Menu

Guide to the Frank and Anne Warner Papers, 1899-2000 and undated, bulk 1933-1985

Abstract

Anne and Frank Warner were folklorists and folk song musicians.

The Anne and Frank Warner Collection, with materials from as early as 1899 to as late as 2000, documents the Warners' active life of collecting, recording, and producing music and publications associated with traditional American folk song culture, primarily from along the eastern seaboard areas, in the Appalachian Mountains of western North Carolina, and as far as New Hampshire to the north.

Descriptive Summary

Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Creator
Warner, Frank
Title
Frank and Anne Warner papers, 1899-2000 and undated, bulk 1933-1985
Language of Material
English
Extent
12 Linear Feet, 4934 Items
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Collection Overview

The Anne and Frank Warner Collection, with materials dating from 1899 to 2000, is a record of the Warners' active life of collecting, recording, and producing music and publications associated with traditional American folk song culture and African-American music traditions, primarily from along the eastern seaboard areas, in the Appalachian Mountains of western North Carolina, and as far as New Hampshire to the north. The bulk of the materials date from the 1930s through the 1980s, and are organized into six series: Correspondence; Subject Files; Folk Materials; Writings; Audiovisual Materials; and Prints and Negatives. Through handwritten correspondence with a wide variety of folk singers and musicians, subject files, printed materials, film, video, photographs, and the Warners' own studio albums of folk songs, these materials document early methods for recording and collecting songs - the 20th century development of American ethnomusicology. Moreover, as an invaluable resource for studies in traditional American folk life, the collection also includes field audio recordings and photographs of folk singers, songwriters, and musicians in their element, at home with their families, singing and playing their instruments. Notable individuals referred to in the Warner Collection include: William Rose Benet, Carl Carmer, Bill Doerflinger, Lena Bourne Fish, ("Yankee") John Galusha, David Grimes (of the Philco Corporation), Wayland Hand, Rena and Nathan Hicks, Buna Vista and Roby Monroe Hicks, Ray Hicks, Peter and Beryl Kennedy, Alan Lomax, Bessie and Frank Proffitt, Carolyn Rabson, Carl Sandburg, Pete Seeger, Charles K. ("Tink") Tillett and family, and Charles L. Todd. The Warners were actively involved with a number of organizations, among them: the American Folklore Society, the Country Dance and Song Society of America, Duke University, the Library of Congress, the Newport Folk Foundation, the New York State Historical Association, and the YMCA. The Warners published a number of essays concerning traditional American folk culture and music in Think Weekly, the Appalachian Journal, Country Dance and Song, the Long Island Forum, A Celebration of American Family Folklore, and Come for to Sing. In addition to these, Ann Warner's book, Traditional American Folk Songs in the Frank and Anne Warner Collection, 1984, remains the authoritative compendium of the Warners' research in and collection of traditional American folk music.

The Warners' personal and professional relationships with various people and organizations can be traced through materials in the Correspondence Series, 1934-1985. Significant exchanges with the American Folklore Society, the Library of Congress, with William Rose Benet, Carl Carmer, Wayland Hand, Alan Lomax, Carl Sandburg, and Pete Seeger are extensively documented in the files. More correspondence can be found elsewhere in the collection - organized topically in the Subject Series, and according to correspondents' names in the Folk Materials Series.

The Subject Files Series, 1899-1984, houses documentary materials that give a wider context to the Warners' life and work. This series includes information about the Warners' genealogies, Frank Warner's work with youth and his career in the YMCA, material germane to the lawsuit that developed over the song "Tom Dooley," information on and clips about various performances and recordings, and other materials.

The Folk Materials Series, 1938-1982, contains correspondence between the Warners and many of the traditional American folk singers and musicians that they visited; for some of the individuals there is more information than correspondence alone. This series is organized by state, city or region, and then individual or family, for example: North Carolina, Appalachia, Rena and Nathan Hicks. The states represented are: North Carolina, New Hampshire, New York, Virginia, and West Virginia. The Warners' correspondence with both Rena and Nathan Hicks and Bessie and Frank Proffitt comprise the most extensive files. The series materials provide essential documentation for understanding the communities and the world views of the musicians.

The Writings Series, 1938-1985, contains a variety of materials, including documents that the Warners published in journals dedicated to folk life; grant applications; materials germane to the production and publication of Anne Warner's book, Traditional American Folk Songs; words to recorded and unrecorded folk songs in the collection, including some songs by Frank Warner; and Anne Warner's hand-written field research journals and notebooks.

An extensive collection of songs, interviews, and other recordings on audio tape reels, cassette tapes, phonograph albums, and compact discs are housed in the Audiovisual Materials Series, 1940-2000. Several motion picture films and video tape recordings also document the Warners' work and performances. Many of the items in the Audiovisual Materials Series are documented in written form in the Writings Series, including the sound recordings of folk songs and interviews collected in the Library of Congress master tapes, and which are not included in Anne Warner's book, Traditional American Folk Songs.

The Prints and Negatives Series, 1933-1969, extends the Warner collection's scope to include photographic images as well. There are 239 black and white prints, which are arranged alpha-numerically into lots from Lot 1 through Lot 9E. Within the lots, the prints are identified by number. In the pictures, the Warners have captured images of many traditional American folk musicians and singers. The Warners themselves appear frequently throughout the collection. The photographic documentation of the Warners' travels contains pictures of folk singers and their homes and families, including: Nathan, Roby Monroe, Buna Vista, Ray and Linzy Hicks; Lena Bourne Fish; Bessie and Frank Proffitt; the Tillett family; Louis Solomon; and Carl Sandburg.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Original negatives are closed to use.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. There may be a 48-hour delay in obtaining these materials.

Some of the materials in this collection are not immediately accessible, because they require further processing before use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

Contains correspondence with many people and institutions over the course of the Warner's involvement with American folk music. Organized alphabetically according to the last name of the correspondent. There is also a miscellaneous file for extra correspondence attached to the end of the list that is not appropriated under a name category.

1983-1984: American Folklore Society
Box 1
1953-1957: Armstrong, Hamilton Fish
Box 1
1958-1960: Bartholomew, Marshall
Box 1
1941-1950: Benet, William Rose
Box 1
1954-1968: Beston, Henry
Box 1
1948-1955: Bowman, Lloyd R.
Box 1
1959-1976: Carmer, Carl
Box 1
1946: Carmer, Carl, and Alan Lomax
Box 1
1973-1984: Copper, Bob
Box 1
1975-1984: Doerflinger, Bill
Box 1
1971-1973: Emrich, Duncan
Box 1
1941-1943: Grimes, David
Box 1
1980-1983: Hand, Wayland
Box 1
1968: Hudson, Arthur P.
Box 1
1946-1951: Jones, Louis
Box 1
1960-1963: Kaplan, Bruce
Box 1
1974-1981: Kennedy, Peter and Beryl
Box 1
1972-1978: Library of Congress
Box 1
1941: Locher, Mrs. W. H.
Box 1
1941-1984: Lomax, Alan
Box 2
1975-1983: McDade, Scott
Box 2
1977-1981: Patterson, Dan
Box 2
1968-1971: Preyer, William Y.
Box 2
1975-1983: Rabson, Carolyn
Box 2
1950-1985: Sandburg, Carl
Box 2
1965-1967: Seeger, Pete
Box 2
1941: Solomon, Louis
Box 2
1975-1985: Todd, Charles L. (Lafe)
Box 2
1934-1982: Miscellaneous
Box 2

Contains documentary materials that give wider context to the Warners' life and work, and includes: Warner family genealogies; materials on Frank Warner's work with the YMCA; legal papers concerning the lawsuit over the song "Tom Dooley"; documents about performances and recordings; information about Frank Warner's banjo; materials concerning the New York Folklore Society and the Newport Folk Foundation; and items pertaining to the Warners' research trips to Britain.

Frank Warner
Box 2
The Indian Captives: Abby Byram and Her Father, 1899, by Rev. John M, McElroy
Box 2
Anne Warner
Box 2
Duke University
Box 3
1942 Army commission
Box 3
YMCA and other youth work
Box 3
Lists of appearances and other materials
Box 3
Material regarding Frank Warner's banjo
Box 3
Correspondence
Box 3
Clippings and articles
Box 3
Recordings
Box 3
Sheet music
Box 3
New York Folklore Society: New York State Historical Association
Box 3
1959-1968
Box 4
1969-1973
Box 4
Various
Box 4
Come All You Good People
Box 4
Elektra
Box 4
1940-1959: Correspondence, etc.
Box 4
1960-1977: Correspondence, etc.
Box 4
1954: Abraham and Straus Evening
Box 5
1956: Run of the Arrow, 1957 (a Samuel Fuller film in which Frank Warner appears and sings The Unreconstructed Rebel)
Box 5
1959: Cultural Exchange Service
Box 5
1959: Hofstra Folksong Seminar
Box 5
1963: Wesleyan College lectures
Box 5
1971: WLIW-TV
Box 5
1972: University of California
Box 5
1940-1965
Box 5
1966-1984
Box 5
Undated
Box 5
Jeff and Gerret Warner [sons of the Warners]
Box 5
Public relations materials
Box 5
Awards and diplomas
Box 5
1969
Box 5
1973
Box 5
1976
Box 6
Clippings
Box 6
The Ideal Scrapbook
Box 6
1968: In Honor of Your Retirement
Box 6
Obituaries, condolences, etc.
Box 6
1978: Memorial Concert
Box 6

Files contain information on traditional American "folk" singers and musicians from North Carolina, New Hampshire, New York, Virginia, and West Virginia. Materials include correspondence in which the Warners engaged with many of the musicians that they visited; for some of the individuals, there is more information than correspondence alone. Organized hierarchically by state, then city or region, then individual or family.

Correspondence. 1938-1977
(8 folders)
Box 7
Sale of hooked rugs.
Box 8
1941-1979
Box 8
1940-1958
Box 8
1960-1963
(4 folders)
Box 8
1964-1979
(5 folders)
Box 9
Commercial recordings.
Box 9
Morse Sewing Machine.
Box 9
1965: Frank Proffitt's death.
Box 9
Frank Proffitt Memorial Concert.
Box 10
Frank Proffitt's headstone.
Box 10
Frank Proffitt's writings, 1941-1962: verses and stories.
Box 10
Clippings, articles, miscellany.
Box 10
1940
Box 10
1940-1945
Box 10
1940
Box 10
1952-1964
Box 10
1940-1981
Box 10
1940-1982
Box 10
1941: Notebook.
Box 10
Old Songs of Erin and others.
Box 10
1940-1950
Box 10
1941
Box 10
1949-1959
Box 10
Oversize Posters
Oversize Box 31

Comprises a variety of materials connected with the Warners' efforts to document American folk traditions. Includes journal articles and essays, grant applications; materials related to the production of Anne Warner's book, Traditional American Folk Songs, 1984; folk song lyrics, published and unpublished; and Anne Warner's hand-written field research journals and notebooks. Some of the material in the Audio-visual Materials Series can be found in this series in written form, including transcribed sound recordings of "folk" songs and some interviews collected in the Library of Congress master tapes, which are not included in Anne Warner's book. Organized according to the subject matter of each particular writing.

America's Song (Think Magazine, 1948 Apr.)
Box 11
Frank Noah Proffitt (Appalachian Journal, 1973 Autumn)
Box 11
Lena Bourne Fish (Country Dance and Song, 1979)
Box 11
Eastern Long Island Folknotes (Long Island Forum, 1982 Oct.)
Box 11
How Many Are On Our Side? (A Celebration of American Family Folklore, 1982)
Box 11
The Musical Life-Odyssey... (Come for to Sing, 1984 Summer)
Box 11
Frank Proffitt: From Watauga County... (Country Dance and Song, 1985 Mar.)
Box 11
NEH Grant / Applications
Box 11
NEH Grant / Operations
Box 11
Original manuscript (parts 1-7)
Box 12
Original manuscript (part 8)
Box 13
Intermediate manuscript (parts 1-7)
Box 13
Publishers' replies
Box 13
Pantheon Books
Box 13
Duke University Press
Box 13
1982-1985 and undated
(4 folders)
Box 14
Prepublication
Box 14
Postpublication
Box 14
Reels 1-5
Box 14
Reels 6-28
Box 15
1951
Box 15
1971
Box 15
Steve Wadsworth( Northville, N.Y.)
Box 15
South.
Box 15
Northeast.
Box 15
Correspondence
Box 15
Miscellany
Box 15
Journals and notes of folk music research trips (transcripts)
Box 15
1938-1960: Notebooks of folk music research
Box 16

Houses an extensive collection of songs, interviews, presentations, and other recordings on reel-to-reel tapes, cassette tapes, phonograph albums, compact discs (CDs), video cassettes, and film reels of various sizes. The series is organized into sound recordings and video recordings, and, within this, items are roughly specified according to the medium by which information is conveyed: reel-to-reel tapes, cassette tapes, discs (record albums), compact discs (CDs).

Some of the material is documented in written form in the Writings Series, including transcribed sound recordings of folk songs and some interviews.

[Originals closed to use. Some use copies available in the collection. Otherwise, Technical Services staff need to produce use copies before contents can be accessed. Please contact Research Services staff before coming to use the collection.]

Reels 1-14
Box 17
Reels 15-30
Box 18
Reel 31
Box 19
Volume (description of Library of Congress tapes)
Box 19
1940: G. Frank Warner and Mabel Preston Warner. Songs and interview
Box 19
1951: Songs and interviews. Outer Banks, N.C.
(2 items)
Box 19
1956: Frank Warner. At Bonyuns, Bellport
Box 19
1959: WRCA-TV. Sunday Special. Year of History, New York State.
(2 items)
Box 19
1961: Douglas Kennedy, Frank Warner, and Frank Proffitt, Pinewoods Camp
Box 20
1962: Frank Warner and Sons. Recorded by E.H. Swanson. Upper Brookville, N.Y.
Box 20
1962: Billy Fair interview of Frank and Anne Warner for WBAI radio, memories of collecting. Two 7.5 inch reels (Use copies on cassette: WC-55 and WC-56).
Box 20
1966: Bernie Klay Interviews Frank Warner.
Box 20
1969: Frank Warner. Wesleyan Notebook. Macon, Ga.
Box 20
1969: Frank, John, and Gerret Warner performing at the Evening Program for the Seminars in American Culture, Cooperstown, N.Y. One 7.5 inch reel (Use copies on cassette WC-48).
Box 20
1970: Frank, Jeff, and Gerret Warner. Blue Mountain Lake, N.Y. Center for the Arts.
(2 items)
Box 20
1951: Songs and Interviews. Outer Banks, N.C.. Two reel-to-reel tape duplicates of masters.
Box 21
1972: Frank Warner, Guitar Workshop Concert at My Father's Place, Roslyn, N.Y. Two 7.5 inch reels (Use copies on cassettes WC-53 and WC-54).
Box 21
1974: Tape sent to the Warners by Buna Hicks; recorded on Beech Mountain, N.C. by Buna Hicks. One five inch reel (Use copy on cassette WC-44).
Box 21
(Also housed here: WF-3: Frank Warner singing Blue Mountain Lake. This motion picture Film was used at the Adirondack Museum at Blue Mountain Lake, N.Y.; exibit began in 1974. 3.5 minute, Super 8 film. See Films, WF-3.)
Box 21
There is a one-to-one correspondence between the Library of Congress Masters ( reels) and the Library of Congress Copies ( cassette tapes) until cassette 15. Here, the correspondence becomes divergent with cassette tape WC-14 (L of C Tapes 14 of 31 #1) and WC-15 (L of C Tapes 14 of 31 #2). Listening copies from 15 through 32 are numbered accordingly with a WC number one unit greater than the L of C Tapes number, for example, WC-16 (L of C Tapes 15 of 31).
Box 22 (WC-1 to WC-17) and Box 23 (WC-18 to WC-32)
WC-33 - WC-35: Steve Wadsworth: Interview and Songs
Box 24
WC-36: Frank Warner, Songs of the Erie Canal, undated
Box 24
WC-37: Frank Proffitt and Frank Proffitt, Jr., Vilas, N.C.: 1965
Box 24
WC-38: Frank Warner and family. Listen to America. (1975: Folktracks Recordings, FSV-901) [currently missing]
Box 24
WC-39: Helen Kennedy Memorial Folk Concert. ( Cecil Sharp House: 1976 June 19) [currently missing]
Box 24
WC-40: Gerret Warner Interviews Frank Warner on Run of the Arrow. (1976 Dec. 4) [currently missing]
Box 24
WC-41 and WC-42: Frank Warner Memorial Concert. Two items. (1978 Dec. 2)
Box 24
WC-43: An unrehearsed evening with Carl Sandburg at the Warners' apartment at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y. Present: Carl Sandburg, Frank and Anne Warner, Mari Jinishian, and Jean Ritchie, and Gregory d'Allessio. Includes conversation, vending cries, stories, songs, etc. (Autumn 1950).
Box 24
WC-44: Tape sent to the Warners in September of 1974 by Buna Hicks; recorded on Beech Mountain, N.C., by Buna Hicks
Box 24
WC-45: The Warners interveiw Charles Horace Fish (son of Lena Bourne Fish), Temple, N.H. (1976 Aug. 18)
Box 24
WC-46: A visit with Buna Hicks in 1971 of Beech Mountain, N.C. Present: Frank, Anne, Jeff, and Susan Warner; Frank Proffitt, Jr.; and Buna Hicks. Side B: Four songs by Yankee John Galusha from 1941
Box 24
WC-47: Interview with Cliff and Marie Tillett, Wanchese, N.C. (1971 Feb.). Side B: Dick Tillett sings ten songs (1971)
Box 24
WC-48: Frank, Jeff, and Gerret Warner perform at the Evening Program for the Seminars in American Culture, Cooperstown, N.Y. (1969 July 10)
Box 24
WC-49: Frank Warner : Uncle Remus Stories (circa 1975): A: Squirrels, Specie, and The Lion. B: Heyo House and Terrifying Racket
Box 24
WC-50: A Tribute to Frank Warner, Lee Knight program, S.C. Educational Radio. Program I, broadast 1978 Apr. 15; program II, broadcast 1978 Apr. 22
Box 24
WC-51: A Frank Warner Concert, 1 of 2: Concert at Elizabethtown School Auditorium, Elizabethtowm, N.Y. (1973 Apr. 21). Recorded by Lee Knight
Box 24
WC-52: Frank Warner Concert, 2 of 2: Concert at Elizabethtown School Auditorium, Elizabethtown, N.Y. (1973 Apr. 21). Recorded by Lee Knight
Box 25
WC-53: Frank Warner, Guitar Workshop Concert at My Father's Place, Roslyn, N.Y. (1972 Feb. 6). 1 of 2
Box 25
WC-54: Frank Warner, Guitar Workshop Concert at My Father's Place, Roslyn, N.Y. (1972 Feb. 6). 2 of 2
Box 25
WC-55: Billy Fair interviews Frank and Anne Warner for WBAI radio; memories of collecting (1962). 1 of 2
Box 25
WC-56: Billy Fair interviews Frank and Anne Warner for WBAI radio; memories of collecting (1962). 2 of 2
Box 25
WC-57: Warner Recollections: Frank, Anne, Gerret, and Jeff Warner; interviewer is Gerret Warner (1971 Dec. 27). 1 of 3
Box 25
WC-58: Warner Recollections: Frank, Anne, Gerret, and Jeff Warner; interviewer is Gerret Warner (1971 Dec. 27). 2 of 3
Box 25
WC-59: Warner Recollections: Frank, Anne, Gerret, and Jeff Warner; interviewer is Gerret Warner (1971 Dec. 27). 3 of 3
Box 25
American Traditional Folk Songs by Frank Warner. Reissue of Elektra 153. EKS-7153. 1 disc. 12 in.
Box 26
The Civil War Through Its Songs and Ballads. With Frank Warner, Bill Bonyun and Others. Heirloom Records HL 503. 1961. 1 disc with notes. 12 in.
Box 26
Come All You Good People. Frank Warner; with Jeff and Gerret Warner. Minstrel JD 204. 1979. 1 disc. 12 in.
Box 26
Darlin' Sportin' Jenny / Theme from 'La Fayette' - Slowly, Slowly. The Brothers Four. Columbia 4-42391. 1 disc. 7 in.
Box 26
The Folk Music of the Newport Folk Festival: Volume 2: 1959-60. Folkways Records FA 2432. 1961. 1 disc with notes. 12 in.
Box 26
Frank Proffitt Sings Folk Songs. Recorded by Sandy Paton; edited by Frank Warner. Folkways Records FA 2360. 1962. 1 disc with notes. 12 in.
Box 26
Frank Warner Sings American Folk Songs and Ballads. Elektra EKL3. 1952. 1 disc. 10 in.
Box 26
Hudson Valley Songs. Disc Company of America 611 (5022-5024). 3 discs. 10 in.
Box 26
I'm on My Way / Whiskey in the Jar. The Highwaymen. United Artists UA 439. 1 disc. 7 in.
Box 26
Our Singing Heritage: Volume 3: Folk Songs Collected and Sung by Frank Warner. Additional Accompaniments by Billy Faier. Elektra 153. 1958. 1 disc. 12 in.
Box 26
Songs and Ballads of America's Wars: From the French and Indian War to the Civil War. Sung by Frank Warner. Elektra EKL13. 1954. 1 disc. 10 in.
Box 26
Songs of the Civil War, North and South. Sung by Frank Warner; with Jeff and Gerret Warner. Prestige International 13012. 1 disc. 12 in.
Box 26
A Treasury of Folk Songs for Children, with 'Color me' Pictures Inside. Elektra EKL-223. 2 discs. 12 in.
Box 26
Her Bright Smile Haunts Me Still: The Warner Collection, Volume 1. Appleseed Recordings (11587-1035-2), 2000
Box 27
Nothing Seems Better to Me: The Music of Ranks Proffitt and NC. The Warner Collection, Volume II. Appleseed Recordings (11587-1035-2), 2000
Box 27
Jolly Tinker, Jeff Warner. Gumstump Records 101 (83707-18830), 2005
Box 27
Frank Warner, film footage of Greensboro, N.C., circa 1920. See original 16mm film at Films, WF-1
Box 27
Lyrics and Legends, National Educational Television, produced and directed by John Twaddle. Performers include: E. G. Huntington, Sam Eskin, Frank Warner, Phillip Merrill, Anne, Jeff, and Gerret Warner, and others. Shot at Old Mystic Seaport, Mystic, Conn., circa 1961
Box 27
Frank Proffitt at Newport. Introduction by Pete Seeger (1963 July). See Films, WF-2
Box 27
Rainbow Quest--Pete Seeger. TV 26. Frank Warner
Box 27
Music of Frank Warner. WLIW/Channel 21. See original 16mm film at Films, WF-5
Box 27
WF-1: Frank Warner, film footage of Greensboro, N.C., circa 1920. 16mm film. See VHS use copy
Box 27
WF-2: Frank Proffitt at Newport. Introduction by Pete Seeger (1963 July). 16mm film
Box 27
WF-3: Frank Warner singing Blue Mountain Lake. 3.5 minute, Super 8 film (see Box 21)
Box 27
WF-4 and WF-4a: Music of Frank Warner. WLIX/Channel 21. Two items (WF-4 and WF-4a): 2 / 16mm film. See VHS use copy
Box 27

Contains 239 black and white 4x5 prints, which are arranged alpha-numerically into lots from Lot 1 through Lot 9E. Within the lots, the prints are identified by number, for example, Lot 2A: 1, Lot 2A: 2. Through the photographs, the Warners captured images of many traditional American folk musicians and singers and often their families and homes as well. The Warners themselves appear frequently throughout the collection. There are several photographs in which Frank Warner is pictured playing and singing along with various musicians, among them: Nathan, Roby Monroe, Buna Vista, Ray, and Linzy Hicks and their families; Frank Proffitt; "Yankee" John Galusha; Lena Bourne Fish; the Tillett family; Louis Solomon and others from the Mohawk tribe at the St. Regis reservation (N.Y.); and Carl Sandburg. There are also interesting images that capture the Warners engaged in recording these sessions. The photographic documentation of the Warners' travels contains images from as far North as Vermont, as far East as the Outer Banks, N.C., and as far West as the western edge of North Carolina.

Sue Thomas and Frank Warner.
Box 28 Print 1A: 1
Nathan Hicks; Lewis Hicks; Mary Hicks; Bessie Proffitt; Unidentified (small boy); Rosa Hicks (wearing white dress); Unidentified taller boy; Rena Hicks, holding baby Roger Hicks; Nell Hicks (small girl in front of Rena); Anna Hicks (in front); Willis Hicks; Unidentified (boy with hat).
Print 2A: 1
Bessie Proffitt (on porch), Rena Hicks, Anne Warner.
Print 2A: 2
Boone Court house.
Print 2A: 3
Rena Hicks (left, in back), holding baby Roger Hicks; Oliver Proffitt (standing in front of girl in chair); Others unidentified.
Print 2A: 4
Mary and Lewis Hicks.
Print 2A: 5
Boone County Court house.
Print 2A: 6
Rena Hicks (left, in back), holding baby Roger Hicks); Oliver Proffitt (standing in front of girl in chair); others unidentified.
Print 2B: 1
Ben Hicks, Frank Warner, Frank Proffitt, Nathan Hicks, Roby Monroe Hicks (crouching, wearing hat).
Print 2B: 2
Hicks family (and others): Rena Hicks (far left), holding baby Roger Hicks; Lewis and Mary Hicks (standing together, right of center, Mary wearing white shirt over dress); others unidentified.
Print 2B: 3
Ben Hicks, Frank Warner, Nathan Hicks, Roby Monroe Hicks (crouching, wearing hat).
Print 2B: 4
Ben Hicks, Frank Warner, Nathan Hicks, Roby Monroe Hicks (crouching, wearing hat.)
Print 2B: 5
Ben Hicks with two unidentified girls.
Print 2B: 6
(A long distance photo; none really identifiable.)
Print 2B: 7
Four unidentified singing girls. Behind them: Frank and Bessie Proffitt.
Print 2B: 8
Roby Monroe Hicks.
Print 2B: 9
Ben Hicks, four unidentified singing girls. Behind them: Frank and Bessie Proffitt, and unidentified woman.
Print 2B: 10
Several unidentified children, Anne Warner (standing off of the porch, right of center). In back: Bessie Proffitt; Rosa Hicks (standing in doorway); Rena Hicks, holding baby Roger Hicks; Unidentified (woman wearing white dress); Ray Hicks; Lewis Hicks; Unidentified (man in overalls, far right).
Print 2B: 11
Lewis and Mary Hicks with baby Roger Hicks.
Print 2B: 12
Home of Nathan and Rena Hicks.
Print 2B: 13
In back: Anna Hicks, holding Jack Hicks; Willis Hicks (in front), holding unidentified child; Nell Hicks (just right of center, hands over mouth), two unidentified girls (flanking either side).
Print 2B: 14
Anne Warner with unidentified woman and dog at Log House.
Print 3A: 1
Anne Warner (wearing stripe Jacket) with Morris and Irene Bennett (other adults). The three Bennett children pictured here are otherwise unidentifiable. Rome, N.Y.
Print 3A: 2
Frank Warner with a group of unidentified people.
Print 3A: 3
Aiden Lair, a country inn, northwest of Minerva, N.Y.
Print 3A: 4
Bennett cottage, unidentified man.
Print 3A: 5
Silver Bay, N.Y. (a YMCA resort and a favorite retreat of the Warners).
Print 3A: 6
Aiden Lair. Anne Warner (wearing stripe jacket) with unidentified woman and dogs.
Print 3A: 7
Frank Warner and (Yankee) John Galusha.
Print 3A: 8
Unidentified.
Print 3A: 9
Aiden Lair.
Print 3A: 10
(Yankee) John Galusha.
Print 3A: 11
Anne and Frank Warner (standing in back), (Yankee) John Galusha (seated).
Print 3A: 12
Rena, Nathan, and Nell (little girl in front) Hicks.
Print 3B: 1
Ray Hicks with groundhog.
Print 3B: 2
Buna and Roby Monroe Hicks.
Print 3B: 3
Some of the Hicks family: Ray; Willis, holding Jack; Mary, holding Roger; Nathan; Rena; Nell; Anna; N.A.; Lewis.
Print 3B: 4
Two unidentified boys, Frank Proffitt, Roby Monroe Hicks (back to camera), Frank Warner, Nathan Hicks, Sam Hicks, Vance Presnell (leaning forward, legs crossed), Linzy Hicks (wearing hat), and Ray Hicks (lying down).
Print 3B: 5
Home of Nathan and Rena Hicks.
Print 3B: 6
Anna Hicks.
Print 3B: 7
Buna and Roby Monroe Hicks.
Print 3B: 8
Willis Hicks and baby Roger Hicks.
Print 3B: 9
Nathan Hicks.
Print 3B: 10
Nathan Hicks.
Print 3B: 11
Buna and Roby Monroe Hicks.
Print 3B: 12
Home of Roby Monroe Hicks and Buna Hicks at Beech Creek, N.C.
Print 3B: 13
Nathan Hicks, Roby Monroe Hicks (in back, head down), Ray Hicks (in back), Frank Proffitt, Linzy Hicks.
Print 4A: 1
Back: Willis Hicks, holding unidentified child; Nathan Hicks; Roby Monroe Hicks; Ray Hicks; Frank Proffitt; Linzy Hicks. Front: Oliver Proffitt; Nell Hicks; Bessie Proffitt; Rena Hicks; Rosa Hicks; Anna Hicks, holding unidentified infant; and Mary Hicks.
Print 4A: 2
Back: Willis Hicks, holding unidentified child; Nathan Hicks; Roby Monroe Hicks; Ray Hicks; Frank Proffitt; Linzy Hicks. Front: Oliver Proffitt; Nell Hicks; Bessie Proffitt; Rena Hicks; Rosa Hicks; Anna Hicks, holding unidentified infant; and Mary Hicks.
Print 4A: 3
Unidentified child, Nathan Hicks, and Roby Monroe Hicks.
Print 4A: 4
Nell Hicks (seated bottom left), Anne Warner (seated, next to Nell), Unidentified man (leaning on post), Anna Hicks (standing behind Anne Warner), Unidentified man (seated in chair on porch), Oliver Proffitt (older boy, seated on porch, center), Unidentified (smaller boy), Ray Hicks (seated, right of center, next to post), N.A. Hicks, Linzy Hicks, and two unidentified men (bottom right, crouching).
Print 4A: 5
Back: all unidentified. Front: Frank Proffitt, Nathan Hicks, Unidentified, Unidentified, Rena Hicks, Linzy Hicks, Unidentified, N.A. Hicks, Ray Hicks, and Lewis Hicks.
Print 4A: 6
Unidentified child, Nathan Hicks, and Roby Monroe Hicks.
Print 4A: 7
Nathan Hicks, Roby Monroe Hicks, Frank Proffitt, Ray Hicks, and Linzy Hicks.
Print 4A: 8
Willis Hicks (in back), Unidentified child, Nathan Hicks, Roby Monroe Hicks.
Print 4A: 9
Bessie Hicks, Rosa Hicks, Nell Hicks (seated on porch), both men unidentified.
Print 4A: 10
Anna Hicks.
Print 4A: 11
N.A. Hicks, Willis Hicks, Roby Monroe Hicks, Ray Hicks (in back, next to Roby), Frank Proffitt, Linzy Hicks, Frank Warner, Oliver Proffitt.
Print 4A: 12
Rosa Hicks, Anna Hicks, Anne Warner, Rena Hicks, Bessie Proffitt.
Print 4A: 13
Ray Hicks.
Print 4A: 14
Frank Proffitt, Nathan Hicks, N.A. Hicks, Linzy Hicks, Nell Hicks, Anne Warner (in back, stripe jacket), Rena Hicks, and Anna Hicks.
Print 4A: 15
Louis Solomon ( St. Regis Reservation, N.Y.)
Print 4B: 1
Walter Mallory’s house in Dorset, V.T. Unidentified, Anne Warner, Unidentified.
Print 4B: 2
Happy Lynch and Anne Warner at Walter Mallory's House in Dorset, V.T.
Print 4B: 3
St. Mary's Church in Irishtown, N.Y.
Print 4B: 4
Two Mohawk women and Louis Solomon at the St. Regis Indian Reservation, N.Y.
Print 4B: 5
Stone House Inn in N.H. Anne Warner in car.
Print 4B: 6
Happy Lynch.
Print 4B: 7
Log House, all unidentified.
Print 4B: 8
Anne Warner at a cottage in which the Warners stayed at Saranac Lake in the Adirondacks, N.Y..
Print 4B: 9
At Log House, all unidentified.
Print 4B: 10
St. Regis Indian Reservation, N.Y.: Anne Warner (second from left, wearing stripe jacket) and Louis Solomon (man seated between other two, wearing suspenders), others unidentified.
Print 4B: 11
Frank Warner with Happy Lynch.
Print 4B: 12
Mrs. Murphy ( Hogansberg, N.Y.).
Print 4B: 13
Louis Solomon and Frank Warner.
Print 4B: 14
Louis Solomon (center) and two young Mohawk men at the St. Regis Reservation, N.Y.
Print 4B: 15
Anne Warner (front left) and unidentified woman (behind Warner) with Louis Solomon (center, wearing suspenders) and two Mohawk men (otherwise unidentified) at St. Regis Reservation, N.Y.
Print 4B: 16
MacDowell Colony in N.H.: Unidentified, Betty and Carl Carmer, Marjorie Flock, Bill Benet, Anne Warner, and Dorothy Heywood.
Print 4B: 17
Happy Lynch.
Print 4B: 18
A sailing trip from Marblehead. Unidentified.
Print 4B: 19
Frank Warner at cottage on Lake Saranac in the Adirondacks, N.Y.
Print 4B: 20
Anne Warner and unidentified woman with Louis Solomon and two otherwise unidentified Mohawk men at the St. Regis Mohawk Indian Reservation, N.Y.
Print 4B: 21
Lena Bourne Fish using the Warners’ Wilcox Gay Recordio in her home in East Jaffrey, N.H.
Print 4C: 1
Lena Bourne Fish at her home in East Jaffrey, N.H.
Print 4C: 2
(Yankee) John Galusha at his home in Minerva, N.Y.
Print 4C: 3
Lena Bourne Fish in her home in East Jaffrey, N.H.
Print 4C: 4
Lena Bourne Fish with kitten at her home in East Jaffrey, N.H.
Print 4C: 5
(Yankee) John Galusha and Anne Warner at a distance at Galusha's home in Minerva, N.Y.
Print 4C: 6
Rebecca King Jones' home in Crab Tree Creek, N.C.: Unidentified, Anne Warner, and Rebecca King Jones.
Print 4D: 1
Charles K. (Tink), Cliff, Eleazar, and Hub Tillett with dog in Wanchese, N.C.
Print 4D: 2
Rebecca King Jones.
Print 4D: 3
Bill Moss and Jesse McDonald in Suffolk, Va.
Print 4D: 4
Home of Captain John and Alwilda Culpeper at Nag's Head, N.C.
Print 4D: 5
Unidentified and Steve Meekins. Kitty Hawk, N.C.
Print 4D: 6
Aunt Armise Spruille (standing), Bill Moss (holding microphone), Joseph Henry (Uncle Joe) Johnson, and Jesse McDonald. Suffolk, Va.
Print 4D: 7
Frank Warner, Rebecca King Jones, and Anne Warner at the Warners’ house in Durham, N.C.
Print 4D: 8
Rebecca King Jones' home in Crab Tree Creek, N.C.: Unidentified, Anne Warner (seated on floor), Rebecca King Jones, unidentified, and the otherwise unidentified soldiers.
Print 4D: 9
Anne Warner and Charles K. (Tink) Tillett with Lemon (pony). Roanoke Island, N.C.
Print 4D: 10
Mr. and Mrs. Tillett with son and nephew. Wanchese, N.C., 1940
Print 4D: 11
Anne Warner, Verdon Thomas (standing), Sue Thomas, J.B. Sutton. Elizabeth City, N.C.
Print 5A: 1
Anne Warner, Verdon Thomas (standing), Sue Thomas, J.B. Sutton. Elizabeth City, N.C.
Print 5A: 2
Captain John and Alwilda Culpeper. Nag's Head, N.C.
Print 5A: 3
Frank Warner with Alwilda and Captain John Culpeper on the porch of the Culpeper's home at Nag's Head, N.C.
Print 5A: 4
Frank, Bessie, and Oliver Proffitt on the steps of their first house in Pick Britches Valley, Watuga County, N.C.
Print 5B: 1
Frank Proffitt (back, standing), Nancy Prather (in front of Frank), Bessie Proffitt (next to Nancy), Oliver Proffitt (front row, middle), and 8 otherwise unidentified Proffitt relations. Pick Britches Valley, N.C.
Print 5B: 2
Mary Hicks (in back), Rena Hicks, and Anne Warner.
Print 5B: 3
Anne Warner, Frank Proffitt, and three unidentified children. Pick Britches Valley, N.C.
Print 5B: 4
Nell and Rena Hicks.
Print 5B: 5
Dewey, Linzy, Buna, Roby Monroe, and Rosa Hicks.
Print 5B: 6
The Hicks' wintergreen still. Linzy (with guitar), Nathan, two unidentified (with hats, right of center), and Lewis Hicks.
Print 5B: 7
The Proffitts' first house in Pick Britches Valley, N.C. Anne Warner and Frank Proffitt (in front). Others unidentified.
Print 5B: 8
Unidentified child, Frank Proffitt, and Nathan Hicks.
Print 5B: 9
Two unidentified boys.
Print 5B: 10
Bessie Proffitt, Rosa Hicks, and Mae Hicks.
Print 5B: 11
Frank, Oliver, and Bessie Proffitt.
Print 5B: 12
Frank Proffitt, Roby Monroe Hicks (back to camera), Frank Warner, Nathan Hicks, Sam Hicks (with white hat, next to Nathan), Ray Hicks (front center, in front of Sam), Vance Presnell (legs crossed), Linzy Hicks (behind Vance), and Lewis Hicks.
Print 5B: 13
Frank Proffitt.
Print 5B: 14
Anne Warner at a tobacco farm.
Print 5B: 15
Linzy Hicks, Lewis Hicks, Frank Proffitt, and Nathan Hicks.
Print 5B: 16
The Proffitts' first house in Pick Britches Valley, N.C.: Anne Warner and Frank Proffitt in front. Others unidentified
Print 5B: 17
Anne Warner and a Mohawk woman at the Warners' initiation into the Mohawk tribe at the St. Regis Indian Reservation, N.Y.
Print 5C: 1
(Yankee) John Galusha and Frank Warner at Galusha’s home in Minerva, N.Y.
Print 5C: 2
Anne Warner (forth from left, wearing head-dress and stripe jacket) and Louis Solomon (far right) with unidentified others at the Warners' initiation into the Mohawk tribe at the St. Regis Indian Reservation, N.Y.
Print 5C: 3
Frank Warner and Carl Carmer at apartment at 144 W. 12th Street New York City, N.Y.
Print 5C: 4
Richard O. Hamilton at apartment at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y.
Print 5C: 5
(Yankee) John Galusha and his dog Flash.
Print 5C: 6
Frank Warner and Louis Solomon at the Warners' initiation into the Mohawk tribe at the St. Regis Indian Reservation, N.Y.
Print 5C: 7
Louis Solomon's daughter at in Warners' apartment at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y.
Print 5C: 8
Jonathan (Jeff) Warner.
Print 6A: 1
Mae Hicks and Anne Warner in front of the Warners' apartment building at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y.
Print 6B: 1
Mae Hicks in front of the Warners' apartment building at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y.
Print 6B: 2
Jonathan (Jeff) Warner, (Yankee) John Galusha, and Flash at the Galushas' home in Minerva, N.Y.
Print 6C: 1
(Yankee) John Galusha, Jonathan (Jeff) Warner, and Lizzie Galusha at the Galushas' home in Minerva, N.Y.
Print 6C: 2
(Yankee) John Galusha.
Print 6C: 3
Gerret, Jonathan (Jeff), and Frank Warner at New York Times Children's Book Fair.
Print 6D: 1
Huddie Ledbetter (Ledbelly).
Print 6D: 2
Jonathan (Jeff) and Gerret Warner with two of Carl Sandburg's grandchildren at Connemara in N.C.
Print 7A: 1
Frank Warner, Carl Sandburg, and Jean Ritchie in the Warners' apartment at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y.
Print 7A: 2
Gregory d'Allesio, Unidentified, Jean Ritchie, Frank Warner, Carl Sandburg, Anne Warner, and Mari Jinishian at the Warners' apartment at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y.
Print 7A: 3
Frank Warner, Carl Sandburg, and Jean Ritchie at the Warners' apartment at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y.
Print 7A: 4
Frank Warner, Carl Sandburg, and Jean Ritchie at the Warners' apartment at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y.
Print 7A: 5
Frank and Anne Warner with Carl Sandburg in the Warners' apartment at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y.
Print 7A: 6
Carl Sandburg and Jean Ritchie at the Warners' apartment at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y. [with duplicate].
Print 7A: 7
Gregory d'Allesio, Unidentified, Jean Ritchie (behind Frank), Frank Warner, Carl Sandburg, Anne Warner, and Mari Jinishian at the Warners' apartment at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y.
Print 7A: 8
Carl Sandburg (back, seated on couch), Anne Warner (just in front of Sandburg), Mari Jinishian (seated in chair, back right), and others Unidentified at the Warners' apartment at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y.
Print 7A: 9
Mari Jinishian (on couch), Anne Warner, and Carl Sandburg at the Warners' apartment at 144 W. 12th Street, New York City, N.Y.
Print 7A: 10
Jonathan (Jeff) Warner, Ronald Proffitt, Gerret Warner, and Franklin Proffitt.
Print 7B: 1
Rosa, holding Jean; Ray, holding Leonard, and Rena Hicks.
Print 7B: 2
Lee Monroe Presnell.
Print 7B: 3
Lee Monroe Presnell.
Print 7B: 4
Unidentified, two unidentified children (on porch), Jack Hicks, Gerret and Jonathan (Jeff) Warner (backs to camera), Lewis Hicks (sitting against post), Nathan Hicks (in chair), and Linzy Hicks.
Print 7B: 5
Unidentified, Buna Hicks, Unidentified.
Print 7B: 6
Lee Monroe Presnell, Unidentified, Buna Hicks, Unidentified (boy in chair), Unidentified child, Bessie Proffitt, Mary Hicks, and three unidentified men.
Print 7B: 7
A church on Beech Mountain, N.C.: back: Jonathan (Jeff) Warner, Linzy Hicks. Front: Anne and Gerret Warner, Mae Hicks, and Rena Hicks.
Print 7B: 8
Lee Monroe Presnell and Jonathan (Jeff) Warner.
Print 7B: 9
Roby Monroe Hicks, Lee Monroe Presnell, Unidentified Child, and Buna Hicks.
Print 7B: 10
Rosa and Leonard Hicks at their home.
Print 7B: 11
Front: Gerret Warner, Ronald Proffitt, Phyllis Proffitt, Franklin Proffitt, and Jonathan (Jeff) Warner. Back: Bessie Proffitt (holding Eddie Proffitt), and unidentified.
Print 7B: 12
Home of Buna and Roby Monroe Hicks at Beech Creek, N.C.
Print 7B: 13
Buna and Roby Monroe Hicks.
Print 7B: 14
Unidentified, Jack Hicks, Lewis Hicks, Jonathan (Jeff) Warner (partially blocked by Ray), Ray Hicks, Linzy Hicks and two unidentified children.
Print 7B: 15
Roby Monroe Hicks.
Print 7B: 16
Unidentified, Jack Hicks, Lewis Hicks, Linzy Hicks, Unidentified, and Ray Hicks.
Print 7B: 17
J.C. Hicks and Gerret Warner.
Print 7B: 18
Frank Proffitt’s father's house (1941) at Pick Britches Valley, N.C. Frank Proffitt (back, left) Nancy Prather (in front of Frank), Bessie (next to Nancy), and Oliver Proffitt (in front of Bessie).
Print 7B: 19
Buna and Roby Monroe Hicks.
Print 7B: 20
The Proffitts' House (1951). Anne and Jonathan (Jeff) Warner (left), others unidentified.
Print 7B: 21
Home of Buna and Roby Monroe Hicks at Beech Creek, N.C.
Print 7B: 22
All Unidentified.
Print 7B: 23
Roby Monroe Hicks.
Print 7B: 24
Unidentified.
Print 8A: 1
Jonathan (Jeff) Warner (far left) and Anne Warner (center, wearing dark jacket). Others unidentified.
Print 8A: 2
Orient Point, N.Y.: both unidentified.
Print 8A: 3
Anne Warner (wearing white shirt) and Jonathan (Jeff) and Gerret Warner (back, visible between Anne and the man standing with her).
Print 8A: 4
Anne Warner and (Colonel) Tom P. Smith in Carl Carmer's living room in his apartment at 144 W. 12th Street New York City, N.Y. (upstairs from the Warners' own apartment at the same address).
Print 8A: 5
The Proffitt family: Bessie (wearing white dress, left side) and Frank (lower right). Warners: Anne (seated on stairs), Jonathan (Jeff) (top of stairs, left), and Gerret (top of stairs, right). Others unidentified.
Print 8B: 1
Frank Proffitt and Frank Warner at the Boone Hotel in Boone, N.C.
Print 8B: 2
Frank Proffitt and Frank Warner at the Boone Hotel in Boone, N.C.
Print 8B: 3
Ray Hicks (next to two small boys, left), Frank Proffitt (next to man wearing hat), Lewis Hicks (right, front row). Others unidentified.
Print 8B: 4
A crowd of Nathan Hicks' descendants and other relatives at the Hicks house, including: Frank Proffitt (far left), Ray Hicks (next to Frank), Linzy Hicks (next to Ray), and Lewis (next to Linzy), Mary Hicks (to right of and behind Lewis). Others unidentified.
Print 8B: 5
A crowd of Nathan Hicks' descendants and other relatives at the Hicks house listening to a recording of Nathan Hicks’s story of the bear hunt recorded in 1940.
Print 8B: 6
A crowd of Nathan Hicks' descendants and other relatives at the Hicks house.
Print 8B: 7
Frank and Bessie Proffitt at their home.
Print 8B: 8
Rena Hicks, Anne Warner, and Bessie Proffitt.
Print 8B: 9
Ray Hicks, Rena Hicks, Frank Proffitt, and Buna Hicks.
Print 8B: 10
The Proffitts' house.
Print 8B: 11
The Proffitts' house.
Print 8B: 12
At the Hicks house: Rena Hicks (left, wearing sweater), Frank Proffitt (sitting on porch with guitar), Frank Warner (sitting in chair with guitar), Lewis Hicks (next to Frank Warner), Jonathan (Jeff) Warner (sitting on porch with guitar), Ray Hicks (back to camera, wearing black hat). Others unidentified.
Print 8B: 13
Rena Hicks, Buna Hicks, Anne Warner, Bessie Proffitt, Mae Hicks, Anna Hicks, Mary Hicks, and an unidentified woman (in front).
Print 8B: 14
Frank Proffitt with TRO lawyer in front of the Boone Hotel in Boone, N.C.
Print 8B: 15
Rena and Buna Hicks.
Print 8B: 16
Franklin Proffitt with Gerret and Jonathan (Jeff) Warner.
Print 8B: 17
Frank Proffitt and Buna Hicks.
Print 8B: 18
Jonathan (Jeff) Warner, Linzy Hicks, and Gerret Warner.
Print 8B: 19
TRO lawyer and Frank Proffitt (on the porch) at the Proffitts' house.
Print 8B: 20
Jonathan (Jeff), Frank, and Gerret Warner with Frank Proffitt.
Print 8B: 21
Frank Proffitt recording in banjo studio.
Print 8C: 1
George's Gap.
Print 8C: 2
Proffitt Children.
Print 8C: 3
Frank Proffitt in front of the second house he built--his tobacco crop in the background.
Print 8C: 4
Frank Proffitt recording in banjo studio.
Print 8C: 5
Frank Proffitt.
Print 9A: 1
Frank Warner, Frank Proffitt, and Douglas Kennedy.
Print 9A: 2
Frank Proffitt.
Print 9A: 3
Frank Proffitt and Douglas Kennedy.
Print 9A: 4
Frank Proffitt.
Print 9A: 5
Frank Proffitt working on a banjo in yard at Farmingdale.
Print 9A: 6
Frank Proffitt in New York City, N.Y.
Print 9A: 7
Proffitts working on new house at Pick Britches Valley, N.C.
Print 9B: 1
Buna Hicks (front left) with two unidentified women.
Print 9B: 2
Proffitts working on new house at Pick Britches Valley, N.C.: far left, Frank.
Print 9B: 3
Frank and Bessie Proffitt in Asheville, N.C. for the Asheville Folk Festival.
Print 9B: 4
Picnic at the Hicks house on Beech Mountain, N.C. Frank Proffitt (just left of center, between a bearded man and a small boy).
Print 9B: 5
Frank and Bessie Proffitt in Asheville, N.C., for the Asheville Folk Festival.
Print 9B: 6
Frank Proffitt, Alan Lomax, Anne Warner, And Bessie Proffitt in Asheville, N.C., for the Asheville Folk Festival.
Print 9B: 7
Frank Proffitt (holding ladder) and others working on the Proffitts' new house at Pick Britches Valley, N.C.
Print 9B: 8
Phyllis Proffitt.
Print 9B: 9
Proffitt family on the porch of their new house: Phyllis, Frank, and three unidentified others.
Print 9C: 1
Anne Warner (far right) and three of the Tillett family.
Print 9C: 2
At the Hicks house. Front: Ray Hicks, Frank Proffitt, Phyllis Proffitt, and 5 unidentified others. Back: Frank Warner, Mae Hicks, Rosa Hicks, and unidentified.
Print 9C: 3
At the Hicks house: Front: Ray Hicks, Frank Proffitt, Phyllis Proffitt, and 5 unidentified others. Back: Mae Hicks, Rosa Hicks, unidentified, and Anne Warner.
Print 9C: 4
At Frank Proffitt's grave: two unidentified boys, Bessie Proffitt, Rena Hicks, Phyllis Proffitt (holding Charlie), Anne Warner, Nancy Wadsworth Warner (holding infant), and Gerret Warner.
Print 9D: 1
Hickses, Proffitts, and Warners: Ray Hicks (back left), Rosa Hicks (middle, in front of and to right of man wearing cowboy hat), Anna Hicks (next to Rosa, on right), Gerrett Warner and Nancy (holding infant, on left) Wadsworth Warner, Anne Warner (just behind Nancy), Phyllis Proffitt (holding Charlie, just right and in front of Anna Hicks), Rena Hicks (next to Phyllis Proffitt), Linzy Hicks (sitting with guitar), Buna Hicks (sitting with fiddle), Hattie Hicks (next to Buna), others unidentified.
Print 9D: 2
Back: Anne and Frank Warner. Front: Linzy and Buna Hicks.
Print 9D: 3
Phyllis Proffitt's son Charlie at Proffitts' house.
Print 9D: 1
Buna and Hattie Hicks at the Proffitts' house.
Print 9D: 5
Bethel Baptist Church. Phyllis Proffitt, Rena Hicks, and Anne Warner (far right), others unidentified.
Print 9D: 6
Front: Linzy and Buna Hicks. Back: Nancy Wadsworth Warner and Gerret Warner.
Print 9D: 7
Frank Proffit's grave.
Print 9D: 8
Steve Wadsworth, in the home of Charles and Margaret Coffin in Northville, N.Y.
Print 9E: 1
Anne Warner (behind chair), others unidentified in the home of Charles and Margaret Coffin in Northville, N.Y.
Print 9E: 2
Negatives
Box 29
Miscellaneous Photographs: This box contains photographs that have been reorganized into a separate storage unit from other places in the Warner Collection. A photocopy of each photograph retains the original's position in Anne Warner's own organizational structure of the papers, and notes on the photocopies will direct researchers to Box 30, Miscellaneous Photographs, if viewing the originals is necessary.
Box 30

Historical Note

DateEvent(s)
1903Frank Warner born, Selma, Ala.
1921-1925Frank Warner attended Duke University
1931Frank Warner moved to New York City to direct programs for the Grand Central YMCA
1933Met Sue Thomas in Nag's Head, N.C.: the two traded songs informally, a precursor to the Warners' later song collecting
1935Frank Warner and Anne Locher married
1938Song collecting trip to Boone, N.C. and to Beech Mountain, N.C.; here the Warners met the Hicks family and Frank Proffitt, who taught them the song, "Tom Dooley"
1939The Warners met Yankee John Galusha in Minerva, N.Y., and Rebecca King Jones, Crab Tree Creek, N.C.
1940The Warners acquired a Wilcox Gay Recordio (a pre-tape recording device), which they used when they returned to Beech Mountain, N.C., to record songs at a porch gathering at Rena and Nathan Hicks's house. In July, the Warners met Lena Bourne Fish in Jaffrey, N.H. Other acquaintances the Warners made this year include: John and Alwilda Culpeper, Outer Banks, N.C.; C.K. (Tink) Tillett and his family, Wanchese, N.C.; Steve Meekins, Kitty Hawk, N.C.; and Joseph Henry (Uncle Joe) Johnson, Suffolk, Va.
1941, SummerThe Warners traveled to see Frank Proffitt and family. Also met Curt Mann at Mann's Harbor, N.C. Struck up a friendship with Alan Lomax, head of Folk Archives in the Library of Congress.
1945Death of Nathan Hicks.
1946Joint meeting of the New York State Historical Association and the New York Folklore Society: Frank Warner presented ballads along with Alan Lomax and Huddie Ledbetter ( Leadbelly). Frank Warner's first album, Hudson Valley Songs, also issued this year on the Disc label. Pete Seeger played banjo on the album. The Warners visited Yankee John Galusha again in Minerva, N.Y.
1948Dr. Louis C. Jones, Director of the New York State Historical Association in Cooperstown, N.Y., established the Seminars on American Culture: Frank Warner appointed as faculty and performed songs at the seminars
1949Death of Leadbelly. Warners met Colonel Tom P. Smith in Greenwich Village, New York City
1950The Warners again visited Yankee John Galusha in Minerva, N.Y.; later, Galusha died at 91. Carl Sandburg made the first of many visits with the Warners
1951Warners met Captain Billy Payne in Nebraska, N.C. The Warners again visited the Hickses on Beech Mountain, N.C.
1952Frank Warner Sings Folk Songs and Ballads, issued on Elektra Records
1954Frank Warner's album, Songs of America's Wars, issued on Elektra Records
1956The Warners began an association with the Pinewoods Camp, near Cape Cod, devoted to traditional American folk music. Also, Sam Fuller directed the Radio Keith Orpheum (RKO) Radio Pictures film, Run of the Arrow; Frank Warner had a small part in the movie
1958Frank Warner's album, America’s Singing Heritage, issued on Elektra
1961Frank Proffitt joined the Warners at the Pinewoods Camp and again the following year. Proffitt and Frank Warner performed at the first University of Chicago Folk Festival
1963Frank Proffitt performed at the Newport Folk Festival. Warners again visited the Proffitts at their home in Pick Britches Valley, N.C.
1965The Warners visited the Proffitts at their home in Pick Britches Valley, N.C. Later this year, Frank Proffitt died in his sleep
1978 Feb. 27Death of Frank Warner
1984Publication of Anne Warner's book, Traditional American Folk Songs
1991 Apr. 26Death of Anne Warner

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Frank and Anne Warner Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University

Provenance

The Frank and Anne Warner Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift from 1985-2000.

Processing Information

Processed by Karen Glynn and Schuy Weishaar, March 2004

Encoded by Chris Black and Paula Jeannet Mangiafico

Completed June 2004

Accessions November 22 1985, November 22 1985, June 10 1985, 90-046, and 2000-0168 were merged into one collection, described in this finding aid.

Descriptive sources and standards used to create this inventory: DACS, EAD, NCEAD guidelines, and local Style Guide.