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Guide to the Philippine-American War stereographs, 1898-1905 and undated

Abstract

Collection comprises 176 commercially-produced stereograph cards dating from 1898-1905, depicting scenes from the Philippine Islands during the Philippine-American War, with a few taken in the U.S. of the embarkation and return of troops. Almost all are in black-and-white, with a few in color. The large majority convey the preparations, armed conflicts, and aftermath of the war, with scenes of battlegrounds including Angeles, Luzon, Malabon, Pasay, Pasig,Taquig, Tarlac, and San Pedro Macati. Other war-related images feature military personnel, officers, troop movements, encampments, hospitals, ruins, dead soldiers, allied native troops, prisons and prisoners. In addition, there are two groups, Places and People, which feature views of ordinary citizens and their dwellings, and places such as markets, bridges, railway stations, rivers, and buildings in Dagupan, Manila, Malabon, Pasay, Pasig, and San Pedro Macati. Almost all the stereographs bear captions, dates, and the names of the publishers, chiefly Underwood & Underwood (New York), C.H. Graves (Philadelphia), Keystone View Company (Pa.), and George W. Griffith (Griffith & Griffith, Philadelphia). Some have the names of individuals, possibly the photographers.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Philippine-American War stereographs
Extent
0.5 Linear feet, (2 boxes)
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Language
Materials in English

Collection Overview

Collection comprises 176 commercially-produced card stereographs dating from 1898-1905, depicting scenes from the Philippine Islands during the Philippine-American War. Almost all are in black-and-white, with a few in color. The large majority convey the preparations, armed conflicts, and aftermath of the war, with scenes of battlegrounds including Angeles, Luzon, Malabon, Pasay, Pasig,Taquig, Tarlac, and San Pedro Macati. There is at least one card from Camp Meade, and a note on one card depicting a battle in the Philippines indicates the collector felt it may have been posed in a U.S. military camp setting. One card was published with a few paragraphs of war narrative on the back. The cards measure 3.5x7 inches.

There are also many other war-related images of personnel, officers, troop movements, encampments, ruins, dead soldiers, prisoners, and insurgents. Along with these are stereographs with views of ordinary citizens and their dwellings, as well as places such as street markets, houses, bridges, railway stations, and buildings in Dagupan, Manila, Malabon, Pasay, Pasig, and San Pedro Macati.

Among the 144 images in the War-Related Series, Embarkment subdivision, are thirteen scenes taken in 1898 of regiments and troops boarding ships in the U.S. A few are marked as being taken in San Francisco. Some feature dramatic scenes with such titles as "Soldiers and their sweethearts on the eve of departure," and "Troops for Manila - last man climbing aboard." There are also scenes of U.S. soldiers returning home in 1902. Other groups into which the series has been arranged include battles (40 views), encampments (13), military drills (14), insurgents (23), military and civilian hospitals (9), prisons and prisoners (6), and other war-related scenes (14) such as the building of military railroad supply lines, and native buffalo hauling water to the front.

In addition, there are two smaller groups, Places and People. The Places Series features 22 cards depicting locations such as headquarters for military leaders; city and town streets; citizens' houses - some thatched; notable buildings, including the "Insurgent House of Congress" in flames; railway stations; St. Ignatius Church, Manila; battlements and the U.S. flag; and ruins. there are views of Manila, the Pasig River, and a train derailment on a bridge in Luzon. There are often groups of people, including civilians and military men, in these images. The last two cards in the Places series are in color. There are ten views In the People Series, chiefly group shots of military personnel and Filipinos, but with a few images of individuals, one of whom is Major General Henry W. Lawton. One card is captioned "Filipino police - once insurgents, now faithful servants of Uncle Sam." The last two cards in this series are in color.

Almost all the stereograph cards bear captions and the names of commercial publishers; names appearing most often include Underwood & Underwood (New York), C.H. Graves (Philadelphia), Keystone Views (Pa.), and George W. Griffith (Griffith & Griffith, Philadelphia). Most are dated with the year. Some carry the names of individuals, possibly the photographers.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48-hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

War-Related Scenes Series
(144 items)

Subdivided into the following subseries: Battles, Drills, Embarkments, Encampments, Insurgents, Hospitals, Prisons and Prisoners, and Other.

Box 1
War-Related Scenes Series
Box 2
Places Series
(22 items)
Box 2
People Series
(10 items)
Box 2

Historical Note

The Philippine-American War was fought from February 1899 to April 1902 between the Philippine and the U.S. armies, following the annexation of the Philippine Islands at the end of the Spanish-American War. It officially ended in July 1902. The conflict is also known in the United States as the Philippine War of Independence or the Philippine Insurrection.

Subject Headings

Related Material

Related Materials

Philippine Islands and Far East photograph albums, ca. 1899-ca. l902 (contains images related to Philippine American War) Rubenstein Library, Duke University

Manuel SastrĂ³n papers, 1893-1900 (papers relate to U.S. occupation of Philippines, 1893-1900) Rubenstein Library, Duke University

Reading K. Beatty papers, 1898-1906 (letters relating to his in the Army and relating to business ventures in the Philippines) Rubenstein Library, Duke University

Thomas Benton Howard papers, 1873-1916 (notebooks about his time as junior naval officer in Philippine-American War, 1899) Rubenstein Library, Duke University

Lyman Walter Vere Kennon papers, 1863-1917 (served as Military Governor of the Philippines, 1899) Rubenstein Library, Duke University

George P. Scriven papers, 1846-1926 (diaries of his time as soldier in Philippines, 1900-1901) Rubenstein Library, Duke University

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Philippine-American War card stereographs, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Philippine-American War card stereographs were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a transfer from the Duke Libraries general collections in 2012.

Processing Information

Processed by: Levi Crews and Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, January 2014

Accessions described in this finding aid: 2014-0028