Guide to the Clyde Roark Hoey Papers, 1943-1954
The Clyde Roark Hoey Papers consist of office files created during Hoey's service in the United States Senate from 1944 through April, 1954. Correspondence, typed and printed material, clippings, and pictures provide a chronicle of Hoey's national political career as well as of American affairs during the early post-World War II period.
The Clyde Roark Hoey Papers consist of Hoey's senatorial files accumulated in his offices in Washington, D. C. and Shelby N. C. The papers cover the period from 1943 through April, 1954, but there are few items for 1943. The quantity of material is greater for the years toward the end of Hoey's career. The Hoey Papers are divided into two series: Correspondence and Subjects. For information on the structure of the collection consult the Series Description.
Incoming and outgoing correspondence with related clippings, printed material, and photographs predominates in both series. Constituent mail forms the largest category of correspondence, encompassing several types of letters and varying widely in significance and content. Many letters from constituents urge Hoey to support or oppose particular legislation, such as universal military training, grain exports to India, or tax measures. They range from the mass-produced form letter to the more detailed and analytical arguments of prominent businessmen, educators, and politicians in North Carolina. Other constituent mail relates to North Carolina projects and affairs such as power dams, defense plants, and appropriations to local interest groups. Still other constituent mail consists of requests for Hoey's assistance in obtaining employment or promotions, changing military status, obtaining visas, and similar personal matters, Routine correspondence involves requests for publications, general letters of commendation, or publicity about individual constituents,
Correspondence from all areas of the country concerns legislation or provides comment on world or domestic affairs in the postwar period. Colleagues in the Senate and members of the North Carolina congressional delegation are represented in the correspondence, but frequently they write only letters of transmittal or send personal greetings. A few letters involve the Hoey family. Most of these are exchanged between Senator Hoey and his son-in-law, Dan M, Paul. For some years personal and family papers are filed with H correspondence. For more information on individuals who corresponded with Hoey, consult the Partial List of Correspondents for 1949 in the Series Description.
The main part of the Subject Series is an alphabetical file containing correspondence and printed material about national and state affairs. Most of this correspondence is also constituent or pressure mail. Specific subjects in the Series are described in more detail in the Container listing. Speeches and miscellaneous items are included in the Subject Series.
- Collection Number
- Clyde Roark Hoey papers
- Hoey, Clyde Roark, 1877
- 100 Linear Feet, 211 boxes; about 167,000 items
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Although some adjustments and consolidations were necessary, the Hoey Papers were organized and arranged according to the filing structure devised in the Senator's office. Correspondence from the offices in Washington and Shelby was merged, The year-by-year alphabetical arrangement was retained. In constructing the Subject Series, the categories originally entitled Legislation (filed often by subject and congressional session), Miscellaneous Legislation, and smaller categories such as Prisoners, Visas, Army, Navy, or specific North Carolina projects were consolidated to form one alphabetical sequence.
Certain Individual items, such as many requests for publications and arrangements for school tours, duplicates, and anniversary congratulations were discarded. Service academy applications and invitations were also removed. For the Army, Navy, and Veterans subject groups, samples of correspondence written by persons having surnames starting with the letter “C” were retained.
Collection is open for research.
Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.
All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.
Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.
The copyright interests in the Clyde Roark Hoey Papers have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information consult the section on copyright in the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
Applications for loans to finance generating plants
Capper farm bill (agricultural marketing); Commodity Credit Corporation; report on grain storage, Camp Crowder, Mo.
Proposals to establish academy in Charlotte and Kitty Hawk, N. C.
Letters of recommendation or support from Hoey or constituents for various individuals as follows:
Correspondence concerning an assortment of appropriation requests, such as vocational education, public health, agricultural programs, etc. See also Budget and Power Dams, Appropriations.
Correspondence to and from individuals in the Army seeking changes of status, benefits, promotions, etc. A sample of surnames beginning with the letter “C” has been retained.
North Carolina response to an anti-trust suit against A and P.
Largely constituent response to this amendment concerning treaties and limiting of executive agreements.
Various issues related to Buggs Island and Phillpot Dam, Includes items on archaeological excavation which would be affected by flooding; Roanoke River Flood Control Commission; requests for power transmission lines involving Duke Power Co., Carolina Power and Light, and the Southeastern Power Administration.
Cases heard before the Board; material on airports in Winston-Salem, Lumberton, Greensboro, etc.
Dispute over alleged fraud in New Mexico Senatorial election
Material on specific bills, general attitudes, and black concerns; conflict over the seating of Bilbo (1946); Fair Employment Practices Commission and Truman civil rights proposals; anti-lynching, anti-poll tax legislation; Meharry College; letters to and from individuals supporting or opposing segregation; numerous other topics, See also North Carolina
Proposed appointment of Gen. Clark as Ambassador to the Vatican.
Largely opinion mail on Communist Control Act, See also Socialist Trend
Controversy concerning Atomic Energy Commission scholarship awarded to student at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, later revealed to be a Communist sympathizer.
Stabilization of cotton market (1946); quotas, importation of Egyptian cotton, Japanese textiles competing with U. S. in the Belgian Congo ( 1947-1948 ); the Marshall Plan and loans (1948); cotton and peanut acreage bills (1950); ceiling price on raw cotton (1951); miscellaneous concerns of cotton industry.
Relaxation of immigration laws; Displaced Persons Commission; legislation
Applications for radio station licenses; hearings; telephone and television applications, etc.
Correction of administrative loopholes and delays; printed preliminary report
Hearings and decisions; orders; natural gas applications; etc.
Hoey's opposition to statehood because of racial differences and more support for civil rights measures in Congress
Includes material on low-cost public housing; National Cooperative Housing Act; Public Housing and Slum Clearance Bill; Real estate credit
Assorted items concerning American Indians, such as the selling of Indian land to the Methodist Church, the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, Cherokee Historical Association.
Typescripts and material dealing with principles and historical development of the Federal government, etc.
Memoranda concerning types of cases which F. B. I. clears with Department of Justice
North Carolina educator appointed by War Department for special project, Labor organizations disapproved of Brimley and there was much public response
Seizure of mills and action by Wage Stabilization Board. Letters by Hoey discuss the position of Southern Democrats on this issue.
S. 2504 designed to increase unemployment compensation benefits by Federal supplement to state unemployment.
Includes surplus labor issue and Hoey's reaction to John F. Kennedy's proposal
A sample of names beginning with the letter “C” has been retained for this correspondence concerning individual problems.
Mainly promotional photographs of the campus and dormitories
Scant material on relations between independent and major oil companies investigated by a special committee on American small business. Also restrictions on importation of foreign oil.
Blue Ridge Parkway and Smokey Mountains National Park expansion and development; Cherokee Reservation; appropriations for Currituck Beach Lighthouse and Wright Memorial; merger of Nantahala National Forest and Pisgah; television transmission station at Mt. Pisgah; and other topics.
Price control legislation and its effect on the textile industry; War Production Control Bill; Defense Production Act
Correspondence with prisoners or their families relating to pardons, parole, legal situations, etc.
Amendments to the Railroad Retirement and Unemployment Insurance Act
Reactivation of airport by Air Force; Weather Bureau installation
Various aspects of reorganization; proposals to place U. S. Employment Service under Dept, of Labor; implementation of Hoover Commission suggestions; exemption of various agencies, etc.
Includes Internal Revenue Service and Health, Education, and Welfare provisions
Efforts to establish R.O.T.C. units at schools such as Appalachian State, Atlantic Christian, Catawba, Elan and Gardner-Webb colleges
Emergency bills, flood control, North Carolina projects, reports
National Rivers and Harbors Congress (1950); North Carolina projects such as Cumberland River, Oregon Inlet, Neuse Valley development, Inland Waterway, dredging at Sealevel, etc.
Definitions, exemptions, and extensions of original act.
Chiefly form mimeograph letters on the Mundt Subversive Activities Bill. See also Communism
Includes Dunn, West Jefferson, Rocky Mount, and Asheville markets and other topics.
Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act (1945-49); Fair Trade Bill; extensions of Reciprocal Trade
“C” sample of individual cases. Arranged alphabetically by veteran's name.
Correspondence concerning visas, passports, and travel or immigration procedures for individuals.
Several major categories:
- --topics of national concern (cigarette taxes, Southeastern Power Administration appropriations, U. N. Charter amendments, Housing Bill, Rent Control, communists in the State Dept., British loans, etc.)
- --general topics (Importance of Congress, the need for unity, North Carolina young people, temperance, the obligation to vote
- --reviews of books
- --announcements or commemoration of deaths of colleagues
- --religious reflections (the Bible, Sunday School, Faith, etc.)
Clyde Roark Hoey born, 11 December
Studied law, University of North Carolina
Served in N. C. House of Representatives
Admitted to North Carolina Bar
Married Bessie Gardner
Served in N. C. Senate
Appointed Assistant United States District Attorney, Western North Carolina District
Declined re-nomination. Resumed law practice, 1921
Elected to 66th Congress to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Edwin Y. Webb.
Democratic Presidential Elector-at-Large
Governor of North Carolina
United States Senator from North Carolina until his death on May 13, 1954
Agriculture and Forestry
District of Columbia
Expenditures in the Executive Departments
- Agricultural laws and legislation -- United States
- Draft -- Law and legislation -- United States
- Education -- Law and legislation -- United States
- Governors -- North Carolina
- Hoey, Clyde Roark, 1877
- Legislators -- Correspondence
- Legislators -- United States
- North Carolina -- Politics and government
- North Carolina -- Cleveland County -- Shelby
- Pensions, Military -- Law and legislation -- United States
- Taxation -- Law and legislation -- United States
- United States -- Politics and government -- 1945-1953
[Identification of item], The Clyde Roark Hoey Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
The Hoey Papers were presented to Duke University in 1955 by his sons and daughter.
Processed by: Duke University. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library Staff
Completed July 29, 1977
Encoded by Stephen Douglas Miller
The arrangement and description of the collection was made possible through a Records Use grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.