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Guide to the William Hesketh Leverhulme Solomon Islands photograph album, circa 1906-1910

Abstract

William Hesketh Lever was the First Viscount Leverhulme, and founder of the international firm, Lever Brothers.

This bound photograph album belonging to Lord Leverhulme is entitled Solomon Islands Views, and contains 98 black-and-white photographs, chiefly measuring 6x8 inches, that illustrate the beginnings of the Lever Brothers Pacific plantations operations from about 1906-1910. Images include company buildings, plantations at various stages of development, local inhabitants and dwellings, other cultivated crops, flora and fauna, and steamships. Among the place names listed are Rendova, Pepesala and Guadalcanal. Notable persons found among the images include the Resident Commissioner of the Islands at the time, missionary J.F. Goldie, and various Lever officers.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Leverhulme, William Hesketh Lever, Viscount, 1851-1925.
Title
William Hesketh Leverhulme Solomon Islands photograph album circa 1906-1910
Language of Material
English
Extent
0.5 Linear Feet, 1 Volume
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

This handsomely bound photograph album belonging to Lord Leverhulme is entitled Solomon Islands Views, and contains 98 black-and-white photographs that illustrate the beginnings of the Lever Brothers Pacific plantations operations. Images include buildings, plantations at various stages of development, local inhabitants, and steamships. Among the place names listed are Rendova, Pepesala and Guadalcanal. Persons whose photographic portraits are found among the images are the Resident Commissioner of the Islands, missionary J.F. Goldie, and various Lever officers. The photographs illustrate the beginnings of the Lever Brothers' Pacific Plantations operations in the Solomon Islands. The views include buildings and other installations, coconut plantations in various stages of development, lumbering, native housing, local populace, local workers in various tasks, local and inter-island shipping, colonial and company officials, local chiefs, company and government headquarters, ocean steamships, steam powered agricultural equipment, copra, local flora and fauna, and the cultivation of peanuts, rubber, and sweet potatoes.

Place names listed for the photographs are: Rendova, West Bay, Erickson's Island, Pepesala, Guadalcanal, KayIan, Ufa, Banika, Tulagi, Gavatu, Lunga, Kokoon, Pampa, Kaukau, Aola, and Stanmore River. Persons in the photographs include: Charles Morris Woodford, Resident Commissioner of the Islands, 1896 to 1914, and Mrs. Woodford; Mrs. Tillotson, wife of Lord Leverhulme's nephew, John Lever Tillotson (d. 1915) who was his senior colleague on the board; Fred Wernham, an expert in tropical plantation work who was closely identified with developments in the Solomon Islands; Joseph Meek, who first journeyed to the Islands in 1905 to assess prospects there; Methodist missionary J. F. Goldie, translator of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and John into Roviana; and a number of others whose names can be found in the list of the pictures.

The black-and-white photographs, emulsion-paper prints, typically measure 6x8 inches in size. Several photographs are dated 1906, but most are undated. The buildings and headquarters of the company appear well developed. That suggests that 1906 is too early a date, since Mr. Meek's initial visit to the Solomons was in 1905. Most of the pictures probably date some years after 1906, but before 1914 when Commissioner Woodford left the islands. Other factors suggest that the dates range from 1906 to 1910.

Administrative Information

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warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. There may be a 48-hour delay in obtaining these materials.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Titles are taken from the original captions in the album.

Rendova Station and Bungalow. LPP, Ltd. Headquarters in the Western Solomons
Box 1
Rendova labor staff
Box 1
Rendova, young coconut plantations - NW
Box 1
Rendova, young coconut plantations - SW
Box 1
Rendova, water frontage
Box 1
Rendova Island contour, clearing to left
Box 1
West Bay, 2 year old plantation, Messrs. Meek, Wernham, and Kissling
Box 1
West Bay, specimen of tree trunk, Messrs. Meek, Wernham, and Kissling
Box 1
West Bay, system of felling trees
(2 photos)
Box 1
West Bay, new clearing
Box 1
Pepesala wharf, Mrs. Tillotson, Mssrs. Meek and Wernham
Box 1
Erickson's Island (near Pepesala), building native houses
Box 1
Collecting timber for shipment
Box 1
Pepesala, bullocks drawing timber
(2 photos)
Box 1
Chief Santa Auua, original owner of West Bay Estate
Box 1
Sulakava, Guadalcanal bush chief, with headman and interpreter
Box 1
Effects of weevil pest on young coconut trees
Box 1
Kaylan plantations
Box 1
Kaylan
Box 1
Ufa, boats landing
Box 1
Ufa plantations
Box 1
Ufa plantations typical tree
Box 1
Banika plantation, burning off in the distance
Box 1
Banika, native quarters
(2 photos)
Box 1
Banika estate, 1906
Box 1
Banika 2 year old plantations
Box 1
Banika, tree planted 1906 July
Box 1
Banika, typical laborers, Mr. Manchip in background
Box 1
Banika household staff, Mr. Manchip in background
Box 1
Opposite Banika, 8 year old trees on Capt. Butchard's property
Box 1
Opposite Banika, native grove of trees on Pope's estate
Box 1
Tulagi, government house, Schooner Lahloo in foreground
Box 1
Gavatu, headquarters of Levers' Pacific Plantations
Box 1
Gavatu company wharf
Box 1
Gavatu native traders
Box 1
Gavatu harbor, the Malekula
Box 1
Gavatu wharf, S.S. Upolu
Box 1
Lunga, Mr. Woodford on horseback in grasslands
Box 1
Lunga, steam plow working, Mr. Woodford on horseback
Box 1
Lunga, steam plow working
(2 photos)
Box 1
Lunga, natives plowing
Box 1
Lunga, plot of nuts surrounding young coconut trees
Box 1
Lunga, Hevea rubber and sweet potatoes, Mr. Klotz on horseback
Box 1
Lunga stables
Box 1
Lunga, master's bungalow
(2 folders
Box 1
Lunga, Coprah dryer
Box 1
Mr. Wernham showing specimen of ground nuts
Box 1
Kokoon bungalow
Box 1
Kokoon plantation showing roots of can grass plowed up
Box 1
Kokoon plantation from bungalow, looking towards hill
Box 1
Kokoon plantation from bungalow, looking towards Lunga
Box 1
Bamboo bridge connecting Kokoon with Lunga
Box 1
Lunga, river
Box 1
Pampa, bungalow looking west
Box 1
Pampa clearing looking west
Box 1
Pampa clearing, looking towards hill
Box 1
Kau-Kau bungalow
Box 1
Mr. Klotz (left) and his assistant ad Kau-Kau
Box 1
Kaukau clearing
(4 photos)
Box 1
West Bay, Chinese tallow tree
Box 1
Lunga, Mrs. Woodford and Mrs. Tillotson in buggy
Box 1
Lunga, Mrs. Woodford and Mrs. Tillotson in buggy with Mr. Meek, Mr. Woodford on horseback and Mr. Wernham holding horse's head
Box 1
Afternoon tea on the Upolu, Mr. and Mrs. Woodford in center, Mr. Meek and Mrs. Tillotson on right
Box 1
Captain and officers of the Upolu
Box 1
Lunga, native girls and women
Box 1
Soloman Island boy with sunshade, selling cockatoos
Box 1
Aola plantation, 1906
Box 1
Capt. Erickson's schooner
Box 1
Capt. Newgrien in an ordinary tracking cutter
Box 1
Native war canoe
Box 1
Pepesala, landing a bullock
Box 1
Redowva trading station, 1906
Box 1
Rendova shipping coprah
Box 1
Method of embarkation, through the surf
Box 1
Mr. Woodford and hornbill bird
Box 1
Stanmore River, Mr. Wernham, Mr. Barron (Chief Officer of S.S. Upolu) and Mr. Meek
Box 1
Typical deck scene of outward bound island steamer
Box 1
Mr. Barron (C.O. Upolu), Mr. Wernham, Mr. F. Goldie (Missionary), and 3rd engineer of Upolu
Box 1
Banika, natives weeding with mattocks
Box 1
Kau-Kau, traders' whaleboat
Box 1
Gizo feast house
Box 1
Morning Tub
Box 1

Historical Note

William Hesketh Lever, First Viscount Leverhulme (1851-1925), British soap manufacturer, was the founder of the well-known firm of Lever Brothers whose operations became international during his lifetime. One of Lever Brothers' major international investments was in the Solomon Islands. In 1905 the company sent Joseph Meek, chairman of Lever Brothers Australian Company, to Lever, prospect through the Pacific islands and the Straits Settlements. They selected the Solomon Islands and eventually acquired 300,000 acres. The company began coconut planting on a considerable scale, forming for this purpose an associated company called Levers' Pacific Plantations, Ltd.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], William Hesketh Leverhulme Solomon Islands photograph album, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The William Hesketh Leverhulme Solomon Islands photograph album was acquired by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library at an unknown date.

Processing Information

Processed by Rubenstein Library staff.

Encoded by Paula Jeannet Mangiafico and Elizabeth Shesko, May 2013

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.