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Guide to the Independent Aid, Inc. Records, 1934-1954

Abstract

Independent Aid, Inc. was the first charitable foundation established by Doris Duke, daughter of businessman and philanthropist James Buchanan (J.B.) Duke. It was incorporated in Delaware in October, 1934. Although Miss Duke had limited direct involvement with Independent Aid, its disbursements reflected her persistent interests in the welfare of women and children, education, social work and mental health, and early family planning efforts. The foundation’s daily operations were administered largely by Marian Paschal, who served as Secretary until her death in 1946, and by her successor, Georgea T. Furst. Independent Aid, Inc. became the Doris Duke Foundation in 1951.

The collection spans the years 1934 to 1954, beginning with the establishment of Independent Aid, Inc. and including administrative entries through the first years of the Doris Duke Foundation. Journals, cashbooks, ledgers, and minute books comprise the majority of the collection; these detail contributions to the foundation as well as disbursements. The remaining materials include correspondence, the foundation’s original by-laws, federal tax forms, financial records and lists of stock holdings, and memoranda documenting daily operations.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Independent Aid, Inc.
Title
Independent Aid, Inc. records 1934-1954
Language of Material
English
Extent
6.4 Linear Feet, 314 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

The Independent Aid, Inc. Records (formerly IA.9A) are part of the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation Historical Archives which were donated to the Duke University. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library by the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation. The collection covers the operations of Independent Aid, Inc. from its establishment in 1934 through 1951, when it became the Doris Duke Foundation. Fourteen journals, cashbooks, ledgers, and minute books comprise the majority of the collection and detail contributions to the foundation as well as disbursements. One journal, one cashbook, and one ledger extend through 1954. The remaining materials include correspondence, the foundation’s original by-laws, federal tax forms, financial records and lists of stock holdings, and memoranda documenting daily operations. Of particular note are reports made to Marian Paschal, Secretary of Independent Aid, Inc. until her death in 1946, detailing the circumstances of aid recipients and thank you notes to Miss Paschal.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Correspondence and memoranda relating to contributions made by Independent Aid, Inc. File includes thank you notes to Miss Paschal. 1934–1945
Box 1 Folder 1
Correspondence, memoranda, and related materials concerning the daily operations of Independent Aid, Inc. Materials also include tax bulletins, minutes, and Annual Reports on IA from State of Delaware. 1946–1952
Box 1 Folder 2
Cash statements of Independent Aid, Inc. Also includes balance sheets, work sheets, and contributions to organizations. 1935–1946
Box 1 Folder 3
By-laws, Independent Aid, Inc. 1934
Box 1 Folder 4
List, contributions of Independent Aid, Inc. 1937–1950
Box 1 Folder 5
Cashbook, No. 4. 1950–1954
Oversize Box 2
Journal, No. 4. 1950–1954
Oversize Box 2
Ledger, No. 4. 1950–1953
Oversize Box 2
Cashbook, 1934–1939
Oversize Box 3
Cashbook, No. 2, 1940-May 1945
Oversize Box 3
Cashbook, No. 3, June 1945-1949
Oversize Box 3
Journal, 1934-January 1940
Oversize Box 3
Journal, No. 2, January 1940-June 1945
Oversize Box 3
Journal, No. 3, June 1945-1949
Oversize Box 3
Ledger, 1934-1939
Oversize Box 3
Ledger, No. 2, 1940-May 1945
Oversize Box 3
Ledger, No. 3, June 1945-1949
Oversize Box 3
Minutes of the monthly meetings of the Board of Directors of Independent Aid. Includes Certificate of Incorporation, 1934-1941 (1 of 2)
Box 4
Minutes of the monthly meetings of the Board of Directors of Independent Aid. Includes Certificate of Incorporation, 1934-1941 (2 of 2)
Box 4
Minutes of the monthly meetings of the Board of Directors of Independent Aid, 1941-1951 (1 of 2)
Box 5
Minutes of the monthly meetings of the Board of Directors of Independent Aid, 1941-1951 (2 of 2)
Box 5

Historical Note

Independent Aid, Inc. was the first charitable foundation established by Doris Duke, daughter of businessman and philanthropist James Buchanan (J.B.) Duke. It was incorporated in Delaware in October, 1934, shortly after Miss Duke turned 21 years of age. The foundation’s daily operations were administered largely by Marian Paschal, who served as Secretary until her death in 1946, and by her successor, Georgea T. Furst. Although Miss Duke had limited direct involvement with Independent Aid, its disbursements reflected her persistent interests in the welfare of women and children, social work and mental health, and early family planning efforts; recipients included the Center for Self-Supporting Women and Students of New York City, the Mental Hygiene Association, and the Child Adoption and Placement Bureau among many others. Additionally, many individuals received funds either to sustain them through financial difficulties or as educational loans and scholarships. In October, 1951, the officers of Independent Aid, Inc. voted to change its name to the Doris Duke Foundation.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Independent Aid, Inc. Records, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation Historical Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Independent Aid, Inc. Records were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a donation from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation in June 2009.

Processing Information

Processed by Kate Jordan, January 2011

Encoded by Kate Jordan, January 2011

Accession UA2009-0030 is described in this finding aid.

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.