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Guide to the Josiah C. Trent Papers, 1536-1961 and undated, bulk 1944-1950

Abstract

U. S. thoracic surgeon and rare book and manuscript collector.

The Josiah C. Trent papers consist mostly of correspondence and notes for and drafts of published and unpublished research and articles. The collection also includes miscellaneous printed material, photographs, and lecture notes taken as a medical student. There is also material relating to Dr. Trent's death and the subsequent donation of his large private rare book and manuscript collection to the Duke Medical Center Library. The bulk of the material documents Dr. Trent's activities and publications as collector and historian of medical practice, particularly surgery and epidemiology. Most of the correspondence chronicles Dr. Trent's involvement with various professional organizations and his acquaintance with prominent figures in various fields: medical history - John Fulton, Henry Sigerist, W. W. Francis; book collecting - Henry Schuman; Duke University - Wilburt Davison, Lenox D. Baker. There is also some information concerning Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans, Dr. Trent's wife. The collection also contains photographic prints and negatives reproducing medical illustrations and texts dating from the 16th century to the 20th century. These dates refer to the content of the images, rather than their date of creation by Dr. Trent in the 1930s and 1940s. Acquired as part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Trent, Josiah C. (Josiah Charles), 1914-1948.
Title
Josiah C. Trent papers, 1536-1961 and undated, bulk 1944-1950
Language of Material
English
Extent
6.5 Linear Feet, ca. 1800 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

The Josiah C. Trent papers consist mostly of correspondence, photographs, research files, and notes and drafts of published and unpublished research and articles. Many of these materials concern Dr. Trent's activities and publications as a collector and historian of medical practice, particularly surgery and epidemiology. The collection also includes miscellaneous printed material, photographs, a cardfile, possibly of his personal library, and lecture notes taken as a medical student. There is also material relating to Dr. Trent's death and the subsequent donation of his large private rare book and manuscript collection to the Duke Medical Center Library.

The correspondence chiefly chronicles Dr. Trent's involvement with various professional organizations and his acquaintance with prominent figures in various fields: medical history - John Fulton, Henry Sigerist, W. W. Francis; book collecting - Henry Schuman; Duke University - Wilburt Davison, Lenox D. Baker. This material can be found within the Subject Files Series. Some folders contain an index of the contents. There is also some information concerning Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans, Dr. Trent's wife, who was instrumental in facilitating the support of the history of medicine collections at Duke. The collection also contains several hundred photographic prints and negatives of medical illustrations and texts dating from the 16th century to the 20th century. These dates refer to the content of the images, rather than their date of creation; they were assembled by Dr. Trent in the 1930s and 1940s.

The files were kept in Dr. Trent's medical office and contain relatively few items which pertain to his private life. Items of a more personal nature may be found in the James H. and Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans Family Papers in the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Acquired as part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Contains exam questions and lecture notes from Dr. Trent's time as a medical student at the University of Pennsylvania.

Examinations, 1937-1938
Box 1
Lecture Notes, undated
(5x8 and 4x7 note cards housed in 4 boxes)
Box 1

Contains correspondence, notes, and papers chiefly relating to Dr. Trent's activities as a collector, and the dedication of the Trent Collection at the Duke University Medical Center Library in 1949. There is also a folder of material on Dr. Trent's death, a folder concerning Mary Duke Biddle Trent, and some financial information. Some folders contain an index and folder description within. Unless noted, items are undated. Arranged alphabetically.

100 Most Influential Medical Books, 1946
Box 2
Accession--ribbon copy, 1940s
Box 2
Accession--duplicate copy
Box 2
Angina pectoris, surgical treatment of, 1949
Box 2
Appraisal, 1956, 1961
Box 2
Army Medical Library News, 1947-1948
Box 2
Bibliographical notes
Box 2
Bibliography, 1946
Box 2
Book orders/book dealers, 1944-1948
Box 2
Bookstore, 1949 and undated
Box 2
Bronchiectasis
Box 2
Bronchoscopies, figures on, 1946-1947
Box 2
Bronchoscopy, 1934, 1948
Box 2
Card catalog--inquiries, 1943
Box 2
Certificate [1948]
Box 2
Death of Josiah C. Trent, 1948-1949, 1956-1958
Box 2
Dedication of Trent collection, 1949-1957
Box 2
Dealers' descriptions, A-F
Box 3
Dealers' descriptions, G-M
Box 3
Dealers' descriptions, M-Z, 1951 and undated
Box 3
Duke hospital wards and the eminent men for whom they are named, 1931
Box 3
Ephemera, 1946-1949

Contains photographs, receipts, stamps, license, membership card, and invitation.

Box 3
Esophagus, cancer of, 1929-1941
Box 3
Films, War Department
Box 3
Hospital of San Hipólito
Box 3
Income tax, 1947
Box 3
Income tax, 1948
Box 3
Ivory manikins, 1949
Box 3
Johnston, Christopher, 1950
Box 3
Liability policy, 1948
Box 3
Lists, etc., 1940, 1943 and undated
Box 3
Lithography
Box 3
Memorabilia
(Door sign, with "Dr. Trent")
Box 3
Miscellaneous
Box 3
Miscellaneous
(3x5 note cards)
Box 6
New Gould's Medical Dictionary, 1945
Box 3
Osler series, 1949-1950 and undated
(2 folders)
Box 3-4
Pharmacy jars
Box 4
Reprints, misc., 1936-1948 and undated
Box 4
Selected Readings in Historical Medicine, 1947
Box 4
Spurzheim portrait, presentation of, 1927
Box 4
Subscription project, 1949-1950
Box 4
Trent, Mary--miscellaneous, 1949-1958 and undated
Box 4
Trent collection--clippings, notes, and plans, 1940-1961
Box 4
The Trent family, 1852-1869, 1947-1959
Box 4
The U.S. Quarterly Book List, 1947
Box 4
Whitman, Walt correspondence, 1947-1948
Box 4
Library cardfile

Cards are contained in one box and probably derive from Dr. Trent's personal library.

Box 8

Contains notes, drafts, and reprints of articles, publications, and presentations written and given by Dr. Trent. Most are related to historical studies of medical practices, particularly surgery and epidemiology. Unless noted, items are undated. Arranged alphabetically by title.

Anesthesia, editorial notes, etc.
Box 4
Benjamin Rush in Edinburgh
Box 4
Benjamin Waterhouse
Box 4
Book reviews, 1945-1948
Box 4
Chapters in the History of Thoracic Surgery
Box 4
An Evaluation of Extrapleural Pneumonolysis with Lucite Plombage
Box 4
Evolution of the Aseptic Principle in Surgery, 1945-1946
Box 4
Five Letters of Marcus Aurelius to....John Houghton, 1942
Box 4
Historical Aspects of Aseptic Surgical Techniques, 1946
Box 5
History of Yellow Fever, 1948
Box 5
John Coakley Lettsom and his Literary Friends, 1948
Box 5
Ligation of the innominate artery, 1946
Box 5
Medical Supplies in the Confederate Army
Box 5
Miscellaneous publications, 1947 and undated
Box 5
Obstetrics and Gynecology in America, 1947 and undated
Box 5
Panel for American Medical Association, 1947-1948
Box 5
Problems of Civil and Military Emergencies, 1941
Box 5
Some comments upon the use of barbiturates...
Box 5
Surgical Classics, outline
Box 5
Surgical Therapy of the Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Box 5
Thumbnail Sketches, first series
Box 5
Thumbnail Sketches, correspondence with Dr. Trent, 1945-1949
Box 5
Thumbnail Sketches, correspondence with Mrs. Trent, 1949
Box 5
Walt Whitman--a case study
Box 5

Contains photographic prints and negatives that are reproductions of medical illustrations and texts dating from the 16th century to the 20th century. These dates refer to the content, and not to Dr. Trent's creation of the prints and negatives, which took place in the 1930s and 1940s. Many of the images are from German sources and some are housed in the Bettmann Archive. The prints and negatives are housed separately in 7.5x5.5 and 9x12 inch envelopes and arranged alphabetically by author or title. Unless otherwise noted, all titles include both negatives and prints.

Anatomical figurine. Syphilis. front view
Box 6
Anatomical figurine. Syphilis. right side view
Box 6
Anatomical figurine. Syphilis. left side view
Box 6
Anatomical figurine. Syphilis. rear view
Box 6
Antiseptic operation. From: Cheyne, Antiseptic Surgery
Box 6
Appert, The Art of Preserving.... (1811)
Box 6
Arconville, Essai pour servir à l'histoire de la putrefaction... (1766)
Box 6
Awakening call to the children of New England
Box 6
S. Bard, A compendium of the history and practice of midwifery... (1807)
Box 6
Bergman operating. From: The Bettmann Archive
(print only)
Box 6
Bigelow, Insensibility during surgical operations... (1846)
Box 6
Billroth operating. From: The Bettmann Archive
(print only)
Box 6
Boston Medical and Surgical Journal. Nov. 18, 1846
Box 6
Dewees, A compendious system of midwifery... (1828)
Box 6
Dutertre, Histoire generale des Antilles (1667)
Box 6
Gersdorff, Feldtbuch der Wundt-Artzney (1551)
(6 envelopes, prints only)
Box 6
Gorgas, A few general directions... (1904)
Box 6
Guenther, Institutions (1536)
Box 6
J. Guiteras, Experimental yellow fever... (1901)
Box 6
Halsted, Ligature and suture material... (1913)
Box 6
Halsted, operating. (1904) From: Mac Cullom's Halsted
Box 6
Harvey, Exercitatio anatomica... (1628)
Box 6
Heister, Laurence. (1731) Pre-antiseptic operation.
Box 6
J. Hester, A hundred and foureteene experiments... (1596)
Box 6
Holmes, The contagiousness of puerperal fever
(negatives only)
Box 6
J. Hunter, A treatise on the venereal disease (1786)
Box 6
Innominate artery... (fig. 1)
Box 6
Innominate artery... (fig. 2)
Box 6
Innominate artery... (fig. 3)
Box 6
Innominate artery... (fig. 4)
Box 6
Innominate artery... (fig. 5)
Box 6
E. Jenner, An inquiry into the causes and effects of the variolae vaccinae (1798)
Box 6
R. Koch, Gaffky and Loeffler, Versuche über die Verwerthbarkeit heisser Wasserdämpfe...
Box 6
Leeuwenhoek
(4 envelopes, negatives and prints)
Box 6
Lister, On a new method of treating compound frature... Lancet, June 1867
Box 6
Massachusetts General, operating amphitheater. (1888) From: The Bettmann Archive
(print only)
Box 7
McBurney, operating. From: The Bettmann Archive
(print only)
Box 7
Meigs, Charles D. portrait
(negatives only)
Box 7
Morgan, A discourse upon the institution of medical schools... (1765)
Box 7
Valentine Mott, portrait by James Henry Shegogue
(2 envelopes, negatives only)
Box 7
V. Mott, portrait by James Henry Shegogue, verso
Box 7
V. Mott, Reflections on securing...
Box 7
V. Mott, Reflections on securing... (fig. 1)
Box 7
V. Mott, Reflections on securing... (fig. 2)
Box 7
Moynihan and Keen, Surgical masks. From: Moynihan, Abdominal operations. 2nd ed.; Keen and DaCosta, Surgery, vol. V, 1920
Box 7
Neuber, Anleitung zur Technik der antiseptischen Wundbehandlung... (1883)
Box 7
Neuber, Die aseptische Wundbehandlung... (1886)
Box 7
Neuber, Kurz Beschreibung der aseptische Wundbehandlung (1892)
Box 7
J. Nott, On the cause of yellow fever
Box 7
Oliver, A present to be given to teeming women... (1694)
Box 7
Pasteur, Etudes sur le vin
Box 7
Patent ductus. Fig. 1
(negatives only)
Box 7
Patent ductus. Fig. 2
(negatives only)
Box 7
Pean, operating. From: The Bettmann Archive
(print only)
Box 7
Pringle, Appendix, containing experiments upon septic...
Box 7
Pringle, Appendix, containing experiments and observations...
Box 7
Redi, Experimenta (1671)
(4 envelopes, prints and negatives)
Box 7
W. Reed, et. al. The etiology of yellow fever... (1900)
Box 7
W. Reed, Experimental yellow fever (1901)
(negatives only)
Box 7
B. Rush, An account of the bilious remitting yellow fever
Box 7
B. Rush, Letter to Dr. John Redman Coxe. (1804) From: John Mitchell, On yellow fever in Virginia, 1741 and 1742
Box 7
Sachs, Ein Gesprech
Box 7
Schimmelbusch, Anleitung zur aseptischen Wundbehandlung (1892)
Box 7
Ein schon geystlich liedt von dem Todt...
Box 7
Semmelweis, Die offenen Briefe... (1899)
Box 7
Severinus, De recondita. (1632)
Box 7
Severinus, Letter to John Houghton (1640), obverse
Box 7
Severinus, Letter to John Houghton (1640), reverse
Box 7
Severinus, portrait
Box 7
Severinus, Zootomia Democritæa
(4 envelopes, negatives and prints)
Box 7
Smythe, Letter (1773)
Box 7
Sternberg, Report on the etiology and prevention of yellow fever (1890)
(negatives only)
Box 7
J. Sterns. Letter to Mr. S. Akerly (1807)
(negatives only)
Box 7
Struck, Mittheilungen aus dem kaiserlichen Gesundheitsamte (1881)
Box 7
Theodoric of Cervia
Box 7
Unidentified portrait
(negatives only)
Box 7
Vesalius
(prints only)
Box 7
Watts, Mott, and Stevens. The Medical and Surgical Register (1818)
Box 7
Finlay, El mosquito hipoteticamente considerado como agente...
(prints only)
Box 1 Folder 1
Institutionum anatomicarum secundum Galeni...
(prints only)
Box 1 Folder 1
Ein schon geystlich liedt von dem Todt...
(print only)
Box 1 Folder 1
Vesalius
(print only)
Box 1 Folder 1
Institutionum anatomicarum secundum Galeni...
(print, mounted)
Box 1 Folder 2
Severinus, Letter to John Houghton (1640)
(prints, mounted)
Box 1 Folder 2
Severinus, portrait
(print, mounted)
Box 1 Folder 2
Severinus, Zootomia Democritæa... (1645)
(print, mounted)
Box 1 Folder 2
Dr. T. Rush Spencer and staff (1862)
(print only)
Box 1 Folder 2

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • Henry and Ida Schuman papers, circa 1930-1990s (contains correspondence with Dr. Trent) (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)
  • James H. and Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans Family Papers, record group that is part of the Semans Family Papers (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)
  • Dr. Josiah Trent Papers (chiefly professional papers as surgeon) (Medical Center Archives, Duke University)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Josiah C. Trent Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Josiah C. Trent Papers were transferred to the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library from the Medical Center Library in 2011.

Processing Information

Processed by Willeke Sandler, May 2012.

Encoded by Paula Jeannet Mangiafico and Willeke Sandler, May 2012.

All accessions are described in this finding aid.

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.