Preliminary Guide to the James T. Cleland papers, 1928-1975
Contains personal and professional papers relating to the life and work of James Tough Cleland, preacher, Dean of the Duke University Chapel (1955-1973), and Professor of Preaching in the Divinity School (1945-1968). Materials include addresses, sermons, lecture notes, speeches, clippings, printed materials, correspondence, a tape recording, committee records, course materials, photographs, subject files, a scrapbook, diaries, and gift albums. Albums include sketches, engravings, frontispieces, and colored illustrations from printed materials. Major subjects include armed forces chaplains, hospital chaplains, death and dying, euthanasia, spirituality, Christianity, the study and teaching of the book of Paul, the study and teaching of the Bible, study and teaching of preaching, Duke University Chapel, Duke University, and the Divinity School. Materials range in date from 1825 to 1982 (bulk 1928-1975). Contains restricted materials. English.
- Record Group
- James T. Cleland papers
- Cleland, James T. (James Tough), 1903-
- 50 Linear Feet, 50,000 Items
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Contains personal and professional papers relating to the life and work of James T. Cleland, preacher, Dean of the Duke University Chapel (1955-1973), and Professor of Preaching in the Divinity School (1945-1968). Types of materials include addresses, sermons, lecture notes, speeches, clippings, printed materials, correspondence, a tape recording, committee records, course materials, photographs, subject files, a scrapbook, diaries, and gift albums. Gift albums include sketches, engravings, frontispieces, and colored illustrations from printed materials. Materials range in date from 1825 to 1982 (bulk 1928-1975). Box 19 contains restricted materials.
Access to the Collection
Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.
Portions of these materials are restricted by donor request.
In off-site storage; 48 hours advance notice is required for use.
Use & Permissions
Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
How to Cite
[Identification of item], James T. Cleland Papers, Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
Includes Alpha Omega Alpha, Davison Club, Death and Dying course, personal and professional correspondence, Music Building speech
Includes Cleland Endowment Fund, Chapel Renovation Committee (ca. 1970-1977) Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Psi, correspondence, "Scotties and Cleland House" (personal writings).
Includes church worship classes, Human Relations Committee, 1957-1960, Lecture and Publication Events Committee of the Divinity School, personal counseling (L-Z), preaching awards, and the Mary A. Poston Memorial Fund.
Includes Toastmasters, debutante ball addresses, and religious education
Includes philosophy, sermons for children, Christian ethics, New Testament, and the Old Testament.
Letters from Alice to her family during her year long trip to Europe and the Middle East.
James Tough Cleland was born on July 8, 1903 in Glasgow, Scotland to the Rev. James Cleland and Margaret Curdie Cleland. He married Alice Mean on September 7, 1932. Cleland earned degrees from Glasgow University (M.A., 1924 and Ecclesiastical History, with distinction, B.D., 1927) and Union Theological Seminary, New York (S.T.M., summa cum laude, 1928, and Th.D., 1954).
After 14 years in the religion department at Amherst College, he arrived at Duke in 1945. At Duke, Cleland was Professor of Preaching in the Divinity School from 1945 to 1968. After his 1968 retirement, he became Professor Emeritus. He was also Dean of the Duke University Chapel from 1955 until 1973, and was the only person to hold both positions. His honors at Duke University included the James B. Duke professorship, Omicron Delta Kappa, Phi Beta Kappa, Order of Red Friars, and Alpha Omega Alpha.
Cleland held many lectureships at international pulpits. He was a guest of the United States Army, Navy, and Air Force Chiefs of Chaplains as preacher at each of the service academies. He also conducted worship services at the Air Force's most northern location (Thule, Greenland) and professional seminars for Air Force Chaplains in Alaska, Japan, and Philippines. Additionally, Dr. Cleland delivered the opening prayer for the U.S. Senate (January 19, 1960) and gave sermons at debutante balls, military chapels, college and university chapels, and at preparatory schools. Throughout his career, he was in constant demand by students and alumni as well as churches, prep schools, and colleges on the east coast. One year he preached 13 baccalaureate sermons; he preached one sermon 86 times.
Some of Dr. Cleland's writings include a biography of James H. Tufts, The True and Lively Word, Wherefore Art Thou Come?, Preaching to be Understood, and He Died as He Lived. He wrote three exposition sections in Volumes II and VI of The Interpreter's Bible. He has had sermons published in five volumes of Best Sermons. He has also contributed 86 articles to "Preaching Clinic" in The Chaplain, a periodical for all United States Military Chaplains. His areas of research included the Epistles of Paul, preaching to groups, chaplain education, and interdenominational church groups. He also consulted with chaplains and doctors about care for terminally ill patients and death with dignity.
The Cleland family traveled internationally, keeping detailed journals of daily events. During 1938-1939, they traveled to Europe and the Middle East where they recorded interactions with Nazi party members and German Jews. The Cleland's travels to the Philippines and Japan gives insight into the U.S. military during the Vietnam War. The Clelands also made many trips from the United States to Scotland and England. James Cleland was frequently called to preach around the United States and the Clelands made vacations of these trips.
In spring 1973, after 28 years of dedicated and distinguished service to Duke University, Dr. Cleland retired. He continued to serve as dean of the chapel for several more years.
Brown House on Duke University's East Campus was renamed "Cleland House" after Dr. James T. Cleland. Dr. Cleland and his wife were advisors to the students of Brown House.
When Cleland died in 1974, the James T. Cleland Chapel Endowment Fund was established in his honor. The fund provides for distinguished visiting preachers and musicians, development of the choral program, and general enrichment of Chapel worship. Cleland was further honored by House Joint Resolution 248, "A Joint Resolution Honoring the Life and Memory of James T. Cleland," on February 27, 1979. The ashes of James T. Cleland, and his wife, Alice M. Cleland, are interred at the Duke University Chapel.
- Divinity School records. (University Archives, Duke University. )
- Chapel records. (University Archives, Duke University. )
- Chapel records. Administrative Committee records. (University Archives, Duke University. )
- Chapel records. Renovation Committee records. (University Archives, Duke University. )
- Chapel records. Sermons. (University Archives, Duke University. )
- Chapel records. Chaplain to the University records. (University Archives, Duke University. )
- Cleland committee (James T. Cleland Chapel Endowment Fund) records. (University Archives, Duke University. )
Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries.
- Cleland, James T. (James Tough), 1903-
- Cleland, James T. (James Tough), 1903-
- Duke University. Divinity School -- History
- Duke University. Divinity School -- Faculty
- Duke University. Chapel
- Duke University -- Religious activities
- Duke University
- Duke University. Medical Center
- Bible. N.T. Epistles of Paul -- Study and teaching
- Baccalaureate addresses
- Bible. N.T. -- Study and teaching
- Bible. N.T. Epistles of Paul -- Theology
- Bible. O.T. -- Study and teaching
- Chaplains, Military -- United States
- Chaplains, Military -- Training of -- United States
- Chaplains, Hospital -- North Carolina
- Euthanasia -- Moral and ethical aspects -- United States
- Preaching -- Study and teaching
- Patient advocacy -- North Carolina
- Terminal care
- Terminally ill -- Care and treatment
The James T. Cleland papers were received by the University Archives as a transfer in 1959-1999 (59-25, 68-338, 72-4, 72-5, 72-26, 74-23, 74-103, 75-9, 79-69, 79-134, 84-87, 85-25, 87-9, 94-47, A99-50).
This collection is unprocessed: materials may not have been ordered and described beyond their original condition.
Encoded by Emily Glenn, April 2003