Guide to the Society of the 9019 records, 1892-1943
The Society of 9019, organized in February 1890 under the leadership of John Spencer Bassett, was an honorary scholarship fraternity. The society began at Trinity College and continued on at Duke University. Acceptance into the 9019 was based, in part, on an academic average of 90 or above. It was also conditioned upon a scholastic average of 2.25 quality points, making it similar to the male only Phi Beta Kappa society. The 9019 is credited with establishing the South Atlantic Quarterly, supporting scholarly activities among North Carolina high schools, and establishing student-faculty forums on a variety of timely subjects. The group disbanded in the early 1940s.
The 9019 records contain ritual and member lists, program and contest advertisements, ceremonial robes, founding documents, letters, photographs, memorabilia and other papers related to this honor society. The dates of the materials range from 1892-1944.
- University Archives, Duke University
- Duke University. The Society of the 9019.
- Society of the 9019 records, 1892-1943
- Language of Material
- 5.5 Linear Feet, 2500 Items
- For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
The 9019 records contain ritual and member lists, program and contest advertisements, ceremonial robes, founding documents, letters, photographs, memorabilia and other papers related to this honor society. Major subjects include: intellectual life; student societies; initiations and rites and ceremonies; oratory competitions, and the South Atlantic Quarterly. The dates of the materials range from 1892-1944.
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Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
The Society of the 9019 was the first honor society at Trinity College. In February of 1890, John Spencer Bassett founded the Society of the 9019 and became its first president. Bassett’s desire to arouse the intellectual and literary interests of students and to stimulate interest in the history of the South inspired him to create the 9019. The 9019 recognized the outstanding students of the college, encouraged its members to promote scholarship on campus and in the community, and fostered a "true college spirit." The origin of the name is a representation of a) the 90 percent average required for admittance and b) the number of original members. As a precursor to Phi Beta Kappa, the 9019 provided a unique opportunity for recognition and involvement in campus activities. Notable contributions include the creation of the South Atlantic Quarterly and supporting scholarly activities among North Carolina high schools via annual declamation contests. The 9019 continued operation throughout the transformation to Duke University, but competing fraternities and World War II brought an end to the organization.
- United States--Intellectual life.
- United States--Intellectual life--19th century.
- United States--Intellectual life--20th century.
- Duke University--Societies, etc.
- Duke University--Students--Societies, etc.
- Initiations (into trades, societies, etc.) Duke University--History.
- John Spencer Bassett, 1867-1928.
- Trinity College (Durham, N.C.).
- Trinity College (Randolph County, N.C.)
- Rites and ceremonies.
- Oratory--Competitions--North Carolina.
- South Atlantic Quarterly.
- Honor Societies.
- The 9019.
- University Archives Photograph Collection, 1861-2006 (University Archives. Duke University.)
[Identification of item], Society of the 9019 records, Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
The Society of the 9019 records were received by the University Archives as a transfer from Mrs Mattie Erma E. Parker in 1978.
Processed by Archives Staff, September 2006
Encoded by Sherrie Bowser, June 2007
Accession 78-38 is described in this finding aid.
Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and our local Style Guide.
This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.