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Guide to the Chris Costner Sizemore Papers, 1952-1989 (bulk 1956-1979)

Collection Overview

The Chris Costner Sizemore Papers span the time period 1952-1989, with the bulk of the papers dating between 1956 and 1979. The collection consists largely of correspondence; diaries and writings by Sizemore; clippings centered on film and book promotions or speaking engagements; printed materials related to her appearances; interviews and documentary materials (including film, video- and audiocassettes); and miscellaneous materials including photographs, legal and financial papers, and a general file. Most items relate to Sizemore's struggle with multiple personality disorder (dissociative identity disorder), both personally through letters, writings, and diaries, and publicly through interviews, documentary media, and clippings. The papers provide an in-depth look into the life of a woman with a rare disorder who later came to clearly articulate her life to the public. She became a mental health advocate in a time when mental illnesses were still kept secret. A biography was written by her doctors in 1957, Corbett Thigpen and Hervey Cleckley, called The Three Faces of Eve. It was turned into a film the next year. Under the pseudonym, Evelyn Lancaster, Sizemore co-authored The Final Face of Eve with James Poling in 1958. In 1977 she wrote, under her given name, the autobiography I'm Eve.

The Correspondence Series is arranged chronologically, and consists primarily of incoming letters. Dr. Corbett Thigpen, the doctor to deliver the original diagnosis of multiple personality disorder, is prominent in much of the collection; this particular series plainly documents his relationship to Sizemore during treatment and continuing well into the 1970s. He wrote to Sizemore about his writings, revealing much about the publication of The Three Faces of Eve (book), and its subsequent movie release. Other correspondents include other doctors, family members, Sizemore's editors and publishers, and organizations for which she lectured. Thus they help document earlier years, when her identity remained a secret, through its release, and her subsequent public life of art shows, lectures, broadcasts, and appearances, often for mental health organizations.

The Writings Series is comprised primarily of the holograph manuscript, typescript, final galley proofs, and paperback edition of I'm Eve, the memoir written by Sizemore with the help of Elen Patillo. This comprehensive view of the book's publication is represented from handwritten copy to final edition. All other parts of the collection provide the context in which the book was created, including a large amount of correspondence from editors, recordings of family interviews (presumably recorded for I'm Eve), clippings, and financial papers. Other parts of the Writings Series include some short descriptions of parts of her life and poetry. There are a few writings by others.

There are six diaries in the Diaries Series, kept during certain spans of the 1950s and 1970s. Here Sizemore clearly discloses inner thoughts, which reveal very personal information about enduring mental illness and its effects on her family. The Clippings Series conveys the breadth of the advertising campaign for The Three Faces of Eve, as well as clippings regarding Sizemore's books, art shows, articles, and lectures. The Printed Materials Series also includes information on I'm Eve, including newsletters, flyers, book tour itineraries, programs, and a few journal articles about Sizemore and multiple personality disorder. There is also an Interviews and Documentary Materials Series that again reflects the public's interest in her life, as well as her own desire to document and share her experiences in writing, speaking, and art. Included is a documentary film by Dr. Thigpen, and video and audiocassettes of television interviews, other appearances, and of family members discussing a shared past (sound quality of some of the audiocassettes is very poor). The Miscellaneous Series also contains items relating to Sizemore's illness and subsequent writing and speaking career, such as financial and legal papers, medical files, notes from certain personalities, and photographs. Additionally, some materials are housed separately for preservation reasons in an Oversize Materials group.

Descriptive Summary

Collection Number
RL.01198
Title
Chris Costner Sizemore papers
Date
1952-1989 (bulk 1956-1979)
Creator
Sizemore, Chris Costner
Extent
8 Linear Feet, 6000 Items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
English

Arrangement

Processing Note: In addition to the inventory for the main collection, there are four additional boxes of materials comprising an accession acquired after processing was completed. These items are arranged in series similar to the main collection. See Additional Materials listing for materials in this accession.

Restrictions on Access & Use

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Restrictions apply to the use of the Chris Costner Sizemore Papers. The collection is closed to use except with permission from donor.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

1. Correspondence Series, 1949-1982 and undated

2 boxes

Includes letters from Dr. Corbett H. Thigpen, other doctors, friends, family members, editors, publishers, and some who had recently seen Sizemore on television or read her works. Letters are arranged chronologically with undated letters at the end. Most attachments remain clipped to the individual letters, and so this particular series also includes some photographs, royalty statements, and other miscellaneous materials. A few additional items are housed in the oversize materials.

1949 Dec.-1983 Dec. and undated
(23 folders)
Box 1-2
1973 Jan.-1973 Dec.
Box 2
1974 Jun.-1974 Nov.
(2 vols.)
Box 2
1975 Jan.-1975 May
Box 2

3. Writings Series

1 box

Includes typescripts of the publication I'm Eve, as well as poetry by Sizemore and others. See also Oversize Materials group.

Typescript of I'm Eve
(6 folders)
Box 2
Paperback copy of I'm Eve
Box 2
Poetry and miscellaneous by Sizemore and others
(2 folders)
Box 2
Final galley and page proofs of I'm Eve
Box 8
Also in this series: I'm Eve, handwritten manuscript (See also Additional Materials listing)
(12 folders)
Box 8
1953 Jul.-1986 Oct. and undated
(3 folders)
Box 3

5. Printed Materials Series

Other printed items are located in the Oversize Materials.

Materials primarily related to speaking engagements
(2 folders)
Box 3
Articles about Sizemore or multiple personality disorder
Box 3
Magazines about Sizemore
Box 7
Miscellaneous printed materials
Box 7

6. Interviews and Documentary Materials Series, 1977-1989 and undated

2 boxes

This series contains interviews and documentary materials in a variety of media formats, including audio cassettes and film. Some of the audiocassettes have very poor sound quality.

Conditions Governing Access note

[Original recordings are closed to use. Listening or viewing copies must be made for access.]

(A) South Carolina Medical Association Hearing regarding Sizemore's father
Box 3
(B) Patricia McCann Program, WOR-AM, 9 Jul. 1977,interview
Box 3
(C) Unnamed speaking engagement
Box 3
(D) "The Three Faces of Eve," readings and commentary, Corbett H. Thigpen
Box 3
(E) "I'm Eve" radio spot
Box 3
(F) Family interviews

It is likely that these were recorded by Sizemore and Pittilo in preparation for writing I'm Eve. Each tape is listed below with the first name found written on the master copy, although there may be more than one person interviewed on each tape. See Master Copy labels for more information.

(1) Tiny
Box 3
(2) Becky
Box 3
(3) Bobby
Box 3
(4) Anne
Box 3
(5) Aunt Mamie Lee
Box 3
(6) Taffy
Box 3
(7) Taffy
Box 3
(8) Taffy
Box 3
(9) Don
Box 3
(10) Don
Box 3
(11) Don
Box 3
(12) Chris
Box 3
(13) Maud Cogburn
Box 3
(14) Jane
Box 3
(15) Don
Box 3
(16) Chris
Box 3
(17) Chris
Box 3
(18) Chris
Box 3
(19) Chris
Box 3
(20) Chris
Box 3
Videotapes
Box 4
Lecture for the Mental Health Association of Utah
Box 4
Eve's Art, KHOU-TV, 7 Dec. 1978
Box 4
Morning Break/Chris Sizemore
Box 4
Sunday Break, "Eve," 12 Mar. 1982
Box 4
Good Morning America, 28 Sept. 1989
Box 4
Film
What's Your Opinion?(1 reel)
Box 4
Series on Sizemore (2 reels)
Box 4
Also in this series: Box 6: Case Study of Multiple Personality (1 reel)
Box 4

7. Miscellaneous Series

2.5 boxes
Financial and legal papers
(2 folders)
Box 4
Medical information
Box 4
General
(4 folders)
Box 4
Photographs including movie stills
(3 folders)

Additional photographs in Correspondence Series and in Ovsz. Materials

Box 5
Case Study of Multiple Personality
(1 reel)
Box 6
Oversize material from addition
Final galley proofs and page proofs of I'm Eve
Box 6
Printed materials, including art publicity, 1953 Jul.-1981 Jul.
Box 6
Photograph
Box 6
Correspondence, circa 1977 Dec.-1981 Mar.
Box 6

8. Additional Materials Series

Consists of additional items from an accession acquired after processing of the main collection was completed. Arranged in series similar to the main collection.

Corbett H. Thigpen
(4 folders)
Box 1
I: 1956 Mar.-Dec.
Box 1
II: 1957 Jan.-Dec.
Box 1
III: 1958 Apr.-1970 Mar.
Box 1
IV: 1972 Jan.-1974 Feb.
Box 1
James W. Poling, 1957 Feb.-1958 Nov.
Box 1
Maclean's, 1954 Jul.-1957 Feb.
Box 1
Miscellaneous
I: 1959 Mar. 1982 Jan. and undated
Box 1
II: 1953 Apr.-1982 May and undated
Box 2

Diaries, 1953 Dec.-1957 Dec.

Two volumes written in German dating from the 1950s.

"Corbett H. Thigpen, Hervey Cleckley, Medical College Georgia"
Box 2
"Misters Corbett H. Thigpen and Hervey Cleckley, Medical College Georgia, Amerika"
Box 2

Clippings

3 folders
I'm Eve, handwritten manuscript
(12 folders)
Box 3

Legal papers

Includes contract agreements with Dr. Thigpen.

Historical Note

Chronology

Date Event(s)
1927 Apr 4 Born in Edgefield, S.C. to Acie and Zueline Hastings Costner.
1929 Traumas witnessed. First memory of additional personalities: the Red Head Girl, Ugly Girl, and Black Patent Shoe Girl.
1933 Twin sisters, Elyse and Louise, born.
1946 Married George Rodgers.
1948 Daughter Taffy born.
1952 Divorced George Rodgers. Multiple personality disorder diagnosed by Dr. Corbett Thigpen and Dr. Hervey Cleckley.
1953 Married Don Sizemore.
1957 McGraw-Hill released The Three Faces of Eve by Corbett Thigpen. Film version came out the same year.
1958 Co-authored The Final Face of Eve with James Poling.
1959 Son, Bobby Sizemore, born.
1974 Illness resolved.
1975 Began lecturing.
1977 Doubleday released I'm Eve, by Sizemore and cousin Elen Sain Pittillo.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Chris Costner Sizemore Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The papers of Chris Costner Sizemore were acquired by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library from 1982 through 1989.

Processing Information

Processed by Lisa Stark

Completed December 1999

Encoded by Lisa Stark