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Guide to the Mary McMillan Papers, 1936-1997 and undated (bulk 1952-1991)

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Collection Overview

The Mary McMillan Papers, 1936-1997 and undated (bulk 1952-1991), consist chiefly of journals and printed material, but also include correspondence, writings and speeches, photographic material, scrapbooks, clippings, videocassettes, audio cassettes, and memorabilia. Arranged in nine series based primarily on the format of the material, the papers illuminate the personal life and professional work of McMillan, a United Methodist missionary and teacher at the Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College in Hiroshima, Japan. In addition to her work as a teacher, the collection documents McMillan's service to the Kyodan, a unifying organization for Christian missionaries in Japan, and to the hibakusha, the survivors of the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, as well as her peace activism. Also included are materials related to the Topaz Relocation Center, a Japanese-American internment camp in Utah where McMillan worked in 1943. The papers are mostly in English, but include some Japanese language materials.

The bulk of the collection consists of the Journals Series, whose 43 journals contain almost daily accounts of McMillan's work at Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College, her involvement with the Ushita Christian Church, and her encounters with friends and other people. Also included are her personal thoughts about world events, particularly those related to peace and nuclear disarmament. Beginning on Aug. 11, 1939 with the final preparations for her initial departure, McMillan records her activities through her first year and a half in Japan. The 1939 and 1940 journals document in depth McMillan's adaptation to life in Japan, including her training in the Japanese language and customs, her first visits to various cities throughout the country, and the difficulties she faced as an American woman in pre-World War II Japan. After she and other American workers in Hiroshima were forcibly evacuated on Feb. 29, 1941, journal entries are scarce; however, the almost-daily entries resume in 1952 and continue until the day of McMillan's death on July 19, 1991.

In addition to the journals, McMillan's professional work as a United Methodist missionary and teacher at Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College is well documented through the Correspondence Series, Writings and Speeches Series, and Printed Material Series. The Biographical Material Series includes McMillan's handwritten autobiographical notes, as well as newspaper and magazine clippings and booklets documenting McMillan's work at Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College, and with the Ushita Christian Church, which McMillan helped found in 1948. McMillan's correspondence also sheds light on her work through "mission letters," mass mailings which she wrote periodically as a way of updating her supporters in the United States on her work in Hiroshima.

McMillan also was a staunch advocate of world peace and nuclear disarmament, and after her retirement from the United Methodist Church in 1980, she spent much of her time writing letters and speaking in churches throughout the United States promoting her cause. McMillan's role as a pacifist is well well documented throughout the entire collection by her correspondence, photographs of demonstrations and marches, printed materials, and items in the Clippings Series. Much of the material in the Writings and Speeches Series and the Printed Material Series is related to peace activism, and covers topics such as the lingering effects of the atomic bomb attack on Hiroshima and that city's fight for peace, the first-hand accounts of bomb survivors, and the United Methodist Church's pacifist stance.

Also contributing to an understanding of McMillan's life, the Photographic Material Series and the Memorabilia Series offer visual and three-dimensional documentation of her activities as a missionary, teacher, and friend to the Japanese.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Mary McMillan papers 1936-1997 and undated (bulk 1952-1991)
Creator
McMillan, Mary
Extent
8.1 Linear Feet, 2277 Items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Language
English.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Contains biographical material related to Mary McMillan and her work. Included are autobiographical writings, personal and work-related papers, newspaper and magazine clippings, and printed materials documenting her life. Arranged in chronological order.

1980 Sept., In Retrospect: My Life as a Teacher, Part I
Box 1
1981 Sept., In Retrospect: My Life as a Teacher, Part II
Box 1
undated, Mary's Memoirs - Post World War II
Box 1
undated Reflections, 1939-1980
Box 1
Personal Papers Subseries, 1938-1992
Box 1
Work-related papers, 1943-1963
Box 1
1980 Mar., Mary McMillan (in Japanese)
Box 1
1991 Aug. 11, The Methodist Witness, Vol. 93, No. 32, published by the Pensacola First United Methodist Church
Box 1
1991 Sept. 29, The Methodist Witness, Vol. 100, No. 39, published by the Pensacola First United Methodist Church
Box 1
1992 Apr., Mary McMillan and Japan: A Salute and a Tribute, published by the Pensacola First United Methodist Church
Box 1
1992 July 19,Ushita Church Memorial Service bulletin
Box 1
undated, Hiroshima No Kodama Ni: Mary McMillan (in Japanese)
Box 1
Clippings Subseries, 1949-1992, undated
Box 1

Contains 43 journals maintained by McMillan during her time in Hiroshima and her retirement, documenting in great detail her daily life and work as well as her travels throughout East Asia. She also noted her thoughts and concerns about world events and her peace activism. Many entries describe visits by her students and friends in Japan and provide a revealing look at Japanese social life and customs. The journals are arranged chronologically. Many small groups of loose materials were found laid into the beginning or end of the journals; these were removed and placed in a separate folder following the journal; some of these items appear to be unrelated to the journals in which they were found.

Journal
Box 1
Material removed from 1939 journal
Box 1
Journal
Box 2
Material removed from 1940 journal
Box 2
Journal
Box 2
Material removed from 1952 journal
Box 2
Journal
Box 2
Journal
Box 2
Journal
Box 2
Material removed from 1955 journal
Box 2
Journal
Box 2
Material removed from 1956 journal
Box 2
Journal, 1956 Apr. 6-1956 Apr. 11
Box 2
Journal
Box 3
Journal
Box 3
Journal
Box 3
Journal
Box 3
Journal
Box 3
Material removed from 1961 journal
Box 3
Journal
Box 3
Material removed from 1962 journal
Box 3
Journal
Box 4
Material removed from 1963 journal
Box 4
Journal
Box 4
Journal
Box 4
Material removed from 1965 journal
Box 4
Journal
Box 4
Material removed from 1966 journal
Box 4
Journal
Box 4
Journal, 1967 Dec. 9-1967 Dec. 31
Box 4
Journal
Box 4
Journal
Box 5
Material removed from 1969 journal
Box 5
Journal
Box 5
Material removed from 1970 journal
Box 5
Journal
Box 5
Material removed from 1971 journal
Box 5
Journal
Box 5
Material removed from 1972 journal
Box 5
Journal
Box 5
Material removed from 1973 journal
Box 5
Journal
Box 6
Material removed from 1974 journal
Box 6
Journal
Box 6
Material removed from 1975 journal
Box 6
Journal
Box 6
Material removed from 1976 journal
Box 6
Journal
Box 6
Material removed from 1977-1979 journal
Box 6
Journal
Box 6
Material removed from 1980-1981 journal
Box 6
Journal, 1980 June 6-1980 July 21
Box 7
Journal
Box 7
Material removed from 1981 journal
Box 7
Journal
Box 7
Material removed from 1982 journal
Box 7
Journal
Box 7
Material removed from 1983 journal
Box 7
Journal
Box 7
Material removed from 1984 journal
Box 7
Journal, 1985 Jan. 1-1985 Sept. 7
Box 7
Journal, 1985 Sept. 8-1985 Dec. 31
Box 7
Material removed from 1985 Sept. 8-1985 Dec. 31 journal
Box 7
Journal
Box 8
Material removed from 1986 journal
Box 8
Journal
Box 8
Material removed from 1987 journal
Box 8
Journal
Box 8
Material removed from 1988 journal
Box 8
Journal
Box 8
Material removed from 1990 journal
Box 8
Journal
Box 8
Material removed from 1991 journal
Box 8

Personal and professional correspondence of Mary McMillan, divided into outgoing and incoming subseries and arranged in chronological order. The Outgoing Correspondence primarily contains letters sent by McMillan to churches or individuals in the United States who had supported her work in Japan. These "mission letters" describe McMillan's work at Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College and Ushita Christian Church as well as her beliefs in world peace and disarmament. Some of the Incoming Correspondence, particularly in the early 1980s, is in Japanese. The majority of the letters are to McMillan from friends, missionaries, and former students in Japan after her retirement in 1980. Also included in a small third subseries is other correspondence that was neither to nor from McMillan. Many of these letters were written to Jane Greenwood, McMillan's sister, from individuals and organizations expressing their condolences over McMillan's death. A few pieces of correspondence have photographs clipped to them.

[Attention: Contains pictorial materials.]

1948-1990

[Oversize material removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 9
undated
Box 9
1949-1979
(1 folder)

[Oversize material removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 9
1980-1991 and undated
(13 folders)

[Oversize material removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 9
Other Correspondence Subseries, 1958-1997 and undated
Box 9

Reports, essays, and other unpublished material, divided into three subseries containing writings by Mary McMillan, writings by other individuals, and audiovisual materials. All items are ordered chronologically within the subseries. The BetaMax and VHS video cassettes in the audiovisual materials subseries require use copies; the audio cassettes have use copies already available.

[Technical Services needs to arrange for outsourced reformatting for use copies of video tapes before access is made available. Contact Research Services.]

Primarily handwritten and personal essays documenting peace activism and the nuclear disarmament movements in the United States and Japan.

1959, An Appraisal of my Participation in the Conference against A and H Bombs
Box 10
1959 Sept., Some Rambling Thoughts After a Spring and Summer Busy with Peace Activities
Box 10
1981, Hiroshima and Nagasaki Days
Box 10
1981, Peace

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 10
1984, Reflections upon my Recent Return to Hiroshima
Box 10
1984 Aug., A Journey of and for Mutual Encouragement
Box 10
1988 Oct. 9, Let There be Peace,
Box 10
undated, At This, my First Advent - Christmas Season
Box 10
undated, Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College essay
Box 10
undated, On June 28, 1984
Box 10
undated, Recent State of Anti-Nuclear Movements in the United States
Box 10
undated, To "Voice of the People"
Box 10
undated, [Handwritten notes]

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 10

Contains reports and essays documenting the peace movement, as well as the growth of the Christian Church in Japan and the works of the Kyodan, the organization which unified the missionaries of the various Protestant denominations in Japan. Also included are poems and other creative works written by McMillan's friends that explore peace and Church activism, as well as tributes to McMillan.

1958 Nov., Radiation and Human Welfare: Why Japan Objects to Nuclear Weapons Testing, Fusa Asaka

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 10
1959 Aug. 1, General Report to the Preliminary Session of the 5th World Conference Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs, Professor Kaoru Yasui

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 10
1959 Aug. 7, The Movement Against A and H Bombs in the Cultural Sphere in Hiroshima, Koichiro Tanabe

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 10
1959 Aug. 7, The Report in Literature and the Problem of Peace, no author

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 10
1959 Aug. 1-1959 Aug. 8, Fifth World Conference against A and H Bombs: A Survey of the Conference Itself, the Christian Participation and Suggestions for Further Participation, by a group of foreign Christians who reside in Hiroshima and who participated in the 5th conference
Box 10
1966 Oct. 15, Movements of the Kyodan Interpreted, Kazo Kitamori
Box 10
1969 Jan. 1, Statistics of Kirisutokyo Nenkan 1969, no author

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 10
[1969?], Toward a Reconciled Humanity, no author
Box 10
1969 Dec. 6, A Response to the Reports of the Black Staff Task Force and the Youth, Arthur Gamblin, Mark Reames, Ruth Sarto, and Randolph Thrasher
Box 10
1970, A Dramalogue for the 25th Year of the Nuclear Age, no author

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 10
1971, Kuala Lumpur Report, Jack Hasegawa
Box 10
1971 Jan., What is Going to Happen to our Kyodan?, Kiyoshi Ii, Takeshi Takasaki, and Yoichi Harada
Box 10
1971 Feb. 22-1971 Feb. 23, Magazine Overview, Yoshikazo Sakamoto
Box 10
1972 Apr. 20-21, Statement on Maintaining Missionary Personnel in Japan, Adopted by the 56th Council of Cooperation General Meeting
Box 10
1975 June, Educational Evangelism in Japan, Nobuo Kobayashi
Box 10
1975 June, Misfortune and Death, R.W. Brownlee
Box 10
1976 Jan. 20, An Appeal from a Hiroshima A-Bomb Survivor, Shinichi Kato
Box 10
[1976?], Message from the scroll presented to Mary McMillan on the occasion of the 90th anniversary of Hiroshima Jo Gakuin
Box 10
Hiroshima Union Church sermon by Doris Hartman
Box 10
1980 May 29, Searching, Dorothy A. Stroup
Box 10
1981 Feb. 12, Moments with Mary become Special Memories, Melody Kirchner
Box 10
1981 Aug. 9, I Take Hiroshima Personally, Patricia J. Patterson
Box 10
1982 Jan. 20, Confessions of Responsibility during World War II, revised English translation
Box 10
1982 June 24, Statement by Takeshi Araki, Mayor of Hiroshima on the Occasion of the Second Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly Devoted to Disarmament
Box 10
1988 Aug. 12, An Echo from Hiroshima, Jane McMillan Greenwood
Box 10
1989 Nov. 10, Lawrance Thompson Memorial Service
Box 10
1991 July 24,Eulogy delivered by Mitsuko Iguchi at the memorial service for Mary McMillan
Box 10
1991 July 24, The Service of Resurrection for Mary Connely McMillan
Box 10
1992-1993 Winter, The Story of Sadako, no author
Box 10
undated, Atomic Bomb Casualties in Hiroshima (II): Physical Effects of the Atomic Bomb in Hiroshima, Hiroshima Atomic Bomb Casualty Research Group
Box 10
undated, Christians and Peace, Maurine Parker
Box 10
undated, Cora Julia Harrison, no author
Box 10
undated, Food resource quiz, no author
Box 10
undated, F.O.R. Policy Statement on Indochina by the Fellowship of Reconciliation
Box 10
undated, He Set his Face Steadfastly, Anna Bell Williams
Box 10
undated, In the Autumn Wind by Dorothy Stroup: Review of Novel, no author
Box 10
undated, Jonah, no author
Box 10
undated, The Kyodan of Tomorrow, Masahisa Suzuki
Box 10
undated, Missionary Relationships in my Kyodu, no author
Box 10
undated, Mary, Sue Severn

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 10
undated, My Life in Hiroshima, Doris Hartman

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 10
undated, Negotiation Now, a Petition Circulated by Vietnam Summer Japan, a New Group in Tokyo and Hiroshima, Concerned About the War in Vietnam

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 10
undated, Peace, Joan Woodward
Box 10
undated, A Poem, no author
Box 10
undated, A Précis of the Main Points of Sister Carolyn Jean?s Talk, no author
Box 10
undated, Questions for the Article on what Christian Organizations, Institutions, and Individuals in Hiroshima are Doing for Disarmament and Peace, no author
Box 10
undated, Report of Survey Deputation to Evaluate the Relief Needs of Atomic Bomb Victims, no author
Box 10
undated, Some High Points in the Life of Mary McMillan, written by teachers and students at Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College
Box 10
undated, A Sorrowful Tale of Elephants, Yukio Tsuchiya
Box 10
undated, Tribute, Shiro Abe
Box 10
undated, Witness for Shalom, no author
Box 10

Videotapes, audio cassettes, and one phonograph record containing recordings of speeches and debates regarding the future of Japan, the history of Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College, and the continued effects in Hiroshima of the atomic bomb. Also included is a video of McMillan's farewell ceremony prior to her retirement, as well as an LP recording of the song "A Message for Tomorrow." Arranged in original order. Use copies are available for the audio cassettes. Master audio cassette tapes are filed immediately following the use copies.

[Technical Services needs to arrange for outsourced reformatting for use copies of video tapes and phonograph record before access is made available. Contact Research Services.]

1979, Mary McMillan, Fall 1979, Tape 2, Copy 1 (use copy)
(audio cassette)
Box 10
undated, War and Peace, Lectures by Dr. Sigeaki Hirohara and The Mourning for the Dead by A-Bomb (use copy)
(audio cassette)
Box 10
undated, A-Bomb Survivors Recollect and Try to Express (use copy)
(audio cassette)
Box 10
MASTER copies of previous recordings
(3 audio cassettes)
Box 10
1980 Spring, Mary Departing Japan
(BetaMax videotape)
Box 10
1986, 1886-1986: Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College Commemoration,
(VHS videotape)
Box 10
1990 Aug. 6,A-Bomb Anniversary Programs
(VHS videotape)
Box 10
1990 Aug. 25, Excerpts from Debate: Approaching 21st Century, Where?s Japan Heading?
(VHS videotape)
Box 10
undated, A Message for Tomorrow, made by Hiroshima-Nagasaki Publishing Company
(phonograph record)
Box 10

Divided into two subseries for photographs and for slides; the material is further organized by subject matter. There are images of the Topaz Relocation Center in Utah, Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College, McMillan's friends, former students and their families. Other images document her travels throughout East Asia, including trips to China and Taiwan. The bulk of the material consists of black-and-white and color casual snapshots of McMillan, her Japanese friends, and her former students with their families. These photographs document Japanese wedding traditions and other ceremonies as well as various marches and activities promoting peace and nuclear disarmament. There are ten images taken at the Topaz Japanese internment camp; most of the photographs were labeled with names and sometimes dates. The slides are in color and consist chiefly of images from McMillan's travels. All materials are arranged in chronological order

[Attention: Contains pictorial materials.]

1943,Topaz Relocation Center
Box 11
1947-1965, undated,Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College
Box 11
undated, Former students, their families, and friends
Box 11
undated, Other photographs from Japan
Box 11
1947, undated,China and Taiwan
Box 11
1966, undated,Hiroshima
Box 11
1966-1967, undated,Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College
Box 11
undated, Inland Sea of Seto
Box 11
undated, Japan
(3 folders)
Box 11
undated, Rural life in Japan
Box 11
undated, Tea Ceremony
Box 11

Contains two bound volumes: a guest book kept by McMillan from 1940 to 1982, which lists the names and addresses of her visitors, and a scrapbook of notes and photographs, compiled by the students and staff at Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College and presented to McMillan upon her retirement in 1980.

[Attention: Contains pictorial materials.]

Guest book, 1940-1982
Box 12
Retirement scrapbook, 1980
Box 12

Consists primarily of newsletters, pamphlets, flyers, and church bulletins. It is divided into five subseries, based on the primary subject content of the material: Hiroshima and Japan, Topaz Relocation Center, Church, Peace Activism, and Other Activism. Material is arranged chronologically within the subseries. Also included in the list are three books that have been cataloged separately and are housed in the Special Collections stacks. Items in Japanese have been noted in the list below.

Includes biographies or memoirs of Japanese citizens or others influential in Japanese society, books and pamphlets about the history of Hiroshima, numerous college catalogs from Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College, and journals and newsletters documenting the life of Japanese-Americans.

1936, Gaines Sensei: Missionary to Hiroshima Samuel M. Hilburn

[Material catalogued and housed separately]

1952, Peace City Hiroshima, no author
1956 Oct., The Story of Hiroshima Jo Gakuin, Kaizo Odagiri

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

1958 Mar., Ei Bun Gakkai Kai Ho (in Japanese)
1959 Aug. 6, Peace Memorial ceremonies program

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

1961 Aug., A Crane that Cannot Come Back, Nanako Seto
1961 Nov., Hiroshima, the Atom, and the World, Earle L. Reynolds
1962, Japan for Christ - Christ for All Japan, United Church of Christ in Japan

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

1962 Apr. 10, The Torch, Vol. 1, No. 9, student newspaper of Hiroshima Jo Gakuin

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

1964 Nov., The Rivers of Hiroshima, no author
1968,Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College catalog (in Japanese)
1968, Dr. Takuo Matsumoto and Hiroshima, Takuo Matsumoto
1969 June, Goodbye to Hiroshima: Barbara Reynolds, YMCA Hiroshima
1970, Hiroshima Declaration, 1970 Hiroshima Conference
1971,Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College catalog (in Japanese)
Hiroshima Citizens Congress to Prevent French Nuclear Testing statement
1976,United Church of Christ in Japan budget
1977,Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College catalog (in Japanese),
1977 July, Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, Hiroshima Appeal Committee
1978 Aug., The Outline of Atomic Bomb Damage in Hiroshima, Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum
1979,Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College catalog (in Japanese)
1980 Mar. 15, Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College Dagaku Sotsugyo (in Japanese)
1980 May, Hiroshima Signpost
1981, City Planning of Hiroshima
1982,Statement made by Hitoshi Motoshima, Mayor of Nagasaki, at the NGO Session of the U.N. General Assembly Devoted to Disarmament
1982 Aug. 6, No More Hiroshimas flyer
1982 Dec. 31, Devotion of Hiroshima to the Cause of Peace, City of Hiroshima
1983, Hiroshima Surgeon Tomin Harada

[Material catalogued and housed separately]

1984 June, YUWA, by the Japan section of the International Fellowship of Reconciliation
1984 Dec., Asian Rural Institute Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 1
1985,Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College catalog (in Japanese)
1985,Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College catalog (in Japanese)
1986, The Legacy of Hiroshima: Its Past, Our Future, Naomi Shohno

[Material catalogued and housed separately]

1986 Sept. 30, Do So Sei No Yo Be (in Japanese)
1986 Nov. 3, Memorial service for the late Rev. Kiyoshi Tanimoto (program)
1989, Hando Bukko, (in Japanese)
1989 Apr. 1, 1989-1990 Mar. 31, Asian Rural Institute: Annual Report on the 1989 Rural Leaders Training Program
1989 Apr. 16,Church bulletin (in Japanese),
1989 July, ARI Newsletter, Asian Rural Institute
1990, There is a Spirit: The Nayler Sonnets, Sonnets on Courtship, Marriage, and FamilyKenneth Boulding, translated by Nobuyuki Yuasa (in Japanese)
1990,Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College catalog (in Japanese)
1990 Jan., NJAHS Focus, Vol. 6, No. 1, National Japanese American Historical Society
1990 July, NJAHS Focus, Vol. 6, No. 4, National Japanese American Historical Society
1990 Sept. 29, Hiroshima Jo Gakuin Chu Gakko Kosha (in Japanese)
1991 May 29,Gen dai ni i kiru... (in Japanese)
undated, Death Data of the Victims from August 1959 to May 1960, no author

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

undated, God be with you Till we Meet Again, Jeremiah Eames Rankin
undated, Hiroshima: For Picture Postcard, author unknown
undated, Hiroshima Girls School catalog
undated, Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College catalog
undated, Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College catalog (in Japanese)
undated, Hiroshima: Peace Memorial City, Hiroshima Peace Culture Center
undated, Hiroshima Peace Park and Rally in Tokyo, no author

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

undated, History of Ushita Church (in Japanese)
undated, Map of Hiroshima

[Removed to Oversize Folder 1.]

undated, Schedule for the International Christian Peace Conference
undated, The Japan Cultural Society of Northwest Florida Newsletter, Vol. 2, No. 3
undated, Japan Studies: New Focus on the Japanese Mind and Culture, Vol. 1, Nos. 7-9, 11
undated, The Japanese American Experience, National Japanese American Historical Society
undated, Memorial Cathedral for World Peace, published by the Catholic Church
undated, Mission School in Hiroshima, author unknown
undated, Program to Promote Solidarity of Cities Towards the Total Abolition of Nuclear Weapons, City of Hiroshima and the City of Nagasaki
undated, To the Mothers and Wives of the United States, from Japanese Women
undated, To the Representatives who are Gathered in Hiroshima from Around the World to Attend the 5th Anti-A and H-Bombs World Conference, by the Hiroshima Committee for Protecting Children
undated, Ho Shi Dan Towa? (in Japanese)
undated, Kotobaki - Nakagawa, Kishi (in Japanese)
undated, Hiroshima Jo Gakuin Genbaku Giseishya Meibo (in Japanese)
undated, Heiwa No Uta (in Japanese)
undated, Postcards of Hiroshima

Contains two programs published in conjunction with the 1988 reunion held by those who were interned at the camp.

1988 Sept. 16-1988 Sept. 18,Topaz reunion program
1988 Sept. 16-1988 Sept. 18,Topaz reunion booklet of photographs and addresses

Primarily documents the work of the Methodist Church as well as the National Christian Council of Japan and the Kyodan in the Japanese society. Church bulletins, from Japan and the United States, are also included. Primary publications represented include "The Methodist Witness, " "Japan Christian Activity News, " "Kyodan Newsletter, " and "The Kyodan Missionary Bulletin." Arranged in chronological order.

1937 Dec., The Lifesharer, Christmas Issue, Vol. VIII, No. 2, Students of Scarritt College for Christian Workers
Box 13
1942 Jan. 16,First Congregational Church (Berkeley, Calif.) bulletin
Box 13
1943 Oct. 24,The University Church Bulletin
Box 13
1949 Oct.-Dec.,The Methodist Youth Fund Bulletin
Box 13
1954 Apr. 16, No Man Can Serve Two Masters,author unknown
Box 13
1955 Aug., Peaceful Coexistence: The Christian Obligation Kathleen Linsdale, published by the East-West Relations Committee of the Religious Society of Friends
Box 13
1958 Feb. 22, Does the Bible Sanction War?, M. Guy West, published by the Church of the Brethren
Box 13
1959 July 15, Japan Christian Activity News, No. 150, Commission on Public Relations of the National Christian Council of Japan
Box 13
1963, Fall, Bulletin, Vol. I, No. 2, Ecumenical Department, Research Institute on the Mission of the Church, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1968 July, Policy Statements and Statistics of the United Church of Christ in Japan (Kyodan),author unknown
Box 13
1970 Mar. 6,World Day of Prayer flyer
Box 13
1971 Oct. 20, Kyodan Newsletter, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1974 Jan.-Feb., The Upper Room, Vol. 39, No. 6
Box 13
1974 Mar. 1, World Day of Prayer service bulletin

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 13
1978 July 28, Japan Christian Activity News, No. 539, Commission on Public Relations of the National Christian Council of Japan
Box 13
1979 Mar. 20, Kyodan Newsletter, No. 133, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1979 Apr. 27, Japan Christian Activity News, No. 548, Commission on Public Relations of the National Christian Council of Japan
Box 13
1980 Sept., The Kyodan Missionary Bulletin, No. 300, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1981 Aug. 6,Hiroshima Remembered bulletin
Box 13
1981 Sept. 20, Kyodan Newsletter, No. 158, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1981 Nov.-Dec., The Kyodan Missionary Bulletin, No. 312, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1981 Dec. 10, Kyodan Newsletter, No. 160, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1982 Apr. 29, Pastoral Letter by the Council of Bishops of the United Methodist Church
Box 13
1982 Aug. 22, Japan Christian Activity News, No. 588, Commission on Public Relations of the National Christian Council of Japan
Box 13
1983 Feb. 20, Kyodan Newsletter, No. 172, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1983 Mar. 22; 1983 May 25; 1984 Jan. 20, Japan Christian Activity News, Nos. 595, 597, 605, Commission on Public Relations of the National Christian Council of Japan
Box 13
1984 Sept. 20, Kyodan Newsletter, No. 188, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1985 Mar. 1, Church Women United Bulletin, Church Women United of the United States of America
Box 13
1985 Sept., The Kyodan Missionary Bulletin, No. 350, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
Foundation Document
Box 13
Pastoral Letter
Box 13
Guide for Study and Action
Box 13
1986 Dec. 10, Kyodan Newsletter, No. 210, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1988, They That Hope in God, Margaret Warren

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 13
1988 Apr. 20, May 20; 1990 Jan. 20, Kyodan Newsletter, Nos. 224, 225, 241, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1990 Mar.-Apr., The Kyodan Missionary Bulletin, No. 386, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1990 Mar. 20, June 20, Kyodan Newsletter, Nos. 243, 246 United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1990 June-July, The Kyodan Missionary Bulletin, No. 388, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1990 July 20, Oct. 20, Kyodan Newsletter, No. 247, 249 United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1990 Nov.-Dec., The Kyodan Missionary Bulletin, No. 390, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1990 Dec. 20, Kyodan Newsletter, No. 250, United Church of Christ in Japan
Box 13
1990 Dec. 20, Koinonia Newsletter, No. 250
Box 13
1991 Oct. 18-Oct. 19,AL West FL Conference, United Methodist Women, 19th Annual Meeting Program
Box 13
1995 July 16; Aug. 6, 13, 20; Sept. 10, The Methodist Witness, Vol. 174, Nos. 34, 37-39, 42, Pensacola First United Methodist Church
Box 13
1995 Sept. 17,Pensacola First United Methodist Church bulletin
Box 13
1995 Oct. 1; 1997 July 27, The Methodist Witness, Vol. 174, No. 45; Vol 177, No. 30, Pensacola First United Methodist Church
Box 13
undated, Affirmation of Faith,author unknown
Box 13
undated, Celebrating the Birth of Christ, Alternatives Christmas Campaign
Box 13
undated, Japan Listens for a Voice, Baker James Couthen, published by the Baptist Foreign Mission Board
Box 13
undated, Kyodan Newsletter Presents the Problem of Church Renewal in Japan Today, Masahisa Suzuki
Box 13
undated, Scarritt-Bennett Center brochure
Box 13
undated, Seirei Enflyer, no author

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 13
undated, Serve God in Japan, Council on Cooperative Mission
Box 13
undated, Who Will Build the World Anew?, Thomas C. Clark and Richard Redhead
Box 13

Consists primarily of newsletters from organizations promoting world peace and nuclear disarmament, such as the Alternative World Foundation, the Center for Defense Information, the Council for a Livable World, War Resisters' League, and the World Friendship Center. Arranged chronologically.

1959 June-July, No More Hiroshimas!: The News of the Japan Council Against A and H Bombs, Vol. 6, Nos. 4, 5
Box 13
1959 Aug. 12, FCNL Action, No. 22, Friends Committee on National Legislation
Box 13
1967 Dec., Information Bulletin of the Christian Peace Conference, No. 43
Box 13
1968 Mar., A Quaker Action Group Newsletter, No. 10
Box 13
1970 May 9, You Don't Have to Buy War, Mrs. Smith, Bess Myerson Grant
Box 13
1970 June,Draft resistance brochure
Box 13
1970, Another Mother for Peace: Summer Summary
Box 13
1970 Sept-Oct., WRL News, No. 161, War Resisters League
Box 13
1974 June, Center Report, Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions
Box 13
1977 Feb.,Another Mother for Peace flyer
Box 13
1977 Winter,World Friendship Center bulletin
Box 13
1977 Mar. 7, WFC Minutes, World Friendship Center

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 13
1978 Mar. 6,Kobe Union Church bulletin
Box 13
1978 Summer, Winter,World Friendship Center bulletin
Box 13
1980 Mar. 3, WFC Minutes, World Friendship Center

[Removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Box 13
1980 July, Disarming Notes, Vol. II, No. 9, published by the Riverside Church
Box 13
1982 June, We Appeal to the Whole World, Kazumitsu Aihara
Box 13
1983 Jan. 28, Peacemaking: A Musical Play, Ruth Taylor Saito and Margaret L. Warren
Box 13
1983 Feb., Communism, the Churches, and the Peace Movement: A Response by the Fellowship of Reconciliation
Box 13
1983 Spring, The Mobilizer, Vol. 3, No. 1, published by Mobilization for Survival
Box 13
1983 May,Union of Concerned Scientists pledge bulletin
Box 13
1983 Summer, WPTF Newsletter, Vol. X, No. 2, published by the National Campaign for a World Peace Tax Fund
Box 13
1984, The Defense Monitor, Vol. XIII, No. 6, published by the Center for Defense Information
Box 13
1984 Summer, Legislative Alert, published by the National Peace Academy Campaign
Box 13
1984 Fall,World Friendship Center bulletin
Box 13
1984 Sept.-Oct., WRL News, No. 244, published by the War Resisters League
Box 13
1984 Dec.,Union of Concerned Scientists pledge bulletin
Box 13
1986, 1986-87 F.O.R. National Council Ballot, published by the Fellowship of Reconciliation
Box 13
1986 Summer, Peace Tax Fund Newsletter, No. 3, published by the National Campaign for a World Peace Tax Fund
Box 13
1990,World Friendship Center bulletin, Vol. 3 and 4
Box 13
1990 Mar.,Council for a Livable World newsletter
Box 13
1990 Aug., Daniel Kahikina Akaka of Hawaii, published by the Council for a Livable World
Box 13
1990 Aug., The Reporter for Conscience Sake, Vol. XLVII, No. 7, published by the National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors
Box 13
1990 Sept., CFU International, Vol. 10, No. 3
Box 13
1991 Jan.-Feb., Social Questions Bulletin, Vol. 81, No. 1, published by the Methodist Federation for Social Action
Box 13
1991 Apr., The Reporter for Conscience Sake, Vol. XLVIII, No. 4, published by the National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors
Box 13
1992, World Friendship Center Newsletter, No. 85, Vol. 2
Box 13
1993; 1995 Nov.-Dec., The Defense Monitor, Vol. XXII, Nos. 8-9; Vol. XXIV, No. 9, published by the Center for Defense Information
Box 13
1996 Jan., Peace Pac Newsletter
Box 13
1997 May and July,Council for a Livable World newsletters
Box 13
1997 June, The Defense Monitor, Vol. XXVI, No. 3, published by the Center for Defense Information
Box 13
undated, The Civilized Defense Plan, published by the Alternative World Foundation
Box 13
undated, Freeze Lobby Action Alert Network, published by the National Freeze Campaign
Box 13
undated, Gifts of the Holy Spirit, Harriett Miller
Box 13
undated, Join a National Peace Organization, author unknown
Box 13
undated, New Zealand: An Ally for the Peace Movement, published by the New England Pacific Coalition
Box 13
undated, O Innocent Child, Thich Nhat Hanh
Box 13
undated, An Orientation to a World Beyond War, author unknown
Box 13
undated, Reflections on Daniel Berrigan: Upon Seeing the Picture of his Capture,Robert McAfee Brown
Box 13
undated, A Time to Act, published by the National Council for a World Peace Tax Fund
Box 13
undated, The United States Already has 26,000 Nuclear Warheads, published by the Council for a Livable World
Box 13
undated, We Object to the Peace Declaration, published by the Hiroshima Citizens Group
Box 13
undated, World Friendship Center Bulletin
Box 13
undated, World Peace Pledge, published by the Fellowship of Reconciliation
Box 13

Contains material documenting McMillan's other activism efforts, including the promotion of justice and literacy. This subseries consists primarily of issues of the Washington Spectator, a liberal activists' publication produced by the Public Concern Foundation, an organization which reports on political activities in Washington, D.C. Arranged in date order.

1971 Jan.-June Pax et Libertas, Vol. 36, Nos. 1-2, published by the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
Box 13
1980 Apr. 15, Aug. 15, Dec. 1, The Washington Spectator, Vol. 6, Nos. 7, 14, and 21, published by the Public Concern Foundation
Box 13
1982 Spring, Humanities, Vol. 8, published by the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities and Public Policy
Box 13
1984 Sept. 15, The Washington Spectator, Vol. 20, No. 10, published by the Public Concern Foundation
Box 13
1986, 1986 Campaign Strategy Sheet,author unknown
Box 13
1989 Feb. 28,United Methodist Women Executive Committee meeting schedule
Box 13
1990 Oct., Laubach Literacy International Newsletter, Vol. 1, No. 3
Box 13
1990 Oct. 16-Oct. 24,Peace with Justice Week flyer
Box 13
1991,Chautauqua newsletter, published by the Chautauqua Institution
Box 13
1991 Spring and Winter, Pendle Hill Bulletin, Nos. 380 and 383
Box 13
1996 Aug. 15, Oct. 15; 1997 Mar. 15, The Washington Spectator, Vol. 22, Nos. 17, 19; Vol. 23, No. 6, published by the Public Concern Foundation
Box 13
1997 Apr., ADA Today, Vol. 52, No. 1
Box 13
undated, Resist pamphlet, author unknown,
Box 13
undated, An Indian Prayer, author unknown
Box 13

Contains one folder of newspaper and magazine clippings, primarily related to peace activism. A small number of clippings are in Japanese. The clippings, which are arranged chronologically, document the lingering effects of the atomic bomb on the people of Hiroshima, the Vietnam War, the growth of the United States' Star Wars defense system, and the conflict in the Middle East.

[Oversize material removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Contains five folders, whose contents include three Japanese-style paper dolls, an origami crane, and other small sketches and paintings; 15 business cards, primarily printed in both English and Japanese; three buttons collected from peace rallies or United Methodist Church meetings; and certificates presented to McMillan by various organizations for her social activism. Also included is a certificate presented to her after her voyage across the Pacific during her first trip to Japan in 1939. The final folder contains donation and membership cards, and documents the array of non-profit organizations with which McMillan was involved.

[Oversize material removed to Oversize Container 1.]

Outgoing Correspondence Subseries, 1972 and undated
(2 items)
Oversize Box 1
Incoming Correspondence Subseries, 1959 and undated
(2 items)
Oversize Box 1
1971, Peace
Oversize Box 1
undated, Handwritten notes
1958 Nov., Radiation and Human Welfare: Why Japan Objects [sic] the Nuclear Weapons Testing, Fusa Asaka
Oversize Box 1
1959 Aug. 1, General Report to the Preliminary Session of the 5th World Conference against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs, Professor Kaoru Yasui
1959 Aug. 7, The Movement against A and H Bombs in the Cultural Sphere in Hiroshima, Koichiro Tanabe
1959 Aug. 7, The Report in Literature and the Problem of Peace, author unknown
1969 Jan. 1, Statistics of Kirisutokyo Nenkan 1969, author unknown
1970, A Dramalogue for the 25th Year of the Nuclear Age, author unknown
undated, Mary, Sue Severn
undated, My Life in Hiroshima, Doris Hartman
undated, Negotiation Now, a Petition Circulated by Vietnam Summer Japan, a New Group in Tokyo and Hiroshima, Concerned about the War in Vietnam
1956 Oct., The Story of Hiroshima Jo Gakuin, Kaizo Odagiri
Oversize Box 1
1959 Aug. 6,Peace Memorial ceremonies program
1962, Japan for Christ - Christ for All Japan, United Church of Christ in Japan
1962 Apr. 10, The Torch, Vol. 1, No. 9, student newspaper of Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College
undated, Death Data of the Victims from August 1959 to May 1960
undated, Hiroshima Peace Park and Rally in Tokyo
Map of Hiroshima, undated
Oversize Folder 1
1974 Mar. 1,World Day of Prayer service bulletin
Oversize Box 1
1988, They That Hope in God, Margaret Warren
undated, Seirei En flyer, author unknown
1977 Mar. 7 and 1980 Mar. 3, WFC Minutes, World Friendship Center
Oversize Box 1
Clippings About Peace Activism Subseries 1971-1991
(9 items)
Oversize Box 1
Japanese calligraphy in red ink on unidentified material: quotation on peace, undated
(1 item)
Clippings
Oversize Folder 2

Historical Note

DateEvent(s)
1912 Nov. 26Born, Pensacola, Fla.
1934Graduated from Florida State College for Women with a degree in literature and history
1934-1937Taught in Northwest Florida high schools
1939Graduated from Scarritt College in Nashville with a Masters degree in Christian Education
1939 Aug. 31Arrived in Japan
1941 Feb. 29Forced to return to the United States
1942Took courses in Japanese language at the University of California, Berkeley, and lived in the International House
1943Taught at the Topaz Relocation Center in Topaz, Utah
1944Graduated from the Nashville School of Social Work with a Masters in Social Science
1945Served as a child welfare worker in Escambia County, Fla.
1947 Jan. 7Became the first Protestant missionary to return to Hiroshima after World War II
1948 Jan. 19Held the first service of the Ushita Christian Church in her home
1952 Dec.Mother died
1980Named Professor Emerita at Hiroshima Jo Gakuin College
Named the sixth Special Honorary Citizen of Hiroshima
1980 May 26Left Hiroshima for a six-month furlough prior to her official retirement
1980 Dec. 1Officially retired from service
1984 Aug.Returned to Hiroshima as a special guest of the city and took part in the memorial ceremony at Peace Park
1991 July 19Died in Lake Chautauqua, N.Y., at a missionary's conference

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Mary McMillan Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Mary McMillan Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift in 1997.

Processing Information

Processed by Erin Lawrimore

Completed July 25, 2002

Encoded by Erin Lawrimore, Paula Jeannet Mangiafico

Accessions 1996-0163 and 1997-0193 were merged into one collection, described in this finding aid.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.