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Preliminary Guide to the Don Roy Papers, 1921 - 1980

Abstract

Donald Francis Roy (1909-1980), noted industrial sociologist, was a faculty member at Duke University in the Department of Sociology from 1950 until his retirement in 1979. Roy's areas of specialization were field methods of sociological research and social conflict. The collection includes correspondence, clippings, articles, reviews, manuscripts, research and field notes, reprints, newsletters, photographs, teaching materials, pamphlets, and other written materials. The major subjects of the collection are Roy's study of industrial sociology; workplace interactions; and specific collective bargaining and union campaigns of the Textile Workers Union of America, the Teamsters Union, and the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Don Roy papers 1921 - 1980
Creator
Roy, Donald F.
Extent
25.5 Linear Feet , 25500 Items
Repository
University Archives, Duke University
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult University Archives, Duke University.
Language
English.

Collection Overview

The collection includes correspondence, clippings, articles, reviews, manuscripts, research and field notes, reprints, newsletters, photographs, teaching materials, pamphlets, and other written materials. The major subjects of the collection are Roy's study of industrial sociology; workplace interactions; and specific collective bargaining and union campaigns of the Textile Workers Union of America, the Teamsters Union, and the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees.

While at Duke, Roy studied the attempts made by the Textile Workers Union of America to have union contracts accepted in some of the mills of Virginia and North Carolina. Between 1956-1959 and 1973-1979, Roy made detailed observations on the campaigns at the Hanes Knitting Company in Winston-Salem, N.C., 1956-1957; Elkin, N.C., 1956-1957; Chatham, Va., 1956; Burlington, N.C., 1957; Roanoke, Va., 1956 and 1965; Radford, Va., 1957; Vinton, Va., 1957; Dublin, Va., 1957; Altavista, Va., 1957; Henderson, N.C., 1958-1959; Roanoke Rapids, N.C., 1964-1979; Wallace, N.C., 1974 and 1977; Laurinburg, N.C., 1977-1979. The bulk of the information about these campaigns can be found in Boxes 1-5 and Boxes 14-19. Manuscripts on the Sheffield and Tyndall campaigns can be found in Box 1.

In addition, Roy followed the disputes involving the Teamsters Union in Atlanta, Ga., 1966, and the attempt by Local 77 of the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees to establish a union at Duke Hospital in the 1960s and 1970s. Throughout his life, Roy took detailed field notes, collected materials, and retained correspondence about his industrial studies. These materials are scattered throughout the collection.

In 1965-1966, Roy spent a year on sabbatical at Cornell University. During that year, Roy wrote case studies on the Tyndall Garment Co., the Sheffield and Laurel Campaigns, the Burlington Campaign, the Corinth Study, and the Labor Organizing Campaign. Roy's field notes and observations are included in the collection.

Roy used pseudonyms, to protect confidentiality, for the names of the people and places he studied. Box 14 contains a list of the pseudonyms Roy used in his case studies. The following list gives the actual name followed by the pseudonym used by Roy in some of his studies and in his folder titles.

Box 6 contains files for a book begun by Roy about his interest and involvement in union organizing. The book was not completed. The collection file contains Mrs. Roy's outline of the book's organization.

The collection file includes a paper by Huw Beynon with notes and comments about Roy's papers. Beynon's manuscript offers a proposed classification for the collection and outlines themes of Roy's work. The collection file also includes a biographical sketch by Dr. Joy K. Roy, Roy's second wife.

Administrative Information

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warning Access Restrictions

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

In off-site storage; 48 hours advance notice is required for use.

warning Use Restrictions

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Contents of the Collection

Sheffield

Contains manuscript about the union campaign in Chatham, Va.

Box 1
Tyndall

Contains manuscript about the Hanes Knitting union campaign in Winston-Salem, N.C.

Box 1
Henderson, N.C., 1958-1961

Includes mostly printed matter from Locals 578 and 584 of the Textile Workers Union of America.

Box 2
Cone, 1958-1961
Box 2
Anacostia, 1966
Box 2
Clinch Valley Coal 1967-[1968]
Box 2
Elkin, 1967
Box 2
[Erwin Mills?], [1966-1967]
Box 2
Whiteville, 1967
Box 2
Trade Worker
Box 3
Textile Worker
Box 3
Labor Unity
Box 3
Textile Labor
Box 3
Textile Workers Union of America and Elkin, 1966
Box 3
Bill Swift, Unemployment Compensation Hearings (Elkin), 1957
Box 4
Charlotte Conference, 1956
Box 4
Winston-Salem, 1956-1957
Box 4
Hanes and Elkin, 1956-1957
Box 4
Charlotte, 1957
Box 4
Roanoke and Lynchburg, 1957
Box 4
Roanoke Follow-up, Oct. 1957
Box 4
Chatham Defeat, 1956
Box 4
Radford, 1957
Box 4
Burlington Mills, 1957

Includes Vinton, Radford, Dublin, and Altavista.

Box 4
Burlington Mills, 1957
Box 5
Vinton, 1957-1958
Box 5
Charlotte, 1958
Box 5
Winston-Salem, 1958
Box 5
Restaurant Study, 1953
Box 5
Teamsters, 1965
Box 5
Roanoke, 1965
Box 5
Marion, 1972
Box 5
The Campaign Book

Contains files for a book begun by Roy about his interest and involvement in union organizing. The book was not completed. The collection file contains Mrs. Roy's outline of the book's organization.

Box 6
Articles and Reviews

Includes "Banana Time" field notes; a copy of "The Homeless Man in Seattle;" and other writings. Roy's "Banana Time" paper describes the social interaction that took place within a group of factory machine operators.

Box 7
Research Notes

Includes questionnaires; one notebook with field notes made during a trip to Manchester, England, to study a strike, in 1973; and other materials.

Box 7
Duke Unions, ca. 1966-1979

Contains files primarily about Union Local #77. Also includes one folder on the Vigil, notes from April-July 1968, and folders about the Duke University Hospital.

Box 8
Reprints and Photocopies

Material in this box is from published sources.

Box 9
Clippings

Material in this box is from U.S. and foreign newspapers.

Brittle newspaper clippings will need to be processed before use. Please consult University Archives staff.

Box 10
Collected Writings

Includes writings collected by Roy. Some material is from unidentified sources.

Box 11
Correspondence
Box 12
Articles and Reviews
Box 12
Manuscripts
Box 12
Research Notes
Box 12
Speeches
Box 12
Correspondence
Box 13
University of Chicago
Box 13
Sociology Dept. Business
Box 13
ADPi
Box 13
Music
Box 13
Personal Correspondence

Includes letters of condolence to Mrs. Roy, 1980.

Box 13
Family Photographs
Box 13
Biographical Information
Box 13
Duke Teaching Materials
Box 13
The Dolls

Includes clippings, letters, and photographs about individuals who were Roy's undergraduates and wrote about the medical school for one of Roy's classes.

Box 13
Cambridge University Teaching Materials, 1972-1973
Box 13
Correspondence, 1972-1973
Box 13
Cone, 1978
Box 14
Cannon, ca. 1975
Box 14
Stevens, 1965-ca. 1979
Box 14
Standard Oil, 1945-1946
Box 14
National Union of Public Employees (U.K.), 1973
Box 14
Human Nature

Includes course notes from a course taught by H. Blumer.

Box 14
Research Materials,
Box 14
Freedom and Equality Conference, 1978
Box 14
Corinth Study
Box 14
Burlington Study
Box 14
Labor Union Organizing Campaign
Box 14
Sheffield Campaign
Box 14
Name Guides

Roy substituted fictional pseudonyms for the names of people he interviewed and places he studied in order to maintain confidentiality. This file includes a key to Roy's name code.

Box 14
Field Notes, 1948-1951

Includes material collected at factories in Chicago and was most likely used for Roy's dissertation.

Box 15
Field Notes, 1946-1948
Box 16
Clippings
Box 16
Southern Labor History Conference, Atlanta, April 1976
Box 16
Notes, Pensacola, Fla., Sept. 1961
Box 16
Aug. 20-Dec. 23, 1973

Includes notes taken in Charlotte, N.C.; Cheraw, S.C. (Wallace Campaign); Roanoke Rapids, N.C.; and Aberdeen, N.C.

Box 17
Jan. 8-Dec. 9, 1974

Includes notes taken in Roanoke Rapids, N.C. and Raleigh, N.C. (Hearing on Stevens Campaign, Federal Court House). Also includes notes taken from talks given by P. Gallaudet to a sociology class at UNC-CH, and by J. Coyne to one of Roy's sociology classes at Duke.

Box 17
Jan. 29-Dec. 23, 1975

Includes notes taken in Wallace, N.C.; Wilmington, N.C.; Greensboro, N.C.; Roanoke Rapids, N.C.; and Enfield, N.C. Also includes notes taken at talks with McConville; from a letter from P. Swaity about a survey of attitudes of workers to unionization; with Swaity at RDU airport; from questionnaires from Swaity; revisions with Ed. Butler; and with Mr. and Mrs. Briggs at Duke Hospital.

Box 18
Jan. 4-Dec. 5, 1976

Includes notes taken in Roanoke Rapids, N.C. and Enfield, N.C. Also includes notes taken at talks with Maurene at Duke Hospital and with J. Kissack

Box 18
Jan. 20-Nov. 20, 1977

Includes notes taken in Roanoke Rapids, N.C.; Laurinburg, N.C.; Elkin, N.C.; Wallace/Wilmington, N.C.; Aberdeen, N.C.; Greenville, S.C.; and Spartanburg, S.C. Also includes notes taken at talks with Ulf Damman.

Box 18
Feb. 5-Dec. 19, 1978

Includes notes taken in Roanoke Rapids, N.C.; Hillsborough, N.C.; Laurinburg, N.C.; Charlotte, N.C.; and Raleigh, N.C. Also includes notes taken at talks with R. Andrews, J. Andrews, and Chesenhall.

Box 19
Jan. 2-July 31, 1979

Includes notes taken in Roanoke Rapids, N.C.; Greenville, N.C.; Laurinburg, N.C.; Charlotte, N.C.; and Wagram, N.C. Also includes notes taken at talks with U. Damman, Zivalich, P. McCullough, and Och-ja (Korea).

Box 19

Historical Note

Donald Francis Roy (1909-1980), noted industrial sociologist, was a faculty member at Duke University in the Department of Sociology from 1950 until his retirement in 1979. Roy was educated at the University of Washington (A.B., 1935; M.A., 1935) and at the University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1952). Roy held a number of teaching positions before he came to Duke. He taught at the University of Washington (1935-1937), the University of Oregon (1937-1938), the University of Chicago (1947-1950), Roosevelt College (1948-1950), and the Illinois Institute of Technology (1949-1950).

Roy's areas of specialization were field methods of sociological research and social conflict. Roy applied the participant observer approach to factory situations. He began in 1934 with a study of the makeshift world of unemployed men in a Seattle shantytown called Hooverville. Roy moved into Hooverville and wrote a master's thesis titled "Hooverville, a Study of a Community of Homeless Men in Seattle." Roy's interest in workplace interactions led him to employment in twenty-one different occupations in twenty industries. Roy used his personal involvement in these industries as a basis for his sociological research.

Donald Roy coined the term "banana time," a concept that signifies how employees have made workplaces more tolerable by participating in off-task camaraderie. Banana time refers to the collectively determined break time of factory workers, the start of which was signaled with a lunch box banana.

Roy was married and had two children.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Don Roy Papers, Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Don Roy Papers were received by the University Archives as a transfer in 1982 (A82-44) and in 1983 (A83-106).

Processing Information

Processed by Linda Daniel

Completed May 2004

This collection is partially processed: materials may not have been ordered and described beyond their original condition.

Brittle newspaper clippings will need to be processed before use. Please consult University Archives staff.

De-accessioned: one copy of Lookmagazine, Nov. 16, 1965; copies of the News Reporter, published in Whiteville, N.C. (June 1, 1967; June 5, 1967; June 8, 1967; June 12, 1967; June 15, 1967; June 19, 1967; June 22, 1967; and June 26, 1967); four graded student examination books.

Encoded by Linda Daniel, May 2004

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.