Guide to the John Franklin Heitman Papers, 1863 - 1911
John Franklin Heitman (1840-1904) was professor of Trinity College in Randolph County from 1883 to 1892, and Acting President of the school from 1884-1887. He later served as Headmaster of Trinity High School from 1892 to 1895. He also published several periodicals during his career. The John Franklin Heitman Papers contain correspondence, bound volumes, printed material, and financial and legal documents. Topics include college finance, the U.S. Government's sponsorship of education for Cherokee Indians, the Civil War, publications such as the North Carolina Education Journal and the North Carolina Home Journal, Trinity College administrative issues, and Trinity High School administrative issues. Major correspondents include Julian S. Carr and John W. Alspaugh. English.
- Record Group
- John Franklin Heitman papers
- 1863 - 1911
- Heitman, J. F. (John F.)
- 2.6 Linear Feet, 1500 Items
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
The John Franklin Heitman Papers contain correspondence, bound volumes, printed material, and financial and legal documents. Much of the material dates from the 1884-1887 period in which Heitman served as Acting President of Trinity College. Topics include college finance, the U.S. Government's sponsorship of education for Cherokee Indians, the Civil War, publications, Trinity College administrative issues, and Trinity High School administrative issues. Major correspondents include Julian S. Carr and John W. Alspaugh.
This collection is arranged into two series. The first, Correspondence, dates from 1863 to 1894, with one letter from 1911. It includes both personal and professional correspondence, and is arranged chronologically. The second series, Bound Volumes and Other Material, includes a Civil War diary, grade books from Trinity High School, financial and legal documents related to Trinity College, and publications edited by Heitman, as well as a sampling of other types of print materials. This series is arranged alphabetically by topic.
Access to the Collection
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Use & Permissions
Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
How to Cite
[Identification of item], John Franklin Heitman Papers, University Archives, Duke University.
The bulk of the correspondence dates from 1883 to 1887, when Heitman was Acting President of Trinity College, Randolph County. Issues include fund-raising and support of the college. Major correspondents include Julian S. Carr and J. W. Alspaugh, members of the committee of management that helped Heitman run the college from 1884 to 1887. As Trinity was one of the schools that contracted with the U.S. Government to educate Cherokee Indian youths, this series also contains correspondence between Heitman and the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Department of the Treasury. Other correspondence is from applicants for positions and applicants for admissions to Trinity, correspondence regarding room and board, and letters from parents and prospective students.
Other correspondence includes letters written during Heitman's Civil War days; correspondence concerning advertising, printing, and publicizing the North Carolina Educational Journal, as well as correspondence from subscribers, authors, and publishers; correspondence regarding Trinity High School, and a few family letters. Heitman's correspondence ends in 1894, but the collection contains one letter from 1911, from Heitman's wife to one of his daughters.
The correspondence is arranged chronologically.
The Bound Volumes and Other Material series contains items related to the Civil War, Trinity College (Randolph County), Trinity High School (Randolph County), and Heitman's publishing career. The Civil War diary concerns the Seige of Petersburg, retreat to Appomattox, and his imprisonment on Johnson's Island. A transcription is available. Other materials include financial and legal documents, printed material, and grade record books. Materials are arranged alphabetically.
Contains an autobiography by Heitman.
Includes ads, tickets, notices, and other materials used by Heitman in his publishing and administrative career.
Contains commencement programs and other announcements from Southern high schools and colleges.
John Franklin Heitman was born on April 17, 1840 in Davidson County, North Carolina, the son of Henry and Eve McRary Heitman. He entered Trinity College in Randolph County in 1861, but left in 1862 to join the Confederate Army. He served as a captain in the Civil War. After the war, following a short period of business and teaching, he retuned to Trinity and received an A.M. degree in 1868. He then resumed teaching and became a clergyman in the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and held several parishes. In 1881, he left the clergy to enter business in Chapel Hill, establishing the North Carolina Educational Journal, which he called "the organ of the North Carolina State Teachers Association."
During this time period, he met and married Emma Carr, sister of the Durham tobacco manufacturer Julian S. Carr. In 1883, he was appointed a professor at Trinity College and moved, along with the Education Journal, back to Randolph County. Much of his time over then next few years was spent in dealing with the financial problems of the school. After Marquis Lafayette Wood resigned from the presidency of Trinty in December 1884, Heitman served as an interim head of the school in his capacity as chairman of the faculty. Along with the Committee of Management--his brother-in-law Carr, J.W. Alspaugh, and James A. Gray--Heitman managed to keep the school financially afloat and increase enrollment. In 1887, a new president, John Franklin Crowell, was chosen to lead Trinity.
In 1892, Trinity College moved to Durham County, but Heitman stayed in Randolph County to become Headmaster of Trinity High School. In 1895 he was replaced as headmaster by the Board of Trustees of Trinity College. He then devoted his time to the North Carolina Home Journal, and continuing a series of articles on North Carolina history that he had begun in the North Carolina Educational Journal.
Heitman died on June 15, 1904, and is buried in Trinity Cemetery, Trinity, North Carolina, along with his wife. They had three children: Eva (Mrs. W. Bivens), Polly (Mrs. R.B. Terry), and John.
- Kilgo (John C.) Records and Papers, 1888-1970 (bulk 1894-1920) (Duke University Archives)
- Trinity College (Randolph County, N.C.) Collection, 1836-1990 (Duke University Archives)
Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries.
- Alspaugh, John W., 1831-1912
- Carr, Julian Shakespeare
- Heitman, J. F. (John F.)
- Heitman, J. F. (John F.)
- Trinity College (Randolph County, N.C.)
- Trinity High School (N.C.)
- Trinity College (Randolph County, N.C.) -- Administration
- Trinity College (Randolph County, N.C.) -- Faculty
- Cherokee Indians -- Education
- Indians of North America -- Education (Higher) -- North Carolina
- The North Carolina educational journal [serial]
- The N.C. home journal [serial]
The John Franklin Heitman Papers were received as a transfer and gift in 1967.
Processed by Valerie Gillispie
Completed August 10, 2004
Encoded by Valerie Gillispie, August 10, 2004