Guide to the Duncan McLaurin papers, 1779-1932 and undated, bulk 1822-1872
Duncan McLaurin was a farmer, teacher, lawyer, and state legislator of Richmond County, North Carolina. Correspondence, bills, receipts, legal and other papers, and printed matter (1822-1872), of McLaurin and members of his family. McLaurin's papers (mainly 1822-1850) relate to economic conditions in North Carolina, South Carolina, and the U.S. in general; the development of infrastructure and education in North and South Carolina; the Civil War; politics in North Carolina, South Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia; and national politics, including presidential elections from 1832 to 1848. Civil War topics include camp life, economic conditions, food supplies, the hope for foreign intervention, morale, conscription and desertion, the blockade of Southern ports, the battles of Murfreesboro (Tennessee), Jackson (Mississippi), Port Royal Harbor (South Carolina), Hanover Court House (Virginia), and the siege of Vicksburg (Mississippi). A large amount of correspondence from relatives in Mississippi (circa 1830-1867) concerns frontier conditions, slavery, politics, agricultural and labor problems, sectionalism and nationalism in Mississippi, Reconstruction conditions, and family affairs. There are many references to slavery, particularly in Mississippi: the sale of slaves, runaway slaves, a lynching of an African American in 1839, the fear of slave insurrections in 1856 and 1860; and the abolition movement. Includes an atlas with a list of slaves circa 1864 written on the flyleaf.
- Collection Number
- Duncan McLaurin papers
- 1779-1932 and undated, bulk 1822-1872
- McLaurin, Duncan, 1787-1872
- 2.4 Linear Feet, Approx. 1,800 Items
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
- Material in English
Personal and political correspondence, legal papers, bills and receipts, and printed material comprise the papers of Duncan McLaurin (1787-1872). Correspondence, including many letters from friends and relatives who migrated to Mississippi, discusses the forced removal of the Choctaw Indians; wars with tribes in Georgia and Alabama; economic conditions, especially the panics of 1837 and 1857; the Bank of the United States; banks and currency; cotton production, markets, and prices. There are many references to slavery, particularly in Mississippi: the sale of slaves, runaway slaves, a lynching of an African American in 1839, the fear of slave insurrections in 1856 and 1860; and the abolition movement. There are also references to the annexation of California; land prices and speculation; the growth of religious denominations in Mississippi and Louisiana; the development of schools in Mississippi, Georgia, and North Carolina, and of Wake Forest Institute (Wake Forest, North Carolina), and Union Seminary (Richmond, Virginia); the temperance movement; the early development of railroads, roads, and canals in North Carolina; politics in North Carolina, South Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia; and national politics, including presidential elections, 1832-1848.
Civil War topics in the correspondence include camp life, economic conditions, food supplies, the hope for foreign intervention, morale, conscription and desertion, the blockade of Southern ports, the battles of Murfreesboro (Tennessee), Jackson (Mississippi), Port Royal Harbor (South Carolina), and Hanover Court House (Virginia), and the siege of Vicksburg (Mississippi); economic conditions and Reconstruction government in Mississippi; and difficulties with sharecroppers and debtors.
Legal papers consist of deeds, contracts, wills, court orders, and, after 1850, papers pertaining to the wardship of his sister, Isabel Patterson, and her children after her mental breakdown. Miscellaneous printed items include an atlas, 1835, with a list of slaves dating from the end of the war written on the flyleaf; a memorial to the North Carolina state legislature from the Society of Friends, 1832; a reply to President Jackson's proclamation on nullification; a report of the treasurer of the University of North Carolina to the trustees, 1839; a report of the Merchants Bank of New Bern, the Bank of the State of North Carolina, and the Bank of Cape Fear, 1838; a North Carolina Republican campaign circular, 1873; The Prison News, Raleigh, North Carolina, for March 1, 1932; and other various items.
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Includes Laurel Hill and Richmond City property tax lists.
The McLaurin collection centers around Duncan McLaurin (1787-1872), a teacher, lawyer, state legislator, and farmer of Richmond County, North Carolina. Much of the correspondence involves his only brother. John McLaurin (d. 1864), and eight sisters: Mary (d. 1869), Effy (d. 1861), Polly (d. l860s), Barbara McKenzie (d. l855), Elizabeth (d. 1860), Jeanny McCall, Sarah Douglas (d. 1860s), and Isabel Patterson (d. 1860s), and their children.
During the 1820s Duncan McLaurin was engaged in a law practice in his home county, and by 1831 was a member of the state legislature. In 1834 he accepted a teaching position at an academy in Bennettsville, S.C. He remained here until 1837, when the failing health of his father forced him to return home and resume his law practice. The next year he was back in the legislature, and during 1841-1842 he was postmaster at Laurel Hill. By 1853, however, he was in his sixties, and was looking far an assistant to manage his affairs. He never married, but lived with a succession of nieces and nephews.
- Agriculture -- Mississippi
- Education -- North Carolina
- Frontier and pioneer life -- Mississippi
- Mississippi -- Politics and government
- McLaurin, Duncan, 1787-1872
- North Carolina -- Economic conditions
- North Carolina -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- North Carolina -- Politics and government -- 1775-1865
- Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877) -- Mississippi
- South Carolina -- History -- 1775-1865
- South Carolina -- Politics and government -- 1775-1865
- Southern States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- Slavery -- Mississippi
- United States -- Politics and government -- 1815-1861
- Laughlin McLaurin papers, 1817-1924 (resident of Scotland County, N.C., related to Duncan McLaurin) (Rubenstein Library, Duke University)
[Identification of item], Duncan McLaurin Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
The Duncan McLaurin papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift in 1956 and 1963.
Processed by Rubenstein Library staff
Encoded by Tanya Lee, Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, and Carrie Mills, May 2014
Accession(s) described in this finding aid: 56-111
Materials may not have been ordered and described beyond their original condition.