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Guide to the Lydia Rabinowitsch-Kempner Autograph Book and Papers, 1879-1885, 1910-1933 and undated

Abstract

Lydia Rabinowitsch-Kempner (1871-1935) was a German bacteriologist and one of the first women to reach the rank of Professor in Germany.

The Lydia Rabinowitsch-Kempner Autograph Book and Papers date from the late nineteenth and early twentieth-century, and contain letters written to Rabinowitsch-Kempner from leading German scientists, as well as a reprint and three photographs. Correspondents include Robert and Hedwig Koch, Paul Ehrlich, Emil Behring, Richard Pfeiffer, and Alexandre Besredka, as well as calling cards with notations from Lord Joseph Lister, Elie (Ilija) Metchnikoff, and Albert Calmette. Many of the letters and calling cards are arranged in a bound scrapbook, and relate to personal as well as professional matters. The collection also contains a series of six letters from Max von Pettenkofer to Paul Lindau, editor of Nord und Süd,. Acquired as part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Rabinowitsch-Kempner, Lydia, 1871-1935.
Title
Lydia Rabinowitsch-Kempner Autograph Book and papers 1879-1885, 1910-1933 and undated
Language of Material
German,, English
Extent
1.0 Linear Feet, 15 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

The Lydia Rabinowitsch-Kempner Autograph Book and Papers date from the late nineteenth and early twentieth-century, and contain letters written to Rabinowitsch-Kempner from leading German scientists. Correspondents include Robert and Hedwig Koch, Paul Ehrlich, Emil Behring, Richard Pfeiffer, and Alexandre Besredka, as well as calling cards with notations from Lord Joseph Lister, Elie (Ilija) Metchnikoff, and Albert Calmette. Many of the letters and calling cards are arranged in a scrapbook, and relate to personal as well as professional matters. The collection also contains a series of six letters from Max von Pettenkofer to Paul Lindau, editor of Nord und Süd, and a reprint in English by Pettenkofer dating from the late nineteenth-century, as well as three photographs of Robert Koch, Paul Ehrlich, and Emil Behring.

Acquired as part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Contains letters from several correspondents and three photographs of Robert Koch, Emil Behring, and Paul Ehrlich. The Behring and Ehrlich photographs are autographed to Rabinowitsch-Kempner. The scrapbook contains letters to Rabinowitsch-Kempner from Robert and Hedwig Koch, Paul Ehrlich, Emil von Behring, and Richard Pfeiffer, as well as calling cards with notations from Lord Joseph Lister, Elie Metchnikoff, Albert Calmette, and Amedée Borrel.

Letters from Max von Pettenkofer to Paul Lindau, 1879, 1884-1885
Box 1
Letters to Lydia Rabinowitsch-Kempner, 1910-1933 and undated
Box 1
Photographs, undated
Box 1
Max von Pettenkofer, Does Hygiene Pay?, Reprint from The Sanitary News, Chicago, Sept. 26, 1885
Box 1
Scrapbook with letters and calling cards
Box 1

Historical Note

Lydia Rabinowitsch-Kempner (1871-1935) was a bacteriologist who studied tuberculosis. She was born in Kovno, Lithuania and studied in Zurich and Bern. In 1912, she became the first woman in Berlin and the second woman in Prussia to reach the rank of Professor. Rabinowitsch-Kempner worked with Robert Koch at the Institute for Infectious Diseases (Institut für Infektionskrankheiten). In 1895, Rabinowitsch-Kempner went to the United States to teach at the Women's Medical College in Philadelphia and established a bacteriology laboratory there. Returning to Germany, she edited the Zeitschrift für Tuberkulose from 1914 to 1934 and became associate professor of pathology and director of the bacteriological department at Berlin University, Moabit Hospital in 1920. After the Nazi seizure of power in 1933, Rabinowitsch-Kempner was forcibly retired in 1934.

Lydia Rabinowitsch-Kempner married Walter Kempner, another assistant to Robert Koch, in 1898 and had two sons, Walter Kempner and Robert Kempner, and a daughter. Walter Kempner came to Duke Medical Center in 1933 and Robert Kempner was a prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials. Lydia Rabinowitsch-Kempner died in Berlin in 1935.

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • Walter Kempner Papers, 1948-1992 (Duke University Medical Center Archives)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Lydia Rabinowitsch-Kempner Autograph Book and Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Lydia Rabinowitsch-Kempner Autograph Book and Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a transfer in 2011.

Processing Information

Processed by Willeke Sandler, March 2012

Encoded by Willeke Sandler, April 2012

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.