The Bloomsbury Group was a collection of artists, thinkers, writers, and critics that would meet, converse, and collaborate on works of art and groundbreaking scholarship for over 30 years, until World War II fractured their community. Central members included Vanessa and Clive Bell and Virginia and Leonard Woolf; Virginia and Vanessa were sisters and grew up in the Bloomsbury section of London at the turn of the century. Artistic collaboration was one of the trademarks of the Bloomsbury group, which also included such artists, writers, and thinkers as Roger Fry, John Maynard Keynes, Lytton Strachey, and Duncan Grant.

In conjunction with an exhibit of the Bloomsbury Group held in the Perkins Gallery (December 15, 2008 – March 6, 2009) this collection was digitized to give broader access to important Bloomsbury works from the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Twelve Original Woodcuts

Roger Fry, born in London in 1866, was an art critic, painter and founder of the Omega Workshops. Fry was a beloved member of the Bloomsbury Group, and had a heartbreaking affair with Vanessa Bell in 1911. The volume in this digital collection is Fry’s Twelve Original Woodcuts printed and published by Leonard and Virginia Woolf at the Hogarth Press in 1921 and shows the dynamic collaboration of painter turned engraver Fry, with the publishing and printing skills of the Woolfs.

Lytton Strachey Papers

Lytton Strachey, born in London in 1880, was a critic and an author, most famous for his biographies. Strachey attended Cambridge with fellow bloomsbury members Leonard Woolf and Clive Bell and the three together became core members of the group. This digital collection includes the original manuscript of Elizabeth and Essex (New York and London, 1928) and a statement by Professor Charles Richard Sanders of Duke University concerning the gift of the manuscript to the university; a letter from Strachey to Spalding, his publisher, 1921; letters, 1928, from Strachey to Crosby Gaige (1882-1949), book collector, regarding a limited edition of Elizabeth and Essex; a letter and a postcard, 1945, from Arthur Pforzheimer, antiquarian bookseller of New York, to Sanders concerning that edition.

The materials in this collection are made available for use in research, teaching and private study. Texts and images from this collection may not be used for any commercial purpose without prior permission from Duke University.

All copyrights that exist in this material have not been transferred to Duke University. When use is made of these texts and images, it is the responsibility of the user to obtain additional permissions as necessary and to observe the stated access policy, the laws of copyright and the educational fair use guidelines.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

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