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Guide to the Richard L. Watson, Jr. Papers, 1941 - 1989

Abstract

Richard L. Watson, Jr. served as Professor of History at Duke University (1939-1984), Chair of the Department of History (1960-1967), Chair of the Academic Council (1964-1966, 1975-1977), and associate editor of the South Atlantic Quarterly (1974-1987). Papers include correspondence, notes, committee minutes and reports, course evaluations, research files, and manuscript drafts of chapters, and involve Watson's work with the Army Air Force Historical Office, the History Department, Duke University, professional organizations, research and writings in American history and historiography, and personal materials.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Richard L. Watson, Jr. papers 1941 - 1989
Creator
Watson, Richard L.
Extent
19.0 Linear Feet , 14,500 Items
Repository
University Archives, Duke University
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult University Archives, Duke University.
Language
English.

Collection Overview

The materials in this collection consist of the papers of Richard L. Watson, Jr. accrued between 1941 and 1989. The majority of the collection pertains to his work at Duke University, both in the department of history and in service to university faculty and administration. There are also papers relating to his writings and research, his work in the Army Air Force Historical Office, professional organizations, and personal life. Types of materials include correspondence, notes, committee minutes and reports, teacher course evaluations, chapter files and draft chapters.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

For a period of twenty-five years from the origin of the material, permission in writing from the office of origin and the University Archivist is required for use. After twenty-five years, records that have been processed may be consulted with the permission of the University Archivist.

Records, such as search committee files or others pertaining to employment where individuals are identified, are closed for 70 years.

In accordance with the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 as amended, Duke University permits students to inspect their education records and limits the disclosure of personally identifiable information from education records.

In off-site storage; 48 hours advance notice is required for use.

warning Use Restrictions

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Contents of the Collection

The first series, Army Air Force Historical Office, contains material Watson collected while serving as the Chief of the Southwest Pacific Branch of the Army Air Force Historical Office. The work of the office was eventually collected in the seven volume series, The Army Air Forces in World War II, edited by Wesley Frank Craven and James Lea Cate. Watson's contributions to the series pertain chiefly to Vols. I and IV. Types of material in this series include general correspondence about the work of the Historical Office, newspaper clippings chronicling daily events, and notes taken from primary wartime documents on Southwest Pacific Air Operations. Major events include Rabaul, Battle of the Bismarck Sea, Philippines campaign, Pearl Harbor, Wau, and Nassau Bay. Strategic topics include bombing techniques, equipment, men and morale, radio and radar, supplies, and allocations. There are also draft chapters of his work, The Fifth Air Force in the Huon Peninsula Campaign. Also included are several reference works such as maps of the Southwest Pacific, a gazetteer of New Guinea, and several works by J.V. Cragg on the Fifth Air Force.

Correspondence, 1944-1951
Box 1
General
Box 1
Undated
[3 folders]
Box 1
Chapters 1-3, The Fifth Air Force in the Huon Peninsula Campaign
Box 1
Chapters 4-6, The Fifth Air Force in the Huon Peninsula Campaign
Box 1
Notes, The Fifth Air Force in the Huon Peninsula Campaign
Box 1
1941-1942
Box 1
Jan.-Aug. 1943
Box 1
Sept.-Dec. 1943
Box 1
Jan.-Feb. 1944
Box 1
March 1944
Box 1
April 1944
Box 1
May 1944
Box 1
June 1944
Box 1
July 1944
Box 1
August 1944
Box 1
Sept.-Dec. 1944
Box 1
Notes, Fifth Air Force, 1941-1942

Includes Philippines campaign and Pearl Harbor.

Box 1
Notes on Southwest Pacific Air Operations, n.d.

Includes notes on Allocation, Australia, Bases (General), Bombing Technique, Bombers (Light), B-25 and B-26, B-24 and B-17, Bibliography, Appendix, SWPA-Oct. 1943, Plans, Service, Rabaul, Operations, SWPA Jan. 44, Appendix, Bibliography, Unit Histories, Problems with men and materials, Organization, Personnel, Photos, Plans, Rabaul, Radio and Radar, Shipping and Supply; Supply dropping, Status, Training, Troop Carrier, Tsili Tsili, Wau, Strategic Situation, Plans and Allocations, Service Command, Preliminary Offensive Moves, Bismarck Sea, Nassau Bay, Part II, Conclusions, Citations, Dobodura, Darwin, Fighters, Intelligence, Miscellaneous, Modifications and Maintenance, Night Fighters.

[12 folders]
Box 2
Notes on Southwest Pacific Air Operations, October 1943-February 1944

Includes notes on Bases, Allocations, Enemy order of battle, Miscellaneous Morale, Navy, Operations cables, Operations-General, Organization, Personnel, Plans after Jan. 1944, Radar, Service, Status, Supply and Maintenance, Training, Miscellaneous.

[3 folders]
Box 2
Battle of the Bismarck Sea, n.d.
Box 2
Miscellaneous, n.d.
Box 2
Newspaper Clippings on Southwest Pacific Theater, Sept.-Oct. 1944
Box 2
Newspaper Clippings on Southwest Pacific Theater, Nov. 1944-Feb. 1945
Box 2
Outline for a Published History of the AAF, n.d.
Box 2
Paper Critique: Prewar Military Plans and Preparations, 1939-1941 by Maurice Matloff, 1951
Box 2
Crabb, Brigadier General J.V. Role of Fifth Air Force in Southwest Pacific Campaign, World War II
Crabb, Brigadier General J.V. Fifth Air Force Air War Against Japan, September 1942- August 1945
Box 2
Gazetteer of South-East New Guinea and New Britain
Box 2
Map. Eastern New Guinea and Bismarck Archipelago
Box 2
Map. Southwest Pacific.
Box 2
Scrapbook. Newspaper Clippings, 1943-1944
Box 2

The materials in the second series, History Department, contain information relating to Watson's forty-five year tenure in the department both as a professor and administrator. Insights into his teaching style can be gleaned from numerous teacher-course evaluations as well as syllabi and book lists. The series contains thirty-five years of correspondence primarily relating to departmental and teaching matters. Also included are departmental meeting minutes, enrollment statistics, and materials relating to graduate students. This series includes numerous planning and curriculum reports, the bulk dating from the 1960s to early 1970s. There is also a run of the departmental publication Research Notes (Nos. 1-14), which describes the scholarly research of faculty members. The development of the departmental honors program is detailed as well as the early history of teaching African-American history at Duke. This series also contains historical information on the activities of the Trinity College Historical Society, a social and professional society for faculty and graduate students of the History Department.

Ad Hoc Committee on the Curriculum of the Department of History, 1967
Box 4
Ad Hoc Committee on the Curriculum of the Department of History, Report, 1967
Box 4
Ad Hoc Committee on the History Graduate Program, Report, 1973
Box 4
Afro-American History Faculty Appointment, 1968-1969
Box 4
Afro-American History, 1968-1972
Box 4
Budgets, 1961-1968, 1980-1982
[8 folders]
Box 4
By-Laws, 1980
Box 4
Committee on Courses, 1959-1960
Box 4
Committee on Honors, 1955, 1961
Box 4
Committee on Hyphens and Commas, 1954
Box 4
Committee to Review Graduate History Curriculum, 1978-1980
Box 4
Conference on Teaching the Social Studies, 1957-1975
Box 4
Committee on the Seminar Room [William K. Boyd Seminar Room], 1957
Box 4
Commonwealth Seminar, n.d.
Box 4
1946-1963
[16 folders]
Box 4
1964-1973, 1980-1981

During the fall of 1971, Watson was on a Fulbright in Australia.

[11 folders]
Box 5
Course Offerings, 1955-65
Box 5
Dean's Memoranda, 1982
Box 5
Dean's Memoranda, 1983-85
Box 5
Departmental Committee on the Graduate Program, 1961
Box 5
Departmental Leave Requests, 1960
Box 5
1953, 1958-61, 1965-67
Box 5
1962-64
Box 5
1968-75
Box 5
Departmental Search Committee, 1974-75
Box 5
Education, Department of, 1961-65
Box 5
1976
Box 5
1979
Box 5
1982
Box 5
Executive Committee, 1967-75
Box 5
Faculty Rosters, 1980-83
Box 5
General Education Board Southern Scholarships, 1950-53
Box 5
Graduate Alumni Correspondence, 1965-67
Box 5
Graduate Staff, 1961-64
Box 5
Graduate Student Committee on Curriculum Reform-Report, 1967
Box 5

NOTE: Student records are RESTRICTED.

1960
Box 5
1960-1963
Box 5
1965-1967
Box 5
1967-1972
Box 5
1969-1970
Box 5
1973-1974
Box 5
1974-1976
Box 5
1977-1978
Box 5
1979-1981
Box 5
Graduate Studies, Director of, 1957-60
Box 5
Graduate History 1 and 2 (50 and 51), Syllabi, n.d.
Box 6
History 1X, 1959-63
Box 6
History 91, Teacher Course Evaluations, n.d.
Box 6
History 91-92, 1947-52
Box 6
History 113, Teacher Course Evaluations, 1972
Box 6
History 113, Teacher Course Evaluations, 1974
Box 6
History 114, Teacher Course Evaluations, n.d. [ca. 1970s]
Box 6
History 114, Teacher Course Evaluations, 1975
Box 6
History 114, Teacher Course Evaluations, 1980
Box 6
History 196D, Teacher Course Evaluations, 1971
Box 6
History 212, Teacher Course Evaluations, 1971
Box 6
History Alumni, Fund Raising, 1977-80
Box 6
History Majors. Statistics, 1955-66
Box 6
History of India Vacancy, 1972-73
Box 6
History of Science, 1962-64
Box 6
History Sub-Committee on Interdisciplinary Programs, 1967-68
Box 6
Honors Program, 1963-64
Box 6
Honors Program, Proposals and Ideas, 1958-60
Box 6
Independent Study, 1970-75
Box 6
Independent Study, 1980-84
Box 6
Library Reserve Book Lists, ca. 1981
Box 6
Makerere University College Exchange Program, 1967-70
Box 6
Medical Historian Training Program, 1967
Box 6
National Defense Fellowship, 1958-61
Box 6
Applicants, 1968
[2 folders]
Box 6
Budget, 1968-70
Box 6
Publishers, 1968
Box 6
Paranavitana, Senarat Lecture, 1962, 1964
Box 6
Planning, 1958-66
Box 6
Planning Committee of the Dept. of History, 1973-74
Box 6
Pre-Major Advising, 1986-88
Box 6
Report: Department of History, "An Ongoing Program", [1965]
Box 6
Report of the Planning Committee of the Dept. of History, 1974
Box 6
Report of Special Long-Range Planning Committee for the History Dept., 1964
Box 6
Research Notes (#1-14), 1982-84
Box 6
Self-Study Committee on the Curriculum-Report, [ca. 1976]
Box 6
Summer Session, 1960-63
Box 6
Summer Session, 1963-64
Box 6
Teaching Course Load, 1976-79
Box 6
1958-1972
Box 6
1973-1977
Box 6
1978-1986
Box 6
Newsletters, 1978-79, 1982
Box 6
Undergraduate Studies, Director of, 1959-60
Box 6

The third series, University, documents Watson's involvement and service on numerous faculty and university committees, councils, and task forces. Watson served as vice chair of the University Council from 1961-62; Chairman of the Academic Council from 1964-66, as well as 1975-77; and vice chair of the Academic Council from 1973-74. Materials relating to the University Council document discussion about tuition benefits for faculty children, by-laws, faculty qualification and improvements, and the role of University Council. His long service on the Undergraduate Faculty Council (UFC) and Undergraduate Faculty Council of Arts and Sciences (UFCAS) is reflected in this series. He chaired the UFC Faculty Committee on Admissions and the minutes and report are contained in these files. He also was appointed to the review committee on the structure of UFCAS. In addition, in the early 1970s Watson was on the executive committee of the Undergraduate Faculty Committee of Arts and Sciences. These files include a proposal on Afro-American studies.

Watson was appointed to numerous university committees formed in response to the period of student protest and unrest of the late 1960s. This series contains minutes, reports, correspondence, and background material from said committees. The Committee on Judicial Procedures, also called the "Watson Committee", was created to define and implement judicial procedures and address the pickets and protests regulations. The files contain committee reports, meeting minutes, background materials and correspondence. They also include information on the existing judicial structures and procedures of the Men's Student Government Association, the Women's Student Government Association, and the Nursing and Medical Schools. There is also information on honor codes as embedded in the judicial structures. The materials from the Faculty Committee on Student Concerns relate to the Allen Building takeover, Afro-American studies program, and the Afro-American society. The Student-Faculty-Administration Committee files contain information relating to university drug policy, military recruitment on campus, and pickets and protest policies.

In 1981, Duke President Terry Sanford proposed Duke as a possible site for the Richard M. Nixon presidential library. Watson played a central role in faculty debate over the appropriateness of placing the library at Duke. This series contains news clippings, correspondence, academic council material, and his own diary and notes on the controversy.

Materials in this series relating to the Committee on Social Implications of Duke's Investment Policy all appear to be originals from committee co-chair William A. Reppy and chairman James D. Cox's files. The committee consisted of twelve members appointed by the President and included four administrators, four faculty members, and four students. The committee was allowed to make specific recommendations or general guidelines to the Board of Trustees. It primarily dealt with issues relating to investments with companies doing business with South Africa. This collection of materials includes news articles, church shareholder resolutions, correspondence, and minutes.

Other committees and subjects addressed in this series include the Task Force on Yearly Operations, the Institute of Policy Studies and Public Affairs, the library council and the George Washington Flowers Collection, the Forest History Society, Phi Beta Kappa, the South Atlantic Quarterly, and the YMCA.

Academic Council. Committee on Faculty and Staff Housing, 1963-65
Box 7
Academic Council. Committee on Trustee Nominations [info on student trustees], 1974, 1982
Box 7
Academic Freedom, 1965-76
Box 7
Ad Hoc Committee on African and Afro-American Studies, 1968-69
Box 7
Alumni Lecture Series, 1962
Box 7
Alumni Lecture Series, 1965-68
Box 7
American Association of University Professors-Duke University Chapter, 1978-87
Box 7
Angier B. Duke Scholarship (on finals committee), 1972-73
Box 7
Art Museum Siting Committee, 1988-89
Box 7
Art Museum Siting Committee, 1989-91
Box 7
Baldwin Federation, 1978-79
Box 7
Baldwin Federation, 1979-80
Box 7
Bassett Affair, 75th Anniversary, 1978-79
Box 7
Centennial Celebration of Teacher Education in Duke University, 1952
Box 7
Center for Commonwealth Studies, 1979-88
Box 7
Center for Southern Studies, 1965-66
Box 7
Colloquium 101, [1962]
Box 7
Commencement Marshals, 1950-52
Box 7
1968
Box 7
1969
[2 folders]
Box 7
Background Material, 1968-69
Box 7
Correspondence, 1968-69
Box 7
Existing Duke Judicial Structures and Procedures, 1965-69
Box 7
Meeting Minutes and Agendas, 1968-69
Box 7
Policies at Other Institutions, 1968
Box 7
Reports, 1968-69
Box 7
Committee on Planning and Development. Sub-Committee on the University Arts Center, 1958-60
Box 7
Committee on School Management, 1981-82
Box 7
Articles on Alternate Sources of Energy, 1978-79
Box 8
Articles on Chile and Argentina, 1979
Box 8
Articles on Military Arms Sales, 1978-79
Box 8
Articles on Nuclear Energy, 1978-79
Box 8
Articles on South Africa and Uganda, 1977-79
Box 8
Church Shareholder Resolutions, 1979
Box 8
Correspondence, 1977-80
Box 8
Corporate Examiner, 1978-79
Box 8
Correspondence, 1981-82
Box 8
Minutes, 1978-80
Box 8
Minutes, 1981-82
Box 8
Miscellaneous Articles, 1980
Box 8
Xerox Corporation, 1982
Box 8
Committee on Undergraduate Student Counseling on Military Service, 1951
Box 8
Committee to Recommend a Successor to Dean Marcus Hobbs, 1962-63
Box 8
Dean of Arts and Sciences, Search Committee, 1984-85
Box 8
Dean of Trinity College, Replacement Selection Committee, 1963-64
Box 8
Duke Elderhostel, 1978
Box 8
Duke United Fund Campaign, 1963-66

Includes information on desegregation of Durham YMCA.

Box 8
Duke United Way Campaign, 1977-84
Box 8
Duke University, History, 1964-65
Box 8
Duke University Arts Council, 1957-60; 1970-71
Box 8
Duke University Church Board. Minutes, 1951-53
Box 8
Duke University Community Chest Campaign, 1948-50
Box 8
Duke University Community Chest Campaign, 1949-50
Box 8
Duke University Conference for Secondary School Counselors, 1966
Box 8
Duke University Press, 1971-75
Box 8
Duke University Press, 1978-79
Box 8
Duke-UNC National Security Policy Seminar, 1961-66
Box 8
East Campus-Facilities, 1965
Box 8
Sub-Committee on the Gothic Hall Renovation, 1967
Box 8
Sub-Committee on the Arts Center, 1963-66
Box 8
Sub-Committee on the Arts Center, Special Committee to Interview Architectural Candidates, 1965-66
Box 8
Episcopal Student Center, 1959-63
Box 8
Faculty Advisors, 1952-55
Box 8
Faculty Adviser, 1955-59
Box 8
Faculty Club, 1967-73
Box 8
Faculty Committee on Duke Development Program, 1950-51
Box 8
Faculty Committee on Parking, 1949-51
Box 8
Faculty Committee on Selection of President, 1962
Box 8
Faculty Committee on Student Concerns, 1969
[2 folders]
Box 8
Faculty Committee on Student Concerns, Background Material, 1969
Box 8
Faculty-Student Advisory System Committee, 1952-53
Box 8
Foreign Policy Institute Proposal, 1973-74
Box 9
Forest History Society, 1981-83
Box 9
Friends of Duke University Library, 1976-86
Box 9
Graduate School-Committee on Final Examination Procedures for the M.A. and Ph.D. Degree, 1963-64
Box 9
Graduate School-Committee on Graduate degree time-limits and fees, 1966-67
Box 9
Humanities Council, 1967-69
Box 9
1971-76
Box 9
Advisory Committee, 1972
Box 9
Advisory Committee, 1972-75
Box 9
Advisory Committee, 1973-74
Box 9
Investment Policies Study Committee, 1974
Box 9
Joint Faculty-Trustee Committee on Honorary Degrees, 1961-74
Box 9
1965-85
Box 9
George Washington Flowers Collection, 1965-72
Box 9
George Washington Flowers Collection, 1973-83
Box 9
Special Committee on Gathering Election Material, 1951-52
Box 9
Library Council, 1947-65
Box 9
Local 77, 1966
Box 9
Murphy, Charles (Honorary Degree Recipient), 1967
Box 9
National Defense Education Act of 1958, Oath and Affidavit, 1959-60
Box 9
Nixon Honorary Degree Controversy, 1954-57, 1973
Box 9
Academic Council, 1981
Box 9
Clippings, 1981-82
[2 folders]
Box 9
Committee Against the Nixon-Duke Library (CANDL), 1981
Box 9
Correspondence, August 1981
Box 9
Correspondence, September 1981-1982
Box 9
General, 1981
Box 9
Watson's Diary and Notes, August-September, 1981
Box 9
Omicron Delta Kappa, 1953-68
Box 9
Oral History Project, 1963
Box 9
Phi Beta Kappa, 1977-80
Box 9
Phi Beta Kappa, 1981-88
Box 9
President's Special Advisory Search Committee, 1977-79
Box 9
Regional Education Laboratory Proposal [also Center for the Study of Higher Education proposal], 1965-66
Box 10
Social Science Council, 1970-1971
Box 10
South Atlantic Quarterly, 1972-1988
Box 10
Student-Faculty-Administration Committee, 1967-1968

Includes information on the drug policy, military recruitment on campus, and pickets policy.

Box 10
Ad Hoc Committee on Regulations on Pickets, Protests and Demonstrations, 1968-1969
Box 10
Military recruiting, 11-27-1967, 12-4-1967
Box 10
Pickets and Protests, 12-4-1967, 12-14-1967, 12-18-1967, 2-15-1968, 2-22-1968, 3-11-1968, 3-20-1968, 5-6-1968
Box 10
Drug Policy, 1-9-68, 1-15-1968, 2-15-1968, 2-22-1968, 3-11-1968, 4-5-1968, 4-15-1968
Box 10
1979-80
[3 folders]
Box 10
Draft Reports, 1980
Box 10
Faculty Concerns Subcommittee, 1980
Box 10
Traffic Commission, 1952
Box 10
Traffic Commission, 1955-1956
Box 10
Undergraduate Faculty Committee of Arts and Sciences, Executive Committee, 1973-1975
[2 folders]
Box 10
Committee on Committees, 1965-66
Box 10
Faculty Committee on Admissions, Minutes, 1952-1953
Box 10
Sub-Committee on Curriculum, 1970-1971
Box 10
Report of the Faculty Committee on Admissions, 1953
Box 10
Review Committee on Undergraduate Faculty Council of Arts and Science (UFCAS)
Box 10
Structure of UFCAS, 1982
Box 10
Undergraduate Research Assistantship Program, 1976-89
Box 10
University Admissions Committee, Advisory Committee for Trinity College and College of Engineering, 1963-1965
Box 10
University Archives, 1955-1978
Box 10
University Art and History Preservation Committee, 1981
Box 10
University Arts Center, Report to the Long Range Planning Committee on, 1959
Box 10
1957-1962

Includes tuition benefits for faculty children.

Box 10
Committee on the By Laws, 1960-1962
Box 10
Committee to Consider Proposal Concerning Tuition Awards for Faculty Children, 1959
Box 10
Special Committee on the Future Role of the University Council, 1956
Box 10
University Committee on Faculty Qualifications and Improvements, 1961
Box 10
University Planning Committee, Sub-Committee on Regional and State Responsibilities, 1971-1972
Box 10
University Policy, Planning and Advisory Committee, 1964-66
Box 10
University Policy, Planning and Advisory Committee, Ad Hoc Committee on the Fifth Decade, 1965
Box 10
Woman's College Scholarship Committee, 1953-1954
Box 10
Young Men's Christian Association, Board of Directors, Minutes, 1954-1957
[2 folders]
Box 10

The fourth series, Professional Organizations, documents Watson's long contribution of service to national, state, and local professional historical organizations and his work for the promotion of history. His work with the American Historical Association includes serving on the Ad hoc committee on Ph.D. programs in history, as well as being a session chair and member of the committee to collect the basic data of American political history. For six years he served the Organization of American Historians, and its predecessor organization, the Mississippi Valley Historical Association, as a member of their prize committees. Documents in this series shed light on the changes in prize policy and process. In addition to serving as its president from 1976-1977, Watson served on numerous annual program committees and as session chairs for the Southern Historical Association. This series contains material on program and nominating committees, sessions, and his work on the board of editors of the Journal of Southern History.

Watson also worked to advance the promotion of history. This series documents his work with the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, the NDEA Institute for Advanced Study in American History, the National Coordinating Committee for the Promotion of History, and the United Negro College Fund Distinguished Scholars Program.

The series also contains materials related to Watson's work with historical organizations at the state and local level. It documents his twenty-year involvement with the Historical Society of North Carolina, as well as his work with the North Carolina Literary and Historical Association, and the State Archives of North Carolina. At the local level, this series contains materials about the Durham County history project to publish a history of Durham County, N.C.

1977-1985
Box 11
Ad Hoc Committee on Ph.D. Programs in History, 1967-1969
[3 folders]
Box 11
Ad Hoc Committee on Ph.D. Programs in History, Program Descriptions, 1969
[4 folders]
Box 11
Committee to Collect the Basic Quantitative Data of American Political History, 1966-1968
Box 11
Committee to Collect the Basic Quantitative Data of American Political History, North Carolina Election Data, 1964-1966
Box 11
Session Chair, New Approaches to Recent American Political History, 1961
Box 11
Appalachian State University, Consultant for M.A. Degree in History, 1967
Box 11
Dictionary of American Biography, 1974-1975

Includes his article on O. Max Gardner

Box 11
Durham County History Project, 1955-64
Box 11
Durham County History Project, 1965-70
Box 11
Encyclopedia of Southern History, 1974-76
Box 11
Ford Foundation, Doctoral Fellowships for Black Students, 1970-72
Box 11
1965-69
Box 11
1970-72
Box 11
1973-75
Box 11
1981-87
Box 11
Committee on a Constitutional Amendment, 1957-58
Box 11
Indiana Council for the Social Studies, Speaker, 1963-64
Box 11
1962-63
Box 11
Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Board of Editors, 1958-61
Box 11
Committee on the Future, 1963-65
Box 11
Membership Committee, 1962-65
Box 11
Prize Studies Committee, 1963-65
[2 folders]
Box 11
Prize Studies Committee, Final Appraisals, 1964-65
Box 11
National Coordinating Committee for the Promotion of History, 1976-85
Box 11
National Council for the Social Studies, 1967-68
Box 11
National Geographic, 1963-84
Box 11
National Historical Publications and Records Commission, 1983-89
Box 11
National Historical Publications and Records Commission, Fellowships in Archival Education, 1985-86
Box 11
Institute for Advanced Study in American History, 1968
Box 11
Institutes for Advanced Study Evaluation Panel, 1967-68
Box 12
Summer History Institutes, 1965
Box 12
Title IV Graduate Fellowship Program, 1967-69
Box 12
North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Advisory Committee, 1975-79
Box 12
North Carolina Literary and Historical Association, 1965-67
Box 12
North Carolina Literary and Historical Association, Mayflower Cup, 1981
Box 12
1966-73
Box 12
1978-88
Box 12
Committee on Bibliographical and Research Needs, 1974-77
Box 12

NOTE: All Turner Prize Committee files are RESTRICTED.

1966-67
Box 12
1967-68
[3 folders]
Box 12
Correspondence, 1967-69
Box 12
Final Appraisals, 1966-67
Box 12
Manuscript Publication, 1966-67
Box 12
Submissions, 1966
Box 12
1968
Box 12

NOTE: All Prize Studies Committee files are RESTRICTED.

1965-66
Box 12
1965-66
Box 12
Finalists, 1965-66
Box 12
Submissions, 1965-66
Box 12
Report of the Prize Study Committee, 1966
Box 12
Session Chair: "The Progressive Era", 1973-74
Box 12
Special Committee on Prize Policy, 1965-66
Box 12
St. Augustine's College, 1984-85
Box 12
Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. University of Houston Accreditation Visit, 1965-66
Box 12
Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. University of Mississippi Accreditation Visit, 1967
Box 12
1985-86
Box 13
Board of Editors, Journal of Southern History, 1968-69
Box 13
Board of Editors, Journal of Southern History, 1970-72
Box 13
Nominating Committee, 1963
Box 13
Nominating Committee, 1972
Box 13
Paper Critique, 1955
Box 13
Program Committee, 1959-60
Box 13
Program Committee, 1961-62
Box 13
Program Committee Chairman, 1963-64
Box 13
Seminar Paper, "A Political Leader Bolts: F.M. Simmons in the Election of 1928", 1959-61
Box 13
Session Chair, "Dissent in the New South", 1974
Box 13
Session Chair, "Harry Truman and the South", 1969
Box 13
Session Chair, "Southerner Look at the New Deal", 1965
Box 13
Session Chair, "The Cold War and American Liberalism", 1966
Box 13
Special Committee to Study the Awards Program, 1966-67
Box 13
State Archives of North Carolina, 1976-77
Box 13
Tarheel Junior Historian Association, 1954-55
Box 13
United Negro College Fund, Distinguished Scholars Program, 1981-89
Box 13
United Negro College Fund, Distinguished Scholars Program, Scholars-at-Large, 1981-87
Box 13

Forty years of Watson's research and writings are reflected in this fifth series, Research and Writings. The bulk of the series is related to the two major books that Watson edited along with William Cartwright, Interpreting and Teaching American History, and Reinterpretation of American History and Culture. These books were aimed at giving a historiographical overview of American history to high school teachers. Leading scholars of the time contributed essays. The files, which include chapter files and general correspondence, reflect the changes in historiographical interpretations of American history from the early 1960s to the early 1970s. Book reviews, articles, grants and grant applications make up the rest of the series.

American Political History, 1900-1920, n.d.
Box 14
Principle, Party, and Constituency: The N.C. Congressional Delegation, 1917-1919, 1978-80
Box 14
Testing Time for Congressional Leadership: The War Crisis of 1917-18
Box 14
Woodrow Wilson and His Interpreters, 1947-57, 1957
Box 14
Bishop Cannon's Own Story (editor), 1955-56
Box 14
Bishop Cannon's Own Story (editor), Notes and Introduction, ca. 1955
Box 14
ca. 1940s and 1950s
Box 14
ca. 1950s
Box 14
Roosevelt Letters, 1951
Box 14
1959-79
Box 14
1980-89
Box 14
Cannon, James, Encyclopedia Entry, 1960
Box 14
Grant Applications, 1953-54
Box 14
Grant Applications, 1957-58
Box 14
Houghton Mifflin, 1962-79
Box 14
Biographical Data
Box 14
General Correspondence, 1957-62
Box 14
Chapter 1 File, 1957-61
Box 14
Chapter 2 File, 1957-61
Box 14
Chapter 3 File, 1957-60
Box 14
Chapter 4 File, 1957-61
Box 14
Chapter 5 File, 1957-61
Box 14
Chapter 6 File, 1957-61
Box 14
Chapter 8 File, 1958-60
Box 14
Chapter 9 File, 1957-61
Box 14
Chapter 11 File, 1957-60
Box 14
Chapter 12 File, 1957-60
Box 14
Chapter 13 File, 1959-60
Box 14
Chapter 14 File, 1957-61
Box 14
Chapter 16 File, 1957-61
Box 14
Chapter 17 File, 1957-61
Box 14
Chapter 6 File, 1957-61
Box 14
Chapter 15 File, 1957-61
Box 14
Paper, Theodore Roosevelt and Herbert Hoover: A Study in Political Ideas, n.d.
Box 14
General Correspondence, 1970-75
Box 14
Introduction File, 1971-72
Box 14
Chapter 1 File, 1971-72
Box 14
Chapter 2 File, 1971-72
Box 14
Chapter 3 File, 1970-72
Box 14
Chapter 4 File, 1971-72
Box 14
Chapter 5 File, 1972-73
Box 14
Chapter 6 File, 1971-75
Box 14
Chapter 7 File, 1971-73
Box 14
Chapter 8 File, 1971-73
Box 14
Chapter 9 File, 1971-73
Box 14
Chapter 10 File, 1970-73
Box 14
Chapter 11 File, 1970-72
Box 14
Chapter 12 File, 1970-73
Box 14
Chapter 13 File, 1970-72
Box 14
Chapter 14 File, 1970-72
Box 14
Chapter 15 File, 1970-73
Box 14
Chapter 16 File, 1970-71
Box 14
Chapter 17 File, 1970-73
Box 14
Chapter 18 File, 1971-72
Box 14
Chapter 19 File, 1970-73
Box 14
Chapter 20 File, 1970-72
Box 14
Chapter 21 File, 1970-73
Box 14
Chapter 22 File, 1970-73
Box 14
Chapter 23 File, 1970-73
Box 14
Chapter 24 File, 1970-73
Box 14
Chapter 25 File, 1970-73
Box 14
University Press of America, 1962, 1975-83
Box 14
University Research Council Grants, 1949-1987
[4 folders]
Box 14

Materials in the sixth series, Personal, relate to Watson's personal activities. They include items about his life in the military, including his military records, correspondence, and a diary from 1944. The series also details his involvement with St. Philip's church of Durham and the Episcopal Church, Diocese of North Carolina. A copy of his curriculum vitae and items related to his retirement and the establishment of the Watson Graduate Fellowship are also included.

Allied Arts of Durham, 1966-73
Box 14
Carolina Charter Corporation, 1964, 1985
Box 14
Coast Artillery School, 1941-43
Box 14
Correspondence, 1941-46
Box 14
Correspondence, 1984-85
Box 14
Curriculum Vitae, 1980
Box 14
Diary, September 29, 1944-December 2, 1944
Box 14
Commission on Ministry, 1971-76
Box 14
Sub-Committee on Examinations, Commission on Ministry, 1973-75
Box 14
Historical Commission, 1959-60
Box 14
Howard, Noah, 1973-74
Box 14
Military Records, 1942-55
Box 14
Northfield Mount Hermon School, 1960-69
Box 14
Operation Breakthrough (Durham), 1969
Box 14
Retirement and Watson Graduate Fellowship, 1983-84
Box 14
St. Philip's Church, 1960-67
Box 14
St. Philip's Church, 1964-71
Box 14
St. Philip's Church, Rector, 1967
Box 14
United Durham, Inc., ca. 1971-74
Box 14
Yale University, 1955, 1972-78
Box 14

Historical Note

Richard Lyness Watson, Jr. was born December 25, 1914 in Mount Hermon, Mass. He attended Mount Hermon Preparatory School and graduated 1931. He studied economics and history at Yale University, receiving his B.A. in 1935, and his Ph.D. in 1939. Immediately after attaining his doctorate he moved to Durham and began teaching at Duke University. He was drafted into the Army in 1941 and commissioned in May 1943. He first served at the Coast Artillery School until appointed to the Army Air Force Historical Office. While at this post he served as chief of the Southwest Pacific Branch and was responsible for selecting documents on and writing histories pertaining to the Pacific theatre of operations during the War. His work was ultimately included in the seven volume series, The Army Air Forces in World War II, edited by Wesley Frank Craven and James Lea Cate.

During his forty-five year tenure at Duke, Watson served as one of the university's leading "citizens." He not only served in positions of leadership at the departmental level, but at the university level as well. Duke recognized his citizenship in 1988 when they awarded him the Duke University Medal for Distinguished Meritorious Service. While trained to specialize in early 19th century American history, Watson filled a needed role in the Department of History by shifting his research and teaching focus to early twentieth-century American history. His particular interests lay in the Progressive, Depression, and New Deal Eras. He chaired the department from 1960-1967 and stood in as Acting Chair in 1970-1971 and 1980. He took a lead in the burgeoning development of Black Studies, teaching several summer workshops for college professors on the materials of black history.

Watson led, at numerous points in his career, the faculty's most important representative bodies. He was vice chair of the University Council from 1961-1962; Chairman of the Academic Council from 1964-1966, as well as 1975-1977; and vice chair of the Academic Council from 1973-1974. He was the first person to hold the position of Faculty Secretary of the Academic Council, a position created in 1984. In addition, he was a member of the board of the Duke University Press from 1973-1982, and was associate editor of the South Atlantic Quarterly from 1974-1987. Watson also played a central role in the faculty movement to bar the Nixon presidential library from locating at Duke.

Watson answered the university administration's call to service. This is evidenced in the numerous committees, advisory councils, and task forces to which he was appointed. He played a significant role in helping define and implement university policies during student unrest of the late 1960s. As chair of the Committee on Judicial Procedures he helped put into place judicial procedures and policies to deal with the pickets and protests regulations. He also served on the Faculty Committee on Student Concerns which helped develop policies in response to the takeover of the Allen Building in 1969 and his work on the Student-Faculty-Administration Committee addressed drug policies, military recruitment on campus, and the pickets policy.

Watson served as President of the Southern Historical Association (1976-77) and of the Historical Society of North Carolina (1972-73); he was also chair of the Organization of American Historians' Frederick Jackson Turner Prize Committee from 1964-68. In addition, he sat on the board of editors of both the Mississippi Valley Historical Review (1958-60) and the Journal of Southern History (1968-70). He was a member of the Board of Trustees of St. Augustine's College from 1965-1971.

His activity in the Durham community was recognized by the Duke University Campus Ministry, who in 1992 awarded him its Humanitarian Service Award. Watson aided in the establishment of the St. Philip's Community Kitchen and the Durham Urban Ministry Center. He was also a familiar face in community theater, as a long-time member of Durham Savoyards, a group that presents annual performances of Gilbert and Sullivan.

In the midst of his teaching and academic service, Watson continued to conduct and publish scholarly research. He won the R.D.W. Connor Award for the best article to appear in the North Carolina Historical Review in both 1960 and 1965. He contributed greatly to the teaching of history in the secondary schools by his editorship, along with William Cartwright, of Interpreting and Teaching American History (196?) and its revised edition, Reinterpretation of American History and Culture. Other books he authored or edited include, Bishop Cannon's Own Story, the United States in the Contemporary World, 1945-62, and The Development of National Power: The United States 1900-1919.

Upon retirement in 1984, Watson continued his relationship with Duke. He was active in the university's FOCUS program, as well as hosting Japanese students from Hosei University each year.

Richard L. Watson, Jr. died on September 22, 2000.

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • Dept. of History records. (University Archives, Duke University.)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Richard L. Watson, Jr. Papers, Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The Richard L. Watson, Jr. Papers were received by the University Archives as a transfer in 1960-1992.

Processing Information

All recommendation files were shredded. University materials duplicated in office of origin records were discarded: Department of History newsletters, Educational Facilities, Duke University Press material. Student Papers (Accessions 84-63 and 90-112) transferred to History Department, Student Papers section. World War II documents: checked with National Archives; determined these items were most likely declassified and thus open for research. St. Augustine's College BOT materials (Accession 73-91) were deaccessioned June 2001. Sent to St. Augustine's College.

Encoded by Jill Katte, September 2003

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.