Guide to the Heraldo Muñoz Papers, 1963-2013 and undated
Chilean politician, diplomat, author, and ambassador to the United Nations. Spanning the period of 1963 to 2010, the Heraldo Muñoz Papers contain materials related to Muñoz's work as a researcher and diplomat, and his role in the Chilean Socialist Party. Primarily consisting of handwritten notes, correspondence, reports, policy documents, printed materials, and electronic files, the collection emphasizes Chilean domestic and international politics from 1970 to 2010 (including the 1973 coup and the Pinochet dictatorship) and the United Nations' (UN) work on sanctions, counter-terrorism, and peacebuilding from 2003 to 2010. The collection is organized into the following series: Charles Horman Case Files, Chile - Domestic Politics; Chile - Foreign Policy; Correspondence and Clippings; International Work; Memorabilia; and Photographs. The largest group of materials relate to Muñoz's work at the UN.
- Heraldo Muñoz papers
- Muñoz, Heraldo
- 8.2 linear feet, Approximately 5800 items
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
- For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
- Material in English, Spanish, and Portuguese
Spanning the period of 1963 to 2010, the Heraldo Muñoz Papers contain materials related to Muñoz's work as a researcher and diplomat, and his role in the Chilean Socialist Party. Primarily consisting of handwritten notes, correspondence, reports, policy documents, printed materials, and electronic files, the collection emphasizes Chilean domestic and international politics from 1970 to 2010 (including the 1973 coup and the Pinochet dictatorship) and the United Nations' (UN) work on sanctions, counter-terrorism, and peacebuilding from 2003 to 2010. The collection is organized into the following series: Charles Horman Case Files; Chile - Domestic Politics; Chile - Foreign Policy; Correspondence and Clippings; International Work; Memorabilia; and Photographs.
Largest in the collection is the International Work Series, which primarily contains notes, reports, and speeches from Muñoz's work at the UN. Organized into subseries on UN Reform, the UN Security Council, and other materials, the bulk of this documentation relates to Muñoz's chairmanship of the Al-Qaeda and Taliban Sanctions Committee (1267 Committee) from 2003 to 2004. The Charles Horman Case Files Series primarily contains photocopies of Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests by the Horman family and the responsive documents produced by U.S. agencies regarding the murder of US journalist Charles Horman during the 1973 military coup in Chile. Muñoz obtained these documents from Horman's widow Joyce as part of his research for In the Dictator's Shadow. The Chile - Domestic Politics Series contains correspondence, internal Socialist Party documents, and materials produced by the opposition prior to the 1988 plebiscite on extending the rule of dictator Augusto Pinochet. The Chile - Foreign Policy Series contains documents and correspondence related to Muñoz's work in the Lagos campaign and administration, and as ambassador to the OAS, Brazil, and the UN. Particularly noteworthy are documents related to Pinochet's arrest in the UK. Programs, invitations, and passes mostly related to Muñoz's international work make up the Memorabilia Series. Containing both print and electronic documents, the Photographs Series also primarily depicts Muñoz's work at the UN through publicity shots and snapshots. The Writings and Research Series contains Muñoz's research, speeches, articles, and notes on Augusto Pinochet, U.S. and Chilean politics, and international governance. Although much of Muñoz's correspondence is integrated into the series to which it relates, the Correspondence and Clippings Series spans his professional career. Noteworthy correspondents include: Ricardo Lagos, Pascal Lamy, Thomas F. MacLarty III, Condoleezza Rice, Barbara Walters, and Timothy E. Wirth.
Acquired as part of the Human Rights Archive at Duke University.
Collection is open for research.
Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.
All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.
Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.
The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
Primarily contains photocopies of Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests by the Horman family and the responsive documents produced by U.S. agencies regarding the murder of US journalist Charles Horman during the 1973 military coup in Chile. Muñoz obtained these documents from Horman's widow Joyce as part of his research for In the Dictator's Shadow. FOIA materials are arranged by date of the original document. Also included are photocopies of public statements, clippings, House sub-committee testimony, materials related to the production of the film Missing, and the Horman family's correspondence and notes regarding the case. FOIA materials appear first, followed by supporting materials.
Contains documents produced by the Chile Socialist Party, the Communist Party, and the Party for Democracy (PPD) prior to and during the 1988 plebiscite on extending Pinochet's rule. Materials include articles, clippings, party platforms, party communications, mailings, Socialist Party internal planning documents and reports, materials from national and international socialist meetings, handwritten notes, Muñoz's correspondence with Chilean and international politicians, instructions and manuals for the plebiscite, selected plebiscite voting results, "get out the vote" materials, and copies of classified Chilean Ministry of Foreign Relations communications with the U.S. In addition to the plebiscite and internal party politics, the materials address the forming of the PPD and a commission on human rights. Mixed in are political pamphlets and periodicals, including editions of Historia documental del Partido Socialista de Chile, Unidad y lucha, and Boletin del Comité Central del Partido Socialista de Chile. Arranged chronologically with significant overlapping content in Opposition to Pinochet and Socialist Party folders.
[Some items removed to Oversize Materials]
[Some items removed to Oversize Materials.]
Contains Chile foreign policy documents that derive from Muñoz's work in the Lagos campaign and administration, and as ambassador to the Organization for American States (OAS), Brazil, and the United Nations (UN). Materials include correspondence, speeches, notes, clippings, articles, conference programs, copies of photographs, political lists, pamphlets, internal policy documents, communications with foreign governments, and travel itineraries. Some of Ricardo Lago's correspondence with foreign dignitaries is also included. Also contains a signed copy of the 1995 Itamaraty Peace Declaration, which fulfilled the 1942 Rio Protocol, and confidential correspondence regarding foreign policy and Pinochet's arrest in the U.K. Arranged chronologically.
Contains mostly correspondence but also invitations, notes, lectures, conference programs, some policy documents, and clippings of newspaper articles as well as Muñoz's own writings and interviews. Topics include his academic work in international studies and political science, and his positions in the Socialist Party, the Lagos administration, and as ambassador to the OAS, Brazil, and the UN. Noteworthy correspondents (most represented by only a few items each) include: Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Patricio Aylwin, Eduardo Frei, Michelle Bachelet, Isabel Allende, Jaime Paz Zamora, Desmond Tutu, Kofi Annan, Barbara Walters, Yoko Ono, Hillary Rodham Clinton, John Negroponte, and Condoleezza Rice. More numerically substantial is Muñoz's correspondence with Ricardo Lagos, Pascal Lamy, Thomas F. MacLarty III, and Timothy E. Wirth. Arranged chronologically.
Contains documents related to Muñoz's international work at the UN, including his presidency of the Security Council, chairmanship of the Al-Qaeda and Taliban Sanctions Committee (1267 Committee), work on the Peacebuilding Commission, and participation in committees to reform the UN. Materials include drafts, position papers, memos, proposals, presentations, official correspondence, reports, speeches, articles, clippings, resolutions, statements, minutes, interviews, itineraries, copies of photographs, pamphlets, business cards, and conference and meeting programs and notes. Many of the documents have handwritten annotations. Also included is confidential correspondence regarding Chilean foreign policy. Topics include: UN reform, human rights, international security, peacebuilding, the financial crisis, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Sudan, Somalia, and Haiti. Three subseries on UN Reform, UN Security Council, and other materials are each arranged chronologically.
Contains programs, invitations, passes, and identification cards for Muñoz's international work and events such as inaugurations, benefits, and presidential visits. Also included is Muñoz's 1966 passport and copies of school documents from 1963. Arranged by type of material and then chronologically.
[Some items removed to Oversize Materials.]
Arranged in original order as received, prints and digital files are chiefly publicity shots related to Muñoz's international work. Shots depict Muñoz with family members, with colleagues at various events, and playing soccer. Among others portrayed in the images are Ricardo Lagos, Michelle Bachelet, Patricio Aylwin, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Ban Ki-moon, Kofi Annan, George and Barbara Bush, George W. Bush, Condoleezza Rice, and Al Gore.
Arranged in original order as received, digital photographs are separated into two electronic folders on a library server. Folder "091008_1327" contains 61 digital photographs of Muñoz and other attendees at a Celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month event in New York City on October 7, 2009, which featured Chilean textiles and was sponsored by the Gabriela Mistral Foundation. Folder "Amb_Munoz_photos" contains 135 files (some of which contain more than one scanned photograph) that date from various points in Muñoz's career.
[Electronic files have been migrated to a library server. To request access, please contact a reference archivist before coming to use this collection.]
Contains Muñoz's research, speeches, articles, and notes, many with handwritten annotations. Research materials include clippings, meeting notes, publications, speeches, legal analysis, opinion polls, copies of classified Chilean Ministry of Foreign Relations and U.S. State Department communications, and copies of photographs. Topics covered include: Augusto Pinochet, Salvador Allende, Orlando Letelier, Charles Horman, Carlos Berger, Operation Colombo, CIA activities, U.S.-Latin American relations, U.S. and Chilean politics, international governance, human rights, and transitional justice. Two subseries on Pinochet Research and Articles, Speeches, and Notes are each arranged chronologically.
[Electronic file has been migrated to a library server. To request access, please contact a reference archivist before coming to use this collection.]
Contains mostly unofficial correspondence and material related to work on the UN Security Council, especially in relation to Haiti, Iraq and Al Queda, to the Peacebuilding Fund, and to the Human Rights Council. Also contains material related to Chilean President Lagos, Brazil-Peru relations, and Muñoz's ambassadorship to Brazil and other international relations documents.
In 2009, Heraldo Muñoz was charged with investigating the assassination of former Pakistani prime minister Benizar Bhutto. This series contains Muñoz’ files related to the United Nations Commission of Inquiry which investigated the assassination.
Series is closed to research until January 2019.
Closed until Jan 2019
Closed until Jan 2019
Born in Santiago, Chile on July 22, 1948, Heraldo Muñoz Valenzuela received a B.A. in Political Science from the State University of New York at Oswego in 1972. At the time of the 1973 coup that overthrew Chilean President Salvador Allende, Muñoz was serving as National Supervisor of People's Stores in the Allende administration. In 1975, he received a diploma in International Relations from Catholic University of Chile. Muñoz was a fellow the Brookings Institute in Washington, D.C. in 1977 and received his Ph.D. in International Studies from the University of Denver in 1978.
From 1983 to 1986, Muñoz was Secretary for International Relations of the Chilean Socialist Party and was a member of the Executive Committee for the "no" vote in the 1988 plebiscite on extending the rule of dictator Augusto Pinochet. After the return to democracy, President Patricio Aylwin appointed Muñoz to be Chile's Ambassador to the Organization of American States (OAS) in Washington, D.C. (1990-1994). After the election of Eduardo Frei in 1994, Muñoz served as Ambassador to Brazil. He left this post in 1998 to become the Coordinator of Foreign Relations for Ricardo Lagos's presidential campaign. After Lagos's election, Muñoz served in his administration as Deputy Minister of Foreign Relations (2000-2002) and as Minister Secretary General of Government (2002-2003).
In 2003, Lagos appointed Muñoz to be Chile's Ambassador to the United Nations (UN). At the UN, Muñoz was Chairman of the Al-Qaeda and Taliban Sanctions Committee (1267 Committee) from 2003 to 2004 and was on the Security Council in 2004, holding the presidency during the month of January. He also served as Vice-President of the General Assembly's 61st session (2006-2007), as Chairman of the Working Group on Security Council Reform (2007-2008), and as Chairman of the UN Peacebuilding Commission (2009). After the election of President Sebastián Piñera in 2010, Muñoz left the ambassadorship and became the Director of the Regional Bureau for Latin America at the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and UN Assistant Secretary General.
Muñoz is the author and editor of numerous volumes on international relations and Chilean politics, including Elusive Friendship: A Survey of U.S.-Chilean Relations (1991), Democracy Rising: Assessing the Global Challenges (2006), A Solitary War: A Diplomat's Chronicle of the Iraq War and its Lessons (2008), and The Dictator's Shadow: Life Under Augusto Pinochet (2008).
- Bachelet, Michelle, 1951-
- Horman, Charles, 1942-1973
- Human Rights Archive (Duke University)
- Lagos, Ricardo A., 1969-
- Muñoz, Heraldo
- Partido Comunista de Chile
- Partido por la Democracia (Chile)
- Partido Socialista (Chile)
- Pinochet Ugarte, Augusto
- Chile -- Foreign relations -- 1988-
- Chile -- Politics and government -- 1973-1988
- Chile -- Politics and government -- 1973-1988 -- Periodicals
- Chile -- Politics and government -- 1988-
- Chile -- Relations -- United States
- Freedom of Information -- Chile
- Human rights -- Chile -- History -- 20th century
- Plebiscite -- Chile
- United Nations -- Reform
- United Nations -- Sanctions
- United Nations Peacebuilding Commission
- United Nations. Security Council
- United States -- Relations -- Chile
[Identification of item], Heraldo Muñoz Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
The Heraldo Muñoz Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift in 2010.
Processed by Elizabeth Shesko, September 2010
Encoded by Elizabeth Shesko, September 2010
Accession 2010-0093 is described in this finding aid.