Guide to the Edward Christian Simmons Papers, 1933-1964


Edward Christian Simmons was an economics professor at Duke University. His collection includes correspondence with author Charles Holt Carroll, Carroll's manuscript for Organization of Debt into Currency and correspondence from John Maynard Keynes.

Descriptive Summary

Record Group
Edward Christian Simmons papers
Simmons, Edward Christian, 1909-2001
0.5 Linear Feet, 200 Items
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Material in English

Collection Overview

Contains correspondence relating to Charles Holt Carroll (1800-1890) whose Organization of Debt into Currency and Other Papers Simmons edited and for which Simmons wrote an introduction. Includes correspondence with William Volker Fund of Burlingame, CA regarding the publication costs of Carroll’s manuscript. Also includes the manuscript of Simmons’s edition of Carroll’s writings; the title page, table of contents, index and introduction are in typescript, and the rest consists of Photostats of printed copies. Collection also includes a letter from John Maynard Keynes to Simmons, thanking him for his article “Mr. Keynes’ Control Scheme.” The original of this letter was transferred to the signatures collection. Items were foldered for processing.

Restrictions on Access & Use

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warning Access Restrictions

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

In off-site storage; 48 hours advance notice is required for use.

warning Use Restrictions

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Contents of the Collection

1. Container List

1 box
Correspondence with John Maynard Keynes, 1933
Box 1
Charles H. Carroll - Introduction and Bullion Bank, Correspondence, 1964
Box 1
Carroll Manuscript
Box 1

Historical Note

Biographical/Historical note

Edward Christian Simmons was born in Pittsburgh, PA in 1909. He received his Ph.D. from Ohio State University in 1936, and subsequently taught at Ohio State, Wayne State and the University of Michigan. Simmons joined the U.S. Navy Reserves in 1943 and served as an aerial navigator in the Caribbean until 1946. He joined the Duke faculty in 1947, where he taught Economics specializing in monetary-fiscal policy. He died in 2001.

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • Hoover (Calvin B.) Papers, 1929-1988 (bulk 1929-1968). (University Archives, Duke University.)
  • Ratchford (Benjamin U.) Papers, 1924-1980. (University Archives, Duke University.)
  • Glasson (William H.) Papers, 1891-1946 and n.d. (University Archives, Duke University.)
  • Smith (Robert S.) Papers, 1930-1969. (University Archives, Duke University.)
  • Knight (Douglas M.) Records, 1949-1970. (University Archives, Duke University.)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Edward Christian Simmons Papers, Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.


The Edward Christian Simmons Papers were received by the University Archives as a gift in 1962; 1964.

Processing Information

Processed by Jessica Wood, November 2006

Encoded by Sherrie Bowser, March 2007

Accessions A62-522, A64-196 were merged into one collection, described in this finding aid.