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Guide to the Philip Turner Papers, 1751-1858, 1881 and undated

Abstract

Philip Turner (1740-1815) was a noted surgeon from Norwich, Connecticut and New York, New York.

The Philip Turner Papers Collection spans from 1751 to 1858 and contains correspondence, military hospital returns, printed material, and ledgers documenting Philip Turner's career as a surgeon in private practice in Norwich, Connecticut and New York, New York, in the Continental Army, and in the United States Army. Items include correspondence with George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, William Eustis, Henry Dearborn, John Morgan, William Shippen, and other prominent Americans. Also includes materials on Turner's family. Acquired as part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Turner, Philip.
Title
Philip Turner papers, 1751-1858, 1881 and undated
Language of Material
English
Extent
6.0 Linear Feet, 675 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

The Philip Turner Papers Collection spans from 1751 to 1858 and contains correspondence, military hospital returns, printed material, and ledgers documenting Philip Turner's career as a surgeon in private practice in Norwich, Connecticut and New York, New York, in the Continental Army, and in the United States Army. Turner served in the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812, during which he was stationed at Fort Columbus, New York. Included are an extensive collection of military hospital returns from the Eastern Department of the Continental Army describing the state of the Army's sick and wounded and spanning the years 1777 to 1780. Also included is correspondence with George Washington, Tench Coxe, and William Eustis about the procurement of medical supplies and the organization of the Army's medical department during the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. After the Revolutionary War, Turner felt that he had not received due compensation for his service, and the collection contains extensive correspondence relating to the decades-long effort of Turner and his heirs to receive this compensation from Congress. This correspondence includes letters to and from Thomas Jefferson, Henry Dearborn, John Morgan, William Shippen, and other prominent Americans. Additional correspondence, especially with Daniel Parker, Chief Clerk of the War Department, documents Turner's efforts to secure a commission during the War of 1812.

Also included in the collection are correspondence, financial and legal papers, and poetry relating to Turner's family. The majority of this series is addressed to or stems from John Turner and Nancy Turner, two of Philip Turner's children. Correspondents represented include Judith Sargent Murray, American essayist and advocate for women's rights, and her husband, John Murray. Some of the material is related to the efforts of John Turner and John Turner Wait (Philip Turner's grandson) to receive compensation for Turner's Revolutionary War service. The collection also includes a small hide-covered trunk bearing the initials A.T., possibly belonging to Turner's mother Ann.

Acquired as part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Small hide-covered trunk decorated with round nailheads that form the initials A.T. The trunk could have belonged to Turner's mother, whose maiden name was Anne Huntington Adgate.

Trunk, probably 18th c.
Box 1

Contains personal and professional correspondence chiefly relating to Turner's private practice. Topics include a trip Turner took to Charleston, South Carolina in 1792, requests for Turner's medical services and advice, and two letters asking Turner to cover a debt owed to his son-in-law. Significant correspondents are many, including Revolutionary War period military officials and physicians; there is also an exchange of two letters between Turner and George Washington on the topic of Turner's plan to reorganize the medical department of the Continental Army (the plan is not included), and eight letters from Turner to Thomas Jefferson (1805-1807) regarding Turner's claim for proper compensation for his military service and Turner's views of Jefferson's political situation. Also included is a letter from Judith Sargent Murray to Turner's wife, Lucy, concerning Turner's daughter Elizabeth's visit to Sargent Murray. Many other pieces of correspondence are also located in the Peace Service in New York, Revolutionary War, Turner Family Papers, and War of 1812 Series. Arranged in chronological order.

Letter, Nov., 1789, from Hannah Abell, Norwich, Conn., to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 30 Nov., 1790, from Judith Sargent Murray, Gloucester, Mass., to Lucy Turner
Box 2
Letter, 7 Sept., 1792, from Philip Turner, Norwich, Conn., to Dr. David Olyphant, Newport
Box 2
Letter, 12 Sept., 1792, from Philip Turner, Norwich, Conn., to Dr. David Olyphant
Box 2
Memorandum, 18 Sept., 1792, from Philip Turner
Box 2
Certificate, 3 Nov., 1800, from Robert Benson, New York
Box 2
Letter, 24 July, 1803, from Malachi Foot, Benjamin Prince, Daniel D. Walters, and Philip D. Keteltas, New York, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 5 Aug., 1803, from Edward Livingston to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 14 Nov., 1803, from unknown to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 14 Nov., 1803, from W. Leffingwell, New Haven, to Philip Turner, New York
Box 2
Letter, 7 Jan., 1804, from John Franks to Philip Turner, New York
Box 2
Letter, 19 Jan., 1804, from Colonel Graham to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 11 Feb., 1804, from John Franks, Southhold, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 16 Jan., 1805, from Perez Jones, New York, to Philip Turner, New York
Box 2
Letter, 4 Feb., 1806, from Cornelius Cooper, New York, to Philip Turner, New York
Box 2
Letter, 31 Mar., 1806, from Dr. Sage, Sag Harbor, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 28 Aug., 1808, from Clarissa Turner, Lancaster, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 20 Nov., 1808, from Mr. Weston, New York, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 17 Mar., 1809, from J.E.A. Masters, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 17 Mar., 1809, from Charles Carew, New London, to Philip Turner, New York
Box 2
Letter, 8 May, 1809, from R. Chandernette, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 12 May, 1809, from Commanding Officer, Ellis Island, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 15 Feb., 1810, from S. Williams, New York, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 28 May, 1812, from Philip Turner, New York, to Joel Austin Wallingford
Box 2
Letter, 12 Sept., 1812, from W. Sheldon, New York, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 29 Mar., 1813, from J. Thomas, Worcester, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Memorandum, 1813, The Case of Mrs. Vanderventer and the Cause of her Death, from Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 3 Feb., 1780, from Philip Turner, Danbury, to George Washington, Morristown
Box 2
Letter, 24 Feb., 1780, from George Washington, Morristown, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 10 Oct., 1805, from Philip Turner, New York, to Thomas Jefferson
Box 2
Letter, 18 Oct., 1805, from Thomas Jefferson, Washington, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 18 Nov., 1805, from Philip Turner, New York, to Thomas Jefferson
Box 2
Letter, 28 Dec., 1805, from Philip Turner, New York, to Thomas Jefferson
Box 2
Letter, 28 Jan., 1806, from Philip Turner, New York, to Thomas Jefferson
Box 2
Letter, 28 Feb., 1806, from Philip Turner, to Thomas Jefferson
Box 2
Letter, 16 June, 1806, from Philip Turner, New York, to Thomas Jefferson
Box 2
Letter, 21 July, 1807, from Philip Turner, to Thomas Jefferson
Box 2

Drafts and receipts made out to Philip Turner, the majority for his medical care in Norwich, Connecticut and New York, New York. Also included are a draft made out to Capt. Philip Turner (Turner's father) by Benedict Arnold Sr. (father of the notable son of the same name), the Norwich land deed made out to Turner's father, an account ledger for John Morgan kept during the Revolutionary War, and two financial ledgers documenting Turner's private practice.

Drafts, deeds, and receipts, 1751-1810 (2 folders)
Box 2
Ledgers, undated
Box 2
Financial ledger: private practice, 1784-1801
Box 6
Financial ledger: private practice, 1811-1815
Box 7

Two volumes: "Philip Turner's Day-Book, March 19, 1803" and "Philip Turner's Medical Collections and Experimental Observations" (circa 1774-1801). Originally used to record information on Turner's patients, more than half the pages in the daybook have been pasted over with later newspaper clippings (circa 1830s), presumably by Turner's grandson, John Turner Wait, whose name appears on the inside cover of the volume.

"Philip Turner's Medical Collections and Experimental Observations" (circa 1774-1801)
Box 7

Chiefly correspondence relating to Turner's assignment as surgeon's mate at Fort Columbus on Governor's Island, New York. Correspondents include William Eustis (then Secretary of War), Henry Dearborn, Thomas Tudor Tucker (Treasurer of the United States), William Simmons (accountant of the War Department), and Tench Coxe (purveyor of public supplies). The majority of the correspondence deals with the ordering and delivery of medical supplies for Fort Columbus, in particular the absence of supplies and complaints about the problems associated with their delivery. Also included are correspondence and several documents detailing Turner's pay for his service.

Letter, 7 Feb., 1809, from Henry Dearborn, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Ms.,Subsistence Account of Philip Turner, post surgeon's Mate at Ellis's and Bedlows Islands in New York Bay,Apr. 7, 1809
Box 2
Letter, 27 Apr., 1809, from William Eustis, Washington, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Ms., P. Turner's Account for medical services, subsistence and storage from the 7th of Feb. to the 7th of May 1809
Box 2
Letter, 6 June, 1809, from William Eustis, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 6 July, 1809, from William Simmons, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 8 July, 1809, from Tench Coxe, Philadelphia, to Philip Turner, New York
Box 2
Letter, 16 July, 1809, from Philip Turner, New York, to Callender Irvine
Box 2
Letter, 19 July, 1809, from Callender Irvine, Philadelphia, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 9 Sept., 1809, from Charles Gardner, Fort Columbus, to Philip Turner, New York
Box 2
Letter, 28 Sept., 1809, from William Eustis, Boston, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 30 Sept., 1809, from William Simmons, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Ms., P. Turner's Account from the 1st of July to the 30th of Sept., 1809
Box 2
Letter, 4 Nov., 1809, from Philip Turner, New York, to William Eustis
Box 2
Letter, 20 Dec., 1809, from William Eustis, to Philip Turner, New York
Box 2
Letter, 2 Jan., 1810, from William Simmons, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 17 Feb., 1810, from Philip Turner, New York, to William Eustis
Box 2
Letter, 7 May, 1810, from Philip Turner, New York, to Tench Coxe
Box 2
Letter, 18 May, 1810, from Philip Turner, New York, to Richard Reece, London, England
Box 2
Letter, 19 May, 1810, from Tench Coxe, to Philip Turner, New York
Box 2
Letter, 28 May, 1810, from Callender Irvine, to Philip Turner, New York
Box 2
Letter, 3 Oct., 1810, from Thomas Tudor Tucker, Washington, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 12 Nov., 1810, from William Eustis, to Philip Turner, New York
Box 2
Letter, 29 Nov., 1810, from William Simmons, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, Nov., 1810, from Philip Turner, New York, to William Simmons
Box 2
Letter, 3 June, 1811, from Philip Turner, Fort Columbus, New York, to Tench Coxe, Philadelphia
Box 2
Letter, 6 June, 1811, from Tench Coxe, Philadelphia, to Philip Turner, Fort Columbus, New York
Box 2
Letter, 10 June, 1811, from Philip Turner, Fort Columbus, New York, to Tench Coxe, Philadelphia
Box 2
Letter, 11 June, 1811, from Tench Coxe, Philadelphia, to Philip Turner, Fort Columbus, New York
Box 2
Letter, 26 July, 1811, from Philip Turner, New York, to William Simmons
Box 2
Letter, 29 Sept., 1811, from Philip Turner, New York, to William Eustis
Box 2
Letter, 29 Sept., 1811, from Philip Turner, New York, to William Simmons
Box 2
Letter, 12 Oct., 1811, from Philip Turner, Fort Columbus, to William Simmons
Box 2
Letter, undated, from Philip Turner, to Tench Coxe
Box 2

Arranged into four subseries documenting Philip Turner's service as a surgeon during the Revolutionary War. The Correspondence Subseries includes letters to and from John Morgan, William Shippen, Roger Sherman, and Samuel Huntington. Topics in the correspondence include Turner's military orders from John Morgan, as well as orders issued by Turner and others, regulations from William Eustis for the military hospital in Danbury, Connecticut, and discussions about the procurement of supplies.

The Military Hospital Returns Subseries documents the medical state of the Continental Army's sick and wounded in the Eastern Department (including New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut) during the Revolutionary War. The subseries consists of weekly reports sent to Turner from military hospitals in towns in the Eastern Department listing the number of patients admitted and discharged, and the number of patients with a variety of illnesses, including dysentery, fever, and rheumatism, as well as those wounded in battle. These hospital return forms are for the most part standardized and handwritten, with several using printed forms.

The Printed Materials Subseries contains Congressional resolutions concerning the establishment and running of military hospitals.

The Revolutionary War Claims Subseries contains correspondence relating to the efforts of Turner and his heirs from 1779 to 1858 to receive from Congress what Turner considered proper compensation for his military service. The discrepancies resulted from a disagreement as to Turner's exact rank and to the resulting difference in pay. In an effort to receive compensation, Turner wrote numerous letters to Secretary of War Henry Dearborn, and corresponded with a number of prominent individuals, including General Huntington, William Eustis, and Joseph B. Varnum. Turner also submitted petitions to Congress and to the Connecticut General Assembly. Other correspondence with Thomas Jefferson relating to Turner's Revolutionary War claims can be found in the Correspondence Series.

Letter, 4 Nov., 1776, from John Morgan, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 10 Nov., 1776, from John Morgan, camp near White Plains, to unknown
Box 2
Letter, Nov., 1776, from John Morgan, to the Regimental Surgeons
Box 2
Letter, 9 May, 1777, from John Morgan, Boston, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 18 Apr., 1778, from John Morgan, New Haven, to Philip Turner, Danbury
Box 2
Letter, 30 Apr., 1778, from Philip Turner, to Isaac Foster
Box 2
Letter, 17 Apr., 1778, from Edwin Bulkley, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 18 Aug., 1778, from Edwin Bulkley, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 17 Sept., 1778, from Philip Turner, Danbury, to Lieutenant Mack
Box 2
Letter, 16 Nov., 1778, from Philip Turner, Danbury, to Doctor Hosmer
Box 2
Letter, 19 Dec., 1778, Some regulations necessary to be adopted with respect to the General Hospital in Danbury in order to make the patients comfortable and to do them that justice to which they are entitled and which Congress expects they receive,from William Eustis, Danbury, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 16 Mar., 1779, from Philip Turner, Danbury, to William Shippen
Box 2
Letter, 20 Apr., 1779, from William Shippen, Somerset, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 1 June, 1779, from Thomas Fanning, Norwich, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 9 June, 1779, from Abiel Hyde, Norwich, to John Baryan, Danbury
Box 2
Letter, 4 July, 1779, from Philip Turner, Danbury, to unknown
Box 2
Letter, 4 Aug., 1779, from John Tyler, New London, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 19 Aug., 1779, from John Tyler, New London, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 4 Sept., 1779, from John Tyler, New London, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 2 Nov., 1779, from Roger Sherman, Philadelphia, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 1779, from Philip Turner, to William Eustis
Box 2
Letter, 4 Feb., 1780, from Philip Turner, Danbury, to Samuel Huntington
Box 2
Letter, 8 Feb., 1780, from Roger Sherman, Philadelphia, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 16 Apr., 1780, from Philip Turner, Providence, to Doctor Adams
Box 2
Ms., Resolve of Congress, May 1780
Box 2
Letter, 21 June, 1780, from George Bright, New London, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 5 Aug., 1780, from John De La Mater, Boston, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 2 Sept., 1780, from Roger Sherman, Philadelphia, to Philip Turner, Danbury
Box 2
Letter, 24 Nov., 1780, Account sent to Congress from Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 19 Dec., 1780, from William Ledyard, New London, to Philip Turner, Norwich
Box 2
Letter, 15 Jan., 1781, from William Ledyard, New London, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 28 June, 1781, from John De La Mater, Danbury, to Philip Turner
Box 2
Letter, 30 June, 1781, from John Cochran, New London, to Philip Turner, Norwich
Box 2
Letter, 1781, from Philip Turner, to Roger Sherman
Box 2
Letter, undated, from Philip Turner, to John Trumbull
Box 2
Letter, undated, from Philip Turner, to Harry Burton
Box 2
Letter, undated, from Philip Turner, On Dr. Tilton's errand to the Army, to unknown
Box 2
Letter, undated, from Philip Turner, Directions for Doctor Shippen
Box 2
Letter, undated, from Philip Turner, to Mr. Thompson, Hartford
Box 2
Letter, undated, from Philip Turner, to William Shippen
Box 2
Letter, undated, from Philip Turner, to Doctors Adams and Custin
Box 2
Ms., Account of the Money Paid for the use of the Hospital in North [illegible], Paid by Colonel Prentice, undated
Box 2
Letter, undated, from Philip Turner, to the Senior Officer of the Military Hospital at Providence
Box 2
Letter, undated, from Philip Turner, to the Senior Officer of the Military Hospitals, Eastern District
Box 2
Military Hospital Returns, 1777 (1 folder)
Box 2
Military Hospital Returns, 1778 (4 folders)
Box 3
Oversize Military Hospital Returns, 1778 (1 folder)
Oversize Folder 1
Military Hospital Returns, 1779 (2 folders)
Box 3
Miltiary Hospital Returns, 1780 and undated (2 folders)
Box 4
In Congress Resolved...,April 7, 1777
Box 4
Philip Turner, Rules and Directions for the Better Regulating the Military Hospital of the United States, Feb. 6, 1778
Box 4
Plan for Conducting the Hospital Department of the United States, Sept. 30, 1780
Box 4
Revolutionary War Claims, 1779-1858 and undated (5 folders)

Arranged in original order, possibly in groups originally bundled together.

Box 5

Contains correspondence, financial and legal papers, and poetry. The majority of the series is addressed to or stems from John Turner and Nancy Turner, two of Philip Turner's children. Some of the material is related to the efforts of John Turner and John Turner Wait (Philip Turner's grandson) to receive compensation for Turner's Revolutionary War service. Judith Sargent Murray, American essayist and advocate for women's rights, and her husband, John Murray, were friends of the Turners and wrote mainly of family matters as well as one letter from Sargent Murray about the forthcoming publication of her book The Gleaner. The Financial and Legal Papers Subseries includes material from the Department of the Interior Pension Office arranged in original order, as well as the 1812 will for Mehitabel Waterman, of which John Turner is one of the executors. The Writings Subseries includes undated and unsigned poetry and eulogies.

Letter, 8 Sept., 1786, from J. Sargent Murray, Gloucester, Mass., to Mrs. (Lucy) Turner
Box 5
Letter, 22 Aug., 1792, from Julia Maria, to Anna Maria Sargent
Box 5
Letter, 3 Nov., 1797, from J. Sargent Murray, Boston, to Nancy Turner, Norwich
Box 5
Letter, 31 July, 1803, from Eliza A. Pinckney, Charleston, to Nancy Turner, New York
Box 5
Letter, 31 June, 1810, from Geo. Turner to John Turner, Norwich
Box 5
Letter, 31 Mar., 1825, from John Turner, Norwich, to Alexander Richards, Waddington, NY
Box 5
Letter, 18 Sept., 1825, from Mary to Abby Maria Lathrop, New York
Box 5
Letter, 22 Feb., 1826, from John Turner to Alexander Richards, Waddington, NY
Box 5
Ms., 1 May, 1839, Company Orders, 7th Company, 18th Regiment Connecticut Milita
Box 5
Ms., 29, Aug., 1840, Company Orders, 7th Company, 18th Regiment Infantry
Box 5
Letter, 1881, from William McCrady, Cobb, Wis., to John Wait
Box 5
Letter, undated, from John Murray, Boston, to Nancy Turner, Gloucester, Mass.
Box 5
Letter, undated, from Robert Leckie, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, undated, from Philip Turner, to Mrs. King
Box 5
Blank letterhead, Sayles & Welles Cotton Brokers, Norwich, Conn.
Box 5
Financial and legal papers, 1776-1838 and undated (1 folder)
Box 5
Writings, undated (1 folder)
Box 5

Chiefly consists of correspondence relating to Turner's work at Ft. Columbus, in particular the acquisition of supplies and matters relating to Turner's pay. During this period, Turner also attempted to secure a commission. Turner was informed of his appointment as surgeon to the 1st Regiment of Artillery in February 1813, but, as the material in this series shows, an administrative error concerning his first name held up the issuing of his commission. In an effort to correct this mistake, Turner corresponded with Amos Stoddard (Major of the Artillery Corps at Fort Columbus), Henry Dearborn, William Simmons, John Armstrong Jr. (Secretary of War, 1813-1814), Daniel Parker (Chief Clerk of the War Department), and Joseph B. Varnum. Turner also wrote six letters to James Madison and two to James Monroe (then Secretary of War) on the issue of his commission. Turner's commission did not arrive before his death in 1815.

Letter, 31 Mar., 1812, from Philip Turner, to Amos Stoddard, Fort Columbus
Box 5
Letter, 17 Apr., 1812, from Philip Turner, New York, to Henry Dearborn
Box 5
Letter, 24 June, 1812, from Amos Stoddard, Washington, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 27 June, 1812, from Philip Turner, Fort Columbus, New York, to Amos Stoddard
Box 5
Letter, 9 July, 1812, from Amos Stoddard, Washington, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 14 July, 1812, from Philip Turner, Fort Columbus, New York, to Amos Stoddard
Box 5
Letter, 29 Sept., 1812, from William Simmons, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 31 Dec., 1812, from General Armstrong, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 4 Jan., 1813, from Philip Turner, to John Armstrong
Box 5
Letter, 5 Jan., 1813, from Charles Gardner, New York (on behalf of John Armstrong), to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 10 Jan., 1813, from William Eustis, New York, to James Monroe
Box 5
Letter, 11 Jan., 1813, from Philip Turner, New York, to Daniel Parker
Box 5
Letter, 5 Feb., 1813, from Philip Turner, New York, to John Armstrong
Box 5
Letter, 12 Feb., 1813, from Daniel Parker, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 11 Mar., 1813, from Philip Turner, New York, to Daniel Parker
Box 5
Letter, 24 Mar., 1813, from Philip Turner, New York, to William Simmons
Box 5
Letter, 26 Mar., 1813, from Philip Turner, to John Armstrong
Box 5
Letter, Apr., 1813, from unknown, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 1 Apr., 1813, from Thomas Chrystie, New York, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 3 Apr., 1813, from Philip Turner, to William Simmons
Box 5
Letter, 3 Apr., 1813, from Philip Turner, to George Izard
Box 5
Letter, 5 Apr., 1813, from Philip Turner, New York, to Francis Le Baron
Box 5
Letter, 7 Apr., 1813, from Philip Turner, New York, to Francis Le Baron
Box 5
Letter, 10 Apr., 1813, from Thomas Tudor Tucker, Washington, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 18 Apr., 1813, from Philip Turner, to John Armstrong
Box 5
Letter, 18 Apr., 1813, from Philip Turner, Fort Columbus, to Daniel Parker
Box 5
Letter, 29 May, 1813, from Samuel Ackerly to unknown
Box 5
Letter, 4 June, 1813, from Philip Turner, Fort Columbus, to Daniel Parker
Box 5
Letter, 14 June, 1813, from Philip Turner, to George Izard
Box 5
Letter, 10 June, 1813, from Philip Turner, to George Izard
Box 5
Letter, 24 July, 1813, from Philip Turner, to George Izard
Box 5
Letter, 28 July, 1813, from Philip Turner, Fort Columbus, to James Madison
Box 5
Letter, 5 Aug., 1813, from Samuel Ackerly, New York, to Philip Turner, Fort Columbus
Box 5
Letter, 7 Aug., 1813, from Philip Turner, to Captain Hanham
Box 5
Letter, 11 Aug., 1813, from Philip Turner, to Samuel Ackerly
Box 5
Letter, 13 Aug., 1813, from Philip Turner, to Daniel Parker
Box 5
Letter, 13 Aug., 1813, from Samuel Ackerly, New York, to Philip Turner, Fort Columbus
Box 5
Letter, 20 Aug., 1813, from Philip Turner, to Samuel Ackerly
Box 5
Letter, 26 Aug., 1813, from Samuel Ackerly, New York, to Philip Turner, Fort Columbus
Box 5
Letter, 29 Aug., 1813, from Philip Turner, to Samuel Ackerly
Box 5
Ms.,Medicine & Store as per the Class Book of Mr. Cutts
Box 5
Letter, 30 Aug., 1813, from Philip Turner, to Richard Cutts
Box 5
Letter, 11 Sept., 1813, from unknown, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 13 Sept., 1813, from Thomas Chrystie, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 24 Sept., 1813, from John R. Fenwick, New York, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 1 Oct., 1813, from Colonel House, Fort Columbus, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 27 Dec., 1813, from Philip Turner, New York, to Joseph B. Varnum
Box 5
Letter, 1 Jan., 1814, from Philip Turner, New York, to Mr. Bledsoe
Box 5
Letter, 18 Jan., 1814, from Philip Turner, New York, to James Madison
Box 5
Letter, 31 Jan., 1814, from Philip Turner, to John Armstrong
Box 5
Letter, 1 Feb., 1814, from Philip Turner, to Daniel Parker
Box 5
Letter, 5 Feb., 1814, from Philip Turner, to Joseph B. Varnum
Box 5
Letter, 2 Mar., 1814, from Philip Turner, New York, to John Armstrong
Box 5
Letter, 3 Mar., 1814, from Philip Turner, New York, to James Madison
Box 5
Letter, 10 Apr., 1814, from Philip Turner, New York, to John Armstrong
Box 5
Letter, 27 June, 1814, from Philip Turner, New York, to James Madison
Box 5
Letter, 27 June, 1814, from Philip Turner, New York, to James Madison
Box 5
Letter, 2 July, 1814, from Philip Turner, New York, to Daniel Parker
Box 5
Letter, 20 July, 1814, from Philip Turner, to the editor of the National Advocate
Box 5
Letter, 29 July, 1814, from Philip Turner, to Francis Le Baron
Box 5
Ms., Copies of the Orders drawn by Doctor Le Baron, apothecary to Mr. Leefe, druggist, Messrs. Talman and Torry and Major Baron, assistant Quarter-master, 29 July 1814
Box 5
Letter, 18 Aug., 1814, from Philip Turner, New York, to James Madison
Box 5
Letter, 24 Aug., 1814, from Francis Le Baron, New York, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 5 Sept., 1814, from unknown, to Philip Turner
Box 5
Letter, 18 Oct., 1814, from Philip Turner, New York, to James Monroe
Box 5
Letter, 21 Oct., 1814, from Philip Turner, New York, to James Monroe
Box 5
Letter, 18 Nov., 1814, from Philip Turner, New York, to George M. Troup
Box 5
Letter, 2 Feb., 1815, from Philip Turner, New York, to Daniel Parker
Box 5
Letter, undated, from unknown, to Joseph B. Varnum
Box 5
Letter, undated, from Philip Turner, to John Armstrong
Box 5

Historical Note

Philip Turner (1740-1815) was a noted surgeon from Norwich, Connecticut, where he trained under his foster father, Dr. Elisha Tracy. He served with the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, holding the position of Surgeon General of the Eastern Department. After the Revolutionary War, Turner returned to private practice in Norwich, and moved to New York in 1800. He also served as an army surgeon during the French and Indian War (1754-1763) and the War of 1812, when he was stationed at Fort Columbus on Governor's Island, New York. Turner died in 1815.

Philip and Lucy Turner had seven children, two of whom appear as authors of material in the collection. John Turner (1764-1837) was also a doctor in Norwich, Connecticut. Nancy Turner married Marvin Wait in 1810, and had a son, John Turner Wait (1811-1899), who served as a U.S. Representative from Connecticut and also authored material in the collection.

Chronology List

DateEvent(s)
Feb. 25, 1740Philip Turner born in Norwich, Connecticut to Captain Philip Turner and Anne Huntington Adgate.
1758Turner began his military service as a surgeon during the French and Indian War (1754-1763).
April 7, 1763Turner married Lucy Tracy, daughter of Dr. Elisha Tracy.
1775-1783Revolutionary War
June 17, 1775Battle of Bunker Hill. Turner was present as a military surgeon.
July 6, 1775Turner was commissioned surgeon to the 8th Regiment Connecticut troops.
Dec. 16, 1775Turner was discharged from the army.
April 1777Turner received the appointment of Surgeon General of the Hospital, Eastern Department.
1781Turner retired from military service and returned to Norwich, Connecticut to open a private practice.
1800Turner moved to New York, New York.
1802Turner re-entered military service as a surgeon's mate.
Nov. 1809Turner was transferred to Fort Columbus on Governor’s Island.
1812-1815War of 1812
April 20, 1815Turner died at the age of seventy-five.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Philip Turner Papers, History of Medicine Collections, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Philip Turner Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a purchase in 2011.

Processing Information

Processed by Willeke Sandler, December 2011

Encoded by Willeke Sandler, December 2011

Accession(s) described in this finding aid: 2011-0206

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.