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Guide to the Turkish political posters collection, 1943-1978 and undated.

Summary

Collection comprises 122 Turkish political posters, including one duplicate. There are six series of posters: Korean War, NATO, Historical significance, Commemoration of Ottoman historical figures, Republican-era historical figures, and Leftist. In the first, fourteen posters extoll the achievements of the Turkish Armed Forces command or Turkish Brigade in the Korean War between November 1950 and July 1953. In the second series, one poster represents Turkey's relationship to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and another reflects the naval and air force maneuvers of NATO's Southern Command, Greece, and Turkey at Weld Fast in 1953. The third series includes 25 posters that celebrate events of historic national significance and depict international political figures together with Turkish leaders. The fourth series includes four posters that commemorate Ottoman historical figures, including admiral Barbaros Hayrettin, and sultans Mehmet V, Mehmed II, and Selim I. The fifth series includes twelve posters of Repulican-era historical figures, including portraits of World War II generals and political figures. The final series contains 63 leftist political posters with political slogans, as well as calls for meetings and demonstrations; most of them date from the second half of the 1970's.

Collection Details

Collection Number
RL.01311
Title
Turkish political posters collection
Date
1943-1978 and undated
Extent
13 Linear Feet, 122 Items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Material in Turkish

Collection Overview

Collection comprises 122 Turkish political posters, including one duplicate. There are six series of posters: Korean War, NATO, Historical significance, Commemoration of Ottoman historical figures, Republican-era historical figures, and Leftist. In the first series, fourteen posters extoll the achievements of the Turkish Armed Forces command or Turkish Brigade in the Korean War between November 1950 and July 1953. These posters show battle scenes and portraits of Brigadier General Tahzin Yazıcı and assistant Brigade commander Celâl Dora. Another shows an American officer, General Walker, decorating Yazıcı with the Silver Star. Nine of these posters are signed by graphic artists, including M. Işık, Cemal Baki, and Mehmet Tekdal; the remainder are unsigned.

In the second series, one poster represents Turkey's relationship to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and another reflects the naval and air force maneuvers of NATO's Southern Command, Greece, and Turkey at Weld Fast in 1953, which were designed to test the training and co-operation of their forces. Individuals represented in the second poster include military leaders Nurettin Baransel, Willard G. Wyman, Stylianos Kitrilakis, and Alezandros Karadimitropoulos.

The third series includes 25 posters that celebrate events of historic national significance and depict international political figures together with Turkish leaders. Within the series, there are seven posters celebrating the annexation of Hatay State into Turkey as Hatay province, one depicting Atatürk and Mustafa İsmet İnönü on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Revolution, one showing U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower shaking hands with Celâl Bayar, and another image of Winston Churchill shaking hands with İnönü. Other posters depict women’s support of the army and British-Turkish relations. Within this series, 18 posters are signed by artist Mehmet Bakı (some M. Bakı); the others are not signed.

The fourth series includes four posters that commemorate Ottoman historical figures, including admiral Barbaros Hayrettin, and sultans Mehmet V, Mehmed II, and Selim I.

The fifth series includes twelve posters of Repulican-era historical figures, including portraits of World War II generals and political figures such as Atatürk (four posters), İnönü (four posters), Fevzi Çakmak (2 posters), Salih Omurtag, and Kazim Orbay. Within this series, 10 posters are signed by artist Mehmet Bakı (some M. Bakı); the others are not signed.

The final series contains 63 leftist political posters (plus one duplicate) with political slogans, as well as calls for meetings and demonstrations. Most date from the second half of the 1970's, a period when the political climate was influenced by inflation, unemployment, and political violence. The slogans attack "fascist" and capitalist politics and denounce poverty. One poster contains a portrait of the Luis Corvalá́n, the former general secretary of the Communist party of Chile. Three others promote "Health Week 1977," which was organized by the Istanbul Tabip Odasi (Istanbul Medical Chamber). Political organizations named on the posters include, but are not limited to, Türkiye Isçi Partisi, Türkiye Sosyalist Isçi Partisi (TSIP), Türkiye Sağlık Işçileri Sendikası. One poster shows a portrait of Ibrahim Kaypakkaya, a well-known political prisoner active in the Communist movement, together with a portrait of of Aşık Emekçi, a singer. In this series symbols such as raised fists, fists smashing a svastika, broken chains, and silhouettes of workers' faces abound.

Arrangement

Organized into the following series: Korean War, NATO, Historical significance, Commemoration of Ottoman historical figures, Republican-era historical figures, and Leftist.

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How to Cite

[Identification of item], Turkish political posters Collection, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Contents of the Collection

1. Korean War Series, 1950-1953

Fourteen posters extoll the achievements of the Turkish Armed Forces command or Turkish Brigade in the Korean War between November 1950 and July 1953. These posters show battle scenes and portraits of Brigadier General Tahzin Yazıcı and assistant Brigade commander Celâl Dora. Another shows an American officer, General Walker, decorating Yazıcı with the Silver Star. Nine of these posters are signed by graphic artists, including M. Işık, Cemal Baki, and Mehmet Tekdal; the remainder are unsigned.

Korean War posters
(14 posters)
Box 1
Folder 1

2. NATO Series, 1953

One poster represents Turkey's relationship to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and another reflects the naval and air force maneuvers of NATO's Southern Command, Greece, and Turkey at Weld Fast in 1953, which were designed to test the training and co-operation of their forces. Individuals represented in the second poster include military leaders Nurettin Baransel, Willard G. Wyman, Stylianos Kitrilakis, and Alezandros Karadimitropoulos.

NATO posters
(1 poster)
Box 1
Folder 2

3. Historical Significance Series, 1943-1960

Twenty-five posters celebrate events of historic national significance and depict international political figures together with Turkish leaders. Within the series, there are seven posters celebrating the annexation of Hatay State into Turkey as Hatay province, one depicting Atatürk and Mustafa İsmet İnönü on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Revolution, one showing U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower shaking hands with Celâl Bayar, and another image of Winston Churchill shaking hands with İnönü. Other posters depict women’s support of the army and British-Turkish relations. Within this series, 18 posters are signed by artist Mehmet Bakı (some M. Bakı); the others are not signed.

Historical Significance posters
(17 posters)
Box 1
Folder 3

4. Commemoration of Ottoman Historical Figures Series, undated

Four posters commemorate Ottoman historical figures, including admiral Barbaros Hayrettin, and sultans Mehmet V, Mehmed II, and Selim I.

Ottoman Historical Figures posters
Box 1
Folder 4

5. Republican-era Historical Figures Series, undated

twelve posters of Repulican-era historical figures, including portraits of World War II generals and political figures such as Atatürk (four posters), İnönü (four posters), Fevzi Çakmak (2 posters), Salih Omurtag, and Kazim Orbay. Within this series, 10 posters are signed by artist Mehmet Bakı (some M. Bakı); the others are not signed.

Republican-era Historical Figures Posters
Box 1
Folder 5

6. Leftist Series, 1970-1978

Sixty-three leftist political posters (plus one duplicate) with political slogans, as well as calls for meetings and demonstrations. Most date from the second half of the 1970's, a period when the political climate was influenced by inflation, unemployment, and political violence. The slogans attack "fascist" and capitalist politics and denounce poverty. One poster contains a portrait of the Luis Corvalá́n, the former general secretary of the Communist party of Chile. Three others promote "Health Week 1977," which was organized by the Istanbul Tabip Odasi (Istanbul Medical Chamber). Political organizations named on the posters include, but are not limited to, Türkiye Isçi Partisi, Türkiye Sosyalist Isçi Partisi (TSIP), Türkiye Sağlık Işçileri Sendikası. One poster shows a portrait of Ibrahim Kaypakkaya, a well-known political prisoner active in the Communist movement, together with a portrait of of Aşık Emekçi, a singer. In this series symbols such as raised fists, fists smashing a svastika, broken chains, and silhouettes of workers' faces abound.

Leftist posters
(63 posters)
Box 2
Folder 6
 


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Provenance

The Turkish political posters collection was received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a purchase in 2009, 2010, and 2017.

Processing Information

Processed by Christof Galli and Alice L. Poffinberger, October 2011

Encoded by Alice L. Poffinberger, October 2011

Updated to include additions by Christof Galli and Alice L. Poffinberger, May 2017

Accession(s) described in this finding aid: 2009-0260, 2011-0016, 2017-0076