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Guide to the Jay B. Hubbell Papers, 1816-1998 and undated, bulk 1920-1979

Abstract

Professor of American literature, Duke University, Durham, N.C.

The Jay B. Hubbell Papers span the years from 1816 to 1998, with the bulk of the material documenting Hubbell's career from his early student years in the 1920s until his death in 1979. The collection consists mainly of his professional papers, including correspondence with colleagues and literary figures, articles written by others at his request for the Jay B. Hubbell Center, printed materials inscribed to him and written by him, and unpublished manuscripts. The material chronicles the four decades of Hubbell's career as professor and critic, which he dedicated to the growth and development of American literature as a field of critical inquiry. Among the many significant correspondents or subjects of others' writings are Conrad Aiken, Gay Wilson Allen, Robert Frost, Clarence Gohdes, members of the Hubbell family, Ralph Leslie Rusk, Carl Sandburg, Allen Tate, Arlin Turner, and John Hall Wheelock. Other significant topics covered by the material include the founding of the Jay B. Hubbell Center for American Literary Historiography at Duke University, the study and teaching of literature from the American South, the activities of the faculty at Duke University, and the development of the American Literature Section of the Modern Language Association (MLA).

Descriptive Summary

Title
Jay B. Hubbell papers 1816-1998 and undated, bulk 1920-1979
Creator
Hubbell, Jay B., 1885-1979
Extent
10.2 Linear Feet, 6375 Items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Language
English.

Collection Overview

The Jay B. Hubbell Papers span the years from 1816 to 1998, with the bulk of the material documenting Hubbell's career from his early student years in the 1920s until his death in 1979. The collection consists mainly of his professional papers, including correspondence with colleagues and literary figures, articles written by others at his request for the Jay B. Hubbell Center, printed materials inscribed to him and written by him, and unpublished manuscripts. The material chronicles the four decades of Hubbell's career as professor and critic, which he dedicated to the growth and development of American literature as a field of critical inquiry. Among the many significant correspondents or subjects of others' writings are Conrad Aiken,Gay Wilson Allen,Robert Frost,Clarence Gohdes, members of the Hubbell family,Ralph Leslie Rusk,Carl Sandburg,Allen Tate,Arlin Turner, and John Hall Wheelock. Other significant topics covered by the material include the founding of the Jay B. Hubbell Center for American Literary Historiography at Duke University, the study and teaching of literature from the American South, the activities of the faculty at Duke University, and the development of the American Literature Section of the Modern Language Association (MLA). The collection is divided into eight series: Biographical; Correspondence, Alphabetical; Correspondence by Date; Writings and Speeches; Subject Files; Teaching Abroad; Photographs; and Clippings.

The Biographical Data Series contains correspondence, manuscripts of his autobiographical writings, financial and legal documents, writings by his siblings, curriculum vitae, and obituaries, all of which chronicle Hubbell's life from his earliest years until his death.

The largest component of the collection contains correspondence from colleagues, former students, and literary figures. The Correspondence, Alphabetical Series consists of many letters from students and colleagues. The bulk of the correspondence gives shape to the nature and status of American literary studies in the early- to mid-twentieth century. In particular, the many letters exchanged among Hubbell, his colleagues, and his students provide insight into the routine professional life of this first pioneering generation of scholars. From job appointments to topics of scholarship, the letters uncover the kinds of professional interests and pressures that influenced the formation of American literary studies. Additional miscellaneous letters are arranged chronologically in the Correspondence by Date Series. These letters mainly represent single items from colleagues, publishers, and minor writers. The same topics are represented here as in the correspondence arranged alphabetically.

Jay B. Hubbell authored numerous articles and books throughout his career which contributed to the bibliography of American literary studies. Samples of such are located in the collection's Writings and Speeches Series. The series is divided into two subseries, the Writings by Hubbell Subseries and the Writings by Others Subseries. The Writings by Hubbell Subseries includes unpublished manuscripts, publication files consisting of correspondence with publishers and review clippings, and printed material consisting of article reprints and reviews. The Writings by Others Subseries contains articles and essays by Hubbell's colleagues and peers, as well as several essays that Hubbell collected on topics of interest to him. It also contains several memoirs which narrate the lives and influence of several key figures in the first generations of American literary scholars.

The Subject Files Series chronicles some of the major events, interests, and projects of Hubbell's career. His involvement with the Modern Language Association is represented by material filed in the General Files Subseries. Also included in this subseries is material concerning several of his institutional affiliations, including Clemson University, Columbia University, and Southern Methodist University (SMU). Hubbell's papers concerning his many professional projects can be found in the Projects Subseries, such as the Checklist of Manuscripts and the Center for Southern Studies. Information related to many of the subject files can be found throughout the collection, particularly in the Biographical Data and Correspondence Series.

Jay Hubbell dedicated a generous portion of his scholarly career to teaching and students. Besides his interest in different configurations and institutions for furthering learning and scholarship, Hubbell spent several years teaching abroad. The Teaching Abroad Series contains correspondence and incidentals concerning his service at universities in Vienna, Jerusalem, and Athens. This series includes materials which highlight Hubbell's experiences at the intersection of American foreign policy and university teaching, as Hubbell served as a Visiting Expert for the U.S. Army in Vienna as well as a quickly evacuated Visiting Professor in Jerusalem in 1956, during the Arab-Israeli conflict.

The Photographs Series includes photographs of Hubbell, family, and colleagues. The series includes portraits of Hubbell alone as well as with family.

The Clippings Series contains newspaper and journal clippings recording the many significant personal and professional events of Hubbell's life. The series also includes clippings about contemporary events, friends, and colleagues which Hubbell found noteworthy.

Hubbell's papers pertaining to English Department matters and committee assignments can be found in the Duke University Archives. The David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Duke University houses many related collections, particularly in the Hubbell Center for American Literary Historiography: the records of American Literature;American Literary Manuscripts;and the Modern Language Association'sAmerican Literature Section and Southern Literature Discussion Group; and the papers of Gay Wilson Allen, Sacvan Berkovitch, Cathy Davidson, and Arlin Turner.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

In addition, all or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. There may be a 48-hour delay in obtaining these materials.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

The bulk of this series contains correspondence and financial documents (contract and royalty letters) chronicling the scope of Hubbell's career. The series also includes rough drafts of Hubbell's autobiographical writings, which seem to have been written largely at the end of his life, about his early years in rural Virginia, his early readings, and his years at Harvard University and Columbia University. His brother Paul Edgar Hubbell's writings, poems and an essay with a foreword by Jay B. Hubbell, as well as his sister Ruth Ann Hubbell's poetry are a part of the series. Folders arranged in alphabetical order.

Autobiographical Writings, 1947 and undated
(2 folders)
Box 1
Contracts, 1926-1965
Box 1
Correspondence by Date, 1906-1979
(7 folders)
Box 1
Curriculum Vitae, 1920s-circa 1978 and undated
Box 1
Hubbell, Paul Edgar, 1914-1977
Box 1
Hubbell, Ruth Ann, 1959-1978 and undated
Box 1
Obituaries, 1979-1980
Box 1
Printed Materials, 1918-1973 and undated
Box 2
Royalties, 1930-1975 and undated
Box 2

This series contains letters from colleagues, students, publishers, and literary figures. Highlights of the correspondence include letters exchanged with Gay Wilson Allen, George Bond, Herbert Brown, Matthew Bruccoli, Mary Sue Carlock, John Chapman, James Emanuel, Benjamin F. Fisher, Herbert Gambrell, Clarence Gohdes, Theodore Gross, Ima Honaker Herron, Hugh Holman, Howard Mumford Jones, Lewis Leary, Maureen C. Mabbott, Rayburn Moore, Albert Robbins, Henry Nash Smith, Hope Stoddard, and Edward Stone. The series also includes correspondence with major literary figures and critics, such as B. A. Botkin, Donald Davidson, Robert Frost, Hamlin Garland, Ellen Glasgow, John Lomax, Howard Odum, Carl Sandburg, Allen Tate, and John Hall Wheelock. Many of the letters to literary figures concern permissions and copyrights, as Hubbell edited several anthologies. His letters exchanged with colleagues and students include professional concerns such as recommendations and references, exams, job opportunities, departmental procedures, and the study of American Literature. The largest group of letters is from the poet John Hall Wheelock, dating from 1921 when Hubbell wrote asking permission to use Wheelock's poem, "Earth," in a poetry anthology.

The correspondence files often contain other materials, such as solicited memoirs, photographs of correspondents, or printed materials that correspondents sent to Hubbell. Such materials have been filed under the name of the person who sent or wrote them. For example, letters exchanged between John Wheelock and Aubrey Burns are filed under the latter's name. An audio cassette recording of four of John Wheelock's poems set to music and performed by the Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra is included in Wheelock's "Clippings" folder. Folders occasionally include Hubbell's retrospective commentary on the correspondence or correspondents, for example, Hubbell's brief notes on his relationships with Van Wyck Brooks and Aldous Huxley. Most of the commentary was written in 1976 when Hubbell prepared his papers for donation to Duke University. Arranged alphabetically by correspondent, then chronologically within each folder.

[RESTRICTED. Contains letters of reference. For a period of 75 years after the latest date in the collection, patrons must sign an Acknowledgment of Legal Responsibilities and Privacy Rights form before using materials.]

Adams, Andy, 1924-1976
Box 2
Ade, George, 1934-1935
Box 2
Aiken, Conrad Potter , 1924-1976
Box 2
Allen, Gay Wilson, 1933-1976
Box 2
Allen, William Harvey, 1925-1931
Box 2
Anderson, Charles Roberts, 1938-1973
Box 2
Anderson, Sherwood, undated
Box 2
Atchison, Ray Morris, 1952-1976
Box 2
Auslander, Joseph, 1925-1927
Box 2
Austin, Mary Hunter, 1924-1925
Box 2
Baker, Karle (Wilson), 1922-1931
Box 2
Basler, Roy Prentice, 1932-1976
Box 2
Beaty, John Owen, 1938-1948
Box 2
Benét, Stephen Vincent, 1935-1936
Box 2
Benét, William Rose, 1920-1934
Box 2
Bennett, John, 1924-1931
Box 2
Benton, Richard Paul, 1968-1974
Box 2
Blair, Walter, 1946-1976
Box 2
Boatwright, Frederic William, 1928-1971
Box 2
Bond, George Doherty, 1930-1978
Box 2
Botkin, B. A., 1929
Box 2
Boyd, James, 1931
Box 2
Boyd, William Kenneth, 1928-1936
Box 2
Bradford, Gamaliel, 1924-1976 and undated
Box 2
Braswell, William, 1954-1976
Box 2
Brooks, John Lee, 1928-1970
Box 2
Brooks, Van Wyck, 1924-1976
Box 2
Brown, Frank Clyde, 1926-1943
Box 2
Brown, Herbert Ross, 1954-1978
Box 2
Bryan, William A., 1932-1951
Box 2
Bruccoli, Matthew Joseph, 1955-1979
Box 2
Burns, Aubrey, circa 1967-1978
Box 3
Bynner, Harold Witter, 1922-1933 and undated
Box 3
Cable, George Washington, 1888
Box 3
Campbell, Killis, 1935
Box 3
Campbell, Walter Stanley, 1924-1932
Box 3
Canby, Henry Seidel, 1926-1945
Box 3
Carlock, Mary Sue, 1958-1978
Box 3
Carlson, Eric W., 1966-1976
Box 3
Chapman, John S., 1927-1978
Box 3
Charvat, William, 1947-1955
Box 3
Coad, Oral Sumner, 1972-1973
Box 3
Coatsworth, Elizabeth Jane, 1925-1934 and undated
Box 3
Coffin, Robert Peter Tristam, 1942
Box 3
Conkling, Grace Walcott (Hazard), 1924
Box 3
Cowley, Malcolm, 1934
Box 3
Cox, Headley Morris, 1956-1979
Box 3
Craigie, William Alexander, 1934
Box 3
Dargan, Olive (Tilford), 1931-1936
Box 3
Davidson, Donald, 1927-1965 and undated
Box 3
Davis, Curtis Carroll, 1950-1976
Box 3
Davis, Richard Beale, 1961-1978
Box 3
DeVoto, Bernard Augustine, 1928-1937 and undated
Box 3
Duke, Mary Lorraine, 1977-1979 and undated
Box 3
Eidson, John Olin, 1954-1978
Box 3
Eliot, T. S., 1935-1958
Box 3
Emanuel, James, 1976-1978
Box 3
Farrar, John Chipman, 1922-1946
Box 3
Ferguson, Charles Wright, 1929-1965
Box 3
Few, William Preston, 1928-1936
Box 3
Fisher, Benjamin Franklin, 1969-1979
Box 3
Flanders, Bertram Holland, 1934-1944
Box 3
Fletcher, John Gould, 1924-1976
Box 3
Foerster, Norman, 1925-1971
Box 3
Frost, Robert, 1921-1974
Box 3
Gambrell, Herbert Pickens, 1928-1978
Box 3
Garland, Hamlin, circa 1925-1935
Box 3
Gates, William Bryan, 1964-1976
Box 4
Gilbert, Allan H., 1944
Box 4
Glasgow, Ellen Anderson Gholson, 1925-1938
Box 4
Gohdes, Clarence Louis Frank, 1927-1961
Box 4
Graves, Robert, 1925 and undated
Box 4
Green, Claud Bethune, 1940-1978
Box 4
Green, Paul Eliot, 1924-1956
Box 4
Greever, Garland , 1929-1939
Box 4
Gross, Sarah Chokla, 1932
Box 4
Guilds, John Caldwell, 1960-1979
Box 4
Harris, Isabella D., 1937-1979
Box 4
Head, Eunice (Hammond) Tietjens, 1924
Box 4
Henry, David Dodds, 1976-1978
Box 4
Herron, Ima Honaker, 1933-1977
Box 4
Heywood, DuBose, 1924-1931
Box 4
Hibler, Leo von, 1949-1957
Box 4
Hofbauer, Rosa, 1950-1952
Box 4
Holman, Clarence Hugh, 1958-1978
Box 4
Holman, Harriet R., 1944-1978
Box 4
Hoole, William Stanley, 1929-1978
Box 4
Hosford, Hemphill, 1943-1976
Box 4
Howe, Edgar Watson, 1935
Box 4
Huxley, Aldous Leonard , 1937-1976
Box 4
Jones, Howard Mumford, 1928-1978
Box 4
Lanier, Henry Wysham, 1931
Box 4
Laverty, Carroll Dee, 1944-1976
Box 4
Leary, Lewis Gaston, 1949-1978
Box 4
Leisy, Ernest Edwin, 1925-1952
Box 5
Lindsay, Nicholas Vachel, 1924-1934 and undated
Box 5
Lomax, John A., 1935
Box 5
Lowell, Amy, 1921-1976
Box 5
Mabbott, Maureen (Cobb) , 1977-1979
Box 5
Mabbott, Thomas Ollive, 1944-1959
Box 5
McCain, James Allen, 1970-1971
Box 5
McDavid, Raven Ioor, 1940-1977
Box 5
McFee, William, 1928-1935
Box 5
McGinnis, John Hathaway, 1929-1942
Box 5
MacKaye, Percy Wallace, 1931
Box 5
MacLeish, Archibald, 1940-1963
Box 5
The MacMillan Company, 1920-1957
Box 5
Manning-Sanders, Ruth, 1926-1928 and undated
Box 5
Martin, Willard Edgar, 1933-1945
Box 5
Masters, Edgar Lee, 1934
Box 5
Mencken, Henry Louis, 1924-1925 and undated
Box 5
Monroe, Harriet, 1922-1927 and undated
Box 5
Mood, Robert G., Jr., 1928-1978
Box 5
Moore, Rayburn Sabatzky, 1956-1977
Box 5
Morton, David, 1924-1925 and undated
Box 5
Nakamura, Junichi, 1938-circa 1974 and undated
Box 5
O'Neill, Eugene Gladstone, 1924
Box 5
Odum, Howard W., 1934
Box 5
Patton, Lewis, 1962-1965
Box 5
Paulovsky, Louis H., 1951
Box 5
Pearson, James Larkin, 1934-1979
Box 5
Perry, Bliss, 1922-1924
Box 5
Pinero, Sir Arthur Wing, 1927
Box 5
Pochmann, Henry August, 1966-1971
Box 5
Pound, Ezra Loomis, 1935
Box 5
Quinn, Arthur Hobson, 1927-1952
Box 5
Rachal, William M. E., 1955-1965
Box 5
Raetz, Martha, 1976-1977
Box 5
Ransom, John Crowe, 1924-1954
Box 5
Reese, Lizette Woodworth, 1924-1935
Box 5
Repplier, Agnes, 1935
Box 5
Rippy, James Fred, 1965
Box 5
Robbins, John Albert, 1967-1978
Box 5
Robert, Joseph Clarke, 1967
Box 5
Roberts, Elizabeth Madox , 1935
Box 5
Robinson, Edwin Arlington, 1921-1976
Box 5
Rossetti, Dante Gabriel, 1871-1964
Box 5
Rubin, Louis Decimus, 1955-1976
Box 5
Sally, Alexander Samuel, 1939-1942
Box 5
Sandburg, Carl, 1921-1975
Box 5
Sanders, Ottys, 1974-1978
Box 5
Sarett, Lew R., 1924-1926 and undated
Box 5
Scollard, Clinton, undated
Box 5
Shepard, Odell, 1934-1938
Box 5
Sinclair, Upton Beall, 1935
Box 5
Skinner, Constance Lindsay, 1925
Box 5
Smith, Garland Garvey, 1929-1978
Box 5
Smith, Henry Nash, 1928-1978
Box 5
Spiller, Robert Ernest, 1954-1976
Box 6
Sterling, George, 1924-1925
Box 6
Stewart, Randall, 1951-1959
Box 6
Stoddard, Hope, 1978-1979
Box 6
Stovall, Floyd, 1952-1977
Box 6
Stroven, Carl Gerhardt, 1932-1944
Box 6
Swett, Margery, 1924-1925
Box 6
Tate, Allen, 1940-1978
Box 6
Teasdale, Sara, 1924
Box 6
Thorp, Willard, 1946-1977
Box 6
Turner, Arlin, 1949-1977
Box 6
Untermeyer, Louis, 1922-1943
Box 6
Van Doren, Carl Clinton, 1919-1920
Box 6
Van Doren, Mark, 1929-1941
Box 6
Ward, Christopher, 1935
Box 6
Wells, Anna Mary, 1964-1976
Box 6
Correspondence, 1920-1978
(5 folders)
Box 6
Clippings, 1971-1978 and undated
(1 folder)
Box 6
Widdemer, Margaret, 1925
Box 6
Wilt, Napier, 1939-1946
Box 6
Wister, Owen, 1931
Box 6
Woodress, James Leslie, 1946-1972
Box 6
Zeek, Charles Franklyn, 1929-1976
Box 6

Contains single letters from publishers, colleagues, librarians, and minor writers. As in the Correspondence, Alphabetical Series, these letters pertain to the daily paperwork of academic life, such as departmental and committee appointments, recommendations, thesis approvals, and speaking engagements. Several letters concern Hubbell's writings and research.

[RESTRICTED. Contains recommendations. For a period of 75 years after the latest date in the collection, patrons must sign an Acknowledgment of Legal Responsibilities and Privacy Rights form before using materials.]

1919-1929
Box 6
1930-1942
Box 7
1943-1975
Box 8
1976-1979
Box 9

This series consists of two subseries, Writings by Hubbell and Writings by Others. Unpublished and published manuscripts, reprints, reviews, and correspondence pertaining to the writings make up each subseries. The materials in both subseries are arranged alphabetically.

This subseries contains original writings by Hubbell, both published and unpublished. It is divided into three sections: Manuscripts, A-Z; Publications Files; and Printed Materials. Manuscripts of lectures, articles, student handbooks, conference and meeting papers, and reminiscences written by Hubbell of literary figures and critics (including Frank Clyde Brown,Robert Frost,Lewis Leary,John H. McGinnis, and Carl Sandburg) can be found in the Manuscripts, A-Z folders. Reminiscences are filed alphabetically by the subject's last name. The Publications Files mainly consist of correspondence and related bureaucratic materials concerning Hubbell's published works, and are arranged alphabetically by title. An exception is the inclusion of a copy of his memoir of his wife, Lucinda. The Printed Materials files include reprints of Hubbell's articles and essays as well as reprints of reviews of his writings. The files also include a scrapbook in which reprints and clippings of newspaper articles, Hubbell's writings, and reviews of Hubbell's writings can be found. Folders arranged in alphabetical order by folder title.

Manuscripts, A-U, 1908-1978 and undated
(9 folders)
Box 9
Manuscripts, V-Z, 1908-1978 and undated
(4 folders)
Box 10
First Edition, 1932-1972 and undated
Box 10
Revised Editions, 1947-1948 and undated
Box 10
Eight American Authors, 1970-1976 and undated
Box 10
The Enjoyment of Literature, 1929-1930
Box 10
Essays on American Literature in Honor of Jay B. Hubbell, 1966-1968 and undated
Box 10
Introduction to Drama, 1926-1949
Box 10
Introduction to Poetry, 1921-1936 and undated
Box 10
The Last Years of Henry Timrod, 1940-1945
Box 10
Lucinda, 1975-1977
Box 10
South and Southwest, 1965-1967 and undated
Box 10
Correspondence and Clippings, 1954-1970 and undated
Box 10
Reviews, 1954-1959 and undated
Box 11
Southern Life in Fiction, 1960-1974
Box 11
Correspondence and Notes, 1921-1974 and undated
Box 11
Clippings, 1971-1975
Box 11
Articles, A-Z
(6 folders)
Box 11
Reviews
Box 12
Scrapbook
Box 12

Contains many reprints inscribed and sent to Hubbell as well as articles and essays which Hubbell gathered, including copies of four pre-1900 essays. Several manuscripts of memoirs of early teachers of American literature written by their colleagues appear in these folders, filed by author's last name (memoirs also appear in the Writings by Hubbell and Correspondence, Alphabetical Series). Eleanor Marguerite Tilton's collected writings by and about Ralph Leslie Rusk are filed under her name, along with her reminiscence of Rusk. Items are arranged alphabetically by author's name.

Allen, Gay Wilson, 1937
Box 12
Anderson, Carl Lennart, 1971
Box 12
Author unknown, 1869
Box 12
Author unknown, 1887
Box 12
Basler, Roy Prentice, 1938-1977 and undated
Box 12
Bernbaum, Ernest, 1926
Box 12
Blackstock, Walter, 1948 and undated
Box 12
Blair, Walter, 1976
Box 12
Brown, Herbert Ross, 1935
Box 12
Bruccoli, Matthew Joseph, 1951-1978
Box 12
Cahill, William and Molly McKaughan, 1976
Box 12
Calhoun, Richard James, 1977
Box 12
Campbell, Harry Modean, 1954
Box 12
Canby, Henry Seidel, 1929
Box 12
Cannon, James and Lewis Patton, 1950
Box 12
Contrell, Clyde Hull, 1960
Box 12
Carlock, Mary Sue, undated
Box 12
Centing, Richard R., 1978
Box 12
Chapman, John S., 1978
Box 12
Clark, Linda, 1980
Box 12
Cone, Eddie Gay, 1977-1985
Box 12
Davis, Arthur Kyle, 1972
Box 12
Davis, Curtis Carroll, 1970-1972
Box 12
Davis, Richard Beale, 1943-1978
Box 12
Day, George Parmly, 1914
Box 12
Duggan, Margaret, 1979
Box 12
Eidson, John Olin, 1956-1977 and undated
Box 12
Fabian, Bernhard, 1959
Box 12
Ferguson, Oliver Watkins, 1971
Box 12
Fisher, Benjamin Franklin, 1971-1974
Box 12
Fisher, John Hurt, 1952-1955
Box 12
French, L. Virginia, 1868
Box 12
Fuson, Ben W., 1952
Box 12
Gates, William Bryan, 1960
Box 12
Gilbert, Allan H., 1954
Box 12
Gilbert, Katharine, 1949
Box 12
Gillis, Everett A., 1954
Box 12
Gohdes, Clarence L. F., 1936-1972
Box 12
Grattan, Clinton Hartley, 1931
Box 12
Gregory, S., 1871
Box 12
Gross, Theodore L., 1968-1978
Box 12
Guilds, John C., 1956-1960
Box 12
Hayne, Paul H., 1874
Box 12
Herron, Ima Honaker, 1960-1976
Box 12
Holman, Clarence Hugh, 1949-1950
Box 12
Holman, Harriet R., 1977
Box 13
Hornberger, Theodore, 1941
Box 13
Jackson, David Kelly, 1975-1976
Box 13
Jones, Howard Mumford, 1936-1956
Box 13
Kahn, Sholom Jacob, 1957 and undated
Box 13
King, Robert T., 1977
Box 13
Kinnamon, Keneth, 1959
Box 13
Lampson, Robin, 1939-1940
Box 13
Law, Robert Adger, 1937
Box 13
Lawrence, David Herbert, 1926
Box 13
Lewis, John Smith, 1941
Box 13
Leary, Lewis Gaston, 1941-1976
Box 13
Mabbott, Maureen (Cobb), 1970-1980
Box 13
McCain, John Walker, 1970
Box 13
McDavid, Raven Ioor, 1972
Box 13
McDowell, Tremaine, 1930
Box 13
McKeithan, Daniel Morley, 1930-1979
Box 13
MacLeish, Archibald, 1976
Box 13
Markham, Edwin, undated
Box 13
Miller, Perry, 1964
Box 13
Moore, Rayburn Sabatzky, 1954-1976
Box 13
Nakamura, Junichi, undated
Box 13
Negley, Glenn, 1966
Box 13
Paton, Alan, 1959
Box 13
Pattee, Fred Lewis, 1924 and undated
Box 13
Pfaff, Daniel Wayne, 1977
Box 13
Pierson, George Wilson, 1954
Box 13
Pound, Louise, 1942
Box 13
Raetz, Martha and M. Kahn, 1975
Box 13
Ralls, J. R., 1867
Box 13
Reece, James B., 1975
Box 13
Robert, Joseph Clarke, 1964-1972
Box 13
Roppolo, Joseph Patrick, 1956
Box 13
Rosenthal, Macha Louis, 1966-1974
Box 13
Rusk, Ralph Leslie, 1953
Box 13
Sanders, Charles Richard, 1957
Box 13
Shepperson, Archibald Bolling, 1954
Box 13
Shryock, Richard Harrison, 1940
Box 13
Smith, Henry Nash, 1975
Box 13
Smith, William Jay, 1976
Box 14
Stewart, Randall, 1955
Box 14
Spiller, Robert Ernest, 1967
Box 14
Stone, Edward, 1961-1966
Box 14
Stovall, Floyd, 1938
Box 14
Thompson, Edgar Tristam, 1965-1976
Box 14
Thorpe, James, 1974
Box 14
Writings by Tilton, 1958
Box 14
Writings on Ralph Rusk, 1979
(6 folders)
Box 14
Tinker, Chauncey Brewster, 1974 (reprint of 1924 article)
Box 14
Turner, Arlin, 1974
Box 14
Wells, Henry Willis , 1976
Box 14
Welty, Eudora, 1956
Box 14
White, George Abbott, 1978
Box 14
Wiesepape, Betty Holland, 1998
Box 14
Wiggins, Robert Lemuel, 1955
Box 14
Williams, Stanley Thomas, 1925
Box 14
Zeek, Charles Franklyn, 1953-1955
Box 14
Pamphlets and short writings, 1883-1966 and undated
Box 14

Includes material pertaining to the major events, institutions, and interests of Hubbell's life and career. Two subseries make up this series: General Files and Projects. Some material related to these subject files is filed elsewhere in the collection, in particular letters from Hubbell's more regular correspondents that appear in the Correspondence, Alphabetical Series. Papers concerning institutional appointments also can be found throughout the Correspondence and Biographical Data Series.

Contains materials on a broad range of topics: Hubbell's institutional affiliations (Southern Methodist University, Columbia, Clemson, and the University of Richmond), the proceedings of the Modern Language Association (MLA) and its American Literature Section, the Jay B. Hubbell Medallion (given by the MLA to honor American literary scholarship) and the Mayflower Award (given annually to the best nonfiction work by a North Carolina resident). Other areas of professional interest and concern, such as graduate students and courses, Duke Library collection development, and folklore make up the rest of the series. Items are filed alphabetically within the subseries and chronologically within each folder.

American Literature, 1969
Box 14
Clemson College, 1956-1961 and undated
Box 14
Collection Development, 1961 and undated
Box 14
Columbia University, 1957-1975
Box 14
Courses, 1954-1955 and undated
Box 14
Duke University Press, undated
Box 14
Eugenia Dorothy Blount Lamar Lectures, 1959
Box 14
Folklore, 1968-1976
Box 14
Graduate Studies, 1949 and undated
Box 14
Jamestown, 1957 and undated
Box 15
Jay B. Hubbell Center for Literary Historiography, 1976-1980
Box 15
Jay B. Hubbell Medallion, 1965-1976
Box 15
Mayflower Cup Award, 1955
Box 15
Correspondence, 1927-1977
(2 folders)
Box 15
Programs, 1926-1957
Box 15
Correspondence, 1923-1976
Box 15
Annual Reports, 1951-1977
(2 folders)
Box 15
Modern Language Association of America, Comparative Language Section, 1948
Box 15
News Items, 1924-1978 and undated
Box 15
Notes, circa 1922-1976 and undated
Box 15
Phi Beta Kappa, circa 1961
Box 15
South Atlantic Modern Language Association, 1930-1954
(2 folders)
Box 15
Southern Methodist University, 1951-1974

[Oversize material removed to Oversize Folder 2.]

Box 15
Southwest Review, 1924-1970
Box 15
University of Richmond, 1929-1979
(2 folders)
Box 16

Hubbell's interest in the development of literary scholarship, particularly of American and Southern literature, prompted him to undertake many projects throughout his career. One such project concerned Hubbell's role as an active contributor to the development of Duke University Library's literary collections. His interest in building a renowned collection of American literature and American literary scholarship at Duke is demonstrated throughout his papers, but most specifically in his proposal for the establishment of a Center for Southern Studies, whose purpose would be to house a vast historical and literary collection pertaining to the South. This plan never materialized as Hubbell envisioned in the letters that can be found in the "Center for Southern Studies" folders. In 1966, a Center for Southern Studies did open at Duke, but it was one in which Hubbell was not involved and whose vision Hubbell did not endorse.

Similarly, Hubbell spearheaded the Cooperative Training Program for Foreign Teachers of American Literature initiative. Two universities, at first Harvard and Duke and then Minnesota and Duke, were to cooperatively implement a program to train instructors to teach American Literature abroad. Due to a lack of funding, the program was never begun. Another project which experienced financial setbacks was Hubbell's plan to compile a checklist of American literature manuscript sources in the United States. Hubbell introduced the idea in 1930 and participated in many negotiations over the project, but it was sidetracked because of insufficient funding. The 1960 publication of American Literary Manuscripts, however, completed the project that Hubbell had initiated 30 years earlier. Papers relating to this publication are in the J. A. Robbins Papers and American Literary Manuscripts Papers in the Hubbell Center at Duke University.

This subseries also contains records of other more immediately successful projects, such as the SMU poetry contests, Correspondence Teaching, and the Extension Program at SMU. All files are alphabetical, and arranged chronologically by date within each folder.

Center for Southern Studies, 1929-1976 and undated
Box 16
Checklist of Manuscripts, 1929-1976
(2 folders)
Box 16
Correspondence Teaching, undated
Box 16
Cooperative Training Program, 1951-1976 and undated
Box 16
Extension Teaching, 1916-1950
Box 16
Revision of Cambridge History of American Literature, 1976 and undated.
Box 16
Southern Methodist University Poetry Contests, 1922-1926
Box 16
Society for the Study of Southern Literature, circa 1967-1975
Box 16

Hubbell's many different teaching experiences included appointments at three universities outside of the United States. Hubbell served twice as Expert to the Secretary of the U. S. Army and Visiting Professor of American Literature at the University of Vienna. Reports which Hubbell submitted to the Army detailing his experiences can be found in the "Vienna" folders. The "Jerusalem" folders contain materials about Hubbell's brief trip to Israel. His appointment as Professor at Hebrew University was abridged as Hubbell and his wife were evacuated eight days after their arrival due to the outbreak of the Arab-Israeli conflict. This series also includes information about his teaching at the University of Athens. Additional accounts of his experience teaching abroad can be found in his writings, Lucinda and South and Southwest. Correspondence and materials about Hubbell's teaching within the United States appears throughout several series: Biographical Data, Correspondence, and Subject Files. Files are arranged alphabetically by location.

Athens (1953), 1952-1956
Box 16
Jerusalem (1956), 1956-1957 and undated
(2 folders)
Box 17
Vienna (1949), 1948-1949 and undated
Box 17
Vienna (1950), 1949-1950 and undated
(2 folders)
Box 17

The highlights of the Photographs Series include pictures of Hubbell throughout his life, including ones with his wife and young sons, and as a young Lieutenant; of colleagues, including a photograph of Hubbell's 90th birthday with many of his fellow Duke faculty; of the Hubbell's Pinecrest Rd., Durham home; of Carl Sandburg; and various other pictures of family, friends, and associates. The series contains black and white and color photographs, as well as candid pictures and formal portraits. The earliest photograph depicts Hubbell's relatives in uniform as Virginia Sharpshooters in the Civil War.

Photographs,
(2 folders)
Box 17

This series houses clippings of the many noteworthy personal and professional events of Hubbell's life, as well as clippings about contemporary events and Hubbell's friends and colleagues. While many clippings are scattered throughout the collection, this series contains those which were not originally filed by subject or correspondent. All personal clippings are housed in box 17, as the oversize folder of clippings only contains items relating to Hubbell's professional life.

The oversize clippings folder contains newspaper articles written by Hubbell and articles written by others about his scholarly work. Articles include several authored by Hubbell in the Dallas Morning News from 1920, 1924, 1926, and 1927. Many clippings review Hubbell's writings and projects, including American Literature;The South in American Fiction, 1607-1900;South and Southwest;and Essays on American Literature in Honor of Jay B. Hubbell. Other subjects include the SMU poetry contests and winners, John Lomax's folksong collections, the University of Richmond's 100th Anniversary newspaper (1932), and a Viennese paper's announcement of Hubbell's visiting professorship. All clippings are arranged chronologically by date.

Clippings, 1816-1984 and undated, bulk 1950-1969
(5 folders)

[Oversize material removed to Oversize Folder 1.]

Box 17
Clippings, 1920-1974 and undated
Southern Methodist University, 1974

Historical Note

DateEvent(s)
1885 May 8Born, Smyth County, Va.
1905A.B., University of Richmond
1908A.M., Harvard University
1915-1916Assistant Professor of English, Southern Methodist University
1916-1919Associate Professor, Southern Methodist University
1918Attended Field Artillery Central Officers Training Camp, Camp Zachary, Taylor, Ky.
Married Lucinda Smith
1921-1927E. A. Lilly Professor of English and English Department Chair, Southern Methodist University, Tex.
1922Ph.D., Columbia University
Published An Introduction to Poetry
1924Published Prairie Pegasus (editor)
1924-1926Served as Group Chairman, American Literature Section, Modern Language Association
1924-1927Editor, Southwest Review
1927-1954Professor of American Literature, Duke University
1927Published An Introduction to Drama
1928Founded American Literature (journal)
1928-1954Served as Chairman of the Board of Editors, American Literature
1929Published first issue of American Literature
Published The Enjoyment of Literature
1929-1930, 1932Visiting Professor, Columbia University summer sessions
1936Published American Life in Literature
1939Served as Group Chairman, American Literature Section, Modern Language Association
1941Published The Last Years of Henry Timrod, 1864-1867
1943-1948Director of Graduate Studies, English Department, Duke University
1949Served as Visiting Expert with the U. S. Forces in Austria on the American Literature Project, and Visiting Professor of American Literature, University of Vienna
Visiting Professor, University of California at Los Angeles
1950Served as Visiting Expert with the U. S. Forces in Austria on the American Literature Project, and Visiting Professor of American Literature, University of Vienna
1953Served as Fulbright Professor of American Literature and Civilization, University of Athens, Greece
1954Retired from Duke University
Published The South in American Literature
1954-1955Visiting Professor, University of Virginia
1955Won Mayflower Award
1956Visiting Professor, Clemson University
Served as Smith-Mundt Professor of American Literature, Hebrew University, Jerusalem
1957-1958Visiting Professor, Columbia University
1959Delivered Eugenia Dorothy Blount Lamar Lectures, Mercer University
1960Published Southern Life in Fiction
1961Visiting Professor, University of Kentucky
1964Inauguration of the Jay B. Hubbell Medallion by the American Literature Section of the Modern Language Association
1964-1967Appointed Honorary Consultant in American Cultural History, Library of Congress
1965Published South and Southwest
1967Published Essays on American Literature in Honor of Jay B. Hubbell
1972Published Who Are the Major American Writers?
1976Founded Jay B. Hubbell Center for American Literary Historiography; David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
1979 Feb. 13Died
1980Lucinda Hubbell died

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Jay B. Hubbell Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Jay B. Hubbell Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift from Jay B. Hubbell in 1978, with additional materials received from Hubbell and other donors from 1979 to 2001.

Processing Information

Processed by Erma Whittington and Lauren Coats

Completed June 16, 2003

Encoded by Lauren Coats and Paula Jeannet Mangiafico

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.