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Guide to the Arlin Turner Papers, 1927-1980

Collection Overview

The Arlin Turner Papers, 1927-1980, span Turner's entire career as a scholar of American literature, from his undergraduate education at West Texas State University in 1927 to his death in 1980, when he was an instructor at Southwest Texas State University. The Turner Papers are comprised primarily of personal and professional correspondence with scholars and publishers of American literature. The correspondence includes letters, printed matter, reports, and minutes that Turner collected as a member or officer of organizations to which many of these literary scholars belonged. These materials, in addition to the clippings, printed materials and other writings Turner collected, provide insight into the development of the profession of American literary scholarship in the 1920s and 1930s; demonstrate the major concerns, issues, conflicts, and interests of its practitioners over the following four decades; and record research advancements and contributions to scholarship on the literary figures of most interest to Turner. The Turner Papers also document the development of high school, collegiate, and graduate level instruction in American literature through the organizational records and course materials, the latter of which include Turner's personal writings and research notes, subject files he collected, clippings, lecture notes, and other printed materials on various authors or genres of American literature. Finally, this collection provides glimpses into Turner's personal career and scholarly thought through the writings which are included, both those he presented orally as speeches or lectures, or those he published as articles or books. The Turner Papers are organized into five series: Correspondence, Course Materials, Organizations, Printed Material, and Writings and Speeches.

A student of the first generation of American literature scholars in the 1920s, Turner played an important role in the network of scholarly exchange that was vital to the emergence of the discipline in the decades following. Turner kept in contact with numerous colleagues in colleges and universities across the United States and throughout the world, including many former graduate students who later became influential literary scholars and critics themselves. The Correspondence Series, 1930-1980, documents Turner's role in this network of scholarly exchange. The Individuals Subseries, 1930-1980, includes Turner's most voluminous correspondents: American literature specialists and authors Gay Wilson Allen, John Q. Anderson, Louis Budd, Robert Cantwell, James B. Colvert, Eddie Gay Cone, Benjamin Franklin Fisher, Albert Mordell, Norman Holmes Pearson, William Stafford, and Edmund Wilson. The Publications Subseries, 1934-1979, contains portions of Turner's communications with editors, publishers, and presses primarily regarding article reviews or manuscript evaluations of others' work. This subseries also contains some information concerning Turner's own articles, manuscripts, and various published works. Correspondence, brochures, press releases, reports, and contractual information concerning Turner's speaking engagements or attendance at professional meetings is collected in the Conferences, Speeches, and Lectures Subseries, 1961-1978 (bulk 1961-1964). Miscellaneous materials comprised primarily of letters arranged by subject are assembled in the Other Correspondence Subseries, 1948-1979 and undated This subseries also contains research notes, memos, and printed material. These papers document Turner's visiting professor appointments and awards, as well as his interest in topics such as the Duke University Library, the Huntington Library, George W. Cable primary sources, and international scholars of American Literature.

The Course Materials Series, undated, is comprised of information Turner collected to aid in composing classroom lectures, and other teaching materials. He maintained an extensive set of files on American authors, which can be found in the Lecture Notes, By Author Subseries, undated Most files contain a brief biography of the author and list of his major compositions, but may also include copies of their works, a typescript of Turner's lecture on the author, and related materials such as clippings or Turner's handwritten research notes. Turner also collected files on genres of literature, delineated both by region, such as Louisiana or British literature, or by style, such as Short Stories or Recent Fiction. These can be found in the Lecture Notes, By Subject Subseries, undated The Class Files Subseries, undated, contains Turner's teaching materials including syllabi, quizes, and exams. These files pertain to courses Turner taught (or in a few early instances, took) in subjects including American Literature before the Civil War, Post-Civil War Literature, Hawthorne and Melville, American Humor, and Southern Literature. Specific course numbers and titles have been provided wherever possible.

Arlin Turner was an active leader and participant in many of the organizations associated with his profession and interests, which are chronicled in the Organizations Series, 1929-1979 (bulk 1936-1979). These scholarly groups developed policies, conducted studies, and otherwise governed the profession. Thus, Turner's influential positions in most of these associations render his thorough collection of organizational records both valuable and useful. Folders in this series primarily contain correspondence, minutes, memoranda, reports, and printed matter such as newsletters, brochures, and clippings. Most notable is Turner's work with the Modern Language Association (MLA), whose American Literature Section members are primarily responsible for the spread of American Studies programs across the globe. Turner's records also document his work with the South Atlantic Modern Language Association (SAMLA), the American Studies Association (ASA), and the Southeastern American Studies Association (SEASA). This series likewise chronicles Turner's leadership roles in the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE), the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) and the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH).

Turner was also a member of the Committee for American Studies, the advisory group for the Conference Board of Associated Research Councils' (CBC) Committee for International Exchange of Persons (CIEP). The Organizations Series also includes files on the selection of Fulbright Scholars that he collected as a member of that committee. In addition, Turner served as chairman of this committee during the period in which the "Loewenberg controversy" consumed the CIEP's affairs. When Prof. Bert J. Loewenberg was denied a Fulbright Award in 1959 despite the committee's recommendation, its members threatened to resign in protest against allegations that Loewenberg's past political activity was to blame. Thus, significant amounts of correspondence from fellow committee members Ray Billington, John Hope Franklin, Harvey Wish, and Charles Barker regarding the controversy is found in this series.

Arlin Turner accumulated a significant number of clippings, newsletters, pamphlets, reprints, and publications related to American Literature. These are collected in the Printed Material Series, undated Included in this series are materials from the Educational Testing Service (ETS), memorabilia from Turner's time at the University of Hull in England, literary magazines, and miscellaneous clippings primarily regarding Southern writers (especially North Carolina authors), William Faulkner, and the New Critics (a.k.a. The Fugitives).

The Writings and Speeches Series, 1938-1980 and undated (bulk 1964-1977), contains copies of Turner's significant oral presentations and other written work, both published and unpublished, in addition to some writings of other authors he accumulated. Files from Turner's speaking engagements include both correspondence and typed copies of his presentations. This series also contains unidentified speech notes and writings, in addition to a bound typescript with handwritten edits of Turner's Nathaniel Hawthorne: A biography. Writings about Turner, including obituaries, tributes, his curriculum vita and the like, are also found in the Writings and Speeches Series.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Arlin Turner papers 1927-1980
Creator
Turner, Arlin
Extent
15.6 Linear Feet, circa 9750 Items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Language
English.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

However, collection contains sensitive information. Patrons must sign a waiver concerning privacy rights.

In addition, all or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. There may be a 48-hour delay in obtaining these materials.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

The Correspondence Series has been organized into four subseries: Individuals; Publications; Conferences, Speeches, Lectures; and Other Correspondence. Only the first of these retains Turner's arrangement.

The Individuals Subseries is comprised of correspondence between Turner and other scholars in American literature, students and former students, and editors and publishers. Chief topics in the letters include recent research, manuscript evaluations, speaking engagements and conference attendance, personal updates, and occasional recommendations and peer reviews (SENSITIVE). To preserve original order, this subseries has been maintained as a discrete unit--arranged alphabetically by the correspondent's last name in the same way Turner kept the files. Consequently, there may be significant overlap with other correspondence subseries. For example, correspondence with a publisher may be filed by an editor or publisher's last name in this subseries or by the publication title or the press that produced it in the Publications Subseries.

This subseries contains sensitive information (recommendations and peer reviews). Before using these materials, patrons must sign a waiver concerning privacy rights. Contact Research Services staff for assistance.

Aaron, Dan
Box 1
Adams, Hazard
Box 1
Adams, Percy
Box 1
Adams, Richard P.
Box 1
Aderman, Ralph
Box 1
Alexander, Margaret W.
Box 1
Allen, Gay Wilson
Box 1
Allen, Thomas J.
Box 1
Altenbernd, Lynn
Box 1
Anderson, Carl
Box 1
Anderson, John Q.
Box 1
Angyal, Andrew J.
Box 1
Ano, Fumio
Box 1
Appel, Benjamin
Box 1
Applewhite, James
Box 1
Arms, George
Box 1
Arndt, Karl J.R.
Box 1
Arvin, Newton
Box 1
Asquith, Cynthia
Box 1
Asselineau, Roger
Box 1
Auchincloss, Louis
Box 1
Axelsson, Arne
Box 1
A Misc.
Box 1
Baker, Carlos
Box 1
Bandy, W. T.
Box 1
Baym, Nina
Box 1
Barber, Edwin
Box 1
Barker, Charles
Box 1
Barnes, Warner
Box 1
Beach, Leonard B.
Box 1
Bearden, Ethel
Box 1
Beebe, Maurice
Box 1
Belflower, Robert
Box 1
Bell, Vereen
Box 1
Benson, Carl
Box 1
Bennett, Raymond
Box 1
Bevington, Helen
Box 1
Bickley, Bruce
Box 1
Bier, Jesse
Box 1
Billington, Ray
Box 1
Blair, Walter
Box 1
Blodget, Harold
Box 1
Blotner, Joseph
Box 1
Boatright, Mody
Box 1
Bode, Carl
Box 1
Boewe, Charles
Box 1
Boorstin, Daniel
Box 1
Bond, Richmond P.
Box 1
Bowers, Fredson
Box 1
Bowling, Lawrence
Box 1
Boyce, Benjamin
Box 1
Brack, O. M.
Box 1
Braddy, Haldeen
Box 1
Bradley, Phil
Box 1
Bradley, Scully
Box 1
Brice, Ashbel
Box 1
Broderick, John C.
Box 1
Brown, Herbert
Box 1
Browne, Ray B.
Box 1
Bruccoli, Matthew
Box 1
Bryant, Joe
Box 1
Budd, Louis
Box 1
Butcher, Philip
Box 1
Byers, John
Box 1
B Misc.
Box 1
Cady, Edwin Harrison
Box 2
Cameron, Kenneth
Box 2
Cantwell, Robert
Box 2
Cardwell, Guy
Box 2
Carson, Patricia
Box 2
Carroll, Martin
Box 2
Cherry, Kenneth
Box 2
Cline, Clarence L.
Box 2
Clogan, Paul
Box 2
Cohen, Bernard
Box 2
Cohen, Hennig
Box 2
Cole, R. Taylor
Box 2
Collins, Carvel
Box 2
Colvert, James
Box 2
Cone, Eddie G. and Roberta L.
Box 2
Corbett, Joan
Box 2
Core, George
Box 2
Covici, Pascal
Box 2
Crawley, T. Edward
Box 2
Crowley, J. Donald
Box 2
Curlee, Roy
Box 2
Current-Garcia, Gene
Box 2
C Misc.
Box 2
Dainow, Joseph
Box 2
Dalton, Harry L.
Box 2
Davidson, Edward
Box 2
Davis, Charles T.
Box 2
Davis, Curtis Carroll
Box 2
Davison, Kenneth E.
Box 2
Dedmond, Francis B.
Box 2
Demanuelli, Jean
Box 2
Dembo, L. S.
Box 2
Denbo, Bruce F.
Box 2
Dickey, James
Box 2
Donaldson, Scott
Box 2
Dorris, George
Box 2
Dos Passos, John
Box 2
Downey, Harris
Box 2
Duban, James
Box 2
Dykeman (Stokely), Wilma
Box 2
D Misc.
Box 2
Engle, Paul
Box 2
Erdman, Loula Grace
Box 2
Ervine, Roberta
Box 2
Estes, David
Box 2
Fisher, Benjamin Franklin
Box 2
Freeman, Gordon
Box 2
Foerster, Norman
Box 2
Hartle, Anthony E.
Box 3
Hersey, John
Box 3
Hoffman, Daniel
Box 3
Hoffman, Frederick
Box 3
Hornberger, Theodore
Box 3
Howarth, R. Guy
Box 3
Hubbell, Jay B.
Box 3
Hughes, Rupert
Box 3
H Misc.
Box 3
Jones, Howard Mumford
Box 3
Jones, Joseph
Box 3
Jones, Tandy
Box 3
King, Alec
Box 3
Knickerbocker, William S.
Box 3
K Misc.
Box 3
Leary, Lewis
Box 3
Liljegren, Sten Bodvar
Box 3
Ljungquist, Kent
Box 3
Lovelace, Joseph
Box 3
L Misc.
Box 3
Mabbott, Thomas Ollive
Box 3
Matthiessen, F. O.
Box 3
Mays, James O.
Box 3
McDavid, Raven I.
Box 3
Michener, James A.
Box 3
Mordell, Albert
Box 3
M Misc.
Box 3
O'Brien, Claudine
Box 3
Osborn, Scott
Box 3
Owen, Guy
Box 3
O Misc.
Box 3
Parkinson, Thomas
Box 3
Pearson, Norman H.
Box 3
Poirier, Richard
Box 3
Pond, James B.
Box 3
Porter, Katherine Anne
Box 3
Price, Reynolds
Box 3
P. Misc.
Box 3
Rak, Mary Kidder
Box 3
Ransom, Harry Huntt
Box 3
Ransom, John Crowe
Box 3
Reeves, Paschal
Box 3
Reid, Alfred S.
Box 3
Rosenthal, Mack K.
Box 3
R Misc.
Box 3
Schorer, Mark
Box 3
Simpson, Claude M.
Box 3
Stafford, William
Box 3
Stephenson, Wendell H.
Box 3
Stevens, George
Box 3
Stewart, Randall
Box 3
Stovall, Floyd
Box 3
Stuart, Jesse
Box 3
S Misc.
Box 3
Thompson, Lawrence
Box 3
Tinker, Edward Larocque
Box 3
T Misc.
Box 3
Waite, Mary Abbott
Box 3
Ward, Charles E.
Box 3
Warren, Robert Penn
Box 3
Weaver, Richard M.
Box 3
Wecter, Dixon
Box 3
Welland, Dennis
Box 3
Wilson, Edmund
Box 3
Woll, Harvey
Box 3
W Misc.
Box 3
Yeatman, Joan
Box 3
Unidentified
Box 3

The Publications Subseries is comprised of Turner's correspondence to publishers, editors, and presses regarding publications. Included are reviews of books for multiple journals, multiple reviews written for single journals, manuscript evaluations for various university presses, and correspondence regarding some of Turner's own publications. Arranged alphabetically by publication title or press name.

American Literature: An Anthology
Box 4
American Quarterly
Box 4
Australian Literary Studies
Box 4
Clio
Box 4
Dictionary of Literary Biography
Box 4
Duke University Press
Box 4
Editors' News
Box 4
Faulkner: A Biography by Blotner
Box 4
Harvard University Press
Box 4
(Washington) Irving Edition
Box 4
Hawthorne: A Biography
Box 4
Literary Classics - Library of America
Box 4
Louisiana State University Press
Box 4
Modern Fiction Studies
Box 4
Nathaniel Hawthorne Journal
Box 4
New England Quarterly
Box 4
Nineteenth-Century Fiction
Box 4
Penn State University Press
Box 4
Princeton University Press
Box 4
Resources for American Literary Study
Box 4
(William Gilmore) Simms Edition
Box 4
Stark Young by Pilkington
Box 4
University of Massachusetts Press
Box 4
University of North Carolina Press
Box 4
University of Tennessee Press
Box 4
University Press of Kansas
Box 4
Miscellaneous publications correspondence
Box 4

Correspondence regarding Turner's speaking engagements and attendance at professional gatherings is collected in the Conferences, Speeches, and Lectures Subseries. This subseries is arranged chronologically.

None
Box 5
1961: University of Michigan - Civil War Lecture Series
Box 5
1961: Kent State University - Lecture
Box 5
1962: Duke University - N.C. Junior Science Symposium
Box 5
1962: Duke University - Seminar, The Two Cultures
Box 5
1963: Atlanta University - Forum Series
Box 5
1963: University of Michigan - Seminar on English in Contemporary Education
Box 5
1963-1964: Conference on the Integrated Bibliography
Box 5
1964: Bowdoin College Institute - Hawthorne and the American Novel
Box 5
1964: Duke University - Seminar, Humanities and the Arts
Box 5
1964: Project on [High School] Literature Conference
Box 5
1972: Conference on Southern Literary Study
Box 5
1975: Duke Alumni Summer Institute - Lecture
Box 5
1978: West Virginia University - Symposium on Regional Research in the Humanities
Box 5

Miscellaneous files that contain primarily correspondence can be found in the Other Correspondence Subseries. Many of these files relate either to Duke University or to universities at which Turner served as a visiting professor. These are organized by the subject or addressee of the correspondence and arranged alphabetically, with correspondence from international scholars in American literature filed at the end.

Cable, (George Washington) Research, undated
(2 folders)
Box 5 (cont)
Duke University. Gross-Edens Affair, 1960
Box 5 (cont)
Duke University Library, Misc., 1950, 1975, 1978
Box 5 (cont)
Duke University Library - Harold Jantz Collection, 1975
Box 5 (cont)
Duke University Research Council Grants, 1954-1977
Box 5 (cont)
Duke Summer Grants-in-aid, Visiting Scholars, 1965, 1969-1970
Box 5 (cont)
Fulbright Applications and Correspondence, 1955-1965
Box 6
Fulbright Award - University of Hull, Hull, England, 1965-1966
Box 6
Huntington Fellowship, 1973-1978
Box 6
Huntington Library, 1968-1977
Box 6
Huntington Research, undated
Box 6
Louisiana State University Library, 1950-1952
Box 6
National Book Awards, 1969
Box 6
National Defense Education Act (NDEA) Institutes, 1965-1967
Box 6
National Humanities Center, 1978-1979
Box 6
New York University, 1964
Box 6
New York Library, 1948-1956, 1964-1976
Box 6
N.C. State University, Dept. of English, 1966
Box 6
Quality Education Bill (HR11888), 1962
Box 6
Southern American Writers Cassette Curriculum, 1975
Box 6
University Centers for Rational Alternatives (UCRA), 1969-1978
Box 6
University of Hull, Hull, England, 1966-1968
Box 6
University of Illinois, 1961
Box 6
University of Iowa, 1963
Box 6
University of Montreal, 1951
[contains photographs of Turner, Thomas Greenwood]
Box 6
University of Pennsylvania, 1968
Box 6
Indian Specialists in American Literature, 1966-1970
Box 6
Asian Specialists in American Literature, 1962-1963
Box 6
South African Specialists in American Literature, 1958-1963
Box 6

The Course Materials Series is divided into three subseries. The first two subseries are comprised of Lecture Notes, arranged by Author and Subject. The last contains Class Files. Only the first of these subseries preserves Turner's original arrangement.

Each folder in the Lecture Notes, By Author Subseries contains the materials on various literary figures that Turner appears to have collected for classroom use. Almost all of these include a brief typed page containing the author's birth and death dates and significant writings. Most are also accompanied by a brief typed biography and summary of the author's contribution to literature. Some folders may also contain copies of an author's works, especially poetry, or newspaper clippings about them, in addition to Turner's personal research. These are arranged alphabetically in the same order that Turner filed them.

None
Box 7
Adams, Henry
Box 7
Albee, Edward
Box 7
Allen, James Lane
Box 7
Anderson, Sherwood
Box 7
Applewhite, James
Box 7
Audubon, John James
Box 7
Bagby, George William
Box 7
Baldwin, James
Box 7
Baldwin, Joseph G.
Box 7
Barlow, Joel
Box 7
Bellamy, Edward
Box 7
Benét, Stephen Vincent
Box 7
Beverley, Robert
Box 7
Bevington, Helen
Box 7
Bonner, Sherwood
Box 7
Brackenridge, Hugh Henry
Box 7
Bradford, Roark
Box 7
Bradford, William
Box 7
Bradstreet, Anne
Box 7
Brooks, Van Wyck
Box 7
Brown, Charles Brockden
Box 7
Brown, Charles Farrar (a.k.a. Artemus Ward)
Box 7
Bryant, William Cullen
Box 7
Byrd, William
Box 7
Cabell, James Branch
Box 7
Cable, George Washington
Box 7
Capote, Truman
Box 7
Caldwell, Erskine
Box 7
Cather, Willa
Box 7
Cawein, Madison
Box 7
Chappell, Fred
Box 7
Chivers, Thomas Holley
Box 7
Chopin, Kate
Box 7
Clemens, Samuel L. (a.k.a. Mark Twain)
Box 7
Cooke, John Esten
Box 7
Cooper, James Fenimore
Box 7
Crane, Hart
Box 7
Crane, Stephen
Box 7
Crevecoeur, Michel-Guillarme Jean de
Box 7
Crockett, Davy
Box 7
Cummings, E.E.
Box 7
Davidson, Donald
Box 7
Dickey, James
Box 7
Dickenson, Emily
Box 7
Dixon, Thomas
Box 7
Dobie, J. Frank
Box 7
Dos Passos, John R.
Box 7
Dreiser, Theodore
Box 7
Dunne, Finley Peter
Box 7
Dykeman (Stokley), Wilma
Box 7
Eberhart, Richard
Box 7
Edwards, Harry Stillwell
Box 7
None
Box 8
Faulkner, William
Box 8
Fitzgerald, F. Scott
Box 8
Flint, Timothy
Box 8
Franklin, Benjamin
Box 8
Frederic, Harold
Box 8
Freeman, Mary E. Wilkins
Box 8
Freneau, Philip
Box 8
Farrell, James T.
Box 8
Frost, Robert
Box 8
Garland, Hamlin
Box 8
George, Henry
Box 8
Grady, Henry W.
Box 8
Grayson, William John
Box 8
Green, Paul
Box 8
Harris, George Washington
Box 8
Harris, Joel Chandler
Box 8
Harte, F. Bret
Box 8
Hawthorne, Nathaniel
(13 folders)
Box 8
Hayne, P. H.
Box 8
Hearn, Lafcadio
Box 8
Hemingway, Ernest
Box 8
Holmes, Oliver Wendell
Box 8
Hooper, Johnson Jones
Box 8
Hope, James Barron
Box 8
Howells, William Dean
Box 8
Hughes, Langston
Box 8
Irving, Washington
Box 8
None
Box 9
Jacobsen, Josephine
Box 9
James, Henry
Box 9
Jarrell, Randall
Box 9
Jeffers, Robinson
Box 9
Jefferson, Thomas
Box 9
Jewett, Sarah Orne
Box 9
Johnston, Richard Malcolm
Box 9
Kennedy, John Pendleton
Box 9
King, Grace E.
Box 9
Kizer, Carolyn
Box 9
Lanier, Sidney
Box 9
Legare, James M.
Box 9
Levertov, Denise
Box 9
Lewis, Sinclair
Box 9
Lewis, Henry Clay (a.k.a. Madison Tensas)
Box 9
Lincoln, Abraham
Box 9
Lindsay, Vachel
Box 9
London, Jack
Box 9
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth
Box 9
Longstreet, Augustus Baldwin
Box 9
Lowell, Amy
Box 9
Lowell, James Russell
Box 9
Lowell, Robert
Box 9
McCullers, Carson
Box 9
McKenna, Richard
Box 9
MacLeish, Archibald
Box 9
Melville, Herman
(2 folders)
Box 9
Mencken, H.L.
Box 9
Merton, Thomas
Box 9
Millay, Edna St. Vincent
Box 9
Miller, Arthur
Box 9
Miller, Joaquin
Box 9
Momaday, N. Scott
Box 9
Moody, William Vaughn
Box 9
Murfree, Mary Noailles (a.k.a. Charles Egbert Craddock)
Box 9
Norris, Frank
Box 9
O'Connor, Flannery
Box 9
O'Hara, Theodore
Box 9
O'Neill, Eugene G.
Box 9
Owen, Guy
Box 9
None
Box 10
Page, T.N.
Box 10
Paine, Thomas
Box 10
Parkman, Francis
Box 10
Patton, Francis Gray
Box 10
Paulding, J.K.
Box 10
Payne, John Howard
Box 10
Peck, Samuel M.
Box 10
Peterkin, Julia
Box 10
Pike, Albert
Box 10
Pinkney, Edward Coote
Box 10
Poe, Edgar Allan
(4 folders)
Box 10
Porter, Katherine Anne
Box 10
Porter, William Sydney (a.k.a. O. Henry)
Box 10
Pound, Ezra
Box 10
Preston, Margaret Junkin
Box 10
Price, Reynolds
Box 10
Randall, James Ryder
Box 10
Randolph, Innes
Box 10
Ransom, John Crowe
Box 10
Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan
Box 10
Roberts, Elizabeth Madox
Box 10
Robinson, Edwin Arlington
Box 10
Roethke, Theodore
Box 10
Rogers, Will
Box 10
Roosevelt, Franklin D.
Box 10
Russell, Irwin
Box 10
Ryan, Father Abram
Box 10
Salinger, J. D.
Box 10
Sandburg, Carl
Box 10
Sewall, Samuel
Box 10
Shapiro, Karl
Box 10
Simms, William Gilmore
Box 10
Sinclair, Upton
Box 10
None
Box 11
Smith, Betty
Box 11
Smith, Charles Henry (a.k.a. Bill Arp)
Box 11
Smith, F. Hopkinson
Box 11
Smith, John
Box 11
Smith, Lillian
Box 11
Smith, Seba
Box 11
Spencer, Elizabeth
Box 11
Steinbeck, John
Box 11
Stem, Thad
Box 11
Stevens, Wallace
Box 11
Stowe, Harriet Beecher
Box 11
Stuart, Jesse
Box 11
Stuart, Ruth McHenry
Box 11
Styron, William
Box 11
Tabb, John Barrister
Box 11
Tate, J.O. Allen
Box 11
Taylor, Edward
Box 11
Taylor, John
Box 11
Taylor, Peter H.
Box 11
Thompson, John Reuben
Box 11
Thompson, William T.
Box 11
Thompson, Maurice
Box 11
Thoreau, Henry David
Box 11
Thorpe, Thomas Bangs
Box 11
Thurber, James
Box 11
Ticknor, Francis Orray
Box 11
Timrod, Henry
Box 11
Toklas, Alice
Box 11
Tourgée, Albion
Box 11
Tuckerman, Frederick Goddard
Box 11
Tyler, Anne
Box 11
Tyler, Royall
Box 11
Vonnegut, Kurt
Box 11
Warren, Robert Penn
Box 11
Washington, Booker T.
Box 11
Welty, Eudora
Box 11
Wharton, Edith
Box 11
White, E.B.
Box 11
Whitman, Walt
(2 folders)
Box 11
Whittier, John Greenleaf
Box 11
Wilber, Richard
Box 11
Wilde, Richard Henry
Box 11
Wilder, Thornton
Box 11
Williams, Tennessee
Box 11
Williams, William Carlos
Box 11
Wilson, Augusta Evans
Box 11
Wilson, Edmund
Box 11
Wilson, Robert Burns
Box 11
Winters, Yvor
Box 11
Wolfe, Thomas
Box 11
Woolman, John
Box 11
Wright, James
Box 11
Miscellaneous Authors
Box 11

The Lecture Notes, By Subject Subseries contain Turner's collected notes or clippings on general subjects in literature, delineated either by geographic region or genre. This subseries also includes files on a few non-American writers (specifically William Shakespeare, John Milton, and Edmund Spenser). The Minor Southern Authors folder, although it contains unfinished notes pages for individual authors, was not originally filed in the Lecture Notes By Author subseries and therefore is filed by subject in this subseries. The miscellaneous materials in Box 13 pertain to the English curriculum at Duke and LSU, especially degree requirements, preliminary exam questions, and stylesheets for term papers and theses at the two universities.

American Literature
(12 folders)
Box 12
British and Commonwealth Literature
(11 folders)
Box 13

The Class Files Subseries contains Turner's teaching materials for specific classes that he taught, both at Duke and as a visiting professor elsewhere. Also included in this subseries is at least one syllabus on West Texas State letterhead that appears to be from a class in which Turner was enrolled as an undergraduate in 1927. When possible, the course numbers for these classes have been identified; it should be noted that Turner often taught the same course subject under a different number at a different institution. These files primarily contain syllabi, exams, quizes, reading lists, and lecture materials developed for a specific course.

Class Files
(17 folders)
Box 14

The Organizations Series contains Turner's files on professional and scholarly associations, committees, councils and societies to which he belonged, and, in many cases, led in some capacity. (For a list of Turner's most significant posts, please see the Organizational Service Biography in the Biographical Note above.) Folders in this series primarily contain correspondence, minutes, memoranda, reports, and printed matter such as newsletters, brochures, and clippings. These are arranged alphabetically.

None
Box 15
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), 1957-1958 and undated
Box 15
Fellowship Selection Committee, 1962-1968
Box 15
Meeting on Scholarly Communication, 1973-1975
Box 15
Regional Associate reports, 1957-1966
Box 15
International Fellows, at Duke, 1962-1965, 1977
Box 15
American Humor Studies Association (AHSA), 1975-1977, undated
Box 15
American Literature Promotional Materials, 1929
Box 15
American Studies Research Centre (ASRC), Hyderabad, India, 1965-1969
Box 15
Bibliography Committee, 1954-1959
Box 15
Convention, Oct., 1971
Box 15
Executive Committee, 1955-1957
Box 15
Executive Committee, 1958-1961
Box 16
Executive Council, 1955-1962
(2 folders)
Box 16
Nominating Committee, 1955, 1961
Box 16
Lower Mississippi Conference, 1960
Box 16
Radical Caucus, 1969-1971
Box 16
Development of American Studies at Duke, 1960, 1965
Box 16
Association for Canadian Studies in the U.S. (ACSUS), 1971
Box 16
CDE/MLA/NCTE Allerton Park Conference, 1962
Box 16
Center for Southern Studies, 1964-1970
(3 folders)
Box 16
College English Association (CEA), 1963-1971, 1974, 1979
(2 folders)
Box 16
College Language Association (CLA), 1965
Box 16
Committee on American Studies, 1956-1963, 1968-1969
(8 folders)
Box 17
Conference on Federal Funding of Programs in International Education, 1968
Box 17
Correspondence - Russell, Trusten W., 1968-1969
Box 17
American Studies: An International Newsletter, 1972-1973
Box 17
Faculty Fulbright Advisors/Alumni Workshop, 1975
Box 17
Council of Graduate Schools (CGS) - Consulting, 1969-1975
Box 18
Duke University, Dept. of English
(2 folders)
Box 18
Duke University Library, G.W. Flowers Memorial Collection Committee, 1955-1977
(4 folders)
Box 18
Duke University Library, Jay B. Hubbell Center Organizing and Directing Committee, 1975-1977
Box 18
GRE Advanced Literature Test Committee, 1965-1966
(2 folders)
Box 18
Scarlet Letter Test, 1964
Box 18
Ellen Glasgow Society, 1973-1974
Box 18
Essex Institute, 1972-1978
Box 18
Fédération Internationale des Langues et Littératures Modernes (FILLM), 1963-1969
Box 18
International Association of University Professors of English (IAUPE), 1961-1977
Box 18
Institute of American Studies (West Virginia Wesleyan College), 1959
Box 18
Louisiana State University, Dept. of English, 1937-1952
(2 folders)
Box 18
Marquis Library Society, 1969-1974
Box 18
Melville Society of America, 1973, 1979
Box 18
Modern Humanities Research Association (MHRA), 1966-1969, 1978
Box 18
Committee on Curricula, 1950-1951
Box 19
Committee on Definitive Editions, 1950-1951
Box 19
Committee on Library Manuscript Holdings, 1950-1951
Box 19
Committee on a Monographic Series, 1950-1951
Box 19
Committee on Resources for Research, 1950-1951
Box 19
Committee on Trends in Research, 1949-1952
Box 19
Program Planning, 1966-1967
Box 20
British Commonwealth Literature Conference, 1958
Box 20
Center for Editions of American Authors (CEAA), 1968-1973
(2 folders)
Box 20
Conference on Scholarly Editions of American Authors, 1962
Box 20
Conference on Southern Literature, 1958-1959
Box 20
New University Conference, 1968-1969
Box 20
PMLA
Box 20
Scholar's Library Selection Committee, 1968-1971
Box 20
Nathaniel Hawthorne Society, 1980
(2 folders)
Box 20
Establishment, 1965 (National Foundation for the Arts and Sciences Act)
Box 20
Senior Fellowship Award, 1972-1974
Box 20
Summer Seminars for College Teachers, 1976-1977
Box 20
Media Program Panel, 1976
Box 20
Division of Research Grants, 1975-1978
Box 21
Advisory Council, 1965
Box 22
Commission on Literature, 1964-1968
(5 folders)
Box 22
Committee on the Education of College Teachers of English, 1963-1964
Box 22
Conference on English Education, 1964, 1966
Box 22
Copyright Law (HR4347), 1965
Box 22
English Teacher Preparation Study, 1965
Box 22
North Carolina Literary and Historical Association (NCLHA), 1959-1960, 1963, 1971-1978
(2 folders)
Box 23
North Carolina English Teachers Association (NCETA), 1954-1957, 1964-1970
(3 folders)
Box 23
Phi Beta Kappa, 1965
Box 23
Poe Studies Association (PSA), 1977-1978
Box 23
Popular Culture Association (PCA), 1971
Box 23
Society of American Historians, 1950-1958, 1960-1967, 1970-1978
(3 folders)
Box 23
Society for the Study of Southern Literature (SSSL), 1974-1975, 1978-1979
Box 23
American Literature Section, 1954-1957
(2 folders)
Box 23
Panel on Publishing, 1973-1975
Box 23
Miscellaneous, 1960, 1977
Box 23
South Atlantic Quarterly Board of Editors, 1955-1972
(6 folders)
Box 23
South-Central Modern Language Association (SCMLA), 1953-1971, 1977-1978
Box 24
Southeastern American Studies Association (SEASA), 1955-1966, 1972-1978
(8 folders)
Box 24
Southern Historical Association (Journal of Southern History), 1948-1955, 1975
Box 24
Southern Humanities Conference, 1955-1957, 1965
Box 24
Sut Society, 1962, 1965
Box 24

The Printed Material Series is comprised of clippings, newsletters, pamphlets, reprints, and publications related to American Literature. This series includes materials from the Educational Testing Service (ETS), memorabilia from Turner's time at the University of Hull in England, literary magazines, and miscellaneous clippings primarily regarding Southern writers (specifically North Carolina authors), William Faulkner, and the New Critics (aka The Fugitives).

Printed Materials
(15 folders)
Box 25

The Writings and Speeches Series is comprised primarily of copies of Turner's speeches, articles, and abstracts, as well as correspondence and contractual information regarding them. This series also includes a complete typed manuscript of Turner's Hawthorne biography with handwritten edits. The Writings and Speeches Series also contains two folders of writings about Turner: one folder of materials which Turner himself authored or compiled, including several versions of his curriculum vita and a brief autobiography with transcripts attached, and one folder of materials written by others, including tributes and obituaries. Turner's writings are arranged chronologically at the front of the box, followed by writings by others.

1938, Fiction of the Bayou Country,The Saturday Review
Box 26
1952-1954, 1969 and undated, Speech Notes - Misc.
Box 26
1964, Problems of Literary Authorship in the South Since the Civil War, Simpson College Lecture
Box 26
1965, William Faulkner and the Revolution in Southern Literature, Mars Hill College Symposium
Box 26
1965-1973, American Bibliographic Center Abstracts
Box 26
1970, Local Color Writing in the South, 1865-1900, Indiana University Lecture
Box 26
1973, Comedy and Reality in Local Color Fiction, 1865-1900, Voice of America Forum Series (Comic Imagination in American Literature)
Box 26
1980, Nathaniel Hawthorne: A biography (typescript)
Box 26
undated, Writings - Misc.
Box 26
1980 and undated, Arlin Turner, Writings about, by Turner
Box 26
1977, 1980, Arlin Turner, Writings about, by others
[contains transparency of Turner, 1977]
Box 26
1975, Hampden-Sydney Literary Symposium Manuscript
Box 26
1976, Doonesbury,The Art of Garry Trudeau (Student Paper)
Box 26
undated, Misc.
Box 26

Historical Note

DateEvent(s)
1909Born November 25 in Abilene, Tex.
1927Received B.A. from West Texas State University
1930Received M.A. from the University of Texas
1934Received Ph.D. from the University of Texas
1934-1936Instructor at the University of Texas
1936-1953Professor of English at Louisiana State University
1941Published Hawthorne as Editor
1942-1946Served in U.S. Naval Reserve
1947-1948Awarded Guggenheim Fellowship
1951Visiting Professor, University of Montreal. Visiting Professor, University of Colorado
1952Awarded Fulbright appointment to University of Western Australia
1953-1979Professor of English, Duke University
1956Published George W. Cable: A Biography
1957Visiting Professor, University of Texas
1958Visiting Professor, University of Virginia
1958-1964Chairman, Duke University Department of English
1959-1960Awarded Guggenheim Fellowship
1960Published Mark Twain and George W. Cable: The Record of a Literary Friendship
1961Visiting Professor, University of Illinois
1961Published Nathaniel Hawthorne: An Introduction and Interpretation
1962Visiting Professor, University of Iowa
1963Visiting Professor, New York University
1964Visiting Professor, University of Bombay
1966-1967Awarded Fulbright appointment to University of Hull, Hull, England
1968Visiting Professor, University of Pennsylvania
1969Huntington Library Research Award
1973-1974Awarded Senior Fellowship, National Endowment for the Humanities
1974Awarded James B. Duke Professorship
1976Received Doctor of Humane Letters from Berea College, Ky.
1978Visiting Professor, State University of New York
1979Appointed Therese Kayser Lindsey Professor of Literature, Southwest Texas State University
1980Published Nathaniel Hawthorne, a biography.
1980Died, April 24 in Austin, Tex.

Organizational Service Biography

The following lists selected offices and leadership roles held by Turner in professional organizations as documented in this collection. Turner was active in other professional groups that are not represented in his papers. The dates reflect the years of the highest positions he held and do not represent the total period of his membership or leadership. The organizations are listed alphabetically.

DateEvent(s)
1956-1967American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS)
Regional Associate, 1956-1967
Fellowship Selection Committee, 1961-1963, 1965-1966
1954-1979American Literature
Managing Editor, 1954-1963
Editor, 1969-1979
1955-1972American Studies Association (ASA)
Advisory Council, 1955-1957, 1967-1972
Executive Committee, 1958-1959
Vice President, 1969-1970
1956-1968Committee for International Exchange of Persons, (CIEP), Conference Board of Associated Research Councils (CBC)
Member, Committee for American Studies 1956-1960, 1962-1963, 1967-1968
Chairman, Committee for American Studies, 1957-1960
1949-1967Modern Language Association (MLA)
Secretary, American Literature Section, 1949-1967
Chairman, American Literature Section, 1966-1967
1961-1966National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE)
Director, 1961-1964
Director, Commission on Literature, 1964-1966
1968-1976National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)
Chairman, Fellowship Selection Committee, 1968-1972
Member, Advisory Panel on Media Programs, 1976
1956-1957South Atlantic Modern Language Association (SAMLA)
Chairman, American Literature Section, 1956-1957
1956-1979South Atlantic Quarterly
Member, Editorial Board 1956-1979
1955-1972Southeastern American Studies Association (SEASA)
Vice-President, 1955-1956, 1968-1970
President, 1956-1957, 1970-1972

Henry Arlin Turner, a professor of English and Literature, is best known for his scholarship on Nathaniel Hawthorne and George Washington Cable. His interests also included Edgar Allan Poe, Herman Melville, Mark Twain, William Faulkner, Southern Literature, and American Humor writings. Turner authored, edited, or reviewed an extensive list of publications on these subjects, in addition to the monographs listed above.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Arlin Turner Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Arlin Turner Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as gifts in 1980, 1986, 1987, and 1996. Portions of this collection were transferred from Duke University Archives in 2002.

Processing Information

Processed by Cat Saleeby

Finding aid edited by Ruth E. Bryan

Completed August 2002

Encoded by Cat Saleeby

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.