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Guide to the Anna Schwartz Papers, 1929-2012

Abstract

Economist at the National Bureau of Economic Research and collaborator with Milton Friedman on numerous works, including A Monetary History of the United States, 1867-1960. Schwartz also served as the executive director of the United States Gold Commission from 1981 to 1982.

Collection consists largely of Schwartz's professional materials, including economics research and subject files on monetary policy, gold, the Federal Reserve, currency, and the 2008 Financial Crisis; collaborations with other economists; correspondence, largely professional but including some personal letters; Gold Commission materials from the 1980s; Shadow Open Market Committee materials; and writings, including lectures and articles by Schwartz. Another significant part of the collection is the Milton Friedman series, which includes correspondence, writings, and other materials relating to Friedman and his work.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Schwartz, Anna J. (Anna Jacobson), 1915-2012
Title
Anna Schwartz papers 1929-2012
Language of Material
English
Extent
23 Linear Feet, 17500 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

The Anna Schwartz Papers consists largely of Schwartz's professional materials and has been divided into 9 series: Correspondence, Writings, Conferences, Personal Materials, Milton Friedman Materials, Gold Commission, Shadow Open Market Committee, Writings by Others, and the Subject and Research Files Series.

Schwartz's Correspondence ranges from her college years through 2012, with the majority of material dating from the 2000s. Correspondence has been arranged chronologically and largely reflects Schwartz's research interests and collaborations with other economists. Particularly in her later years, Schwartz saved various email forwards and printouts on news and economics sent from her correspondents, and those materials are also kept in the Correspondence series. Milton Friedman's correspondence is held in the Milton Friedman Series.

Another significant portion of the collection is Schwartz's Subject and Research Files, which include materials on economics, monetary policy, banking, various countries, the Federal Reserve and its many activities, foreign exchange rates and intervention, currency, and many other miscellaneous topics. This series has been arranged alphabetically and has overlaps with other series in the collection, including Schwartz's Writings and Correspondence series.

The majority of Schwartz's Writings series related to various lectures and articles by Schwartz, although the series does contain some drafts and edited works from Schwartz's books as well as accompanying material such as appendices or editor correspondence. It has been arranged chronologically, with Schwartz's book reviews consolidated at the beginning of the series. Writings by Friedman, including collaborations between Friedman and Schwartz, are housed in the Milton Friedman Series.

Writings By Others is large series that includes drafts and final versions of articles collected or sent to Schwartz by colleagues. Most of these relate to Schwartz's research interests. This series also includes reader reports by Schwartz for various articles. It has been arranged alphabetically by author.

Three series reflect Schwartz's professional service. The Conferences Series reflects Schwartz's attendance and involvement in various economic conferences throughout her career. It is arranged alphabetically by conference. The Shadow Open Market Committee Series is a small series reflecting her service on the committee in the 2000s. It includes meeting materials as well as papers presented by Schwartz and other committee members. The Gold Commission Series encompasses materials from Schwartz's service as executive director of the Gold Commission from 1981 to 1982, and includes reports and research materials on gold and the gold standard; drafts, comments, and copies of the final report; and correspondence from the committee and the general public on issues regarding gold.

The Milton Friedman Materials Series includes all materials in the Schwartz Papers that relate to Milton Friedman and Schwartz's work with him, including joint writings and collaborations. Correspondence from Friedman is housed in this series. It also includes a large number of Friedman's writings, such as his columns for Newsweek and Wall Street Journal, and articles and talks by Friedman that Schwartz collected over the years. Some of these were drafts or working papers sent to Schwartz by Friedman for comments. Another portion of the series is the Writings About Friedman sub-series, which includes news clippings, essays, Nobel Prize coverage, and obituaries and memorials.

The Personal Materials Series includes Schwartz's Barnard College materials, interviews and clippings about Schwartz, versions of her curriculum vitae, and her date books from the 1950s through the 2000s.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

The Correspondence series consists of professional correspondence from throughout Schwartz's career. Materials include handwritten, typed, and email correspondence, with the bulk of the material dating from late in Schwartz's career. Email printouts of articles and other email forwards from Schwartz's contacts are also present in this series. Early correspondence includes courtship letters from Schwartz's husband, Isaac. Correspondence with or directly concerning Milton Friedman is filed in the "Correspondence" subseries within the "Milton Friedman" series.

Correspondence, 1929-1950s
Box 1
Correspondence, 1960s
Box 1
Correspondence, 1970s
Box 1
Correspondence, 1980s
Box 1
Correspondence, 1990-1995
Box 1
Correspondence, 1996-1997
Box 1
Correspondence, 1998-1999
Box 1
Correspondence, 2000-2002
Box 1
Correspondence, 2003-2005
Box 1
Correspondence, 2006-2007
Box 1
Correspondence, 2008
(4 folders)
Box 1
Correspondence, 2009
Box 1
Correspondence, 2010-2012
Box 1
Correspondence, undated
Box 1

The Personal Materials Series contains materials from Schwartz's college years at Barnard, decades of daybooks with calendars from her various meetings, Schwartz's handwritten phone logs from the early 1980s, resumes, honorary degree materials, and clippings about Schwartz from the 1960s through the 2000s.

Barnard College materials, 1933-1934
Box 1
Miscellaneous personal materials
Box 1
Datebooks, 1950s-1970s
(2 folders)
Box 1
Datebooks, 1980s-2000s
(3 folders)
Box 2
Phone logs, 1981 and undated
Box 2
Resume/c.v., 1988 and 2007
Box 2
Clippings and interviews about Schwartz, 1960s-2000s
(2 folders)
Box 2
Honorary degrees, 2000s
Box 2

The Conferences series contains materials from Schwartz's conference participation. Conferences are arranged alphabetically. The series includes programs, correspondence concerning specific events, and copies of speeches given by other participants.

Alex G. McKenna Economic Education Series, St. Vincent College, 30 April 1999
Box 2
American Bankers Association - Conference for University Professors, 1964
Box 2
American Economic Association, 1984 and 2001
(2 folders)
Box 2
American Enterprise Institute, 1998 and 2000
(2 folders)
Box 2
American Finance Association, 2001
Box 2
American Institute for Economic Research, 2004-2005
(4 folders)
Box 2
AMEX Monetary Unions Conference, 1999
Box 2
Asset Price Bubble Conference, 2001-2002
(2 folders)
Box 2
Bank of England Conference, 2004
Box 2
Capital Markets Colloquium, Duke University, 2007
Box 2
Carnegie Rochester Conference, 1999
Box 2
CATO Institute Annual Monetary Conference, 1997, 1999, 2002-2003
(4 folders)
Box 2
Colloquium on Globalization, UCLA, 1999
Box 2
Conference in Honor of Milton Friedman's 60th Birthday: scrapbook pages with photographs
Box 18
Conference in Honor of Walter Y. Oi, University of Rochester, 1999
Box 2
Council on Foreign Relations, 2000 and 2004
(2 folders)
Box 2
ECU Conference, 1987
Box 2
Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Conference on Financial Markets, 1999
Box 2
Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago Conferences, 1988 and 1999
(2 folders)
Box 2
Federal Reserve Bank of New York: Financial Innovation and Monetary Transmission, 2001
Box 2
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis: Economic Policy Conference, 2007
Box 2
Goodhart Festschrift, 2001
Box 2
History of Economic Thought, 1998
Box 2
How to Manage Capital in a World of Permanent Inflation, 1973

Includes Schwartz's talk, The Inflation Experience of Other Countries, 1973.

Box 2
International Atlantic Economic Society Meeting, 2002
Box 2
Money, History, and International Finance: Conference Held in Honor of Anna J. Schwartz, 1987: photograph album
Box 18
National Bureau of Economic Research conferences, 1986, 1993, 2001, 2008
(4 folders)
Box 2
Political Economy of International Finance, 2000
Box 2
Social Science Research Council Conference on the Federal Reserve Board, 1965
Box 2
U. Beogradu Symposium, 1974
Box 2
World Conference on Gold, 1982
Box 2
Western Economic Association, 1984 and 2000

Includes VHS interview of Schwartz, 1984. This item is RESTRICTED until an access copy can be made.

Box 2

This series contains Schwartz's research files on various subjects, comprised of notes, data and tables, and printed materials related to specific topics; some are related directly to specific publications. It is arranged alphabetically by subject. Topics that receive the most coverage include the 2008 financial crisis; banking; business cycles; currency boards; the FDIC, FOMC, and Federal Reserve; gold; the IMF; intervention; and UK economics. There are also a number of files containing worksheets and data from the NBER.

2008 Financial Crisis
(9 folders)
Box 3
American Institute for Economic Research
Box 3
Argentina, 2001
Box 3
Asian Monetary Monitor
Box 3
Asset prices
Box 3
Austria-Hungary
Box 3
Bank of America
Box 3
Bank capital
Box 3
Bank loan loss deduction
Box 3
Bank money computation: P. Cagan: Postal deposits with U.S. Treasury
Box 3
Bank of England
Box 3
Bank of the United States
Box 3
Bank runs
Box 3
Banking
Box 3
Banking supervision
(2 folders)
Box 3
Banks, savings and loan
Box 3
Brazil and Mexico
Box 3
Business cycle research
(2 folders)
Box 3
Charts and graphs, miscellaneous
(2 folders)
Box 3
Congressional oversight panel for economic stabilization, 2008
Box 3
Congressional Record
Box 3
Currency
Box 3
Currency boards
(8 folders)
Box 3
Currency boards
(8 folders)
Box 4
Exchange Stabilization Fund (ESF)
(5 folders)
Box 4
Exchange rate policy
Box 4
FDIC and FDIC reform
(5 folders)
Box 4
Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)

Includes meeting minutes and transcripts.

(13 folders)
Box 4
Federal Reserve Board
(15 folders)
Box 5
Foreign currency
(2 folders)
Box 5
Foreign exchange rates
Box 5
Free banking
(2 folders)
Box 5
Free gold
Box 5
Gold
(5 folders)
Box 5
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
(5 folders)
Box 5
Intervention
(3 folders)
Box 5
Intervention

Includes History of Foreign Exchange Market Invention project notes.

(4 folders)
Box 6
Interwar world trade
Box 6
Ireland
Box 6
Italy
Box 6
Japan
Box 6
Miscellaneous Newsletters and Printouts
Box 6
Monetarism
(3 folders)
Box 6
Monetary Control Act of 1980
Box 6
Monetary policy
(3 folders)
Box 6
Money stock
(2 folders)
Box 6
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
(12 folders)
Box 6
Notes, handwritten
(2 folders)
Box 6
Reforming financial markets
Box 6
Reserves: Actual versus Required
Box 6
Shadow Financial Regulatory Committee, 1989-1998
(3 folders)
Box 7
System Open Market Account (SOMA)
(3 folders)
Box 7
Sovereign bankruptcy
Box 7
Supreme Court: Petitioner's Brief, Samson Taiwo Dada
Box 7
Treasury Select Committee, 2009
Box 7
United Kingdom
(5 folders)
Box 7
U.S. Senate
(2 folders)
Box 7
U.S. stabilization agreements
Box 7
Vault cash worksheets
Box 7
Harry Dexter White
Box 7

The Writings series is arranged chronologically and consists of Schwartz's lectures and publications (some of which are co-authored) as well as drafts of both published and unpublished pieces. Materials related to Schwartz's publications, such as book reviews and edits, are also included under the title of that publication. A significant part of the series consists of drafts of A History of Official Foreign Exchange Market Intervention, a manuscript on which Schwartz was collaborating with Michael Bordo and Owen Humpage. Small amounts of correspondence directly related to the publication of various works is filed with those works. Projects on which Schwartz collaborated with Milton Friedman are in the "Milton Friedman" series; research for various writing projects can be found in the "Subject Files and Research" series.

Book reviews by Schwartz, 1984-2007
Box 7
State Banks, 1942
(2 folders)
Box 7
Growth and Fluctuation reviews, 1953-1954 and 1971
Box 7
Untitled manuscript draft and appendices, 1982
Box 7
The Service Flows of Money drafts, 1984-1985
Box 7
A European Central Bank, 1990
Box 7
Currency Boards, 1993
Box 7
The Performance of the Federal Research in Pursuing International Monetary Objectives, 1994
Box 7
The Performance and Stabilization of Banking Systems Under Self-Regulation, 1995

Co-authored with Michael Bordo.

Box 7
European Monetary Union, 1996
Box 7
Mexican Loan Repayment Sleight of Hand, 1996
Box 7
From Obscurity to Notoriety, 1997
Box 7
Central Banking in a Democracy, 1997
Box 7
Time to Terminate the ESF and IMF, 1998
Box 7
Declaration for Lawsuit Challenging the Mexican Bailout of 1995, 1998
Box 7
What Europe Can Learn from the Fed, Wall Street Journal, 1998
Box 7
Monetary Policy Reforms, 1999

Co-authored with Michael Bordo.

Box 7
Measuring Real Economic Effects of Bailouts, 1999

Co-authored with Michael Bordo.

(2 folders)
Box 7
The Rise and Fall of Foreign Exchange Market Intervention as a Policy Tool, 2000
Box 7
Was Expansionary Monetary Policy Feasible During the Great Contraction? An Examination of Gold Standard Constraint, 2000

Co-authored with Michael Bordo and Choundhri.

Box 7
From the Exchange Stabilization Fund to the International Monetary Fund, 2001

Co-authored with Michael Bordo.

Box 7
Comment on the Optimal Choice of Exchange-Rate Regime, 2001
Box 7
Earmarks of a Lender of Last Resort, 2001-2002
Box 7
The IMF's Dubious Proposal for a Universal Bankruptcy Law for Sovereign Debtors, 2003
Box 8
Aftermath of the Monetarist Clash with the Federal Reserve Before and During the Volcker Era, 2004
Box 8
Bretton Woods, 2004
Box 8
Global Order and the Future of the Euro, 2004
Box 8
Dealing with Exchange Rate Protectionism, 2005
Box 8
Gold, Policy Expectations, and Financial Markets During the Great Depression, 2005
Box 8
Money Supply, 2005-2007
Box 8
David Laidler on Monetarism, 2006

Co-authored with Michael Bordo.

Box 8
Globalization, 2007
Box 8
Is there a need for an International Lender of Last Resort?, 2007
Box 8
Is Redefinition Needed of the Aims of the Mont Pelerin Society 60 Years After Their Formation?, 2007
Box 8
Why a Dual Mandate is Wrong For Monetary Policy, 2008

Co-authored with Walker Todd. Also known as "The Confusion of Nominal Monetary Policies and Real Outcomes at the Federal Reserve."

Box 8
Monetary Economics Research at the St. Louis Fed During Ted Balbach's Tenure as Research Director, 2008

Co-authored with Michael Bordo.

Box 8
Questions the Senate Finance Committee Could have Asked T. Geithner and the Answers He Should have Given, 2009
Box 8
General collaborations with Walker Todd, 1990-2009
Box 8
How to Avoid an International Financial Crisis, undated
Box 8
How the Relationship between the Federal Reserve and the Academic Community of Monetary Economists Has Changed Over Time, undated
Box 8
Has the Fed Forgotten the Lessons of the Peace Time Inflation of 1965-1979?, undated
Box 8
The Fed in the 1920s and 1930s, undated
Box 8
Monetarism, undated
Box 8
Origins of the Financial Market Crisis of 2008, undated
Box 8
What Future for the IMF?, undated
Box 8
My Answers to your Questions, undated
Box 8
History of Foreign Exchange Market Intervention materials, with Michael Bordo, 2006-2007 and undated
(29 folders)
Box 8
Incomplete pieces of writings and articles, undated
Box 8
Contracts and agreements, 2004-2009
Box 8

This series covers Schwartz's work with Gold Commission, which was appointed to consider the possibility of returning to the gold standard. Schwartz was the Staff Director from 1981-1982. The series includes transcripts and minutes; memos; statements and testimonials given before the commission; questionnaires filled out by members of the commission; correspondence sent to and within the commission; and research files (articles, reports, notes, and data tables).

Transcripts, 1981-1982
(4 folders)
Box 9
Memos, 1981-1982
(2 folders)
Box 9
November 1981 statements before the Gold Commission
(2 folders)
Box 9
December 1981 questionnaire
Box 9
Statements, 1980-1981
Box 9
Miscellaneous papers
Box 9
Publicity and clippings
Box 9
Gold Commission Report outline
Box 9
Report of the Commission on the Role of Gold in the Domestic and International Monetary Systems, volumes 1 and 2, March 1982
Box 9
Report suggestions, recommendations, and comments
(5 folders)
Box 9
Report suggestions, recommendations, and comments
Box 10
Report suggestions, recommendations, and comments from Chalmers P. Wylie
Box 10
Gold Commission proposal with edits
Box 10
Consolidated gold fields - limited reports, 1974-1981
(3 folders)
Box 10
Committee on Interior and Exterior Affairs on Feasibility of Return to Gold Standard, 1980
Box 10
Thomas Wolfe, "Report on World Production, Marketing, and Use of Gold," undated, and "Structure of World Gold Stocks," 1977
Box 10
David Glasner, "A Reinterpretation of Classical Monetary Theory," 1982-1983
Box 10
Edgar Schoen, The Undisciplined Dollar, 1980
Box 10
Data from Ramachandra Bhagavatula, 1981
Box 10
Gold Commission articles, 1952-1984 and undated
Box 10
Gold Commission reports and articles, 1974-1985
Box 10
Articles on the gold standard, 1978-1985 and undated
Box 10
Articles on the gold standard, 1979-1980
Box 10
Reports, 1981
Box 10
"Gold in International Monetary Law," Journal of International Law and Economics, 1981
Box 10
Gold Commission notes
Box 10
Tables and reports
Box 10
Data and tables
(3 folders)
Box 10
Correspondence, 1 June 1981-1982 and undated
(4 folders)
Box 10

This series documents Schwartz's participation in the Shadow Open Market Committee, which was founded in 1973 to independently evaluate and critique the actions of the Federal Reserve's Open Market Committee. The series contains materials from the biannual meetings, including folders, programs, research, notes, and papers presented by Schwartz and other members, from 2000 to 2006, as well as a 2002 article about the SOMC.

European Shadow Financial Regulatory Committee statements, 1998-1999
Box 11
13 November 2000 meeting
Box 11
30 April 2001 meeting
Box 11
14-15 October 2001 meeting
Box 11
14-15 April 2002 meeting
Box 11
18 November 2002 meeting
Box 11
2002 meeting data
Box 11
18-19 May 2003 meeting
Box 11
2 May 2004 meeting
Box 11
14-15 November 2004 meeting
Box 11
1-2 May 2005 meeting
Box 11
4-5 December 2005 meeting
Box 11
7-8 May 2006 meeting
Box 11
Charles Plosser, "Monetary Policy: A Shadow Perspective," 2002
Box 11

This series covers Schwartz's longstanding collaboration with Nobel Prize-winning economist Milton Friedman of the University of Chicago. It is divided into three subseries: Writings, Writings About Milton Friedman, and Correspondence. The Writings subseries contains Friedman's columns for Newsweek and the Wall Street Journal along with other journalistic pieces; privately circulated memorandums; talks and articles from throughout his career, including drafts; and materials relating to four major projects: A Monetary History of the United States, 1867-1960, Monetary Trends in the United States and the United Kingdom, and "Monetary Statistics of the United States," all co-authored with Schwartz, and The Essence of Friedman, a collection of previously published essays. The Writings About Milton Friedman subseries includes both journalistic clippings and academic articles and is arranged chronologically, with separate folders devoted to interviews, the 1976 Nobel, and obituaries/memorials. The Correspondence subseries mostly contains Friedman's extensive correspondence with Schwartz concerning their collaborations in the 1960s and 1970s, although it also includes letters to and from other colleagues. It is arranged chronologically with the exception of a few subject-specific files. Correspondence not directly concerning Milton Friedman is filed in the general "Correspondence" series.

Memorandums, 1965-1986
Box 11
Newsweek articles, 1966-1986
(3 folders)
Box 11
Wall Street Journal articles, 1974-1998
Box 11
Journalism, 1973-1989 and undated
Box 11
Articles listed in AEA Index of Economic Journals
Box 11
Classical Counterrevolution in Monetary Theory and Policy, 1952
Box 11
Why the American Economy is Depression-Proof, 1954
Box 11
A Statistical Illusion in Judging Keynesian Models, 1957
Box 11
Permanent Income Hypothesis, 1958
Box 11
Foreign Economic Aid, 1958
Box 11
Consumption and Saving; "Horizon" in the Permanent Income Hypothesis, 1959
Box 11
The Demand for Money: Some Theoretical and Empirical Results, 1959
Box 11
Judging the Predictive Abilities of the Quantity and Income Expenditure Theories, 1959
Box 11
The Demand for Money, 1961-1962
Box 11
The Lag in Effect of Monetary Policy, 1961
Box 11
The Report of the Commission on Money and Credit: An Essay in Petitio Principii, 1961
Box 11
Should there be an Independent Monetary Authority?, 1962
Box 11
Statement at Hearings of Banking and Currency Commission, House of Representatives, 1964
Box 11
Henry Simons Lecture, University of Chicago: The Monetary Theory and Policy of Henry Simons, 1967
Box 11
The Role of Monetary Policy: AEA Presidential Address, 1967
Box 11
International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences entries, 1968
Box 11
Fiscal and Monetary Policy talk in Geneva at Bache Institute, 1969
Box 11
Euro-Dollar Market: Some First Principles, 1969
Box 11
Controls on Interest Rates Paid by Banks, 1970
Box 11
A Theoretical Framework for Monetary Analysis, 1970
Box 11
A Quantity Theory of Money, 1970
Box 11
"Money" for Encyclopedia Britannica, 1970
Box 11
Irresponsible Monetary Policy, 1971
Box 11
"Monetary Policy" draft for symposium of American Philosophical Society, 1971
Box 11
Monetary Aggregates and Monetary Policy, 1971
Box 11
Statement for Joint Economic Committee hearing "How Well are Fluctuating Exchange Rates Working?" 1973
Box 11
Inflation and Unemployment, 1976
Box 11
Nobel Banquet response, 1976
Box 11
Adam Smith's Relevance for 1976
Box 11
Prices of Money and Goods Across Frontiers: the Pound and Dollar over a Century, 1980
Box 11
Monetary Policy: Theory and Practice, JMCB lecture and article, 1981-1982
Box 11
Monetary Society for a Free Society, 1981
Box 11
What Could Reasonably Have Been Expected from Monetarism: the U.S., 1983
Box 11
Lessons from the 1979-1982 Monetary Policy Experiment, 1984
Box 11
Comment on Leland Yeager's Paper on the Keynesian Heritage, 1984
Box 11
Tribute to Arthur Burns, 1987
Box 12
The Political Clout of the Elderly, 1988
Box 12
Merits of Flexible Exchange Rates anthology, 1988
Box 12
Exchange Rate in a Fiat Money World, 1988
Box 12
John Maynard Keynes: Working Papers in Economics, 1988
Box 12
Using the Market for Social Development, 1989
Box 12
Fraser Forum, 1989
Box 12
Views on the State of Affairs, 1989
Box 12
The Adam Smith Address: Suicidal Impulse of the Business Community, 1990
Box 12
Why Government is the Problem, 1991
Box 12
Speaking to Oppenheimer Clients, 1991-1992
Box 12
Economic Freedom, Human Freedom, Political Freedom, 1991
Box 12
Churning Your Money at the Friendly Fed, 1993
Box 12
"Plucking Model" of Business Fluctuations Revisited, 1993
Box 12
The Euro, 1997
Box 12
If Only the U.S. was as Free as Hong Kong, 1998
Box 12
Britain: 1952-1954 (from Two Lucky People), undated
Box 12
Tradeoffs in Monetary Policy, undated
Box 12
Positive Economics reviews, 1954
Box 12
Monetary versus Fiscal Policy, with Walter Heller, 1969
Box 12
Monetary History of the United States, with Anna Schwartz, reviews and articles, 1964-2000
Box 12
Monetary History of the United States edits and corrections, 1964-1978
Box 12
CATO forum on Monetary History text, 2003
Box 12
Anti-Semitism, Banks, and the Great Depression, 1974
Box 12
Monetary Statistics of the United States reviews, 1969-1974
Box 12
Monetary Trends in the United States and United Kingdom reviews and corrections, 1982-1984
Box 12
Trends in Money, Income, and Prices - correspondence re: revisions, 1966-1967
Box 12
Essence of Freedom drafts
(4 folders)
Box 12
Silver Memorandum and the Crime of 1873, 1988
Box 12
Two Lucky People reviews, 1998
Box 12
The Great Contraction, 2008 edition
(3 folders)
Box 12
"Life on the Hook" Friedman autobiography (?), undated
Box 12
Untitled and undated comments by Milton Friedman
Box 12
Correspondence, May 1956-July 1999
(5 folders)
Box 12
Correspondence between Friedman, Schwartz, and Meltzer re: Proxmire's letter to Burns, 1973-1974
Box 12
Correspondence with Joe Cobb re: Gold Coinage Act, 1981
Box 13
Correspondence with Schwartz, Hetzel, and A. Orphanides re: Orphanides' paper, "The Quest for Prosperity without Inflation," May-July 1999
Box 13
Correspondence, undated
Box 13
Clippings, 1968-2008 and undated
Box 13
Interviews, 1973-2007
Box 13
Nobel Prize, 1976
Box 13
Rose Friedman, "Milton Friedman: Husband and Colleague," 1976-1977
Box 13
Bo Axell and Birgitta Swedenborg, "Milton Friedman och ekonomipriset," 1977
Box 13
Anna Schwartz, "Milton Friedman," 1979
Box 13
Alan Walters, "Milton Friedman," with correspondence, 1985
Box 13
Jonathan Peterson, "The Captain of Capitalism," 1986
Box 13
Robert Hetzel, "Development and Influence of the Ideas of Milton Friedman," 1997
Box 13
Pacific Research Institute, "Milton Friedman," 1997
Box 13
Deirdre McCloskey, "Milton," 2003
Box 13
Richard Timberlake, "Golden Facades," and correspondence, 2004
Box 13
Michel de Vroey, "On the Right Side for the Wrong Reason," 2004
Box 13
Costas Meghir, "A Retrospective on Friedman's Theory of Permanent Income," 2004
Box 13
John Ward, "The View from Up There," 2006
Box 13
Robert Hetzel, "The Contributions of Milton Friedman to Economics," 2006
Box 13
Obituaries and memorials, 2006-2007
Box 13
David Laidler's review of Lanny Ebenstein's Milton Friedman, 2007
Box 13
Edward Nelson, "Milton Friedman and U.S. Monetary History," 2007
Box 13
Anna Schwartz and Edward Nelson responses to Paul Krugman, 2007-2008
Box 13
Macesich, "Dictionary of the History of American Banking," undated
Box 13
Xeroxed photographs of Friedman
Box 13
Events and programs in Friedman's honor
Box 13
Miscellaneous unlabelled materials, undated
Box 13
Conference in Honor of Milton Friedman's 60th Birthday: scrapbook pages with photographs (also listed above in Conferences Series)
Box 18

The Writings by Others series is arranged alphabetically by last name and contains both drafts and published pieces by Schwartz's colleagues and other notable figures. Several writers receive a significant amount of coverage: Michael Bordo, Charles Calomiris, Robert Hetzel, Edward Kane, Allan Meltzer, and Scott Sumner. The "Referee's Reports" subseries is devoted to Schwartz's editorial work providing reader's reports.

Abrams, Burton
Box 13
Alvarez, Atkeson, Edmund
Box 13
Ball, Lawrence
Box 13
Benderly, Jason and Burton Zwick
Box 13
Bernanke, Ben
Box 13
Blair, Tony
Box 13
Blinder, Alan
Box 13
Bordo, Michael
(3 folders)
Box 13
Brenner, Reuben and Gabrielle
(2 folders)
Box 13
Brunner, Karl
Box 13
Buiter, William
Box 13
Cagan, Phillip
Box 13
Calomiris, Charles
(2 folders)
Box 13
Capie, Forrest
Box 13
Cachetti, Genberg, Lipsky, Wadhwani
Box 13
Collins, Michael
Box 13
Demyanyk, Y., et al.
Box 13
Dorn, James A.
Box 13
Eggertsson, Gauti
Box 13
Fand, David
Box 13
Feldstein, Martin
Box 13
Flandreau, Marc
Box 13
Gandolfi, Gandolfi, and Barash
Box 13
George, Eddie
Box 13
Greenspan, Alan
Box 13
Grilli, Enzo, and Maw Cheng Yang
Box 14
Hanke, Steve
Box 14
Hetzel, Robert
(10 folders)
Box 14
Humpage, Owen
Box 14
Humphrey, Thomas
Box 14
Irwin, Douglas
Box 14
Kane, Edward
(4 folders)
Box 14
Kaufman, George
Box 14
Kroos, Herman (essays in memorial)
Box 14
Laidler, David
Box 14
Lastrapes, William and George Selgin
Box 14
Levin, Andrew and John Taylor
Box 14
Lindbeck, Assar et al.
Box 14
Mason, Joseph
Box 14
McCallum, Bennett
Box 14
Meltzer, Allan
(7 folders)
Box 14
Meltzer, Allan
(10 folders)
Box 15
Myers, Beckhart, Smith, and Brown
Box 15
Neal, Larry and Daniel Barzebat
Box 15
Nelson, Edward
Box 15
Nishimura, Shizuya
Box 15
Obstfeld, Maurice
Box 15
Officer, Lawrence
Box 15
Overturf, Steven
Box 15
Reitz, Stefan and Mark Taylor
Box 15
Rich, George
Box 15
Reinhart, Carmen and Kenneth Rogoff
Box 15
Sarno, Lucio, and Mark Taylor
Box 15
Schneider, Erich
Box 15
Schwartz, David
Box 15
Schwartz, Joel
Box 15
Selgin, George
Box 15
Silver, Andrew
Box 15
Summer, Scott
(3 folders)
Box 16
Taylor, James
Box 16
Thornton, Daniel
Box 16
Timberlake, Richard and Kevin David
Box 16
Todd, Walker
Box 16
Veronesi, Paul and L. Zingales
Box 16
Warburton, Peter
Box 16
Weber, E. Juerg
Box 16
Weller, Christian and Jurgen von Hagan
Box 16
Wood, Geoffrey
Box 17
Untitled U.S. Exchange Rate paper, undated
Box 17
Burdekin, Richard: Nontraditional Monetary Policy Options, 2004-2005
Box 17
Frankel, Jeremy: A Proposed Monetary Regime for Small Commodity Exporters, 2002
Box 17
Hanes, Christopher: The Liquidity Trap and U.S. Interest Rates in the 1930s, 2003
Box 17
Hetzel, Robert
Box 17
Rockoff, Hugh
Box 17
Schnabel, Isabel: The Role of Liquidity and Implicit Guarantees in the German Twin Crisis of 1931, 2005
Box 17
Selgin, George and Lawrence White: Credible Currency, 2001
Box 17
Werner, Richard: The Historical Rationale of Credit Direction Policies, 2003
Box 17
White, Lawrence: Did Hayek and Robbins Deepen the Great Depression?, 2007
Box 17
Wood, John: Companies of Merchants, 2002-2003
Box 17
Extending the Friedman-Schwartz Monetary Base, the Balance of Payments, and U.S. Economic Performance by Period, 1789-1932, 2000 (no author)
Box 17
Fixed Exchange Rates Under a Currency Board versus a Central Bank, 2004 (no author)
Box 17

Historical Note

Anna Jacobson Schwartz was born in the Bronx in 1915, and attended Barnard College. She initially worked for the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture and the Social Science Research Council, but moved to the National Bureau of Economic Research in 1941 and remained there until her death in 2012.

Chronology List

DateEvent(s)
1915 Nov. 10Born in the Bronx, NY, to Hillel Jacobson and Pauline Shainmark. Her birthday began to be celebrated on Nov. 11 after 1918, when Nov. 11 became a holiday.
1934B.A., Barnard College, Phi Beta Kappa
1935M.A., Columbia University
1936Worked at the Dept. of Agriculture
1936Married Isaac Schwartz
1936-1941Worked at Columbia University Social Science Research Council
1941Joined the National Bureau of Economic Research
1953Co-wrote Growth and Fluctuations in the British Economy, 1790-1850: An Historical, Statistical, and Theoretical Study of Britain's Economic Development, with A. Gayer and W.W. Rostow
1963Co-wrote A Monetary History of the United States, 1867-1960, with Milton Friedman
1964Ph.D., Columbia University
1967-1969Adjunct Professor of Economics at City University of New York
1969-1970Adjunct Professor of Economics at New York University
1970Co-wrote Monetary Statistics of the United States: Estimates, Sources, Methods, with Milton Friedman
1981-1982Staff Director of U.S. Gold Commission
1982Co-wrote Monetary Trends in the United States and the United Kingdom: Their Relation to Income, Prices, and Interest Rates, 1867-1975, with Milton Friedman
1983Co-wrote The International Transmission of Inflation, with M.R. Darby
1984Co-wrote A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931, with Michael Bordo
1987Wrote Money in Historical Perspective
1987Co-edited The Search for Stable Money: Essays on Monetary Reform, with James A. Dorn
1987-1988President of the Western Economic Association
1992Edited Commodity Monies
2012 June 21Died following a long illness, NY

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Anna Schwartz Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Anna Schwartz Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift in 2012.

Processing Information

Processed by Rebecca Evans, Meghan Lyon, September 2012

Encoded by Meghan Lyon, September 2012

Accession(s) described in this finding aid: 2012-0133

This collection is minimally processed: materials may not have been ordered and described beyond their original condition.

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.