Guide to the Peruvian Collection, 1583-1892
Collection contains papers relating to Peru, roughly falling into three groups centering around commerce and industry, literary activities, and religious and social history. Includes papers (1786-1787) containing information on the mining of mercury; poems of Juan de Valle y Caviedes in 17th century script; poems by Antonio de Solís; one volume of Documentos históricos, collected by Manuel de Odriozola; three Documentos literarios from contemporary publications, among them a compilation of the papers of Peruvian viceroys and others (1580-1818); a paper relating to witchcraft and idolatry in Peru; papers (1772-1773) of the Provincial Council at Lima, containing the core of the debate within the Catholic Church on the modernization of learning which Charles III attempted to foist upon the empire; a copy of the proceso of Mariano Tupac Amaro; and material relating to politics and the industrial development of Peru and neighboring countries during the 19th century.
- Collection Number
- Peruvian collection
- Odriozola, Manuel de, 1804-1889
- 6 Linear Feet, circa 47 Items; 21 Volumes
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
This collection of heterogeneous material, generally relating to the colonial period of Peru, falls roughly into three groups centering around commerce and industry, literary activity, and religious and social history. Several manuscripts in the first group contain information on the mining of mercury, 1786-1787. Literary materials include the poems of Caviedes in the seventeenth century script useful for correcting errors in the copies published by Ricardo Palma; a copy of iconoclastic and mysterious poems by Antonio de Solís; one cuaderno of the Documentos históricos collected by Manuel de Odriozola; and three Documentos literarios from contemporary publications. Among the Items relating to religion and social history are a compilation of the papers of Peruvian viceroys and others, 1580-1818; an expediente concerning witchcraft and idolatry in Peru; original papers on the modernization of learning which Charles III attempted to impose upon the empire; copy of the proceso of Mariano Tupac Amaru; and a booklet, 1794, describing the founding and development of Quito, Ecuador.
Some of these Items, formerly the property of Manuel de Odriozola, the Peruvian literary historian who brought together this collection, are listed in the Cátalogo de la Biblioteca Peruana Propiedad de Dn. Francisco Perez de Velasco (Lima, 1918). Rubén Vargas Ugarte, S. J., describes some of these manuscripts in Manuscritos Peruanos en las Bibliotecas de América (Buenos Aires, 1945, pp. 230-243) which is volume IV of his Biblioteca Peruana (Lima, 1935- ). John Tate Lanning, James B. Duke Professor of History, also mentioned these manuscripts in his article "The Hispanic Collection" published in Gnomon, Essays for the Dedication of the William R. Perkins Library (Duke Unlversity, April 15 and 16, 1970).
This guide to the collection is the result of extensive recataloging in which, for the first time, considerable attention has been given to analyzing the content of the manuscripts. The descriptions of many of the manuscripts have been enlarged, and, in some cases, author and title information has been changed or refined. Many entries have been added to the card catalog based upon these new descriptions. Copies of these cards have been included in this guide in order to provide additional means of access to the contents of the collection.
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How to Cite
[Identification of item], Peruvian Collection, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
n. p., n. d. 50 folios.
A hypothetical dialogue between nature and her son.
Caracas, 1765-1770. 72 pages.
Petition, auto, and testimonials concerning the purity of race (limpieza de sangre) of Francisco Montero Bolaños de los Reyes. Caracas, 1765-1770.
The purity of race (limpieza de sangre) was documented by testimonials demonstrating that the person was not a descendant of Moors, Jews, heretics, or penitenciados (persons punished by the Inquisition). This documentation was a prerequisite in Spain and its colonies in order to be admitted into a corporation, school or university, to practice a profession, or a trade, and to get married. A law of May 16, 1865, abolished this requirement for marriage and for admission into the public service, and it was definitively abolished by the 27th article of the 1869 Constitution, and the 15th article of the 1876 Constitution (in force).
This manuscript is an important source for the study of social or economic discrimination against racial or ethnic groups in Spain and its colonies till the end of the XIX century.
1787. 19 folios.
This original manuscript is an important source of information on mercury production in the Huancavelica Dept. and in the province of Huarochiri, Peru. Information about the dates of arrival and departure from the warehouses, the weight, value, geographical source, and name of owners or shippers of the mercury are specified. Reports appear throughout the year, and a summary of figures for the year is given.
1700. 188 folios.
This expediente contains two royal cédulas issued by Charles III and Charles IV, kings of Spain and the Indies. One cédula was issued on June 25, 1783, at Aranjuéz, and the other, on Oct. 9, 1789, at San Lorenzo del Real. In both cédulas, the Bishop of Trujillo in Peru, Don Baltasar J. Martinez Compañón, is ordered not to relent on his work of converting the Indians into the Christian faith. This expediente also contains an edict of the Bishop and correspondence between him and others under his jurisdiction in relation to the same matter (ff. 1-10). This manuscript is notable because most of its contents are the original records of a trial for witchcraft and idolatry conducted against Salvador Bautista, Nicolás Bautista, Julián Bautista, Margarita Chuquipul (Salvador's wife), Petrona Huilca (Nicolás's wife), and María Paysic. Juán de Roxas, priest and vicar of the Doctrina of Atún Luya, was the acting judge and Blas de la Encidna was the acting notary (ff. 11-188). The trial began on Feb. 28, 1789, and the last record dated was July 9, 1790. It took place at the asiento of San Juán de Lamúd, but the defendants were from San Pedro de Cuemal. Between March 3 and May 11, 1789, 55 witnesses were examined; they were relatives and neighbors of the defendants and almost all of them certified their depositions (ff. 15-120). Confessions were taken from the defendants (ff. 120-150), and the prosecution and the defense presented their petitions (ff. 151-156). The sentence was pronounced on June 3, 1789 (ff. 157-158). The Royal Justice sentenced Salvador and Nicolás Bautista and Maria Paysíc to be whipped through the streets over a packsaddle, with a coronet on their heads and their backs naked. Petrona Huilca, Margarita Chuquipul, and Julián Bautista were sentenced to be feathered, to wear a coronet on their heads, and to serve as shield-bearers of the other offenders, their punishment being left to the discretion of the executioner. While the sentence was publicly performed, all the idols and instruments used by the defendants in their rites were thrown into a bonfire. Immediately they were expatriated to the Province of Caxamarca, confined to a house of correction in perpetuity, and obliged to do hard work with rations but without salary for a landowner who would provide them with the necessary prisons until their death. Their houses were demolished and exorcised, and great crosses were placed on the lots and on the caves, rocks, and temples they had used for their rites.
The expediente includes the estimates of the cost of the trial (f. 165), the inventory, valuation, and the sale by public auction of the properties of Salvador and Nicolás Bautista (ff. 166-184), as well as the accounts of the trustees, with credits and debits (ff. 185-188).
Lima, Perú, 1780-1783. 372 folios.
Typescript from the original in a volume of Manuscritos varios desposited in the Archivo Nacional del Perú, containing testimonies on the trial for relapse into rebellion, against Mariano Tupac Amaru and Andrés Mendigure, son and nephew of José Gabriel Túpac Amaru, leader of the Indian insurrection against the Spaniards in Perú during 1780-1781. These testimonies are not a complete record of the trial. They are divided into six cuadernos and one expediente with a total of 372 consecutive folios. The half title is Rebelión de Túpac Amaro. Tomo. I. The cuadernos contain correspondence between the Viceroy Agustín Jaureaui, the Bishop of Cuzco, members of the Túpac Amaru family, and other civilian, military and religious dignataries, in relation to the Túpac Amaru Insurrection. The cuadernos also contain depositions of witnesses on the trial against Mariano Túpac Amaru and Andrés Mendigure. The expediente contains the claims of José Antonio Escale, Relator de la Real Sala del Crimen, and Clemente Castellanos, Escribano of the same court, requesting to be paid for their work on the trial against Mariano Túpac Amaru and Andrés Mendigure. Túpac Amaru and Mendigure were sentenced to expartiation in Spain, the first died during the trip, and Mendigure perished in a shipwreck off the coast of Portugal. For further information see: La rebelión de Túpac Amaru by Daniel Valcárcel Esparza, Mexico, 1947 (p. 167-168).
Lima Perú, 1780-1783. 364 p., 249-333 p.
Typewritten copy from the original in a volume of manuscript documents deposited in the Biblioteca y Archivo Nacional, Lima, Perú. Bound in a book entitled Rebelión de Tupac Amaru, Tomo II (313 folios).
These confidential documents contain correspondence between the Viceroy Agustín Jauregui, and some members of the Túpac Amaru family, and also with military, ecclesiastical and civilian dignataries. Included are also other records of the trial against Mariano Túpac Amaru and Andrés Mendigures. It is a valuable source of information for researchers interested in the study of the Túpac Amaru insurrection in Perú.
n. p. Typescript, n. d. 178 folios.
This volume is an incomplete typescript copy of MS. No. 5 containing only information as far as page 305 of MS. No. 5A.
Lima, Perú, 1780. , 173 p.
Negative microfilm of typed copy in the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
Motives or reasons of the insurrection of the Indians of high Perú under the leadership of Don José Gabriel Túpac-Amaru Casique de Tunga-Suca.
Transferred to Newspapers and Microfilms Department.
v. p., 1547-1548. Pages 378-505.
Transcripts of a collection of 19 letters, 1547-1548, written during the rebellion of Gonzalo Pizarro in Perú (1546-1548) by Pedro de la Gasca (1493-1567), Gonzalo Pizarro (1502-1548), Philip II (1527-1598) as Prince, Lorenzo de Albana (d. 1571), and Diego Cepeda (d. 1550). These letters were transcribed in a very legible hand and are related to Gonzalo Pizarro's rebellion that ended with his defeat and execution as a traitor to King Charles V by Pedro de la Gasca at Xaquixaguana, Perú, on April 10, 1548.
Perú, 1849-1857. 103 folios.
Selections of poetry assembled by Odriozola consisting chiefly of sonnets, several lyrics, and some burlesque forms. This volume includes: a sonnet of the Spanish poet Francisco de Miranda y Vengóa (d. 1857); some poems published by El Comercio (1845) and signed by Z., apparently the pseudonym of the Peruvian poet Felipe de Pardo y Aliaga (1806-1868); a short story published by La Bolsa (1841) and written by Manuel Ascencio Segura (1805-1871), another Peruvian author; a poem of the famous Colombian poet Rafael Pombo (1833-1912) published at Lima by El Heraldo on Jan. 5, 1856, under the pseudonym Edda, and some other poems written by unknown writers.
Perú, 1837. 56 ff.,  f., index.
This volume also includes: some poems of Felipe Pardo Aliaga (1806-1868); a short poem adapted to music ( letrilla) written by Manuel Ascencio Segura (1805-1871); a ballad by an anonymous author; and a poem of José Joaquín Larriva (1780-1832).
Manuscript 7a does not have Odriozola's name on it. It is attributed to him by Perez de Velasco in his Catalogo de la Biblioteca Peruana (p. 141). In addition, the handwriting of No. 7a is similiar to that in No. 7 and in other manuscripts that have Odriozola's name as their compiler.
Perú. ff. 24-54,  f., index.
The majority of the poems in this volume were transcribed from the initial issues of El Mercurio Peruano (1791). Included are copies of décimas (a Spanish stanza consisting of ten verses of eight syllables), one octava (a poetical composition of eight lines of eleven syllables) written by the Peruvian poet F. M. Miranda at Trujillo, Perú, in Feb., 1836, letters between Heloise and Abelard, and a few poetical works by unknown writers.
Manuscript 7b does not have Odriozola's name on it. It is attributed to him by Perez de Velasco in his Catalogo de la Biblioteca Peruana (p. 141). In addition, the handwriting of No. 7b is similar to that in No. 7 and in other manuscripts that have Odriozola's name as their compiler.
Medellín, Colombia, 1953. 1 p.
Newspaper article by Dr. Fein in El Colombiano, Suplemento (May 3, 1953), on one of the poems in MS. No. 7 of the Peruvian Collection.
v. p., 1580-1818. 4 p., 182 folios.
Typewritten table of contents of the 31 manuscript documents bound in this volume. 4 p.
The manuscripts are listed below in the order of appearance in this volume. Each manuscript has its own pagination, if any.
- 1. Act siqned Oct. 24, 1580, by Viceroy Francisco de Toledo appointing Diego de Valero Corregidor of the Valley of Ica and its District, and commissioning Antonio Vadillo to take residence there. It is followed by the testimony of the oath given by Valero at Chincha on Nov. 13 of the same year. The appointment was limited to one year with a salary of 600 pesos. ff. 119-122.
- 2. Questionnaire. Questions that the Judge of Residence of the Villa de Santa and its Partido, Diego G. de Ocampo, will ask the witnesses giving deposition on the secret information against Francisco de Mendieta who has been Corregidor of that Partido and against his officers and ministers. Followed by instructions and ordinances for Corregidores signed by Viceroy Francisco de Toledo May 30, 1580. Followed by a testimonial that the instructions and ordinances were seen by the Justice and Regiment of the City of the Kings (Lima) July 1, 1580. And a testimonial that was also read to the Caciques and Principales of the town of Nuestra Señora del Rosario de Guarmey Aug. 15, 1580, translated by the Indian Antonio de Guamán. ff. 24-68.
- 3. Ordinances for Corregidores given at Seville on June 9, 1500, by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella and enforced in Perú and signed by Viceroy Francisco de Toledo at the appointment of Gabriel de la Reguera as Corregidor of the city of León de Huánuco. ff. 1-24,  ff. undated
- 4. Act signed by Viceroy Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza on March 8, 1590, ordering the payment to surgeon Francisco Velázquez de Chavez from the funds of the community of the Repartimiento de Mama for the medical care given to the Indians during the epidemic of that region. 1 f.
- 5. Royal Cédula signed at Madrid on Dec. 5, 1603, by King Philip III commanding the Viceroy of Peru, Gaspar de Zuñiga Azevedo y Fonseca, Conde de Monterrey, to execute the order given to his predecessor, Viceroy Luis de Velasco, Marqués de Salinas, in relation to providing the needs of four Jesuit missionaries, residents in Santa Cruz de la Sierra. 1 f.
- 6. Decree signed by Viceroy Juán de Mendoza y Luna, Marqués de Montes Claros, on July 12, 1615, granting a loan of 8500 pesos to Gaspar Rodriguez de Castro from the funds paid by the Indians to the community. 1 f.
- 7. Royal Cédula signed at San Lorenzo on Aug. 27, 1617, by King Philip III confirming the Encomienda de Indios granted by the Viceroy of Peru, Juán de Mendoza y Luna, Marqués de Montes Claros, to Diego Peñalosa y Briceño for two generations, on condition that he contribute one-third of his profits to the royal funds of the city of Lima. 1 f.
- 8. Act by the Royal Audiencia of Lima presided over by and signed by Viceroy Luis Geronimo Fernandez de Cabrera y Bobadilla, Conde de Chinchón, on Sept. 6, 1633, granting loans of 374 pesos from the funds of the Indians of the Repartimiento de Lunaguana to Alonso de Torres Romero and to Luis Sánchez de Garro for the payment of their tribute from one-third of San Juan that year. 1 f.
- 9. Instructions signed by Viceroy Pedro de Toledo y Leiva, Marqués de Mancera, on Nov. 6, 1643, for the deposition of accounts and Residencia to be given by Pedro de Valladares, recently appointed Corregidor of the City of Piura. ff. 1-24
- 10. Act signed by Viceroy Pedro de Toledo y Leiva, Marqués de Mancera, on Aug. 17, 1644, commanding the Administrator of funds of the Censo de Indios de Lima to deliver to the Fiscal Protector de Naturales the amount of pesos written in the adjunct certificate. f. 29
- 11. Ordinances signed by Viceroy Pedro de Toledo y Leiva, Marqués de Mancera, on Aug. 27, 1644, directing Geronimo de Palma y Mayorga to observe and execute them while performing his duties as Justicia Mayor of the Province of Condesuyos. ff. 9-46.
- 12. Royal Cédula signed by King Charles II at Buen Retiro on Feb. 12, 1677, addressed to the Viceroy and to the members of the Royal Audiencia of Lima reminding them about the oath of secrecy and confidentiality to observe while performing their duties. Followed by the testimony that the Cédula was read during the May 16, 1678, meeting of the Real Acuerdo. 2 ff.
- 13. Letter signed by Queen Mariana at Madrid on Dec., 1665, addressed to the Archbishop of Lima requesting a donation for the Spanish government that was in dire economic straits. The last four lines were handwritten by the Queen who was the wife of King Philip IV and the mother of King Charles II. f. 324.
- 14. Letter of Censure signed by the Archbishop of Lima, Pedro de Villagómez, on Dec. 29, 1659, demanding the return of a sequestered slave. 1 f.
- 15. Letter of Censure signed by the members of the Cabildo Eclesiástico Metropolitano de Lima on March 18, 1672, asking for the return of 3,000 pesos taken from the home of Simón Vaez Enriquez. 1 f.
- 16. Decree signed by Viceroy Melchor de Navarra y Rocafull, Duque de la Palata, on July 19, 1689, granting a loan of 5,000 pesos from the funds of Caja de Censos to the funds of la Comunidad to repair damages at the Cathedral of Lima caused by the 1685 earthquake. 1 f.
- 17. Order of payment of the Real Audiencia de Lima presided over and signed by Viceroy Melchor de Navarra y Rocafull, Duque de la Palata, on Sept. 1, 1688, ordering the Caja de Censos to pay 125 pesos to the lawyer Francisco de Rojas y Acevedo for his services to that institution during 6 months. 1 f.
- 18. Letter of Censure signed by the Archbishop of Lima, Melchor de Liñán y Cisneros, on June 10, 1694, demanding the return of a sequestered black slave to her owner, Fabián de Viñas y Coca. 1 f.
- 19. A decree signed by the Archbishop of Lima, Melchor de Liñán y Cisneros, on March 23, 1691. Archbishop Cisneros was Viceroy of Perú from 1678 to 1681 when he was replaced at the viceroyalty by the Duque de la Palata, but he remained in Lima as Archbishop and as a member of the Royal Council. 1 f.
- 20. Royal Cédula signed by King Philip V at Madrid on Feb. 19, 1714, demanding the Real Audiencia de Lima to see that the Juzgado de Bienes de Difuntos delivers all the properties that belonged to Fr. Pablo de Villanueva as ordered by the royal cédula. 1 f.
- 21. Seven letters signed by Viceroy José de Armendáriz, Marqués de Castelfuerte, addressed to the Corregidor de Canas y Canches, Miguel de Santistevan, between June, 1724, and July, 1732. 7 ff.
- 22. Royal Cédula signed by King Charles III at Aranjuéz on May 20, 1768, commanding the Tribunal de Cuentas (Court of Accounts) not to charge the Corregidores with Derecho de Tiras (cost of courts) for the arrangement of their accounts. 2 ff.
- 23. Act signed by Viceroy José de Armendáriz, Marqués de Castelfuerte, on Feb. 8, 1726, appointing Antonio de Luna Castañón to receive the testimonies on the trial against Antonio de Ugarte. ff. 121-122.
- 24. Official letter signed by Viceroy Teodoro de Croix on March 27, 1789, addressed to the Real Tribunal de Minería in relation to the awarding of a mine. 1 f.
- 25. Edict signed by the Archbishop of Lima, Juán Domingo González de la Reguera, about a chaplaincy ( capellanía) founded by Francisco Girón Cabezas. Dated Aug. 27, 1789. 2 ff.
- 26. Official letter signed by Viceroy Francisco Gil y Lemus on March 18, 1791, addressed to the Real Acuerdo in relation to the tariff of duties on some sequestered lands. f. 39.
- 27. Official letter signed by Viceroy Ambrosio O' Higgins, Marqués de Osorno, on April 27, 1799, addressed to the Regente de la Real Audiencia de Lima in relation to a judicial formality in the trial of the Conde de Fuente González against the Marqués de Zelada de la Fuente. 1 f.
- 28. Order signed by Viceroy José Fernando de Abascal y Sousa, Marqués de la Concordia, on Aug. 14, 1807, addressed to the Oydór Decano de la Real Audiencia de Lima, in relation to the collection of papers related to a decree of the same date. 1 f.
- 29. Official letter signed by Viceroy Joaquín de la Pezuela y Sanchez, Marqués de Vilumá, on May 10, 1818, requesting from the Indendente of Huamanga a list of all the military chiefs and officers under his command in that territory. 1 f.
- 30. Official letter signed by the General en Jefe del Ejercito del Alto Perú, José de la Serna, on Oct. 20, 1818, addressed to the Presidente del Cuzco ordering the construction of equipment for the army as soon as possible. 1 f.
- 31. Royal Cédula signed by King Ferdinand VII on Oct...., 1818, granting the Reales Beneficios to the Province of Cuzco and giving the title of Fidelísima to its capital, the city of Cuzco. 2 ff.
Callao, Perú, 1774. 91 pages.
This original manuscript is a register of goods exported in ships from the port of Callao, Perú, to Spain and other ports of the Southern Sea during 1774. Names of the owners or shippers of the goods, dates of registration, names of the ships, descriptions of the goods, ports of destination, names of the persons to whom the goods are sent, numbers of the invoices and the value of the goods are specified. The first pages include an index by the first name of the shippers. On the last two pages of the volume there is a summary of the invoices included in this book with an estimate of the value of the goods. This manuscript is an important source of information on commerce and shipping in Perú during 1774.
Lima, 1777-1779. 15 folios.
Account book of the payments that D. Pasqual Antonio Monzon made from the funds of Penas de Cámara to cover the Gastos de Justicia. Penas de Cámara were the pecuniary penalties or fines imposed by the judges and the courts. These funds were deposited in the Royal Treasury. Gastos de Justicia were the expenditures incurred by the different activities of the Administration of Justice and were paid from the funds of the Penas de Cámara.
This original manuscript includes the names of the persons who received the payments for services to assist the Administration of Justice and the decrees and sentences that ordered the payments. The records date between Aug., 1777, and Nov., 1779, at Lima, Perú.
Perú, 1564-1718. Bound, 1821. , 283 folios.
This volume contains résumés of capellanías in Perú examined since 1680, the year in which the Licenciado Don Francisco de Xauregui was appointed Visitador de Capellanías. The capellanía, or chaplaincy, was capital, the interest of which was required by Spanish law for the support of an ecclesiastic whose duties were to celebrate masses and to perform other pious obligations. The résumés include information about the nature, purposes, and duties imposed by the founders of the capellanías, the persons that possessed them in full right or on an interim basis, and the patrons responsible for the appointments. The capellanías described in this prontuario were founded between 1564 (f. 120) and 1683 (f. 211). Notations added to the original résumés date as late as 1718 (f. 231).
One of the common watermarks on the paper resembles watermarks illustrated in Edward Heawood, Watermarks Mainly of the 17th and 18th Centuries (Hilversum, Holland, 1957) , Pl. 114-119. These watermarks date between 1665 and 1766, and it is reasonable to assume that this paper was manufactured and used during this period.
The dates of the capellanías and the notations about them and the dating of the watermarks all indicate that the documents bound in this volume date from the late 17th century and early 18th century.
This volume was ordered to be bound in 1821 by Presbitero Tomás Florez, Archivero de la Curia Eclesiastica and Colector del Donativo Eclesiastico Voluntario. This event was apparently provoked by changes in the Spanish law that prohibited the foundation of new capellanías and ordered the incorporation of their properties to the government treasury during 1820 and 1821. This legislation was cancelled in 1823.
Lircay River, near Talca, Chile. Copy, ca. 1814. 3 pages.
The agreement was reached the 3rd of May, 1814, on the banks of the Lircay River near the city of Talca. It was signed by the general in chief of the national army, Brigadier Gabino Gainza and the principal chiefs of the army of the government of Chile, Generals Bernardo O'Higgins and Juan Mackenna. In this agreement Chile offered to send deputies to the Cortes as its representatives, and as an integral part of the Spanish monarchy; to recognize Ferdinand VII as its monarch, and the Regency that approved the Junta of Chile, that will act as interior government with all its power and faculties. Chile would have free commerce with the allied and the neutral nations, especially with Great Britain. The royalist army would evacuate Chilean territory, ending the hostilities; and properties confiscated after February of 1810 would be restored.
Don José Abascal, Viceroy of Perú, disapproved the agreement and sent to Chile another expedition in July, 1814, that undertook the campaign that ended with the Battle of Rancagua, retaining Chile under Spanish domain till 1824.
The paper on which the agreement is written was made in Capellades, Catalonia, Spain, by the Almirall family who produced paper there for a long period of time. Three examples of their work are illustrated and discussed in Oriol Valls I Subirà, Paper and Watermarks in Catalonia (Amsterdam, 1970) , Vol. I, plates 2-3, and Vol. II, p. 238. All the examples date during 1804-1824, and those of 1807 and 1809 most closely resemble the watermarks on the manuscript. These facts suggest that the paper on which this copy of the agreement is written and the copy itself are reasonably contemporary with the signing of the agreement in 1814. This copy of the agreement differs from the one published in the second volume of Archivo de don Bernardo O'Higgins (Santiago de Chile, 1947), pp. 156-159. Some words are missing, and others are written with misspellings common in South America during that period, for example the signatures of O'Higgins and Mackenna.
n.p., ca. 1821-1822.  pages.
This manuscript was written to be delivered into the hands of José de San Martin, as is stated in its first page. It is a geographic description of the Department of Lambayeque, Perú. It includes information on towns, population, courts, buildings, and describes the political, military, and ecelesiastieal organizations together with the eeonomie conditions of the department.
San Martin proclaimed the independence of Perú on July 28, 1821, assuming the title of “Protector” . He held the protectorship and military command until September, 1822, when he resigned and relinguished power to the new Peruvian Congress. These facts suggest that this description was written during the period of the protectorship and is either an original or a copy contemporary with the years 1821-1822.
v. p., 1700-1702. Folios 372-378.
Manuscripts concerned with the succession of Charles II, King of Spain, by Philip V, Madrid, March 20, 1702, ff. 372-373. News received at the Port of Buenos Aires from San Gabriel Island, signed by Bartolomé Montellano, n. d., f. 374. Copies of two letters from the Governor of Havana addressed to General Mascarau, dated on April 29, and on May 6, 1700, ff. 375-376. Two additional reports related to the same period, n. d., ff. 377-378.
n.p. copy, ca. 1767.  folios.
Fr. Manuel Gil was the leader of this Franciscan missionary expedition to Manoa in El Dorado territory where the Indians were revolting during the year 1767. He had a name similar to the eminent Jesuit mathematician and physicist Manuel Gervasio Gil (1745-1807), who, according to information from Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada (Espasa-Calpe, S.A., Madrid, 1925) Vol. XXVI, p. 34, was at Río de la Plata and was expelled together with other Jesuits to Italy during 1767. Considering the distance between Lima and Río de la Plata and the fact that one was a Franciscan and the other a Jesuit, it is difficult to believe that it was the same person. The information about the Indians' revolt in Manoa and the difficulties suffered by the members of the missionary expedition, including a list of the missionaries and Christian Indians killed during the revolt make this manuscript copy an important one (see folio ).
Madrid, Spain, 1797. Copy,  folios.
Manuscript copy of the memorandum sent to Manuel Godoy (1767-1851), Prince of the Peace, and Prime Minister of Spain, on April 25, 1797, by Dominique Catherine de Pérignon (1754-1818), French Ambassador in Spain. Contains an inquiry relative to a naval engagement between English and Spanish warships, and expresses the opinion of the French Directory censuring the conduct of the Spanish warships for not fighting the English warships during that naval engagement, and requesting the punishment of those responsible.
Followed by: Diario de Montevideo, containing news gathered from ships that put in at the Port of Montevideo from June 30 to July 11, 1797. Includes information about the more important events in Europe and in other Spanish colonies during the previous months, with a report about the ships arriving at and departing from that port during those days.
Lima, Perú, 1797.  folios.
Manuscript copy of the inventories of the church property in the Santa Iglesia Metropolitana de los Reyes at Lima, Perú, on Jan. 20, 1797. It includes: sacred vestments, engraved silver, relics, linen, images, bells, books of anthems, precious stones set in gold or silver, and goods and ornaments of the chapels of Santa Ana and Santa Isabel in that church. There is a note at the end explaining that the inventory of the goods and ornaments of the altar of Nuestra Señora de la Antigua is not included because they are the property of the University of San Marcos. The University uses that altar to deliver the major degrees in public ceremony. The inventories were finished on Jan. 20, 1797, and signed by Marcos de Andrade.
Lima, Perú, 1825-1826. 35 folios.
This original manuscript is a memorandum book of the General Treasury of the Ministry of Finance of Perú. It contains copies of: official letters, proposals from the General Treasury to the Minister of Finance related to state properties ordering their sequestration from the tenants for not paying the rent, a report of the salaries of the staff of the General Treasury, and other proposals related to business to be solved by that ministry between April 22, 1825, and January 17, 1826.
Lima, Perú, 1820-1823. 21 folios.
This original manuscript is one of the account books of the general account of the testamentary execution of the estate of the late Don Antonio Alvarez Morán, carried out by the testamentary executor Don Francisco Valerio Gassols. This volume includes different accounts: one for the amount received according to the inventory; one for the amount collected from rents and sales; and another account for the value of the jewels, slaves, engraved silver, furniture, vehicles for transporting persons or goods, and animals in the possession of the widow. At the end is a list of the goods that were in the possession of the testamentary executor including the amount of 29,815 pesos and 4 1/2 reales given as a stipend for his labor on March 31, 1823. It is followed by a list of the debts of the estate of the late Don Antonion Alvarez Morán.
Copy, n. d. 94 pages
The undated original of this typescript is contained in a volume of Manuscritos varios at the Archivo Nacional del Perú. There are 104 poems written in serveral forms, including sonnets and ballads.
Solís, a Spanish dramatist and historian, studied law at Salamanca, and in 1654 was appointed Secretary of State as well as Private Secretary to Philip IV of Spain. Later he obtained the lucrative post of Chronicler of the Indies. His Historia de la Conquista de Méjico, deservedly ranks as a Spanish prose classic. It was published in 1684; an English translation by Townshend appeared in 1724.
Lima, Perú, Feb. 5, 1863. 3 pages.
Typewritten copy of the message sent to the Extraordinary Congress of 1863 by Miguel de San Román, President of Perú, together with the budget proposal submitted to that Congress for its approval on Feb. 5, 1863. President San Román died on April 3, 1863, less than two months after the date of this message.
Lima, Perú, March 26, 1850. 24 pages.
Manuscript copy of the speech delivered by Ramón Castilla, President of Perú, to the last session of the 1850 Extraordinary Congress, on March 26 of the same year. It is a report of his government in the last five years (1845-1850), and an acknowledgement to the Congress of its collaboration. After Perú became a Republic in 1820, Castilla was the first president to complete his first term in government without an insurrection against him. He is considered by historians the most influential political figure in Perú during the 19th century.
Lima, Perú, July 28, 1872. 4 pages.
Typewritten copy of the message sent to the Congress by Mariano H. Zevallos, First Vice-President of Perú, when by constitutional mandate he became President of Perú following the assassination of President José Balta Montero (1814-1872). President Balta was murdered on July 26, 1872, one week before the end of his term of office.
Siglo XVII. 289 ff.
Juán del Valle y Caviedes was the first satirical poet in Perú.
According to the typed memorandum of F. Pérez de Velasco, dated Lima, March 26, 1908, that is in the front of this volume, Ricardo Palma brought out a later edition of the poetry of Juán del Valle y Caviedes based on a manuscript copy from the library of Cipriano Coronel Zegarra. The manuscript copy, here in the Peruvian Collection, written at the second half of the 17th century, of the poems of Caviedes was very useful for correcting errors in the copies published by Ricardo Palma. It includes more than sixty unpublished sonnets and many other unedited poems of Caviedes. Copies of his poems are preceded by an incomplete poem of an unknown author. The table of contents is incomplete, but there are two typed copies that include all the titles of the poems in the manuscript.
According to a bibliographical note of the Peruvian literary historian Rubén Vargas Ugarte on page xxi of vol. I of his collection Clasicos Peruanos entitled Obras de Don Juán del Valle y Caviedes (Lima, 1947) , this is the oldest ant complete manuscript consulted, and he used it as a guide for the compilation of the complete works of the poet. The watermarks on the paper resemble watermarks illustrated in Edward Heawood, Watermarks Mainly of the 17th and 18th Centuries (Hilversum, Holland, 1975), Pl. 114-119, used on paper manufactured between 1665 and 1766, and it is reasonable to assume, as Pérez de Velasco did in his typed memorandum, that this manuscript was written at the end of the 17th century.
Caviedes, known as the riverbank poet, (el poeta de la ribera), revealed in his poems a profound rancor against physicians, but his ingenuous and burlesque versification was simple and unaffected, without any trace of " gongorismo," a lofty style of writing commonly used by poets during that period.
Años de 1772 a 1773. 1014 pages.
The Concilio Provincial is an assembly of the clergy of an ecclesiastical province gathered to deliberate upon points of doctrine and discipline of the Catholic religion. The decisions approved by these councils are an important source of canon law in the Catholic Church. This manuscript of more than 1,000 pages contains 49 opinions handed down by the consultants that participated in the Concilio Provincial that took place in Lima, Perú, during 1772-1773. This was the last Concilio that took place in Lima under the Spanish rule. The Archbishopric of Lima was highly interested in obtaining this manuscript from the owners of the Pérez de Velasco collection to whom they made a very substantial offer. This manuscript is an excellent source of information for researchers interested in the study of the history of the Catholic Church in Spanish America, and of the treatment given to the Indians by the Catholic Church during the colonial period.
The record of proceedings and resolutions of this Concilio were published by Rubén Vargas Ugarte in volume II of Concilios Limenses (1551-1772), Lima, 1952. The same author published in 1945, Manuscritos Peruanos en las Bibliotecas América in which he describes, in a summary form, the opinions expressed in this manuscript. Also included are the names of the consultants and the subjects treated in the opinions above mentioned. (See pp.237-240).
Lima, Perú, 1879. 102 folios.
Manuscript copies of originals in the Biblioteca Nacional assembled by Odriozola during 1879. There are poetical works by Felipe Pardo Aliaga (1806-1868), Juan del Valle y Caviedes (1652-1692) and by other poets (folios 1-38). Among the prose selections are: Introducción a la historia de los Incas del Perú published in El Mercurio Peruano No. 176, Sept. 9, 1792, (folios 39-45); Ejecucion de la pena de muerte impuesta al asesino del General Sucre, copy of the original printed in Bogotá, Nov. 30, 1842 (folios 45-49); Diversas noticias historicas. Los Portugueses y la Inquisición (folios 49-52); Gigantes, (folio 52); Enigma, poem, (folio 53); Volcán de Ubinas, (folios 53-54); Monstruo, (folio 54); Civilización Ratuna published in El Instructor Peruano, (folio 55); Ruina de Pasto published in El Nacional, Caracas (folios 55-56); El Baile de los Mostrencos, poem, (folios 56-57); ¡Hoy trace un año! En el Aniversario de las matanzas de Arequipa del 25 de Noviembre de 1849, poem (folios 58-60); A la Paz, poem (folio 60); Soneto, Decima and Estrofa suelta, poems (folio 61); José Marla de Cordova y Urrutia, Restablecimiento de los Archivos destruidos pare former una exacta historia del Perú, published in El Comercio Nos. 2,796 and 2,800, Oct. 25 and 27, 1848. (folios 61-66); Haciendas o fundos rústicos que en el Perú pertenecieron á los Jesuítas y que fueron vendidas durante los ocho primeros años despuesde la expulsion (folios 66-67); Fundación de la Iglesia y Convento de la Compañía de Jesús que se arruinó en la inundacion del mar en el Callao á cause del terremoto del 28 de Octubre de 1746 copied by Odriozola from an unfinished chronicle of the Society of Jesus dated 1651-1653 at the National Library in Lima, March 26, 1879 (folios 68-91); Carte annua de 1639 del Provincial de la Sociedad de la Companía de Jesús del Colegio de San Pablo de Lima al General de dicha Compañía en Roma detallandole el estreno del Nuevo Templo de San Pablo, conocido troy por San Pedro, verificado el 31 de Julio de 1638 (folios 92-94); Ceremonial en el recibimiento de los Virreyes, signed at Lima on June 25, 1747, by Alvaro Navia Bolaños y Moscoso and copied by Odriozola from the original at the National Library on Oct. 14, 1879 (folios 95-101); followed by a newspaper clipping of a poem titled No hay que precipitarse published in El Nacional on March 7, 1879. Odriozola finished assembling this volume on Oct. 14, 1879.
Lima, Perú, 1848. 16 pages. copy.
Manuscript copy of articles published in El Comercio, Nos. 2796 and 2800 on Oct. 25 and 27, 1848, recommending the restoration of the Peruvian archives. This manuscript copy is exactly the same as the one in MS. 26, folios 61-66.
Lima, Perú. 1860. 93 folios. Index.
This volume contains manuscript copies and newspaper clippings assembled by Odriozola chiefly of poems and essays published in the Peruvian newspapers El Telegrafo, El Pacificador del Perú, and El Mercurio Peruano after Perú became a republic in 1820. Most of the poems were written by the Peruvian satirical poet José Joaquín Larriva (1780-1832). The newspaper clippings include: a Memoria about the Chilean National Navy read at the University of Chile by Don Antonio Garcia Reyes on Oct. 11, 1846; a royal cédula of Sept. 15, 1802, granting royal priviledges to the city of Lima; a biography of General José de San Martin; a letter from San Martin to Bolivar granting him the direction of the war in Perú; and a Letrilla of the Peruvian poet and politician Felipe Pardo y Aliaga (1806-1868). Odriozola assembled this volume between July 27, 1855, and June 1, 1859. An index is included at the end of the volume.
Guayaquil, Ecuador. June 26, 1866. Printed broadside. 2 copies.
Broadside printed at Guayaquil, Ecuador, in 1866 by the political enemies of President Gabriel García Moreno after he finished his first presidential term (1861-1865) charging him with tyranny and assassinations. During his second presidential term (1869-1875), his oppressive rule ended in his assassination by young liberals at Quito, Ecuador, on Aug. 6, 1875.
Both copies transferred to the International Broadsides collection.
Callao, Perú. July 16, 1853. Printed material.
This printed broadside includes information about names, nationality, weight, owners, captains, guarantors, trade and conditions of the ships registered at the port of Callao on July 16, 1853. Signed by Alejandro Deustua and Juan de la Puente.
Transferred to Rare Book Room.
Cuzco, Perú, Feb. 13, 1847. 2 pages
Printed article about a failed project of monarchy in Colombia. Summary of a documented recollection written in 1833 by the Colombian General José Domingo Espinar, former secretary of Simón Bolivar.
Lima, Perú, 1892. Printed Broadside.
An expression of Carlos Paz Soldán's views upon constitutional guarantees related to public meetings, the right of assembly and the right of reply.
Transferred to the Rare Book Room.
Lima, Perú. March 18, 1870. Broadside.
This printed broadside is a balance sheet of the branch of Jerusalen y Cautivos of the Peruvian Treasury Department according to an inspection of the register book on Dec. 31, 1869. It includes the name of each account, any representive, the landed property, the annual revenues, the interest, and credit and debit balances.
Transferred to the International Broadsides collection.
n. p., n. d. 26, 42, 36 [i. e. 416] pages.
A copy of the original in the Biblioteca Nacional del Perú which was first published in 1752, and reprinted and published by Manuel de Odriozola in Documentos Literarios del Perú. Lima, 1863-77. T. X. (1877) pp. -324. The volume is replete with details of the ecclesiastical history of the city of Arequipa.
Callao, Perú, 1814-1823. 81 pages.
This manuscript is a duplicate register of goods and merchandise deposited in the warehouses of the Adminstration of the Port of Callao from 1814 to 1823. Information includes the dates of registration, description of the goods or merchandise, names of the owners, names of the ships, names of the piaces from where the goods were coming, numbers of invoices, and dates of delivery are specified. Names of British and American ships are listed arriving at Callao beginning in 1820. Like MS. No. 9 of this collection, this manuscript is an important source of information on commerce and shipping in Perú at the end of the Wars of Independence.
Lima, Perú, 1786.  pages.
This original manuscript records the inspections of the warehouse by the interventor or comptroller Juan de Luque Marmol, to verify the amount of mercury and of dressed sheepskins used as containers for the mercury between Jan. 1st and Dec. 31st, 1786. Information about the dates of arrivals and departures from the warehouses, the weight, geographical sources, names of the owners or shippers of the mercury and the sheepskins are specified in the inspections done during that year. Francisco Argumaniz was the guard of the warehouses during that period. Pages are missing from the volume, but it contains all of the information specified in the index. This volume is a good source of information on mercury production in Perú, similar to MS. No. 3 of this collection.
n. p., n. d.  folio. copy.
This manuscript is a copy of a poem improvised by José Joaquín Olmedo at Tacubaya, Mexico, in 1811, on his way to the Cortes of Cadiz as a Diputado representing Guayaquil.
For further information see: Poeslas completes de José Joaquín de Olmedo, Fondo de Cultura Economica, Mexico, 1947 (p. XI-XII, 56-57) where this poem was published.
n. p., n. d. 1-3 [i. e. 11] pages.
Larrea y Loredo, Peruvian diplomat and politician, divides into three periods the history of the Peruvian Indians and describes their values.
Lima, ca. 1801-1806.  folios.
Copy of the memorandum sent by Fr. Angel Luque to Viceroy Gabriel de Aviles attacking the canónigos and the Fiscal Ecltesiástico who had charged Fr. Iglesias, Parroco de Cathedral with disrespect to the Archbishop. Fr. Luque complained about the denial by the Fiscal Ecltesiástico of Fr. Iglesia's appeal.
According to Manuel de Mendiburu's Diccionario Histórico Biográfico del Perú (Lima, 1931) , Tomo I. p. 103, Fr. Angel Luque was declared an infamous author in 1812 for writing diatribes against the secretary and the treasurer of Viceroy José Fernando de Abascal.
Mexico, 1785.  folios.
Basadre's letter to Jose de Gálvez concerned trade with China, the discovery of mines in New Spain, and the importation of mercury from the Philippines through the port of Acapulco. Basadre proposed the establishment with Chinese merchants of an exchange of mercury for furs. Nutria and seal furs were available from the missions in California.
This letter is followed by a note from Basadre to Fernando del Mazo and his reply of April 16, 1785. These letters are copies.
Ms. No. 41 is bound with this manuscript.
Madrid, 1583-1587. 6 folios.
Bound with MS. No. 40
n. p., ca. 1810.  pages.
A consultation with the Junta Suprema Central concerning the convocation of the Cortes and the number of representatives from the nobility and the clergy that will be members of the Cortes. According to Antonio Cano Manuel's opinion the Cortes should determine its own makeup; the Consejo de Regencia agreed with his opinion. This body was the famous “Cortes of Cadiz” that wrote the Constitution of 1812. The Junta Suprema Central and the Consejo de Regencia were the supreme authorities in Spain during the enforced absence of King Ferdinand VII.
Originally bound with MS. Nos. 40 and 41.
Arequipa, Perú, 1841.  folios.
Copies of letters dated Nov. 19 and 23, 1841, addressed to the Ministry of State of Perú and to the Prefecto of the Departamento of Arequipa, Perú, signed by Fermin Canseco and Miguel San Román, followed by a letter and a proclamation to the citizens of Arequipa, all of which are related to the Battle of Ingavi that took place south of La Paz, Bolivia, on Nov. 18, 1841, and in which Bolivians under José Ballivián defeated Peruvians under Agustin Gamarra who was killed.
n. p., ca. 1791-1794.  folios.
According to a notice included with this anonymous manuscript, it belonged to Diego de Cisneros, a monk from El Escorial known as “Padre Geronimo.” The manuscript is highly critical of the founders of the newspaper and the members of the academic society, but it still is an important source of information in relation to both, including the names of the first academic and foreign members of the society. For additional information about the newspaper and the society, see: Alberto Tauro, Diccionario Enciclopédico del Perú, Ilustrado (Lima, 1966-67) , Vol. III, pp. 176-177.
Cuzco, Perú, 1811, 1816. 234, 212 pages
These two volumes are contemporary duplicates of registers sent by the Court of Audit ( Contaduría) to the Court of Accounts ( Tribunal de Cuentas). These registers record customs duties ( Alcabala) charged for goods entering and leaving Cuzco at the sentry boxes of San Sebastian and Yanamayo. MS. No. 44 is the register for San Sebastian from Dec. 19, 1810, through Dec. 28, 1811. MS. No. 45 is for Yanamayo, Jan. 1-Dec. 28, 1816. The duties were paid to the royal treasury at Lima. The registers record the rates, the names of the persons paying the duties, the types of goods, and the amounts paid.
Quito, Ecuador, 1794.  pages.
This manuscript is a historical summary of the founding, settling, and development of the city of Quito, Ecuador, prepared by Juan de Ascaray, a notary. It contains a chronological list of bishops of Quito and is based upon documents in the archives of the city in 1794, especially a manuscript work by Dr. Miguel Sánchez Solmirón, dean of the cathedral.
Eleven maps of Quito that were formerly filed with this manuscript are now in the Rare Book Room.
n. p., n. d.  pages.
Brief account of the nearly two year's journey of Charles Marie de la Condamine from Quito, Ecuador, to Paris, France, by the way of the Maranón and Amazon rivers, containing data on latitude, longitude, velocity of river currents, width, and depth of streams, and observations on altitude. La Condamine had come to America with representatives of the French Academy of Sciences, and with Antonio de Ullóa and Jorge Juán, scientists representing the King of Spain, to measure a degree at the equator to determine the shape of the earth. This was the expedition which proved that the poles were not round and silenced the enemies of Newton. La Condamine left the southernmost point of his meridian measurement on May 11, 1743, and reached Paris, Feb. 23, 1745. The author of this summary is not indicated.
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1822.  pages.
A letter dated at Rio de Janeiro, August 15, 1822, in which the author, signed Un Arequipeño (i. e. citizen of the city of Arequipa, Perú), Charged General San Martín and Bernardo Monteagudo with tyranny, robberies and assassinations.
Bound with MS. No. 48A.
Valparaiso, Chile, 1823.  pages
Copy of the edict published at Valparaiso, Chile, the first of Nov., 1823, signed by José Ignacio Zenteno, political governor of the province of Valparaiso, ordering the Spaniards to register with the authorities of Valparaiso within three days. Punishment for non-compliance was prescribed.
Bound with MS. No. 48.
Bolivia, 1825. 8 folios.
Summary of the itinerary between the Province of Santa Cruz in the Republic of Bolivia and the Province of San Pablo (Sao Paulo) in the Brazilian Empire, dedicated to Simón Bolivar by his admirer Antonio Gonzalez, in 1825.
This itinerary describes the conditions of the roads, the distances between the cities and towns in leagues (a Spanish linear measure nearly four English miles), the agricultural crops and cattle, the climatological conditions during the different seasons, the rivers and lakes, etc., from the Province of Santa Cruz passing through the Province of Chiquitos in Bolivia entering the Brazilian Empire through the town of Mato Grosso, the town of Guayas (Goiaz) and others, finally reaching the cities of Sn. Pablo (Sao Paulo) and Rio de Janeiro. Information about the troops, the clergy, the Indians and the economic and social conditions of the territories are included in the itinerary.
This manuscript is a good source of information for researchers interested in Bolivian and Brazilian history, description, and travel, and social and economic conditions at the beginning of the 19th century.
Lima, Peru, 1768. 22 folios.
Latin poems of the Jesuit Major College of St. Paul in Lima on the occasion of the death of Elizabeth Farnese, Queen of Spain, wife of Philip V and mother of Charles III of Spain. The majority of the poems are elegies written in Latin expressing sorrow for the death of the Queen. Some are translated into Spanish. Laudatory poems on such occasions were typical.
Santa Rosa de Ocopa, Perú, 1814-1815. 45 pages.
This is a copy of a file on the exploratory expeditions to establish communications between Ocopa and Sarayacú by the Franciscan Fr. Paulo Alonso Carvallo, guardian and vicar of the Missionary College of Santa Rosa de Ocopa in Perú, together with Fr. Diego Ruiz and others. The purpose was to restore the missions of Ucayali in the region of the confluence of the Pangoa and the Chanchamayo rivers via the towns of Comas and Andamarca.
The manuscript was copied out in 1847 by Fr. Julián Bovo de Revello. It consists of letters from Carvallo to the Intendent Governor, minutes of the town council of Andamarca, a diary of the 1814 (July 2 to Sept. 28) expedition of Fr. Carvallo, and information on the Fr. Diego Ruiz's 1815 expedition. Certain paragraphs of this manuscript describing the mountains and giving the distances between villages are quoted in Bernardino Izaguirre Ispizua, Historia de las Misiones Franciscanas (Lima, 1922-29) , Vol. 9, pp. 13-18.
Lima, Perú, 1837. 25 folios.
Included in this small booklet are several poems and Spanish tranlations of well known religious hymns. The translations are signed by F. Diego Gonzales. The authors are not identified in the volume.
Madrid, 1788.  folios.
Royal Cédula given at Madrid on December 24, 1788, by King Charles IV commanding the Viceroy of Perú, Teodoro De Croix, to announce to the citizens of Perú the death of King Charles III and the accession to the Spanish throne of King Charles IV on December 14, 1788. This Royal Cédula was published at Lima, Perú on May 13, 1789, by order of Viceroy De Croix.
Transferred to Rare Book Room.
Lima, Perú. April 17, 1860. 2 pages.
Letter from an unidentified person to Pedro Candamo discussing the planned delivery of a thousand ounces of gold, giving detailed instructions and threatening Candamo with death if the task is not performed.
Lima, Perú. 1587.  folios.
Copies of 4 letters addressed to Fr. Juan de Atienza (1542-1592), Provincial of the Society of Jesús in Perú, from the Jesuit missionary Fr. Diego de Samaniego (1542-1627) at the Santa Cruz de la Sierra mission (now in Bolivia). The letters are dated April 10, June 1st, June 25 and August 3, 1587.
Copies of 3 letters addressed also to Provincial Fr. Atienza by the Jesuit missionary Fr. Francisco de Angulo from the Tucumán Mission (now in Argentina), dated March 29, May 9 and June 23, 1587.
Another 2 copies of letters to Fr. Atienza from the Jesuit missionary Alonso de Barzana (1528-1598) dated at the Tucumán Mission May 8 and August 20, 1587.
Fr. Atienza was the founder of the Tucumán Santa Cruz de la Sierra and Quito (now in Ecuador) missions, and Fr. Barzana, because of his exemplary life as a missionary was known as the Apostle of Tucumán and Paraguay. For additional information about these Jesuit missionaries see: Evaristo San Cristobal, Apéndice al Diccionario Histórico-Biográfico del Perú (Lima, 1935), T. I., pp. 163-166, 285, 342-343, and see also: Historia General de la Compañía de Jesús en la Provincia del Perú (Madrid, 1944), T. I., Vol. 1, pp. 25-29.
Lima, August 1, 1817. 1 folio.
A report on the Viceroy's Honor Guard, giving the number of men, horses, etc. during July and August, 1817. Joaquín de la Pezuela, y Sanchez was Viceroy of Perú from 1816 to 1821. The report is signed by Ignacio Landaruri and José Rodriguez.
Lima, Perú, 1766-1767. 96 folios.
This register is a daily record of the sums paid by merchants, landowners, etc. to the Royal Treasury ( Caja Real) in Lima, capital of the Viceroyalty of Perú, between January, 1766, and August, 1767. The register records the names of the persons paying the duties, the types of goods, and the amounts paid. The majority of the revenues derived from two principal sources: the Alcabala, an excise tax on sales and exchanges of goods, and the Almojari-fazgo, an import and exchange duty. These taxes were collected by two offices of the Treasury, the court of Audit ( Contaduría) and the Administration ( Administración).
Arequipa, 1834.  folios.
The woodcut of the bird was made from a piece of wood found in an excavation at Cuzco. President Luis José Obregoso gave the order of printing a copy of the figure carved in wood. It was done at the government printing press managed by Benavides at Arequipa on Sept. 22, 1834. President Obregoso gave the copy as a present to Juan Gualberto Valdivia, a Peruvian priest and historian.
The woodcut of a genealogical tree of an unknown family, also found carved in a piece of wood, was given to Valdivia by Obregoso.
Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries.
- Catholic Church -- Peru.
- Odriozola, Manuel de, 1804-1889
- Palma, Ricardo
- Solís, Antonio de
- Tupac Amaru, Mariano
- Valle y Caviedes, Juan del
- Idolatry -- Perú
- Mercury mines and mining -- Perú
- Perú -- History -- 1548-1820
- Peruvian literature.
- Viceroys -- South America
- Witchcraft -- Perú
The materials in the Peruvian Collection were acquired by Duke University from 1933 to 1948.
Processed by: Jesus Leyte-Vidal, William R. Erwin, Jr., and Erma Paden Whittington
Encoded by Stephen Douglas Miller
Updated for subject access by Alice Poffinberger, October 2014.