Menu

Preliminary Guide to the James T. Cleland papers, 1928-1975

Abstract

Contains personal and professional papers relating to the life and work of James Tough Cleland, preacher, Dean of the Duke University Chapel (1955-1973), and Professor of Preaching in the Divinity School (1945-1968). Materials include addresses, sermons, lecture notes, speeches, clippings, printed materials, correspondence, a tape recording, committee records, course materials, photographs, subject files, a scrapbook, diaries, and gift albums. Albums include sketches, engravings, frontispieces, and colored illustrations from printed materials. Major subjects include armed forces chaplains, hospital chaplains, death and dying, euthanasia, spirituality, Christianity, the study and teaching of the book of Paul, the study and teaching of the Bible, study and teaching of preaching, Duke University Chapel, Duke University, and the Divinity School. Materials range in date from 1825 to 1982 (bulk 1928-1975). Contains restricted materials.

Descriptive Summary

Title
James T. Cleland papers 1928-1975
Creator
Cleland, James T. (James Tough), 1903-
Extent
50 Linear Feet , 50,000 Items
Repository
University Archives, Duke University
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult University Archives, Duke University.
Language
English.

Collection Overview

Contains personal and professional papers relating to the life and work of James T. Cleland, preacher, Dean of the Duke University Chapel (1955-1973), and Professor of Preaching in the Divinity School (1945-1968). Types of materials include addresses, sermons, lecture notes, speeches, clippings, printed materials, correspondence, a tape recording, committee records, course materials, photographs, subject files, a scrapbook, diaries, and gift albums. Gift albums include sketches, engravings, frontispieces, and colored illustrations from printed materials. Materials range in date from 1825 to 1982 (bulk 1928-1975). Box 19 contains restricted materials.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

Portions of these materials are restricted by donor request.

In off-site storage; 48 hours advance notice is required for use.

warning Use Restrictions

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Contents of the Collection

Subject files A-M

Includes Alpha Omega Alpha, Davison Club, Death and Dying course, personal and professional correspondence, Music Building speech

Box 1
Subject files N-W

Includes Cleland Endowment Fund, Chapel Renovation Committee (ca. 1970-1977) Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Psi, correspondence, "Scotties and Cleland House" (personal writings).

Box 2
Warrack lectures
Box 2
Preaching to be Understood
Box 2
Preaching class notes (PR 29-30, PR 181, PR 185)
Box 3
Assorted subject files
Box 3
Book reviews
Box 3
Preaching class notes (PR 183, PR 185 continued)
Box 4
Subject files, biblical and religious
Box 4
Book reviews
Box 4
Subject files Snow Fund files
Box 5
Snow fund testimonials
Box 6
Subject files including Order of Worship (Duke and non-Duke)

Includes church worship classes, Human Relations Committee, 1957-1960, Lecture and Publication Events Committee of the Divinity School, personal counseling (L-Z), preaching awards, and the Mary A. Poston Memorial Fund.

Box 7
Chapel budgets, 1958-1968
Box 8
Chapel organ
Box 8
Materials for The Chaplain
Box 8
Religion 1.15-1.16 lecture notes
Box 8
General history subject files, pre-mechanic and pre-Pauline eras
Box 8
General history subject files, Pauline, post-Pauline
Box 9
Opinion/issue files A-Bi
Box 9
Opinion/issue files Bo-E
Box 10
Opinion/issue files F-M
Box 11
Opinion/issue files N-S
Box 12
Opinion/issue files T-Z
Box 13
Notes for worship classes and public worship, materials from Austin, Texas lectures
Box 13
General subject files, ca. 1970-1972

Includes Toastmasters, debutante ball addresses, and religious education

Box 14
General subject files, ca. 1955-1965

Includes philosophy, sermons for children, Christian ethics, New Testament, and the Old Testament.

Box 15
Class notes, 1923-1931
Box 16
General notes on criticism, study, and teaching of Paul
Box 16
Lecture notes, Duke University, ca. 1971-1974
Box 17
April 21, 1974 service notes
Box 17
Bound volumes of sermons
Box 17
Miscellaneous sermon notes
Box 17
Amherst College Chapel notes
Box 17
Clippings and background material for articles, ca. 1960-1978
Box 18
Choate chapel talks
Box 19
The True and Lively Word
Box 19
Geriatrics newsletters
Box 19
Wherefore Art Thou Come?
Box 19
Lectures, ca. 1953
Box 19
Personal correspondence, ca. 1924-1938
Box 19
Nick Carter Travel Club, 7" reel tape, 1964
Box 19
General research materials on attitudes toward death
Box 19
Sermon notes
Box 20
Articles on preaching
Box 20
Raw material for sermons on Old Testament and New Testament
Box 20
General subject files on lent, ascension, Ash Wednesday, and Good Friday
Box 20
Miscellaneous correspondence and paper, 1967
Box 21
Thule, Greenland assignment, 1962
Box 21
Dean of Chapel materials, ca. 1960-1979
Box 21
Wellington Church, Glasgow, Scotland, 1949
Box 21
Letters of appreciation to Cleland, 1960-1976
Box 21
Miscellaneous correspondence, ca. 1960-1979
Box 21
Minutes of Duke University Chapel, 1954-1963, 1967-1978
Box 22
Duke Alumni and Medical Alumni materials
Box 22
General subject files on spirituality, death, and dying
Box 22
Amherst lectures, 1931-1945, sermon index
Box 23
Sermons 1-100
Box 24
Sermons 101-189
Box 25
Sermons 190-275
Box 26
Sermons 276-350
Box 27
Sermons 351-413
Box 28
Diary/gift album of Julia Ann Adriance
Box 29
Diary/gift album of "Thomas"
Box 29
Diary/gift album of Julia Ann Price, 1825
Box 29
Speeches to military chaplains
Box 29
Christmas Eve sermons, 1970-1972
Box 29
Speeches to military chaplains Christmas Eve sermons, 1970-1972
Box 29
Great Britain, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Egypt, Syria, Jerusalem and Palestine.
Box 30
Observations of Nazi Germany, and ordinary Germans and their attitudes toward Jews (6 volumes), 1938-1939
Box 30
Operation Wellington, Trip to Great Britain on the Queen Mary, 1949
Box 30
The California Hegira of the Clelands, Diary of trip while he was Visiting Professor of
Box 30
Preaching, Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley, California, 1951
Box 30
New England and Scotland, 1952
Box 30
Ireland, Scotland, and England, 1956
Box 30
Scotland and England, 1960
Box 30
Chicago, Stratford, Toronto, Gaspe, Cape Breton, and Maine, 1961
Box 30
England, Scotland, Germany, and France. Warrack Lectures in Preaching, Theological
Box 30
Colleges of the Four Scottish Divinity Halls, 1964
Box 30
Conducted Professional Seminar for US Air Force Chaplains in Alaska, Japan, and the Philippines, 1967
Box 30
Letters to Alice M. Cleland from Alaska, Japan and the Philippines while away on Professional Seminar for US Air Force Chaplains, 1967
Box 30
"My First Trip Abroad", Europe, June-August, 1929
Box 31
Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Egypt, Syria, Palestine and Jerusalem, 1938-1939
Box 31
Miscellaneous memorabilia and cards from trip June-September, 1949
Box 31
Florida, 1954
Box 31
Ireland, Scotland, and England, 1956
Box 31
Washington, Connecticut, 1958, Vermont, 1959, Chatauqua, Toronto, and Detroit, 1958, 1959, 1969
Box 31
Scotland, England, Germany, and Austria, 1960
Box 31
Great Britain during Warrack lectureship, 1964
Box 31
Great Lakes trips, 1966, 1969
Box 31
Missouri, Indiana and Kentucky, 1974
Box 31
Philadelphia and Bryn Mawr, 1974
Box 31
Edina, Minnesota, 1974
Box 31
Lake Junaluska and Roaring Gap, North Carolina, 1974
Box 31
Davidson College, then to Oklahoma and Arizona, 1974
Box 31
Philadelphia, 1974
Box 31
Miscellaneous trips, daily schedules, 1975
Box 31
Great Britain, 1974
Box 31
England and Scotland, including some photographs, 1982
Box 31
Correspondence, 1938-1939

Letters from Alice to her family during her year long trip to Europe and the Middle East.

Box 31
Pamphlets and brochures from Berkshire Summer School of Art, ca. 1920-1940
Box 31
Certificate of acknowledgement
Box 31
Travel summaries
Box 31
Inscribed copy of Apostles Extraordinary: A Celebration of Saints and Sinners by Geddes MacGregor
Box 31
Gift of Prayer book
Box 31
Chronology of life and work of James T. Cleland
Box 32
Books of prayers and sermons
Box 32
Diaries, 1927-1928
Box 32
Records of marriages in Duke Chapel, 1943-1966
Box 32
Sermons, 1955-1956
Box 32
Miscellaneous writings and correspondence
Box 32
Bound volumes of sermons
Box 33
Clippings
Box 33
Poems based on the Bible
Box 33
Subject files pertaining to Robert Burns
Box 33
Cleland retirement, 1979
Box 33
Tribute to Cleland, 1978
Box 33
The Religious Ethics of St. Paul (Cleland's thesis)
Box 34
Seminary notes, 1937-1938
Box 34
Scotland, Amherst, and Duke sermons, 1926-1943
Box 34
Epistle of Galatians (Greek vocabulary notes)
Box 34
Thesis on the attitudes of the British church on the British coal dispute of 1926, 1928
Box 34
Frame's lectures on St. Paul
Box 34
Carillon chorale setting, inscribed, 1969
Box 34
Scrapbook, ca. 1877-1906

Contains mostly clippings.

Box 34

Historical Note

James Tough Cleland was born on July 8, 1903 in Glasgow, Scotland to the Rev. James Cleland and Margaret Curdie Cleland. He married Alice Mean on September 7, 1932. Cleland earned degrees from Glasgow University (M.A., 1924 and Ecclesiastical History, with distinction, B.D., 1927) and Union Theological Seminary, New York (S.T.M., summa cum laude, 1928, and Th.D., 1954).

After 14 years in the religion department at Amherst College, he arrived at Duke in 1945. At Duke, Cleland was Professor of Preaching in the Divinity School from 1945 to 1968. After his 1968 retirement, he became Professor Emeritus. He was also Dean of the Duke University Chapel from 1955 until 1973, and was the only person to hold both positions. His honors at Duke University included the James B. Duke professorship, Omicron Delta Kappa, Phi Beta Kappa, Order of Red Friars, and Alpha Omega Alpha.

Cleland held many lectureships at international pulpits. He was a guest of the United States Army, Navy, and Air Force Chiefs of Chaplains as preacher at each of the service academies. He also conducted worship services at the Air Force's most northern location (Thule, Greenland) and professional seminars for Air Force Chaplains in Alaska, Japan, and Philippines. Additionally, Dr. Cleland delivered the opening prayer for the U.S. Senate (January 19, 1960) and gave sermons at debutante balls, military chapels, college and university chapels, and at preparatory schools. Throughout his career, he was in constant demand by students and alumni as well as churches, prep schools, and colleges on the east coast. One year he preached 13 baccalaureate sermons; he preached one sermon 86 times.

Some of Dr. Cleland's writings include a biography of James H. Tufts, The True and Lively Word, Wherefore Art Thou Come?, Preaching to be Understood, and He Died as He Lived. He wrote three exposition sections in Volumes II and VI of The Interpreter's Bible. He has had sermons published in five volumes of Best Sermons. He has also contributed 86 articles to "Preaching Clinic" in The Chaplain, a periodical for all United States Military Chaplains. His areas of research included the Epistles of Paul, preaching to groups, chaplain education, and interdenominational church groups. He also consulted with chaplains and doctors about care for terminally ill patients and death with dignity.

The Cleland family traveled internationally, keeping detailed journals of daily events. During 1938-1939, they traveled to Europe and the Middle East where they recorded interactions with Nazi party members and German Jews. The Cleland's travels to the Philippines and Japan gives insight into the U.S. military during the Vietnam War. The Clelands also made many trips from the United States to Scotland and England. James Cleland was frequently called to preach around the United States and the Clelands made vacations of these trips.

In spring 1973, after 28 years of dedicated and distinguished service to Duke University, Dr. Cleland retired. He continued to serve as dean of the chapel for several more years.

Brown House on Duke University's East Campus was renamed "Cleland House" after Dr. James T. Cleland. Dr. Cleland and his wife were advisors to the students of Brown House.

When Cleland died in 1974, the James T. Cleland Chapel Endowment Fund was established in his honor. The fund provides for distinguished visiting preachers and musicians, development of the choral program, and general enrichment of Chapel worship. Cleland was further honored by House Joint Resolution 248, "A Joint Resolution Honoring the Life and Memory of James T. Cleland," on February 27, 1979. The ashes of James T. Cleland, and his wife, Alice M. Cleland, are interred at the Duke University Chapel.

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • Divinity School records. (University Archives, Duke University. )
  • Chapel records. (University Archives, Duke University. )
  • Chapel records. Administrative Committee records. (University Archives, Duke University. )
  • Chapel records. Renovation Committee records. (University Archives, Duke University. )
  • Chapel records. Sermons. (University Archives, Duke University. )
  • Chapel records. Chaplain to the University records. (University Archives, Duke University. )
  • Cleland committee (James T. Cleland Chapel Endowment Fund) records. (University Archives, Duke University. )

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], James T. Cleland Papers, Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The James T. Cleland papers were received by the University Archives as a transfer in 1959-1999 (59-25, 68-338, 72-4, 72-5, 72-26, 74-23, 74-103, 75-9, 79-69, 79-134, 84-87, 85-25, 87-9, 94-47, A99-50).

Processing Information

This collection is unprocessed: materials may not have been ordered and described beyond their original condition.

Encoded by Emily Glenn, April 2003

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.