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Guide to the International Monitor Institute. Rwanda Videotapes and Audiotapes, 1992-1999

Abstract

The non-profit agency International Monitor Institute (IMI) operated between 1993 and 2003, primarily to assist international war-crimes tribunals by collecting, indexing and organizing visual evidence of violations of international human rights law.

The International Monitor Institute Records, Rwanda Videotapes and Audiotapes span the dates 1992-1999, and comprise audiovisual materials related to IMI's documentation of contemporary conflicts and human rights violations in Rwanda. The collection contains videotape segments of news broadcasts as well as documentaries of the Rwandan genocide, including footage of massacre sites and refugee camps, and interviews with both victims and perpetrators of the genocide. The collection also contains audiotapes of broadcasts from Radio Télévision Libres des Milles Collines (RTLM) and Radio Rwanda, classified as incitement to genocide, as well as several recordings produced by Reporters without Borders. The bulk of materials in this collection are audiotapes of RTLM broadcasts.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
International Monitor Institute
Title
International Monitor Institute. Rwanda Videotapes and audiotapes, 1992-1999
Language of Material
English, French, Kinyarwanda
Extent
4.0 Linear Feet, About 335 items, 7.04 GB
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

The Rwanda Videotapes and Audiotapes section of the International Monitor Institute records contains descriptions of 47 tapes and 282 audiotapes collected by IMI that depict human rights issues and themes in Rwanda. These materials span the years 1992-1999. The videotapes largely document massacre sites and mass graves, evacuations, the role of missionaries and human rights activists, and conditions in refugee camps holding both victims and killers. Several documentaries and news reports examine the development of a genocidal ideology in Rwanda tied to its colonial past, as well as offer histories of Tutsi/Hutu animosity, including the role of the Belgian colonial government, France, and the Catholic Church. Many of the materials in this collection offer an analysis of government structure and politics in Rwanda before and after the genocide. In addition, this collection includes various news segments reporting on the movements of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and the Rwanda Army as well as the effectiveness of the United Nations in the conflict; includes a documentary on Belgian soldiers killed in Rwanda.

The majority of audiotapes in this collection are RTLM and Radio Rwanda broadcasts inciting violence and orchestrating the genocide, encouraging youth to join military actions, and frequently referring to specific targets, such as Bilyogo and Nyamirambo. Broadcasts also include frequent reference to Inyenzi (cockroaches) and Inkotani (Tutsi Rebel Army). Many of the RTLM broadcasters accuse the Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) of the assassination of President Habiyarimana and argue that the Inkotani want to exterminate Hutus and so they must, in turn, be exterminated. Broadcasters speak out against French intervention and accuse the Belgians of alignment with the Rebel Army. The remaining audiotapes were produced by Reporters without Borders (RSF).

The majority of the materials in this collection are in French and Kinyarwanda. Both documentaries and news reports take the form of interviews with Rwandans about the massacres and interviews with members of the RPF as well as with figures involved with organizing the killings. The collection includes interviews with notable figures, such as Théoneste Bagosora on his role in the genocide, Ferdinand Nahimana, the former director of Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM) about his failure to stop broadcasts that fueled the genocide, as well as accounts given by members of the death squad.

The series in this collection include the Rwanda Videotapes Series, the Rwanda Audiotapes Series (Audiocassette), and the Rwanda Audiotapes Series (Electronic Records). The bulk of the material for this collection belongs to the Audiotapes Series. Acquired as part of the Human Rights Archive. Further material from the IMI Rwanda records can be found in IMI's organizational records, including printed transcripts of many of the audiotapes. All videotapes in this collection are in Betacam SP format. Please note that the descriptions of the tapes in this collection are based on IMI's data and were not originally drafted by Rubenstein Library Staff. Further organizational material on Rwanda can be found in the International Monitor Institute Records, also at the Rubenstein Library.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Original audiovisual materials are closed to use. Use of these materials may require production of listening or viewing copies. Please contact a reference archivist before coming to use this collection.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

[Description of the tapes was migrated from a File Maker Pro database maintained by IMI.]

RESTRICTED: Original audiovisual materials are closed to use. Use of these materials may require production of listening or viewing copies. Please contact a reference archivist before coming to use this collection.

Kirche Ohne Gewissen (A Church Without a Conscience)
  • Air Date: 1996 Aug. 15
  • Producer: Koos Barten
  • Original Language: French, Kinyarwanda
  • This report begins with Rwandans being interviewed at a grave site and follows with churches being accused of not showing a strong moral conscience, as well as denying any responsibility. An interview is featured with a Tai Chi professor, showing how he works to instill in the minds of Rwandans the 4 qualities of Tai Chi discipline: softness, humility, realism and patience. A close-up of a classroom follows, where Rwandans are learning self-discipline and self-control. It is believed that had the Rwandans taught self-control, the massacres would not have happened. The program focuses on Tai Chi training as a method to help heal the ills of the society and prevent future killing.
VHS [TRT 00:25:00]
Box 116 Videocassette RW001
Sky News: Africa Bureau - Kigali
  • Air Date: 1996 Aug. 23
  • Producer: Sky News Africa Bureau
  • Original Language: English, Kinyarwanda
  • Evacuation in Kigali: CBS reporter James Forlong reports for Sky New from Kigali, Rwanda about the UN controlled evacuation of the St. Famille orphanage in Kigali in late June, 1994. Based on a list, 200 out of thousands of Tutsis were allowed in the UN trucks, the rest remaining in the control of the Interhamwe, a Hutu paramilitary organization. Investigator: Faria Rekkas.
  • Church Massacre: Church massacre at Ntarma, Rwanda in late June 1994. The report contains images of the aftermath of the massacre and an interview with a member of the Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) who claims the killings were the work of the Hutu paramilitary organization Interhamwe. Investigator: Faria Rekkas
  • Kigali Prison: James Forlong reports for Sky News from Kigali, Rwanda about the living conditions in the Kigali prison where both victims and perpetrators are being held. Investigator: Faria Rekkas.
VHS [TRT 00:11:34]
Box 116 Videocassette RW002
BBC News: Journey Into Darkness, 1994
  • Air Date: 1996 Aug. 30
  • Producer: BBC
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French/Subtitles: English
  • This broadcast is from April, 1994, as the war in Rwanda is in full scale. Fergal Keane of the BBC reports on how innocent civilians have been caught between Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and Rwandan Government soldiers' conflicts throughout Rwanda. Keane states that mass killings have been taking place in Kigali. Continuing his journey into the heart of the war, the reporter visits a Catholic church in the Nyarubuye region, the site of a mass killing. After venturing to Nyarubuye, the broadcast follows Keane into a refugee camp in Tanzania, where he meets with Gacumbitsi, the man accused of organizing the Nyarubuye massacre. He then moves on to Butare, where he focuses on the prefect Sylvan Nsabimana. Keane interviews Nsabimana, showing how he has protected people from being killed by government soldiers and militias before his being sacked and replaced by a Rwandan government army officer.
VHS [TRT 00:38:11]
Box 116 Videocassette RW003
Sitting on a Volcano (1st vol. in the 3-part Rwanda series)
  • Air Date: 1996 Aug. 16
  • Producer: Luc Cote
  • Original Language: English, Kinyarwanda, French/Subtitles: English
  • "Sitting on a Volcano" is the first in a three-part series on Rwanda by independent reporters Daniele Lacourse and Yvan Patry. In this report, Lacourse and Patry trace the exodus of Hutus who fled Rwanda to take refuge in neighboring countries. The reporters discuss the difficulties of life in the refugee camps, focusing on camps in the Democratic Republic of Congo near Goma, where thousands are falling victim to daily violence and disease. UN officials Chris Janowski, Guy De Tousignant and Luc Andre Racineare are interviewed. The report also focuses on assurances by the Rwandan government that it is safe for refugees to return home. "Sitting on a Volcano" criticizes the international community for continuing to feed the killers in these refugee camps outside of Rwanda while failing to acknowledge grave human rights violations in Rwanda. The report concludes by making the case that until those responsible for the genocide are brought to justice, Rwanda cannot begin to heal itself.
VHS [TRT 55:10:00]
Box 116 Videocassette RW004
Bloody Tricolour
  • Air Date: 1996 Aug. 16
  • Producer: Yvan Patry, Sam Grana (NFB)
  • Original Language: English, French, Kinyarwanda/Voice-over: English
  • This video focuses on the murder of two Canadian missionaries, killed for having protested against corruption and human rights violations. The first of the two, Brother François Cardinal, worked at the controversial Rwanda College of Rambura , funded by the Canadian government and located in President Habyarimana's hometown. The report shows how Brother Cardinal was shot after charging that Canadian aid money was being diverted to the Rwandan president's advisors. The report also points out that Brother Cardinal's killers were never found. The second Canadian missionary featured on this video is Father Claude Simard, the only Canadian to have stayed in Rwanda during the genocide. Father Simard was murdered in 1994, after the genocidal regime had been overthrown by the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). The report discusses how Father Simard risked his life to rescue Tutsis and speculates that his killers were Hutus acting to prevent Father Simard's testimony. However, the video goes on to reveal that Father Simard had made enemies within the current RPF regime by speaking out against reprisal killings against the Hutus. The investigation carried out by this team of journalists also raises some disturbing questions about Canada's own role in the Rwandan genocide.
VHS [TRT 00:50:49]
Box 116 Videocassette RW005
La Part de Dieu, la Part du Diable
  • Air Date: 1996
  • Producer: Alter-Ciné, Telefilm Canada
  • Original Language: English, French, Kinyarwanda/Subtitles: English, French
  • Record No. 5 is an English version of this one.
  • The second volume of the three-part film series on Rwanda investigates Rwanda's colonial past and explores Canada's role in the development of the genocidal ideology that started taking shape in the early 1960s when the country gained its independence and Belgian missionaries fled the country. The film tells the story of Father Claude Simard who was murdered in October 1994 in the Rwandan village of Ruyenzi and Brother François Cardoma(Brothers of Christian Instruction, a lay Catholic order), who was assassinated in Kigali by a six-person commando squad. Besides interviews with victims of the genocide as well as perpetrators, the film features interviews with: Brother François Cardinal, Father Georges Henri Leveque, Christine Stewart (Canadian politician), Grégoire Kayibanda (the first elected President of the Republic of Rwanda), Ltd. Celestin Kayitenkule, Capt. Tim Leesberg (Canadian United Nations Assistant Mission in Rwanda [UNAMIR]), Major General Guy De Tousignant (Commander UNAMIR), Paul Kagame (Former Minister of Defense and Former Vice-President of Rwanda), and Ltd. Wilson Gamesirire.
VHS [TRT 00:50:00] (2 copies)
Box 116 Videocassette RW006
Pris au Piège
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: French, Kinyarwanda
  • "Sitting on a Volcano" is the first in a three-part series on Rwanda by independent reporters Daniele Lacourse and Yvan Patry. In this report, Lacourse and Patry trace the exodus of Hutus who fled Rwanda to take refuge in neighboring countries. The reporters discuss the difficulties of life in the refugee camps, focusing on camps in the Democratic Republic of Congo near Goma, where thousands are falling victim to daily violence and disease. United Nations officials Chris Janowski, Guy De Tousignant and Luc Andre Racineare are interviewed. The report also focuses on assurances by the Rwandan government that it is safe for refugees to return home. "Sitting on a Volcano" criticizes the international community for continuing to feed the killers in these refugee camps outside of Rwanda while failing to acknowledge grave human rights violations in Rwanda. The report concludes by making the case that until those responsible for the genocide are brought to justice, Rwanda cannot begin to heal itself.
VHS [TRT 01:01:27]
Box 116 Videocassette RW007
Cursed Be Closed Eyes
  • Air Date: 1996 Aug. 22
  • Producer: BBC: Giselle Fortenier
  • Original Language: English, French
  • This video features Françoise Saunier, an attorney with Doctors Without Borders, interviewing François-Xavier Nsanzuwera, the Rwandan Chief Prosecutor, and Joseph Matata, a human rights activist in Rwanda. Both Nsanzuwera and Matata discuss their disillusionment with the lack of intervention on the part of the international community in the face of the Rwandan genocide. Both of these individuals also focus on how they took it upon themselves to gather evidence that could help bring people responsible for the genocide to justice. Saunier seeks to show how the UN has yet to come any closer on delivering the justice promised to the Rwandans and the world. While Saunier visits the United Nations in New York and in the Hague, Mr. Matata completes his report in Belgium. François Xavier conducts interviews in Rwandan prisons, making sure there is sufficient evidence to convict, prosecute and start trials. At the time of this report, Doctors Without Borders and 42 other agencies had been ordered to leave Rwanda for political bias. The report also shows the International Tribunal's announcement of the first eight indictments for genocide. The report cites that no arrests have been made, however, and trials for those accused of genocide-related crimes in Rwanda have yet to take place.
VHS [TRT 00:37:49]
Box 116 Videocassette RW008
Le Rwanda, au seuil du Multi-Partisme
  • Air Date: 1991
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: French, Kinyarwanda
  • The debate is taking place in Belgium in August 1991. The subject of the discussion is on the multiparty system. For a period of thirty years the Rwandan government operated under one party system (the Mouvement républicain national pour la démocratie et le développement [MRND]). On June 10th 1991 president Habyarimana declared a multiparty system. The focus in this debate is on the creation of a National Assembly, a process which was not provided in the constitution but reclaimed by opposition parties. In the debate there is a balance between Rwandan scholars and Belgian experts. The Habyarimana's government at that time of the debate was represented by Francois Ngarukiyintwari, Rwandan ambassador in Belgium.
VHS [TRT 00:56:00]
Box 116 Videocassette RW009
Rwanda: Autopsie d'un Génocide
  • Air Date: 1996 Aug. 28
  • Producer: Theophraste France3
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda
  • The report begins with three people accused of genocide explaining that they were forced to commit their crimes. Their testimony is overlapped with footage of various atrocities. The camera then follows Madeleine, a Tutsi returning to Rwanda from France. The experience of the returning refugee is one of joy at being "back home" and one of sorrow upon learning who has died. Thérèse is another Tutsi who fled during the genocide and returns to find her home destroyed and her family dead. She confronts the sister of the man she believes led the attack against her family. The report then gives a brief history of Tutsi/Hutu animosity emphasizing the role of the Belgian colonial government and the Catholic Church. However, the report's main focus is on the role of the French government starting in 1975 which marks the first of several military pacts signed between the French and Habyarimana. Through a series of interviews and photos of signed documents the report builds a compelling case against the French. Mitterand, in particular, becomes quite involved in Rwanda's affairs and when the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) launches its first invasion in October 1990, the French are there to halt their advance. The French mission is called NORWA and it does not call for direct involvement in the conflict. But several eyewitnesses as well as official Rwandan documents point to a French presence on the frontlines. The report then shifts its focus to the testimony of Janvier Afrika who alerted authorities to the existence of an organization within the government called Network Zero. Network Zero is purported to have carried out political assassinations and to have overseen the development of highly incendiary propagandist newspapers like Kangura. The documentary also points to the speech by Leon Mugesera in November of 1992, which along with Nahimana's creation of Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM) in 1993 helped set the tone for the genocide. The report continues with a series of interviews of people like Bagosora and Hutu who have found refuge in the safety zone provided by the French in Operation Turquoise. Everyone maintains their innocence and blames the violence on the population's violent reaction to Habyarimana's death. The report does point out that the violence in the south, in Butare, did not begin until two weeks after the president's death. The documentary ends on the theme of justice. The chief prosecutor of Kigali points out the difficulties in prosecuting such a large number of accused. Indeed almost everyone is a victim or a perpetrator of genocide. Conditions in the Kigali prison are terrible and the process of bringing people to trial is very slow. The final question is whether genocide in Africa bears as much weight as one in Europe.
VHS [TRT 01:08:06]
Box 116 Videocassette RW010
Bloody Tricolour
  • Air Date: 1996 Aug. 29
  • Producer: David Harrison
  • Original Language: English
  • This video explores the extent of France's involvement in Rwanda and the degree to which it can be implicated in the events that lead to the genocide. It also attempts to explain why a European power would take such a strong interest in the affairs of such a small central African nation. The report begins by explaining that President Francois Mitterrand sent French troops into Rwanda, a country it had never colonized in October 1990 following the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) invasion. According to various officials, France wanted to maintain relations with a French-speaking Rwanda and feared the effects of an RPF-influenced government. The video traces the genesis of the RPF back to the refugees who fled Rwanda during the Hutu revolution in the early 1960's. Many of the Tutsi went to Uganda where they learned English and began planning their eventual return to their homeland. The report hypothesizes that the French worried that the United States overly influenced the RPF. The French accused Paul Kagame, the RPF leader, of being little more than a CIA product. Kagame was in fact invited to the states to receive military training. The report then explains that the French qualified the RPF invasion in 1990 as a terrorist act and sent French troops in to evacuate foreign expatriates. However, Panorama learned that among the French deployment there was a strong training contingency, intelligence experts and military advisors. The French maintained a military presence in Rwanda until the signing of the Arusha agreements in 1993. The report reflects on the fact that France provided more aid and development money to Rwanda during the Habyarimana regime than any other European power. However, since the new RPF government has taken power, France has all but abandoned this once favored nation. The report includes numerous interviews with government officials including President Mitterrand's son, Jean-Christophe Mitterrand, Presidential Adviser on African Affairs from 1988 to 1992. Jean Carbonare who lead the International Human Rights Commission mission to Rwanda in 1993 and was President of "Operation Survie" immediately following the genocide, is quoted as saying "I am very critical of my country before, during and after the genocide. There is a great deal of suspicion about the delivery of arms. You can't on one hand give arms to those responsible for genocide and then say we take pity on the Rwandan people, we'll give you humanitarian aid. I think this is a question of consistency. I'm very unhappy, as a Frenchman, to see my country not have that consistency."
VHS [TRT 00:43:00]
Box 116 Videocassette RW011
Nyirabayazana
  • Air Date: 1996 July 20
  • Producer: BBC Panorama
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda
  • "This video shows a historical background to the Rwandan conflict since the colonial time to its 1994 genocide.
  • The document looks into the first year of independence, after a description of Habyarimana regime and his political party the Mouvement républicain national pour la démocratie et le développement (MRND). The video describes the militia organization, their training, and sites of genocide. The document shows
  • the interim government led by Theodore Sindikubwabo. The reporter in this video accuses this interim government of organizing and carrying out the genocide."
VHS [TRT 00:52:00 ]
Box 116 Videocassette RW012
Interview with Bagosora in Goma
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters Sans Frontières
  • Original Language: French, Kinyarwanda
  • In the video Bagosora explain his role in previous government and denies his involvement in death squad killing before and during the genocide. When asked if he could go to the international criminal tribunal and answer questions in relation to the war and his involvement, Bagosora approved the idea of the international tribunal and agreed to stand trial if accused. But he refused to stand trial in Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) court he accused to be judge and jury. Bagosora argued that the security council caused all problems in Rwanda by imposing an arm embargo on the Forces Rwandaises de Défense (FAR) army. Bagosora also accused the international community for conspiracy by collaborating with the Tutsi minority group. Bagosora denies accusation for having said in Arusha that he was going to prepare an apocalypse if the Arusha Peace agreement was going to be implemented.
VHS [TRT 00:49:01]
Box 117 Videocassette RW013
Interview with F. Nahimana in Yaounde, Cameroon
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters Sans Frontières
  • Original Language: French, Kinyarwanda
  • "In this tape Nahimana talks about his professional life as an African historian and his role as the director of Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM).
  • In the interview Nahimana denies the accusation that he failed to used his position as the director of RTLM to stop the journalists from broadcasting incitement and hate messages through RTLM radio. Nahimana accuses Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) for trying to discredit him because of his historical research and publication on Rwanda which didn't please the Tutsi community.
VHS [TRT 02:07:05] (2 copies)
Box 117 Videocassette RW014
Rwanda, The Betrayal
  • Air Date: 1996 Sep. 12
  • Producer: RTBF-Charleroi, JT
  • Original Language: French, Kinyarwanda
  • "A psychological search into the human soul. Lindsey Hilsum had launched a full investigation reaching the core of evil. Her analysis was that the core of Rwanda was rotten and even the church which was supposed to be the "moral authority, the most powerful institution in the land had a rotten center."
  • "You haven't yet discovered man, neither in his greatness nor in his misery," Ntezimana, a theologian, told Lindsey Hilsum. His theory was that the missionaries had a historical responsibility. They brought the Christian revelation, which reinforced the traditional attitude of naiveté. It was easy not to question the teachings of churches. Everything the priest said was taken as truth. That behavior was the prelude to genocide. The church in this search for truth was accused of encouraging the evil that took root in the hearts of the Rwandans. Orders were blindly carried out. Many churches are under investigation for their participation in the killings. Some nuns and priests fled to Zaire. Others have adopted the denial attitude, few Catholic leaders spoke out during genocide, and many were helpless witnesses to the carnage.
  • Hilsum goes deeply into the problem, questioning herself and her actions during the genocide. Hilsum was present at the time of the massacres and found it hard to help anyone because "she wasn't brave enough, or strong enough to protect them." The important thing is not to pass judgment on the people but to investigate the reason that lead to the madness.
VHS [TRT 00:54:00]
Box 117 Videocassette RW015
Kibuye, International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) Investigators Video
  • Air Date: 1999 Sep. 16
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda
  • The tape shows the map of Kibuye, then moves to an aerial view of the town for approximately 30 minutes. The rest of the video shows parts of the church where the massacres took place, mass graves sites, a home that housed priests. A few interviews conducted by Dan Gowen, Sara Darehshori, Pierre Heuts and Sjouk Eekmaa, mostly inaudible because of the bad acoustics. The video ends in an aerial view of the trip back to Kigali.
PAL SECAM [TRT 02:37:07] (3 copies)
Box 117 Videocassette RW016
Reporteurs Sans Frontières, 1ère cassette, August 1993
  • Air Date: 1996 Sep. 12
  • Producer: Reporters Sans Frontières
  • Original Language: French
  • The tape contains interviews conducted by Reporteurs Sans Frontières to investigate the allegations that Rwandan Ex-Forces Rwandaises de Défense (FAR) tortured the journalists. The tape focuses on Janvier Africa. Janvier Africa claims to be ex-member of death squad and names all members of the death squad including Captain Simbikangwa. In his interview with Reporteurs Sans Frontières, Capt. Simbikangwa denies all accusations. The tape contains other journalists' interviews discussing their mistreatment and torture by Capt. Simbikangwa and his staff.
PAL SECAM [TRT 04:00] (2 copies)
Box 117 Videocassette RW017
Reporteurs Sans Frontières, 2ème cassette, August 1993
  • Air Date: 1996 Sep. 13
  • Producer: Reporters Sans Frontières
  • Original Language: French, Kinyarwanda
  • "The tape contains interviews conducted by Reporteurs Sans Frontières to investigate the Rwandan journalists' torture
  • The tape focuses on Janvier Africa. Janvier Africa claims to be ex-member of a death squad and names all the associates in that organization. Captain Simbikangwa denies the accusation that he was a member of the death squad.
  • The tape also contains interviews with other journalists who claimed to have been tortured by the secret service agents in Habyarimana government."
PAL SECAM [TRT 04:00] (2 copies)
Box 117 Videocassette RW018
Reporteurs Sans Frontières, 3ème cassette, August 1993
  • Air Date: 1996 Sep. 17
  • Producer: Reporters Sans Frontières
  • Original Language: French
  • "The tape contains interviews with Gahigi Gaspard. Gaspard explains how Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM) radio was created. In the interview Gahigi questions the credibility of Janvier Africa in his claims. The same tape contains an interview with Rangira Adrien explaining his work as a freelance journalist for Kanguka.
PAL SECAM [TRT: 01:34:00](2 copies)
Box 117 Videocassette RW019
Les oubliés de Kigali
  • Air Date: 1996
  • Producer: Wild Heart Production
  • Original Language: French, Kinyarwanda
  • "Who was responsible for the death of the 10 Belgian soldiers? Was it an error of command? Death was not caused by fatality but it occurred out of negligence. Parents, families and most of the Belgians want the truth behind their death. They want to find out who was responsible. It is true that after the president's plane was shot down, the prime suspects
  • were the Belgians in the eyes of the Rwandans. Rumors were quickly fed of the Belgian responsibility in shooting down the plane. The ten Belgian soldiers killed were assigned to protect the Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana. Col. Luc Marcha the commander of the Belgian soldiers was accused of failing to give clear instruction to his soldiers"
VHS [TRT 00:56:39]
Box 117 Videocassette RW020
Unending Exile Erupts: New Conflicts in Rwanda
  • Air Date: 1996 June 18
  • Producer: US Committee for Refugees
  • Original Language: English
  • This video is based on an investigation of Rwandan refugee camps in Uganda carried out by the U.S. Committee for Refugees. A narrator provides a brief background of Rwanda's colonial history, its ethnic make-up and the events that led to the current conflict between the predominantly Tutsi forces of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and Habyarimana's primarily Hutu regime. The video includes footage from inside the camps and short interview sessions with some of the refugees. It ends with footage of soldiers and a call for negotiations that include participation of the exiled refugees.
VHS [TRT 00:09:35]
Box 117 Videocassette RW021
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) Internal Video, Prefecture Kigali
  • Air Date: 1996 Oct.25
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: French
  • "The tape contains a Belgian television report on social and political situation in Rwanda during and after the genocide.
  • In the tape, Belgian reporter discusses the killing in Ndera hospital after the Belgian soldiers left the premises. The journalist discusses also the life of street children in Kigali. The tape contains interviews with some Rwandan residents in Belgium. The tape contains also some Belgian government official such as Melchior Watheler discussing the assassination of Belgian soldiers in Rwanda."
PAL SECAM [TRT 01:28:00]
Box 118 Videocassette RW022
Rwandan Nightmare
  • Air Date: 1996 Oct.01
  • Producer: Independent Television News Production for Channel Four
  • Original Language: English, Kinyarwanda, French/Subtitles: English
  • This Rwanda Nightmare is a story of a journey of extremists tearing the country apart, a true account of the numbing horror that was Rwanda in 1994. Does anyone understand what happened in this part of the world? According to Catherine Bond the "agony seemed to the outside world a senseless tribal bloodbath war" that had no impact on the international community and reinforced its lack of responsiveness toward the killings. However, to many observers and experts on this central part of Africa, the legacy of colonialism fueled the conflict and exacerbated the division between Hutu and Tutsi which became the source of tension since the country's independence in 1992. The conviction that the other is the plague, that the only way is the eradication of a no ethnic but just socially and economically different group " If you want to eliminate rats, you have to start with the little ones", or that " Their progeny are the rats of the future" make one wonder who and what reinforced the hatred that became so embedded in the Rwanda culture. The government had its fair share of the blame by using a strategy that that systematically destroyed the bonds of family and friends. By doing so it spread the blame to tens of thousands of Rwandan to alleviate its own guilt.
VHS [TRT 00:42:00]
Box 118 Videocassette RW023
Coalition pour la Défense de la République (CDR) Demonstrations on October 18, 1992
  • Air Date: 1996 Oct.05
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda
  • "CDR Demonstrations of October 18th, 1992 condemns Museveni for helping Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and Nsengiyaremye's government
  • A few clashes with security on the way to the demonstration site. CDR leaders' speeches in Kinyarwanda focus on negative criticisms. Crowd cheering and singing CDR songs containing propaganda against other political parties."
VHS [TRT 01:39:41]
Box 118 Videocassette RW024
Coalition pour la Défense de la République (CDR)-Mouvement démocratique républicain (MDR) Round Table Meeting
  • Air Date: 1992 Nov. 2
  • Producer: Television Rwandaise
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda
  • The tape contains a political debate hosted by the Rwandan journalist Venuste Nshimiyimana. The debate is between Twagiramungu representing MDR and CDR leaders. The debate turns around the CDR's accusation of collaborating with Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and selling out Rwanda.
VHS [TRT 01:00:00]
Box 118 Videocassette RW025
Coalition pour la Défense de la République (CDR) Meeting in Butare
  • Air Date: 1992
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda
  • This video of a CDR rally in Butare was taken from a hand-held camera, featuring speeches of CDR leaders on the principals and ideology of the CDR. The speakers are cheered by a quite large crowd of members using words such as CDR power.
VHS and DVD [TRT 01:41:00]
Box 118 Videocassette RW026
Ntarama Massacre Site
  • Air Date: 1996 Oct.07
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: English
  • Synopsis: A short video on Ntarama massacre site. Skulls and skeletons rotting away and being exposed to the human eye. Ntarama was the site one of the most horrible massacre that took place in 1994. The official figure mentions 5000 people gathered and killed in the church. Only few survivors. No sound just images.
VHS [TRT 00:09:00]
Box 118 Videocassette RW027
Benson Ngarambe, 1995
  • Air Date: 1996 Oct.09
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda
  • Several eye-witness from Mugonero in Kibuye are discussing the killing in church. All witnesses claim that Ntakirutimana called Nkuranga, Kajongi, and Sebihe to come out from hiding to join the rest of the Tutsi gathered in church to be killed together. The witnesses are accusing Ntakirutimana and his son of collaborating with the militias under the leadership of Ruzindana. When asked what these witnesses would like to see the international community doing specially the USA , one witness's wish is to bring Ntakirutimana back to his village to let the people look into his eyes and to give to him the opportunity to see that all Tutsi didn't die. All people interviewed in this tape accuse Ntakirutimana of failing to protect them and his son of collaborating with the militias and the government soldiers in the killings. One person in the interview claims having seen Gerard Ntakirutimna carrying a gun and killing people.
VHS [TRT 01:23:29]
Box 118 Videocassette RW028
USCR, Rwanda: Human Atrocities (Raw footage)
  • Air Date: 1996 Oct.07
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda
  • The video contains views of massacre sites in Kaduha, Mugina. The second part of the video shows views of refugees in camps. The reporter discusses the condition of refugees in camp. The refugee being interviewed discusses the horror they faced before leaving their village.
PAL SECAM [TRT 01:23:41]
Box 118 Videocassette RW029
USCR Site Visit to Rwanda
  • Air Date: 1996 Oct.07
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: English
  • Roger Winter s a freelance reporter accompanied by Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) soldiers and some government officials visited massacre site in Bugesera, the Rwanda and Burundi border, the Rusumo water fall, and many other places in Rwanda. Interviews with local residents are translated by an RPF soldier. Amongst people being interviewed there is a large number of children.
PAL SECAM [TRT 00:11:30]
Box 118 Videocassette RW030
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) Internal Video, Jan Wilken
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda
  • 1. ICTR private investigator, Jan Wilken, filmed local workers hired by Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) soldiers to excavate mass graves near Kabuha in the region of Gikongoro. Scaffolds made of wood have been built and the bones and other remains are piled on to them. The RPF wants these testimonies of the genocide as proof of the horror that took place in 1994. They also want foreign journalists to include these images in their reports so that the whole world can witness the result of the terrible events of 1994. According to an ICTR investigator about 10.000 or more were murdered in and around this site.
  • 2. We get an aerial view of a church in the region of Kabuha that was site of one of the massacres.
  • 3. A burial ceremony in Mugina, Gikongoro. They are burying the remains of victims of the genocide that were dug up from some of the mass graves. A speech is addresses to survivors and family members of the murdered. Huge white plastic bags were brought to receive the bodies exhumed from opened mass graves to be reburied properly. The bodies were first lined up in smaller bags before finally being lowered into the ground.
PAL SECAM [TRT 00:30:00]
Box 118 Videocassette RW031
Massacre Along the Road
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: [not available]
  • In this scene along the road, Hutu militiamen are killing a group of Tutsi while two women plead for their life. After about fifteen minutes (according to reporters) the women are murdered too. According to a documentary by Anna Der Wee, "The Dead are Still Alive" the scene takes place in Kigali near the old French school.
VHS [TRT 00:06:00]
Box 118 Videocassette RW032
The Dead are Still Alive
  • Air Date: 1995
  • Producer: Wild Heart Production, BRTN - Panorama Belgium
  • Original Language: Dutch, Flemish, French/Subtitles: Dutch
  • "The documentary begins with Habyarimana's plane crash then moves slowly through the weeks that followed that fatal day which launched the violent response to years of immense tension and social-economic differences between the Tutsi and Hutu.
  • Evacuation of foreigners around the 10th of April. Evacuation of a psychiatric center where a number of Rwandans had sought refuge. However, they are not rescued by the Belgian and French convoys sent to evacuate the foreign nationals.
  • April 17; Kigali Airport. Preparing to evacuate foreigners.
  • April 23; trucks loaded with refugees head for the border.
  • April 28; a massive exodus towards the Tanzanian border.
  • May 1; life in the Benaco camp.
  • May 18; the reporters return to Rwanda. Terror and desolation reign.
  • June 9; somewhere in northern Rwanda.
  • June 23; the arrival of the first French military contingent as part of Operation Turquoise. Though its intent is as a humanitarian mission there is fear it will become a military intervention and that the French will side with the Hutu.
  • July 4; most of Rwanda is now in the hands of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF).
  • Jean Kambanda, Prime Minister of the interim government, accuses the RPF of shooting down Habyarimana's plane on April 6, 1994.
  • July 18; Goma refugee camp. At the instigation of Hutu elders, young thugs confiscate food delivered by NGOs and the international community. They distribute the food as they see fit.
  • A leader of the Interahamwe gives a speech."
PAL SECAM [TRT 00:34:00] (2 copies)
Box 118 Videocassette RW033
BBC News on Rwanda, Tape 1
  • Air Date: 1994
  • Producer: BBC
  • Original Language: English, Kinyarwanda, French/Voice-over: English
  • 1. Four weeks of fighting and nearly 1/4 of a million have been killed. The UN is condemned for pulling out.
  • 2. A history of United Nations intervention in Africa. The first intervention took place in 1960 in the Congo. The latest UN mission in Somalia was highly criticized. The American led force switched from humanitarian in scope to military following the deaths of several American soldiers. The Americans are accused of acting outside the control and command of the UN even though the UN ultimately had to take political responsibility. The operation was characterized by a "total lack of peacekeeping experience."
  • 3. (1994 May 10) The focus here is the refugee problem on Tanzania's border, problems with water and sanitation. Mixed Tutsi/Hutu couples are running from the problems in Rwanda and living in the same squalid conditions as everyone else in the camps.
  • In the wake of failed mediations and negotiations, Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) soldiers have continued advancing towards Kigali.
  • The RPF is opposed to foreign countries meddling in the war.
  • The UN believes that a peacekeeping force in Rwanda should be composed of African troops. Tanzania is one of the countries expected to participate if African troops are called upon to intervene. The head of the Tanzanian army comes for a visit to the UN headquarters in Kigali. He met with an RPF colonel. The Tanzanian General is unhappy about all the Rwandan corpses littering Tanzanian water sources.
  • 4. (1994 May 13) The focus is on the Rwanda/Burundi border: the one has descended into hell the other is teetering on the edge of anarchy. Most of the Tutsi in Gitarama are dead; the survivors are merely waiting to die. It is argued that the Hutu were overwhelmed by propaganda from the radio urging them to kill their Tutsi neighbors. There is footage of a village outside of Gitarama. It is difficult to see what the international community could do to make a difference in the face of such horror.
  • 5. (1994 Aug. 14) Questions are asked about the effectiveness of the UN peacekeeping mission.
  • Footage of a massive exodus of refugees. People are dying from exhaustion. International aid agencies were completely unprepared to deal with the Rwandan tragedy. There are a million refugees on the move in Rwanda. A great deal of help is needed to help with the refugee problem.
  • The RPF has taken Gisenyi. Footage of the Rwandan Army's weapons piled up at the border with Zaire: ammunition, weapons and grenades. Zairian troops helped disarm the Rwandan forces as they crossed the border. Still many weapons have found their way into the camp.
  • Fighting at night has led to a horrific following day. Many refugees were killed after having reached what they thought was a safe haven. A hastily prepared relief mission has been set up to tend to the wounded.
  • Footage of what are now permanent camps set up along the edge of lake Kivu. The refugees do not trust the new RPF government,
  • 6. (1994 June 29) (Newsnight) Kigali has been under siege since April and now the RPF has captured the last two government strongholds.
  • Footage of French troops evacuating orphans and civilians. Nuns are being escorted away from the front lines. The French intervention has led to a great deal of controversy. The French deny that Operation Turquoise is anything but a humanitarian mission.
  • The militiamen believe the French are on their side.
  • The RPF is still advancing towards the border with Zaire. Gikongoro is under a curfew. The rebels are in a festive mood. There is footage of another exodus this time coming out of Ruhengeri.
  • Footage of an orphanage for children who escaped death. Footage of shelters to rehabilitate the killers. There have been 2000 deaths in Nyarubuye parish.
  • - Twagiramungu: "There will be retribution in Rwanda. We can't tolerate impunity."
  • 7. (1994 July 4) (BBC news) Most of the cities in Rwanda are now under rebel control. Only southwestern Rwanda remains in government hands.
PAL SECAM [TRT 01:33:00]
Box 118 Videocassette RW034
BBC News on Rwanda, Tape 2
  • Air Date: 1994
  • Producer: BBC
  • Original Language: English
  • 1. Hit lists were drawn in the camps, including the names of some aid workers. Lawlessness and lack of control are the rule in the camps. Food is distributed through Hutu militiamen. Relief workers think it is time to leave.
  • 2. (1994 Dec. 25) Oxfam in refugee camps. Kids are being trained to duck. The perpetrators are in complete control.
  • 3. (1994 Dec. 28) In Kigali's central jail each prisoner denies having participated in the genocide. Twagiramungu: "We want to judge." François Karera: "Many things happen in the course of war."
  • 4. (1994 Dec. 28) Talk of reconciliation, stability and security for all. Helping to rebuild schools.
  • 5. (18/02/95) Rwandan Army youth recruits. Training schools in the camps.
  • 6. (1995 Feb. 18) Ntarama site. Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) is winning the war.
  • 7. (1995 Apr. 6) This Kigali prison built to hold 1500 is currently home to 8.000 inmates accused of mass murders and genocide. They all await trial. There are 30.000 suspects on Rwanda's death Row. Hutu begin to fight back.
  • 8. (1994 Apr. 6) The president's plane crash. The assumption: an assassination. Nyarubuye church. "There’s a need to provide legal experts."
  • "Nothing makes sense here without an understanding of the genocide … I would say that most people in the mission would do anything to avoid having to confront the genocide." The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) mission is a waste of time, energy and money. But worst of all it is a waste of hope." Rakiya: "… concentrating on human rights abuses."
  • "The International Tribunal created in November 1994 has no investigative team in Rwanda. The lone prosecutor in his empty Kigali office personifies the hypocrisy of current international policy with respect to the Rwandan tragedy: A parody of justice with no power and no muscle."
  • Goldstone at The Hague: "The process must be sped up."
  • 9. (1995 Mar. 15) (Newsnight) Refugees in eastern Zaire engaged in military training in the middle of the night. Kaminyola camp has become a training camp for militiamen instead of a place of refuge for civilians. The United Nations is very concerned about the situation. Recruiting combatants from refugee camps is against UN regulations. Troops hidden and official are training and they are armed. They believe the army has only lost a battle, not the war.
  • In refugee camps Ngeze gathers the youth around him and feeds their appetite for war against "Tutsi oppression." He writes: "We know our enemy and we know where he lives. Every one of us has to get ready to save our country with any weapon he can lay his hands on… There is no question of waiting… saying 'when shall we go back?' we have no time to wait. We must do our best. Even if we should die, we shall die in Rwanda, not in a foreign land. We must show the RPF that they made a mistake when they shared our country out amongst themselves."
  • 10. (1995 Apr. 22) Kibeho camp is home to 80.000 refugees.
  • Aid workers try to reach the casualties. Hutu refugees refuse to return, as they fear retaliation from the new RPF government, dominated mostly by Tutsi.
PAL SECAM [TRT 00:22:00] (2 copies)
Box 118 and 283 Videocassette RW035
BBC Newsnight, Rwanda: Africa's Agony
  • Air Date: 1994
  • Producer: BBC
  • Original Language: English
  • The BBC Newsnight has invited many guests to the studio, all specialists on Africa, to reflect upon and dissect the Rwandan crisis. At the time this special program was aired the crisis was still going on. 20.000 had recently died of cholera in the refugee camps; 100.000 children were without parents or family; the international community was trying to recognize the new government. A myriad of political and diplomatic maneuvering had already taken place on the Rwandan crisis: hence an offer from Strasbourg to oversee the investigation into Rwandan war crimes; an Italian pledge of 17.000.000 dollars to be sent to Rwanda; Germany had sent 500 hospital beds, the French were prepared to leave the country while the British were arriving; the US had recognized the new Rwandan government (the Rwandan Patriotic Front [RPF]) and announced that they would be putting 200 people on the ground in Kigali in an effort to inspire confidence in the refugees to come back. The program was devoted to the analysis of a country devoured by rage: roots of the killings, the international response to the problem and its failure to come up with a solution, would the United Nations deliver? The program focused also on how the West is dealing with post-colonial Africa. The program was interspersed with reports on Rwanda by BBC reporters. John Simpson in particular was featured on the show.
PAL SECAM [TRT 00:29:00] (2 copies)
Box 374 Videocassette RW036
Panorama: A Culture of Murder
  • Air Date: 22 Aug. 1994
  • Producer: Mike Robinson
  • Original Language: English
  • "Can a nation put an end to its culture of murder? Stephen Bradshaw opens this documentary with a provocative question and analysis. The documentary focuses first on Rwandan refugees crowding the Goma camp in Zaire where approximately 200 orphans rejected and abandoned had arrived after walking for 70 kilometers. Neither the French (Operation Turquoise) nor UNAMIR came to their rescue. The children, obvious victims of the adults' folly, were found lost in the fields and brought from the bushes where they had been hiding for days. Some adult refugees stricken by hunger returned to scavenge their own abandoned maize and tea fields, but many others fear reprisals from the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and so prefer to stay in the squalid conditions of the refugee camps in Zaire. The conditions "defy a journalist's clichès" with no water available and corpses that lay near the camps waiting to be picked up by trucks. 43.000 have died and bodies are taken to the roads for collection. However, the truth is, most of the bodies remain untouched close to campsites being used by the international press.
  • Another major problem is the violent and chaotic situation in which everyone is living. A culture of murder means that the law lies in the hands of young thugs walking around with machetes and maintaining an atmosphere of threatening violence. Knife fights over the food distribution process are quite common. Bradshaw maintains that the village system has moved as a whole into the camps. Everyone obeys the Hutu elders. Food goes to them first. Grain, which is desperately needed, is taken by force then distributed the way the elders see fit. Aid workers are aware of who sets the rules and the United Nations has no illusion about who is really in control. These Hutu elders, many of whom bear responsibility for the massacres back in Rwanda, have brought with them their own system of justice. They send out thugs to control the rest of the refugees. A United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) official acknowledges that among the refugees they are helping there are murderers. The very same people who helped initiate the violence with their propaganda on the radio are now holding the refugees hostage in the camps. "When you have 1 million people in a camp it is impossible to stop and ask them: 'Have you committed a crime?'" Yet many of them are afraid of returning, preferring to risk dying of malaria, cholera, dysentery rather than at the hands of the RPF. When asked about revenge, Paul Kagame denies any desire for summary executions maintaining instead that "There are no reprisals. What the refugees fear most now is to be brought to Justice."
PAL SECAM [TRT 00:38:00] (2 copies)
Box 374 Videocassette RW037
Rwanda, Master Conform
  • Air Date: 1996 Oct.30
  • Producer: BBC
  • Original Language: English
  • In this video Lindsey Hilsum returns to Rwanda where she was a journalist before and during the first few weeks of the genocide. She attempts to find her former driver, Evariste, who disappeared on the 17th of April, 1994. She comes across Monika Uwimana, an old friend who survived the genocide but lost her five children. While visiting the Kigali Prison she sees another former acquaintance, [name redacted] imprisoned for allegedly participating in the genocide. Miragihanga is a man she meets in a Kigali neighborhood. He is a Hutu who saved Tutsi lives. Hilsum does finally discover the truth about Evariste, he was hunted down by members of the Interahamwe while hiding in a house with his brothers. The tape ends as Monika reflects on the fact that she has nothing to live for anymore.
VHS [TRT 00:15:00]
Box 374 Videocassette RW038
Selected Video Images
  • Air Date: 1997 Dec. 14
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda
  • The tape contains discussions in meeting between Bagosora and UNAMIR officers debating on the evacuation of orphans during the war. The issue was to evacuate the children from the Forces Rwandaises de Défense (FAR) held area crossing the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) held area to airport. Bagosora's argument was that the children were to be accompanied by the militias (Interahamwe) through the area held by RPF soldiers. The UNAMIR representatives suggested that children would be accompanied by the militias to the government held territory then from there UNAMIR would take over and take the children to the airport. There is no information indicating which plan was adopted. The second part of this tape contains an interview with Col. Gatsinzi discussing how after Habyarimna died Bagosora was in charge of organizing meetings with high army officer s and tried to convince them to take over the leadership of the country. As the army refused this suggestion and chose to follow the Arusha peace agreement, Col. Gatsinzi reports that Col. Bagosora established his secret network with the president guard division to try to overthrow the transitional government. Several eye witnesses discuss the massacre in Butare. Some of these witnesses argued that the massacre started after Sindikubwabo's speech in Butare and Robert Kajuga's visit the national leader of the militia Interahamwe. The reporter continued to Goma where he met with Sindikubwabo Theodore. When asked to comment on his speech in Butare, Sindikubwabo argued that in his speech he reminded the population to focus on their daily works. Sindikubwabo argued that people could have misinterpreted his words that his intension was to incite people for the massacre he explained. In Goma the journalist interviewed also Bagosora on the existence of death squad responsible of much of the killing in 1994. In Kigali prison the journalist met with Janvier Africa who claimed to ex-member of the death squad. The sketch he gave to officers from the International Human right Federation Officers led to the first mass grave in Rwanda. The reporter comments also on Mugesera's speech, the journal Kangura, Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM) and other sources of incitement in preparation of the genocide. The journalist also visited some of the FAR soldiers in camps and reports on their training and the possibility of returning to Rwanda by force. Aside from dead bodies along the road, the tape shows Kambanda distributing guns to the population and the training of militias for civil defense. The tape contains Kambanda introducing the new government. There is also a CNN report on arm deal in Nairobi to arm the militias in Congo to range an attack to Rwanda.
VHS [TRT 01:37:18]
Box 374 Videocassette RW039
UN/ONU TV Footage, Tape 1 and 2
  • Air Date: 1999 Aug. 09
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: French, Kinyarwanda
  • United Nations footage of Rwanda and Burundi. The video describes the role of the UN as a peacekeeping force in the most troubled areas of the world. It starts with news items about the Central African region and moves on to the UNAMIR peacekeeping force at the UN headquarters in Kigali. The main focus of the video is on the visit of the then newly appointed UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to the Central African region, Mr. Jose Ayala Lasso to Rwanda and Burundi up to his departure. It focuses on his meetings with representatives of both parties in the conflict: Bagosora and Bizimungu on the one hand and Major General Paul Kagame on the other. He holds a press conference in Burundi and he visits the UN headquarters in Kigali as a human rights observer.
VHS [TRT 01:46:13]
Box 374 Videocassette RW040
Massacre Scenes and Evacuation of Foreigners
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: English
  • Kigali Airport: French military helicopters landing at the airport.
  • People gathered and waiting to be evacuated by the French.
  • Tutsi being slaughtered at whim by the presidential Guard and militiamen.
  • Shots of French or Belgian troops evacuating foreigners alternate with corpses lining the streets of Kigali.
  • United Nations and other NGOs, mainly the Red Cross, leaving Rwanda.
  • French military on the alert and patrolling certain strategically important areas.
  • French military calling out the names from a list of people to be evacuated.
  • Military planes evacuating foreigners."
PAL SECAM [TRT 00:23:00]
Box 374 Videocassette RW041
WTN/Reuters News, April, July, 1994
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reuters, WTN, BBC
  • Original Language: English, Dutch, French, Kinyarwanda
  • 1. A young militiaman with a machete standing by corpses scattered all around the streets of Kigali. Others roaming around and checking the identity of passersby.
  • United Nations vehicles and what seems to be Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) vehicles circulating in the streets of Kigali.
  • Shots heard in the distance (heavy artillery) and RPF soldiers covering their ears.
  • Refugees walking down the road. Kigali by night. RPF soldiers holding a Kalashnikov and Kambanda being interviewed.
  • Bodies piled up in trucks. More refugees and their belongings.
  • 2. Dutch TV reports on corpses floating in the river. Shot at the border of Burundi. Kanyaru-Haut.
  • Evacuation of Belgian nuns and missionaries. Convoys of refugees.
  • Kayanza, where the wounded were gathered.
  • 3. People bathing in the river while sanitary workers pick up the corpses washed up on the shores of the Akagera River, wrap them in plastic bags and load them onto trucks.
  • Refugee camp where hundreds of abandoned children await their fate.
  • Overcrowded camps with unbelievable conditions. Soldiers, maybe Forces Rwandaises de Défense (FAR) sharing what little space is left. "We can't go back at this point," declared a soldier.
  • Children and infants being transferred to a different camp away from the adults.
  • 4. Water supplies on the border with Zaire. US soldiers working on a project to bring water to the camps in Zaire.
  • 5. Refugees on the road to exile. Camps teeming with life, Kigali deserted.
  • 6. Mass exodus of Rwandan refugees crossing Zaire’s border. The UN calls it an exodus of biblical proportions" generating atrocious conditions and posing health problems in camps. An epidemic of cholera is killing about 3.000 refugees a day. Most refugees refuse to return home in fear of reprisal attacks at the hands of the RPF.
  • Remains of the president's plane after the crash on April 6, 1994.
  • Another shot of the presidential guard looting and killing Tutsi.
  • French and Belgian paratroopers in Rwanda to evacuate foreigners.
  • The Belgian government withdrew its contingent urging the international community to follow its example.
  • RPF advancing towards Kigali.
  • Benaco camp in Tanzania where 200.000 people created a refugee camp.
  • UN voted to send a contingent of peacekeeping forces but major member states were reluctant to get involved.
  • 7. Corpses obstructing Kigali roads. Those who couldn't flee were murdered by machete wielding Interahamwe.
  • A small boy moves under a pile of corpses where he was hiding. RPF troops rescue him.
PAL SECAM [TRT 00:20:05]
Box 375 Videocassette RW042
Les oubliés de Kigali
  • Air Date: 1996
  • Producer: Wild Heart Production, BRTN - Panorama
  • Original Language: French
  • "Les oubliés de Kigali" is an RTBF program discussion Belgian soldiers killed in Rwanda. The tape contains several eye witnesses. Jean Luc Habyarimana describes how the plane which killed his father came down. Faustin Twagiramungu also comments on that incident. A white father journalist Guy Tennis Theunis comments also on the night of the killing.
  • Romeo Dallaire UNAMIR commandant in Kigali comments on the killing of the Belgian soldiers and his discussion with Col. Bagosora in the interview accuses Dallaire for failing to act on time. Dallaire argues that all Bagosora 's claims were not true. The tape contains also the assassination of a Canadian priest Claude Simard. Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) is being accused. JP Chretien discusses his book on the media of genocide. Chretien argues that the genocide was not a sudden act of violence. Georges Rugiu is a Belgian citizen in the video denies the allegation that he used Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM) to incite the population for the killing of Belgian soldiers. Col Marchal commandant of Belgian Soldiers is accused of failing to protect Belgian soldiers. Innocent Butera, founder of RDR, discusses the roots of the genocide in Rwanda. The journalist discusses the United Nations' failure to protect people in Rwanda."
PAL SECAM [TRT 00:56:00]
Box 375 Videocassette RW043
Augustin Bizimana, September 1994, Goma
  • Air Date: 1997 July 10
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: French
  • The tape contains an interview with Bizimana Augustin ex-minister of defense. The interview focuses on the part the army played in massacre, Bizimana acknowledge the killing in Rwanda but argues for the use of the term genocide for both side of the conflict. When asked to explain the reason these killing took place, Col. Bizimana claims the massacre to be the result of an explosion after Habyarimna was killed. Bizimana calls for negotiation with Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). Bizimana argues that a return by force will be necessary if RPF refused the negotiation. Col. Bizimana thanks the French government for assisting Rwanda but regret that France military involvement couldn't be possible. When asked how he will evaluate the United Nations' role in the conflict, Bizimana replied by stating that United Nations was failing in Rwanda like it failed in Somali. He questioned the credibility of the United Nations in conflict resolution.
PAL SECAM [TRT: 00:35:46] (2 copies)
Box 375 Videocassette RW044
Rwanda: Cry Justice, 1995
  • Air Date: 1997 July 09
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: English, Kinyarwanda, French/Voice-over: English
  • "One year after what J. Clancy describes as a genocidal civil war, a CNN crew traveled to Rwanda for investigation. While millions had fled the country, survivors and the dead alike are crying out for justice. A year later the memories are still very fresh and nothing was going to take away the pain that had transformed Rwanda forever. Those crimes, according to some, were inexorably tied to power, to others, a mere tribal bloodbath that "Africa is so famous for."
  • Tracing back the genocide would entail going back forty and some years ago, to the first Hutu outrage and burst at the Tutsi feudal regime.
  • The first attempt to peace was signed in Arusha in 1993; Habyarimana reluctantly gave in under international pressure. But that didn't last. The civil war broke seconds after the plane crash that claimed the lives of the presidents of Rwanda and Burundi. It took 100 days of vicious fighting before the 20.000 Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) soldiers brought the Interim government to its knees. Genocide turned Rwanda into a cemetery. The country is littered with mass graves; its churches were and at the time of the report are still filled with the skeletal remains of the women and children who sought shelter but found death. The massacre has left the country deeply scarred. Many survivors remember the slow; agonizing deaths of loved ones along the roadside. Today these same people remain embittered by the international community's indifference to their plight. Clancy suggests that Rwanda's tragedy demands some answers: Who is responsible for the genocide? Members of the interim government deny responsibility and eyewitnesses all concur that the killing was planned in advance and carried out by government officials. One of the United Nations officers said that it was "clear that Bagosora was in charge of the Interahamwe." In Butare alone it was ministers and officials who ordered the killings according to eyewitnesses.
  • 1. Kambanda was recorded passing out arms to militiamen and telling them to use their new guns to kill civilians. Most ministers and journalists are accused of taking part in the massacres.
  • 2. Victims of rape gathered in the maternity ward. Nothing can measure the level of anguish these women feel. It became common for women to walk away from the maternity ward without their babies, living symbols of an ordeal they will never forget. Additionally many of the women have contracted AIDS, which appears to be heading for Rwanda with the strength of an epidemic.
  • 3. Kayishema, a doctor from Kibuye, is under investigation for his role in the genocide. There is outrage at the fact that Kayishema is still free in Zaire while those who were merely following his orders are locked away in prison.
  • 4. There are 8500 inmates in a jail built for a few hundred. The Rwandan judicial system is facing an unprecedented crisis. Rooms are stacked with case files waiting to be reviewed. Lack of attorneys and judges has made the caseload impossible to handle. Each month more prisoners are added to the inmate population. Most of them know they face the death penalty if they are ever tried and found guilty.
  • 5. A CNN crew captures an arms deal on videotape in the courtyard of a hotel in Nairobi, Kenya. There is still a UN arms embargo on Rwanda.
PAL SECAM [TRT 00:23:24]
Box 375 Videocassette RW045
Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM) Investigation, February Meeting 1994
  • Air Date: 1997 July 28
  • Producer: Unknown
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda
  • Meeting that gathered the Minister of Information who expressed his concern about the objectivity of RTLM and the president of RTLM, the shareholders included F. Nahimana. They share the same argument that RTLM is an independent radio concerned with reporting news the way it occurs.
VHS [TRT 00:06:40]
Box 374 Videocassette RW046
Bout à Bout, Rwanda
  • Air Date: 1996 Oct. 25
  • Producer: TF1
  • Original Language: French
  • "This tape runs for about 20 minutes. Nahida Nakad of TF1 did the reporting between April and July 1994.
  • 1. First item shows the St. Jean church in Kibuye. Services were still being held despite the sight and smell of decomposing bodies scattered around church grounds. A priest was asked about the smell. He responded that "people are getting used to it."
  • Images of Tutsi hiding in the hills out of fear of Hutu attacks.
  • 2. Goma in the evening. Surgeons operate on wounded and mutilated children. They were the victims of machete attacks.
  • Several survivors offer their testimony. Some Tutsi hid in the forests.
  • 3. 94 Tutsi, survivors of various attacks, arrive in Goma. Most of them are young as the old were too fragile to survive their extensive wounds. Alphonsine, a ten year-old girl, is interviewed.
  • 4. Helicopters of the French army evacuate about 40 nuns. A nun is asked whether they feared for their lives. She responds that "on était sur le qui-vive."
  • A French army officer is interviewed.
  • 5. French soldiers bring jean-Baptiste, a Tutsi survivor, to Kibuye stadium. This was the site of yet another massacre. Jean-Baptiste gives a moving account of the events that took place within the stadium.
  • 6. Reporters arrive at a mission where a number of nuns from St. Marie have taken refuge. One nun maintains that local authorities attempted to protect the nuns from attacks.
  • 7. Reporter comes across several members of the interim government at the Meridien hotel in Gisenyi, a few kilometers from the border with Zaire. One minister proclaims that the "massacres have been spontaneously organized by the population. It is a civilian rebellion."
  • The minister maintains that there is no militia to speak of. The Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)'s better equipped but the French presence has served to reassure the government forces.
PAL SECAM [TRT 00:28:27]
Box 374 Videocassette RW047

Copies of the following tapes were not transferred to the Rubenstein Library. Description of these tapes has been excluded: RW001, RW037A-B, RW062A-B, RW065A-B, RW077A-B.

[Description of the tapes was migrated from a File Maker Pro database maintained by IMI.]

RESTRICTED: Original audiovisual materials are closed to use. Use of these materials may require production of listening or viewing copies. Please contact a reference archivist before coming to use this collection.

RTLM 1
  • Air Date: 1994 May 12
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Il faut vérifier que le discours de Kambanda passe en fait à la RTLM.
  • Kantano commence l'émission avec un appel aux Rwandais de combattre les "Inyenzi", notamment les enfants de Tutsi qui sont partis en 1959. Il parle ensuite de l'extermination imminente des Tutsi dans "le monde entier." Kantano demande aussi que le peuple Rwandais fasse attention à sa réputation internationale et participe à la guerre sans se permettre de piller et tuer n'importe comment. Il termine la face a en soulignant l'importance de la RTLM. La face B est composée entièrement d'un discours du Premier Ministre Jean Kambanda. Il adresse le peuple Rwandais et explique la formation et les objectifs du nouveau gouvernement. Kambanda accuse le FPR d'avoir assassiné le Président Habyarimana et il incite la population à se réunir pour combattre les "Inyenzi" et les enfants de Tutsi qui ont quitté le pays en 1959. Il ne laisse aucun doute qu'il s'agit d'un problème entre les ethnies et que le FPR est composé de Tutsi.
Box 126 Audiocassette RW001
RTLM 2
  • Air Date: 1994 May 16-17
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Unidentified speaker begins by suggesting Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) has massacred 8000 Hutus with the consent of the UN. Georges Ruggiu and unidentified journalist enjoin people in Kigali not to let journalist get interviews or images of their activities, which are apparently compromising.
  • Kantano previews upcoming interview with a 12 year old RPF soldier. The boy will reveal the RPF's use of collaboration with 'sorcerers' and 'women who suck themselves' and Inkotanyi plans for a massacre in Nyamirambo that will start with the killing of a man called Abdou.
  • Kantano (1) calls for vigilance at the barriers; (2) tells listeners to watch their neighbors' reaction to the upcoming taped interview, and arrest those neighbors that seem concerned by what the child is saying; (3) calls for the arrest of other Inkotanyi street children bearing a certain mark on their scalp; (4) for an attack to kill Inkotanyi living in huts near Rugunga before they listen to RTLM and flee; (4) for the "arrest" of three specific street children at Kimisagara as well as 30 others. Kantano says the interviewed child should be kept alive.
  • In an interview with journalists Biziyaremye Thimothe and Kayitare Vianney, the RPF boy soldier claims to have spied on the barriers with other boys bearing grenades, kalachnikovs and pistols. Under interrogation, the boy gives the location of his fellow Inkotanyi: (1) at Gitega on the macadamized road, (2) at Kiyovu, "in front of the houses of whites who keep horses," (3) at Gatenga, (4) "at the marsh near road to Gikongo," (5) at Butamwa, (6) at Byumba, (7) at Jari, (8) at Rebero. Child provides names of family members, reveals that soldiers travel by foot and work with sorcerers and gives specific information about vehicles and weapons used by his fellow Inkotanyi. Interview ends with account of how he and other boys set up booby trap mines to kill Hutu.
  • Kantano launches another monologue in which: (1) Belgian are called 'sons-of bitches" who car only for women and money, (2) Inkotanyi are described as wild animals that "hunt moles, partridges and cicadas, (3) a prophesy is made that "Inkotanyi will die in our potatoes', (4) FAR soldiers are encouraged to remain in good spirits,(4) the invaders are described as dogs that must be killed before they kill, (5) citizens are encouraged to help FAR soldiers or be taken prisoner by the Inkotanyi, (6) a letter is read from a listener telling of collaboration between the Ugandans, the Belgians, and the "cockroaches." These "cockroaches" (no discrimination made between soldiers and civilians) are being hunted down and killed by FAR soldiers, and this will continue until they accept negotiations.
  • Side A concludes with personal missives from and to active soldiers. (Side B is blank)
  • Tape includes strong evidence: direct calls, ethnic slurs, anti-Belgian rhetoric. Suggestion that captured RPF soldiers must reveal name of family members.
  • Need voice analysis to confirm that the journalist "George is in fact George Ruggiu.
  • Side B of tape is blank.
  • Emission highlights a taped interview with captured RPF boy soldier who reveals location of alleged Inkotanyi collaborators in numerous specific locations. Kantano calls for killing of people living in specific huts as well as for the arrest of RPF street children.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 126 Audiocassette RW002
Gahigi-Amanie
  • Air Date: 1994 May 14
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW003
RTLM 4
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 12
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • The tape begins with discussion by Simbizi, Bemericki, Bamwanga, and Karamira regarding the objectives sought and roles played by various political parties including the RPF, CDR, and MDR. Bamwanga then announces that no one has fled Kigali and urges listeners to remain on night patrols and on the barriers.
  • Kantano then begins a long monologue which runs through the end of side A. The monologue goes as follows: (1) Rwandans are united in fighting the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and foreigners cannot come in and steal what the Rwandans have built; (2) a direct call against four Tutsi in the Kimisagara and Nyakanda area; (3) a call to vigilance on the barriers; (3) a report of Tutsis being shot in Remera and a justification of this on the grounds that Tutsis have encircled and killed people; (4) a report that Tutsis are using people as shields; they are thieves and they kill Hutus with machetes; (5) an attack on Twagiramungu, Kanyarenwe, and Pasteur Bizimungu and an expression of appreciation that Rwandans continue to work together; (6) a warning that Tutsis will track Hutus down and kill them; (7) the Tutsis have lied about taking certain regions; (8) criticisms of the UN.
  • Side B continues with Kantano's monologue. He states that the transition government is strong and that the Rwandans are recruiting young boys and girls into the army, waiting with machetes to kill the cockroaches. The Tutsis are in Arusha using Ibizungerezi (attractive Tutsi women) to mislead people. RTLM was bombed and broadcasters were injured but the station will continue to broadcast.
  • Ruggiu replaces Kantano. He indicates the cockroaches are malicious and attacks Twagiramungu. He then speaks about Rwandan history with respect to the Tutsi superiority complex and feudalist aspirations.
  • Gahigi replaces Ruggiu and speaks of Rwandan delegations going abroad to promote the cause of Rwandan government. He states the delegations will explain that Habyarimana was killed by the RPF, which (1) wanted to take power by force, (2) annulled the Arusha Peace Accords, and (3) has killed innocent people.
  • Tape contains some strong evidence: direct call, strong accusations of Tutsi atrocities, anti-Belgian statements
  • Tape labeled April 12, 1994, but in broadcast, date given as April 22 or 23, 1994 (see records 1 and 5); April 22 appears to be correct date.
  • Need to confirm that "Karamira" is "Frodauld Karamira"
  • Tape begins with a round table discussion on politics among Simbizi, Bemericki, Bamwanga, and Karamira. Kantano then launches a long monologue in which he accuses the RPF of committing atrocities, justifies killing "cockroaches," and makes a direct call against suspected "cockroaches'. Ruggiu then recalls the historical oppression of Hutus by Tutsis in past centuries and under colonialism. Gahigi ends the broadcast by summarizing how the Rwandan government is explaining the current events to the world.
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW004
RTLM 4
  • Air Date: 1994 May 15
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW005
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 May 15
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW006
RTLM 5
  • Air Date: 1994 May 15
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette cassette contient des émissions datant du 15 Mai 1994 aussi bien que du 16 Mai.
  • La face A de la cassette, animée par Gaspard Gahigi, est très courte. Gahigi lance un appel aux les citoyens Rwandais de joindre la FAR dans sa bataille contre les envahisseurs arrogants, de rester vigilants, et de montrer du courage aux barrières. Il raconte qu'un radio émetteur a été saisi d'un Inkotanyi à Munanira, Nyakabanda, et que les citoyens doivent "dénicher l'ennemi partout où il se cache pour qu'ils sachent que nous sommes vigilants." La face B de la cassette est animée par Kantano et Ananie. Kantano critique les hommes politiques hutus d'avoir attendu l'assassinat du président pour commencer leurs discours anti-Tutsi. Puis Ananie fait un rapport sur un nombre de complots couvés par les Tutsi pour conquérir le Rwanda ou le repartitioner pour en créer un pays tutsi. Ananie reprends le microphone et accuse le FPR d'avoir commis des atrocités contre des Hutu (au Stade Amahoro et à l'hôpital Roi Faycal), et suggère aussi qu'il y a des groupes de faux Interahamwe qui ont de fausses listes. Kantano continue; il dit que la tuerie ne doit pas continuer sans discrimination, que les Tutsi qui sont toujours vivants sont peut-être innocents, et que "les jolies femme [tutsi]" ne doivent pas être tuées simplement pour plaire aux jaloux femmes hutus. Puis, Kantano dit aux auditeurs qu'ils doivent "encercler," et "stopper" ces "kamikaze" tutsi.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW007
RTLM 5
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 22
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • La date de transmission est incertaine; l'attestation provisoire de trascription donne la date de 17 Mai "1974"; la liste de ICTR donne la date de 17 Mai, 1994.
  • Cette transcription semble être le même que le numèro 115 (en Englais)
  • Face B commence avec un monologue d'un animateur non-identifié (peut-être Simbizi)
  • La face A de la cassette est animée par Georges Ruggiu et Valérie Bemeriki. Pendant l'émission, les animateurs répètent que les Accords d'Arusha sont des accords de guerre, et non de paix, une ruse des "Inyenzi-inkotanyi" pour assujetir la majorité et revenir aux temps des massacres et de la domination Tutsi [avant '59]. Le FPR et Twagiramgu sont à plusieurs reprises accusés du meurtre de Habyarimana: Bemeriki appellent aux citoyen de réagir contre les tueurs comme on réagirait contre les tueurs de son propre père; Ruggiu appelle aux citoyen de prêter main forte à la FAR et d'aider à "netoyer" Kigali et tout le pays des "Inyenzi" — comme le FAR viens de faire sur la colline de Rebero. Les Belges sont aussi critiqués et accusés d'être les perroquet du FPR.
  • Sur la face B de la cassette, Kantano et Bemeriki dirigent un entretien avec Simbizi (CND) et Froduald Karamira (MDR). Pendant la discussion, un premier animateur accuse les Belges d'une longue liste d'injustices et crimes contre "la majorité." Puis Karamira et Simbizi appellent à la population de s'unir avec l'armée et d'aider à decouvrir tout ennemi qui essaye de se cacher (dans la canalisation, dans les buissons, dans les bananaraies). Les animateurs accusent les Tutsis d'avoir essayé de retourner à la domination économique et politique qu'ils occupaient avant 1959. Les animateurs ajoutent que les Tutsis ont provoqué leurs propre morts. Le FPR est aussi accusé d'avoir tué des Hutu important et d'avoir commis des massacres contre la population.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW008
RTLM 6
  • Air Date: 1994 May 18
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • -la face B est vierge
  • Ananie commence la face A en déclarant que chaque jour mille réfugiés traversent la frontière pour s'échapper des "Inyenzi." Il souhaite que ces réfugiés s'organisent à la frontière pour qu'ils puissent revenir au Rwanda et participer à la guerre contre les "Inyenzi." Ananie se lance ensuite dans une tirade contre Museveni et les Américains qu'il accuse de soutenir les Tutsi dans leur but d'exterminer les Hutu. Kantano le suit dans un entretien avec Bugingo qui se trouve souvent aux barrières. Ce dernier rapporte que la sécurité à Kigali s'améliore et que la population participe aux rondes nocturnes. Il annonce que les Interahamwe ont du succès dans leur chassent à l'Inkotanyi. Par contre, il déclare que la population ne doit pas utiliser sa position aux barrières, ni le fait d'avoir un fusil, comme prétexte pour voler. Bugingo ajoute que des patrouilles ont été formés pour fouiller les maisons soupçonnées de héberger des "Inyenzi." Kantano continue unmonologue sans Bugingo. Kantano se moque d'abord de Kagame qui a promis de passer la nuit à Kigali. Il annonce ensuuite que les Français vont envoyer des troupes au Rwanda. Il demande alors à la population de ne plus s'entre tuer et ignorer la justice. Il termine l'émission en déclarant que des femmes sorcières sont en train de brûler à Rebero et que la communauté internationale a finalement compris que les "Inyenzi" tuent les gens en les torturant.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW009
RTLM 8
  • Air Date: 1994 May 21
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • La cassette commence avec un dialogue entre Gahigi et Nemeye Ephrem à propos de "ce problème d'éthnicité" à partir duquel les "Inkotanyis" sont accusés d'avoir commis des massacres, tué le président, commencé la guerre, et negocié les Accords d'Arusha. Puis, Gahigi entretiens Claire Kayirange, une fille qui "travaille" à la barrière de Muhima. Elle est louée comme un example pour les autres filles qui doivent, elles-aussi, prendre des armes contre "les petits Inyenzis" et faire "la ronde nocturne." Après une intervention de Nkomati, et un autre d'un animateur francophone non identifié entretiens deux refugiés hutus: Epimaque Abiyingoma (assistant bourgmestre de la commune de Rutare) et Cyriagque Habiyambere. Les deux hommes temoignent sur des nombreuses attrocités commis par les "Inkotanyis" contre la population non tutsi.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW010
RTLM 11
  • Air Date: 1994 May 28
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW011
RTLM 12
  • Air Date: 1994 May 28
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Kantano is the only speaker on side A of this transcript. Among other things Kantano addresses the refugee problem. He alternately pleads with his listeners to resist fleeing and berates them for leaving. He insists that the Inkotanyi present very little threat to the lives of Rwandans if only the population stays put. Kantano explains that the Inkotanyi use "whirlwind tactics" to hide their small numbers and to scare the Rwandan population into taking flight. In a rage, he calls on people at the check points to check refugees who have left with all their belongings. He refers to them as cowards. Kantano also adresses the Inkotanyi and warns them that they will "be a party without adherents," that no one will be left in half of the communes they have conquered if they do not stop their invasion. He informs them that Rwandans will never allow the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) to rule over them and he urges the population to take up arms against the "Inyenzi." Finally, Kantano also emphasizes that Kigali is not yet in the hands of the "Inyenzi" regardless of all the rumors and misinformation.
  • Apart from Ananie's brief discussion of the foreign press and his quip that "Kigali has been captured, it has been captured by RFI, the BBC and Radio Muhabura," side B is devoted to Gahigi' interviews with people at various check points throughout Kigali. Gahigi speaks with children, CDR militants, FAR soldiers, militants at the road blocks and several civilians. The interviews give evidence that Kigali is in no danger of falling to the Inkotanyi and that many "Inyenzi" have been killed.
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW012
RTLM 13
  • Air Date: 1994 May 28
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW013
RTLM 13
  • Air Date: 1994 May 29
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Transcript begins mid-sentence with unidentified speaker urging listeners to come "work with RTLM." Those who do not understand that "this war . . . is the final one" and so cannot work "there" [reference is possibly to roadblocks] should be kept away and appointed to "non-confidential and unimportant cases," such as "checking vehicles that have broken down."
  • After an interruption, transcript begins with Kantano interviewing a Kimicanga resident who claims to have killed 5 Inyenzi thieves in Magerwa. Kantano congratulates the resident, who he calls "Caporal," and asks that he "keep it up." The resident then urges "soldiers in Kicukiro" to also "keep it up," and specifically names their precise locations. Kantano and interviewee suggest that soldiers are working with residents in Magerwa, and perhaps other places, where Inyenzi were killed. The residents suggests that contrary to reports, the FAR still controls Kimicanga, Kacyiru, Magerwa, Kicukiro.
  • Another resident then speaks on behalf of RTLM. Kantano urges this resident and others to "test" people's knowledge of the station and its broadcasters. Residents standing close by respond by pronouncing the names of their favorite announcers.
  • Another resident in the crowd, a member of the CDR and of the Kimicanga security committee, says he is a peasant, part of the "mass who is at the barriers" and which often listens to RTLM. He says his militia is "keeping it up" at Kimicanga, Kajevuba, and Rwintare. He says roadblocks should be more lax for the "sons of Sebahinzi," (i.e. Hutu peasants), but that those who do not have papers showing that they are "sons of Sebahinzi" should "leave their head there" at the roadblock.
  • A soldier then takes the microphone and warns that Inkotanyi chased out of Kanombe "will be beaten for a long time" if they come there to Kimicanga. Kantano once again says "keep it up."
  • After a Bikindi song, Ananie transmits a few missives to and from soldiers.
  • Gahigi then begins a circuitous monologue about how the government should deal with the refugees in Mille Collines Hotel and Amahoro Stadium and ensure their security.
  • After another musical interlude, an unidentified speaker (1) criticizes false RFI reports about Kigali's fall, (2) speaks of plans to "evacuate people . . . in Mille Collines Hotel and Amahoro Stadium, (3) discusses common international misunderstanding about what the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) is doing and "who is [really] massacring who," (4) alleges governments supporting the arms embargo bear responsibility for RPF massacre of civilian population, (5) accuses Beligian mercenaries of collaboration with RPF in massacre of Hutus, (6) denies that militias of presidential guards were involved in massacres, saying that at time of massacres, there was no government, (7) alleges that assassination of Habyarimana and other top Rwandan officials marked beginning of RPF's massacring plans.
  • Broadcast ends with criticism of U.S. participation in arming of UN troops in Rwanda.
  • Very strong evidence of RTLM collaboration with militias.
  • Date discrepancy: tape label reads 29 May, but one speaker in program says "yesterday on the 26th of May 94"
  • Side B is blank
  • Tape features Kantano interview with residents and soldier at the Kimikanga roadblock. Announcers also discuss situation at Mille Colline Hotel and allege Tutsi atrocities.
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW014
RTLM 14
  • Air Date: 1994 May 29
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Les deux face de la cassette sont animées par Kantano. Il félicite la FAR pour son détournement d'un massacre qui, il dit, allait être perpétué par les Inkotanyi contre la population de Kicukiro. Pendant le reste de l'émission, trois thèmes sont abordés à plusieurs reprises: (1) le plan des Inkotanyi de massacrer tout les Hutus, (2) le fait que le Rwandais doivent avoir du courage pour "travailler" contre ceux qui viennent les tuer et prendre leurs biens, (3) une critique de Radio Muhabura et une accusation qu'elle aide à verser le sang des Hutus, (4) la population et l'armée sont encouragées de fumer du chanvre "pour affronter efficacement ces voyous qui ont envahis nos champs en vue de voler nos récoltes." Kantano conclue la face B avec la caution que, "ils (les Inkotanyis) ont tout intérêt à arrêter les combats car si ils continuent à se suicider, ils seront tous éliminés.”
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW015
RTLM 15
  • Air Date: 1994 May 30
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Le début de la cassette est coupé.
  • La face A de cette cassette contient un long monologue de Kantano. Il commence avec un rapport qui accuse le Inkotanyi d'avoir essayé de s'infiltrer à Nyamirambo, Muhima et Gisozi. Kantano rassure ensuite ses auditeurs que le grondement d'armes lourdes sont ou la manifestation du FAR qui pourchassent les "Inyenzi" ou une stratégie des Inkotanyi pour faire peur aux peuple Rwandais. Kantano continue son monologue avec des exhortations dirigées aux écouteurs de la RTLM. Il les indique que des fusils seront distribués à la population et que si ils se mettent ensemble ils pourront exterminer les "Inyenzi." Kantano accuse aussi les Inkotanyi d'empêcher que des négociations prennent place.
  • La face B commence avec Kantano d'humeur plutôt hilare. Il incite la population à s'armer et à défendre le pays mais de ne plus s'enfuir. Il dit aussi que les Inkotanyi sont maintenant des "fantômes." Ananie annonce ensuite que les militaires Rwandais ont encerclé les Inkotanyi à Kacyiru de telle façon qu'ils ne pourront pas s'échapper. Kantano reprend lemicro et annonce l'extermination éventuelle des "Inyenzi." De son côté Gahigi déclare que la population doit s'armer avec des armes traditionnelles. Il fait une comparaison entre les "Inyenzi" et les buffles et les lions. Kantano termine la cassette en disant que "si ils veulent que nous les éliminions . . . nous les exterminerons."
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW016
RTLM 16
  • Air Date: 1994 May 31
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • La thème centrale de l'emmision est que les "Inyenzi-Inkotanyi" ne sont pas massacrés, mais se suicident.
  • Le FPR est accusé à plusieurs reprise d'avoir planifié des massacres, et même d'avoir preparé des "listes." Des differents journalistes souligne l'importance de la RTLM dans la guerre; Ananie dit même que la radio est aussi importante que les mortiers. Ananie souligne que toute le monde ont une rôle à jouer dans la guerre contre les Inyenzi.
  • Philippe Mbilizi anime le début de la face A. Il félicite les FAR et la population pour son "travaille" contre "les tentatives d'infiltrations" des Inkotanyi, dont 100 étaient tué hier, "rien qu'à Kigali." Puis, Kantano parle de l'orgueil des "Inyenzi-inkotanyi" et explique que cette qualité les poussent à leurs propre extermination. De surcroît, Kantano affirme que tout "les Tutsi du monde entier allaient combattre les Hutus" et que tout les Hutus doivent donc se lever pour les combattre ensemble. Gahigi prends le microphone. Il charge que le FPR a planifié les massacres à Rwanda en incitant la population avec l'assassinat du président et du premier ministre. Il nie que la RTLM a appelait aux Hutus de tuer les Tutsis et suggère que les Tutsis sont responsables pour ses propres actes "suicidaire". Kantano conclue la face A de la cassette en constatant que ceux qui vengent l'assassinat du président "sont innocents parce qu'ils n'ont fait que s'adapter à la situation de ce temps-là."
  • La face B de la cassette commence avec un dialogue entre George Ruggiu et un journaliste non identifié: ils (1) rapportent que la communauté internationale appelle à la FPR de arrêter ses massacres, (2) accusent les FPR d'avoir interrompu l'évacuation des réfugiées du Stade Amahoro et d'autre cite et (3) affirment que le FPR est responsable des massacre à Kibungo et Byumba. Ils souligne aussi le "rôle médiatique" de la RTLM dans la guerre. Puis Ananie Nkurunziza commence un longue monologue dans lequel il parle des "astuces" des Inkotanyi, leurs manière de mimer les sons des bêtes sauvage, et la façon de lutter contre eux aux barrières. Il rapporte aussi sur les événements à Kinamba et Nyamirambo, où les Inkotanyi étaient "corrigé." Au cours de son rapport, il souligne que "il faut considérer les Inyenzi comme les Inyenzi. Il ne faut pas les craindre…" Ananie affirme que "tout le monde doit combattre [les 'Inyenzi] à sa façon, et loue le travail des malices qui sont aux barrières (il précise quelque noms). Gaspard Gahigi continue l'émission: il accuse le FPR encore une fois d'avoir planifié les massacres, et prétends avoir entre les mains une liste préparé par les Inyenzi des "véritable Inyenzi" marqué pour la mort. Ananie conclue la cassette en affirmant que dans cette guerre, la RTLM est "une arme" aussi redoutable que les mortiers.
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW017
RTLM 17
  • Air Date: 1994 May 31
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Gahigi commence cette cassette avec une série d'accusations d'atrocités commises par le FPR. Selon Gahigi un représentant du HCR a témoigné que le FPR a tiré dans une foule de réfugiés. Gahigi maintient que le FPR s'attaque aux civiles plutôt qu'aux militaires. Kantano passe au micro et y reste jusqu'à la fin de la face A. Kantano rapporte qu'il a rêvé de l'extermination des Inkotanyi. Il donne plusieurs raisons pour l'annihilation éventuelle des Inkotanyi et finit par dire que les Inotanyi seront exterminés parce qu'ils sont suicidaires. Kantano exige des ses auditeurs qu'ils ne prennent pas fuites car les Inkotanyi sont moins nombreux. Kantano termine la cassette avec une description de la vie actuelle à Kigali. Kantano commence la face B de cette cassette en s'adressant aux personnes qui s'enfuient des Inkotanyi. Il déclare que tous Rwandais doit rester se battre contre les Inkotanyi et il proclame que la chasse aux Inkotanyi devientun jeu. Kantano souhaite aussi que les gens se comportent de façon plus raisonnable sans prendre des "libertés physiques" avec les femmes sous prétexte que le pays se trouve en temps de guerre. Ananie lit plusieurs annonces et adresse surtout la conférence de presse de Museveni où il admet enfin que certain de ces "boys" participent à la guerre du côté des Ikotanyi. Gahigi termine la face B avec une "analyse" des commentaires de Museveni. Gahigi explique que les membres du FPR ont reçu leurs entraînement militaire dans l'armée de Museveni et que ce dernier espère créer un "Hima Land" qui comprendrait l'Ouganda, le Rwanda, le Burundi et le Nord Kivu.
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW018
RTLM 18
  • Air Date: 1994 June 01
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette cassette commence avec une discussion entre Gahigi et Ananie. Les deux animateurs maintiennent que Museveni joue un rôle important pour les Inkotanyi dans cette guerre. Ils suggèrent que Museveni veut créer un "Hima Land" pour la "race" Hima-Tutsi et qu'il veut exterminer la race Bantou. Kantano, de son côté, pense que Museveni va faire exterminer les Tutsis si il continue à les mener de sa façon. Cette cassette contient aussi deux entretients par Gahigi avec des hommes aux barrières: Bukenengaho de la barrière de Nyabugogo accuse les "Inyenzis" d'avoir massacré sa famille et Nyamaswa de la barrière de Yamaha annonce qu'avec ses compatriotes ils combattent tous les "Inyenzi," même les femmes, les enfants et les vieillards. Ananie termine la cassette avec une discussion du rôle de l'Ouganda dans cette guerre.
  • Ruggiu commence cette cassette avec un rapport du HCR qui accuse le FPR d'avoir commis des atrocités contre la population civile du Rwanda. Il explique ensuite que le FPR est protégé par Museveni en Ouganda etpar la Belgique. Kantano passe au micro ensuite et s'adresse surtout aux "fuyards" parmi la population et les forces armées. Il incite la population Rwandaise à rester se battre avec des paroles encourageantes et des menaces. Kantano annonce plusieurs fois que les "Inyenzi" seront exterminés. Ruggiu annonce la prise d'une mitrailleuse qui sera utilisée pour massacrer les Inkotanyi. Gahigi termine la cassette avec un commentaire sur la mauvaise foi des Inkotanyi en ce qui concerne les négociations.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW019
RTLM 19
  • Air Date: 1994 June 02
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette cassette est composée surtout d'un monologue par Bemeriki. Elle commence avec un message provenant du feu Président Habyarimana à la population leur demandant de prier. Elle invoque aussi le souvenir de l'apparition da la Sainte Vierge à Kibeho. Bemeriki cible un prêtre et une ensiegnante. Elle s'adresse aussi à tous les rumeurs propagées par les Inkotanyi et leurs complices avec but de faire fuir la population. Bemeriki maintient qu'au contraire les "Inyenzi-Inkotanyi" perdent la guerre et ne font qu'envoyer des bombes qui ont un effet négligable. Ensuite elle loue les efforts des personnes aux barrières et annonce que Karemera promet une distribution d'armes dans les jours qui suivent. Bemeriki termine son monologue en déclarant que les "Inyenzi" ont tué "d'innombrables personnes" et qu'ils sont connus pour leur "barabrie." Kantano prend la suite et déclare que les Inyenzi ont été envoyé par Museveni pour détruire le pays. Mais il ajoute que les "Inyenzi" vont se faire exteminés et qu'ils sont déjà minables au point qu'ils doivent voler leur nourriture qu'ils ne peuvent trouver qu'au tombé du soleil. Kantano insiste aussi sur le fait que la population ne doit pas fuir devant l'avance des Inkotanyi. Il conseille aux "Inyenzi" d'accepter les négociations et termine son monologue avec une menace implicite: "vous avez vu les conséquences qu'ont subies ceux qui ont choisi le mauvais côté."
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW020
RTLM 20
  • Air Date: 1994 June 3
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW021
RTLM 21
  • Air Date: 1994 June 03
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • La première partie de cette cassette consiste d'une rétrospective des évènements au Rwanda depuis le 19 Mai, animée par Ananie. C'est une occasion pour Ananie de faire de nombreuses accusations de massacres commis par les "Inyenzi." Ananie démontre aussi que malgré les prévisions de Kagame, Kigali n'est toujours pas tombé dans les mains des "Inyenzis." Ananie commence une attaque contre Museveni qui sera continué par Kantano et Gahigi. Selon les trois animateurs de la RTLM, Museveni s'engage du côté des Inkotanyi et Gahigi déclare que c'est avec l'espoir de créer un "Hima Land" qui comprendrait l'Ouganda, le Rwanda, le Burundi et le Nord Kivu. Kantano note que "nous les exterminerons" si "ils" choisissent de "continuer comme ça."
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW022
RTLM 23
  • Air Date: 1994 June 4
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW023
RTLM 25
  • Air Date: 1994 June 05
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Une partie de la face A est vierge et toute la face B est inaudible
  • Ananie et Kantano ont un dialogue très bref autour des rumeurs propagées par la Rdio Muhabura. Celle-ci a annoncé que le FPR a pris le Ruhengeri, mais Ananie maintient que la jeunesse de Giciye, Kinigi et Mukingo résiste encore aux Inkotanyi. Il ajoute que des barrières ont été érigées et que la population n'a pas peur des bombes lancés par les Inkotanyi. De sa part, Kantano gronde les soi-disant intellectuels qui refusent de participer aux combats et qui prennent fuite. Ananie termine la cassette en déclarant que les Inkotanyi sont en train de perdre la guerre.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW024
RTLM 21
  • Air Date: 1994 June 05
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette cassette consiste surtout en un discours du Premier Ministre Jean Kambanda. Kambanda fait le lien entre les "Inyenzi" de 1959 et les "Inkotanyi" de 1990. Il encourage le FAR et la population civile de continuer leur collaboration contre l'ennemi tout en évitant le piège des Inkotanyi qui tentent de créer des divisions dans l'armée Rwandaise. Kambanda continue a rappelé ses auditeurs que les Tutsi ne composent que 10% de la population Rwandaise et qu'ils veulent simplement restaurer la monarchie qu'ils avaient étable avec l'aide des Belges avant 1959. Il suggère que les Inkotanyi ont recruté leurs complices "au sein de des partis politiques" et qu'ilsont déjà fait preuve de mauvaises foi quand ils ont "liquidé" les têtes des partis qui s'opposent au FPR. De plus Kambanda accuse les Inkotanyi d'avoir assassiné le Président Habyarimana et de s'être lancé dans cette guerre avec l'aide de l'Uganda dont le Président Museveni veut "conquérir cette partie de l'Afrique que nous habitons." Kambanda termine son discours avec un appel à la population de se lever contre l'ennemi et de participer à cette guerre qu'il qualifie de "guerre finale."
  • Bemeriki prend la relève et essaie de faire comprendre aux Inkotanyi qu'ils n'ont aucun espoir de gagner cette guerre. Elle continue son monologue en visant des Inyenzi qui se trouve dans le Mont Kigali, en particulier un homme qui aurait semer la propagande lors des élections des conseillers. Elle vise ensuite le conseiller de Nyakabanda qu'elle accuse de complicité. Bemeriki demande que la population "s'habitue à informer immédiatement le conseiller de tout événement qui se produit dans le secteur."
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW025
RTLM 27
  • Air Date: 1994 June 9
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW026
Nkurunziza-Bemeriki
  • Air Date: 1994 June 9
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW027
RTLM 29
  • Air Date: 1994 June 09
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Bemeriki commence la cassette avec un appel aux FAR et la "jeunesse Rwandaise" de faire "une chasse aux Inyenzi qui restent . . . que tous soient exterminés." Elle accuse en même temps les "Inyenzi" d'avoir commis des atrocités envers la population Rwandaise et d'avoir tué des religieux catholiques et protestants. Bemeriki continue son monologue en appelant le Général Dallaire de la Minuar un "Inkotanyi déguisé." Ensuite, un journaliste non-identifié lit deux communiqués de l'URVAN. Le premier incite la population à se mobiliser et protéger la Nature Rwandaise détruite par la guerre avec les Inkotanyi. Le deuxième communiqué accuse le FPR d'avoir commis des massacres et de ne pas vouloir partager le pouvoir. Kantano passe au micro et suggère que les "Inyenzi" ont été envoyé par Museveni. Il suggère aussi que les "Inyenzi" ont été "découvert" par la communauté internationale. Le reste du monologue de Kantano consiste surtout à inciter la population à se soulever contre les Inkotanyi: il accuse les hommes de Kagame d'avoir massacré la population civile, de travailler avec Satan et d'avoir tué des personnages religieux. Mais tout en les accusant des pires atrocités, Kantano compare les "Inyenzi" à des vaches qui vont vers l'abattoir. Il s'attaque aussi aux membres Hutu du FPR. Gahigi prends brièvement le micro pour remercier les gens aux barrières et pour encourager les auditeurs de chercher "la victoire définitive." Bemeriki termine la cassette avec un appel à la population de "anéantir l'ennemi."
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW028
RTLM 44
  • Air Date: 1994 June 18
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW029A
RTLM 44
  • Air Date: 1994 June 18
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW029B
RTLM 45
  • Air Date: 1994 June 18
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • L'identité du journaliste du "Record" 19 n'est pas certaine.
  • Cette cassette commence avec un interview entre le Général Major Augustin Bizimungu et plusieurs journalistes de la RTLM et de Radio Rwanda. Bizimungu se contente de convaincre ses auditeurs que les "Inyenzi" n'épagnerons personnes et qu'il est donc préférable de participer complètement à la guerre. Il avertit ensuite les "Inyenzi" et les laisse savoir qu'ils périront tous si ils ne consentent pas aux négociations. Parmi ses incitements, Bizimungu encourage toute la population de s'armer, ne soit qu'avec un bâton si il le faut, pour se battre avec l'ennemi. Il accuse aussi Museveni de s'être aligné du côté des Inkotanyi. Ruggiu passe au micro ensuite pour donner les informations du jour. Ruggiu accuse les Inkotanyi d'avoir tué un soldat de la MINUAR. Il répond aussi aux reportages de la RFI et du journal "Le Soir" qui concernent les milliers de cadavres qui polluent le lac Victoria. Ruggiu annonce que les cadavres sont des victimes du FPR car ils ont les mains liées derrière le dos. Il lit un communiqué de la PDI qui dénonce les actions de Museveni et qui demande que le Général Dallaire soit renvoyé au Canada. Ruggiu termine son monologue en insistant que la population ne doit jamias oublier les atrocités des "Inyenzi." Gahigi termine la cassette en saluant les personnes aux barrières et en expliquant que le FPR est contre l'intervention Française, que le FPR fera de son mieux pour faire croire que les Rwandais sont coupables des massacres perpétués dans le pays.
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW030
RTLM 46
  • Air Date: 1994 June 19
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • L'identité du journaliste des "records" 15-17 est peut-être Kantano au lieu de Ananie.
  • Gahigi commence cette cassette en rappelant ses auditeurs qu'il faut rester vigilant. Il annonce ensuite l'intention des Inkotanyi d'exterminer la population et il ajoute qu'il est donc nécessaire d'exterminer les Inkotanyi. Il accuse le FPR d'avoir assassiné le Président Habyarimana et d'avoir commencé la guerre. Il justifie la réaction du Rwanda en expliquant que qund quelqu'un est attaqué "il doit se défendre." Kantano passe au micro et annonce l'arrivée des troupes Française. Il demande à ses auditeurs de se préparer à accueillir les Français et il annonce que les "Inyenzi se suicident" mais que les Tutsi n'ont en aucun cas été exterminés. Il annonce aussi que les "Inyenzi-Inkotanyi" ont l'intention d'exterminer les Hutu. Kantano accuse les Belges et Museveni de s'être alignés du côté des Inkotanyi mais il ajoute que sinon les Inkotanyi n'ont plus le soutien de la communauté internationale.
  • Ananie commence la face B avec des informations à propos des "combats" dans Kigali. Il est suivit de Bemeriki qui annonce la mort de nombreux "Inyenzi." Elle les appelle des "suicidaires" et ajoute que les routes sont couverts de cadavres d'Inkotanyi. Tout en insistant que les "Inyenzi" se font exterminés, Bemeriki annonce que les "Inyenzi" trouvent quand même le moyen de massacrer la population Rwandaise.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW031
RTLM 47
  • Air Date: 1994 June 18
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW032
RTLM 48
  • Air Date: 1994 June 20
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Ruggiu suggère que le FPR et ses accomplisses ont refusé "le partage du pouvoir. Il indique ensuite que le Général Dallaire, les Belges et les Ugandais sont des accomplisses des "Inyenzi". Ruggiu caractérise les "Inyenzi" et Kagame de "bourreau" et "massacreur". Il encourage aussi ceux qui mènent les combats dans les quartiers de Bilyogo et Nyamirambo. Bemeriki parle brièvement des combats à Kabakene, Rugenge et Gisenyi. Gahigi et Ananie s'adresse à la situation dans la cellule de Duha dans la commune de Gikoro où, selon Gahigi, les Inkotanyi auraient tué 120 personnes. Cette cassette contient aussi un interview de Gahigi avec Jean Sibomana. Ce dernier explique que les Tutsi sont astucieux et ont bien étudié la situation à Arusha pour qu'ils puissent monopoliser le pouvoir. Gahigi et Sibomana sont d'accord que le gouvernement précédant n'avait pas maintenu assez de contact avec la population.
Sony HF 60
Box 119 Audiocassette RW033
RTLM 49
  • Air Date: 1994 June 20
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW034
RTLM 50
  • Air Date: 1994 June 20
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Side B of this tape is blank
  • Bemeriki begins the tape accusing the Inkotanyi of "drinking Rwandan blood" and killing residents. She calls on the population to exterminate the Inyenzi-Inkotanyi. She is followed by Kantano who mockingly sings a song about the Inkotanyi having all perished. Kantano gives some of the local news from Kigali and targets several sectors and communes as areas where conflicts have taken place. As he targets areas like Nyamirambo he comments that the "Inyenzi" are committing suicide. He also refers to the current war as the "final" one. Kantano then announces that the imminent arrival of French troops to intervene against the "suicidal Ugandans and suicidal extremists Tutsis." He criticizes Kagame's tactics and tells the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) leader that he has done nothing but sow seeds of hatred for the Inkotanyi. Ruggiu ends the broadcasts with the beginning of an interview with George France Hategekimana about the impending French intervention.
Sony HF 60 (1 copy of Side A and 1 copy of Side B)
Box 119 Audiocassette RW035
RTLM 51
  • Air Date: 1994 June 21
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • L'identité de l'animateur les "records" 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 et 14 est à vérifier. Je pense qu'il s'agit de Ananie.
  • La face A commence avec un interview entre Kantano et un gendarme non-identifié de Kacyiru. Le gendarme lance un appel à la jeunesse de participer aux actions militaires. Kantano annonce qu'il y aura des récompenses pour les gens courageux. Bemeriki prend le micro et souhaite à la jeunesse "de garder votre courage et bravoure habituels." Elle avertit la population de se méfier des nouvelles astuces des "Inyenzi" et de garder contre l'infiltration des "Inyenzi." Ananie suit Bemeriki et s'attaque d'abord à Twagiramungu qu'il dit être devenu un "Inyenzi." Il annonce que les Belges et les "Inyenzi" se sont alliés contre le Rwanda et les Français. Il dit aussi que les "Inyenzi" sont les "diables" dont parle le New York Times. Ananie insinue ensuite que les "Inyenzi" ont tué 850 réfugiés de l'église St Paul. Ananie est suivi d'un entretien entre Gahigi et le Premier Ministre Kambanda. Kambanda annonce que le gouvernement essaie de trouver des armes pour la population et il accuse le FPR de n'avoir pas respecté les Accdords d'Arusha. Bemeriki suit avec un interview de Pauline Nyiramasuhoko du Ministère de la Famille et de la Protection Féminine. Nyiramasuhoko affirme que les Rwandaises participent aux combats contre les "Inyenzi" et elle demande aux femmes du Rwanda de collaborer avec tous les Rwandais pour faire face à l'ennemi. Ruggiu termine la cassette avec des nouvelles de l'interventio Française. Il accuse aussi le FPR d'avoir tué le Président Habyarimana et de ne pas vouloir arrêter les massacres et prendre une place à la table des négociations. Ruggiu s'adresse aussi aux reportages de la RFI qu'il qualifie de faux. Il prétend qu'il n'existe pas de milices au Rwanda, qu'il s'agit seulement d'une défense civile.
Box 122 Audiocassette RW036
RTLM 53
  • Air Date: 1994 June 23
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 119 Audiocassette RW038
RTLM 65
  • Air Date: 1994 Jul. 01
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Kantano commence la cassette. Il dit que l'Uganda s'enrichi grace à cette guerre en vendant du matériels aux Inkotanyi. Kantano s'adresse aussi au rapport de René Denis Ségui qu'il qualifie de honteux. Kantano dit que les "Inyenzi" sont des "trafiquants de la mort" et il encourage la population de prendre courage et de faire face aux Inkotanyi. Ananie prend sa place et dénonce les reportages de RFI qu'il accuse de soutenir l'ennemi. Ensuite Ananie se lance dans une longue riposte contre le rapport de René Denis Ségui. Ananie l'accuse de n'avoir pas fait des recherches à fond et il l'accuse aussi de soutenir les Inkotanyi. Par contre Ananie fait usage du rapport pour démontrer à ses auditeurs ce qui arriverait si les Inkotanyi perdent la guerre. Gahigi aussi s'adresse aux résultats de ce rapport et annonce que ce sont les "Inyenzi" qui ont commencé la guerre, une guerre qu'ils ont préparé pendant 27 ans et qu'ils ont appelé une guerre "finale." Gahigi tente ensuite de lier les "Inyenzi" aux "Iinyenzi" de 1959. Il explique que les "Inyenzi" ont formé une organisation qui s'est répandu un peu partout au monde pour préparer cette guerre éventuelle. Kantano prend la suite et s'attaque aux "étrangers" qui ne font que propager "de fausses informations." Bemeriki termine la cassette en remarquant que les "Inyenzi" espèrent restaurer la monarchie. Elle aussi s'attaque au rapport de Monsieur Ségui qui elle accuse d'avoir accepté de l'argent des Inkotanyi.
Box 119 Audiocassette RW039
RTLM 66
  • Air Date: 1994 Jul. 02
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • une partie de la face A et de la face B sont vierges
  • Kantano commence la face A. Il salue les efforts de la radio "soeur," Radio Rwanda. Il se moque ensuite des Inkotanyi qui ont des barbes et chevelure hirsute et plein de poux. Il dit que les Iinkotanyi "sont foncièrement méchant." Kantano s'adresse ensuite aux "dépouilles" de Hutu qu'il offre comme preuve du but exterminatrice des Inkotanyi qu'il accuse d'avoir traumatisé des enfants et bébés. Il exhorte la population de se lever pour combattre les "Inyenzi" et il ajoute que le Rwanda exterminera les "Inyenzi" qui sont d'ailleurs "suicidaires." Kantano passe ensuite à une attaque contre Museveni qu'il accuse de vouloir régner sur toute l'Afrique centrale. Il termine son monologue avec une référence aux Tutsi de Burundi qui sont en train de créer des problèmes pour ce pays. Ananie prend la relève et donne les informations. Il note l'arrivé des Français et il fait mention de la création d'un Tribunal international pour le Rwanda. Il ajoute que la RTLM est parmi les accusés. Gahigi prend la suite et défend les actions de la RTLM. Il essaie de démontrer que la RTLM n'est pas à l'origine des problèmes entre les "Inyenzi" et le Rwanda. Il dénonce ensuite Dallaire et René Denis Ségui qu'il accuse d'avoir fabriqué de faux rapports pour convaincre la communauté internationale de la méchanceté de la RTLM. Kantano termine la cassette avec plusieurs déclarations que les "Inyenzi" et même les Tutsi sont décimés.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 126 Audiocassette RW040
RTLM 67
  • Air Date: 1994 Jul. 03
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Kantano et Ananie sont les animateurs de cette cassette. Les thèmes de cette cassette sont, parmi autres: (1) Museveni en tant que chef des "Inyenzi" et son objectif de créer des petits pays Tutsi, (2) l'intervention Française et la création d'une zone de sécurité pour empêcher les Inkotanyi de continuer leurs massacres, (3) preuves de "régions dépouillées par les Inkotanyi" et l'idée que des "adventuriers Tutsi cherchent tout ce qui est Hutu," (4) des attaques contre René Denis Ségui et les radios étrangères qui font de faux reportages contre les Hutu et indiquant la prise de la ville de Kigali, (5) des atrocités commis par les Inkotanyi qui tuent même les bébés, (6) la promesse que les Inkotanyi seront exterminés et même une référence aux "Tutsi décimés."
Sony Super EF 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW041
RTLM 68
  • Air Date: 1994 Jul. 03
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • This tape contains some evidence of general incitement. Towards the end of side B, the last sentence of the second to last paragraph, a reference to 10 Germans who have disappeared should probably be double-checked.
  • This tape contains a long discussion by Bemeriki about the creation of a new parliament in Gisenyi and the role of the PSR (Rwandan Socialist Party). Ruggiu focuses on foreign journalists' misrepresentation of the situation in Rwanda. He also reports on the "military situation" in some detail.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW042
RTLM 69
  • Air Date: 1994 Jul. 3
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW043
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 1
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW044
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 05-06
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Much of side B is inaudible -- The tape is fairly light and humorous in tone. Kantano pokes fun at most of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) leadership with stereotypical comments about Tutsis.
  • The tape contains Kantano's account of his visit with the RPF at the CND. He lists a series of RPF dignitaries alternately poking fun at them and accusing them of wanting to obtain power. It also contains an interview with Deputy Rutaremara of the RPF. Kantano casts the interview as an example of the Inkotanyi way of thinking.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW045
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 6
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW046
RTLM 147
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW047
Problème régional, Kiga-Nouga
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW048
Mesindik (Sindikubwabo at Butare)
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Unidentified Kinyarwanda news caster begins with news headlines: (1) Prime Minister Kambanda's meets with religious, political, and party leaders in Gitarama, (2) UN Special Representative Booh-Booh's pledges "never to forsake Rwanda," (3) 400 Belgian troops are leaving Rwanda.
  • Reporter Rwakana Gaspard continues with report on Kambanda meeting which allegedly discussed ways of ensuring the security of displaced people. These measures include appointing and replacing prefects and appointing a new Army chief of staff. These measures are allegedly hindered by the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)'s unwillingness to stop fighting.
  • Rwakana then reports on the RPF's "unlucky streak" and the FAR's control over all the communes in Ruhengeri save Butaro. Rwanaka repeats that despite the government's best efforts, security of refugees can only be ensured if the RPF stops fighting. Bourgmesters present at the meetings also blamed the shortcomings in security on logistical problems and a shortage of policeman, vehicles, and fuel.
  • Unidentified newscaster continues with (1) report on the FAR's control of Nkumba and Kidaho communes in Ruhengeri, (2) UN support for cease-fire, (3) announcement of Western Europe Foreign Affairs Ministers' decision to send food aid and the departure of 400 Belgian troops.
  • Unidentified French newscaster repeats the headlines and the report on Kamabanda meeting.
  • Reporter Hyacinthe Bicamumpaka repeats earlier reports on Kambanda meeting adding (1) that it was intended to "persuade the population to cease their vindictive acts and the settling of scores" and (2) to dismiss prefects who were unsuccessful at controlling violence. Bicamumpaka then repeats the remainder of the headlines, this time further specifying FAR strongholds on Byumba, Mutara, and Kigali.
  • An unidentified Kinyarwanda reporter continues with report that officials have set up several meetings to "clear up misunderstanding among the population" and to help re-integrate people who have fled. This message was reportedly delivered by Sindikubwabo in Gikongoro, in Maraba commune, Butare, and in Nyakizy, Butare. The Gikongoro Prefet gave the President three reasons for the breakdown in security: (1) anger over Habyarimana assassination, (2) a belief that given the opportunity, the RPF would "not spare them at all," (3) simple banditry. The President reportedly answered that revenge does not justify violence.
  • A taped version of Sindikubwabo's speech follows. In the speech the President (1) urges Rwandan's to watch over each other like gendarmes and not repeat the story of Cain and Abel, (2) argues that gendarmes, population, and army have complementary roles,(3) insists that "security" is primarily the citizens' responsibility, (4) says that citizens who think themselves above the government's orders should be identified and punished.
  • Sindikubwabo continues alleging the enemies strongest weapon is his ability to sow ethnic division. This division causes Rwandans to seek magic cures for their problems rather than finding and questioning those who support the enemies' allegations. "That's how the enemy fulfills this plan without using . . . bullets . . . those who do not understand are requested to listen before its too late."
  • Reporter breaks in adding that the President asks refugees to return to their property wherever possible.
  • Sindikubwabo tape continues with President urging for the closing of camps and for people to master their anger despite the dying of people and the destruction of houses.
  • Musabirema take the microphone again and says that the President aired his concern about the refugees in Cyahinda Parish who have guns and grenades and killed and wounded 7 people, including the burgomaster. The President also reportedly requested the suppression of unauthorized patrols and roadblocks.
  • Side A ends with Musabirema summarizing the main points of Sindikubwabo's speech in French.
  • Likely date: April 5, 1994; likely transmission identity: Radio Rwanda (see Annex 5 Les Medias de Genocide)
  • Side B is blank
  • Tape features report on Kambanda's meeting with leaders in Gitarama and excerpts from Sinkibubwabo's speech in Gikongoro. The broadcast's overt message is that the government is trying to protect refugees, but the calls for everyone to participate in ensuring their fellow citizen's "security" are ambivalent.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW049
Discours de Léon
  • Air Date: 1994 Jul. 01
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette cassette contient le discours de Léon Mugesera qui existe déjà: voir Archive Box #053
  • Ruggiu est le seul animateur de cette cassette. Il donne les informations politiques de la journée. Il rapporte aussi l'infiltration des "Inyenzi" dans Kigali et ses alentours. Il vise en particulier les "Inyenzi" de Kacyiru et de Nyamirambo. Ruggiu passe ensuite à un interview avec Gérard Karanganwa, le burgomaster de Kicukiro. Karanganwa rapporte que les Inkotanyi ont commis des atrocités dans sa commune et celle de Gikondo au point qu'il n'y a plus d'habitants à Kicukiro. Ruggiu lui souhaite "bon travail" et termine la cassette en notant qu'il est inconcevable que les Inkotanyi gouvernent le pays même si ils gagnent la guerre.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW050
RTLM Début
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • La grande partie de la face A contient des chansons de Anonciata Kamariza qui n'ont pas été traduite
  • Il n'y a pas de date pour cette cassette
  • Un journaliste non-identifié commence la face A en visant trois soi-disant Inkotanyi: Sentama Abdallah, Iyakaremye et Nyilimpunga. Il accuse aussi la Rdio Muhabura d'avoir diffusé des rumeurs fausses. La face B consiste entièrement d'un interview entre Gahigi et Ferdinand Nahimana. Les thèmes de cette interview sont: (1) l'évolution du FPR qui trouve ses origines chez les "Inyenzi" de 1959, (2) le caractère "Ugandais" du "FPR-Inyenzi," (3) le phénomène Kanyarengwe, un Hutu qui a combattu les "Inyenzi," et son "différend" avec le Président Habyarimana, ainsi que son "élimination" imminente du FPR et la crétion de deaux factions FPR, l'une Hutu, l'autre Tutsi, (4) le FPR en tant que organisation qui pratique l'extermination de ses opposants depuis le temps de Rwabugiri et qui continue cette même pratique de nos jours dans la zone tampon (5) la notion que le FPR-Inyenzi refuse de partager le pouvoir et qu'il s'attaque à tout le Rwanda et pas seulement au MRND.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW051
Interhamwe
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • This tape consists of an interview of Janvier Afrika one of the original leaders of the Interahamwe. Major Mutambuka leads Afrika through a detailed account of the Interahamwe's inception and its first three missions. Afrika reveals the names of men who were instrumental in first forming the Interahamwe, then providing it with the necessary support to carry out its missions and protect its members. Afrika also explains how he helped start the newspaper "Umurava" and the extent to which President Habyarimana was involved.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW052
Loose Tape, Mugesera, Leon MRND
  • Air Date: 1992 Nov. 22
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • There is very strong evidence in this speech including specific calls to "eliminate" and "kill" Tutsis and members of opposition political parties.
  • This is a tape of Leon Mugesera's speech at a political rally in November of 1992. The theme of the tape is the "invasion" of Rwanda. Twagiramungu and Uwilingiyimana are specifically targeted as leaders of this "invasion." The general purpose of the speech is to warn the audience of this threat and suggest that appropriate action be taken, including separating or sending away any participants or supporters of the "invasion."
Sony Super EF 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW053
A/900
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 2
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW054
A/901
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 5
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW055
A/902
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 5
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW056
A-903
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 07
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • There is little evidence of incitement to genocide but numerous references to "maintainig security" and establishing cooperation between the population and the FAR. There are also several references to raids and setting curfews.
  • This tape is from the day after Habyarimana's assassination. It consists mostly of instructions to the population in the form of communiqués from the FAR and various prefects. It also includes a short speech by President Sindikubwabo. The broadcast has a tone of no nonsense efficiency as plans are outlined for establishing "security" throughout the country.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW057
A/904
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 09
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Un journaliste non-identifié, Bemeriki et Ruggiu commence cette cassette en expliquant que l'assassinat de Habyarimana a donné suite à des incidents de violence dans le pays. Ils expliquent que le nouveau Président, Monsieur Théodore Sindikubwabo, a été choisi selon l'article 42 de la Constitution Rwandaise car les Accords d'Arusha n'avaient pas encore été mis en place. L'émission passe ensuite aux cérémonies du nouveau gouvernement auxquelles les Ministres prêtent serment. Sindikubwabo continue la cérémonie avec un discours au cours duquel il annonce leplan d'installer un comité de crise pour veiller sur et régler les problèmes de sécurité. Bemeriki suit le Président Sindikubwabo. De son côté elle loue la vigilance des Forces Armées Rwandaises et de l'Interahamwe de sorte que les Inkotanyi ont très peu de complices parmi la population de Kigali. Bemeriki déclare aussi que le FPR a l'intention de semer le désordre et que les Inkotanyi ont déjà tué Kanyarengwe, un Hutu.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW058
A/905
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr.10
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Un ou deux journalistes non-identifiés, Jean-François Nsengiyumva et Jean Baptiste Bamwanga sont les animateurs de cette cassette. Elle contient aussi un discours du Premier Ministre Jean Kambanda, un interview avec le Colonel B.E.M. Gatsinzi et d'un interview entre Bamwanga et Karamira, Karemera et Ngirumpatse. Les thèmes de cette cassette tourne tous autour de l'assassinat du Président Habyarimana, le nouveau gouvernement, la sécurité, la violence dans les rues, l'installation de comités de sécurité et d'une auto-défense. A plusieurs reprises des membres du gouvernement demandent à la population de suivre les directives des comités de sécurité dans leurs quartiers pour ce qui concerne l'installation des barrière. Les trois politiciens offrent des explications pour la violence à Kigali. Ils expliquent que la mort de Habyarimana a rendu la population furieuse. Ils demandent à la population d'établir la sécurité etde cesser la violence mais isl demandent aussi de redoubler de vigilance.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW059
A/909
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 12
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW063
A/910
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 13
  • Producer: RTLM and Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette émission est animé par des journalistes de Radio Rwanda aussi bien que de la RTLM. La première partie de la cassette est animé par un journaliste non-identifié, Hyacinthe Bicamumpaka et Jean Baptiste Murutampunzi tous originaire de la Radio Rwanda. Cette première partie s'adresse surtout aux événements des derniers jours qui ont produit de nombreuses "victimes innocentes." Ces journalistes, à l'aide de communiqués officiels, demandent à la population de retrouver le calme tout en restant vigilant. Parmi d'autres, les Belges et la MINUAR sont dénoncés d'avoir aidé le FPR qui est dénoncé à son tour d'avoir repris les hostilités. Par contre, la communauté internationale est louée pour avoir condamné les actions du FPR. Jean Kamband a suit ces premiers journalistes avec un discours qui explique que "les moments difficiles" qui caractérisent le Rwanda sont le résultat de la peine et fureur de la population à cause d ela mort de leur Président Habyarimana. Lui aussi dénonce le FPR ainsi que Twagiramungu. Il ajoute que la population doit rester calme toute en doublant de vigilance. Bemeriki passe au micro ensuite et accuse les Belges d'avoir assassiné Habyarimana tout en accusant la MINUAR de négligence. Bemeriki est suivit d'un entretien entre Ruggiu et Thomas Kabonake, un journaliste avec "L'Echo des Mille Collines." Les deux hommes insistent que le FPR préparait cette guerre depuis six mois et qu'ils essaient maintenant de s'infiltrer parmi la population histoire de les confondre ainsi que les soldats du FAR. Kabonake ajoute que le FPR aurait payé certaines agences de presse étrangères pour qu'elles publient de fausses informations. Kantano prend la suite et lance une attaque contre Shyaka de la Radio Muhabura. Il ajoute que la RFI, la BBC et la RTDF sont tous coupables d'avoir diffusé de faux reportages. Il conclut son monologue avec des incitations à la population de rester courageux et vigilant. Un journaliste non-identifié suit avec des nouvelles des combats à Kigali. Nsengiyumva prend la relève et s'entretient avec Froduald Karamira de la MDR. Celui-ci se contente de dire qu'ils sont fiers du comportement de la population tout en dénoncant les actions des Inkotanyi. La cassette se termine avec Kantano qui déclare que les Rwandais sont en train de gagner la guerre déclenchée par les Inkotanyi. Il traîte les Inkotanyi de "maigrichons" et dit qu'ils étaient "animés" par l'orgueil au début de la guerre.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW064
A/912
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 14-15
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette cassette commence avec un entretien entre Bamwanga et Niyitegeka, Ministre de l'Information. Niyitegeka maintient que les Inkotanyi sont pourchassés parout dans la ville de Kigali. Un journaliste non-identifié intervient pour annoncer les résultats d'une réunion concernant la sécurité de Kigali: la population doit se mettre à défendre sa propre sécurité, des patrouilles nocturnes seront de rigeur dorénavant . . . L'entretien de Niyitegeka continue. Celui-ci déclare que: (1) la Belgique est impliquée dans les attaques du FPR, (2) la population doit veiller contre l'infiltration des Inkotanyi, (3) le FPR n'a aucune raison de ne pas reconnaître le nouveau gouvernement Rwandais. Karamira suit l'interview avec un monologue qui rapporte sur les événements de Kigali. Il avertit le FPR que les rumeurs propagées par les Inkotanyi risque de faire massacrer tous les Tutsi. Kabendera passe au micro ensuite pour lire le journal national. Il annonce que: (1) des blancs se trouvent parmi les forces du FPR, (2) les Inkotanyi ont l'usage de l'équipement Ugandais, (3) les Inkotanyi ont commis de nombreuses atrocités à Kigali, mais ils se font quand même pourchassés par les forces Rwandaises. Venuste Bahiyize prend le micro et continue les même thèmes. Il ajoute que le FPR essaie d'introduire des complications pour éviter les négociations. La cassette se termine avec l'interview d'un soldat Inkotanyi par le Major Gérard Ntamagezo de la FAR. L'entretien révèle que les Inkotanyi sont coupables d'avoir tué des membres du CDR. Le soldat ajoute que de son avis le deux partis (le FPR et le gouvernement Rwandais) devraient cesser la guerre et prendre leurs places à la table de négociations.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW066
A/913
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 15
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW067
A/914
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 15
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • La face B est vierge
  • Cette cassette est entièrement composée d'une discussion entre Bamwanga, Mugenzi, Ndungutse, Karemera et Hyacinthe Nsengiyumva. Parmi autres, ils s'adressent aux thèmes suivant: (1) la collaboration de l'ancien Premier Ministre Uwilingiyimana avec les Inkotanyi, (2) les "Inyenzi" sont la minorité et ne peuvent jamais espérer gouverner le pays, ils ne peuvent que tenter de détruire le Rwanda, (3) un avertissement que le FPR tentera "d'exterminer la masse," (4) les Accords d'Arusha ne sont plus valables, (5) les Inkotanyi refusent de reconnaître le gouvernement Rwandais parce qu'ils préfèrent exterminer la population, (6) la population doit collaborer avec le gouvernement et essayer de re-établir la sécurité, (7) il faut laisser la population achever le travail de la révolution de 1959.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW068
AV/915
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 15
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW069
AV/916
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 15
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • The first part of the broadcast consists of a Gahigi interview of Shyirambere Barahinyura who blames Tutsis for the rise of ethnic tensions. He goes on to explain that the Inkotanyi are not Rwandans and have enlisted the help of both the Ugandans and Belgians in their war effort. Barahinyura then launches into a tirade against the new government accusing them of maintaining a harmful silence in the face of the Inkotanyi's attacks which will result in the extermination of Rwandans. Gahigi follows the interview with a short monologue accusing the Inkotanyi of committing a number of atrocities.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW070
AV/917
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 16
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Side A of the tape begins mid-sentence. Journalist Hyacinthe Bicamumpaka (1) reports on the Defense Minister's praise of the population's "bravery" and patriotism in helping the army, (2) suggest that the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) is receiving logistical and material assistance, such as helicopters, from foreign countries, (3) claims that in the north and in Kigali the RPF is now "infiltrating to reach places that it could not conquer by arms . . ."
  • Bicamumpaka continues with a summary on the various options under discussion by the UN Security Council.
  • After a break in the tape, Bicamumpaka praises the "courage" of the Rwandan people following the "assassination of the Chief of our State by criminals." The Reporter then introduces his interviewee, Eliezer Niyitegeka, Minister of Information.
  • Niyitegeka explains (1) that cell leaders who "finish their duty" receive rewards from the government, (2) that cell leaders are in a position to "ensure security" by organizing the population to "conduct patrols" and "fight against and denounce the enemy to the authorities." Niyitegeka also (3) stresses that the government has always needed the cell leaders in this capacity.
  • Niyitegeka continues by saying (1) that the Rwandan army is fighting against the "enemy," (2) that the "enemy" violates the population's rights by shooting at innocent people and burning them alive in their houses, (3) that the population should continue fighting alongside the soldiers and in their place against the "small Inkotanyi," and (4) that the population should do this with whatever weapons it has—spears, bows, and arrows.
  • Following Bicamumpaka's mention of "Inkotanyi wickedness," Niyitegeka (1) suggests that 3,400 of the RPF's 4,000 soldiers in Kigali are either infiltrators or spies, (2) asserts that in Gikondo and Nyabarongo, Inkotanyi have killed innocent people, (3) and that Inkotanyi trained by RPF soldiers encircle civilian families at night and throw grenades at them.
  • In response to a question about Muhabura and Bujumbura Radio, Niyitegeka denies the "enemy's" claims regarding refugees and the fleeing of top government ministers.
  • The reporter then asks Niyitegeka to respond to RPF appeals to the population to fight against the "government of killers." Niyitegeka denies the charges and claims that in Kigali only RPF soldiers were killed, and that this was after they infiltrated the Presidential Guard compound. Niyitegeka admits that the Presidential Guard was responsible for violence in the immediate wake of the President's assassination but asserts that this violence did not come on orders from the army, but as a result of the Presidential Guard's justifiable "anger and fury" at the murder of their President.
  • Niyitegeka then explains the Inkotanyi's motives for violence: they are furious because they mistakenly believed that assassinating the President would allow them to "enthrone" their own leader.
  • Niyitegeka's final remarks regard the RPF's alleged unwillingness to sign a cease-fire or abide by the Arusha accords.
  • Following the interview, there is a report on the death of Major General Nsabimana Déogratias — he was on Habyarimana's plane — and the cabinet's choice for replacement, Colonel Bizimungu Augustin. The journalist explains that promotions in the army are based on soldiers' "competence, work, courage at work and at the front."
  • Tape stresses need for population to show its "courage" by collaborating with the army and local officials in "ensuring security " against the "enemy."
  • Side B is blank
  • In an interview with Hyancinthe Bicamumpaka, Elieser Niyitegeka (Minister of Information) lauds the population's bravery in fighting alongside the army and accuses "Inkotanyi" of atrocities which violate the population's rights.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW071
AV/918
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 17
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • This broadcast begins with a series of news bulletins. They are followed by Nsengiyumva's interview of Froduald Karamira of the MDR. Karamira addresses the people of Kigali and instructs them to assist the Army by carrying out their assigned duties and staying within their respective quarters. He goes on to say that the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) has infiltrated itself into the civilian population which accounts for the deaths of so many non-soldiers. Major General Bizimana's speech is then broadcasted. He makes a call to Rwandans to respect their local authorities. Nizeyimana then gives an update on the war which includes a direct call against Mutarekanwa, a barrister in the Rugenge sector.
Sony HiFi 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW072A
AV/918
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 17
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • This broadcast begins with a news bulletin. Nsengiyumva follows with an update of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and FAR movements. A speech by President Sindikubwabo is next. He calls on Rwandans to collaborate with the government and assist in denouncing "criminals" that continue to trouble the peace. An unidentified journalist then continues with the news which includes reports of the UNAMIR's role in setting up negotiations and the departure of the Belgian contingent. The tape ends with Kagina reporting that Simbizi of the CDR blames the Belgians for some of the country's trouble.
Sony HiFi 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW072B
AV/919
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 17
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette cassette commence avec un discours du Président Sindikubwabo. Il demande à la population de ne pas permettre à l'ennemi de semer la discorde parmi eux. Il demande aussi aux sevices adminstratives de suivre le problème de sécurité de très près. Niyitegeka annonce ensuite que le Préfet de Butare est désormais remplcé par Sylvain Nsabimana. L'Archevêque de Kigali prend la parole et déclare que les attaques du FPR sont la cause de la discorde entre les Hutu et Tutsi. Un journaliste non-identifié annonce ensuite l'installation des barrières et l'instauration despatrouilles nocturnes pour empêcher l'infiltration des "malfaiteurs." La cassette se termine avec une discussion entre Mukarutamu, Murego, du MDR; Mugenzi, du PL; Nsengiyumva, du PSD et Ngirumpatse, du PSD. Les thèmes de la discussion sont: (1) cette guerre est le travail d'un groupe de réfugiés de la révolution de 1959 qui n'ont pas changé de mentalité et veulent absolutement accéder au pouvoir, (2) ils veulent restaurer la monarchie de leurs ancêtres, (3) il est dangereux d'ignorer l'ethnie, il faut accepter qu'il existe un problème d'ethnie, (4) le FPR a compris que l'instauration des Accords d'Arusha ne leur permettrait pas de régner seul donc ils ont préféré la guerre.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 120 Audiocassette RW073
AV/920
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 17
  • Producer: RTLM and Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Side A consists of a discussion hosted by Agensta Mukarutama featuring Murego, Ngirumpatse, Nsengiyumva, and Mugenzi.
  • Murego begins with a monologue arguing, (1) that people are beginning to recognize that the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)'s goal is to return Rwanda to its pre-revolutionary time in which "some people commanded . . . and others obeyed," (2) that the RPF was deluded and "made a mistake" in thinking that it could dominate as before, (3) that Rwandans have learned their history and are "saying 'no'" to a repetition of history and are "resisting en masse" the RPF's attempt to "'live handsomely at the expense of his subordinates,'" (4) and that "Rwandans will never again…be a people of slaves."
  • Agenesta Mukarutama then continues along the same lines suggesting that the RPF has brought the current hardship upon itself, having fallen "victim to its [own] illusions," and that the "Tutsi" could have predicted that this "socio-political disaster" would follow from their attempt to bring back apartheid.
  • Murego then asserts that, unsatisfied with the right of return offered by the Arusha Accords, the RPF wanted "conquest and revenge," wanted "to massacre their fellows [and] enslave a people who has said 'no' to slavery."
  • Mukarutama then introduces Ngirumpatse, MRND President, who argues (1) that it would be a "mistake" to think the "Revolutions [of 1959] was finished once and for all," (2) that in this respect, the Arusha Accords were an exceptional attempt on the part of Rwandans to prevent a repetition of history.
  • Ngirumpatse continues by stressing the exceptional generosity of the Arusha Accords and suggesting that the RPF's stubbornly monarchist desire for domination prevents it from accepting these accords.
  • Ngirumpatse then asserts that the future of the Arusha Accords depends on the RPF and that as long as it continues to "provoke war" (1) Rwandans will defend themselves, (2) that the RPF's attacks are making Ngirumaptse fear the day when the "minority" sends the "majority of the population" "to the bush," (3) and that this fear explains the desire to see "the minority . . . deleted from the face of the country."
  • Nsengiyumva then echoes Ngirumpatse's appeal to the RPF to abide by the Arusha Accords.
  • In an exchange with Mukarutamu, Mugenzi then suggests (1) that both the RPF and the international community were "warned" of the "disaster" that could ensue if the RPF did not abide by the Arusha Accords and so are "responsible" for what has happened, (2) and that negotiations have been made even more difficult by the President's "assassination" and the "fear" and "fury" that it has generated among the Rwandan people.
  • Next, Ngirumpatse defends the Rwandan government against charges that it is constitutionally invalid. In the course of his defense, Ngirumpatse again refers to RPF "illusions."
  • Mugenzi then suggests (1) that the international community is largely "responsible" (this word is repeated many times) for the "socio-political disorder" that some journalist call "barbarity." (2) that the international community was "responsible" for allowing the unchecked "infiltration of RPF agents and soldiers in different quarters of Kigali," (3) that the President's assassination by the RPF bears witness to the UNAMIR's faulty surveillance, (4) that he, Mugenzi, warned several UN ambassadors that their treatment of the RPF was unacceptable and threatened to bring about events for which the UN would be "responsible."
  • Repeating the word "responsibility," Mukarutamu asks Ngirumpatse to say more about the Belgian contingent's role.
  • Ngirumpatse "denounces" the international community's role in the "disaster," alleging that in the UNAMIR and Belgian controlled regions of Kirambo and Mutura the RPF was allowed "to kill the population," including politicians like Gatabazi Felicien and Bucyana.
  • Transmission identity needs to be confirmed
  • In this round table discussion hosted by Agensta Mukarutama featuring Murego, Ngirumpatse, Nsengiyumva, and Mugenzi, the participants discuss RPF plans to return Rwanda to its pre-revolutionary state in which the minority enslaved the majority. The speakers suggest that both the RPF and the international community were warned about the consequences of an RPF attack and so are now responsible for Rwanda's "socio-political disaster."
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW074A
AV/920
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 17
  • Producer: RTLM and Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Continuing the discussion that ends side A, Ngirumpatse (1) suggests that the Belgians collaborated in the President's assassination, (2) asserts Belgians were seen fighting on the side of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and firing at Rwandan soldiers and (3) concludes that the Belgians and UNAMIR bear "responsibility" for the "disaster."
  • In response, Mukarutamu says it is "curious that Belgium gets bogged down every time there are problems between Hutus and Tutsis."
  • Murego explains that the UN is "responsible" for the situation in Rwanda because (1) it favored the RPF, (2) allowed the RPF to commit assassinations, (3) was insensitive to the rights of "the Rwandan people."
  • Murego goes on to suggest that (1) the Belgians act as though they wish "to conquer the country again, (2) that though they may soon leave, this does not "cancel the judgment" made upon them, (3) that some Belgians have decided to side "with the RPF to harm Rwanda and the Rwandans," (4) that some of these Belgians might have been killed in a fire fight. Murego concludes by saying that "Rwanda became an independent country that nobody can invade."
  • Responding to a further question about the role of the Belgians, Ngirumpatse suggests (1) that Belgians think of Rwandans as exceedingly polite and try to take advantage of this, (2) that some Rwandan political parties tried to strengthen Belgium's influence in Rwanda, (3) that if Rwandan's aren't more careful people will confuse their "docility" with a lack of self-determination, (4) and that submitting to the RPF "hands and feet tied" will bring not bring prosperity to Rwandans. Ngirumpatse concludes by suggesting that Rwandans should be more like the Roman emperor who understood that it was better to be feared than liked.
  • Next, in an exchange with Mukarutama, Ngirumpatse discusses Ugandan reaction to the current events, charging that Museveni (1) helped the RPF wreak havoc in Kigali and elsewhere, (2) and that he did not respect or understand that Rwandan people had killed because of anger over their President's assassination. Ngirumpatse also criticized the hypocrisy of the international community because it does not condemn the human rights violations perpetrated in Uganda. Finally, Ngirumpatse predicts that before too long Museveni will have Rwanda type "problem."
  • Dr. Murego ends the "debate" by highlighting its main points: (1) that the "Rwandan people's . . . fierce defense" demonstrates a refusal to "any longer be unconditionally docile" and a desire "to be in control of their own destiny," (2) that a new step is being taken to complete the Revolution of 1959, wherein the Rwandan people are not liberating themselves from "bad physical leadership" but from those related "to the family or ethnicity of those leaders," (3) that the latter signals a "mental revolution" because it shows that the Rwandan people "will never stand anymore to be anyone's slaves," (4) that this revolution will ensure that the "docility" (this word is often repeated) attributed to the Rwandan people will never again be used to humiliate them and deprive them of their rights, (5) that this is a way of saying "'no' to any dictatorial" intentions of the enemy.
  • Mukarutamu ends the broadcast by thanking her guests and calling on the Rwandan people to "control their destiny…defend their right to dignity . . . [and to be] vigilant and intelligent."
  • Transmission identity needs to be confirmed
  • In the second half of this round table discussion hosted by Agensta Mukarutama featuring Murego, Ngirumpatse, Nsengiyumva, and Mugenzi, the participants focus on the Belgians and their "responsibility" for the "disaster" taking place in Rwanda. They are accused of collaborating with the RPF and its murder or Habyarimana and taking advantage of the "docility" of the Rwandan people. The Rwandan people are in turn praised for their "fierce defense" which ensures that they will "never again" be enslaved as they were before the Revolution of 1959.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW074B
AV/922
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 18
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • This tape begins with an interview of an unidentified Minister by an unidentified journalist. The Minister attempts to give an explanation for the massacres that have taken place since Habyarimana's death. He then urges the population to work with the Army and their local authorities. A statement from the Ministry of Defense follows with accusations of atrocities committed by the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). Gaudence Nyirahabimana, President of the MFBP is next with a statement supporting the new government. Side A ends with an interview of Sixbert Ndayambaje, burgomaster of Runda, in which he offers evidence of an RPF infrastructure in Rwanda. Bamwanga adds a direct call against Karekezi, a printer in Kigali.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW075A
AV/922
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 18
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • This tape includes the conclusion to the interview with Sixbert Ndayambaje, the burgomaster of Runda commune, from Archive #075A. Ndayambaje explains that the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)'s plans involve killing people as a necessary means to obtaining power. The interview is then broadcasted in French and focuses on the RPF's having established a network within Rwanda's borders. An unidentified journalist follows with news bulletins and a letter from the "Association of those who love Rwanda" calling for cooperation between the government, military, and citizens, and criticizing the RPF. The tape ends with a statement from the "Intikiza" with a call for an end to the fighting.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW075B
av/923
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 19
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 120 Audiocassette RW076
AV/925
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 19
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette cassette est entièrement composée d'une discussion entre le journaliste Bicamumpaka, Murego du MDR, Ngirumpatse du MRND, Mbonampeka du PL et Nsengiyumva du PSD. Suivant l'introduction de Bicamumpaka, dans laquelle il explique que le Rwanda vie des moments difficiles à cause de la guerre déclenchée par le FPR, la discussion se poursuit sur ces thèmes: (1) le FPR fait preuve de son orgueil en refusant de reconnaître le nouveau gouvernement Rwandais et le FPR est accusé d'avoir déjà assassiné de hautes personnalités Rwandaises, (2) le FPR a l'intention de restaurer la monarchie d'antan, (3) défendre les personnes qui ont été victimes des massacres suivant l'assassinat de Habyarimana n'est qu'un prétexte pour masquer leur propre but d'exterminer la population, (4) le FPR est accusé d'avoir assassiné le Président Habyarimana, (5) le FPR avait préparé la reprise de la guerre depuis longtemps et s'étaient infiltrés parmi la population, (6) la guerre d'aujourd'hui n'est qu'une continuation de la révolution de 1959, (7) les Inkotanyi vont se faire exterminer car la population Rwandaise refusera de subir le règne du FPR, (8) la population doit veiller contre les complices qui se sont infiltrés grâce au gouvernement précédent.
Sony HF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW078
AV/927
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 21
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW079
AV/928
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 21
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • This tape consists of Bamwanga's interview with political party leaders Karemera (MRND), Mbonyumutwa (MDR), Mbonampeka (PL), and Nsengiyumva (PSD). They discuss the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)'s true motives behind its claim that it is only fighting the Presidential Guards and the Interahamwe-CDR. Bamwanga also asks the party leaders to discuss why the RPF appears concerned with the deaths of former Hutu politicians. The four men generally agree that the RPF is interested only in obtaining power and in disguising their "Inyenzi" and UNAR origins.
Sony HF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW080A
AV/928
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 21
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • This tape has the second half of Bamwanga's interview from Archive #080A with political party leaders Karemera (MRND), Mbonyumutwa (MDR), Mbonampeka (PL), and Nsengiyumva (PSD). They continue their discussion about the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)'s motives when it defends the cause of dead Hutu politicians. Bamwanga and the party leaders also address the RPF's call to Rwandans to join them before "it is too late." Again there is general agreement that the RPF is interested only in obtaining power and that the RPF is attempting to "trick" and mislead people. The men also suggest that the RPF is appealing to the population because it fears it will lose the war.
Sony HF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW080B
AV/930
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 22
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW081
AV/931
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 23
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Un journaliste non-identifié commence la cassette avec une déclaration que les forces armées du FPR "massacrent systématiquement" la population Rwandaise. Il ajoute que le FPR est responsable de l'assassinat du Président Habyarimana et que la population doit collaborer avec la FAR pour combattre l'infiltration des Inkotanyi. Ce journaliste est suivi d'un entretien de Froduald Karamira du MDR par Nkundibiza. Karamira annonce que les "Inyenzi" se trouvant à Kigali se font arrêtés par la population aux barrières. Il annonce aussi qu'il ne reste plus que Nyanza, Rebero et Kacyiru a nettoyé. Karamira dit à la population de ne pas se mettre engroupe car les Inkotanyi sont capables de tirer dans la foule. Il accuse le FPR de vouloir exterminer la population et qu'il faut donc donner une formation à la population pour qu'elle puisse se défendre. Karamira ajoute que les Inkotanyi font exterminer les Tutsi car ils ont fait de cette guerre une guerre ethnique. Rwakana prend la relève et s'entretient avec plusieurs citoyens Rwandais à Kigali. Ces Rwandais rapportent que les Inkotanyi font des masscres un peu partout dans le pays. Certains ajoutent que les routes sont pleins de cadavres d'Inkotanyi aussi. Un journaliste non-identifié annonce que le FPR refuse de prendre sa place aux négociations sans que le gouvernement Rwandais mette fin aux massacres.
Sony HF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW082
AV/932
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 24
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette cassette annonce le départ d'une majorité des troupes de la MINUAR et le début des négociations avec le FPR. Un journaliste loue les efforts de la population et annonce que les Inkotanyi ont de plus en plus de difficultés à s'échapper de Kigali. A plusieurs reprises le FPR est accusé d'avoir perpétré des massacres contre des civiles Rwandais. La cassette contient aussi deux entrtiens: l'un avec le Secrétaire Général Adjoint de la Croix Rouge Internationale, Paul Greet Rider, et l'autre avec le Ministre d'Information, Eliezer Niyitegeka. Niyitegeka explique que les 13.000 réfugiés qui se trouvent au Stade Amahoro, à l'Hôpital Faycal et aux Hôtels Méridien et Milles Collines doivent être identifiés avant de pouvoir partir vers des lieux plus sûrs. Il insinue aussi que la question de la légitimité du gouvernement Rwandais est sans base et que ce gouvernement est reconnu par la communauté internationale aussi bien que par l'O.N.U.
Sony HF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW083
RTLM/30
  • Air Date: 1994 June 10
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Bemeriki maintient que l'installation des institutions de transition n'a pas été accompli parce que les "Inyenzi Inkotanyi" ont re-déclenché la guerre. Elle interview Jean-Pierre Kajuga de la commune Murambi qui rapporte que la préfecture de Byumba est devenu "un repaire des soldats de Museveni." Kajuga explique qu'un comité a été formé pour se charger de "l'autodéfense" et que chaque personne doit se servir des armes même si ce ne sont que des armes traditionnelles. Bemeriki rapporte ensuite que la presse internationale "a avoué" que les "Inyenzi" ont tué des religieux et que le Pape est déconcerté. Ananie prend son tour au micro et explique que la communauté internationale continue à rapporter des informations erronées obtenues des Inkotanyi. Un journaliste non-identifié rapporte que 650.000 Hutu sont morts à Byumba et 500.000 sont morts à Kibungo. Bemeriki reprend le micro et commence une discussion avec Bernard Hategekimana qui travail au journal "Kamarampaka." Les deux journalistes sont d'accord que les forces armées Rwandaises "ont la situation en main" et que les habitants qui avaient fui devant l'avance Inkotanyi sont revenus. Hategekimana explique que les Inkotanyi continue à lancer des bombes sur la population. Bemeriki, Bernard Mukwiye et Ananie terminent la cassette. Ils s'adressent à la situation à Gisenyi où la population a été "sensibilisé," et à la propagande des Inkotanyi qui veulent que les Rwandais se disputent entre nord et sud.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 121 Audiocassette RW084
RTLM 21
  • Air Date: 1994 June 5
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW085
RTLM 27
  • Air Date: 1994 June 9
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 121 Audiocassette RW086
RTLM 5
  • Air Date: 1994 May 17
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 121 Audiocassette RW087
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 6
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW088
Georges Ruggiu sur les autres de la RTLM
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 121 Audiocassette RW089
Interahmwena Escarid de la Mort
  • Air Date [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 121 Audiocassette RW090
Statement #12
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 20
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60 (2 copies)
Box 121 Audiocassette RW091 and RW092
La commune sur telephone
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 121 Audiocassette RW093
Radio Rwanda
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 121 Audiocassette RW094
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1993 Oct. 25
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Hitimana commence cette cassette avec une défense de la RTLM qu'il dit est faussement accusé de vouloir semer la mésentente. Il continue son monologue en adressant ces thèmes: (1) les Hutu doivent se réunir est former un collectif semblable à celui des Tutsi, (2) un message du MDR qui soutient la RTLM, (3) l'annonce d'une marchr de chagrin au Burundi. Kantano prend le micro ensuite et déclare que: (1) les Tutsi "mangeurs du chien" ont assassiné le Président Burundais Ndadaye, (2) les Tutsi ont des tendances exterminatrices, (3) le Premier Ministre Uwilingiyimana collabore avec les complices Inkotanyi, (4) les Tutsi sont des sanguinaires. Hitimana reprend le micro et interview des infirmes et un docteur à l'hôpital des forces armées cette "journée de l'armée." L'effet de l'entretien est de démontré le niveau de souffrance qui est le résultat de cette guerre déclenchée par les Inkotanyi. Hitimana termine l'émission en accusant les Inkotanyi d'avoir tué 70 élèves à l'Ecole Normale de Kirimbi dans la province de Gitega.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW096
No title
  • Air Date: 1993 Oct. 29
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW097
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1993 Nov. 12
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW098
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1993 Nov. 20
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • This tape contains evidence of general incitement. Listeners are warned that the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) will never accept democracy and will carry out attacks whenever possible. The tape also implies that the government is losing control of the situation.
  • This tape begins with a short monologue by Kantano criticizing the government's unwillingness to respond to the situation in Ruhengeri. The interview/discussion with Gahigi and Nahimana follows and focuses on the government's complicity in alleged Inkotanyi plots to take power. The Inkotanyi are linked to Tutsis and the "Inyenzi" of 1959 and are accused of numerous atrocities.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW099A
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1993 Nov. 20
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • The tape offers strong evidence of incitement in the sense that the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) is exclusively blamed for recent atrocities in Ruhengeri. The participants of the discussion are adamant about the RPF's unwillingness to find a peaceful solution.
  • This tape continues a discussion/interview with Gahigi, Kantano, and Nahimana. They discuss Kanyarengwe's defection to the RPF and his chances of political survival in the game he is playing. Much of the broadcast is otherwise spent criticizing the RPF and warning Rwandans of the RPF's divisive tactics and unwillingness to obey the Arusha Accords. Kantano spends some time teaching listeners how to recognize UNAMIR soldiers.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW099B
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1993 Dec. 1
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW100
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1993 Dec. 12
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette cassette est composée entièrement d'une discussion entre Gahigi, Jean Bosco Barayagwiza, un homme nommé Ravi, Madame Mbonampeka, Charles Nkurunziza et Marie Claire Rwabukwisi. Leur discussion tourne autour de ces thèmes: (1) l'importance des ethnies au Rwanda - Ravi maintient qu'il n'y a pas de différence entre les Hutu et Tutsi tandis que les autres, Barayagwiza en particulier, maintiennent qu'il existe des différences et qu'il faut les souligner, (2) les Hutu ont longtemps souffert sous la domination des Tutsi et il est impossible d'oublier ce fait maintenant, (3) les Tutsi ont gardé la mentalité de supériorité qu'ils tenaient avant la révolution de 1959, (4) la vraie différence Hutu-Tutsi est une différence de culture, (5) le problème Hutu-Tutsi est un problème de "qui doit gouverner ce pays," (6) une accusation que les Tutsi veulent monopoliser le pouvoir, (7) les Hutu constitue la majorité, ils devraient donc pouvoir gouverner le pays, (8) le problème des Hutu et Tutsi est localisé chez une "mauvaise administration," (9) les Tutsi n'ont pas le droit d'exterminer la population si ils sont refusés le droit de rentrer au Rwanda, (10) le seul remède pour le problème ethnique est que les deux côtés s'asseyent ensemble pour discuter.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW101
MA1/973
  • Air Date: 1995 May 11
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW102
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 17
  • Producer: Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette cassette est animée par plusieurs journalistes de Radio Rwanda. Elle contient aussi des discours du Président Sindikubwabo, Stanislas Simbizi du CDR, Augustin Bizimungu qui est Chef d'Etat Major et Froduald Karamira du MDR. Parmi les thèmes invoqués sont: (1) les conditions imposées par le FPR pour commencer les négociations sont presque impossible à satisfaire, (2) le FPR emploie des mercenaires dans ses forces armées, (3) au cours des combats dans Kigali un complice des Inkotanyi a été découvert, un Monsieur Harerimana Froduald, (4) le FPR a préparé la guerre au cours de plusieurs mois, (5) il est souhaitable que la population reste sur place et surveille l'infiltration des Inkotanyi en collaborant avec la FAR, (6) les événements de la semaine passée ont pour cause la mort du Président Habyarimana qui a engendré une réponse de fureur de la part de la population, (7) l'équipement Ugandais se trouve dans la possession des forces du FPR, (8) à plusieurs reprises les journalistes annoncent les quartiers dans lesquels se trouvent des Inkotanyi, (9) le bâtiment de la RTLM a été bombardé par les Inkotanyi, (10) le comportement de la population sera suivi de près, (11) les Belges sont accusés de s'être alliés aux Inkotanyi et d'avoir permis l'assassinat du Président Habyarimana.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW103
RTLM 38
  • Air Date: 1994 June 16
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW104
RTLM 5
  • Air Date: 1994 mAY 16-17
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW105
RTLM 8
  • Air Date: 1995 May 21
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW106
RTLM 28
  • Air Date: 1994 June 9
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW107
Radio Muhabura
  • Air Date: 1994 June 11
  • Producer: Radio Muhabura
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Aside from claims that the genocide was planned by the authorities and that the radio in Rwanda played a role, the transcript offers little in the way of evidence. It mainly attempts to portray the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) in a positive light.
  • This tape consists of two interviews done by Radio Muhabura. Both involve Rwandans formerly involved with the FAR. In conjunction with an unidentified journalist, Alphonse Mukurarinda and Christophe Ntiryigirayo attempt to reassure Rwandans about the Inkotanyi. Both insist that they have been well treated and that the RPF has been misrepresented.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW108
RTLM 33
  • Air Date: 1994 June 13
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW109
RTLM 34
  • Air Date: 1994 June 13
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW110
RTLM/35
  • Air Date: 1994 June 14
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette cassette est composée de longs monologues de la part de Bemeriki et Ruggiu suivit d'une discussion entre Gahigi et Ananie. Les thèmes développés au cours de l'émission sont: (1) Kagame refuse de donner les dépouilles de mort parce qu'il cache les atrocités des Inkotanyi ainsi que le fait que les Inkotanyi sont des cannibales, (2) les "Inyenzi" essaient de faire fuir la population en tirant en l'air pour faire croire qu'ils sont très nombreux, (3) les "complices" des Inkotanyi sont visés, en particulier un Colonel qui serait accusé de semer la désinformation, (4) Kanyarengwe est accusé d'avoir vendu ses semblables Hutu aux "Inyenzi," (5) les Inkotanyi sont accusés d'avoir attaqué et tué les religieux de le diocèse de Kabgayi, (6) toute information que les Inkotanyi ont capturé Gitarama est fausse, (7) le Général Dallaire de la MINUAR est accusé d'avoir aidé les Inkotanyi, (8) un manuscrit qui explique les "vraies visées" des Inkotanyi a été trouvé, (9) ce manuscrit offre des preuves que les Inkotanyi tenaient absolutement a commencé la guerre plutôt que accepter le partage de pouvoir dicté par les Accords d'Arusha.
Sony HF 60
Box 121 Audiocassette RW111
RTLM 36
  • Air Date: 1994 June 14
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW112
RTLM 27
  • Air Date: 1994 June 09
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Une partie de la face A est vierge
  • Cette cassette commence avec un interview du Bourgmestre de Muhazi, Jean Marie Vianney Rutagengwa, mené par Gahigi et Ananie. Au cours de leur entretien les thèmes suivant se présentent: (1) les Inkotanyi ont employé des ruses pour massacré des civils, des femmes et des enfants, (2) dans plusieurs communes (Gikoro, Duha, Musha, etc.) la population a été exterminée, (3) Rutagengwa compare son trajet vers Kigali à un Calvaire, (4) les Inkotanyi s'infiltrent parmi les réfugiés au stade Amahoro. Bemeriki passe ensuite au micro. D'un côté elle annonce que la communauté internationale commence à réaliser la méchanceté des Inkotanyi, d'un autre elle déclare que dans certains endroits les forces armées en collaboration avec la population ont réussi à repousser les Inkotanyi. Elle annonce que les "Inyenzi" vont se suicider si ils n'abandonnent pas cette guerre. Elle encourage la population de continuer à pourchasser les "Inyenzi" où qu'ils se trouvent. Ananie termine l'émission en déclarant que les radios étrangères ont finalement dénoncé les Inkotanyi. Il ajoute que les Inkotanyi ont tué à peu près 300.000 Hutu.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW113
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 June 15
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW114
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 22
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • The transcript contains strong evidence of general incitement as well as repeated justification for anything that has taken place. The tape should be checked for the identity of several speakers. There are many interruptions.
  • This tape contains a lengthy attack by Bemeriki against Twagiramungu. He is repeatedly accused of conspiring with the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) to murder Habyarimana and of wanting to establish their own regime. They are also accused of starting the war and are held responsible for the "killings." Nonetheless, they are warned that they will be destroyed if they do not give up the fight. The Belgians are accused of helping the RPF. Karamira and Simbizi are interviewed.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW115
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 May 29-30
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette émission est animée par Ananie, Kantano, et Gahigi. Ils s'adressent aux thèmes suivant: (1) Kagame est accusé de faire exterminer tout sur son passage et de penser que les Hutu ne sont pas des êtres humains, (2) un appel est lancé aux réfugiés du Camp Benaco qu'ils s'organisent pour revenir dans le pays et tuer des "Inyenzi," (3) Dallaire est accusé d'être complice des Inkotanyi, (4) il est exigé que la population reste sur place et participe aux combats contre les "Inyenzi," (5) les Inkotanyi à Nyamirambo et Muhima ont été exterminés, (6) la population est incité de participer aux massacres des "Inyenzi" tout en leur expliquant que si les Inkotanyi gagnent la guerre ils n'épargneront aucun Hutu, (7) les Inkotanyi sont accusés d'avoir bombardé la Ste Famille où se trouvent de nombreux réfugiés, (8) il n'empêche, les Inkotanyi se suicident comme des fourmis, (9) les Inkotanyi ne font que compliquer les efforts de négociations, (10) il est demandé que la population continue les patrouilles nocturnes pour empêcher que les Inkotanyi attaquent la nuit, (11) il serait souhaitable que la population n'écoute pas la propagande des Inkotanyi qui passe aux radios étrangères (12) les Inkotanyi sont accusés d'avoir attaqué en aboyant comme des chiens et de s'être déguisé en jupons, (13) l'Interahamwe est félicité pour son travail et ile est souhaité que la popultion reste vigilante.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW116
RTLM 23
  • Air Date: 1994 June 04
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • La plus grande partie de cette cassette contient une discussion entre Bemeriki et plusieurs personnes déplacées se trouvant maintenant dans les environs de Kigali. Au cours de ces échanges nous apprenons que les Inkotanyi ont tué de nombreux Hutu qui n'ont paspu s'échapper. Bemeriki essaie de convaincre ces réfugiés de retourner dans leurs propres communes pour pouvoir participer aux combats contre les Inyenzi. Elle tente de convaincre ces personnes que les soldats du FAR sont en train d'exterminer les Inkotanyi ou que les réfugiés eux-mêmes, si ils s'unissent et retournent chex eux, peuvent vaincre les Inkotanyi car ceux-ci sont peu nombreux. Bemeriki explique aussi que en quittant leurs biens, les réfugiés aident la cause des "Inyenzi." La majorités des réfugiés sont près à retourner chez eux mais seulement en compagnie du FAR ou de leurs bourgmestre, conseillers, etc. Ils réclament des armes aussi. Un des déplacé annonce que la préfecture de Byumba est presque entièrement vidée de Hutu. Bemeriki termine l'émission en annonçant que la plus part des déplacés sont près à s'armer pour retourner chez eux et faire face à l'ennemi. Elle ajoute que les "Inyenzi" continuent à essayer de tromper l'opinion internationale.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW117
RTLM 1
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 122 Audiocassette RW118
RTLM 2, Ivan Godfroid
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HiFi 90
Box 122 Audiocassette RW119
RTLM 4, Ivan Godfroid
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 122 Audiocassette RW120
RTLM 5, Ivan Godfroid
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 122 Audiocassette RW121
RTLM 1, G.C.
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 122 Audiocassette RW122
RTLM 2, G.C.
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 122 Audiocassette RW123
RTLM 3, G.C.
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 122 Audiocassette RW124
RTLM 4, G.C
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 122 Audiocassette RW125
RTLM 5, G.C.
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 122 Audiocassette RW126
RTLM 6, G.C.
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 122 Audiocassette RW127
Dans La Nuit Du Dimanche
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Maxwell LN 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW128A
Soldat Du FPR Capturé - L'Interrogatoire
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Maxwell LN 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW128B
Suite interrogatiore Soldat FPR capturé
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Ccassette contient la fameuse annonce que "quelque chose se prépare le 3, 4 et 5 à Kigali . . . etc.
  • Cette cassette commence avec l'interrogatoire d'un soldat capturé du FPR par un interrogateur de la FAR. Le soldat capturé révèle que les Inkotanyi se trouvent à Rebero et qu'ils ont vécu ensemble avec les Belges. Hitimana passe au micro ensuite pour commencer un long monologue dans lequel il déclare que: (1) plusieurs complices des Inkotanyi ont été découvert à Butete, Kidaho, Gitare et Burambi, (2) des gens se font tués ou enlevés par les Inkotanyi dans la zone tampon, (3) un certain Frédéric Nzamurambaho a refusé de paraître au tribunal au sujet d'une enquête à propos de la mort de Félicien Gatabazi. Gahigi suit Hitimana dans un entretien avec le Procureur Général Mbarushimana. L'entretien s'adresse au refus du Ministre Nzamurambaho de comparaître devant la cour. Le procureur donne son avis que personne ne devrait se permettre de croire qu'il est plus important que la loi. Ananie entre en discussion avec ses collègues et offre l'opinion que Nzamurambaho est responsable de la famine dans sa préfecture de Gikongoro. Hitimana reprend le micro ensuite et termine la cassette avec les propos suivants: (1) il vise plusieurs chauffeurs de taxis sous prétexte qu'ils transportent les Inkotanyi au CND, (2) le FPR se prépare à exterminer la population Rwandaise, (3) en attendant la guerre les Inkotanyi se contente de tuer des Hutu petit à petit, (4) il annonce que selon ses complices inkotanyi "le 3, le 4 et le 5 il devra avoir quelque chose dans cette ville de Kigali … se reposer le 6 et ensuite le 7 et le 8 reprendre en utilisant les balles et grenades," (5) il demande que Madame Uwilingiyimana s'explique devant un tribunal pour avoir accusé le CDR "d'avoir fait le génocide."
Maxwell LN 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW129
"Government" sur l'annonce du nouveau
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Il n'y a pas de date sur le transcrit qui nous est parvenu du TPIR, mais je crois qu'il s'agit du 7 ou 8 avril, 1994
  • La face B est vierge
  • Bemeriki et Hitimana commencent cette cassette avec une discussion qui tourne autour des objectifs du nouveau gouvernement. Ils déclarent que: (1) le gouvernement ne doit pas travailler comme celui de Uwilingiyimana et il doit maintenir la sécurité, (2) Uwilingiyimana est en partie responsable de la famine à Gikongoro, (3) ils viennent d'apprendre que Uwilingiyimana est décédée. Un journaliste non-identifié suit avec un interview du Général Roméo Dallaire. Ce dernier parait irrité mais il annonce qu'il est de l'avis qu'un cessez-le-feu est préférable à l'état de guerre que subit le Rwanda. Ensuite Robert Simba ou Aimable Sibomana lit un communiqué du Préfet Karera qui demande à la population de redoubler de vigilance. Bemeriki le suit et annonce que des "Inyenzi" sont en train de brûler dans la cave de Sebera. Elle dénonce ensuite les Belges qu'elle accuse d'avoir été complices des Inkotanyi. Mbilizi est le prochain à prendre le micro. Il demande lui aussi à la population de redoubler de vigilance et de veiller sur les "petites infiltrations." Bemeriki termine l'émission en annonçant que les Inkotanyi qui se trouvaient chez les prêtres de Kicukiro sont tous morts.
Maxwell LN 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW130
RTLM 18
  • Air Date: 1994 May 23
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • The tape begins with an unidentified francophone speaker who (1) says that the war has become a "guerrilla" conflict with the FAR "pursuing the enemy everywhere" and watching out for infiltrators because, (2) "Either we crush the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), or we get crushed by it!"
  • The broadcaster continues by alleging that the RPF "orchestrated" the massacres "with the complicity of the Belgians" and that the killing of President Habyarimana and other politicians such as Gapyisi, Rwambuka, Gatabazi, and Bucyana was meant to provoke the population's anger and cause the massacres.
  • After a musical interlude, Nkurunziza Ananie takes the microphone and (1) details the RPF conspiracy to assassinate Habyarimana and alleges that Mobutu had also been slated to die, (2) claims that Kanyarengwe and "his Inyenzi-tutsi" had killed Hutus in Murera, Buberuka, Kibali, Ndorwa, Rukiga, Buganza, Gisaka, and that "the Tutsi army exterminated all the Hutus in Bwanacyambwe region," (3) denies Muhabura claims of RPF advances, (4) and claims that the US is finally realizing the RPF are "Tutsi terrorists" who refuse to negotiate.
  • Kantano speaks next. He (1) denies reports that the RPF is capturing Kigali, (2) says the Belgians will heretofore be "treated like . . . any Inkotanyi in this country," (3) lauds the arrival of French troops, which he suggests might "preserve [the RPF] from being exterminated" in their loosing war.
  • Ananie then tells of how Inyenzi were shot out of their hide-out in the "Belgian Village in Nyaryarama" and of how the Inyenzi burnt the Belgian houses during their retreat. Ananie then suggests that Sindikubwabo is like Mandela who "fought for the liberation of the whole race of . . . "bahutu"…"
  • Ananie then discounts reports of RPF advances and ridicules the RPF's military disorganization. He then "remind(s) everybody that Kigali city won't be [taken]" and suggests that the FAR's situation parallels that of the Allied Forces vis à vis Hitler "who is similar to the Inkotanyi who strongly believed in a superior race like the Inkotanyi, in a race created by God to govern."
  • Kantano then mocks Kagame's promise to take Kigali within 24 hours. He then elaborates on the RPF's conspiracy to kill the President and alleges that the RPF expected that after Habyarimana's assassination (1) everyone would bow before the RPF's heroism, (2) and that the RPF's accomplices, who were hiding in wait, would "attack you at night."
  • Kantano explains that this plan foundered when the Rwandan people discovered it and "immediately lynch(ed) all the accomplices within communes, prefectures or RPF brigades," so that "those who had prepared holes to put in Hutus have been the ones to go inside." Kantano claims that having lost "accomplices" like "Agatha, Ngango, Nzamurambaho", Kagame can no longer see beyond his immediate army.
  • Kantano claims that the elimination of accomplices has changed Kagame's strategy, because he now fears the "population [that] had smoked some hemp" and "became furious with their machetes and clubs." Kantano claims that the 50,000-80,000 armed men in Kigali would defeat the RPF, "though Tutsis pretend to be dodging artists."
  • Kantano then mockingly dismisses the RPF's claim to possess half the country, saying that it only holds un-populated, desert-like areas like Cyungo and Butaro. Kantano then ridiculed Kanyarengwe's instruction to "Tutsis" not to seek revenge, suggesting that such instructions might actually incite the wrath of other Tutsis who will say "'all Tutsis countrywide are dead, our relatives, our sisters, mothers and fathers.'"
  • After a musical break, Kantano denounces the Belgians and urges Rwandans to have courage despite adversity. Kantano then speaks of refugees from Kabeza-Kanombe whom the FAR liberated from the "RPF who had started surrounding them to kill them." At the same time, Kantano suggests that when it comes to news of RPF advances, the refugee "who is under panic . . . tends to exaggerate his story."
  • Kantano continues with a long monologue about the RPF's take-over of the Kigali airport which he dismisses as militarily and strategically insignificant.
  • Segueing from his discussion of Kigali airport, Kantano insists that in war, like in soccer, nothing is definitive until the end of the match, and that a "counter-offensive" is always possible. Kantano devotes a long moment to developing this analogy between soccer and war.
  • The racial designations of "Hutu" and "Tutsi" are common in the tape and are suggestive of a synonymy between "RPF," "Inkotanyi," "Inyenzi" and "Tutsi." There are also many suggestions of Tutsi against Hutu extermination goals.
  • Repeatedly using ethnic slurs, RTLM broadcasters Habimana and Ananie discuss the RPF's conspiracy to kill the President and massacre Hutus and false reports of RPF troop advancement.. The broadcasters stress the importance of eliminating the RPF's accomplices and draw a parallel between the Nazis and the RPF, which is accused of planning and executing massacres of Hutus.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW131A
RTLM 18
  • Air Date: 1994 May 23
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • The tape contains very strong statements of general incitement -- The broadcasters repeatedly insist that the conflict is between Tutsis and Hutus.
  • The broadcast encourages listeners to disregard rumors of Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) victories and stay "courageous": those who "work" hard at the roadblocks will be rewarded, while deserters will be tracked down and exterminated by the population. Kantano and Ananie make repeated calls to exterminate Inyenzi everywhere in the country. They also repeatedly accuse the Tutsi/RPF of perpetrating massacres and insist that the conflict is really between Hutus and Tutsis.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW131B
RTLM 17
  • Air Date: 1994 May 20
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Bemeriki est l'animatrice de cette cassette. Elle s'adresse d'abord à la situation à Kibeho où, selon elle, un prêtre, l'Abbé Pierre Ngoga, a tiré sur des Hutu qui pourchassaient des Tutsi qui les avaient attaqués. Elle ajoute qu'une situation similaire a transpiré à Nyumba. Elle incite ses auditeurs à détruire toutes cachettes de l'ennemi, même une église. Bemeriki rapporte ensuite que les "Inyenzi-Inkotanyi" et les Tutsi se servent de ruses pour faire croire que les Hutu massacrent les Tutsi tandis qu'en réalité ce sont les Tutsi qui veulent exterminer les Hutu. Elle ajoute que les "Inyenzi"ont collaboré avec les sales Tutsi pour tuer le Président Habyarimana. Bemeriki fait référence ensuite aux paroles de la Vierge Marie à Kibeho le 20 mars 1989. Bemeriki démontre à travers le message de la Vierge Marie que la mère de Jésus protégera les Rwandais et accueillera lefeu Président Habyarimana. Mais Bemeriki encourage comme même ses auditeurs à se battre sérieusement car la Vierge Marie ne les aidera que si ils s'aident d'abord. Par la suite Bemeriki s'entretient avec Hassan Ngeze du journal "Kangura." Au cours de plusieurs longues réponse, Ngeze explique que le FPR tente de semer la mésentente et le désaccord parmi la population Rwandaise de façon de se mettre en position pour une prise de pouvoir. Il discute longuement cet aspect méchant des Inkotanyi.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW132
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 May 24
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 90
Box 122 Audiocassette RW133
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 June 04-05
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • This tape contains several instances of general incitement and fairly specific instructions pertaining to "civil defense" and "security."
  • Bemeriki conducts an interview with Hakizimana who is the Mbogo commune burgomaster. Together, they address the following issues: atrocities committed by the Inkotanyi, organizing and carrying out the civil defense, the role of the burgomasters, and the refugee situation. Bemeriki then gives instructions to burgomasters in the Kigali area.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW134A
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 June 05
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • This tape contains a very long monologue by Kanatano sandwiched between two smaller monologues by Ruggiu and Mukingo. Kantano focuses especially on the need for the Rwandan population to participate in the war effort. He calls on them to stay and fight the Inkotanyi rather than fleeing at the sound of every explosion. Kantano employs several forms of motivation from threats to promises of rewards.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW134B
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 June 04
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Cette cassette est animée par Kantano et Ananie. Kantano commence en souhaitant que les réfugiés retournent à Kigali parce que les Inkotanyi n'ont plus de complices dans la ville. Il ajoute que les réfugiés peuvent donner un coup de main aux barrières et aider à terminer le "boulot" au bout d'un mois. Kantano démontre aussi que les Inkotanyi n'ont fait que semer la haine partout au Rwanda, qu'ils n'auront jamais la paix dans ce pays. Kantano conclut que les Inkotanyi n'aime pas l'être fumain et il demande à la population de s'armer de machettes et de lances pour se joindre au FAR et exterminer les Inkotanyi. Il compare aussi les Inkotanyi à des moustiques. Ananie suit Kantano et demande que les personnes aux barrières soient vigilantes. Il accuse les "Inyenzi" d'avoir tiré sur le stade Amahoro où se trouve de nombreux réfugiés. Ananie commente aussi que les Inkotanyi, aidés par Museveni, ont commis de nombreux massacres sans que la communauté internationale ou les radios étrangères en disent un mot. Kantano termine la cassette en déclarant: (1) que les "Inyenzi" ont trop pourchassé les gens et vont maintenant se faireexterminer, (2) les Inkotanyi sont coupables d'avoir chassé des gens de leurs biens, (3) les blancs qui aidaient les Inkotanyi les ont abandonnés, (4) que la population surmonte sa peur et parte à la chasse aux Inkotanyi.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW135
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 June 17
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Face A: Animation d'Ananie et Kantano Habimana.
  • Face B: Animation de Bemeriki Valérie et George Ruggiu.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW136
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 June 28-30
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Date of tape marked as 28-30/06/94. Not clear whether the tape is from the 28th, or the 30th, or both. On side B of the tape, Ananie at one point announces the date as Thursday, 30 June 1994.
  • Side A of the broadcast, hosted mostly by Bemeriki and Ruggiu, focuses broadly on the French troops' arrival in Rwanda. The broadcasters tell the population that they should cooperate with the French, but that the advice of numerous scholars and intelligent men is that it would be "absurd" for the population to hand-in their weapons or dismantle roadblocks.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW137A
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 June 28
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Date of tape marked as 28-30/06/94. Not clear whether the tape is from the 28th, or the 30th, or both. On side B of the tape, Ananie at one point announces the date as Thursday, 30 June 1994.
  • Side B of the tape consists mostly of two extended monologues. In the first, Valerie Bemeriki explains that when she says "Inyenzi," listeners should understand she means "criminal." Bemeriki accuses the "Inyenzi-Inkotanyi" of using the French Army's arrival to extend their exterminations, and warns that anyone remaining in "Inyenzi" controlled areas is clearly also an Inyenzi and will eventually be treated as one. Bemeriki subsequently calls for the death of the four political figures she holds responsible for Habyarimana's assassination. In the second monologue, Ananie Nkurunziza makes a direct call against the occupants of a house in Kacyiru, encourages people in Kimisagara, Muhima, and Rugenge to fire at any "Inyenzi" coming their way, and urges listeners not to let bad weather keep them from manning the roadblocks. Ananie also criticizes the unequal distribution of international aid between Tutsi and Hutu refugees, but says that the international press now acknowledges that "Inyenzi attack villages to kill Hutu populations."
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW137B
C.1/K 95
  • Air Date: 1993 Nov. 23
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW138
C.2/K 95
  • Air Date: 1993 Nov. 24
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • The identity of the journalist should be verified, but it does appear to be Kantano.
  • The tape consists mostly of specific attacks against Gasana, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and to accusations of Uwilingiyimana's and the extended transitional government's collaboration with the Inkotanyi. It also accuses the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) of recent massacres in Ruhengeri and of wanting to set up a "Tutsi land" within Rwanda and Burundi.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW139A
C.2/K 95
  • Air Date: 1993 Nov. 24
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • The identity of the speaker should be double-checked, but I am reasonably certain that it is Habimana Kantano.
  • The entire tape is a long monologue by Kantano focusing on the massacre that took place in Ruhengeri. Kantano repeatedly accuses the Inkotanyi of having committed the atrocities and includes witness testimonies from the area in his monologue. Kantano also suggests that neither the UN forces nor the Rwandan government have done anything to investigate the massacre and establish the Inkotanyi's guilt. Faustin Twagiramungu and Minister Gasana are both taken to task for their ineffectiveness. It is implied that both men are also guilty of various improprieties. Twagiramungu in particular is said to have a favorable relationship with the Inkotanyi.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW139B
C.3/K 95
  • Air Date: 1993 Nov. 25
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW140
C.4/K 95
  • Air Date: 1993 Nov. 26-29
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW141
C.8/K 95
  • Air Date: 1993 Dec. 9
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW142
C.6/K 95
  • Air Date: 1993 Dec. 6-7
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW143
C.7/K 95
  • Air Date: 1993 Dec. 08
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Side B of the tape is missing
  • The tape consists of a series of Kantano Habimana reports from Burundi and an extended monologue by Gaspard Gahigi. Gaspard, in his extended monologue, critiques the transitional government, alleging that it takes the power from the people. He calls on the church to lend its intelligence apparatuses and files to the cause of restoring the people's power and helping to identify the "killers who are trying to decimate the population." Gahigi then discusses the political significance of popular songs and demonstrates how they can be read for inspiration. He then introduces Kantano's reportage from Burundi by suggesting that the "known enemy" in Burundi is the same as in Rwanda. From Burundi, Kantano reports on the recent murder of the Burundian President Ndadaye and obliquely suggests that Tutsis in the government might have been behind the murder. Kantano also reports that Tutsi bandits are taking advantage of the Burundian refugee crisis to rob and kill Hutus.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW144
C.5/K 95
  • Air Date: 1993 Nov. 29-30
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW145
C.9/K95
  • Air Date: 1993 Dec. 09
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • A plusieurs instances la traductrice n'a pas traduit certaines parties de l'émission ayant jugé que ce n'était pas important.
  • Kantano commence cette cassette et sert d'animateur pour une grande partie de l'émission. Il déclare que: (1) il ne défend pas la cause du MRND, mais il refuse de l'entendre faussement soupçonné d'avoir commis des atrocités dont les Inkotanyi sont coupables, (2) certaines personnes qui résident au Byumba et au Ruhengeri sont en fait des complices des Inkotanyi, mais il ajoute qu'il ne hait pas les Tutsi, (3) qu'il y a une conférence de presse à l'hôtel des Diplomates pour le PL Hutu et Tutsi, (4) le Premier Ministre Uwilingiyimana dit que quelqu'un veut la tuer, (5) que deux professeurs Zaîrois et Victor Niyitegeka devraient veiller à ce qu'ils ne se battent pas avec leurs étudiants parce que cela risque de mal tourner pour eux. Gahigi et Hitimana passent ensuite au micro mais ils ont juste le temps de indiquer leur désire de s'adresser au problème des Inkotanyi vers qui les jeunes se tournent.
Sony HF 60
Box 122 Audiocassette RW146
C.10/K 95
  • Air Date: 1993 Dec. 12-14
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW147
C.21/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 3-4
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW148
C.22/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 4
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW149
C.23/K95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 05
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • La face B est vierge
  • La cassette commence avec un monologue de Gahigi. II s'adresse aux sujets suivant: (1) Le Premier Ministre Uwilingiyimana n'aide pas la cause des femmes quand elle manque de respect à un homme, particulièrement au Président Habyarimana, (2) un communiqué du PDC annonce que le parti retire son soutien du Premier Ministre Désigné Twagiramungu car ce dernier voudrait ignorer la démocratie. Kantano prend la suite et fait un rapport sur les cérémonies au CND où le Président Habyarimana vient de prêter serment de diriger la transition aux élections. Il raconte que Madame Uwilingiyimana a tourné son dos au Président et que toute l'assemblée a été surpris de voir Habyarimana prêter serment. Kantano reste au micro et dirige un entretien avec Monseigneur Sebununguli. Les deux hommes discutent le développement d'une nouvelle faction du PL. Dorénavant il existera le PL/Lando et le PL/Mugenzi. Les députés du FPR annoncent déjà qu'ils ne prêteront pas serment si les députés du PL/Lando ne prêtent pas leur serment. Gahigi reprend brièvement le micro pour déclarer que le journal "Interahamwe" déplore l'attitude malhonnête de Twagiramungu, Uwilingiyimana et Kavaruganda. Habyarimana, lors d'un discours plus tard dans la journée au CND, annonce qu'il est déçu que certains députés ne se sont pas montrés pour prêter serment. Kantano termine l'émission en déclarant qu'il pense qu'il y a un piège et que c'est pour cela que des députés ne sont pas venus prêter serment.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW150
C.26/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 7
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW151
C.308/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 13-14
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW152
C.31/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 14
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW153
C.32/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 15
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW154
C.33/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 15-17
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW155
C.34/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 18
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW156
C.35/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 19
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW157
C.36/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 20
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW158
C.37/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 21
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • The first part of side a features an interview between Gahigi and Froduald Karamira in which the two men attack Twagiramungu for his unlawful attempt s to manipulate parliamentary law and thereby help the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). The second part of Side A consists of an extended monologue by Gahigi in which he analyses a recent assassination attempt against Mugenzi, the President of the PL. Gahigi asserts that Twagiramungu, Landouard, and the RPF are behind the matter and that this is part of a larger strategy of using assassinations to gain power and influence in Rwanda. Reading a letter from Martin Ndabazi, Gahigi warns that Rwandans know who these "enemies" of the country are plan to take their revenge on them. In the course of his monologue, Gahigi suggests that Habyarimana himself might be one of the people targeted for assassination by the enemies of Rwanda.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW159A
C.37/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 21
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Side B of the tape is comprised of a single monologue by Kantano. It begins with an appeal to gendarmes not to attack the population should it "get angry" at Twagiramungu and decide to attack him. The monologue continues with a call to political parties "to strangle" like a common thief, anyone in their midst who does not who does not work for the good the party and the state. (Twagiramungu is given as an example.) Later in the tape, in the midst of a series of short reports on various Hutu-Tutsi tensions, Kantano suggests that Tutsis have plans "to bring turmoil and kill[ing]" to Rwanda and that Inkotanyi spies have infiltrated the country to begin "sensitizing" the Tutsi population to their plan.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW159B
C.38/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 21-24
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW160
C.39/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 24-25
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW161
C.40/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Jan. 26
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW162
C.45/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Feb. 8
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW163
CE 72/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 15
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • A quelques endroits la traductrice donne un résumé du programme
  • La face A de cette cassette est animé par un journaliste non-identifié qui s'adresse aux problèmes autour du Projet Crête Zaîre Nil. Le journaliste accuse Frédéric Nzamurambaho, le Ministre de l'Agriculture et de l'Elevage, de semer le désordre dnas ce projet. Il se trouve que Nzamurambaho veut remplacer le Directeur du Projet, Monsieur Célestin Mutabaruka avec Monsieur Tharcisse Bakundukize qui est Tutsi et adhérent du PSD comme Nzamurambaho. Le journaliste lit les deux lettres que a écrit Mutabaruka aux officiels du gouvernement. Mutabaruka maintient que Nzamurambaho est responsable de l'insécurité autour du projet et de la région. Hitimana commence la face B en annonçant que les idées sanguinaires des Inkotanyi ont été découvertes à temps et qu'ils ont réalisé que les Tutsi seraient exterminés si ils mettaient le programme en place. Hitimana déclare aussi que les Hutu ont eu le temps d'étudier depuis 1959 et qu'ils contrôlent l'infiltration des Inkotanyi dans le pays. Hitimana termine l'émission en visant plusieurs personnes et les accusant d'être soit Ugandais, soit Inkotanyi.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW164
CE 73/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 15-16
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW165
CE 74/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 16
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW166
CE 75/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 6
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony Super EF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW167
CE.76/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 16
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • The first part of the tape consists of a long monologue by Kantano in which he reports on the alleged Inkotanyi massacre of five workers from the COOPTHE tea project in Cyohoha-Rukeri. Kantano criticizes the UN for allowing the Inkotanyi to occupy the demilitarized zone in which the murders took place. Kantano also details the Inkotanyi infiltration of the commune of Sake and warns of coming attacks by the Inkotanyi. An MRND communiqué is read warning that the Rwanda people will take action if the Rwandan government and the UNAMIR do not do a better job of protecting people. Ruggiu and Rucogoza follow with similar reports in French. Rucugoza also gives Gaspard Habumuremyi a chance to refute RTLM allegations that Patrice Uwimana drove Habumuremyi to Cyangugu in a car full of Inkotanyi.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW168A
CE.76/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 16
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • This tape continues the French broadcast from 168A. Rucogoza and Ruggiu make several announcements and unidentified speaker explains the development of public non-governmental radio and television stations in Belgium. Kantano then gives details of an alleged attack by the Inkotanyi in which five civilians were murdered. Kantano explains that the Inkotanyi have infiltrated themselves in such a way as to be able to carry out significant attacks in an attempt to take power. He warns that the Inkotanyi cannot be trusted to exist in peace. The death announcements and the MRND communiqué related to the Cyohoha-Rukeri massacre from 168A are repeated verbatim.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW168B
CE.77/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 17
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Les animateurs des émissions sont: Valérie at Gahigi.
  • La cassette contient beaucoup d'émissions entre autres, l'interview de Monsieur Mugenzi. Ce dernier parle de la division au sein du parti PL. Elle contient également les commentaires sur l'assassinat des 5 personnes qui travaillaient dans une usine à thé de Cyohoha Rukeri. Il est interviewé par Gahigi Gaspard, rédacteur en chef de la RTLM.
  • Y figure également le communiqué émanant du parti MRND, dans sa réunion qu'il avait tenu dans le seul but de condamner cet acte ignoble de l'assassinat de ces 5 personnes qui travaillait dans l'usine de Cyohoha Rucyeri.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW169
CE.79/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 18
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Ce que l'on peut dire sur cette cassette, c'est qu'elle est faite des divers, parlant toujours des Inkotanyi d'une part pour dire des Tutsi (puisqu'ils utilisent le mot Inkotanyi même pour les militaires Burundais, dits majoritairement Tutsis) et d'autres parts pour dire le FPR. Elle contient entre autre un communiqué émanant de le présidence de la République, communiqué qui condamnait cet assassinat des 5 personnes agents de l'usine à thé de Cyohoha Rucyeri.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW170
CE.78/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 18
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • La face A contient les commentaires sur sécurité le pays en général et dans la ville de Kigali en particulier. Ches commentaires sont faits par les journalistes, Noël et Nkomati. Il contient aussi les interviews, d'abord celui de Monsieur Munyanganizi, le Directeur de l'Electogaz à l'epoque et celui de Mme Gaudence Nyirahabimana, présidente du parti MFBP et c'était elle qui avait été nommée par ce parti pour le représenter dans l'Assemblé Nationale de Transition à base élargie. L'interview était cntrée sur la crise politique que traversait le pays.
  • La face B: La suite de l'interview de Mme Gaudence Nyirahabimana et diverse.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW171
CE.80/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 18-19
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Le contenu de la face A de la cassette montre que les événements sur celle-ci ont bel et bien eu lieu sours un climat tendu entre le parti MRND et l'opposition. Ce climat résultait du fait que les partis politiques s'etaient divisaient en blanches "powers" et "modérés." Chaque blanche voulant alor présenter ses députés dans l'Assemblé de transition à base élargie. Et en plus les blanches "power" avaient tendance à épouser l'idéologie du MRND. C'est dans ce sense que Monsieur Twagiramungu, en tant que Premier ministre dans ce gouvernement de transition à base élargie, a annoncé la formation du gouvernement avec les ministres que la RTLM, à travers de ses journalistes, notamment Nkomati, ont critiqué négativement.
  • Elle contient également les interviews des chefs de l'Electrogaz, qui répondaient à des diverses questions concernant la panne de l'électricité et le manque d'eau dans le pays en général et dans la ville de Kigali en particulier. Cette panne était due à la destruction du central de Ntaruka.
  • La face B contient les interviews des déplacés de guerre de Byumba. Ils parlaient de leur état de santé dans ce camp de Nyacyonga. Les journalistes, Gahigi et Nkomati font des commentaires sur la formation du nouveau gouvernement qui avait été annoncé par Faustin Twagiramungu.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW172
CE.81/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 19
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • RTLM radio says that Faustin Twagiramungu wants to take the power by force and hand it over to the RPF.
  • Gahigi, journalist on RTLM, comments on political parties.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW173
CE.83/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 21
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Broadcasts on RPF, Twagiramungu, Kanyarengwe, Uwiringiyimana, Kavamahanga, Nzamurambaho, political parties and the requirements of RPF in Arusha peace agreements.
  • A football match between MDR-parmehutu and RPF (prepared by Musabire Leon from JDR Power).
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW175
CE.84/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 21
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Face A: Animation de Hitimana Noël, Bemeriki Valérie.
  • Face B: Animation de Bemeriki Valérie, Noël et Gahigi Gaspard.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW176
CE.85/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 21
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Face A: Animation de Philippe Mbilizi, Ruggiu Géorge, Emmanuel Rucogoza et Habimana Kantano.
  • Face B: Animation de Philippe Mbilizi Mulonda, Habimana Kantano et Emmanuel Rucogoza.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW177
CE.86/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 21
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Face A: Kantano Habimana et Gahigi Gaspard.
  • Face B: Vierge.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW178
CE.87/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 22
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Face A: Animation de Habimana Kantano et un autre journaliste non autrement identifié.
  • Face B: Animation de Gahigi Gaspard et Habimana Kantano.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW179
CE.88/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 23
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Animation de Noël Hitimana, Habimana Kantano, Philippe Mbilizi.
  • Animation de Bemeriki, Noël Hitimana, Kantano Habimana, Philippe Mbilizi et George Ruggiu.
Sony HF 60
Box 123 Audiocassette RW180
CE.89/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 23
  • Producer: RTLM and Radio Rwanda
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Journalistes: Kantano, Noel, Ruggiu, Valérie, Mbirizi.
  • Side A:
  • Les journalistes Valérie Nemeyiki, Georges Ruggiu interviewés par Mbirizi Philippe sur l'attitude des occidentau à propos du problème du Rwanda et du Burundi, sur la transition et sur les perspectives du Burundi.
  • Communiqués
  • Commentaire sur le Burundi
  • Commentaire sur Museveni
  • Radio Rwanda:
  • Le flash d'informations en Kinyarwanda et en Français
  • RTLM:
  • Journaliste: Valérie Bemeyiki
  • Commentaires sur les sujets qui vont être abordés sur RTLM ce jour là
  • Salutations à certains auditeurs de RTLM
  • Face B:
  • Communiqué
  • Commentaire sur la fermeture de la brasserie BRALIRWA de Gisenyi à cause de la grève de ses employés.
  • Commentaire sur la radio Muhabura du FPR qui a condamné le CDR, disant qu'il ne peut pas participer dans les institutions de la transition
  • Commentaire sur les journalistes belges Colette Braeckman du journal Le Soir et Marie France Cross du journal la Libre Belgique
  • Informations sur la tentative de Coup d'Etat au Burundi
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW181
CE.91/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 25
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Face A:
  • Commentaire sur la tentative du Coup d'Etat au Burundi et sur le néocolonialisme occidental.
  • Commentaire sur le FPR qui aurait appellé les habitants de la zone tampon à faire une manifestation pour que les institutions de transition soient rapidement mis en place et sur la méchanceté du FPR en général.
  • Lecture de la lettre des membres du parti MRND de la commune Tumba. Commentaires
  • Commentaire sur l'insécurité en commune Giciye
  • Face B:
  • Commentaire sur ce que la radio BBC a diffusé le 1994 Mar. 21 à 17h 30' sur le recrutement des jeunes Rwandais par le FPR qu'il éparpille dans tous les coins du Rwanda, et sur ce que la mêmo radio a diffusé le 1994 Mar. 24 à 6h 41' à propos de la suspension de l'aide belge au Rwanda.
  • Un autre journaliste:
  • Commentaire sur le communiqué de Madame le Premier Ministre Uwiringiyimana Agathe appelant les députés et les ministres de la transition à base élargie à venir preter serment ce jour là le 1994 Mar. 25 à 8h30'.
  • Commentaires sur le Burundi, sur la suspension de l'aide belge
  • Déclaration du parti PDI à propos de ses représentants dans les institutions de transition à base élargie
  • La chanson "Impuruza" de Bikindi.
  • Commentaire sur les cérémonies de prestation de serment évoqués ce-haut.
  • Communiqués
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW182
CE.90/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 24
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Face A:
  • Journaliste: Valérie Bemeriki
  • Commentaires sur le conseil du gouvernement antérieurement programmé et qui a été annulé sur le Premier Ministre Madame Uqiringiyimana Agathe et sur la prestation de serment prévue pour ce jour à 15 h.
  • Commentaire sur le procès intenté contre Twagiramungu par certains députés du MDR à qui il aurait interdit de participer dans les institutions de transition à base élargie et sur ces institutions en général.
  • Lecture d'une lettre d'un membre du parti PDC à propos de ces mêmes institutions. Commentaires.
  • Reportage de Georges Ruggiu en français au retour des lieux où devait avoir lieu la prestation de serment.
  • Face BL
  • Suite du reportage de Ruggiu. Interview de Barayagwiza sur ce blocage.
  • Commentaires de Valérie sur les personnes qui avaient été invitées à ces cérémonies.
  • Reportage de Nkomati Emmanuel sur cette cérémonie en kinyarwanda.
  • Commentaires de Valérie et Nkomati
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW183
CE.92/95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 25
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Side A:
  • Noel's comments on the situation in HYPOTHEQUE Secondary School.
  • Noel's criticism on rich businessmen who didn't contribute to reward Rayons Sport Club.
  • Noel's comments on RPF's absence to come to the ceremony of taking the oath
  • Noel accuses Kagame of being responsible for the lives of youth who are dying on the battlefield
  • Ruggiu's report of the participants to the failed ceremony of the establishment of transtiional institutions.
  • Ruggiu's comments on Arusah agreement.
  • Side B: Ruggiu's comments on Rwanda's economical and political problems
  • Ruggiu's comments on RPF's plans: preparation of a war
  • Communiqué on the establishment of the transitions institutions with or without the participation of RPF.
  • Interview of Jean Bosco Barayagwiza on the political blockade.
  • Broadcast on AIDS, on the thalidomide medicine.
  • Nkomati's comments on the failed ceremony of the day before: formation of the Extended Transitional Government and taking the oath for the Members of Parliament.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW184
C.51/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 29-30
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Face A:
  • Interview du Procureur général de la Cour de Cassation Mbarushimana Bonaventure par Gagigi Gaspard à propose du refus de Nzamurambaho de répondre à la convocation lui adressée dans le cadre des enquêtes sur l'assassinat de Félicien Gatabazi.
  • Commentaires sur ce sujet et sur Nzamurambaho en général.
  • Interview de Nkurunziza Ananie par Gahigi Gaspard sur les problèmes de la famine dans la préfecture de Gikongoro, sur les problèmes politiques y causés par le même Nzamurambaho, sur l'assassinat de Gatabazi . . .
  • Face B:
  • Hymne national
  • Journaliste: Hitimana Noèl
  • Commentaire sur la convocation que lui a adressée la parquet
  • Un autre journaliste:
  • Commentaires sur la manifestation des étudiantes de la Faculté de Droit, à propos d'un chauffeur de l'ONATRACOM, Munyagasiza Fidèle.
  • Commentaire sur les explications que vient de lui donner chauffeur.
  • Commentaire sur la déclaration No. 20 de la communauté des étudiants Rwandais en Belguique.
  • Commentaire à propose des directeurs de écoles qui ne permettent pas à leurs élèves d'écouter la RTLM.
  • Commentaires divers.
  • Commentaire sur le fait que la CDR s'apprête à attaquer le Premier Ministre Uwiringiyimana Agathe parce qu'elle l'aurait accusée injustement de génocide et sur la lettre que le MDR power a adressée au même Premier Ministre le 1994 Mar. 28 disant que c'est Kamali qui doit être député du MDR pour la préfecture de Gisenyi dans l'Assemblée Nationale de transition.
  • Commentaires sur le problèmes des Tutsi de la commune Kanzenze.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW185
C.52/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 30
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW186
C.53/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 30
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • An unidentified journalist states that the CDR should be allowed to participate in the transitional government. Ruggiu then reports that the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)'s Radio Muhabura is waging a war of disinformation and blaming the CDR and MDR for crimes committed in the demilitarized zone. Rucogoza follows with a report about the student demonstrations at the Faculty of Law in Kigali. He interviews two students, Viateur Kamali and Félix Aimable Mujyambere who deny the notion that the demonstrations have a political background. Rucogoza then interviews Dr. Jean Gakwaya, Dean of the Faculty of Law at Kigali, who is of the opinion that the crisis at the university is linked to the current political and socio-economic troubles prevalent throughout Rwanda. Ruggiu then implies that the Belgians are "blackmailing" Rwanda. A conversation between Ruggiu and Gahigi follows. They discuss the RPF's "infiltration" plots, the fact that the "enemy is known" and the RPF's unwillingness to share power. Their conversation is interspersed with reports that a certain Jean Ndamiye's house is under attack in Kiyovu. Mr. Katumba's death is mentioned as well as an incident that took place in Karago. At one point Ruggiu muses about why "some MRND and CDR militants are regularly attacked." Towards the end of the cassette Kantano comes on to report that Mr. Niyongira in Muyira apparently plotted against an MP Muhutu. Kantano hopes that the people of Muyira are listening. Rucogoza and Mbilizi end the tape with the following comments: 1) Should General Dallaire continue as commander of the UNAMIR? 2) the RPF has recruited 13 students out of Nyanza. 3) The RPF has no right to prevent the CDR from participation in the transitional parliament.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW187
C.54/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 31
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Kantano begins the tape retracting an earlier statement alleging that Christophe Bazivamo is an "Inyenzi." He then targets Justin Niyongira and a number of "collaborators" including Balthazar Bazatoba, Silas Ruzinda and Conseiller Theobald Rutaganzwa. Niyongira in particular is accused of allowing members of the PSD and of his ethnic group of committing murder without having to face punishment. Mbilizi then interviews Stanislas Simbizi of the CDR who it is said has just "narrowly escaped" an attempt on his life. Simbizi accuses the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) of committing atrocities and of being unwilling to participate in a peaceful democratic process. Rucogoza then provides an eerie description of the "gloomy" atmosphere pervading Kigali city. Mbilizi follows with a list of students from Nyanza said to have formed the "Inziraguteba Brigade" with the intent of joining the RPF. Mbilizi then addresses the conflict between the CDR and the RPF about the CDR's participation in the Transitional National Assembly.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW188A
C.54/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Mar. 31
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Double-check air date. The tape appears to begin with a broadcast from the night of March 31, 1994. However, the tape apparently ends the following morning April 1, 1994.
  • Mbilizi begins the tape reading from a letter addressed to Prime Minister Uwilingiyimana from eleven Ministers in her Cabinet. The letter is a criticism of Uwilingiyimana and implies that she has inappropriate contact with the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). Mbilizi then launches into a monologue about the difficulty of implementing the Arusha Accords and particularly the problems the RPF are creating by opposing the CDR's entry into the Transitional National Assembly. He also accuses the RPF of committing atrocities. Ruggiu follows with an interview of Gahigi. Among other things they touch on the true face of the RPF and its desire for power. Gahigi also predicts a "total war" should fighting break out again.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW188B
C.55/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 01
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • The translator appears to have summarized parts of the tape (see record #14, end of transcript).
  • Bemeriki begins the tape with a communiqué from the Laurien Karumuhinzi, Secretary General of the Democratic Party. Karumuhinzi extends his party's support to the CDR in their fight to gain entry into the Transitional National Assembly. Hitimana follows with a long monologue in which he targets two men, Dr. Ngirabanyiginya and Dr. Iyamuremye, for responsibility in the death of Katumba, a member of the CDR. Hitimana also targets two employees of the Department of Taxes, Albert Niyotwilingiye and Immaculee Bamurange, for allegedly offering a reward to Katumba's killer. Hitimana implies that the Inkotanyi are the source of the murder. He ends the tape with an analysis of the major parties during which several party leaders are targeted as particularly inefficient or as having ties to the Inkotanyi. The MRND's woes are blamed on the war and the CDR is lauded as the only party with the population's interests at heart.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW189A
C.55/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 01
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Again, as in Archive #189A, there are two sections (records 1 and 8) where the translator did not translate the text.
  • Nkomati begins the tape attacking the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) for their statements broadcasted on Radio Rwanda in which they criticize the government, intellectuals and journalists. He then proceeds to summarize the letter written by the Democratic Party in support of the CDR's participation in the Transitional National Assembly. Gahigi follows with an on-site report of a grenade attack directed against Thomas Kabonabake, editor of the newspaper "Echo des Milles Collines." Kabonabake explains that it is the second such attack and the he suspects his "Tutsi neighbors" and their accomplices. He also suggests that the Inkotanyi have informants among the Rwandan population who report back to the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) leaders staying at the CND.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW189B
C.56/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 2
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW190
C.57/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 2
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW191
C.58/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 3
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW192
C.59/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 3
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW193
C.60/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 Apr. 3
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW194
C.62/K 95
  • Air Date: 1994 ,au 28-29
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW195
RSF K7 No. 1
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW196
RSF K7 No. 2
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW197
RSF K7 No. 3
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW198
RSF K7 No. 4
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW199
RSF K7 No. 5
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW200
RSF K7 No. 6
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW201
RSF K7 No. 7
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW202
RSF K 7 No. 8
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW203
RSF K7 No. 9
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW204
RSF K7 No. 10
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW205
RSF K7 No. 11
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW206
RSF K7 No. 12
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW207
RSF K7 No. 13
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW208
RSF K7 No. 14
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW209
RSF K7 No. 15
  • Air Date: [not available
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW210
RSF K7 No. 16
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW211
RSF K7 No. 17
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW212
RSF K7 No. 18
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW213
RSF K7 No. 19
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 124 Audiocassette RW214
RSF K7 No. 20
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW215
RSF K7 No. 21
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW216
RSF K7 No. 22
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW217
RSF K7 No. 23
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW218
RSF K7 No. 24
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW219
RSF K7 No. 25
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW220
RSF K7 No. 26
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW221
RSF K7 No. 27
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW222
RSF K7 No. 28
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW223
RSF K7 No. 29
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW224
RSF K7 No. 30
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW225
RSF K7 No. 31
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW226
RSF K7 No. 32
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW227
RSF K7 No. 33
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW28
RSF K7 No. 34
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW229
RSF K7 No. 35
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW230
RSF K7 No. 36
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW231
RSF K7 No. 37
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW232
RSF K7 No. 38
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW233
RSF K7 No. 39
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW234
RSF K7 No. 40
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW235
RSF K7 No. 41
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW236
RSF K7 No. 42
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW237
RSF K7 No. 43
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW238
RSF K7 No. 44
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW239
RSF K7 No. 45
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW240
RSF K7 No. 46
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW241
RSF K7 No. 47
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW242
RSF K7 No. 48
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW243
RSF K7 No. 49
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW244
RSF K7 No. 50
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW245
RSF K7 No. 51
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW246
RSF K7 No. 52
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW247
RSF K7 No. 53
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 125 Audiocassette RW248
RSF K7 No. 54
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW249
RSF K7 No. 55
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW250
RSF K7 No. 56
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW251
RSF K7 No. 57
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW252
RSF K7 No. 58
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW253
RSF K7 No. 59
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW254
RSF K7 No. 60
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW255
RSF K7 No. 61
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW256
RSF K7 No. 62
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW257
RSF K7 No. 63
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW258
RSF K7 No. 64
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: Reporters San Frontières
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available.
Sony HF 60
Box 126 Audiocassette RW259
A7: V. Meersch
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: [not available]
  • No description available.
Sony HiFi 90
Box 126 Audiocassette RW260
A6: V. Meersch
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: [not available]
  • No description available.
Sony HiFi 90
Box 126 Audiocassette RW261
B5: V. Meersch
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: [not available]
  • No description available.
Sony HiFi 90
Box 126 Audiocassette RW262
A4: V. Meersch
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: [not available]
  • No description available.
Sony HiFi 90
Box 126 Audiocassette RW263
A3: V. Meersch
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: [not available]
  • No description available.
Sony HiFi 90
Box 126 Audiocassette RW264
A2: V. Meersch
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: [not available]
  • No description available.
Sony HiFi 90
Box 126 Audiocassette RW265
A1: V. Meersch
  • Air Date: [not available]
  • Producer: [not available]
  • Original Language: [not available]
  • No description available.
Sony HiFi 90
Box 126 Audiocassette RW266
RTLM 20
  • Air Date: 1994 June 3 and 11
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • Face A:
  • Animation de Bemeriki Valérie et de Nkurunziza Ananie.
  • Break of Arusha Agreement by RPF.
  • Interview of Kajuga J. Pierre addressing Byumba displaced population.
  • About Catholic bishops.
  • Ananie ethnic comments on Nayakakanda High Seminary.
  • Face B: Idem (almost inaudible).
Sony HiFi 90
Box 126 Audiocassette RW267
RTLM
  • Air Date: 1994 May 14
  • Producer: RTLM
  • Original Language: Kinyarwanda, French
  • No description available
Sony HiFi 90
Box 126 Audiocassette RW268
CD copies of audiotape recordings, 1993-1994
TDK CD-R74 (40 discs)
Box 127

Rwanda Audiotapes Series (Electronic Records), 1993-1994

(1 box; 62 folders, 654 files, 7.04 GB)

Series contains digital files related to the RTLM audio cassettes. The Documents folder (389 files; 426 MB) includes transcripts, tape logs, and court documents related to the translation and transcription of the audio cassettes. Files are in .tiff format. The Audio folder (266 files; 11 folders; 6,791 MB) contains digital surrogates of many of the audio cassettes. Files are in MP3 format. The MP3 files are listed by their Exhibit number. A cross index between RTLM number and the Exhibit number is available in Box 719.

Electronic records have been migrated to a library server. To request access, please contact a reference archivist before coming to use this collection.

Transcripts, court documents, audio files
(20 CDRs; 62 folders, 654 files, 7.04 GB)
Box 719 Electronic Folder S:\DMM\Processed\imi-rwanda
List of RTLM tapes
Box 719

Historical Note

The International Monitor Institute (IMI) was founded in 1993 by actress and film producer Pippa Scott. Scott, daughter of screenwriter Allan Scott who wrote some of the Astaire-Rogers films, was educated in California and in England, at Radcliffe College and the Southern California Institute of Architecture. Ms. Scott acted in such films as "The Searchers" and "Auntie Mame," and was a founding partner of the Emmy-award winning television company Lorimar Productions (producer of such TV hits as "The Waltons" and "Dallas" ). Scott established Linden Productions in 1987 to develop documentaries focusing on current issues. Linden's latest production is "King Leopold's Ghost," a documentary about the exploitation of the Congo by King Leopold II of Belgium. Scott was a member of the Women's Refugee Commission, the Pacific Council on Foreign Relations, and the Los Angeles World Affairs Council.

The International Monitor Institute was founded in 1993 and operated until 2003. Its primary mission was to assist international war-crimes tribunals by collecting, indexing and organizing visual evidence of violations of international human rights law. Videos and audio tapes were acquired through donation as well as on collecting trips by IMI associates in the former Yugoslavia, Kuwait, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Iraq, Burma (Myanmar), Thailand, Cambodia, and other countries. IMI's activities also included developing regional archives of videos on conflict and human rights abuses, producing film and multimedia projects to assist humanitarian organizations, organizing public outreach events, conducting video research for governments, film makers, authors, and students, and providing educational outreach. Patrons and partners of IMI and its collections included the International Criminal Court and its staff, Human Rights Watch, Physicians for Human Rights, the Simon Wiesenthal Center, the governments of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia, and former First Lady Hillary Clinton.

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • International Monitor Institute Records,1986-2006 (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)
  • International Monitor Institute. Burma videotapes, circa 1990-2002 (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)
  • HU OSA 350, Fonds 350: Records of the International Monitor Institute (Open Society Archives, Central European University)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], International Monitor Institute. Rwanda Videotapes and Audiotapes, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The International Monitor Institute. Rwanda Videotapes and Audiotapes were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift in 2006-2007.

Processing Information

Processed by Rubenstein Staff, September 2012

Encoded by Noah Huffman, September 2012 and Clare Callahan, October 2012

Accession(s) described in this finding aid: 2006-0111

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.