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Guide to the Charles Bailey Reed scrapbooks and photographs, 1914-1924 and undated, bulk 1918-1919

Abstract

Charles B. Reed was a radiologist in the U.S. Medical Reserve Corps during World War I; originally from Newburgh, Orange County, New York.

Collection contains postcards, newspaper articles, printed matter, photographic prints and negatives, and ephemera collected by Charles Bailey Reed during his service with the U.S. Medical Reserve Corps in France during World War I, from about 1918 to 1919. Most of the items are mounted in several scrapbooks or were housed in loose groups within. Material relates very generally to World War I military medical practice. There are hundreds of black and white photographs, both loose and mounted, most taken by Reed from 1918-1919 around various cities in France, but others from a commercial source depicting earlier scenes from the British front in France, damaged buildings (including churches and cathedrals), battlefields, cemeteries, airfields, soldiers in camp and trenches, prisoners of war, downed planes, and dead enemy soldiers. Other topics and items of interest include Reed's images from Evacuation Hospital no. 1 in Sebastopol, newspaper coverage of the Armistice in November-December 1918, images from the Inter-Allied Games held in Paris in the summer of 1919, printed materials produced for American soldiers stationed in France, and images from a military base in N.Y. State, 1924. Acquired as part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Reed, Charles Bailey.
Title
Charles Bailey Reed scrapbooks and photographs 1914-1924 and undated, bulk 1918-1919
Language of Material
English, French, German
Extent
1.6 Linear Feet, Approx. 900 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

The Charles Bailey Reed scrapbooks and photographs date from 1914-1924, and contain postcards, newspaper articles, printed matter, photographic prints and negatives, and ephemera collected by Charles Bailey Reed during his service with the U.S. Medical Reserve Corps in France during World War I, from about 1918-1919. Topics of interest include images from the front in France and the aftermath of the war, newspaper coverage of the Armistice in November-December 1918, images from various cities in France during the Armistice period, images from the Inter-Allied Games held in Paris in the summer of 1919, and printed materials produced for American soldiers stationed in France.

The majority of the collection, including undated material, stems from the end of the war and the immediate postwar period (1918-1919). Most of the material is arranged in two scrapbooks, but there is also loose material found at the end of the scrapbooks which has been rehoused, and there are also many loose photographic prints and negatives. The newspapers consist of the front page of the newspapers, with a few containing additional pages. Materials are arranged chronologically, with the exception of the photographs and postcards, which are arranged alphabetically by topic.

There are hundreds of black and white photographs, both loose and mounted in the scrapbooks, most deriving from Reed's service in France from 1918-1919. In a few cases they are accompanied by negatives. There are images probably taken by Reed or a fellow soldier, and a large group of what appear to be commercially-made images with captions in white lettering; some of the latter are dated 1914 and depict the British front in France (Alsace, Verdun), damaged buildings (including churches and cathedrals), battlefields, cemeteries, French and British soldiers in trenches and camps, dead soldiers (many of whom are German), and biplanes (including downed planes). Reed's photographs depict camps, soldiers' quarters, military vessels, ceremonies, tourist sites, damaged buildings, and a series of images from Evacuation Hospital No. 1 in Sebastopol, France. There is one image of what appears to be prisoners of war marching in a group. Other place names include Verdun, Alsace, Rheims, Paris, Marseilles, Cannes, and Avignon; there are some images from Alpine regions bordering Italy. One group of later photos is labeled "Watkins Glen, N.Y., 1918." Additionally, there are photos taken in 1924 of Pine Plains military camp in New York State, now part of Fort Drum.

Acquired as part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Two French-made, fabric-covered scrapbooks. Mounted items consist of hundreds of pieces related to the period shortly preceding the Armistice to 1921. There are photographic postcards, including many of wartime and Armistice events, color printed postcards, black and white photographs of battle sites and other wartime images, souvenir tickets and programmes, menus, hotel bills, and a few pieces of correspondence. One photographic postcard is the widely circulated image taken by a German soldier of Quentin Roosevelt's body posed lying in front of his downed plane in France, July 1918; he was the youngest son of Theodore Roosevelt. There were also many loose items found at the end of the scrapbooks that have been removed for improved housing and described separately in this inventory. A few loose items remain in their original locations in the scrapbooks.

[Most loose material removed to ephemera, newspapers, postcards, and print material folders.[

Scrapbooks, 1918-1921
Box 1-2

Black-and-white prints typically measure 2 1/4 x 3 1/8, or 2 3/4 x 4 1/2 inches; original envelopes with titles of contents are retained in the folders along with the prints. A few prints are captioned on the backs. Place names include Avignon, Cannes, Fontainebleu, Marseilles, Paris, Alsace, Rheims, and Verdun. The significance of "Kershaw," written on one envelope, has not been identified.

Allied Games, Eiffel Tower, Paris, undated
Box 3
At camp, Pine Plains, 1924, July-Aug. [now Fort Drum, N.Y.]
Box 3
Avignon, undated
Box 3
Boat races, Paris, Versailles, undated
(negatives only)
Box 3
British front, Lille, Zeebrugge, undated
Box 3
Cannes, undated
Box 3
Charles Bailey Reed, undated
Box 3
Evacuation Hospital no. 1, Sebastapol, undated
(2 folders)
Box 3
Fontainebleu, undated
Box 3
Kershaw, undated

Includes views of a three-masted ship, a lake, Charles Reed on board a vessel, a city pier or quay, and an unidentified large mechanical shop. Envelope advertises a business in Central Valley, N.Y.

Box 3
Marseilles, 1919, Feb.
Box 3
Miscellaneous, undated
(2 folders)
Box 3
Miscellaneous--Alsace, Verdun, Paris, 1914-1919

Large group includes many small commercially-produced photographs of the front with captions, some dated 1914.

Box 3
Monte Carlo, Italian border, undated
Box 3
Neufchateau, undated
Box 3
Paris and Versailles, undated
Box 3
Rheims, undated
Box 3
Watkins Glen, New York, 1918

Sites of interest include falls, the glen, lakes, hotels, and a downtown; includes shots of Reed and other men in uniform, and several views of an airfield in Beamsville, Canada, with biplanes (opened in early 1918).

Box 3
X-ray repair shop, Paris, undated
Box 3
Inter-Allied Games, set of published images produced by the U.S. Army Signal Corps, 1919
Box 5
Letters, in German, from Berlin, 1918, April 21 and Aug. 5
Box 4
A.P.M. Paris registration coupons, 1918
Box 4
French currency, 1919
Box 4
French ration cards, 1919
Box 4
German Army postal service letter, blank, undated
Box 4
German Army watch book, undated
Box 4
Newspaper clippings, undated
Box 4
Military orders, 1917
Box 4
Railway dining car receipt, 1918
Box 4
Newspaper clipping, 1919, May 23
Box 4
Automobile check, Inter-Allied Games, 1919
Box 4
Racing-club de France ticket, undated
Box 4
La Liberté, 1918, Nov. 11
Box 5
American Daily Mail, 1918, Nov. 17
Box 5
New York Herald, European edition, 1918, Nov. 20, 21, 29, 30; Dec. 3, 4, 15
Box 5
New York Herald, European edition, 1919, June 24, July 11
Box 5
Excelsior, 1919, Aug. 8
Box 5
Unidentified newspaper, 1919, Oct. 19
Box 5
Cannes
Box 4
Cornell University
Box 4
Rouen
Box 4
Verdun
Box 4
Instructions for Troops, 1917, Dec. 28
Box 4
B. van Vorst, France, Our Ally, 1918
Box 4
Seeing Nancy. A Guide for Americans with Map, 1918
Box 4
Amerika und der Weltkrieg, undated
Box 4
Das Machinen-Gewehr 08. Lehrbuch für Unteroffiziere und Mannschaften, undated
Box 4
Grand-Duchy of Luxemburg, undated
Box 4
Pages of American Glory, undated
Box 4
Paris, Monumental Métropolitain, undated
Box 4
Roman Treves, Its History & Sights, undated
Box 4
Inter-Allied Games, Pershing Stadium, Joinville-le-Pont, Paris, 1919, July 4
Box 4
Le Sportif, Revue Hebdomadaire de Critique Sportive, 1919, July 19
Box 4
Who Can Tell? 88th Division Show, undated
Box 4

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • Charles Reed Correspondence (forms part of the Trent Manuscripts Collection) (Rubenstein Library, Duke University)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Charles Bailey Reed scrapbooks and photographs, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Charles Bailey Reed scrapbooks and photographs were received as a transfer by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library in 2011.

Processing Information

Processed by Willeke Sandler, May 2012

Encoded by Willeke Sandler and Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, September 2012

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.