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Guide to the International Monitor Institute. Burma Videotapes, circa 1990-2002

Abstract

The non-profit agency International Monitor Institute (IMI) operated between 1993 and 2003, primarily to assist international war-crimes tribunals by collecting, indexing and organizing visual evidence of violations of international human rights law.

The International Monitor Institute Records, Burma Videotapes span the dates 1992-2002, and comprise audiovisual materials related to IMI's documentation of contemporary conflicts and human rights violations in Burma (Myanmar). These audiovisual records largely document the activities, interviews, speeches, press conferences and ceremonies of political figures, especially Aung San Suu Kyi, and document the activities of political and military institutions such figures represent, including the All Burma Students Democratic Front (ABSDF), the National League for Democracy (NLD) and the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC). Records also include extensive network and independent story packages of Burma and footage of human rights conflicts. Topics and footage cover life in Burma under military regime, refugees and refugee camps (especially Karen refugees), political prisoners, survivor stories, forced labor, Japan's role in the refugee situation, and Los Angeles protests against the SLORC and Unocal. These records include copies of approximately 268 video cassettes. The video and audio material is indexed by an extensive database developed by IMI which includes keywords, air dates, segment producer, and segment title. Acquired as part of the Human Rights Archive. Further organizational material on Burma can be found in the International Monitor Institute Records, also at the Rubenstein Library.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
International Monitor Institute
Title
International Monitor Institute. Burma Videotapes circa 1990-2002
Language of Material
English
Extent
12 Linear Feet, 287 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

The Burma Videotapes section of the International Monitoring Institute records contains descriptions of 286 tapes collected by IMI that depict human rights issues and themes in Burma. Material includes amateur footage, news coverage, commercial productions, as well as material from independent production companies. The format of materials include network documentaries; first-hand footage; interviews with both political figures and unidentified Burmese, particularly Burmese survivors, migrant workers, and refugees; recordings of award ceremonies and speeches; news coverage of street protests in Burma as well as protests in Los Angeles, especially those of the Burma Forum LA. Topics range from military activities and movements; the refugee situation and refugee camps; forced and migrant labor; minefield survivors; the political activities of the National League for Democracy (NLD), the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC), the All Burmese Student Army and other prominent organizations, including other student organization, operating in Burma; everday life under the military regime; the Japanese role in the refugee situation; the problem of widespread rape; rescued girls and children; methods of torture; testimony of massacres and other abuses; as well as documentation of Burmese cultural events, including tribal dances and Burmese song. The majority of videotapes are in NTSC VHS format. Other formats include PAL Betacam SP, NTSC Betacam SP and PAL VHS. Please note that the descriptions of the tapes in this collection are based on IMI's data and were not originally drafted by Rubenstein Library Staff. Tape numbers BU092-BU119 were not transferred to the Rubenstein Library and descriptions of these tapes have been omitted from this finding aid. Further organizational material on Burma can be found in the International Monitor Institute Records, also at the Rubenstein Library.

Administrative Information

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warning Access Restrictions

Original audiovisual materials are closed to use. Use of these materials may require production of listening or viewing copies. Please contact a reference archivist before coming to use this collection.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center.The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

[Description of the tapes was migrated from a File Maker Pro database maintained by IMI. Tape numbers BU092-BU119 were not transferred to the Rubenstein and description of these tapes has been omitted.

RESTRICTED: Original audiovisual materials are closed to use. Use of these materials may require production of listening or viewing copies.

Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Bay Area Video Coalition.
  • Diary: Edited Report by Jeanne Hallacy for Bay Area Video Coalition (English).
  • This video portrays a general picture of Burma's struggle for democracy and the Junta's human right abuses, and includes interviews with refugees, deserters and soldiers from the student army and an exiled student named Htin Aung.
  • Behind the peaceful landscape and holiness of the pagodas, we see evidence of the torture of Burmese people. The people's demand for democratic changes in 1988 resulted in thousands of deaths.Thousands of students fled Burma in order to plan a coup against the regime.
  • In 1992 reporters visited Manawplaw HQ of Karen National Union on the Thai border. The student army, All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF), joined them.
  • Htin Aung was from a family of 10. His brothers and sisters were scattered and jailed.He could not attend the funerals of either of his parents.
  • Htin Aung fled Burma with his family and left his little sister behind with villagers and never saw her again.
  • Chatate's parents were killed by the army. He ran away and ended up joining ABSDF. He said, "I am not scared. I am holding a gun not a stick...."
  • Kevin, an American living in Manawplaw said, "Nonviolent? After your father was taken as porter and your mother was raped and you were forced to watch? What can you expect?"
  • In 1994 Htin Aung married San San Aye and had twin daughters. "As long as Burma is not free," he said, "we won't go back.We will stay here. We will fight if not in our generation then my daughters will carry on."
  • An interview was conducted with two deserters from the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) who talked about abuses to porters.
  • In January 1995 Manawplaw fell. Htin Aung was in the jungle at the time and his two daughters were hit by malaria.
  • A reporter in Rangoon met San's parents with Aung San Suu Kyi.
  • The National League for Democracy's (NLD) stand on ABSDF is as follows: "Unfortunately we can't stop them from taking up arms because we can't guarantee their safety here."
  • During Christmas 1995, Htin Aungwas in Bangkok. In 1996, he left for Australia where he stayed in the Refugee Processing Camp for a year.
  • At the end of the interview with one student and Myint Myint San about torture in prison, Htin Aung said: "My country will win finally." The reporter remarked, "The picture records the moment of truth before they are changed."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:55:00] (2 copies)
Box 291 Videocassette BU001
BBC: 40 Million Hostages
  • Produced by: BBC
  • Network: BBC
  • Report on the struggle for Democracy in Burma and the army's treatment of the Burmese people. Includes footage from various demonstrations that occurred in 1988 and footage of the Burmese army firing on demonstrators; amateur footage of injured or dead protesters being carried away by other protesters; and scenes from the All Burma Student Democratic Front (ABSDF) training camp.
  • Various interviews with Burmese refugees who have escaped to Thailand and who give accounts of torture, detainment, forced labor, forced portage and arbitrary killings. Documentary also features interviews with Aung San Suu Kyi, Ohn Gyaw (Foreign Affairs Ministry), and Karen refugees.
  • Report on the National League for Democracy led by Aung San Suu Kyi and how she came out as the single strongest party to challenge the regime sponsored National Unity party. The National League for Democracy (NLD) won 81% of the total seats in parliament. Ne Win's government arrested and/or intimidated many parliament members and encouraged them to abandon their support for the NLD. Ne Win's government announced an open door trade policy. Thailand, Japan, United Kingdom and USA are trading with Burma and China has supplied arms.
  • Burmese refugees who have escaped to Thailand: Unidentified male 2: "When we arrived at the monastery and looked back we saw some young women cowering; they fell into the gutter. The government thugs bayoneted these young women and beat them up with batons."; Unidentified female 1: "The soldier ordered my brother to dig his own grave.Then they cut off his arms and then his legs. Then they cut out his tongue and gouged out his eyes. Then they pushed him into the grave and shot him twice through the head and then filled in the pit."; Unidentified male 7: "I was not fed. They asked me if I wanted to eat. I said I did, so they said, 'Here's some food' and they stood on my face until blood came out of my ears.The sergeant asked me if I realized who he was, and I said I didn't. Then they tied me up to a tree and left me there for seven days."
  • Ohn Gyaw (Foreign Affairs Ministry): "The demonstrators, there were about twenty. But five-hundred-and-twenty-five looters. Of course there are many people on the streets. The shooting scene was only one scene. You can check again, whatever tapes only one scene of the army is shooting in the crowds, thousands would have been killed."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:46:00] (2 copies)
Box 291 Videocassette BU002
Asia Works: Three interviews with Aung San Suu Kyi (August '97 and November '96)
  • Produced by: Images Aisa
  • Interview Episode 1:
  • In August 1997, Aung San Suu Kyi discussed various economic and political issues taking place in Burma and the National League for Democracy (NLD): "Investment in Burma won't be a success due to instability and inflation. Dialogue is the best possible solution to the problems in Burma." She expressed the NLD's readiness for comprehensive dialogue with the government, not merely a meeting. Although Suu Kyi's movements were restricted and her speeches were not reaching the public,people could get the updates through Radio Free Asia, BBC, VOA or theDemocratic Voice of Burma. Regarding the political stalemate, Suu Kyi said, "Politics is not a drama, it is everyone's life.The regime-sponsored National convention will not bring genuine democracy because their members do not truly represent the people." When generals accused her of being a dictator in NLD, she said generals did not understand democracy.
  • Interview Episode 2.
  • November 1996: Burmese citizens do not have the right to file a complaint when they are deprived of political rights by the government. Although the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) signed the United Nations Convention on Child Abuse,they did not prevent children from working in government projects. SLORC must deliver basic family rights before it can go further.(Continue interview in Tape 4)
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:40:00] (2 copies)
Box 291 Videocassette BU003
Asia Works: Interview with National League for Democracy (NLD) leaders & Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Produced by: Images Asia
  • Network: Asia works
  • Continuation from tape 3.
  • NLD leaders appear outdoors, after Aung San Suu Kyi's three cars are attacked by the Union Solidarity Development Association (USDA).
  • An underage worker working on a road project in Rangoon, patching the potholes with the melted bitumen by hands.
  • "If one is forced to workagainsthis will, it is forced labor no matter how noble the project may be. Labor culture thrives in Burma."
  • In June 1996, 4 points people's desire was very paranoid. The State Law and Order Restoration Council Council (SLORC)-sponsored anti NLD marches were not evidence of NLD's failure. People are forced to attend those rallies. General Kyaw Ba was mentioned threatening Suu Kyi on the dialogue issues. When Lee Kuan Yew commented that SLORC should be in power to prevent what had happened in Bosnia from happening in Burma, Suu Kyi said Bosnia's problem was not caused by a weak government but rather by a strong government's prolonged oppression.
  • In November 1996, a riot scene from Rangoon right after Suu Kyi's car was attacked by around 200 members of the Union Solidarity Development Association (USDA); SLORC sponsored the youth wing members. Suu Kyi and the other executive committee members were seen persuading people not to retaliate but to go home safely.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:31:00] (2 copies)
Box 291 and 298 Videocassette BU004
Asia Works: Interview with Aung San Suu Kyi, November 1996
  • Produced by: Images Asia
  • Network: Asia Works
  • November 1996
  • Suu Kyi's brief appearance in public.
  • Interview with Aung San Suu Kyi on the international economic sanction on Burmese Military Government.
  • The State Law and Order Restoration Council's (SLORC) open market economy does not benefit the majority. It only benefits the elite.The system is not a genuine market economy but "crony capitalism." The sanctions will not benefit the vast majority who are not also beneficiaries of market economy. The SLORC does not spend on public health, education and other development programs at all. Sanctions will force the bankrupt SLORC to the dialogue table with the National League for Democracy (NLD). The timing of this will be when there is a confirmed repression being committed by the SLORC against citizens and an opposition such as the mass arrest of NLD members and a physical attack on NLD members by the Union Solidarity and Development Association (USDA). Suu Kyi expressed that NLD's will is free, free from harassment and arrests of the members.
  • Suu Kyiappeared in the public with NLD CEOs.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:31:00] (3 copies)
Box 298 Videocassette BU005
AsiaWorks: Press conference inside the temporary Congress Hall prior to aborted National League for Democracy (NLD) National Congress (1996), Part I
  • Produced by: AsiaWorks
  • Brief Scene of Aung San Suu Kyi's compound and the NLD Headquarters.
  • Interview with Aung San Suu Kyi, October 2,1996.
  • Press conference: May 1996, Suu Kyi announced that 195 elected representatives, 10 ordinary members and 12 from the youth wings were arrested so far by the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) in an attempt to obstruct the NLD congress. All ECs are still free. NLD intends to go ahead as planned. SLORC claimed that NLD did not enjoy popular support. Suu Kyi countered that SLORC spent a great deal ofenergy to arrest and disrupt NLD congress which is much smaller than a SLORC wedding; proof that SLORC is nervous. Sanctions won't hurt great the majority of Burmese. Investments benefit only a small fraction of population closed to SLORC who are already wealthy. Suu Kyi joked about taking military intelligence's (MI) pictures and publishing them.
  • Press Conference: NLD is always ready for dialogue. NLD will lead Burma toward democracy as soon as possible. Suu Kyi claimed that 1996 was the critical year for Burma's democracy. Investments can't be stopped but no profit is expected. In Burma there is no rule of law and the economy is in bad shape. It was not known how much the Japanese government had provided in humanitarian aid to Burma. Arrests and harassments have proven that SLORC is nervous about NLD. Suu Kyi was released but not free. SLORC would be happy if she leaves Burma. More arrests including Suu Kyi's arrest was anticipated. SLROC has broken promises.
  • Suu Kyi walked while newsmen followed. She mentioned U Win Htein's arrest and the emotional matter.
  • Interviews after the Congress were canceled due to road blocks in October 1996. Suu Kyi announced that a total of over 500 were detained. All those efforts were wasted due to lack of dialogue. When asked if the Burmese see no hope and no sign of change, she said people had no choice except to hope and wait and work. But people will never give up on peace and justice. She never breaks promises. SLORC gives out false information on her and NLD. SLORC does not allow her to go on out of town trips. SLORC persuades Asian diplomats not to invite her.Phone calls are intercepted. Her security is SLORC's excuse but is actually more for digging information. (Continued on tape 7)
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:31:00]
Box 298 Videocassette BU006
ABC: Report on Burma
  • Produced by: ABCSpanish edition
  • Spanish version of ABC News on Burma:
  • Aung San Suu Kyi's speech on heroin victims in Burma.
  • Report on C-Span on HR 3540, the Foreign Operation Appropriation Act.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:10:00]
Box 298 Videocassette BU006
Images Asia: Interview with Aung San Suu Kyi, October 2, 1996; Part II
  • Produced by: Image Asia/AsiaWorks
  • Interview Continued from Tape 6
  • Two people interviewed by ABC, U Win Htein & Eva (Maung San Hlaing) were arrested as part of the State Law and Order Restoration Council's (SLORC) intimidation campaign. Suu Kyi and some National League for Democracy (NLD) members will continue to work. They know the consequences of doing so. NLD as a political party has to function as it is supposed to.
  • Chicago Herald Tribune's Burmese article was cut out with scissors. U Aye Win, Suu Kyi's assistant, was nowhere to be found. Some members were released. Final statistics showed over 800 were arrested nationwide. Only 20 to 30 had been charged and only 23 released. Suu Kyi said, "Too much blood has been spilled, that many have been put into jail. People have tried. What more could we do? Bloodshed before change is a wrong concept. We don't believe in violence." End Interview.
  • Su Kyi's home: The Junction was filled with soldiers driving away and arresting supporters who go to her home, September 29 & 30 1996.
  • Interview on September 30 1996:SLORC released Suu Kyi. "Dialogue is the ultimate tool to solve problems in Burma. Dialogue is not a boxing match in which one will beat up the other to win. If conditions and the environment change toward an acceptable level, NLD will join the convention."
  • NLD is being marginalized due to the convention. The economy has never been good enough. 40% to 90% of the farmers are starving due to the government's export-oriented policy which forces farmers to sell crops with the government prices. Investment is never good for the public but good to the few close to SLORC. NLD has no intention to strip those who are rich due to SLORC's policy. NLD won't lead the country back to 1988. We will lead the country ahead.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:31:04]
Box 298 Videocassette BU007
Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony 1991
  • Produced by: Nobel Committee
  • Forty Million Hostages (see Tape 2 )
  • Nobel Peace Prize 1991, Award Ceremony for Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Oslo, Norway. (English : 1: 10Hrs)
  • Dispatches. Edited reportby Christopher Mould, "Burma Dying for Democracy," Channel 4, Great Britain. Screen venture production 1989. ( English43 Minutes)
  • 7.070
  • Noble Peace Prize award ceremony,1991. Dignitaries arrive on red carpet. Michael Aris, husband of Aung San Suu Kyi and their two sons, Alexander & Kim, enter the hall and the Nobel Committee follows. The other laureates follow. Portrait of Aung San Suu Kyi hangs over the wall. Family take their seats. Big crowd gathered outside. King of Norway arrives. Symphony plays an Andante. Opening remarks of the Nobel committee.
  • Musical number to honor Aung San Suu Kyi byduo, with Burmese Soung, Mya Man Giri Thein Tan.
  • Gold medal & diploma received by husband Michael Aris and Alexander & Kim Aris, sons of Aung San Suu Kyi.
  • Alexander spoke for Aung San Suu Kyi. Received on be half all who sacrificed in pursuit of the democratic Burma. Today coincided with Human Rights Day.
  • Orchestra plays. Freedom march allegro, Dignitaries shake, then family leaves the hall and ceremony concludes.
  • Burma dying for democracy: Students chant: "Burma our land. This is our time to go out and fight for freedom."
  • Smiling faces. LSD upsets proud people, twice demonetization triggers massive bankruptcy and subsequently the people's uprising. Army brutally responded, 42 killed.
  • Justice at own hand, beheaded suspected military agents.
  • State Law and Order Restoration Council (LORC) took over power and killed hundreds. Army said they were looters. Min Win said, "In front of US embassy, army from the roof shot at us." Thet Naing Aung said, "I saw a girl shot at leg; one nurse rushed to the girl but bullets hit both of them. I saw them both went dead still."
  • All Burmese Students' Democratic Front (BSDF) is born. Zaw Oo said, "We protested peacefully but they shot us unarmed civilians. Arrested scores and female inmates raped."
  • Soe Min, "We were asked to disperse but we refused. Then they shot at us. Many died; some of them were just passers-by."
  • Ye Gaung , Journalist: "The socialist dream put us to the LSD. We want democracy. We will never get it in the presence of military government."
  • Tanimsarim river bank Karen National Union (KNU) camp. Saw Lone: "One is brutality of the regime the other rumors of arriving foreign aid. New chapter in Burmese history. They now see what's going on."
  • Myint Thein of All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF): "We will fight hand in hand with ethics." 4 Cuts.
  • Than Minn Htun: "My daughter was weak. She fell when bullet hits her. But my son who was brushed by bullets did not die. They stabbed him, threw him and my daughter to the fire.
  • Teak & black marketsources of KNU income.
  • Manaplaw hospital.
  • Bo Mya giving award to the disabled.
  • A Boxing match.
  • National Democratic Front.
  • "I don't want to see more lives lost." Cho Cho Kyaw Nyein
  • Preparation for election. Thakin Chit Maung. Heavy inflation.
  • Khin Nyunt: "We don't restrict any party unless they operate under law."
  • U Nu: "Government seems to be fair this time."
  • National League for Democracy's (NLD) U Tin Oo (Thura Tin Oo) welcomed the election. Aung San Suu Kyi is Burma's Butto.
  • Army is not sincere according to students. We fight for freedom with our way.
  • Unwelcome peace talks.
  • "Burmese are never our enemies," said Bo Mya.
  • Breng Sang, Kachin Independence Army: "Peace is on the table, not on the battle field."
  • Saw Lone: "People expect student to lead a change but they must move right."
NTSC VHS [TRT 2:15:00]
Box 298 Videocassette BU007
ABC: Interview with Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Produced by: AsiaWorks/ABC
  • Network: ABC
  • In July, 1995, Aung San Suu Kyi's appears for the first time in public since her release from house arrest.
  • Outdoor speeches and Q& A session with the people.
  • "Ethnic issues should be resolved. The State Law and Order Restoration Coucnils' (SLORC) cease fire was not a successful one because people still carry arms. When peace prevails there is no need for people to hold arms."
  • Drug addiction is at a dangerous level. There is not enough evidence to conclude money laundering of drug sources. Suu Kyi is still organizing the National League for Democracy (NLD) and is not ready to go around the country. NLD is elected by people. Journalists want news. Ethnic issue has to be addressed democratically. Among Burmese there is a lack of trust.
  • Supporters were waiting for Suu Kyi outside. As she emerged, people chanted, "Good Health to Daw Aung San Su Kyi! Good health to Uncle U Tin Oo & Uncle U Kyi Maung!"
  • Q & A: Democracy is the truth and the appropriate ideology for everyone.The other side is dictatorship, which is very harmful to the people. There is a difference between the silence of fear and the rule of law. Pandit Neru's government should reveal truth and justice. Law and order are rules of discipline. The government must not ignore the will of the people.
  • Suu Kyi explains the characteristics of being a good king. "A good king observes moral and spiritual leadership in a country. He does not give away truthfulness. He sacrifices. He does not lie nor trick the people. He always listens and analyzes the people. Opportunists around the king are often dangerous." Democracy is to respect the equitable right of every individual.
  • A group of newsmen accompanied by U Kyi Maung and U Win Htein.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 and 298 Videocassette BU008
AsiaWorks: Edited Story Packages on Burma, No 1
  • Produced by: AsiaWorks/Image Asia
  • Composed of nine short segments on Burma's situation, 1995
  • 1.4 Min 10 Sec. Report on people's fear of Junta. Army guarded Aung San Suu Kyi's home. One general was quoted saying: "Suu Kyi tried to break the army apart. Army should assume power to prevent Burma from becoming like Bosnia Herzegovina"
  • A brief appearance by Michael Aris.
  • 2.3 Min 19 Sec. State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)'s Union Day Celebration; colorful ethnic costumes, people paying tribute to army. Tens of thousands of Karen and Rohingya refugees fled SLORC onslaught. Ethnic dancers seen saluting and paying tribute to army.
  • 3.4 Min 7 Sec.SLORC's preparation for Myanmar visit in year 1996. Win Htein training hotel staff. Report argues that with present pace of progress, to expect half a million tourists in a year is too much too soon.
  • 4.3 Min 32 Sec. First Credit Card issued at Myanmar Oriental Bank (MOB). Interview with Los Angeles-based Albert-Naing. People will be free from carrying cash in bulk. Report says the majority can not carry cash in bulk.
  • 5.3 Min 23 Sec. March 27 Military Day march. Interviewed army officer says army granted democracy in Burma but it must be Burma's own way that suits the people.
  • 6. 3 Min 15 Sec. Tachileik Border town - a boom town. At the edge of Golden Triangle, there were predawn attacks by Khunsa Mao Htai army. They shook the town with gunfire and motor shells. Civilians crossed the river to Thailand. SLORC rocket caused the entire compound to burn. Only 3 were captured and the rest escaped, leaving 600 people homeless.
  • 7. 4 Min. 58 Sec. A bridge over the river Moi (Thaung Yinn) was called Friendship Bridge. Maesot from Thailand side & Myawaddy from the other side. Burma stopped free passage and is on the Thailand side, put up barricade from Burma's half of the bridge, accusing Thailand of harboring the rebels. Business is stopped. Interview with business man Chaiwood.
  • 8.1 Min 56 Sec. Aung San Suu Kyi was released. New investments poured into hotel construction. Commercial hotel rooms are shown. Suu Kyi was warned to be careful.
  • 9.2 Min. 29 Sec. Aung San Suu Kyi's public speeches. SLORC conducted a Constitutional Convention which NLD said was a sham. SLORC tried to marginalizethe NLD and Suu Kyi.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:09] (2 copies)
Box 292 Videocassette BU009
AsiaWorks: Edited Story Packages on Burma, No 2
  • Produced by: AsiaWorks/Heather Kally for ABC
  • 1- Economy in Burma, March 1995-06:00 min.
  • 2- Profile of Aung San Suu Kyi, December 1995- 07:30 min.
  • 3-Suu Kyi Primer, December 1995-04:12 min.
  • 4-Mae Sai, Thai-Burma Border, March 1996-03:04 min.
  • 5-AIDS in Burma, February 1996-02:38 min. NOTE: black is for graphic insert of report on AIDS in Burma.
  • 6-Crackdown on NLD, May 1996-02:10 min.
  • 7-NLD Congress, May 1996-02:30 min.
  • 8-NLD Congress, May 1996-03
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:45:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 Videocassette BU010
AsiaWorks: Aung San Suu Kyi's Plea for Karen Refugees
  • Produced by: AsiaWorks
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in Karen, pleading to the world on behalf of Karen Refugees.
  • Although the forefathers and founders of the republic have paved the way for national unity under equality to all ethnic minority, the plan has not materialized yet. Karen brothers fled because of the ravages of army persecution."We should end this violence and turn diversity into an enduring strength." Suu Kyi called for total unity among ethnic groups and the majority.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:03:15] (2 copies)
Box 299 Videocassette BU011
Human Rights Abuses/Newspaper Headlines/Torture
  • Produced by: Personal: HeatherKelly
  • Miscellaneous Collection of human rights abuse in Burma and News Clips on Nobel Laureates' Visit to Burma -Thai Border refugee camps, February 1993:
  • Picture 1, Floating bodies of porters;
  • 2. Body with his hands tied behind his back;
  • 3. Human wounds;
  • 4. Karen Porter's fatal gunshot wound behind the ear;
  • 5. Abandoned body of a porter;
  • 6. Charred body with hands tied;
  • 7. Land mine wound;
  • 8. Karen female refugees;
  • 9. Karen refugees' classroom;
  • 10. Karen refugees w/ the reporters;
  • 11. Burned-down camp site;
  • 12. Burned-down camp site;
  • 13. Camp site 3;
  • 14. Bangkok Post February, 24, 1993
  • Headlines: Laureates Mull More Burmese Sanctions;
  • 15. Desmond Tu Tu's picture;
  • 16. Dalai Lama;
  • 17. News Clips on Burma by Thai local paper.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:00:00] (3 copies)
Box 299 Videocassette BU012
TV Myanmar: Documentary on State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)'s rise to power in Burma
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • SLORC's justification for holding power and denial of the massacres in 1988. SLORC's version of the 1988 people's uprising: Communist party, foreign news agencies and human rights agencies were blamed as instruments in the civil and political unrest. Beheading those accused of poisoning the drinking water and attempt to sabotage the demonstration.
  • Ohn Gyaw spoke: "The truth was overshadowed by the money making reports. No nation would tolerate such challenges andthey would absolutely deal with it the way we did. Changes were indeed already in place. The emergency Party Congress was held on the 23rd July 1988 when Ne Win announced his retirement and pushed for a referendum. But it was rejected. Sein Lwin was elected, but when he was unable to contain the disturbances he was replaced by Dr. Maung Maung. During those days, demonstrators caused massive destruction. Peace, order and the rule of law were challenged. Tatmadaw was the only organized and disciplined entity left in the country. It assumed power to stop the disintegration of the country."
  • Burma Communist Party Politburo meeting was shown with detailed discussion translated into English.
  • "Demonstrators demanded a multiparty democracy to which the government agreed. But the formation of an interim government was the communist party's agenda. The slogans used by the demonstrators were communist party slogans. In the video clip communist leaders discussed taking power by turning down the interim government. The conclusion was that the people's uprising was nothing but the Communist plan to assumepower. To make the situation worse, the news agencies abroad spread rumors and fabricated reports on Burma and her government. Some human rights agencies instigated with unrelated and irrelevant issues. Force was used to protect the government property and only a handful were killed or wounded, unlike what was put in the foreign reports. Brutal beheading scenes were shown but it is stated that foreign journalists only recorded the bad things. Those beheaded, according to the mob, were the residents of the government-sponsored housing projects who were paid to poison the drinking water by Ne Win's daughter Sanda Win.
  • Due to the brutal acts committed by the mob and the plan of the communist party and foreign agitators with vested interests in Burma,the national sovereignty and security were in danger. So Tatmadaw is ready to sacrifice for the good of Burma. It formed SLORC and assumed power. Eventually, law and order were reinstalled. Tatmadaw successfully saved Burma.
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ABC (Australian TV): Various Reports on Burma
  • Produced by: ABC/Marc Laban
  • Miscellaneous footage of Burma's leaders' international and local activities (from June '95 to early 1997).
  • Edited report by Marc Laban: Usual weekend crowd waited at the gate of Daw Aung San Su Kyi hoping to hear her speak. Press conference of Aung San Su Kyi after the NLD annual congress in which State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) was hit hard by the mass unrest: "National Convention could not satisfy the desire of the people so NLD withdrew its support."
  • General was threatened. She was confronted by the army and was very careful about making more such meetings. But she was not intimidated and pledged more series of meetings.
  • Brief scene of Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting in 1995 November.
  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Ministerial meeting at Brunei in August 1995. Ohn Gyaw visited Sultan's representative of Brunei presented Treaty of Amity & Cooperation for Southeast Asia.
  • In December 1995, the ASEAN meeting - SLORC visited Thailand. General Than Shwe &Thai Deputy Prime Minister at flag ceremony.
  • Thai Government Building SLORC: Khin Nyut, Tin Oo and a group with tense faces watched Than Shwe sign the agreement. Photo opportunity.
  • Edited Report of Marc Laban on new market economy by SLORC 1995. There was planned construction of 32 story Shang Rhi La Hotelin preparation for the "Tour Myanmar '96."SLORC wants business & foreign investment.Col. Myint Lwin SLORC wants more business. Asian, U.S & European company representatives rushed in JVC's cocktail party. Financial sector was privatized. "Myanmar Oriental Bank provided credit cards. Burmese money was bulky with odd denominations like 45 Bills and 90 Kyat bills," said a report by Los Angeles-based Albert Naing, "Only 500 cards so far have been issued. Majority Burmese have no money. Political uncertainty and dissatisfaction prevails. It is hard for the economic goals to be achieved. Aung San Suu Kyi could make a change but she has been under house arrest. Democracy and prosperity are far away at present."
  • Edited Report of Heather Kelly on the Asia Business News, December 1996: "Calls for democracy are still heard. Heavily armed soldiers present evidence of no sign of tolerance. Student's call for freedom was responded by batons and water cannons. Leaders were jailed.Students said they would go out again and win it."
  • Edited Report by Heather Kelley on the Asia business News, January 1997: "Aung San Suu Kyi called for total boycott on Visit to Myanmar in '96. Some believed the presence of foreigners would help SLORC soften their stand. 50% annual increase in tourism was observed."
  • Interview with Armen Shark who had business in Burma for 3 years
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Asia Business News: Report on Burma
  • Produced by: Heather Kelly, Marc Laban, Asia Business News
  • In Kyan Daw cemetery and the Karen refugees protest rally, Burmese students protested.
  • Edited report by Jeannie Graham 1997: Jeannie Graham's Interview with Philippines Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs, with U Htein Oo, National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB) (the Exiled Government), and with Kmer Nation Party Representatives of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Oct. 1996
  • Helen Kelly of Asia Business News: "Government ordered the main cemetery (180 acres Kyan Daw) to be relocated. Relatives had to dig out the dead bodies and transfer them - it was the second time in three years. Tamwe has been turned into an army patrol post. No religious groups were excluded from this relocation. Muslims refused while Jews requested some outside help.
  • Helen Kelly interviewed the former British Ambassador Julian Heartland Swam who lobbied to stop the relocation. Government Official said "Yangon has changed and cemeteries once in outskirt are now in the center of the city."
  • Helen Kelly of Asia Business News reported on the Hey Kalot refugee camp, the Karen refugee protests, the Karen National Union (KNU) military march. Mariam said: "We need help from bignations. "Wounded soldiers were seen in hospital.
  • Burmese exiled students protest ASEAN's attempt to include State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) in the group.
  • Dec. 1995, the ASEAN delegate arrived in Thailand. (Jeannie Graham)
  • Dec. 1995, the Philippines Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs and the ASEAN delegates (Jeannie Graham) interviewed U Htein Win, the exiled Elected MP: "ASEAN should not include SLORC. The world should put sanctions on SLORC for ignoring the will of the people." (Jeannie Graham)
  • Interviewed Rep. of Kmer Nation party: "If enemy has many friends, enemy becomes strong. As long as he has many supporters SLORC will not bow to the people." (Jeannie Graham)
  • In October '96, Alternative ASEAN meeting at Chualalakorn University Bangkok, Thailand.
  • People making banners & placards and Aung San Suu Kyi's Portrait.
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AsiaWorks: Aung San Suu Kyi weekend speeches (1995 and May 1996); Part I
  • Produced by: NLD Information
  • Network: AsiaWorks
  • People waited patiently behind the wires put up by the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC). Monks, nuns, the old and the young were there. Suu Kyi appeared as people chanted "Good health and long live."
  • "It was not appropriate to beg for the things we have the right to have. We and the people stood firmly on for democracy. Everyone must participate in building our future."
  • U Tin Oo spoke about the SLORC's arrests of National League for Democracy (NLD) members. The regime organized anti-NLD rallies.
  • "Taste of freedom is so good and pleasant. No one wants to live chained. People want freedom."
  • People waited in the rain as Suu Kyi appeared with Kamout and thanked the crowd for coming in spite of the bad weather. She then answered questions covering the education situation, SLORC's stance on it and democratic issues." If rule of law is not prevailed, economic changes will never be successful. Lawlessness is dictatorship where man rules over the law. Democracy is the rule of law. Disrespecting the election result is an insult to the entire public who participated in election. Rulers are responsible for the good as well as the misfortune of the people. They should have the courage to face it."
  • An episode showing a bad king who was blamed for everything that happened in his kingdom. Continued Tape 17.
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AsiaWorks: Aung San Suu Kyi's weekend speeches (1995 and 1996); Part II
  • Produced by: NLD Information
  • The Bad Kings anecdote continued.
  • Suu Kyi: "Democracy is the only way the bad rulers can be averted. The voice that sanction hurts the public is only the voice of the businessmen, not the public. Sanctions to State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) won't hurt the Burmese majority. An example is the sanctions on Iraq. They should be partial sanctions while allowing humanitarian sectors to operate."
  • Response to Dr. Maung Maung's comment on spending three months to write the constitution: Now it has been 6 years. They are incapable of handling it properly. And six years has also passed since the election was successfully done, yet nothing has done towards democracy. People's will is as strong as ever. Economic changes will not alter the people's desire for democracy. The ASEAN stand is so wrong. Doing business with SLORC means involving in social political life of a country."
  • Rain fell heavily.
  • Brief appearance of U Kyi Maung.
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AsiaWorks: National League for Democracy (NLD) Headquarters and Aung San Suu Kyi Appearances
  • Produced by: AsiaWorks
  • Aung San Suu Kyi and U Aung Shwe met the journalists. Suu Kyi read the NLD press release of November 22, 1995." National Convention must be based on the foundation of democratic principles, the rule of law on basic human rights such as freedom of speech, freedom to worship, freedom of expression and association. The regime-sponsored National Convention has not operated in accordance with those principles. Delegates are hand-picked. Only 15.24% are elected. Speeches are censored. Decisions are made before presenting to the convention. There is no fixed timetable. State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) broke their words of the duty to write the constitution. It's the duty of those elected in their declaration in 1/90. NLD welcomes dialogues."
  • Press Conference at NLD Headquarters, Rangoon: Aung San Suu Kyi's outdoor appearance with her EC Tin Oo, U Kyi Maung and U Aung Shwe.
  • The Strand Hotel scene: Lt. Gen. Kyaw Ba and Col Myo Nyunt appeared on November 22, 1995.
  • NLD is representing the people. It is their duty to protest the convention. We are in politics not to gain power, or sit in the prime minister's seat. We are in politics to bring democracy to Burma.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi with U Tin Oo, U Kyi Maung, U Aung Shwe, and U Win Htein and the delegates in Pinn Nii Taik Pone.
  • The new light to Myanmar Government is not a dictatorial one.
  • Strand Hotel: Lt. Gen. Kyaw Ba and Col. Myo Nyunt were seen in front of Sule Pagoda.
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AsiaWorks: National League for Democracy (NLD) and the leadership situation in 1996
  • Produced by: AsiaWorks
  • Network: AsiaWorks
  • On May 26, 1996, Burma held the first Series of NLD meetings to bring democracy. Delegates were in line to register.
  • Union Solidarity and Development Association (USDA), the youth wing of State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) designed to harass NLD members and activities.
  • News conference: In May 1996, 191 NLD members were arrested including U Win Htein and U Thein Tin. "The appointment of inviting to questions has to be done at mutually agreed time. They should not have been picked up in midnight and brought to the unknown destinations. It was arrest."
  • "It was a great honor to receive the Australia Award - a big help to Burmese democracy. It is not the personal award. It is an award to entire struggle for democracy."
  • "Arresting aides and Prime Ministers is SLORC's method of cutting branches from stem. But the stem sprouts faster. Constructive engagement does not work at all. The oppression condition is worse. The option of open dialogue is the ultimate choice. NLD is always open to it."
  • On May 26, 1996 Burma has the first series of NLD meetings. Delegates were in lines to register.
  • MC and chairman U Aung Shwe had the opening speech. Aung San Suu Kyi read NLD statement.
  • "Six years have passed since the election was held and nothing has been done to go forward. Global family is closer than ever.Democracy is demanded to guarantee everyone's freedom from fear, people's security and livelihood, rule of law and end people's misery once and for all.NLD was elected to fulfill the will of the people."
  • Continued in Tape 20.
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AsiaWorks: Interview with Aung San Suu Kyi, 1996; Part I
  • Produced by: AsiaWorks, Images Asia
  • English translation of the National League for Democracy (NLD) press release.
  • Interview: The arrests are not totally unexpected. State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) has been nervous whenever NLD makes a move, even when it is a normal political activity. The response was based on the extent of their fear. Lt. Gen Kyaw Thein's comment was that there is no need for opposition. He doesn't understand the democracy.
  • The Rule of law prevents anarchy, but SLORC broke the law. They broke Section 339 and section 340, arresting people without warrant, and forcing NLD delegates to leave Rangoon. SLORC put forth a campaign against her money and her consulting with foreign powers. She was required to submit bank statements. Business people need to note that SLORC does not respect the fundamental business privacy law. The arrest of 600 did not help them get any solid evidence that NLD collaborates with foreign sources, Uncles' (U Tin Oo, U Kyi Maung) cars were often stopped. SLORC pressured the landlords to take the NLD sign off the township offices and closed down some. But we will put back as soon as possible.
  • SLORC's tactic on diversifying NLD: Aung Shwe is good while Tin Oo and Kyi Maung are stubborn. While Aung San Suu Kyi was detained Aung Shwe was good but when she rejoined army Aung Shwe behaved very badly. No permission will be issued for any other mass meetings.
  • Responding to SLORC's accusations that her speeches instigate the public, create splits in army and portray bad images of the government: "My statements are always true. I don't make up stories."
  • On bad impression of the government: "SLORC has more access to the media. Splitting the army can not be known by anyone except military itself. That was their business."
  • On government needing cooperation: "NLD always offers open dialogues. We contacted them through MI but they always said it was not the time yet."
  • National convention should be recognized and changed more in an appropriate time. But when looked back at 104 basic principles there was no way one could change.
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AsiaWorks: Interview with Aung San Suu Kyi, 1996; Part II
  • Produced by: AsiaWorks/Evan Williams Report
  • 1) Interview with Aung San Suu Kyi(Tape 20 continues); discusses the Constitution.
  • 2) A formal press conference of the "Tour Myanmar 96" opening ceremony.
  • 3) Suu Kyi made her speech.
  • "The current constitution cannot be changed if ever accepted according to basic 105 principles. State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) is making cat and mouse game with NLD. "According to Suu Kyi, National convention can never lead to national reconciliation. The constitution the National Convention drew up can never be accepted by the people, because it is not going towards democracy.
  • Brief appearance of Aung San Suu Kyi and U Tin Oo in public.
  • Opening Ceremony of "Tour Myanmar 1996," Nov. 11, 1996: Floats carrying dancing ethnic groups and the symbol of "Tour Myanmar 96" Powayot with attaché case. Chorus of female students was accompanied by army band. "Come to Burma, peaceful and serene land. Historically bright, civilized and united sovereign state of Asia." Soldiers, generals, and diplomats were seen. General Khin Nyunt was waving the crowd.
  • Weekend gathering at Aung San Suu Kyi's gate: She appeared with blue "Yinpone."
  • Q&A: "People must be allowed to participate in politics. Otherwise politics is useless. Politic and love are related, not a separate issue. Love is for people. Politics is also for people. Currently people are under constant fear."
  • Continued at Tape 22.
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TV Myanmar: Report From Rangoon
  • Produced by: Evan Williams
  • Network: TV Myanmar
  • Continued from Tape 21
  • Weekend speech. Q&A of various problems faced by people. TV Myanmar News Clips, Ngapali Beach
  • June, November 1996
  • Weekend speeches: Rumors should be removed. Burma has become rumor country. If one wants to improve a society, he should keep promise and work hard.
  • National League for Democracy (NLD)'s opinion: The present law is not leading toward democracy.It only hinders the political process.
  • TV Myanmar News clip read by Moe Thida Htwe: 2nd State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) quarterly leadership meeting was attended by all State and Division level SLORC members and ministers. Every sector read their achievements.
  • Drug Abuses law enforcement report was input by SLORC. Three approaches were discussed: supply reduction, law enforcement and demand reduction.
  • Brief Ngapali resort.
  • News clip TV Myanmar read by San Yu Yu Ohn.
  • SLORC's Education Committee Chair Khin Nyunt attended general awards ceremony of basic education, outstanding students and institutions at No 2 Sanchaung High School.
  • SLORC is doing everything to improve the educational level at all levels to attain international standard.
  • Ohn Gyaw spoke at 51st UNGA on October 27, 1996. Sanctions imposed by developed countries are unwelcome. Human rights is a western tool to interfere in the affairs of the smaller countries.Under SLORC's administration,the living standard is improved and economic growth is 8.8%. National Convention is being held to assure people's future.
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TV Myanmar: Reports from 1997
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • Network: TV Myanmar
  • Minister Col. Abel's trip to Laos. Arrest of U Win Htein Eba, Po Aye, Htein Linn, Hlaing Myint - all from National League for Democracy (NLD), were sentenced to 7 years for crop damage in Irrawaddy division.
  • Edited report on general situation in Burma mid-1997. TV Myanmar clips on denunciation of NLD rallies across the country.
  • TV Myanmar News clips: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) Higher Officials Division State Level meeting, Than Shwe made a speech.
  • Trade Minister Col. Abel left for Laos to attend meeting.
  • TV Myanmar News clips on arrest of NLD members, U Win Htein (Suu Kyi's personal assistant) for attempting to discredit SLORC by accessing false information on agriculture sector in Irrawaddy region. Po Aye and Htein Lin videotaped the damaged paddy fields and handed to Win Htein in order to report to Aung San Suu Kyi. Report also said Win Htein and Eba met ABC reporter Evan Williams and gave him fabricated reports on prison conditions and other general conditions in Burma, and that Hlaing Myint with the help of NLD U Kyaw Khin organized youth group to initiate anti-government movements. They were all sentenced to seven years of labor by summary court.
  • Edited report of Evan Williams 1996. Aung San Suu Kyi's weekend speeches hurt Junta. Junta was angry. Khin Nyunt ordered arrests.Suu Kyi said, "Politics is about people. SLORC changes the gesture dozens times but the more lawless the SLORC becomes the stronger the people support democracy and NLD. "In 1996 and '97, SLORC was invited to join ASEAN and claimed to have 4.5 billion dollar investment. They tried to marginalize Aung San Suu Kyi.
  • Australian businessman Ray Itan wrote to US president to end sanctions and to start doing business in Burma. He commented that generals were very committed and he was very impressed. But Eba and Win Htein were not very impressed with the officials they met.
  • Col. Abel: "Myanmar political situation is stable. There is no riot and no demonstration. Outside press is bad. Business is growing gradually. It makes Suu Kyi's will futile. "Leo Nicole is Suu Kyi's firm supporter, U Win Htein wants to isolate people from Aung San Suu Kyi. Police guards ordered "no camera" to roll toward Bureau of Special Investigation - MI's headquarter.
  • People rushed to see and greet Suu Kyi when she visited Bo Gyoke Market in downtown Rangoon.
  • TV Myanmar news: Mass rally against NLD in Pakkuku, Myeik, Moe Nyin. Speakers praised people for their support to SLORC's way of nation building and improvements of infrastructure. Speakers also denounced NLD for collaborating with foreign powers and plotting to be colonized again.
  • Continued on tape 24.
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TV Myanmar: Reports from 1997, Part II
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar/Evan Williams
  • Continued from tape 23.
  • TV Myanmar Clips: 1) Interview with Information Minister Col. Kyaw Thein by Evan Williams; 2) Interview with Lt. Col. Hla Min, Deputy Chief of Dept. of International Affairs, Office of Strategic Studiesby Heather Kelly.
  • In June 1997, Mass rallies against National League for Democracy (NLD), sponsored by State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC). The planning meeting on the "4th Myanmar Traditional Art Competition" Gen. Khin Nyunt attended the meeting.
  • Evan William met Information Minister Col. Kyaw Thein, who said: "Dialogue with NLD won't work. Army is considering it very carefully not to make mistakes and not to break promises. U Tin Oo is staging personal vendetta against some army officials. Suu Kyi won't be detained as long as she does not become obstacle in SLORC's way; otherwise she will be removed." Boasted about his performance in the North, he said they had captured all the Kachin Independent Army (KIA)'s headquarters. Tourism is open from Kachin State up to Putao. Khunsa is being investigated. He accused Thai officials and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) of having connection with Khunsa. He said former Mong Tai Army (MTA) area can become tourist spot soon.
  • Sule pagoda, movie hall Under Siege by Steven Segal. Armed soldier was guarding Ministry of Hotel and Tourism headquarters.
  • Lt. Col. Hla Min was interviewed by Heather Kelly: Q: Why did you have to shut the whole college if you claimed only few students joined it (regarding the November 1996 student protest)? A: Schools were suspended based on the decision of students, parents and teachers. Students and Labor Unions cannot be allowed. SLORC is undertaking a nation building process. It goes step by step. Good time will certainly come. Every family has at least one soldier so army and people are one. Army is one big family of the people. The outside opinion is not important to SLORC. Achieving the objectives and how people value SLORC's achievements are more important. Sanction does not hit the government. Government does not care. Give SLORC another 5 years they will industrialize the country. Investments are working just fine, making changes to people of all levels. There are 9 times more cars on the streets. Cemeteries have to go. There is no exemption. They have to give way to development. Aung San Suu Kyi may continue her weekend speeches as long she keeps it in her compound. Press Conferences will continue and visa will be issued before hand.
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TV Myanmar: Reports on drug abuse
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar, 1997
  • Network: TV Myanmar
  • TV Myanmar International Day of Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking Ceremony on June 26, 1997.
  • Central Hotel in Yangon Downtown.
  • TV Myanmar news clip: International day of drug abuses and illicit trafficking ceremony was held inside the Police headquarters Aung Tha Bye Hall. Attending the ceremony were Khin Nyunt, State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) top officials, representatives of United Nations agencies, diplomats, local and international journalists.
  • Minister of Home, Chairman of Anti-narcotic board Lt. Gen. Mya Thin gave detailed report on SLORC's effort to battle narcotic drugs. "Ten years of relentless war against narcotic drugs has produced result in formerly heavily opium production area such as Ming Hla and Nag Pe, which are now opium-free zones. An anti-drug campaign museum was opened at Maing Hla. SLORC has spent 4.957 billion kyat, resulting in the arrest of 7,345 men and women, and confiscated a total of 5,000 kg of assorted grade of opium products. SLORC is doing everything to comply with United Nations Charter on Illicit Drugs."
  • United Nations Regional representative read Kofi Anan's message to the public.
  • Central Hotel in downtown Yangon. Seen were Col. Abel with Htun Kyi, sky line Yangon, Hlaing river, and Pazundaung Chaung.
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Images Asia: Daw Suu Kyi's speech at an NGO Forum
  • Produced by: Images Asia
  • Network: NGO
  • Aung San Suu Kyi's speech (recorded on August 22,1995) at the opening ceremony of NGO women summit held on August 31st, 1995
  • Suu Kyi appeared in Burmese traditional orange "Yinzeat" blouse and a bunch of "Thazin pan" on her head: "There is overwhelming message of hope, courage, strength as well as suffering of women around the world. She has been freed from house arrest only one month. There is tremendous duty of continuing the struggle for freedom. For all the problems of the world, the end is when peace, security, human rights, and democracy are granted for every human being. Women must participate in politics as men do. No wars have ever started by women but most victims have been women and children. After the cold war leaders must invest on social and educational development and public health instead of wars. Tolerance is the key to peace. Ignoring is not tolerance. Understanding and appreciation are the tolerance. The relationship between men and women should not be patronage and dominance.It must be appreciation and gratitude. Women in Burma are struggling for democracy. It is time for forgiveness and reconciliation."
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Images Asia: Karen refugees observation
  • Produced by: Images Asia
  • Network: NGO
  • A Karen woman named Ma Too, age 19: "I have no money to pay for the substitute. I have to go with my own food and bedding to build railway from Ye to Tavoy. The Local State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) ordered village people to go. No explanation was offered. We have to dig and carry soil from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m. No matter how bad the weather is, work must go on. People are fed up and scared and try to escape to Thailand." She wishes for an end to all forced labor and forced relocations.
  • A Karen boy was treated in the hospital in Karen camp, as his parents stood by helplessly. The mother was interviewed and she said soldiers took everything last year. They were scared when they heard about the soldiers advancing and they fled to Thailand.
  • All Burma Student Democratic Front (ABSDF) camp, the graduating ceremony of 26th Batch. The background music was Burmese song with the melody of "Dust in the Wind" by Kansas. The commander spoke: "Guerrilla warfare is the strategy that will be mostly utilized. The graduates are the newly born warriors of freedom in Burma. "After the closing march, the graduates went ahead to look at their assignment."
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Earth Right Int'l: Interview with unidentified man and Ma Too: the Ye Tavoy project and the forced labor issue
  • Produced by: Earth Right International
  • Network: NGO
  • A male Karen, the village head, followed orders from a local State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) officer. He got together workers from every ward: "If you do not wish to go you must pay to hire a substitute. You have to bring your own rice and dried fish for the working week.You have to bring your own medicines too. You are to dig and carry soil and stones, whatever the weather will be. "A total of 600 workers including pregnant women and women with babies have to work over ten hours a day with no pay, and they have to feed themselves. Nightly roll calls are done and if someone is missing, the whole group is not allowed to sleep until the missing ones show up. Soldiers kick the workers to wake them up.
  • He wants an immediate end to this practice.
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Castle Rock Entertainment: Beyond Rangoon (1995)
  • Produced by: Hollywood fiction by Castle Rock Entertainment
  • A film directed by John Boorman, starring Aung Ko and Patricia Arquette:
  • At her sister's suggestion, Laura Boorman, a doctor from United States, who just lost her husband and son in a robbery, took a trip to the exotic east hoping to find peace. She landed in Burma in August 1988 at the peak of the people's uprising against the military regime demanding democratic changes in the country. She was unable to leave Burma because she lost her passport. Attempting to move around town, she met her former professor, Aung Ko, now an unofficial tourist guide and they ventured out to the North. After the car broke down they were forced to stay with student activists in Prome. They exchanged ideas. Laura could not understand why a government could be so cruel to its own people. The morning came, they tried to escape to Rangoon but the army killed a student. She and Aung Ko hardly escaped the gun shots and managed to sail down to Rangoon on a bamboo raft. Rangoon was already in chaos. Troops shot and killed thousands on the streets. Unable to reach the US embassy, Laura Aung Ko and the students fled Burma on a truck and later on foot till they reached the Karen controlled area. Again under fire they successfully crossed border to Thailand. Laura decided to volunteer in the Refugee camp crammed with the wounded and the ill.
  • The film ended with an image of Aung San Suu Kyi.
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ABC: The Prisoner
  • Produced by: ABC
  • Network: ABC
  • On Aung San Suu Kyi:An extremely courageous woman led a nation into freedom. The army tried to silence her through house arrest. Yet for 40 million of her people she is the symbol of hope. On the fifth anniversary of her house arrestthere were demonstrations in front of the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) embassy in London and the symbolic jailing of two British MPs attracted the world media.
  • Yuzana Khin was interviewed while campaigning for democracy through her show across America. "I'll struggle with her for Burma no matter how long it takes." She showed the prolonged discontent over ruthlessness and corruption of army. The 1988 uprising was caused by only a tea shop argument, the argument between students and local folks over what music to play. Army opened fire into the crowd and killed thousands. The primarily leaderless revolution found their rightful leader - Aung San Suu Kyi." As soon as I saw her face, for some reason I knew she is the one we have been looking for (Yuzana Khin)." Aung San Suu Kyi was only 2 when her father was assassinated. But she studied his past.
  • (Prof. Josef Silverstein): Aung San Suu Kyi raised two children as a Buddhist. A shin Byu scene - In September 1988, when SLORC took power and promised election, National League for Democracy led by Aung San Suu Kyi was formed. She covered campaign trails by plane, by boat, and by train, reaching everyone. The message was the same: democracy. People welcome her tremendously. Army harassed her campaign constantly and finally SLORC locked her up. Congressmen Bill Richardson visited the prisoners and Aung San Suu Kyi.Furniture was scarce because she sold it in order to eat. It did look like a prison.National League for Democracy (NLD) won landslide victory over rivals including the SLORC backed National Unity Party. Army not only did not honor the promise but stepped up the crackdown on the elected NLD members and insisted on their version ofNational Convention. Elected MPs were either jailed or intimidated. Some escaped and managed to put up parallel government in Washington DC. Dr. Sein Win, acting Prime Minister of National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB) said: "The West is not doing enough. "Hollywood shot a movie called "Beyond Rangoon" about this story.
  • TV Myanmar announced on September 20, 1994 that Khin Nyunt and Than Shwe met Aung San Suu Kyi. But it was a stunt. In spite of all the efforts to silent her and her cause, the movement became stronger, not weaker.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 288 Videocassette BU030
TV Myanmar: Weekly News Round Up (in Burmese)
  • Produced by: U.S. Information Agency
  • Network: usia
  • State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) Chairman Than Shwe, Secretary I Khin Nyunt, Tin Oo, Deputy Prime Minister Maung Maung Khin and Deputy MP Tin Tun's activities, October - November 1995.
  • Than Shwe's visit to Sin Thay dam construction site at Tut Kone Township Mandalay Division.
  • Yut Suk, Zaw Gyi dam construction in Southern Shan State, the Earth Dam.
  • Taung Gyi Shan State Capital; Military Guest house tour; Sulimon Zedi construction site visit.
  • Ba Htoo - the Military city: Construction sites; Pin Da Ya Cave Zedi; He Hoe airport construction site.
  • Than Shwe's appointment with Belgium ambassador.
  • Khin Nyunt hosted the graduation ceremony of the general development training camp. He spoke, gave awards and mingled with graduates.
  • Opening ceremony of English course offered by Cooperative colleges.
  • At the Nga Moe Yeik reservoir construction site, Khin Nyunt met Kachin ethnic leaders.
  • Khin Nyunt attended meetings with the former rebels, now SLORC alliance Paoo's kahtein. He offered materials to monks.
  • Khin Nyunt attended Myanmar Sari Lanka Yamma Monastery's Kahtein.
  • Khun Nyunt at Rangoon University's preparation for the celebration of Diamond Jubilee. Background music: "Mya kyon nyo nyo kun kho ya teka tho mha so."
  • High schools computer centers opening ceremony.
  • The 20th National Health Summit; the Independent Day celebration committee.
  • The Burma Red Cross graduation: Khin Nyunt mingled with farmers.
  • Filipino deputy secretary of Foreign Affairs Mr.Sovereign Secretary Tin Oo at Taung Pulu Ka Htein West Rangoon self-reliance road opening ceremony,
  • Deputy MP Maung Maung Khin met Thai Delegates and British ambassador.
  • Deputy Prime Minister Tin Tun met British ambassador.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:20:00] (2 copies)
Box 287 and 288 Videocassette BU031
Documentary Program: Refugee and Me
  • Produced by: Kevin /Personal Production
  • A Burmese displaced boy Htwe's quest for a Thai ID.
  • General situation of the displaced Burmese.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:000] (2 copies)
Box 286 and 287 Videocassette BU032
Burma Issue: Faces of Burma
  • Produced by: Burma Issue
  • Edited report on Burma Issue, 1996.
  • Pictures of life in Burma under military regime: pictures of people's faces, from babies to the elderly, and all kinds of ethnic groups from Burma; Burmese events; pictures of rural life. Dwellings for most village people were destroyed during the civil war when the troops crushed and burned those villages and took dwellings by force.
  • Pictures of the quality of water: People take their baths in the water in which dead bodies are floating.
  • Pictures of city life: crowded noisy cities, democracy struggles, demonstrations, shootings, blood-stained streets, exiled students, army All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF).
  • Religion and Resistance: 200,000 monks in Burma took part in the 1988 democracy struggle.
  • Picture of raped women, men starving and forced Laborers.
  • Closing Statement :We want to be back to our homeland and live in peace.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 286 Videocassette BU033
BBC: Sacrifice
  • Produced by: BBC
  • Network: BBC
  • Child Prostitution
  • Sacrifices: Three girls are lured into Thai's flesh trade. Due to severe poverty, hopelessness, repression at home, and promises of a good life, tens of thousands of Burmese girls face unpleasant shame.
  • Some girls go and some came home. Some looked different. Some of them showed some extent of prosperity and some were sick. One was told to help her aunt by going to Thailand. The other was not allowed by parents. One was a widow with a baby. She crossed border to find a job to support the ailing mother and her boy. Stories of those three girls and their patrons, and the pain that they suffer. Reaction and lack of response from the Burmese and Thai governments. Girls endured 10 to 12 men a day, over 300 men a year. One got pregnant but pimp wanted her to keep the baby so that the baby would be raised to become a prostitute. Police caught them demanding money for the release. They imprisoned them. A drunken police raped them. They ran away.
  • Included are vivid pictures of child prostitution.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:00:00]
Box 286 Videocassette BU034
NDI: Suu Kyi's Message to NDI - Burma's situation 1996.
  • Produced by: National Democratic Institute
  • National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, narrated by Aung San Suu Kyi.
  • Acknowledgement from Aung San Suu Kyi on receipt of the W. Evert Hurriman Award.
  • Scenes from Burma, narrated by Aung San Suu Kyi: Democracy is people's will, not the will of leaders who want to rule with absolute power. Democracy is people's involvement in politics. That was how the 1988 people's upraising took place in Burma.People were fed up. They needed only a spark to start the full blown revolution. That uprising was cracked down. She knew the right time had come. National League for Democracy (NLD) was formed for the election. Aung San Suu Kyi's name was magic. State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) started to disrupt her and finally kept her under house arrest. In spite of all kind of oppression, NLD won the election. SLORC ignored the results and jailed the MPs. When released in 1995 she began the gate speeches. Fear was the most destructive factor in Burma.
  • Suu Kyi said she was honored to receive this award on behalf of everyone who struggled for democracy in Burma and the people of Burma. Human rights abuses did not decline. They worsened instead. NLD had been harassed. Many working committees were forced to close. With help of the people who love peace and justice and the relentless will of the people to be free we will achieve our goal.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:10:00] (3 copies)
Box 286 Videocassette BU035
Channel 4: Burma - Dying for Democracy
  • Produced by: Channel 4 Great Britain, Christopher Mould
  • Students chanted the song "Burma, our land. This is our time to go out and fight for freedom."
  • LSD upsets the military leadership. The Demonetization triggered massive bankruptcy. People held a demonstration. Army responded, killing 42 people.
  • State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) took power. They killed hundreds of people. Army said they were looters. Min Win: "The army shot us from the roofs in front of US embassy. "Thet Naing Aung: "I saw a girl shot at her leg. One nurse rushed to the girl but bullets hit both of them. I saw them both went dead."
  • Zaw Oo: "We protested peacefully but they shot us unarmed civilians. They arrested many and female inmates were raped."
  • Soe Min: "We were asked to disperse but we refused. Then they shot at us. Many died. Some of them were just passers-by."
  • Ye Gaung, a Journalist: "We want democracy. We will never get it in the presence of military government."
  • Tanimsarim river bank, the Karen National Union (KNU) camp. Saw Lone: "On one side is brutality of the regime, on the other is the rumors of arriving foreign aid. It is a new chapter in Burmese history."
  • Myint Thein All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF): "We will fight hand in hand with ethics."
  • Than Minn Htun: "My daughter was weak; she fell when bullet hit her. But my son who was brushed by bullets did not die. They stabbed him threw him and my daughter to the fire."
  • Teak and black market sources of Karen National Union (KNU) income. Manaplaw hospital. Bo Mya giving awardto the disabled. The National Democratic Front.
  • "I don't want to see more lives lost," said Cho Cho Kyaw Nyein.
  • Preparation for election; Thakin Chit Maung; heavy inflation.
  • Khin Nyunt: "We don't restrict any parties as long as they operate under law."
  • U Nu: "Government seems to be fair this time."
  • The National League for Democracy (NLD)'s U Tin Oo welcomed the election. Aung San Suu Kyi: "Army is not sincere. We fight for freedom with our way."
  • "Burmese are never our enemies." Bo Mya.
  • Breng Sang: "Peace is on the table not on the battle field."
  • Saw Lone: "People expect the students to lead a change but they must move right."
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00]
Box 286 Videocassette BU036
Images Asia: Aung San Suu Kyi message to 55th United Nations Convention on Human Right, Geneva 1999
  • Produced by: Altsean andImages Asia
  • Network: Images Asia
  • Message: In 1998, State Peace and Development Council (SPCD) (formerly State Law and Order Restoration Council [SLORC]) stepped up the already worsened human rights abuses, making mass arrests of National League for Democracy (NLD) MPs and members. It was the Junta's response on NLD's attempt to convene the people's assembly with elected MPs. The NLD suffered eight months of last year over the past nine years of party's existence.
  • Authorities acted like criminals in persecuting NLD. A lawsuit was filed against Ministry of Home and Military Intelligence but was not acted upon.We need concrete action, not just lip services.
  • Comments on crack down: 150 MPs and 300 more members are in detention. Many were held without any charges.Many people don't know there are basic rights; people live in fear; no rule of law prevails. Since 1962 people have been living in constant fear of being persecuted.
  • Comments on right of children: Burma signed the convention but did not respect it. Extremely malnourished children were often seen in the center of Rangoon. Many can't afford elementary education.
  • Comments on child labor: Not much now in business sector because construction boom has died out. But many were seen in government projects.
  • Comments on law for children and women: there is no such rule of law.
  • Comments on present condition: Women and children are prime victims of instability in a country.Many turn to prostitution in hopes of a better life but many are facing starvation.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 286 Videocassette BU037
Amateur Footage: Burma at the Cross Roads
  • Produced by: Friedrich Ebert, Images Asia
  • Address to International Forum on Burma; short comments on current issues of Burma 1999.
  • The Speech:(In yellow Yinpone) Since the release of Aung San Suu Kyi nothing has so far changed toward democratization. The regime is doing everything to block the ways of democratization in Burma in the name of justice, peace and progress. Aung San Suu Kyi appealed to the international community to work for the implementation of United Nations Resolution on early return of democracy in Burma.
  • Current economic situation in Burma: Price of petrol tripled, immediately causing abrupt price rise that hit the population. Inflation was painfully high. A few wealthy people got richer but the vast majority suffered.
  • Investment. It did not benefit the ordinary people. Farming sector is worse off. Farmers are forced to sell their products to army with fixed price. People starved.
  • Labor: No labor union to protect the laborers' rights.
  • Current Political Situation: No one is absolutely safe under this regime. Government arrests anyone as they please. Government has no respect for its fellow citizens.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:10:00] (2 copies)
Box 286 and 288 Videocassette BU038
Amateur Footage: Unedited video footage of 1988 People's demonstration scenes in Rangoon
  • Produced by: Ed Thomas, Private Individual
  • Demonstrators shouting slogans, holding banners on the top of buses and cars demanding democracy in Burma. Few soldiers were seen. People from various sectors joined the demonstration.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:18:00] (2 copies)
Box 286 and 288 Videocassette BU039
Border Line Production: Fear in the Forest
  • Produced by: Border Line Production
  • Edited report on the living condition of Karen Minorities under Burmese army advances, 1998.
  • "I can hide in front of others but my heart is full of sorrow."
  • In the name of border area development and in an attempt to boost the trade ties with neighboring Thailand, Junta crushed the rebellion of Karen minorities and civilians. Naw Htoo, 26 years old, fled Burma when her family was forcibly relocated to Myitta village. They left their own village, leaving everything behind. They were settled but given no food allowance. Soldiers took them as porters. Her domestic animals were taken by soldiers when starvation struck them. Her husband's brother and father ventured back to the village they abandoned to harvest rice in order to feed them. Soldiers caught them and shot them after torturing them. Naw Htoo fled to Thailand and worked hard, but Thai soldiers often harassed her. Naw Tha's family escaped to Thailand but her husband died of tuberculosis. Her husband was never treated before.
  • Many took refuge in the jungle and were not allowed to leave. Living conditions deteriorated.Children died of malaria, dysentery and many diseases that were easily treatable in clinics.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:20:00] (2 copies)
Box 286 and 288 Videocassette BU040
ABC: Nightline - Land Mine Survivors' Stories
  • Produced by: Borderline Video Production
  • Network: ABC
  • Airing Program: Nightline
  • Land mine victims - civil war in Burma.
  • Feelings of agony, pain, loss and tremendous courage and determination of some amputees.
  • It was the world's longest civil war: the war betweenthe Burmese Junta and Karen National Union claimed countless lives. Both sides placed thousands of land mines in the war zone that continue to claim victims of all ages.
  • A porter stepped on a mine. Soldiers abandoned him, gave him no help. Karen National Union (KNU) soldiers rescued him. Another farmer stepped on a mine while collecting some vegetables.
  • A female farmer was hit on a rocky trail while picking honey for the nurses. Victims feel terrible heartbreak. They would prefer to die. Some actually ask soldiers to shoot them. Stories of individuals who faced enormous losses and discrimination but who have recovered and are leading normal lives.
  • A prosthesis clinic in a refugee camp serviced a total of 50,000 since it was founded.
  • New Year sports festival of those who were disabled by land mines. It was fun and hopeful. "I am not disappointed. I have difficulties. I need a companion. But if anyone helps me or not, I can live like this."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:15:00] (2 copies)
Box 286 Videocassette BU041
Images Asia: Facing the Fire (1977)
  • Produced by: Images Asia-Lyndall Barry
  • Network: NGO
  • "Airing Program: Road to Nowhere: An Investigation into Forced Labor in Burma"
  • Edited report by Borderline Video: Renewed Refugee Chaos in Thai and Burma Border. Local Karens left home to escape atrocities committed by Burmese soldiers to go to Thailand.
  • After Karen National Union (KNU) split with the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) in 1995,their headquarters fell. In the next two years, army advanced, forced tens of thousands of villagers to flee Burma. Army forcibly relocated the villagers, clearing the whole area.Those relocated villages became labor pool for army. Those who escaped to Thailand were put in the camps near border. In the January 1997 New Year celebration at Mae La camp, the DKBA, with the help of Burma army, executed a series of cross border raids, and burned and killed the refugees. Thai Army refused to do anything.The KNU 4th Brigade commander, "Oliver,"was interviewed. KNU with All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF) abandoned the fixed camp warfare and adopted guerrilla warfare. Thai army turned away male refugees. Many were still trapped in the Burma side of jungle. Soldiers were ordered to kill anyone who tried to flee or returned to the village to collect food they left behind. Refugees had to live on roadsides and everywhere. Rumors of not being accepted by Thai authority scared away hundreds. They went back to the malaria-infested jungles. There was no medicine and not enough food.
  • Medica San Frontier continued to provide supplies but was not allowed to visit the newly opened camps.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:20:00] (2 copies)
Box 286 Videocassette BU042
VOA: Audio Interviews
  • Produced by: Voice of America, 1997
  • Voices of Tun Naing Oo, Tun Lin, Cynthia Maung, Kevin Hepner, Wahdoo Htoo.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:00:00]
Box 287 Videocassette BU043
Images Asia: Road to Nowhere
  • Produced by: Images Asia for ILO
  • This documentary is based on the findings of a 1998 report published by the International Labor Organization (ILO) inquiry on forced labor issues in Burma. The ILO found Burma guilty of "widespread and systematic forced labor," turning the country into "a virtual slave labor camp." The regime refused to attend ILO hearings, denying any use of forced labor.
  • Laborers include men, women, elderly and children. They are forced to purchase the materials that they are forced to work on.
  • Footage: road construction, laborers loading baskets with rocks, construction sites, workers in rural rice fields, poverty, villagers working on farms, soldiers marching through streets, paper orders from the army demanding quotas for forced labor, convict labor, construction of foreign investments and tourist sites, gas pipeline construction for Total and Unocal, emptied villages used for production sites.
  • Interviews include: Bill Jordan, International Confederation of Trade Unions; Justice Bhagwati, ILO Commissioner; Lt. Col. Hal Min, Burmese Military Spokesman; Pierre Sane, Secretary General of Amnesty International; testimonies smuggled out of Burma, Aung San Suu Kyi, National League for Democracy (NLD) Leader; Robyn Layton, ILO Commissioner.
  • Lt. Col. Hal Min (Military Representative): "Myanmar is a very strong Buddhist nation...our traditions, our culture does not allow for these things to happen. We get very frustrated when all these accusations are thrown at us when they say this is Myanmar at this present moment, this is something that really frustrates the government, not only the government, also the people of Myanmar"; Daw Aung San Suu Kyi: "Practically all roads built by the government use forced labor, roads, bridges, clearing out the jungle. All this needs forced labor because there is no other way the government can get this done.And we do not have the kind of machinery that will enable us to get these kind of projects going quickly. So it's human power that they need, man power, forced labor power"; International Labor Organization (ILO) Report: "Workers were not paid or compensated in any way for providing their labor, other than in exceptional circumstances...and were commonly subjected to various forms of verbal and physical abuse, including rape, torture, and killing"; Unidentified woman(working on road): "The biggest fine is 500 Kyat. If we don't dig a ditch or canal, we pay 500 Kyat. What can we do? We're poor. It's a daily struggle to get food. Now we're here, we have to do this forced labor. I wonder what's happening at home."
  • According to this documentary, locals were angry when they were ordered to demolish the ancient pagodas and monasteries to build new ones. The ancient artifacts were taken away. Voice-over: DANA is Burmese word for contributing to Buddha. When the government forces people to do Dana, it is like they have exhorted the position of Buddha.
  • Documentary also reports on foreign companies contributing to the use of forced labor. Total and Unocal built Yadana pipeline with forced labor, although the companies deny this.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:40:00] (2 copies)
Box 287 Videocassette BU044
ABC: Nightline - Free From Fear
  • Produced by: ABC Nightline
  • Network: ABC
  • Airing Program: Nightline
  • Report on the release of Nobel Peace Prize National League for Democracy (NLD) leader Aung San Suu Kyi's from six years of house arrest. She gives her first interview to Fargal King of BBC.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi said she read a lot and listened to the radio, but chose not to write because she did not want State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) to see her writings. She thanks the people around the world for their support and stresses the importance ofthe opinion of the international community.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi: "The idea of real freedom which I have always said is freedom from fear .I was free because I was not frightened. So for me real freedom is freedom from fear."
  • The program also includes a report from Hillary Brown on the Burmese government's tourist campaign to attract half a million people. She shot footage of forced labor gangs made up mainly of women and children, an interview with Buddhist monk who states that the people of Burma are afraid of to talk, and reports on a village that was demolished because the government believed that they were too "friendly" with tourists.
  • Footage includes: Aung San Suu Kyi's release from house arrest, archival footage of Nelson Mandela, previous speeches/campaigns of Aung San Suu Kyi, and footage shot by Hillary Brown during her trip to Burma.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:25:00]
Box 287 Videocassette BU045
Various Reports on Burma
  • Edited report by Heather Kelly for Bay Area Video Coalition
  • In refugee camp in ThaiBorder, 6000 people in the camp faced frequent cross border attacks by Burmese Army. Miriam, the women leader, said Karen National Union (KNU) gave up permanent bases and conducted guerilla warfare.
  • In Myitkyina, northern Burma, jade mine workers mostly contracted AIDS virus. Drug abuse was rampant due to the cheap supplies and lack of occupational recreation. 67% of drug users were now believed to have contracted AIDS. Dr. Jacob: "Many came with AIDS symptoms and many more are coming. It has become the newest AIDS hotspot on earth."
  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) invited Junta, ignoring the plea of nations of the earth. U.S. said it is ASEAN's responsibility to lead the junta to the right way. State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) accused U.S. of supporting terrorists. Aung San Suu Kyi: "Allowing Junta to join ASEAN is no credit to ASEAN."
  • Students demonstrated in Bangkok.
  • PTT Petroleum Authority of Thailand planned to build the final 10% of Yadana pipeline, even facing resistance from environmental andrights groups.
  • U.S. sanction on Burma: Barnaard Pe Win: "The U.S. made a mistake to impose sanctions. Government did not suffer. Only the small entrepreneurs suffered. "SLORC: "We have nations who would trade with us. So why do we care? If Cuba can survive we will."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:40:00]
Box 287 Videocassette BU046
Images Asia: No Childhood At All (1997)
  • Produced by: Images Asia
  • Report on children and how they have suffered physically, mentally and emotionally under Burma's military regime. They are denied basic services and education, and are forced to work for the military regime and/or join the army.
  • Footage of children breaking rocks, building tourist sites, carrying huge bags from boats to land, working at construction sites, irrigation schemes, road building, and mixing toxic chemicals. Footage of children training at various military camps, including the Tiger Camp under drug war lord Kun Sa. Testimonies of former child soldiers. Also includes footage of student demonstrations: December 6, 1996, at Hledan Intersection, Rangoon.
  • Segment on how students risk their lives to demonstrate against the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC). The SLORC responds with military retaliation. Footage of student demonstrations: "I believe that, starting from this day, this night, this place, at this time all of us must fight in unity for the dignity of past student leaders, in memory of those who fought in the colonial revolution, for future generations, for the people of Burma, and for our lives."
  • From a United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) report: "Many children in Burma are orphaned, abandoned, trafficked, exploited in the labor force, institutionalized or jailed. Across the country many children enjoy no childhood at all. They are simply put to work."
  • Aung San Suu Kyi: "Children have become involved in forced labor lately, because their parents can't afford to take time off from whatever they are doing to make a living, so if you don't provide one person per family for forced labor then you are fined parents send their children to take their place."
  • According to this report, classrooms are crowded, there is a shortage of textbooks, the dropout rate is high, and 40% of the children have never been to school. Ethnic children are worse off, dislocated by civil war, abandoned, or lost. Girls are likely to end up in the brothels and sweat shops across Thailand. Boys are forced to join the army.
  • From a UNICEF report: "Children have become victims or participants in Burma's armed conflicts, used as porters, human shields or human minesweepers.Children are killed, forcibly conscripted, unwillingly separated from their families, kidnapped and tortured."
  • The report states that conscription of children to the army is common, the army rounds up children at movie halls, tea shops, and even schools. Stories are told by runaway child soldiers:
  • Shwe Hla, 7th grader: "After school the SLORC soldiers came and surrounded the school and arrested us if rich people paid a bribe, they would be freed of course, but we had no money."
  • Naing Oo, age 16: "The commanders mixed large tablets with army rum and the soldiers would become aggressive."
  • The SLORC says Burma is experiencing an economic boom, and shows off foreign imports.This report claims that only a small echelon of the society is prospering.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:25:00] (2 copies)
Box 287 Videocassette BU047
Nomad Production: Burma (1997)
  • Produced by: Nomad Production
  • Scenes of Shewdagon Pagoda Rangoon. Practice rituals of the Buddhists and this amazing landmark.
  • Scenes of speedboats riding in Inlay Lake in Shan state, villages, trains of Mandalay Express, cars full of monks, river and Mingun.
  • Skinny malnourished children are running traditional souvenir shop, selling famous Mingun Bell. There are jewelry shops, nuns of all ages.
  • The grand ancient Mingun Temple was built by King Bodawpaya, over looking the Irrawaddy Pagoda.
  • Scenes of sculptors carving statutes of Buddha, Shwesine factory, Mandalay moat, Foothill pagodas, Pagwet facial decoration, Kunya beatlenut and leaf, and River ferry.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi's home, the National League for Democracy (NLD) Headquarters, and a news conference.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:45:00] (2 copies)
Box 287 Videocassette BU048
National League for Democracy (NLD): The 48th Independence Day Celebration, January 1996
  • Produced by: National League for Democracy Information
  • Shift pavilions were decorated with flags, pictures and slogans. Enthusiastic crowds were brave despite the harassment by State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC).People were in lines. U Tin Oo entered as people applauded, then came, "Good health and good life!"
  • U Ba Ba Sagaing Div, Master of Ceremonies. People freed pigeons to symbolize freedom, saluted the fallen martyrs and heroes of the struggle for democracy.
  • Opening remarks were made by U Aung Shwe. He summarized the struggle for independence led by Bogyoke Aung San and the pledges of NLD. He said only the birth of a genuine democracy will solve all the human misery in Burma.
  • There was a dance Interval from Mandalay. U Nyunt Yi's (Sagaing) solo classic with Saun (We have lost our land and pride). A group from Myang Mya, a chorus,a duet ("Oo Wayh"), a solo ("For the Sake of Freedom," a tribute to Bo Te Za ), Music "Haven," a number Sagaing ("Doe Na Ga Ni"), and U Aung Khin("Our Mother Land").
  • (Leader of the parade.)
NTSC VHS [TRT 02:00:00] (2 copies)
Box 287 Videocassette BU049
National League for Democracy (NLD): Papalay Anyaint, the 48th Independence day
  • Produced by: NLD Information
  • The performance of the popular Papa Lay, Formerly Party Lay. "That is win win situation - the Courage, the Democracy Anyaint(Forbidden by the State Law and Order Restoration Council [SLORC]). When I leave this compound I listen to the news on the corruption in Socialist party...The people's power is my power."
  • In the performance, the present situation in Burma was presented in a humorous way.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi's speech: "Thanks for the courage of the comedian."
  • Program continued.
NTSC VHS [TRT 02:00:00]
Box 287 Videocassette BU050
National League for Democracy (NLD): Weekend Speeches of Aung San Suu Kyi (May 10, 16 and 17, 1995)
  • Produced by: NLD Information, Rangoon
  • Agrarian programs of State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) on minority, devaluation and inflation, the NLD party procedure, the political pressures and challenges, loopholes in SLORC administration, self encouragement and courage, fear and relief. should be solved wisely. Hatred is destructive, we shall not have them. Love and courage are always together. Unity should be called for."
  • U Tin Oo made an apology to Aung San Suu Kyi: "It is good to correct your mistakes and respect historical facts. Dialogue is always welcome. We counter forced relocation and forced labor. We should discuss aspects of democracy. Uneasy smile doesn't mean agreeing."
  • Suu Kyi talked about relocation of cemeteries, the present education system, family values, the democracy struggle, the common interest value, moral courage, virtualstarvation in the country.Suu Kyi: "Building the nation with love and affection, not with an iron fist."
  • On Oct 8, 1995: Suu Kyi talked about respecting elders, moral discipline, lottery, security in life, alcoholism in Burma and journalistic restrictions.
  • The "Truth Forum."
NTSC VHS [TRT 02:00:00] (2 copies)
Box 305 Videocassette BU051
National League for Democracy (NLD): Weekend Speeches of Aung San Suu Kyi (September 10, 16, 17, 1995)
  • Produced by: NLD Information, Rangoon
  • Sept 10, 1995: U Tin Oo and U Kyi Maung were present.
  • The question and answer section was to counter the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)'s accusation of her talking nonsense over the fence.
  • Question about is the Army for the country or is the country for the army. Suu Kyi referred to her father, saying that leadership should have love and honesty. People should have to right to select their leaders. Development and democracy are not enemies.
  • SLORC sponsored the activities of the youth.
  • U Tin Oo: I am proud to stand by Aung San Suu Kyi for the cause of democracy. People should have the right to elect and remove leaders.
  • U Kyi Maung speaks about examples of the educated men, U Thant and U Soe Nyunt.
  • Final remark by Aung San Suu Kyi.
  • Sept 16, 1995: Questions such as "What are you doing to achieve the goal?" Suu Kyi talked about freedom of speech, Burmese workers in foreign lands, and the importance of education and technical know how. She said depending too much on power is lack of self-reliance.Modern colonialism is nonsense.
  • De Facto and De Jure talked about public servants, habitualized corruption, the National Day celebration, the National convention and constitution, the rule of law of the government and the value of literature.
  • Sept 17, 1995,Aung San Suu KyiandU Tin Oo
  • They speak about the present economic status, the lack of appropriate systems, the SLORC failure to appreciate the traditional way, the matter of celebrations, the government controlled media and the local production, urging people to use locally made products.
  • "The ultimate answer is Democracy."
  • They also talked about the judicial system under democracy, saying democracy will allow everyone to work for the country.
  • U Tin Oo: "We are willing to give everythingfor democracy."
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 305 Videocassette BU052
National League for Democracy (NLD): Weekend Speeches by Aung San Su Kyi (September 23, 24, 30, 1995)
  • Produced by: NLD Information
  • September 23, 1995:
  • Aung San Suu Kyi speaks about the hardship of the grass roots level, and the living standard of the general public. U Aung San's democracy philosophy: "True democratic government is not only elected by people but has to work to guarantee the economic equitability in the country - equal opportunity."
  • She speaks about the mercenaries injournalism and asks the public to ignore the trash publications.
  • "Leaders must understand the public. We don't want power. We only want democracy. Power is from the people. Time will tell who tells the truth. The lack of press freedom causes the spread of rumor."
  • She recalled student's chapters in history of Burma. "We will rebuild the student union building." She states that economic gaps cause civil disorder. The State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) sponsored organizations are those in which greed overcomes honesty. Giving bribes is an insult. Don't sell off your morality.
  • She explained democracy within the context of Burma.
  • Sept 24: Aung San Suu Kyi, U koi Maung and U Tin Oo
  • Aung San Suu Kyi speaks about drug problem in Burma. She proposed alternate approach and the UN Declaration on Human Rights.
  • She speaks about present situation on education and criticized the tea money phenomenon. She speaks also about the SLORC tax and the unequal distribution of resources.
  • U Tin Oo commented on Buddhism-based politicalsystem, historical lessons, global struggle againstabsolute monarch, human rights. "Human rights will be guaranteed only when we have democracy. "He compared and commented on ten ancient rules of kings and modern democracy.
  • U Kyi Maung about a movie "Oshin,"and the miracle in Japan.
  • Sept. 30: Suu Kyi on the memory of U Aung San in people's hearts, SLORC's progress, forced porters in Burma, culture and dollar value, national progress, education for the public, general characteristics ofthe public and the literature restrictions and censorship.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 304 and 305 Videocassette BU053
National League for Democracy (NLD): Weekend speeches by Aung San Suu Kyi (January 13 and 14, 1996)
  • Produced by: NLD Information
  • Jan. 13, 1996:
  • Suu Kyi encourages people to be courageous and ready for the reconstruction. She speaks about the present agrarian situation, State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)'s ambition, the dry season cropping, the political system, the national unity, the definition of heroes, and profit taking.
  • "Leaders must have courage to acknowledge the existence of the problems."
  • She also talked about the forced labor issue, the people's misery, the definition of the Least Developed Nations. "The saddest part was undermining our strength. Educated persons never supportdictatorship. We should be capable of abiding the law. My father founded the army and I never hated it."
  • Jan 14, 1996: U Kyi Maung, U Tin Oo andAung San Suu Kyi.
  • Ethnic insurgencies the cause of colonialism?
  • They discuss the strength of the country. "We all have to defend our independence, personal freedom. We need to work on these thoughtfully, but we will have to work with risks. "They discussed also thefailureof SLORC and people's lack of confidence in them. "SLORC's plan to rule is an insult to the entire Burmese population."
  • U Tin Oo talked about individual freedom, the law, Provision 102 /103 on the arrests. "Democracy is the people's will and nothing can be taken away from us."
  • U Kyi Maung discussed issues from the capitalist democracy to capitalistic wars, the overall economy and inflation, and some significant leaders in the financial world.
NTSC VHS [TRT 0:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 304 Videocassette BU054
National League for Democracy (NLD): Aung San Suu Kyi Public Speeches
  • Produced by: NLD Information
  • U Tin Oo and U Kyi Maung were seen.
  • Suu Kyi answered questions on the responsibility of the army and the people, and about courage, politicians, and a successful economy.
  • U Tin Oo and U Kyi Maung both spoke.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 304 Videocassette BU055
Images Asia: Aung San Suu Kyi Speech for UN Commission on Human Rights
  • Produced by: Images Asia
  • Opening remark: National League for Democracy (NLD) members are harassed. Human rights is a universal element. Rule of law is a concept of peace. There is no Rule of Law in Burma. We should appeal to the international community to take greater interest in the restoration of democracy in Burma. NLD wrote to State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) about five instances of human rights violations. Two duties of NLD: protest lawlessness of SLORC and implementation of UN Resolution.Concrete steps should be taken to fulfill people's will. Economic progress can not be guaranteed without the rule of law. We have called trying to establish dialogues but SLORC chose to ignore. The situation in Burma is threatening regional stability.
NTSC VHS [TRT 0:11:00] (2 copies)
Box 304 Videocassette BU056
National League for Democracy (NLD): ASSK Extends Respect to the Elderly (October 8, 1995)
  • Produced by: NLD Rangoon
  • In the NLD compound, the elders are on the stage and the rest are on the ground. State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) was invited but declined to attend. There were traditional candle lightings and bowing. People introduced themselves one by one, gifts were distributed and the elder people were happy.
  • "Democracy cannot be built with the power of the arm, but only by the power of wisdom. You won't know politics without learning history. If you want human rights you have to have your integrity," said Aung San Suu Kyi in the closing remarks. "We must know what is good and must appreciate what is bad."
  • Aung San Suu Kyi mingled with the crowd.
NTSC VHS [TRT 02:00:00] (2 copies)
Box 304 Videocassette BU057
National League for Democracy (NLD): Aung San Suu Kyi with Kachin Leaders (August 31, 1995)
  • Produced by: NLD Rangoon
  • Aung San Suu Kyi's compound.
  • Each delegation spoke out openly. They submitted their support to NLD and Aung San Suu Kyi. There was a question about the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)'s claim on economic growth.
  • A poem was read by Kachin Hill - Aung San's blood.
  • Leaders answered questions. Suu Kyi said trust is important in national reconciliation. She praised brave individuals.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:2:00] (2 copies)
Box 304 Videocassette BU058
Independent Production: Classes Dismissed, Future Denied
  • Produced by: Campaign Committee for Open Schools World View Rights
  • The future education of the children of Burma is uncertain. Children are caught in the civil war. Over 100,000 children do not go to school to get basic education. Colleges have been closed for a long time.
  • Lin Lin Tun: "The Regime is worried all the time."
  • Story of illegal migrant workers in Burma.
  • Teacher Ma Ma told Daw Suu Kyi, "The kin of the Army study a different system."
  • Jase Ramos Horta: "This is a crime to shut down schools."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:12:00] (2 copies)
Box 304 Videocassette BU059
National League for Democracy (NLD): ASSK with Irrawaddy Delta leaders
  • Produced by: NLD Information, Rangoon
  • Busloads of delegation members arrive. Enthusiastic faces shown. The Pinne and Kachin NLD outfit, Doe Nagani, are seen getting off the buses. A rollcall is made and they enter the gates of the NLD Headquarters.
  • Ceremony begins as Suu Kyi and U Tin Oo enter.
  • U Tin Oo originally came from the Irrawaddy region. "We must now do everything we can to let our children enjoy freedom."
  • Township matters are discussed. The delegation expresses overwhelming support for the NLD. Thirty-two of them are elected members of parliament. Their commitment is still strong in spite of the relentless harassment of State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC).
  • The delegation discusses many other issues: Young people mischievously vandalize SLORC's infrastructure but NLD members suffer the consequences.
  • The forced labor situation is still bad. Farmers areforced to give their crops to the government. They cite the failure of SLORC's initiatives, such as the dry-season rice experiment.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi extends a brief theory of democracy. She says that people's consent should be required in the government projects. Problems will always be there but the democratic approach to solutions is the most productive way.
  • Economy and education are discussed. She continues: "Now is the time for everyone to put their best efforts forward for democracy. It will be a rough road to democracy though."
  • She speaks of the courage of the young people, the politics and comments on severe punishment for the failure to fulfill the quota.
  • U Tin Oo also responded to the conversations.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's weekend speech is heard.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00]
Box 304 Videocassette BU060
National League for Democracy (NLD): Aung San Suu Kyi meets NLD leadership and Moulmein delegates at Mon State (August 25, 1995)
  • Produced by: NLD Information, Rangoon
  • After a roll call, people enter hall. Pamelo presents gift to Suu Kye.
  • They speak about harassment, about the few township offices remaining. Suu Kyi gives a brief lecture on democratic aspects. She uses the example of South Africa. She says that money can't buy anything. She encourages people. She comments negatively on superstitious way of life such as the dependence on fortune tellers. She also comments on the democratic spirit and political power.
  • "I cannot let my work suffer for my personal security. If unity prevails it will not take long for democracy and freedom to come."
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00]
Box 304 Videocassette BU061
Earth Action Group: Protest against Union Oil Company of California (Unocal) (December 12, 1996)
  • Produced by: Earth Action Group, LA
  • This is by Burma Forum LA. The Earth Action Group and various environmental and human rights groups are seen. Unocal signed an agreement that condemned Burmese military regime State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) to build controversial Yadana pipeline.
  • It was a rainy day. Detailed actions were taken in front of Unocal headquarters Los Angeles. Activists tied themselves to the Unocal gas delivery truck. Khin Maung Shwe, Taw Myo Myint and Ko Latt, and Adriana chained themselves to the truck. Climbers climbed the tank and placed a huge banner on top saying: "TORTURE IN BURMA; HEROIN IN the USA. BOYCOTT Unocal." Maung and Taw shout: "Boycott Unocal! Unocal out of Burma!" Haley, little Htet Htet joined Maung and Shwe. "No slave child labor in Burma. No pipeline project now!"
  • Khin Maung Soe "I am a follower of our leader, Aung San Suu Kyi. I was jailed and tortured for two years.I am an NLD member."
  • Tin Maung Aye: "Stop child labor. Do us a favor."
  • "We are willing to go to jail. For my people and my country." Sai Hla Pe.
  • LA Police and Fire Department arrived. "Shame on Unocal." Workers responded with peace symbol. Kyaw Moe Zaw, the Los Angeles Police Department and Fire Department peacefully ended and scores of people were arrested.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:03:00] (2 copies)
Box 304 and 306 Videocassette BU062
Amateur Footage: Interview with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Produced by: Nancy Anderson
  • Freedom in Burma is costly but very precious. Interview conducted by Nancy Anderson.
NTSC VHS [TRT 0o:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 306 Videocassette BU063
Asia Now: News from Burma TV
  • Produced by: Asia Now
  • Edited news report.
  • Downtown Rangoon, Aung San Suu Kyi had her weekend speech.
  • Sein Win recorded and distributed scripts among supporters. San Gnwe was a lawyer who wanted to write story. He met with Suu Kyi. "I am optimistic. We will certainly achieve our goal. The military does not have popular support."
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:45:00]
Box 306 Videocassette BU064
Burma Forum: Fight for Freedom and Human Rights in Burma
  • Produced by: Burma Forum, Los Angeles
  • Edited report by Burma Forum Los Angeles.
  • Kevin Rudigers gives a brief history of Burma's story - Army crushed democratic movement, killing 6000 people.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi: "Authorities set aside the result of election, but they will not last for long because this is the will of the people."
  • Suu Kyi talked about the acts committed by the Army: porters, army recruits, forced labor, burned villages, burned churches, animal skeletons all over the land, the body of Paddy, Saw Hla Htoo signs of atrocities,people dying of easily treatable diseases.
  • Foreign investors are welcome in Burma. Companies put blind eyes to the suffering of the people, Katherine Redford said, since foreign investors come in, the general situation has worsened. Extensive consumer boycott campaign resulted in massive withdrawal of a lot of companies but some stubbornly remained.
  • The LA Free Burma Ordinance 1998 was supported by over 100 groups.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:25:00]
Box 306 Videocassette BU066
ISBA: National League for Democracy (NLD) CEO Meeting(in Burmese)
  • Produced by: ISBA
  • July 17, 2000, by ISBDA
  • Burma's Democracy and Our Future
  • NLD's activities. NLD Logo, red bases, yellow peacock and a star.
  • The first meeting with the national representatives after Suu Kyi's release, in her home - the NLD headquarters. Delegates were lined-up to meet the leaders. There was background music, "Victory for Burma." Aung San Suu Kyi, U Aung Shwe and U Tin Oo were present.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi began the ceremony: "Unity is key.Dialogue is our way so please support us. I don't hate soldiers. My father was one. The way to democracy will be a long and hard road. I don't want to make promises that I may not be able to keep. I have a duty to work and suffer. I work for the futureand learn from the past. Hatred is always related to fear. I can face death because what I have done is not wrong. We don't disown anyone, including the exiled students. I am not doing anything secretly. I just listen to VOA, BBC and DVB.
  • Delegates left the compound.
  • People promised their full support. People say: "We don't want you to die before the work is done."
  • Huge crowd gathered around Suu Kyi's home.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:33:00]
Box 306 Videocassette BU067
ITN: Inside Burma - Land of Fear
  • Produced by: John Pilger/Bull Frog
  • Network: ITN
  • Report by John Pilger on Burma's "harsh, bloody, and uncompromising" regime.
  • John Pilger: "More than a million people have been forced from their homes and, according to the UN, untold thousands have been massacred, tortured and subjected to a modern form of slavery. 'Burma, says Amnesty International, is a prison without bars.'"
  • According to Pilger, the filming for this documentary was done in secret as the regime attempted to cover its crimes with the help of foreign investors and by declaring 1996 the year of the tourist.
  • Interviews include: Burmese exiles, refugees, National League for Democracy (NLD) leader Aung San Suu Kyi, Dr. Aung Kin (Burma Historian), foreign investor James Sherwood, and Dr. Martin Morland (Ex. U.N. Ambassador to Burma).
  • The Inya Lake massacre - the site where the March 16, 1988 student demonstration took place.Pilger: "According to eyewitnesses, the soldiers beat many of them to death, singling out the girls. Those who escaped were pursued here into the lake, where they were caught and drowned one by one. Of the survivors, 42 were locked into a waiting van and left in the noon-day heat where all of them suffocated to death. In the meantime fire engines were brought in to wash away the blood."
  • Rare camera appearance of Ne Win giving a speech. New Win: "If there are more demonstrations, the army will shoot to kill."
  • Testimonies on the building of the railway that will transport soldiers and supplies to an area where a billion dollar gas line is being built for the French oil company Total -- owned by the French government and the US company Unocal. Footage of children being used to construct the site.
  • Scenes of children used as laborers, carrying clumps of clay on their heads. Pilger: "Children are also forced to make bricks for the army, and that construction is being done to attract tourists."
  • Interview with James Sherwhood, Chairman of Orient Express Hotels, Road to Mandalay River Cruises. He claims that there is no proof that there are human rights violations in Burma. He claims that he consulted with the CIA who told him that the allegations were not true. He says that it is "untactful" to contact the "opposition leader" Aung San Suu Kyi. He met only with the generals.
  • Pilger claims that the Burmese government receives money from foreign investors - mainly gas companies. British company also traded arms with the government. United States, Japan, and Australian companies also trade with Burma. NHK, a Japanese media organization, told the filmmakers of this documentary that they cannot share the footage of soldiers killing civilians because it is "too delicate and might threaten Myanmar's stability. Please erase the materials from your library. I appreciate you understanding the situation."
  • Scenes of Karen ethnic minorities who have escaped to Thailand.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:50:00]
Box 306 Videocassette BU068
TV Myanmar: News Clips, 1994
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • News Clips from TV Myanmar, Sept 9, 1995,in Burmese Language.
  • Khin Nyunt indirectly criticized National League for Democracy (NLD), boasted about national convention, increasing foreign investments. He criticized some countries who pressured State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC).
  • The second anniversary of USDA: Unity, Solidarity and Development Association.
  • Diamond Jubilee, Memorial Hall, Rangoon University earth-breaking ceremony, Chaung guat Dam Pyobwe Town, the opening ceremony by Tin Oo Secretary II, sugar cane production facility in Pyinmana, cotton production fields, underground water utilization facilities and development projects.
  • Madeleine Albright in Rangoon.
  • Tourist Festival in 1996.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 306 Videocassette BU069
TV Myanmar: News Clips, 1995
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • Sept 10, 1995 Tin Oo's activities (in Burmese).
  • Visiting the Buddhist temple construction site.
  • Visiting the Dau Pone's road construction.
  • Participating in the Unity, Solidarity and Development Association (USDA) Tin Oo Thingan Gyun Anniversary.
  • Visiting Nhinsigone - Home of the aged, and attended the alms-giving ceremony.
  • Attending the Haling Computer Room opening ceremony.
  • Delegates arrive to attend the second anniversary of USDA.
  • Attending the Diamond Jubilee students' meeting.
  • The USDA Boss visited an oil well with Minister K Maung Thein.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:60:00]
Box 306 Videocassette BU070
Bared Face Production: Life on the Line
  • Produced by: Bared Face Production
  • Airing Program: Channel 4, Great Britain
  • An investigation on human rights abuses based on the construction story of Yadana Pipeline in Burma across the Karen dominated area, by Karen Human Rights Commission, and Htoo La.
  • The Pipeline built by Total and Unocal companies to deliver gas from Adaman sea to Thailand, providing much needed cash for State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC). SLORC made the area into a no man's land. They rounded up villages and drove the residents away to labor camps. SLORC relocated villages and fenced the area like a concentration camp. They forced people to work for the construction.
  • The refugees said: "We have to work with bare hands and no tools. "People's movements were restricted like in the prison camps.
  • Lun Davies, the Oil Concession Manager, took advantage of harsh labor.
  • Simon Bilennes, Ethical Investment Analyst, said that refugees told a consistent story: SLORC mistreated people and used forced labor.
  • Taking a journey across the Burmese jungle with Karen National Union (KNU) to fire free zone. It was Christmas Eve in a Burmese jungle and the Andamen Sea, Ma Thidainterviewed Bill Richardson. "Burma needs much more responsible investment."
  • There were protests against Unocal across the United States.
  • SLORC attacked some villages and the KNU defended them. People hid in pits.
  • Scenes include deserted villages and bloodstained floors. According to video, SLORC broke into homes shot people, carried away belongings, destroyed property and left.
  • Senator Byron Rushing said: "The Clinton Administration should condemn Burma by taking some decisive measures."
  • Thida interviewed some Unocal officials. The official denied accusations: "You are trying to make us look bad."
  • On the actual work site, soldiers went to the villages to steal, loot and kill people. A girl's mother was shot while hugging her.
  • International pressures like those applied to South Africa would cripple the SLORC investors. Senator Rushing said it was not easy because people had to work hard to get the White house to act on the issue. The British parliament member said: "The sanction must be extended."
  • People believe that sanction is ultimate act.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:39:00]
Box 306 Videocassette BU071
Images Asia: Right in the Cross Fire
  • Produced by: Images Asia
  • Edited report by Jude Smith, the European Human Rights Foundation, in 1995 (English).
  • Karen refugees: Women were forcibly taken away by soldiers. We have never seen them again. State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) terrorizes the ethnic minorities. Women and children were brutalized, a soldier confirmed. There were unbelievable abuses. Some known abuses were conducted by Sgt. Ba Gyi. A girl was picking vegetables but Ba Gyi took her and raped her. She lay unconscious next to the road. She was later sent to a hospital, but she died.
  • In the Tachileik town, 1995, soldiers exposed themselves in front of the girls. Some pointed guns at women, looted jewelry and raped them. "We took everything from every village we went across. If one could not pay he had to work. We have been on the move since 1995. We left whenever we heard gun shots. Family structure was destroyed. I have no parents and I don't know where they are."
  • Malaria and anemia are common. Children suffer from bad health and poverty and receive little education. They shifted schools into work skill training camps. They transported women to Thailand to meet the Thai demand for its sex market and for cheap labor. Ranong, a Burmese, found this a disappointment. "Many Burmese are exploited. Many have been sold. If dictatorship stays in power for long we are in trouble."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:18:00]
Box 305 Videocassette BU073
Amateur Footage: Los Angeles Residents Meet Myanmar Ambassador U Win Tin
  • Produced by: Personal Footage
  • A meeting between State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) Ambassador to the United States and Los Angeles residents in La Puente, in a Buddhist temple in Los Angeles, March 16, 1997(in Burmese).
  • The visiting Ambassador Tin Win met Burmese exiled community in Los Angeles, entertained questions of the SLORC position. He denied the 1988 massacre and took a solid stand that SLORC was doing the best for the country. Dr Aung Khin: "We will win. "The ambassador was accompanied by U Sein Tun andDaw Khin Win May.
  • Tin Win: "I'll tell you know the truth about Myanmar."
  • On the cease fire situation: "There will be trust after cease fire."
  • On the failed negotiation with Karen National Union (KNU): "We have discussed with the NLD but they withdrew." He blamed previous government.
  • U Nyunt Maung told Tin Win that soldiers robbed the people. Boys were forcibly taken away by SLORC. Tin Win: "I will investigate and respond."
  • Insufficient investment is common among the newly opened-up countries. Internal economy has significantly improved.
  • He defended SLORC's stand on the refusal to hand over power for economic advance.
  • There was a tough argument as to what market economy should be. What is market economy according to SLORC? Rice export and local distribution procedure.
  • They also talked about special colleges for military services, the sagaing massacre and SLORC inaction.
NTSC VHS [TRT 10:20:00] (2 copies)
Box 305 Videocassette BU074
KCAL9: The Burma Forum L.A. Protesting Union Oil Company of California (Unocal)
  • Produced by: KCAL Channel 9
  • Network: burma forum
  • News Clips from KCAL Channel 9 on December 12 1996, called "Protest Against Unocal" by the Burma Forum Los Angeles.(in English)
  • Activists tied themselves to the Unocal truck. Thirteen were arrested.
  • Indy Tiny was charged with trespassing. Also arrestedwere Khin Maung Shwe, Taw Myo Shwe and Ko Latt.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:04:00] (2 copies)
Box 305 Videocassette BU075
Aung San Suu Kyi acceptance of Nobel Prize, 1991
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:60:00]
Box 305 Videocassette BU076
Earth Right Int'l: L.A. protest against State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
  • Produced by: Earth Right Int'l
  • Action against Unocal in Burma, in December 1996.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:45:00]
Box 306 Videocassette BU077
Independent Production: To Ease the Pain in Gangaw Wood
  • Produced by: Myanmar Local Production
  • "To Ease the Pain in the Gangaw Wood," by Zagana.
  • Episodes of humor were directed against the Burmese regime, in 1994 (in Burmese).
  • Dat Si, disappointed over the present situation in Burma, drank petrol to kill himself. The petrol was fake.
  • There were jokes about local transportation, local customs of courtship, economic hardship and scarcity. There were also jokes about the justice system, death and the loss of rights.
  • The "Gangaw Myaing Anyaint" was to honor the Diamond Jubilee of Rangoon University - six politically motivated comedians performed along with a famous dancer, May Than Nu.
  • Zagana, Kingkong. Ngapyawgyaw, Mitta, Ayaing, Godzilla appeared and criticized the social and political weakness of State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC).
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:34:00]
Box 306 Videocassette BU078
PBS: The OpiumKings
  • Produced by: Front Line USA
  • Edited report on Front Line, May 20, 1997, by Adrian Cowell (in English), funded by PBS.
  • Shan in Burma was founded in 1962 to topple Burmese strong man Ne Win, took arms and began guerrilla warfare. Adrian Cowell traveled to opium area in Burma in 1964. Chris Monges never returned.
  • There was an ineffective offensive and lack of funding of the Shan State Army (SSA) taxed opium trade.
  • Opium consumed away the political aims.Sao Boon Tai: "We will dominate opium trade to finance our army."
  • In 1972, some switched sides and worked with Burmese government.
  • Law Sit Han, one of the kings, said that the KoKand Army transported 700 mules of opium to Thailand and brought consumer goods to Burma. Across the valley they clashed with another revolutionary group.
  • Losithan was forced to disband his army by Newin and came to Rangoon to live a new life. Lawsithan shook hands with the SSA people. He called US to buy off opium and burned them or people would continue the trade. Burma produced 180 tons a year and traded them. "We don't know how to manufacture heroin. We have to ask traders from Tacheleik. We knew how to make morphine."
  • Locithan was arrested in Thailand and extradited to Burma.
  • There was power vacuum in opium trade. Khunsa was the second king of opium. Joe Nalas, Congressman in Khun Sa's headquarters, suggested a Drug Committee in White House. Peter Borne opposed. He rejected Khunsa and helped Burma, giving them helicopters and airplanes. That did not yield good results. 80 million dollars of aid was given to Burma, but it was stopped in 1988.
  • In 1992, Cowell returned. There were many more SSA soldiers. Opium production had grown.
  • SSA and Burmese army were in conflict in Maung Chuat valley. Khin Myunt in Rangoon Lawsithan negotiated opium.
  • Khunsa attempted to have ceasefire with army. US condemned the act.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:40:00]
Box 306 Videocassette BU079
TV Myanmar: SPDC Sponsored New Umbrella Installation Ceremony of Great Shwedagon Pagoda, April 1999
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • Edited report by TV Myanmar - the New Umbrella Installation Ceremony of Shwe Da Gon in Rangoon
  • State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) attempted to stay in power. He followed the instruction of fortune tellers and palm readers.
  • The SPDC claimed victory over the enemies.
  • The top brass of SPDC attended the ceremony.
  • Top SPCD sponsored monks and tens of thousands of devotees were also presented.
NTSC VHS [TRT 02:00:00]
Box 305 Videocassette BU080
NHK (Japanese TV): Interview with Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Produced by: NHK Japan
  • Aung San Suu Kyi on Japanese TV (NHK).
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 305 Videocassette BU081
Amateur Footage: Jokes of Zagana
  • Produced by: Personal footage
  • It included the best jokes about the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) by the comedian Zagana.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:00:00]
Box 305 Videocassette BU082
National League for Democracy (NLD): Free Burma Movement in USA
  • Produced by: NLD Information
  • The edited footage of "Free Burma Movement in USA," by Free Burma Coalition (in Burma).
  • There was a demonstration against Pepsi Co. Pepsi withdrew Burma Campaign.
  • All levels of society of over 20 countries were enthusiastically involved in condemning the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC).
  • The company Texaco and some universities took part in the consumer boycott. They held portraits of Aung San Suu Kyi.
  • "Economic boycott is a successful tool. SLORC is selling out the country, to expand the army to threaten the security of the people," said Suu Kyi.
  • Cities in the United States are starting to introduce the selective purchasing ordinance to punish companies who do business with Burma.
  • Under the leadership of Aung San Suu Kyi, the Burmese people took part in her struggle for democracy.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:15:00]
Box 305 Videocassette BU083
Free Burma Coalition: Pepsi's Burma Campaign
  • Produced by: Free Burma CoalitionZanni
  • Pepsi Withdraws Campaign.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:15:00]
Box 305 Videocassette BU084
National League for Democracy (NLD): Anniversary of the Myannegone Massacre, June 21, 1989
  • Produced by: NLD Information, Rangoon
  • U Tin OO and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi attend. They comment that one year ago today, the worst massacre happened. We gained a limited victory. U Tin Oo speaks extensively. A student representative speaks. Aung San Suu Kyi speaks.She says that the Burmese will never allow such leaders to rule again. "Struggle with us," she pleaded.
  • At the Sagaing Office the army has blocked the area. Army trucks interrupt the program with loud speakers. People listen as U Tin Oo speaks at gun point.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi says, "I speak to the army, too." Her attacks are directed at Ne Win and the army. She says that soldiers are not aliens from other planets, they are Burmese. She invites listeners to oppose the laws that were designed to oppress the Burmese.
  • Army guards start to shoot toward the people. Some people are arrested. In the park, Aung San Suu Kyi approaches and lays flowers for the dead. She is arrested.Another participant is arrested, one is killed and one wounded by bullets.
  • At Headquarters: U Tin Oo and Aung San Suu Kyi speak.
NTSC VHS [TRT 02:00:00]
Box 305 Videocassette BU085
State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) Production: Miss Puppy
  • Produced by: Myanmar Military and Psychological Warfare Department
  • Fictional story.
  • A group of young people flee Burma to fight for democracy. They are demoralized and worn out. Opportunists enter the scene, at the Thibawbo and Minthamee Karen National Union (KNU) Camp. A tragic ending follows for those who fled Burma.Attacks followed on democracy and student leaders such as Dr. Aung Khin and Saw Bo Mya. KNU abandons them in the cross fire. Dr. Aung Khin is seen in the KNU camp. Sexual and physical abuse of the KNU are described as well as presentations of landmine victims.
  • Dramatized re-enactments of the revolution are shown as well as some factual misinformation about the armed democracy struggle and the Karen National Union.
NTSC VHS [TRT 2:14:00] (2 copies)
Box 295 Videocassette BU086
Images Asia: Toward Freedom
  • Produced by: All Burma Student Democratic Front/Images Asia
  • Brief scene of the 1988 massacre. Ne Win gave his threat.
  • Armed students were along the River Moi (Thaung Yin Myit).
  • In the All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF) camps, medical workers were providing service to refugees.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 295 Videocassette BU087
NHK (Japanese TV): Democracy Struggle and Bloody Crackdown in 1988
  • Produced by: NHKJapan
  • People are marching peacefully, chanting. Gunfire is heard across the field. People fall. Many take cover in the trees.One receives a direct hit, others are hit several times. One falls. Someone cries, "We have no arms!" They cry out but the soldiers keep shooting. Some people are seen being comforted, the wounded are carried away. Soldiers are well-positioned and aiming at people. A policeman yells, "Keep shooting until they shoot us."
  • A brief news clip from TV Burma: "The Abolished Socialist Program Party."
  • In Shwedagon, Ne Win is with some diplomats. Sein Lwin takes over. On people's uprising, Aung San Suu Kyi and U Aung Gyi speak out. Aung Gyi expresses the general deterioration of the Burmese situation. U Tin Oo: "Victory is at hand." One Democracy activist came from Japan. A protest rally in front of the Burmese Embassy. Aung Gyi leads the demonstration. Police and army officers are interviewed. U Nu explains the suffering of the people. There are clashes and battles. Bodies are in the rivers. Piles of bodies are seen after the coup. General hospital scenes are shown.
  • Scenes of the Rangoon river bank: soldiers stand guard everywhere. Smoke rises from the crematorium.
  • U Ne Win threatens: "The army will shoot straight, not into the air. Anyone who opposes the government will pay the price of death."
  • The movement of the people continues in spite of the threat. Upside-down flags are waved. Aung Gyi leads an uprising.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi arrives on the scene. Barricades and check points are everywhere around town. Teashop discussions take place. Some spies are accused of penetrating the crowds. MI agents interrogate citizens. Soldiers join the people.
  • Saw Maung leads State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) and takes power on Sept 17, 1988.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi: "Our people have shown solid discipline."
  • The Army opens fire again on Sept 18, killing thousands more, and takes firm power. SLORC claims insurgents cause damage and only the army can take care of the people.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:09:00]
Box 295 Videocassette BU088
Amateur Footage: Refugees in Thailand
  • Produced by: IRC Women's Commsion
  • The tape shows victims of the civil war and the hopelessness of women and children.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:00:30]
Box 295 Videocassette BU089
Images Asia: Message to UN Commission on Human Rights from Aung San Suu Kyi, March 1988
  • Produced by: Altsean and Images Asia
  • Human rights pertain to all human beings. Those who are repressed are not the same as those who are free. The case of Burma is not only concerned with Burma but is representative of the suffering of people around the world.UN resolutions on Burma, in place since 1989, have never been implemented. The resolution must be implemented. The SPDC tried to intimidate the Burmese people, but has never tried for a genuine dialogue. We don't enjoy basic rights. The Burmese people are being deprived ofbasic human rights. The National League for Democracy (NLD) is subjected to severe repression. The regime created economic and political chaos, with the result that millions crossed into neighboring countries. Ethnic minorities are being targeted by the regime and they have fled into Thailand by the tens of thousands. I beg neighboring countries to extend humanitarian help to the refugees. The UN resolution on Burma is clear. Help any way you can to enable the UN resolution to be implemented.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:18:00]
Box 295 Videocassette BU090
PBS: Senior of the week
  • Produced by: PBSUSA
  • Father Joseph Lamar of the Mary Knoll Charity in Guatemala, a significant voice in fighting the Unocal Out of Burma Project.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:06:00]
Box 295 Videocassette BU091
Amateur Footage: Footage from a Thai Prison
  • Produced by: Kevin, Private Footage
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:15:00]
Box 295 Videocassette BU120
Earth Rights International: Pipeline Forced Labor
  • Produced by: Earth Rights International
  • Two refugees and the pipeline.
  • Denuded forests in Burma.
  • Thein Zaw: Since four cuts era. We are between, we were suspected by both side. Killings were rampant. They asked us to construct trails, bunkers and buildings without pay. We have pay for the porter if not we have to go. We have to pay all the construction if not one has to go or is tortured.
  • We were responsible for the actions of the Karen National Union (KNU). 200,000 Kat was demanded for an electric post. What I most dislike is unnecessary killing. One officer was killed in an ambush and the army executed four including my two brothers as revenge.
  • Pipeline forced labor. Carry military loads for pipeline security. Army maltreated us. Many people are forced to work in pipeline construction. I saw foreigners working in the site. They saw us. I have no idea how to express my feeling. If anyone says there is no forced labor, they are lying. My friend was shot by a soldier and died.
  • Zaw: Thai blocked border and refugees were lost in the jungle.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (3 copies)
Box 302 Videocassette BU121
National League for Democracy (NLD): Tenth Anniversary of the August 8, 1988 Uprising
  • Produced by: NLD Information
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi: "We have fulfilled our promises of the election 1990. But Saw Maung said, I'll transfer power according to the law. Releasing prisoners is not my business. We are in an economic mess. Many social problems. The health care system is in shambles. International investment does not help the people in any way. We must have an accountable government."
  • Student demonstration, November, 1996.
  • Suu Kyi: "Why is there unrest? Because of discontent. Dialogue is the most humane way to resolve our problems. Speak out for justice. Democracy is a process that needs a lot of hard work."
  • Daw Suu's Q and A Over the Fence.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 302 Videocassette BU122
ABC: Nightline - Unocal vs. Burmese Peasant
  • Produced by: Kevin
  • A Lawsuit against Unocal's involvement in construction of the Yadana pipeline in Burma. Hosted by Dave Marash. Runtime: 00:22:00.
  • Unocal Involvement in Burma, Right or Wrong?
  • John Imles: The challenge is, which one to select.
  • Unocal was condemned for that.
  • Joe Lamar: "Why do you go in there in the first place? Many US companies got out of Burma."
  • Imles: "The existence of gas and the market made us decide to do business."
  • Burma's peasants charged that Unocal was among the top two companies guilty of forced labor, forced relocation and forced porterage.
  • John Doe: "I had to suck my sweat to ease the thirst."
  • The account of thousands is uniform. Unocal blamed the military.
  • Judge Paez: "Don't buy that. This lawsuit is very significant."
  • Tyler Gianinni: "The UN condemned Burma every year."
  • US State Department: "The Burmese people continue to live under an extremely oppressive regime."
  • Imles: "Economic opportunity must be accompanied by an island of integrity. Unocal is providing health and education."
  • The island of integrity was surrounded by a sea of abuse.
  • Two witnesses: "We were forced to work and we were not paid."
  • He who lies down with dogs gets up with fleas.
  • John Doe: "We were treated like slaves." Jane Doe 1: "They took our rice and chickens and burned our homes. They punched me while I was holding my baby. My baby died of a hemorrhage."
  • Maureen Aunt Thwin: "Constructive engagement only strengthened State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) and their money laundering schemes."
  • Kelly Quinn speaks next. He is the speaker of ATOM, the union of atomic workers who are opposed to the regime in power in Burma.
  • Imles speaks last. He says that the villagers he interviewed said please stay so he stayed.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:22:00]
Box 302 Videocassette BU123
Images Asia: Daw Aung San Suu Kyi message to Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) leaders, 1997
  • Produced by: Images Asia/Altsean
  • The regime has mismanaged the resources of the people. State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) spent much less on education and health. Burma is no credit for ASEAN. Admission to ASEAN makes SLORC more oppressive. The government has to respect the people. Constructive engagement must be constructive for the Burmese people. We want responsible investment.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:05:00] (2 copies)
Box 296 and 302 Videocassette BU124
ABC: Nightline - Burma Deception
  • Produced by: ABC Nightline, 1993
  • Network: ABC
  • Airing Program: Nightline
  • by Cynthia Jervis
  • Product of Burma Issue, (45 Minutes)
  • The Pagan plain. A background song, "Let It Be With My Fault."
  • The River Moi. An old farmer: "Burmese soldiers burned our house and we ran away."
  • A mother: "State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) bombed from planes." A young Karen Guerrilla.
  • A woman: "I was forced to carry ammunitions and rations. Forced porterage has been practiced for a long time. Now it is getting worse. People with incapacities were abandoned. The worst thing is that they use humans as mine sweepers. We ran away whenever we heard the trucks coming. We are starving. "Even children are picked up and killed.
  • A Monk: "Civil war was due to ideologies and later caused by army abuses. We never live in peace, always on the run. We do not want to be refugees here."
  • There are over 400,000 refugees in Bangladesh and Thailand.
  • A Rohinger Leader: "Forced porterage and rapes forced them to flee. My children died while on the run."
  • Extreme oppression is applied to the Burmese people. The regime wants total submission to them.
  • A border development program was supported by UNDP. A hospital, schools were built.
  • A Karen leader: "Oppression has been escalated, the hospital has no doctor or medicines and forced labor was used to construct the buildings."
  • People got frustrated with the effort to find lasting peace.
  • Poppy flowers fruit, drug traders are now at peace with SLORC.
  • Timber sales occur on the border.
  • Pepsi, KFC, Pizza Hut entered Burma. The opposition called for sanctions but international governments are reluctant. China is a major arms supplier.
  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN): "Constructive engagement."
  • National convention and ASEAN booths are shown.
  • A child beggar.
  • The elected party must be allowed to rule.
  • In honor of Cynthia Jervis who gave her life, April, 1993. She died of Malaria.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:45:00]
Box 302 Videocassette BU125
Altsean: Interview with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi Regarding Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  • Produced by: Altsean Production
  • 1997
  • ASEAN would not get what they expect from Burma. The economy cannot take off under the present situation. ASEAN should push the SPDC for a dialogue. An accountable and transparent government is necessary to have a feasible economic gain. Sporadic meetings are not for dialogues. I believe in cautious optimism. I am always ready for a dialogue.
  • We work hard. Our offices were forced to close but people continue to work with us. Politics comes from every day work.
  • I fell down the stairs but I am absolutely fine. I am married to a British citizen. I can have British citizenship anytime. I do not need a green card to go to the USA. Perhaps they want green cards.
  • People motivate me the most. They know we are the powerful force in Burma. Therefore they put such restrictions on us.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:17:00]
Box 302 Videocassette BU126
Images Asia: Burma Ten Years On; A Parliament Denied
  • Produced by: Altsean and Images Asia
  • Interview conducted by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi with the National League for Democracy (NLD), CEO and committee members in May of 2000.
  • Ten years after the election in which the NLD won a landslide victory, this was never honored by State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC).
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi: "This is not a pre-arranged election."
  • Why are people continuing to struggle for democracy in Burma? Why do we have confidence that we will win? Democracy is a human value. We want democracy because we want freedom. Security has to be balanced by freedom. Japan's good will should not be manipulated for the good of the few. The rule of law should prevail, accountable leadership should be installed."
  • U Aung Shwe: "No one has the right to dismiss the people's representatives. When parliament is convened even those dismissed by the junta will have to come back. Every nation has problems. The solutions are mostly on the table."
  • U Aye Tha Aung (non-member of the NLD): "We represent the ethnic groups. We demanded authority to convey the parliament but they responded with massive arrests. We are representative of the people and we have duties to fulfill. When parliament is conveyed we will tackle the ethnic problem." (He was later arrested.)
  • U Hla Pe: "They tried all possible means to break the flesh and soul of the elected representatives. We can call parliament in a matter of days."
  • U Tin Oo (former Chief of Staff, now the NLD Chair) speaks of civilian government rule.
  • U Ohn Gyaw: "The rule of law is most important. It has to be installed. Only democracy can achieve that. We have many friends who will help us."
  • U than Tun: "On the forced labor issue there has been no action on Burma. The forced labor continues."
  • U Lwin: "On the issue of social and educational status. We are so far behind on the issues of government spending on education and health, on the rule of law and transparency, on accountability. Defense spending should be reduced. Our farmers' dream is to own land. Farmers are the most oppressed. Act 4/78 should be abolished, 3/63 be amended. That is our first priority."
  • U Soe Mytint: Speaks about the farmers' sector.
  • Naw Ohn Hla: "Believing that democracy will provide security, I joined the party. I urge people not to be afraid."
  • U Naing Naing: "I believe the country needs a change. I pay my dues for the changes. I will continue to do so. I have made up my mind."
  • U Htun Myint: "Voices of fear. We have to stand up for the truth."
  • Ko Aye Tun: Speaks about the Youth wing. "If we have good leaders, then we will follow. One day we will win. If we love our country we have to do right. Education is still in an experimental stage."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:48:00] (2 copies)
Box 295 and 302 Videocassette BU127
ABC (Australian TV): The Edge of Burma (1995)
  • Produced by: ABC Australia
  • Network: ABC
  • Edited by Mark Foster, Australia Sources, 40 Years War. John Pelligran, Australia. (50 Minutes)
  • Life with Karen National Union (KNU), Karen people and their rebellion against the Burmese junta. The Kawthule revolution lasted for over 40 years. For identity, freedom, the Karen are prepared to fight on for even longer.
  • Slogans, marches and dances symbolize a Karen celebration for the New Year in a Karen camp. The KNU explains that Burmese oppression sparked the rebellion. A Karen commander speaks: "When we meet we will fight, we will pursue and kill them. "He talks of how the regime laid land mines across the country which caused civilian causalities. A health epidemic is a problem. Blood transfusions cannot be done. The Karen will win if we trust in God. A skirmish with army troops is shown. Villagers live in the war zone. An interview takes place with POWs. The KNU motto: "In God We Trust. Only God will deliver victory."
  • On the front line, gunfire and verbal abuse occur. Bo Mya: "The Karen are not Burmese but they bomb the country from us. "The River Moi border is shown between Thailand and Manaplaw which is the headquarters of the KNU.
  • The Prime Minister, Saw Ba Tin: "We can never become Burmese."
  • More evidence of atrocities by the army is shown. A daughter is forced to watch her father burned to death. The Burmese forces deny this.
  • Burma Ten Years On; A Parliament denied. (Altsean Burma, May 2000
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:50:00]
Box 296 Videocassette BU128
Janus Film: The Burmese Harp
  • Produced by: Kon Ichikawa/Janus Film
  • Japanese, English Subtitles, 1957. Fiction.
  • In Burma, soil is red. So is the rock.
  • July 1945, the Japanese are losing the war in Burma. The Japanese have retreated from every front. From one unit hiding deep in the jungle is a harp-playing soldier named Mitzushima. His unit surrendered to allied forces. Commissioned to convince other units to surrender, he wandered, visiting other companies. His unit was crushed after refusing to surrender but he survived. Pretending to be a Buddhist Monk, while trying to reunite with his mother unit, he sees dead Japanese soldiers scattered about Burma. He feels responsible for burying the dead and does it single-handedly, never rejoining his company again. He stays behind in Burma although his unit leaves Burma to rejoin Japan.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:57:00] (2 copies)
Box 296 Videocassette BU129
NBC: Beyond Rangoon
  • Produced by: NBC
  • Network: NBC
  • Airing Program: Dateline
  • Undercover mission by NBC crew into Burma, which collected information and interview with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
  • Inconceivable choice for one's family or country. How precious freedom is and how high a price can be paid for it.
  • Burma, Land of fear. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, a symbol of hope.
  • It was not sacrifice, it was choice because nobody forced you to do it. Colleges were closed until last week, possession of a cellphone and fax machine can cause one's imprisonment. "One can be jailed even for doing the right thing, even behaving in accordance with the law. If the authorities don't agree it can mean a jail term. Like a spy movie there are decoy calls, coded calls and hidden tapes. "Everywhere we look the army is there."
  • "Two car and two cycles wait for me," Suu Kyi.
  • Married in 1972 to Professor Michael Aris with two children, Alexander and Kim, Suu Kyi's life changed in 1988.
  • Yusen Kin: "We never thought the government would do that, I shed a tear when I heard her. Thousands were killed. "Scene from Beyond Rangoon. She has been under house arrest for 6 years. "There was an election victory and she's still locked up."
  • Michael's life without Suu. They have paid the price. "The separation is too painful to talk about."
  • Tin Win, Ambassador: "She has an easy life compared to being in prison or solitary confinement. The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to her in 1991. People should be forced to choose between a private life and political beliefs."
  • Six days on a bridge. A brief appearance on Martyr's day. Her dying husband was denied visa. "He wanted to die in her arms. "Michael died March 27, 1999. "I am so fortunate to have such a wonderful husband. Nothing can take that away from me. "Suu Kyi on her husband's death. "I am not fed up."
  • Tin Win: "She is just a housewife, nothing more than that. "
  • She supports the US Sanction on Burma.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:17:00] (2 copies)
Box 296 Videocassette BU130
National League for Democracy (NLD): October Challenges
  • Produced by: NLD, LA/Thailand
  • October '99 raid of Burmese Embassy in Thailand. Free Burma News Agency, Arm of the People Studio (Burmese, 40 Minutes).
  • Oct. 1, '99 Burmese Embassy in Thailand is occupied by a group of Burmese student warriors.The Junta's flag is pulled down and the NLD flag is raised.
  • Students say the Junta ignored the election. This incident is an explosion of resentment against the perceived oppression. Ne Win speaks in the party Congress in 1988: "I want all of you to know you defy orders the army will always shoot straight, not in the air. "The army kills thousands in an attempt to crush the uprising. Scenes of shooting in Rangoon streets.Atrocities committed by State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC).
  • Students come in with a guitar case loaded with guns and grenades. Bangkok is shaken by five shots of gunfire. The Thai's security nightmare. "Vigorous Burmese Student Warriors led by Johnny." Scenes of the raid. Three demands are put forth: 1. To release all political prisoners; 2. To open dialogue with NLD and CAPP; 3. To initiate emergency government. Nine shots are fired to commemorate 4 nines incident.
  • Thai Prime Minister, Foreign Minister come and are advised not to use force.
  • Thai ambassador meets Khin Nyunt who shows no sign of interest in the demands.
  • Students did no harm and the Foreign Minister believes everything can be solved peacefully. The NLD denies all connection with the incident.
  • Exiled Burmese students demand a peaceful solution. Children are under the boot of the army. Prime Minister Chuan "wishes to solve it without any bloodshed."
  • Johnny promises there will be no bloodshed.
  • NLD LA. U than Htut: "We have no connection at all but we understand why they have to do it." All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF)'s Moe The Zon: "They are the examples of what peoplewant."
  • October 2, 1999: "Johnny demands a helicopter which is granted. "Aung Aung is arrested outside. One pregnant woman, then Sein Nyunt are released. The hostages praise the students and sympathize with them. Home Minister: "They are not terrorists. Their demands are fair."
  • Prasatt, a visa applicant, comes out, demands to clear the way. Prasatt drives a van. Gunfire is heard. Two vans slow toward the school compound. Hostages run out of the compound. A chopper lands on the football grounds.
  • SPDC closes the border, affecting millions of lives across the border. Bo Mya: "We will help them."
  • Prasatt: "I trust them and they trusted me." Johnny demands another chopper. Deputy Foreign Minister Sugonpan: "I would go along with them." Hostages are greeted and wished freedom in Burma.
  • Hands wave goodbye. The chopper lands at Bangwalay. Johnny and his team cross back to border peacefully. Sugonpan is honored. Tape 151: Shan: Burma.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:40:00] (3 copies)
Box 296 Videocassette BU131
Shan: Burma
  • Produced by: SHAN Human Rights
  • A priest and villagers in a poor situation. An order from the Army for forced laborers. The Army marches. A skirmish. Four cuts. Information, supplies, strength and reinforcement. They effectively let the people starve. An Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) meeting, 1996. A monk's hard labor on the mountain slopes.
  • "Forced relocation takes place. Those who refuse are shot. "Amnesty International is concerned.
PAL VHS [TRT 0:05:00]
Box 296 Videocassette BU132
Amateur Footage: Rangoon, Burma
  • Produced by: Nancy Anderson, Private
  • A Day in the City of Rangoon: Narrow, crowded streets. Side street vendors. Roadside snacks. Cold drink stands. People in traditional longyi.
  • Sule pagoda. Worshipers sayprayers. Magnificent ancient Burmese architecture and art of curving. Buddha's replica that people worship. Paintings on the walls.
  • Downtown Rangoon. Famous Bogyoke market. Jewelry shops. Gift shops. Puppet store. Faces of vendors.
  • Market over the bridge: Fresh vegetables. Dried fish. Sugarcane juicer.
  • Shwedagon Pagoda. A guide explains the story of Shwedagon. Shin Byu Festival. Banana branches for Gadaw Pwe. Poe Thu Daw. Big bell of Shwedagon. Five bell rings for the fulfillment of the dream.
  • Karaweik Hotel: A wedding. Wedding march played.
  • Kang Daw Gyi lake shore. A Damhayone. Kahtein Pwe Daw.
  • Pegu Shwemawdaw: A Monastery: Interview with a monk; a prayer and a Yathe. A Chinwine.
  • Burma Highway. Rice processing. Tricycle. Stop over. Young vendors and child labor. A Pagwet. Crowded buses. Nuns Methela, Kunya. Roadside eatery.
  • Mounted statue of Bo Aung San. Shwe Chinthe. Bedin Sayama (fortuneteller).
  • A stall in Thailand.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:45:00] (3 copies)
Box 296 and 289 Videocassette BU133
Amateur Footage: Karen Refugee Footage
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy, Private
  • Displaced Karen refugees in Thai Burma border. Refugee camps in general. Children at camp school.
  • Dance Practice. Children without much hope of better lives. An interview. Bath time and volleyball grounds.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00]
Videocassette BU134
Amateur Footage: Interviews withDr. Cynthia Maung and U Min Zin (December 5, 1999)
  • Produced by: Nancy Anderson,Private
  • Interview with Dr. Cynthia Maung and U Min Zin.
  • Dr. Cynthia Maung: People show incredible spirit. The clinic is for internally displaced people. The students, church groups and Burmese overseas are helped first. Malaria is the main admission, as well as HIV and Tuberculosis. The patient number is growing. We have different units to treat different patients. There are more migrant workers now. Sixty others help in the clinic. Most deaths were caused by malaria, infection, malnutrition and violence.Public education is now extended.
  • We are migrant workers.Medic across the border is at great risk. After the deportation the patient number is greatly reduced but there are more severe cases.
  • We need to see effective and sustainable development. Suffering is growing despite hard work and prayers. Over a million are infected by HIV virus.
  • We should stop the narcotic flow. Thai shows interestin working together but has put in place many restrictions. Twenty Burmese are killed everyday in Thailand. Narcotics problem grows. Thai employers do not take responsibility. There are unsafe abortions and abandoned babies. Mental health is important. Health education program is working very well. My busiest day can be from 6 am to midnight.
  • Scene of the clinic: One patient says, "It is impossible to get treatment in Burma. It is too expensive and we are often ignored. A patient had to be referred to Myawaddy hospital to get diagnosis and then cameback for medication. There is absolutely no medicine in Burma for us."
  • Win Win Mar: "People suffer severe illness. My father went to Bangkok and never came back."
  • Serious patients.
  • Min Zin (Student Activist Leader): My father spentlong time in jail. My parents showed me what is going on in my country. 1988 my sisters were arrested and I took part since June 1988. I was associated with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. I kept underground since 1988 until 1997. People support democracy. I have to hide whenever they search. I received a lot of help from people. Working inside Burma is much meaningful. The problems: Lack of communication. Lack of space.
  • Seven years jail sentence is imposed for youth that set up the library.
  • Junta not ask for support only tolerance. Be more aggressive. A change can be seen in 24 hours. Demonetization broke the people's spirit.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:60:00]
Box 302 Videocassette BU135
Amateur Footage: Thai/Burma Border
  • Produced by: IMI file Footage (Pippa Scott)
  • A refugee village along River Moi. Children digging toilets, sawing off timber to build huts. A church. A grocery store. A clinic with patients.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:20:00] (3 copies)
Box 296 and 302 Videocassette BU136
Interview with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi regarding Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  • Produced by: Marc Laban
  • Interview with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi regarding ASEAN
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi: "Economy will not improve under present circumstances. If they want to improve economy, they must settle political problems. We do not have an accountable and transparent government to handle open market system."
  • Political dialogue: "There is always cautious optimism. We are not afraid of talking to them. We work this way so they may arrest us. Dialogue is the only answer. Army should look at dialogues as the best possible solution. It should have come earlier rather than later. We also have strong support within the army. Mandate of the National League for Democracy is that any dialogue must include me."
  • The State Law and Order Restoration Council cared about United States of America very much.
  • U Tin Oo appeared briefly.
  • State Law and Order Restoration Council did not signThe Freedom of Association Convention -- means that we are not free to form organizations without government approval.
  • We are deprived of all kind of human rights. We do not have right to appeal.
  • The State Law and Order Restoration Council also do not sign the convention against torture. It means we do not have right to appeal when tortured by government.
  • It is not enough just by signing the convention but we must create the environment to raise the children.
  • If people have to work against will it must be forced labor.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 296 and 302 Videocassette BU137
Interview with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, 1996
  • Produced by: Marc Laban, Heather Kelly
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi: Forced labor is nobody's tradition, although volunteer labor is practiced.
  • On the UN general assembly: There are ways to implement general assembly resolutions. We have done the most we could.
  • Oppression has stepped up. Offices were shut down by force, subject to a lot of pressures.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi: About The State Law and Order Restoration Council, People of Burma are committed to democracy. Discuss the law in 5/96 by the State Law and Order Restoration Council.
  • Bosnia conflict is the product of the strong-hand leadership.
  • Right after the attack, U Tin Oo was injured.
  • Su Kyi, U Kyi Maung and U Tin Oo were at roadside with a big crowd: "We're here to show our unity."
  • U Kyi Maung: "About 200 fellows yelled and accused us."
  • U Tin Oo: "As we left 150 USDA and criminals charged us."
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's car was damaged. People chanted, "Good Health Daw Suu!"
  • Streets of Rangoon: How Burma repairs the roads.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:35:00] (4 copies)
Box 296 and 302 Videocassette BU138
Interview with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Produced by: Marc Laban, Heather Kelly
  • Sanctions: If signs of more oppression are seen then the sanctions should be tightened.
  • National Convention is not the place for dialogues. Dialogues must have no preconditions.
  • Market economy in Burma is chorine capitalism. Market economy profited some but for general public it is worse.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi is attacked by Unity, Solidarity and Development Association (USDA) , U Tin Oo injured.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (4 copies)
Box 296 and 302 Videocassette BU139
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi Speeches
  • Produced by: NLD Information
  • Role of leadership. Moral: lessons for the leaders. Abuse of power and cronyism that damages the country. Barbwire on the people's face. Questions and answers.
  • Photo opportunity inside the house.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU140
CBC (Canadian TV): Report from Rangoon, 1995
  • Produced by: CBC, Heather Kelly
  • Network: CBC
  • Schools and education on Burma. Business in Burma. Daw Su Popularity and crack down by government. An army general: "She tired to break up the army." Michael Aris is interviewed and says: "Come what may, I will face this challenge."
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU 141
ABC (Australian TV): Report from Rangoon, 1995
  • Produced by: Marc Laban for ABC, Heather Kelly
  • Network: ABC
  • Burma's first credit card - Myanmar Oriental Bank Card.
  • Money problems: Odd notes and large amounts. Albert Young from Los Angeles. Bars and restaurants.
  • Reform is cautious and controlled.
  • Army's 50th anniversary - March 27, 1995.
  • General Than Shwe: "Nation needs army for survival."
  • State Law and Order Restoration Council. Army clashes with Hun Sa Troops at Ta Chi Leik.
  • Border town Ta Che Leik.
  • Asian Highway. Myawwaddy and Maesout. Friendship bridge.
  • U Dorn is optimistic. Declining border trade in Maesout.
  • Surging foreign investment in Burma.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's call for sanctions on Burma.
  • Regime is trying new constitution which Daw Aung San Suu Kyi rejects immediately.
  • JVC's opening ceremony.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi - a challenge to junta.
  • Generals refused to talk with her. Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is welcoming State Law and Order Restoration Council. National League for Democracy withdrew from National Convention.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU142
CTV: Edited Report
  • Produced by: Heather Kelly, CTV News
  • Network: CTV
  • The relocation of two Rangoon cemeteries. Colonel Hla Min "State Law and Order."
  • Restoration Council's spokesman: "We have to give way for development."
  • Refugees demanding relief effort. Burned villages.
  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit at Bangkok.
  • Philippines President Ramos. Go Chok Taung(Singapore).
  • Altsean activities.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU143
ABC (Austrialian TV): Report from Rangoon, 1996
  • Produced by: Marc Laban for ABC
  • Network: ABC
  • Weekend Speeches in 1996.
  • Sign of Good Kings.
  • "If the king is bad, the entire nation suffers."
  • During the union day celebration, the State Law and Order Restoration Council top brass show off.
  • Karen rebels are at wars. Rohinger refugees. Nation would break up like Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  • Best hope for Burma is Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
  • Than Shwe is at union day celebration. There are ethnic dances to honor army.
  • Talk on Industries and Tourism at the Strand Hotel.
  • Training for hotel staff. They say: "I'd like to see the development."
  • Suu Kyi: "Democracy is a long way away. People don't have facilities. We cannot do alone.We need foreign help."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 289 Videocassette BU144
ABC (Australian TV): Report on Burma, 1995
  • Produced by: Marc Laban for ABC
  • Network: ABC
  • Busting city of Rangoon: The Old Secretariat is now the office for the Prime Minister.
  • Armed guards are seen at Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's gate.
  • Press Conference at the National League for Democracy.
  • Headquarters: "191 members were arrested. Some were elected members."
  • National Convention.
  • Party congress National League for Democracy, November, 1996.
  • Actual Congress. Storm brewing outside.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi: "We reject dictatorship and are willing to accept democracy. Will of the people should never be ignored. Future cannot be built by broken promises and false hopes. What guarantees security is the rule of law."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 289 Videocassette BU145
Images Asia: Activities of the National League for Democracy
  • Produced by: Altsean, Images Asia
  • National League for Democracy Headquarters in Rangoon.
  • "ASEAN should realize that State Law and Order Restoration Council is not working for democracy."
  • National League for Democracy headquarters Interview.
  • Official launching of "Visit Myanmar 1996."
  • National ethnic dances songs: "Please visit Myanmar" and "We will welcome you with smile." Colorfully dressed students.
  • Two Officials of State Law and Order Restoration Council are seen. General Khin Nyunt waves.
  • Weekend speeches by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 289 Videocassette BU146
ABC (Australian TV), TV Myanmar: Reports on Burma, 1996
  • Produced by: Marc Labarn's Footage for ABC
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's Weekend Speeches 1996.
  • Suu Kyi calls for unity among the people, government's response to Law 5/96. She comments on National League for Democracy.
  • TV Myanmar Footage of the inner circle meeting of State Law and Order Restoration Council.
  • News Conference of State Law and Order Restoration Council.
  • General Aye Kyaw on anti-drug measures.
  • Pol. Col Ngwe Soe Htun on drug control measures.
  • Colonel Hla Minn.
  • A talk on four political objectives, four economic objectives and people's will by State Law and Order Restoration Council.
  • Education development.
  • Traditional art contest.
  • Ohn Gyaw's speech at United Nations: "Economy can bring lasting peace. Sanctions are not acceptable."
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU147
Aung San Su Kyi, National League for Democracy (NLD) Press Conference
  • Produced by: Marc Laban
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 300 Videocassette BU148
ABC (Australian TV), TV Myanmar: Edited Reports, 1996
  • Produced by: Marc Laban
  • Network: ABC
  • Comment on market economy and sanctions
  • Man under surveillance: U Win Htein.
  • Year 1996 - a good year for State Law and Order Restoration Council.
  • Military Museum.
  • Right-wing Atanis said: "Drop sanctions on Burma. I am impressed by government."
  • Colonel Abel: "Business is guaranteed."
  • Arrest of Uncle Nicole.
  • Round table meeting of National League for Democracy.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi at Bo Gyoke market and support from the people.
  • TV Myanmar: Anti National League for Democracy Rallies.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 300 Videocassette BU149
TV Myanmar: Footage by Marc Laban
  • Produced by: Marc Laban
  • TV Myanmar: Footage by Marc Laban
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (3 copies)
Box 300 Videocassette BU150
ABC (Australian TV): Forced Labor and Clandestine Camera
  • Produced by: Marc Laban
  • Network: ABC
  • Forced Labor interview of the railroad project.
  • Forced Laborers told the reporter: "I brought my own food, had to walk 40 miles and paid my own transportation." "One has to replace others when the others take rest." "One can pay to be free, but most of us are very poor. We do not have money to pay." "If I refuse to work I'll be detained and fined." "State Law and Order Restoration Council never pay any money to people." "Women have to work the same work load as men.If they cannot finish the work on time, the authority will give more tasks as punishment." "If they escape they will be kicked and punched." "People from the cities are asked to contribute money for the construction." "Forced porterage is a serious issue. Porters carry artillery shells and food. They are given little food and have to work as mine sweepers."
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 300 Videocassette BU151
TV Myanmar/ABC (Australian TV): Anti-Drug Rallies Across the Country/Voice from State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar/Marc Laban for ABC
  • Rallies in Kachin State, Mandalay Division and Tanaseram Division.
  • Lt. Gen. Kyawba, Drug Lords and Thai authorities.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 and 300 Videocassette BU152
TV Myanmar: Voices from State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar/Marc Laban
  • Colonel Hla Min: "Freedom comes eventually, not abruptly. "He was defending the "Visit Myanmar 1996" festival.
  • He delivered the anti-drug report.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (3 copies)
Box 292 and 300 Videocassette BU153
Amateur Footage: Refugees on the Run, Part 1
  • Produced by: Marc Laban, Heather Kelly
  • A demonstration by refugees: Plea to Thai King from Karen refugees.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 Videocassette BU154
Amateur Footage: Refugees on the Run, Part 2
  • Produced by: Marc Laban
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 Videocassette BU155
Amateur Footage: Refugees on the Run, Part 3
  • Produced by: Marc Laban/Heather Kelly
  • Refugee children are shown.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 Videocassette BU156
Amateur Footage: Rohinger Refugee Camps
  • Produced by: Heather Kelly, Raw
  • A villager explains the army brutality. People see large wounds on his back and the sick children.
  • A Bangladeshi police and registration.
  • New arrivals.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 Videocassette BU157
Amateur Footage: Refugees on the Run and Thailand
  • Produced by: Heather Kelly
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 Videocassette BU158
Amateur Footage: Manaplaw - 48th Karen Revolution Day Celebration, Part 1
  • Produced by: Heather Kelly
  • During the Karen National Union (KNU) Parade, General Bo Mya Spoke.
  • A message from National Council of Burma: "Victory is at hand."
  • Other scenes include a message from National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB), the Karen warriors, smoking boys, and a very young Karen soldier.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 Videocassette BU159
Amateur Footage: Manaplaw - 48th Karen Revolution Day Celebration, Part 2
  • Produced by: Heather Kelly, Raw
  • Edited report on Railway Project by forced laborers.
  • Welcome to Kaw Thoo Lei Colonel Oliver.
  • Interview: "The 1996 movement was more highly intensified than that of 1988. All the students are enthusiasticaboutit now. As soon as someone leads on the streets they will follow."
  • Bo Mya: "Ceasefire is not possible. The State Law and Order Restoration Council conditions are not acceptable. Attack is always possible. The Karen will fight on if necessary."
  • "Soldiers were always around and scare the workers."
  • Forced labor sites
PAL VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 Videocassette BU160
Amateur Footage: Refugees on the Run, Part 4
  • Thaung Yinn River; blind villagers; hut building; Karen soldiers; Karen check points and posts.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 Videocassette BU161
Amateur Footage: Thai-Burma Border Scenes
  • Produced by: Heather Kelly, Raw
  • Tacheleik Burma: Burmese soldiers on the other side of the bank.
  • Thai side bank: A river ferry across Thaung Yinn (River Moi); Refugee village and broken homes
  • The leader: "We fled the shelling of Burmese soldiers. The whole village had been burned down. We all want to go back. God will give us the chance to go back."
  • Evidence of burned down village.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 Videocassette BU162
Amateur Footage: Refugees on the Run, Part 5
  • Produced by: Heather Kelly ,CTV
  • State Law and Order Restoration Council are talking about refugees.
  • A wounded soldier at the hospital.
  • General Kyaw Ba on the fastest growing industries: "More tourists are expected. Although some do not come, some are coming. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has no effect on us. She is crazy about power. Our people are not easyto handle. No benefit will come from just talking. Military must be politics. Strong government needs strong army involvement. We know how to develop without interference of some countries."
  • "Biggest challenge is agricultural sector. The other seven sectors are to be developed. No forced labor is practiced."
  • Heather Kelly in Rangoon edited clips for CTV news.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 Videocassette BU163
Images Asia: Edited Reports by Foreign Correspondents
  • Produced by: Heather Kelly for Images Asia
  • Heather Kelly: 1996 student demonstration; Army of March.
  • Evan Williams: Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; Win Htein and Iba's arrest
  • Khin Nyunt at TV Myanmar; Newsmen dilemma in Burma;
  • News Conference on Burma issue
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 and 293 Videocassette BU164
Present Burma situation by State Department, 1996
  • Produced by: US State Department
  • Dialogue must take place to attain peace. The US is willing to take steps to solve problemsin Burma. US Department of State Official states: Constructive engagement is fine as long as there is actual effort to solve the Burma problem.
  • State Law and Order Restoration Council's News Conference
  • Proclamation by US President; the barred entry issue
  • State Law and Order Restoration Council stopped issuing visas to US citizens.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 and 293 Videocassette BU165
Amateur Footage: Report from Rangoon
  • Produced by: Evan Williams Raw Footage
  • State Law and Order Restoration Council marches at Armistice Day.
  • Than Shwe speaks.
  • Evan Williams in ceremony; Daw Aung San Suu Kyi also celebrates.
  • Khin Nyuntin tunic.
  • National League for Democracy celebration; army convoy carrying Than Shwe.
PAL VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 and 293 Videocassette BU166
Amateur Footage: Khunsa's Surrender Ceremony to State Law and Order Restoration Council, October 1996
  • Produced by: Raw Footage
  • Khunsa and State Law and Order Restoration Council officials meeting with Mong Tai Army (MTA) soldiers
  • The General asked: "Everything is alright now?"
  • State Law and Order Restoration CouncilPress Conference
  • Colonel Kyaw Thein on the Vienna convention and Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) membership issue
  • "Weekend speeches are banned forever because she (Daw Aung San Suu Kyi) violates the existing law."
  • Major General Aye Kyaw on Narcotic Matter; Abel and Tin Aye Kyaw
  • Colonel Kyaw Thein on Action against National League for Democracy
  • Charge de affair of US and State Law and Order Restoration Council
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 292 and 293 Videocassette BU167
Amateur Footage: State Law and Order Restoration Council News Conference, Part 1
  • Produced by: Marc Laban
  • Colonel Kyaw Thein justifying State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) actions in barring National League for Democracy meetings.
  • Reiterating Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's allegation against State Law and Order Restoration Council
  • Deputy Foreign Minister on National Leaguefor Democracy Meetings
  • General Barry McCaffrey on Press Conference: drug abuse issue and human rights situation in Burma
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU168
Amateur Footage: Report on Burma Press Conference, Part 2
  • Produced by: Marc Laban
  • Drug smuggling and Burma; Thai's success on control of drug abuse epidemic; Opium and coca production has doubled in a year; AIDS patients at a Myitkyina hospital (Yaw Han Clinic, the X ray room); HIV and TB have connection in Burma (Dr. Lazaw Yaw Han).
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU169
Amateur Footage: Yaw Han Clinic and HIV problem
  • Produced by: Marc Laban
  • (Poor audio)Irrawaddy at Kachin State: A ferry at work.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU170
Amateur Footage: Interview with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi (1997)
  • Produced by: Heather Kelly
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU171
Amateur Footage: Interview with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi (1999)
  • Produced by: Marc Laban, private
  • In Yellow Yinpone, Yellow Flower
  • "We are restricted and information cannot go out. People depend on foreign news."
  • "Dialogue is open from National League for Democracy side. "
  • "State Law and Order Restoration Council has broken series of promises. They hold no responsibility on economic demise, then what are they there for?"
  • "Patience of the people is not predictable. Look at 1988!"
  • "As long as the regime stays in power we are getting less and less."
  • "One of the worst enemies of the press: General Than Shwe"
  • "Violence hurts the people and we do not want to change through violence."
  • Forced Labor Issue: "SPDC should know what they should do. Forced labor is violation of the people's rights."
  • "Refugees' situation is getting worse ever. Unless political situation improves, it is not expected to get better."
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU172
Amateur Footage: Daw Aung San Suu Kyi discusses human rights issues, 1998
  • Produced by: Heather Kelly
  • "There is some unlawful restraints, but I want them to know that I tried."
  • "There is no rule of law in Burma. Whoever wishes to assassinate me is from the authorities."
  • "They are not interested on compromise. You cannot build confidence by breaking words within hours."
  • "Burma economy is disastrous."
  • "Legal and sustained growth of economy does not exist in Burma."
  • "National Leaguefor Democracy economic package is not to prove to the world that we have busting capital, but to prioritize the poverty eradication."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU173
Amateur Footage: Daw Aung San Suu Kyi speech on human rights, 1998
  • Produced by: Heather Kelly
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi: Human Rights status in Burma.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU174
Amateur Footage: Daw Aung San Suu Kyi speech on human rights, 1998
  • Produced by: Marc Laban
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi speaks on human rights status in Burma.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU175
Amateur Footage: National League for Democracy Interviews, Part I
  • Produced by: Altsean
  • Interviews are continued on tape #177.
  • U Tin Oo is seen mingling with the crowd: Sealer; National League for Democracy.
  • Members' general activities; Flags and shirts; Aung San Suu Kyi interview; Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
  • "Dialogue is strength not weakness."
  • Question on Mahathir Mohamed: "If he wants to meet me I am happy to meet him."
  • U Tin Oo, U Aung Shwe and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
  • U Aung Shwe: "Dialogue is offered from our side. Problems can be solved through dialogue."
  • Su Kyi: "Solution is through dialogue."
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 301 Videocassette BU176
Amateur Footage: National Leaguefor Democracy Interviews, Part II
  • Produced by: Altsean
  • Interviews continued from tape #176.
  • Forced Labor Issue with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, 1998
  • U Tin Oo: "Loss of our rights to stop the atrocities."
  • Suu Kyi: "Do something for democracy."
  • "A message for patriots abroad."
  • International Labour Organization (ILO) inquiry on forced labor issues: "Every government project uses forced labor."
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 301 Videocassette BU177
Images Asia: Interview with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in Yellow Yinpone, Yellow Flower (1999)
  • Produced by: Images Asia
  • "We are restricted and information cannot get out. People depend on foreign news."
  • "Dialogue is open from National League for Democracy side."
  • "State Law and Order Restoration Council has broken series of promises. They hold no responsibility on economic demise, then what are they there for?"
  • "Patience of the people is not predictable. Look at 1988!"
  • "As long as the regime stays in power we are getting less and less."
  • "Worst enemies of the press: General Than Shwe"
  • "Violence hurt the people and we do not want to change through violence."
  • Forced Labor Issue: "SPDC should know what they should do. Forced labor is violation of the people's rights."
  • "Refugees' situation is getting worse. Unless political situation improves, it is not expected to get better."
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU178
Images Asia: Daw Aung San Suu Kyi Interview (1999)
  • Produced by: Images Asia
  • "There is some unlawful restraints, but I want them to know that I tried."
  • "There is no rule of law in Burma. Whoever wishes to assassinate me is from the authorities."
  • "They are not interested in compromise. You cannot build confidence by breaking words within hours."
  • "Burma economy is disastrous."
  • "Legal and sustained growth of economy does not exist in Burma."
  • "National League for Democracy economic package is not to prove to the world that we have busting capital, but to prioritize the eradication of poverty."
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU179
ABC/ABN: Reports on Burma (1998)
  • Produced by: Asian Business News/Mitchell Chan
  • Aung Myo Min: "We cannot have information."
  • Refugees' confrontation with Thai army.
  • Burmese from Thailand.
  • May Aye: "Burma has no hope."
  • Thai labor secretary: "They will surely come back."
  • SPDC places blame for terrorist attempt on US.
  • Khin Nyunt greeting people.
  • Altsean: "State Law and Order Restoration Council can survive better with ASEAN backing."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU180
Amateur Footage: Daw Anug San Suu Kyi discusses human rights issues (1998)
  • Produced by: Images Asia
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi discusses human rights issues.
PAL VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU181
Images Asia: National League for Democracy Interviews, Part I (1998)
  • Produced by: Images Asia/ Heather Kelly
  • Interviews continued on tape #183.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi discusses forced labor.
  • U Tin Oo is seen mingling with the crowd; Sealer; National League for Democracy.
  • Members' general activities; Flags and shirts; Aung San Suu Kyi interview; Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
  • "Dialogue is strength not weakness."
  • Question on Mahathir Mohamed: "If he wants to meet me I am happy to meet him."
  • U Tin Oo, U Aung Shwe and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
  • U Aung Shwe: "Dialogue is offered from our side. Problems can be solved through dialogue."
  • Su Kyi: "Solution is through dialogue."
PAL VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU182
Images Asia: National League for Democracy Interview, Part II (1998)
  • Produced by: Images Asia
  • Interview continued from tape #182.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi discusses forced labor.
  • U Tin Oo: "Loss of our rights to stop the atrocities."
  • Suu Kyi:"Do something for democracy."
  • "A message for patriots abroad."
  • International Labour Organization (ILO) inquiry on forced labor issues: "Every project uses forced labor."
PAL VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU183
Images Asia: Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is interview by the International Labor Organization
  • Produced by: Images Asia for ILO
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi on forced labor problem and suffering of the people
  • A construction project: Children are seen carrying cement.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi on the Pipeline project.
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 301 Videocassette BU184
Images Asia: Aung San Suu Kyi message on Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  • Produced by: Images Asia
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (3 copies)
Box 300 and 301 Videocassette BU185
ABC/ABN: Reports on Burma (1998)
  • Produced by: Asia Business News/ Mitchell Chan
  • Aung Myo Min: "We cannot have the information."
  • Refugees' confrontation with Thai army
  • Burmese from Thailand.
  • May Aye: "Burma has no hope."
  • Thai labor secretary: "They will surely come back.
  • SPDC blamed US for terrorist attempt.
  • Khin Nyunt greeting people.
  • Altsean: "State Law and Order Restoration Council survival is better with ASEAN backing."
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (3 copies)
Box 300 Videocassette BU186
Images Asia: Aung San Suu Kyi message to UN Commission on Human Rights (1998)
  • Produced by: Images Asia
  • Message from Aung San Suu Kyi to UNHCR, 1998.
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (3 copies)
Box 300 Videocassette BU187
ABN: Myanmar Web Site Campaign; Burmese refugees on the run; Burmese in Thailand; Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) entry
  • Produced by: Asia Business News/Heather Kelly/Mitchell Chan
  • Success in Web Site anti State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) campaign.
  • Debbi from Images Asia, Aung Myo Min.
  • Virtually the only dialogue taking place between SLORC and Burmese dissidents and democracy advocates are the arguments on the web.
  • Thai army turns away refugees. Thai army: "They must go."
  • Deportation by Thai authorities. Thai will not do the jobs of migrantworkers.
  • Rift between Burma and the United States. US Charge de affair.
  • Broken dream of busting tourism in Burma.
  • Barnard Pe Win an attempt in threat.
PAL VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (3 copies)
Box 300 Videocassette BU188
Amateur Footage: Army Day Celbration in Rangoon
  • Produced by: Private
  • Army day celebration in Rangoon.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 300 and 301 Videocassette BU189
Amateur Footage: Refugee situation in Burma
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • General refugee situation from US State Department.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 300 Videocassette BU190
Amateur Footage: Kevin Hepner in Refugee Camp; some footage from Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Packing to leave.
  • Kevin Hepner (of Karen Human Rights Group) on losing Manaplaw. State Law and Order Restoration Council took advantage of split in Karen. It is symbolic rather than physical. State Law and Order Restoration Council's cease fire is garbage."
  • State Law and Order Restoration Council's trick is to corner Karen and blame them for war."
  • Refugees' lunch on the ground.
  • Worshipping monk.
  • Interview with a student.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU191
Amateur Footage: Burmese Refugee Situation
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Continued, Tin Aung at Australia Embassy. Thailand
  • Refugee settlement. City of Bangkok.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (3 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU192
Amateur Footage: Refugees' Information
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Refugees
  • All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF) soldiers
  • Gun dismantling cleaning service.
  • Highway to Bangkok.
  • Karen soldiers and ABSDF Camp;
  • Military training
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU193
Amateur Footage: Student soldiers; Cynthia Maung
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF) Training Headquarters.
  • Soldiers without boots.
  • Military training
  • Interview with Cynthia Maung, River Moi
  • Karen Done Yane
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU194
Amateur Footage: Interview with Kevin Hepner, Part I
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Interview with Kevin Hepner (of Karen Human Rights Group) continued, non-violence unrealistic. Victims see father taken porter, mother raped, sister sold to brothel, what is that? They have no choice. Karen National Union (KNU) discourages kids from entering Karen army. Burma received no attention at all.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU195
Amateur Footage: Interview with Kevin Hepner, Part II
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Kids from refugee camp.
  • Kevin Hepner (of Karen Human Rights Group) explaining the suffering of Karen people. Kids join army to avoid forced porterage. Many porters never come back. A song.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU196
Amateur Footage: Karen Boy Amputee; Kevin Hepner's Life in Camp; Chatate Interview
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Landmine victims, amputee ward of the makeshift hospital
  • Kevin Hepner (of Karen Human Rights Group) in Karen Longyi with friends.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU197
Amateur Footage: Interview with exiled Karen family living in the US
  • Produced by: Private Footage
  • Meeting with an exiled Karen family in the United States.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU198
Amateur Footage: Refugee information; Huey Ka Lot camp
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Footage of: children form Huey Ka Lut camp; rubber ring game; young babysitter; stream bathers.
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU199
Amateur footage: Karen National Union (KNU)/All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF) Refugee Camp
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Refugees' Life and Front Line 1995
  • A kitchen for student warriors; A school for children; Fun bath in mountain stream. Pleasure in time of turmoil.
  • A prison;
  • ABSDF Camp;
  • A patriotic song "To the Heroes of Democracy"
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU200
Amateur Footage: Shots of refugees camps and Rangoon (1996)
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF) Camp and Students Warriors
  • Song continued; the ceremony; a lunch banquet; video show of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
  • The prison and prisoners;
  • Army Day in Rangoon, March 27, 1996.
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU201
Amateur Footage: Army Day celebration in Rangoon
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Army Day Celebration in Rangoon
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU202
Amateur Footage: Interviews with Burmese refugees
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Interviews with refugees about living conditions in the camp.
  • A refugee boy: "I want to go homeI want to see my parents happy."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU203
Amateur Footage: Footage from Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Tin Aung's Life
  • "They tortured my brothers, and put them in prison. My other brother escaped and joined the All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF) and now he goes to the front line."
  • "My father died in 1989 and I did not get to see him before that. I wanted to go but I could not."
  • Tin Aung's two daughters
  • Martyrs' Hill where Chit Po's father Myint Thein was laid.
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU204
Amateur Footage: Refugee Information
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Refugees (Continued)
  • (Poor audio quality)
  • The sad boy Chit Po: A journey in the jungle and a Journey along River Moi
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU205
Amateur Footage: Refugee Information
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Refugees (Continued)
  • Karen soldiers and All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF) Camp;
  • Military training
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 Videocassette BU206
Amateur Footage: All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF) Training Headquarters
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Military training; Tin Aung 's interview.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 and 303 Videocassette BU207
Amateur Footage: Refugee Information
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Htin Aung's Family and Refugee Situation(1995)
  • (Poor Audio in Interviews)
  • Arriving Karen Refugees;
  • National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB) Office in Manaplaw;
  • All Burma Young Monk Union Camp
PAL VHS [TRT 0:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 and 303 Videocassette BU208
Amateur Footage: Refugee Living Conditions
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Young Monk Union Office and the Refugee Situation
  • Heavy rain and refugees under plastic camps.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 289 and 303 Videocassette BU209
Amateur Footage: Report from Rangoon
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Army Day in Rangoon (The Army's 50th Anniversary)
  • Footage of: marching soldiersin army parade; soldiers milling about; a dance debut; student band; young soldiers.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (210)
Box 289 and 303 Videocassette BU210
Amateur Footage: Refugee Health Care
  • Produced by: Karen Refugee Information Agency
  • Hospital run by Dr. Cynthia Maung and the refugee camp; Karen National Union (KNU) Buddhist Ceremony; wet and muddy streets; songs and dances; blessings of a monk.
  • Interview with a femalestudenton various kinds of torture by army personnel; an old soldier on details of massacre, disposal of bodies and the death of thousands; a student warrior's plea to the world.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU211
Amateur Footage: Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Tin Aung and Family in a make shift camp; difficulties faced by people; refugees crossing Karen National Union (KNU) check point National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB) office in Manaplaw; Young Monk Union office; rain in a refugee camp.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU212
Amateur Footage: Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • From Burma Diary: 50th Anniversary of founding of Burma's army; army day paradein Rangoon; young soldiers of 16 and 17 are interviewed.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU213
Amateur Footage: Refugee Situation -Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Footage of: a hospital with young patients; laboratory; gun-toting boy; a muddy road to the Buddhist ceremony.
  • Interview with State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) victims. Former SLORC soldier."Tens of thousands killed by SLORC."
  • A female Karen soldier: "My brother was killed."
  • Torture Victims. Teary testimony of 1988 Massacre victims.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU214
Amateur Footage: Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Footage of: scenes and people in Burma; Thailand border; Burmese Mandolin and a song; a Burmese gentleman.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU215
Amateur Footage: Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Scenes of people in Burma and the Thai border.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU216
Amateur Footage: Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Scenes of people in Burma and the Thai border.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU217
Amateur Footage: Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Scenes and people in Burma and the Thai border.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU218
Amateur Footage: Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Scenes and people in Burma and the Thai border.
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU219
Amateur Footage: War Front Karen National Union (KNU), Part I
  • Produced by: Private
  • Footage of: KNU warriors after of a skirmish; bodies of State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) soldiers; small Karen victory; view from the bunkers; captured flag; LI 118; 5th Division; corpses of SLORC young soldiers.
PAL VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU220
War Front Karen National Union (KNU), Continued
  • Produced by: Private
  • Captured weapons and communication equipment and boxes of ammunition.
PAL VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU221
Amateur Footage: Interview with Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Corruption becoming trademark in State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)'s lifestyle. Economy is in terrible condition.
  • Education is entirely wrong.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU222
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi with Youth Wing Members, Speeches
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • General moral concerns. Misguided administration. Gambling rings in Burma. River Moi. (Thaung Yin Myit)
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU223
Amateur Footage: Refugee Information
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Students view performance scores. A kitchen in the middle of war. Makeshift hospital and patients.Dyingyoung Karen boy. Travel along the Moi river. People depend on boat transportation. Elephants in logging industry activities. Flag ceremony at All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF) camp.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 and 303 Videocassette BU224
Amateur Footage: Refugee Camp Religious Activities
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • A Shin Byu Ceremony: temporary monks hood to dedicate Buddha; a Dobut dance; Buddha image; Htin Aung; a young Pho Thudaw.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 and 303 Videocassette BU225
Amateur Footage: Htin Aung's Activities
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • New Year's celebration in Bangkok; a makeshift tent at a refugee camp; Manilau, where Htin Auing lives; Htin Aung's Urban Student Warriors and City of Bangkok home.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:20:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU226
Amateur Footage: From Burma Diary (1996)
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Footage from Burma Diary. Htin Aung out of Thailand to Australia. Departure lounge.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 297 Videocassette BU227
Amateur Footage: From Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Htin Aung's home and guava fruits. Lumpany garden. Bangkok. Sapphire temple.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU228
Amateur Footage: From Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Interview with Htin Aung. He speaks about the death of his parents - a sad story of broken homes caused by the dictatorship.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU229
Amateur Footage: From Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Continued interview with Htin Aung: "We have to follow Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. Let's not say good bye. I'll meet you again."
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU230
Amateur Footage: From Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy
  • Mrs. Htin Aung: "I am not happy. I want to go back home."
  • Preparing to leave: "No retreat, no surrender. I have already served my country."
  • Bangkok Airport: Htin Aung leaving home and revolution behind.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU231
TV Myanmar: Tragic Stories of Burma
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • A story based on an exiled Burmese who returns home and discovers the amazing development.
  • TV Myanmar production and SPDC perception of General Development under their authority. Social-economic development. Myanmar Oriental Bank. Myanmar's Business Convention Center. Shopping centers.
  • Persuading foreign businessmen to invest in Burma. A traditional dance shown for business elite. Myanmar Airways.
  • Burma's beautiful ancient treasures. Pagodas. Pagan, an ancient Burmese city. Magnificent View.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:90:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU232
TV Myanmar: Not Even Gold (1997)
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • TV Myanmar production on preventing involvement in the Sex Trade.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:90:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU233
Footage from Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Private Footage
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU234
Amateur Footage: Upper Burma
  • Produced by: Private Footage
  • Scenes from Burma: Moe Gaung market; vendors and beggars along the railways and roads.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU235
Amateur footage: Footage from Burma diary
  • Produced by: Private Individual
  • A boat trip in Thaung Yin Myit ; Htin Aung's house; an unfinished bamboo hut; Twins ofHtin Aung; Naing Aung and the Chit Po's family; A refugee village
  • Karen commander with walkie-talkie; A sound of war, an artillery shell
  • A bunker Karen National Union (KNU) defense line; a game of dominos; lunch in the bunker
  • Travelers in the troubled land; Mules carrying the loads
  • Refugee children in line at school
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU236
Amateur Footage: Refugees
  • Produced by: Private Individual
  • Teenagers with no foreseeable future; Huge playground; Wounded person on a stretcher;
  • A supply route, life line for the new-born village;
  • Talk about war; All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF) prepared for war;
  • Warriors at war;
  • Children at over-crowded school.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU237
Amateur Footage: Refugees
  • Produced by: Private Individual
  • Footage from refugee camps: a marble game; celebration in Manaplaw; boxing matches with General Bo Mya; horse drawn cart; Inlay lake; 40 peace boats.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU238
Amateur Footage: Refugee camps
  • Produced by: Private Individual
  • Interview with Chartate: "Student soldiers are my brothers."
  • Wedding of Chatate; Karen marching band; shy bride and young groom with an uncertain future.
  • Raw Footage
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU239
No Peace, No Mercy, Burma is Internally Displaced
  • Edited Report: Karen Refugee Relief
  • Political stalematein Burma.
  • A refugee sited: "A lot people including childrendied.I was forced to go."
  • A child talked about the atrocities of Burmese army.
  • A burning village and a cry of agony; people running for life
  • Captured State Law and Order Restoration Council soldiers
  • Burmese systematic campaign of ethnic cleansing.
  • A forced Laborer: "I am too scared to refuse to work."
  • Exodus of Karenni people in the jungle; "We left everything behind. I am afraid my family is dying of starvation."
  • "My husband died, a victim of landmines."
  • Forcibly relocated villages
  • Pictures of human rights abuses by State Law and Order Restoration Council
  • Rape victims, forced porterage, and forced relocation victimseverywhere
  • Refugees in the rain: "We died of fever and diarrhea."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:45:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU240
NLD Information
  • Produced by: NLD Information
  • National League for Democracy (NLD) Information
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00] (4 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU241
Footage from Burma Diary
  • Produced by: Private Individual
  • Raw Footage
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU242
TV Myanmar: United We Will Reach the Sky (1999)
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • TV Myanmar Production on the Rakhine (Yakhine) Regional Development projects.
  • Film attempts to portray cooperation between soldiers and people; The Rakhine traditional Kyin wrestling ceremony
  • Karen State development projects; Paan's new hospital;
  • Kachin state black markets
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:45:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU243
TV Myanmar: Sky - the Dream Square
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • TV Myanmar Production on Air Force.
PAL Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU244
TV Myanmar: Growth - Not a Dream
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • A story based on an exiled Burmese who returns home and discovers the amazing development.
  • TV Myanmar Production and SPDC commentary on General Development under their authority. Social-economic development. Myanmar Oriental Bank. Myanmar'sBusiness Convention Center. Shopping centers. Persuading foreign businessmen to invest in Burma. A traditional dance shown for business elite. Myanmar Airways. Burma's beautiful ancient treasures. Pagodas. Pagan, an ancient Burmese city. Magnificent view.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:90:00]
Box 297 Videocassette BU245
TV Myanmar: United We Will Reach the Sky
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • The Rakhine (Yakhine) Regional Development projects;
  • Propaganda Film - cooperation between soldiers and people; The Rakhine traditional Kyin wrestling ceremony
  • Karen State development projects; Paan's new hospital;
  • Kachin state black markets
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00] (3 copies)
Box 297 and 303 Videocassette BU246, BU246A and BU246B
TV Myanmar: Dream Sky
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • Propaganda for the Burma air force.
NTSC VHS [TRT 02:00:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU247
TV Myanmar: Growth - Nota Dream
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • A story based on an exiled Burmese who returns home and discovers the amazing development.
  • SPDC's propaganda on general development under their authority. Social-economic development. Myanmar Oriental Bank. Myanmar's Business Convention Center. Shopping centers.
  • Persuading foreign businessmen to invest in Burma. A traditional dance shown for business elite. Myanmar Airways. Burma's beautiful ancient treasures. Pagodas. Pagan an ancient Burmese city. Magnificent view.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297and 303 Videocassette BU248
TV Myanmar: Not Even Gold(1997)
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • Sex trade prevention propaganda film
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 297 Videocassette BU249
International Rescue Committee: Rescued Girls
  • Produced by: International Rescue Commtitee (IRC)
  • HIV outbreak; rescued girls rehabilitation process.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:23:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU250
International Rescue Committee: Women from the Camp
  • Produced by: International Rescue Commtitee (IRC)
  • Women from Student Camps
  • Situation is bad. It is an interview with a Burmese Girl: "My family is displaced and broken apart."
  • The relentless oppression from junta.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:00:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU251
International Rescue Committee: Refugee Information
  • Produced by: International Rescue Commtitee (IRC)
  • Refugee Village in Thailand.
  • Make shift dwellings and desperation.
  • A refugee: "My father was killed when I was 6. We could not stay in Burma so I fled. Everyone wants to stay at home peacefully."
  • "We need livelihood projects to prevent girls from being lured into flesh trade."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:40:00] (2 copies)
Box 303 Videocassette BU252
TV Myanmar: Mother was Once a Daughter
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • Film from SPDC-sponsored Mothers and Child Care Agency. TV Myanmar Production.
  • Takes position of attacking opposition. Sexual harassment cases in Burma by foreigners. Abuse from foreign employers. Discouraging brain drain of Burma's best and brightest. Usually Myanmar elite. Staggering robust economy and people's responsibilities. Ever succeeding SPDC's economic plans and strict promotion of cultural value.
  • Opposition is blamed for the economic demise and sanctions. This film seems intent on creating a rift between the people and opposition. Moral degradation and corruption among the people, especially the female population. An incredible friendship, unbelievable honesty,amazing leadership. Hardship among the people inflicted by sanctions. Family values, birth control campaign.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00] (4 copies)
Box 307 Videocassette BU253, BU253A and BU253B
TV Myanmar: Our Pleasant Land
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • Great Achievements of State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00](4 copies)
Box 307 Videocassette BU254A and BU254B
TV Myanmar: Heaven and Earth Trembles
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • TV Myanmar Film
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:30:00] (3 copies)
Box 307 Videocassette BU255, BU255A and BU 255B
Amateur Footage: Barefoot Soldiers
  • Produced by: Sophie and Linda Barry
  • August 89 to September 1999.
  • Burmese student army. A demonstration in Australia. Liberated zone. A Karen National Union (KNU) check point. A brief historyof death railroad. Up stream river Moi. (Thaung Yin Myit)
  • Brief historical footage. U Aung San with Atlie.
  • Footage from March 2, 1962, when New Win took power.
  • All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF) camp. Scenes from 1988.
  • Sein Lwin seen.
  • Joy Titiken,a student: "We are rat poor. Soldiers shot and hundreds died, women were raped, Karen treated us like brothers and sisters unlike government propaganda."
  • Hlaing Bwa :"Soldiers shot at us,young boy was hit but sergeant shot him point blank. We all have the same aim: we must fight for democracy."
  • Rangoon hospital.
  • Saw Maungand State Law and Order Restoration Council took over and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi came into picture.
  • May Suu Tu Shey: "Children were shot at too; extreme bravery."
  • Dr. Nge Lin: "Children were lost and drowned in Kan Daw Gyi."
  • Ohn Gyaw, Foreign Minister for State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC): "Only twenty demonstrators and 525 looters were killed."
  • Demonstration at Sydney, Australia. Cambara Burmese embassy
  • Dr. Raymond Tint Way: "Past revolutions. Students are always the forefront of the causalities."
  • Ways of torture under SLORC.
  • U Thana Wara, a monk: "You can never understand how we suffered. I can never forgive them."
  • Myo Thant: "We must fight to win. Only armed revolution will bring the desired result."
  • Bo Mya: "We are fighting a dictatorship. We did not ask for a separate state but they brutalize us."
  • Military training at Thi Baw Bo camp.
  • May 1990 election "to improve the international image yet strictly controlled by army. Assembly of more than five people is banned."
  • Ne Win's National Unity party lost election. National League for Democracy (NLD) won it.
  • Saw Maung: "I'll do according to the law."
  • Bo Hla Tint National League for Democracy: "Elected MP are being arrested, then we fled."
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 0:45:00] (2 copies)
Box 307 Videocassette BU256
Amateur Footage: Street Demonstration August, 1988;Daw Aung San Suu Kyi Speech
  • Produced by: Private Individual
  • In front of Tatmadaw Garden. People chanted: "To topple the dictator, our affair."
  • U Wisara Monument."Democracy uprising will be successful."
  • People gathered in west wing of Shwedagon Pagoda:
  • "To gain democracy is our business."
  • A makeshift stage, Bo Gyoke Aung San's portrait, thousands of people assembled.
  • Seen are: Rangoon Bar Association,Nurses, Teacher's Training College.
  • Very uneasy crowd. Announcement ofparticipating organizations.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi enters and takes stage.
  • Speech: "Be disciplined. We want a multi party democracy system of governance. Students are the heroes. I stayed abroad, I am married to a foreigner, but it is wrong to think that due to such circumstances my love for Burma is less than anyone else. Our family knew the best how hard my father worked. I joined the uprising because this is the affair of the whole country. Being Bo Gyuke's daughter, I could not just sit back home. We can call this upraising the second struggle for independence based on the will of the people. Always united. Unity is the key for democracy. Discipline, peace is important. Students are fine and courageous and have shown physical strength. Hope to see their metal strength. No one is behind the students. Pure desire to gain democracy. I never support the political opportunists. We have already tried some. We need to try more.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:00:00] (2 copies)
Box 290 and 307 Videocassette BU257
APTV: Boy Soldiers from Burma
  • Produced by: APTV
  • Young soldiers in Karen National Union.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:03:00]
Box 290 Videocassette BU258
Burmese American Democratic Association (BADA) - San Francisco Meeting with U Soe Pyne (National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma [NCGUB])
  • Produced by: International Monitoring Institute (IMI) Analyst Pye Nyein
  • July 26 2001, at Moon Star Restaurant in San Francisco.
  • Burmese and American democracy advocates met. Heidi Quante present, U Nyunt Than, U Ko Ko Lay, U Sein Htun, UKyaw Tint and other Burmese meet. Happy faces. U Soe Pyne and Mrs. (National CoalitionGovernmentfor the Union of Very friendly Burma) NCGUB a special guest, Dr. Ye Myint.
  • Heidi working toward Unocal withdrawal from Burma.
  • U Soe Pyne (Interview):
  • The dialogue: "We don't know the subjects. Daw Aung San Suu Kyiher self choose to keep secret. There are positive steps. Reopening of the offices."
  • National League for Democracy (NLD) is officially invited to attend the Martyrs' Day ceremony.
  • We cannot stop Japan from helping SPDC. Newspapers stopped attacking NLD.
  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has shown interest in changing Burma.
  • We have connection with China. Sanctions have to be continued until we see full cooperation of SPDC.
  • NCGUB will live as long as democracy is not installed in Burma. With many constraints and hindrances NCGUB is not functioning fully.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:00:00] (2 copies)
Box 290 Videocassette BU259
NHK: Burma on the Brink
  • Produced by: NHK
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi over her fence:
  • August 1995, where Burma heads. Seik Tine Gya Cafe(U Thaung Win 26): "Now good, child labor he is proud. Business sector does not care about human rights."
  • New Thein Gyi Zay. Sprawling construction. Visit Myanmar in 1996.
  • Ko Wanna, Political prisoner:
  • A student: "Livelihood is more important. "
  • A night club.
  • A student in Japan: "Burma would be hopeless. We all want a better country."
  • It's one month now, no change. It will never change. We don't want to go to jail."
  • Under ground former prisoner very brave man: "People have spirit but fear being jailed. Prison life is hell; full of torture and abuse." Five days no food but interrogation for 24 hours. It's hard even to remember what is the truth ."
  • Methods of torture: Strip the prisoner and have him sit on iceblock. Electric shocks, sat on his toes. Scars remained. Stuffed ear with match sticks and burn it. Ear drums blasted. Hit the face with sand bags. Eyes injured, teeth knocked out.
  • There is no peace. Anger is suppressed with violence.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi's press conference.
  • U Chit Hliang, National Unity Party Chairman: "Suu Kyi's release is good for her but not sure if it is good for the country. She should understand the country is better. Dialogue is not important. State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)decides."
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi: "If the majority is poor, I do not wish to be rich."
  • U Than Maung, Unity Development Party: "Democracy is to be built slowly, economy first. Democracy is not to be demanded, like it has fallen from the sky. Democracy is not a material thing. I love Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. I love Union of Myanmar more."
  • A child working with daily wages.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi: "Human rights is human right." "Chicken and egg situation." "
  • Businessman: "Multi national corporations won't come even if Daw Aung San Suu Kyi takes power."
  • SLORC's ceasefire. Never three groups together.
  • U Tin Oo: "1990 election should be honored. We are not for forming government. Japan may be sincere."
  • Bangkok , All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF) hideout. Aung Htoo: "Releasing her is not enough. All prisoners must be released. Nationwide ceasefire should be called and start national reconciliation process.
  • Where is Burma heading? Mitta.
  • When SLORC's will to economic development and Suu Kyi's way of human rights meets, democracy will be realized.
  • NHK clips.
  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi at "Martyrs' Day."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 290 Videocassette BU260
Amateur Footage: Burmese patriots in Japan (1988)
  • Produced by: Private (A Burmese from Japan)
  • Dr. Kyaw Tint, working as an activist.
  • City of Tokyo: A meeting with other people.
  • "We must demonstrate because we are not threatened or shot-at, like people inside Burma."
  • Peaceful demonstration is better.
  • U Min Nyo: A demonstration in Japan: Ne Win Gets Out, Saw Maung a Bob Cat. Kill Sein Lwin. Victory to democratic struggle.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:15:00] (2 copies)
Box 290 Videocassette BU261
HRTV: Rights and Wrongs in Burma
  • Produced by: HRTV
  • Burma a human rights nightmare.
  • A Shin Byu water festival Fha Wah Ta "Keep Quiet Regime"
  • An army fortress, Military crushed the people's uprising.
  • Extensive foreign investment. Mon and Karen rebels.
  • Naing Tun Myint: "SLORC has beef up security."
  • Refugee camps.
  • Saley Thompson: "Burma Border consortium avoid forced porterage, human mine sweepers.
  • Hte Aung: "The armyusesus asmine sweepers."
  • Everyone over 15 is taken,e ven those who are pregnant and sick. Many died of abuse and harsh treatment.
  • Forced labor situation. Atrocities committedby army.
  • Former soldiers punished for refusing to shoot. Students.
  • Manplaw, Bo Mya: "SLORC is not sincere at all."
  • All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF)headquarters.
  • Dr. Myint Chu: "Most Burmese do not know about human rights inside. Oppression was obvious."
  • In spite of growing international recognition, the regime continues to enslave its own people.
  • State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)reply: "No comment."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:27:00] (2 copies)
Box 298 Videocassette BU262
Karen Hero's Day Celebration and Reunion , Bakersfield CA Interviewwith Robert Zan, Commander Karen National Union (KNU) (Los Angeles )
  • Produced by: International Monitoring Institute (IMI) Analyst
  • Karen Baptist Fellowship, Bakersfield, California
  • Worship service honoring heroes of Karen wars and peace.
  • Musical numbers, Kids, Women's group musical numbers. Robert White - Student researcher
  • Family friend's home; Saw Wei. Interview Maj. Robert Zan: "My father was a founder of Karen revolution movement KNDO. Since 1945 I was UG, then in 1964 I joined KNDO. I served several positions and placesin KNU. We do not kill prisoners of war. This is the biggest difference from State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) army. We allow him to defect or send him home. Burmese army rapes the female captives but we never do that. We are brothers not enemies. We must be different from enemy otherwisewe do not need to fight. My youngest brother died in the war. I sought revenge in blood. In a decisive victory I had my revenge. I realized that I had killed my brothers. I thought it was not the solution.
  • Open the second letter to Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
  • Army needs to know about human rights abuses.
  • Refugee's situation, true story: No one wants to leave home. Refugee camps are like concentration camps. Our strategy is people-based, so enemy tries to eradicate people. Enemy is very destructive. Atrocities are beyond human imagination.
  • SLORC's policy is to block our barrel with people's hands. It is ten times worse than fascist Japanese.
  • Totally intolerable situation, people leaving home.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:45:00] ((2 copies)
Box 290 and 298 Videocassette BU263
International Rescue Commtitee (IRC): Refugees under IRC
  • Produced by: IRC
  • Hospital Project, Mother and Child Care Project.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 298 Videocassette BU264
Japanese TV: Return of the Worrier (August 1996)
  • Produced by: Japanese TV
  • A trip to reunite All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF)
  • Investment boom in Burma; Aung San Suu Kyi has called for sanctions. Htun Aung Gya, former ABSDF chairman, returned to front line after 5 years.
  • Luxuries of Ne Win: "Although he knew developments abroad, he kept Burmese people in the darkness."
  • A meeting with ABSDF colleagues; cracks in politics;
  • Only one remaining camp - Min Tha Mee: the Burma side of the border, a rough road.
  • Freedom fighters; "Raise Your Head Brothers" - an ABSDF song
  • Lives of students on the front.
  • I worried about Suu Kyi. She is among the wolves. But she says: "Do not worry about me. Be united."
  • Disunited groups dispersed in Thailand. Tun Aung Gyaw made an attempt to reunite them.
  • Madam Mya going fishing.
  • A meeting with General Mya: "Everything is the plot of SLORC. Spies spread rumors. We do not oppress Buddhists."
  • Border bridge; Young vendors; Dr. Cynthia Maung's clinic; Interview with porters; Stories of torture and abuse.
  • Refugee camps and their agony.
  • Waste of humanity: Prostitutes in Thai land at age of not more than 17.
  • Karanni Refugees; Atrocities of army;
  • Ray Aung - Karanni Information Minister: "SLORC does not keep promises."
  • Nain Aung - ABSDF Chairman
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 298 Videocassette BU265
International Rescue Commtitee (IRC): Refugees under IRC
  • Produced by: IRC
  • IRC inspection team; hospital and school; women's projects.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 290 Videocassette BU266
Singapore Sling
  • Produced by: SBS Australia, Date Line
  • Mike Carry: Singapore is the least corrupted country in Asia.
  • Lee Kwan Yoo: "We set up the system to ensure mutual vigilance and maintain high standards of integrity and competence. But I believe that more important than the institution is a culture of an honest government that we have established."
  • Singapore investment - Burma's biggest partner
  • Dr. Chee Soon Juan (the opposition party): "Singapore hangs drug traffickers. Why should we engage with SLORC that is connected with drug trafficking? We have to ask ourselves."
  • General Than Shwe pays a visit to Go Chauk Thong.
  • Singapore government funds directly involved with drug lord business from Burma.
  • Kwak Singapore; Mr. Kwak - the tycoon; Dealing with Burma; Traders and Shangrhila hotels
  • Myanmar fund Limited with Thailand Halpin Ho
  • Lo Sit Han - a drug lord
  • Bertil Litner: "Lo Sit Han is international bandit."
  • Lo Sit Han and Khin Nyunt; In 1993, Lo Sit Han shipped heroin with the permission of Khin Nyunt," according to investigators from the Thailand Narcotic Department.
  • Australia Drug Enforcement Agency: "Lo Sit Han is a major drug producer controlling the entire trade.
  • Stephen Lo was denied US visa. Cecilia Ng: "No comment."
  • Stephen Lo: "No comment. I need to rush to the airplane. No involvement in drugs."
  • Burma: Shwedagon Pagoda
  • Lo's business: Asia World Company; Kokang Import and Export Company
  • Dr. Sein Win: "Drug lords invest heavily in Burma and it is laundering."
  • Singapore Connection: "GSIC" - Government of Singapore Investment Corporation
  • Dr. Gary Rodan of Murdoch University: "Tracking GSIC record is successful. We carefully chose partners, but it is top secret."
  • Irish Stock Exchange on Myanmar Fund - the largest share holderis GSIC
  • Three months after INSANCO replaced GSIC
  • Although it is not illegal it is something to do with integrity.
  • Dr. Sein Win. "If you deal with a Drug Lord it is funny. Where did Lo Sit Han get money?"
  • Go Chauk Tong is not on the GSIC board.
  • Chang Ri Prison "hung over 60 people for drug offenses."
  • Dr. Sein Win: "Those small men got caught and got hung. Big fishes go free and rich."
  • Asia World Group;
  • Aung San Suu Kyi, State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) cabinet, and Than Shwe and Go Chauk Tung
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:33:00] (2 copies)
Box 290 Videocassette BU267
AV Media: Tribal Dances of Burma
  • Produced by: AV Media and Win Tin Tin's Presence
  • Dances from various regions and ethnicities of Burma
  • Chin Dance: A Circle Dance; a group of girls.
  • Sword Dance over the bulls' skull
  • Dawai(Tavoy): Group of girls Yane
  • Inn Tharr: Lancedee
  • Kachin: Group dance. Everyone participates.
  • Kayah: Padong dance
  • Karen: Dance of unity and strength
  • Lisu: New year dance.
  • Mons: Girls only. No public participation.
  • Yakhine
  • Shan
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:60:00] (2 copies)
Box 290 Videocassette BU268
Amateur Footage: Nintieth Birthday of Dictator Ne Win
  • Produced by: Private
  • March 21, 2001, Sedona Hotel.
  • Guests arrive: Former cabinet members of Burma Socialist Program Party.
  • U Ye Gaung, U Saw Phyu, U Chit Hlaing, and widows, too. Col Maung Maung Aye.
  • Former chairman U Sein Lwin was seen (allegedly responsible for 6 thousand deaths in 1988)
  • Three notorious grandsons: Kyaw Ne Win, Aye Ne Win, Zwe Ne Win.
NTSC VHS [TRT 02:00:00]
Box 290 Videocassette BU269
Amateur Footage: Interview with Victims of Tamadaw Abuses, 1999
  • Produced by: Nancy Anderson
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:00:00]
Box 293 Videocassette BU270
International Rescue Commtitee (IRC): Rihingers in Bangladesh
  • Produced by: IRC
  • Cox Bazar port full of displaced Rohinger from Burma.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:36:00] (2 copies)
Box 293 Videocassette BU271
APTV: Footage from Burma
  • Produced by: APTV
  • Karen National Union (KNU) soldiers at war. Bo Mya the leader. Refugee camps on the hillsides. Use of chemical weapons against Karen civilians by Burmese army. Stories of atrocities.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 293 Videocassette BU272
Presentation for Pepperdine University
  • Produced by: International Monitoring Institute (IMI) Edited
  • Burma's General Condition for presentation related to Pepperdine Week of Justice.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:05:00]
Box 293 Videocassette BU273
Amateur Footage: Testimony on Massacre (1988)
  • Produced by: Jeanne Hallacy, Private
  • Private Hla Thaung: Infantry 16 Division 22. Detail on North Okkalapa Massacre by army. It is estimated that more than 40,000 have been killed. Rangoon mortuary piled up tens of thousands of bodies killed by soldiers.
  • Bodies were cremated and crematorium was overloaded. Some bodies fed to the crocodiles. Dumped in the sea. They don't want to see any living thing in the streets.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:24:00]
Box 293 Videocassette BU274
TV Myanmar: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)'s version of 1998 People's Uprising (Poor Quality Video)
  • Produced by: TV Myanmar
  • Communists and foreign powers are blamed for 1988 massacre. Denial of any wrong doing by Tatmadaw.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:00:00] (2 copies)
Box 293 Videocassette BU275
Amateur Footage: National League for Democracy (NLD) CEO and Daw Suu Attacked by Thugs
  • Produced by: Private
  • Broken windshield of Daw Suu's car. Bloody noses of U Tin Oo and U Kyi Maung. People's support of NLD is obvious.
NTSC Betacam SP [TRT 00:30:00] (2 copies)
Box 293 Videocassette BU276
The Land of Pagoda
  • Produced by: AV Media Limited
  • Network: Private
  • Weaving Contest in Shwedagonom Tazaungpone Fullmoon day
  • Scenes across delta, a village wedding, a Buddhist novication ceremony.
  • Th city of charoot Bago (Pegu). Kyaik Htee Yoo. Burmese Boxing. A family with snake pet.
  • Mandalay, dances , Thanakha phenomenum. Hill tribes of Shan State.
  • Music from Burmese harp.
NTSC VHS [TRT 01:00:00]
Box 293 Videocassette BU277
Burma. Lost Memories
  • Produced by: Sceneries Distribution
  • The most in depth and detailed account of Burma ever made!
  • Burmese government is guilty of exploiting its people to the point of socio-economic ruin.
  • Interview with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:58:00]
Box 293 Videocassette BU278
Interview Jocelyn Seagrave , Burma Forum LA
  • Produced by: International Monitoring Institute, Souteast Aisa Archive
  • I want to see Burma prosper and free. It is my grandfather's mother land. Foreign investment would prolong the army dictatorship in Burma
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:12:00] (2 copies)
Box 293 and 294 Videocassette BU279
Interview with Kyaw Myat Oo, Ko Latt, Burma Forum Los Angeles (BFLA), All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF)
  • Produced by: International Monitoring Institute Southeast Asia Archive
  • "I saw many killed on the streets, blood everywhere . . . I am so scared.I fought Burmese army."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:34:00] (2 copies)
Box 294 Videocassette BU280
Interview with Daw Nu NU Yi, Burma Forum Los Angeles (BFLA), Rangoon Resident
  • Produced by: International Monitoring Institute Southeast Asia Archive Archive
  • "I witnessed the economic down fall of Burma under the SLORC. Brothers jailed and fled. Broken hearted mother. Need unity to fight the dictator."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:35:00] (2 copies)
Box 294 Videocassette BU281
Interview with Zaw Lun, National League for Democracy (NLD) Los Angeles, Karen National Union (KNU)
  • Produced by: International Monitoring Institute Southeast Asia Archive
  • Government is to be blamed for economic and social demise in Burma.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:35:00] (2 copies)
Box 294 Videocassette BU282
Unocal Share Holder Meeting 2002, May 20
  • Produced by: International Monitoring Institute Southeast Aisa Archive
  • Demonstration in heavy rain. People chanted. "Unocal out of Burma."
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:20:00] (2 copies)
Box 294 Videocassette BU283
Unocal Protest Rally by GHAP
  • Produced by: GHAP Exclusive
  • Students, Activists, Labor Unions joined protest rally against Unocal. Brea, California.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:37:00]
Box 294 Videocassette BU284
Cynthia Maung's Presentation at Los Angeles for GHAP
  • Produced by: International Monitoring Institute Webmaster
  • Cynthia Maung's clinic and situation, Q & A and a lot of fun.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:52:00]
Box 294 Videocassette BU285
Interview with migrant worker Nan San Myint, 2002 June 16
  • Produced by: International Monitoring Institute Southeast Asia Desk
  • Conditions behind the Burmese migrant workers in Thailand.
NTSC VHS [TRT 00:20:00]
Box 294 Videocassette BU286
Rangoon Steel
PAL Hi-8 [TRT 00:10:00]
Box 294 Videocassette BU287
GHAP production on Burma, 2002 May
PAL Hi-8 [TRT 00:10:00]
Box 294 Videocassette BU288
"Freedom is Precious": Interview with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, 1999 Nov. 29
  • Produced by: Nancy Andersen
  • Includes 15 minutes of "Highlights from 'Freedom is Precious'"
PAL Hi-8 [TRT 00:50:00]
Box 294 Videocassette BU289

Historical Note

The International Monitor Institute (IMI) was founded in 1993 by actress and film producer Pippa Scott. Scott, daughter of screenwriter Allan Scott who wrote some of the Astaire-Rogers films, was educated in California and in England, at Radcliffe College and the Southern California Institute of Architecture. Ms. Scott acted in such films as "The Searchers" and "Auntie Mame," and was a founding partner of the Emmy-award winning television company Lorimar Productions (producer of such TV hits as "The Waltons" and "Dallas" ). Scott established Linden Productions in 1987 to develop documentaries focusing on current issues. Linden's latest production is "King Leopold's Ghost," a documentary about the exploitation of the Congo by King Leopold II of Belgium. Scott was a member of the Women's Refugee Commission, the Pacific Council on Foreign Relations, and the Los Angeles World Affairs Council.

The International Monitor Institute was founded in 1993 and operated until 2003. Its primary mission was to assist international war-crimes tribunals by collecting, indexing and organizing visual evidence of violations of international human rights law. Videos and audio tapes were acquired through donation as well as on collecting trips by IMI associates in the former Yugoslavia, Kuwait, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Iraq, Burma (Myanmar), Thailand, Cambodia, and other countries. IMI's activities also included developing regional archives of videos on conflict and human rights abuses, producing film and multimedia projects to assist humanitarian organizations, organizing public outreach events, conducting video research for governments, film makers, authors, and students, and providing educational outreach. Patrons and partners of IMI and its collections included the International Criminal Court and its staff, Human Rights Watch, Physicians for Human Rights, the Simon Wiesenthal Center, the governments of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia, and former First Lady Hillary Clinton.

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • International Monitor Institute records. Rwanda videotapes and audiotapes, 1992-1999 (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)
  • International Monitor Institute Records,1986-2006 (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)
  • HU OSA 350, Fonds 350: Records of the International Monitor Institute (Open Society Archives, Central European University)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], International Monitor Institute. Burma Videotapes, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The International Monitor Institute. Burma Videotapes were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift in 2006-2007.

Processing Information

Processed by Rubenstein Library Staff, June 2012

Encoded by Noah Huffman, June 2012 and Clare Callahan, September 2012

Accession(s) described in this finding aid: 2006-0111

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.