes, bearing various dates from 1891 to 1923, include daybooks, returns of manifests, records of waybills, and return of waybills.

CHESHIRE, SULLIVAN & CANADAY, INC., PAPERS, 1912 (1930-1949).
(circa 38,000 items.)

Papers of a firm of cotton merchants and exporters consisting of alphabetically arranged files of correspondence, invoices, and other records of financial transactions. The papers outline the structure and extent of the company's domestic and foreign operations, recording its dealings with agents, cotton merchants, textile mills, the New York Cotton Exchange, insurance companies, banks, agencies of the federal government and of South Carolina, commission merchants, shipping companies, railroads, and others. Business included the purchase, consignment, storage, compressing, and sale of cotton, and also hedging in the speculative market of cotton futures.

FRANCIS RAWDON CHESNEY PAPERS, ca. 1831-1833.
(1 item.)

Undated and unsigned manuscript entitled "Observations on Persia as an Ally, and the Cheapest as well as Most Important Frontier Line of Our Indian Empire." It is a detailed analysis of Persia with recommendations for British foreign policy in that region.

ALEXANDER CHESNUT PAPERS, 1861-1864.
(12 items.)

Family correspondence of Alexander Chesnut, a planter, largely concerned with crops and the war.

JAMES CHESNUT, JR., PAPERS, 1779-1872.
(112 items.)

Business and family correspondence and military papers of a South Carolina politician and Confederate officer including letters to his children in school; papers dealing with the sale of a plantation, the marketing of cotton, and the settlement of debts; a petition seeking apprehension of persons guilty of arousing discontent among slaves; a description of the fortifications around Charleston, South Carolina; letters concerning disaffection in Tennessee in 1862; and a copy of a printed letter from Chesnut concerning the investigation of fraud in the government of South Carolina in 1871.

JAMES CHESSIER DAYBOOK, 1873.
(1 vol.)

Daybook of James Chessier, merchant.

FREDERICK WILLIAM CHESSON PAPERS, 1858-1905.
(167 items.)

Correspondence primarily concerns the humanitarian efforts of Chesson and his friends in the interest of native peoples in territories in Europe, Asia, and Africa. There is comment on Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria, and the Armenians in 1878-1880; the Afghan War, 1878-1881; Indian affairs, 1882 and 1884; Sierra Leone, 1858; South Africa and adjacent areas, 1872-1884; and scattered references to slavery and the slave trade in various parts of the world. There is also material relating to domestic British politics in this period. The principal correspondents are Sir George Campbell; William Edward Forster; Arthur Hobhouse, First Baron Hobhouse; Walter Henry James, Second Baron Northbourne; John Laird Mair Lawrence, First Baron Lawrence; Edmond George Petty-Fitzmaurice, First Baron Fitzmaurice; Sir John George Shaw-Lefevre; J. W. Welborne; and John Morley.

WILLIAM L. CHESSON PAPERS, 1783 (1806-1869) 1894.
(1,346 items and 6 vols.)

Business and personal papers and correspondence of William L. Chesson, clerk of the court of Washington County; of four of his brothers and two sisters, the material of the early years being largely confined to legal papers of William L. Chesson. Many papers are concerned with John B. Chesson's wholesale fish house of Armistead and Chesson; with the correspondence of Andrew Chesson and Joshua Swift, a member of the North Carolina General Assembly, including an election in 1836 and strife in the Assembly between Whigs and supporters of Martin Van Buren. The collection includes a letter, 1865, to the chief of police in Beaufort, North Carolina, from the Freedmen's Bureau in Washington, North Carolina, demanding arrest of a person who had failed to answer charges; a letter, 1878, which refers to a shipload of Negroes and whites on their way to the Republican convention at Edenton; and comments about legislation regarding fishing in North Carolina waters. The volumes contain the business records of a blacksmith and the mercantile firms of Hodges and Chesson, and Chesson and Ross, and others.

LANGDON CHEVES PAPERS, 1807-1860.
(6 items.)

Correspondence of Langdon Cheves (1776-1857), lawyer, member of U.S. Congress, and director of the Second U.S. Bank, concerning immigration from the West Indies in 1807 and banking; and his son's request for arms for the Palmetto Hussars in December, 1860.

RACHEL SUSAN (BEE) CHEVES PAPERS, 1846 (1861-1884) 1911.
(215 items and 2 vols.)

The collection consists, for the most part, of personal and family correspondence dealing with day-to-day life and reflecting events of the Civil War and Reconstruction, including a description of the burning of Columbia, South Carolina. The correspondence, 1848-1868, of John Richardson Cheves, concerns work on the defenses of Charleston, South Carolina; service as a physician in the Confederate Army; and attempts to regain his property after the war. There are a number of letters from Joseph Cheves Haskell reflecting his experiences in the Civil War, including camp life, aftermath of the battle of Gettysburg, and the campaigns around Chattanooga and Knoxville in 1863. The collection also contains several items on the Marshall family of Charleston, South Carolina, including report cards from the High School of Charleston, 1856-1860; an account of the earthquake of 1886 in Charleston; and two memoranda books of Alexander W. Marshall, Jr., sergeant major in the 2nd South Carolina Artillery, which contain personal notes, maps, and forage records from the Civil War.

ROBERT SMITH CHEW PAPERS, 1812.
(12 items.)

Summonses before the Corporation Court of Fredericksburg.

CHICORA MINING AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY RECORDS, 1870-1872.
(1 vol.; 47 pp.)

Minutes of the organization of the corporation and subsequently of the board of directors. The firm was organized to mine phosphates, earths, marls, rocks, and minerals and to manufacture chemicals, acids, and fertilizers.

NANNIE CHILDRESS PAPERS, 1849 (1862-1863) 1944.
(10 items.)

Personal and family correspondence. Includes letters concerning the California gold rush of 1849.

GEORGE WILLIAM CHILDS PAPERS, 1861, 1885.
(2 items.)

A letter concerning an application for a job on Childs' Public Ledger and offering Childs a collection of pamphlets on the telegraph in the South; and a letter giving the British attitude toward the Civil War in the United States.

DABNEY CHILES PAPERS, 1812-1837.
(4 items.)

The will of Reuben Goodwin for 1812, and of Dabney Chiles for 1815; and papers in litigation over Chiles's will.

ROBERT HALL CHILTON PAPERS, 1863-1864.
(4 items.)

Military correspondence of Robert H. Chilton (1816-1879), brigadier general in the Confederate Army.

ROBERT W. CHILTON, JR., PAPERS, 1808 (1897-1901).
(270 items.)

The collection is made up for the most part of the correspondence of the chief of the United States Consular Bureau and concerns the operations and problems of the consular service, 1897-1901. The papers include a few personal items about Chilton's marriage, work, and health; applications for positions in various consulates; letters describing problems in the service such as housing, salary levels, and political interference; correspondence concerning United States commerce and foreign relations; and a few items on domestic politics. Other items in the collection include a letter by Mary Lamb with a postscript by Charles Lamb, 1808; detailed lists of commodity prices for a number of years between 1808 and 1883 from Washington, D.C., Baltimore, and other cities; and a lengthy report on improved agricultural practices.

CHINESE NEWS SERVICE PAPERS, 1944-1947.
(370 items.)

Mimeographed news releases of the Chinese News Service, an official agency of the Chinese government.

BOILING R. CHINN ACCOUNTS AND PLANTATION RECORDS, 1843-1893.
(6 vols.)

Records and accounts of Bolling R. Chinn, planter, slaveowner, and merchant, including plantation records, 1843-1872; account book, 1857-1870; ledger, 1866-1886; time book, 1871-1872; and daybook, 1873-1893.

WILLIAM HENRY CHIPPENDALE PAPERS, 1853-1864.
(5 items.)

Letters written to William H. Chippendale (1801-1888), an actor, pertaining to professional matters.

ALEXANDER ROBERT CHISOLM PAPERS, 1861.
(1 item.)

Typed copy of journal for the period before and during the bombardment of Fort Sumter.

THOMAS HOLLEY CHIVERS PAPERS, 1833-1859.
(635 items.)

Literary correspondence and works of Thomas H. Chivers (1809-1858), Georgia poet, including letters to editors, publishing houses, and critics; several letters concerning similarity in the works of Chivers and Edgar Allan Poe and the question of plagiarism; clippings of his published poems and reviews of his writings; and unpublished manuscripts of his works, which make up the bulk of the collection. Among the correspondents are Ossian Euclid Dodge, Moses Dow, John S. Dwight, Edwin Forrest, John Gierlow, Henry Beck Hirst, Jennie Lind, Charles R. Rode, and James M. Smith.

B. CHRISTIAN PAPERS, 1862.
(1 item.)

Letter concerning the appointment of a postmaster; the progress of the war; and the spirit of the officials in Richmond.

JOHN BEVERLY CHRISTIAN PAPERS, 1829 (1852-1900) 1904
(519 items and 3 vols.)

Correspondence of the related Christian and Storrs families about personal and family matters. Volumes contain the notes of a law student at the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 1879-1880; minutes of an agricultural fair, 1880-1884; and minutes of lodge meetings, 1897-1898.

M. E. CHRISTIAN PAPERS, 1879.
(1 item.)

Personal letter discussing religion.

WILLIAM WALTER CHRISTIAN PAPERS, 1855-1862.
(168 items.)

Correspondence of William W. Christian, Confederate soldier. One letter, 1859, from his mother, Mary Ann Christian, describes excitement evidently aroused by John Brown's raid; many of the other letters are to his fiancee, Carrie Harmon, and describe the confusion and conditions of the first Confederate military camp in northern Virginia, and his stay in a hospital in LynchEurg.

WILLIE CHUNN PAPERS, 1861-1884.
(75 items.)

Civil War letters between a Confederate Army officer and his wife.

CHURCH OF ENGLAND. DIOCESE OF WINCHESTER, PAPERS, 1705.
(1 vol.; 43 pp.)

These items form part of the response to An Inquiry Concerning the Present State of the Churches in Hampshire. They are questionnaires addressed to the priests of parish churches and chapels concerning organization and financing. Not all of the churches of Hampshire are represented, and not all of the questionnaires are complete.

FRANK C. CHURCHILL PAPERS, 1906-1909.
(14 items and 1 vol.)

Letters and papers relating for the most part to the taking of a census of the eastern band of the Cherokee Indians in 1907-1908. Includes a one volume census roll and two unbound partial rolls.

JOHN WESLEY CHURCHILL PAPERS, 1889.
(1 item.)

Letter concerning the poetry of John Townsend Trowbridge.

WILLIAM CHURCHILL PAPERS, 1811-1851.
(4 items.)

Two letters to William Churchill from a brother in the Mississippi Territory, commenting on farming conditions, the purchase of cattle, and the Creek War of 1813-1814 in Alabama; and two letters from a son who was a soldier in the Mexican War and later a resident of Boston, Massachusetts.

SAMUEL T. CILLEY PAPERS, 1855-1892.
(132 items.)

Miscellaneous letters of Cilley and various members of his family concerning the Civil War and other subjects.

LEWIS JACOB CIST PAPERS, 1841-1867.
(10 items.)

Correspondence related to the collection of autographs.

CITIZENS NATIONAL BANK PAPERS, 1903-1942.
(20 items and 80 vols.)

Records of the Citizens National Bank and its predecessor, the Morehead Banking Company. The Morehead Bank is represented by a checks and deposits book, a collection register, and a cashier's letterpress book, all dating from 1903-1905. The records of Citizens National Bank include daily balance books, 1907-1919; bank journals, 1905-1919; subsidiary account books, especially for the 1920s and 1930s; cashier's letterpress books, 1905-1911, with partial runs for 1913 and 1915; and a small group of unbound correspondence, 1907-1908, 1918.

HORATIO CLAGETT LEDGER, 1815-1823.
(1 vol.; 628 pp.)

HORATIO CLAGETT LEDGER

THOMAS CLAGETT PAPERS, 1847-1848.
(3 items.)

Business papers.

F. CLAIBORNE PLANTATION BOOK, 1353-1854.
(1 vol.)

F. CLAIBORNE PLANTATION BOOK

HAMILTON CABELL CLAIBORNE MUSIC NOTEBOOK. n.d.
(1 vol.; 10 pp.)

Music notes and staff.

[JOHN F.?] CLAIBORNE AND [W. L.?] JETER ACCOUNT BOOKS, 1853-1860.
(3 vols.)

Daybook, ledger, and account book of the firm of Claiborne and Jeter, merchants of Danville.

JOHN FRANCIS HAMTRAMCK CLAIBORNE PAPERS, 1858.
(1 item and 1 reel microfilm.)

Letter concerning the burning of a dwelling near Claiborne's residence; microfilm of Claiborne's diaries and reminiscences, 1820s-1840s, in the Library of Congress.

WILLIAM CHARLES COLES CLAIBORNE PAPERS, 1803.
(2 items.)

Letter from Claiborne, governor of Mississippi Territory, to the territorial legislature announcing the signature of two bills and a photocopy of a proclamation from Claiborne stating that the province of Louisiana had passed under the control of the United States.

CLAIRE [CLARA MARY JANE] CLAIRMONT DIARIES, 1814-1826.
(7 vols.)

Photostatic copies of a diary and reminiscences of Claire (Clara Mary Jane) Clairmont, giving descriptions of France, Switzerland, Italy, and the Rhine Valley as she saw them when accompanying Percy Bysshe Shelly and Mary Godwin on their elopement; accounts of her daily activities, including readings (with frequent quotations and comments), her social calls, and her philosophic musings; descriptions of her life as governess in a family of Moscow, Russia; and reminiscences of her youth. Frequent allusions to the Shelleys and Byron are usually of an indirect and impersonal nature. References to grief at being separated from her daughter, Allegra, are numerous. There is no material for the years 1815-1817 and 1822-1824.

WILLIAM KEATING CLARE PAPERS, 1863.
(39 items.)

Letters of a Civil War soldier, originally from Ireland, who served in the 9th New York State Militia. His letters describe camp life and the battle of Gettysburg.

C. P. CLARK DIARY, 1847-1863.
(1 vol.)

Diary of a farmer with almost daily one-line entries concerning farm activities.

CHRISTOPHER HENDERSON CLARK PAPERS, 1810-1824.
(4 items.)

Business papers.

COURTNEY J. CLARK PAPERS, 1841-1874.
(2 vols.)

Notes taken by C. J. Clark of Selma, Alabama, as a medical student at Louisville Medical Institute, Louisville, Kentucky, and later as a practicing surgeon in the Confederate Army.

CYNTHIA A. W. CLARK PAPERS, 1898-1909.
(1,307 items.)

Personal and family correspondence of Cynthia A. W. Clark, and almost unintelligible letters of her son, Arthur Wilson Clark, who was mentally deranged and often signed himself "Napoleon Bonaparte." The early letters contain a few scattered references to the Spanish-American War.

EDWIN CLARK PAPERS, 1789 (1878-1918) 1930.
(3,518 items and 118 vols.)

Apparently the complete records and business correspondence of a general merchant in Weldon. The collection includes also a letter from Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia, where a son attended school, and a letter from an instructor at Oak Ridge Academy, Guilford County, North Carolina, 1917. There are also one hundred and fifteen daybooks, 1880-1918; two ledgers, 1878; and an index to the ledgers.

ENOCH CLARK PAPERS, 1852-1878.
(55 items.)

Correspondence concerning property; finances; desertion, and commodity prices in North Carolina during the Civil War and the operation of the salt works at Wilmington; experiences in Georgia during and after the Civil War; contracts with a former slave; and family affairs.

FRANCIS CLARK PAPERS, 1895.
(1 item.)

Letter from Queen Victoria concerning Clark's illness.

FREDERICK W. CLARK PAPERS, 1861-1889.
(199 items.)

Correspondence of a New England family concerning personal and business matters, the Civil War, and California. The letters of Frederick Clark, a soldier in the 10th Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers, describe in some detail day-to-day life in camp near Washington, D.C., and campaigning with McClellan in Virginia, 1861-1862, while letters from other members of the family discuss activities at home. There are several letters from family members in California in the late 1870s describing economic conditions and attitudes toward the Chinese.

HENRY CLARK PAPERS, 1809-1845.
(632 items.)

This collection consists for the most part of the business letters, bills, receipts, and checks of a tobacco planter. There are also a few legal papers and personal letters. Includes a letter, 1831, from a member of the House of Delegates of Virginia concerning the discussions of slavery in the legislature following the Nat Turner insurrection.

HENRY SELBY CLARK PAPERS, 1842-1888.
(28 items.)

Miscellaneous business and personal correspondence, including a description of a trip in the Ohio and Mississippi valleys in 1842 and a letter of the Reconstruction period assessing the future prospects of the South.

HENRY TOOLE CLARK PAPERS, 1757-1885.
(1,343 items.)

The collection is made up chiefly of the bills, receipts, accounts, indentures, and other business and legal papers of a planter with holdings in North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama. There is correspondence concerning social life in Washington, D.C. in 1829-1830; affairs in Alabama in 1842; and Clark's political career, especially with his tenure as governor of North Carolina, 1861-1862. The official and political correspondence includes patronage letters; requests for military appointments; discussions of North Carolina's part in the Civil War; and a confidential letter to the Secretary of War concerning the weakening of the Confederate Army through desertion.

JAMES BEAUCHAMP CLARK PAPERS, 1897-1917.
(4 items.)

Three addresses delivered by Clark in the United States House of Representatives and one letter.

JAMES M. CLARK PAPERS, 1863-1864.
(3 items.)

Personal letters of an officer on the ironclad U.S.S. Sangamon.

JOSEPH D. CLARK PAPERS, 1963.
(1 item.)

Fifty Years of the North Carolina Folklore Society, a paper presented at the annual meeting of the society, December 6, 1963.

M.H. CLARK AND H.D. FAULKNER LETTER BOOK, 1859-1860.
(1 vol.; 876 pp.)

Business letters of Clark and Faulkner. Many pertain to bonds, loans, and taxes.

SAMUEL B. CLARK PAPERS, 1764-1890.
(174 items and 3 vols.)

Correspondence of the Clark family and related families in Virginia and Georgia. The early letters from Virginia deal with family matters, social life, farming, commerce, politics, and the Revolution. Anderson family letters refer to religion and include letters of a soldier in the War of 1812 describing the American blockade of the British in Alexandria, Virginia, and life at Camp Mitchell near Richmond. The papers of the Clarks in Georgia begin in 1840 and concern social life, land transactions, and life at Emory College at Oxford, Georgia. There are several Civil War letters from various branches of the family, one of which concerns the construction of the C.S.S. Virginia.

THEOPHILUS CLARK PAPERS, 1834-1836.
(3 items.)

Three letters from Caleb Smith Ives, an Episcopal clergyman, giving his impression of Alabama and describing his work there.

WALTER CLARK, SR., PAPERS, 1895-1903.
(4 items.)

Three articles prepared for the University Magazine of the University of North Carolina entitled Counties in North Carolina that have Disappeared, North Carolina in War, and North Carolina Troops in South America, which concerns the Cartagena expedition to Venezuela, 1740. Also a letter to Funk and Wagnalls Co. concerning a book they had published.

WILLIAM W. CLARK PAPERS, 1848-1864.
(22 items.)

Miscellaneous items including several telegrams and letters relating to Clark's service in the Confederate Congress.

ADAM CLARKE PAPERS, 1739 (1783-1851) 1875.
(301 items.)

Letters of Adam Clarke to his wife and children and later correspondence among the family concerning the publication of Clarke's biography. The collection covers Clarke's career as a minister and contains material on the development of the Wesleyan Methodist Church; the ministries of John Wesley, Thomas Coke, George Whitefield; the British reaction to the French Revolution; missionary work in Palestine and the Shetland Islands; and the effects of the industrialization in England.

ALFRED ALEXANDER CLARKE PAPERS, 1848-1899.
(61 items.)

Drawings and engravings of buildings and scenes, churches and country houses, for the most part in Somersetshire.

ALICE (JUDAH) CLARKE PAPERS, 1895.
(1 vol.)

A history of the family of Joseph McCorkle, Revolutionary War veteran, pioneer, farmer, slaveholder, and abolitionist.

GEORGE W. CLARKE PAPERS, 1852-1866.
(35 items.)

Letters and papers concerned with farm business, particularly with the sale of farm products.

JAMES FREEMAN CLARKE PAPERS, 1833-1905.
(44 items.)

Miscellaneous collection of items concerning the career of a Unitarian minister, founder of the Church of the Disciples in Boston.

JAMES T. CLARKE PAPERS, 1848-1878.
(18 items.)

Personal correspondence of a physician concerning such subjects as politics, medicine, and internal improvements in Virginia.

JOSEPH E. CLARKE PAPERS, 1865.
(1 item.)

Letter from Clarke's son in the Union Army, stationed in Keokuk, Iowa.

LEWIS CLARKE PAPERS, 1847 (1860-1872) 1876.
(246 items.)

Records of a plantation store.

MARY H. CLARKE PAPERS, 1844-1848.
(4 items.)

Personal correspondence with parents in Lumpkin, Georgia,-and friends at Mercer University.

SIR STANLEY DE ASTEL CALVERT CLARKE PAPERS, 1846-1913.
(91 items.)

Correspondence of an official of the royal household of Great Britain. Most of the letters are either by or about members of the royal family and they are primarily personal or social with only occasional references to political matters.

CLARKE'S STATION BAPTIST CHURCH MINUTES, 1821-1832.
(1 vol. wilkes)

Includes rules of decorum and lists of members.

THOMAS CLARKSON PAPERS, 1807-1846.
(18 items.)

Miscellaneous collection of letters to and from Clarkson and clippings about his death. For the most part these items are concerned with the abolition of slavery in the British Empire, in the French overseas possessions, and in the United States.

THOMAS W. CLAWSON PAPERS, ca. 1942-1944.

Chiefly material concerning the Wilmington, N.C., race riot of 1898, as described by Colonel Thomas W. Clawson (1854-ca. 1942), city editor of the Wilmington Messenger and editor of the Wilmington Star, 1902-1924. Included are an article entitled The Wilmington Race Riot of 1898: Recollections and Memories, written by Clawson ca. 1942, and Exhibit A, consisting of a copy of a controversal editorial in the Wilmington Record on August 18, 1898. and copies of other pertinent papers.

CASSIUS MARCELLUS CLAY PAPERS, 1851-1875.
(5 items.)

Four letters, 1851-1856, from Cassius Marcellus Clay (1810-1903), editor and abolitionist, to Edmund Quincy concerning personal affairs, politics, and problems encountered by Clay for publicly stating his anti-slavery views; and a letter, 1875, to W. Scott Smith asking his support for the vice-presidential nomination of the Democratic Party.

CLEMENT CLAIBORNE CLAY PAPERS, 1811 (1821-1915) 1925.
(8,543 items and 25 vols.)

Personal, business, and political correspondence, accounts, diaries, memoranda, college notes, scrapbooks, and clippings of Clement Claiborne Clay (1816-1882), lawyer, U.S. senator, Confederate diplomat, and planter; of his father, Clement Comer Clay (1789-1866), lawyer, planter, U.S. congressman and senator, and governor of Alabama; of his mother, Susanna Claiborne (Withers) Clay (1798-1866); of his wife, Virginia Caroline (Tunstall) Clay (1825-1915), who wrote A Bell of the Fifties: Memoirs of Mrs. Clay, of Alabama, covering Social and Political Life in Washington and the South, 1853-1866: Put into Narrative Form by Ada Sterling (New York: Doubleday, 1904); and of his brothers, Hugh Lawson Clay and John Withers Clay, and of their wives. Letters deal with family matters, including education of the elder Clay's three sons at the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, and the University of Virginia, Charlottesville; management of two or more cotton plantations and approximately fifty slaves; civic affairs in Huntsville; state politics, 1819-1860; Democratic and Whig party alignments, rivalries, and disputes; presidential elections, especially in 1844, 1852, and 1856; Clement Comer Clay's governorship, 1835-1837. the Creek War, 1836; the panic of 1837, Clement Claiborne Clay's election as a Democrat to the U.S. Senate in 1853 and his reselection in 1857. Other political matters referred to include the Compromise of 1850; Kansas-Nebraska difficulty; break with Stephen A. Douglas; Democratic Convention of 1860; secession; and organization of the Confederate government. Personal letters refer to social life in Alabama and in Washington, D.C.; visits to springs and health resorts; and Clement Claiborne Clay's travels for his health through Florida, 1851, and later to Arkansas and Minnesota.

Subjects of the Civil War years include Clement Claiborne Clay's political activities in the Confederate States Senate; his relations with Jefferson Davis; Federal raids on and occupation of Huntsville, consequent disruption of civilian life, and demoralization of slaves; J. W. Clay's publication of the Huntsville Democrat in various towns; Clay's defeat in the election of 1863 for the Confederate Senate; his and other agents' work in Canada, assisting in the return of escaped Confederate prisoners to Confederate territory; plots of a general revolt in the Northwestern states designed to join these states to the Confederacy; the Democratic Convention of 1864; Horace Greeley's efforts for peace, 1864; plans and execution of the Confederate raid on St. Albans, Vermont, 1864; Clay's return from Canada, and the final days of the Confederacy.

Material relating to the aftermath of the Civil War concerns accusations against Clay for complicity in Lincoln's assassination, Clay's surrender to Federal authorities, his imprisonment at Fortress Monroe, Virginia, and the efforts of Virginia (Tunstall) Clay to obtain her husband's release. Papers for the period 1866-1915 generally pertain to personal matters, principally Clay's poverty, his attempts to retrieve his confiscated property, the settlement of his father's estate, efforts to re-establish farming operations, and his years in the insurance business, 1871-1873, with Jefferson Davis; and Virginia (Tunstall) Clay's dissatisfaction with a restricted social life, her tour of Europe, 1884-1885, and her efforts in later years to operate the plantation. There are occasional references to political affairs.

The volumes consist of an executor's book of the estate of C. C. Clay, Sr., 1866-1869; letter books, 1864-1865; letterpress copy covering insurance business; memorandum books, 1853-1864, containing a mailing list of constituents and other notations; notebook, 1835-1841, containing college lecture notes; receipt books; legal fee book, 1814-1815; scrapbooks, ca. 1848-1903, one of which contains plantation accounts, 1870-1873, and minutes of the Madison County Bible Society, 1820-1830; and the diaries and scrapbooks, 1859-1905, of Virginia (Tunstall) Clay.

Correspondents include Jeremiah S. Black, E. C. Bullock, C. C. Clay, Sr., C. C. Clay, Jr., David Clopton [Virginia (Tunstall) Clay's second husband], W. W. Corcoran, J. L. M. Curry, Jefferson Davis, Varina Davis, Benjamin Fitzpatrick, U. S. Grant, Andrew Johnson, L. Q. C. Lamar, Clifford Anderson Lanier, Sidney Lanier, Stephen R. Mallory, Nelson A. Miles, James K. Polk, John H. Reagan, R. B. Rhe