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Guide to the Black History at Duke Reference Collection, 1948 - 2001 and undated

Abstract

The Black History at Duke Reference Collection chronicles the integration of Duke University. This history includes the Silent Vigil; the Allen Building Takeover; the creation of a Black Student Alliance; the development of a Black Studies Program; interactions between the university and the Durham community; as well as individual efforts from students, faculty, and administrators. The collection contains publications, fliers, reports, memos, handbooks, manuals, lists, clippings, and a bibliography. Major subjects include black students, civil rights demonstrations, and the effects of desegregation on administrative policies.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Black History at Duke Reference collection 1948 - 2001 and undated
Creator
Duke University. University Archives.
Extent
2.7 Linear Feet , 750 Items
Repository
University Archives, Duke University
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult University Archives, Duke University.
Language
English.

Collection Overview

The collection contains publications, fliers, reports, memos, handbooks, manuals, lists, clippings, and a bibliography. The collection is divided into six series: The End of Segregation, Black Faculty, Black Studies Program, Student Groups, Public Forums, and Clippings .

The first series, The End of Segregation, includes a bibliography, background materials about desegregation efforts, statistics, reports, and memos. The second series, Black Faculty, includes clippings, and a list of black professors, assistant professors, lecturers, non-tenure track instructors, graduate teaching and research assistants. The appendix to the list includes the Medical School and School of Nursing faculty.

In 1968, there were discussions on campus about establishing a black studies or Afro-American studies program, but no action was taken by the university. One of the demands of the students who took over the Allen Building on Feb. 13, 1969, was for the establishment of a fully accredited department of Afro-American Studies. On May 2, 1969, the Black Studies Committee submitted a proposal to the Undergraduate Faculty Council of the Arts and Sciences for the creation of the Black Studies Program and the courses were approved by the curriculum committee. Walter Burford was named program head in 1970. The third series, Black Studies Program, chronicles some of the history of this program and includes drafts of proposals, enrollment statistics, flyers, photocopies of clippings, and other materials.

The fourth series, Student Groups, contains materials from a variety of groups. Included are: the Afro-American Society, the Association of African Students, the Black Student Alliance, the Black Graduate and Professional Student Association, Black Fraternities and Sororities, and others. The fifth series, Public Forums, includes materials on a number of speakers, rallies, demonstrations, boycotts; one newspaper advertisement; and one Internet site. The sixth series, Clippings , contains mostly photocopies of newspaper articles. The clippings are from 1967-2001 and undated, and cover a wide variety of topics. Of note is a series of articles that appeared in the Chronicle, "Black and Blue: Blacks at Duke," Feb. 13-Feb.17, 1984.

Administrative Information

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warning Access Restrictions

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

No restrictions.

warning Use Restrictions

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Contents of the Collection

Includes a bibliography, background materials about desegregation efforts, statistics, reports, and memos.

Bibliography
Box 1 Folder 1
Desegregation Efforts, 1948-1982
Box 1 Folder 2
First Students
Box 1 Folder 3

Includes publications, reports, memos, handbooks, and manuals.

White Paper on Institutional Racism at Duke: The Curriculum, April 12, 1972

Report prepared for the Duke YM-YWCA. The report focuses on aspects of the University which directly affect students academically. Part I deals with enrollment, admissions and financial aid. Part II represents the results of a survey of selected faculty who were questioned about the curriculum.

Box 1 Folder 4
Reports and Memos, 1965-1992

Includes memo from R. Taylor Cole about non-discriminatory policies (Sept. 9, 1965); draft on the history of Afro-American relations issued by the Vice President for Institutional Advancement at Duke (March 7, 1969); and a list of African American student demands presented to Terry Sanford (Sept. 24, 1975).

Box 1 Folder 5
Handbooks and Manuals, [ca. 1970]-[1986]
Box 1 Folder 6
Undergraduate Admissions, 1979-1983

Includes photocopies of clippings from the Chronicle about recruitment and statistics for black students.

Box 1 Folder 7
List of Faculty, 1966-1993

Includes list of black professors, assistant professors, lecturers, non-tenure track instructors, graduate teaching and research assistants. Appendix includes Medical School and School of Nursing faculty.

Folder 8
Clippings, 1976-2000 and undated
Folder 9

In 1968, there were discussions on campus about establishing a black studies or Afro-American studies program, but no action was taken by the university. One of the demands of the students who took over the Allen Building on Feb. 13, 1969, was for the establishment of a fully accredited department of Afro-American Studies. On May 2, 1969, the Black Studies Committee submitted a proposal to the Undergraduate Faculty Council of the Arts and Sciences for the creation of the Black Studies Program and the the courses where approved by the curriculum committee. Walter Burford was named program head in 1970.

Clippings, 1969-1993
Folder 10
Afro-American Studies and Black Studies Material, 1968-1981

Includes drafts of proposals, enrollment statistics, fliers, photocopies of clippings, and other materials.

Folder 11
Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on African and Afro-American Studies, Jan 3, 1991
Folder 12
Association of African Students, [1969]-1982
Folder 13
Organizational Material, 1969-1970
Folder 14
Harambee, Feb., 1969

Harambee was a publication of the Afro-American Society that includes articles and poems by African American students.

Folder 15
Weusi Za Weusi, 1970

Weusi za Weusi was a literary magazine published by the Afro-American Society of Duke University in 1970. The expressed purpose of the magazine was to "represent the policies and arts of our people."

Folder 16
Black Graduate and Professional Student Association, 1975-1992
Folder 17
Black Student Alliance, 1976-1999
Folder 18
Black Fraternities and Sororities, 1976-1982
Folder 19
Small Organizations, 1981-1995and undated

Includes materials from the Dance Black, the Black Mass Choir, and others.

Folder 20
Forums and Speakers, 1973-1985
Folder 21
Concerts and Exhibits, 1976-1996 and undated
Folder 22
Devilnet, 1998

Devilnet, an Internet site run by Duke students, aired student opinions on a wide variety of subjects. On Thanksgiving Day, 1998, someone posted a list of the "Top 20 Brown-Skinned Fresh" and the posting launched a torrent of follow-up lists and sexually explicit comments.

Folder 23
Black Days in Durham, 1968-1969

The Black Solidarity Committee for Community Improvement, a coalition of Durham citizens, called for a Selective Buying Campaign to force the city to make changes in the areas of black representation, employment, private housing, welfare, and public education. Specific stores were targeted for boycott and the days to boycott these stores were called "Black Days."

Folder 24
Allen Building Takeover, 1969
Folder 25
Allen Building Protest Sept., 1975
Folder 26
Martin Luther King, Jr., Celebrations, 1976-2001
Folder 27
Black Solidarity Week, Nov., 1979
Folder 28
Allen Building Protest, National Black Student Action Day, April, 1989
Folder 29
Student Arrest, Class Boycott, and Allen Building Study-in, 1997
Folder 30
The Chronicle Ad Protest, 2001
Folder 31-32
Clippings, 1967-1995
Folder 33
Clippings, 1970-1979
Folder 34
Clippings, 1980-1989
Folder 35
Black and Blue: Blacks at Duke, Feb. 13-Feb.17, 1984

Includes a series of articles that appeared in the Chronicle.

Folder 36
Clippings, 1991-1999
Folder 37
Clippings, 2001
Folder 38
Clippings, undated
Folder 39
Black Student Movement Scrapbook, 2001
Box 2 Oversize

Historical Note

The history of integration at Duke University spans more than one hundred years. In 1896, Trinity College was the first white institution in the South to invite Booker T. Washington to speak on campus. In 1948, students of the Divinity School petitioned for the admission of African Americans to the university. It was only within the last forty years that university policies changed so that black people could become a part of the life of Duke University as students, faculty, and administrators. The Black History at Duke Reference Collection chronicles the events that were part of this change. The following timeline, partially adapted from the book Legacy, 1963-1993: Thirty Years of African-American Students at Duke University, gives a historical overview of some of the events that are documented in this collection.

DateEvent(s)
March 8, 1961The Board of Trustees announced that students would be admitted to the university graduate and professional schools without regard to race, creed, or national origin.
June 2, 1962The Board of Trustees announced that undergraduate students would be admitted without regard to race.
Sept., 1963Five black undergraduates entered Duke University as first year students.
1966Dr. Samuel DuBois Cook became Duke University's first black faculty member.
1967Three African Americans received their undergraduate degrees, as the first black students to graduate from Duke.
1968The Afro-American Society was established as the first black student association. Later, the name of the organization was to change first to Association of African Students and then, in 1976, to Black Student Alliance.
April 5-11, 1968One day after the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., hundreds of Duke students gathered in the quad, in a silent vigil, to protest Duke's discriminatory policies .
Oct., 1968Black students presented the administration with twelve points of concern that included enrollment levels, the low number of black faculty members, and the continuing membership of key university officials in segregated facilities.
Feb. 13, 1969Sixty members of the Afro-American Society occupied the Allen Building for eight hours and presented the university administration with a list of demands.
1969A Black Studies Program was instituted at Duke after much discussion and delay. Walter Burford was named program head in 1970.
1969The Office of Black Affairs was established. Later, its name was changed to Office of Minority Affairs, and, in 1993, to Office of Intercultural Affairs.
1974The university's first predominantly black fraternity, the Omega Zeta chapter of Omega Psi Phi, was founded.
Sept. 24, 1975One hundred students protested and presented the administration with grievances and demands for action. Their priorities included departmentalization of the Black Studies Program and increasing the number of black faculty teaching black studies courses.
Sept., 1976The Association of African Students was renamed the Black Student Alliance.
Nov. 7, 1979The Black Student Alliance sponsored a Black Solidarity Day rally on campus.
1983The Mary Lou Williams Center for Black Culture was established.
April 21, 1988The Academic Council passed a resolution to adopt the Black Faculty Initiative, to mandate the hiring of more black faculty in each dept.
April 21, 1989Students marched from East to West Campus in support of National Black Student Action Day.
Sept. 26, 1997Class boycott and Allen Building study-in held to observe Race Day.
March 19, 2001An advertisement entitled Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Slavery is a Bad Idea - And Racist Too by David Horowitz ran in the Chronicle. Students protested the printing of the advertisement in the student newspaper.

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • African Studies Committee Records. (University Archives, Duke University.)
  • Allen Building Takeover Collection. (University Archives, Duke University.)
  • Black Graduate and Professional Student Association Records. (University Archives, Duke University.)
  • Black on White Steering Committee Records. (University Archives, Duke University.)
  • Black Student Alliance Records. (University Archives, Duke University.)
  • Bryan K. Fair Papers. (University Archives, Duke University.)
  • Duke Vigil Collection. (University Archives, Duke University.)
  • Malcolm X University Records. (University Archives, Duke University.)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Black History at Duke Reference Collection, Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Black History at Duke Reference Collection was created by Duke University Archives staff.

Processing Information

Processed by Linda Daniel

Completed April 2004

Encoded by Linda Daniel, April 2004

Updated by Molly Bragg, August 2011

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.