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Guide to the United Cigarette Machine Company Records, 1887-1955 and undated

Abstract

Lynchburg, Virginia manufacturing company specializing in cigarette machine and car parts; plants were located in the U.S. and Germany.

The bulk of the United Cigarette Machine Company collection, dating from 1887-1955, consists of thousands of brownprints ("Van Dyke photoprints") and blueprints related to the various cigarette machines and parts manufactured by the company. These include the Universal, U-K, Improved Bonsack (designed by James Bonsack), and Heckendorn cigarette machines; materials from the 1920s also pertain to the manufacturing of Buick, Dodge, and Chevrolet auto parts. Other files contain black-and-white photographs of products, and company catalogs. Additional material includes contracts, legal papers, appraisals, audits, patent lists, tax reports, and minutes documenting company operations and finances. The center of operations was located in Lynchburg, Virginia; the company also owned manufacturing plants in Germany. A few materials are in French and German.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
United Cigarette Machine Company.
Title
United Cigarette Machine Company records, 1887-1955 and undated
Language of Material
English
Extent
40 Linear Feet, Approx. 12,000 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

The bulk of the United Cigarette Machine Company collection, dating from 1887-1955, consists of thousands of brownprints ("Van Dyke photoprints") and blueprints related to the various cigarette machines and parts manufactured by the company. These include the Universal, U-K, Improved Bonsack (invented by James A. Bonsack), and Heckendorn cigarette machines; materials from the 1920s also pertain to the manufacturing of Buick, Dodge, and Chevrolet auto parts. Other files contain black-and-white photographs of products, and company catalogs. Additional material includes contracts, legal papers, appraisals, audits, patent lists, tax reports, and minutes documenting company operations and finances. The center of operations was located in Lynchburg, Virginia; the company also owned manufacturing plants in Germany. A few materials are in French and German. The United Cigarette Machine Company's main factory in Lynchburg was built in 1907, at the crossing of the Southern Railway main line and the Lynchburg & Durham Railroad line.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Contains contracts, legal papers, tax reports, correspondence, minutes, blueprints, and catalogs relating to the United Cigarette Machine Company, and the company's properties in Virginia and Dresden, Germany.

Information Folder

Includes a typed account of James A. Bonsack's invention of the cigarette-making machine written by Bonsack's nephew, John E. Bonsack, 1938.

Box 1
Papers, 1887-1901
Box 1
Papers re: Durmid [Va.] property, 1887, Oct. 24-1920, May 26 and undated
Box 1
Papers (general), 1903-1909
Box 1
Papers, 1904
Box 1
Papers (general), United Cigarette Machine Co. vs. W.I. Brown, 1904, Feb. 12-1907, May 15
Box 1
Papers, 1905-1920, Deeds, 1905, July 25-1920, Sept. 15
Box 1
Papers (general), 1910-1912
Box 1
Papers (general), 1913-1914
Box 1
Papers (general), 1915
Box 2
Dead Leases, Durmid, 1915, Dec. 31
Box 2
Papers (general), 1916-1917
Box 2
Papers (general), 1918-1919
Box 2
Papers, 1920-1921
Box 2
Papers relative to the formation of the UCMC GmBH in Dresden, circa 1921
Box 3
Papers (general), 1922
Box 3
Papers (general), 1923-1926
Box 3
Papers (general), 1927-1929
Box 3
Papers (general), 1930-1953
Box 4
Contracts, 1889-1899
Box 4
Contracts, 1900-1905
Box 4
Contracts, 1906-1910
Box 4
Contracts, 1911-1913
Box 4
Contracts, 1914-1916
Box 4
Contracts, 1917-1919
Box 5
Contracts, 1920
Box 5
Contracts, 1921
Box 5
Contracts, 1922
Box 5
Contracts, 1923
Box 5
Contracts, 1924
Box 5
Contracts, 1925
Box 6
Contracts, 1926
Box 6
Contracts, 1927
Box 6
Contracts, 1928-1929
Box 6
Contracts, 1930-1953
Box 6
Printed Material
Box 6
Papers (general), undated; Report of Validity, Scope, and Infringement of Items
Box 6
Papers (general), miscellany and undated
Box 6

Mechanical drawings, brownprints ("Vandyke prints"), and blueprints representing cigarette-making machines and car parts designed and manufactured by the United Cigarette Machine Company. Arranged in original order as received, and housed in boxes according to size; therefore, box numbers appear out of sequence.

Untitled set, circa 1896
(26 sheets)
Box 7
D33: The Ludington Peerless Cigarette Machine, 1897-31+1900
(31 sheets)
Box 7
D-B: The Ludington Unique Cigarette Machine, 1899-1900
(53 sheets)
Box 7
UB, 1909
(2 sheets)
Box 7
A-F: Automatic Feed, 1909-1922
(53 sheets)
Box 7
Elliott Receiver, 1910
(5 sheets)
Box 7
E.M.: Ewers cigarette-making machine, 1910-1912
(82 sheets)
Box 7
N.L. & M.L., 1910-1920
(16 sheets)
Box 7
UM: Universal cigarette-making machine, 1910-1920
(933 sheets)
Box 8, 21, 23
United Company's Cut-off, 1914
(4 sheets)
Box 8
Stemming Mch., 1914-1915
(31 sheets)
Box 8
U.A.: Automatic Feed for the Universal cigarette-making machine (U-M), 1914-1926
(240 sheets)
Box 8, 21, 23
UG: Triumph cigarette-making machine, 1915-1940
(3,412 sheets)
Box 9, 23-25
Heating Device, 1915
(4 sheets)
Box 10
Ewers Hopper Attachment, 1915
(6 sheets)
Box 10
UM & UK [no.]-P, or P, 1914-1919
(43 sheets)
Box 10
TA: Tipping Device, 1919-1929
(210 sheets)
Box 10, 21, 25
U.K.A.: Automatic feeder for the UK cigarette-making machine, 1915-1923
(315 sheets)
Box 10, 21, 25
R, or UM & UK [no.]-R: Receiver for Universal and United Koerner cigarette-making machine, 1915-1919
(2 sheets)
Box 10
BM: Bonsack machine, 1917-1925
(459 sheets)
Box 11, 21, 25
P.C.M., 1917-1921
(9 sheets)
Box 11
P, or, PERF: Perfection cigarette-making machine, 1916-1923
(477 sheets)
Box 11, 21, 26
H, or HECK: Heckendorn cigarette-making machine, 1916-1918
(851 sheets)
Box 11, 21, 26
BTS: Billings Tobacco Stemmer, 1919-1948 (includes parts lists)
(1,256 sheets)
Box 10-12, 22
Oversize sheets from BTS: Billings Tobacco Stemmer, 1919-1948
Oversize Folder 1
UK: United Koerner cigarette-making machine, 1906-1930
(1,295 sheets)
Box 13-14, 27
Miscellaneous, 1915-1930 and undated
(242 sheets)
Box 15, 28
Single Knife Grinder, undated
(9 sheets)
Box 15
Old Crimper, undated
(6 sheets)
Box 15
Net Cut-Off, undated
(6 sheets)
Box 15
Improved Crimper, undated
(4 sheets)
Box 15
Improved Bonsack--Not Finished, undated
(7 sheets)
Box 15
Hopper Attachment for Bonsack Aut., undated
(2 sheets)
Box 15
Double Printer and Bronzer, undated
(8 sheets)
Box 15
Details for Printer, undated
(3 sheets)
Box 15
Bonsack Roller Part, undated
(11 sheets)
Box 15
Bonsack Machine, undated
(4 sheets)
Box 15
Bonsack Channel for Universal Machine, undated
(2 sheets)
Box 15
A.M.: Cigarette Splitter, undated
(3 sheets)
Box 15
T.S.H., 1927
(61 sheets)
Box 15
P.E., 1925-1927
(221 sheets)
Box 16, 22, 28
AR, 1922-1923
(8 sheets)
Box 16
C: Boedicker Phot. Litho. Machine, or, United-Precision Group Negative Machine and Camera, 1921-1950
(222 sheets)
Box 16
PM: A machine to put cigarettes into packets of ten or twenty, 1921-1927
(1,730 sheets)
Box 17, 29
Bonsack Machine with Automatic Feed: Assembly Draing, 1915
(1 sheet)
Box 18
Cigarette Splitting Machines, 1915
(98 sheets)
Box 18
Heckendorn Cigarette-Making Machine, 1920-1923
(7 sheets)
Oversize Folder 1
Miscellaneous Data Concerning Cigarette-Making Machines, 1915-1927 and undated
(52 sheets)
Box 18
T.S.V.: Tobacco Cutting Machine, 1914-1940
(18 sheets)
Box 18
U.K.: Cigarette-Making Machine, Assembly Drawings, 1916-1921
(6 sheets)
Box 18
Winston Cigarette Machine Company: Machine Blueprints, undated
(7 sheets)
Box 18
Standard (S.T.A.) Cut-Off: Brownprints, 1927
(163 sheets)
Box 19
T.S.V.: Tobacco Cutting Machine, Blueprints, 1923-1929
(466 sheets)
Box 19
U.M. and U.K.: Cigarette-Making Machines, Brownprints, 1918-1927
(726 sheets)
Box 20
Bonsack Machine: Original Drawings of Old 'Bonsack' Cigarette Making Machine, undated
(53 sheets)
Box 22
Hand-Feed Machine, undated
(24 sheets)
Box 22
U.G., 1925-1955
(212 sheets)
Box 22
S.T.S.: Tobacco Stemming Machine, New Schofield Design, undated
(4 sheets)
Box 22
ST.A.: Standard Abschneider, 1927
(8 sheets)
Box 28
Buick Carburetor Parts--Miscellaneous, 1924
(40 sheets)
Box 18
Buick High Power Engine, undated
(2 sheets)
Box 18
Buick Carburetor for Ford Cars, 1924
(53 sheets)
Box 22
Buick Carburetor for Willys-Knight Cars, 1924
(30 sheets)
Box 22
Buick High Power Engine, undated
(2 sheets)
Box 22
Chevrolet Car Parts: Mostly Buick Carburetor, 1923-1924
(9 sheets)
Box 22
Dodge Car Parts, 1924
(5 sheets)
Box 22
Overland Car--Choker Body, undated
(1 sheet)
Box 22

Contains handwritten and typed minutes, documents of appraisal, audits, articles of association, ledgers, photographs, catalogs, and legal documents related to the United Cigarette Machine Company's involvement in court cases. Unless otherwise noted, all volumes are undated. Some materials are in French and German.

Appraisal
Box 30
Minute book
Box 31
Memorandum and articles of Association of Molins Machine Company Limited, 1912
Box 31
Certified appraisal
Box 31
Minutes of the Tobacco Stemming Machine Company, 1913-1926
Box 31
Bonsack Cigarette Machine, list of parts
Box 32
Parts of Bonsack Cigarette Machine, photographed, The Glamorgan Pipe and Foundry Company, Lynchburg, VA
Box 32
Bonsack Machine Co., 1900, Jan. 1
(Handwritten notes and clippings)
Box 32
Spare parts catalogue of the Triumph Cigarette Machine, first edition
(In English, German, and French)
Box 32
Spare parts catalogue of the Triumph II Cigarette Machine, first edition
(In English, German, and French)
Box 32
The United Cigarette Machine Company Limited, Memorandum and Articles of Association, 1899
Box 33
D.E. Ledger
Box 33
Ledger
Box 33
Catalog for the UK Cigarette Machine, fourth edition
(In English, French, and German)
Box 33
List of patents, 1921
Box 33
Catalog for the Universal Cigarette Machine, fourth edition
(In English, French, and German)
Box 34
Report on audit, 1918

For year ending December 31, 1916 and year ending December 31, 1917.

Box 34
Restatement of accounts, 1920
Box 34
Fiftieth Congress--First Session, House Bill 593: An Act for the Relief of Jas. A. Bonsack, Affidavits of James A. Bonsack and Others, 1888
Box 34
U.S. Circuit Court, Northern District, N.Y.: Bonsack Machine Company against Allison Brothers Company, Master's Report, 1891
Box 34
Fiftieth Congress--First Session, House Bill 593: Note of Argument--No. 3, 1888
Box 34
U.S. Circuit Court at Lynchburg: E.T. Pollard vs. The Bonsack Machine Company, Note of Argument for the defendant by Robt. E. Scott
Box 34
U.S. Circuit Court, Northern District, N.Y.: Bonsack Machine Company against Allison Brothers Company, Brief on Motion to Dismiss
Box 34
Index of parts, Universal Cigarette Machine
Box 34
Universal Cigarette Machine, photographic catalog of parts
Box 34
Photos, Heckendorn, 1920
Box 34
Universal Cigarette Machine, photographic catalog of parts
Box 34
United Cigarette Machine Company photographs
(44 8x10 black-and-white prints of cigarette rolling machines)
Box 34
The United Cigarette Machine Company Shareholders Minute Book, No. 1, 1900-1916
Box 35
U.K. cigarette machine, photographic catalog of parts
Box 35
Supreme Court of Missouri: Bonsack Machine Company vs. C.E. Halliwell et al., 1905
Box 35
Spare parts catalog of the Tobacco Cutting Machine, first edition
(In English, German, and French)
Box 35
Spare parts catalog of the Cigarette Waste Stripping Machine, first edition
(In English, German, and French)
Box 35

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], United Cigarette Machine Company Records, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The United Cigarette Machine Company Records were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift in 1956.

Processing Information

Processed by Willeke Sandler and Matthew Warren, July 2012

Encoded by Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, Willeke Sandler and Matthew Warren, July 2012

Accession described in this finding aid: 56-688

This collection is minimally processed: materials may not have been ordered and described beyond their original condition.

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.