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Guide to the C.C. Spaulding Papers, 1889-1990

Abstract

President of North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company, 1923-1952. NC Mutual is the oldest currently active African American-owned insurance company in the United States, founded in 1898 and headquartered in Durham, North Carolina.

The collection contains photographs, miscellaneous business papers, programs, speeches, clippings related to C. C. Spaulding, black civil rights, and to African American life more generally, in addition to administrative materials and various publications created by and related to North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company. These papers document the growth of North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company in the mid-twentieth century, Spaulding's and the company's connection to the community, and their involvement in African American issues (local and beyond) and livelihood. Acquired as part of the John Hope Franklin Research Center for African and African American History and Culture.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Spaulding, C.C. (Charles Clinton), 1874-1952.
Title
C.C. Spaulding papers 1889-1990
Language of Material
English
Extent
25.0 Linear Feet, 18750 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

The collection consists of a variety of materials, only some of which date from the lifetime of C.C. Spaulding. Many of the materials date from the mid-1950s through the 1970s, suggesting that the papers were collected and transferred to Duke without explicit sorting to distinguish C.C. Spaulding's files from other NC Mutual materials. Essentially, this collection serves as the forerunner to the NC Mutual Life Insurance Company Archives, also held at Duke University's Rubenstein Library. Researchers interested in the company's history should consult both collections.

The C.C. Spaulding Papers are arranged into the following series: Clippings, NC Mutual, Writings/Speeches, Subjects, Personal/Family, and Photographs. The Photography Series (2 boxes) is currently closed to researchers, pending processing.

The Clippings Series is the largest series within the collection, and consists of newspaper and magazine clippings collected by various people, including C.C. Spaulding, between the 1920s and the 1970s. The majority of these materials have been photocopied onto acid-free paper, with the original newspaper discarded. Clippings have been arranged alphabetically by subject or name. Major topics present in the series include the civil rights movement, segregation/integration, and African American education, and community life; insurance, business, and financial news; press coverage of C.C. Spaulding's activities and appearances; and press coverage of the NC Mutual Company. This series also includes some scrapbooks of oversize clippings covering miscellaneous topics.

The NC Mutual Series consists of several subseries: Finances, Committees, Publicity/Events, Research/Reports, Publications/Printed Materials, and Correspondence. The Finances Subseries includes the company's annual earnings statements, controller reports, and actuarial files. Within the Committees Subseries is a substantial amount of information from the Company History Committee, which published The NC Mutual Story in 1971. Another major initiative documented within the NC Mutual Series is the opening of the 1966 NC Mutual office building, one of the tallest buildings in downtown Durham. Files relating to the groundbreaking, dedication, and programming surrounding the building's opening are held in the Publicity/Events Subseries. Publicity/Events also includes advertisements and materials from the launching of the SS John Merrick during World War II. Other notable materials held in the NC Mutual Series are some of C.C. Spaulding's correspondence as company president, issues of various publications produced by NC Mutual, and research materials commissioned by the company on issues such as real estate, director's fees, and workmen's compensation.

The Subjects Series contains files arranged by topic which loosely relate to the interests of NC Mutual and its management, including life insurance, "The Negro," and North Carolina. This series is related to the Clippings Series but largely consists of printed materials and other writings or publications collected by unknown parties.

The Writings/Speeches Series includes drafts, essays, articles, and speeches written by C.C. Spaulding, Asa T. Spaulding, and W.J. Kennedy, Jr. Within C.C. Spaulding's materials are writings and speeches delivered in his capacity as NC Mutual president. Other writings include articles, letters to the editor, and commencement or other public addresses.

The Personal/Family Series includes death and memorial materials for A.M. Moore and C.C. Spaulding, two NC Mutual presidents, as well as commemorations, honors, and other materials documenting the men's public service in the twentieth century. Other items in this series include financial materials from John and Martha Merrick, some anonymous volumes, and some materials relating to Asa Spaulding.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research, except the Photography Series is CLOSED pending processing.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48-hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

The majority of this series consists of newspaper clippings originally collected by C.C. Spaulding, Asa Spaulding, and other unknown figures. Only a small amount of original newspapers and magazine pages remain in the series; nearly all of the clippings are photocopies of the original article. Many of the clippings relate to the civil rights movement, post-dating C.C. Spaulding's life, suggesting that they were acquired by other people associated with NC Mutual in the mid-twentieth century. Topics include the desegregation/integration of schools and public spaces; racial violence, lawsuits, and protests accompanying the civil rights movement; African American education, colleges, and businesses; politics; issues relating to the Cold War; insurance companies and governance; and other miscellaneous files on various public figures and events. NC Mutual coverage and publicity represents another significant component of the series, along with a large amount of clippings documenting C.C. Spaulding's speeches, appearances, and work with NC Mutual. The bulk of the clippings date from the 1940s through the 1960s.

African American education/school suits, 1930s-1960s
12 folders
Box 1
African American history
Box 1
African American soldiers
Box 1
Black Muslims
Box 1
Celebrities/Entertainers/Heroes
Box 1
Civil Rights movement, 1940s-1953
5 folders
Box 1
Civil Rights movement, 1954-1963
8 folders
Box 2
Civil Rights movement--Birmingham, 1963
Box 2
Civil Rights movement--March on Washington, 1963
Box 2
Cold War/USSR
Box 2
Community/Civic Clubs/Fraternities/Sororities
Box 2
Democratic Party
Box 2
Fultz Quadruplets, Reidsville, NC, 1946-1950s
Box 2
Girl Friends, Inc., 1950s
Box 2
Girl Scouts, 1930s-1950s
Box 2
Goodloe, J.W., 1950s
Box 2
Government regulations/Consumers/Insurance
Box 2
Graham, Franklin P.
Box 2
"Green Pastures"
Box 2
Haiti, 1949-1950s
Box 2
Hampton Inst., Hampton, Va.
Box 2
Hansberry, William 60
Box 2
Hastie, William H.
Box 2
Hatcher, A. T. (Associate Press Sea)
Box 2
Health, 1930s-1950s
Box 3
Health Bulletins, 1935-1940s
Box 3
Hemingway, "The Dangerous Summer"
Box 3
Henderson, J. J.
Box 3
Heritage of Splendor
Box 3
Higher Education
Box 3
Hill, John Sprunt
Box 3
Hill, William D.
Box 3
Hippocratic Oath
Box 3
Historically Black Colleges/Technical Schools
Box 3
Hobbies
Box 3
Holidays
Box 3
Holidays--Christmas
Box 3
Holidays--Easter
Box 3
Holy land
Box 3
Homes in the South
Box 3
Hospitals (Negro)
Box 3
Hospitalization
Box 3
Housing/Rent
4 folders
Box 3
Housewives League
Box 3
Howard University
3 folders
Box 3
Hughes, Langston
Box 3
Human Relations
Box 3
Human Rights
Box 3
Income
Box 3
India and personalities
Box 3
Industrial Life Insurance Co.
Box 3
Insurance, 1960s
5 folders
Box 4
Insurance Companies
Box 4
Insurance Index
Box 4
Insurance 50 years progress
Box 4
Integration
Box 4
Jobs
Box 4
Merrick, E.R.
Box 4
Merrick, John (includes USS John Merrick)
2 folders
Box 4
Miscellaneous Life Insurance companies/Banks/Mutual companies
Box 4
Miscellaneous national/international news coverage, 1960s
2 folders
Box 4
Moore, A.M.
Box 4
Moore, A.M. (clippings collected by him)
Box 4
Morehouse College, Atlanta
Box 4
Mothers Day/Mother of the Year
Box 4
Movies/Television
Box 4
Mutual Life Insurance of New York
Box 4
Mutual Savings and Loan Assoc., Durham, NC
Box 4
National Baptist Convention
Box 4
"Nation's Business" photocopies, 1948-1950
Box 4
National Alliance of Postal Employees (NAPE), 1950s
Box 4
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1940s-1950s
2 folders
Box 4
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1940s-1950s
3 folders
Box 5
National Association of College Women
Box 5
National Association of Colored Women
Box 5
National Business Educational League, 1930s
Box 5
National Council of Catholic Men
Box 5
National Council of Churches of Christ (U.S.)
Box 5
National Council of Negro Women
Box 5
National Dental Association
Box 5
National Foundation for Brotherhood
Box 5
National Medical Association/American Medical Association, 1950s
Box 5
National Negro Business League, 1920s-1950s
Box 5
National Negro Finance Corporation, 1920s-1940s
Box 5
National Negro Insurance Association, 1934
Box 5
National Negro Insurance Association, 1935-1959
5 folders
Box 5
Native Americans
Box 5
Negro Hospitals, 1940s-1950s
Box 5
Negro Hotels,1940s-1950s
Box 5
Negro in entertainment
Box 5
Negro Press, 1950s
Box 5
North Carolina College (NC College), 1940s-1960s
Box 5
North Carolina College (NC College), 1940s-1960s
3 folders
Box 6
North Carolina Mutual (NC Mutual) coverage, 1940s-1960s
5 folders
Box 6
North Carolina Mutual (NC Mutual) coverage, 1960s-1970s
4 folders
Box 6
Nuclear testing, 1960s
Box 6
Nursing
Box 6
Opera
Box 13
Police/FBI agents, 1940s-1950s
Box 13
Polio/Infantile paralysis
Box 13
Population statistics
Box 13
Prisons/Prisoners
Box 13
Progressive Party
Box 13
Pulitzer/Nobel Prize, 1949-1960s
Box 13
Race relations, 1940s-1950s
Box 13
Racial violence/Lynching
Box 13
Recreation
Box 13
Religion/Churches
Box 13
Robeson, Paul
Box 13
Robinson, Jackie
Box 13
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1940s-1960s
Box 13
Roosevelt, Franklin D.
Box 13
Rowan, Carl, 1960s
Box 13
Sampson, Edith
Box 13
Sanford, Terry, 1961
Box 13
Scarborough Nursery
Box 13
Science/Scientists, 1960s
Box 13
Segregation, 1940s-1960s
2 folders
Box 13
Segregation, 1940s-1960s
2 folders
Box 14
Shaw University
Box 14
Shepard, James E., 1940s-1950s
Box 14
Soap Box Derby, 1940s-1950s
Box 14
Social Security
Box 14
Southern Aid Society, 1930s
Box 14
Space Race
Box 14
Spaulding, Asa
Box 14
Spaulding, C.C., publicity/coverage, 1920s-1952 and undated
18 folders
Box 14
Spaulding family
Box 14
"Statistics About the Negro," 1932-1970
2 folders
Box 14
Supreme Court, 1950s
Box 14
Supreme Liberty Life Insurance, Chicago, 1950s
Box 14
Switzerland
Box 14
Teachers
Box 14
Thanksgiving
Box 14
Travel
Box 14
United Kingdom
Box 14
United Nations
Box 14
U.S. Navy
Box 14
Women
Box 14
Oversized miscellaneous clippings
Box 15
Oversized scrapbooks of miscellaneous clippings
Box 16
Oversized scrapbooks of miscellaneous clippings
Box 17

The NC Mutual Series consists of several subseries: Finances, Committees, Publicity/Events, Research/Reports, Publications/Printed Materials, and Correspondence. The Finances Subseries includes the company's annual earnings statements, controller reports, and actuarial files. Within the Committees Subseries is a substantial amount of information from the Company History Committee, which published The NC Mutual Story in 1971. Another major initiative documented within the NC Mutual Series is the opening of the 1966 NC Mutual office building, one of the tallest buildings in downtown Durham. Files relating to the groundbreaking, dedication, and programming surrounding the building's opening are held in the Publicity/Events Subseries. Publicity/Events also includes advertisements and materials from the launching of the SS John Merrick during World War II. Other notable materials held in the NC Mutual Series are some of C.C. Spaulding's correspondence as company president, issues of various publications produced by NC Mutual, and research materials commissioned by the company on issues such as real estate, director's fees, and workmen's compensation.

Financial Bulletins: Tennessee, 1922-1923
Box 7
Financial Bulletins: Georgia, 1922-1923
Box 7
Financial Bulletins: Mississippi, 1922-1923
Box 7
Financial Bulletins: South Carolina, 1922-1923
Box 7
Financial Bulletins: Alabama, Florida, Arkansas, 1922-1923
Box 7
Financial Bulletins: E. North Carolina and Virginia, 1922-1923
Box 7
Solvent Savings Company receipts and statements, 1930s-1950s
Box 7
Paid-up endowments, 1948
Box 7
Earnings statements, advertising, 1930s-1950s
2 folders
Box 7
Actuary and Controller annual reports, 1938-1961
2 folders
Box 7
Actuarial staff meeting minutes, 1958
Box 7
Annual reports (drafts), 1930s
Box 7
Annual statements, 1940s-1960s
Box 7
Home Office Committee meeting minutes, 1930-1957
2 folders
Box 7
Securities Investment Committee minutes, 1950-1952
Box 7
Standing committees, Durham office, 1953
Box 7
Board meetings/Executive Committee meetings, 1960-1965
3 folders
Box 7
Correspondence with other companies re: 50th Anniversary, 1947
Box 7
Golden Anniversary Planning Committee, 1949
Box 7
Company History Committee, 1967-1968
Box 7
Company History Committee, 1967-1971
4 folders
Box 8
Company History Committee: NC Mutual Story publication, 1970-1972
7 folders
Box 8
Staff training
Box 8
Questionnaires/Biographical Sketches, 1940s-1960s
Box 8
Press releases, 1940s-1950s and 1968-1972
2 folders
Box 8
Launching of S.S. John Merrick, 1942-1943
Box 8
Advertising/Public Relations, 1950s-1960s
Box 8
Advertisements/Marketing drafts
Box 8
Awards
Box 8
Merrick-Moore Scholarship Fund
Box 8
Press Kit materials, 1965-1966
Box 8
New Building, 1963-1966
3 folders
Box 8
New Building, 1963-1966
7 folders
Box 9
Workmen's Compensation studies/research, 1970s
Box 9
Insurance companies studies/research, 1960s-1970s
Box 9
Director's Fees surveys, 1970s
Box 9
Real estate studies, 1960s-1970s
Box 9
Real Estate Dept. reports, 1930s-1940s
Box 9
Reports on Examinations, 1920s-1940s
3 folders
Box 9
Sample insurance policies (largely blank), 1910s-1950s and undated
3 folders
Box 9
Publication logistics: printing, proofs, etc., 1950s
Box 9
Miscellaneous publications by NC Mutual
Box 9
NC Mutual Forum programs and guidelines, 1942-1954
Box 9
Company history publications, 1920s-1960s
Box 10
Miscellaneous programs, bulletins, etc., 1960s
3 folders
Box 10
The Whetstone: nominations for women's issue, 1944
Box 10
The Whetstone: entries/poems submitted/used, 1930s-1960s
Box 10
The Whetstone: various issues, 1950s-1970s
3 folders
Box 10
The Mutual publication, 1920s
Box 10
Negro Progress publications, 1950s-1960s
Box 10
The Weekly Review, Vol. 33, 1957
3 folders
Box 10
Correspondence to/from C.C. Spaulding while abroad, 1931-1932
Box 10
C.C. Spaulding's Christmas/Thanksgiving messages, 1920s-1940s
Box 10
C.C. Spaulding's correspondence re: Jim Crow and Civil Rights, 1930s-1940s
Box 10
C.C. Spaulding's correspondence re: NC Mutual, 1930s-1951
3 folders
Box 10
W.D. Hill correspondence, 1938-1939
Box 10
Correspondence re: NC Mutual expansion into Pennsylvania, 1938
Box 10
Victor S. Bryant correspondence, 1949-1952
Box 10
Correspondence re: C.C. Spaulding's death, 1952-1953
Box 10
C.C. Spaulding, Jr.'s correspondence, 1960s
Box 10
General correspondence, 1960s-1970s
2 folders
Box 10

The Subjects/Research Series contains files arranged by topic which loosely relate to the interests of NC Mutual and its management, including life insurance, "The Negro," and North Carolina. This series is related to the Clippings Series but largely consists of printed materials and other writings or publications collected by unknown parties.

18th Amendment
Box 11
G.W. Cox Jr. IBM and Burroughs Proposals
Box 11
Insurance anti-trust lawsuit, 1944
Box 11
Insurance bulletins (US Chamber of Commerce)
Box 11
Insurance company rankings, 1928-1942
Box 11
Insurance Research and Review Service reports
Box 11
Insurance statistics
Box 11
Life insurance
Box 11
The Negro, 1930s-1960s
4 folders
Box 11
Negro businesses
Box 11
North Carolina
Box 11
Race relations
1 folder, 1 volume
Box 11
Shaw University
Box 11

The Writings/Speeches Series includes drafts, essays, articles, and speeches written by C.C. Spaulding, Asa T. Spaulding, and W.J. Kennedy, Jr. Within C.C. Spaulding's materials are writings and speeches delivered in his capacity as NC Mutual president. Other writings include articles, letters to the editor, and commencement or other public addresses.

Essays/speeches by C.C. Spaulding, 1920s-1940s and undated
2 folders
Box 12
NC Mutual writings by C.C. Spaulding, 1920s-1940s
Box 12
Photocopied newspaper columns by C.C. Spaulding
Box 12
Essays/articles/speeches by Asa T. Spaulding
Box 12
"Transformation of a Cargo," draft by W.J. Kennedy, Jr., 1966
Box 12

The Personal/Family Series includes death and memorial materials for A.M. Moore and C.C. Spaulding, as well as commemorations, honors, and other materials documenting the men's public service in the twentieth century. Other items in this series include financial materials from John and Martha Merrick, some anonymous volumes, and some materials relating to Asa Spaulding.

Anonymous memo book, 1889
Box 12
E.R. Merrick financial statements, 1930s
Box 12
Martha Merrick financial statements, 1930s
2 folders
Box 12
A.M. Moore correspondence, undated
Box 12
A.M. Moore funeral/obituaries, 1923
Box 12
A.M. Moore's NC Negro education materials (miscellaneous), 1910s-1920s
Box 12
C.C. Spaulding's awards and honors
Box 12
Essays and articles honoring C.C. Spaulding
2 folders
Box 12
Sympathy cards/telegrams/memorials re: C.C. Spaulding's death, 1952-1960s
3 folders
Box 12
Asa T. Spaulding biographical sketches, 1956-1960s
Box 12
Anonymous monthly planner, 1966
Box 12
White Rock Baptist Church
Box 12

This series includes NC Mutual publicity photographs as well as personal photographs from A.M. Moore and the Spaulding family. It is currently being processed and is therefore closed to researchers at this time.

CLOSED: The Photographs Series is closed to research pending processing.

Historical Note

Charles Clinton Spaulding was born near Clarkton, N.C., on August 1, 1874, the son of ex-slaves. He began working with Dr. A.M. Moore and John Merrick in Durham, N.C., in 1898 as the first employee of the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company. In 1899, C.C. Spaulding became the general manager of NC Mutual, gradually rising to the rank of president in 1923. He remained president until his death in 1952. His cousin, Asa T. Spaulding, later assumed the presidency of NC Mutual.

Subject Headings

Related Material

Related Material

This collection includes extensive information about NC Mutual. For more information about that company, please consult the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company Archives. More information about Asa Spaulding, a later president of NC Mutual, can be found in the Asa and Elna Spaulding Papers. Both collections are held by the Rubenstein Library. (NC Mutual's Archive is jointly held between Duke and NC Central University.)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], C.C. Spaulding Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The C.C. Spaulding Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift in 1999.

Processing Information

Processed by Meghan Lyon, April 2014

Encoded by Meghan Lyon, April 2014

Accession(s) described in this collection guide: 1999-0481

This collection is minimally processed: materials may not have been ordered and described beyond their original condition.

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.