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Guide to the Russian Posters Collection, 1919-1989 and undated

Russian Posters Collection - Duke Digital Collections Digitized Content
Items from this collection have been digitized and are available in the Russian Posters Collection - Duke Digital Collections.

Abstract

The Russian Posters Collection is divided into three series spanning the years 1919 to 1989: 30 posters emphasizing the benefits of communism and the first "Five Year Plan" for workers, the achievements of the USSR under communism, religion as an enemy of the people, and the struggle against and decline of capitalism; 14 placards from the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the USSR describing and depicting the strength of the country in industrial development, consumer goods, agricultural production, electrification, and the national welfare; and the collapse of the colonial system of imperialism and the problems facing capitalism; and last, ten posters from the "perestroika" period of the 1980s, most of which were exhibited in Moscow in 1988. In addition, the collection houses nine facsimiles of Russian posters from the 1920s-1930s. The posters have been digitized and are available online. Translations provided by Dr. Ernest Zitser, Duke University.

Descriptive Summary

Collection Number
RL.01122
Title
Russian Posters collection
Date
1919-1989 and undated
Creator
Duke University. Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library
Extent
4 Linear Feet, 81 Items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Material in Russian

Collection Overview

The Russian Posters Collection spans a good part of 20th century Russian political history, and is divided into three main groupings: 30 posters emphasizing the benefits of communism and the first "Five Year Plan" for workers, the achievements of the former USSR under communism, religion as an enemy of the people, and the struggle against and decline of capitalism; 14 placards from the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the former USSR describing and depicting the strength of the country in industrial development, consumer goods, agricultural production, electrification, and the national welfare, and the collapse of the colonial system of imperialism and the problems facing capitalism; and last, 26 posters from the "perestroika" period of the 1980s, most of which were exhibited in Moscow in 1988. In addition, the collection houses nine facsimiles of Russian posters from the 1920s-1930s. Some posters feature anti-religious slogans. The posters have also been digitized and are available online.

Restrictions on Access & Use

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

1. General Political Posters Series, 1919-1930 and undated

30 items

These political posters from the former Soviet Union cover the period between the end of the "New Economic Policy" and the beginning of the first "Five Year Plan" and cover a range of related issues related to religion, economic and social changes, and political events. Their titles have been translated into English. When dates are present they have been added.

Snaring the birds, 1930
Oversize-folder 1
Anti-religious farm women prepare to quit old life and move into new life, 1929
Oversize-folder 1
Enemies of the Five Year Plan, circa 1929
Oversize-folder 1
Long live the first of May
Oversize-folder 1
We are preparing to repulse the enemy, 1927
Oversize-folder 1
All the past will be put into the garbage dump
Oversize-folder 1
Easter: contrast of joyous Easter of long ago with serious workers of Communist Russia
Oversize-folder 1
With the pen and the light of science disclose plots of the sects
Oversize-folder 1
Public nursery
Oversize-folder 1
Stalin: 'Russian Revolution has given national life and development to many groups in Russia'
Oversize-folder 1
Achievement of Russia under communism (published by propaganda division of Russian Communist Party)
Oversize-folder 2
Proletarians of the world unite
Oversize-folder 2
Importance of knowledge for Red Soldiers
Oversize-folder 2
Against capitalistic imperialist wars, Yellow Second International, the League of Nations, leaders and appeasers of the International Cooperative Movement
Oversize-folder 2
Why were 10,000,000 men killed from 1914-1918?, 1929
Oversize-folder 2
'Double crosser': the Church (published by the Artists' Society)
Oversize-folder 2
The way to the Russian Revolution and the world revolution (2 copies)
Oversize-folder 2
Struggle against religion is a struggle for communism
Oversize-folder 2
Propaganda for Young Communist Pioneers
Oversize-folder 2
Women workers of the Orient, free yourself, enter the workforce, work at the collective farm, join the ranks of the builders of socialism, 1930
Oversize-folder 3
Red Army training
Oversize-folder 3
Member of a religious sect is fooling the people
Oversize-folder 3
Struggle against religion is a struggle for socialism, The Athiest at Work [journal] supplement
Oversize-folder 3
The best answer to the designs of imperialism is a strong industrialization and a spirit of cooperation
Oversize-folder 3
Fighting against illegal alcohol (from the Propaganda Division of the Head Department of Political Education)
Oversize-folder 3
Capitalistic and communistic conceptions of the army
Oversize-folder 3
The saviors of the world: founders of world religions
Oversize-folder 3
The coming of Lenin to Petrograd in 1917
Oversize-folder 3
Ironical poster about Christmas, supplement from The Atheist at Work [journal]
Oversize-folder 3
Go to the collective farms (anti-kulak)
Oversize-folder 3
Leningrad

Travel poster, not digitized (2011 acquisition).

Oversize-folder 3

2. Electioneering Placards: Twenty-Second Communist Party Congress Series, 1960-1962

14 items

Electioneering placards related to the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the former Soviet Union. The titles have been translated into English.

Twenty-second Congress of the SPSU - Congress of communism's builders, Moscow, Oct. 17-31, 1961
Oversize-folder 4
The transformation of the socialist system into a decisive factor of world development
Oversize-folder 4
The collapse of the colonial system of imperialism
Oversize-folder 4
New strain on capitalism's general crisis
Oversize-folder 4
Further strengthening of the economic might of the USSR, 1956-1961, 1962
Oversize-folder 4
Seven year employment plan, 1962
Oversize-folder 4
Further strengthening of the economic might of the USSR, 1956-1961, 1961 (heavy industry statistics)
Oversize-folder 4
The rise of agricultural production, 1956-1960
Oversize-folder 4
The growth in national welfare in 1956-1960
Oversize-folder 4
A general perspective of USSR industrial development, 1961-1980 - capital investment
Oversize-folder 4
Electrification - pivot in the building of the communist economy, 1961-1980
Oversize-folder 4
A general perspective of USSR industrial development, 1961-1980 - production goals
Oversize-folder 4
Master-plan of development of the USSR's agricultural sector, 1961-1980
Oversize-folder 4
Rise in the national material welfare, 1961-1980
Oversize-folder 4

3. Facsimile Posters Series, 1920s-1930s

9 items

Facismiles of former Soviet Union posters from the 1920s and 1930s. Dates are approximate.

7th anniversary of the October Revolution, 1925-1928
Oversize-folder 5
Join the Red cavalry!, 1920-1939
Oversize-folder 5
Last hour, 1920
Oversize-folder 5
Under the red flag..., 1920-1939 (women marching against a lone capitalist who is falling before them)
Oversize-folder 5
Help! Join the ranks of the MOPR!, 1920-1939
Oversize-folder 5
Revolution of 1905, 1920-1939
Oversize-folder 5
Red Army defense of the proletarian revolution, 1920-1939
Oversize-folder 5
Enemy wants to capture the heart of Moscow, Soviet Russia, 1920-1939
Oversize-folder 5
Road to Communism, 1920
Oversize-folder 5

4. Perestroika Era Posters Series, circa 1980-1989

26 items

An assemblage of posters, arranged in two subgroupings, from the decade prior to the break-up of the Soviet Union, about 1980 to 1989. All except one of these posters formed an exhibit held in Moscow in 1988; ten reproductions are in their own exhibit folder. One poster from an anti-alcoholism campaign unrelated to the exhibit but from the same period closes the series. The transcribed title is followed by the English translation. Authors and artists's names are also given; in some cases there is more than one name. Some posters are composites of more than one poster; and one poster consists of three sheets. Posters are in original order as received.

Exhibit Posters Subseries

13 items

Consists of a cover folder that describes the 1988 Moscow poster exhibit and which contains reproductions of ten posters, one of which is a triptych. The cover folder for the posters reads, "Soiuz khudozhnikov SSSR.; Soiuz khudozhnikov RSFSR.; Moskovskaia organizatsiia Soiuza khudozhnikov RSFSR. Plakat-perestroike: komplekt-vystavka (Moskva: "Plakat," 1988)."

Cover folder, poster exhibition, 1988
Oversize-folder 6
Invalidy bol'she ne mogut zhdat'. [The disabled can wait no longer.] Kacher, O.
Oversize-folder 6
Pravda. [Truth.] Belozerov, G.
Oversize-folder 6
Chto delat'? [What is to be done?] Cherenov, V., A. Reshetov and V. Kozlov
Oversize-folder 6
Narod, zabyvshii svoiu istoriiu… [A people that forgets its own history…] Kovaleva, L.
Oversize-folder 6
1929. Kollektivizatsiia. [1929: Collectivization.] Vaganov, A.
Oversize-folder 6
Kadry reshaiut vse (3 lista). [Party cadres decide all.] Kondurov, A.
(3 sheets, total of 6 images)
Oversize-folder 6
1935, 1936, 1937....1940. (Deportation train with ghostly images) Lozenko, A.
Oversize-folder 6
Venets--delu konets. [All's well that ends well.] Mosienko, S.
Oversize-folder 6
U menia est' svoe mnenie, no ia s nim nesoglasen. [I have my own opinion, but I do not agree with it.] Leonov, Iu.
Oversize-folder 6
Spasite! [Help!] (Dog with sewn leather patch on ear and price tag - protesting selling of dog furs?) Sukharev, S.
Oversize-folder 6
?000,000... [no translation; shows pyramid of red hands against dark background]
Oversize-folder 6

Prize-winning Exhibit Posters Subseries

12 items

Consists of prize winners from the same 1988 exhibit. Two of the posters have two additional images, besides the one represented by the title. There are actually 16 images, as several posters are composites of more than one poster. Arranged in order from first prize to runners-up.

Nash schet. 707. [Our account. 707.] Tarasov, I. (1st prize)
Oversize-folder 6
Pravil'no poniat' proshloe -- znachit oblegchit' poiski vernogo puti v budushchee. [Correctly understanding the past eases the search for a true path to the future.] Lekomtsev, A., E. Morozovskii, O. Staikov. II premiia (2nd prize)
Oversize-folder 6
Doloi pokazukhu! [Down with showing-off!] Chervotkin, N. II premiia
Oversize-folder 6
Pamiat'. [Memory.] Sidorova, M., L. Kaushanskii. III premiia (3rd prize)
Oversize-folder 6
S dnem rozhdeniia, Komsomol! [Happy Birthday, Komsomol (Young Communist League)!] Faldin, A., R. Akmanov. III premiia
Oversize-folder 6
Stalinizm. [Stalinism.] Leonov, Iu. III premiia
Oversize-folder 6
Zabota -- eto rabota! [Caring takes work.] Vasil'chenko, A. Pooshchritel'naia premiia (runner-up)
Oversize-folder 6
Popalas'! (A triptypch image of three posters, including these other two: Segal', A., A. Faldin, "Kaby chego…"; and Budanov, Iu., "Tiazhelyi metal") [(1) Caught! (2) So as not to… (3) Heavy metal.] Reznikov, I, S. Vasil'ev. Pooshchritel'naia premiia
Oversize-folder 6
Vznos Komsomola (2 other posters: Kurashov, I, A. Faldin, A. Faldina, "…Nasha sovest' est' nam luchshii sud'ia"; and Tarasov, A., "Imei svoe litso!" [(1) Komosomol dues; (2) Our conscience is our best judge; (3) Be your own person!] Pivnev, N. Pooshchritel'naia premiia
Oversize-folder 6
Kazhdoi sem'e k 2000 godu… [To every family in the year 2000…] Linnik, I., A. Krent'. Pooshchritel'naia premiia
Oversize-folder 6
Mama! [Mama!]Valiakhmetov, I. Pooshchritel'naia premiia
Oversize-folder 6
Novyi den' budu stroit' sam. [I will build the new day myself!] Kovalenko, V. Pooshchritel'naia premiia
Oversize-folder 6

Other Posters

1 item
Ot pervoi sladkoi riumochki… [From the first sweet wine glass...] Teplitskaia, I.(Moskva: Izd-vo "Plakat", 1989)

Perestroika-era poster, unrelated to the 1988 Moscow exhibit, deals with the Soviet government's anti-alcohol campaign.

Oversize-folder 6

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Russian Posters Collection, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University

Provenance

The Russian Posters Collection were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift in the early 1960s, 1970s, and 2010.

Processing Information

Processed by Rubenstein Library staff.

Encoded by Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, February 2009 and December 2010.

Translations of Cyrillic titles provided by Dr. Ernest Zitser, Duke University.

Accessions from 1960s, 1970s, and 2010 are described in this finding aid.

Updated to include Accession 2011-0069 by Alice Poffinberger, Aug. 2011