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Guide to the Paul Kwilecki Photographs and Papers, 1960-2008 and undated

Paul Kwilecki Photographs and Papers - Duke Digital Collections Digitized Content
Images from this collection have been digitized and are available in: Paul Kwilecki Photographs and Papers - Duke Digital Collections.

Abstract

Documentary photographer from Bainbridge, Decatur County, Georgia.

The Paul Kwilecki Photographs and Papers span the years 1960-2008 and include black and white photographic prints, negatives, contact sheets, photographer's notes, journals (closed until 2017), writings, speeches, correspondence related to photography, and other printed material. The bulk of the collection consists of Paul Kwilecki's black and white prints and other photographic material documenting rural and small-town life in and around Bainbridge, Decatur County, Georgia, an undertaking he began as a self-taught photographer in 1960 and continued until his death in 2009. Although Kwilecki developed an interest in photography in the 1940s, only a very small portion of the images in the collection pre-date 1970. The collection is organized into two major series: Photographic Materials, containing prints, contact sheets, and negatives, and a Manuscripts Series housing many files of correspondence, writings, and other personal papers. Significant correspondents include photographers Alex Harris and David Vestal.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Paul Kwilecki photographs and papers 1960-2008 and undated
Creator
Kwilecki, Paul, 1928-
Extent
41.3 Linear Feet, Approximately 9475 Items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Language
English.

Collection Overview

The Paul Kwilecki Photographs and Papers span the years 1960-2008 and include black and white photographic prints, negatives, contact sheets, photographer's notes, journals (closed until 2017), writings, speeches, correspondence related to photography, and other printed material. The bulk of the collection consists of Paul Kwilecki's black and white prints and other photographic material documenting rural and small-town life in and around Bainbridge, Decatur County, Georgia, an undertaking he began as a self-taught photographer in 1960 and continued until his death in 2009. Although Kwilecki developed an interest in photography in the 1940s, only a very small portion of the images in the collection pre-date 1970. The collection is organized into two major series: Photographic Materials, containing prints, contact sheets, and negatives, and a Manuscripts Series housing many files of correspondence, writings, and other personal papers. Significant correspondents include photographers Alex Harris and David Vestal.

The prints in the Photographic Materials Series (543 11x14 black and white prints and 40 oversized prints) are arranged topically. The contact sheets and negatives are in original order as received. While initially interested in photographing the shade tobacco workers of Decatur County beginning in the 1960s, Kwilecki turned his focus to other subjects. Among those included in the collection are: religious life (the most extensively addressed), social events, county fairs, agriculture, local industry, workers, shoppers, stores, houses, and landscapes. Many of Kwilecki's subjects come from the African American community in Decatur County. Other images in the collection document the life and environment of the Decatur County Court House, many Decatur County churches and cemeteries, the Flint River, Willis Park, Battle's Quarters (an African-American neighborhood), and the Trailways Bus Station.

The Manuscripts Series (1967-2008) also provides an interpretation of life in Decatur County but also documents Kwilecki's photographic philosophy and practices. The correspondence and the journals, related to Kwilecki's work and career as a photographer, comprise the largest groupings. His personal journals dating from 1967-1969 are closed to use until 2017. The series also contains news clippings, exhibition brochures, Kwilecki's printing notes, and a brief internet biography of Kwilecki. Many of Kwilecki's writings attempt to express in words the same topics he tried to illuminate through photography. Additional manuscripts (14 boxes) were received in 2010 following Kwilecki's passing away; they have been minimally processed in the original order as received, and include many folders of correspondence dating from 1971-2008, arranged in original order either chronologically or alphabetically by folder title. Correspondents include the photographers Nicholas Puner, David Vestal and Alex Harris. Other files contain writings, clippings, and other items. The writings include journalistic entries from the 1970s; typed excerpts from early 20th century Georgia newspapers, some on racial incidents; drafts of Kwilecki's talks; and notes for the Decatur County photography publication (one folder). A few publications round out the last box in the collection.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Portions of collection are restricted.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

This series includes 582 black and white prints (543 11x14 prints and 40 oversized prints), as well as contact sheets and prints, and negatives. Kwilecki identified prints by a unique number indicating the roll number, the month and year, and the frame number. However, there are quite a few without print numbers; these are designated as "Print unnumbered." He also normally supplied a title and a date, although some have no title. All photographs were taken by Kwilecki in order to document the life and culture of Decatur County, Georgia and the individuals who live there. Boxes PHO 1-10 contain prints arranged topically under the following main headings arranged and designated by Kwilecki: Decatur County Court House; Cemeteries; County Fairs; Battle's Quarters; Bainbridge, Ga.; Agriculture; Flint River, Ga.; Industry; Houses; Landscapes; Laura Pope; Pear Orchard; Portraits; Religion; Shoppers; Shade Tobacco; Social Events; Stores; Swine Time; Trailways Bus Station; Workers; and Willis Park. The largest grouping is under Religion (8 folders). The Portraits Series includes a self-portrait of Kwilecki.

Within these topical groupings, prints are sometimes arranged chronologically (though never consistently so) or grouped together under "sub-topics." The descriptive captions to the prints in Boxes PHO 1-10 (in quotes) are supplied by Kwilecki, often in the first person. So too, the title Understandings has been included with various prints to indicate that they appear in Kwilecki's book of that name, published in 1981. Oversized Box 1 contains oversized prints whose arrangement corresponds to the main series headings listed above. As in boxes PHO 1-10, certain prints also include Kwilecki's photographic captions and/or the title Understandings. Titles or dates in brackets have been supplied by the processing archivist.

Original negatives (closed to use) and contact sheets were received upon Kwilecki's passing in 2009, and are in original order as received.

[See also Oversize Box 1.]

Mother and son waiting outside court room, 1981 Jan. (Understandings)
Box PHO 1 Print 12-181-3
Outside court room. Second floor, 1987 Sept.

"With its white walls to diffuse incoming light and overhead flourescents, the light is unbelievably soft, as I've tried to indicate."

Box PHO 1 Print 10-987-13
Three judges, 1979 Nov.

"On the wall a picture of Judge Crow (deceased). Standing, Judge Robert Culpeper. Seated, Judge Wallace Cato."

Box PHO 1 Print 154-1179-7a
Three men talking in front of court house, 1970 (Understandings)

"A typical scene outside court house."

Box PHO 1 Print unnumbered
A typical scene outside main entrance when court was in session, 1977 Aug.
Box PHO 1 Print 89-877-24a
Prisoner cleaning court room, 1979 Sept.

"The tattoo had beads sewn beneath the skin and was in colors."

Box PHO 1 Print 118-979-22
Family sitting on floor at bottom of steps, 1975 (Understandings)

"Waiting in vestibule."

Box PHO 1 Print unnumbered
View from grand jury room looking toward Willis Park, 1979 July (Understandings)
Box PHO 1 Print 97-779-13
Prisoner with a bush hook cleaning Darsay family cemetery in the southern part of the county, 1983 June

"It is the oldest cemetery in Decatur County. Joel Darcy was one of the original settlers here in 1823."

Box PHO 1 Print 33-683-5
Prisoner cleaning up Oak City Cemetery, 1986 Aug.

"Prisoners who have committed non-violent crimes are used to clean up cemeteries, repair roads, cut grass along highways, etc."

Box PHO 1 Print 16-886-36a
Spectators, 1981 Jan. (Understandings)

"This was a session of 'State Court,' not Superior Court. Judge Robert Galpin is on the bench."

Box PHO 1 Print 15-181-7
Corner of court room, 1981 Jan. (Understandings)

"Looking from court room into jury room. Witness stand is at left."

Box PHO 1 Print 8-181-8
Temporary court room, 1998 Nov.
Box PHO 1 Print 55-1198-14a
Jury room before remodeling, 1977 July (Understandings)
Box PHO 1 Print 62-777
Main entrance, 5:00 a.m., 1996 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 27-496-12
Main entrance, West Street, 1996 Oct.

Box PHO 1 Print 31-1096-5
Marriage in the ordinary's office, 1981 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 1: 51-481-9
Marriage in the ordinary's office, 1981 Apr.

"Couple getting married by the Ordinary (judge of the Probate Court). The witnesses in the background are her mother and father and this couple's child."

Box PHO 1 Print 2: 51-481-10
Marriage in the ordinary's office, 1981 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 3: 51-481-11
Outside grand jury room, 1980 Apr. (Understandings)
Box PHO 1 Print 42-480-11a
Outside court room. Solitude, 1979 Nov. (Understandings)
Box PHO 1 Print 157-1179-14a
Court house seen from North Broad Street, 1986 Jan.
Box PHO 1 Print 4-186-5
One end of the jury room, showing rest room facilities, 1975 Mar. 17

"The black and white of the toilets have nothing to do with segregation. This was the only restroom in the jury room and was used by men and women, white and black alike. The court house has been remodeled and the jury room no longer looks like this."

Box PHO 1 Print unnumbered
Woman and child waiting anxiously outside court room, 1982 May

"The pictures behind them are former judges, sheriffs, ordinaries, etc."

Box PHO 1 Print 46-582-29a
J.R. Deese, Ordinary, in his office, 1973

"The scales shown on his desk are not those of justice but the original assayer's scales given to the county in 1823 when it was established, against which all other scales were set and maintained."

Box PHO 1 Print unnumbered
Exterior of the West Street façade and power pole with wires and transformers, 1985 Sept.

"Aside from the visual interest of the pole and its accouterments it will be a reminder of the clutter of our views long after wires have been put under ground."

Box PHO 1 Print 35-985-3
Woman and child walking by main entrance, 1987 Aug.

"Exterior showing the West Street entrance, originally the main entrance. The institutional façade towers over the young mother and her child, suggesting the power of government."

Box PHO 1 Print 8-887-22
People in court room during a session of superior court, 1981 Feb.

"The segregation, which is obvious, was entirely voluntary. The balcony, originally for 'colored' people, had long since vanished."

Box PHO 1 Print 27-281-12
Sherriff Shorty (E.W.) Phillips in front of one of the women's cells, [circa 1972]

"In the county jail adjacent to the court house."

Box PHO 1 Print unnumbered
County farm display, 1982 Mar.

"This is a prison wagon used from about 1912-1926. Prisoners working in distant parts of the county slept in this wagon. Imagine eighteen men, exhausted and sweaty, trying to sleep in a low-lying swamp infested with mosquitoes."

Box PHO 1 Print 21-382-6
Prisoner at the County Farm, making cane syrup, 1966

"Behind him, inside the shed, cane juice is being boiled to make syrup. Inmates at the farm grow all the food and livestock that is consumed."

Box PHO 1 Print unnumbered
Judge Robert Culpepper of the Superior Court holding the docket, about to walk into the court room, 1975 Mar. 4
Box PHO 1 Print unnumbered
Jury pool, rear of courtroom, 1997 Nov.
Box PHO 1 Print 40-1197-7a
Spectators, rear of courtroom, 1997 Nov.
Box PHO 1 Print 42-1197-13
Jury pool, courtroom, 1997 Nov.
Box PHO 1 Print 40-1197-39a
State court, courtroom, 1997 Nov.
Box PHO 1 Print 38-1197-14a
Staircase, 1997 Nov.
Box PHO 1 Print 37-1197-25
Night view, exterior of courthouse, 1996 Aug.
Box PHO 1 Print 22-896-16
Judge A. Wallace Cato on the bench, 1996 Sept.
Box PHO 1 Print 26-996-23
Graffiti on holding cell door, 1996 Aug.
Box PHO 1 Print 23-896-31
View of scaffolding on Court House tower, 1998 Mar.
Box PHO 1 Print 16-398-24a
Prisoners, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 20-498-31
Workers, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 26-498-29a
Prisoner, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 22-498-21
Prisoners, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 23-498-11
Prisoners, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 22-498-31
Prisoners, 1998 Mar.
Box PHO 1 Print 15-398-35
Vault lintel in the ordinary’s office, 1998 Nov.
Box PHO 1 Print 54-1198-4a
View of stairway, 1998 May
Box PHO 1 Print 34-598-16
Stairway, 1998 May
Box PHO 1 Print 34-598-20
Northeast corner of courtroom, 1998 Sept.
Box PHO 1 Print 47-998-13
Fireplace in courtroom, 1998 May
Box PHO 1 Print 33-598-20
Prisoner, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 18-498-6
Prisoners, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 17-498-8
Prisoners, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 28-498-5
Prisoners, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 23-498-20
Prisoners, 1999 Jan.
Box PHO 1 Print 3-199-30
Guards, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 18-498-19
Thanksgiving dinner on courthouse grounds, 1998 Nov.
Box PHO 1 Print 54-1198-27a
Thanksgiving dinner on courthouse grounds, 1998 Dec.
Box PHO 1 Print 57-1298-10a
Prisoner, 1998 July
Box PHO 1 Print 43-798-22
Prisoner, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 23-498-15
Prisoner, 1998 July
Box PHO 1 Print 43-798-17
Prisoner, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 21-498-30
Two prisoners, 1998 Nov.
Box PHO 1 Print 54-1198-13a
Clock tower, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 1 Print 20-498-21

Cemeteries

(4 folders)
Statue of Mrs. Cloud, 1978 Nov. (Understandings)

"This statue on the grave of a Mrs. Cloud was carved from a photo of her standing in the receiving line of her 25th anniversary party."

Box PHO 2 Print 110-1178-27a
Cows grazing, lambs watching near cemetery, 1978 Jan. (Understandings)
Box PHO 2 Print 9-1-78-6a
Madonna presiding over collapsed grave, 1978 Feb.
Box PHO 2 Print 23-278
Family cemetery deep in the woods near Climax, Ga., 1979 Feb.
Box PHO 2 Print 24-279
Ornate gate, Oak City Cemetery, 1985 May

"Family plot in Oak City Cemetery. Ornate gate, ancient spreading oak in background."

Box PHO 2 Print 18-585-8
Shedding camelia bush, 1974(1974 frontispiece for Understandings),
Box PHO 2 Print unnumbered
Wooden grave marker with old glass pitcher in abandoned cemetery, 1983 Dec.
Box PHO 2 Print 75-1283
Union Springs Primitive Baptist Church cemetery in Miller County, Miss. Spooner's grave, 1982 May
Box PHO 2 Print 44-582-7
Bench on Haddon-Belcher lot, Oak City Cemetery, 1986 Jan.
Box PHO 2 Print 1-186-6
Amelia. Photograph on a grave stone, 1983 Oct.
Box PHO 2 Print 57-1083-7
Photo on grave stone, 1980 Nov. (Understandings)

"Typical country church and cemetery."

Box PHO 2 Print 108-1180-9
Child's grave, Oak City Cemetery, 1981 June
Box PHO 2 Print 86-681-8
Grave of two children, Flea Town Cemetery, 1979 Feb.

"What are the fruit jars for? Flowers? If so, why some lids?"

Box PHO 2 Print 22-279
Sarah Will Harris statue, Oak City Cemetery, 1965

"Another in the series I made of this statue. From a 5x7 negative contact printed."

Box PHO 2 Print unnumbered
Sarah Will Harris statue, Oak City Cemetery, [ circa 1966]

From 8x10 negative (lost); only extant print.

Box PHO 2 Print unnumbered
Sarah Will Harris statue, Oak City Cemetery (wide angle), 1968

"Statue in late afternoon."

Box PHO 2 Print unnumbered
Sarah Will Harris statue, Oak City Cemetery (dark bkgd, heavily stained, favorite), 1968

"One of many photos I’ve made of this same statue through the years. See my notes for fuller explanation."

Box PHO 2 Print unnumbered
Sarah Will Harris statue, Oak City Cemetery (with snow), 1972

"Another in the pictures of this figure, this one with snow on it!"

Box PHO 2 Print unnumbered
Sarah Will Harris statue, stained, Oak City Cemetery, 1974
Box PHO 2 Print 14-179
Sarah Will Harris statue, cleaned, Oak City Cemetery, 1986 Jan.
Box PHO 2 Print 3-186
Sarah Will Harris statue, vandalized, Oak City Cemetery, 1990 June
Box PHO 2 Print 12-690-12
Sarah Will Harris statue, head in flower pot, Oak City Cemetery, 1999 Dec.
Box PHO 2 Print 16-1299-10
Sarah Will Harris statue, restored, Oak City Cemetery, 1991 Jan.
Box PHO 2 Print 1-191-8
Oak City Cemetery, main gate, 5:00 a.m., 1996 Oct.
Box PHO 2 Print 31-1096-20
Kneeling figure, cemetery beside highway, Brinson, Ga., 1978 Oct. (Understandings)
Box PHO 2 Print 85-1078
A corner in Oak City Cemetery, 1975 Nov. (Understandings)
Box PHO 2 Print 7-11-75
Grave of the Countess of Pau and the Duchess de Navarre, Oak City Cemetery, 1987 Nov.
Box PHO 2 Print 22-1187-9
Temple Beth-El Cemetery on a foggy morning, Oak City Cemetery, 1990 Jan.

"View towards the Jewish part of the cemetery."

Box PHO 2 Print 1-190-3
Statues on the graves of Judge Bower's wives, 1968

"These are memorials to two of Judge Bower's three wives. They command the highest ground in the cemetery."

Box PHO 2 Print unnumbered
All that remains of the fence and entrance to Providence Cemetery in Grady County, 1984 Dec.
Box PHO 2 Print 66-1284-1
Statue on grave obscured by overgrown azaleas, 1982 Mar.
Box PHO 2 Print 3-182
The First Christian Church in Decatur County, 1984 Jan.

"Now abandoned, the church is used to store hay."

Box PHO 2 Print 4-184-29
The Most Wonderful Mother Ever to Live, Greenwood Baptist Church Cemetery, Mitchell Co., 1983 Nov.
Box PHO 2 Print 67-1183-34a
Old Main Gate in fog, Oak City Cemetery, 1976 Jan.
Box PHO 2 Print 5-176
Collapsed grave, 1990 Feb.

"In many cemeteries vault lids are used as gravestones. This one has fallen in."

Box PHO 2 Print 3-290-1
Spooner statues in Union Springs Primitive Baptist Church cemetery, Miller Co., 1980 Nov.
Box PHO 2 Print 113-1180-1
Gone Home, 1982 Dec.

"Grave in Negro Cemetery, Bainbridge."

Box PHO 2 Print 122-1282-21a
Mt. Nebo Cemetery, 1989 Dec.
Box PHO 2 Print 61-1289-3
Griffin cemetery in Grady County, 1984 Dec.

"Dr. J. H. Griffin who built this cemetery was from Bainbridge."

Box PHO 2 Print 65-1284
Entrance to Oak City Cemetery, 1984 Dec.
Box PHO 2 Print 67-1284
Grave of Wanlisa Spear, 1991 June

"Wanlisa Spear is the girl being baptized on page 113 of Understandings. She had become a drug addict and was raped and murdered on a dark street near her home. Rev. Mitchell performed her funeral as well as her baptism."

Box PHO 2 Print 21-691
Wooden grave marker in abandoned cemetery, 1989 Nov.
Box PHO 2 Print 58-1189-6
Family cemetery deep in woods, 1979 Feb. (Understandings)
Box PHO 2 Print 22-279
Grave, Oak City Cemetery, 1997 Aug.
Box PHO 2 Print 22-897-16a
Griffin family cemetery, Attapulgus, Ga., 1994 June
Box PHO 2 Print 16-694
Cemetery, 1994 June
Box PHO 2 Print 16-694
Water tower seen through cemetery gate, 1982 Nov.
Box PHO 2 Print 112-1182-9

[See also Oversize Box 1.]

Greenshade Cemetery cleaning, 1977 Apr.
Box PHO 2 Print 23-477-17
Greenshade Cemetery cleaning, 1977 Apr.
Box PHO 2 Print 21-477-26a
Greenshade Cemetery cleaning, 1977 Apr.
Box PHO 2 Print 22-477-15
Greenshade Cemetery cleaning, 1977 Apr.
Box PHO 2 Print 21-477-5a
Greenshade Cemetery cleaning, 1977 Apr.
Box PHO 2 Print 21-477-22
Plastic flowers with hoop, 1993 Oct.
Box PHO 3 Print 9-1093-10
Broken plastic vase, 1993 Nov.
Box PHO 3 Print 12-1193-2
Three empty containers, 1993 Oct.
Box PHO 3 Print 9-1093-12
Recycled champagne cooler, 1993 Nov.
Box PHO 3 Print 14-1193
Flowers in containers on grave stone, 1993 Nov.
Box PHO 3 Print 16-1193-13
Flowers in two plastic cups, 1993 Nov.
Box PHO 3 Print 20-1193
Happy Mother's Day, 1993 Nov.
Box PHO 3 Print 17-1193
Flowers in cement urn, 1993 Nov.
Box PHO 3 Print 20-1193
Grave of Alex Vrzal, 1993 Nov.
Box PHO 3 Print 13-1193
Headless madonna, 1993 Oct.
Box PHO 3 Print 10-1093-12
Statue of a little devil, 1993 Dec.
Box PHO 3 Print 23-1293-12
Plastic flowers on Granthum grave, 1993 Dec.
Box PHO 3 Print 22-1293

County Fairs

(1 folder)
Man, woman and dog outside sideshow, Decatur County Fair, 1974 Oct. (Understandings)
Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
A second print of same photo, dated 1976. On the midway, 1976 Oct. [It is unclear which date is correct.]
Box PHO 3 Print 127-1076-10a
Ferris wheel and people, on the midway, Decatur County Fair, 1976
Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Two women and child on the midway, Decatur County Fair, 1974
Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
a second print of same photo, dated 1972 Oct. [It is unclear which date is correct.]
Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Man and woman in tent door, Decatur County Fair, 1977 Oct.
Box PHO 3 Print 115-1077-33a
Boy and girl on midway, Decatur County Fair, 1977 Oct. (Understandings)
Box PHO 3 Print 112-1077-5a
Girl with cigarette in booth, Decatur County Fair, 1977 Oct. (Understandings)
Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Decatur County Fair, 1977 Oct.
Box PHO 3 Print 113-1077-2
Decatur County Fair, 1996 Oct.
Box PHO 3 Print 32-1096-31
Decatur County Fair, 1996 Oct.
Box PHO 3 Print 33-1096-12a
Decatur County Fair, 1998 Oct.
Box PHO 3 Print 50-1098-13a
Decatur County Fair, 1998 Oct.
Box PHO 3 Print 51-1098-13a

[See also Oversize Box 1.]

Street in Battle's Quarters, children playing, 1970

"This is the one dirt street comprising the quarters. Children play in it. Originally built to house workers at Battle's Lumber Co., it outlived its original purpose by forty years. It was a terrible slum. It has been torn down."

Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Man without shirt and woman on porch, Battle's Quarters, 1971

"The houses were impossible to heat in winter, cool in summer, or otherwise made comfortable. Consequently, most life was lived on the porches and in the yards. The man at right is the Quarter’s stud, and this is one of his girl friends."

Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Back porch, Battle's Quarters, two women and two children, 1971

"Behind the house doing the washing."

Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Girl with Afro sitting on bumper of old car, 1970

"A child of the quarters sitting on an abandoned car parked between two of the houses."

Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Battle's Quarters, woman slicing onions outside her house, 1970
Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Battle's Quarters, woman and washtub with children in background, 1970

"Woman doing the washing on a cold winter day."

Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
View of street in Battle's Quarters with four girls in the foreground, 1971
Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Woman on porch looking in mirror, 1971
Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Family assembled on front porch, 1971

"All these people lived in this one house. There was no indoor plumbing."

Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Woman leaning on her porch railing, 1971
Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Man and woman on front porch talking, child in screen door, 1971 (Understandings)

"In summer life was mostly lived outdoors."

Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Three women in yard, 1971 (Understandings)

"Saturday afternoon."

Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
White dress in rain, 1961 (Understandings)
Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered

Bainbridge, Ga.

(3 folders)

[See also Oversize Box 1.]

Woman in back seat of car on Water Street, 1965 (Understandings)

"Scene on Water Street."

Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Water Street, 1996 Jan.
Box PHO 3 Print 43-196-231
Water at Broad Street, 1996 Sept.
Box PHO 3 Print 28-996-24
Residence, 1996 Nov.
Box PHO 3 Print 43-1196-11
Residence, 1996 Nov.
Box PHO 3 Print 45-1196-11a
Residence, 1996 Nov.
Box PHO 3 Print 40-1196-10a
Residence, 1996 Nov.
Box PHO 3 Print 41-1196-30
Cox Funeral Home, 1996 Oct.
Box PHO 3 Print 34-1096-26
Residence, 1996 Dec.
Box PHO 3 Print 49-1296-20
Dawn on Broad Street, 1996 Sept.
Box PHO 3 Print 25-996-5a
Centennial Field, 1996 Sept.
Box PHO 3 Print 30-996-27
Flint River Mills, Inc., 1996 Jan.
Box PHO 3 Print 4-196-2
One block of Water Street, 1979 Feb. (Understandings)

"View down Water Street on a Sunday morning."

Box PHO 3 Print 28-279
Three city workers, 1976 Sept. (Understandings)

"City workers repairing street."

Box PHO 3 Print 118-976
Modern architecture, 1980 Sept. (Understandings)
Box PHO 3 Print 84-980-1
Dead cat in front of house, 1978 May

"The image speaks for itself."

Box PHO 3 Print 37-578-9
The old Memorial Bridge in early morning fog, 1973

"Just before it was replaced."

Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Truck salvage yard, 1989 Mar.
Box PHO 3 Print 24-389
Truck salvage yard, 1989 Mar.
Box PHO 3 Print 20-389-10
Restored water fountain on corner of Willis Park, 1987 June
Box PHO 3 Print 3-687-8
Night view of North Broad Street, 1972
Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Court house, 1979 Dec. (Understandings)

"View of the top of the court house tower, seen from behind the Bon Air Hotel."

Box PHO 3 Print 174-1279-19
Graduation at Bainbridge Junior College (now called Bainbridge College), 1978 June (Understandings)
Box PHO 3 Print 45-678-20
Shanty and chicken coop, West Bainbridge, 1977 (Understandings)

"Once a typical house in a ghetto section of West Bainbridge, but now torn down. I don't know why I included it in Understandings."

Box PHO 3 Print unnumbered
Florida Seafood Company, 1978 Oct. (Understandings)

"Reflected in the window is the Court House. This photo could also be used in the Court House series."

Box PHO 4 Print 88-1078-7
Industry: City water tank with Lynch's water tank, seen from the Pear Orchard, 1991 Oct.
Box PHO 4 Print 70-1091-11
Blind couple walking down West Street, 1965 (Understandings)

"His name was Steve Dickinson, I think."

Box PHO 4 Print unnumbered
Walter Floyd's front porch (on Broad Street), 1979 Jan. (Understandings)
Box PHO 4 Print 12-179
City Hall, 1980 Feb.

"Formerly First State National Bank, it was purchased by the city for City Hall in the early 1970s."

Box PHO 4 Print 9-280-7
Man and wife eating ice cream. Bainbridge Mall, 1976 Apr. (Understandings)
Box PHO 4 Print 476-2
Shotwell Street at Christmas, 1997 Nov.
Box PHO 4 Print 41-1197-25
Preparing for graduation, Centennial Field, 1999 Sept.
Box PHO 4 Print 10-999-10a
Martin Luther King Day parade, 2000 Dec.
Box PHO 4 Print 1-120-12a
Martin Luther King Day parade (duplicate), 2000 Dec.
Box PHO 4 Print 1-120-12a
Expressway, 2000 Dec.
Box PHO 4 Print 1-120-23a
Expressway (duplicate), 2000 Dec.
Box PHO 4 Print 1-120-23a
Independence Street, 1991 Oct. [missing 10/01]
Box PHO 4 Print 70-1091-11
The Bon Air at Christmas, 2001 Dec.
Box PHO 4 Print 26-12-01-23A
Corner of West and Market Street, Bainbridge, 1998 Oct.
Box PHO 4 Print 49-1098-8

Agriculture

(1 folder)
Grain storage, 1996 Feb.
Box PHO 4 Print 9-296-8

Flint River, Ga.

(2 folders)

[See also Oversize Box 1.]

People swimming at Boat Basin Beach, 1992 July
Box PHO 4 Print 10-792-14
People swimming at Boat Basin Beach, 1992 July
Box PHO 4 Print 10-792-16
Couple at Boat Basin Beach, 1992 June
Box PHO 4 Print 4-692-20a
Mother and child at Boat Basin Beach, 1992 June
Box PHO 4 Print 3-692-28
Girl standing in water at Boat Basin Beach, 1992 July
Box PHO 4 Print 6-792-30
Three boys on lifeguard stand and swimmers, boat basin, 1979 June (Understandings)
Box PHO 4 Print 77-679-19a
Man and wife fishing on riverbank, 1979 June (Understandings)
Box PHO 4 Print 82-679-27a
Woman fishing under highway bridge, 1979 Sept. (Understandings)
Box PHO 4 Print 117-979-15
Swimming at Boat Basin Beach, 1992 July
Box PHO 4 Print 7-792-23
Nature's own cyclorama, the Flood of '94, Flint River, 1994 July
Box PHO 4 Print 18-794-11
Woman in housecoat fishing at Flint River, 1979 June (Understandings)
Box PHO 4 Print 87-679-29a
Couple fishing on tubs, Flint River, 1980 Apr. (Understandings)

"Two people fishing: big can/little can."

Box PHO 4 Print 37-480-24a
Couple with baby at Boat Basin Beach, 1989 July

"Swimming at a 'beach' the city created at one end of the boat basin, Flint River."

Box PHO 4 Print 30-789-21
View of the Flint River from bank, 1990 Feb.
Box PHO 4 Print 5-290-5
Dismantling Memorial Bridge, man climbing ladder, 1977 (Understandings)

"Dismantling of old Memorial Bridge after new bridge was completed. I have a whole set of pictures documenting its taking down."

Box PHO 4 Print unnumbered
Woman preparing to fish in the river, 1979 June (Understandings)
Box PHO 4 Print 78-679-27a
Flint River, 1990 Jan.

"Scene in early morning fog on the river bank."

Box PHO 4 Print 1-190-16
Family out for a swim at Boat Basin Beach, 1989 July

"If this is the typical American family, God help us!"

Box PHO 4 Print 33-789-11
Having fun. Man and girlfriend, Boat Basin Beach, 1989 Aug.
Box PHO 4 Print 35-889-26
View looking south towards state docks, 1979 May
Box PHO 4 Print 62-579
Fishing, 1980 Mar.
Box PHO 4 Print LB 777-54
Two swimming couples, 1981 June
Box PHO 4 Print 78-681-10

Industry

(4 folders)
Chemical Plant, 1991 Aug.

"Tower and warehouse. Vigaro plant. Bainbridge."

Box PHO 4 Print 40-891-22
Worker at her machine. Elberta Crate and Box Co. Bainbridge, 1981 Nov.
Box PHO 4 Print 134-1181-7
Flint River Mills. Bainbridge, 1991 June
Box PHO 4 Print 17-691-2
Machine operator watching computer controlled lathe mill steel block, 1991 July

"Time required: 12 minutes. Time formerly required: 6 hours. Lynch Machine Co. Bainbridge."

Box PHO 4 Print 35-791-11
Columbia Peanut Co., 1991 July
Box PHO 4 Print 23-791
Decatur Cotton Gin, 1991 Oct.

"Mysterious landscape? No. Discharge of cotton dust that has flocked the landscape. The planet-like object is a mote of cotton dust that got on my lens."

Box PHO 4 Print 70-1091-28
The log yard of Elberta Crate and Box Co. seen early morning in fog, 1991 Oct.
Box PHO 4 Print 67-1091-23a
Pulpwood worker in the woods felling trees. Decatur County, Ga., 1990 May
Box PHO 4 Print 10-590-14
Repair man in the dark recesses of Flint River Mills. Bainbridge, 1991 July
Box PHO 4 Print 27-791-15
Worker operating bagging machine. Flint River Mills. Bainbridge, 1991 July

"He is wearing goggles and mask because of the grain dust in the air."

Box PHO 4 Print 24-791-4
Clean-up man sweeping, Elberta Crate and Box Co. Bainbridge, 1991 Oct.
Box PHO 4 Print unnumbered
Logger in his truck in woods. Decatur County, Ga. (Pulpwood), 1990 May
Box PHO 4 Print 9-590-6
Worker atop rail car loading corn from storage tanks, 1991 Sept.

"Dust and trash are being sucked off at lower right. Dollar Farm Products Co. Bainbridge."

Box PHO 4 Print 62-991-28a
The Break Room at Elberta Crate and Box Co., 1991 Sept.
Box PHO 4 Print 58-991-10
Worker signalling for more logs. Elberta Crate and Box. Co. Bainbridge, 1991 Sept.
Box PHO 4 Print 61-991-8
An agri-business structure. Peanut warehouse. Columbia Peanut Co., 1991 June
Box PHO 4 Print 15-691-1
An agri-business structure. Dollar Farm Products Co., 1989 Aug.
Box PHO 4 Print 42-889-7
An agri-business structure. Columbia Peanut Co., 1991 June
Box PHO 4 Print 16-691-12
Water towers. Lynch Machine/Miller Hydro Co., 1991 July
Box PHO 4 Print 34-791-14
Seldom used machine relegated to a dark corner of Lynch Machine Co., but handsome in its purposefulness, 1991 July
Box PHO 4 Print 31-791-25
Flint River Mills, Bainbridge, 1991 June

"Is this a building or an outdoor machine? A sculpture?"

Box PHO 4 Print 19-691
Pulpwood truck, 1984 Sept.
Box PHO 4 Print 53-984-10
Machine operator watching computer controlled lathe, 1991 July

"This is new: seeing workers sitting staring at machines. Lynch Machine Co."

Box PHO 5 Print 30-791-19
Worker preparing to weld. Southeastern Minerals Co. Bainbridge, 1991 Aug.
Box PHO 5 Print 50-891-28
Worker in pit preparing to weld. Southeastern Minerals Co. Bainbridge, 1991 Aug.
Box PHO 5 Print 41-891-15
Workers assembling shute [sic] for tower. Southeastern Minerals Co. Bainbridge, 1991 Aug.
Box PHO 5 Print 46-891-17a
Man emerging from pit. Southeastern Minerals Co. Bainbridge, 1991 Aug.
Box PHO 5 Print 42-891-23
Man lowering platter onto turntable of glass molding machine, 1991 Oct.

"Behind him can be seen the largest machine yet built. Lynch Machine Co."

Box PHO 5 Print 66-1091-31
Worker at State Dock, 1992 July
Box PHO 5 Print 10-792-26
Worker on production line at Southeastern Minerals Co. Bainbridge, 1991 Sept.
Box PHO 5 Print 64-991-26
Pulpwood worker standing beside his loaded truck in the woods. Decatur County, 1990 May
Box PHO 5 Print 10-590-3
Woman ironing new made pants. Williamson Dickie, Bainbridge, 1991 Sept.
Box PHO 5 Print 53-991-24
Worker making pants at Williamson Dickie Co. Bainbridge, 1991 Sept.
Box PHO 5 Print 51-991-13
Worker ironing new made work pants at Williamson-Dickie. Bainbridge, 1991 Sept.
Box PHO 5 Print 53-991-17
Seven day old baby at Williamson-Dickie Manufacturing Co., 1991 Sept.
Box PHO 5 Print 57-991-19
Worker on break. Williamson-Dickie Mfg. Co. Bainbridge, 1991 Sept.
Box PHO 5 Print 55-991-23
Three women, Williamson-Dickie Manufacturing Co., 1991 Sept.
Box PHO 5 Print 55-991-15
Break, Williamson-Dickie Manufacturing Co., 1991 Sept.
Box PHO 5 Print 52-991-31
Worker, Williamson-Dickie plant. Bainbridge, 1991 Sept.
Box PHO 5 Print 52-991-17
Agri-business building. Dollar Farm Products Co., 1991 June
Box PHO 5 Print 13-691-7
Agri-business. Columbia Peanut Co. seen from Dollar Farm Products Co., 1990

"This is what a peanut operation looks like from across the road."

Box PHO 5 Print No#
Cotton gin worker wearing safety glass and ear plugs for noise protection. Decatur Gin Co., 1991 Sept.
Box PHO 5 Print 63-991-5
Worker on bagging line at Flint River Mills. Bainbridge, 1991 July
Box PHO 5 Print 35-791-24
Men preparing to hoist tower head into position sixty feet up. Southeastern Minerals Co. Bainbridge, 1991 Aug.
Box PHO 5 Print 48-891-23
Worker holding hoist strap. Southeastern Minerals. Bainbridge, 1981 Aug.
Box PHO 5 Print 46-891-24a

Houses

(1 folder)

[See also Oversize Box 1.]

The Patterson-Powell-McDuffie residence on Broughton St., 1985 Oct.
Box PHO 5 Print 41-1085
Typical old farm house abandoned, 1982 June

"Some are left to collapse; this one burned about a year after this picture was made."

Box PHO 5 Print 59-682-8
Typical abandoned farm house out in the county, 1984 Nov.

"As the small farmer leaves the farm, his houses are left behind."

Box PHO 5 Print 64-1184-12
A once decent farm house, now abandoned, 1989 Oct.

"Dating from the last century."

Box PHO 5 Print 48-1089-18
Another view of the house shown ( 1989 Oct.), 1988 Dec.
Box PHO 5 Print 7-1288
Living room of the Clark Gurley house, 1975 Mar. 22

"The house is now torn down."

Box PHO 5 Print unnumbered
The home of Elinor Curry, the last of an old Decatur County family, 1988 Dec.
Box PHO 5 Print 5-1288-4
This was the oldest house in Decatur County, 1976 Sept.

"It was on the corner of Broughton and Clay Streets. My grandfather stayed there for a short time when he came to Bainbridge in 1869. It was torn down shortly after this picture was made."

Box PHO 5 Print 114-876
Shelf in the home of Mr. And Mrs. J. M. Thompson. Decatur County, 1965
Box PHO 5 Print unnumbered
Showing typical Christmas decorations on a Negro house, 1980 Dec. (Understandings)
Box PHO 5 Print 121-1280-7
Interior of shanty, 1961
Box PHO 5 Print unnumbered
Typical old farm house, 1984 Oct.
Box PHO 5 Print 59-1084-3
Dismantling a house, home to four generations, 1987 July
Box PHO 5 Print 7-787

Landscapes

(1 folder)
Hogs and drain pond, 1989 Feb.

"This is a familiar sight in Decatur County where livestock is a major crop."

Box PHO 5 Print 17-289-13
Typical swamp in southeast part of county, 1990 Feb.
Box PHO 5 Print 3-290-11
Swamp around Attapulgus Creek, 1982 Jan.
Box PHO 5 Print 7-182-2
Cypress trees in Lake Douglas, 1991 Mar.
Box PHO 5 Print 4-391
The banks of Spring Creek north of Brinson, 1985 Mar.
Box PHO 5 Print 10-385
Scenes of Decatur County, 1989 July
Box PHO 5 Print 31-789-6
Scenes: the old Atlantic Coast Line trestle across the Flint River, looking east, 1991 Oct.

"Early morning."

Box PHO 5 Print 67-1091-30
Woods reclaiming their territory. Decatur County, 1989 Nov.
Box PHO 5 Print 58-1189-14

Laura Pope

(1 folder)
Laura Pope, 1984 Mar.

"These statues were constructed during and shortly after World War I by a genuine eccentric in Grady County named Laura Pope. At one time there were over a hundred such life-size statues standing in the yard. All were of soldiers or nurses or spirits. She made life-masks for the faces and concrete for the bodies, which were stylized and awkwardly rendered."

Box PHO 5 Print 16-384
Laura Pope, 1984 Mar.
Box PHO 5 Print 18-384
Laura Pope, 1984 Mar.

"When she died the farm was sold to Buster Nixon who tried to conserve the statues, but rain and freezing temperatures cracked much of the concrete."

Box PHO 5 Print 16-384
Laura Pope, 1984 Mar.
Box PHO 5 Print 16-384

Pear Orchard

(1 folder)
Woman with cat in doorway, Pear Orchard, 1961

"This was one of the first pictures I made that satisfied me."

Box PHO 6 Print No#
Three boys with basketball, 1971

"Children were playing basketball and asked to have their picture made."

Box PHO 6 Print unnumbered

Portraits

(1 folder)

[See also Oversize Box 1.]

Self-portrait taken at the request of a magazine, 1985 Dec.
Box PHO 6 Print 51-1285-11
Grace Kohnke in her dining room, 1985 Sept.
Box PHO 6 Print 37-38-8-985
Portrait of Classie Heard in her bedroom, 1962

"This was one of the first portraits I attempted. It was made inside a very old house out in the county (near Cyrene). This woman is the granddaughter and great-granddaughter of the men shown in the photograph above her head."

Box PHO 6 Print unnumbered
Marie Dixon in her dining room where she worked until her death on her memoirs, 1983 Feb.

"See my notes about Marie and this and another photo."

Box PHO 6 Print 8-283-17a
Rheda Mae Jackson in her living room, 1983 Jan.

"See my notes for details about Rheda and the making of this picture."

Box PHO 6 Print 3-183-11a

Religion

(8 folders)

[See also Oversize Box 2.]

1985 Feb.

"This is typical of the change from old to new church buildings by small congregations out in the sparsely populated county. Unfortunately in most cases the new structures don't measure up to the old. Instead of wood they use concrete block. Instead of blending into the landscape, they are a caustic white and stand out."

Box PHO 6 Print 6-285-8
Iron City Church and country road, 1985 Mar.
Box PHO 6 Print 8-385-12
Mt. Zion A.B. Church, 1979 Mar.

"Note the dog asleep at left next to the church."

Box PHO 6 Print 34-379-1
Mt. Zion A.M.E. Church, circa 1970
Box PHO 6 Print unnumbered
Advent Christian Church, 1985 May

"This church raises barrenness and impersonality to an art, even to symmetry. The screen doors divide the façade in half: one air conditioner per side; one untrimmed boxwood per side. The name squarely in the center."

Box PHO 6 Print 17-585-8
St. Paul's Missionary Baptist Church with Christmas wreaths on doors, 1980 Dec.
Box PHO 6 Print 123-1280-4
The First Baptist Church of Bainbridge, 1982 May

"It sits like a fortress flanked by a parking lot filled with the latest model cars. This picture tells more than many Baptists would want to hear."

Box PHO 6 Print 51-582-1
Doorway, Mt. Zion A.M.E. Church, 1989 Jan.

"Older churches frequently had two doors, one for each aisle. This church, which meets only one Sunday a month, is set back behind tall pines, obscured from the road. The idea of the sign is a conceit. Who will see it?"

Box PHO 6 Print 9-189
Antioch Primitive Baptist Church, circa 1978

"The church steeple will soon be extinct on small churches such as this. In fact since this picture was made this minor gesture to steeples has been removed and nothing put in its place."

Box PHO 6 Print unnumbered
An anonymous church, like so many other new churches, 1985 Apr.

"Note the steeple, the merest nod to convention, a wooden box set over an open space (with nothing to support it). Still, the sunlight is beautiful on it."

Box PHO 6 Print 12-485
Jeanette Rogers seated on the pulpit of her church, 1993 Mar.
Box PHO 6 Print 2-393-25
Pastor Jeanette Rogers and daughter Ginger Jean at their front door, Mitchell County, 1993 Oct.
Box PHO 6 Print 4-1093-10
Before baptism, Mt. Zion Church, Cyrene, Ga., 1981 July
Box PHO 6 Print 93-781-10
Footwashing, Holiness Temple #11, Camilla, Ga., 1983
Box PHO 6 Print 69-1183?
Minister just prior to baptizing, First A.B. Church of Camilla, Ga., 1983 Aug.
Box PHO 6 Print 45-883-20a
Minister hugging woman who has just come out of an ecstatic experience, 1983 Nov.
Box PHO 6 Print 69-1183-15
Jehovah's Witnesses, Pelham, Ga., 1984 Mar.

"They had just finished building their new church with their own hands and this was the dedication. These are the most truly integrated congregations I've ever seen. Black and white work and worship side by side."

Box PHO 6 Print 14-384-25
1983 Aug.

"Music was furnished by piano, guitar, and drums. The woman in the hat has gotten so carried away she's dancing. Note the similarity of gesture to some very ancient Jewish dances."

Box PHO 6 Print 44-883-8a
1984 Mar.

"The woman, right, is the minister. The man praying and holding her hand is a deacon who has just finished serving 15 years for murder. This was an extremely long and emotional service."

Box PHO 6 Print 3-84-16
Healing Temple. Sunday School, 1983 Aug.
Box PHO 6 Print 44-883-21a
1984 Jan.

"A three hour service at this church on Sunday morning is not unusual. Music plays a major role. Before it's over, people are dancing in the aisles and experiencing ecstasy."

Box PHO 6 Print 3-184-33
1984 Jan.

"This is part of the same service as shown in the previous picture."

Box PHO 6 Print 2-184-18
1983 Aug.

"The proximity of sex to religion was blatant in this service. The minister is saying that 'it's coming,' meaning the spirit. He says he can't hold it back. Shortly he begins to jerk and shake, replicating orgasm."

Box PHO 6 Print 44-883-220
Indoor baptism, First A.B. Church, Camilla, Ga., 1983 Aug.
Box PHO 6 Print 45-883-30a
Baptism on the last night of revival at Mt. Zuma, 1991 Apr.
Box PHO 6 Print 8-491-24
Baptismal pool, Mt. Zuma, 1991 Apr.
Box PHO 6 Print 8-491-5
Baptism at Mt. Zuma, 1991 Apr.
Box PHO 6 Print 8-491-19
First baptism in Mt. Zuma's new pool behind the church, 1982 Apr.

"Formerly, they baptized in the Flint River. Rev. Mitchell seen at left."

Box PHO 6 Print 38-482-27a
Interior, First African Baptist Church, Bainbridge, 1980 Nov. (Understandings)
Box PHO 6 Print 111-1180-3
Sunday school on steps of Pilgrim Rest A.M.E. Church. Decatur County, 1980 Oct. (Understandings)
Box PHO 6 Print 102-1080-8
Mt. Zuma baptizing in the Flint River, 1977 Apr.

"Rev. Mitchell, left. Lisa Spear, lower right. Ben Edwards, extreme right. See photo of Lisa Spear's grave."

Box PHO 6 Print 19-477-13
Mt. Zuma baptizing in the Flint River, 1977 Apr. (Understandings)
Box PHO 6 Print 20-477-14a
Mt. Horum Church, 1980 Oct. (Understandings)

"See other photographs of exterior and interior before and after abandonment."

Box PHO 6 Print 97-1080-3
Interior of Antioch Baptist Church on Lake Douglas Road, 1975
Box PHO 6 Print unnumbered
Privy behind Moses Chapel, near Recovery, Decatur County, 1989 Nov.
Box PHO 6 Print 55-1189-7
Rev. Jeffrey baptizing at Mt. Zion. Decatur County, 1981 July
Box PHO 6 Print 94-781-28
Second print of privy behind Moses Chapel, above, 1989 Nov.
Box PHO 6 Print 55-1189-6
Window in First Presbyterian Church, Bainbridge, seen from outside, 1979 Jan.
Box PHO 6 Print 13-179
Consecration service prior to Sunday morning service. St. Mary's, near Baconton, Mitchell Co., Ga., 1984 Feb.
Box PHO 6 Print 11-284-33
Pilgrim Rest A.M.E.Church. Old structure and new building, 1985 Apr.

"The old structure has been torn down."

Box PHO 6 Print 16-485-10
Rev. Jeffry in the living room of his home, West Bainbridge, Ga., 1982 Sept.
Box PHO 6 Print 89-982-5
First baptism in Mt. Zuma pool, 1982 Apr.
Box PHO 6 Print 38-482-24a
Rev. Lois Hurst with congregants, Mitchell Co., 1984 July
Box PHO 6 Print 42-784
Rev. Mitchell baptizing at last night of revival, Mt. Zuma, 1991 Apr.
Box PHO 6 Print 8-491-23
Mt. Pleasant Baptist Church, 1977 May

"This is a set of pictures made at a revival. Supper was served first, then singing and guitar playing. Then preaching. Note the faces."

Box PHO 6 Print 1: 29-577-16
Gospel singers at Mt. Pleasant Baptist Church, 1977 May
Box PHO 6 Print 2: 29-577-20a
Window in First Baptist Church, Bainbridge (5 x 7), circa 1968
Box PHO 6 Print unnumbered
New Hope Missionary Baptist Church, West Bainbridge, Ga., 1982 Apr.
Box PHO 6 Print 43-482-17a
Entrance to Mt. Zion Missionary Baptist Church, Cyrene, Ga., 1980 Feb., (Understandings)
Box PHO 6 Print 11-280-2
Privy and pew in church yard. St. Luke, Faceville, Ga., 1980 Oct. (Understandings)
Box PHO 6 Print 97-1080-7
Moses Chapel, near Recovery, Ga., 1980 Feb. (Understandings)
Box PHO 7 Print 16-280-4
Baptism pool in front yard of the Attapulgus African Baptist Church, 1980 Oct. (Understandings)
Box PHO 7 Print 105-1080-6
Union Springs Primitive Baptist Church. Miller County, Ga., 1980 Nov. (Understandings)
Box PHO 7 Print 117-1180-7
Rev. Lois Hurst, Assembly of God, Meigs, Ga., 1984 June
Box PHO 7 Print 40-684-9
Moses Chapel, near Recovery, Ga., 1982 Mar.

"This is a beautiful old church in a stereotypical southern setting. However, it was moved to its present location about thirty years ago from an area that was being inundated by Jim Woodruf Dam. It is no longer in use."

Box PHO 7 Print 26-382-3
Nearing the end of the foot washing service, 1983 Nov.

"This is an emotional ceremony and the woman dancing is having an ecstatic experience."

Box PHO 7 Print 69-1183-16a
Moses Chapel seen from the rear, near Recovery, Ga., 1989 Nov.
Box PHO 7 Print 54-1189-17
Mt. Horum, northeast of Climax, Ga., 1983 Dec.

"This is the first image in a group of six that tells the story of Mt. Horum. Once a relatively active congregation, it declined until finally one Sunday the worshipers left and never came back. The altar, pews, even the prayer books remain, but the grounds are grown up in weeds and saplings."

Box PHO 7 Print 1: 75-1283
Mt. Horum interior, 1978 Dec.
Box PHO 7 Print 2: 124-1278-12a
Mt. Horum interior, 1978 Dec.
Box PHO 7 Print 3: 124-1278-7a
Mt. Horum, 1989 May

"In this shot the vine indicates the disuse the church has fallen into. Also note the chain on the door is the same throughout all the picture."

Box PHO 7 Print 4: 27-589-20
Mt. Horum, 1991 May

"This is a recent interior shot showing how the church was left. I did not touch or arrange anything. However, I was extremely cautious getting in through a window. The largest diamondback rattlesnake I ever saw was killed less than a mile from this location."

Box PHO 7 Print 5: 10-591-15
Mt. Horum, 1991 Mar.

"The final shot in the series. Compare this to the first picture. The building is askew, but little else is different."

Box PHO 7 Print 6: 5-391-22
Covered dish supper after revival, 1977 May
Box PHO 7 Print 30-577-8a
Tent revival, 1981 Sept.
Box PHO 7 Print 117-981-13
The wedding of Brenda Mitchell, 1983 Sept.

"Rev. Mitchell is an attendant; his brother, a minister from Thomasville, officiated."

Box PHO 7 Print 46-983-28
Interior of Sunday School, Pilgrim Rest A.M.E. Church just off West River Road, 1980 Oct.
Box PHO 7 Print 102-1080-10
Wedding ceremony, mother of the groom, 1983 Sept.
Box PHO 7 Print 47-983-17
Sunday School of God's Tabernacle just off Lake Douglas Road, 1986 Nov.
Box PHO 7 Print 22-1186-9
Sunday school class and minister on steps, Mt. Zion A.M.E. Church, 1981 Aug.

"See my notes for a fuller description of this photo."

Box PHO 7 Print 106-881-3
God's Tabernacle, 1986 Nov.

"Back row: the minister and assistant minister. The man in front is serving his apprenticeship. They are strong, dedicated individuals."

Box PHO 7 Print 23-1186-5
Brenda Mitchell, her husband, and Reginald, their son, in their mobile home, 1985 Nov.

"I photographed their wedding (she is Rev. Mitchell's daughter) a couple of years before. The husband works as a mechanic for Kmart but wants to be a preacher like his father-in-law."

Box PHO 7 Print 50-1185-12
Bishop, Church of God in Christ, 1997 Nov.
Box PHO 7 Print 44-1197-27
Minister and Sunday School class cleaning out baptismal pool (PZ will look up name of church later - remind him), 1997 July
Box PHO 7 Print 17-797-9a
Boy and girl behind New Abundant Life sign (remind PZ - look up name of church), 1997 Aug.
Box PHO 7 Print 19-897-24
New minister at Nelson Chapel AME Church, 1997 Aug.
Box PHO 7 Print 23-897-14
Minister in white with crosses (remind PZ - look up name of church), 1997 Aug.
Box PHO 7 Print 19-897-12
Minister, Church of God in Christ, 1997 Nov.
Box PHO 7 Print 44-1197-6a
Store front church, 1986 Oct.
Box PHO 7 Print 19-1086-3
Interior, Sunday morning, Fellowship of Faith church, 1997 Aug.
Box PHO 7 Print 20-897-17a
Interior of Church of God in Christ, women singing, 1997 Nov.
Box PHO 7 Print 45-1197-23
Night exterior of Fellowship of Faith church, 1997 Feb.
Box PHO 7 Print 5-297-17a
Night shot of St. Luke Free Will Baptist Church, 1997 Feb.
Box PHO 7 Print 6-297-10
Cornerstone Baptist Church (formerly a filling station), 1997 June
Box PHO 7 Print 14-697-33
Easter Sunday, First Methodist Church, 1995 Apr.
Box PHO 7 Print 1-495-32
Minister, Fellowship of Faith Curch, 1994 May
Box PHO 7 Print 14-594-5
Easter Sunday, First Methodist Church, 1995 Apr.
Box PHO 7 Print 2-495-10
Street preacher, Beecher Thomas, with New Testament in his pocket, 1994 Mar.
Box PHO 7 Print 7-394-15
Sunday School teacher outside First A.B. Church, Bainbridge, 1994 May
Box PHO 7 Print 12-594-17
Sunday School student on steps, First A.B. Church, Bainbridge, 1994 May
Box PHO 7 Print 12-594-28
Couple standing in front of First A.B. Church, Bainbridge, 1994 May
Box PHO 7 Print 12-594-22
Man and woman ascending steps of First A.B. Church, Bainbridge, 1994 May
Box PHO 7 Print 12-594-25
Woman on steps of First Methodist Church, Bainbridge, 1994 Apr.
Box PHO 7 Print 8-494-25
Church front, Brinson, Ga., 1996 Feb.
Box PHO 7 Print 6-296-18
House of worship, West Bainbridge, 2000 Feb.
Box PHO 7 Print 4-200-20
Church for sale, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 7 Print 22-498-20
Communion service, Nelson Chapel, A.M.E. Church, 1998 Mar.
Box PHO 7 Print 14-398-18
129th anniversary ceremony, Nelson Chapel, A.M.E. Church, 1998 Mar.
Box PHO 7 Print 12-398-4a
129th anniversary ceremony, Nelson Chapel, A.M.E. Church, 1998 Mar.
Box PHO 7 Print 12-398-23

Shoppers

(2 folders)

[See also Oversize Box 2.]

Blind man being assisted in his grocery buying by friend, 1980 Apr. (Understandings)
Box PHO 8 Print 38-480-2
Preparing to enter the Bargain Center, 1978 July (Understandings)
Box PHO 8 Print 49-778-25
At checkout, 1980 Mar. (Understandings)
Box PHO 8 Print 26-380-9a
At Elmore's department store, 1981 Aug.
Box PHO 8 Print 99-881-16a
Waiting at checkout, 1980 Mar.
Box PHO 8 Print 24-380-3
Claustrophobic grocery store, 1982 Mar.
Box PHO 8 Print 18-382-13a
Second print of At checkout, above, 1980 Mar.
Box PHO 8 Print 26-380-9a
Visiting, 1978 Sept.
Box PHO 8 Print 75-978-15
Typical shopper, 1980 Mar. (Understandings)

"Typical shopper with forlorn, absent-minded look on her face, which you see everywhere when shoppers are preoccupied."

Box PHO 8 Print 28-380-19
Woman putting bacon in grocery cart, 1980
Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Gossip, Wynn-Dixie Grocery, 1981 Aug.
Box PHO 8 Print 101-881-21a
Women waiting in line at grocery store for checkout, 1980 Feb. (Understandings)
Box PHO 8 Print 19-280-3
Shoppers, 1981 Jan.

"People don't realize how they look when they're preoccupied with shopping. I set about to photograph their expressions which are those of a stalker."

Box PHO 8 Print 16-181-2
What an expression! 1981 Dec.
Box PHO 8 Print 145-1281-3a
Woman crossing Broad Street, 1979 June

"Note the fan she carries with her."

Box PHO 8 Print 94-679-15
Grocery buying, 1980 Mar.
Box PHO 8 Print 28-380-18

Shade Tobacco

(2 folders)
Putting up the shades, 1962

"This was one of the earliest pictures I made that pleased me. Even so the exposure leaves something to be desired."

Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Woman sitting in front of tobacco shack, 1963

"Typical tobacco shack in which workers lived. Woman is trying to get warm in the sunshine."

Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Front porch of two-family tobacco tenant house, 1964 (Understandings)

"A duplex shack in which two families live. Shade tobacco is used as the wrapper for cigars. The leaf has to be absolutely perfect."

Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Three workers resting on benches under shade, 1965

"Workers resting in field. They are in the process of stringing the plants up."

Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Woman hoeing tobacco plants, 1965

"Woman hoeing tender new plants. Note the layers of clothes she is wearing."

Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Workers resting under shades, 1965
Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Man with cigarette picking leaves, 1966

"Worker picking leaves. Lowest leaves are picked first. Leaves are stacked on a wagon and hauled to barn to cure."

Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Two women (head shot) in front of tobacco barn, 1966 (Understandings)

"Two women resting outside barn."

Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Men shooting craps in the field while they wait for the wagon to return, W.B. Miller and Son farm (1), 1966
Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Men shooting craps in the field while they wait for the wagon to return, W.B. Miller and Son farm (2), 1966
Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Shade tobacco workers shooting craps.
Box PHO 8 Print [3]
Stringer inside barn, 1968 (Understandings)
Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Three children on floor of tobacco barn, 1968

"These are children of the women working just out of camera range, stringing tobacco inside the cool, cathedral-like barns. They play all day on the dirt floor. Their mothers are stringing leaves which will be hung in the barn ceiling to cure."

Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Woman sewing shades, 1968 (Understandings)
Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Willie James Igler, tobacco worker, 1968

"He was a worker and foreman. This picture was taken at his home. He had eleven children and several grandchildren."

Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
Two boys hiding in tobacco leaves, 1971

"These children do not pick leaves despite their having boards in their hands. They are playing under the ripe, aromatic plants. Their jobs were to do odds and ends."

Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered
In the wake of shade tobacco, 1982 Oct.
Box PHO 8 Print 94-1082-5
In the wake of shade tobacco, 1982 Sept.
Box PHO 8 Print 86-982-22
Tobacco hand's house, 1982 Aug.

"Tobacco hand's house long after tobacco had ceased to be grown in Decatur County. Such places by 1980 were the worst of slums."

Box PHO 8 Print 20-882-23a
Man standing on front porch, 1982 Sept.
Box PHO 8 Print 87-982-11

Social Events

(1 folder)
Wedding reception at the bride's home, 1976 Sept.
Box PHO 8 Print 117-976-9
Woman with plate at reception, 1976 Sept. (117-976?)

"A wedding reception for Chris Dollar."

Box PHO 8 Print unnumbered

Stores

(1 folder)

[See also Oversize Box 2.]

Mrs. Tomlinson in the house of tomatoes, 1967
Box PHO 9 Print unnumbered
Ms. Bennet in her jewelry store on West Street, 1978 Oct. (Understandings)
Box PHO 9 Print 89-1078-9
Window display in McCrory's 5 cent and 10 cent store, 1978 Nov. (Understandings)
Box PHO 9 Print 102-1178
Outside entrance to Wynn's Department Store, 1968 Dec.
Box PHO 9 Print unnumbered
Ms. Sasser in her grocery store, 1979 Oct.(Understandings)
Box PHO 9 Print 135-1079-22
Interior of Jake's Pawn Shop on Water Street, 1968

"Young man is making a weekly payment."

Box PHO 9 Print unnumbered
Religious pictures for sale at Elmore's Department Store, 1978 Nov.
Box PHO 9 Print 103-1178 10a
Mr. Gause in his Pure Oil Station, 1980 May
Box PHO 9 Print 49-580-12a
Hart-Rollins Furniture Co. Broad Street, 1981 Jan.
Box PHO 9 Print 16-181-15
Façade of the Men's Shop, 1970

"Originally operated by Willie Jim Brockett."

Box PHO 9 Print unnumbered
Broad Street, McCrory's Diana Shops, 1967

"View of Broad Street from Willis Park."

Box PHO 9 Print unnumbered
Neighborhood grocery and meat market, 1987 Aug.
Box PHO 9 Print 9-887-34
1981 Mar.

"Tiny store near school in West Bainbridge where children go to buy candy, etc. Also neighborhood grocery. This is the proprietor."

Box PHO 9 Print 37-381-26
Mr. Ward in the window of his hardware store, 1968
Box PHO 9 Print unnumbered

Swine Time

(1 folder)

[See also Oversize Box 2.]

Swine Time. Climax, Ga., 1980 Nov. (Understandings)
Box PHO 9 Print 106-1180-19
Two politicians and a preacher. Which is which? 1980 Nov. (Understandings)
Box PHO 9 Print 118-1180-25a
Junk table with women, 1975 Nov. (Understandings)
Box PHO 9 Print unnumbered
Houses, tents and umbrellas, 1975

"People listening to and watching the hog calling contest."

Box PHO 9 Print unnumbered
A table of secondhand wares for sale. Typical junk,1979 Nov.
Box PHO 9 Print 151-1179-3a
Woman, boy, juke box, 1978 (Understandings)
Box PHO 9 Print unnumbered
Trailways Bus Station, 1978 Aug.
Box PHO 9 Print 56-878-33
Family, Trailways Bus Station, 1978 May
Box PHO 9 Print unnumbered
Exterior, Trailways Bus Station, 1977 Nov.
Box PHO 9 Print 130-1177-20
Trailways Bus Station, 1978 Sept.
Box PHO 9 Print 70-978-23
Trailways Bus Station, 1977 Sept.
Box PHO 9 Print 104-977-7a
Trailways Bus Station, 1980 July (Understandings)
Box PHO 9 Print 65-780-12
Trailways Bus Station, 1978 Jan. (Understandings)
Box PHO 9 Print 1-1-78-23a
Trailways Bus Station, 1977 Dec.
Box PHO 9 Print 138-1277-35
Trailways Bus Station, 1978 Aug.
Box PHO 9 Print 68-878-7.5
Colored waiting room. Trailways Bus Station, 1978 Jan.
Box PHO 9 Print 1-1-78-5a
Scales in the waiting room. Trailways Bus Station, 1980 Jan.
Box PHO 9 Print 5-180-6
Phone,Trailways Bus station, 1978 Jan.
Box PHO 9 Print 1-1-78-13A

Workers

(2 folders)

[See also Oversize Box 2.]

Tenant farmer resting in his front yard, 1983 Apr.

"This is one of my favorite photographs. See my notes for more information on this man."

Box PHO 9 Print 18-483-26
Watt Baldwin, Jr. in his garage, 1980 June
Box PHO 9 Print 59-680-23a
Log yard worker on a fork lift, 1990 May

"Log yards broker pulp wood between the grower and the consumer (paper mills)."

Box PHO 9 Print 10-590-32
Man in weigh-in station at Elberta Crate and Box Co., 1984 May
Box PHO 9 Print 29-584
Elberta Crate and Box Co., 1981 Nov.
Box PHO 9 Print 134-1181-8
Construction worker tearing down an old building (Belks), 1983 Oct.
Box PHO 9 Print 49-1083-26
Livestock auction, 1982 Mar.
Box PHO 9 Print 23-382-20
Tractor driver standing inside peanut warehouse, 1989 June

"Pile of peanuts is visible behind him."

Box PHO 9 Print 43-989-7a
Fork lift operator on a log yard, 1989 Jan.
Box PHO 9 Print 1-1-89
Elberta Crate and Box Co., 1981 Nov.
Box PHO 9 Print 134-1181-7
Dollar Farm Products Co., 1989 Aug.

"This man drives a tractor during peanut season and a truck the rest of the year."

Box PHO 9 Print 40-889-25
Dollar Farm Products Co., 1989 Aug.

"This man has been on top of a rail car loading corn from storage bins."

Box PHO 9 Print 38-889-32
Elberta Crate and Box Co., 1982 Jan.
Box PHO 9 Print 2-182-32
Man in field holding basket of bell peppers. Decatur County, 1984 June
Box PHO 9 Print 34-684
Resting in the field, 1983 July

"Resting in the field while the big machine turns around at the end of a row."

Box PHO 9 Print 36-783-26a
Picking bell peppers, 1984 June
Box PHO 9 Print 37-684-9
Bell pepper pickers, 1984 June
Box PHO 9 Print 38-684-25A
Maids in a room of the Stephen Decatur Hotel shortly before it was torn down, 1970
Box PHO 9 Print unnumbered
Prostitute standing in doorway of her house, 1965

"The building is the oldest structure in Bainbridge, so this is a picture of the oldest profession in front of the oldest building. Is she eyeing me as a prospective customer or just sizing me up?"

Box PHO 9 Print No#
Dr. M. A. Ehrlich in the doorway of his office, 1980 Aug.
Box PHO 9 Print 78-880-11
Cecil Mills in his barbershop, 1970
Box PHO 9 Print unnumbered

Willis Park

(2 folders)
Woman taking a picture of her son's company posed in front of the Confederate monument, 1989 May

"The occasion was the dedication of a memorial to Vietnam veterans."

Box PHO 10 Print 28-589-12
Man in phone booth, 1976 July (Understandings)
Box PHO 10 Print 776-14
Men at Armistice Day ceremony, 1979 Nov. (Understandings)
Box PHO 10 Print 156-1179-15a
1978 Sept.

"Before the park was redone people sat and watched and waited. Now the benches are gone and people only pass through the park."

Box PHO 10 Print 71-978-6a
Bike fest, 1999 June
Box PHO 10 Print 9-699-29
Mike Gast testing mike for spring festival, 1977 May (Understandings)
Box PHO 10 Print 27-577-4a
Bainbridge High School Band playing for some ceremony, 1976 Nov. (Understandings)
Box PHO 10 Print 135-1176-9a
Another view of the park, 1980 Apr.
Box PHO 10 Print 38-480-32
Gospel singers in the gazebo on a Saturday afternoon, 1979 June (Understandings)
Box PHO 10 Print 86-679
Willis Park United Daughters of the Confederacy posing under the statue on Confederate Memorial Day, 1974 (Understandings)

A newspaper photographer was taking their picture.

Box PHO 10 Print unnumbered

"This set shows a little girl (1) about to wet her pants, (2) wetting them under the watchful eye of the other children, and (3) she continues looking at the fish in the pool as though nothing had happened while the black children look to me for some reaction."

(1) Little girl wetting her pants, 1979 June
Box PHO 10 Print 76-679-27
(2) Little girl wetting her pants, 1979 June
Box PHO 10 Print 76-679-29
(3) Little girl wetting her pants, 1979 June
Box PHO 10 Print 76-679-30
Before the park was redone, 1980 Apr. (Understandings)
Box PHO 10 Print 42-480-25
The Confederate statue in early morning fog, 1986 Feb.
Box PHO 10 Print 8-286
British rowing team for 1996 Olympics, 1994 July
Box PHO 10 Print 19-794-29
Two veterans in front of gazebo, 1996 Nov.
Box PHO 10 Print 42-1196-26
Wedding reception, Willis Park, 1989 Sept.
Box PHO 10 Print 43-989-25a
Armistice Day, Willis Park, 1969
Box PHO 10 Print 18 W.P. 3
Reenactment, Confederate Memorial Day, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 10 Print 29-498-15a
Reenactment, Confederate Memorial Day, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 10 Print 30-498-28a
Reenactment, Confederate Memorial Day, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 10 Print 30-498-17a
Reenactment, Confederate Memorial Day, 1998 Apr.
Box PHO 10 Print 30-498-14a
[Veteran in the park], 2000
Box PHO 10 Print 10-9-2000-19
[Bainbridge High School Reunion], 2000
Box PHO 10 Print 13-9-2000-19
Santa in Willis Park, 2001 Dec.
Box PHO 10 Print 27-1201-26
Children ready to march to the gazebo for wedding, Willis Park, 2001
Box PHO 10 Print 22-11-01
Junior/Senior Prom, 1995 May
Box PHO 10 Print 4-595-10
Junior/Senior Prom, 1995 May
Box PHO 10 Print 3-595-16
Junior/Senior Prom, 1995 May
Box PHO 10 Print 3-595-20
Junior/Senior Prom, 1997 May
Box PHO 10 Print 8-597-30
Junior/Senior Prom, 1999 May
Box PHO 10 Print 8-599-6
Junior/Senior Prom, 1997 May
Box PHO 10 Print 8-597-8
Junior/Senior Prom, 1997 May
Box PHO 10 Print 8-597-23
Couples posed on war memorial, 1998 May

"Couples unwittingly posed by snapshooting mothers against the memorial to Decatur County men who have died in all wars since the Civil War."

Box PHO 10 Print 39-598-27
Junior/Senior Prom, 1998 May
Box PHO 10 Print 38-598-16
Junior/Senior Prom, 1999 May
Box PHO 10 Print 6-599-24
Junior/Senior Prom, 1998 May
Box PHO 10 Print 38-598-31
Junior/Senior Prom, 1990 May
Box PHO 10 Print 7-590-18(8)
Junior/Senior Prom, 1996 May
Box PHO 10 Print 12-596-12
Junior/Senior Prom, 1998 May
Box PHO 10 Print 36-598-26
Junior/Senior Prom, 1995 May
Box PHO 10 Print 4-595-23
Junior/Senior Prom, 1999 May
Box PHO 10 Print 8-599-14
Junior/Senior Prom, 1995 May
Box PHO 10 Print 4-595-13
Junior/Senior Prom, 1994 May
Box PHO 10 Print 13-594-29
Junior/Senior Prom, 1997 May
Box PHO 10 Print 10-597-7
Junior/Senior Prom, 1999 May
Box PHO 10 Print 7-599-30
Junior/Senior Prom, 1996 May
Box PHO 10 Print 12-596-18
Junior/Senior Prom, 1995 May
Box PHO 10 Print 3-595-21
Spectator, Junior/Senior Prom, 1999 May
Box PHO 10 Print 8-599-28
Junior/Senior Prom, 1998 May
Box PHO 10 Print 38-598-13
Junior/Senior Prom, 1998 May
Box PHO 10 Print 39-598-13
Junior/Senior Prom, 1998 May
Box PHO 10 Print 40-598-18
[Spectators, Junior-Senior Prom], 2000

"They are not applauding but fighting southern Georgia gnats."

Box PHO 10 Print 8-5-00-10a
A girl and her date, Junior/Senior Prom, Willis Park, 2001 Apr.
Box PHO 10 Print 3-4-01
Promenade begins, Junior/Senior Prom, Willis Park, 2001 Apr.
Box PHO 10 Print 3-4-01-24A
Junior/Senior Prom, Willis Park, 2001 Apr.
Box PHO 10 Print 4-4-01
Spectators, Junior/Senior Prom, Willis Park, 2001 Apr.
Box PHO 10 Print 4-4-01-27

Boxes house oversize photographic prints separated for housing from main series. Series structure is duplicated, beginning with Decatur Courthouse and ending with Workers. Also in the oversize section are six prints of Cape Cod shot in the 1960s by David Vestal, a friend and colleague of Paul Kwilecki.

Prisoners and guard working on dam, 1979

"Chain gang guard watches prisoners building dam to keep water from overflowing highway. Typical swamp."

Oversize Box 1 Print 1
1983 Mar.

"This carcass has just been pulled out of the vat of hot water. The convicts have scraped the hide bare. Next step is to quarter."

Box PHO 10 Print 13-383-28
Hog killing at the County Farm, 1983 Mar.

"These men are rotating a hog carcass in hot water, preparatory to scraping the hair off the hide."

Box PHO 10 Print 14-383-20a
1981 Dec.

"This prisoner from the County Farm restored and refinished this light fixture which originally hung in the court room. Initially it was a gas fixture, later converted to electricity. The brass had been painted over several times and the whole thing was about to be thrown out."

Box PHO 10 Print 142-1281-8
A family anxiously waits outside court room, 1980 Apr. (Understandings)
Box PHO 10 Print 42-480-5
Prisoners over steaming vat, 1983 Mar.
Box PHO 10 Print 12-383-14
Hog killing at the County Farm, 1983 Mar.

"Early morning and very cold."

Box PHO 10 Print 14-383-13
1983 Mar.

"These hogs are about to be dipped in the vat of hot water."

Box PHO 10 Print 13-383-11
Butchering hogs at the county farm, 1983 Mar.

"This ritual goes on throughout the county at this time of year."

Box PHO 10 Print 12-383-9
Prisoners at the county farm killing hogs, 1983 Mar.

"It was a bitterly cold, windy day. This man is removing the brain and tongue from the head of the hog."

Box PHO 10 Print 13-383-34
Butchering hogs, County Farm (prison), 1983 Mar.
Box PHO 10 Print 13-383-4
Text: Cemetery Cleaning/Greenshade Cemetery,1977 Apr.

This text gives a brief description of Greenshade Cemetery and describes a work day and picnic that took place at the cemetery Apr. 30, 1977.

Box PHO 10 Print 13-383-4
Man in doorway, baby on porch floor, circa 1971 [matted]

"I have observed elsewhere that life in the quarters was lived mostly out of doors. To demonstrate how true that is, this man was making love to a woman just inside the open door when he saw me about to photograph his child on the porch. He is in the process of dressing himself as he looks dauntingly at me."

Box PHO 10 Print unnumbered
Two men and women seated, 1970 [matted]

"Saturday afternoon and everyone sits around in the shade and talks. These three were totally unconcerned with my photography. I had to interrupt them to ask them to look my way."

Box PHO 10 Print unnumbered
Short order restaurant on North Broad Street at night, 1970 [matted]
Box PHO 10 Print unnumbered
Broad Street on Sunday morning, 1980 June
Box PHO 10 Print 62-680-22
North Broad Street, 1980 Aug. (Understandings)
Box PHO 10 Print 82-880-10
Interior of pool hall on North Broad Street owned and operated by Ertha Lee Coney, 1981 Apr.
Box PHO 10 Print 45-481-8
A family and their vehicle picnicking by the river, 1979 May
Box PHO 10 Print 68-579
Runner warming up before race at springtime festival, 1978 Apr.
Box PHO 10 Print 37-578-24a
A yearly festival used to be held on the banks of the Flint to celebrate spring, 1980 May
Box PHO 10 Print 54-580-15
Man, baby, wife with inner tube at Boat Basin Beach, 1981 May
Box PHO 10 Print 77-581-7
Boys under sign at Boat Basin Beach, 1981 June
Box PHO 10 Print 81-681-11
1965. Beecher Thomas and wife in living room. [matted]

"Interior of the home of Mr. and Mrs. Beecher Thomas on Shotwell and Scott Streets."

Box PHO 10 Print unnumbered
Interior of Gus Poulas residence, circa 1969 [matted]

"This boy rented a room from Gus. This photograph was purchased by the Museum of Modern Art many years ago."

Box PHO 10 Print unnumbered
Dr. Ehrlich in his treatment room, 1975 [mounted on board]

"Dr. M. A. Ehrlich in his operating room on his 75th birthday. He and his brother had this small downtown clinic years ago. As I took his picture he reminisced about times gone by. See my notes for more on this."

Box PHO 10 Print unnumbered
Woman sitting in window in burned house, circa 1963 [mounted on board]

"This was an early effort, not fully successful but not altogether a failure either."

Box PHO 10 Print unnumbered
Preacher standing by poster, [circa 1965]

"This preacher is standing in the anteroom of his small church. Once I didn't like this picture. Now I do."

Oversize Box 2 Print 2
Rev. Mitchell preaching prior to baptizing in Mt. Zuma's brand new pool, 1982 Apr.
Box PHO 10 Print 38-482-9a
Rev. Mitchell preaching to the children before baptism, 1982 Apr.
Box PHO 10 Print 36-482-16
First baptism in Mt. Zuma's new pool behind church, 1982 Apr.

"Rev. Mitchell, left; Ben Edwards, right."

Box PHO 10 Print 38-482-14a
Sunday morning church service. Camilla, Ga., 1984 Jan.

Box PHO 10 Print 2-84-26
Women talking in grocery store, 1977 Aug.
Box PHO 10 Print 96-877-15a
Women loading groceries in their car, 1977 Apr.

"Typical supermarket entrance."

Box PHO 10 Print 16-477-11
Woman and baby in laundromat in Bainbridge Mall, 1973

Box PHO 10 Print unnumbered
Husband and wife, 1974

Box PHO 10 Print unnumbered
Stoker at Elberta Crate Co., circa 1970

"This man stoked the boilers at Elberta Crate Co. back in the days when boilers were stoked. Refreshingly, he is the opposite of cosmetic. Real."

Box PHO 10 Print unnumbered
Elberta Crate Co., 1981 Dec.
Box PHO 10 Print 147-1281-10
Horace Battles at Elberta Crate Co., 1981 Dec.

"He managed the boilers and blew the whistle. See my notes for more details."

Box PHO 10 Print 141-1281-3
Loggers in the woods near Attapulgus, 1978 Feb.
Box PHO 10 Print 19-278-12
Cape Cod, Photographs by David Vestal, Quadrant Prints [in large paper portfolio], [1960s?]
(6 prints, some age damage)
Box PHO 10 Print 19-278-12

Contains Kwilecki's contact sheets, received after his death and arranged in original order as found in his house and studio. Boxes PHO 11-PHO 20 were housed in original Box 18, and are labeled with dates from 1980 to 1983, and some are undated. Boxes PHO 21-PHO 30 were originally housed in Box 21, and are labeled with dates from 1979 to 1990, and undated.

Addition 2010-0126
Box PHO 11-PHO 30

Boxes NEG 1-NEG 3, large records storage cartons, are marked as "House Negatives"; Box NEG 4 is marked as "Office Negatives." Boxes NEG 5-NEG 6 were originally housed in Box 21.

[Access to original negatives is restricted: whenever possible, prints are to be used for image access. Currently unarranged and undated.]

Addition 2010-0126
Box NEG 1-NEG 6

This series includes correspondence and journals, the largest and most extensive groupings, as well as biographical materials, writing and speeches, and printed material. Boxes 1 and 2 are arranged into the following categories: Biographical Materials, Correspondence, Writings and Speeches, Printed Material and Journals. Within each category, folders are arranged chronologically. Box 1 contains a brief biography of Kwilecki, correspondence related to Kwilecki's photography, printing notes for Kwilecki's prints, exhibition brochures, news clippings, customer receipts. It also contains an interview given to P.J. Brownlee in which Kwilecki speaks of Decatur County, his philosophy and method of photography, technical aspects of photography, and individual series and prints. Also included are speeches given by Kwilecki which relate to his publishing experience, his philosophy of photography, his love for Decatur County, and his experiences as a self-taught documentary photographer. Finally, Box MSS 1 includes Kwilecki's writings on the following subjects and photograph series: the Decatur County Court House, Shade Tobacco, Tobacco Residue, Battle's Quarters, The Soldier in Willis Park, Stores, The Trailways Bus Station, the Flint River, Houses, Decatur County Newspapers, Cemeteries, Inhabitants of Decatur County, Decatur County Farms, Factory Workers, Religion, Jr./Sr. Prom, and Hog Killing.

Box MSS 2 contains Kwilecki's journals [closed to use until 2017] dating from 1967 to 1969, in which he writes on photography, his life as a documentary photographer, and personal issues.

Additional minimally-processed personal papers from addition 2010-0126 (13 boxes) contain correspondence and other files, and are described below.

[Kwilecki's personal journals in this series are closed to use until 2017.]

Biography Resource Center Biography of Kwilecki, undated
Box MSS 1
Correspondence Subseries, 1966 June-1992 Apr. and undated
(8 folders)
Box MSS 1
Kwilecki interview conducted by P.J. Brownlee, 1994 Dec. 28
Box MSS 1
Restoring the Decatur County Courthouse, 1998-2000, undated
Box MSS 1
La Grange talk, 1999 Feb. 17
Box MSS 1
Hog Killing at the County Farm, undated
Box MSS 1
Duke lecture, 2001 Oct. 3
(2 copies)
Box MSS 1
The Junior-Senior Prom, undated
Box MSS 1
Society for Photographic Education Talk, 1994 Nov. 5

Given by Kwilecki to the Society for Photographic Education in Atlanta, Ga.

Box MSS 1
My Publishing Experience, 1994 Apr. 30

Given by Kwilecki at the High Museum of Art in Atlanta, Ga.

Box MSS 1
Gallery Talk, undated
Box MSS 1
Collection of Kwilecki's writings on Decatur County people, places, things and events, undated
Box MSS 1
Printing notes, 1977-1991
Box MSS 1
Customer receipts, undated
(2 receipts)
Box MSS 1
Brochure: Barbara Morgan exhibition of photography, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1972 Mar. 8-May 31
Box MSS 1
Brochure: Discovery: Inner and Outer Worlds, Portfolio II, The Friends of Photography, Carmel, California, 1970
Box MSS 1
Brochure: Introducing Fine Photographs, undated
Box MSS 1
News clipping regarding Kwilecki's exhibit, Decatur County Georgia, being shown at Duke University, 2001
Box MSS 1
Brochure: Paul Kwilecki: Decatur County, Georgia,1994 Nov. 4-Dec. 21

This exhibit was shown at Lehigh University.

Box MSS 1
News article honoring Kwilecki for his gift of 12 courthouse photographs to Decatur county, undated
(photocopy)
Box MSS 1
A Decatur County Resolution honoring Kwilecki for his gift of photography, undated
(photocopy)
Box MSS 1
Information regarding Kwilecki's traveling exhibit, Homage: Photographs of Decatur County, Georgia,1997 and undated
Box MSS 1
Journals Subseries, 1967 Mar. 30-1969 Oct. 14 [CLOSED until 2017]
(8 folders)
Box MSS 2

Received following Paul Kwilecki's passing, this addition to the collection contains his personal papers, a arranged largely in the original folder order. Boxes MSS 3-10 are arranged alphabetically by the original folder title and include correspondence to individuals, organizations, and letters to Kwilecki. Boxes MSS 11-12 contain Kwilecki's correspondence from 1972-1983, 1992-1993 and 1995, arranged chronologically by original folder title. Box MSS 13 contains Kwilecki's correspondence with photographers David Vestal and Alex Harris. Boxes MSS 14-15 house writings, clippings, and other items. Box MSS 16 contains five publications and several folders of papers: a mix of personal exchanges with family (one folder), dating from 1971-2008 (bulk 1980s-1990s); notes for a book on Decatur County photographs (one folder); paper copies of scans and correspondence with Tom Rankin about a book (2008) (three folders); and another folder of writings (drafts of lectures and talks, and journalistic entries dating from the 1970s). There are also two video cassettes of interviews with Kwilecki.

[Original audiovisual materials are closed to use. Use of these materials requires production of viewing copies. Please contact a reference archivist before coming to use this collection.]

Correspondence Files
Box MSS 3-13
Additional Correspondence, Publicity, and Writings Files, 1971-2008 and undated
Box MSS 14-16
Understandings: Photographs of Decatur County, Georgia. Paul Kwilecki. Introduction by Alex Harris. Center for Documentary Photography: University of N.C. at Chapel Hill, NC, 1981 (inscribed with Jane Kwilecki's name)
Box MSS 16
Photographs by Paul Kwilecki. High Museum of Art [Atlanta] Calendar of Events, 1980 Dec.
Box MSS 16
The Land's People. Paul Kwilecki. American Land Forum, Volume V, No. 1, Winter 1985
Box MSS 16
Workers of Decatur County, Georgia. Paul Kwilecki. Southern Quarterly, Spring 1994
Box MSS 16
Homage: Photographs of Decatur County, Georgia. Essay by Paul Kwilecki for large-format brochure. Winthrop University galleries, South Carolina State Museum exhibits, 1997
Box MSS 16
Videocassettes
(2 VHS cassettes)
Box MSS 16
Publicity poster for Scenes from Decatur County exhibit, Hartford, Conn., 2002 (signed by Kwilecki)
(2 copies)
Oversize Folder 1

Historical Note

DateEvent(s)
1928 Feb. 24Paul Kwilecki born in Bainbridge, Georgia
1948-1949 (?)Photographs published in Life magazine
1949B.A. in English, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia
1960Began making a photographic record of Decatur County, Georgia
1975Sold his hardware business in order to devote all his time to photography
1979Awarded a National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship
1981Awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship
Publication of his first book, Understandings
1992Publication of Lowly Wise: Scenes of Religion In and Around Decatur County
1994 Nov. 4-Dec. 21Exhibit: Paul Kwilecki: Decatur County, Georgia, Lehigh University
1997 Oct.-2000 Oct.Traveling exhibit: Homage: Photographs of Decatur County, Georgia, offered by the South Carolina State Museum
2001Exhibit: Decatur County, Georgia, at Duke University's David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
December 9, 2009Died in Bainbridge, Georgia, age 81

Kwilecki's photography is also housed as part of permanent collections at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, the High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Ga., the Columbus Museum, Columbus, Ga., the Lyndhurst Foundation, Chattanooga, Tenn., and the Albany Museum of Art, Albany, Ga.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Paul Kwilecki Photographs and Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Paul Kwilecki Photographs and Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a purchase from 1991-2010.

Processing Information

Processed by Paula Mangiafico, Josh Kaiser

Completed July 10, 2002

Encoded by Josh Kaiser, Paula Mangiafico

Accessions 91-132, 92-002, 92-011, 94-004, 98-065, 2001-111, 2001-151, 2001-185, 2001-200, and 2010-0126 were merged to form one collection, described in this finding aid.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.

Additions encoded by George Lam, July 2010, and Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, November 2010.