Guide to the Alice Mary Baldwin Papers, 1863 - 1961


Alice Mary Baldwin (1879-1960) was a professor of history and administrator at the Woman's College of Duke University for almost 25 years. She researched and published widely, made many speeches, and served as a national advocate for women's education. The Alice Mary Baldwin Papers include correspondence, personal materials, speeches, photographs, clippings, printed materials, artifacts, and other materials documenting her personal and professional life. Major subjects include women's education, women in higher education, administration of a woman's college, vocational guidance, and employment for women. Baldwin's major research interest was the colonial clergy in the United States, and she also took an active interest in contemporary labor issues. Several organizations with which Baldwin took a major interest were the U.S. Navy Waves, the American Association of University Women, the Southern School for Workers, and the Duke University Woman's College as a whole.

Descriptive Summary

Alice Mary Baldwin papers 1863 - 1961
Baldwin, Alice M. (Alice Mary), 1879-1960.
13.25 Linear Feet, , 12500 Items
University Archives, Duke University
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult University Archives, Duke University.

Collection Overview

The Alice M. Baldwin Papers contain materials relating to Dean Baldwin's career as an educator, historian, and administrator, especially during her tenure at Duke University. Her papers include official, personal, and professional correspondence, printed matter, photographs, clippings, and other materials concerning the development and administration of the Woman's College at Duke University, the role of women's colleges in society, and the activities of business and professional women. Correspondents include other women educators, administrators of government offices and charitable and social organizations, former students, and Duke University faculty and staff. Among the major subjects besides the Woman's College are the Southern School for Workers, Inc., North Carolina and Southern labor issues, the U.S. Navy Waves program, and the education of women in general. The collection is organized into several series. The first series, Personal, includes documents related to Baldwin's family, genealogy, and education. The second series, Correspondence, consists of materials concerning her research and publications as well as general correspondence. Major correspondents include Nora C. Chaffin, Charles C. Crittenden, Katherine E. Gilbert, Meta Glass, Orie L. Hatcher, Louise McLaren, and Belle Rankin. The series is organized chronologically.

The third series, the Alphabetical File, is the largest series of the collection, and consists of professional and personal correspondence, student papers, and the office files of Baldwin. The file is arranged alphabetically by subject. Among the organizations Baldwin had an interest in were the American Association of University Women, the Institute of Women's Professional Relations, the National Association of Deans of Women, and the North Carolina Council of Women in Education. She also served on the boards of various state and federal commissions and committees dealing with the role of women's colleges in society. Her participation in the U.S. Navy Waves program is well-documented, as is her interest in the Southern School for Workers and other progressive organizations. The fourth series is Writings, which includes final versions, drafts and notes for a number of monographs and articles. Included are extensive notes from her graduate research on New England clergy. Of particular interest in this series is a 90-page manuscript, "The Woman's College As I Remember It," Baldwin's account of her hiring as the first woman with faculty rank at Duke, and the academic challenges involved in the establishment of the Coordinate College for Women there.

The fifth series is Speeches and Addresses, and is comprised primarily of notecards used by Baldwin in making presentations to a variety of groups. The next series is Photographs, and includes photographs of a European trip and excursions to the New England shore, as well as other personal photos. The sixth series is Clippings, and includes clippings on churches, labor relations, and prohibition. The following series is Printed Materials, and consists of several bound volumes, including the "Baldwin Annual" of the Baldwin School, dedicated to Alice Mary Baldwin, and J.B. Rhine's New World of the Mind, dedicated to Baldwin by the author. The final series, Artifacts, consists of two pins given to Baldwin Delta Gamma Kappa and Phi Beta Kappa, and a key from Duke University's White Duchy.

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Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

Records, such as search committee files or others pertaining to employment where individuals are identified, are closed for 70 years.

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Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Contents of the Collection

The Personal series contains materials related to Baldwin's life outside of her Duke career. It includes awards and honors, biographical information, materials pertaining to her education, family and genealogical documents, and articles, tributes, and other documents created after Baldwin's death in 1960. Other personal materials related to this series may be found in the Photographs and the Artifacts series. Baldwin's writings completed during her education are filed in the Education series. Materials are arranged in alphabetical order.

Awards and Honors, 1946-1955, [undated]
Box 1 Folder 1
Biographical Information, 1934-1946, [undated]
Box 1 Folder 2
Church Materials, [undated]
Box 1 Folder 3
Composition Book in handwriting of Alice Mary Baldwin, [undated]
Box 1 Folder 4
Correspondence, [undated]
Box 1 Folder 5
Assignments, 1922-1923, [undated]
Box 1 Folder 6
Bibliographies, [undated]
Box 1 Folder 7
Certificates and Applications, 1915-1921
Box 1 Folder 8
"The Congregational Clergy of New England in the American Revolution," [undated]
Box 1 Folder 9
Examination Books, [undated]
Box 1 Folder 10
Master of Arts Thesis, [undated]
Box 1 Folder 11
"The Ministers of the Gospel in Revolutionary Days," August, 1922
Box 1 Folder 12
Notes and Clippings, [undated]
Box 1 Folder 13
Notes and Drafts, [undated]
Box 1 Folder 14
Notes and Examination Questions, 1923, [undated]
Box 2 Folder 15
Notes for History 20, [undated]
Box 2 Folder 16
Paper written in application of fellowship, [undated]
Box 2 Folder 17
Reprints, [undated]
Box 2 Folder 18
Covenant, 1862
Box 2 Folder 19
Diary of Sarah L. Baldwin [mother of A.M.B.], 1877-1885
Box 2 Folder 20
Sermon by Fritz Walter Baldwin [father of A.M.B.], January 17, 1904
Box 2 Folder 21
Box 2 Folder 22-26
Clippings, 1960-1963
Box 3 Folder 27
Statements, 1960-1961
Box 3 Folder 28
Photos, Writings, and Correspondence donated by Louise Seabolt, circa 1920-1960
Box 3 Folder 29
"Possessions of Alice M. Baldwin," [undated]
Box 3 Folder 30
Miscellaneous Materials, [undated]
Box 3 Folder 31

The Correspondence series contains chronologically arranged letters to and from Baldwin. It contains both personal correspondence with friends and professional correspondence with colleagues. This series is closely related to the Alphabetical Files series, but the Correspondence series contains only correspondence, and is classified only by date, not by name.

1897, 1921-1928
Folder 32
Folder 33
Folder 34
Folder 35
Folder 36
Folder 37
Folder 38
January, 1937-June, 1937
Folder 39
July, 1937-December, 1937
Folder 40
Folder 41
Folder 42
January, 1940-June, 1940
Folder 43
July, 1940-December, 1940
Folder 44
January, 1941-June, 1941
Folder 45
July, 1941-December, 1941
Box 4 Folder 46
January, 1942-June, 1942
Box 4 Folder 47
July, 1942-December, 1942
Box 4 Folder 48
Box 4 Folder 49
Box 4 Folder 50
January, 1945-June, 1945
Box 4 Folder 51
July, 1945-December, 1945
Box 4 Folder 52
January, 1946-June, 1946
Box 4 Folder 53
July, 1946-December, 1946
Box 4 Folder 54
January, 1947-June, 1947
Box 5 Folder 55
July, 1947-December, 1947
Box 5 Folder 56
Box 5 Folder 57
1957-1960, [undated]
Box 5 Folder 58

The Alphabetical Files series is organized by the name of the person or organization with whom Baldwin corresponded. The materials in this series were mainly collected during Baldwin's career at Duke. Topics include Duke policies and problems, especially related to the Woman's College; Baldwin's participation in national and regional professional organizations; World War II and Baldwin's participation in the U.S. Navy Waves program; Baldwin's participation in progressive organizations such as the Southern School for Workers and the Southern Conference on Human Welfare.

Addoms, Ruth Margery, "Science in a Woman's College," [undated]
Folder 59
Address List, [undated]
Folder 60
Folder 61
Folder 62
Folder 63
Folder 64
Folder 65
Folder 66
Box 6 Folder 67
North Carolina Division, 1929-1936, [undated]
Box 6 Folder 68
Other Material, 1924-1934, [undated]
Box 6 Folder 69-70
Correspondence, 1936-1938
Box 6 Folder 71
Correspondence, 1939
Box 6 Folder 72
Other Materials, 1936-1939
Box 6 Folder 73
American Council on Education - War Service Opportunities, 1942-1943
Box 6 Folder 74
American Council on Education - War Service Opportunities, 1942-1943
Box 7 Folder 75
Balayan, Beatrice, 1934-1942
Box 7 Folder 76
Bibliographies, [undated]
Box 7 Folder 77
Brinkley, Roberta Florence, 1948-1958
Box 7 Folder 78
Box 7 Folder 79
Box 7 Folder 80
Other Material, circa 1930s - 1940s
Box 7 Folder 81-82
Chapter Scholarship Committee [Delta Kappa Gamma], 1934-1953
Box 8 Folder 83
Chicago University, History Department, [undated]
Box 8 Folder 84
China's Children Fund, Inc., 1939
Box 8 Folder 85
Box 8 Folder 86
Box 8 Folder 87
Box 8 Folder 88
Council of Guidance and Personnel, 1940-1946
Box 8 Folder 89
Craighead Ministers, [undated]
Box 8 Folder 90
Daughters of the American Revolution, 1946
Box 8 Folder 91
Box 8 Folder 92
January, 1939-February, 1939
Box 9 Folder 93
March, 1939
Box 9 Folder 94
April, 1939-1940, [undated]
Box 9 Folder 95
Committee of the Co-Ordinate College for Women, 1925-1931, [undated]
Box 9 Folder 96
Committee on Intellectual Cooperation [between Duke and UNC], 1934-1937
Box 9 Folder 97
Committee on Promotion of Student Scholarship, 1937
Box 9 Folder 98
Committees, 1928-1932, [undated]
Box 9 Folder 99
Conference on Education as Guidance, 1939
Box 9 Folder 100
1925-1945, [undated]
Box 9 Folder 101
Minutes, 1930-1943
Box 9 Folder 102
Council on Undergraduate Teaching, 1936-1942, [undated]
Box 10 Folder 103
Duke Players, 1934-1947
Box 10 Folder 104
Educational Research Committee, 1941
Box 10 Folder 105
EKO-L, circa 1936
Box 10 Folder 106
Explorer's Club, circa 1931-1938, 1964 [includes photographs]
Box 10 Folder 107
Faculty, 1944-1947
Box 10 Folder 108
Fine Arts Department, 1928-1942, [undated]
Box 10 Folder 109
ISOTES, circa 1938-1939
Box 10 Folder 110
National Council, 1947-1960
Box 10 Folder 111
1944-1946, [undated]
Box 10 Folder 112
[no date]
Box 10 Folder 113
Parapsychology Laboratory, 1935-1945, [undated]
Box 10 Folder 114
(Department of) Physical Education for Women, 1931-1946, [undated]
Box 11 Folder 115
Presbyterian Student Association, 1941-1945
Box 11 Folder 116
Schedule Committee, 1934-1942, [undated]
Box 11 Folder 117
Sociology Department, "Marriage and Family" Course, 1934-1938
Box 11 Folder 118
Box 11 Folder 119
1943-1946, [undated]
Box 11 Folder 120
Trinity College Historical Society, 1944
Box 11 Folder 121
War Time Schedule, 1942-1943
Box 11 Folder 122
White Duchy, 1938-1948
Box 11 Folder 123
Admissions, circa 1954
Box 11 Folder 124
Debating Club, 1934-1939, [undated]
Box 11 Folder 125
Dormitories, 1925-1933, [undated]
Box 11 Folder 126
Faculty Minutes, 1932-1934
Box 11 Folder 127
Gifts, 1935-1942
Box 11 Folder 128
Health Committee, 1936-1942
Box 11 Folder 129
May Day Program, 1928-1938, [undated]
Box 11 Folder 130
Box 12 Folder 131
Box 12 Folder 132
Box 12 Folder 133
Music Study Club, 1931-1945, [undated]
Box 12 Folder 134
Programs, 1938-1941, [undated]
Box 12 Folder 135
Social Regulations, 1930-1944, [undated]
Box 12 Folder 136
Student Forum Committee, 1934-1948
Box 12 Folder 137
Student Publications, 1931
Box 12 Folder 138
Box 12 Folder 139
1940-1947, [undated]
Box 12 Folder 140
Young Men's Christian Association, 1937
Box 12 Folder 141
Duke University Church, 1946-1947, [undated]
Box 12 Folder 142
Durham, N.C., Girls Guardian Club, 1943
Box 12 Folder 143
English Speaking Union, 1940-1941
Box 12 Folder 144
Ewha College, Seoul, Korea, 1935-1947, [undated]
Box 12 Folder 145
Gilbert, Katherine Everett, [undated]
Box 13 Folder 146
Historical Society of North Carolina, 1940-1946
Box 13 Folder 147
Institute of Women's Professional Relations, 1927-1944
Box 13 Folder 148
International Student Service, 1938-1941
Box 13 Folder 149
League of Nations Association, 1931-1932
Box 13 Folder 150
Correspondence, 1926-1934, [undated]
Box 13 Folder 151
Clippings and Other Materials, 1932-1934, [undated]
Box 13 Folder 152
Box 13 Folder 153
1938-1947, [undated]
Box 13 Folder 154
National Vocational Guidance Association, 1939, [undated]
Box 13 Folder 155
Box 13 Folder 156
Box 13 Folder 157
Box 13 Folder 158
North Carolina College Conference, 1939-1946, [undated]
Box 14 Folder 159
North Carolina Council of Women in Education, 1930-1932, [undated]
Box 14 Folder 160
North Carolina Education Association, 1942
Box 14 Folder 161
North Carolina State Art Society, 1942-1949
Box 14 Folder 162
North Carolina State Forum Committee, 1938-1939, [undated]
Box 14 Folder 163
North Carolina Unemployment Compensation Commission, 1941-1943, [undated]
Box 14 Folder 164
Box 14 Folder 165
January, 1938-April, 1938
Box 14 Folder 166
May, 1938-December, 1938
Box 14 Folder 167
January, 1939-May, 1939
Box 14 Folder 168
June, 1938-December, 1938
Box 14 Folder 169
Box 14 Folder 170
Box 14 Folder 171
Nursery Schools, 1954, [undated]
Box 15 Folder 172
Peoples Mandate to End War, 1939
Box 15 Folder 173
Personnel Associations, 1945-1946, [undated]
Box 15 Folder 174
Box 15 Folder 175
1940-1947, [undated]
Box 15 Folder 176
Pi Gamma Mu, 1937
Box 15 Folder 177
Placemats and Napkins, 1939-1947
Folder 178 [Note: Drawings for placemats by Alice M. Baldwin are stored in oversize flat file 37.]
Presbyterian Church Circle, [undated]
Box 15 Folder 179
Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, 1932-1946, [undated]
Box 15 Folder 180
Southern Association of Colleges for Women, 1934-1946
Box 15 Folder 181
Southern Conference for Human Welfare, 1945-1946
Box 15 Folder 182
Box 15 Folder 183
Box 16 Folder 184
Box 16 Folder 185
Box 16 Folder 186
Box 16 Folder 187
Box 16 Folder 188
Box 16 Folder 189
1944-1948, [undated]
Box 17 Folder 190
State Literary and Historical Association of North Carolina, 1944-1948, [undated]
Box 17 Folder 191
Box 17 Folder 192
Box 17 Folder 193
United Services Organizations, Durham, N.C., 1944-1946, [undated]
Box 17 Folder 194
U.S. Federal Works Agency, Works Projects Administration, 1940-1942, [undated]
Box 17 Folder 195
June, 1942-August, 1942
Box 17 Folder 196
September, 1942-June, 1943
Box 17 Folder 197
July, 1943-April, 1944
Box 17 Folder 198
May, 1944-February, 1947
Box 17 Folder 199
Photographs, circa 1940s
Box 18 Folder 200
Photograph album, circa 1940s
Box 18 Folder 201
Print Materials, circa 1940s
Box 18 Folder 202
Clippings, circa 1940s
Box 18 Folder 203
Other Materials, circa 1940s
Box 18 Folder 204-205
Women's Action Committee for Victory and Lasting Peace, 1943-1944
Box 18 Folder 206
World Center for Women's Archives, 1938-1939
Box 18 Folder 207
World Federalists of North Carolina, 1947
Box 18 Folder 208
Young Women's Christian Association, 1939-1947
Box 18 Folder 209

The Writings series consists of Baldwin's own articles and essays, as well as her notes, drafts, and related materials. Most of her writings focused on the colonial United States, especially colonial clergy, and higher education for women. Her ninety-page essay, "The Woman's College As I Remember It," documents Baldwin's challenges in administering Duke's Woman's College. The series begins with individual essays and articles, organized alphabetically, followed by other writing-related materials, organized alphabetically by type (i.e. notes, book reviews, etc.).

"The Development and Place of the Co-Ordinate College," [undated]
Folder 210
"Gustavus III of Sweden: a Study of the Enlightened Despotism of the Eighteenth Century in Europe," [draft of Masters Thesis, with notes], 1902
Folder 211
"Gustavus III of Sweden," [draft of Masters Thesis, undated]
Box 19 Folder 212
"History of the North Carolina Division of the American Association of University Women, 1947-1957," [undated]
Box 19 Folder 213
"The Influence of Religious Liberalism on the American Revolution," December, 1921
Box 19 Folder 214
"The Influence of the New England Clergy upon American Constitutional Doctrine," [Abstract of Ph.D. dissertation, undated]
Box 19 Folder 215
"The Ministers of the Gospel in Revolutionary Days," August, 1922
Box 19 Folder 216
"My Retirement" [undated]
Box 19 Folder 217
"The Political Theories of Some of the 'New Lights': Presbyterian Clergy of Virginia and North Carolina," [handwritten, undated]
Box 19 Folder 218
"The Political Theories of Some of the 'New Lights': Presbyterian Clergy of Virginia and North Carolina," [typed, undated]
Box 19 Folder 219
Draft, [undated]
Box 19 Folder 220
Draft, 1960 [Folder 1 of 2. Located in Oversized Materials, Box 24]
Box 19
Draft, 1960 [Folder 2 of 2]
Box 19 Folder 221
Notes, 1960
Box 19 Folder 222-223
Notes, 1960
Box 20 Folder 224-226
"Twenty-Five Years of the Woman's College at Duke University," [multiple drafts, undated]
Box 20 Folder 227
Untitled Paper, [undated, appears to be draft of "Two Sisters of Old Boston"]
Box 20 Folder 228
"Two Sisters of Old Boston," [undated, with notes]
Box 20 Folder 229
"Two Sisters of Old Boston," [undated]
Box 20 Folder 230
"The Woman's College as I Remember It," 1959
Box 20 Folder 231
"The Woman's College as I Remember It," [draft, undated]
Box 20 Folder 232
"The Woman's College as I Remember It," [draft, undated. Located in Oversized Materials, Box 24]
Box 20
"The Woman's College as I Remember It," notes, preface, 1960
Box 21 Folder 233
"The Woman's College as I Remember It," notes [located in Oversized Materials, Box 24]
Box 21
Articles, 1934, 1936, [undated]
Box 21 Folder 234
Articles, [undated]
Box 21 Folder 235
Book Reviews and Articles, circa 1920s-1940s
Box 21 Folder 236
Book Reviews, circa 1940s-1950s
Box 21 Folder 237
Notes, [undated]
Box 21 Folder 238-239
Outline for Course, [undated]
Box 21 Folder 240
Poems, [undated]
Box 21 Folder 241
Untitled, 1921 [Located in Oversized Materials, Box 24]
Box 21

The Speeches and Addresses series consists of the notecards Baldwin used when making presentations. Most of the cards are undated.

Folder 242
Folder 243
Box 22 Folder 244
Box 22 Folder 245
Box 22 Folder 246
Box 22 Folder 247
Box 22 Folder 248
Box 22 Folder 249-253

The Printed Material series contains both personal and professional bound volumes and pamphlets. Several items are dedicated to Baldwin, and others were simply materials used by Baldwin in her administrative work or research. Materials are organized alphabetically.

"The Baldwin Annual" of the Baldwin School, dedicated to Alice M. Baldwin, 1913, [Located in Oversized Materials, Box 25]
Book Review Reprints, 1949-1950, [undated]
Folder 254
"Concerning Sororities," 1938, 1941
Folder 255
"Illiterature Part Two," by George and Helen Young, 1943
Folder 256
National Panhellenic Congress booklets, 1925-1938
Folder 257
New World of the Mind, by J.B. Rhine, signed by the author to Dr. Alice Baldwin, 1953
Folder 258
Old Testament Stories, Comically Illustrated, inscribed to Miss Alice M. Baldwin from Samuel F. Mordecai on March 17, 1924, and later sent to Dr. Flowers by Baldwin
Box 23 Folder 259
Documentation accompanying Old Testament Stories, 1965
Box 23 Folder 260
"Prelude to Independence: the International Significance of the Bill of Rights," an address by Dag Hammarskjold, May 15, 1956
Box 23 Folder 261
"The United States and the Far East," regional conference by the Duke American Assembly, 1957
Box 23 Folder 262
Placemat drawings of East Campus scenes
Box 23 Folder 272

The Photographs series consists of Baldwin's personal photos. Many appear to have been taken during vacations in New England and on other holidays.

Circa 1920s
Folder 263-264
Circa 1937-1938
Folder 265
Album [undated, appears to be photographs of family, friends, and vacations. Located in Oversized Materials, Box 25]
Album, "Photographs from England, Scotland, France, Switzerland, and Germany," [undated. Located in Oversized Materials, Box 25]

This brief series consists of clippings about Baldwin herself as well as about major topics of interest to Baldwin, such as church, labor, and prohibition. Many clippings are undated.

Alice Mary Baldwin, circa 1920s-1940s
Folder 266
Alice Mary Baldwin, circa 1940s-1950s
Folder 267
Church, circa 1929-1933
Folder 268
Labor, 1929
Folder 269
Prohibition, circa 1929-1933
Folder 270
General, circa 1920s-1930s
Folder 271

The Artifacts series contains three small items, two of which are pins from Baldwin's memberships in honors societies, Phi Beta Kappa and Delta Kappa Gamma. The third item is a key presented to Baldwin by the White Duchy, a Duke secret society for women.

Delta Kappa Gamma pin
Box 24
Phi Beta Kappa pin
Box 24
White Duchy key
Box 24

Oversized materials are separated from other materials simply because of their size. Each item listed in this series is also referred to in one in the previous series.

Untitled [writings], 1921
Box 24
"The Reading of Women in the Colonies Before 1750" draft, 1960 [Folder 1 of 2]
Box 24
"The Woman's College as I Remember It," [draft, undated]
Box 24
"The Woman's College as I Remember It," notes
Box 24
"The Baldwin Annual" of the Baldwin School, dedicated to Alice M. Baldwin, 1913
Box 25
Album [undated, appears to be photographs of family, friends, and vacations]
Box 25
Album, "Photographs from England, Scotland, France, Switzerland, and Germany," [undated]
Box 25
Placemat drawings of East Campus scenes

Historical Note

[This biography was written by the Historical Society of North Carolina after the death of Alice Mary Baldwin in 1960.]

Miss Baldwin was the eldest of the five children of the Reverend Fritz Walter and Sarah Bingham Lyman Baldwin. She was born on January 24, 1879, at Lewiston, Maine, where her father was head of the Latin School. Within a year her family moved to Massachusetts, and when she was nine years of age her father accepted the pastorate of the Trinity Congregational Church in East Orange, New Jersey, which he served until his retirement in 1915. Coming from a long line of Congregational ministers and educators, she grew up in a family environment of strong religious, moral, and educational principles.

Following her graduation from a private school in East Orange, Miss Baldwin entered Bates College in 1896, the Alma Mater of her father, and won the first prize of her class for scholarship. After one year there she transferred to Cornell University, where she earned membership in Phi Beta Kappa and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1900, with a major in history. During the next two years she was a graduate student and assistant in history at Cornell. After receiving her master's degree there in June, 1902, she went on a traveling fellowship to Europe for study at the Sorbonne and research in Sweden. She also spent time in Germany and England. The subject of her master's thesis had been, "Gustavus III of Sweden: A Study in Enlightened Despotism."

In December, 1903 she began teaching French, German, and English at the Glen Ridge (New Jersey) High School. The following September she went to Fargo College, Fargo, North Dakota, as Dean of Women and Instructor in History. In addition she also taught German and American literature. She remained there only two years, going in 1906 to the Baldwin School at Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, as Instructor of History. In 1912 she was appointed head of the Department of History, and economics was added to her teaching schedule. During these years she also studied in the graduate schools of Bryn Mawr College, Columbia University, and the University of Pennsylvania, and the Teachers College of Columbia University.

She remained at the Baldwin School until 1921, when she took a leave of absence and entered the University of Chicago to study toward the doctor's degree. She was a fellow in history, and since she was specializing under Professor Andrew C. McLaughlin, she was his assistant. Her second year there she was president of the Graduate Club.

In 1923 Miss Baldwin went as Acting Dean of Women to Trinity College in Durham, North Carolina, for the summer. She had been given an assistantship in the history department of the University of Chicago for the coming year which involved teaching. While she was at Trinity President Few invited her to accept the position of Dean of Women and Assistant Professor of History. Professor McLaughlin would have preferred that she become a permanent member of the history department at Chicago, but since he saw no possibility of a woman being added to the department in the foreseeable future, he encouraged her to accept President Few's offer. She worked out an arrangement with the University of Chicago whereby she might return to Trinity after teaching there only one semester on her assistant-ship. It was in January, 1924, therefore, that she assumed her duties as Dean of Women and began teaching history to two classes of freshman women. She was the first woman to have full faculty status at Trinity College.

When she left Chicago she had only to finish her dissertation, which was on the New England clergy and the American Revolution. This she did in time to graduate in June, 1926. Her degree was awarded magna cum laude.

In December after Miss Baldwin returned to Trinity, James B. Duke signed the indenture which provided for the expansion of that college into a major university. There was to be a co-ordinate college for women among the several colleges to comprise Duke University. In 1926 Miss Baldwin was named Dean of the Woman's College, a post she held until she retired in 1947. As dean it was her responsibility to help launch and administer the college, and to her much credit is due for the high academic and social standards which it has maintained.

Feeling that the position of a dean was strengthened by class-room and faculty connection, Miss Baldwin continued to teach a section of the introductory course in history for a number of years. Finally, however, her other responsibilities made it necessary for her to give up teaching altogether.

In addition to her duties on the campus, Miss Baldwin held numerous offices in national, state, and local organizations. Some of these organizations were: the National Association of Deans of Women, the North Carolina Association of Deans, the American Association of University Women, the League of Women Voters, the National Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs, the North Carolina Art Society, and the North Carolina Vocational Guidance Association. She was on the Durham Advisory Council of the North Carolina Unemployment Compensation Committee, the Advisory Committee of the Southern Summer School for Workers, and a director of the Alliance for the Guidance of Rural Youth. During the second World War she served with seven other distinguished women educators of the United States on the Educational Advisory Council which worked with the Bureau of Naval Personnel in organizing and directing the WAVES. She was a member of several honorary organizations other than Phi Beta Kappa, and of the Daughters of the American Revolution and the Colonial Dames. Her professional memberships also included the American Historical Association and the National Education Association.

One of Miss Baldwin's strong interests was the Historical Society of North Carolina. She was a member of the group which revived and reorganized the Society in the fall of 1945. As stated earlier, she served as its first president after the reorganization and her tactful, energetic leadership was in no small way responsible for the successful rejuvenation of this ancient and venerable body. Her presidential address on New Light Presbyterianism delivered at Greensboro College in the fall of 1946 was a model of scholarly effort and lucid presentation. Perhaps no member of the Society was more conscientious and regular in attending meetings than she, and probably no one attended with more enthusiasm and enjoyment.

Her writings include: The New England Clergy and the American Revolution, "The Clergy of Connecticut in Revolutionary Days," "The Development and Place of the Co-ordinate College," "College Bound," and "The Woman's College As I Remember It," and contributions to various magazines and to an unpublished history of the North Carolina State Division of the A.A.U.W. At the time of her death she had almost completed a study of what women were reading in the American Colonies before 1750.

As a tribute to her work in promoting higher education for women, and in recognition of her many other achievements, the Class of 1943 of the Woman's College established the annual Alice M. Baldwin Scholarship Fund. In 1946 she was awarded the degree of Doctor of Laws by the Woman's College of the University of North Carolina, and two years after she retired Duke University bestowed the same honor upon her. In 1958 she was presented the ninth annual North Carolina Distinguished Service Award for Women by the chapter of the Chi Omega sorority at the University of North Carolina.

Except for the first year and half of her retirement, Miss Baldwin spent the remainder of her life in Durham. She continued to work as much as her health would permit in a number of the organizations with which she was affiliated. She was also active in research and writing. It was during this period that she wrote the history of the Woman's College.

Two days after her death memorial services were conducted in the Duke Chapel by her pastor, Dr. Kelsey Regen of the First Presbyterian Church (there was no Congregational church in Durham when she went there), and by her friend of many years, Dr. Hersey E. Spence, Professor Emeritus of the Duke Divinity School. Her ashes were placed in the family plot at Lenox, Massachusetts. In the memories of countless students, associates, and friends, Miss Baldwin will continue to live as a woman of gracious dignity, unquestioned integrity, and superior intellect, and characterized by a strong sense of duty, a compassion for mankind, a fine appreciation of spiritual and artistic values, and an ardent love of life and nature.

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • Records of the Woman's College (Duke University Archives)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Alice Mary Baldwin Papers, University Archives, Duke University.


The Alice Mary Baldwin Papers were received by the University Archives as a gift in 1955 (A48-2121); in 1960 (A60-234); in 1965 (A65-179, A67-65); in 1966 (A66-132); in 1972 (A72-31); and in 1973 (A73-136). Items were also received as a transfer in 1969 (A48-1831).

Processing Information

Processed by Valerie Gillispie

Completed June 11, 2004

Encoded by Valerie Gillispie, June 22, 2004

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.